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Overview
Comment:Update the built-in SQLite to the latest pre-3.7.8 version from the stat3-enhancement branch. And turn on SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3. This will serve as a test of the stat3 enhancements to SQLite.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: ce62a2b11d4e882962c82b8542d9c62f86b4cd73
User & Date: drh 2011-08-16 02:43:06
Context
2011-08-22
18:23
Merge the msw-hack branch into trunk. check-in: af50b29c user: drh tags: trunk
15:55
Continue with the update routine even if the targetted version equals the current checkout version instead of depending on the value of the verbose flag to continue or not. This fixes tkt [e8a10100e2]. Fossil update will now recover lost files with or without the -v flag. check-in: c6b371c4 user: martin.weber tags: msw-hack
2011-08-16
18:35
update branch before making changes check-in: 84e6f172 user: venkat tags: venks-emacs
02:43
Update the built-in SQLite to the latest pre-3.7.8 version from the stat3-enhancement branch. And turn on SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3. This will serve as a test of the stat3 enhancements to SQLite. check-in: ce62a2b1 user: drh tags: trunk
2011-08-14
23:14
Merge the ben-testing branch into trunk. check-in: 9a0c9958 user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/main.mk.

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	$(OBJDIR)/translate $(SRCDIR)/zip.c >$(OBJDIR)/zip_.c

$(OBJDIR)/zip.o:	$(OBJDIR)/zip_.c $(OBJDIR)/zip.h  $(SRCDIR)/config.h
	$(XTCC) -o $(OBJDIR)/zip.o -c $(OBJDIR)/zip_.c

$(OBJDIR)/zip.h:	$(OBJDIR)/headers
$(OBJDIR)/sqlite3.o:	$(SRCDIR)/sqlite3.c
	$(XTCC) -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION=1 -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_FORMAT=4 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 -Dlocaltime=fossil_localtime -DSQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE=0 -c $(SRCDIR)/sqlite3.c -o $(OBJDIR)/sqlite3.o

$(OBJDIR)/shell.o:	$(SRCDIR)/shell.c $(SRCDIR)/sqlite3.h
	$(XTCC) -Dmain=sqlite3_shell -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION=1 -c $(SRCDIR)/shell.c -o $(OBJDIR)/shell.o

$(OBJDIR)/th.o:	$(SRCDIR)/th.c
	$(XTCC) -I$(SRCDIR) -c $(SRCDIR)/th.c -o $(OBJDIR)/th.o

$(OBJDIR)/th_lang.o:	$(SRCDIR)/th_lang.c
	$(XTCC) -I$(SRCDIR) -c $(SRCDIR)/th_lang.c -o $(OBJDIR)/th_lang.o








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	$(OBJDIR)/translate $(SRCDIR)/zip.c >$(OBJDIR)/zip_.c

$(OBJDIR)/zip.o:	$(OBJDIR)/zip_.c $(OBJDIR)/zip.h  $(SRCDIR)/config.h
	$(XTCC) -o $(OBJDIR)/zip.o -c $(OBJDIR)/zip_.c

$(OBJDIR)/zip.h:	$(OBJDIR)/headers
$(OBJDIR)/sqlite3.o:	$(SRCDIR)/sqlite3.c
	$(XTCC) -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION=1 -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_FORMAT=4 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 -Dlocaltime=fossil_localtime -DSQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE=0 -c $(SRCDIR)/sqlite3.c -o $(OBJDIR)/sqlite3.o

$(OBJDIR)/shell.o:	$(SRCDIR)/shell.c $(SRCDIR)/sqlite3.h
	$(XTCC) -Dmain=sqlite3_shell -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION=1 -c $(SRCDIR)/shell.c -o $(OBJDIR)/shell.o

$(OBJDIR)/th.o:	$(SRCDIR)/th.c
	$(XTCC) -I$(SRCDIR) -c $(SRCDIR)/th.c -o $(OBJDIR)/th.o

$(OBJDIR)/th_lang.o:	$(SRCDIR)/th_lang.c
	$(XTCC) -I$(SRCDIR) -c $(SRCDIR)/th_lang.c -o $(OBJDIR)/th_lang.o

Changes to src/makemake.tcl.

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}


writeln "\$(OBJDIR)/sqlite3.o:\t\$(SRCDIR)/sqlite3.c"
set opt {-DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION=1}
append opt " -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_FORMAT=4"
#append opt " -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3=1"
append opt " -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2"
append opt " -Dlocaltime=fossil_localtime"
append opt " -DSQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE=0"
set SQLITE_OPTIONS $opt
writeln "\t\$(XTCC) $opt -c \$(SRCDIR)/sqlite3.c -o \$(OBJDIR)/sqlite3.o\n"

writeln "\$(OBJDIR)/shell.o:\t\$(SRCDIR)/shell.c \$(SRCDIR)/sqlite3.h"
set opt {-Dmain=sqlite3_shell}







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}


writeln "\$(OBJDIR)/sqlite3.o:\t\$(SRCDIR)/sqlite3.c"
set opt {-DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION=1}
append opt " -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_FORMAT=4"
#append opt " -DSQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3=1"
append opt " -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3"
append opt " -Dlocaltime=fossil_localtime"
append opt " -DSQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE=0"
set SQLITE_OPTIONS $opt
writeln "\t\$(XTCC) $opt -c \$(SRCDIR)/sqlite3.c -o \$(OBJDIR)/sqlite3.o\n"

writeln "\$(OBJDIR)/shell.o:\t\$(SRCDIR)/shell.c \$(SRCDIR)/sqlite3.h"
set opt {-Dmain=sqlite3_shell}

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76524
76525
76526
76527
76528

76529
76530

76531
76532
76533
76534
76535
76536
76537
76538
76539
76540
76541
76542
76543
76544
76545
76546
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76567
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76570
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76576
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76579
76580
76581
76582
76583
76584
76585
76586
76587
76588
76589
76590
76591
76592
76593
76594
76595
76596
76597
76598
76599
76600
76601
76602
76603
76604
76605
76606
76607
76608
76609
76610
76611
76612
76613
76614
76615
76616
76617
76618
76619
76620
76621
76622
76623
76624
76625
76626
76627
76628
76629
.....
79420
79421
79422
79423
79424
79425
79426


































































































79427
79428
79429
79430
79431
79432
79433
.....
79489
79490
79491
79492
79493
79494
79495
79496
79497
79498
79499
79500
79501
79502
79503
.....
79513
79514
79515
79516
79517
79518
79519
79520
79521
79522
79523
79524
79525
79526
79527
79528
79529
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79564
79565
79566
79567
79568
79569
79570
79571
79572
79573
79574
79575
79576

79577
79578
79579
79580
79581
79582
79583
79584
79585
79586
79587
79588
79589
79590
79591
79592
79593
79594
79595
.....
80028
80029
80030
80031
80032
80033
80034

80035
80036
80037
80038
80039
80040
80041
80042
80043
80044

80045
80046
80047
80048
80049
80050
80051
80052
80053
80054
80055
.....
80318
80319
80320
80321
80322
80323
80324
80325
80326
80327
80328
80329
80330
80331
80332
80333
80334
.....
80390
80391
80392
80393
80394
80395
80396
80397
80398
80399
80400
80401
80402
80403
80404
80405

80406
80407
80408
80409
80410
80411
80412
.....
98636
98637
98638
98639
98640
98641
98642
98643
98644
98645
98646
98647
98648
98649
98650
.....
99850
99851
99852
99853
99854
99855
99856
99857
99858
99859
99860
99861
99862
99863
99864
.....
99889
99890
99891
99892
99893
99894
99895
99896
99897
99898
99899
99900
99901
99902
99903
......
100660
100661
100662
100663
100664
100665
100666

100667
100668
100669
100670
100671
100672
100673
......
100710
100711
100712
100713
100714
100715
100716

100717
100718
100719
100720
100721
100722
100723
......
100936
100937
100938
100939
100940
100941
100942

100943
100944
100945
100946
100947
100948
100949
100950
100951
100952
100953
100954
100955
100956
100957


100958
100959
100960
100961
100962
100963

100964
100965
100966
100967
100968
100969
100970
100971
100972







100973
100974


100975
100976
100977
100978
100979



















100980
100981

100982
100983
100984

100985
100986
100987
100988



100989

100990
100991
100992




100993

100994
100995


100996
100997
100998
100999
101000
101001
101002
101003
101004
101005
101006
101007
101008
101009
101010
......
101015
101016
101017
101018
101019
101020
101021
101022
101023
101024
101025
101026
101027
101028
101029
101030
101031
101032
101033
101034
......
101038
101039
101040
101041
101042
101043
101044


101045
101046
101047
101048
101049
101050
101051
































101052
101053
101054
101055
101056
101057
101058
101059
101060
101061
......
101065
101066
101067
101068
101069
101070
101071
101072
101073
101074
101075
101076
101077
101078
101079
......
101113
101114
101115
101116
101117
101118
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101120
101121
101122
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101126
101127
101128
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101136
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101142
101143
101144
101145
101146
101147
101148
101149
101150
101151

101152
101153
101154
101155
101156
101157




101158


101159
101160
101161
101162
101163




101164
101165

101166
101167
101168
101169
101170
101171
101172
101173
101174
101175
101176
101177
101178
101179
101180

101181
101182
101183


101184
101185
101186
101187
101188
101189
101190
101191
101192
101193
101194
101195
101196
101197
101198
101199
101200
101201
101202
101203
101204

101205
101206
101207
101208
101209
101210
101211
101212
101213
101214
101215
101216
101217
101218
101219
101220
101221
101222
......
101228
101229
101230
101231
101232
101233
101234
101235
101236
101237
101238

101239
101240
101241
101242
101243
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101245
101246
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101249
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101251
101252
101253
101254
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101263
101264
101265
101266
101267
101268
101269
101270
101271
101272
101273
101274
101275
......
101284
101285
101286
101287
101288
101289
101290
101291
101292
101293
101294

101295
101296
101297
101298
101299
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101303
101304
101305
101306
101307
101308
101309
101310
101311
101312
101313



101314
101315
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101319
101320
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101323
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101327
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101329
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101337
101338
101339
101340
101341
101342
101343
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101345
101346
101347
101348
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101351
......
101384
101385
101386
101387
101388
101389
101390
101391
101392
101393
101394
101395
101396
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101398
......
101439
101440
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101447
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101449
101450
101451
101452
101453
......
101482
101483
101484
101485
101486
101487
101488
101489
101490
101491
101492
101493
101494
101495
101496


101497
101498
101499
101500
101501
101502
101503
......
101514
101515
101516
101517
101518
101519
101520
101521
101522
101523
101524
101525
101526
101527
101528
101529
101530
101531
101532
101533
101534
......
101544
101545
101546
101547
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101551
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101557
101558
101559
101560
101561
101562
101563
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101565
101566
101567
101568
101569
101570
......
101628
101629
101630
101631
101632
101633
101634
101635
101636
101637
101638
101639
101640
101641
101642
......
101644
101645
101646
101647
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101649
101650
101651
101652
101653
101654
101655
101656
101657
101658
101659
101660
101661
101662
101663
......
101778
101779
101780
101781
101782
101783
101784
101785
101786
101787
101788
101789
101790
101791
101792
101793
101794
101795
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.7.8"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3007008
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2011-07-19 18:29:00 ed5f0aad6b21066bacd01521e82c22e96991f400"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** to be adjusted.  The values are changed for all database connections
** within the same process.  The argument is a pointer to an array of two
** integers where the first integer i the new retry count and the second
** integer is the delay.  If either integer is negative, then the setting
** is not changed but instead the prior value of that setting is written
** into the array entry, allowing the current retry settings to be
** interrogated.  The zDbName parameter is ignored.














** 
*/
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE        1
#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE      2
#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE      3
#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO             4
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT        5
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE       6
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER     7
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC_OMITTED     8
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY   9


/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Handle
**
** The mutex module within SQLite defines [sqlite3_mutex] to be an
** abstract type for a mutex object.  The SQLite core never looks
** at the internal representation of an [sqlite3_mutex].  It only
................................................................................
** WHERE clause might influence the choice of query plan for a statement,
** then the statement will be automatically recompiled, as if there had been 
** a schema change, on the first  [sqlite3_step()] call following any change
** to the [sqlite3_bind_text | bindings] of that [parameter]. 
** ^The specific value of WHERE-clause [parameter] might influence the 
** choice of query plan if the parameter is the left-hand side of a [LIKE]
** or [GLOB] operator or if the parameter is compared to an indexed column
** and the [SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2] compile-time option is enabled.
** the 
** </li>
** </ol>
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const char *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */
................................................................................
** SQLITE_MAX_U32 is a u64 constant that is the maximum u64 value
** that can be stored in a u32 without loss of data.  The value
** is 0x00000000ffffffff.  But because of quirks of some compilers, we
** have to specify the value in the less intuitive manner shown:
*/
#define SQLITE_MAX_U32  ((((u64)1)<<32)-1)













/*
** Macros to determine whether the machine is big or little endian,
** evaluated at runtime.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
SQLITE_PRIVATE const int sqlite3one = 1;
#else
................................................................................
struct Table {
  char *zName;         /* Name of the table or view */
  int iPKey;           /* If not negative, use aCol[iPKey] as the primary key */
  int nCol;            /* Number of columns in this table */
  Column *aCol;        /* Information about each column */
  Index *pIndex;       /* List of SQL indexes on this table. */
  int tnum;            /* Root BTree node for this table (see note above) */
  unsigned nRowEst;    /* Estimated rows in table - from sqlite_stat1 table */
  Select *pSelect;     /* NULL for tables.  Points to definition if a view. */
  u16 nRef;            /* Number of pointers to this Table */
  u8 tabFlags;         /* Mask of TF_* values */
  u8 keyConf;          /* What to do in case of uniqueness conflict on iPKey */
  FKey *pFKey;         /* Linked list of all foreign keys in this table */
  char *zColAff;       /* String defining the affinity of each column */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
................................................................................
** algorithm to employ whenever an attempt is made to insert a non-unique
** element.
*/
struct Index {
  char *zName;     /* Name of this index */
  int nColumn;     /* Number of columns in the table used by this index */
  int *aiColumn;   /* Which columns are used by this index.  1st is 0 */
  unsigned *aiRowEst; /* Result of ANALYZE: Est. rows selected by each column */
  Table *pTable;   /* The SQL table being indexed */
  int tnum;        /* Page containing root of this index in database file */
  u8 onError;      /* OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, OE_Replace, or OE_None */
  u8 autoIndex;    /* True if is automatically created (ex: by UNIQUE) */
  u8 bUnordered;   /* Use this index for == or IN queries only */

  char *zColAff;   /* String defining the affinity of each column */
  Index *pNext;    /* The next index associated with the same table */
  Schema *pSchema; /* Schema containing this index */
  u8 *aSortOrder;  /* Array of size Index.nColumn. True==DESC, False==ASC */
  char **azColl;   /* Array of collation sequence names for index */


  IndexSample *aSample;    /* Array of SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES samples */

};

/*
** Each sample stored in the sqlite_stat2 table is represented in memory 
** using a structure of this type.
*/
struct IndexSample {
  union {
    char *z;        /* Value if eType is SQLITE_TEXT or SQLITE_BLOB */
    double r;       /* Value if eType is SQLITE_FLOAT or SQLITE_INTEGER */

  } u;
  u8 eType;         /* SQLITE_NULL, SQLITE_INTEGER ... etc. */
  u8 nByte;         /* Size in byte of text or blob. */



};

/*
** Each token coming out of the lexer is an instance of
** this structure.  Tokens are also used as part of an expression.
**
** Note if Token.z==0 then Token.dyn and Token.n are undefined and
................................................................................
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(Parse*,Table*);
#else
# define sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(A,B) 0
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DropTable(Parse*, SrcList*, int, int);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteTable(sqlite3*, Table*);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(Parse *pParse);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(Parse *pParse);
#else
# define sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(X)
# define sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(X)
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3ValueText(sqlite3_value*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ValueBytes(sqlite3_value*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueSetStr(sqlite3_value*, int, const void *,u8, 
                        void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueFree(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_value *sqlite3ValueNew(sqlite3 *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3Utf16to8(sqlite3 *, const void*, int, u8);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3Utf8to16(sqlite3 *, u8, char *, int, int *);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ValueFromExpr(sqlite3 *, Expr *, u8, u8, sqlite3_value **);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(sqlite3_value *, u8, u8);
#ifndef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
SQLITE_PRIVATE const unsigned char sqlite3OpcodeProperty[];
SQLITE_PRIVATE const unsigned char sqlite3UpperToLower[];
................................................................................
  "ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE
  "ENABLE_RTREE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
  "ENABLE_STAT2",



#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY
  "ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT
  "ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT",
#endif
................................................................................
){
  int rc;
  DO_OS_MALLOC_TEST(0);
  /* 0x87f3f is a mask of SQLITE_OPEN_ flags that are valid to be passed
  ** down into the VFS layer.  Some SQLITE_OPEN_ flags (for example,
  ** SQLITE_OPEN_FULLMUTEX or SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE) are blocked before
  ** reaching the VFS. */
  rc = pVfs->xOpen(pVfs, zPath, pFile, flags & 0x87f3f, pFlagsOut);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || pFile->pMethods==0 );
  return rc;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsDelete(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, const char *zPath, int dirSync){
  return pVfs->xDelete(pVfs, zPath, dirSync);
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsAccess(
................................................................................
** is set to the length of the returned string in bytes. The call should
** arrange to call sqlite3DbFree() on the returned pointer when it is
** no longer required.
** 
** If a malloc failure occurs, NULL is returned and the db.mallocFailed
** flag set.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3Utf8to16(sqlite3 *db, u8 enc, char *z, int n, int *pnOut){
  Mem m;
  memset(&m, 0, sizeof(m));
  m.db = db;
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(&m, z, n, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_STATIC);
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemTranslate(&m, enc) ){
    assert( db->mallocFailed );
................................................................................
  if( x>=0 ) return x;
  if( x==(int)0x80000000 ) return 0x7fffffff;
  return -x;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_8_3_NAMES
/*
** If SQLITE_ENABLE_8_3_NAME is set at compile-time and if the database
** filename in zBaseFilename is a URI with the "8_3_names=1" parameter and
** if filename in z[] has a suffix (a.k.a. "extension") that is longer than
** three characters, then shorten the suffix on z[] to be the last three
** characters of the original suffix.



