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Overview
Comment:Update the built-in SQLite to the latest 3.16.0 alpha for testing.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: 814dfd5a9cb4caa6b8c7b62dbecf4039c7f0bb52
User & Date: drh 2016-12-08 20:03:09
Context
2016-12-08
20:10
Bring the change log up-to-date with the latest enhancements. check-in: d1a6222e user: drh tags: trunk
20:03
Update the built-in SQLite to the latest 3.16.0 alpha for testing. check-in: 814dfd5a user: drh tags: trunk
10:25
Fix warning when compiling with gcc on Windows (Microsoft's fprintf doesn't know %lld) check-in: 68288686 user: jan.nijtmans tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/shell.c.

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    if( f==0 ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: cannot open \"%s\"\n", zFile);
    }
  }
  return f;
}

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST)
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT)
/*
** A routine for handling output from sqlite3_trace().
*/
static int sql_trace_callback(
  unsigned mType,
  void *pArg,
................................................................................
    }else if( rc != SQLITE_OK ){
      raw_printf(stderr,
                 "Error: querying sqlite_master and sqlite_temp_master\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
  if( c=='i' && strncmp(azArg[0], "imposter", n)==0 ){
    char *zSql;
    char *zCollist = 0;
    sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;
    int tnum = 0;
    int i;
    if( nArg!=3 ){
................................................................................
      p->mode = MODE_Quote;
    }else if( c2=='a' && strncmp(azArg[1],"ascii",n2)==0 ){
      p->mode = MODE_Ascii;
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->colSeparator), p->colSeparator, SEP_Unit);
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->rowSeparator), p->rowSeparator, SEP_Record);
    }else {
      raw_printf(stderr, "Error: mode should be one of: "
         "ascii column csv html insert line list tabs tcl\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
    p->cMode = p->mode;
  }else

  if( c=='n' && strncmp(azArg[0], "nullvalue", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg==2 ){
................................................................................
    if( nArg>=2 ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->zTestcase), p->zTestcase, "%s", azArg[1]);
    }else{
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->zTestcase), p->zTestcase, "?");
    }
  }else

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
  if( c=='t' && n>=8 && strncmp(azArg[0], "testctrl", n)==0 && nArg>=2 ){
    static const struct {
       const char *zCtrlName;   /* Name of a test-control option */
       int ctrlCode;            /* Integer code for that option */
    } aCtrl[] = {
      { "prng_save",             SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_SAVE              },
      { "prng_restore",          SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_RESTORE           },
................................................................................
    if( p->traceOut==0 ){
      sqlite3_trace_v2(p->db, 0, 0, 0);
    }else{
      sqlite3_trace_v2(p->db, SQLITE_TRACE_STMT, sql_trace_callback,p->traceOut);
    }
#endif
  }else
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST) */

#if SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
  if( c=='u' && strncmp(azArg[0], "user", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg<2 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .user SUBCOMMAND ...\n");
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;







|







 







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    if( f==0 ){
      utf8_printf(stderr, "Error: cannot open \"%s\"\n", zFile);
    }
  }
  return f;
}

#if !defined(SQLITE_UNTESTABLE)
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT)
/*
** A routine for handling output from sqlite3_trace().
*/
static int sql_trace_callback(
  unsigned mType,
  void *pArg,
................................................................................
    }else if( rc != SQLITE_OK ){
      raw_printf(stderr,
                 "Error: querying sqlite_master and sqlite_temp_master\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
  if( c=='i' && strncmp(azArg[0], "imposter", n)==0 ){
    char *zSql;
    char *zCollist = 0;
    sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;
    int tnum = 0;
    int i;
    if( nArg!=3 ){
................................................................................
      p->mode = MODE_Quote;
    }else if( c2=='a' && strncmp(azArg[1],"ascii",n2)==0 ){
      p->mode = MODE_Ascii;
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->colSeparator), p->colSeparator, SEP_Unit);
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->rowSeparator), p->rowSeparator, SEP_Record);
    }else {
      raw_printf(stderr, "Error: mode should be one of: "
         "ascii column csv html insert line list quote tabs tcl\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
    p->cMode = p->mode;
  }else

  if( c=='n' && strncmp(azArg[0], "nullvalue", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg==2 ){
................................................................................
    if( nArg>=2 ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->zTestcase), p->zTestcase, "%s", azArg[1]);
    }else{
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->zTestcase), p->zTestcase, "?");
    }
  }else

#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
  if( c=='t' && n>=8 && strncmp(azArg[0], "testctrl", n)==0 && nArg>=2 ){
    static const struct {
       const char *zCtrlName;   /* Name of a test-control option */
       int ctrlCode;            /* Integer code for that option */
    } aCtrl[] = {
      { "prng_save",             SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_SAVE              },
      { "prng_restore",          SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_RESTORE           },
................................................................................
    if( p->traceOut==0 ){
      sqlite3_trace_v2(p->db, 0, 0, 0);
    }else{
      sqlite3_trace_v2(p->db, SQLITE_TRACE_STMT, sql_trace_callback,p->traceOut);
    }
#endif
  }else
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_UNTESTABLE) */

#if SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
  if( c=='u' && strncmp(azArg[0], "user", n)==0 ){
    if( nArg<2 ){
      raw_printf(stderr, "Usage: .user SUBCOMMAND ...\n");
      rc = 1;
      goto meta_command_exit;

Changes to src/sqlite3.c.

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69780
69781
69782
69783
69784
69785
69786
69787
69788
69789
69790
69791
69792
.....
69794
69795
69796
69797
69798
69799
69800
69801
69802
69803
69804
69805
69806
69807
69808
.....
69815
69816
69817
69818
69819
69820
69821
69822
69823
69824
69825
69826
69827
69828
69829
.....
70845
70846
70847
70848
70849
70850
70851
70852




70853
70854
70855
70856
70857
70858
70859
.....
71356
71357
71358
71359
71360
71361
71362
71363
71364
71365
71366
71367
71368
71369
71370
71371
71372
71373
.....
71503
71504
71505
71506
71507
71508
71509

























71510
71511
71512
71513
71514
71515
71516

71517
71518
71519
71520

71521
71522
71523
71524
71525
71526
71527
.....
71803
71804
71805
71806
71807
71808
71809
71810
71811
71812
71813
71814
71815
71816
71817
.....
74897
74898
74899
74900
74901
74902
74903
74904
74905
74906
74907
74908
74909
74910
74911
.....
74977
74978
74979
74980
74981
74982
74983
74984
74985
74986
74987
74988
74989
74990
74991
.....
76866
76867
76868
76869
76870
76871
76872
76873
76874
76875
76876
76877
76878
76879
76880
.....
77383
77384
77385
77386
77387
77388
77389
77390
77391
77392
77393
77394
77395
77396
77397
.....
79831
79832
79833
79834
79835
79836
79837
79838
79839
79840
79841
79842
79843
79844
79845
.....
79847
79848
79849
79850
79851
79852
79853

79854
79855
79856
79857
79858
79859
79860
.....
79910
79911
79912
79913
79914
79915
79916
79917
79918
79919
79920
79921
79922
79923
79924
.....
80023
80024
80025
80026
80027
80028
80029
80030
80031
80032
80033
80034
80035
80036
80037
80038
.....
82000
82001
82002
82003
82004
82005
82006
82007

82008
82009
82010
82011
82012
82013
82014
82015
82016
82017
82018
82019
82020
82021
82022
82023
82024
82025
82026
82027
82028
82029
82030
82031
82032
82033
82034
82035
82036
82037
82038
82039
82040
82041
82042
82043
82044
82045
82046
82047
82048
82049
82050
82051
82052
82053
82054
.....
82065
82066
82067
82068
82069
82070
82071
82072
82073
82074
82075
82076
82077
82078
82079
82080
82081
82082
82083
.....
83399
83400
83401
83402
83403
83404
83405
83406
83407
83408
83409
83410
83411
83412
83413
83414
83415
83416
83417
83418
83419
.....
84852
84853
84854
84855
84856
84857
84858
84859
84860
84861
84862
84863
84864
84865
84866
.....
90233
90234
90235
90236
90237
90238
90239
90240
90241
90242
90243
90244
90245
90246
90247
.....
90625
90626
90627
90628
90629
90630
90631
90632
90633
90634
90635
90636
90637
90638
90639
90640





90641
90642
90643
90644
90645
90646
90647
.....
92156
92157
92158
92159
92160
92161
92162






















92163
92164
92165
92166
92167
92168
92169
.....
92439
92440
92441
92442
92443
92444
92445
92446
92447
92448
92449
92450
92451
92452
92453
92454
92455
92456
92457
.....
92748
92749
92750
92751
92752
92753
92754
92755
92756
92757
92758
92759
92760
92761
92762
92763
92764
92765
92766
92767
92768
92769
92770



92771
92772
92773
92774
92775
92776
92777
.....
93102
93103
93104
93105
93106
93107
93108
93109
93110
93111
93112
93113
93114
93115
93116
.....
93216
93217
93218
93219
93220
93221
93222
93223
93224
93225
93226
93227
93228
93229
93230
.....
93973
93974
93975
93976
93977
93978
93979





93980
93981
93982
93983
93984
93985
93986
......
103463
103464
103465
103466
103467
103468
103469
103470
103471
103472
103473
103474
103475
103476
103477
......
103482
103483
103484
103485
103486
103487
103488
103489
103490
103491
103492
103493
103494
103495
103496
103497
......
103794
103795
103796
103797
103798
103799
103800
103801
103802
103803
103804
103805
103806
103807
103808
......
104011
104012
104013
104014
104015
104016
104017
104018
104019
104020
104021
104022
104023
104024
104025
......
104788
104789
104790
104791
104792
104793
104794







104795
104796
104797





104798
104799
104800
104801
104802
104803
104804
......
104841
104842
104843
104844
104845
104846
104847
104848
104849
104850
104851
104852
104853
104854
104855
104856
104857
104858
104859
104860
104861
104862

104863
104864
104865

104866
104867
104868
104869
104870
104871
104872
104873
104874
104875
104876
104877
104878
104879

104880
104881
104882
104883
104884
104885
104886
104887
104888

104889
104890

104891
104892
104893

104894
104895
104896
104897
104898
104899
104900
104901
104902
104903
104904
104905
104906
104907
104908
104909
104910
104911
104912
104913
104914
104915
......
104925
104926
104927
104928
104929
104930
104931
104932
104933
104934
104935
104936
104937
104938
104939
104940
104941
104942
104943
104944
104945
104946
104947
104948
104949

104950
104951
104952
104953
104954
104955
104956

104957
104958
104959
104960
104961
104962
104963
104964
104965
104966
......
105033
105034
105035
105036
105037
105038
105039
105040
105041
105042
105043
105044
105045
105046
105047
......
106626
106627
106628
106629
106630
106631
106632
106633
106634
106635
106636
106637
106638
106639
106640
......
106648
106649
106650
106651
106652
106653
106654
106655
106656
106657
106658
106659
106660
106661
106662
106663
106664
106665
106666
106667
106668
106669
106670
106671
106672
106673
106674
106675
......
107247
107248
107249
107250
107251
107252
107253
107254
107255
107256
107257
107258
107259
107260
107261
107262
107263
107264
107265
107266
107267
107268
107269
107270
107271
107272
107273
107274
107275
107276
107277
107278
107279
107280
107281
107282
107283
107284
107285
107286
107287
107288
107289
107290
107291
107292
......
107334
107335
107336
107337
107338
107339
107340
107341
107342
107343
107344
107345
107346
107347
107348
......
108758
108759
108760
108761
108762
108763
108764
108765
108766

108767
108768
108769
108770
108771
108772
108773
......
108901
108902
108903
108904
108905
108906
108907
108908
108909
108910
108911
108912
108913
108914
108915
......
109178
109179
109180
109181
109182
109183
109184
109185
109186
109187
109188
109189
109190
109191
109192
......
109609
109610
109611
109612
109613
109614
109615
109616
109617
109618
109619
109620
109621
109622
109623
......
114818
114819
114820
114821
114822
114823
114824
114825
114826
114827
114828
114829
114830
114831
114832
......
116990
116991
116992
116993
116994
116995
116996
116997
116998
116999
117000
117001
117002
117003
117004
......
117617
117618
117619
117620
117621
117622
117623
117624
117625
117626
117627
117628
117629
117630
117631
117632
......
117634
117635
117636
117637
117638
117639
117640
117641
117642
117643
117644
117645

117646
117647
117648
117649
117650
117651

117652
117653



117654




117655
117656
117657

117658
117659
117660
117661
117662
117663
117664
117665
117666
117667
117668
117669
117670
117671
117672
117673
117674
117675
117676
117677
117678
117679
117680
117681
117682
117683
117684
117685
117686
117687
117688
117689
117690
117691
117692
117693
117694
117695
117696
117697
117698
117699
117700
117701
117702
117703
117704
117705
117706
117707
117708
117709
117710
......
118221
118222
118223
118224
118225
118226
118227
118228
118229
118230
118231
118232
118233
118234
118235
......
118295
118296
118297
118298
118299
118300
118301
118302
118303
118304
118305
118306
118307
118308
118309
......
118316
118317
118318
118319
118320
118321
118322
118323
118324
118325
118326
118327
118328
118329
118330
118331
118332
118333
118334
118335
118336
118337
118338
118339
......
118955
118956
118957
118958
118959
118960
118961
118962
118963
118964
118965
118966
118967
118968
118969
118970
118971
118972
......
119195
119196
119197
119198
119199
119200
119201
119202
119203
119204
119205
119206
119207
119208
119209
119210
......
119247
119248
119249
119250
119251
119252
119253
119254
119255
119256
119257
119258
119259
119260
119261
119262
......
119482
119483
119484
119485
119486
119487
119488
119489
119490
119491
119492
119493
119494
119495
119496
......
121568
121569
121570
121571
121572
121573
121574
121575
121576
121577
121578
121579
121580
121581
121582
......
121951
121952
121953
121954
121955
121956
121957
121958
121959
121960
121961
121962
121963
121964
121965
......
122109
122110
122111
122112
122113
122114
122115
122116
122117
122118
122119
122120
122121
122122
122123
......
125605
125606
125607
125608
125609
125610
125611
125612
125613
125614
125615
125616
125617
125618
125619
......
125638
125639
125640
125641
125642
125643
125644
125645
125646
125647
125648
125649
125650
125651
125652
......
126237
126238
126239
126240
126241
126242
126243
126244
126245
126246
126247
126248
126249
126250
126251
......
127239
127240
127241
127242
127243
127244
127245
127246
127247
127248
127249
127250
127251
127252
127253
......
127537
127538
127539
127540
127541
127542
127543
127544
127545
127546
127547
127548
127549
127550
127551
......
127622
127623
127624
127625
127626
127627
127628
127629
127630
127631
127632
127633
127634
127635
127636
127637
127638
127639
127640
127641
127642
127643
127644
......
127663
127664
127665
127666
127667
127668
127669
127670
127671
127672
127673
127674
127675
127676
127677
......
127702
127703
127704
127705
127706
127707
127708
127709
127710
127711
127712
127713
127714
127715
127716
......
127754
127755
127756
127757
127758
127759
127760
127761
127762
127763
127764
127765
127766
127767
127768
......
127940
127941
127942
127943
127944
127945
127946
127947
127948
127949
127950
127951
127952
127953
127954
......
133065
133066
133067
133068
133069
133070
133071
133072
133073
133074
133075
133076
133077
133078
133079
133080
133081
133082
133083
133084
133085
133086
133087
133088
133089
133090
133091
133092
133093
133094
133095
133096
133097
133098
133099
133100
......
133111
133112
133113
133114
133115
133116
133117
133118
133119
133120
133121
133122
133123
133124
133125
......
134704
134705
134706
134707
134708
134709
134710
134711
134712
134713
134714
134715
134716
134717
134718
......
134759
134760
134761
134762
134763
134764
134765

134766
134767
134768
134769
134770
134771

134772
134773
134774
134775
134776
134777
134778
......
135306
135307
135308
135309
135310
135311
135312
135313
135314
135315
135316
135317
135318
135319
135320
......
135570
135571
135572
135573
135574
135575
135576
135577
135578
135579
135580
135581
135582
135583
135584
135585
135586
......
135798
135799
135800
135801
135802
135803
135804
135805
135806
135807
135808
135809
135810
135811
135812
135813
135814
135815
135816
135817
135818
135819
135820
135821
135822
......
135837
135838
135839
135840
135841
135842
135843
135844
135845
135846
135847
135848
135849
135850
135851
......
135852
135853
135854
135855
135856
135857
135858
135859

135860
135861
135862
135863
135864
135865
135866
......
135885
135886
135887
135888
135889
135890
135891
135892
135893
135894
135895
135896
135897
135898
135899
......
135974
135975
135976
135977
135978
135979
135980
135981
135982
135983
135984
135985
135986
135987
135988
......
135996
135997
135998
135999
136000
136001
136002
136003
136004
136005
136006
136007
136008
136009
136010
......
136023
136024
136025
136026
136027
136028
136029
136030
136031
136032
136033
136034
136035
136036
136037
136038
136039
......
136040
136041
136042
136043
136044
136045
136046
136047
136048
136049
136050
136051
136052
136053
136054
136055
136056
136057
136058
136059
136060
136061
136062
136063
136064
136065
136066
136067
136068
136069
136070
136071
136072
136073
136074
136075
136076
136077
136078
136079
136080
136081
136082
136083
136084
136085
136086
136087
136088
......
136248
136249
136250
136251
136252
136253
136254
136255
136256
136257
136258
136259
136260
136261
136262
136263
136264
136265
136266
136267
136268
136269
136270
136271
......
141489
141490
141491
141492
141493
141494
141495
141496
141497
141498
141499
141500
141501
141502
141503
......
141826
141827
141828
141829
141830
141831
141832
141833
141834
141835
141836
141837
141838
141839
141840
......
141937
141938
141939
141940
141941
141942
141943
141944
141945
141946
141947
141948
141949
141950
141951
141952

141953
141954
141955
141956
141957
141958
141959

141960
141961
141962
141963
141964
141965
141966
......
141994
141995
141996
141997
141998
141999
142000
































142001
142002
142003
142004
142005
142006
142007
......
180832
180833
180834
180835
180836
180837
180838
180839
180840
180841
180842
180843
180844
180845
180846
......
180887
180888
180889
180890
180891
180892
180893

180894
180895
180896
180897
180898
180899

180900
180901
180902
180903
180904
180905
180906
......
184204
184205
184206
184207
184208
184209
184210




184211
184212
184213
184214
184215
184216
184217
184218
184219
184220
184221
184222
184223





184224
184225
184226

184227
184228


184229
184230
184231
184232
184233
184234
184235
184236
184237
184238
184239
184240


184241
184242

184243
184244
184245
184246



184247
184248
184249
184250


184251
184252
184253
184254
184255
184256
184257
184258
184259
......
195783
195784
195785
195786
195787
195788
195789
195790
195791
195792
195793
195794
195795
195796
195797
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.16.0"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3016000
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2016-11-22 20:29:05 bee2859b953c935c413de2917588159d03c672d9"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** [SAVEPOINT], and [RELEASE] cause sqlite3_stmt_readonly() to return true,
** since the statements themselves do not actually modify the database but
** rather they control the timing of when other statements modify the 
** database.  ^The [ATTACH] and [DETACH] statements also cause
** sqlite3_stmt_readonly() to return true since, while those statements
** change the configuration of a database connection, they do not make 
** changes to the content of the database files on disk.




*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stmt_readonly(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine If A Prepared Statement Has Been Reset
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
................................................................................
** called to get back the underlying "errno" that caused the problem, such
** as ENOSPC, EAUTH, EISDIR, and so forth.  
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_system_errno(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Snapshot
** KEYWORDS: {snapshot}
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** An instance of the snapshot object records the state of a [WAL mode]
** database for some specific point in history.
**
** In [WAL mode], multiple [database connections] that are open on the
** same database file can each be reading a different historical version
................................................................................
** the most recent version.
**
** The constructor for this object is [sqlite3_snapshot_get()].  The
** [sqlite3_snapshot_open()] method causes a fresh read transaction to refer
** to an historical snapshot (if possible).  The destructor for 
** sqlite3_snapshot objects is [sqlite3_snapshot_free()].
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_snapshot sqlite3_snapshot;



/*
** CAPI3REF: Record A Database Snapshot
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** ^The [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)] interface attempts to make a
** new [sqlite3_snapshot] object that records the current state of
** schema S in database connection D.  ^On success, the
** [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)] interface writes a pointer to the newly
** created [sqlite3_snapshot] object into *P and returns SQLITE_OK.











** ^If schema S of [database connection] D is not a [WAL mode] database
** that is in a read transaction, then [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)]
** leaves the *P value unchanged and returns an appropriate [error code].














**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot] object returned from a successful call to
** [sqlite3_snapshot_get()] must be freed using [sqlite3_snapshot_free()]
** to avoid a memory leak.
**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot_get()] interface is only available when the
** SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT compile-time option is used.
................................................................................
** snapshot, and a positive value if P1 is a newer snapshot than P2.
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_snapshot_cmp(
  sqlite3_snapshot *p1,
  sqlite3_snapshot *p2
);























/*
** Undo the hack that converts floating point types to integer for
** builds on processors without floating point support.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
# undef double
#endif
................................................................................
                       int bias, int seekResult);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeFirst(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeLast(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeNext(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeEof(BtCursor*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreePrevious(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
SQLITE_PRIVATE i64 sqlite3BtreeIntegerKey(BtCursor*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeKey(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3BtreePayloadFetch(BtCursor*, u32 *pAmt);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3BtreePayloadSize(BtCursor*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeData(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);

SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3BtreeIntegrityCheck(Btree*, int *aRoot, int nRoot, int, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE struct Pager *sqlite3BtreePager(Btree*);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreePutData(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeIncrblobCursor(BtCursor *);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(BtCursor *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetVersion(Btree *pBt, int iVersion);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCursorHasHint(BtCursor*, unsigned int mask);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeIsReadonly(Btree *pBt);
................................................................................

/*
** Allowed values of VdbeOp.p4type
*/
#define P4_NOTUSED    0   /* The P4 parameter is not used */
#define P4_DYNAMIC  (-1)  /* Pointer to a string obtained from sqliteMalloc() */
#define P4_STATIC   (-2)  /* Pointer to a static string */
#define P4_COLLSEQ  (-4)  /* P4 is a pointer to a CollSeq structure */
#define P4_FUNCDEF  (-5)  /* P4 is a pointer to a FuncDef structure */
#define P4_KEYINFO  (-6)  /* P4 is a pointer to a KeyInfo structure */
#define P4_EXPR     (-7)  /* P4 is a pointer to an Expr tree */
#define P4_MEM      (-8)  /* P4 is a pointer to a Mem*    structure */
#define P4_TRANSIENT  0   /* P4 is a pointer to a transient string */
#define P4_VTAB     (-10) /* P4 is a pointer to an sqlite3_vtab structure */
#define P4_MPRINTF  (-11) /* P4 is a string obtained from sqlite3_mprintf() */
#define P4_REAL     (-12) /* P4 is a 64-bit floating point value */
#define P4_INT64    (-13) /* P4 is a 64-bit signed integer */
#define P4_INT32    (-14) /* P4 is a 32-bit signed integer */
#define P4_INTARRAY (-15) /* P4 is a vector of 32-bit integers */
#define P4_SUBPROGRAM  (-18) /* P4 is a pointer to a SubProgram structure */
#define P4_ADVANCE  (-19) /* P4 is a pointer to BtreeNext() or BtreePrev() */
#define P4_TABLE    (-20) /* P4 is a pointer to a Table structure */
#define P4_FUNCCTX  (-21) /* P4 is a pointer to an sqlite3_context object */

/* Error message codes for OP_Halt */
#define P5_ConstraintNotNull 1
#define P5_ConstraintUnique  2
#define P5_ConstraintCheck   3
#define P5_ConstraintFK      4

................................................................................
#define OP_NewRowid      114 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
#define OP_Insert        115 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P3] data=r[P2]          */
#define OP_InsertInt     116 /* synopsis: intkey=P3 data=r[P2]             */
#define OP_Delete        117
#define OP_ResetCount    118
#define OP_SorterCompare 119 /* synopsis: if key(P1)!=trim(r[P3],P4) goto P2 */
#define OP_SorterData    120 /* synopsis: r[P2]=data                       */
#define OP_RowKey        121 /* synopsis: r[P2]=key                        */
#define OP_RowData       122 /* synopsis: r[P2]=data                       */
#define OP_Rowid         123 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
#define OP_NullRow       124
#define OP_SorterInsert  125 /* synopsis: key=r[P2]                        */
#define OP_IdxInsert     126 /* synopsis: key=r[P2]                        */
#define OP_IdxDelete     127 /* synopsis: key=r[P2@P3]                     */
#define OP_Seek          128 /* synopsis: Move P3 to P1.rowid              */
#define OP_IdxRowid      129 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
#define OP_Destroy       130
#define OP_Clear         131

#define OP_Real          132 /* same as TK_FLOAT, synopsis: r[P2]=P4       */
#define OP_ResetSorter   133
#define OP_CreateIndex   134 /* synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1                */
#define OP_CreateTable   135 /* synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1                */
#define OP_ParseSchema   136
#define OP_LoadAnalysis  137
#define OP_DropTable     138
#define OP_DropIndex     139
#define OP_DropTrigger   140
#define OP_IntegrityCk   141
#define OP_RowSetAdd     142 /* synopsis: rowset(P1)=r[P2]                 */
#define OP_Param         143
#define OP_FkCounter     144 /* synopsis: fkctr[P1]+=P2                    */
#define OP_MemMax        145 /* synopsis: r[P1]=max(r[P1],r[P2])           */
#define OP_OffsetLimit   146 /* synopsis: if r[P1]>0 then r[P2]=r[P1]+max(0,r[P3]) else r[P2]=(-1) */
#define OP_AggStep0      147 /* synopsis: accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])       */
#define OP_AggStep       148 /* synopsis: accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])       */
#define OP_AggFinal      149 /* synopsis: accum=r[P1] N=P2                 */
#define OP_Expire        150
#define OP_TableLock     151 /* synopsis: iDb=P1 root=P2 write=P3          */
#define OP_VBegin        152
#define OP_VCreate       153
#define OP_VDestroy      154
#define OP_VOpen         155
#define OP_VColumn       156 /* synopsis: r[P3]=vcolumn(P2)                */
#define OP_VRename       157
#define OP_Pagecount     158
#define OP_MaxPgcnt      159
#define OP_CursorHint    160
#define OP_Noop          161
#define OP_Explain       162

/* Properties such as "out2" or "jump" that are specified in
** comments following the "case" for each opcode in the vdbe.c
** are encoded into bitvectors as follows:
*/
#define OPFLG_JUMP        0x01  /* jump:  P2 holds jmp target */
#define OPFLG_IN1         0x02  /* in1:   P1 is an input */
................................................................................
/*  64 */ 0x01, 0x01, 0x03, 0x03, 0x03, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01,\
/*  72 */ 0x02, 0x02, 0x08, 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x10, 0x10,\
/*  80 */ 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00,\
/*  88 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00,\
/*  96 */ 0x00, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 104 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 112 */ 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 120 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x00, 0x04, 0x04, 0x00,\
/* 128 */ 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00, 0x10, 0x00, 0x10, 0x10,\
/* 136 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x06, 0x10,\
/* 144 */ 0x00, 0x04, 0x1a, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 152 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x10,\
/* 160 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,}

/* The sqlite3P2Values() routine is able to run faster if it knows
** the value of the largest JUMP opcode.  The smaller the maximum
** JUMP opcode the better, so the mkopcodeh.tcl script that
** generated this include file strives to group all JUMP opcodes
** together near the beginning of the list.
*/
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P2);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P3);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(Vdbe*, u8 P5);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(Vdbe*, int addr);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(Vdbe*, int addr);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeDeletePriorOpcode(Vdbe*, u8 op);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(Vdbe*, int addr, const char *zP4, int N);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(Parse*, Index*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(Vdbe*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE VdbeOp *sqlite3VdbeGetOp(Vdbe*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeRunOnlyOnce(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeReusable(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeDelete(Vdbe*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3PagerWalCallback(Pager *pPager);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3PagerOpenWal(Pager *pPager, int *pisOpen);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3PagerCloseWal(Pager *pPager, sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3PagerUseWal(Pager *pPager);
# ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3PagerSnapshotGet(Pager *pPager, sqlite3_snapshot **ppSnapshot);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3PagerSnapshotOpen(Pager *pPager, sqlite3_snapshot *pSnapshot);

# endif
#else
# define sqlite3PagerUseWal(x) 0
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ZIPVFS
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3PagerWalFramesize(Pager *pPager);
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_Stat34         0x0800   /* Use STAT3 or STAT4 data */
#define SQLITE_CursorHints    0x2000   /* Add OP_CursorHint opcodes */
#define SQLITE_AllOpts        0xffff   /* All optimizations */

/*
** Macros for testing whether or not optimizations are enabled or disabled.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
#define OptimizationDisabled(db, mask)  (((db)->dbOptFlags&(mask))!=0)
#define OptimizationEnabled(db, mask)   (((db)->dbOptFlags&(mask))==0)
#else
#define OptimizationDisabled(db, mask)  0
#define OptimizationEnabled(db, mask)   1
#endif

/*
** Return true if it OK to factor constant expressions into the initialization
** code. The argument is a Parse object for the code generator.
*/
#define ConstFactorOk(P) ((P)->okConstFactor)

................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_VDBE_COVERAGE
  /* The following callback (if not NULL) is invoked on every VDBE branch
  ** operation.  Set the callback using SQLITE_TESTCTRL_VDBE_COVERAGE.
  */
  void (*xVdbeBranch)(void*,int iSrcLine,u8 eThis,u8 eMx);  /* Callback */
  void *pVdbeBranchArg;                                     /* 1st argument */
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
  int (*xTestCallback)(int);        /* Invoked by sqlite3FaultSim() */
#endif
  int bLocaltimeFault;              /* True to fail localtime() calls */
  int iOnceResetThreshold;          /* When to reset OP_Once counters */
};

/*
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MallocSize(void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3DbMallocSize(sqlite3*, void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3ScratchMalloc(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ScratchFree(void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PageMalloc(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PageFree(void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MemSetDefault(void);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BenignMallocHooks(void (*)(void), void (*)(void));
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3HeapNearlyFull(void);

/*
** On systems with ample stack space and that support alloca(), make
** use of alloca() to obtain space for large automatic objects.  By default,
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(Parse*);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3NoTempsInRange(Parse*,int,int);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprAlloc(sqlite3*,int,const Token*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3Expr(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAttachSubtrees(sqlite3*,Expr*,Expr*,Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3PExpr(Parse*, int, Expr*, Expr*, const Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PExprAddSelect(Parse*, Expr*, Select*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprAnd(sqlite3*,Expr*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprFunction(Parse*,ExprList*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAssignVarNumber(Parse*, Expr*, u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprDelete(sqlite3*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE ExprList *sqlite3ExprListAppend(Parse*,ExprList*,Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE ExprList *sqlite3ExprListAppendVector(Parse*,ExprList*,IdList*,Expr*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AddDefaultValue(Parse*,ExprSpan*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AddCollateType(Parse*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3EndTable(Parse*,Token*,Token*,u8,Select*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ParseUri(const char*,const char*,unsigned int*,
                    sqlite3_vfs**,char**,char **);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Btree *sqlite3DbNameToBtree(sqlite3*,const char*);

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
# define sqlite3FaultSim(X) SQLITE_OK
#else
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3FaultSim(int);
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE Bitvec *sqlite3BitvecCreate(u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BitvecTest(Bitvec*, u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BitvecTestNotNull(Bitvec*, u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BitvecSet(Bitvec*, u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BitvecClear(Bitvec*, u32, void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BitvecDestroy(Bitvec*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3BitvecSize(Bitvec*);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BitvecBuiltinTest(int,int*);
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE RowSet *sqlite3RowSetInit(sqlite3*, void*, unsigned int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RowSetClear(RowSet*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RowSetInsert(RowSet*, i64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3RowSetTest(RowSet*, int iBatch, i64);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprListCompare(ExprList*, ExprList*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprImpliesExpr(Expr*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggregates(NameContext*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggList(NameContext*,ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCoveredByIndex(Expr*, int iCur, Index *pIdx);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FunctionUsesThisSrc(Expr*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Vdbe *sqlite3GetVdbe(Parse*);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PrngSaveState(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PrngRestoreState(void);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RollbackAll(sqlite3*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(Parse*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CodeVerifyNamedSchema(Parse*, const char *zDb);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BeginTransaction(Parse*, int);
................................................................................
** Available fault injectors.  Should be numbered beginning with 0.
*/
#define SQLITE_FAULTINJECTOR_MALLOC     0
#define SQLITE_FAULTINJECTOR_COUNT      1

/*
** The interface to the code in fault.c used for identifying "benign"
** malloc failures. This is only present if SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
** is not defined.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3EndBenignMalloc(void);
#else
  #define sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc()
  #define sqlite3EndBenignMalloc()
#endif

................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3DbstatRegister(sqlite3*);
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprVectorSize(Expr *pExpr);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsVector(Expr *pExpr);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3VectorFieldSubexpr(Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprForVectorField(Parse*,Expr*,int);


#endif /* SQLITEINT_H */

/************** End of sqliteInt.h *******************************************/
/************** Begin file global.c ******************************************/
/*
** 2008 June 13
................................................................................
   0,                         /* xSqllog */
   0,                         /* pSqllogArg */
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_VDBE_COVERAGE
   0,                         /* xVdbeBranch */
   0,                         /* pVbeBranchArg */
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
   0,                         /* xTestCallback */
#endif
   0,                         /* bLocaltimeFault */
   0x7ffffffe                 /* iOnceResetThreshold */
};

/*
................................................................................
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL
  "OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
  "OMIT_BTREECOUNT",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
  "OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
  "OMIT_CAST",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  "OMIT_CHECK",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_COMPLETE
................................................................................
  "TEMP_STORE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_TEMP_STORE),
#endif
#if SQLITE_TEST
  "TEST",
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_THREADSAFE)
  "THREADSAFE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_THREADSAFE),



#endif
#if SQLITE_USE_ALLOCA
  "USE_ALLOCA",
#endif
#if SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
  "USER_AUTHENTICATION",
#endif
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE i64 sqlite3VdbeIntValue(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE double sqlite3VdbeRealValue(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeIntegerAffinity(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemRealify(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemNumerify(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemCast(Mem*,u8,u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(BtCursor*,u32,u32,int,Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(Mem *p);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemFinalize(Mem*, FuncDef*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3OpcodeName(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(Mem *pMem, int n, int preserve);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemClearAndResize(Mem *pMem, int n);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeCloseStatement(Vdbe *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeFrameDelete(VdbeFrame*);
................................................................................
#endif