**
** Examples:
**
**     test.db-journal    =>   test.nal
**     test.db-wal        =>   test.wal
**     test.db-shm        =>   test.shm
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3FileSuffix3(const char *zBaseFilename, char *z){

  const char *zOk;
  zOk = sqlite3_uri_parameter(zBaseFilename, "8_3_names");
  if( zOk && sqlite3GetBoolean(zOk) ){


    int i, sz;
    sz = sqlite3Strlen30(z);
    for(i=sz-1; i>0 && z[i]!='/' && z[i]!='.'; i--){}
    if( z[i]=='.' && ALWAYS(sz>i+4) ) memcpy(&z[i+1], &z[sz-3], 4);
  }
}
#endif
................................................................................
** switch.  The following code should catch this problem at compile-time.
*/
#ifdef MEMORY_DEBUG
# error "The MEMORY_DEBUG macro is obsolete.  Use SQLITE_DEBUG instead."
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG



SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OSTrace = 0;
#define OSTRACE(X)          if( sqlite3OSTrace ) sqlite3DebugPrintf X
#else
#define OSTRACE(X)
#endif

/*
** Macros for performance tracing.  Normally turned off.  Only works
** on i486 hardware.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_PERFORMANCE_TRACE
................................................................................
** VFS implementations.
*/
typedef struct unixFile unixFile;
struct unixFile {
  sqlite3_io_methods const *pMethod;  /* Always the first entry */
  unixInodeInfo *pInode;              /* Info about locks on this inode */
  int h;                              /* The file descriptor */
  int dirfd;                          /* File descriptor for the directory */
  unsigned char eFileLock;            /* The type of lock held on this fd */
  unsigned char ctrlFlags;            /* Behavioral bits.  UNIXFILE_* flags */
  int lastErrno;                      /* The unix errno from last I/O error */
  void *lockingContext;               /* Locking style specific state */
  UnixUnusedFd *pUnused;              /* Pre-allocated UnixUnusedFd */
  const char *zPath;                  /* Name of the file */
  unixShm *pShm;                      /* Shared memory segment information */
................................................................................
  char aPadding[32];
#endif
};

/*
** Allowed values for the unixFile.ctrlFlags bitmask:
*/
#define UNIXFILE_EXCL   0x01     /* Connections from one process only */
#define UNIXFILE_RDONLY 0x02     /* Connection is read only */



/*
** Include code that is common to all os_*.c files
*/
/************** Include os_common.h in the middle of os_unix.c ***************/
/************** Begin file os_common.h ***************************************/
/*
................................................................................
** switch.  The following code should catch this problem at compile-time.
*/
#ifdef MEMORY_DEBUG
# error "The MEMORY_DEBUG macro is obsolete.  Use SQLITE_DEBUG instead."
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG



SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OSTrace = 0;
#define OSTRACE(X)          if( sqlite3OSTrace ) sqlite3DebugPrintf X
#else
#define OSTRACE(X)
#endif

/*
** Macros for performance tracing.  Normally turned off.  Only works
** on i486 hardware.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_PERFORMANCE_TRACE
................................................................................
** The safest way to deal with the problem is to always use this wrapper
** which always has the same well-defined interface.
*/
static int posixOpen(const char *zFile, int flags, int mode){
  return open(zFile, flags, mode);
}




/*
** Many system calls are accessed through pointer-to-functions so that
** they may be overridden at runtime to facilitate fault injection during
** testing and sandboxing.  The following array holds the names and pointers
** to all overrideable system calls.
*/
static struct unix_syscall {
................................................................................
#if defined(HAVE_POSIX_FALLOCATE) && HAVE_POSIX_FALLOCATE
  { "fallocate",    (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)posix_fallocate,  0 },
#else
  { "fallocate",    (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)0,                0 },
#endif
#define osFallocate ((int(*)(int,off_t,off_t))aSyscall[15].pCurrent)







}; /* End of the overrideable system calls */

/*
** This is the xSetSystemCall() method of sqlite3_vfs for all of the
** "unix" VFSes.  Return SQLITE_OK opon successfully updating the
** system call pointer, or SQLITE_NOTFOUND if there is no configurable
** system call named zName.
................................................................................
**
** It is *not* necessary to hold the mutex when this routine is called,
** even on VxWorks.  A mutex will be acquired on VxWorks by the
** vxworksReleaseFileId() routine.
*/
static int closeUnixFile(sqlite3_file *id){
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  if( pFile->dirfd>=0 ){
    robust_close(pFile, pFile->dirfd, __LINE__);
    pFile->dirfd=-1;
  }
  if( pFile->h>=0 ){
    robust_close(pFile, pFile->h, __LINE__);
    pFile->h = -1;
  }
#if OS_VXWORKS
  if( pFile->pId ){
    if( pFile->isDelete ){
      unlink(pFile->pId->zCanonicalName);
    }
    vxworksReleaseFileId(pFile->pId);
    pFile->pId = 0;
  }
#endif
  OSTRACE(("CLOSE   %-3d\n", pFile->h));
  OpenCounter(-1);
................................................................................
  if( eFileLock==SHARED_LOCK ){
    pFile->eFileLock = SHARED_LOCK;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  
  /* To fully unlock the database, delete the lock file */
  assert( eFileLock==NO_LOCK );
  if( unlink(zLockFile) ){
    int rc = 0;
    int tErrno = errno;
    if( ENOENT != tErrno ){
      rc = SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK;
    }
    if( IS_LOCK_ERROR(rc) ){
      pFile->lastErrno = tErrno;
................................................................................
#endif /* ifdef SQLITE_NO_SYNC elif HAVE_FULLFSYNC */

  if( OS_VXWORKS && rc!= -1 ){
    rc = 0;
  }
  return rc;
}













































/*
** Make sure all writes to a particular file are committed to disk.
**
** If dataOnly==0 then both the file itself and its metadata (file
** size, access time, etc) are synced.  If dataOnly!=0 then only the
** file data is synced.
................................................................................
  OSTRACE(("SYNC    %-3d\n", pFile->h));
  rc = full_fsync(pFile->h, isFullsync, isDataOnly);
  SimulateIOError( rc=1 );
  if( rc ){
    pFile->lastErrno = errno;
    return unixLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_FSYNC, "full_fsync", pFile->zPath);
  }
  if( pFile->dirfd>=0 ){
    OSTRACE(("DIRSYNC %-3d (have_fullfsync=%d fullsync=%d)\n", pFile->dirfd,
            HAVE_FULLFSYNC, isFullsync));
#ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_DIRSYNC
    /* The directory sync is only attempted if full_fsync is
    ** turned off or unavailable.  If a full_fsync occurred above,
    ** then the directory sync is superfluous.
    */
    if( (!HAVE_FULLFSYNC || !isFullsync) && full_fsync(pFile->dirfd,0,0) ){
       /*
       ** We have received multiple reports of fsync() returning
       ** errors when applied to directories on certain file systems.
       ** A failed directory sync is not a big deal.  So it seems
       ** better to ignore the error.  Ticket #1657
       */
       /* pFile->lastErrno = errno; */
       /* return SQLITE_IOERR; */
    }
#endif
    /* Only need to sync once, so close the  directory when we are done */
    robust_close(pFile, pFile->dirfd, __LINE__);
    pFile->dirfd = -1;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Truncate an open file to a specified size
*/
................................................................................
** file-control operation.
**
** If the user has configured a chunk-size for this file, it could be
** that the file needs to be extended at this point. Otherwise, the
** SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT operation is a no-op for Unix.
*/
static int fcntlSizeHint(unixFile *pFile, i64 nByte){
  if( pFile->szChunk ){
    i64 nSize;                    /* Required file size */

    struct stat buf;              /* Used to hold return values of fstat() */
   
    if( osFstat(pFile->h, &buf) ) return SQLITE_IOERR_FSTAT;

    nSize = ((nByte+pFile->szChunk-1) / pFile->szChunk) * pFile->szChunk;





    if( nSize>(i64)buf.st_size ){

#if defined(HAVE_POSIX_FALLOCATE) && HAVE_POSIX_FALLOCATE
      /* The code below is handling the return value of osFallocate() 
      ** correctly. posix_fallocate() is defined to "returns zero on success, 
      ** or an error number on  failure". See the manpage for details. */
      int err;
................................................................................
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Information and control of an open file handle.
*/
static int unixFileControl(sqlite3_file *id, int op, void *pArg){

  switch( op ){
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE: {
      *(int*)pArg = ((unixFile*)id)->eFileLock;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO: {
      *(int*)pArg = ((unixFile*)id)->lastErrno;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE: {
      ((unixFile*)id)->szChunk = *(int *)pArg;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT: {
      return fcntlSizeHint((unixFile *)id, *(i64 *)pArg);











    }
#ifndef NDEBUG
    /* The pager calls this method to signal that it has done
    ** a rollback and that the database is therefore unchanged and
    ** it hence it is OK for the transaction change counter to be
    ** unchanged.
    */
................................................................................

  /* If pShmNode->nRef has reached 0, then close the underlying
  ** shared-memory file, too */
  unixEnterMutex();
  assert( pShmNode->nRef>0 );
  pShmNode->nRef--;
  if( pShmNode->nRef==0 ){
    if( deleteFlag && pShmNode->h>=0 ) unlink(pShmNode->zFilename);
    unixShmPurge(pDbFd);
  }
  unixLeaveMutex();

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

................................................................................

/*
** Initialize the contents of the unixFile structure pointed to by pId.
*/
static int fillInUnixFile(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,      /* Pointer to vfs object */
  int h,                  /* Open file descriptor of file being opened */
  int dirfd,              /* Directory file descriptor */
  sqlite3_file *pId,      /* Write to the unixFile structure here */
  const char *zFilename,  /* Name of the file being opened */
  int noLock,             /* Omit locking if true */
  int isDelete,           /* Delete on close if true */
  int isReadOnly          /* True if the file is opened read-only */
){
  const sqlite3_io_methods *pLockingStyle;
................................................................................
    || pVfs->pAppData==(void*)&autolockIoFinder );
#else
  assert( zFilename==0 || zFilename[0]=='/' );
#endif

  OSTRACE(("OPEN    %-3d %s\n", h, zFilename));
  pNew->h = h;
  pNew->dirfd = dirfd;
  pNew->zPath = zFilename;
  if( memcmp(pVfs->zName,"unix-excl",10)==0 ){
    pNew->ctrlFlags = UNIXFILE_EXCL;
  }else{
    pNew->ctrlFlags = 0;
  }
  if( isReadOnly ){
    pNew->ctrlFlags |= UNIXFILE_RDONLY;
  }




#if OS_VXWORKS
  pNew->pId = vxworksFindFileId(zFilename);
  if( pNew->pId==0 ){
    noLock = 1;
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
................................................................................
#endif
  
  pNew->lastErrno = 0;
#if OS_VXWORKS
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    if( h>=0 ) robust_close(pNew, h, __LINE__);
    h = -1;
    unlink(zFilename);
    isDelete = 0;
  }
  pNew->isDelete = isDelete;
#endif
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    if( dirfd>=0 ) robust_close(pNew, dirfd, __LINE__);
    if( h>=0 ) robust_close(pNew, h, __LINE__);
  }else{
    pNew->pMethod = pLockingStyle;
    OpenCounter(+1);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Open a file descriptor to the directory containing file zFilename.
** If successful, *pFd is set to the opened file descriptor and
** SQLITE_OK is returned. If an error occurs, either SQLITE_NOMEM
** or SQLITE_CANTOPEN is returned and *pFd is set to an undefined
** value.
**
** If SQLITE_OK is returned, the caller is responsible for closing
** the file descriptor *pFd using close().
*/
static int openDirectory(const char *zFilename, int *pFd){
  int ii;
  int fd = -1;
  char zDirname[MAX_PATHNAME+1];

  sqlite3_snprintf(MAX_PATHNAME, zDirname, "%s", zFilename);
  for(ii=(int)strlen(zDirname); ii>1 && zDirname[ii]!='/'; ii--);
  if( ii>0 ){
    zDirname[ii] = '\0';
    fd = robust_open(zDirname, O_RDONLY|O_BINARY, 0);
    if( fd>=0 ){
#ifdef FD_CLOEXEC
      osFcntl(fd, F_SETFD, osFcntl(fd, F_GETFD, 0) | FD_CLOEXEC);
#endif
      OSTRACE(("OPENDIR %-3d %s\n", fd, zDirname));
    }
  }
  *pFd = fd;
  return (fd>=0?SQLITE_OK:unixLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT, "open", zDirname));
}

/*
** Return the name of a directory in which to put temporary files.
** If no suitable temporary file directory can be found, return NULL.
*/
static const char *unixTempFileDir(void){
  static const char *azDirs[] = {
     0,
................................................................................
  ** almost certain that an open() call on the same path will also fail.
  ** For this reason, if an error occurs in the stat() call here, it is
  ** ignored and -1 is returned. The caller will try to open a new file
  ** descriptor on the same path, fail, and return an error to SQLite.
  **
  ** Even if a subsequent open() call does succeed, the consequences of
  ** not searching for a resusable file descriptor are not dire.  */
  if( 0==stat(zPath, &sStat) ){
    unixInodeInfo *pInode;

    unixEnterMutex();
    pInode = inodeList;
    while( pInode && (pInode->fileId.dev!=sStat.st_dev
                     || pInode->fileId.ino!=sStat.st_ino) ){
       pInode = pInode->pNext;
................................................................................
    */
    nDb = sqlite3Strlen30(zPath) - 1; 
    while( nDb>0 && zPath[nDb]!='-' ) nDb--;
    if( nDb==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
    memcpy(zDb, zPath, nDb);
    zDb[nDb] = '\0';

    if( 0==stat(zDb, &sStat) ){
      *pMode = sStat.st_mode & 0777;
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_IOERR_FSTAT;
    }
  }else if( flags & SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE ){
    *pMode = 0600;
  }
................................................................................
  const char *zPath,           /* Pathname of file to be opened */
  sqlite3_file *pFile,         /* The file descriptor to be filled in */
  int flags,                   /* Input flags to control the opening */
  int *pOutFlags               /* Output flags returned to SQLite core */
){
  unixFile *p = (unixFile *)pFile;
  int fd = -1;                   /* File descriptor returned by open() */
  int dirfd = -1;                /* Directory file descriptor */
  int openFlags = 0;             /* Flags to pass to open() */
  int eType = flags&0xFFFFFF00;  /* Type of file to open */
  int noLock;                    /* True to omit locking primitives */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;            /* Function Return Code */

  int isExclusive  = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE);
  int isDelete     = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE);
................................................................................
  int isAutoProxy  = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_AUTOPROXY);
#endif

  /* If creating a master or main-file journal, this function will open
  ** a file-descriptor on the directory too. The first time unixSync()
  ** is called the directory file descriptor will be fsync()ed and close()d.
  */
  int isOpenDirectory = (isCreate && (
        eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL 
     || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL 
     || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_WAL
  ));

  /* If argument zPath is a NULL pointer, this function is required to open
  ** a temporary file. Use this buffer to store the file name in.
................................................................................
      if( !pUnused ){
        return SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }
    }
    p->pUnused = pUnused;
  }else if( !zName ){
    /* If zName is NULL, the upper layer is requesting a temp file. */
    assert(isDelete && !isOpenDirectory);
    rc = unixGetTempname(MAX_PATHNAME+1, zTmpname);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
    zName = zTmpname;
  }

................................................................................
    p->pUnused->flags = flags;
  }

  if( isDelete ){
#if OS_VXWORKS
    zPath = zName;
#else
    unlink(zName);
#endif
  }
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  else{
    p->openFlags = openFlags;
  }
#endif

  if( isOpenDirectory ){
    rc = openDirectory(zPath, &dirfd);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      /* It is safe to close fd at this point, because it is guaranteed not
      ** to be open on a database file. If it were open on a database file,
      ** it would not be safe to close as this would release any locks held
      ** on the file by this process.  */
      assert( eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB );
      robust_close(p, fd, __LINE__);
      goto open_finished;
    }
  }

#ifdef FD_CLOEXEC
  osFcntl(fd, F_SETFD, osFcntl(fd, F_GETFD, 0) | FD_CLOEXEC);
#endif

  noLock = eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB;

  
#if defined(__APPLE__) || SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  struct statfs fsInfo;
  if( fstatfs(fd, &fsInfo) == -1 ){
    ((unixFile*)pFile)->lastErrno = errno;
    if( dirfd>=0 ) robust_close(p, dirfd, __LINE__);
    robust_close(p, fd, __LINE__);
    return SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS;
  }
  if (0 == strncmp("msdos", fsInfo.f_fstypename, 5)) {
    ((unixFile*)pFile)->fsFlags |= SQLITE_FSFLAGS_IS_MSDOS;
  }
#endif
................................................................................
        ** with fd is a database file, and there are other connections open
        ** on that file that are currently holding advisory locks on it,
        ** then the call to close() will cancel those locks. In practice,
        ** we're assuming that statfs() doesn't fail very often. At least
        ** not while other file descriptors opened by the same process on
        ** the same file are working.  */
        p->lastErrno = errno;
        if( dirfd>=0 ){
          robust_close(p, dirfd, __LINE__);
        }
        robust_close(p, fd, __LINE__);
        rc = SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS;
        goto open_finished;
      }
      useProxy = !(fsInfo.f_flags&MNT_LOCAL);
    }
    if( useProxy ){
      rc = fillInUnixFile(pVfs, fd, dirfd, pFile, zPath, noLock,
                          isDelete, isReadonly);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = proxyTransformUnixFile((unixFile*)pFile, ":auto:");
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          /* Use unixClose to clean up the resources added in fillInUnixFile 
          ** and clear all the structure's references.  Specifically, 
          ** pFile->pMethods will be NULL so sqlite3OsClose will be a no-op 
................................................................................
        }
      }
      goto open_finished;
    }
  }
#endif
  
  rc = fillInUnixFile(pVfs, fd, dirfd, pFile, zPath, noLock,
                      isDelete, isReadonly);
open_finished:
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_free(p->pUnused);
  }
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
  sqlite3_vfs *NotUsed,     /* VFS containing this as the xDelete method */
  const char *zPath,        /* Name of file to be deleted */
  int dirSync               /* If true, fsync() directory after deleting file */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
  SimulateIOError(return SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE);
  if( unlink(zPath)==(-1) && errno!=ENOENT ){
    return unixLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE, "unlink", zPath);
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_DIRSYNC
  if( dirSync ){
    int fd;
    rc = openDirectory(zPath, &fd);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
#if OS_VXWORKS
      if( fsync(fd)==-1 )
#else
      if( fsync(fd) )
#endif
      {
................................................................................

    default:
      assert(!"Invalid flags argument");
  }
  *pResOut = (osAccess(zPath, amode)==0);
  if( flags==SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS && *pResOut ){
    struct stat buf;
    if( 0==stat(zPath, &buf) && buf.st_size==0 ){
      *pResOut = 0;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


................................................................................
*/
static int proxyCreateUnixFile(
    const char *path,        /* path for the new unixFile */
    unixFile **ppFile,       /* unixFile created and returned by ref */
    int islockfile           /* if non zero missing dirs will be created */
) {
  int fd = -1;
  int dirfd = -1;
  unixFile *pNew;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int openFlags = O_RDWR | O_CREAT;
  sqlite3_vfs dummyVfs;
  int terrno = 0;
  UnixUnusedFd *pUnused = NULL;

................................................................................
  memset(&dummyVfs, 0, sizeof(dummyVfs));
  dummyVfs.pAppData = (void*)&autolockIoFinder;
  dummyVfs.zName = "dummy";
  pUnused->fd = fd;
  pUnused->flags = openFlags;
  pNew->pUnused = pUnused;
  
  rc = fillInUnixFile(&dummyVfs, fd, dirfd, (sqlite3_file*)pNew, path, 0, 0, 0);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    *ppFile = pNew;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
end_create_proxy:    
  robust_close(pNew, fd, __LINE__);
  sqlite3_free(pNew);
................................................................................
  robust_close(pFile, conchFile->h, __LINE__);
  conchFile->h = fd;
  conchFile->openFlags = O_RDWR | O_CREAT;

end_breaklock:
  if( rc ){
    if( fd>=0 ){
      unlink(tPath);
      robust_close(pFile, fd, __LINE__);
    }
    fprintf(stderr, "failed to break stale lock on %s, %s\n", cPath, errmsg);
  }
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
    UNIXVFS("unix-proxy",    proxyIoFinder ),
#endif
  };
  unsigned int i;          /* Loop counter */

  /* Double-check that the aSyscall[] array has been constructed
  ** correctly.  See ticket [bb3a86e890c8e96ab] */
  assert( ArraySize(aSyscall)==16 );

  /* Register all VFSes defined in the aVfs[] array */
  for(i=0; i<(sizeof(aVfs)/sizeof(sqlite3_vfs)); i++){
    sqlite3_vfs_register(&aVfs[i], i==0);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK; 
}
................................................................................
** switch.  The following code should catch this problem at compile-time.
*/
#ifdef MEMORY_DEBUG
# error "The MEMORY_DEBUG macro is obsolete.  Use SQLITE_DEBUG instead."
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG



SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OSTrace = 0;
#define OSTRACE(X)          if( sqlite3OSTrace ) sqlite3DebugPrintf X
#else
#define OSTRACE(X)
#endif

/*
** Macros for performance tracing.  Normally turned off.  Only works
** on i486 hardware.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_PERFORMANCE_TRACE
................................................................................
** portability layer.
*/
typedef struct winFile winFile;
struct winFile {
  const sqlite3_io_methods *pMethod; /*** Must be first ***/
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs;      /* The VFS used to open this file */
  HANDLE h;               /* Handle for accessing the file */
  unsigned char locktype; /* Type of lock currently held on this file */
  short sharedLockByte;   /* Randomly chosen byte used as a shared lock */

  DWORD lastErrno;        /* The Windows errno from the last I/O error */
  DWORD sectorSize;       /* Sector size of the device file is on */
  winShm *pShm;           /* Instance of shared memory on this file */
  const char *zPath;      /* Full pathname of this file */
  int szChunk;            /* Chunk size configured by FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE */
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  WCHAR *zDeleteOnClose;  /* Name of file to delete when closing */
................................................................................
  return rc;
}

/*
** Control and query of the open file handle.
*/
static int winFileControl(sqlite3_file *id, int op, void *pArg){

  switch( op ){
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE: {
      *(int*)pArg = ((winFile*)id)->locktype;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO: {
      *(int*)pArg = (int)((winFile*)id)->lastErrno;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE: {
      ((winFile*)id)->szChunk = *(int *)pArg;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT: {
      sqlite3_int64 sz = *(sqlite3_int64*)pArg;
      SimulateIOErrorBenign(1);
      winTruncate(id, sz);
      SimulateIOErrorBenign(0);
      return SQLITE_OK;









    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC_OMITTED: {
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY: {
      int *a = (int*)pArg;
      if( a[0]>0 ){
................................................................................
  DWORD dwFlagsAndAttributes = 0;
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  int isTemp = 0;
#endif
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;
  void *zConverted;              /* Filename in OS encoding */
  const char *zUtf8Name = zName; /* Filename in UTF-8 encoding */


  /* If argument zPath is a NULL pointer, this function is required to open
  ** a temporary file. Use this buffer to store the file name in.
  */
  char zTmpname[MAX_PATH+1];     /* Buffer used to create temp filename */

  int rc = SQLITE_OK;            /* Function Return Code */
................................................................................
  /* Reports from the internet are that performance is always
  ** better if FILE_FLAG_RANDOM_ACCESS is used.  Ticket #2699. */
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  dwFlagsAndAttributes |= FILE_FLAG_RANDOM_ACCESS;
#endif

  if( isNT() ){
    h = CreateFileW((WCHAR*)zConverted,
       dwDesiredAccess,
       dwShareMode,
       NULL,
       dwCreationDisposition,
       dwFlagsAndAttributes,
       NULL
    );


/* isNT() is 1 if SQLITE_OS_WINCE==1, so this else is never executed. 
** Since the ASCII version of these Windows API do not exist for WINCE,
** it's important to not reference them for WINCE builds.
*/
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE==0
  }else{
    h = CreateFileA((char*)zConverted,
       dwDesiredAccess,
       dwShareMode,
       NULL,
       dwCreationDisposition,
       dwFlagsAndAttributes,
       NULL
    );


#endif
  }



  OSTRACE(("OPEN %d %s 0x%lx %s\n", 
           h, zName, dwDesiredAccess, 
           h==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ? "failed" : "ok"));

  if( h==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ){
    pFile->lastErrno = GetLastError();
................................................................................