/*
** A structure for holding a single date and time.
*/
typedef struct DateTime DateTime;
struct DateTime {
  sqlite3_int64 iJD; /* The julian day number times 86400000 */
  int Y, M, D;       /* Year, month, and day */
  int h, m;          /* Hour and minutes */
  int tz;            /* Timezone offset in minutes */
  double s;          /* Seconds */


  char validYMD;     /* True (1) if Y,M,D are valid */
  char validHMS;     /* True (1) if h,m,s are valid */
  char validJD;      /* True (1) if iJD is valid */
  char validTZ;      /* True (1) if tz is valid */
  char tzSet;        /* Timezone was set explicitly */

};


/*
** Convert zDate into one or more integers according to the conversion
** specifier zFormat.
**
................................................................................
      }
      ms /= rScale;
    }
  }else{
    s = 0;
  }
  p->validJD = 0;

  p->validHMS = 1;
  p->h = h;
  p->m = m;
  p->s = s + ms;
  if( parseTimezone(zDate, p) ) return 1;
  p->validTZ = (p->tz!=0)?1:0;
  return 0;
}









/*
** Convert from YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS to julian day.  We always assume
** that the YYYY-MM-DD is according to the Gregorian calendar.
**
** Reference:  Meeus page 61
*/
................................................................................
    Y = p->Y;
    M = p->M;
    D = p->D;
  }else{
    Y = 2000;  /* If no YMD specified, assume 2000-Jan-01 */
    M = 1;
    D = 1;




  }
  if( M<=2 ){
    Y--;
    M += 12;
  }
  A = Y/100;
  B = 2 - A + (A/4);
................................................................................
  if( p->iJD>0 ){
    p->validJD = 1;
    return 0;
  }else{
    return 1;
  }
}
















/*
** Attempt to parse the given string into a julian day number.  Return
** the number of errors.
**
** The following are acceptable forms for the input string:
**
................................................................................
  if( parseYyyyMmDd(zDate,p)==0 ){
    return 0;
  }else if( parseHhMmSs(zDate, p)==0 ){
    return 0;
  }else if( sqlite3StrICmp(zDate,"now")==0){
    return setDateTimeToCurrent(context, p);
  }else if( sqlite3AtoF(zDate, &r, sqlite3Strlen30(zDate), SQLITE_UTF8) ){
    p->iJD = (sqlite3_int64)(r*86400000.0 + 0.5);
    p->validJD = 1;
    return 0;
  }
  return 1;
}










/*
** Compute the Year, Month, and Day from the julian day number.
*/
static void computeYMD(DateTime *p){
  int Z, A, B, C, D, E, X1;
  if( p->validYMD ) return;
  if( !p->validJD ){
    p->Y = 2000;
    p->M = 1;
    p->D = 1;
  }else{

    Z = (int)((p->iJD + 43200000)/86400000);
    A = (int)((Z - 1867216.25)/36524.25);
    A = Z + 1 + A - (A/4);
    B = A + 1524;
    C = (int)((B - 122.1)/365.25);
    D = (36525*(C&32767))/100;
    E = (int)((B-D)/30.6001);
................................................................................
  p->s = s/1000.0;
  s = (int)p->s;
  p->s -= s;
  p->h = s/3600;
  s -= p->h*3600;
  p->m = s/60;
  p->s += s - p->m*60;

  p->validHMS = 1;
}

/*
** Compute both YMD and HMS
*/
static void computeYMD_HMS(DateTime *p){
................................................................................
#if !HAVE_LOCALTIME_R && !HAVE_LOCALTIME_S
  struct tm *pX;
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE>0
  sqlite3_mutex *mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
  pX = localtime(t);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
  if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.bLocaltimeFault ) pX = 0;
#endif
  if( pX ) *pTm = *pX;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutex);
  rc = pX==0;
#else
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
  if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.bLocaltimeFault ) return 1;
#endif
#if HAVE_LOCALTIME_R
  rc = localtime_r(t, pTm)==0;
#else
  rc = localtime_s(pTm, t);
#endif /* HAVE_LOCALTIME_R */
................................................................................
  y.D = sLocal.tm_mday;
  y.h = sLocal.tm_hour;
  y.m = sLocal.tm_min;
  y.s = sLocal.tm_sec;
  y.validYMD = 1;
  y.validHMS = 1;
  y.validJD = 0;

  y.validTZ = 0;

  computeJD(&y);
  *pRc = SQLITE_OK;
  return y.iJD - x.iJD;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_LOCALTIME */
























/*
** Process a modifier to a date-time stamp.  The modifiers are
** as follows:
**
**     NNN days
**     NNN hours
................................................................................
**     utc
**
** Return 0 on success and 1 if there is any kind of error. If the error
** is in a system call (i.e. localtime()), then an error message is written
** to context pCtx. If the error is an unrecognized modifier, no error is
** written to pCtx.
*/
static int parseModifier(sqlite3_context *pCtx, const char *zMod, DateTime *p){
  int rc = 1;
  int n;
  double r;
  char *z, zBuf[30];
  z = zBuf;
  for(n=0; n<ArraySize(zBuf)-1 && zMod[n]; n++){
    z[n] = (char)sqlite3UpperToLower[(u8)zMod[n]];
  }
  z[n] = 0;
  switch( z[0] ){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOCALTIME
    case 'l': {
      /*    localtime
      **
      ** Assuming the current time value is UTC (a.k.a. GMT), shift it to
      ** show local time.
      */
      if( strcmp(z, "localtime")==0 ){
        computeJD(p);
        p->iJD += localtimeOffset(p, pCtx, &rc);
        clearYMD_HMS_TZ(p);
      }
      break;
    }
#endif
    case 'u': {
      /*
      **    unixepoch
      **
      ** Treat the current value of p->iJD as the number of
      ** seconds since 1970.  Convert to a real julian day number.
      */
      if( strcmp(z, "unixepoch")==0 && p->validJD ){
        p->iJD = (p->iJD + 43200)/86400 + 21086676*(i64)10000000;

        clearYMD_HMS_TZ(p);



        rc = 0;
      }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOCALTIME
      else if( strcmp(z, "utc")==0 ){
        if( p->tzSet==0 ){
          sqlite3_int64 c1;
          computeJD(p);
          c1 = localtimeOffset(p, pCtx, &rc);
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            p->iJD -= c1;
            clearYMD_HMS_TZ(p);
................................................................................
      /*
      **    weekday N
      **
      ** Move the date to the same time on the next occurrence of
      ** weekday N where 0==Sunday, 1==Monday, and so forth.  If the
      ** date is already on the appropriate weekday, this is a no-op.
      */
      if( strncmp(z, "weekday ", 8)==0
               && sqlite3AtoF(&z[8], &r, sqlite3Strlen30(&z[8]), SQLITE_UTF8)
               && (n=(int)r)==r && n>=0 && r<7 ){
        sqlite3_int64 Z;
        computeYMD_HMS(p);
        p->validTZ = 0;
        p->validJD = 0;
        computeJD(p);
................................................................................
    case 's': {
      /*
      **    start of TTTTT
      **
      ** Move the date backwards to the beginning of the current day,
      ** or month or year.
      */
      if( strncmp(z, "start of ", 9)!=0 ) break;
      z += 9;
      computeYMD(p);
      p->validHMS = 1;
      p->h = p->m = 0;
      p->s = 0.0;
      p->validTZ = 0;
      p->validJD = 0;
      if( strcmp(z,"month")==0 ){
        p->D = 1;
        rc = 0;
      }else if( strcmp(z,"year")==0 ){
        computeYMD(p);
        p->M = 1;
        p->D = 1;
        rc = 0;
      }else if( strcmp(z,"day")==0 ){
        rc = 0;
      }
      break;
    }
    case '+':
    case '-':
    case '0':
................................................................................
    case '4':
    case '5':
    case '6':
    case '7':
    case '8':
    case '9': {
      double rRounder;

      for(n=1; z[n] && z[n]!=':' && !sqlite3Isspace(z[n]); n++){}
      if( !sqlite3AtoF(z, &r, n, SQLITE_UTF8) ){
        rc = 1;
        break;
      }
      if( z[n]==':' ){
        /* A modifier of the form (+|-)HH:MM:SS.FFF adds (or subtracts) the
................................................................................
        if( z[0]=='-' ) tx.iJD = -tx.iJD;
        computeJD(p);
        clearYMD_HMS_TZ(p);
        p->iJD += tx.iJD;
        rc = 0;
        break;
      }



      z += n;
      while( sqlite3Isspace(*z) ) z++;
      n = sqlite3Strlen30(z);
      if( n>10 || n<3 ) break;
      if( z[n-1]=='s' ){ z[n-1] = 0; n--; }
      computeJD(p);
      rc = 0;
      rRounder = r<0 ? -0.5 : +0.5;
      if( n==3 && strcmp(z,"day")==0 ){
        p->iJD += (sqlite3_int64)(r*86400000.0 + rRounder);
      }else if( n==4 && strcmp(z,"hour")==0 ){
        p->iJD += (sqlite3_int64)(r*(86400000.0/24.0) + rRounder);
      }else if( n==6 && strcmp(z,"minute")==0 ){
        p->iJD += (sqlite3_int64)(r*(86400000.0/(24.0*60.0)) + rRounder);
      }else if( n==6 && strcmp(z,"second")==0 ){
        p->iJD += (sqlite3_int64)(r*(86400000.0/(24.0*60.0*60.0)) + rRounder);
      }else if( n==5 && strcmp(z,"month")==0 ){
        int x, y;
        computeYMD_HMS(p);
        p->M += (int)r;
        x = p->M>0 ? (p->M-1)/12 : (p->M-12)/12;
        p->Y += x;
        p->M -= x*12;
        p->validJD = 0;
        computeJD(p);
        y = (int)r;
        if( y!=r ){
          p->iJD += (sqlite3_int64)((r - y)*30.0*86400000.0 + rRounder);

        }
      }else if( n==4 && strcmp(z,"year")==0 ){

        int y = (int)r;
        computeYMD_HMS(p);
        p->Y += y;
        p->validJD = 0;




        computeJD(p);
        if( y!=r ){
          p->iJD += (sqlite3_int64)((r - y)*365.0*86400000.0 + rRounder);


        }
      }else{
        rc = 1;
      }
      clearYMD_HMS_TZ(p);
      break;
    }
    default: {
      break;
    }
................................................................................
*/
static int isDate(
  sqlite3_context *context, 
  int argc, 
  sqlite3_value **argv, 
  DateTime *p
){
  int i;
  const unsigned char *z;
  int eType;
  memset(p, 0, sizeof(*p));
  if( argc==0 ){
    return setDateTimeToCurrent(context, p);
  }
  if( (eType = sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]))==SQLITE_FLOAT
                   || eType==SQLITE_INTEGER ){
    p->iJD = (sqlite3_int64)(sqlite3_value_double(argv[0])*86400000.0 + 0.5);
    p->validJD = 1;
  }else{
    z = sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
    if( !z || parseDateOrTime(context, (char*)z, p) ){
      return 1;
    }
  }
  for(i=1; i<argc; i++){
    z = sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]);

    if( z==0 || parseModifier(context, (char*)z, p) ) return 1;
  }


  return 0;
}


/*
** The following routines implement the various date and time functions
** of SQLite.
................................................................................
** is completely recoverable simply by not carrying out the resize. The 
** hash table will continue to function normally.  So a malloc failure 
** during a hash table resize is a benign fault.
*/

/* #include "sqliteInt.h" */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST

/*
** Global variables.
*/
typedef struct BenignMallocHooks BenignMallocHooks;
static SQLITE_WSD struct BenignMallocHooks {
  void (*xBenignBegin)(void);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3EndBenignMalloc(void){
  wsdHooksInit;
  if( wsdHooks.xBenignEnd ){
    wsdHooks.xBenignEnd();
  }
}

#endif   /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST */

/************** End of fault.c ***********************************************/
/************** Begin file mem0.c ********************************************/
/*
** 2008 October 28
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
................................................................................


/*
** Finish off a string by making sure it is zero-terminated.
** Return a pointer to the resulting string.  Return a NULL
** pointer if any kind of error was encountered.
*/











SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3StrAccumFinish(StrAccum *p){
  if( p->zText ){
    assert( (p->zText==p->zBase)==!isMalloced(p) );
    p->zText[p->nChar] = 0;
    if( p->mxAlloc>0 && !isMalloced(p) ){
      p->zText = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(p->db, p->nChar+1 );
      if( p->zText ){
        memcpy(p->zText, p->zBase, p->nChar+1);
        p->printfFlags |= SQLITE_PRINTF_MALLOCED;
      }else{
        setStrAccumError(p, STRACCUM_NOMEM);
      }
    }
  }
  return p->zText;
}

/*
** Reset an StrAccum string.  Reclaim all malloced memory.
................................................................................
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    if( zBuf ) zBuf[0] = 0;
    return zBuf;
  }
#endif
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&acc, 0, zBuf, n, 0);
  sqlite3VXPrintf(&acc, zFormat, ap);
  return sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&acc);

}
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_snprintf(int n, char *zBuf, const char *zFormat, ...){
  char *z;
  va_list ap;
  va_start(ap,zFormat);
  z = sqlite3_vsnprintf(n, zBuf, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
................................................................................
    wsdPrng.s[wsdPrng.j] = t;
    t += wsdPrng.s[wsdPrng.i];
    *(zBuf++) = wsdPrng.s[t];
  }while( --N );
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutex);
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
/*
** For testing purposes, we sometimes want to preserve the state of
** PRNG and restore the PRNG to its saved state at a later time, or
** to reset the PRNG to its initial state.  These routines accomplish
** those tasks.
**
** The sqlite3_test_control() interface calls these routines to
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PrngRestoreState(void){
  memcpy(
    &GLOBAL(struct sqlite3PrngType, sqlite3Prng),
    &GLOBAL(struct sqlite3PrngType, sqlite3SavedPrng),
    sizeof(sqlite3Prng)
  );
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST */

/************** End of random.c **********************************************/
/************** Begin file threads.c *****************************************/
/*
** 2012 July 21
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
................................................................................
**
** The intent of the integer argument is to let the fault simulator know
** which of multiple sqlite3FaultSim() calls has been hit.
**
** Return whatever integer value the test callback returns, or return
** SQLITE_OK if no test callback is installed.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FaultSim(int iTest){
  int (*xCallback)(int) = sqlite3GlobalConfig.xTestCallback;
  return xCallback ? xCallback(iTest) : SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
................................................................................
    /* 114 */ "NewRowid"         OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),
    /* 115 */ "Insert"           OpHelp("intkey=r[P3] data=r[P2]"),
    /* 116 */ "InsertInt"        OpHelp("intkey=P3 data=r[P2]"),
    /* 117 */ "Delete"           OpHelp(""),
    /* 118 */ "ResetCount"       OpHelp(""),
    /* 119 */ "SorterCompare"    OpHelp("if key(P1)!=trim(r[P3],P4) goto P2"),
    /* 120 */ "SorterData"       OpHelp("r[P2]=data"),
    /* 121 */ "RowKey"           OpHelp("r[P2]=key"),
    /* 122 */ "RowData"          OpHelp("r[P2]=data"),
    /* 123 */ "Rowid"            OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),
    /* 124 */ "NullRow"          OpHelp(""),
    /* 125 */ "SorterInsert"     OpHelp("key=r[P2]"),
    /* 126 */ "IdxInsert"        OpHelp("key=r[P2]"),
    /* 127 */ "IdxDelete"        OpHelp("key=r[P2@P3]"),
    /* 128 */ "Seek"             OpHelp("Move P3 to P1.rowid"),
    /* 129 */ "IdxRowid"         OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),
    /* 130 */ "Destroy"          OpHelp(""),
    /* 131 */ "Clear"            OpHelp(""),

    /* 132 */ "Real"             OpHelp("r[P2]=P4"),
    /* 133 */ "ResetSorter"      OpHelp(""),
    /* 134 */ "CreateIndex"      OpHelp("r[P2]=root iDb=P1"),
    /* 135 */ "CreateTable"      OpHelp("r[P2]=root iDb=P1"),
    /* 136 */ "ParseSchema"      OpHelp(""),
    /* 137 */ "LoadAnalysis"     OpHelp(""),
    /* 138 */ "DropTable"        OpHelp(""),
    /* 139 */ "DropIndex"        OpHelp(""),
    /* 140 */ "DropTrigger"      OpHelp(""),
    /* 141 */ "IntegrityCk"      OpHelp(""),
    /* 142 */ "RowSetAdd"        OpHelp("rowset(P1)=r[P2]"),
    /* 143 */ "Param"            OpHelp(""),
    /* 144 */ "FkCounter"        OpHelp("fkctr[P1]+=P2"),
    /* 145 */ "MemMax"           OpHelp("r[P1]=max(r[P1],r[P2])"),
    /* 146 */ "OffsetLimit"      OpHelp("if r[P1]>0 then r[P2]=r[P1]+max(0,r[P3]) else r[P2]=(-1)"),
    /* 147 */ "AggStep0"         OpHelp("accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])"),
    /* 148 */ "AggStep"          OpHelp("accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])"),
    /* 149 */ "AggFinal"         OpHelp("accum=r[P1] N=P2"),
    /* 150 */ "Expire"           OpHelp(""),
    /* 151 */ "TableLock"        OpHelp("iDb=P1 root=P2 write=P3"),
    /* 152 */ "VBegin"           OpHelp(""),
    /* 153 */ "VCreate"          OpHelp(""),
    /* 154 */ "VDestroy"         OpHelp(""),
    /* 155 */ "VOpen"            OpHelp(""),
    /* 156 */ "VColumn"          OpHelp("r[P3]=vcolumn(P2)"),
    /* 157 */ "VRename"          OpHelp(""),
    /* 158 */ "Pagecount"        OpHelp(""),
    /* 159 */ "MaxPgcnt"         OpHelp(""),
    /* 160 */ "CursorHint"       OpHelp(""),
    /* 161 */ "Noop"             OpHelp(""),
    /* 162 */ "Explain"          OpHelp(""),
  };
  return azName[i];
}
#endif

/************** End of opcodes.c *********************************************/
/************** Begin file os_unix.c *****************************************/
................................................................................
** to locate a particular unixInodeInfo object.
*/
struct unixFileId {
  dev_t dev;                  /* Device number */
#if OS_VXWORKS
  struct vxworksFileId *pId;  /* Unique file ID for vxworks. */
#else







  ino_t ino;                  /* Inode number */
#endif
};

/*
** An instance of the following structure is allocated for each open
** inode.  Or, on LinuxThreads, there is one of these structures for
** each inode opened by each thread.
................................................................................
#endif

  memset(&fileId, 0, sizeof(fileId));
  fileId.dev = statbuf.st_dev;
#if OS_VXWORKS
  fileId.pId = pFile->pId;
#else
  fileId.ino = statbuf.st_ino;
#endif
  pInode = inodeList;
  while( pInode && memcmp(&fileId, &pInode->fileId, sizeof(fileId)) ){
    pInode = pInode->pNext;
  }
  if( pInode==0 ){
    pInode = sqlite3_malloc64( sizeof(*pInode) );
................................................................................
*/
static int fileHasMoved(unixFile *pFile){
#if OS_VXWORKS
  return pFile->pInode!=0 && pFile->pId!=pFile->pInode->fileId.pId;
#else
  struct stat buf;
  return pFile->pInode!=0 &&

      (osStat(pFile->zPath, &buf)!=0 || buf.st_ino!=pFile->pInode->fileId.ino);
#endif
}


/*
** Check a unixFile that is a database.  Verify the following:
**
................................................................................
  ** not searching for a reusable file descriptor are not dire.  */
  if( 0==osStat(zPath, &sStat) ){
    unixInodeInfo *pInode;

    unixEnterMutex();
    pInode = inodeList;
    while( pInode && (pInode->fileId.dev!=sStat.st_dev
                     || pInode->fileId.ino!=sStat.st_ino) ){
       pInode = pInode->pNext;
    }
    if( pInode ){
      UnixUnusedFd **pp;
      for(pp=&pInode->pUnused; *pp && (*pp)->flags!=flags; pp=&((*pp)->pNext));
      pUnused = *pp;
      if( pUnused ){
................................................................................
** Return the value of the iSize parameter specified when Bitvec *p
** was created.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3BitvecSize(Bitvec *p){
  return p->iSize;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
/*
** Let V[] be an array of unsigned characters sufficient to hold
** up to N bits.  Let I be an integer between 0 and N.  0<=I<N.
** Then the following macros can be used to set, clear, or test
** individual bits within V.
*/
#define SETBIT(V,I)      V[I>>3] |= (1<<(I&7))
................................................................................
  /* Free allocated structure */
bitvec_end:
  sqlite3_free(pTmpSpace);
  sqlite3_free(pV);
  sqlite3BitvecDestroy(pBitvec);
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST */

/************** End of bitvec.c **********************************************/
/************** Begin file pcache.c ******************************************/
/*
** 2008 August 05
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
................................................................................
** WAL module is using shared-memory, return false. 
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WalHeapMemory(Wal *pWal);

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WalSnapshotGet(Wal *pWal, sqlite3_snapshot **ppSnapshot);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3WalSnapshotOpen(Wal *pWal, sqlite3_snapshot *pSnapshot);

#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ZIPVFS
/* If the WAL file is not empty, return the number of bytes of content
** stored in each frame (i.e. the db page-size when the WAL was created).
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WalFramesize(Wal *pWal);
................................................................................
  if( pPager->pWal ){
    sqlite3WalSnapshotOpen(pPager->pWal, pSnapshot);
  }else{
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  return rc;
}














#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT */
#endif /* !SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ZIPVFS
/*
** A read-lock must be held on the pager when this function is called. If
** the pager is in WAL mode and the WAL file currently contains one or more
................................................................................
  }else{
    assert( mxReadMark<=pWal->hdr.mxFrame );
    pWal->readLock = (i16)mxI;
  }
  return rc;
}















































































/*
** Begin a read transaction on the database.
**
** This routine used to be called sqlite3OpenSnapshot() and with good reason:
** it takes a snapshot of the state of the WAL and wal-index for the current
** instant in time.  The current thread will continue to use this snapshot.
** Other threads might append new content to the WAL and wal-index but
................................................................................
      /* It is possible that there is a checkpointer thread running 
      ** concurrent with this code. If this is the case, it may be that the
      ** checkpointer has already determined that it will checkpoint 
      ** snapshot X, where X is later in the wal file than pSnapshot, but 
      ** has not yet set the pInfo->nBackfillAttempted variable to indicate 
      ** its intent. To avoid the race condition this leads to, ensure that
      ** there is no checkpointer process by taking a shared CKPT lock 
      ** before checking pInfo->nBackfillAttempted.  */




      rc = walLockShared(pWal, WAL_CKPT_LOCK);

      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        /* Check that the wal file has not been wrapped. Assuming that it has
        ** not, also check that no checkpointer has attempted to checkpoint any
        ** frames beyond pSnapshot->mxFrame. If either of these conditions are
        ** true, return SQLITE_BUSY_SNAPSHOT. Otherwise, overwrite pWal->hdr
................................................................................
/* Create a snapshot object.  The content of a snapshot is opaque to
** every other subsystem, so the WAL module can put whatever it needs
** in the object.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WalSnapshotGet(Wal *pWal, sqlite3_snapshot **ppSnapshot){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  WalIndexHdr *pRet;


  assert( pWal->readLock>=0 && pWal->writeLock==0 );





  pRet = (WalIndexHdr*)sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(WalIndexHdr));
  if( pRet==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }else{
    memcpy(pRet, &pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr));
    *ppSnapshot = (sqlite3_snapshot*)pRet;
  }
................................................................................
    pCur->nKey = sqlite3BtreeIntegerKey(pCur);
  }else{
    /* For an index btree, save the complete key content */
    void *pKey;
    pCur->nKey = sqlite3BtreePayloadSize(pCur);
    pKey = sqlite3Malloc( pCur->nKey );
    if( pKey ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeKey(pCur, 0, (int)pCur->nKey, pKey);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        pCur->pKey = pKey;
      }else{
        sqlite3_free(pKey);
      }
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
................................................................................
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && amt>0 ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Read part of the key associated with cursor pCur.  Exactly
** "amt" bytes will be transferred into pBuf[].  The transfer
** begins at "offset".
**




** The caller must ensure that pCur is pointing to a valid row
** in the table.


**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success or an error code if anything goes
** wrong.  An error is returned if "offset+amt" is larger than
** the available payload.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeKey(BtCursor *pCur, u32 offset, u32 amt, void *pBuf){
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( pCur->iPage>=0 && pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage] );
  assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell );
  return accessPayload(pCur, offset, amt, (unsigned char*)pBuf, 0);
}

/*
** Read part of the data associated with cursor pCur.  Exactly
** "amt" bytes will be transfered into pBuf[].  The transfer
** begins at "offset".
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success or an error code if anything goes
** wrong.  An error is returned if "offset+amt" is larger than
** the available payload.
*/

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeData(BtCursor *pCur, u32 offset, u32 amt, void *pBuf){
  int rc;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
  if ( pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID ){
    return SQLITE_ABORT;
  }
#endif

  assert( cursorOwnsBtShared(pCur) );
  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
    assert( pCur->iPage>=0 && pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage] );
    assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell );
    rc = accessPayload(pCur, offset, amt, pBuf, 0);
  }
  return rc;
}


/*
** Return a pointer to payload information from the entry that the 
** pCur cursor is pointing to.  The pointer is to the beginning of
** the key if index btrees (pPage->intKey==0) and is the data for
** table btrees (pPage->intKey==1). The number of bytes of available
** key/data is written into *pAmt.  If *pAmt==0, then the value
................................................................................
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Move data out of a btree key or data field and into a Mem structure.
** The data or key is taken from the entry that pCur is currently pointing
** to.  offset and amt determine what portion of the data or key to retrieve.
** key is true to get the key or false to get data.  The result is written
** into the pMem element.
**
** The pMem object must have been initialized.  This routine will use
** pMem->zMalloc to hold the content from the btree, if possible.  New
** pMem->zMalloc space will be allocated if necessary.  The calling routine
** is responsible for making sure that the pMem object is eventually
** destroyed.
**
................................................................................
** If this routine fails for any reason (malloc returns NULL or unable
** to read from the disk) then the pMem is left in an inconsistent state.
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE int vdbeMemFromBtreeResize(
  BtCursor *pCur,   /* Cursor pointing at record to retrieve. */
  u32 offset,       /* Offset from the start of data to return bytes from. */
  u32 amt,          /* Number of bytes to return. */
  int key,          /* If true, retrieve from the btree key, not data. */
  Mem *pMem         /* OUT: Return data in this Mem structure. */
){
  int rc;
  pMem->flags = MEM_Null;
  if( SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3VdbeMemClearAndResize(pMem, amt+2)) ){
    if( key ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeKey(pCur, offset, amt, pMem->z);
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3BtreeData(pCur, offset, amt, pMem->z);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pMem->z[amt] = 0;
      pMem->z[amt+1] = 0;
      pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Term;
      pMem->n = (int)amt;
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
................................................................................
  }
  return rc;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(
  BtCursor *pCur,   /* Cursor pointing at record to retrieve. */
  u32 offset,       /* Offset from the start of data to return bytes from. */
  u32 amt,          /* Number of bytes to return. */
  int key,          /* If true, retrieve from the btree key, not data. */
  Mem *pMem         /* OUT: Return data in this Mem structure. */
){
  char *zData;        /* Data from the btree layer */
  u32 available = 0;  /* Number of bytes available on the local btree page */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK; /* Return code */

  assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pCur) );
................................................................................
  assert( zData!=0 );

  if( offset+amt<=available ){
    pMem->z = &zData[offset];
    pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Ephem;
    pMem->n = (int)amt;
  }else{
    rc = vdbeMemFromBtreeResize(pCur, offset, amt, key, pMem);
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** The pVal argument is known to be a value other than NULL.
................................................................................
  int op,             /* The new opcode */
  int p1,             /* The P1 operand */
  int p2,             /* The P2 operand */
  int p3,             /* The P3 operand */
  int p4              /* The P4 operand as an integer */
){
  int addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(p, op, p1, p2, p3);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(p, addr, SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(p4), P4_INT32);




  return addr;
}

/* Insert the end of a co-routine
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeEndCoroutine(Vdbe *v, int regYield){
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_EndCoroutine, regYield);
................................................................................
    }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_CURSOR_HINTS
    case P4_EXPR: {
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, (Expr*)p4);
      break;
    }
#endif
    case P4_MPRINTF: {
      if( db->pnBytesFreed==0 ) sqlite3_free(p4);
      break;
    }
    case P4_FUNCDEF: {
      freeEphemeralFunction(db, (FuncDef*)p4);
      break;
    }
    case P4_MEM: {
      if( db->pnBytesFreed==0 ){
        sqlite3ValueFree((sqlite3_value*)p4);
................................................................................
  }else if( zP4!=0 ){
    assert( n<0 );
    pOp->p4.p = (void*)zP4;
    pOp->p4type = (signed char)n;
    if( n==P4_VTAB ) sqlite3VtabLock((VTable*)zP4);
  }
}


























/*
** Set the P4 on the most recently added opcode to the KeyInfo for the
** index given.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(Parse *pParse, Index *pIdx){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;

  assert( v!=0 );
  assert( pIdx!=0 );
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)sqlite3KeyInfoOfIndex(pParse, pIdx),
                      P4_KEYINFO);

}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
/*
** Change the comment on the most recently coded instruction.  Or
** insert a No-op and add the comment to that new instruction.  This
** makes the code easier to read during debugging.  None of this happens
................................................................................
      break;
    }
    case P4_FUNCDEF: {
      FuncDef *pDef = pOp->p4.pFunc;
      sqlite3XPrintf(&x, "%s(%d)", pDef->zName, pDef->nArg);
      break;
    }
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    case P4_FUNCCTX: {
      FuncDef *pDef = pOp->p4.pCtx->pFunc;
      sqlite3XPrintf(&x, "%s(%d)", pDef->zName, pDef->nArg);
      break;
    }
#endif
    case P4_INT64: {
................................................................................
  */
  assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pCur) );
  nCellKey = sqlite3BtreePayloadSize(pCur);
  assert( (nCellKey & SQLITE_MAX_U32)==(u64)nCellKey );

  /* Read in the complete content of the index entry */
  sqlite3VdbeMemInit(&m, db, 0);
  rc = sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(pCur, 0, (u32)nCellKey, 1, &m);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }

  /* The index entry must begin with a header size */
  (void)getVarint32((u8*)m.z, szHdr);
  testcase( szHdr==3 );
................................................................................
  /* nCellKey will always be between 0 and 0xffffffff because of the way
  ** that btreeParseCellPtr() and sqlite3GetVarint32() are implemented */
  if( nCellKey<=0 || nCellKey>0x7fffffff ){
    *res = 0;
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  sqlite3VdbeMemInit(&m, db, 0);
  rc = sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(pCur, 0, (u32)nCellKey, 1, &m);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }
  *res = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(m.n, m.z, pUnpacked);
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&m);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
  if( p->pUnpacked==0 ){
    u32 nRec;
    u8 *aRec;

    nRec = sqlite3BtreePayloadSize(p->pCsr->uc.pCursor);
    aRec = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, nRec);
    if( !aRec ) goto preupdate_old_out;
    rc = sqlite3BtreeData(p->pCsr->uc.pCursor, 0, nRec, aRec);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      p->pUnpacked = vdbeUnpackRecord(&p->keyinfo, nRec, aRec);
      if( !p->pUnpacked ) rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, aRec);
      goto preupdate_old_out;
................................................................................
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_found_count = 0;
#endif

/*
** Test a register to see if it exceeds the current maximum blob size.
** If it does, record the new maximum blob size.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST)
# define UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(P)  updateMaxBlobsize(P)
#else
# define UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(P)
#endif

/*
** Invoke the VDBE coverage callback, if that callback is defined.  This
................................................................................
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( p2<pC->nField );
  aOffset = pC->aOffset;
  assert( pC->eCurType!=CURTYPE_VTAB );
  assert( pC->eCurType!=CURTYPE_PSEUDO || pC->nullRow );
  assert( pC->eCurType!=CURTYPE_SORTER );
  pCrsr = pC->uc.pCursor;

  if( pC->cacheStatus!=p->cacheCtr ){                /*OPTIMIZATION-IF-FALSE*/
    if( pC->nullRow ){
      if( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_PSEUDO ){
        assert( pC->uc.pseudoTableReg>0 );
        pReg = &aMem[pC->uc.pseudoTableReg];
        assert( pReg->flags & MEM_Blob );
................................................................................
        pC->payloadSize = pC->szRow = avail = pReg->n;
        pC->aRow = (u8*)pReg->z;
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pDest);
        goto op_column_out;
      }
    }else{

      assert( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
      assert( pCrsr );
      assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pCrsr) );
      pC->payloadSize = sqlite3BtreePayloadSize(pCrsr);
      pC->aRow = sqlite3BtreePayloadFetch(pCrsr, &avail);
      assert( avail<=65536 );  /* Maximum page size is 64KiB */
      if( pC->payloadSize <= (u32)avail ){
................................................................................
    /* If there is more header available for parsing in the record, try
    ** to extract additional fields up through the p2+1-th field 
    */
    if( pC->iHdrOffset<aOffset[0] ){
      /* Make sure zData points to enough of the record to cover the header. */
      if( pC->aRow==0 ){
        memset(&sMem, 0, sizeof(sMem));
        rc = sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(pCrsr, 0, aOffset[0], !pC->isTable, &sMem);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto abort_due_to_error;
        zData = (u8*)sMem.z;
      }else{
        zData = pC->aRow;
      }
  
      /* Fill in pC->aType[i] and aOffset[i] values through the p2-th field. */
................................................................................
      **    2. the length(X) function if X is a blob, and
      **    3. if the content length is zero.
      ** So we might as well use bogus content rather than reading
      ** content from disk. */
      static u8 aZero[8];  /* This is the bogus content */
      sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(aZero, t, pDest);
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(pCrsr, aOffset[p2], len, !pC->isTable,
                                   pDest);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto abort_due_to_error;
      sqlite3VdbeSerialGet((const u8*)pDest->z, t, pDest);
      pDest->flags &= ~MEM_Ephem;
    }
  }

op_column_out:
................................................................................
  p->apCsr[pOp->p3]->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: RowData P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=data
**
** Write into register P2 the complete row data for cursor P1.

** There is no interpretation of the data.  
** It is just copied onto the P2 register exactly as 
** it is found in the database file.
**
** If the P1 cursor must be pointing to a valid row (not a NULL row)
** of a real table, not a pseudo-table.
*/
/* Opcode: RowKey P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=key
**
** Write into register P2 the complete row key for cursor P1.
** There is no interpretation of the data.  
** The key is copied onto the P2 register exactly as 
** it is found in the database file.
**
** If the P1 cursor must be pointing to a valid row (not a NULL row)
** of a real table, not a pseudo-table.
*/
case OP_RowKey:
case OP_RowData: {
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  u32 n;

  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  memAboutToChange(p, pOut);

  /* Note that RowKey and RowData are really exactly the same instruction */
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
  assert( isSorter(pC)==0 );
  assert( pC->isTable || pOp->opcode!=OP_RowData );
  assert( pC->isTable==0 || pOp->opcode==OP_RowData );
  assert( pC->nullRow==0 );
  assert( pC->uc.pCursor!=0 );
  pCrsr = pC->uc.pCursor;

  /* The OP_RowKey and OP_RowData opcodes always follow OP_NotExists or
  ** OP_SeekRowid or OP_Rewind/Op_Next with no intervening instructions
  ** that might invalidate the cursor.
  ** If this where not the case, on of the following assert()s
  ** would fail.  Should this ever change (because of changes in the code
  ** generator) then the fix would be to insert a call to
  ** sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto().
  */
................................................................................
  }
  testcase( n==0 );
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemClearAndResize(pOut, MAX(n,32)) ){
    goto no_mem;
  }
  pOut->n = n;
  MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Blob);
  if( pC->isTable==0 ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeKey(pCrsr, 0, n, pOut->z);
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3BtreeData(pCrsr, 0, n, pOut->z);
  }
  if( rc ) goto abort_due_to_error;
  pOut->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;  /* In case the blob is ever cast to text */
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pOut);
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, pOut);
  break;
}

................................................................................
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: DecrJumpZero P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: if (--r[P1])==0 goto P2
**
** Register P1 must hold an integer.  Decrement the value in register P1
** then jump to P2 if the new value is exactly zero.
*/
case OP_DecrJumpZero: {      /* jump, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pIn1->flags&MEM_Int );
  pIn1->u.i--;
  VdbeBranchTaken(pIn1->u.i==0, 2);
  if( pIn1->u.i==0 ) goto jump_to_p2;
  break;
}


/* Opcode: AggStep0 * P2 P3 P4 P5
................................................................................
  return rc;
}

/*
** Read data from a blob handle.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_read(sqlite3_blob *pBlob, void *z, int n, int iOffset){
  return blobReadWrite(pBlob, z, n, iOffset, sqlite3BtreeData);
}

/*
** Write data to a blob handle.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_write(sqlite3_blob *pBlob, const void *z, int n, int iOffset){
  return blobReadWrite(pBlob, (void *)z, n, iOffset, sqlite3BtreePutData);
................................................................................
    ** sqlite3ExprDelete() specifically skips the recursive delete of
    ** pLeft on TK_SELECT_COLUMN nodes.  But pRight is followed, so pVector
    ** can be attached to pRight to cause this node to take ownership of
    ** pVector.  Typically there will be multiple TK_SELECT_COLUMN nodes
    ** with the same pLeft pointer to the pVector, but only one of them
    ** will own the pVector.
    */
    pRet = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_SELECT_COLUMN, 0, 0, 0);
    if( pRet ){
      pRet->iColumn = iField;
      pRet->pLeft = pVector;
    }
    assert( pRet==0 || pRet->iTable==0 );
  }else{
    if( pVector->op==TK_VECTOR ) pVector = pVector->x.pList->a[iField].pExpr;
................................................................................
** Expr node.  Or, if an OOM error occurs, set pParse->db->mallocFailed,
** free the subtrees and return NULL.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3PExpr(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  int op,                 /* Expression opcode */
  Expr *pLeft,            /* Left operand */
  Expr *pRight,           /* Right operand */
  const Token *pToken     /* Argument token */
){
  Expr *p;
  if( op==TK_AND && pParse->nErr==0 ){
    /* Take advantage of short-circuit false optimization for AND */
    p = sqlite3ExprAnd(pParse->db, pLeft, pRight);
  }else{
    p = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, op & TKFLG_MASK, pToken, 1);





    sqlite3ExprAttachSubtrees(pParse->db, p, pLeft, pRight);
  }
  if( p ) {
    sqlite3ExprCheckHeight(pParse, p->nHeight);
  }
  return p;
}
................................................................................
**   "sub-select returns N columns - expected M"
*/   
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SubselectError(Parse *pParse, int nActual, int nExpect){
  const char *zFmt = "sub-select returns %d columns - expected %d";
  sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, zFmt, nActual, nExpect);
}
#endif























/*
** Generate code for scalar subqueries used as a subquery expression, EXISTS,
** or IN operators.  Examples:
**
**     (SELECT a FROM b)          -- subquery
**     EXISTS (SELECT a FROM b)   -- EXISTS subquery
................................................................................
  int nVector = sqlite3ExprVectorSize(pIn->pLeft);
  if( (pIn->flags & EP_xIsSelect) ){
    if( nVector!=pIn->x.pSelect->pEList->nExpr ){
      sqlite3SubselectError(pParse, pIn->x.pSelect->pEList->nExpr, nVector);
      return 1;
    }
  }else if( nVector!=1 ){
    if( (pIn->pLeft->flags & EP_xIsSelect) ){
      sqlite3SubselectError(pParse, nVector, 1);
    }else{
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "row value misused");
    }
    return 1;
  }
  return 0;
}
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, iMem);
  }else{
    int c;
    i64 value;
    const char *z = pExpr->u.zToken;
    assert( z!=0 );
    c = sqlite3DecOrHexToI64(z, &value);
    if( c==0 || (c==2 && negFlag) ){
      if( negFlag ){ value = c==2 ? SMALLEST_INT64 : -value; }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Dup8(v, OP_Int64, 0, iMem, 0, (u8*)&value, P4_INT64);
    }else{
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "oversized integer: %s%s", negFlag ? "-" : "", z);
#else
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_HEX_INTEGER
      if( sqlite3_strnicmp(z,"0x",2)==0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "hex literal too big: %s", z);
      }else
#endif
      {
        codeReal(v, z, negFlag, iMem);
      }
#endif



    }
  }
}

/*
** Erase column-cache entry number i
*/
................................................................................
    if( p->op==TK_SELECT ){
      iResult = sqlite3CodeSubselect(pParse, p, 0, 0);
    }else{
      int i;
      iResult = pParse->nMem+1;
      pParse->nMem += nResult;
      for(i=0; i<nResult; i++){
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, p->x.pList->a[i].pExpr, i+iResult);
      }
    }
  }
  return iResult;
}


................................................................................
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      assert( pExpr->u.zToken!=0 );
      assert( pExpr->u.zToken[0]!=0 );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Variable, pExpr->iColumn, target);
      if( pExpr->u.zToken[1]!=0 ){
        assert( pExpr->u.zToken[0]=='?' 
             || strcmp(pExpr->u.zToken, pParse->azVar[pExpr->iColumn-1])==0 );
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, pParse->azVar[pExpr->iColumn-1], P4_STATIC);
      }
      return target;
    }
    case TK_REGISTER: {
      return pExpr->iTable;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
................................................................................
  compRight.op = TK_LE;
  compRight.pLeft = &exprX;
  compRight.pRight = pExpr->x.pList->a[1].pExpr;
  exprToRegister(&exprX, exprCodeVector(pParse, &exprX, &regFree1));
  if( xJump ){
    xJump(pParse, &exprAnd, dest, jumpIfNull);
  }else{





    exprX.flags |= EP_FromJoin;
    sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, &exprAnd, dest);
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree1);

  /* Ensure adequate test coverage */
  testcase( xJump==sqlite3ExprIfTrue  && jumpIfNull==0 && regFree1==0 );
................................................................................
  **   DELETE FROM table_a WHERE col1=1 ORDER BY col2 LIMIT 1 OFFSET 1
  ** becomes:
  **   DELETE FROM table_a WHERE rowid IN ( 
  **     SELECT rowid FROM table_a WHERE col1=1 ORDER BY col2 LIMIT 1 OFFSET 1
  **   );
  */

  pSelectRowid = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ROW, 0, 0, 0);
  if( pSelectRowid == 0 ) goto limit_where_cleanup;
  pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, pSelectRowid);
  if( pEList == 0 ) goto limit_where_cleanup;

  /* duplicate the FROM clause as it is needed by both the DELETE/UPDATE tree
  ** and the SELECT subtree. */
  pSelectSrc = sqlite3SrcListDup(pParse->db, pSrc, 0);
................................................................................

  /* generate the SELECT expression tree. */
  pSelect = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse,pEList,pSelectSrc,pWhere,0,0,
                             pOrderBy,0,pLimit,pOffset);
  if( pSelect == 0 ) return 0;

  /* now generate the new WHERE rowid IN clause for the DELETE/UDPATE */
  pWhereRowid = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ROW, 0, 0, 0);
  pInClause = pWhereRowid ? sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, pWhereRowid, 0, 0) : 0;
  sqlite3PExprAddSelect(pParse, pInClause, pSelect);
  return pInClause;

limit_where_cleanup:
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, pWhere);
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, pOrderBy);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, pLimit);
................................................................................
      if( !IsVirtual(pTab) && aToOpen[iDataCur-iTabCur] ){
        assert( pPk!=0 || pTab->pSelect!=0 );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, addrBypass, iKey, nKey);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
    }else if( pPk ){
      addrLoop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, iEphCur); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, iEphCur, iKey);
      assert( nKey==0 );  /* OP_Found will use a composite key */
    }else{
      addrLoop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_RowSetRead, iRowSet, 0, iKey);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
      assert( nKey==1 );
    }  
  
................................................................................
  ** the update-hook is not invoked for rows removed by REPLACE, but the 
  ** pre-update-hook is.
  */ 
  if( pTab->pSelect==0 ){
    u8 p5 = 0;
    sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(pParse, pTab, iDataCur, iIdxCur,0,iIdxNoSeek);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Delete, iDataCur, (count?OPFLAG_NCHANGE:0));
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)pTab, P4_TABLE);
    if( eMode!=ONEPASS_OFF ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_AUXDELETE);
    }
    if( iIdxNoSeek>=0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Delete, iIdxNoSeek);
    }
    if( eMode==ONEPASS_MULTI ) p5 |= OPFLAG_SAVEPOSITION;
................................................................................
** case.  Thus  'a' LIKE 'A' would be true. */
static const struct compareInfo likeInfoNorm = { '%', '_',   0, 1 };
/* If SQLITE_CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE is defined, then the LIKE operator
** is case sensitive causing 'a' LIKE 'A' to be false */
static const struct compareInfo likeInfoAlt = { '%', '_',   0, 0 };

/*







** Compare two UTF-8 strings for equality where the first string can
** potentially be a "glob" or "like" expression.  Return true (1) if they
** are the same and false (0) if they are different.





**
** Globbing rules:
**
**      '*'       Matches any sequence of zero or more characters.
**
**      '?'       Matches exactly one character.
**
................................................................................
  while( (c = Utf8Read(zPattern))!=0 ){
    if( c==matchAll ){  /* Match "*" */
      /* Skip over multiple "*" characters in the pattern.  If there
      ** are also "?" characters, skip those as well, but consume a
      ** single character of the input string for each "?" skipped */
      while( (c=Utf8Read(zPattern)) == matchAll || c == matchOne ){
        if( c==matchOne && sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString)==0 ){
          return 0;
        }
      }
      if( c==0 ){
        return 1;   /* "*" at the end of the pattern matches */
      }else if( c==matchOther ){
        if( pInfo->matchSet==0 ){
          c = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
          if( c==0 ) return 0;
        }else{
          /* "[...]" immediately follows the "*".  We have to do a slow
          ** recursive search in this case, but it is an unusual case. */
          assert( matchOther<0x80 );  /* '[' is a single-byte character */
          while( *zString
                 && patternCompare(&zPattern[-1],zString,pInfo,matchOther)==0 ){

            SQLITE_SKIP_UTF8(zString);
          }
          return *zString!=0;

        }
      }

      /* At this point variable c contains the first character of the
      ** pattern string past the "*".  Search in the input string for the
      ** first matching character and recursively contine the match from
      ** that point.
      **
      ** For a case-insensitive search, set variable cx to be the same as
      ** c but in the other case and search the input string for either
      ** c or cx.
      */
      if( c<=0x80 ){
        u32 cx;

        if( noCase ){
          cx = sqlite3Toupper(c);
          c = sqlite3Tolower(c);
        }else{
          cx = c;
        }
        while( (c2 = *(zString++))!=0 ){
          if( c2!=c && c2!=cx ) continue;
          if( patternCompare(zPattern,zString,pInfo,matchOther) ) return 1;

        }
      }else{

        while( (c2 = Utf8Read(zString))!=0 ){
          if( c2!=c ) continue;
          if( patternCompare(zPattern,zString,pInfo,matchOther) ) return 1;

        }
      }
      return 0;
    }
    if( c==matchOther ){
      if( pInfo->matchSet==0 ){
        c = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
        if( c==0 ) return 0;
        zEscaped = zPattern;
      }else{
        u32 prior_c = 0;
        int seen = 0;
        int invert = 0;
        c = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString);
        if( c==0 ) return 0;
        c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
        if( c2=='^' ){
          invert = 1;
          c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
        }
        if( c2==']' ){
          if( c==']' ) seen = 1;
................................................................................
              seen = 1;
            }
            prior_c = c2;
          }
          c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
        }
        if( c2==0 || (seen ^ invert)==0 ){
          return 0;
        }
        continue;
      }
    }
    c2 = Utf8Read(zString);
    if( c==c2 ) continue;
    if( noCase  && sqlite3Tolower(c)==sqlite3Tolower(c2) && c<0x80 && c2<0x80 ){
      continue;
    }
    if( c==matchOne && zPattern!=zEscaped && c2!=0 ) continue;
    return 0;
  }
  return *zString==0;
}

/*
** The sqlite3_strglob() interface.

*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_strglob(const char *zGlobPattern, const char *zString){
  return patternCompare((u8*)zGlobPattern, (u8*)zString, &globInfo, '[')==0;
}

/*
** The sqlite3_strlike() interface.

*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_strlike(const char *zPattern, const char *zStr, unsigned int esc){
  return patternCompare((u8*)zPattern, (u8*)zStr, &likeInfoNorm, esc)==0;
}

/*
** Count the number of times that the LIKE operator (or GLOB which is
** just a variation of LIKE) gets called.  This is used for testing
** only.
*/
................................................................................
  }else{
    escape = pInfo->matchSet;
  }
  if( zA && zB ){
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
    sqlite3_like_count++;
#endif
    sqlite3_result_int(context, patternCompare(zB, zA, pInfo, escape));
  }
}

/*
** Implementation of the NULLIF(x,y) function.  The result is the first
** argument if the arguments are different.  The result is NULL if the
** arguments are equal to each other.
................................................................................

    iCol = pIdx ? pIdx->aiColumn[i] : -1;
    pLeft = exprTableRegister(pParse, pTab, regData, iCol);
    iCol = aiCol ? aiCol[i] : pFKey->aCol[0].iFrom;
    assert( iCol>=0 );
    zCol = pFKey->pFrom->aCol[iCol].zName;
    pRight = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zCol);
    pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pLeft, pRight, 0);
    pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pEq);
  }

  /* If the child table is the same as the parent table, then add terms
  ** to the WHERE clause that prevent this entry from being scanned.
  ** The added WHERE clause terms are like this:
  **
................................................................................
  if( pTab==pFKey->pFrom && nIncr>0 ){
    Expr *pNe;                    /* Expression (pLeft != pRight) */
    Expr *pLeft;                  /* Value from parent table row */
    Expr *pRight;                 /* Column ref to child table */
    if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
      pLeft = exprTableRegister(pParse, pTab, regData, -1);
      pRight = exprTableColumn(db, pTab, pSrc->a[0].iCursor, -1);
      pNe = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NE, pLeft, pRight, 0);
    }else{
      Expr *pEq, *pAll = 0;
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
      assert( pIdx!=0 );
      for(i=0; i<pPk->nKeyCol; i++){
        i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        assert( iCol>=0 );
        pLeft = exprTableRegister(pParse, pTab, regData, iCol);
        pRight = exprTableColumn(db, pTab, pSrc->a[0].iCursor, iCol);
        pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pLeft, pRight, 0);
        pAll = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pAll, pEq);
      }
      pNe = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, pAll, 0, 0);
    }
    pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pNe);
  }

  /* Resolve the references in the WHERE clause. */
  memset(&sNameContext, 0, sizeof(NameContext));
  sNameContext.pSrcList = pSrc;
................................................................................
      /* Create the expression "OLD.zToCol = zFromCol". It is important
      ** that the "OLD.zToCol" term is on the LHS of the = operator, so
      ** that the affinity and collation sequence associated with the
      ** parent table are used for the comparison. */
      pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ,
          sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, 
            sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tOld, 0),
            sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tToCol, 0)
          , 0),
          sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tFromCol, 0)
      , 0);
      pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pEq);

      /* For ON UPDATE, construct the next term of the WHEN clause.
      ** The final WHEN clause will be like this:
      **
      **    WHEN NOT(old.col1 IS new.col1 AND ... AND old.colN IS new.colN)
      */
      if( pChanges ){
        pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IS,
            sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, 
              sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tOld, 0),
              sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tToCol, 0),
              0),
            sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, 
              sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tNew, 0),
              sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tToCol, 0),
              0),
            0);
        pWhen = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhen, pEq);
      }
  
      if( action!=OE_Restrict && (action!=OE_Cascade || pChanges) ){
        Expr *pNew;
        if( action==OE_Cascade ){
          pNew = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, 
            sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tNew, 0),
            sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tToCol, 0)
          , 0);
        }else if( action==OE_SetDflt ){
          Expr *pDflt = pFKey->pFrom->aCol[iFromCol].pDflt;
          if( pDflt ){
            pNew = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pDflt, 0);
          }else{
            pNew = sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_NULL, 0, 0);
          }
................................................................................
      pStep->zTarget = (char *)&pStep[1];
      memcpy((char *)pStep->zTarget, zFrom, nFrom);
  
      pStep->pWhere = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pWhere, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
      pStep->pExprList = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pList, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
      pStep->pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pSelect, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
      if( pWhen ){
        pWhen = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, pWhen, 0, 0);
        pTrigger->pWhen = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pWhen, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
      }
    }

    /* Re-enable the lookaside buffer, if it was disabled earlier. */
    db->lookaside.bDisable--;

................................................................................
      case OE_Abort:
        sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
        /* Fall through */
      case OE_Rollback:
      case OE_Fail: {
        char *zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s.%s", pTab->zName,
                                    pTab->aCol[i].zName);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_HaltIfNull, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL, onError,
                          regNewData+1+i, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);

        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, P5_ConstraintNotNull);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
        break;
      }
      case OE_Ignore: {
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regNewData+1+i, ignoreDest);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK
          if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
            /* This OP_Delete opcode fires the pre-update-hook only. It does
            ** not modify the b-tree. It is more efficient to let the coming
            ** OP_Insert replace the existing entry than it is to delete the
            ** existing entry and then insert a new one. */
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Delete, iDataCur, OPFLAG_ISNOOP);
            sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)pTab, P4_TABLE);
          }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK */
          if( pTab->pIndex ){
            sqlite3MultiWrite(pParse);
            sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(pParse, pTab, iDataCur, iIdxCur,0,-1);
          }
        }
................................................................................
    pik_flags |= OPFLAG_APPEND;
  }
  if( useSeekResult ){
    pik_flags |= OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT;
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iDataCur, regRec, regNewData);
  if( !pParse->nested ){
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)pTab, P4_TABLE);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, pik_flags);
}

/*
** Allocate cursors for the pTab table and all its indices and generate
** code to open and initialized those cursors.
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pSrcIdx);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pSrcIdx->zName));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenWrite, iDest, pDestIdx->tnum, iDbDest);
    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pDestIdx);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_BULKCSR);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pDestIdx->zName));
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iSrc, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, iSrc, regData);
    if( db->flags & SQLITE_Vacuum ){
      /* This INSERT command is part of a VACUUM operation, which guarantees
      ** that the destination table is empty. If all indexed columns use
      ** collation sequence BINARY, then it can also be assumed that the
      ** index will be populated by inserting keys in strictly sorted 
      ** order. In this case, instead of seeking within the b-tree as part
      ** of every OP_IdxInsert opcode, an OP_Last is added before the
................................................................................
  assert( pSrc->nSrc>iRight );
  assert( pSrc->a[iLeft].pTab );
  assert( pSrc->a[iRight].pTab );

  pE1 = sqlite3CreateColumnExpr(db, pSrc, iLeft, iColLeft);
  pE2 = sqlite3CreateColumnExpr(db, pSrc, iRight, iColRight);

  pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pE1, pE2, 0);
  if( pEq && isOuterJoin ){
    ExprSetProperty(pEq, EP_FromJoin);
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pEq, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
    ExprSetVVAProperty(pEq, EP_NoReduce);
    pEq->iRightJoinTable = (i16)pE2->iTable;
  }
  *ppWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, *ppWhere, pEq);
................................................................................
        generateColumnNames(pParse, pFirst->pSrc, pFirst->pEList);
      }
      iBreak = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      iCont = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      computeLimitRegisters(pParse, p, iBreak);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, tab1, iBreak); VdbeCoverage(v);
      r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      iStart = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, tab1, r1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, tab2, iCont, r1, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
      selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, p->pEList, tab1,
                      0, 0, &dest, iCont, iBreak);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iCont);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, tab1, iStart); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iBreak);
................................................................................
  explainComposite(pParse, p->op, iSub1, iSub2, 0);
  return pParse->nErr!=0;
}
#endif

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)
/* Forward Declarations */
static void substExprList(sqlite3*, ExprList*, int, ExprList*);
static void substSelect(sqlite3*, Select *, int, ExprList*, int);

/*
** Scan through the expression pExpr.  Replace every reference to
** a column in table number iTable with a copy of the iColumn-th
** entry in pEList.  (But leave references to the ROWID column 
** unchanged.)
**
................................................................................
** whose result set is defined by pEList appears as entry in the
** FROM clause of a SELECT such that the VDBE cursor assigned to that
** FORM clause entry is iTable.  This routine make the necessary 
** changes to pExpr so that it refers directly to the source table
** of the subquery rather the result set of the subquery.
*/
static Expr *substExpr(
  sqlite3 *db,        /* Report malloc errors to this connection */
  Expr *pExpr,        /* Expr in which substitution occurs */
  int iTable,         /* Table to be substituted */
  ExprList *pEList    /* Substitute expressions */
){

  if( pExpr==0 ) return 0;
  if( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN && pExpr->iTable==iTable ){
    if( pExpr->iColumn<0 ){
      pExpr->op = TK_NULL;
    }else{
      Expr *pNew;

      assert( pEList!=0 && pExpr->iColumn<pEList->nExpr );
      assert( pExpr->pLeft==0 && pExpr->pRight==0 );



      pNew = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pEList->a[pExpr->iColumn].pExpr, 0);




      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr);
      pExpr = pNew;
    }

  }else{
    pExpr->pLeft = substExpr(db, pExpr->pLeft, iTable, pEList);
    pExpr->pRight = substExpr(db, pExpr->pRight, iTable, pEList);
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      substSelect(db, pExpr->x.pSelect, iTable, pEList, 1);
    }else{
      substExprList(db, pExpr->x.pList, iTable, pEList);
    }
  }
  return pExpr;
}
static void substExprList(
  sqlite3 *db,         /* Report malloc errors here */
  ExprList *pList,     /* List to scan and in which to make substitutes */
  int iTable,          /* Table to be substituted */
  ExprList *pEList     /* Substitute values */
){
  int i;
  if( pList==0 ) return;
  for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
    pList->a[i].pExpr = substExpr(db, pList->a[i].pExpr, iTable, pEList);
  }
}
static void substSelect(
  sqlite3 *db,         /* Report malloc errors here */
  Select *p,           /* SELECT statement in which to make substitutions */
  int iTable,          /* Table to be replaced */
  ExprList *pEList,    /* Substitute values */
  int doPrior          /* Do substitutes on p->pPrior too */
){
  SrcList *pSrc;
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;
  int i;
  if( !p ) return;
  do{
    substExprList(db, p->pEList, iTable, pEList);
    substExprList(db, p->pGroupBy, iTable, pEList);
    substExprList(db, p->pOrderBy, iTable, pEList);
    p->pHaving = substExpr(db, p->pHaving, iTable, pEList);
    p->pWhere = substExpr(db, p->pWhere, iTable, pEList);
    pSrc = p->pSrc;
    assert( pSrc!=0 );
    for(i=pSrc->nSrc, pItem=pSrc->a; i>0; i--, pItem++){
      substSelect(db, pItem->pSelect, iTable, pEList, 1);
      if( pItem->fg.isTabFunc ){
        substExprList(db, pItem->u1.pFuncArg, iTable, pEList);
      }
    }
  }while( doPrior && (p = p->pPrior)!=0 );
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) */

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)
................................................................................
          sqlite3ExprDup(db, pSub->pHaving, 0), pParent->pHaving
      );
      assert( pParent->pGroupBy==0 );
      pParent->pGroupBy = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pSub->pGroupBy, 0);
    }else{
      pParent->pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pParent->pWhere);
    }
    substSelect(db, pParent, iParent, pSub->pEList, 0);
  
    /* The flattened query is distinct if either the inner or the
    ** outer query is distinct. 
    */
    pParent->selFlags |= pSub->selFlags & SF_Distinct;
  
    /*
................................................................................
**   (5) The WHERE clause expression originates in the ON or USING clause
**       of a LEFT JOIN.
**
** Return 0 if no changes are made and non-zero if one or more WHERE clause
** terms are duplicated into the subquery.
*/
static int pushDownWhereTerms(
  sqlite3 *db,          /* The database connection (for malloc()) */
  Select *pSubq,        /* The subquery whose WHERE clause is to be augmented */
  Expr *pWhere,         /* The WHERE clause of the outer query */
  int iCursor           /* Cursor number of the subquery */
){
  Expr *pNew;
  int nChng = 0;
  Select *pX;           /* For looping over compound SELECTs in pSubq */
................................................................................
      return 0; /* restrictions (1) and (2) */
    }
  }
  if( pSubq->pLimit!=0 ){
    return 0; /* restriction (3) */
  }
  while( pWhere->op==TK_AND ){
    nChng += pushDownWhereTerms(db, pSubq, pWhere->pRight, iCursor);
    pWhere = pWhere->pLeft;
  }
  if( ExprHasProperty(pWhere,EP_FromJoin) ) return 0; /* restriction 5 */
  if( sqlite3ExprIsTableConstant(pWhere, iCursor) ){
    nChng++;
    while( pSubq ){
      pNew = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pWhere, 0);
      pNew = substExpr(db, pNew, iCursor, pSubq->pEList);
      pSubq->pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pSubq->pWhere, pNew);
      pSubq = pSubq->pPrior;
    }
  }
  return nChng;
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) */

................................................................................
            }
            pRight = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zName);
            zColname = zName;
            zToFree = 0;
            if( longNames || pTabList->nSrc>1 ){
              Expr *pLeft;
              pLeft = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zTabName);
              pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, pLeft, pRight, 0);
              if( zSchemaName ){
                pLeft = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zSchemaName);
                pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, pLeft, pExpr, 0);
              }
              if( longNames ){
                zColname = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s.%s", zTabName, zName);
                zToFree = zColname;
              }
            }else{
              pExpr = pRight;
................................................................................
static void finalizeAggFunctions(Parse *pParse, AggInfo *pAggInfo){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int i;
  struct AggInfo_func *pF;
  for(i=0, pF=pAggInfo->aFunc; i<pAggInfo->nFunc; i++, pF++){
    ExprList *pList = pF->pExpr->x.pList;
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pF->pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_AggFinal, pF->iMem, pList ? pList->nExpr : 0, 0,
                      (void*)pF->pFunc, P4_FUNCDEF);
  }
}

/*
** Update the accumulator memory cells for an aggregate based on
** the current cursor position.
*/
................................................................................
      }
      if( !pColl ){
        pColl = pParse->db->pDfltColl;
      }
      if( regHit==0 && pAggInfo->nAccumulator ) regHit = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_CollSeq, regHit, 0, 0, (char *)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_AggStep0, 0, regAgg, pF->iMem,
                      (void*)pF->pFunc, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)nArg);
    sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, regAgg, nArg);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regAgg, nArg);
    if( addrNext ){
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrNext);
      sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
    }
................................................................................
    */
    pParse->nHeight += sqlite3SelectExprHeight(p);

    /* Make copies of constant WHERE-clause terms in the outer query down
    ** inside the subquery.  This can help the subquery to run more efficiently.
    */
    if( (pItem->fg.jointype & JT_OUTER)==0
     && pushDownWhereTerms(db, pSub, p->pWhere, pItem->iCursor)
    ){
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
      if( sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x100 ){
        SELECTTRACE(0x100,pParse,p,("After WHERE-clause push-down:\n"));
        sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
      }
#endif
................................................................................
    u8 enc = ENC(sqlite3VdbeDb(v));
    Column *pCol = &pTab->aCol[i];
    VdbeComment((v, "%s.%s", pTab->zName, pCol->zName));
    assert( i<pTab->nCol );
    sqlite3ValueFromExpr(sqlite3VdbeDb(v), pCol->pDflt, enc, 
                         pCol->affinity, &pValue);
    if( pValue ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (const char *)pValue, P4_MEM);
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
    if( pTab->aCol[i].affinity==SQLITE_AFF_REAL ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_RealAffinity, iReg);
    }
#endif
  }
................................................................................
    labelContinue = labelBreak;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, pPk ? regKey : regOldRowid, labelBreak);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, pPk==0);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, pPk!=0);
  }else if( pPk ){
    labelContinue = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iEph, labelBreak); VdbeCoverage(v);
    addrTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, iEph, regKey);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, labelContinue, regKey, 0);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
  }else{
    labelContinue = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_RowSetRead, regRowSet, labelBreak,
                             regOldRowid);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iDataCur, labelContinue, regOldRowid);
................................................................................
    assert( regNew==regNewRowid+1 );
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Delete, iDataCur,
        OPFLAG_ISUPDATE | ((hasFK || chngKey || pPk!=0) ? 0 : OPFLAG_ISNOOP),
        regNewRowid
    );
    if( !pParse->nested ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)pTab, P4_TABLE);
    }
#else
    if( hasFK || chngKey || pPk!=0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Delete, iDataCur, 0);
    }
#endif
    if( bReplace || chngKey ){
................................................................................
        codeExprOrVector(pParse, pRight, iTarget, 1);
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pLoop->u.vtab.idxNum, iReg);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, nConstraint, iReg+1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VFilter, iCur, addrNotFound, iReg,
                      pLoop->u.vtab.idxStr,
                      pLoop->u.vtab.needFree ? P4_MPRINTF : P4_STATIC);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    pLoop->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
    pLevel->p1 = iCur;
    pLevel->op = pWInfo->eOnePass ? OP_Noop : OP_VNext;
    pLevel->p2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    iIn = pLevel->u.in.nIn;
    for(j=nConstraint-1; j>=0; j--){
................................................................................
          assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_Rowid || pOp->p2==iReg+j+2 );
          testcase( pOp->opcode==OP_Rowid );
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, pOp->opcode, pOp->p1, pOp->p2, pOp->p3);
        }

        /* Generate code that will continue to the next row if 
        ** the IN constraint is not satisfied */
        pCompare = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, 0, 0, 0);
        assert( pCompare!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
        if( pCompare ){
          pCompare->pLeft = pTerm->pExpr->pLeft;
          pCompare->pRight = pRight = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_REGISTER, 0);
          if( pRight ){
            pRight->iTable = iReg+j+2;
            sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pCompare, pLevel->addrCont, 0);
................................................................................
        if( (pWC->a[iTerm].wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED))!=0 ) continue;
        if( (pWC->a[iTerm].eOperator & WO_ALL)==0 ) continue;
        testcase( pWC->a[iTerm].wtFlags & TERM_ORINFO );
        pExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr, 0);
        pAndExpr = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pAndExpr, pExpr);
      }
      if( pAndExpr ){
        pAndExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_AND|TKFLG_DONTFOLD, 0, pAndExpr, 0);
      }
    }

    /* Run a separate WHERE clause for each term of the OR clause.  After
    ** eliminating duplicates from other WHERE clauses, the action for each
    ** sub-WHERE clause is to to invoke the main loop body as a subroutine.
    */
................................................................................
        assert( pOrTerm->u.leftColumn==iColumn );
        pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOrTerm->pExpr->pRight, 0);
        pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pWInfo->pParse, pList, pDup);
        pLeft = pOrTerm->pExpr->pLeft;
      }
      assert( pLeft!=0 );
      pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pLeft, 0);
      pNew = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, pDup, 0, 0);
      if( pNew ){
        int idxNew;
        transferJoinMarkings(pNew, pExpr);
        assert( !ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_xIsSelect) );
        pNew->x.pList = pList;
        idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNew, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
        testcase( idxNew==0 );
................................................................................
    assert( pList!=0 );
    assert( pList->nExpr==2 );
    for(i=0; i<2; i++){
      Expr *pNewExpr;
      int idxNew;
      pNewExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, ops[i], 
                             sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr->pLeft, 0),
                             sqlite3ExprDup(db, pList->a[i].pExpr, 0), 0);
      transferJoinMarkings(pNewExpr, pExpr);
      idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
      testcase( idxNew==0 );
      exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew);
      pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
      markTermAsChild(pWC, idxNew, idxTerm);
    }
................................................................................
      }
      *pC = c + 1;
    }
    zCollSeqName = noCase ? "NOCASE" : "BINARY";
    pNewExpr1 = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pLeft, 0);
    pNewExpr1 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_GE,
           sqlite3ExprAddCollateString(pParse,pNewExpr1,zCollSeqName),
           pStr1, 0);
    transferJoinMarkings(pNewExpr1, pExpr);
    idxNew1 = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr1, wtFlags);
    testcase( idxNew1==0 );
    exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew1);
    pNewExpr2 = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pLeft, 0);
    pNewExpr2 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_LT,
           sqlite3ExprAddCollateString(pParse,pNewExpr2,zCollSeqName),
           pStr2, 0);
    transferJoinMarkings(pNewExpr2, pExpr);
    idxNew2 = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr2, wtFlags);
    testcase( idxNew2==0 );
    exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew2);
    pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
    if( isComplete ){
      markTermAsChild(pWC, idxNew1, idxTerm);
................................................................................
    pRight = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
    pLeft = pExpr->x.pList->a[1].pExpr;
    prereqExpr = sqlite3WhereExprUsage(pMaskSet, pRight);
    prereqColumn = sqlite3WhereExprUsage(pMaskSet, pLeft);
    if( (prereqExpr & prereqColumn)==0 ){
      Expr *pNewExpr;
      pNewExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_MATCH, 
                              0, sqlite3ExprDup(db, pRight, 0), 0);
      idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
      testcase( idxNew==0 );
      pNewTerm = &pWC->a[idxNew];
      pNewTerm->prereqRight = prereqExpr;
      pNewTerm->leftCursor = pLeft->iTable;
      pNewTerm->u.leftColumn = pLeft->iColumn;
      pNewTerm->eOperator = WO_MATCH;
................................................................................
    assert( nLeft==sqlite3ExprVectorSize(pExpr->pRight) );
    for(i=0; i<nLeft; i++){
      int idxNew;
      Expr *pNew;
      Expr *pLeft = sqlite3ExprForVectorField(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, i);
      Expr *pRight = sqlite3ExprForVectorField(pParse, pExpr->pRight, i);

      pNew = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, pExpr->op, pLeft, pRight, 0);
      transferJoinMarkings(pNew, pExpr);
      idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNew, TERM_DYNAMIC);
      exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew);
    }
    pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
    pTerm->wtFlags = TERM_CODED|TERM_VIRTUAL;  /* Disable the original */
    pTerm->eOperator = 0;
................................................................................
    Expr *pNewExpr;
    Expr *pLeft = pExpr->pLeft;
    int idxNew;
    WhereTerm *pNewTerm;

    pNewExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_GT,
                            sqlite3ExprDup(db, pLeft, 0),
                            sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_NULL, 0, 0), 0);

    idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr,
                              TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC|TERM_VNULL);
    if( idxNew ){
      pNewTerm = &pWC->a[idxNew];
      pNewTerm->prereqRight = 0;
      pNewTerm->leftCursor = pLeft->iTable;
................................................................................
    }
    pColRef = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_COLUMN, 0, 0);
    if( pColRef==0 ) return;
    pColRef->iTable = pItem->iCursor;
    pColRef->iColumn = k++;
    pColRef->pTab = pTab;
    pTerm = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pColRef,
                         sqlite3ExprDup(pParse->db, pArgs->a[j].pExpr, 0), 0);
    whereClauseInsert(pWC, pTerm, TERM_DYNAMIC);
  }
}