  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS; );
  zConverted = convertUtf8Filename(zFilename);
  if( zConverted==0 ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  if( isNT() ){

    WIN32_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DATA sAttrData;
    memset(&sAttrData, 0, sizeof(sAttrData));
    if( GetFileAttributesExW((WCHAR*)zConverted,
                             GetFileExInfoStandard, 
                             &sAttrData) ){

      /* For an SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS query, treat a zero-length file
      ** as if it does not exist.
      */
      if(    flags==SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS
          && sAttrData.nFileSizeHigh==0 
          && sAttrData.nFileSizeLow==0 ){
        attr = INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES;
      }else{
        attr = sAttrData.dwFileAttributes;
      }
    }else{

      if( GetLastError()!=ERROR_FILE_NOT_FOUND ){
        winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS, "winAccess", zFilename);
        free(zConverted);
        return SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS;
      }else{
        attr = INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES;
      }
................................................................................
  free(zConverted);
  switch( flags ){
    case SQLITE_ACCESS_READ:
    case SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS:
      rc = attr!=INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES;
      break;
    case SQLITE_ACCESS_READWRITE:

      rc = (attr & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_READONLY)==0;
      break;
    default:
      assert(!"Invalid flags argument");
  }
  *pResOut = rc;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
    ** the database. In this case checkpoint the database and unlink both
    ** the wal and wal-index files.
    **
    ** The EXCLUSIVE lock is not released before returning.
    */
    rc = sqlite3OsLock(pWal->pDbFd, SQLITE_LOCK_EXCLUSIVE);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

      if( pWal->exclusiveMode==WAL_NORMAL_MODE ){
        pWal->exclusiveMode = WAL_EXCLUSIVE_MODE;
      }
      rc = sqlite3WalCheckpoint(
          pWal, SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE, 0, 0, sync_flags, nBuf, zBuf, 0, 0
      );

      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        isDelete = 1;
      }
    }

    walIndexClose(pWal, isDelete);
    sqlite3OsClose(pWal->pWalFd);
    if( isDelete ){
................................................................................

  if( !pExpr ){
    *ppVal = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  op = pExpr->op;

  /* op can only be TK_REGISTER if we have compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2.
  ** The ifdef here is to enable us to achieve 100% branch test coverage even
  ** when SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 is omitted.
  */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
  if( op==TK_REGISTER ) op = pExpr->op2;
#else
  if( NEVER(op==TK_REGISTER) ) op = pExpr->op2;
#endif

  /* Handle negative integers in a single step.  This is needed in the
  ** case when the value is -9223372036854775808.
................................................................................
}

/*
** Change the P2 operand of instruction addr so that it points to
** the address of the next instruction to be coded.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(Vdbe *p, int addr){
  assert( addr>=0 );
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(p, addr, p->nOp);
}


/*
** If the input FuncDef structure is ephemeral, then free it.  If
** the FuncDef is not ephermal, then do nothing.
*/
................................................................................
    assert( pOut<=&aMem[p->nMem] );
    assert( pIn1<=&aMem[p->nMem] );
    assert( memIsValid(pIn1) );
    memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
    u.ac.zMalloc = pOut->zMalloc;
    pOut->zMalloc = 0;
    sqlite3VdbeMemMove(pOut, pIn1);





    pIn1->zMalloc = u.ac.zMalloc;
    REGISTER_TRACE(u.ac.p2++, pOut);
    pIn1++;
    pOut++;
  }
  break;
}
................................................................................
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code associated with the ANALYZE command.


























































































*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE

/*
** This routine generates code that opens the sqlite_stat1 table for
** writing with cursor iStatCur. If the library was built with the
** SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 macro defined, then the sqlite_stat2 table is
................................................................................
  const char *zWhereType  /* Either "tbl" or "idx" */
){
  static const struct {
    const char *zName;
    const char *zCols;
  } aTable[] = {
    { "sqlite_stat1", "tbl,idx,stat" },
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2




    { "sqlite_stat2", "tbl,idx,sampleno,sample" },


#endif
  };

  int aRoot[] = {0, 0};
  u8 aCreateTbl[] = {0, 0};

  int i;
................................................................................
  Db *pDb;
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 ) return;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(db) );
  assert( sqlite3VdbeDb(v)==db );
  pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];












  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aTable); i++){
    const char *zTab = aTable[i].zName;
    Table *pStat;
    if( (pStat = sqlite3FindTable(db, zTab, pDb->zName))==0 ){
      /* The sqlite_stat[12] table does not exist. Create it. Note that a 
      ** side-effect of the CREATE TABLE statement is to leave the rootpage 
      ** of the new table in register pParse->regRoot. This is important 
................................................................................
      }else{
        /* The sqlite_stat[12] table already exists.  Delete all rows. */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, aRoot[i], iDb);
      }
    }
  }

  /* Open the sqlite_stat[12] tables for writing. */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aTable); i++){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenWrite, iStatCur+i, aRoot[i], iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)3, P4_INT32);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, aCreateTbl[i]);
  }
}






























































































































































































































/*
** Generate code to do an analysis of all indices associated with
** a single table.
*/
static void analyzeOneTable(
  Parse *pParse,   /* Parser context */
................................................................................
  int i;                       /* Loop counter */
  int topOfLoop;               /* The top of the loop */
  int endOfLoop;               /* The end of the loop */
  int jZeroRows = -1;          /* Jump from here if number of rows is zero */
  int iDb;                     /* Index of database containing pTab */
  int regTabname = iMem++;     /* Register containing table name */
  int regIdxname = iMem++;     /* Register containing index name */
  int regSampleno = iMem++;    /* Register containing next sample number */















  int regCol = iMem++;         /* Content of a column analyzed table */
  int regRec = iMem++;         /* Register holding completed record */
  int regTemp = iMem++;        /* Temporary use register */
  int regRowid = iMem++;       /* Rowid for the inserted record */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
  int addr = 0;                /* Instruction address */
  int regTemp2 = iMem++;       /* Temporary use register */
  int regSamplerecno = iMem++; /* Index of next sample to record */
  int regRecno = iMem++;       /* Current sample index */
  int regLast = iMem++;        /* Index of last sample to record */
  int regFirst = iMem++;       /* Index of first sample to record */
#endif

  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 || NEVER(pTab==0) ){
    return;
  }
  if( pTab->tnum==0 ){
    /* Do not gather statistics on views or virtual tables */
................................................................................
  sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);

  iIdxCur = pParse->nTab++;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regTabname, 0, pTab->zName, 0);
  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    int nCol;
    KeyInfo *pKey;



    if( pOnlyIdx && pOnlyIdx!=pIdx ) continue;

    nCol = pIdx->nColumn;
    pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pIdx);
    if( iMem+1+(nCol*2)>pParse->nMem ){
      pParse->nMem = iMem+1+(nCol*2);
    }



    /* Open a cursor to the index to be analyzed. */
    assert( iDb==sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pIdx->pSchema) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenRead, iIdxCur, pIdx->tnum, iDb,
        (char *)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));

    /* Populate the register containing the index name. */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regIdxname, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2


    /* If this iteration of the loop is generating code to analyze the
    ** first index in the pTab->pIndex list, then register regLast has
    ** not been populated. In this case populate it now.  */
    if( pTab->pIndex==pIdx ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES, regSamplerecno);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES*2-1, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES*2, regTemp2);

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur, regLast);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regFirst);
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Lt, regSamplerecno, 0, regLast);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Divide, regTemp2, regLast, regFirst);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Multiply, regLast, regTemp, regLast);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regLast, SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES*2-2);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Divide,  regTemp2, regLast, regLast);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
    }

    /* Zero the regSampleno and regRecno registers. */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regSampleno);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regRecno);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Copy, regFirst, regSamplerecno);
#endif





    /* The block of memory cells initialized here is used as follows.
    **
    **    iMem:                
    **        The total number of rows in the table.
    **
    **    iMem+1 .. iMem+nCol: 
................................................................................
    }

    /* Start the analysis loop. This loop runs through all the entries in
    ** the index b-tree.  */
    endOfLoop = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iIdxCur, endOfLoop);
    topOfLoop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, iMem, 1);

    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      CollSeq *pColl;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, regCol);
      if( i==0 ){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
        /* Check if the record that cursor iIdxCur points to contains a
        ** value that should be stored in the sqlite_stat2 table. If so,
        ** store it.  */
        int ne = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Ne, regRecno, 0, regSamplerecno);
        assert( regTabname+1==regIdxname 
             && regTabname+2==regSampleno
             && regTabname+3==regCol
        );
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 4, regRec, "aaab", 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur+1, regRowid);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur+1, regRec, regRowid);

        /* Calculate new values for regSamplerecno and regSampleno.
        **
        **   sampleno = sampleno + 1
        **   samplerecno = samplerecno+(remaining records)/(remaining samples)
        */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regSampleno, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Subtract, regRecno, regLast, regTemp);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regTemp, -1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES, regTemp2);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Subtract, regSampleno, regTemp2, regTemp2);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Divide, regTemp2, regTemp, regTemp);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Add, regSamplerecno, regTemp, regSamplerecno);

        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, ne);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regRecno, 1);
#endif

        /* Always record the very first row */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, iMem+1);
      }
      assert( pIdx->azColl!=0 );
      assert( pIdx->azColl[i]!=0 );
      pColl = sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, pIdx->azColl[i]);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Ne, regCol, 0, iMem+nCol+i+1,
                       (char*)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NULLEQ);





    }
    if( db->mallocFailed ){
      /* If a malloc failure has occurred, then the result of the expression 
      ** passed as the second argument to the call to sqlite3VdbeJumpHere() 
      ** below may be negative. Which causes an assert() to fail (or an
      ** out-of-bounds write if SQLITE_DEBUG is not defined).  */
      return;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, endOfLoop);
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      int addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) - (nCol*2);
      if( i==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr2-1);  /* Set jump dest for the OP_IfNot */









      }
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr2);      /* Set jump dest for the OP_Ne */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, iMem+i+1, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, iMem+nCol+i+1);
    }


    /* End of the analysis loop. */

    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endOfLoop);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iIdxCur, topOfLoop);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdxCur);






























    /* Store the results in sqlite_stat1.
    **
    ** The result is a single row of the sqlite_stat1 table.  The first
    ** two columns are the names of the table and index.  The third column
    ** is a string composed of a list of integer statistics about the
    ** index.  The first integer in the list is the total number of entries
................................................................................
    **
    **        I = (K+D-1)/D
    **
    ** If K==0 then no entry is made into the sqlite_stat1 table.  
    ** If K>0 then it is always the case the D>0 so division by zero
    ** is never possible.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, iMem, regSampleno);
    if( jZeroRows<0 ){
      jZeroRows = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, iMem);
    }
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regTemp, 0, " ", 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, regTemp, regSampleno, regSampleno);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Add, iMem, iMem+i+1, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regTemp, -1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Divide, iMem+i+1, regTemp, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_ToInt, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, regTemp, regSampleno, regSampleno);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 3, regRec, "aaa", 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur, regRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur, regRec, regRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
  }

  /* If the table has no indices, create a single sqlite_stat1 entry
  ** containing NULL as the index name and the row count as the content.
  */
  if( pTab->pIndex==0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iIdxCur, pTab->tnum, iDb);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pTab->zName));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur, regSampleno);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdxCur);
    jZeroRows = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, regSampleno);
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jZeroRows);
    jZeroRows = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regIdxname);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 3, regRec, "aaa", 0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur, regRowid);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur, regRec, regRowid);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
  if( pParse->nMem<regRec ) pParse->nMem = regRec;
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jZeroRows);
}


/*
** Generate code that will cause the most recent index analysis to
** be loaded into internal hash tables where is can be used.
*/
static void loadAnalysis(Parse *pParse, int iDb){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
................................................................................
  Schema *pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;    /* Schema of database iDb */
  HashElem *k;
  int iStatCur;
  int iMem;

  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
  iStatCur = pParse->nTab;
  pParse->nTab += 2;
  openStatTable(pParse, iDb, iStatCur, 0, 0);
  iMem = pParse->nMem+1;
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
  for(k=sqliteHashFirst(&pSchema->tblHash); k; k=sqliteHashNext(k)){
    Table *pTab = (Table*)sqliteHashData(k);
    analyzeOneTable(pParse, pTab, 0, iStatCur, iMem);
  }
................................................................................
  int iStatCur;

  assert( pTab!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(pParse->db) );
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
  iStatCur = pParse->nTab;
  pParse->nTab += 2;
  if( pOnlyIdx ){
    openStatTable(pParse, iDb, iStatCur, pOnlyIdx->zName, "idx");
  }else{
    openStatTable(pParse, iDb, iStatCur, pTab->zName, "tbl");
  }
  analyzeOneTable(pParse, pTab, pOnlyIdx, iStatCur, pParse->nMem+1);
  loadAnalysis(pParse, iDb);
................................................................................
** the table.
*/
static int analysisLoader(void *pData, int argc, char **argv, char **NotUsed){
  analysisInfo *pInfo = (analysisInfo*)pData;
  Index *pIndex;
  Table *pTable;
  int i, c, n;
  unsigned int v;
  const char *z;

  assert( argc==3 );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER2(NotUsed, argc);

  if( argv==0 || argv[0]==0 || argv[2]==0 ){
    return 0;
................................................................................
}

/*
** If the Index.aSample variable is not NULL, delete the aSample[] array
** and its contents.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(sqlite3 *db, Index *pIdx){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
  if( pIdx->aSample ){
    int j;
    for(j=0; j<SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES; j++){
      IndexSample *p = &pIdx->aSample[j];
      if( p->eType==SQLITE_TEXT || p->eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
        sqlite3DbFree(db, p->u.z);
      }
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pIdx->aSample);
  }



#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(db);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pIdx);
#endif
}


/*
































































































































** Load the content of the sqlite_stat1 and sqlite_stat2 tables. The
** contents of sqlite_stat1 are used to populate the Index.aiRowEst[]
** arrays. The contents of sqlite_stat2 are used to populate the
** Index.aSample[] arrays.
**
** If the sqlite_stat1 table is not present in the database, SQLITE_ERROR
** is returned. In this case, even if SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 was defined 
** during compilation and the sqlite_stat2 table is present, no data is 
** read from it.
**
** If SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 was defined during compilation and the 
** sqlite_stat2 table is not present in the database, SQLITE_ERROR is
** returned. However, in this case, data is read from the sqlite_stat1
** table (if it is present) before returning.
**
** If an OOM error occurs, this function always sets db->mallocFailed.
** This means if the caller does not care about other errors, the return
** code may be ignored.
*/
................................................................................
  assert( db->aDb[iDb].pBt!=0 );

  /* Clear any prior statistics */
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
  for(i=sqliteHashFirst(&db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->idxHash);i;i=sqliteHashNext(i)){
    Index *pIdx = sqliteHashData(i);
    sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIdx);

    sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(db, pIdx);
    pIdx->aSample = 0;

  }

  /* Check to make sure the sqlite_stat1 table exists */
  sInfo.db = db;
  sInfo.zDatabase = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  if( sqlite3FindTable(db, "sqlite_stat1", sInfo.zDatabase)==0 ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

  /* Load new statistics out of the sqlite_stat1 table */
  zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db, 
      "SELECT tbl, idx, stat FROM %Q.sqlite_stat1", sInfo.zDatabase);
  if( zSql==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, analysisLoader, &sInfo, 0);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
  }


  /* Load the statistics from the sqlite_stat2 table. */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && !sqlite3FindTable(db, "sqlite_stat2", sInfo.zDatabase) ){
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;

    zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db, 
        "SELECT idx,sampleno,sample FROM %Q.sqlite_stat2", sInfo.zDatabase);
    if( !zSql ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3_prepare(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
      sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
    }

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
        char *zIndex;   /* Index name */
        Index *pIdx;    /* Pointer to the index object */

        zIndex = (char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0);
        pIdx = zIndex ? sqlite3FindIndex(db, zIndex, sInfo.zDatabase) : 0;
        if( pIdx ){
          int iSample = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 1);
          if( iSample<SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES && iSample>=0 ){
            int eType = sqlite3_column_type(pStmt, 2);

            if( pIdx->aSample==0 ){
              static const int sz = sizeof(IndexSample)*SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES;
              pIdx->aSample = (IndexSample *)sqlite3DbMallocRaw(0, sz);
              if( pIdx->aSample==0 ){
                db->mallocFailed = 1;
                break;
              }
	      memset(pIdx->aSample, 0, sz);
            }

            assert( pIdx->aSample );
            {
              IndexSample *pSample = &pIdx->aSample[iSample];
              pSample->eType = (u8)eType;
              if( eType==SQLITE_INTEGER || eType==SQLITE_FLOAT ){
                pSample->u.r = sqlite3_column_double(pStmt, 2);
              }else if( eType==SQLITE_TEXT || eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
                const char *z = (const char *)(
                    (eType==SQLITE_BLOB) ?
                    sqlite3_column_blob(pStmt, 2):
                    sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 2)
                );
                int n = sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, 2);
                if( n>24 ){
                  n = 24;
                }
                pSample->nByte = (u8)n;
                if( n < 1){
                  pSample->u.z = 0;
                }else{
                  pSample->u.z = sqlite3DbStrNDup(0, z, n);
                  if( pSample->u.z==0 ){
                    db->mallocFailed = 1;
                    break;
                  }
                }
              }
            }
          }
        }
      }
      rc = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    }
  }
#endif

  if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }
  return rc;
................................................................................
      int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
      destroyRootPage(pParse, iLargest, iDb);
      iDestroyed = iLargest;
    }
  }
#endif
}



































































































/*
** This routine is called to do the work of a DROP TABLE statement.
** pName is the name of the table to be dropped.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DropTable(Parse *pParse, SrcList *pName, int isView, int noErr){
  Table *pTab;
................................................................................
      goto exit_drop_table;
    }
    if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_DELETE, pTab->zName, 0, zDb) ){
      goto exit_drop_table;
    }
  }
#endif
  if( sqlite3StrNICmp(pTab->zName, "sqlite_", 7)==0 ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "table %s may not be dropped", pTab->zName);
    goto exit_drop_table;
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW
  /* Ensure DROP TABLE is not used on a view, and DROP VIEW is not used
  ** on a table.
................................................................................
#endif

  /* Generate code to remove the table from the master table
  ** on disk.
  */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v ){
    Trigger *pTrigger;
    Db *pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];
    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, iDb);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_VBegin);
    }
#endif
    sqlite3FkDropTable(pParse, pName, pTab);

    /* Drop all triggers associated with the table being dropped. Code
    ** is generated to remove entries from sqlite_master and/or
    ** sqlite_temp_master if required.
    */
    pTrigger = sqlite3TriggerList(pParse, pTab);
    while( pTrigger ){
      assert( pTrigger->pSchema==pTab->pSchema || 
          pTrigger->pSchema==db->aDb[1].pSchema );
      sqlite3DropTriggerPtr(pParse, pTrigger);
      pTrigger = pTrigger->pNext;
    }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
    /* Remove any entries of the sqlite_sequence table associated with
    ** the table being dropped. This is done before the table is dropped
    ** at the btree level, in case the sqlite_sequence table needs to
    ** move as a result of the drop (can happen in auto-vacuum mode).
    */
    if( pTab->tabFlags & TF_Autoincrement ){
      sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
        "DELETE FROM %s.sqlite_sequence WHERE name=%Q",
        pDb->zName, pTab->zName
      );
    }
#endif

    /* Drop all SQLITE_MASTER table and index entries that refer to the
    ** table. The program name loops through the master table and deletes
    ** every row that refers to a table of the same name as the one being
    ** dropped. Triggers are handled seperately because a trigger can be
    ** created in the temp database that refers to a table in another
    ** database.
    */
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
        "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE tbl_name=%Q and type!='trigger'",
        pDb->zName, SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb), pTab->zName);

    /* Drop any statistics from the sqlite_stat1 table, if it exists */
    if( sqlite3FindTable(db, "sqlite_stat1", db->aDb[iDb].zName) ){
      sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
        "DELETE FROM %Q.sqlite_stat1 WHERE tbl=%Q", pDb->zName, pTab->zName
      );
    }

    if( !isView && !IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      destroyTable(pParse, pTab);

    }

    /* Remove the table entry from SQLite's internal schema and modify
    ** the schema cookie.
    */
    if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VDestroy, iDb, 0, 0, pTab->zName, 0);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_DropTable, iDb, 0, 0, pTab->zName, 0);
    sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);
  }
  sqliteViewResetAll(db, iDb);

exit_drop_table:
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, pName);
}

/*
** This routine is called to create a new foreign key on the table
................................................................................
  /* 
  ** Allocate the index structure. 
  */
  nName = sqlite3Strlen30(zName);
  nCol = pList->nExpr;
  pIndex = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, 
      sizeof(Index) +              /* Index structure  */

      sizeof(int)*nCol +           /* Index.aiColumn   */
      sizeof(int)*(nCol+1) +       /* Index.aiRowEst   */
      sizeof(char *)*nCol +        /* Index.azColl     */
      sizeof(u8)*nCol +            /* Index.aSortOrder */
      nName + 1 +                  /* Index.zName      */
      nExtra                       /* Collation sequence names */
  );
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    goto exit_create_index;
  }

  pIndex->azColl = (char**)(&pIndex[1]);
  pIndex->aiColumn = (int *)(&pIndex->azColl[nCol]);
  pIndex->aiRowEst = (unsigned *)(&pIndex->aiColumn[nCol]);
  pIndex->aSortOrder = (u8 *)(&pIndex->aiRowEst[nCol+1]);
  pIndex->zName = (char *)(&pIndex->aSortOrder[nCol]);
  zExtra = (char *)(&pIndex->zName[nName+1]);
  memcpy(pIndex->zName, zName, nName+1);
  pIndex->pTable = pTab;
  pIndex->nColumn = pList->nExpr;
  pIndex->onError = (u8)onError;
  pIndex->autoIndex = (u8)(pName==0);
................................................................................
**           aiRowEst[N]>=1
**
** Apart from that, we have little to go on besides intuition as to
** how aiRowEst[] should be initialized.  The numbers generated here
** are based on typical values found in actual indices.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DefaultRowEst(Index *pIdx){
  unsigned *a = pIdx->aiRowEst;
  int i;
  unsigned n;
  assert( a!=0 );
  a[0] = pIdx->pTable->nRowEst;
  if( a[0]<10 ) a[0] = 10;
  n = 10;
  for(i=1; i<=pIdx->nColumn; i++){
    a[i] = n;
    if( n>5 ) n--;
................................................................................