/************** End of whereexpr.c *******************************************/
/************** Begin file where.c *******************************************/
/*
................................................................................
  */
  static void spanBinaryExpr(
    Parse *pParse,      /* The parsing context.  Errors accumulate here */
    int op,             /* The binary operation */
    ExprSpan *pLeft,    /* The left operand, and output */
    ExprSpan *pRight    /* The right operand */
  ){
    pLeft->pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, op, pLeft->pExpr, pRight->pExpr, 0);
    pLeft->zEnd = pRight->zEnd;
  }

  /* If doNot is true, then add a TK_NOT Expr-node wrapper around the
  ** outside of *ppExpr.
  */
  static void exprNot(Parse *pParse, int doNot, ExprSpan *pSpan){
    if( doNot ){
      pSpan->pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, pSpan->pExpr, 0, 0);
    }
  }

  /* Construct an expression node for a unary postfix operator
  */
  static void spanUnaryPostfix(
    Parse *pParse,         /* Parsing context to record errors */
    int op,                /* The operator */
    ExprSpan *pOperand,    /* The operand, and output */
    Token *pPostOp         /* The operand token for setting the span */
  ){
    pOperand->pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, op, pOperand->pExpr, 0, 0);
    pOperand->zEnd = &pPostOp->z[pPostOp->n];
  }                           

  /* A routine to convert a binary TK_IS or TK_ISNOT expression into a
  ** unary TK_ISNULL or TK_NOTNULL expression. */
  static void binaryToUnaryIfNull(Parse *pParse, Expr *pY, Expr *pA, int op){
    sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
................................................................................
    ExprSpan *pOut,        /* Write the new expression node here */
    Parse *pParse,         /* Parsing context to record errors */
    int op,                /* The operator */
    ExprSpan *pOperand,    /* The operand */
    Token *pPreOp         /* The operand token for setting the span */
  ){
    pOut->zStart = pPreOp->z;
    pOut->pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, op, pOperand->pExpr, 0, 0);
    pOut->zEnd = pOperand->zEnd;
  }

  /* Add a single new term to an ExprList that is used to store a
  ** list of identifiers.  Report an error if the ID list contains
  ** a COLLATE clause or an ASC or DESC keyword, except ignore the
  ** error while parsing a legacy schema.
................................................................................
}

/*
** The following routine is called if the stack overflows.
*/
static void yyStackOverflow(yyParser *yypParser){
   sqlite3ParserARG_FETCH;
   yypParser->yytos--;
#ifndef NDEBUG
   if( yyTraceFILE ){
     fprintf(yyTraceFILE,"%sStack Overflow!\n",yyTracePrompt);
   }
#endif
   while( yypParser->yytos>yypParser->yystack ) yy_pop_parser_stack(yypParser);
   /* Here code is inserted which will execute if the parser
................................................................................
  if( (int)(yypParser->yytos - yypParser->yystack)>yypParser->yyhwm ){
    yypParser->yyhwm++;
    assert( yypParser->yyhwm == (int)(yypParser->yytos - yypParser->yystack) );
  }
#endif
#if YYSTACKDEPTH>0 
  if( yypParser->yytos>=&yypParser->yystack[YYSTACKDEPTH] ){

    yyStackOverflow(yypParser);
    return;
  }
#else
  if( yypParser->yytos>=&yypParser->yystack[yypParser->yystksz] ){
    if( yyGrowStack(yypParser) ){

      yyStackOverflow(yypParser);
      return;
    }
  }
#endif
  if( yyNewState > YY_MAX_SHIFT ){
    yyNewState += YY_MIN_REDUCE - YY_MIN_SHIFTREDUCE;
................................................................................
        break;
      case 31: /* ccons ::= DEFAULT LP expr RP */
{sqlite3AddDefaultValue(pParse,&yymsp[-1].minor.yy190);}
        break;
      case 33: /* ccons ::= DEFAULT MINUS term */
{
  ExprSpan v;
  v.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_UMINUS, yymsp[0].minor.yy190.pExpr, 0, 0);
  v.zStart = yymsp[-1].minor.yy0.z;
  v.zEnd = yymsp[0].minor.yy190.zEnd;
  sqlite3AddDefaultValue(pParse,&v);
}
        break;
      case 34: /* ccons ::= DEFAULT ID|INDEXED */
{
................................................................................
{
  Expr *p = sqlite3Expr(pParse->db, TK_ASTERISK, 0);
  yymsp[-1].minor.yy148 = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, yymsp[-1].minor.yy148, p);
}
        break;
      case 94: /* selcollist ::= sclp nm DOT STAR */
{
  Expr *pRight = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ASTERISK, 0, 0, 0);
  Expr *pLeft = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ID, 0, 0, &yymsp[-2].minor.yy0);
  Expr *pDot = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, pLeft, pRight, 0);
  yymsp[-3].minor.yy148 = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,yymsp[-3].minor.yy148, pDot);
}
        break;
      case 95: /* as ::= AS nm */
      case 106: /* dbnm ::= DOT nm */ yytestcase(yyruleno==106);
      case 225: /* plus_num ::= PLUS INTEGER|FLOAT */ yytestcase(yyruleno==225);
      case 226: /* minus_num ::= MINUS INTEGER|FLOAT */ yytestcase(yyruleno==226);
................................................................................
{spanExpr(&yymsp[0].minor.yy190,pParse,TK_ID,yymsp[0].minor.yy0); /*A-overwrites-X*/}
        break;
      case 154: /* expr ::= nm DOT nm */
{
  Expr *temp1 = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_ID, &yymsp[-2].minor.yy0, 1);
  Expr *temp2 = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_ID, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0, 1);
  spanSet(&yymsp[-2].minor.yy190,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0); /*A-overwrites-X*/
  yymsp[-2].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, temp1, temp2, 0);
}
        break;
      case 155: /* expr ::= nm DOT nm DOT nm */
{
  Expr *temp1 = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_ID, &yymsp[-4].minor.yy0, 1);
  Expr *temp2 = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_ID, &yymsp[-2].minor.yy0, 1);
  Expr *temp3 = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_ID, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0, 1);
  Expr *temp4 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, temp2, temp3, 0);
  spanSet(&yymsp[-4].minor.yy190,&yymsp[-4].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0); /*A-overwrites-X*/
  yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, temp1, temp4, 0);
}
        break;
      case 158: /* term ::= INTEGER */
{
  yylhsminor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_INTEGER, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0, 1);
  yylhsminor.yy190.zStart = yymsp[0].minor.yy0.z;
  yylhsminor.yy190.zEnd = yymsp[0].minor.yy0.z + yymsp[0].minor.yy0.n;
................................................................................
    Token t = yymsp[0].minor.yy0; /*A-overwrites-X*/
    assert( t.n>=2 );
    spanSet(&yymsp[0].minor.yy190, &t, &t);
    if( pParse->nested==0 ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "near \"%T\": syntax error", &t);
      yymsp[0].minor.yy190.pExpr = 0;
    }else{
      yymsp[0].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_REGISTER, 0, 0, 0);
      if( yymsp[0].minor.yy190.pExpr ) sqlite3GetInt32(&t.z[1], &yymsp[0].minor.yy190.pExpr->iTable);
    }
  }
}
        break;
      case 160: /* expr ::= expr COLLATE ID|STRING */
{
................................................................................
  yymsp[-2].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3ExprAddCollateToken(pParse, yymsp[-2].minor.yy190.pExpr, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0, 1);
  yymsp[-2].minor.yy190.zEnd = &yymsp[0].minor.yy0.z[yymsp[0].minor.yy0.n];
}
        break;
      case 161: /* expr ::= CAST LP expr AS typetoken RP */
{
  spanSet(&yymsp[-5].minor.yy190,&yymsp[-5].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0); /*A-overwrites-X*/
  yymsp[-5].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_CAST, yymsp[-3].minor.yy190.pExpr, 0, &yymsp[-1].minor.yy0);

}
        break;
      case 162: /* expr ::= ID|INDEXED LP distinct exprlist RP */
{
  if( yymsp[-1].minor.yy148 && yymsp[-1].minor.yy148->nExpr>pParse->db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG] ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many arguments on function %T", &yymsp[-4].minor.yy0);
  }
................................................................................
  spanSet(&yylhsminor.yy190, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0);
}
  yymsp[0].minor.yy190 = yylhsminor.yy190;
        break;
      case 165: /* expr ::= LP nexprlist COMMA expr RP */
{
  ExprList *pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, yymsp[-3].minor.yy148, yymsp[-1].minor.yy190.pExpr);
  yylhsminor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_VECTOR, 0, 0, 0);
  if( yylhsminor.yy190.pExpr ){
    yylhsminor.yy190.pExpr->x.pList = pList;
    spanSet(&yylhsminor.yy190, &yymsp[-4].minor.yy0, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, pList);
  }
}
................................................................................
      case 189: /* in_op ::= IN */ yytestcase(yyruleno==189);
{yymsp[0].minor.yy194 = 0;}
        break;
      case 188: /* expr ::= expr between_op expr AND expr */
{
  ExprList *pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,0, yymsp[-2].minor.yy190.pExpr);
  pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,pList, yymsp[0].minor.yy190.pExpr);
  yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_BETWEEN, yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr, 0, 0);
  if( yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr ){
    yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr->x.pList = pList;
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, pList);
  } 
  exprNot(pParse, yymsp[-3].minor.yy194, &yymsp[-4].minor.yy190);
  yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.zEnd = yymsp[0].minor.yy190.zEnd;
................................................................................
      **      expr1 IN ()
      **      expr1 NOT IN ()
      **
      ** simplify to constants 0 (false) and 1 (true), respectively,
      ** regardless of the value of expr1.
      */
      sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr);
      yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_INTEGER, 0, 0, &sqlite3IntTokens[yymsp[-3].minor.yy194]);
    }else if( yymsp[-1].minor.yy148->nExpr==1 ){
      /* Expressions of the form:
      **
      **      expr1 IN (?1)
      **      expr1 NOT IN (?2)
      **
      ** with exactly one value on the RHS can be simplified to something
................................................................................
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, yymsp[-1].minor.yy148);
      /* pRHS cannot be NULL because a malloc error would have been detected
      ** before now and control would have never reached this point */
      if( ALWAYS(pRHS) ){
        pRHS->flags &= ~EP_Collate;
        pRHS->flags |= EP_Generic;
      }
      yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, yymsp[-3].minor.yy194 ? TK_NE : TK_EQ, yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr, pRHS, 0);
    }else{
      yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr, 0, 0);
      if( yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr ){
        yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr->x.pList = yymsp[-1].minor.yy148;
        sqlite3ExprSetHeightAndFlags(pParse, yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr);
      }else{
        sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, yymsp[-1].minor.yy148);
      }
      exprNot(pParse, yymsp[-3].minor.yy194, &yymsp[-4].minor.yy190);
................................................................................
    }
    yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.zEnd = &yymsp[0].minor.yy0.z[yymsp[0].minor.yy0.n];
  }
        break;
      case 192: /* expr ::= LP select RP */
{
    spanSet(&yymsp[-2].minor.yy190,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0); /*A-overwrites-B*/
    yymsp[-2].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_SELECT, 0, 0, 0);
    sqlite3PExprAddSelect(pParse, yymsp[-2].minor.yy190.pExpr, yymsp[-1].minor.yy243);
  }
        break;
      case 193: /* expr ::= expr in_op LP select RP */
{
    yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr, 0, 0);
    sqlite3PExprAddSelect(pParse, yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr, yymsp[-1].minor.yy243);
    exprNot(pParse, yymsp[-3].minor.yy194, &yymsp[-4].minor.yy190);
    yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.zEnd = &yymsp[0].minor.yy0.z[yymsp[0].minor.yy0.n];
  }
        break;
      case 194: /* expr ::= expr in_op nm dbnm paren_exprlist */
{
    SrcList *pSrc = sqlite3SrcListAppend(pParse->db, 0,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy0,&yymsp[-1].minor.yy0);
    Select *pSelect = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse, 0,pSrc,0,0,0,0,0,0,0);
    if( yymsp[0].minor.yy148 )  sqlite3SrcListFuncArgs(pParse, pSelect ? pSrc : 0, yymsp[0].minor.yy148);
    yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr, 0, 0);
    sqlite3PExprAddSelect(pParse, yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr, pSelect);
    exprNot(pParse, yymsp[-3].minor.yy194, &yymsp[-4].minor.yy190);
    yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.zEnd = yymsp[-1].minor.yy0.z ? &yymsp[-1].minor.yy0.z[yymsp[-1].minor.yy0.n] : &yymsp[-2].minor.yy0.z[yymsp[-2].minor.yy0.n];
  }
        break;
      case 195: /* expr ::= EXISTS LP select RP */
{
    Expr *p;
    spanSet(&yymsp[-3].minor.yy190,&yymsp[-3].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0); /*A-overwrites-B*/
    p = yymsp[-3].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EXISTS, 0, 0, 0);
    sqlite3PExprAddSelect(pParse, p, yymsp[-1].minor.yy243);
  }
        break;
      case 196: /* expr ::= CASE case_operand case_exprlist case_else END */
{
  spanSet(&yymsp[-4].minor.yy190,&yymsp[-4].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0);  /*A-overwrites-C*/
  yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_CASE, yymsp[-3].minor.yy72, 0, 0);
  if( yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr ){
    yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr->x.pList = yymsp[-1].minor.yy72 ? sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,yymsp[-2].minor.yy148,yymsp[-1].minor.yy72) : yymsp[-2].minor.yy148;
    sqlite3ExprSetHeightAndFlags(pParse, yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, yymsp[-2].minor.yy148);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, yymsp[-1].minor.yy72);
  }
................................................................................
        break;
      case 246: /* trigger_cmd ::= select */
{yymsp[0].minor.yy145 = sqlite3TriggerSelectStep(pParse->db, yymsp[0].minor.yy243); /*A-overwrites-X*/}
        break;
      case 247: /* expr ::= RAISE LP IGNORE RP */
{
  spanSet(&yymsp[-3].minor.yy190,&yymsp[-3].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0);  /*A-overwrites-X*/
  yymsp[-3].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_RAISE, 0, 0, 0); 
  if( yymsp[-3].minor.yy190.pExpr ){
    yymsp[-3].minor.yy190.pExpr->affinity = OE_Ignore;
  }
}
        break;
      case 248: /* expr ::= RAISE LP raisetype COMMA nm RP */
{
  spanSet(&yymsp[-5].minor.yy190,&yymsp[-5].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0);  /*A-overwrites-X*/
  yymsp[-5].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_RAISE, 0, 0, &yymsp[-1].minor.yy0); 
  if( yymsp[-5].minor.yy190.pExpr ) {
    yymsp[-5].minor.yy190.pExpr->affinity = (char)yymsp[-3].minor.yy194;
  }
}
        break;
      case 249: /* raisetype ::= ROLLBACK */
{yymsp[0].minor.yy194 = OE_Rollback;}
................................................................................
}

/*
** Interface to the testing logic.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_test_control(int op, ...){
  int rc = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(op);
#else
  va_list ap;
  va_start(ap, op);
  switch( op ){

    /*
................................................................................
        sqlite3ResetAllSchemasOfConnection(db);
      }
      sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
      break;
    }
  }
  va_end(ap);
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BUILTIN_TEST */
  return rc;
}

/*
** This is a utility routine, useful to VFS implementations, that checks
** to see if a database file was a URI that contained a specific query 
** parameter, and if so obtains the value of the query parameter.
................................................................................
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_snapshot_get(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  const char *zDb,
  sqlite3_snapshot **ppSnapshot
){
  int rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  int iDb;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);


  iDb = sqlite3FindDbName(db, zDb);
  if( iDb==0 || iDb>1 ){
    Btree *pBt = db->aDb[iDb].pBt;
    if( 0==sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(pBt) ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pBt, 0);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = sqlite3PagerSnapshotGet(sqlite3BtreePager(pBt), ppSnapshot);

      }
    }
  }

  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
#endif   /* SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */
  return rc;
................................................................................
          rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pBt, 0);
          sqlite3PagerSnapshotOpen(sqlite3BtreePager(pBt), 0);
        }
      }
    }
  }

































  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
#endif   /* SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */
  return rc;
}

/*
** Free a snapshot handle obtained from sqlite3_snapshot_get().
................................................................................
}

/*
** The following routine is called if the stack overflows.
*/
static void fts5yyStackOverflow(fts5yyParser *fts5yypParser){
   sqlite3Fts5ParserARG_FETCH;
   fts5yypParser->fts5yytos--;
#ifndef NDEBUG
   if( fts5yyTraceFILE ){
     fprintf(fts5yyTraceFILE,"%sStack Overflow!\n",fts5yyTracePrompt);
   }
#endif
   while( fts5yypParser->fts5yytos>fts5yypParser->fts5yystack ) fts5yy_pop_parser_stack(fts5yypParser);
   /* Here code is inserted which will execute if the parser
................................................................................
  if( (int)(fts5yypParser->fts5yytos - fts5yypParser->fts5yystack)>fts5yypParser->fts5yyhwm ){
    fts5yypParser->fts5yyhwm++;
    assert( fts5yypParser->fts5yyhwm == (int)(fts5yypParser->fts5yytos - fts5yypParser->fts5yystack) );
  }
#endif
#if fts5YYSTACKDEPTH>0 
  if( fts5yypParser->fts5yytos>=&fts5yypParser->fts5yystack[fts5YYSTACKDEPTH] ){

    fts5yyStackOverflow(fts5yypParser);
    return;
  }
#else
  if( fts5yypParser->fts5yytos>=&fts5yypParser->fts5yystack[fts5yypParser->fts5yystksz] ){
    if( fts5yyGrowStack(fts5yypParser) ){

      fts5yyStackOverflow(fts5yypParser);
      return;
    }
  }
#endif
  if( fts5yyNewState > fts5YY_MAX_SHIFT ){
    fts5yyNewState += fts5YY_MIN_REDUCE - fts5YY_MIN_SHIFTREDUCE;
................................................................................
}


/*
** Initialize all term iterators in the pNear object. If any term is found
** to match no documents at all, return immediately without initializing any
** further iterators.




*/
static int fts5ExprNearInitAll(
  Fts5Expr *pExpr,
  Fts5ExprNode *pNode
){
  Fts5ExprNearset *pNear = pNode->pNear;
  int i, j;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int bEof = 1;

  assert( pNode->bNomatch==0 );
  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<pNear->nPhrase; i++){
    Fts5ExprPhrase *pPhrase = pNear->apPhrase[i];





    for(j=0; j<pPhrase->nTerm; j++){
      Fts5ExprTerm *pTerm = &pPhrase->aTerm[j];
      Fts5ExprTerm *p;


      for(p=pTerm; p && rc==SQLITE_OK; p=p->pSynonym){


        if( p->pIter ){
          sqlite3Fts5IterClose(p->pIter);
          p->pIter = 0;
        }
        rc = sqlite3Fts5IndexQuery(
            pExpr->pIndex, p->zTerm, (int)strlen(p->zTerm),
            (pTerm->bPrefix ? FTS5INDEX_QUERY_PREFIX : 0) |
            (pExpr->bDesc ? FTS5INDEX_QUERY_DESC : 0),
            pNear->pColset,
            &p->pIter
        );
        assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || p->pIter==0 );


        if( p->pIter && 0==sqlite3Fts5IterEof(p->pIter) ){
          bEof = 0;

        }
      }

      if( bEof ) break;



    }
    if( bEof ) break;
  }



  pNode->bEof = bEof;
  return rc;
}

/*
** If pExpr is an ASC iterator, this function returns a value with the
** same sign as:
**
**   (iLhs - iRhs)
................................................................................
static void fts5SourceIdFunc(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,          /* Function call context */
  int nArg,                       /* Number of args */
  sqlite3_value **apUnused        /* Function arguments */
){
  assert( nArg==0 );
  UNUSED_PARAM2(nArg, apUnused);
  sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, "fts5: 2016-11-19 18:31:37 28393c413cc4505b94411730e728583c5d4baaae", -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
}

static int fts5Init(sqlite3 *db){
  static const sqlite3_module fts5Mod = {
    /* iVersion      */ 2,
    /* xCreate       */ fts5CreateMethod,
    /* xConnect      */ fts5ConnectMethod,







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379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
....
3866
3867
3868
3869
3870
3871
3872
3873
3874
3875
3876
3877
3878
3879
3880
3881
3882
3883
....
8519
8520
8521
8522
8523
8524
8525
8526
8527
8528
8529
8530
8531
8532
8533
....
8543
8544
8545
8546
8547
8548
8549
8550
8551
8552
8553
8554
8555
8556
8557
8558
8559
8560
8561
8562
8563
8564
8565
8566
8567
8568
8569
8570
8571
8572
8573
8574


8575
8576
8577
8578
8579
8580
8581
8582
8583
8584
8585
8586
8587
8588
8589
8590
8591
8592
8593
8594
8595
....
8674
8675
8676
8677
8678
8679
8680
8681
8682
8683
8684
8685
8686
8687
8688
8689
8690
8691
8692
8693
8694
8695
8696
8697
8698
8699
8700
8701
8702
8703
8704
8705
8706
8707
8708
8709
.....
12372
12373
12374
12375
12376
12377
12378
12379
12380
12381

12382
12383
12384
12385
12386
12387
12388
12389
12390
12391
12392
12393
12394
.....
12567
12568
12569
12570
12571
12572
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12574
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12579
12580

12581
12582
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12585
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12589
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12591
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12593
12594
12595
.....
12745
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12751

12752
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12763

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12771
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12776
12777
12778
12779
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12787
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12789
12790
12791
12792
12793
12794
12795
12796
12797
12798
12799
.....
12813
12814
12815
12816
12817
12818
12819
12820
12821
12822
12823
12824
12825
12826
12827
12828
12829
12830
12831
12832
.....
12863
12864
12865
12866
12867
12868
12869
12870
12871
12872
12873
12874
12875
12876
12877
.....
13164
13165
13166
13167
13168
13169
13170
13171
13172
13173
13174
13175
13176
13177
13178
.....
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14167
14168
14169
14170

14171
14172




14173
14174
14175
14176
14177
14178
14179
.....
15935
15936
15937
15938
15939
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15941
15942
15943
15944
15945
15946
15947
15948
15949
.....
16139
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16146
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16149
16150
16151
16152
16153
.....
16250
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16260
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16262
16263
16264
.....
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16309
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16317
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16320
16321
.....
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16437
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16439
16440
16441
.....
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16862
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16872
.....
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16996
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16999
17000
17001
17002
17003
.....
17216
17217
17218
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17220
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17223
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17226
17227
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17229
17230
.....
17512
17513
17514
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17516
17517
17518



17519
17520
17521
17522
17523
17524
17525
.....
17673
17674
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17676
17677
17678
17679
17680
17681
17682
17683
17684
17685
17686
17687
17688
17689
.....
18244
18245
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18247
18248
18249
18250
18251
18252
18253
18254
18255
18256
18257
18258
.....
18713
18714
18715
18716
18717
18718
18719
18720
18721
18722
18723
18724
18725
18726
18727
18728

18729
18730
18731
18732
18733
18734
18735
18736
18737
18738
.....
18872
18873
18874
18875
18876
18877
18878
18879
18880
18881
18882
18883
18884
18885
18886
18887
18888
18889
18890
18891
18892
18893
18894
18895
18896
18897
18898
18899
18900
18901
18902
.....
18908
18909
18910
18911
18912
18913
18914
18915
18916
18917
18918
18919
18920
18921
18922
18923
18924
18925
.....
18992
18993
18994
18995
18996
18997
18998
18999
19000
19001
19002
19003
19004
19005
19006
19007
19008
19009
19010
19011
19012
19013
19014
19015
19016
19017
19018
19019
19020
.....
19037
19038
19039
19040
19041
19042
19043
19044

19045
19046
19047
19048
19049
19050
19051
19052
19053
19054
19055
19056
19057
19058
19059
19060
19061
19062
19063
19064
19065
19066
19067
19068
19069
19070
19071
19072
19073
19074
19075
19076
19077
.....
19094
19095
19096
19097
19098
19099
19100
19101
19102
19103
19104
19105
19106
19107
19108
.....
19156
19157
19158
19159
19160
19161
19162
19163
19164
19165
19166
19167
19168
19169
19170
19171
19172
19173
19174
19175
19176
19177
.....
19234
19235
19236
19237
19238
19239
19240
19241
19242
19243
19244
19245
19246
19247
19248
19249
19250
19251
19252
19253
19254
19255
19256
19257
19258
19259
19260
19261
19262
19263
19264
19265
19266
19267
19268
19269
19270
19271
19272
19273
19274
19275
19276
19277
19278
.....
19290
19291
19292
19293
19294
19295
19296
19297
19298
19299
19300
19301
19302
19303
19304
19305


19306
19307
19308
19309
19310
19311
19312
19313
19314
19315
19316
19317
19318
19319
19320
19321
19322
19323
19324
19325
19326
19327
19328
19329
19330
19331
19332
19333
19334
19335
19336
19337
19338
19339
19340
19341
19342
19343
19344
19345
19346
.....
19358
19359
19360
19361
19362
19363
19364
19365
19366
19367
19368
19369
19370
19371
19372
.....
19381
19382
19383
19384
19385
19386
19387
19388
19389
19390
19391
19392
19393
19394
19395
19396
19397
19398
19399
19400
19401
19402
19403
19404
19405
19406
19407
19408
19409
19410
19411
.....
19415
19416
19417
19418
19419
19420
19421
19422
19423
19424
19425
19426
19427
19428
19429
.....
19444
19445
19446
19447
19448
19449
19450
19451
19452
19453
19454
19455
19456
19457
19458
19459
19460
19461
19462
19463
19464
19465
19466
19467
19468


19469
19470
19471
19472
19473
19474
19475

19476


19477
19478

19479
19480
19481
19482
19483
19484
19485
19486
19487
19488

19489
19490
19491
19492


19493
19494
19495
19496
19497
19498
19499
.....
19512
19513
19514
19515
19516
19517
19518
19519
19520
19521
19522
19523
19524
19525
19526
19527
19528

19529
19530
19531
19532
19533
19534
19535
19536
19537
19538
19539
19540
19541
19542
19543
19544
19545
19546
19547
19548
.....
20332
20333
20334
20335
20336
20337
20338
20339
20340
20341
20342
20343
20344
20345
20346
.....
20390
20391
20392
20393
20394
20395
20396
20397
20398
20399
20400
20401
20402
20403
20404
.....
25717
25718
25719
25720
25721
25722
25723
25724
25725
25726
25727
25728
25729
25730
25731
25732
25733
25734
25735
25736
25737
25738
25739
25740






25741
25742
25743
25744
25745
25746
25747
.....
25873
25874
25875
25876
25877
25878
25879
25880
25881
25882
25883
25884
25885
25886
25887
25888
.....
26583
26584
26585
26586
26587
26588
26589
26590
26591
26592
26593
26594
26595
26596
26597
.....
26608
26609
26610
26611
26612
26613
26614
26615
26616
26617
26618
26619
26620
26621
26622
.....
27466
27467
27468
27469
27470
27471
27472
27473
27474
27475
27476
27477
27478
27479
27480
.....
29287
29288
29289
29290
29291
29292
29293

29294
29295
29296
29297
29298
29299
29300
29301
29302
29303
29304
29305

29306
29307
29308
29309
29310
29311
29312
29313
29314
29315
29316
29317
29318
29319
29320
29321
29322
29323
29324
29325
29326
29327
29328
29329
29330
29331
29332
29333
29334
29335
29336
29337
29338
29339
29340
29341
.....
30596
30597
30598
30599
30600
30601
30602
30603
30604
30605
30606
30607
30608
30609
30610
30611
30612
30613
30614
30615
30616
30617
.....
30848
30849
30850
30851
30852
30853
30854
30855
30856
30857
30858
30859
30860
30861
30862
.....
30882
30883
30884
30885
30886
30887
30888
30889
30890
30891
30892
30893
30894
30895
30896
30897
.....
35055
35056
35057
35058
35059
35060
35061
35062
35063
35064
35065
35066
35067
35068
35069
.....
43616
43617
43618
43619
43620
43621
43622
43623
43624
43625
43626
43627
43628
43629
43630
.....
43731
43732
43733
43734
43735
43736
43737
43738
43739
43740
43741
43742
43743
43744
43745
.....
46529
46530
46531
46532
46533
46534
46535
46536
46537
46538
46539
46540
46541
46542
46543
.....
53931
53932
53933
53934
53935
53936
53937
53938
53939
53940
53941
53942
53943
53944
53945
53946
53947
53948
53949
53950
53951
53952
53953
53954
53955
53956
53957
53958
.....
56347
56348
56349
56350
56351
56352
56353
56354
56355
56356
56357
56358
56359
56360
56361
56362
56363
56364
56365
56366
56367
56368
56369
56370
56371
56372
56373
56374
56375
56376
56377
56378
56379
56380
56381
56382
56383
56384
56385
56386
56387
56388
56389
56390
56391
56392
56393
56394
56395
56396
56397
56398
56399
56400
56401
56402
56403
56404
56405
56406
56407
56408
56409
56410
56411
56412
56413
56414
56415
56416
56417
56418
56419
56420
56421
56422
56423
56424
56425
56426
56427
56428
56429
56430
56431
56432
56433
56434
56435
56436
56437
56438
.....
56487
56488
56489
56490
56491
56492
56493
56494
56495
56496
56497
56498
56499
56500
56501
56502
56503
56504
56505
.....
57443
57444
57445
57446
57447
57448
57449
57450
57451
57452
57453
57454
57455
57456
57457
57458
57459
57460
57461
57462
57463
57464
.....
59155
59156
59157
59158
59159
59160
59161
59162
59163
59164
59165
59166
59167
59168
59169
.....
63174
63175
63176
63177
63178
63179
63180
63181
63182
63183
63184
63185
63186
63187
63188
63189

63190
63191
63192
63193
63194
63195
63196
63197
63198
63199
63200
63201
63202
63203










63204
63205
63206


63207
63208
63209


63210
63211
63212
63213
63214
63215
63216
63217
63218
63219
63220
63221
63222
63223
63224
63225
63226
63227
.....
69978
69979
69980
69981
69982
69983
69984
69985
69986

69987
69988
69989
69990
69991
69992
69993
69994
.....
69995
69996
69997
69998
69999
70000
70001

70002
70003
70004
70005
70006

70007



70008
70009
70010
70011
70012
70013
70014
.....
70016
70017
70018
70019
70020
70021
70022

70023
70024
70025
70026
70027
70028
70029
.....
70036
70037
70038
70039
70040
70041
70042
70043
70044
70045
70046
70047
70048
70049
70050
.....
71066
71067
71068
71069
71070
71071
71072
71073
71074
71075
71076
71077
71078
71079
71080
71081
71082
71083
71084
.....
71581
71582
71583
71584
71585
71586
71587




71588
71589
71590
71591
71592
71593
71594
.....
71724
71725
71726
71727
71728
71729
71730
71731
71732
71733
71734
71735
71736
71737
71738
71739
71740
71741
71742
71743
71744
71745
71746
71747
71748
71749
71750
71751
71752
71753
71754
71755
71756
71757
71758
71759
71760
71761
71762
71763
71764
71765
71766

71767
71768
71769
71770
71771
71772
71773
71774
.....
72050
72051
72052
72053
72054
72055
72056
72057
72058
72059
72060
72061
72062
72063
72064
.....
75144
75145
75146
75147
75148
75149
75150
75151
75152
75153
75154
75155
75156
75157
75158
.....
75224
75225
75226
75227
75228
75229
75230
75231
75232
75233
75234
75235
75236
75237
75238
.....
77113
77114
77115
77116
77117
77118
77119
77120
77121
77122
77123
77124
77125
77126
77127
.....
77630
77631
77632
77633
77634
77635
77636
77637
77638
77639
77640
77641
77642
77643
77644
.....
80078
80079
80080
80081
80082
80083
80084

80085
80086
80087
80088
80089
80090
80091
.....
80093
80094
80095
80096
80097
80098
80099
80100
80101
80102
80103
80104
80105
80106
80107
.....
80157
80158
80159
80160
80161
80162
80163
80164
80165
80166
80167
80168
80169
80170
80171
.....
80270
80271
80272
80273
80274
80275
80276
80277

80278
80279
80280
80281
80282
80283
80284
.....
82246
82247
82248
82249
82250
82251
82252
82253
82254
82255
82256
82257
82258
82259
82260








82261
82262
82263
82264

82265
82266
82267
82268
82269
82270
82271
82272

82273
82274
82275
82276
82277


82278
82279
82280
82281
82282
82283
82284
82285
82286
82287
82288
82289
.....
82300
82301
82302
82303
82304
82305
82306

82307



82308
82309
82310
82311
82312
82313
82314
.....
83630
83631
83632
83633
83634
83635
83636
83637
83638
83639
83640
83641
83642
83643
83644
83645
83646
83647
83648
83649
83650
.....
85083
85084
85085
85086
85087
85088
85089
85090
85091
85092
85093
85094
85095
85096
85097
.....
90464
90465
90466
90467
90468
90469
90470
90471
90472
90473
90474
90475
90476
90477
90478
.....
90856
90857
90858
90859
90860
90861
90862
90863

90864
90865
90866
90867
90868
90869
90870
90871
90872
90873
90874
90875
90876
90877
90878
90879
90880
90881
90882
.....
92391
92392
92393
92394
92395
92396
92397
92398
92399
92400
92401
92402
92403
92404
92405
92406
92407
92408
92409
92410
92411
92412
92413
92414
92415
92416
92417
92418
92419
92420
92421
92422
92423
92424
92425
92426
.....
92696
92697
92698
92699
92700
92701
92702



92703

92704
92705
92706
92707
92708
92709
92710
.....
93001
93002
93003
93004
93005
93006
93007
93008



93009
93010
93011
93012
93013
93014
93015
93016
93017
93018
93019
93020
93021
93022
93023
93024
93025
93026
93027
93028
93029
93030
.....
93355
93356
93357
93358
93359
93360
93361
93362
93363
93364
93365
93366
93367
93368
93369
.....
93469
93470
93471
93472
93473
93474
93475
93476
93477
93478
93479
93480
93481
93482
93483
.....
94226
94227
94228
94229
94230
94231
94232
94233
94234
94235
94236
94237
94238
94239
94240
94241
94242
94243
94244
......
103721
103722
103723
103724
103725
103726
103727
103728
103729
103730
103731
103732
103733
103734
103735
......
103740
103741
103742
103743
103744
103745
103746
103747
103748
103749
103750
103751
103752
103753
103754
103755
......
104052
104053
104054
104055
104056
104057
104058
104059
104060
104061
104062
104063
104064
104065
104066
......
104269
104270
104271
104272
104273
104274
104275
104276
104277
104278
104279
104280
104281
104282
104283
......
105046
105047
105048
105049
105050
105051
105052
105053
105054
105055
105056
105057
105058
105059
105060


105061
105062
105063
105064
105065
105066
105067
105068
105069
105070
105071
105072
......
105109
105110
105111
105112
105113
105114
105115
105116
105117
105118
105119
105120
105121
105122
105123
105124
105125
105126
105127
105128
105129
105130
105131
105132
105133

105134
105135
105136
105137
105138
105139
105140
105141
105142
105143
105144
105145
105146
105147
105148
105149
105150
105151
105152
105153
105154
105155
105156
105157
105158
105159
105160
105161
105162
105163
105164
105165
105166
105167
105168
105169
105170
105171
105172
105173
105174
105175
105176
105177
105178
105179
105180
105181
105182
105183
105184
105185
105186
105187
105188
......
105198
105199
105200
105201
105202
105203
105204
105205
105206
105207
105208
105209
105210
105211
105212
105213
105214
105215
105216
105217
105218
105219
105220
105221
105222
105223
105224
105225
105226
105227
105228
105229
105230
105231
105232
105233
105234
105235
105236
105237
105238
105239
105240
105241
......
105308
105309
105310
105311
105312
105313
105314
105315
105316
105317
105318
105319
105320
105321
105322
......
106901
106902
106903
106904
106905
106906
106907
106908
106909
106910
106911
106912
106913
106914
106915
......
106923
106924
106925
106926
106927
106928
106929
106930
106931
106932
106933
106934
106935
106936
106937
106938
106939
106940
106941
106942
106943
106944
106945
106946
106947
106948
106949
106950
......
107522
107523
107524
107525
107526
107527
107528
107529

107530
107531
107532
107533
107534
107535
107536
107537
107538
107539
107540
107541
107542
107543

107544
107545
107546

107547
107548
107549
107550
107551
107552
107553
107554
107555
107556

107557
107558
107559
107560
107561
107562
107563
......
107605
107606
107607
107608
107609
107610
107611
107612
107613
107614
107615
107616
107617
107618
107619
......
109029
109030
109031
109032
109033
109034
109035
109036
109037
109038
109039
109040
109041
109042
109043
109044
109045
......
109173
109174
109175
109176
109177
109178
109179
109180
109181
109182
109183
109184
109185
109186
109187
......
109450
109451
109452
109453
109454
109455
109456
109457
109458
109459
109460
109461
109462
109463
109464
......
109881
109882
109883
109884
109885
109886
109887
109888
109889
109890
109891
109892
109893
109894
109895
......
115090
115091
115092
115093
115094
115095
115096
115097
115098
115099
115100
115101
115102
115103
115104
......
117262
117263
117264
117265
117266
117267
117268
117269
117270
117271
117272
117273
117274
117275
117276
......
117889
117890
117891
117892
117893
117894
117895
117896
117897
117898
117899
117900
117901
117902
117903
117904
......
117906
117907
117908
117909
117910
117911
117912
117913
117914
117915
117916
117917
117918
117919
117920
117921
117922
117923
117924
117925
117926
117927
117928
117929
117930
117931
117932
117933
117934
117935
117936
117937
117938
117939
117940
117941
117942
117943
117944
117945
117946
117947
117948
117949
117950
117951
117952
117953
117954
117955
117956
117957
117958
117959
117960
117961
117962
117963
117964
117965
117966
117967
117968
117969
117970
117971
117972
117973
117974
117975
117976
117977
117978
117979
117980
117981
117982
117983
117984
117985
117986
117987
117988
117989
117990
117991
117992
......
118503
118504
118505
118506
118507
118508
118509
118510
118511
118512
118513
118514
118515
118516
118517
......
118577
118578
118579
118580
118581
118582
118583
118584
118585
118586
118587
118588
118589
118590
118591
......
118598
118599
118600
118601
118602
118603
118604
118605
118606
118607
118608
118609
118610
118611
118612
118613
118614
118615
118616
118617
118618
118619
118620
118621
......
119237
119238
119239
119240
119241
119242
119243
119244
119245
119246
119247
119248
119249
119250
119251
119252
119253
119254
......
119477
119478
119479
119480
119481
119482
119483
119484
119485
119486
119487
119488
119489
119490
119491
119492
......
119529
119530
119531
119532
119533
119534
119535
119536
119537
119538
119539
119540
119541
119542
119543
119544
......
119764
119765
119766
119767
119768
119769
119770
119771
119772
119773
119774
119775
119776
119777
119778
......
121850
121851
121852
121853
121854
121855
121856
121857
121858
121859
121860
121861
121862
121863
121864
......
122233
122234
122235
122236
122237
122238
122239
122240
122241
122242
122243
122244
122245
122246
122247
......
122391
122392
122393
122394
122395
122396
122397
122398
122399
122400
122401
122402
122403
122404
122405
......
125887
125888
125889
125890
125891
125892
125893
125894
125895
125896
125897
125898
125899
125900
125901
......
125920
125921
125922
125923
125924
125925
125926
125927
125928
125929
125930
125931
125932
125933
125934
......
126519
126520
126521
126522
126523
126524
126525
126526
126527
126528
126529
126530
126531
126532
126533
......
127521
127522
127523
127524
127525
127526
127527
127528
127529
127530
127531
127532
127533
127534
127535
......
127819
127820
127821
127822
127823
127824
127825
127826
127827
127828
127829
127830
127831
127832
127833
......
127904
127905
127906
127907
127908
127909
127910
127911
127912
127913
127914
127915
127916
127917
127918
127919
127920
127921
127922
127923
127924
127925
127926
......
127945
127946
127947
127948
127949
127950
127951
127952
127953
127954
127955
127956
127957
127958
127959
......
127984
127985
127986
127987
127988
127989
127990
127991
127992
127993
127994
127995
127996
127997
127998
......
128036
128037
128038
128039
128040
128041
128042
128043
128044
128045
128046
128047
128048
128049
128050
......
128222
128223
128224
128225
128226
128227
128228
128229
128230
128231
128232
128233
128234
128235
128236
......
133347
133348
133349
133350
133351
133352
133353
133354
133355
133356
133357
133358
133359
133360
133361
133362
133363
133364
133365
133366
133367
133368
133369
133370
133371
133372
133373
133374
133375
133376
133377
133378
133379
133380
133381
133382
......
133393
133394
133395
133396
133397
133398
133399
133400
133401
133402
133403
133404
133405
133406
133407
......
134986
134987
134988
134989
134990
134991
134992

134993
134994
134995
134996
134997
134998
134999
......
135040
135041
135042
135043
135044
135045
135046
135047
135048
135049
135050
135051
135052
135053
135054
135055
135056
135057
135058
135059
135060
135061
......
135589
135590
135591
135592
135593
135594
135595
135596
135597
135598
135599
135600
135601
135602
135603
......
135853
135854
135855
135856
135857
135858
135859
135860
135861
135862
135863
135864
135865
135866
135867
135868
135869
......
136081
136082
136083
136084
136085
136086
136087
136088
136089
136090
136091
136092
136093
136094
136095
136096
136097
136098
136099
136100
136101
136102
136103
136104
136105
......
136120
136121
136122
136123
136124
136125
136126
136127
136128
136129
136130
136131
136132
136133
136134
......
136135
136136
136137
136138
136139
136140
136141
136142
136143
136144
136145
136146
136147
136148
136149
136150
......
136169
136170
136171
136172
136173
136174
136175
136176
136177
136178
136179
136180
136181
136182
136183
......
136258
136259
136260
136261
136262
136263
136264
136265
136266
136267
136268
136269
136270
136271
136272
......
136280
136281
136282
136283
136284
136285
136286
136287
136288
136289
136290
136291
136292
136293
136294
......
136307
136308
136309
136310
136311
136312
136313
136314
136315
136316
136317
136318
136319
136320
136321
136322
136323
......
136324
136325
136326
136327
136328
136329
136330
136331
136332
136333
136334
136335
136336
136337
136338
136339
136340
136341
136342
136343
136344
136345
136346
136347
136348
136349
136350
136351
136352
136353
136354
136355
136356
136357
136358
136359
136360
136361
136362
136363
136364
136365
136366
136367
136368
136369
136370
136371
136372
......
136532
136533
136534
136535
136536
136537
136538
136539
136540
136541
136542
136543
136544
136545
136546
136547
136548
136549
136550
136551
136552
136553
136554
136555
......
141773
141774
141775
141776
141777
141778
141779
141780
141781
141782
141783
141784
141785
141786
141787
......
142110
142111
142112
142113
142114
142115
142116
142117
142118
142119
142120
142121
142122
142123
142124
......
142221
142222
142223
142224
142225
142226
142227

142228
142229
142230
142231
142232
142233
142234
142235
142236
142237
142238
142239
142240
142241
142242
142243
142244
142245
142246
142247
142248
142249
142250
142251
......
142279
142280
142281
142282
142283
142284
142285
142286
142287
142288
142289
142290
142291
142292
142293
142294
142295
142296
142297
142298
142299
142300
142301
142302
142303
142304
142305
142306
142307
142308
142309
142310
142311
142312
142313
142314
142315
142316
142317
142318
142319
142320
142321
142322
142323
142324
......
181149
181150
181151
181152
181153
181154
181155

181156
181157
181158
181159
181160
181161
181162
......
181203
181204
181205
181206
181207
181208
181209
181210
181211
181212
181213
181214
181215
181216
181217
181218
181219
181220
181221
181222
181223
181224
......
184522
184523
184524
184525
184526
184527
184528
184529
184530
184531
184532
184533
184534
184535
184536
184537
184538
184539


184540
184541
184542
184543
184544
184545
184546
184547
184548
184549
184550
184551
184552
184553

184554
184555
184556
184557
184558
184559
184560
184561
184562
184563
184564
184565
184566

184567
184568
184569

184570
184571
184572
184573

184574
184575
184576
184577

184578
184579
184580
184581
184582
184583
184584
184585
184586
184587
184588
184589
184590
......
196114
196115
196116
196117
196118
196119
196120
196121
196122
196123
196124
196125
196126
196127
196128
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.16.0"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3016000
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2016-12-08 19:04:36 b26df26e184ec6da4b5537526c10f42a293d09b5"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** [SAVEPOINT], and [RELEASE] cause sqlite3_stmt_readonly() to return true,
** since the statements themselves do not actually modify the database but
** rather they control the timing of when other statements modify the 
** database.  ^The [ATTACH] and [DETACH] statements also cause
** sqlite3_stmt_readonly() to return true since, while those statements
** change the configuration of a database connection, they do not make 
** changes to the content of the database files on disk.
** ^The sqlite3_stmt_readonly() interface returns true for [BEGIN] since
** [BEGIN] merely sets internal flags, but the [BEGIN|BEGIN IMMEDIATE] and
** [BEGIN|BEGIN EXCLUSIVE] commands do touch the database and so
** sqlite3_stmt_readonly() returns false for those commands.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stmt_readonly(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine If A Prepared Statement Has Been Reset
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
................................................................................
** called to get back the underlying "errno" that caused the problem, such
** as ENOSPC, EAUTH, EISDIR, and so forth.  
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_system_errno(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Snapshot
** KEYWORDS: {snapshot} {sqlite3_snapshot}
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** An instance of the snapshot object records the state of a [WAL mode]
** database for some specific point in history.
**
** In [WAL mode], multiple [database connections] that are open on the
** same database file can each be reading a different historical version
................................................................................
** the most recent version.
**
** The constructor for this object is [sqlite3_snapshot_get()].  The
** [sqlite3_snapshot_open()] method causes a fresh read transaction to refer
** to an historical snapshot (if possible).  The destructor for 
** sqlite3_snapshot objects is [sqlite3_snapshot_free()].
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_snapshot {
  unsigned char hidden[48];
} sqlite3_snapshot;

/*
** CAPI3REF: Record A Database Snapshot
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** ^The [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)] interface attempts to make a
** new [sqlite3_snapshot] object that records the current state of
** schema S in database connection D.  ^On success, the
** [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)] interface writes a pointer to the newly
** created [sqlite3_snapshot] object into *P and returns SQLITE_OK.
** If there is not already a read-transaction open on schema S when
** this function is called, one is opened automatically. 
**
** The following must be true for this function to succeed. If any of
** the following statements are false when sqlite3_snapshot_get() is
** called, SQLITE_ERROR is returned. The final value of *P is undefined
** in this case. 
**
** <ul>
**   <li> The database handle must be in [autocommit mode].
**
**   <li> Schema S of [database connection] D must be a [WAL mode] database.


**
**   <li> There must not be a write transaction open on schema S of database
**        connection D.
**
**   <li> One or more transactions must have been written to the current wal
**        file since it was created on disk (by any connection). This means
**        that a snapshot cannot be taken on a wal mode database with no wal 
**        file immediately after it is first opened. At least one transaction
**        must be written to it first.
** </ul>
**
** This function may also return SQLITE_NOMEM.  If it is called with the
** database handle in autocommit mode but fails for some other reason, 
** whether or not a read transaction is opened on schema S is undefined.
**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot] object returned from a successful call to
** [sqlite3_snapshot_get()] must be freed using [sqlite3_snapshot_free()]
** to avoid a memory leak.
**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot_get()] interface is only available when the
** SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT compile-time option is used.
................................................................................
** snapshot, and a positive value if P1 is a newer snapshot than P2.
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_snapshot_cmp(
  sqlite3_snapshot *p1,
  sqlite3_snapshot *p2
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Recover snapshots from a wal file
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** If all connections disconnect from a database file but do not perform
** a checkpoint, the existing wal file is opened along with the database
** file the next time the database is opened. At this point it is only
** possible to successfully call sqlite3_snapshot_open() to open the most
** recent snapshot of the database (the one at the head of the wal file),
** even though the wal file may contain other valid snapshots for which
** clients have sqlite3_snapshot handles.
**
** This function attempts to scan the wal file associated with database zDb
** of database handle db and make all valid snapshots available to
** sqlite3_snapshot_open(). It is an error if there is already a read
** transaction open on the database, or if the database is not a wal mode
** database.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if successful, or an SQLite error code otherwise.
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_snapshot_recover(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb);

/*
** Undo the hack that converts floating point types to integer for
** builds on processors without floating point support.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
# undef double
#endif
................................................................................
                       int bias, int seekResult);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeFirst(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeLast(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeNext(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeEof(BtCursor*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreePrevious(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
SQLITE_PRIVATE i64 sqlite3BtreeIntegerKey(BtCursor*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreePayload(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3BtreePayloadFetch(BtCursor*, u32 *pAmt);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3BtreePayloadSize(BtCursor*);


SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3BtreeIntegrityCheck(Btree*, int *aRoot, int nRoot, int, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE struct Pager *sqlite3BtreePager(Btree*);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreePayloadChecked(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreePutData(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeIncrblobCursor(BtCursor *);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(BtCursor *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetVersion(Btree *pBt, int iVersion);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCursorHasHint(BtCursor*, unsigned int mask);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeIsReadonly(Btree *pBt);
................................................................................

/*
** Allowed values of VdbeOp.p4type
*/
#define P4_NOTUSED    0   /* The P4 parameter is not used */
#define P4_DYNAMIC  (-1)  /* Pointer to a string obtained from sqliteMalloc() */
#define P4_STATIC   (-2)  /* Pointer to a static string */
#define P4_COLLSEQ  (-3)  /* P4 is a pointer to a CollSeq structure */
#define P4_FUNCDEF  (-4)  /* P4 is a pointer to a FuncDef structure */
#define P4_KEYINFO  (-5)  /* P4 is a pointer to a KeyInfo structure */
#define P4_EXPR     (-6)  /* P4 is a pointer to an Expr tree */
#define P4_MEM      (-7)  /* P4 is a pointer to a Mem*    structure */
#define P4_TRANSIENT  0   /* P4 is a pointer to a transient string */
#define P4_VTAB     (-8) /* P4 is a pointer to an sqlite3_vtab structure */

#define P4_REAL     (-9) /* P4 is a 64-bit floating point value */
#define P4_INT64    (-10) /* P4 is a 64-bit signed integer */
#define P4_INT32    (-11) /* P4 is a 32-bit signed integer */
#define P4_INTARRAY (-12) /* P4 is a vector of 32-bit integers */
#define P4_SUBPROGRAM  (-13) /* P4 is a pointer to a SubProgram structure */
#define P4_ADVANCE  (-14) /* P4 is a pointer to BtreeNext() or BtreePrev() */
#define P4_TABLE    (-15) /* P4 is a pointer to a Table structure */
#define P4_FUNCCTX  (-16) /* P4 is a pointer to an sqlite3_context object */

/* Error message codes for OP_Halt */
#define P5_ConstraintNotNull 1
#define P5_ConstraintUnique  2
#define P5_ConstraintCheck   3
#define P5_ConstraintFK      4

................................................................................
#define OP_NewRowid      114 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
#define OP_Insert        115 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P3] data=r[P2]          */
#define OP_InsertInt     116 /* synopsis: intkey=P3 data=r[P2]             */
#define OP_Delete        117
#define OP_ResetCount    118
#define OP_SorterCompare 119 /* synopsis: if key(P1)!=trim(r[P3],P4) goto P2 */
#define OP_SorterData    120 /* synopsis: r[P2]=data                       */

#define OP_RowData       121 /* synopsis: r[P2]=data                       */
#define OP_Rowid         122 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
#define OP_NullRow       123
#define OP_SorterInsert  124 /* synopsis: key=r[P2]                        */
#define OP_IdxInsert     125 /* synopsis: key=r[P2]                        */
#define OP_IdxDelete     126 /* synopsis: key=r[P2@P3]                     */
#define OP_Seek          127 /* synopsis: Move P3 to P1.rowid              */
#define OP_IdxRowid      128 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid                      */
#define OP_Destroy       129
#define OP_Clear         130
#define OP_ResetSorter   131
#define OP_Real          132 /* same as TK_FLOAT, synopsis: r[P2]=P4       */

#define OP_CreateIndex   133 /* synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1                */
#define OP_CreateTable   134 /* synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1                */
#define OP_ParseSchema   135
#define OP_LoadAnalysis  136
#define OP_DropTable     137
#define OP_DropIndex     138
#define OP_DropTrigger   139
#define OP_IntegrityCk   140
#define OP_RowSetAdd     141 /* synopsis: rowset(P1)=r[P2]                 */
#define OP_Param         142
#define OP_FkCounter     143 /* synopsis: fkctr[P1]+=P2                    */
#define OP_MemMax        144 /* synopsis: r[P1]=max(r[P1],r[P2])           */
#define OP_OffsetLimit   145 /* synopsis: if r[P1]>0 then r[P2]=r[P1]+max(0,r[P3]) else r[P2]=(-1) */
#define OP_AggStep0      146 /* synopsis: accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])       */
#define OP_AggStep       147 /* synopsis: accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])       */
#define OP_AggFinal      148 /* synopsis: accum=r[P1] N=P2                 */
#define OP_Expire        149
#define OP_TableLock     150 /* synopsis: iDb=P1 root=P2 write=P3          */
#define OP_VBegin        151
#define OP_VCreate       152
#define OP_VDestroy      153
#define OP_VOpen         154
#define OP_VColumn       155 /* synopsis: r[P3]=vcolumn(P2)                */
#define OP_VRename       156
#define OP_Pagecount     157
#define OP_MaxPgcnt      158
#define OP_CursorHint    159
#define OP_Noop          160
#define OP_Explain       161

/* Properties such as "out2" or "jump" that are specified in
** comments following the "case" for each opcode in the vdbe.c
** are encoded into bitvectors as follows:
*/
#define OPFLG_JUMP        0x01  /* jump:  P2 holds jmp target */
#define OPFLG_IN1         0x02  /* in1:   P1 is an input */
................................................................................
/*  64 */ 0x01, 0x01, 0x03, 0x03, 0x03, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01,\
/*  72 */ 0x02, 0x02, 0x08, 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x10, 0x10,\
/*  80 */ 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00,\
/*  88 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00,\
/*  96 */ 0x00, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 104 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 112 */ 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 120 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x00, 0x04, 0x04, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 128 */ 0x10, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00,\
/* 136 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x06, 0x10, 0x00,\
/* 144 */ 0x04, 0x1a, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 152 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x10, 0x10, 0x00,\
/* 160 */ 0x00, 0x00,}

/* The sqlite3P2Values() routine is able to run faster if it knows
** the value of the largest JUMP opcode.  The smaller the maximum
** JUMP opcode the better, so the mkopcodeh.tcl script that
** generated this include file strives to group all JUMP opcodes
** together near the beginning of the list.
*/
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P2);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P3);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(Vdbe*, u8 P5);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(Vdbe*, int addr);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(Vdbe*, int addr);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeDeletePriorOpcode(Vdbe*, u8 op);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(Vdbe*, int addr, const char *zP4, int N);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeAppendP4(Vdbe*, void *pP4, int p4type);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(Parse*, Index*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(Vdbe*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE VdbeOp *sqlite3VdbeGetOp(Vdbe*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeRunOnlyOnce(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeReusable(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeDelete(Vdbe*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3PagerWalCallback(Pager *pPager);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3PagerOpenWal(Pager *pPager, int *pisOpen);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3PagerCloseWal(Pager *pPager, sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3PagerUseWal(Pager *pPager);
# ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3PagerSnapshotGet(Pager *pPager, sqlite3_snapshot **ppSnapshot);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3PagerSnapshotOpen(Pager *pPager, sqlite3_snapshot *pSnapshot);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3PagerSnapshotRecover(Pager *pPager);
# endif
#else
# define sqlite3PagerUseWal(x) 0
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ZIPVFS
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3PagerWalFramesize(Pager *pPager);
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_Stat34         0x0800   /* Use STAT3 or STAT4 data */
#define SQLITE_CursorHints    0x2000   /* Add OP_CursorHint opcodes */
#define SQLITE_AllOpts        0xffff   /* All optimizations */

/*
** Macros for testing whether or not optimizations are enabled or disabled.
*/

#define OptimizationDisabled(db, mask)  (((db)->dbOptFlags&(mask))!=0)
#define OptimizationEnabled(db, mask)   (((db)->dbOptFlags&(mask))==0)





/*
** Return true if it OK to factor constant expressions into the initialization
** code. The argument is a Parse object for the code generator.
*/
#define ConstFactorOk(P) ((P)->okConstFactor)

................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_VDBE_COVERAGE
  /* The following callback (if not NULL) is invoked on every VDBE branch
  ** operation.  Set the callback using SQLITE_TESTCTRL_VDBE_COVERAGE.
  */
  void (*xVdbeBranch)(void*,int iSrcLine,u8 eThis,u8 eMx);  /* Callback */
  void *pVdbeBranchArg;                                     /* 1st argument */
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
  int (*xTestCallback)(int);        /* Invoked by sqlite3FaultSim() */
#endif
  int bLocaltimeFault;              /* True to fail localtime() calls */
  int iOnceResetThreshold;          /* When to reset OP_Once counters */
};

/*
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MallocSize(void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3DbMallocSize(sqlite3*, void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3ScratchMalloc(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ScratchFree(void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PageMalloc(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PageFree(void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MemSetDefault(void);
#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BenignMallocHooks(void (*)(void), void (*)(void));
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3HeapNearlyFull(void);

/*
** On systems with ample stack space and that support alloca(), make
** use of alloca() to obtain space for large automatic objects.  By default,
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(Parse*);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3NoTempsInRange(Parse*,int,int);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprAlloc(sqlite3*,int,const Token*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3Expr(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAttachSubtrees(sqlite3*,Expr*,Expr*,Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3PExpr(Parse*, int, Expr*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PExprAddSelect(Parse*, Expr*, Select*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprAnd(sqlite3*,Expr*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprFunction(Parse*,ExprList*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAssignVarNumber(Parse*, Expr*, u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprDelete(sqlite3*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE ExprList *sqlite3ExprListAppend(Parse*,ExprList*,Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE ExprList *sqlite3ExprListAppendVector(Parse*,ExprList*,IdList*,Expr*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AddDefaultValue(Parse*,ExprSpan*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AddCollateType(Parse*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3EndTable(Parse*,Token*,Token*,u8,Select*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ParseUri(const char*,const char*,unsigned int*,
                    sqlite3_vfs**,char**,char **);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Btree *sqlite3DbNameToBtree(sqlite3*,const char*);

#ifdef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
# define sqlite3FaultSim(X) SQLITE_OK
#else
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3FaultSim(int);
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE Bitvec *sqlite3BitvecCreate(u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BitvecTest(Bitvec*, u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BitvecTestNotNull(Bitvec*, u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BitvecSet(Bitvec*, u32);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BitvecClear(Bitvec*, u32, void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BitvecDestroy(Bitvec*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3BitvecSize(Bitvec*);
#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BitvecBuiltinTest(int,int*);
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE RowSet *sqlite3RowSetInit(sqlite3*, void*, unsigned int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RowSetClear(RowSet*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RowSetInsert(RowSet*, i64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3RowSetTest(RowSet*, int iBatch, i64);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprListCompare(ExprList*, ExprList*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprImpliesExpr(Expr*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggregates(NameContext*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAnalyzeAggList(NameContext*,ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCoveredByIndex(Expr*, int iCur, Index *pIdx);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FunctionUsesThisSrc(Expr*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Vdbe *sqlite3GetVdbe(Parse*);
#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PrngSaveState(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PrngRestoreState(void);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RollbackAll(sqlite3*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(Parse*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CodeVerifyNamedSchema(Parse*, const char *zDb);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BeginTransaction(Parse*, int);
................................................................................
** Available fault injectors.  Should be numbered beginning with 0.
*/
#define SQLITE_FAULTINJECTOR_MALLOC     0
#define SQLITE_FAULTINJECTOR_COUNT      1

/*
** The interface to the code in fault.c used for identifying "benign"
** malloc failures. This is only present if SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
** is not defined.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3EndBenignMalloc(void);
#else
  #define sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc()
  #define sqlite3EndBenignMalloc()
#endif

................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3DbstatRegister(sqlite3*);
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprVectorSize(Expr *pExpr);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprIsVector(Expr *pExpr);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3VectorFieldSubexpr(Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprForVectorField(Parse*,Expr*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VectorErrorMsg(Parse*, Expr*);

#endif /* SQLITEINT_H */

/************** End of sqliteInt.h *******************************************/
/************** Begin file global.c ******************************************/
/*
** 2008 June 13
................................................................................
   0,                         /* xSqllog */
   0,                         /* pSqllogArg */
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_VDBE_COVERAGE
   0,                         /* xVdbeBranch */
   0,                         /* pVbeBranchArg */
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
   0,                         /* xTestCallback */
#endif
   0,                         /* bLocaltimeFault */
   0x7ffffffe                 /* iOnceResetThreshold */
};

/*
................................................................................
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL
  "OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
  "OMIT_BTREECOUNT",
#endif



#if SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
  "OMIT_CAST",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  "OMIT_CHECK",
#endif
#if SQLITE_OMIT_COMPLETE
................................................................................
  "TEMP_STORE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_TEMP_STORE),
#endif
#if SQLITE_TEST
  "TEST",
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_THREADSAFE)
  "THREADSAFE=" CTIMEOPT_VAL(SQLITE_THREADSAFE),
#endif
#if SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
  "UNTESTABLE"
#endif
#if SQLITE_USE_ALLOCA
  "USE_ALLOCA",
#endif
#if SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
  "USER_AUTHENTICATION",
#endif
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE i64 sqlite3VdbeIntValue(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE double sqlite3VdbeRealValue(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeIntegerAffinity(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemRealify(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemNumerify(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemCast(Mem*,u8,u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(BtCursor*,u32,u32,Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(Mem *p);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemFinalize(Mem*, FuncDef*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3OpcodeName(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(Mem *pMem, int n, int preserve);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemClearAndResize(Mem *pMem, int n);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeCloseStatement(Vdbe *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeFrameDelete(VdbeFrame*);
................................................................................
#endif

/*
** A structure for holding a single date and time.
*/
typedef struct DateTime DateTime;
struct DateTime {
  sqlite3_int64 iJD;  /* The julian day number times 86400000 */
  int Y, M, D;        /* Year, month, and day */
  int h, m;           /* Hour and minutes */
  int tz;             /* Timezone offset in minutes */
  double s;           /* Seconds */
  char validJD;       /* True (1) if iJD is valid */
  char rawS;          /* Raw numeric value stored in s */
  char validYMD;      /* True (1) if Y,M,D are valid */
  char validHMS;      /* True (1) if h,m,s are valid */

  char validTZ;       /* True (1) if tz is valid */
  char tzSet;         /* Timezone was set explicitly */
  char isError;       /* An overflow has occurred */
};


/*
** Convert zDate into one or more integers according to the conversion
** specifier zFormat.
**
................................................................................
      }
      ms /= rScale;
    }
  }else{
    s = 0;
  }
  p->validJD = 0;
  p->rawS = 0;
  p->validHMS = 1;
  p->h = h;
  p->m = m;
  p->s = s + ms;
  if( parseTimezone(zDate, p) ) return 1;
  p->validTZ = (p->tz!=0)?1:0;
  return 0;
}

/*
** Put the DateTime object into its error state.
*/
static void datetimeError(DateTime *p){
  memset(p, 0, sizeof(*p));
  p->isError = 1;
}

/*
** Convert from YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS to julian day.  We always assume
** that the YYYY-MM-DD is according to the Gregorian calendar.
**
** Reference:  Meeus page 61
*/
................................................................................
    Y = p->Y;
    M = p->M;
    D = p->D;
  }else{
    Y = 2000;  /* If no YMD specified, assume 2000-Jan-01 */
    M = 1;
    D = 1;
  }
  if( Y<-4713 || Y>9999 || p->rawS ){
    datetimeError(p);
    return;
  }
  if( M<=2 ){
    Y--;
    M += 12;
  }
  A = Y/100;
  B = 2 - A + (A/4);
................................................................................
  if( p->iJD>0 ){
    p->validJD = 1;
    return 0;
  }else{
    return 1;
  }
}

/*
** Input "r" is a numeric quantity which might be a julian day number,
** or the number of seconds since 1970.  If the value if r is within
** range of a julian day number, install it as such and set validJD.
** If the value is a valid unix timestamp, put it in p->s and set p->rawS.
*/
static void setRawDateNumber(DateTime *p, double r){
  p->s = r;
  p->rawS = 1;
  if( r>=0.0 && r<5373484.5 ){
    p->iJD = (sqlite3_int64)(r*86400000.0 + 0.5);
    p->validJD = 1;
  }
}

/*
** Attempt to parse the given string into a julian day number.  Return
** the number of errors.
**
** The following are acceptable forms for the input string:
**
................................................................................
  if( parseYyyyMmDd(zDate,p)==0 ){
    return 0;
  }else if( parseHhMmSs(zDate, p)==0 ){
    return 0;
  }else if( sqlite3StrICmp(zDate,"now")==0){
    return setDateTimeToCurrent(context, p);
  }else if( sqlite3AtoF(zDate, &r, sqlite3Strlen30(zDate), SQLITE_UTF8) ){
    setRawDateNumber(p, r);

    return 0;
  }
  return 1;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the given julian day number is within range.
**
** The input is the JulianDay times 86400000.
*/
static int validJulianDay(sqlite3_int64 iJD){
  return iJD>=0 && iJD<=464269060799999;
}

/*
** Compute the Year, Month, and Day from the julian day number.
*/
static void computeYMD(DateTime *p){
  int Z, A, B, C, D, E, X1;
  if( p->validYMD ) return;
  if( !p->validJD ){
    p->Y = 2000;
    p->M = 1;
    p->D = 1;
  }else{
    assert( validJulianDay(p->iJD) );
    Z = (int)((p->iJD + 43200000)/86400000);
    A = (int)((Z - 1867216.25)/36524.25);
    A = Z + 1 + A - (A/4);
    B = A + 1524;
    C = (int)((B - 122.1)/365.25);
    D = (36525*(C&32767))/100;
    E = (int)((B-D)/30.6001);
................................................................................
  p->s = s/1000.0;
  s = (int)p->s;
  p->s -= s;
  p->h = s/3600;
  s -= p->h*3600;
  p->m = s/60;
  p->s += s - p->m*60;
  p->rawS = 0;
  p->validHMS = 1;
}

/*
** Compute both YMD and HMS
*/
static void computeYMD_HMS(DateTime *p){
................................................................................
#if !HAVE_LOCALTIME_R && !HAVE_LOCALTIME_S
  struct tm *pX;
#if SQLITE_THREADSAFE>0
  sqlite3_mutex *mutex = sqlite3MutexAlloc(SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER);
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mutex);
  pX = localtime(t);
#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
  if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.bLocaltimeFault ) pX = 0;
#endif
  if( pX ) *pTm = *pX;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutex);
  rc = pX==0;
#else
#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
  if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.bLocaltimeFault ) return 1;
#endif
#if HAVE_LOCALTIME_R
  rc = localtime_r(t, pTm)==0;
#else
  rc = localtime_s(pTm, t);
#endif /* HAVE_LOCALTIME_R */
................................................................................
  y.D = sLocal.tm_mday;
  y.h = sLocal.tm_hour;
  y.m = sLocal.tm_min;
  y.s = sLocal.tm_sec;
  y.validYMD = 1;
  y.validHMS = 1;
  y.validJD = 0;
  y.rawS = 0;
  y.validTZ = 0;
  y.isError = 0;
  computeJD(&y);
  *pRc = SQLITE_OK;
  return y.iJD - x.iJD;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_LOCALTIME */