  /* Generate code to remove the index and from the master table */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v ){
    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, iDb);
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
       "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE name=%Q AND type='index'",
       db->aDb[iDb].zName, SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb),
       pIndex->zName
    );
    if( sqlite3FindTable(db, "sqlite_stat1", db->aDb[iDb].zName) ){
      sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
        "DELETE FROM %Q.sqlite_stat1 WHERE idx=%Q",
        db->aDb[iDb].zName, pIndex->zName
      );
    }

    sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);
    destroyRootPage(pParse, pIndex->tnum, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_DropIndex, iDb, 0, 0, pIndex->zName, 0);
  }

exit_drop_index:
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, pName);
................................................................................
#define TERM_DYNAMIC    0x01   /* Need to call sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr) */
#define TERM_VIRTUAL    0x02   /* Added by the optimizer.  Do not code */
#define TERM_CODED      0x04   /* This term is already coded */
#define TERM_COPIED     0x08   /* Has a child */
#define TERM_ORINFO     0x10   /* Need to free the WhereTerm.u.pOrInfo object */
#define TERM_ANDINFO    0x20   /* Need to free the WhereTerm.u.pAndInfo obj */
#define TERM_OR_OK      0x40   /* Used during OR-clause processing */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
#  define TERM_VNULL    0x80   /* Manufactured x>NULL or x<=NULL term */
#else
#  define TERM_VNULL    0x00   /* Disabled if not using stat2 */
#endif

/*
** An instance of the following structure holds all information about a
................................................................................
      pTerm->nChild = 1;
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
      pNewTerm->prereqAll = pTerm->prereqAll;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
  /* When sqlite_stat2 histogram data is available an operator of the
  ** form "x IS NOT NULL" can sometimes be evaluated more efficiently
  ** as "x>NULL" if x is not an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY.  So construct a
  ** virtual term of that form.
  **
  ** Note that the virtual term must be tagged with TERM_VNULL.  This
  ** TERM_VNULL tag will suppress the not-null check at the beginning
................................................................................
      pNewTerm->iParent = idxTerm;
      pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
      pTerm->nChild = 1;
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
      pNewTerm->prereqAll = pTerm->prereqAll;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 */

  /* Prevent ON clause terms of a LEFT JOIN from being used to drive
  ** an index for tables to the left of the join.
  */
  pTerm->prereqRight |= extraRight;
}

................................................................................
  ** to this virtual table */
  for(i=nTerm=0, pTerm=pWC->a; i<pWC->nTerm; i++, pTerm++){
    if( pTerm->leftCursor != pSrc->iCursor ) continue;
    assert( (pTerm->eOperator&(pTerm->eOperator-1))==0 );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator==WO_IN );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator==WO_ISNULL );
    if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_IN|WO_ISNULL) ) continue;

    nTerm++;
  }

  /* If the ORDER BY clause contains only columns in the current 
  ** virtual table then allocate space for the aOrderBy part of
  ** the sqlite3_index_info structure.
  */
................................................................................

  for(i=j=0, pTerm=pWC->a; i<pWC->nTerm; i++, pTerm++){
    if( pTerm->leftCursor != pSrc->iCursor ) continue;
    assert( (pTerm->eOperator&(pTerm->eOperator-1))==0 );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator==WO_IN );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator==WO_ISNULL );
    if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_IN|WO_ISNULL) ) continue;

    pIdxCons[j].iColumn = pTerm->u.leftColumn;
    pIdxCons[j].iTermOffset = i;
    pIdxCons[j].op = (u8)pTerm->eOperator;
    /* The direct assignment in the previous line is possible only because
    ** the WO_ and SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_ codes are identical.  The
    ** following asserts verify this fact. */
    assert( WO_EQ==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ );
................................................................................
  /* Try to find a more efficient access pattern by using multiple indexes
  ** to optimize an OR expression within the WHERE clause. 
  */
  bestOrClauseIndex(pParse, pWC, pSrc, notReady, notValid, pOrderBy, pCost);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */


/*
** Argument pIdx is a pointer to an index structure that has an array of
** SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES evenly spaced samples of the first indexed column
** stored in Index.aSample. These samples divide the domain of values stored
** the index into (SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES+1) regions.
** Region 0 contains all values less than the first sample value. Region
** 1 contains values between the first and second samples.  Region 2 contains
** values between samples 2 and 3.  And so on.  Region SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES
** contains values larger than the last sample.
**
** If the index contains many duplicates of a single value, then it is
** possible that two or more adjacent samples can hold the same value.
** When that is the case, the smallest possible region code is returned
** when roundUp is false and the largest possible region code is returned
** when roundUp is true.


**
** If successful, this function determines which of the regions value 
** pVal lies in, sets *piRegion to the region index (a value between 0
** and SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES+1, inclusive) and returns SQLITE_OK.
** Or, if an OOM occurs while converting text values between encodings,
** SQLITE_NOMEM is returned and *piRegion is undefined.

*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
static int whereRangeRegion(
  Parse *pParse,              /* Database connection */
  Index *pIdx,                /* Index to consider domain of */
  sqlite3_value *pVal,        /* Value to consider */
  int roundUp,                /* Return largest valid region if true */
  int *piRegion               /* OUT: Region of domain in which value lies */
){







  assert( roundUp==0 || roundUp==1 );
  if( ALWAYS(pVal) ){


    IndexSample *aSample = pIdx->aSample;
    int i = 0;
    int eType = sqlite3_value_type(pVal);

    if( eType==SQLITE_INTEGER || eType==SQLITE_FLOAT ){



















      double r = sqlite3_value_double(pVal);
      for(i=0; i<SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES; i++){

        if( aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_NULL ) continue;
        if( aSample[i].eType>=SQLITE_TEXT ) break;
        if( roundUp ){

          if( aSample[i].u.r>r ) break;
        }else{
          if( aSample[i].u.r>=r ) break;
        }



      }

    }else if( eType==SQLITE_NULL ){
      i = 0;
      if( roundUp ){




        while( i<SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES && aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_NULL ) i++;

      }
    }else{ 


      sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
      CollSeq *pColl;
      const u8 *z;
      int n;

      /* pVal comes from sqlite3ValueFromExpr() so the type cannot be NULL */
      assert( eType==SQLITE_TEXT || eType==SQLITE_BLOB );

      if( eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
        z = (const u8 *)sqlite3_value_blob(pVal);
        pColl = db->pDfltColl;
        assert( pColl->enc==SQLITE_UTF8 );
      }else{
        pColl = sqlite3GetCollSeq(db, SQLITE_UTF8, 0, *pIdx->azColl);
        if( pColl==0 ){
................................................................................
        z = (const u8 *)sqlite3ValueText(pVal, pColl->enc);
        if( !z ){
          return SQLITE_NOMEM;
        }
        assert( z && pColl && pColl->xCmp );
      }
      n = sqlite3ValueBytes(pVal, pColl->enc);

      for(i=0; i<SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES; i++){
        int c;
        int eSampletype = aSample[i].eType;
        if( eSampletype==SQLITE_NULL || eSampletype<eType ) continue;
        if( (eSampletype!=eType) ) break;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
        if( pColl->enc!=SQLITE_UTF8 ){
          int nSample;
          char *zSample = sqlite3Utf8to16(
              db, pColl->enc, aSample[i].u.z, aSample[i].nByte, &nSample
          );
          if( !zSample ){
................................................................................
          c = pColl->xCmp(pColl->pUser, nSample, zSample, n, z);
          sqlite3DbFree(db, zSample);
        }else
#endif
        {
          c = pColl->xCmp(pColl->pUser, aSample[i].nByte, aSample[i].u.z, n, z);
        }


        if( c-roundUp>=0 ) break;
      }
    }

    assert( i>=0 && i<=SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES );
    *piRegion = i;
  }
































  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif   /* #ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 */

/*
** If expression pExpr represents a literal value, set *pp to point to
** an sqlite3_value structure containing the same value, with affinity
** aff applied to it, before returning. It is the responsibility of the 
** caller to eventually release this structure by passing it to 
** sqlite3ValueFree().
................................................................................
** create an sqlite3_value structure containing this value, again with
** affinity aff applied to it, instead.
**
** If neither of the above apply, set *pp to NULL.
**
** If an error occurs, return an error code. Otherwise, SQLITE_OK.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
static int valueFromExpr(
  Parse *pParse, 
  Expr *pExpr, 
  u8 aff, 
  sqlite3_value **pp
){
  if( pExpr->op==TK_VARIABLE
................................................................................
** then nEq should be passed the value 1 (as the range restricted column,
** b, is the second left-most column of the index). Or, if the query is:
**
**   ... FROM t1 WHERE a > ? AND a < ? ...
**
** then nEq should be passed 0.
**
** The returned value is an integer between 1 and 100, inclusive. A return
** value of 1 indicates that the proposed range scan is expected to visit
** approximately 1/100th (1%) of the rows selected by the nEq equality
** constraints (if any). A return value of 100 indicates that it is expected
** that the range scan will visit every row (100%) selected by the equality
** constraints.
**
** In the absence of sqlite_stat2 ANALYZE data, each range inequality
** reduces the search space by 3/4ths.  Hence a single constraint (x>?)
** results in a return of 25 and a range constraint (x>? AND x<?) results
** in a return of 6.
*/
static int whereRangeScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  Index *p,            /* The index containing the range-compared column; "x" */
  int nEq,             /* index into p->aCol[] of the range-compared column */
  WhereTerm *pLower,   /* Lower bound on the range. ex: "x>123" Might be NULL */
  WhereTerm *pUpper,   /* Upper bound on the range. ex: "x<455" Might be NULL */
  int *piEst           /* OUT: Return value */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2

  if( nEq==0 && p->aSample ){
    sqlite3_value *pLowerVal = 0;
    sqlite3_value *pUpperVal = 0;
    int iEst;
    int iLower = 0;
    int iUpper = SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES;
    int roundUpUpper = 0;
    int roundUpLower = 0;

    u8 aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[0]].affinity;

    if( pLower ){
      Expr *pExpr = pLower->pExpr->pRight;
      rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pLowerVal);
      assert( pLower->eOperator==WO_GT || pLower->eOperator==WO_GE );




      roundUpLower = (pLower->eOperator==WO_GT) ?1:0;


    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pUpper ){
      Expr *pExpr = pUpper->pExpr->pRight;
      rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pUpperVal);
      assert( pUpper->eOperator==WO_LT || pUpper->eOperator==WO_LE );




      roundUpUpper = (pUpper->eOperator==WO_LE) ?1:0;
    }


    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || (pLowerVal==0 && pUpperVal==0) ){
      sqlite3ValueFree(pLowerVal);
      sqlite3ValueFree(pUpperVal);
      goto range_est_fallback;
    }else if( pLowerVal==0 ){
      rc = whereRangeRegion(pParse, p, pUpperVal, roundUpUpper, &iUpper);
      if( pLower ) iLower = iUpper/2;
    }else if( pUpperVal==0 ){
      rc = whereRangeRegion(pParse, p, pLowerVal, roundUpLower, &iLower);
      if( pUpper ) iUpper = (iLower + SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES + 1)/2;
    }else{
      rc = whereRangeRegion(pParse, p, pUpperVal, roundUpUpper, &iUpper);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = whereRangeRegion(pParse, p, pLowerVal, roundUpLower, &iLower);

      }
    }
    WHERETRACE(("range scan regions: %d..%d\n", iLower, iUpper));



    iEst = iUpper - iLower;
    testcase( iEst==SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES );
    assert( iEst<=SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES );
    if( iEst<1 ){
      *piEst = 50/SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES;
    }else{
      *piEst = (iEst*100)/SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES;
    }
    sqlite3ValueFree(pLowerVal);
    sqlite3ValueFree(pUpperVal);
    return rc;
  }
range_est_fallback:
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pParse);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(p);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(nEq);
#endif
  assert( pLower || pUpper );
  *piEst = 100;

  if( pLower && (pLower->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 ) *piEst /= 4;
  if( pUpper ) *piEst /= 4;
  return rc;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
/*
** Estimate the number of rows that will be returned based on
** an equality constraint x=VALUE and where that VALUE occurs in
** the histogram data.  This only works when x is the left-most
** column of an index and sqlite_stat2 histogram data is available
** for that index.  When pExpr==NULL that means the constraint is
** "x IS NULL" instead of "x=VALUE".
**
** Write the estimated row count into *pnRow and return SQLITE_OK. 
** If unable to make an estimate, leave *pnRow unchanged and return
** non-zero.
**
................................................................................
static int whereEqualScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  Index *p,            /* The index whose left-most column is pTerm */
  Expr *pExpr,         /* Expression for VALUE in the x=VALUE constraint */
  double *pnRow        /* Write the revised row estimate here */
){
  sqlite3_value *pRhs = 0;  /* VALUE on right-hand side of pTerm */
  int iLower, iUpper;       /* Range of histogram regions containing pRhs */
  u8 aff;                   /* Column affinity */
  int rc;                   /* Subfunction return code */
  double nRowEst;           /* New estimate of the number of rows */


  assert( p->aSample!=0 );
  aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[0]].affinity;
  if( pExpr ){
    rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pRhs);
    if( rc ) goto whereEqualScanEst_cancel;
  }else{
    pRhs = sqlite3ValueNew(pParse->db);
  }
  if( pRhs==0 ) return SQLITE_NOTFOUND;
  rc = whereRangeRegion(pParse, p, pRhs, 0, &iLower);
  if( rc ) goto whereEqualScanEst_cancel;
  rc = whereRangeRegion(pParse, p, pRhs, 1, &iUpper);
  if( rc ) goto whereEqualScanEst_cancel;
  WHERETRACE(("equality scan regions: %d..%d\n", iLower, iUpper));
  if( iLower>=iUpper ){
    nRowEst = p->aiRowEst[0]/(SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES*2);
    if( nRowEst<*pnRow ) *pnRow = nRowEst;
  }else{
    nRowEst = (iUpper-iLower)*p->aiRowEst[0]/SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES;
    *pnRow = nRowEst;
  }

whereEqualScanEst_cancel:
  sqlite3ValueFree(pRhs);
  return rc;
}
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2) */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
/*
** Estimate the number of rows that will be returned based on
** an IN constraint where the right-hand side of the IN operator
** is a list of values.  Example:
**
**        WHERE x IN (1,2,3,4)
**
................................................................................
*/
static int whereInScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  Index *p,            /* The index whose left-most column is pTerm */
  ExprList *pList,     /* The value list on the RHS of "x IN (v1,v2,v3,...)" */
  double *pnRow        /* Write the revised row estimate here */
){
  sqlite3_value *pVal = 0;  /* One value from list */
  int iLower, iUpper;       /* Range of histogram regions containing pRhs */
  u8 aff;                   /* Column affinity */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;       /* Subfunction return code */

  double nRowEst;           /* New estimate of the number of rows */
  int nSpan = 0;            /* Number of histogram regions spanned */
  int nSingle = 0;          /* Histogram regions hit by a single value */
  int nNotFound = 0;        /* Count of values that are not constants */
  int i;                               /* Loop counter */
  u8 aSpan[SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES+1];    /* Histogram regions that are spanned */
  u8 aSingle[SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES+1];  /* Histogram regions hit once */

  assert( p->aSample!=0 );
  aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[0]].affinity;
  memset(aSpan, 0, sizeof(aSpan));
  memset(aSingle, 0, sizeof(aSingle));
  for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
    sqlite3ValueFree(pVal);
    rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pList->a[i].pExpr, aff, &pVal);
    if( rc ) break;
    if( pVal==0 || sqlite3_value_type(pVal)==SQLITE_NULL ){
      nNotFound++;
      continue;



    }
    rc = whereRangeRegion(pParse, p, pVal, 0, &iLower);
    if( rc ) break;
    rc = whereRangeRegion(pParse, p, pVal, 1, &iUpper);
    if( rc ) break;
    if( iLower>=iUpper ){
      aSingle[iLower] = 1;
    }else{
      assert( iLower>=0 && iUpper<=SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES );
      while( iLower<iUpper ) aSpan[iLower++] = 1;
    }
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    for(i=nSpan=0; i<=SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES; i++){
      if( aSpan[i] ){
        nSpan++;
      }else if( aSingle[i] ){
        nSingle++;
      }
    }
    nRowEst = (nSpan*2+nSingle)*p->aiRowEst[0]/(2*SQLITE_INDEX_SAMPLES)
               + nNotFound*p->aiRowEst[1];
    if( nRowEst > p->aiRowEst[0] ) nRowEst = p->aiRowEst[0];
    *pnRow = nRowEst;
    WHERETRACE(("IN row estimate: nSpan=%d, nSingle=%d, nNotFound=%d, est=%g\n",
                 nSpan, nSingle, nNotFound, nRowEst));
  }
  sqlite3ValueFree(pVal);
  return rc;
}
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2) */


/*
** Find the best query plan for accessing a particular table.  Write the
** best query plan and its cost into the WhereCost object supplied as the
** last parameter.
**
................................................................................
){
  int iCur = pSrc->iCursor;   /* The cursor of the table to be accessed */
  Index *pProbe;              /* An index we are evaluating */
  Index *pIdx;                /* Copy of pProbe, or zero for IPK index */
  int eqTermMask;             /* Current mask of valid equality operators */
  int idxEqTermMask;          /* Index mask of valid equality operators */
  Index sPk;                  /* A fake index object for the primary key */
  unsigned int aiRowEstPk[2]; /* The aiRowEst[] value for the sPk index */
  int aiColumnPk = -1;        /* The aColumn[] value for the sPk index */
  int wsFlagMask;             /* Allowed flags in pCost->plan.wsFlag */

  /* Initialize the cost to a worst-case value */
  memset(pCost, 0, sizeof(*pCost));
  pCost->rCost = SQLITE_BIG_DBL;

................................................................................
    eqTermMask = WO_EQ|WO_IN;
    pIdx = 0;
  }

  /* Loop over all indices looking for the best one to use
  */
  for(; pProbe; pIdx=pProbe=pProbe->pNext){
    const unsigned int * const aiRowEst = pProbe->aiRowEst;
    double cost;                /* Cost of using pProbe */
    double nRow;                /* Estimated number of rows in result set */
    double log10N;              /* base-10 logarithm of nRow (inexact) */
    int rev;                    /* True to scan in reverse order */
    int wsFlags = 0;
    Bitmask used = 0;

................................................................................
    **
    **  bInEst:  
    **    Set to true if there was at least one "x IN (SELECT ...)" term used 
    **    in determining the value of nInMul.  Note that the RHS of the
    **    IN operator must be a SELECT, not a value list, for this variable
    **    to be true.
    **
    **  estBound:
    **    An estimate on the amount of the table that must be searched.  A
    **    value of 100 means the entire table is searched.  Range constraints
    **    might reduce this to a value less than 100 to indicate that only
    **    a fraction of the table needs searching.  In the absence of
    **    sqlite_stat2 ANALYZE data, a single inequality reduces the search
    **    space to 1/4rd its original size.  So an x>? constraint reduces
    **    estBound to 25.  Two constraints (x>? AND x<?) reduce estBound to 6.