/*
** The following table defines various date transformations of the form
**
**            'NNN days'
**
** Where NNN is an arbitrary floating-point number and "days" can be one
** of several units of time.
*/
static const struct {
  u8 eType;           /* Transformation type code */
  u8 nName;           /* Length of th name */
  char *zName;        /* Name of the transformation */
  double rLimit;      /* Maximum NNN value for this transform */
  double rXform;      /* Constant used for this transform */
} aXformType[] = {
  { 0, 6, "second", 464269060800.0, 86400000.0/(24.0*60.0*60.0) },
  { 0, 6, "minute", 7737817680.0,   86400000.0/(24.0*60.0)      },
  { 0, 4, "hour",   128963628.0,    86400000.0/24.0             },
  { 0, 3, "day",    5373485.0,      86400000.0                  },
  { 1, 5, "month",  176546.0,       30.0*86400000.0             },
  { 2, 4, "year",   14713.0,        365.0*86400000.0            },
};

/*
** Process a modifier to a date-time stamp.  The modifiers are
** as follows:
**
**     NNN days
**     NNN hours
................................................................................
**     utc
**
** Return 0 on success and 1 if there is any kind of error. If the error
** is in a system call (i.e. localtime()), then an error message is written
** to context pCtx. If the error is an unrecognized modifier, no error is
** written to pCtx.
*/
static int parseModifier(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,      /* Function context */
  const char *z,              /* The text of the modifier */
  int n,                      /* Length of zMod in bytes */
  DateTime *p                 /* The date/time value to be modified */
){
  int rc = 1;
  double r;
  switch(sqlite3UpperToLower[(u8)z[0]] ){


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOCALTIME
    case 'l': {
      /*    localtime
      **
      ** Assuming the current time value is UTC (a.k.a. GMT), shift it to
      ** show local time.
      */
      if( sqlite3_stricmp(z, "localtime")==0 ){
        computeJD(p);
        p->iJD += localtimeOffset(p, pCtx, &rc);
        clearYMD_HMS_TZ(p);
      }
      break;
    }
#endif
    case 'u': {
      /*
      **    unixepoch
      **
      ** Treat the current value of p->s as the number of
      ** seconds since 1970.  Convert to a real julian day number.
      */
      if( sqlite3_stricmp(z, "unixepoch")==0 && p->rawS ){
        r = p->s*1000.0 + 210866760000000.0;
        if( r>=0.0 && r<464269060800000.0 ){
          clearYMD_HMS_TZ(p);
          p->iJD = (sqlite3_int64)r;
          p->validJD = 1;
          p->rawS = 0;
          rc = 0;
        }
      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOCALTIME
      else if( sqlite3_stricmp(z, "utc")==0 ){
        if( p->tzSet==0 ){
          sqlite3_int64 c1;
          computeJD(p);
          c1 = localtimeOffset(p, pCtx, &rc);
          if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
            p->iJD -= c1;
            clearYMD_HMS_TZ(p);
................................................................................
      /*
      **    weekday N
      **
      ** Move the date to the same time on the next occurrence of
      ** weekday N where 0==Sunday, 1==Monday, and so forth.  If the
      ** date is already on the appropriate weekday, this is a no-op.
      */
      if( sqlite3_strnicmp(z, "weekday ", 8)==0
               && sqlite3AtoF(&z[8], &r, sqlite3Strlen30(&z[8]), SQLITE_UTF8)
               && (n=(int)r)==r && n>=0 && r<7 ){
        sqlite3_int64 Z;
        computeYMD_HMS(p);
        p->validTZ = 0;
        p->validJD = 0;
        computeJD(p);
................................................................................
    case 's': {
      /*
      **    start of TTTTT
      **
      ** Move the date backwards to the beginning of the current day,
      ** or month or year.
      */
      if( sqlite3_strnicmp(z, "start of ", 9)!=0 ) break;
      z += 9;
      computeYMD(p);
      p->validHMS = 1;
      p->h = p->m = 0;
      p->s = 0.0;
      p->validTZ = 0;
      p->validJD = 0;
      if( sqlite3_stricmp(z,"month")==0 ){
        p->D = 1;
        rc = 0;
      }else if( sqlite3_stricmp(z,"year")==0 ){
        computeYMD(p);
        p->M = 1;
        p->D = 1;
        rc = 0;
      }else if( sqlite3_stricmp(z,"day")==0 ){
        rc = 0;
      }
      break;
    }
    case '+':
    case '-':
    case '0':
................................................................................
    case '4':
    case '5':
    case '6':
    case '7':
    case '8':
    case '9': {
      double rRounder;
      int i;
      for(n=1; z[n] && z[n]!=':' && !sqlite3Isspace(z[n]); n++){}
      if( !sqlite3AtoF(z, &r, n, SQLITE_UTF8) ){
        rc = 1;
        break;
      }
      if( z[n]==':' ){
        /* A modifier of the form (+|-)HH:MM:SS.FFF adds (or subtracts) the
................................................................................
        if( z[0]=='-' ) tx.iJD = -tx.iJD;
        computeJD(p);
        clearYMD_HMS_TZ(p);
        p->iJD += tx.iJD;
        rc = 0;
        break;
      }

      /* If control reaches this point, it means the transformation is
      ** one of the forms like "+NNN days".  */
      z += n;
      while( sqlite3Isspace(*z) ) z++;
      n = sqlite3Strlen30(z);
      if( n>10 || n<3 ) break;
      if( sqlite3UpperToLower[(u8)z[n-1]]=='s' ) n--;
      computeJD(p);
      rc = 1;
      rRounder = r<0 ? -0.5 : +0.5;
      for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aXformType); i++){
        if( aXformType[i].nName==n
         && sqlite3_strnicmp(aXformType[i].zName, z, n)==0
         && r>-aXformType[i].rLimit && r<aXformType[i].rLimit
        ){
          switch( aXformType[i].eType ){
            case 1: { /* Special processing to add months */


              int x;
              computeYMD_HMS(p);
              p->M += (int)r;
              x = p->M>0 ? (p->M-1)/12 : (p->M-12)/12;
              p->Y += x;
              p->M -= x*12;
              p->validJD = 0;

              r -= (int)r;


              break;
            }

            case 2: { /* Special processing to add years */
              int y = (int)r;
              computeYMD_HMS(p);
              p->Y += y;
              p->validJD = 0;
              r -= (int)r;
              break;
            }
          }
          computeJD(p);

          p->iJD += (sqlite3_int64)(r*aXformType[i].rXform + rRounder);
          rc = 0;
          break;
        }


      }
      clearYMD_HMS_TZ(p);
      break;
    }
    default: {
      break;
    }
................................................................................
*/
static int isDate(
  sqlite3_context *context, 
  int argc, 
  sqlite3_value **argv, 
  DateTime *p
){
  int i, n;
  const unsigned char *z;
  int eType;
  memset(p, 0, sizeof(*p));
  if( argc==0 ){
    return setDateTimeToCurrent(context, p);
  }
  if( (eType = sqlite3_value_type(argv[0]))==SQLITE_FLOAT
                   || eType==SQLITE_INTEGER ){
    setRawDateNumber(p, sqlite3_value_double(argv[0]));

  }else{
    z = sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
    if( !z || parseDateOrTime(context, (char*)z, p) ){
      return 1;
    }
  }
  for(i=1; i<argc; i++){
    z = sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]);
    n = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[i]);
    if( z==0 || parseModifier(context, (char*)z, n, p) ) return 1;
  }
  computeJD(p);
  if( p->isError || !validJulianDay(p->iJD) ) return 1;
  return 0;
}


/*
** The following routines implement the various date and time functions
** of SQLite.
................................................................................
** is completely recoverable simply by not carrying out the resize. The 
** hash table will continue to function normally.  So a malloc failure 
** during a hash table resize is a benign fault.
*/

/* #include "sqliteInt.h" */

#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE

/*
** Global variables.
*/
typedef struct BenignMallocHooks BenignMallocHooks;
static SQLITE_WSD struct BenignMallocHooks {
  void (*xBenignBegin)(void);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3EndBenignMalloc(void){
  wsdHooksInit;
  if( wsdHooks.xBenignEnd ){
    wsdHooks.xBenignEnd();
  }
}

#endif   /* #ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE */

/************** End of fault.c ***********************************************/
/************** Begin file mem0.c ********************************************/
/*
** 2008 October 28
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
................................................................................


/*
** Finish off a string by making sure it is zero-terminated.
** Return a pointer to the resulting string.  Return a NULL
** pointer if any kind of error was encountered.
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE char *strAccumFinishRealloc(StrAccum *p){
  assert( p->mxAlloc>0 && !isMalloced(p) );
  p->zText = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(p->db, p->nChar+1 );
  if( p->zText ){
    memcpy(p->zText, p->zBase, p->nChar+1);
    p->printfFlags |= SQLITE_PRINTF_MALLOCED;
  }else{
    setStrAccumError(p, STRACCUM_NOMEM);
  }
  return p->zText;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3StrAccumFinish(StrAccum *p){
  if( p->zText ){
    assert( (p->zText==p->zBase)==!isMalloced(p) );
    p->zText[p->nChar] = 0;
    if( p->mxAlloc>0 && !isMalloced(p) ){
      return strAccumFinishRealloc(p);






    }
  }
  return p->zText;
}

/*
** Reset an StrAccum string.  Reclaim all malloced memory.
................................................................................
    (void)SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
    if( zBuf ) zBuf[0] = 0;
    return zBuf;
  }
#endif
  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&acc, 0, zBuf, n, 0);
  sqlite3VXPrintf(&acc, zFormat, ap);
  zBuf[acc.nChar] = 0;
  return zBuf;
}
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_snprintf(int n, char *zBuf, const char *zFormat, ...){
  char *z;
  va_list ap;
  va_start(ap,zFormat);
  z = sqlite3_vsnprintf(n, zBuf, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
................................................................................
    wsdPrng.s[wsdPrng.j] = t;
    t += wsdPrng.s[wsdPrng.i];
    *(zBuf++) = wsdPrng.s[t];
  }while( --N );
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(mutex);
}

#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
/*
** For testing purposes, we sometimes want to preserve the state of
** PRNG and restore the PRNG to its saved state at a later time, or
** to reset the PRNG to its initial state.  These routines accomplish
** those tasks.
**
** The sqlite3_test_control() interface calls these routines to
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PrngRestoreState(void){
  memcpy(
    &GLOBAL(struct sqlite3PrngType, sqlite3Prng),
    &GLOBAL(struct sqlite3PrngType, sqlite3SavedPrng),
    sizeof(sqlite3Prng)
  );
}
#endif /* SQLITE_UNTESTABLE */

/************** End of random.c **********************************************/
/************** Begin file threads.c *****************************************/
/*
** 2012 July 21
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
................................................................................
**
** The intent of the integer argument is to let the fault simulator know
** which of multiple sqlite3FaultSim() calls has been hit.
**
** Return whatever integer value the test callback returns, or return
** SQLITE_OK if no test callback is installed.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3FaultSim(int iTest){
  int (*xCallback)(int) = sqlite3GlobalConfig.xTestCallback;
  return xCallback ? xCallback(iTest) : SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
................................................................................
    /* 114 */ "NewRowid"         OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),
    /* 115 */ "Insert"           OpHelp("intkey=r[P3] data=r[P2]"),
    /* 116 */ "InsertInt"        OpHelp("intkey=P3 data=r[P2]"),
    /* 117 */ "Delete"           OpHelp(""),
    /* 118 */ "ResetCount"       OpHelp(""),
    /* 119 */ "SorterCompare"    OpHelp("if key(P1)!=trim(r[P3],P4) goto P2"),
    /* 120 */ "SorterData"       OpHelp("r[P2]=data"),

    /* 121 */ "RowData"          OpHelp("r[P2]=data"),
    /* 122 */ "Rowid"            OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),
    /* 123 */ "NullRow"          OpHelp(""),
    /* 124 */ "SorterInsert"     OpHelp("key=r[P2]"),
    /* 125 */ "IdxInsert"        OpHelp("key=r[P2]"),
    /* 126 */ "IdxDelete"        OpHelp("key=r[P2@P3]"),
    /* 127 */ "Seek"             OpHelp("Move P3 to P1.rowid"),
    /* 128 */ "IdxRowid"         OpHelp("r[P2]=rowid"),
    /* 129 */ "Destroy"          OpHelp(""),
    /* 130 */ "Clear"            OpHelp(""),
    /* 131 */ "ResetSorter"      OpHelp(""),
    /* 132 */ "Real"             OpHelp("r[P2]=P4"),

    /* 133 */ "CreateIndex"      OpHelp("r[P2]=root iDb=P1"),
    /* 134 */ "CreateTable"      OpHelp("r[P2]=root iDb=P1"),
    /* 135 */ "ParseSchema"      OpHelp(""),
    /* 136 */ "LoadAnalysis"     OpHelp(""),
    /* 137 */ "DropTable"        OpHelp(""),
    /* 138 */ "DropIndex"        OpHelp(""),
    /* 139 */ "DropTrigger"      OpHelp(""),
    /* 140 */ "IntegrityCk"      OpHelp(""),
    /* 141 */ "RowSetAdd"        OpHelp("rowset(P1)=r[P2]"),
    /* 142 */ "Param"            OpHelp(""),
    /* 143 */ "FkCounter"        OpHelp("fkctr[P1]+=P2"),
    /* 144 */ "MemMax"           OpHelp("r[P1]=max(r[P1],r[P2])"),
    /* 145 */ "OffsetLimit"      OpHelp("if r[P1]>0 then r[P2]=r[P1]+max(0,r[P3]) else r[P2]=(-1)"),
    /* 146 */ "AggStep0"         OpHelp("accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])"),
    /* 147 */ "AggStep"          OpHelp("accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5])"),
    /* 148 */ "AggFinal"         OpHelp("accum=r[P1] N=P2"),
    /* 149 */ "Expire"           OpHelp(""),
    /* 150 */ "TableLock"        OpHelp("iDb=P1 root=P2 write=P3"),
    /* 151 */ "VBegin"           OpHelp(""),
    /* 152 */ "VCreate"          OpHelp(""),
    /* 153 */ "VDestroy"         OpHelp(""),
    /* 154 */ "VOpen"            OpHelp(""),
    /* 155 */ "VColumn"          OpHelp("r[P3]=vcolumn(P2)"),
    /* 156 */ "VRename"          OpHelp(""),
    /* 157 */ "Pagecount"        OpHelp(""),
    /* 158 */ "MaxPgcnt"         OpHelp(""),
    /* 159 */ "CursorHint"       OpHelp(""),
    /* 160 */ "Noop"             OpHelp(""),
    /* 161 */ "Explain"          OpHelp(""),
  };
  return azName[i];
}
#endif

/************** End of opcodes.c *********************************************/
/************** Begin file os_unix.c *****************************************/
................................................................................
** to locate a particular unixInodeInfo object.
*/
struct unixFileId {
  dev_t dev;                  /* Device number */
#if OS_VXWORKS
  struct vxworksFileId *pId;  /* Unique file ID for vxworks. */
#else
  /* We are told that some versions of Android contain a bug that
  ** sizes ino_t at only 32-bits instead of 64-bits. (See
  ** https://android-review.googlesource.com/#/c/115351/3/dist/sqlite3.c)
  ** To work around this, always allocate 64-bits for the inode number.  
  ** On small machines that only have 32-bit inodes, this wastes 4 bytes,
  ** but that should not be a big deal. */
  /* WAS:  ino_t ino;   */
  u64 ino;                   /* Inode number */
#endif
};

/*
** An instance of the following structure is allocated for each open
** inode.  Or, on LinuxThreads, there is one of these structures for
** each inode opened by each thread.
................................................................................
#endif

  memset(&fileId, 0, sizeof(fileId));
  fileId.dev = statbuf.st_dev;
#if OS_VXWORKS
  fileId.pId = pFile->pId;
#else
  fileId.ino = (u64)statbuf.st_ino;
#endif
  pInode = inodeList;
  while( pInode && memcmp(&fileId, &pInode->fileId, sizeof(fileId)) ){
    pInode = pInode->pNext;
  }
  if( pInode==0 ){
    pInode = sqlite3_malloc64( sizeof(*pInode) );
................................................................................
*/
static int fileHasMoved(unixFile *pFile){
#if OS_VXWORKS
  return pFile->pInode!=0 && pFile->pId!=pFile->pInode->fileId.pId;
#else
  struct stat buf;
  return pFile->pInode!=0 &&
      (osStat(pFile->zPath, &buf)!=0 
         || (u64)buf.st_ino!=pFile->pInode->fileId.ino);
#endif
}


/*
** Check a unixFile that is a database.  Verify the following:
**
................................................................................
  ** not searching for a reusable file descriptor are not dire.  */
  if( 0==osStat(zPath, &sStat) ){
    unixInodeInfo *pInode;

    unixEnterMutex();
    pInode = inodeList;
    while( pInode && (pInode->fileId.dev!=sStat.st_dev
                     || pInode->fileId.ino!=(u64)sStat.st_ino) ){
       pInode = pInode->pNext;
    }
    if( pInode ){
      UnixUnusedFd **pp;
      for(pp=&pInode->pUnused; *pp && (*pp)->flags!=flags; pp=&((*pp)->pNext));
      pUnused = *pp;
      if( pUnused ){
................................................................................
** Return the value of the iSize parameter specified when Bitvec *p
** was created.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3BitvecSize(Bitvec *p){
  return p->iSize;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
/*
** Let V[] be an array of unsigned characters sufficient to hold
** up to N bits.  Let I be an integer between 0 and N.  0<=I<N.
** Then the following macros can be used to set, clear, or test
** individual bits within V.
*/
#define SETBIT(V,I)      V[I>>3] |= (1<<(I&7))
................................................................................
  /* Free allocated structure */
bitvec_end:
  sqlite3_free(pTmpSpace);
  sqlite3_free(pV);
  sqlite3BitvecDestroy(pBitvec);
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_UNTESTABLE */

/************** End of bitvec.c **********************************************/
/************** Begin file pcache.c ******************************************/
/*
** 2008 August 05
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
................................................................................
** WAL module is using shared-memory, return false. 
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WalHeapMemory(Wal *pWal);

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WalSnapshotGet(Wal *pWal, sqlite3_snapshot **ppSnapshot);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3WalSnapshotOpen(Wal *pWal, sqlite3_snapshot *pSnapshot);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WalSnapshotRecover(Wal *pWal);
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ZIPVFS
/* If the WAL file is not empty, return the number of bytes of content
** stored in each frame (i.e. the db page-size when the WAL was created).
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WalFramesize(Wal *pWal);
................................................................................
  if( pPager->pWal ){
    sqlite3WalSnapshotOpen(pPager->pWal, pSnapshot);
  }else{
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** If this is a WAL database, call sqlite3WalSnapshotRecover(). If this 
** is not a WAL database, return an error.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerSnapshotRecover(Pager *pPager){
  int rc;
  if( pPager->pWal ){
    rc = sqlite3WalSnapshotRecover(pPager->pWal);
  }else{
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT */
#endif /* !SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ZIPVFS
/*
** A read-lock must be held on the pager when this function is called. If
** the pager is in WAL mode and the WAL file currently contains one or more
................................................................................
  }else{
    assert( mxReadMark<=pWal->hdr.mxFrame );
    pWal->readLock = (i16)mxI;
  }
  return rc;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT
/*
** Attempt to reduce the value of the WalCkptInfo.nBackfillAttempted 
** variable so that older snapshots can be accessed. To do this, loop
** through all wal frames from nBackfillAttempted to (nBackfill+1), 
** comparing their content to the corresponding page with the database
** file, if any. Set nBackfillAttempted to the frame number of the
** first frame for which the wal file content matches the db file.
**
** This is only really safe if the file-system is such that any page 
** writes made by earlier checkpointers were atomic operations, which 
** is not always true. It is also possible that nBackfillAttempted
** may be left set to a value larger than expected, if a wal frame
** contains content that duplicate of an earlier version of the same
** page.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if successful, or an SQLite error code if an
** error occurs. It is not an error if nBackfillAttempted cannot be
** decreased at all.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WalSnapshotRecover(Wal *pWal){
  int rc;

  assert( pWal->readLock>=0 );
  rc = walLockExclusive(pWal, WAL_CKPT_LOCK, 1);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    volatile WalCkptInfo *pInfo = walCkptInfo(pWal);
    int szPage = (int)pWal->szPage;
    i64 szDb;                   /* Size of db file in bytes */

    rc = sqlite3OsFileSize(pWal->pDbFd, &szDb);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      void *pBuf1 = sqlite3_malloc(szPage);
      void *pBuf2 = sqlite3_malloc(szPage);
      if( pBuf1==0 || pBuf2==0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }else{
        u32 i = pInfo->nBackfillAttempted;
        for(i=pInfo->nBackfillAttempted; i>pInfo->nBackfill; i--){
          volatile ht_slot *dummy;
          volatile u32 *aPgno;      /* Array of page numbers */
          u32 iZero;                /* Frame corresponding to aPgno[0] */
          u32 pgno;                 /* Page number in db file */
          i64 iDbOff;               /* Offset of db file entry */
          i64 iWalOff;              /* Offset of wal file entry */

          rc = walHashGet(pWal, walFramePage(i), &dummy, &aPgno, &iZero);
          if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) break;
          pgno = aPgno[i-iZero];
          iDbOff = (i64)(pgno-1) * szPage;

          if( iDbOff+szPage<=szDb ){
            iWalOff = walFrameOffset(i, szPage) + WAL_FRAME_HDRSIZE;
            rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWal->pWalFd, pBuf1, szPage, iWalOff);

            if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
              rc = sqlite3OsRead(pWal->pDbFd, pBuf2, szPage, iDbOff);
            }

            if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || 0==memcmp(pBuf1, pBuf2, szPage) ){
              break;
            }
          }

          pInfo->nBackfillAttempted = i-1;
        }
      }

      sqlite3_free(pBuf1);
      sqlite3_free(pBuf2);
    }
    walUnlockExclusive(pWal, WAL_CKPT_LOCK, 1);
  }

  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT */

/*
** Begin a read transaction on the database.
**
** This routine used to be called sqlite3OpenSnapshot() and with good reason:
** it takes a snapshot of the state of the WAL and wal-index for the current
** instant in time.  The current thread will continue to use this snapshot.
** Other threads might append new content to the WAL and wal-index but
................................................................................
      /* It is possible that there is a checkpointer thread running 
      ** concurrent with this code. If this is the case, it may be that the
      ** checkpointer has already determined that it will checkpoint 
      ** snapshot X, where X is later in the wal file than pSnapshot, but 
      ** has not yet set the pInfo->nBackfillAttempted variable to indicate 
      ** its intent. To avoid the race condition this leads to, ensure that
      ** there is no checkpointer process by taking a shared CKPT lock 
      ** before checking pInfo->nBackfillAttempted.  
      **
      ** TODO: Does the aReadMark[] lock prevent a checkpointer from doing
      **       this already?
      */
      rc = walLockShared(pWal, WAL_CKPT_LOCK);

      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        /* Check that the wal file has not been wrapped. Assuming that it has
        ** not, also check that no checkpointer has attempted to checkpoint any
        ** frames beyond pSnapshot->mxFrame. If either of these conditions are
        ** true, return SQLITE_BUSY_SNAPSHOT. Otherwise, overwrite pWal->hdr
................................................................................
/* Create a snapshot object.  The content of a snapshot is opaque to
** every other subsystem, so the WAL module can put whatever it needs
** in the object.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WalSnapshotGet(Wal *pWal, sqlite3_snapshot **ppSnapshot){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  WalIndexHdr *pRet;
  static const u32 aZero[4] = { 0, 0, 0, 0 };

  assert( pWal->readLock>=0 && pWal->writeLock==0 );

  if( memcmp(&pWal->hdr.aFrameCksum[0],aZero,16)==0 ){
    *ppSnapshot = 0;
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  pRet = (WalIndexHdr*)sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(WalIndexHdr));
  if( pRet==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }else{
    memcpy(pRet, &pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr));
    *ppSnapshot = (sqlite3_snapshot*)pRet;
  }
................................................................................
    pCur->nKey = sqlite3BtreeIntegerKey(pCur);
  }else{
    /* For an index btree, save the complete key content */
    void *pKey;
    pCur->nKey = sqlite3BtreePayloadSize(pCur);
    pKey = sqlite3Malloc( pCur->nKey );
    if( pKey ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreePayload(pCur, 0, (int)pCur->nKey, pKey);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        pCur->pKey = pKey;
      }else{
        sqlite3_free(pKey);
      }
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
................................................................................
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && amt>0 ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Read part of the payload for the row at which that cursor pCur is currently
** pointing.  "amt" bytes will be transferred into pBuf[].  The transfer
** begins at "offset".
**
** pCur can be pointing to either a table or an index b-tree.
** If pointing to a table btree, then the content section is read.  If
** pCur is pointing to an index b-tree then the key section is read.
**
** For sqlite3BtreePayload(), the caller must ensure that pCur is pointing

** to a valid row in the table.  For sqlite3BtreePayloadChecked(), the
** cursor might be invalid or might need to be restored before being read.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success or an error code if anything goes
** wrong.  An error is returned if "offset+amt" is larger than
** the available payload.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreePayload(BtCursor *pCur, u32 offset, u32 amt, void *pBuf){
  assert( cursorHoldsMutex(pCur) );
  assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
  assert( pCur->iPage>=0 && pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage] );
  assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell );
  return accessPayload(pCur, offset, amt, (unsigned char*)pBuf, 0);
}










#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreePayloadChecked(BtCursor *pCur, u32 offset, u32 amt, void *pBuf){
  int rc;


  if ( pCur->eState==CURSOR_INVALID ){
    return SQLITE_ABORT;
  }


  assert( cursorOwnsBtShared(pCur) );
  rc = restoreCursorPosition(pCur);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    assert( pCur->eState==CURSOR_VALID );
    assert( pCur->iPage>=0 && pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage] );
    assert( pCur->aiIdx[pCur->iPage]<pCur->apPage[pCur->iPage]->nCell );
    rc = accessPayload(pCur, offset, amt, pBuf, 0);
  }
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB */

/*
** Return a pointer to payload information from the entry that the 
** pCur cursor is pointing to.  The pointer is to the beginning of
** the key if index btrees (pPage->intKey==0) and is the data for
** table btrees (pPage->intKey==1). The number of bytes of available
** key/data is written into *pAmt.  If *pAmt==0, then the value
................................................................................
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Move data out of a btree key or data field and into a Mem structure.
** The data is payload from the entry that pCur is currently pointing
** to.  offset and amt determine what portion of the data or key to retrieve.

** The result is written into the pMem element.
**
** The pMem object must have been initialized.  This routine will use
** pMem->zMalloc to hold the content from the btree, if possible.  New
** pMem->zMalloc space will be allocated if necessary.  The calling routine
** is responsible for making sure that the pMem object is eventually
** destroyed.
**
................................................................................
** If this routine fails for any reason (malloc returns NULL or unable
** to read from the disk) then the pMem is left in an inconsistent state.
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE int vdbeMemFromBtreeResize(
  BtCursor *pCur,   /* Cursor pointing at record to retrieve. */
  u32 offset,       /* Offset from the start of data to return bytes from. */
  u32 amt,          /* Number of bytes to return. */

  Mem *pMem         /* OUT: Return data in this Mem structure. */
){
  int rc;
  pMem->flags = MEM_Null;
  if( SQLITE_OK==(rc = sqlite3VdbeMemClearAndResize(pMem, amt+2)) ){

    rc = sqlite3BtreePayload(pCur, offset, amt, pMem->z);



    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      pMem->z[amt] = 0;
      pMem->z[amt+1] = 0;
      pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Term;
      pMem->n = (int)amt;
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
................................................................................
  }
  return rc;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(
  BtCursor *pCur,   /* Cursor pointing at record to retrieve. */
  u32 offset,       /* Offset from the start of data to return bytes from. */
  u32 amt,          /* Number of bytes to return. */

  Mem *pMem         /* OUT: Return data in this Mem structure. */
){
  char *zData;        /* Data from the btree layer */
  u32 available = 0;  /* Number of bytes available on the local btree page */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK; /* Return code */

  assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pCur) );
................................................................................
  assert( zData!=0 );

  if( offset+amt<=available ){
    pMem->z = &zData[offset];
    pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Ephem;
    pMem->n = (int)amt;
  }else{
    rc = vdbeMemFromBtreeResize(pCur, offset, amt, pMem);
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** The pVal argument is known to be a value other than NULL.
................................................................................
  int op,             /* The new opcode */
  int p1,             /* The P1 operand */
  int p2,             /* The P2 operand */
  int p3,             /* The P3 operand */
  int p4              /* The P4 operand as an integer */
){
  int addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(p, op, p1, p2, p3);
  if( p->db->mallocFailed==0 ){
    VdbeOp *pOp = &p->aOp[addr];
    pOp->p4type = P4_INT32;
    pOp->p4.i = p4;
  }
  return addr;
}

/* Insert the end of a co-routine
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeEndCoroutine(Vdbe *v, int regYield){
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_EndCoroutine, regYield);
................................................................................
    }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_CURSOR_HINTS
    case P4_EXPR: {
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, (Expr*)p4);
      break;
    }
#endif




    case P4_FUNCDEF: {
      freeEphemeralFunction(db, (FuncDef*)p4);
      break;
    }
    case P4_MEM: {
      if( db->pnBytesFreed==0 ){
        sqlite3ValueFree((sqlite3_value*)p4);
................................................................................
  }else if( zP4!=0 ){
    assert( n<0 );
    pOp->p4.p = (void*)zP4;
    pOp->p4type = (signed char)n;
    if( n==P4_VTAB ) sqlite3VtabLock((VTable*)zP4);
  }
}

/*
** Change the P4 operand of the most recently coded instruction 
** to the value defined by the arguments.  This is a high-speed
** version of sqlite3VdbeChangeP4().
**
** The P4 operand must not have been previously defined.  And the new
** P4 must not be P4_INT32.  Use sqlite3VdbeChangeP4() in either of
** those cases.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeAppendP4(Vdbe *p, void *pP4, int n){
  VdbeOp *pOp;
  assert( n!=P4_INT32 && n!=P4_VTAB );
  assert( n<=0 );
  if( p->db->mallocFailed ){
    freeP4(p->db, n, pP4);
  }else{
    assert( pP4!=0 );
    assert( p->nOp>0 );
    pOp = &p->aOp[p->nOp-1];
    assert( pOp->p4type==P4_NOTUSED );
    pOp->p4type = n;
    pOp->p4.p = pP4;
  }
}

/*
** Set the P4 on the most recently added opcode to the KeyInfo for the
** index given.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(Parse *pParse, Index *pIdx){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  KeyInfo *pKeyInfo;
  assert( v!=0 );
  assert( pIdx!=0 );
  pKeyInfo = sqlite3KeyInfoOfIndex(pParse, pIdx);

  if( pKeyInfo ) sqlite3VdbeAppendP4(v, pKeyInfo, P4_KEYINFO);
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
/*
** Change the comment on the most recently coded instruction.  Or
** insert a No-op and add the comment to that new instruction.  This
** makes the code easier to read during debugging.  None of this happens
................................................................................
      break;
    }
    case P4_FUNCDEF: {
      FuncDef *pDef = pOp->p4.pFunc;
      sqlite3XPrintf(&x, "%s(%d)", pDef->zName, pDef->nArg);
      break;
    }
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(VDBE_PROFILE)
    case P4_FUNCCTX: {
      FuncDef *pDef = pOp->p4.pCtx->pFunc;
      sqlite3XPrintf(&x, "%s(%d)", pDef->zName, pDef->nArg);
      break;
    }
#endif
    case P4_INT64: {
................................................................................
  */
  assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pCur) );
  nCellKey = sqlite3BtreePayloadSize(pCur);
  assert( (nCellKey & SQLITE_MAX_U32)==(u64)nCellKey );

  /* Read in the complete content of the index entry */
  sqlite3VdbeMemInit(&m, db, 0);
  rc = sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(pCur, 0, (u32)nCellKey, &m);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }

  /* The index entry must begin with a header size */
  (void)getVarint32((u8*)m.z, szHdr);
  testcase( szHdr==3 );
................................................................................
  /* nCellKey will always be between 0 and 0xffffffff because of the way
  ** that btreeParseCellPtr() and sqlite3GetVarint32() are implemented */
  if( nCellKey<=0 || nCellKey>0x7fffffff ){
    *res = 0;
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  sqlite3VdbeMemInit(&m, db, 0);
  rc = sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(pCur, 0, (u32)nCellKey, &m);
  if( rc ){
    return rc;
  }
  *res = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(m.n, m.z, pUnpacked);
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(&m);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
  if( p->pUnpacked==0 ){
    u32 nRec;
    u8 *aRec;

    nRec = sqlite3BtreePayloadSize(p->pCsr->uc.pCursor);
    aRec = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, nRec);
    if( !aRec ) goto preupdate_old_out;
    rc = sqlite3BtreePayload(p->pCsr->uc.pCursor, 0, nRec, aRec);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      p->pUnpacked = vdbeUnpackRecord(&p->keyinfo, nRec, aRec);
      if( !p->pUnpacked ) rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, aRec);
      goto preupdate_old_out;
................................................................................
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_found_count = 0;
#endif

/*
** Test a register to see if it exceeds the current maximum blob size.
** If it does, record the new maximum blob size.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_TEST) && !defined(SQLITE_UNTESTABLE)
# define UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(P)  updateMaxBlobsize(P)
#else
# define UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(P)
#endif

/*
** Invoke the VDBE coverage callback, if that callback is defined.  This
................................................................................
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( p2<pC->nField );
  aOffset = pC->aOffset;
  assert( pC->eCurType!=CURTYPE_VTAB );
  assert( pC->eCurType!=CURTYPE_PSEUDO || pC->nullRow );
  assert( pC->eCurType!=CURTYPE_SORTER );


  if( pC->cacheStatus!=p->cacheCtr ){                /*OPTIMIZATION-IF-FALSE*/
    if( pC->nullRow ){
      if( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_PSEUDO ){
        assert( pC->uc.pseudoTableReg>0 );
        pReg = &aMem[pC->uc.pseudoTableReg];
        assert( pReg->flags & MEM_Blob );
................................................................................
        pC->payloadSize = pC->szRow = avail = pReg->n;
        pC->aRow = (u8*)pReg->z;
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pDest);
        goto op_column_out;
      }
    }else{
      pCrsr = pC->uc.pCursor;
      assert( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
      assert( pCrsr );
      assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pCrsr) );
      pC->payloadSize = sqlite3BtreePayloadSize(pCrsr);
      pC->aRow = sqlite3BtreePayloadFetch(pCrsr, &avail);
      assert( avail<=65536 );  /* Maximum page size is 64KiB */
      if( pC->payloadSize <= (u32)avail ){
................................................................................
    /* If there is more header available for parsing in the record, try
    ** to extract additional fields up through the p2+1-th field 
    */
    if( pC->iHdrOffset<aOffset[0] ){
      /* Make sure zData points to enough of the record to cover the header. */
      if( pC->aRow==0 ){
        memset(&sMem, 0, sizeof(sMem));
        rc = sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(pC->uc.pCursor, 0, aOffset[0], &sMem);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto abort_due_to_error;
        zData = (u8*)sMem.z;
      }else{
        zData = pC->aRow;
      }
  
      /* Fill in pC->aType[i] and aOffset[i] values through the p2-th field. */
................................................................................
      **    2. the length(X) function if X is a blob, and
      **    3. if the content length is zero.
      ** So we might as well use bogus content rather than reading
      ** content from disk. */
      static u8 aZero[8];  /* This is the bogus content */
      sqlite3VdbeSerialGet(aZero, t, pDest);
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3VdbeMemFromBtree(pC->uc.pCursor, aOffset[p2], len, pDest);

      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) goto abort_due_to_error;
      sqlite3VdbeSerialGet((const u8*)pDest->z, t, pDest);
      pDest->flags &= ~MEM_Ephem;
    }
  }

op_column_out:
................................................................................
  p->apCsr[pOp->p3]->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
  break;
}

/* Opcode: RowData P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: r[P2]=data
**
** Write into register P2 the complete row content for the row at 
** which cursor P1 is currently pointing.
** There is no interpretation of the data.  
** It is just copied onto the P2 register exactly as 
** it is found in the database file.
**
** If cursor P1 is an index, then the content is the key of the row.
** If cursor P2 is a table, then the content extracted is the data.