    **
    **  bSort:   
    **    Boolean. True if there is an ORDER BY clause that will require an 
    **    external sort (i.e. scanning the index being evaluated will not 
    **    correctly order records).
    **
    **  bLookup: 
................................................................................
    **
    **             SELECT a, b    FROM tbl WHERE a = 1;
    **             SELECT a, b, c FROM tbl WHERE a = 1;
    */
    int nEq;                      /* Number of == or IN terms matching index */
    int bInEst = 0;               /* True if "x IN (SELECT...)" seen */
    int nInMul = 1;               /* Number of distinct equalities to lookup */
    int estBound = 100;           /* Estimated reduction in search space */
    int nBound = 0;               /* Number of range constraints seen */
    int bSort = !!pOrderBy;       /* True if external sort required */
    int bDist = !!pDistinct;      /* True if index cannot help with DISTINCT */
    int bLookup = 0;              /* True if not a covering index */
    WhereTerm *pTerm;             /* A single term of the WHERE clause */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
    WhereTerm *pFirstTerm = 0;    /* First term matching the index */
#endif

    /* Determine the values of nEq and nInMul */
    for(nEq=0; nEq<pProbe->nColumn; nEq++){
      int j = pProbe->aiColumn[nEq];
      pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, notReady, eqTermMask, pIdx);
................................................................................
        }else if( ALWAYS(pExpr->x.pList && pExpr->x.pList->nExpr) ){
          /* "x IN (value, value, ...)" */
          nInMul *= pExpr->x.pList->nExpr;
        }
      }else if( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL ){
        wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_NULL;
      }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
      if( nEq==0 && pProbe->aSample ) pFirstTerm = pTerm;
#endif
      used |= pTerm->prereqRight;
    }

    /* Determine the value of estBound. */
    if( nEq<pProbe->nColumn && pProbe->bUnordered==0 ){
      int j = pProbe->aiColumn[nEq];
      if( findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, notReady, WO_LT|WO_LE|WO_GT|WO_GE, pIdx) ){
        WhereTerm *pTop = findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, notReady, WO_LT|WO_LE, pIdx);
        WhereTerm *pBtm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, notReady, WO_GT|WO_GE, pIdx);
        whereRangeScanEst(pParse, pProbe, nEq, pBtm, pTop, &estBound);
        if( pTop ){
          nBound = 1;
          wsFlags |= WHERE_TOP_LIMIT;
          used |= pTop->prereqRight;
        }
        if( pBtm ){
          nBound++;
................................................................................
    */
    nRow = (double)(aiRowEst[nEq] * nInMul);
    if( bInEst && nRow*2>aiRowEst[0] ){
      nRow = aiRowEst[0]/2;
      nInMul = (int)(nRow / aiRowEst[nEq]);
    }

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
    /* If the constraint is of the form x=VALUE or x IN (E1,E2,...)
    ** and we do not think that values of x are unique and if histogram
    ** data is available for column x, then it might be possible
    ** to get a better estimate on the number of rows based on
    ** VALUE and how common that value is according to the histogram.
    */
    if( nRow>(double)1 && nEq==1 && pFirstTerm!=0 && aiRowEst[1]>1 ){
................................................................................
        testcase( pFirstTerm->eOperator==WO_EQ );
        testcase( pFirstTerm->eOperator==WO_ISNULL );
        whereEqualScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pFirstTerm->pExpr->pRight, &nRow);
      }else if( pFirstTerm->eOperator==WO_IN && bInEst==0 ){
        whereInScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pFirstTerm->pExpr->x.pList, &nRow);
      }
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 */

    /* Adjust the number of output rows and downward to reflect rows
    ** that are excluded by range constraints.
    */
    nRow = (nRow * (double)estBound) / (double)100;
    if( nRow<1 ) nRow = 1;

    /* Experiments run on real SQLite databases show that the time needed
    ** to do a binary search to locate a row in a table or index is roughly
    ** log10(N) times the time to move from one row to the next row within
    ** a table or index.  The actual times can vary, with the size of
    ** records being an important factor.  Both moves and searches are
................................................................................
        }
      }
      if( nRow<2 ) nRow = 2;
    }


    WHERETRACE((
      "%s(%s): nEq=%d nInMul=%d estBound=%d bSort=%d bLookup=%d wsFlags=0x%x\n"
      "         notReady=0x%llx log10N=%.1f nRow=%.1f cost=%.1f used=0x%llx\n",
      pSrc->pTab->zName, (pIdx ? pIdx->zName : "ipk"), 
      nEq, nInMul, estBound, bSort, bLookup, wsFlags,
      notReady, log10N, nRow, cost, used
    ));

    /* If this index is the best we have seen so far, then record this
    ** index and its cost in the pCost structure.
    */
    if( (!pIdx || wsFlags)







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....
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.....
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26308
26309
26310
26311
26312
26313
26314
26315
26316
26317
26318
.....
26553
26554
26555
26556
26557
26558
26559
26560
26561
26562
26563
26564
26565
26566
26567
.....
27788
27789
27790
27791
27792
27793
27794
27795
27796
27797
27798
27799
27800
27801
27802
27803
27804
27805
27806
27807
27808
27809
27810
27811
27812
27813
27814
27815
27816
27817
27818
27819
27820
27821
27822
27823
27824
27825
27826
27827
27828
27829
27830
27831
27832
27833
27834
27835
27836
27837
27838
27839
27840
27841
27842
27843
27844
27845
.....
27873
27874
27875
27876
27877
27878
27879
27880
27881
27882
27883
27884
27885
27886
27887
27888
27889
27890
27891
27892
27893
27894







27895
27896
27897
27898
27899
27900
27901
.....
27976
27977
27978
27979
27980
27981
27982
27983
27984
27985
27986
27987
27988
27989
27990
27991
27992
27993
27994
27995
27996
27997
27998
27999
28000
28001
28002
.....
28031
28032
28033
28034
28035
28036
28037
28038
28039
28040
28041
28042
28043
28044
28045
28046
28047
28048
28049
28050
28051
28052
28053
28054
28055
28056
28057
28058
28059
28060
28061
28062
28063
28064
28065
28066
28067
28068
28069
28070
28071
.....
28742
28743
28744
28745
28746
28747
28748
28749
28750
28751
28752
28753
28754
28755
28756
.....
29055
29056
29057
29058
29059
29060
29061
29062
29063
29064
29065
29066
29067
29068
29069
.....
29086
29087
29088
29089
29090
29091
29092

29093
29094
29095
29096
29097
29098
29099
29100
29101
29102
29103
29104
29105
29106
29107
29108
29109
29110
29111
.....
29224
29225
29226
29227
29228
29229
29230
29231
29232
29233
29234
29235
29236

29237
29238
29239
29240
29241
29242
29243
29244































29245
29246
29247
29248
29249
29250
29251
.....
29352
29353
29354
29355
29356
29357
29358
29359
29360
29361
29362
29363
29364
29365
29366
.....
29428
29429
29430
29431
29432
29433
29434
29435
29436
29437
29438
29439
29440
29441
29442
.....
29470
29471
29472
29473
29474
29475
29476

29477
29478
29479
29480
29481
29482
29483
.....
29488
29489
29490
29491
29492
29493
29494
29495
29496
29497
29498
29499
29500
29501
29502
.....
29542
29543
29544
29545
29546
29547
29548
29549
29550
29551
29552
29553
29554
29555
29556
.....
29598
29599
29600
29601
29602
29603
29604
29605
29606
29607
29608
29609
29610
29611
29612
29613













29614
29615
29616
29617
29618
29619
29620
29621
29622
29623
29624

29625
29626
29627
29628
29629
29630
29631
.....
29649
29650
29651
29652
29653
29654
29655



29656
29657
29658
29659
29660
29661
29662
29663
29664
29665
29666
29667
29668
29669
29670
.....
29674
29675
29676
29677
29678
29679
29680
29681
29682
29683
29684
29685
29686
29687
29688
.....
29696
29697
29698
29699
29700
29701
29702
29703
29704
29705
29706
29707
29708
29709
29710
29711
29712
29713
29714
29715
29716
.....
29755
29756
29757
29758
29759
29760
29761
29762
29763
29764
29765
29766
29767
29768
29769
.....
30274
30275
30276
30277
30278
30279
30280

30281
30282
30283
30284
30285
30286
30287
.....
30338
30339
30340
30341
30342
30343
30344
30345
30346
30347
30348
30349
30350
30351
30352
.....
30452
30453
30454
30455
30456
30457
30458
30459
30460
30461
30462
30463
30464
30465
30466
.....
31275
31276
31277
31278
31279
31280
31281
31282
31283
31284
31285
31286
31287
31288
31289
.....
31392
31393
31394
31395
31396
31397
31398
31399
31400
31401
31402
31403
31404
31405
31406
31407
31408
31409
31410
31411
31412
.....
31610
31611
31612
31613
31614
31615
31616
31617
31618
31619
31620
31621
31622
31623
31624
31625
31626
.....
32843
32844
32845
32846
32847
32848
32849
32850
32851
32852
32853
32854
32855
32856
32857
32858
32859
32860
32861
32862
32863
32864
32865
32866
32867
32868
32869
32870
32871
32872
32873
32874
32875
32876
32877
32878
32879
32880
32881
32882
32883
32884
32885
.....
33698
33699
33700
33701
33702
33703
33704
33705
33706
33707
33708
33709
33710
33711
33712
.....
33818
33819
33820
33821
33822
33823
33824
33825
33826
33827

33828
33829


33830
33831
33832
33833
33834
33835
33836
33837
33838
33839
33840

33841
33842


33843
33844
33845
33846
33847
33848
33849
33850
33851
33852
33853
33854
33855
.....
33971
33972
33973
33974
33975
33976
33977
33978
33979
33980
33981
33982
33983
33984
33985
33986
33987
33988
33989
33990
33991
33992
33993
33994
33995
33996
33997
33998
33999
34000
34001
34002
34003
.....
34014
34015
34016
34017
34018
34019
34020
34021
34022
34023
34024
34025
34026
34027
34028
34029
.....
45599
45600
45601
45602
45603
45604
45605
45606
45607
45608
45609
45610
45611
45612
45613
45614
45615
45616
45617
45618
45619
45620
45621
.....
57590
57591
57592
57593
57594
57595
57596
57597
57598
57599
57600
57601
57602
57603
57604
57605
57606
57607
57608
.....
58290
58291
58292
58293
58294
58295
58296
58297
58298
58299
58300
58301
58302
58303
58304
58305
.....
63956
63957
63958
63959
63960
63961
63962
63963
63964
63965
63966
63967
63968
63969
63970
63971
63972
63973
63974
.....
76010
76011
76012
76013
76014
76015
76016
76017
76018
76019
76020
76021
76022
76023
76024
76025
76026
76027
76028
76029
76030
76031
76032
76033
76034
76035
76036
76037
76038
76039
76040
76041
76042
76043
76044
76045
76046
76047
76048
76049
76050
76051
76052
76053
76054
76055
76056
76057
76058
76059
76060
76061
76062
76063
76064
76065
76066
76067
76068
76069
76070
76071
76072
76073
76074
76075
76076
76077
76078
76079
76080
76081
76082
76083
76084
76085
76086
76087
76088
76089
76090
76091
76092
76093
76094
76095
76096
76097
76098
76099
76100
76101
76102
76103
76104
76105
76106
76107
76108
76109
76110
76111
76112
76113
.....
76131
76132
76133
76134
76135
76136
76137
76138
76139
76140
76141
76142
76143
76144
76145
76146
76147
76148
76149
76150
76151
76152
.....
76154
76155
76156
76157
76158
76159
76160
76161
76162
76163
76164
76165
76166
76167
76168
76169
76170
76171
76172
76173
76174
76175
76176
76177
76178
.....
76195
76196
76197
76198
76199
76200
76201
76202
76203
76204
76205
76206
76207
76208
76209
76210
76211
76212
76213
76214
76215
76216
76217
76218
76219
76220
76221
76222
76223
76224
76225
76226
76227
76228
76229
76230
76231
76232
76233
76234
76235
76236
76237
76238
76239
76240
76241
76242
76243
76244
76245
76246
76247
76248
76249
76250
76251
76252
76253
76254
76255
76256
76257
76258
76259
76260
76261
76262
76263
76264
76265
76266
76267
76268
76269
76270
76271
76272
76273
76274
76275
76276
76277
76278
76279
76280
76281
76282
76283
76284
76285
76286
76287
76288
76289
76290
76291
76292
76293
76294
76295
76296
76297
76298
76299
76300
76301
76302
76303
76304
76305
76306
76307
76308
76309
76310
76311
76312
76313
76314
76315
76316
76317
76318
76319
76320
76321
76322
76323
76324
76325
76326
76327
76328
76329
76330
76331
76332
76333
76334
76335
76336
76337
76338
76339
76340
76341
76342
76343
76344
76345
76346
76347
76348
76349
76350
76351
76352
76353
76354
76355
76356
76357
76358
76359
76360
76361
76362
76363
76364
76365
76366
76367
76368
76369
76370
76371
76372
76373
76374
76375
76376
76377
76378
76379
76380
76381
76382
76383
76384
76385
76386
76387
76388
76389
76390
76391
76392
76393
76394
76395
76396
76397
76398
76399
76400
76401
76402
76403
76404
76405
76406
76407
76408
76409
76410
76411
76412
76413
76414
76415
76416
76417
76418
76419
76420
76421
76422
76423
76424
76425
76426
76427
76428
76429
76430
76431
76432
76433
76434
76435
76436
.....
76446
76447
76448
76449
76450
76451
76452
76453
76454
76455
76456
76457
76458
76459
76460
76461
76462
76463
76464
76465
76466
76467
76468
76469
76470
76471
76472
76473








76474
76475
76476
76477
76478
76479
76480
.....
76499
76500
76501
76502
76503
76504
76505
76506
76507
76508
76509
76510
76511
76512
76513
76514
76515
76516
76517
76518
76519
76520
76521
76522
76523
76524
76525
76526
76527
76528

76529
76530
76531





76532
76533
76534









76535
76536
76537

76538
76539
76540
76541
76542
76543
76544
76545
76546
76547
76548
.....
76564
76565
76566
76567
76568
76569
76570
76571
76572
76573
76574
76575
76576































76577
76578
76579
76580
76581
76582
76583
76584
76585
76586
76587
76588
76589
76590
76591





76592
76593
76594
76595
76596
76597
76598
76599
76600
76601
76602
76603
76604
76605
76606
76607
76608

76609
76610
76611
76612
76613

76614
76615
76616
76617
76618
76619
76620
76621
76622
76623
76624
76625
76626
76627
76628
76629
76630
76631
76632
76633
76634
76635
76636
76637
76638
76639
76640
76641
76642
76643
76644
76645
76646
76647
76648
76649
76650
76651
76652
76653
76654
.....
76660
76661
76662
76663
76664
76665
76666
76667
76668
76669
76670
76671
76672
76673
76674
76675
76676
76677
76678
76679
76680
76681
76682
76683
76684
76685
76686
76687
76688
76689
76690
76691
76692
76693
76694
76695
76696
76697
76698
76699
76700
76701
76702
76703
76704
76705
76706
76707
76708
76709
76710
76711
76712
76713
76714
.....
76725
76726
76727
76728
76729
76730
76731
76732
76733
76734
76735
76736
76737
76738
76739
.....
76750
76751
76752
76753
76754
76755
76756
76757
76758
76759
76760
76761
76762
76763
76764
.....
76855
76856
76857
76858
76859
76860
76861
76862
76863
76864
76865
76866
76867
76868
76869
.....
76898
76899
76900
76901
76902
76903
76904
76905
76906
76907
76908
76909
76910
76911
76912
76913
76914
76915
76916
76917
76918
76919
76920
76921
76922
76923
76924
76925
76926
76927
76928
76929
76930
76931
76932
76933
76934
76935
76936
76937
76938
76939
76940
76941
76942
76943
76944
76945
76946
76947
76948
76949
76950
76951
76952
76953
76954
76955
76956
76957
76958
76959
76960
76961
76962
76963
76964
76965
76966
76967
76968
76969
76970
76971
76972
76973
76974
76975
76976
76977
76978
76979
76980
76981
76982
76983
76984
76985
76986
76987
76988
76989
76990
76991
76992
76993
76994
76995
76996
76997
76998
76999
77000
77001
77002
77003
77004
77005
77006
77007
77008
77009
77010
77011
77012
77013
77014
77015
77016
77017
77018
77019
77020
77021
77022
77023
77024
77025
77026
77027
77028
77029
77030
77031
77032
77033
77034
77035
77036
77037
77038
77039
77040
77041
77042
77043
77044
77045
77046
77047
77048
77049
77050
77051
77052
77053
77054
77055
77056
77057
77058
77059
77060
77061
77062
77063
77064
77065
77066
77067
77068
77069
77070
77071
77072
77073
.....
77081
77082
77083
77084
77085
77086
77087
77088
77089
77090
77091
77092
77093
77094
77095
77096
77097
77098
77099
77100
77101
77102
77103
77104
77105
77106
77107
77108
77109
77110
77111
77112
77113



77114



77115






























































77116
77117
77118
77119
77120
77121
77122
.....
79913
79914
79915
79916
79917
79918
79919
79920
79921
79922
79923
79924
79925
79926
79927
79928
79929
79930
79931
79932
79933
79934
79935
79936
79937
79938
79939
79940
79941
79942
79943
79944
79945
79946
79947
79948
79949
79950
79951
79952
79953
79954
79955
79956
79957
79958
79959
79960
79961
79962
79963
79964
79965
79966
79967
79968
79969
79970
79971
79972
79973
79974
79975
79976
79977
79978
79979
79980
79981
79982
79983
79984
79985
79986
79987
79988
79989
79990
79991
79992
79993
79994
79995
79996
79997
79998
79999
80000
80001
80002
80003
80004
80005
80006
80007
80008
80009
80010
80011
80012
80013
80014
80015
80016
80017
80018
80019
80020
80021
80022
80023
80024
.....
80080
80081
80082
80083
80084
80085
80086
80087
80088
80089
80090
80091
80092
80093
80094
.....
80104
80105
80106
80107
80108
80109
80110


80111






80112














































80113
80114
80115











80116
80117
80118
80119
80120
80121
80122
.....
80555
80556
80557
80558
80559
80560
80561
80562
80563

80564
80565
80566
80567
80568
80569
80570
80571
80572
80573
80574

80575
80576
80577
80578
80579
80580
80581
80582
.....
80845
80846
80847
80848
80849
80850
80851
80852
80853
80854
80855
80856
80857
80858
80859
80860
80861
.....
80917
80918
80919
80920
80921
80922
80923
80924

80925






80926
80927
80928
80929
80930
80931
80932
80933
.....
99157
99158
99159
99160
99161
99162
99163
99164
99165
99166
99167
99168
99169
99170
99171
......
100371
100372
100373
100374
100375
100376
100377
100378
100379
100380
100381
100382
100383
100384
100385
......
100410
100411
100412
100413
100414
100415
100416
100417
100418
100419
100420
100421
100422
100423
100424
......
101181
101182
101183
101184
101185
101186
101187
101188
101189
101190
101191
101192
101193
101194
101195
......
101232
101233
101234
101235
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101246
......
101459
101460
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101468
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101470





101471
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101474
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101491
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101518
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101521
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101533
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101540
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101544





101545
101546
101547
101548
101549
101550
101551
......
101556
101557
101558
101559
101560
101561
101562
101563
101564
101565
101566
101567
101568
101569
101570
101571
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101575
......
101579
101580
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101592
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101628
101629
101630
101631
101632
101633
101634
......
101638
101639
101640
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101652
......
101686
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101688
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101697
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101746
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101749



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101756





101757
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101781
......
101787
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101794
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101796
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101812
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......
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101866
......
101899
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......
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101968
......
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102007


102008
102009
102010
102011
102012
102013
102014
102015
102016
......
102027
102028
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......
102057
102058
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......
102141
102142
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......
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102166
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......
102291
102292
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102298
102299
102300
102301
102302
102303
102304
102305
102306
102307
102308
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.7.8"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3007008
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2011-08-16 02:07:04 9650d7962804d61f56cac944ff9bb2c7bc111957"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** to be adjusted.  The values are changed for all database connections
** within the same process.  The argument is a pointer to an array of two
** integers where the first integer i the new retry count and the second
** integer is the delay.  If either integer is negative, then the setting
** is not changed but instead the prior value of that setting is written
** into the array entry, allowing the current retry settings to be
** interrogated.  The zDbName parameter is ignored.
**
** ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL] opcode is used to set or query the
** persistent [WAL | Write AHead Log] setting.  By default, the auxiliary
** write ahead log and shared memory files used for transaction control
** are automatically deleted when the latest connection to the database
** closes.  Setting persistent WAL mode causes those files to persist after
** close.  Persisting the files is useful when other processes that do not
** have write permission on the directory containing the database file want
** to read the database file, as the WAL and shared memory files must exist
** in order for the database to be readable.  The fourth parameter to
** [sqlite3_file_control()] for this opcode should be a pointer to an integer.
** That integer is 0 to disable persistent WAL mode or 1 to enable persistent
** WAL mode.  If the integer is -1, then it is overwritten with the current
** WAL persistence setting.
** 
*/
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE        1
#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE      2
#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE      3
#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO             4
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT        5
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE       6
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER     7
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC_OMITTED     8
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY   9
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL     10