**
** If the P1 cursor must be pointing to a valid row (not a NULL row)
** of a real table, not a pseudo-table.
*/

case OP_RowData: {
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  u32 n;

  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  memAboutToChange(p, pOut);


  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pC!=0 );
  assert( pC->eCurType==CURTYPE_BTREE );
  assert( isSorter(pC)==0 );


  assert( pC->nullRow==0 );
  assert( pC->uc.pCursor!=0 );
  pCrsr = pC->uc.pCursor;

  /* The OP_RowData opcodes always follow OP_NotExists or
  ** OP_SeekRowid or OP_Rewind/Op_Next with no intervening instructions
  ** that might invalidate the cursor.
  ** If this where not the case, on of the following assert()s
  ** would fail.  Should this ever change (because of changes in the code
  ** generator) then the fix would be to insert a call to
  ** sqlite3VdbeCursorMoveto().
  */
................................................................................
  }
  testcase( n==0 );
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemClearAndResize(pOut, MAX(n,32)) ){
    goto no_mem;
  }
  pOut->n = n;
  MemSetTypeFlag(pOut, MEM_Blob);

  rc = sqlite3BtreePayload(pCrsr, 0, n, pOut->z);



  if( rc ) goto abort_due_to_error;
  pOut->enc = SQLITE_UTF8;  /* In case the blob is ever cast to text */
  UPDATE_MAX_BLOBSIZE(pOut);
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, pOut);
  break;
}

................................................................................
  }
  break;
}

/* Opcode: DecrJumpZero P1 P2 * * *
** Synopsis: if (--r[P1])==0 goto P2
**
** Register P1 must hold an integer.  Decrement the value in P1
** and jump to P2 if the new value is exactly zero.
*/
case OP_DecrJumpZero: {      /* jump, in1 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( pIn1->flags&MEM_Int );
  if( pIn1->u.i>SMALLEST_INT64 ) pIn1->u.i--;
  VdbeBranchTaken(pIn1->u.i==0, 2);
  if( pIn1->u.i==0 ) goto jump_to_p2;
  break;
}


/* Opcode: AggStep0 * P2 P3 P4 P5
................................................................................
  return rc;
}

/*
** Read data from a blob handle.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_read(sqlite3_blob *pBlob, void *z, int n, int iOffset){
  return blobReadWrite(pBlob, z, n, iOffset, sqlite3BtreePayloadChecked);
}

/*
** Write data to a blob handle.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_write(sqlite3_blob *pBlob, const void *z, int n, int iOffset){
  return blobReadWrite(pBlob, (void *)z, n, iOffset, sqlite3BtreePutData);
................................................................................
    ** sqlite3ExprDelete() specifically skips the recursive delete of
    ** pLeft on TK_SELECT_COLUMN nodes.  But pRight is followed, so pVector
    ** can be attached to pRight to cause this node to take ownership of
    ** pVector.  Typically there will be multiple TK_SELECT_COLUMN nodes
    ** with the same pLeft pointer to the pVector, but only one of them
    ** will own the pVector.
    */
    pRet = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_SELECT_COLUMN, 0, 0);
    if( pRet ){
      pRet->iColumn = iField;
      pRet->pLeft = pVector;
    }
    assert( pRet==0 || pRet->iTable==0 );
  }else{
    if( pVector->op==TK_VECTOR ) pVector = pVector->x.pList->a[iField].pExpr;
................................................................................
** Expr node.  Or, if an OOM error occurs, set pParse->db->mallocFailed,
** free the subtrees and return NULL.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3PExpr(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  int op,                 /* Expression opcode */
  Expr *pLeft,            /* Left operand */
  Expr *pRight            /* Right operand */

){
  Expr *p;
  if( op==TK_AND && pParse->nErr==0 ){
    /* Take advantage of short-circuit false optimization for AND */
    p = sqlite3ExprAnd(pParse->db, pLeft, pRight);
  }else{
    p = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(pParse->db, sizeof(Expr));
    if( p ){
      memset(p, 0, sizeof(Expr));
      p->op = op & TKFLG_MASK;
      p->iAgg = -1;
    }
    sqlite3ExprAttachSubtrees(pParse->db, p, pLeft, pRight);
  }
  if( p ) {
    sqlite3ExprCheckHeight(pParse, p->nHeight);
  }
  return p;
}
................................................................................
**   "sub-select returns N columns - expected M"
*/   
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SubselectError(Parse *pParse, int nActual, int nExpect){
  const char *zFmt = "sub-select returns %d columns - expected %d";
  sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, zFmt, nActual, nExpect);
}
#endif

/*
** Expression pExpr is a vector that has been used in a context where
** it is not permitted. If pExpr is a sub-select vector, this routine 
** loads the Parse object with a message of the form:
**
**   "sub-select returns N columns - expected 1"
**
** Or, if it is a regular scalar vector:
**
**   "row value misused"
*/   
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VectorErrorMsg(Parse *pParse, Expr *pExpr){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
  if( pExpr->flags & EP_xIsSelect ){
    sqlite3SubselectError(pParse, pExpr->x.pSelect->pEList->nExpr, 1);
  }else
#endif
  {
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "row value misused");
  }
}

/*
** Generate code for scalar subqueries used as a subquery expression, EXISTS,
** or IN operators.  Examples:
**
**     (SELECT a FROM b)          -- subquery
**     EXISTS (SELECT a FROM b)   -- EXISTS subquery
................................................................................
  int nVector = sqlite3ExprVectorSize(pIn->pLeft);
  if( (pIn->flags & EP_xIsSelect) ){
    if( nVector!=pIn->x.pSelect->pEList->nExpr ){
      sqlite3SubselectError(pParse, pIn->x.pSelect->pEList->nExpr, nVector);
      return 1;
    }
  }else if( nVector!=1 ){



    sqlite3VectorErrorMsg(pParse, pIn->pLeft);

    return 1;
  }
  return 0;
}
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, iMem);
  }else{
    int c;
    i64 value;
    const char *z = pExpr->u.zToken;
    assert( z!=0 );
    c = sqlite3DecOrHexToI64(z, &value);
    if( c==1 || (c==2 && !negFlag) || (negFlag && value==SMALLEST_INT64)){



#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "oversized integer: %s%s", negFlag ? "-" : "", z);
#else
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_HEX_INTEGER
      if( sqlite3_strnicmp(z,"0x",2)==0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "hex literal too big: %s%s", negFlag?"-":"",z);
      }else
#endif
      {
        codeReal(v, z, negFlag, iMem);
      }
#endif
    }else{
      if( negFlag ){ value = c==2 ? SMALLEST_INT64 : -value; }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Dup8(v, OP_Int64, 0, iMem, 0, (u8*)&value, P4_INT64);
    }
  }
}

/*
** Erase column-cache entry number i
*/
................................................................................
    if( p->op==TK_SELECT ){
      iResult = sqlite3CodeSubselect(pParse, p, 0, 0);
    }else{
      int i;
      iResult = pParse->nMem+1;
      pParse->nMem += nResult;
      for(i=0; i<nResult; i++){
        sqlite3ExprCodeFactorable(pParse, p->x.pList->a[i].pExpr, i+iResult);
      }
    }
  }
  return iResult;
}


................................................................................
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      assert( pExpr->u.zToken!=0 );
      assert( pExpr->u.zToken[0]!=0 );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Variable, pExpr->iColumn, target);
      if( pExpr->u.zToken[1]!=0 ){
        assert( pExpr->u.zToken[0]=='?' 
             || strcmp(pExpr->u.zToken, pParse->azVar[pExpr->iColumn-1])==0 );
        sqlite3VdbeAppendP4(v, pParse->azVar[pExpr->iColumn-1], P4_STATIC);
      }
      return target;
    }
    case TK_REGISTER: {
      return pExpr->iTable;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
................................................................................
  compRight.op = TK_LE;
  compRight.pLeft = &exprX;
  compRight.pRight = pExpr->x.pList->a[1].pExpr;
  exprToRegister(&exprX, exprCodeVector(pParse, &exprX, &regFree1));
  if( xJump ){
    xJump(pParse, &exprAnd, dest, jumpIfNull);
  }else{
    /* Mark the expression is being from the ON or USING clause of a join
    ** so that the sqlite3ExprCodeTarget() routine will not attempt to move
    ** it into the Parse.pConstExpr list.  We should use a new bit for this,
    ** for clarity, but we are out of bits in the Expr.flags field so we
    ** have to reuse the EP_FromJoin bit.  Bummer. */
    exprX.flags |= EP_FromJoin;
    sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, &exprAnd, dest);
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regFree1);

  /* Ensure adequate test coverage */
  testcase( xJump==sqlite3ExprIfTrue  && jumpIfNull==0 && regFree1==0 );
................................................................................
  **   DELETE FROM table_a WHERE col1=1 ORDER BY col2 LIMIT 1 OFFSET 1
  ** becomes:
  **   DELETE FROM table_a WHERE rowid IN ( 
  **     SELECT rowid FROM table_a WHERE col1=1 ORDER BY col2 LIMIT 1 OFFSET 1
  **   );
  */

  pSelectRowid = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ROW, 0, 0);
  if( pSelectRowid == 0 ) goto limit_where_cleanup;
  pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, pSelectRowid);
  if( pEList == 0 ) goto limit_where_cleanup;

  /* duplicate the FROM clause as it is needed by both the DELETE/UPDATE tree
  ** and the SELECT subtree. */
  pSelectSrc = sqlite3SrcListDup(pParse->db, pSrc, 0);
................................................................................

  /* generate the SELECT expression tree. */
  pSelect = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse,pEList,pSelectSrc,pWhere,0,0,
                             pOrderBy,0,pLimit,pOffset);
  if( pSelect == 0 ) return 0;

  /* now generate the new WHERE rowid IN clause for the DELETE/UDPATE */
  pWhereRowid = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ROW, 0, 0);
  pInClause = pWhereRowid ? sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, pWhereRowid, 0) : 0;
  sqlite3PExprAddSelect(pParse, pInClause, pSelect);
  return pInClause;

limit_where_cleanup:
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, pWhere);
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, pOrderBy);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, pLimit);
................................................................................
      if( !IsVirtual(pTab) && aToOpen[iDataCur-iTabCur] ){
        assert( pPk!=0 || pTab->pSelect!=0 );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, addrBypass, iKey, nKey);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
    }else if( pPk ){
      addrLoop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, iEphCur); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowData, iEphCur, iKey);
      assert( nKey==0 );  /* OP_Found will use a composite key */
    }else{
      addrLoop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_RowSetRead, iRowSet, 0, iKey);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
      assert( nKey==1 );
    }  
  
................................................................................
  ** the update-hook is not invoked for rows removed by REPLACE, but the 
  ** pre-update-hook is.
  */ 
  if( pTab->pSelect==0 ){
    u8 p5 = 0;
    sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(pParse, pTab, iDataCur, iIdxCur,0,iIdxNoSeek);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Delete, iDataCur, (count?OPFLAG_NCHANGE:0));
    sqlite3VdbeAppendP4(v, (char*)pTab, P4_TABLE);
    if( eMode!=ONEPASS_OFF ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_AUXDELETE);
    }
    if( iIdxNoSeek>=0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Delete, iIdxNoSeek);
    }
    if( eMode==ONEPASS_MULTI ) p5 |= OPFLAG_SAVEPOSITION;
................................................................................
** case.  Thus  'a' LIKE 'A' would be true. */
static const struct compareInfo likeInfoNorm = { '%', '_',   0, 1 };
/* If SQLITE_CASE_SENSITIVE_LIKE is defined, then the LIKE operator
** is case sensitive causing 'a' LIKE 'A' to be false */
static const struct compareInfo likeInfoAlt = { '%', '_',   0, 0 };

/*
** Possible error returns from patternMatch()
*/
#define SQLITE_MATCH             0
#define SQLITE_NOMATCH           1
#define SQLITE_NOWILDCARDMATCH   2

/*
** Compare two UTF-8 strings for equality where the first string is


** a GLOB or LIKE expression.  Return values:
**
**    SQLITE_MATCH:            Match
**    SQLITE_NOMATCH:          No match
**    SQLITE_NOWILDCARDMATCH:  No match in spite of having * or % wildcards.
**
** Globbing rules:
**
**      '*'       Matches any sequence of zero or more characters.
**
**      '?'       Matches exactly one character.
**
................................................................................
  while( (c = Utf8Read(zPattern))!=0 ){
    if( c==matchAll ){  /* Match "*" */
      /* Skip over multiple "*" characters in the pattern.  If there
      ** are also "?" characters, skip those as well, but consume a
      ** single character of the input string for each "?" skipped */
      while( (c=Utf8Read(zPattern)) == matchAll || c == matchOne ){
        if( c==matchOne && sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString)==0 ){
          return SQLITE_NOWILDCARDMATCH;
        }
      }
      if( c==0 ){
        return SQLITE_MATCH;   /* "*" at the end of the pattern matches */
      }else if( c==matchOther ){
        if( pInfo->matchSet==0 ){
          c = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
          if( c==0 ) return SQLITE_NOWILDCARDMATCH;
        }else{
          /* "[...]" immediately follows the "*".  We have to do a slow
          ** recursive search in this case, but it is an unusual case. */
          assert( matchOther<0x80 );  /* '[' is a single-byte character */
          while( *zString ){
            int bMatch = patternCompare(&zPattern[-1],zString,pInfo,matchOther);
            if( bMatch!=SQLITE_NOMATCH ) return bMatch;
            SQLITE_SKIP_UTF8(zString);
          }

          return SQLITE_NOWILDCARDMATCH;
        }
      }

      /* At this point variable c contains the first character of the
      ** pattern string past the "*".  Search in the input string for the
      ** first matching character and recursively continue the match from
      ** that point.
      **
      ** For a case-insensitive search, set variable cx to be the same as
      ** c but in the other case and search the input string for either
      ** c or cx.
      */
      if( c<=0x80 ){
        u32 cx;
        int bMatch;
        if( noCase ){
          cx = sqlite3Toupper(c);
          c = sqlite3Tolower(c);
        }else{
          cx = c;
        }
        while( (c2 = *(zString++))!=0 ){
          if( c2!=c && c2!=cx ) continue;
          bMatch = patternCompare(zPattern,zString,pInfo,matchOther);
          if( bMatch!=SQLITE_NOMATCH ) return bMatch;
        }
      }else{
        int bMatch;
        while( (c2 = Utf8Read(zString))!=0 ){
          if( c2!=c ) continue;
          bMatch = patternCompare(zPattern,zString,pInfo,matchOther);
          if( bMatch!=SQLITE_NOMATCH ) return bMatch;
        }
      }
      return SQLITE_NOWILDCARDMATCH;
    }
    if( c==matchOther ){
      if( pInfo->matchSet==0 ){
        c = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
        if( c==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMATCH;
        zEscaped = zPattern;
      }else{
        u32 prior_c = 0;
        int seen = 0;
        int invert = 0;
        c = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zString);
        if( c==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMATCH;
        c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
        if( c2=='^' ){
          invert = 1;
          c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
        }
        if( c2==']' ){
          if( c==']' ) seen = 1;
................................................................................
              seen = 1;
            }
            prior_c = c2;
          }
          c2 = sqlite3Utf8Read(&zPattern);
        }
        if( c2==0 || (seen ^ invert)==0 ){
          return SQLITE_NOMATCH;
        }
        continue;
      }
    }
    c2 = Utf8Read(zString);
    if( c==c2 ) continue;
    if( noCase  && sqlite3Tolower(c)==sqlite3Tolower(c2) && c<0x80 && c2<0x80 ){
      continue;
    }
    if( c==matchOne && zPattern!=zEscaped && c2!=0 ) continue;
    return SQLITE_NOMATCH;
  }
  return *zString==0 ? SQLITE_MATCH : SQLITE_NOMATCH;
}

/*
** The sqlite3_strglob() interface.  Return 0 on a match (like strcmp()) and
** non-zero if there is no match.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_strglob(const char *zGlobPattern, const char *zString){
  return patternCompare((u8*)zGlobPattern, (u8*)zString, &globInfo, '[');
}

/*
** The sqlite3_strlike() interface.  Return 0 on a match and non-zero for
** a miss - like strcmp().
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_strlike(const char *zPattern, const char *zStr, unsigned int esc){
  return patternCompare((u8*)zPattern, (u8*)zStr, &likeInfoNorm, esc);
}

/*
** Count the number of times that the LIKE operator (or GLOB which is
** just a variation of LIKE) gets called.  This is used for testing
** only.
*/
................................................................................
  }else{
    escape = pInfo->matchSet;
  }
  if( zA && zB ){
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
    sqlite3_like_count++;
#endif
    sqlite3_result_int(context, patternCompare(zB, zA, pInfo, escape)==SQLITE_MATCH);
  }
}

/*
** Implementation of the NULLIF(x,y) function.  The result is the first
** argument if the arguments are different.  The result is NULL if the
** arguments are equal to each other.
................................................................................

    iCol = pIdx ? pIdx->aiColumn[i] : -1;
    pLeft = exprTableRegister(pParse, pTab, regData, iCol);
    iCol = aiCol ? aiCol[i] : pFKey->aCol[0].iFrom;
    assert( iCol>=0 );
    zCol = pFKey->pFrom->aCol[iCol].zName;
    pRight = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zCol);
    pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pLeft, pRight);
    pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pEq);
  }

  /* If the child table is the same as the parent table, then add terms
  ** to the WHERE clause that prevent this entry from being scanned.
  ** The added WHERE clause terms are like this:
  **
................................................................................
  if( pTab==pFKey->pFrom && nIncr>0 ){
    Expr *pNe;                    /* Expression (pLeft != pRight) */
    Expr *pLeft;                  /* Value from parent table row */
    Expr *pRight;                 /* Column ref to child table */
    if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
      pLeft = exprTableRegister(pParse, pTab, regData, -1);
      pRight = exprTableColumn(db, pTab, pSrc->a[0].iCursor, -1);
      pNe = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NE, pLeft, pRight);
    }else{
      Expr *pEq, *pAll = 0;
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
      assert( pIdx!=0 );
      for(i=0; i<pPk->nKeyCol; i++){
        i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        assert( iCol>=0 );
        pLeft = exprTableRegister(pParse, pTab, regData, iCol);
        pRight = exprTableColumn(db, pTab, pSrc->a[0].iCursor, iCol);
        pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pLeft, pRight);
        pAll = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pAll, pEq);
      }
      pNe = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, pAll, 0);
    }
    pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pNe);
  }

  /* Resolve the references in the WHERE clause. */
  memset(&sNameContext, 0, sizeof(NameContext));
  sNameContext.pSrcList = pSrc;
................................................................................
      /* Create the expression "OLD.zToCol = zFromCol". It is important
      ** that the "OLD.zToCol" term is on the LHS of the = operator, so
      ** that the affinity and collation sequence associated with the
      ** parent table are used for the comparison. */
      pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ,
          sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, 
            sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tOld, 0),
            sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tToCol, 0)),

          sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tFromCol, 0)
      );
      pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pEq);

      /* For ON UPDATE, construct the next term of the WHEN clause.
      ** The final WHEN clause will be like this:
      **
      **    WHEN NOT(old.col1 IS new.col1 AND ... AND old.colN IS new.colN)
      */
      if( pChanges ){
        pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IS,
            sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, 
              sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tOld, 0),
              sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tToCol, 0)),

            sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, 
              sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tNew, 0),
              sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tToCol, 0))

            );
        pWhen = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhen, pEq);
      }
  
      if( action!=OE_Restrict && (action!=OE_Cascade || pChanges) ){
        Expr *pNew;
        if( action==OE_Cascade ){
          pNew = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, 
            sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tNew, 0),
            sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &tToCol, 0));

        }else if( action==OE_SetDflt ){
          Expr *pDflt = pFKey->pFrom->aCol[iFromCol].pDflt;
          if( pDflt ){
            pNew = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pDflt, 0);
          }else{
            pNew = sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_NULL, 0, 0);
          }
................................................................................
      pStep->zTarget = (char *)&pStep[1];
      memcpy((char *)pStep->zTarget, zFrom, nFrom);
  
      pStep->pWhere = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pWhere, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
      pStep->pExprList = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pList, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
      pStep->pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pSelect, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
      if( pWhen ){
        pWhen = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, pWhen, 0);
        pTrigger->pWhen = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pWhen, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
      }
    }

    /* Re-enable the lookaside buffer, if it was disabled earlier. */
    db->lookaside.bDisable--;

................................................................................
      case OE_Abort:
        sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
        /* Fall through */
      case OE_Rollback:
      case OE_Fail: {
        char *zMsg = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s.%s", pTab->zName,
                                    pTab->aCol[i].zName);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_HaltIfNull, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL, onError,
                          regNewData+1+i);
        sqlite3VdbeAppendP4(v, zMsg, P4_DYNAMIC);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, P5_ConstraintNotNull);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
        break;
      }
      case OE_Ignore: {
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regNewData+1+i, ignoreDest);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK
          if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
            /* This OP_Delete opcode fires the pre-update-hook only. It does
            ** not modify the b-tree. It is more efficient to let the coming
            ** OP_Insert replace the existing entry than it is to delete the
            ** existing entry and then insert a new one. */
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Delete, iDataCur, OPFLAG_ISNOOP);
            sqlite3VdbeAppendP4(v, pTab, P4_TABLE);
          }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK */
          if( pTab->pIndex ){
            sqlite3MultiWrite(pParse);
            sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(pParse, pTab, iDataCur, iIdxCur,0,-1);
          }
        }
................................................................................
    pik_flags |= OPFLAG_APPEND;
  }
  if( useSeekResult ){
    pik_flags |= OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT;
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iDataCur, regRec, regNewData);
  if( !pParse->nested ){
    sqlite3VdbeAppendP4(v, pTab, P4_TABLE);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, pik_flags);
}

/*
** Allocate cursors for the pTab table and all its indices and generate
** code to open and initialized those cursors.
................................................................................
    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pSrcIdx);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pSrcIdx->zName));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenWrite, iDest, pDestIdx->tnum, iDbDest);
    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pDestIdx);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_BULKCSR);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pDestIdx->zName));
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iSrc, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowData, iSrc, regData);
    if( db->flags & SQLITE_Vacuum ){
      /* This INSERT command is part of a VACUUM operation, which guarantees
      ** that the destination table is empty. If all indexed columns use
      ** collation sequence BINARY, then it can also be assumed that the
      ** index will be populated by inserting keys in strictly sorted 
      ** order. In this case, instead of seeking within the b-tree as part
      ** of every OP_IdxInsert opcode, an OP_Last is added before the
................................................................................
  assert( pSrc->nSrc>iRight );
  assert( pSrc->a[iLeft].pTab );
  assert( pSrc->a[iRight].pTab );

  pE1 = sqlite3CreateColumnExpr(db, pSrc, iLeft, iColLeft);
  pE2 = sqlite3CreateColumnExpr(db, pSrc, iRight, iColRight);

  pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pE1, pE2);
  if( pEq && isOuterJoin ){
    ExprSetProperty(pEq, EP_FromJoin);
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pEq, EP_TokenOnly|EP_Reduced) );
    ExprSetVVAProperty(pEq, EP_NoReduce);
    pEq->iRightJoinTable = (i16)pE2->iTable;
  }
  *ppWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, *ppWhere, pEq);
................................................................................
        generateColumnNames(pParse, pFirst->pSrc, pFirst->pEList);
      }
      iBreak = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      iCont = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      computeLimitRegisters(pParse, p, iBreak);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, tab1, iBreak); VdbeCoverage(v);
      r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      iStart = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowData, tab1, r1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, tab2, iCont, r1, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
      selectInnerLoop(pParse, p, p->pEList, tab1,
                      0, 0, &dest, iCont, iBreak);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iCont);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, tab1, iStart); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iBreak);
................................................................................
  explainComposite(pParse, p->op, iSub1, iSub2, 0);
  return pParse->nErr!=0;
}
#endif

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)
/* Forward Declarations */
static void substExprList(Parse*, ExprList*, int, ExprList*);
static void substSelect(Parse*, Select *, int, ExprList*, int);

/*
** Scan through the expression pExpr.  Replace every reference to
** a column in table number iTable with a copy of the iColumn-th
** entry in pEList.  (But leave references to the ROWID column 
** unchanged.)
**
................................................................................
** whose result set is defined by pEList appears as entry in the
** FROM clause of a SELECT such that the VDBE cursor assigned to that
** FORM clause entry is iTable.  This routine make the necessary 
** changes to pExpr so that it refers directly to the source table
** of the subquery rather the result set of the subquery.
*/
static Expr *substExpr(
  Parse *pParse,      /* Report errors here */
  Expr *pExpr,        /* Expr in which substitution occurs */
  int iTable,         /* Table to be substituted */
  ExprList *pEList    /* Substitute expressions */
){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  if( pExpr==0 ) return 0;
  if( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN && pExpr->iTable==iTable ){
    if( pExpr->iColumn<0 ){
      pExpr->op = TK_NULL;
    }else{
      Expr *pNew;
      Expr *pCopy = pEList->a[pExpr->iColumn].pExpr;
      assert( pEList!=0 && pExpr->iColumn<pEList->nExpr );
      assert( pExpr->pLeft==0 && pExpr->pRight==0 );
      if( sqlite3ExprIsVector(pCopy) ){
        sqlite3VectorErrorMsg(pParse, pCopy);
      }else{
        pNew = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pCopy, 0);
        if( pNew && (pExpr->flags & EP_FromJoin) ){
          pNew->iRightJoinTable = pExpr->iRightJoinTable;
          pNew->flags |= EP_FromJoin;
        }
        sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr);
        pExpr = pNew;
      }
    }
  }else{
    pExpr->pLeft = substExpr(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, iTable, pEList);
    pExpr->pRight = substExpr(pParse, pExpr->pRight, iTable, pEList);
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
      substSelect(pParse, pExpr->x.pSelect, iTable, pEList, 1);
    }else{
      substExprList(pParse, pExpr->x.pList, iTable, pEList);
    }
  }
  return pExpr;
}
static void substExprList(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Report errors here */
  ExprList *pList,     /* List to scan and in which to make substitutes */
  int iTable,          /* Table to be substituted */
  ExprList *pEList     /* Substitute values */
){
  int i;
  if( pList==0 ) return;
  for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
    pList->a[i].pExpr = substExpr(pParse, pList->a[i].pExpr, iTable, pEList);
  }
}
static void substSelect(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Report errors here */
  Select *p,           /* SELECT statement in which to make substitutions */
  int iTable,          /* Table to be replaced */
  ExprList *pEList,    /* Substitute values */
  int doPrior          /* Do substitutes on p->pPrior too */
){
  SrcList *pSrc;
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;
  int i;
  if( !p ) return;
  do{
    substExprList(pParse, p->pEList, iTable, pEList);
    substExprList(pParse, p->pGroupBy, iTable, pEList);
    substExprList(pParse, p->pOrderBy, iTable, pEList);
    p->pHaving = substExpr(pParse, p->pHaving, iTable, pEList);
    p->pWhere = substExpr(pParse, p->pWhere, iTable, pEList);
    pSrc = p->pSrc;
    assert( pSrc!=0 );
    for(i=pSrc->nSrc, pItem=pSrc->a; i>0; i--, pItem++){
      substSelect(pParse, pItem->pSelect, iTable, pEList, 1);
      if( pItem->fg.isTabFunc ){
        substExprList(pParse, pItem->u1.pFuncArg, iTable, pEList);
      }
    }
  }while( doPrior && (p = p->pPrior)!=0 );
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) */

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW)
................................................................................
          sqlite3ExprDup(db, pSub->pHaving, 0), pParent->pHaving
      );
      assert( pParent->pGroupBy==0 );
      pParent->pGroupBy = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pSub->pGroupBy, 0);
    }else{
      pParent->pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pWhere, pParent->pWhere);
    }
    substSelect(pParse, pParent, iParent, pSub->pEList, 0);
  
    /* The flattened query is distinct if either the inner or the
    ** outer query is distinct. 
    */
    pParent->selFlags |= pSub->selFlags & SF_Distinct;
  
    /*
................................................................................
**   (5) The WHERE clause expression originates in the ON or USING clause
**       of a LEFT JOIN.
**
** Return 0 if no changes are made and non-zero if one or more WHERE clause
** terms are duplicated into the subquery.
*/
static int pushDownWhereTerms(
  Parse *pParse,        /* Parse context (for malloc() and error reporting) */
  Select *pSubq,        /* The subquery whose WHERE clause is to be augmented */
  Expr *pWhere,         /* The WHERE clause of the outer query */
  int iCursor           /* Cursor number of the subquery */
){
  Expr *pNew;
  int nChng = 0;
  Select *pX;           /* For looping over compound SELECTs in pSubq */
................................................................................
      return 0; /* restrictions (1) and (2) */
    }
  }
  if( pSubq->pLimit!=0 ){
    return 0; /* restriction (3) */
  }
  while( pWhere->op==TK_AND ){
    nChng += pushDownWhereTerms(pParse, pSubq, pWhere->pRight, iCursor);
    pWhere = pWhere->pLeft;
  }
  if( ExprHasProperty(pWhere,EP_FromJoin) ) return 0; /* restriction 5 */
  if( sqlite3ExprIsTableConstant(pWhere, iCursor) ){
    nChng++;
    while( pSubq ){
      pNew = sqlite3ExprDup(pParse->db, pWhere, 0);
      pNew = substExpr(pParse, pNew, iCursor, pSubq->pEList);
      pSubq->pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(pParse->db, pSubq->pWhere, pNew);
      pSubq = pSubq->pPrior;
    }
  }
  return nChng;
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) */

................................................................................
            }
            pRight = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zName);
            zColname = zName;
            zToFree = 0;
            if( longNames || pTabList->nSrc>1 ){
              Expr *pLeft;
              pLeft = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zTabName);
              pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, pLeft, pRight);
              if( zSchemaName ){
                pLeft = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, zSchemaName);
                pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, pLeft, pExpr);
              }
              if( longNames ){
                zColname = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s.%s", zTabName, zName);
                zToFree = zColname;
              }
            }else{
              pExpr = pRight;
................................................................................
static void finalizeAggFunctions(Parse *pParse, AggInfo *pAggInfo){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int i;
  struct AggInfo_func *pF;
  for(i=0, pF=pAggInfo->aFunc; i<pAggInfo->nFunc; i++, pF++){
    ExprList *pList = pF->pExpr->x.pList;
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pF->pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AggFinal, pF->iMem, pList ? pList->nExpr : 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAppendP4(v, pF->pFunc, P4_FUNCDEF);
  }
}

/*
** Update the accumulator memory cells for an aggregate based on
** the current cursor position.
*/
................................................................................
      }
      if( !pColl ){
        pColl = pParse->db->pDfltColl;
      }
      if( regHit==0 && pAggInfo->nAccumulator ) regHit = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_CollSeq, regHit, 0, 0, (char *)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_AggStep0, 0, regAgg, pF->iMem);
    sqlite3VdbeAppendP4(v, pF->pFunc, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, (u8)nArg);
    sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, regAgg, nArg);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regAgg, nArg);
    if( addrNext ){
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrNext);
      sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
    }
................................................................................
    */
    pParse->nHeight += sqlite3SelectExprHeight(p);

    /* Make copies of constant WHERE-clause terms in the outer query down
    ** inside the subquery.  This can help the subquery to run more efficiently.
    */
    if( (pItem->fg.jointype & JT_OUTER)==0
     && pushDownWhereTerms(pParse, pSub, p->pWhere, pItem->iCursor)
    ){
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
      if( sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x100 ){
        SELECTTRACE(0x100,pParse,p,("After WHERE-clause push-down:\n"));
        sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
      }
#endif
................................................................................
    u8 enc = ENC(sqlite3VdbeDb(v));
    Column *pCol = &pTab->aCol[i];
    VdbeComment((v, "%s.%s", pTab->zName, pCol->zName));
    assert( i<pTab->nCol );
    sqlite3ValueFromExpr(sqlite3VdbeDb(v), pCol->pDflt, enc, 
                         pCol->affinity, &pValue);
    if( pValue ){
      sqlite3VdbeAppendP4(v, pValue, P4_MEM);
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
    if( pTab->aCol[i].affinity==SQLITE_AFF_REAL ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_RealAffinity, iReg);
    }
#endif
  }
................................................................................
    labelContinue = labelBreak;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, pPk ? regKey : regOldRowid, labelBreak);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, pPk==0);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, pPk!=0);
  }else if( pPk ){
    labelContinue = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iEph, labelBreak); VdbeCoverage(v);
    addrTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowData, iEph, regKey);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, labelContinue, regKey, 0);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
  }else{
    labelContinue = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_RowSetRead, regRowSet, labelBreak,
                             regOldRowid);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iDataCur, labelContinue, regOldRowid);
................................................................................
    assert( regNew==regNewRowid+1 );
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Delete, iDataCur,
        OPFLAG_ISUPDATE | ((hasFK || chngKey || pPk!=0) ? 0 : OPFLAG_ISNOOP),
        regNewRowid
    );
    if( !pParse->nested ){
      sqlite3VdbeAppendP4(v, pTab, P4_TABLE);
    }
#else
    if( hasFK || chngKey || pPk!=0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Delete, iDataCur, 0);
    }
#endif
    if( bReplace || chngKey ){
................................................................................
        codeExprOrVector(pParse, pRight, iTarget, 1);
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pLoop->u.vtab.idxNum, iReg);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, nConstraint, iReg+1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VFilter, iCur, addrNotFound, iReg,
                      pLoop->u.vtab.idxStr,
                      pLoop->u.vtab.needFree ? P4_DYNAMIC : P4_STATIC);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    pLoop->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
    pLevel->p1 = iCur;
    pLevel->op = pWInfo->eOnePass ? OP_Noop : OP_VNext;
    pLevel->p2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    iIn = pLevel->u.in.nIn;
    for(j=nConstraint-1; j>=0; j--){
................................................................................
          assert( pOp->opcode!=OP_Rowid || pOp->p2==iReg+j+2 );
          testcase( pOp->opcode==OP_Rowid );
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, pOp->opcode, pOp->p1, pOp->p2, pOp->p3);
        }