/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Handle
**
** The mutex module within SQLite defines [sqlite3_mutex] to be an
** abstract type for a mutex object.  The SQLite core never looks
** at the internal representation of an [sqlite3_mutex].  It only
................................................................................
** WHERE clause might influence the choice of query plan for a statement,
** then the statement will be automatically recompiled, as if there had been 
** a schema change, on the first  [sqlite3_step()] call following any change
** to the [sqlite3_bind_text | bindings] of that [parameter]. 
** ^The specific value of WHERE-clause [parameter] might influence the 
** choice of query plan if the parameter is the left-hand side of a [LIKE]
** or [GLOB] operator or if the parameter is compared to an indexed column
** and the [SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3] compile-time option is enabled.
** the 
** </li>
** </ol>
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const char *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */
................................................................................
** SQLITE_MAX_U32 is a u64 constant that is the maximum u64 value
** that can be stored in a u32 without loss of data.  The value
** is 0x00000000ffffffff.  But because of quirks of some compilers, we
** have to specify the value in the less intuitive manner shown:
*/
#define SQLITE_MAX_U32  ((((u64)1)<<32)-1)

/*
** The datatype used to store estimates of the number of rows in a
** table or index.  This is an unsigned integer type.  For 99.9% of
** the world, a 32-bit integer is sufficient.  But a 64-bit integer
** can be used at compile-time if desired.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_64BIT_STATS
 typedef u64 tRowcnt;    /* 64-bit only if requested at compile-time */
#else
 typedef u32 tRowcnt;    /* 32-bit is the default */
#endif

/*
** Macros to determine whether the machine is big or little endian,
** evaluated at runtime.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
SQLITE_PRIVATE const int sqlite3one = 1;
#else
................................................................................
struct Table {
  char *zName;         /* Name of the table or view */
  int iPKey;           /* If not negative, use aCol[iPKey] as the primary key */
  int nCol;            /* Number of columns in this table */
  Column *aCol;        /* Information about each column */
  Index *pIndex;       /* List of SQL indexes on this table. */
  int tnum;            /* Root BTree node for this table (see note above) */
  tRowcnt nRowEst;     /* Estimated rows in table - from sqlite_stat1 table */
  Select *pSelect;     /* NULL for tables.  Points to definition if a view. */
  u16 nRef;            /* Number of pointers to this Table */
  u8 tabFlags;         /* Mask of TF_* values */
  u8 keyConf;          /* What to do in case of uniqueness conflict on iPKey */
  FKey *pFKey;         /* Linked list of all foreign keys in this table */
  char *zColAff;       /* String defining the affinity of each column */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
................................................................................
** algorithm to employ whenever an attempt is made to insert a non-unique
** element.
*/
struct Index {
  char *zName;     /* Name of this index */
  int nColumn;     /* Number of columns in the table used by this index */
  int *aiColumn;   /* Which columns are used by this index.  1st is 0 */
  tRowcnt *aiRowEst; /* Result of ANALYZE: Est. rows selected by each column */
  Table *pTable;   /* The SQL table being indexed */
  int tnum;        /* Page containing root of this index in database file */
  u8 onError;      /* OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, OE_Replace, or OE_None */
  u8 autoIndex;    /* True if is automatically created (ex: by UNIQUE) */
  u8 bUnordered;   /* Use this index for == or IN queries only */
  u8 nSample;      /* Number of elements in aSample[] */
  char *zColAff;   /* String defining the affinity of each column */
  Index *pNext;    /* The next index associated with the same table */
  Schema *pSchema; /* Schema containing this index */
  u8 *aSortOrder;  /* Array of size Index.nColumn. True==DESC, False==ASC */
  char **azColl;   /* Array of collation sequence names for index */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  tRowcnt avgEq;           /* Average nEq value for key values not in aSample */
  IndexSample *aSample;    /* Samples of the left-most key */
#endif
};

/*
** Each sample stored in the sqlite_stat2 table is represented in memory 
** using a structure of this type.
*/
struct IndexSample {
  union {
    char *z;        /* Value if eType is SQLITE_TEXT or SQLITE_BLOB */
    double r;       /* Value if eType is SQLITE_FLOAT */
    i64 i;          /* Value if eType is SQLITE_INTEGER */
  } u;
  u8 eType;         /* SQLITE_NULL, SQLITE_INTEGER ... etc. */
  u16 nByte;        /* Size in byte of text or blob. */
  tRowcnt nEq;      /* Est. number of rows where the key equals this sample */
  tRowcnt nLt;      /* Est. number of rows where key is less than this sample */
  tRowcnt nDLt;     /* Est. number of distinct keys less than this sample */
};

/*
** Each token coming out of the lexer is an instance of
** this structure.  Tokens are also used as part of an expression.
**
** Note if Token.z==0 then Token.dyn and Token.n are undefined and
................................................................................
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(Parse*,Table*);
#else
# define sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(A,B) 0
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DropTable(Parse*, SrcList*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CodeDropTable(Parse*, Table*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteTable(sqlite3*, Table*);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(Parse *pParse);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(Parse *pParse);
#else
# define sqlite3AutoincrementBegin(X)
# define sqlite3AutoincrementEnd(X)
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3ValueText(sqlite3_value*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ValueBytes(sqlite3_value*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueSetStr(sqlite3_value*, int, const void *,u8, 
                        void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueFree(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_value *sqlite3ValueNew(sqlite3 *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3Utf16to8(sqlite3 *, const void*, int, u8);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3Utf8to16(sqlite3 *, u8, char *, int, int *);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ValueFromExpr(sqlite3 *, Expr *, u8, u8, sqlite3_value **);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(sqlite3_value *, u8, u8);
#ifndef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
SQLITE_PRIVATE const unsigned char sqlite3OpcodeProperty[];
SQLITE_PRIVATE const unsigned char sqlite3UpperToLower[];
................................................................................
  "ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE
  "ENABLE_RTREE",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2
  "ENABLE_STAT2",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  "ENABLE_STAT3",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY
  "ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT
  "ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT",
#endif
................................................................................
){
  int rc;
  DO_OS_MALLOC_TEST(0);
  /* 0x87f3f is a mask of SQLITE_OPEN_ flags that are valid to be passed
  ** down into the VFS layer.  Some SQLITE_OPEN_ flags (for example,
  ** SQLITE_OPEN_FULLMUTEX or SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE) are blocked before
  ** reaching the VFS. */
  rc = pVfs->xOpen(pVfs, zPath, pFile, flags & 0x87f7f, pFlagsOut);
  assert( rc==SQLITE_OK || pFile->pMethods==0 );
  return rc;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsDelete(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, const char *zPath, int dirSync){
  return pVfs->xDelete(pVfs, zPath, dirSync);
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3OsAccess(
................................................................................
** is set to the length of the returned string in bytes. The call should
** arrange to call sqlite3DbFree() on the returned pointer when it is
** no longer required.
** 
** If a malloc failure occurs, NULL is returned and the db.mallocFailed
** flag set.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3Utf8to16(sqlite3 *db, u8 enc, char *z, int n, int *pnOut){
  Mem m;
  memset(&m, 0, sizeof(m));
  m.db = db;
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(&m, z, n, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_STATIC);
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemTranslate(&m, enc) ){
    assert( db->mallocFailed );
................................................................................
  if( x>=0 ) return x;
  if( x==(int)0x80000000 ) return 0x7fffffff;
  return -x;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_8_3_NAMES
/*
** If SQLITE_ENABLE_8_3_NAMES is set at compile-time and if the database
** filename in zBaseFilename is a URI with the "8_3_names=1" parameter and
** if filename in z[] has a suffix (a.k.a. "extension") that is longer than
** three characters, then shorten the suffix on z[] to be the last three
** characters of the original suffix.
**
** If SQLITE_ENABLE_8_3_NAMES is set to 2 at compile-time, then always
** do the suffix shortening regardless of URI parameter.
**
** Examples:
**
**     test.db-journal    =>   test.nal
**     test.db-wal        =>   test.wal
**     test.db-shm        =>   test.shm
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3FileSuffix3(const char *zBaseFilename, char *z){
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_8_3_NAMES<2
  const char *zOk;
  zOk = sqlite3_uri_parameter(zBaseFilename, "8_3_names");
  if( zOk && sqlite3GetBoolean(zOk) )
#endif
  {
    int i, sz;
    sz = sqlite3Strlen30(z);
    for(i=sz-1; i>0 && z[i]!='/' && z[i]!='.'; i--){}
    if( z[i]=='.' && ALWAYS(sz>i+4) ) memcpy(&z[i+1], &z[sz-3], 4);
  }
}
#endif
................................................................................
** switch.  The following code should catch this problem at compile-time.
*/
#ifdef MEMORY_DEBUG
# error "The MEMORY_DEBUG macro is obsolete.  Use SQLITE_DEBUG instead."
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
# ifndef SQLITE_DEBUG_OS_TRACE
#   define SQLITE_DEBUG_OS_TRACE 0
# endif
  int sqlite3OSTrace = SQLITE_DEBUG_OS_TRACE;
# define OSTRACE(X)          if( sqlite3OSTrace ) sqlite3DebugPrintf X
#else
# define OSTRACE(X)
#endif

/*
** Macros for performance tracing.  Normally turned off.  Only works
** on i486 hardware.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_PERFORMANCE_TRACE
................................................................................
** VFS implementations.
*/
typedef struct unixFile unixFile;
struct unixFile {
  sqlite3_io_methods const *pMethod;  /* Always the first entry */
  unixInodeInfo *pInode;              /* Info about locks on this inode */
  int h;                              /* The file descriptor */

  unsigned char eFileLock;            /* The type of lock held on this fd */
  unsigned char ctrlFlags;            /* Behavioral bits.  UNIXFILE_* flags */
  int lastErrno;                      /* The unix errno from last I/O error */
  void *lockingContext;               /* Locking style specific state */
  UnixUnusedFd *pUnused;              /* Pre-allocated UnixUnusedFd */
  const char *zPath;                  /* Name of the file */
  unixShm *pShm;                      /* Shared memory segment information */
................................................................................
  char aPadding[32];
#endif
};

/*
** Allowed values for the unixFile.ctrlFlags bitmask:
*/
#define UNIXFILE_EXCL        0x01     /* Connections from one process only */
#define UNIXFILE_RDONLY      0x02     /* Connection is read only */
#define UNIXFILE_PERSIST_WAL 0x04     /* Persistent WAL mode */
#define UNIXFILE_DIRSYNC     0x08     /* Directory sync needed */

/*
** Include code that is common to all os_*.c files
*/
/************** Include os_common.h in the middle of os_unix.c ***************/
/************** Begin file os_common.h ***************************************/
/*
................................................................................
** switch.  The following code should catch this problem at compile-time.
*/
#ifdef MEMORY_DEBUG
# error "The MEMORY_DEBUG macro is obsolete.  Use SQLITE_DEBUG instead."
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
# ifndef SQLITE_DEBUG_OS_TRACE
#   define SQLITE_DEBUG_OS_TRACE 0
# endif
  int sqlite3OSTrace = SQLITE_DEBUG_OS_TRACE;
# define OSTRACE(X)          if( sqlite3OSTrace ) sqlite3DebugPrintf X
#else
# define OSTRACE(X)
#endif

/*
** Macros for performance tracing.  Normally turned off.  Only works
** on i486 hardware.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_PERFORMANCE_TRACE
................................................................................
** The safest way to deal with the problem is to always use this wrapper
** which always has the same well-defined interface.
*/
static int posixOpen(const char *zFile, int flags, int mode){
  return open(zFile, flags, mode);
}

/* Forward reference */
static int openDirectory(const char*, int*);

/*
** Many system calls are accessed through pointer-to-functions so that
** they may be overridden at runtime to facilitate fault injection during
** testing and sandboxing.  The following array holds the names and pointers
** to all overrideable system calls.
*/
static struct unix_syscall {
................................................................................
#if defined(HAVE_POSIX_FALLOCATE) && HAVE_POSIX_FALLOCATE
  { "fallocate",    (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)posix_fallocate,  0 },
#else
  { "fallocate",    (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)0,                0 },
#endif
#define osFallocate ((int(*)(int,off_t,off_t))aSyscall[15].pCurrent)

  { "unlink",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)unlink,           0 },
#define osUnlink    ((int(*)(const char*))aSyscall[16].pCurrent)

  { "openDirectory",    (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)openDirectory,      0 },
#define osOpenDirectory ((int(*)(const char*,int*))aSyscall[17].pCurrent)

}; /* End of the overrideable system calls */

/*
** This is the xSetSystemCall() method of sqlite3_vfs for all of the
** "unix" VFSes.  Return SQLITE_OK opon successfully updating the
** system call pointer, or SQLITE_NOTFOUND if there is no configurable
** system call named zName.
................................................................................
**
** It is *not* necessary to hold the mutex when this routine is called,
** even on VxWorks.  A mutex will be acquired on VxWorks by the
** vxworksReleaseFileId() routine.
*/
static int closeUnixFile(sqlite3_file *id){
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;




  if( pFile->h>=0 ){
    robust_close(pFile, pFile->h, __LINE__);
    pFile->h = -1;
  }
#if OS_VXWORKS
  if( pFile->pId ){
    if( pFile->isDelete ){
      osUnlink(pFile->pId->zCanonicalName);
    }
    vxworksReleaseFileId(pFile->pId);
    pFile->pId = 0;
  }
#endif
  OSTRACE(("CLOSE   %-3d\n", pFile->h));
  OpenCounter(-1);
................................................................................
  if( eFileLock==SHARED_LOCK ){
    pFile->eFileLock = SHARED_LOCK;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  
  /* To fully unlock the database, delete the lock file */
  assert( eFileLock==NO_LOCK );
  if( osUnlink(zLockFile) ){
    int rc = 0;
    int tErrno = errno;
    if( ENOENT != tErrno ){
      rc = SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK;
    }
    if( IS_LOCK_ERROR(rc) ){
      pFile->lastErrno = tErrno;
................................................................................
#endif /* ifdef SQLITE_NO_SYNC elif HAVE_FULLFSYNC */

  if( OS_VXWORKS && rc!= -1 ){
    rc = 0;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Open a file descriptor to the directory containing file zFilename.
** If successful, *pFd is set to the opened file descriptor and
** SQLITE_OK is returned. If an error occurs, either SQLITE_NOMEM
** or SQLITE_CANTOPEN is returned and *pFd is set to an undefined
** value.
**
** The directory file descriptor is used for only one thing - to
** fsync() a directory to make sure file creation and deletion events
** are flushed to disk.  Such fsyncs are not needed on newer
** journaling filesystems, but are required on older filesystems.
**
** This routine can be overridden using the xSetSysCall interface.
** The ability to override this routine was added in support of the
** chromium sandbox.  Opening a directory is a security risk (we are
** told) so making it overrideable allows the chromium sandbox to
** replace this routine with a harmless no-op.  To make this routine
** a no-op, replace it with a stub that returns SQLITE_OK but leaves
** *pFd set to a negative number.
**
** If SQLITE_OK is returned, the caller is responsible for closing
** the file descriptor *pFd using close().
*/
static int openDirectory(const char *zFilename, int *pFd){
  int ii;
  int fd = -1;
  char zDirname[MAX_PATHNAME+1];

  sqlite3_snprintf(MAX_PATHNAME, zDirname, "%s", zFilename);
  for(ii=(int)strlen(zDirname); ii>1 && zDirname[ii]!='/'; ii--);
  if( ii>0 ){
    zDirname[ii] = '\0';
    fd = robust_open(zDirname, O_RDONLY|O_BINARY, 0);
    if( fd>=0 ){
#ifdef FD_CLOEXEC
      osFcntl(fd, F_SETFD, osFcntl(fd, F_GETFD, 0) | FD_CLOEXEC);
#endif
      OSTRACE(("OPENDIR %-3d %s\n", fd, zDirname));
    }
  }
  *pFd = fd;
  return (fd>=0?SQLITE_OK:unixLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT, "open", zDirname));
}

/*
** Make sure all writes to a particular file are committed to disk.
**
** If dataOnly==0 then both the file itself and its metadata (file
** size, access time, etc) are synced.  If dataOnly!=0 then only the
** file data is synced.
................................................................................
  OSTRACE(("SYNC    %-3d\n", pFile->h));
  rc = full_fsync(pFile->h, isFullsync, isDataOnly);
  SimulateIOError( rc=1 );
  if( rc ){
    pFile->lastErrno = errno;
    return unixLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_FSYNC, "full_fsync", pFile->zPath);
  }

  /* Also fsync the directory containing the file if the DIRSYNC flag
  ** is set.  This is a one-time occurrance.  Many systems (examples: AIX)
  ** are unable to fsync a directory, so ignore errors on the fsync.
  */
  if( pFile->ctrlFlags & UNIXFILE_DIRSYNC ){
    int dirfd;
    OSTRACE(("DIRSYNC %s (have_fullfsync=%d fullsync=%d)\n", pFile->zPath,
            HAVE_FULLFSYNC, isFullsync));
    rc = osOpenDirectory(pFile->zPath, &dirfd);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && dirfd>=0 ){
      full_fsync(dirfd, 0, 0);
      robust_close(pFile, dirfd, __LINE__);
    }
    pFile->ctrlFlags &= ~UNIXFILE_DIRSYNC;







  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Truncate an open file to a specified size
*/
................................................................................
** file-control operation.
**
** If the user has configured a chunk-size for this file, it could be
** that the file needs to be extended at this point. Otherwise, the
** SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT operation is a no-op for Unix.
*/
static int fcntlSizeHint(unixFile *pFile, i64 nByte){
  { /* preserve indentation of removed "if" */
    i64 nSize;                    /* Required file size */
    i64 szChunk;                  /* Chunk size */
    struct stat buf;              /* Used to hold return values of fstat() */
   
    if( osFstat(pFile->h, &buf) ) return SQLITE_IOERR_FSTAT;

    szChunk = pFile->szChunk;
    if( szChunk==0 ){
      nSize = nByte;
    }else{
      nSize = ((nByte+szChunk-1) / szChunk) * szChunk;
    }
    if( nSize>(i64)buf.st_size ){

#if defined(HAVE_POSIX_FALLOCATE) && HAVE_POSIX_FALLOCATE
      /* The code below is handling the return value of osFallocate() 
      ** correctly. posix_fallocate() is defined to "returns zero on success, 
      ** or an error number on  failure". See the manpage for details. */
      int err;
................................................................................
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Information and control of an open file handle.
*/
static int unixFileControl(sqlite3_file *id, int op, void *pArg){
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
  switch( op ){
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE: {
      *(int*)pArg = pFile->eFileLock;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO: {
      *(int*)pArg = pFile->lastErrno;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE: {
      pFile->szChunk = *(int *)pArg;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT: {
      return fcntlSizeHint(pFile, *(i64 *)pArg);
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL: {
      int bPersist = *(int*)pArg;
      if( bPersist<0 ){
        *(int*)pArg = (pFile->ctrlFlags & UNIXFILE_PERSIST_WAL)!=0;
      }else if( bPersist==0 ){
        pFile->ctrlFlags &= ~UNIXFILE_PERSIST_WAL;
      }else{
        pFile->ctrlFlags |= UNIXFILE_PERSIST_WAL;
      }
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
#ifndef NDEBUG
    /* The pager calls this method to signal that it has done
    ** a rollback and that the database is therefore unchanged and
    ** it hence it is OK for the transaction change counter to be
    ** unchanged.
    */
................................................................................

  /* If pShmNode->nRef has reached 0, then close the underlying
  ** shared-memory file, too */
  unixEnterMutex();
  assert( pShmNode->nRef>0 );
  pShmNode->nRef--;
  if( pShmNode->nRef==0 ){
    if( deleteFlag && pShmNode->h>=0 ) osUnlink(pShmNode->zFilename);
    unixShmPurge(pDbFd);
  }
  unixLeaveMutex();

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

................................................................................

/*
** Initialize the contents of the unixFile structure pointed to by pId.
*/
static int fillInUnixFile(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,      /* Pointer to vfs object */
  int h,                  /* Open file descriptor of file being opened */
  int syncDir,            /* True to sync directory on first sync */
  sqlite3_file *pId,      /* Write to the unixFile structure here */
  const char *zFilename,  /* Name of the file being opened */
  int noLock,             /* Omit locking if true */
  int isDelete,           /* Delete on close if true */
  int isReadOnly          /* True if the file is opened read-only */
){
  const sqlite3_io_methods *pLockingStyle;
................................................................................
    || pVfs->pAppData==(void*)&autolockIoFinder );
#else
  assert( zFilename==0 || zFilename[0]=='/' );
#endif

  OSTRACE(("OPEN    %-3d %s\n", h, zFilename));
  pNew->h = h;

  pNew->zPath = zFilename;
  if( memcmp(pVfs->zName,"unix-excl",10)==0 ){
    pNew->ctrlFlags = UNIXFILE_EXCL;
  }else{
    pNew->ctrlFlags = 0;
  }
  if( isReadOnly ){
    pNew->ctrlFlags |= UNIXFILE_RDONLY;
  }
  if( syncDir ){
    pNew->ctrlFlags |= UNIXFILE_DIRSYNC;
  }

#if OS_VXWORKS
  pNew->pId = vxworksFindFileId(zFilename);
  if( pNew->pId==0 ){
    noLock = 1;
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
................................................................................
#endif
  
  pNew->lastErrno = 0;
#if OS_VXWORKS
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    if( h>=0 ) robust_close(pNew, h, __LINE__);
    h = -1;
    osUnlink(zFilename);
    isDelete = 0;
  }
  pNew->isDelete = isDelete;
#endif
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){

    if( h>=0 ) robust_close(pNew, h, __LINE__);
  }else{
    pNew->pMethod = pLockingStyle;
    OpenCounter(+1);
  }
  return rc;
}
































/*
** Return the name of a directory in which to put temporary files.
** If no suitable temporary file directory can be found, return NULL.
*/
static const char *unixTempFileDir(void){
  static const char *azDirs[] = {
     0,
................................................................................
  ** almost certain that an open() call on the same path will also fail.
  ** For this reason, if an error occurs in the stat() call here, it is
  ** ignored and -1 is returned. The caller will try to open a new file
  ** descriptor on the same path, fail, and return an error to SQLite.
  **
  ** Even if a subsequent open() call does succeed, the consequences of
  ** not searching for a resusable file descriptor are not dire.  */
  if( 0==osStat(zPath, &sStat) ){
    unixInodeInfo *pInode;

    unixEnterMutex();
    pInode = inodeList;
    while( pInode && (pInode->fileId.dev!=sStat.st_dev
                     || pInode->fileId.ino!=sStat.st_ino) ){
       pInode = pInode->pNext;
................................................................................
    */
    nDb = sqlite3Strlen30(zPath) - 1; 
    while( nDb>0 && zPath[nDb]!='-' ) nDb--;
    if( nDb==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
    memcpy(zDb, zPath, nDb);
    zDb[nDb] = '\0';

    if( 0==osStat(zDb, &sStat) ){
      *pMode = sStat.st_mode & 0777;
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_IOERR_FSTAT;
    }
  }else if( flags & SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE ){
    *pMode = 0600;
  }
................................................................................
  const char *zPath,           /* Pathname of file to be opened */
  sqlite3_file *pFile,         /* The file descriptor to be filled in */
  int flags,                   /* Input flags to control the opening */
  int *pOutFlags               /* Output flags returned to SQLite core */
){
  unixFile *p = (unixFile *)pFile;
  int fd = -1;                   /* File descriptor returned by open() */

  int openFlags = 0;             /* Flags to pass to open() */
  int eType = flags&0xFFFFFF00;  /* Type of file to open */
  int noLock;                    /* True to omit locking primitives */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;            /* Function Return Code */

  int isExclusive  = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE);
  int isDelete     = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE);
................................................................................
  int isAutoProxy  = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_AUTOPROXY);
#endif

  /* If creating a master or main-file journal, this function will open
  ** a file-descriptor on the directory too. The first time unixSync()
  ** is called the directory file descriptor will be fsync()ed and close()d.
  */
  int syncDir = (isCreate && (
        eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL 
     || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL 
     || eType==SQLITE_OPEN_WAL
  ));

  /* If argument zPath is a NULL pointer, this function is required to open
  ** a temporary file. Use this buffer to store the file name in.
................................................................................
      if( !pUnused ){
        return SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }
    }
    p->pUnused = pUnused;
  }else if( !zName ){
    /* If zName is NULL, the upper layer is requesting a temp file. */
    assert(isDelete && !syncDir);
    rc = unixGetTempname(MAX_PATHNAME+1, zTmpname);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
    zName = zTmpname;
  }

................................................................................
    p->pUnused->flags = flags;
  }

  if( isDelete ){
#if OS_VXWORKS
    zPath = zName;
#else
    osUnlink(zName);
#endif
  }
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  else{
    p->openFlags = openFlags;
  }
#endif














#ifdef FD_CLOEXEC
  osFcntl(fd, F_SETFD, osFcntl(fd, F_GETFD, 0) | FD_CLOEXEC);
#endif

  noLock = eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB;

  
#if defined(__APPLE__) || SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  struct statfs fsInfo;
  if( fstatfs(fd, &fsInfo) == -1 ){
    ((unixFile*)pFile)->lastErrno = errno;

    robust_close(p, fd, __LINE__);
    return SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS;
  }
  if (0 == strncmp("msdos", fsInfo.f_fstypename, 5)) {
    ((unixFile*)pFile)->fsFlags |= SQLITE_FSFLAGS_IS_MSDOS;
  }
#endif
................................................................................
        ** with fd is a database file, and there are other connections open
        ** on that file that are currently holding advisory locks on it,
        ** then the call to close() will cancel those locks. In practice,
        ** we're assuming that statfs() doesn't fail very often. At least
        ** not while other file descriptors opened by the same process on
        ** the same file are working.  */
        p->lastErrno = errno;



        robust_close(p, fd, __LINE__);
        rc = SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS;
        goto open_finished;
      }
      useProxy = !(fsInfo.f_flags&MNT_LOCAL);
    }
    if( useProxy ){
      rc = fillInUnixFile(pVfs, fd, syncDir, pFile, zPath, noLock,
                          isDelete, isReadonly);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = proxyTransformUnixFile((unixFile*)pFile, ":auto:");
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
          /* Use unixClose to clean up the resources added in fillInUnixFile 
          ** and clear all the structure's references.  Specifically, 
          ** pFile->pMethods will be NULL so sqlite3OsClose will be a no-op 
................................................................................
        }
      }
      goto open_finished;
    }
  }
#endif
  
  rc = fillInUnixFile(pVfs, fd, syncDir, pFile, zPath, noLock,
                      isDelete, isReadonly);
open_finished:
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_free(p->pUnused);
  }
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
  sqlite3_vfs *NotUsed,     /* VFS containing this as the xDelete method */
  const char *zPath,        /* Name of file to be deleted */
  int dirSync               /* If true, fsync() directory after deleting file */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
  SimulateIOError(return SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE);
  if( osUnlink(zPath)==(-1) && errno!=ENOENT ){
    return unixLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE, "unlink", zPath);
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_DIRSYNC
  if( dirSync ){
    int fd;
    rc = osOpenDirectory(zPath, &fd);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
#if OS_VXWORKS
      if( fsync(fd)==-1 )
#else
      if( fsync(fd) )
#endif
      {
................................................................................

    default:
      assert(!"Invalid flags argument");
  }
  *pResOut = (osAccess(zPath, amode)==0);
  if( flags==SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS && *pResOut ){
    struct stat buf;
    if( 0==osStat(zPath, &buf) && buf.st_size==0 ){
      *pResOut = 0;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


................................................................................
*/
static int proxyCreateUnixFile(
    const char *path,        /* path for the new unixFile */
    unixFile **ppFile,       /* unixFile created and returned by ref */
    int islockfile           /* if non zero missing dirs will be created */
) {
  int fd = -1;

  unixFile *pNew;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int openFlags = O_RDWR | O_CREAT;
  sqlite3_vfs dummyVfs;
  int terrno = 0;
  UnixUnusedFd *pUnused = NULL;

................................................................................
  memset(&dummyVfs, 0, sizeof(dummyVfs));
  dummyVfs.pAppData = (void*)&autolockIoFinder;
  dummyVfs.zName = "dummy";
  pUnused->fd = fd;
  pUnused->flags = openFlags;
  pNew->pUnused = pUnused;
  
  rc = fillInUnixFile(&dummyVfs, fd, 0, (sqlite3_file*)pNew, path, 0, 0, 0);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    *ppFile = pNew;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
end_create_proxy:    
  robust_close(pNew, fd, __LINE__);
  sqlite3_free(pNew);
................................................................................
  robust_close(pFile, conchFile->h, __LINE__);
  conchFile->h = fd;
  conchFile->openFlags = O_RDWR | O_CREAT;

end_breaklock:
  if( rc ){
    if( fd>=0 ){
      osUnlink(tPath);
      robust_close(pFile, fd, __LINE__);
    }
    fprintf(stderr, "failed to break stale lock on %s, %s\n", cPath, errmsg);
  }
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
    UNIXVFS("unix-proxy",    proxyIoFinder ),
#endif
  };
  unsigned int i;          /* Loop counter */

  /* Double-check that the aSyscall[] array has been constructed
  ** correctly.  See ticket [bb3a86e890c8e96ab] */
  assert( ArraySize(aSyscall)==18 );

  /* Register all VFSes defined in the aVfs[] array */
  for(i=0; i<(sizeof(aVfs)/sizeof(sqlite3_vfs)); i++){
    sqlite3_vfs_register(&aVfs[i], i==0);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK; 
}
................................................................................
** switch.  The following code should catch this problem at compile-time.
*/
#ifdef MEMORY_DEBUG
# error "The MEMORY_DEBUG macro is obsolete.  Use SQLITE_DEBUG instead."
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
# ifndef SQLITE_DEBUG_OS_TRACE
#   define SQLITE_DEBUG_OS_TRACE 0
# endif
  int sqlite3OSTrace = SQLITE_DEBUG_OS_TRACE;
# define OSTRACE(X)          if( sqlite3OSTrace ) sqlite3DebugPrintf X
#else
# define OSTRACE(X)
#endif

/*
** Macros for performance tracing.  Normally turned off.  Only works
** on i486 hardware.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_PERFORMANCE_TRACE
................................................................................
** portability layer.
*/
typedef struct winFile winFile;
struct winFile {
  const sqlite3_io_methods *pMethod; /*** Must be first ***/
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs;      /* The VFS used to open this file */
  HANDLE h;               /* Handle for accessing the file */
  u8 locktype;            /* Type of lock currently held on this file */
  short sharedLockByte;   /* Randomly chosen byte used as a shared lock */
  u8 bPersistWal;         /* True to persist WAL files */
  DWORD lastErrno;        /* The Windows errno from the last I/O error */
  DWORD sectorSize;       /* Sector size of the device file is on */
  winShm *pShm;           /* Instance of shared memory on this file */
  const char *zPath;      /* Full pathname of this file */
  int szChunk;            /* Chunk size configured by FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE */
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  WCHAR *zDeleteOnClose;  /* Name of file to delete when closing */
................................................................................
  return rc;
}

/*
** Control and query of the open file handle.
*/
static int winFileControl(sqlite3_file *id, int op, void *pArg){
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;
  switch( op ){
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE: {
      *(int*)pArg = pFile->locktype;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO: {
      *(int*)pArg = (int)pFile->lastErrno;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE: {
      pFile->szChunk = *(int *)pArg;
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT: {
      sqlite3_int64 sz = *(sqlite3_int64*)pArg;
      SimulateIOErrorBenign(1);
      winTruncate(id, sz);
      SimulateIOErrorBenign(0);
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL: {
      int bPersist = *(int*)pArg;
      if( bPersist<0 ){
        *(int*)pArg = pFile->bPersistWal;
      }else{
        pFile->bPersistWal = bPersist!=0;
      }
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC_OMITTED: {
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY: {
      int *a = (int*)pArg;
      if( a[0]>0 ){
................................................................................
  DWORD dwFlagsAndAttributes = 0;
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  int isTemp = 0;
#endif
  winFile *pFile = (winFile*)id;
  void *zConverted;              /* Filename in OS encoding */
  const char *zUtf8Name = zName; /* Filename in UTF-8 encoding */
  int cnt = 0;

  /* If argument zPath is a NULL pointer, this function is required to open
  ** a temporary file. Use this buffer to store the file name in.
  */
  char zTmpname[MAX_PATH+1];     /* Buffer used to create temp filename */

  int rc = SQLITE_OK;            /* Function Return Code */
................................................................................
  /* Reports from the internet are that performance is always
  ** better if FILE_FLAG_RANDOM_ACCESS is used.  Ticket #2699. */
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  dwFlagsAndAttributes |= FILE_FLAG_RANDOM_ACCESS;
#endif

  if( isNT() ){
    while( (h = CreateFileW((WCHAR*)zConverted,
                            dwDesiredAccess,
                            dwShareMode, NULL,

                            dwCreationDisposition,
                            dwFlagsAndAttributes,


                            NULL))==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE &&
                            retryIoerr(&cnt) ){}
/* isNT() is 1 if SQLITE_OS_WINCE==1, so this else is never executed. 
** Since the ASCII version of these Windows API do not exist for WINCE,
** it's important to not reference them for WINCE builds.
*/
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE==0
  }else{
    while( (h = CreateFileA((char*)zConverted,
                            dwDesiredAccess,
                            dwShareMode, NULL,

                            dwCreationDisposition,
                            dwFlagsAndAttributes,


                            NULL))==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE &&
                            retryIoerr(&cnt) ){}
#endif
  }

  logIoerr(cnt);

  OSTRACE(("OPEN %d %s 0x%lx %s\n", 
           h, zName, dwDesiredAccess, 
           h==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ? "failed" : "ok"));

  if( h==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ){
    pFile->lastErrno = GetLastError();
................................................................................

  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS; );
  zConverted = convertUtf8Filename(zFilename);
  if( zConverted==0 ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  if( isNT() ){
    int cnt = 0;
    WIN32_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DATA sAttrData;
    memset(&sAttrData, 0, sizeof(sAttrData));
    while( !(rc = GetFileAttributesExW((WCHAR*)zConverted,
                             GetFileExInfoStandard, 
                             &sAttrData)) && retryIoerr(&cnt) ){}
    if( rc ){
      /* For an SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS query, treat a zero-length file
      ** as if it does not exist.
      */
      if(    flags==SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS
          && sAttrData.nFileSizeHigh==0 
          && sAttrData.nFileSizeLow==0 ){
        attr = INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES;
      }else{
        attr = sAttrData.dwFileAttributes;
      }
    }else{
      logIoerr(cnt);
      if( GetLastError()!=ERROR_FILE_NOT_FOUND ){
        winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS, "winAccess", zFilename);
        free(zConverted);
        return SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS;
      }else{
        attr = INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES;
      }
................................................................................
  free(zConverted);
  switch( flags ){
    case SQLITE_ACCESS_READ:
    case SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS:
      rc = attr!=INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES;
      break;
    case SQLITE_ACCESS_READWRITE:
      rc = attr!=INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES &&
             (attr & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_READONLY)==0;
      break;
    default:
      assert(!"Invalid flags argument");
  }
  *pResOut = rc;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
................................................................................
    ** the database. In this case checkpoint the database and unlink both
    ** the wal and wal-index files.
    **
    ** The EXCLUSIVE lock is not released before returning.
    */
    rc = sqlite3OsLock(pWal->pDbFd, SQLITE_LOCK_EXCLUSIVE);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      int bPersistWal = -1;
      if( pWal->exclusiveMode==WAL_NORMAL_MODE ){
        pWal->exclusiveMode = WAL_EXCLUSIVE_MODE;
      }
      rc = sqlite3WalCheckpoint(
          pWal, SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE, 0, 0, sync_flags, nBuf, zBuf, 0, 0
      );
      sqlite3OsFileControl(pWal->pDbFd, SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL, &bPersistWal);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bPersistWal!=1 ){
        isDelete = 1;
      }
    }

    walIndexClose(pWal, isDelete);
    sqlite3OsClose(pWal->pWalFd);
    if( isDelete ){
................................................................................

  if( !pExpr ){
    *ppVal = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  op = pExpr->op;

  /* op can only be TK_REGISTER if we have compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3.
  ** The ifdef here is to enable us to achieve 100% branch test coverage even
  ** when SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 is omitted.
  */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  if( op==TK_REGISTER ) op = pExpr->op2;
#else
  if( NEVER(op==TK_REGISTER) ) op = pExpr->op2;
#endif

  /* Handle negative integers in a single step.  This is needed in the
  ** case when the value is -9223372036854775808.
................................................................................
}

/*
** Change the P2 operand of instruction addr so that it points to
** the address of the next instruction to be coded.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(Vdbe *p, int addr){
  assert( addr>=0 || p->db->mallocFailed );
  if( addr>=0 ) sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(p, addr, p->nOp);
}


/*
** If the input FuncDef structure is ephemeral, then free it.  If
** the FuncDef is not ephermal, then do nothing.
*/
................................................................................
    assert( pOut<=&aMem[p->nMem] );
    assert( pIn1<=&aMem[p->nMem] );
    assert( memIsValid(pIn1) );
    memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
    u.ac.zMalloc = pOut->zMalloc;
    pOut->zMalloc = 0;
    sqlite3VdbeMemMove(pOut, pIn1);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( pOut->pScopyFrom>=&aMem[u.ac.p1] && pOut->pScopyFrom<&aMem[u.ac.p1+pOp->p3] ){
      pOut->pScopyFrom += u.ac.p1 - pOp->p2;
    }
#endif
    pIn1->zMalloc = u.ac.zMalloc;
    REGISTER_TRACE(u.ac.p2++, pOut);
    pIn1++;
    pOut++;
  }
  break;
}
................................................................................
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains code associated with the ANALYZE command.
**
** The ANALYZE command gather statistics about the content of tables
** and indices.  These statistics are made available to the query planner
** to help it make better decisions about how to perform queries.
**
** The following system tables are or have been supported:
**
**    CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat1(tbl, idx, stat);
**    CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat2(tbl, idx, sampleno, sample);
**    CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat3(tbl, idx, nEq, nLt, nDLt, sample);
**
** Additional tables might be added in future releases of SQLite.
** The sqlite_stat2 table is not created or used unless the SQLite version
** is between 3.6.18 and 3.7.7, inclusive, and unless SQLite is compiled
** with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2.  The sqlite_stat2 table is deprecated.
** The sqlite_stat2 table is superceded by sqlite_stat3, which is only
** created and used by SQLite versions after 2011-08-09 with
** SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 defined.  The fucntionality of sqlite_stat3
** is a superset of sqlite_stat2.  
**
** Format of sqlite_stat1:
**
** There is normally one row per index, with the index identified by the
** name in the idx column.  The tbl column is the name of the table to
** which the index belongs.  In each such row, the stat column will be
** a string consisting of a list of integers.  The first integer in this
** list is the number of rows in the index and in the table.  The second
** integer is the average number of rows in the index that have the same
** value in the first column of the index.  The third integer is the average
** number of rows in the index that have the same value for the first two
** columns.  The N-th integer (for N>1) is the average number of rows in 
** the index which have the same value for the first N-1 columns.  For
** a K-column index, there will be K+1 integers in the stat column.  If
** the index is unique, then the last integer will be 1.
**
** The list of integers in the stat column can optionally be followed
** by the keyword "unordered".  The "unordered" keyword, if it is present,
** must be separated from the last integer by a single space.  If the
** "unordered" keyword is present, then the query planner assumes that
** the index is unordered and will not use the index for a range query.
** 
** If the sqlite_stat1.idx column is NULL, then the sqlite_stat1.stat
** column contains a single integer which is the (estimated) number of
** rows in the table identified by sqlite_stat1.tbl.
**
** Format of sqlite_stat2:
**
** The sqlite_stat2 is only created and is only used if SQLite is compiled
** with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 and if the SQLite version number is between
** 3.6.18 and 3.7.7.  The "stat2" table contains additional information
** about the distribution of keys within an index.  The index is identified by
** the "idx" column and the "tbl" column is the name of the table to which
** the index belongs.  There are usually 10 rows in the sqlite_stat2
** table for each index.
**
** The sqlite_stat2 entries for an index that have sampleno between 0 and 9
** inclusive are samples of the left-most key value in the index taken at
** evenly spaced points along the index.  Let the number of samples be S
** (10 in the standard build) and let C be the number of rows in the index.
** Then the sampled rows are given by:
**
**     rownumber = (i*C*2 + C)/(S*2)
**
** For i between 0 and S-1.  Conceptually, the index space is divided into
** S uniform buckets and the samples are the middle row from each bucket.
**
** The format for sqlite_stat2 is recorded here for legacy reference.  This
** version of SQLite does not support sqlite_stat2.  It neither reads nor
** writes the sqlite_stat2 table.  This version of SQLite only supports
** sqlite_stat3.
**
** Format for sqlite_stat3:
**
** The sqlite_stat3 is an enhancement to sqlite_stat2.  A new name is
** used to avoid compatibility problems.  
**
** The format of the sqlite_stat3 table is similar to the format for
** the sqlite_stat2 table, with the following changes:  (1)
** The sampleno column is removed.  (2) Every sample has nEq, nLt, and nDLt
** columns which hold the approximate number of rows in the table that
** exactly match the sample, the approximate number of rows with values
** less than the sample, and the approximate number of distinct key values
** less than the sample, respectively.  (3) The number of samples can vary 
** from one table to the next; the sample count does not have to be 
** exactly 10 as it is with sqlite_stat2.
**
** The ANALYZE command will typically generate sqlite_stat3 tables
** that contain between 10 and 40 samples which are distributed across
** the key space, though not uniformly, and which include samples with
** largest possible nEq values.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE

/*
** This routine generates code that opens the sqlite_stat1 table for
** writing with cursor iStatCur. If the library was built with the
** SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 macro defined, then the sqlite_stat2 table is
................................................................................
  const char *zWhereType  /* Either "tbl" or "idx" */
){
  static const struct {
    const char *zName;
    const char *zCols;
  } aTable[] = {
    { "sqlite_stat1", "tbl,idx,stat" },
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    { "sqlite_stat3", "tbl,idx,neq,nlt,ndlt,sample" },
#endif
  };
  static const char *azToDrop[] = { 
    "sqlite_stat2",
#ifndef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    "sqlite_stat3",
#endif
  };

  int aRoot[] = {0, 0};
  u8 aCreateTbl[] = {0, 0};

  int i;
................................................................................
  Db *pDb;
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 ) return;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(db) );
  assert( sqlite3VdbeDb(v)==db );
  pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];