        /* Generate code that will continue to the next row if 
        ** the IN constraint is not satisfied */
        pCompare = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, 0, 0);
        assert( pCompare!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
        if( pCompare ){
          pCompare->pLeft = pTerm->pExpr->pLeft;
          pCompare->pRight = pRight = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_REGISTER, 0);
          if( pRight ){
            pRight->iTable = iReg+j+2;
            sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pCompare, pLevel->addrCont, 0);
................................................................................
        if( (pWC->a[iTerm].wtFlags & (TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_CODED))!=0 ) continue;
        if( (pWC->a[iTerm].eOperator & WO_ALL)==0 ) continue;
        testcase( pWC->a[iTerm].wtFlags & TERM_ORINFO );
        pExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr, 0);
        pAndExpr = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pAndExpr, pExpr);
      }
      if( pAndExpr ){
        pAndExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_AND|TKFLG_DONTFOLD, 0, pAndExpr);
      }
    }

    /* Run a separate WHERE clause for each term of the OR clause.  After
    ** eliminating duplicates from other WHERE clauses, the action for each
    ** sub-WHERE clause is to to invoke the main loop body as a subroutine.
    */
................................................................................
        assert( pOrTerm->u.leftColumn==iColumn );
        pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOrTerm->pExpr->pRight, 0);
        pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pWInfo->pParse, pList, pDup);
        pLeft = pOrTerm->pExpr->pLeft;
      }
      assert( pLeft!=0 );
      pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pLeft, 0);
      pNew = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, pDup, 0);
      if( pNew ){
        int idxNew;
        transferJoinMarkings(pNew, pExpr);
        assert( !ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_xIsSelect) );
        pNew->x.pList = pList;
        idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNew, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
        testcase( idxNew==0 );
................................................................................
    assert( pList!=0 );
    assert( pList->nExpr==2 );
    for(i=0; i<2; i++){
      Expr *pNewExpr;
      int idxNew;
      pNewExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, ops[i], 
                             sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr->pLeft, 0),
                             sqlite3ExprDup(db, pList->a[i].pExpr, 0));
      transferJoinMarkings(pNewExpr, pExpr);
      idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
      testcase( idxNew==0 );
      exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew);
      pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
      markTermAsChild(pWC, idxNew, idxTerm);
    }
................................................................................
      }
      *pC = c + 1;
    }
    zCollSeqName = noCase ? "NOCASE" : "BINARY";
    pNewExpr1 = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pLeft, 0);
    pNewExpr1 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_GE,
           sqlite3ExprAddCollateString(pParse,pNewExpr1,zCollSeqName),
           pStr1);
    transferJoinMarkings(pNewExpr1, pExpr);
    idxNew1 = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr1, wtFlags);
    testcase( idxNew1==0 );
    exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew1);
    pNewExpr2 = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pLeft, 0);
    pNewExpr2 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_LT,
           sqlite3ExprAddCollateString(pParse,pNewExpr2,zCollSeqName),
           pStr2);
    transferJoinMarkings(pNewExpr2, pExpr);
    idxNew2 = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr2, wtFlags);
    testcase( idxNew2==0 );
    exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew2);
    pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
    if( isComplete ){
      markTermAsChild(pWC, idxNew1, idxTerm);
................................................................................
    pRight = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
    pLeft = pExpr->x.pList->a[1].pExpr;
    prereqExpr = sqlite3WhereExprUsage(pMaskSet, pRight);
    prereqColumn = sqlite3WhereExprUsage(pMaskSet, pLeft);
    if( (prereqExpr & prereqColumn)==0 ){
      Expr *pNewExpr;
      pNewExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_MATCH, 
                              0, sqlite3ExprDup(db, pRight, 0));
      idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
      testcase( idxNew==0 );
      pNewTerm = &pWC->a[idxNew];
      pNewTerm->prereqRight = prereqExpr;
      pNewTerm->leftCursor = pLeft->iTable;
      pNewTerm->u.leftColumn = pLeft->iColumn;
      pNewTerm->eOperator = WO_MATCH;
................................................................................
    assert( nLeft==sqlite3ExprVectorSize(pExpr->pRight) );
    for(i=0; i<nLeft; i++){
      int idxNew;
      Expr *pNew;
      Expr *pLeft = sqlite3ExprForVectorField(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, i);
      Expr *pRight = sqlite3ExprForVectorField(pParse, pExpr->pRight, i);

      pNew = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, pExpr->op, pLeft, pRight);
      transferJoinMarkings(pNew, pExpr);
      idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNew, TERM_DYNAMIC);
      exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew);
    }
    pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
    pTerm->wtFlags = TERM_CODED|TERM_VIRTUAL;  /* Disable the original */
    pTerm->eOperator = 0;
................................................................................
    Expr *pNewExpr;
    Expr *pLeft = pExpr->pLeft;
    int idxNew;
    WhereTerm *pNewTerm;

    pNewExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_GT,
                            sqlite3ExprDup(db, pLeft, 0),
                            sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_NULL, 0, 0));

    idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNewExpr,
                              TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC|TERM_VNULL);
    if( idxNew ){
      pNewTerm = &pWC->a[idxNew];
      pNewTerm->prereqRight = 0;
      pNewTerm->leftCursor = pLeft->iTable;
................................................................................
    }
    pColRef = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_COLUMN, 0, 0);
    if( pColRef==0 ) return;
    pColRef->iTable = pItem->iCursor;
    pColRef->iColumn = k++;
    pColRef->pTab = pTab;
    pTerm = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pColRef,
                         sqlite3ExprDup(pParse->db, pArgs->a[j].pExpr, 0));
    whereClauseInsert(pWC, pTerm, TERM_DYNAMIC);
  }
}

/************** End of whereexpr.c *******************************************/
/************** Begin file where.c *******************************************/
/*
................................................................................
  */
  static void spanBinaryExpr(
    Parse *pParse,      /* The parsing context.  Errors accumulate here */
    int op,             /* The binary operation */
    ExprSpan *pLeft,    /* The left operand, and output */
    ExprSpan *pRight    /* The right operand */
  ){
    pLeft->pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, op, pLeft->pExpr, pRight->pExpr);
    pLeft->zEnd = pRight->zEnd;
  }

  /* If doNot is true, then add a TK_NOT Expr-node wrapper around the
  ** outside of *ppExpr.
  */
  static void exprNot(Parse *pParse, int doNot, ExprSpan *pSpan){
    if( doNot ){
      pSpan->pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, pSpan->pExpr, 0);
    }
  }

  /* Construct an expression node for a unary postfix operator
  */
  static void spanUnaryPostfix(
    Parse *pParse,         /* Parsing context to record errors */
    int op,                /* The operator */
    ExprSpan *pOperand,    /* The operand, and output */
    Token *pPostOp         /* The operand token for setting the span */
  ){
    pOperand->pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, op, pOperand->pExpr, 0);
    pOperand->zEnd = &pPostOp->z[pPostOp->n];
  }                           

  /* A routine to convert a binary TK_IS or TK_ISNOT expression into a
  ** unary TK_ISNULL or TK_NOTNULL expression. */
  static void binaryToUnaryIfNull(Parse *pParse, Expr *pY, Expr *pA, int op){
    sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
................................................................................
    ExprSpan *pOut,        /* Write the new expression node here */
    Parse *pParse,         /* Parsing context to record errors */
    int op,                /* The operator */
    ExprSpan *pOperand,    /* The operand */
    Token *pPreOp         /* The operand token for setting the span */
  ){
    pOut->zStart = pPreOp->z;
    pOut->pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, op, pOperand->pExpr, 0);
    pOut->zEnd = pOperand->zEnd;
  }

  /* Add a single new term to an ExprList that is used to store a
  ** list of identifiers.  Report an error if the ID list contains
  ** a COLLATE clause or an ASC or DESC keyword, except ignore the
  ** error while parsing a legacy schema.
................................................................................
}

/*
** The following routine is called if the stack overflows.
*/
static void yyStackOverflow(yyParser *yypParser){
   sqlite3ParserARG_FETCH;

#ifndef NDEBUG
   if( yyTraceFILE ){
     fprintf(yyTraceFILE,"%sStack Overflow!\n",yyTracePrompt);
   }
#endif
   while( yypParser->yytos>yypParser->yystack ) yy_pop_parser_stack(yypParser);
   /* Here code is inserted which will execute if the parser
................................................................................
  if( (int)(yypParser->yytos - yypParser->yystack)>yypParser->yyhwm ){
    yypParser->yyhwm++;
    assert( yypParser->yyhwm == (int)(yypParser->yytos - yypParser->yystack) );
  }
#endif
#if YYSTACKDEPTH>0 
  if( yypParser->yytos>=&yypParser->yystack[YYSTACKDEPTH] ){
    yypParser->yytos--;
    yyStackOverflow(yypParser);
    return;
  }
#else
  if( yypParser->yytos>=&yypParser->yystack[yypParser->yystksz] ){
    if( yyGrowStack(yypParser) ){
      yypParser->yytos--;
      yyStackOverflow(yypParser);
      return;
    }
  }
#endif
  if( yyNewState > YY_MAX_SHIFT ){
    yyNewState += YY_MIN_REDUCE - YY_MIN_SHIFTREDUCE;
................................................................................
        break;
      case 31: /* ccons ::= DEFAULT LP expr RP */
{sqlite3AddDefaultValue(pParse,&yymsp[-1].minor.yy190);}
        break;
      case 33: /* ccons ::= DEFAULT MINUS term */
{
  ExprSpan v;
  v.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_UMINUS, yymsp[0].minor.yy190.pExpr, 0);
  v.zStart = yymsp[-1].minor.yy0.z;
  v.zEnd = yymsp[0].minor.yy190.zEnd;
  sqlite3AddDefaultValue(pParse,&v);
}
        break;
      case 34: /* ccons ::= DEFAULT ID|INDEXED */
{
................................................................................
{
  Expr *p = sqlite3Expr(pParse->db, TK_ASTERISK, 0);
  yymsp[-1].minor.yy148 = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, yymsp[-1].minor.yy148, p);
}
        break;
      case 94: /* selcollist ::= sclp nm DOT STAR */
{
  Expr *pRight = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ASTERISK, 0, 0);
  Expr *pLeft = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_ID, &yymsp[-2].minor.yy0, 1);
  Expr *pDot = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, pLeft, pRight);
  yymsp[-3].minor.yy148 = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,yymsp[-3].minor.yy148, pDot);
}
        break;
      case 95: /* as ::= AS nm */
      case 106: /* dbnm ::= DOT nm */ yytestcase(yyruleno==106);
      case 225: /* plus_num ::= PLUS INTEGER|FLOAT */ yytestcase(yyruleno==225);
      case 226: /* minus_num ::= MINUS INTEGER|FLOAT */ yytestcase(yyruleno==226);
................................................................................
{spanExpr(&yymsp[0].minor.yy190,pParse,TK_ID,yymsp[0].minor.yy0); /*A-overwrites-X*/}
        break;
      case 154: /* expr ::= nm DOT nm */
{
  Expr *temp1 = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_ID, &yymsp[-2].minor.yy0, 1);
  Expr *temp2 = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_ID, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0, 1);
  spanSet(&yymsp[-2].minor.yy190,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0); /*A-overwrites-X*/
  yymsp[-2].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, temp1, temp2);
}
        break;
      case 155: /* expr ::= nm DOT nm DOT nm */
{
  Expr *temp1 = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_ID, &yymsp[-4].minor.yy0, 1);
  Expr *temp2 = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_ID, &yymsp[-2].minor.yy0, 1);
  Expr *temp3 = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_ID, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0, 1);
  Expr *temp4 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, temp2, temp3);
  spanSet(&yymsp[-4].minor.yy190,&yymsp[-4].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0); /*A-overwrites-X*/
  yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, temp1, temp4);
}
        break;
      case 158: /* term ::= INTEGER */
{
  yylhsminor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_INTEGER, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0, 1);
  yylhsminor.yy190.zStart = yymsp[0].minor.yy0.z;
  yylhsminor.yy190.zEnd = yymsp[0].minor.yy0.z + yymsp[0].minor.yy0.n;
................................................................................
    Token t = yymsp[0].minor.yy0; /*A-overwrites-X*/
    assert( t.n>=2 );
    spanSet(&yymsp[0].minor.yy190, &t, &t);
    if( pParse->nested==0 ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "near \"%T\": syntax error", &t);
      yymsp[0].minor.yy190.pExpr = 0;
    }else{
      yymsp[0].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_REGISTER, 0, 0);
      if( yymsp[0].minor.yy190.pExpr ) sqlite3GetInt32(&t.z[1], &yymsp[0].minor.yy190.pExpr->iTable);
    }
  }
}
        break;
      case 160: /* expr ::= expr COLLATE ID|STRING */
{
................................................................................
  yymsp[-2].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3ExprAddCollateToken(pParse, yymsp[-2].minor.yy190.pExpr, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0, 1);
  yymsp[-2].minor.yy190.zEnd = &yymsp[0].minor.yy0.z[yymsp[0].minor.yy0.n];
}
        break;
      case 161: /* expr ::= CAST LP expr AS typetoken RP */
{
  spanSet(&yymsp[-5].minor.yy190,&yymsp[-5].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0); /*A-overwrites-X*/
  yymsp[-5].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_CAST, &yymsp[-1].minor.yy0, 1);
  sqlite3ExprAttachSubtrees(pParse->db, yymsp[-5].minor.yy190.pExpr, yymsp[-3].minor.yy190.pExpr, 0);
}
        break;
      case 162: /* expr ::= ID|INDEXED LP distinct exprlist RP */
{
  if( yymsp[-1].minor.yy148 && yymsp[-1].minor.yy148->nExpr>pParse->db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG] ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many arguments on function %T", &yymsp[-4].minor.yy0);
  }
................................................................................
  spanSet(&yylhsminor.yy190, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0);
}
  yymsp[0].minor.yy190 = yylhsminor.yy190;
        break;
      case 165: /* expr ::= LP nexprlist COMMA expr RP */
{
  ExprList *pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, yymsp[-3].minor.yy148, yymsp[-1].minor.yy190.pExpr);
  yylhsminor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_VECTOR, 0, 0);
  if( yylhsminor.yy190.pExpr ){
    yylhsminor.yy190.pExpr->x.pList = pList;
    spanSet(&yylhsminor.yy190, &yymsp[-4].minor.yy0, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, pList);
  }
}
................................................................................
      case 189: /* in_op ::= IN */ yytestcase(yyruleno==189);
{yymsp[0].minor.yy194 = 0;}
        break;
      case 188: /* expr ::= expr between_op expr AND expr */
{
  ExprList *pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,0, yymsp[-2].minor.yy190.pExpr);
  pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,pList, yymsp[0].minor.yy190.pExpr);
  yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_BETWEEN, yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr, 0);
  if( yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr ){
    yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr->x.pList = pList;
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, pList);
  } 
  exprNot(pParse, yymsp[-3].minor.yy194, &yymsp[-4].minor.yy190);
  yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.zEnd = yymsp[0].minor.yy190.zEnd;
................................................................................
      **      expr1 IN ()
      **      expr1 NOT IN ()
      **
      ** simplify to constants 0 (false) and 1 (true), respectively,
      ** regardless of the value of expr1.
      */
      sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr);
      yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_INTEGER,&sqlite3IntTokens[yymsp[-3].minor.yy194],1);
    }else if( yymsp[-1].minor.yy148->nExpr==1 ){
      /* Expressions of the form:
      **
      **      expr1 IN (?1)
      **      expr1 NOT IN (?2)
      **
      ** with exactly one value on the RHS can be simplified to something
................................................................................
      sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, yymsp[-1].minor.yy148);
      /* pRHS cannot be NULL because a malloc error would have been detected
      ** before now and control would have never reached this point */
      if( ALWAYS(pRHS) ){
        pRHS->flags &= ~EP_Collate;
        pRHS->flags |= EP_Generic;
      }
      yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, yymsp[-3].minor.yy194 ? TK_NE : TK_EQ, yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr, pRHS);
    }else{
      yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr, 0);
      if( yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr ){
        yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr->x.pList = yymsp[-1].minor.yy148;
        sqlite3ExprSetHeightAndFlags(pParse, yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr);
      }else{
        sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, yymsp[-1].minor.yy148);
      }
      exprNot(pParse, yymsp[-3].minor.yy194, &yymsp[-4].minor.yy190);
................................................................................
    }
    yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.zEnd = &yymsp[0].minor.yy0.z[yymsp[0].minor.yy0.n];
  }
        break;
      case 192: /* expr ::= LP select RP */
{
    spanSet(&yymsp[-2].minor.yy190,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0); /*A-overwrites-B*/
    yymsp[-2].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_SELECT, 0, 0);
    sqlite3PExprAddSelect(pParse, yymsp[-2].minor.yy190.pExpr, yymsp[-1].minor.yy243);
  }
        break;
      case 193: /* expr ::= expr in_op LP select RP */
{
    yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr, 0);
    sqlite3PExprAddSelect(pParse, yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr, yymsp[-1].minor.yy243);
    exprNot(pParse, yymsp[-3].minor.yy194, &yymsp[-4].minor.yy190);
    yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.zEnd = &yymsp[0].minor.yy0.z[yymsp[0].minor.yy0.n];
  }
        break;
      case 194: /* expr ::= expr in_op nm dbnm paren_exprlist */
{
    SrcList *pSrc = sqlite3SrcListAppend(pParse->db, 0,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy0,&yymsp[-1].minor.yy0);
    Select *pSelect = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse, 0,pSrc,0,0,0,0,0,0,0);
    if( yymsp[0].minor.yy148 )  sqlite3SrcListFuncArgs(pParse, pSelect ? pSrc : 0, yymsp[0].minor.yy148);
    yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr, 0);
    sqlite3PExprAddSelect(pParse, yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr, pSelect);
    exprNot(pParse, yymsp[-3].minor.yy194, &yymsp[-4].minor.yy190);
    yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.zEnd = yymsp[-1].minor.yy0.z ? &yymsp[-1].minor.yy0.z[yymsp[-1].minor.yy0.n] : &yymsp[-2].minor.yy0.z[yymsp[-2].minor.yy0.n];
  }
        break;
      case 195: /* expr ::= EXISTS LP select RP */
{
    Expr *p;
    spanSet(&yymsp[-3].minor.yy190,&yymsp[-3].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0); /*A-overwrites-B*/
    p = yymsp[-3].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EXISTS, 0, 0);
    sqlite3PExprAddSelect(pParse, p, yymsp[-1].minor.yy243);
  }
        break;
      case 196: /* expr ::= CASE case_operand case_exprlist case_else END */
{
  spanSet(&yymsp[-4].minor.yy190,&yymsp[-4].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0);  /*A-overwrites-C*/
  yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_CASE, yymsp[-3].minor.yy72, 0);
  if( yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr ){
    yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr->x.pList = yymsp[-1].minor.yy72 ? sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,yymsp[-2].minor.yy148,yymsp[-1].minor.yy72) : yymsp[-2].minor.yy148;
    sqlite3ExprSetHeightAndFlags(pParse, yymsp[-4].minor.yy190.pExpr);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, yymsp[-2].minor.yy148);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, yymsp[-1].minor.yy72);
  }
................................................................................
        break;
      case 246: /* trigger_cmd ::= select */
{yymsp[0].minor.yy145 = sqlite3TriggerSelectStep(pParse->db, yymsp[0].minor.yy243); /*A-overwrites-X*/}
        break;
      case 247: /* expr ::= RAISE LP IGNORE RP */
{
  spanSet(&yymsp[-3].minor.yy190,&yymsp[-3].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0);  /*A-overwrites-X*/
  yymsp[-3].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_RAISE, 0, 0); 
  if( yymsp[-3].minor.yy190.pExpr ){
    yymsp[-3].minor.yy190.pExpr->affinity = OE_Ignore;
  }
}
        break;
      case 248: /* expr ::= RAISE LP raisetype COMMA nm RP */
{
  spanSet(&yymsp[-5].minor.yy190,&yymsp[-5].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0);  /*A-overwrites-X*/
  yymsp[-5].minor.yy190.pExpr = sqlite3ExprAlloc(pParse->db, TK_RAISE, &yymsp[-1].minor.yy0, 1); 
  if( yymsp[-5].minor.yy190.pExpr ) {
    yymsp[-5].minor.yy190.pExpr->affinity = (char)yymsp[-3].minor.yy194;
  }
}
        break;
      case 249: /* raisetype ::= ROLLBACK */
{yymsp[0].minor.yy194 = OE_Rollback;}
................................................................................
}

/*
** Interface to the testing logic.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_test_control(int op, ...){
  int rc = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(op);
#else
  va_list ap;
  va_start(ap, op);
  switch( op ){

    /*
................................................................................
        sqlite3ResetAllSchemasOfConnection(db);
      }
      sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
      break;
    }
  }
  va_end(ap);
#endif /* SQLITE_UNTESTABLE */
  return rc;
}

/*
** This is a utility routine, useful to VFS implementations, that checks
** to see if a database file was a URI that contained a specific query 
** parameter, and if so obtains the value of the query parameter.
................................................................................
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_snapshot_get(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  const char *zDb,
  sqlite3_snapshot **ppSnapshot
){
  int rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL


#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);

  if( db->autoCommit==0 ){
    int iDb = sqlite3FindDbName(db, zDb);
    if( iDb==0 || iDb>1 ){
      Btree *pBt = db->aDb[iDb].pBt;
      if( 0==sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(pBt) ){
        rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pBt, 0);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          rc = sqlite3PagerSnapshotGet(sqlite3BtreePager(pBt), ppSnapshot);
        }
      }
    }
  }

  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
#endif   /* SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */
  return rc;
................................................................................
          rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pBt, 0);
          sqlite3PagerSnapshotOpen(sqlite3BtreePager(pBt), 0);
        }
      }
    }
  }

  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
#endif   /* SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */
  return rc;
}

/*
** Recover as many snapshots as possible from the wal file associated with
** schema zDb of database db.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_snapshot_recover(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb){
  int rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  int iDb;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_API_ARMOR
  if( !sqlite3SafetyCheckOk(db) ){
    return SQLITE_MISUSE_BKPT;
  }
#endif

  sqlite3_mutex_enter(db->mutex);
  iDb = sqlite3FindDbName(db, zDb);
  if( iDb==0 || iDb>1 ){
    Btree *pBt = db->aDb[iDb].pBt;
    if( 0==sqlite3BtreeIsInReadTrans(pBt) ){
      rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pBt, 0);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = sqlite3PagerSnapshotRecover(sqlite3BtreePager(pBt));
        sqlite3BtreeCommit(pBt);
      }
    }
  }
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(db->mutex);
#endif   /* SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */
  return rc;
}

/*
** Free a snapshot handle obtained from sqlite3_snapshot_get().
................................................................................
}

/*
** The following routine is called if the stack overflows.
*/
static void fts5yyStackOverflow(fts5yyParser *fts5yypParser){
   sqlite3Fts5ParserARG_FETCH;

#ifndef NDEBUG
   if( fts5yyTraceFILE ){
     fprintf(fts5yyTraceFILE,"%sStack Overflow!\n",fts5yyTracePrompt);
   }
#endif
   while( fts5yypParser->fts5yytos>fts5yypParser->fts5yystack ) fts5yy_pop_parser_stack(fts5yypParser);
   /* Here code is inserted which will execute if the parser
................................................................................
  if( (int)(fts5yypParser->fts5yytos - fts5yypParser->fts5yystack)>fts5yypParser->fts5yyhwm ){
    fts5yypParser->fts5yyhwm++;
    assert( fts5yypParser->fts5yyhwm == (int)(fts5yypParser->fts5yytos - fts5yypParser->fts5yystack) );
  }
#endif
#if fts5YYSTACKDEPTH>0 
  if( fts5yypParser->fts5yytos>=&fts5yypParser->fts5yystack[fts5YYSTACKDEPTH] ){
    fts5yypParser->fts5yytos--;
    fts5yyStackOverflow(fts5yypParser);
    return;
  }
#else
  if( fts5yypParser->fts5yytos>=&fts5yypParser->fts5yystack[fts5yypParser->fts5yystksz] ){
    if( fts5yyGrowStack(fts5yypParser) ){
      fts5yypParser->fts5yytos--;
      fts5yyStackOverflow(fts5yypParser);
      return;
    }
  }
#endif
  if( fts5yyNewState > fts5YY_MAX_SHIFT ){
    fts5yyNewState += fts5YY_MIN_REDUCE - fts5YY_MIN_SHIFTREDUCE;
................................................................................
}


/*
** Initialize all term iterators in the pNear object. If any term is found
** to match no documents at all, return immediately without initializing any
** further iterators.
**
** If an error occurs, return an SQLite error code. Otherwise, return
** SQLITE_OK. It is not considered an error if some term matches zero
** documents.
*/
static int fts5ExprNearInitAll(
  Fts5Expr *pExpr,
  Fts5ExprNode *pNode
){
  Fts5ExprNearset *pNear = pNode->pNear;
  int i;



  assert( pNode->bNomatch==0 );
  for(i=0; i<pNear->nPhrase; i++){
    Fts5ExprPhrase *pPhrase = pNear->apPhrase[i];
    if( pPhrase->nTerm==0 ){
      pNode->bEof = 1;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }else{
      int j;
      for(j=0; j<pPhrase->nTerm; j++){
        Fts5ExprTerm *pTerm = &pPhrase->aTerm[j];
        Fts5ExprTerm *p;
        int bHit = 0;


        for(p=pTerm; p; p=p->pSynonym){
          int rc;
          if( p->pIter ){
            sqlite3Fts5IterClose(p->pIter);
            p->pIter = 0;
          }
          rc = sqlite3Fts5IndexQuery(
              pExpr->pIndex, p->zTerm, (int)strlen(p->zTerm),
              (pTerm->bPrefix ? FTS5INDEX_QUERY_PREFIX : 0) |
              (pExpr->bDesc ? FTS5INDEX_QUERY_DESC : 0),
              pNear->pColset,
              &p->pIter
          );

          assert( (rc==SQLITE_OK)==(p->pIter!=0) );
          if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
          if( 0==sqlite3Fts5IterEof(p->pIter) ){

            bHit = 1;
          }
        }


        if( bHit==0 ){
          pNode->bEof = 1;
          return SQLITE_OK;
        }

      }
    }
  }

  pNode->bEof = 0;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** If pExpr is an ASC iterator, this function returns a value with the
** same sign as:
**
**   (iLhs - iRhs)
................................................................................
static void fts5SourceIdFunc(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,          /* Function call context */
  int nArg,                       /* Number of args */
  sqlite3_value **apUnused        /* Function arguments */
){
  assert( nArg==0 );
  UNUSED_PARAM2(nArg, apUnused);
  sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, "fts5: 2016-12-08 19:04:36 b26df26e184ec6da4b5537526c10f42a293d09b5", -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
}

static int fts5Init(sqlite3 *db){
  static const sqlite3_module fts5Mod = {
    /* iVersion      */ 2,
    /* xCreate       */ fts5CreateMethod,
    /* xConnect      */ fts5ConnectMethod,

Changes to src/sqlite3.h.

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120
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8392
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**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.16.0"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3016000
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2016-11-22 20:29:05 bee2859b953c935c413de2917588159d03c672d9"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** [SAVEPOINT], and [RELEASE] cause sqlite3_stmt_readonly() to return true,
** since the statements themselves do not actually modify the database but
** rather they control the timing of when other statements modify the 
** database.  ^The [ATTACH] and [DETACH] statements also cause
** sqlite3_stmt_readonly() to return true since, while those statements
** change the configuration of a database connection, they do not make 
** changes to the content of the database files on disk.




*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stmt_readonly(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine If A Prepared Statement Has Been Reset
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
................................................................................
** called to get back the underlying "errno" that caused the problem, such
** as ENOSPC, EAUTH, EISDIR, and so forth.  
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_system_errno(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Snapshot
** KEYWORDS: {snapshot}
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** An instance of the snapshot object records the state of a [WAL mode]
** database for some specific point in history.
**
** In [WAL mode], multiple [database connections] that are open on the
** same database file can each be reading a different historical version
................................................................................
** the most recent version.
**
** The constructor for this object is [sqlite3_snapshot_get()].  The
** [sqlite3_snapshot_open()] method causes a fresh read transaction to refer
** to an historical snapshot (if possible).  The destructor for 
** sqlite3_snapshot objects is [sqlite3_snapshot_free()].
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_snapshot sqlite3_snapshot;



/*
** CAPI3REF: Record A Database Snapshot
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** ^The [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)] interface attempts to make a
** new [sqlite3_snapshot] object that records the current state of
** schema S in database connection D.  ^On success, the
** [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)] interface writes a pointer to the newly
** created [sqlite3_snapshot] object into *P and returns SQLITE_OK.











** ^If schema S of [database connection] D is not a [WAL mode] database
** that is in a read transaction, then [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)]
** leaves the *P value unchanged and returns an appropriate [error code].














**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot] object returned from a successful call to
** [sqlite3_snapshot_get()] must be freed using [sqlite3_snapshot_free()]
** to avoid a memory leak.
**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot_get()] interface is only available when the
** SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT compile-time option is used.
................................................................................
** snapshot, and a positive value if P1 is a newer snapshot than P2.
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_snapshot_cmp(
  sqlite3_snapshot *p1,
  sqlite3_snapshot *p2
);























/*
** Undo the hack that converts floating point types to integer for
** builds on processors without floating point support.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
# undef double
#endif







|







 







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>










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>
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>
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>
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>







 







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>
>
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>
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>
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121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
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3607
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3609
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3611
3612
3613
3614
3615
3616
3617
3618
3619
3620
3621
3622
3623
....
8259
8260
8261
8262
8263
8264
8265
8266
8267
8268
8269
8270
8271
8272
8273
....
8283
8284
8285
8286
8287
8288
8289
8290
8291
8292
8293
8294
8295
8296
8297
8298
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8300
8301
8302
8303
8304
8305
8306
8307
8308
8309
8310
8311
8312
8313
8314


8315
8316
8317
8318
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8320
8321
8322
8323
8324
8325
8326
8327
8328
8329
8330
8331
8332
8333
8334
8335
....
8414
8415
8416
8417
8418
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8420
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8423
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8425
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8427
8428
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8436
8437
8438
8439
8440
8441
8442
8443
8444
8445
8446
8447
8448
8449
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.16.0"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3016000
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2016-12-08 19:04:36 b26df26e184ec6da4b5537526c10f42a293d09b5"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** [SAVEPOINT], and [RELEASE] cause sqlite3_stmt_readonly() to return true,
** since the statements themselves do not actually modify the database but
** rather they control the timing of when other statements modify the 
** database.  ^The [ATTACH] and [DETACH] statements also cause
** sqlite3_stmt_readonly() to return true since, while those statements
** change the configuration of a database connection, they do not make 
** changes to the content of the database files on disk.
** ^The sqlite3_stmt_readonly() interface returns true for [BEGIN] since
** [BEGIN] merely sets internal flags, but the [BEGIN|BEGIN IMMEDIATE] and
** [BEGIN|BEGIN EXCLUSIVE] commands do touch the database and so
** sqlite3_stmt_readonly() returns false for those commands.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stmt_readonly(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine If A Prepared Statement Has Been Reset
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
................................................................................
** called to get back the underlying "errno" that caused the problem, such
** as ENOSPC, EAUTH, EISDIR, and so forth.  
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_system_errno(sqlite3*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Snapshot
** KEYWORDS: {snapshot} {sqlite3_snapshot}
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** An instance of the snapshot object records the state of a [WAL mode]
** database for some specific point in history.
**
** In [WAL mode], multiple [database connections] that are open on the
** same database file can each be reading a different historical version
................................................................................
** the most recent version.
**
** The constructor for this object is [sqlite3_snapshot_get()].  The
** [sqlite3_snapshot_open()] method causes a fresh read transaction to refer
** to an historical snapshot (if possible).  The destructor for 
** sqlite3_snapshot objects is [sqlite3_snapshot_free()].
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_snapshot {
  unsigned char hidden[48];
} sqlite3_snapshot;

/*
** CAPI3REF: Record A Database Snapshot
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** ^The [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)] interface attempts to make a
** new [sqlite3_snapshot] object that records the current state of
** schema S in database connection D.  ^On success, the
** [sqlite3_snapshot_get(D,S,P)] interface writes a pointer to the newly
** created [sqlite3_snapshot] object into *P and returns SQLITE_OK.
** If there is not already a read-transaction open on schema S when
** this function is called, one is opened automatically. 
**
** The following must be true for this function to succeed. If any of
** the following statements are false when sqlite3_snapshot_get() is
** called, SQLITE_ERROR is returned. The final value of *P is undefined
** in this case. 
**
** <ul>
**   <li> The database handle must be in [autocommit mode].
**
**   <li> Schema S of [database connection] D must be a [WAL mode] database.


**
**   <li> There must not be a write transaction open on schema S of database
**        connection D.
**
**   <li> One or more transactions must have been written to the current wal
**        file since it was created on disk (by any connection). This means
**        that a snapshot cannot be taken on a wal mode database with no wal 
**        file immediately after it is first opened. At least one transaction
**        must be written to it first.
** </ul>
**
** This function may also return SQLITE_NOMEM.  If it is called with the
** database handle in autocommit mode but fails for some other reason, 
** whether or not a read transaction is opened on schema S is undefined.
**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot] object returned from a successful call to
** [sqlite3_snapshot_get()] must be freed using [sqlite3_snapshot_free()]
** to avoid a memory leak.
**
** The [sqlite3_snapshot_get()] interface is only available when the
** SQLITE_ENABLE_SNAPSHOT compile-time option is used.
................................................................................
** snapshot, and a positive value if P1 is a newer snapshot than P2.
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_snapshot_cmp(
  sqlite3_snapshot *p1,
  sqlite3_snapshot *p2
);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Recover snapshots from a wal file
** EXPERIMENTAL
**
** If all connections disconnect from a database file but do not perform
** a checkpoint, the existing wal file is opened along with the database
** file the next time the database is opened. At this point it is only
** possible to successfully call sqlite3_snapshot_open() to open the most
** recent snapshot of the database (the one at the head of the wal file),
** even though the wal file may contain other valid snapshots for which
** clients have sqlite3_snapshot handles.
**
** This function attempts to scan the wal file associated with database zDb
** of database handle db and make all valid snapshots available to
** sqlite3_snapshot_open(). It is an error if there is already a read
** transaction open on the database, or if the database is not a wal mode
** database.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if successful, or an SQLite error code otherwise.
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_snapshot_recover(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb);

/*
** Undo the hack that converts floating point types to integer for
** builds on processors without floating point support.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
# undef double
#endif