  /* Drop all statistics tables that this version of SQLite does not
  ** understand.
  */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(azToDrop); i++){
    Table *pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, azToDrop[i], pDb->zName);
    if( pTab ) sqlite3CodeDropTable(pParse, pTab, iDb, 0);
  }

  /* Create new statistic tables if they do not exist, or clear them
  ** if they do already exist.
  */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aTable); i++){
    const char *zTab = aTable[i].zName;
    Table *pStat;
    if( (pStat = sqlite3FindTable(db, zTab, pDb->zName))==0 ){
      /* The sqlite_stat[12] table does not exist. Create it. Note that a 
      ** side-effect of the CREATE TABLE statement is to leave the rootpage 
      ** of the new table in register pParse->regRoot. This is important 
................................................................................
      }else{
        /* The sqlite_stat[12] table already exists.  Delete all rows. */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, aRoot[i], iDb);
      }
    }
  }

  /* Open the sqlite_stat[13] tables for writing. */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aTable); i++){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenWrite, iStatCur+i, aRoot[i], iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)3, P4_INT32);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, aCreateTbl[i]);
  }
}

/*
** Recommended number of samples for sqlite_stat3
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_STAT3_SAMPLES
# define SQLITE_STAT3_SAMPLES 24
#endif

/*
** Three SQL functions - stat3_init(), stat3_push(), and stat3_pop() -
** share an instance of the following structure to hold their state
** information.
*/
typedef struct Stat3Accum Stat3Accum;
struct Stat3Accum {
  tRowcnt nRow;             /* Number of rows in the entire table */
  tRowcnt nPSample;         /* How often to do a periodic sample */
  int iMin;                 /* Index of entry with minimum nEq and hash */
  int mxSample;             /* Maximum number of samples to accumulate */
  int nSample;              /* Current number of samples */
  u32 iPrn;                 /* Pseudo-random number used for sampling */
  struct Stat3Sample {
    i64 iRowid;                /* Rowid in main table of the key */
    tRowcnt nEq;               /* sqlite_stat3.nEq */
    tRowcnt nLt;               /* sqlite_stat3.nLt */
    tRowcnt nDLt;              /* sqlite_stat3.nDLt */
    u8 isPSample;              /* True if a periodic sample */
    u32 iHash;                 /* Tiebreaker hash */
  } *a;                     /* An array of samples */
};

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
/*
** Implementation of the stat3_init(C,S) SQL function.  The two parameters
** are the number of rows in the table or index (C) and the number of samples
** to accumulate (S).
**
** This routine allocates the Stat3Accum object.
**
** The return value is the Stat3Accum object (P).
*/
static void stat3Init(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  Stat3Accum *p;
  tRowcnt nRow;
  int mxSample;
  int n;

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  nRow = (tRowcnt)sqlite3_value_int64(argv[0]);
  mxSample = sqlite3_value_int(argv[1]);
  n = sizeof(*p) + sizeof(p->a[0])*mxSample;
  p = sqlite3_malloc( n );
  if( p==0 ){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
    return;
  }
  memset(p, 0, n);
  p->a = (struct Stat3Sample*)&p[1];
  p->nRow = nRow;
  p->mxSample = mxSample;
  p->nPSample = p->nRow/(mxSample/3+1) + 1;
  sqlite3_randomness(sizeof(p->iPrn), &p->iPrn);
  sqlite3_result_blob(context, p, sizeof(p), sqlite3_free);
}
static const FuncDef stat3InitFuncdef = {
  2,                /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,      /* iPrefEnc */
  0,                /* flags */
  0,                /* pUserData */
  0,                /* pNext */
  stat3Init,        /* xFunc */
  0,                /* xStep */
  0,                /* xFinalize */
  "stat3_init",     /* zName */
  0,                /* pHash */
  0                 /* pDestructor */
};


/*
** Implementation of the stat3_push(nEq,nLt,nDLt,rowid,P) SQL function.  The
** arguments describe a single key instance.  This routine makes the 
** decision about whether or not to retain this key for the sqlite_stat3
** table.
**
** The return value is NULL.
*/
static void stat3Push(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  Stat3Accum *p = (Stat3Accum*)sqlite3_value_blob(argv[4]);
  tRowcnt nEq = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[0]);
  tRowcnt nLt = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[1]);
  tRowcnt nDLt = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[2]);
  i64 rowid = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[3]);
  u8 isPSample = 0;
  u8 doInsert = 0;
  int iMin = p->iMin;
  struct Stat3Sample *pSample;
  int i;
  u32 h;

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(context);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  if( nEq==0 ) return;
  h = p->iPrn = p->iPrn*1103515245 + 12345;
  if( (nLt/p->nPSample)!=((nEq+nLt)/p->nPSample) ){
    doInsert = isPSample = 1;
  }else if( p->nSample<p->mxSample ){
    doInsert = 1;
  }else{
    if( nEq>p->a[iMin].nEq || (nEq==p->a[iMin].nEq && h>p->a[iMin].iHash) ){
      doInsert = 1;
    }
  }
  if( !doInsert ) return;
  if( p->nSample==p->mxSample ){
    if( iMin<p->nSample ){
      memcpy(&p->a[iMin], &p->a[iMin+1], sizeof(p->a[0])*(p->nSample-iMin));
    }
    pSample = &p->a[p->nSample-1];
  }else{
    pSample = &p->a[p->nSample++];
  }
  pSample->iRowid = rowid;
  pSample->nEq = nEq;
  pSample->nLt = nLt;
  pSample->nDLt = nDLt;
  pSample->iHash = h;
  pSample->isPSample = isPSample;

  /* Find the new minimum */
  if( p->nSample==p->mxSample ){
    pSample = p->a;
    i = 0;
    while( pSample->isPSample ){
      i++;
      pSample++;
      assert( i<p->nSample );
    }
    nEq = pSample->nEq;
    h = pSample->iHash;
    iMin = i;
    for(i++, pSample++; i<p->nSample; i++, pSample++){
      if( pSample->isPSample ) continue;
      if( pSample->nEq<nEq
       || (pSample->nEq==nEq && pSample->iHash<h)
      ){
        iMin = i;
        nEq = pSample->nEq;
        h = pSample->iHash;
      }
    }
    p->iMin = iMin;
  }
}
static const FuncDef stat3PushFuncdef = {
  5,                /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,      /* iPrefEnc */
  0,                /* flags */
  0,                /* pUserData */
  0,                /* pNext */
  stat3Push,        /* xFunc */
  0,                /* xStep */
  0,                /* xFinalize */
  "stat3_push",     /* zName */
  0,                /* pHash */
  0                 /* pDestructor */
};

/*
** Implementation of the stat3_get(P,N,...) SQL function.  This routine is
** used to query the results.  Content is returned for the Nth sqlite_stat3
** row where N is between 0 and S-1 and S is the number of samples.  The
** value returned depends on the number of arguments.
**
**   argc==2    result:  rowid
**   argc==3    result:  nEq
**   argc==4    result:  nLt
**   argc==5    result:  nDLt
*/
static void stat3Get(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  int n = sqlite3_value_int(argv[1]);
  Stat3Accum *p = (Stat3Accum*)sqlite3_value_blob(argv[0]);

  assert( p!=0 );
  if( p->nSample<=n ) return;
  switch( argc ){
    case 2: sqlite3_result_int64(context, p->a[n].iRowid); break;
    case 3: sqlite3_result_int64(context, p->a[n].nEq);    break;
    case 4: sqlite3_result_int64(context, p->a[n].nLt);    break;
    case 5: sqlite3_result_int64(context, p->a[n].nDLt);   break;
  }
}
static const FuncDef stat3GetFuncdef = {
  -1,               /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,      /* iPrefEnc */
  0,                /* flags */
  0,                /* pUserData */
  0,                /* pNext */
  stat3Get,         /* xFunc */
  0,                /* xStep */
  0,                /* xFinalize */
  "stat3_get",     /* zName */
  0,                /* pHash */
  0                 /* pDestructor */
};
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 */




/*
** Generate code to do an analysis of all indices associated with
** a single table.
*/
static void analyzeOneTable(
  Parse *pParse,   /* Parser context */
................................................................................
  int i;                       /* Loop counter */
  int topOfLoop;               /* The top of the loop */
  int endOfLoop;               /* The end of the loop */
  int jZeroRows = -1;          /* Jump from here if number of rows is zero */
  int iDb;                     /* Index of database containing pTab */
  int regTabname = iMem++;     /* Register containing table name */
  int regIdxname = iMem++;     /* Register containing index name */
  int regStat1 = iMem++;       /* The stat column of sqlite_stat1 */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  int regNumEq = regStat1;     /* Number of instances.  Same as regStat1 */
  int regNumLt = iMem++;       /* Number of keys less than regSample */
  int regNumDLt = iMem++;      /* Number of distinct keys less than regSample */
  int regSample = iMem++;      /* The next sample value */
  int regRowid = regSample;    /* Rowid of a sample */
  int regAccum = iMem++;       /* Register to hold Stat3Accum object */
  int regLoop = iMem++;        /* Loop counter */
  int regCount = iMem++;       /* Number of rows in the table or index */
  int regTemp1 = iMem++;       /* Intermediate register */
  int regTemp2 = iMem++;       /* Intermediate register */
  int once = 1;                /* One-time initialization */
  int shortJump = 0;           /* Instruction address */
  int iTabCur = pParse->nTab++; /* Table cursor */
#endif
  int regCol = iMem++;         /* Content of a column in analyzed table */
  int regRec = iMem++;         /* Register holding completed record */
  int regTemp = iMem++;        /* Temporary use register */
  int regNewRowid = iMem++;    /* Rowid for the inserted record */










  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 || NEVER(pTab==0) ){
    return;
  }
  if( pTab->tnum==0 ){
    /* Do not gather statistics on views or virtual tables */
................................................................................
  sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);

  iIdxCur = pParse->nTab++;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regTabname, 0, pTab->zName, 0);
  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    int nCol;
    KeyInfo *pKey;
    int addrIfNot = 0;           /* address of OP_IfNot */
    int *aChngAddr;              /* Array of jump instruction addresses */

    if( pOnlyIdx && pOnlyIdx!=pIdx ) continue;
    VdbeNoopComment((v, "Begin analysis of %s", pIdx->zName));
    nCol = pIdx->nColumn;
    pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pIdx);
    if( iMem+1+(nCol*2)>pParse->nMem ){
      pParse->nMem = iMem+1+(nCol*2);
    }
    aChngAddr = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(int)*pIdx->nColumn);
    if( aChngAddr==0 ) continue;

    /* Open a cursor to the index to be analyzed. */
    assert( iDb==sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pIdx->pSchema) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenRead, iIdxCur, pIdx->tnum, iDb,
        (char *)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));

    /* Populate the register containing the index name. */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regIdxname, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3

    if( once ){
      once = 0;
      sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iTabCur, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);





    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur, regCount);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, SQLITE_STAT3_SAMPLES, regTemp1);









    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regNumEq);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regNumLt);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, -1, regNumDLt);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, 1, regCount, regAccum,
                      (char*)&stat3InitFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 2);
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 */

    /* The block of memory cells initialized here is used as follows.
    **
    **    iMem:                
    **        The total number of rows in the table.
    **
    **    iMem+1 .. iMem+nCol: 
................................................................................
    }

    /* Start the analysis loop. This loop runs through all the entries in
    ** the index b-tree.  */
    endOfLoop = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iIdxCur, endOfLoop);
    topOfLoop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, iMem, 1);  /* Increment row counter */

    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      CollSeq *pColl;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, regCol);
      if( i==0 ){































        /* Always record the very first row */
        addrIfNot = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, iMem+1);
      }
      assert( pIdx->azColl!=0 );
      assert( pIdx->azColl[i]!=0 );
      pColl = sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, pIdx->azColl[i]);
      aChngAddr[i] = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Ne, regCol, 0, iMem+nCol+i+1,
                                      (char*)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NULLEQ);
      VdbeComment((v, "jump if column %d changed", i));
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
      if( i==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regNumEq, 1);
        VdbeComment((v, "incr repeat count"));
      }





#endif
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, endOfLoop);
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, aChngAddr[i]);  /* Set jump dest for the OP_Ne */
      if( i==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrIfNot);   /* Jump dest for OP_IfNot */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, 1, regNumEq, regTemp2,
                          (char*)&stat3PushFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 5);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, pIdx->nColumn, regRowid);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Add, regNumEq, regNumLt, regNumLt);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regNumDLt, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, regNumEq);
#endif        
      }

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, iMem+i+1, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, iMem+nCol+i+1);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, aChngAddr);


    /* Always jump here after updating the iMem+1...iMem+1+nCol counters */
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endOfLoop);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iIdxCur, topOfLoop);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdxCur);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, 1, regNumEq, regTemp2,
                      (char*)&stat3PushFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 5);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, -1, regLoop);
    shortJump = 
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regLoop, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, 1, regAccum, regTemp1,
                      (char*)&stat3GetFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 2);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, regTemp1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iTabCur, shortJump, regTemp1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iTabCur, pIdx->aiColumn[0], regSample);
    sqlite3ColumnDefault(v, pTab, pIdx->aiColumn[0], regSample);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, 1, regAccum, regNumEq,
                      (char*)&stat3GetFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 3);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, 1, regAccum, regNumLt,
                      (char*)&stat3GetFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 4);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, 1, regAccum, regNumDLt,
                      (char*)&stat3GetFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 5);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 6, regRec, "bbbbbb", 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur+1, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur+1, regRec, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, shortJump);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, shortJump+2);
#endif        

    /* Store the results in sqlite_stat1.
    **
    ** The result is a single row of the sqlite_stat1 table.  The first
    ** two columns are the names of the table and index.  The third column
    ** is a string composed of a list of integer statistics about the
    ** index.  The first integer in the list is the total number of entries
................................................................................
    **
    **        I = (K+D-1)/D
    **
    ** If K==0 then no entry is made into the sqlite_stat1 table.  
    ** If K>0 then it is always the case the D>0 so division by zero
    ** is never possible.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, iMem, regStat1);
    if( jZeroRows<0 ){
      jZeroRows = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, iMem);
    }
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regTemp, 0, " ", 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, regTemp, regStat1, regStat1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Add, iMem, iMem+i+1, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regTemp, -1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Divide, iMem+i+1, regTemp, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_ToInt, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, regTemp, regStat1, regStat1);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 3, regRec, "aaa", 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur, regRec, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
  }

  /* If the table has no indices, create a single sqlite_stat1 entry
  ** containing NULL as the index name and the row count as the content.
  */
  if( pTab->pIndex==0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iIdxCur, pTab->tnum, iDb);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pTab->zName));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur, regStat1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdxCur);
    jZeroRows = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, regStat1);
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jZeroRows);
    jZeroRows = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regIdxname);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 3, regRec, "aaa", 0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur, regNewRowid);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur, regRec, regNewRowid);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
  if( pParse->nMem<regRec ) pParse->nMem = regRec;
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jZeroRows);
}


/*
** Generate code that will cause the most recent index analysis to
** be loaded into internal hash tables where is can be used.
*/
static void loadAnalysis(Parse *pParse, int iDb){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
................................................................................
  Schema *pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;    /* Schema of database iDb */
  HashElem *k;
  int iStatCur;
  int iMem;

  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
  iStatCur = pParse->nTab;
  pParse->nTab += 3;
  openStatTable(pParse, iDb, iStatCur, 0, 0);
  iMem = pParse->nMem+1;
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
  for(k=sqliteHashFirst(&pSchema->tblHash); k; k=sqliteHashNext(k)){
    Table *pTab = (Table*)sqliteHashData(k);
    analyzeOneTable(pParse, pTab, 0, iStatCur, iMem);
  }
................................................................................
  int iStatCur;

  assert( pTab!=0 );
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(pParse->db) );
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
  iStatCur = pParse->nTab;
  pParse->nTab += 3;
  if( pOnlyIdx ){
    openStatTable(pParse, iDb, iStatCur, pOnlyIdx->zName, "idx");
  }else{
    openStatTable(pParse, iDb, iStatCur, pTab->zName, "tbl");
  }
  analyzeOneTable(pParse, pTab, pOnlyIdx, iStatCur, pParse->nMem+1);
  loadAnalysis(pParse, iDb);
................................................................................
** the table.
*/
static int analysisLoader(void *pData, int argc, char **argv, char **NotUsed){
  analysisInfo *pInfo = (analysisInfo*)pData;
  Index *pIndex;
  Table *pTable;
  int i, c, n;
  tRowcnt v;
  const char *z;

  assert( argc==3 );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER2(NotUsed, argc);

  if( argv==0 || argv[0]==0 || argv[2]==0 ){
    return 0;
................................................................................
}

/*
** If the Index.aSample variable is not NULL, delete the aSample[] array
** and its contents.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(sqlite3 *db, Index *pIdx){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  if( pIdx->aSample ){
    int j;
    for(j=0; j<pIdx->nSample; j++){
      IndexSample *p = &pIdx->aSample[j];
      if( p->eType==SQLITE_TEXT || p->eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
        sqlite3_free(p->u.z);
      }
    }
    sqlite3_free(pIdx->aSample);
  }
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(db);
  pIdx->nSample = 0;
  pIdx->aSample = 0;
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(db);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pIdx);
#endif
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
/*
** Load content from the sqlite_stat3 table into the Index.aSample[]
** arrays of all indices.
*/
static int loadStat3(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb){
  int rc;                       /* Result codes from subroutines */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;      /* An SQL statement being run */
  char *zSql;                   /* Text of the SQL statement */
  Index *pPrevIdx = 0;          /* Previous index in the loop */
  int idx = 0;                  /* slot in pIdx->aSample[] for next sample */
  int eType;                    /* Datatype of a sample */
  IndexSample *pSample;         /* A slot in pIdx->aSample[] */

  if( !sqlite3FindTable(db, "sqlite_stat3", zDb) ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db, 
      "SELECT idx,count(*) FROM %Q.sqlite_stat3"
      " GROUP BY idx", zDb);
  if( !zSql ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_prepare(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
  if( rc ) return rc;

  while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    char *zIndex;   /* Index name */
    Index *pIdx;    /* Pointer to the index object */
    int nSample;    /* Number of samples */

    zIndex = (char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0);
    if( zIndex==0 ) continue;
    nSample = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 1);
    if( nSample>255 ) continue;
    pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zIndex, zDb);
    if( pIdx==0 ) continue;
    assert( pIdx->nSample==0 );
    pIdx->nSample = (u8)nSample;
    pIdx->aSample = sqlite3MallocZero( nSample*sizeof(IndexSample) );
    pIdx->avgEq = pIdx->aiRowEst[1];
    if( pIdx->aSample==0 ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
  }
  sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);

  zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db, 
      "SELECT idx,neq,nlt,ndlt,sample FROM %Q.sqlite_stat3", zDb);
  if( !zSql ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_prepare(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
  if( rc ) return rc;

  while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    char *zIndex;   /* Index name */
    Index *pIdx;    /* Pointer to the index object */
    int i;          /* Loop counter */
    tRowcnt sumEq;  /* Sum of the nEq values */

    zIndex = (char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0);
    if( zIndex==0 ) continue;
    pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zIndex, zDb);
    if( pIdx==0 ) continue;
    if( pIdx==pPrevIdx ){
      idx++;
    }else{
      pPrevIdx = pIdx;
      idx = 0;
    }
    assert( idx<pIdx->nSample );
    pSample = &pIdx->aSample[idx];
    pSample->nEq = (tRowcnt)sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 1);
    pSample->nLt = (tRowcnt)sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 2);
    pSample->nDLt = (tRowcnt)sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 3);
    if( idx==pIdx->nSample-1 ){
      if( pSample->nDLt>0 ){
        for(i=0, sumEq=0; i<=idx-1; i++) sumEq += pIdx->aSample[i].nEq;
        pIdx->avgEq = (pSample->nLt - sumEq)/pSample->nDLt;
      }
      if( pIdx->avgEq<=0 ) pIdx->avgEq = 1;
    }
    eType = sqlite3_column_type(pStmt, 4);
    pSample->eType = (u8)eType;
    switch( eType ){
      case SQLITE_INTEGER: {
        pSample->u.i = sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 4);
        break;
      }
      case SQLITE_FLOAT: {
        pSample->u.r = sqlite3_column_double(pStmt, 4);
        break;
      }
      case SQLITE_NULL: {
        break;
      }
      default: assert( eType==SQLITE_TEXT || eType==SQLITE_BLOB ); {
        const char *z = (const char *)(
              (eType==SQLITE_BLOB) ?
              sqlite3_column_blob(pStmt, 4):
              sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 4)
           );
        int n = sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, 4);
        if( n>0xffff ) n = 0xffff;
        pSample->nByte = (u16)n;
        if( n < 1){
          pSample->u.z = 0;
        }else{
          pSample->u.z = sqlite3Malloc(n);
          if( pSample->u.z==0 ){
            db->mallocFailed = 1;
            sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
            return SQLITE_NOMEM;
          }
          memcpy(pSample->u.z, z, n);
        }
      }
    }
  }
  return sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 */

/*
** Load the content of the sqlite_stat1 and sqlite_stat3 tables. The
** contents of sqlite_stat1 are used to populate the Index.aiRowEst[]
** arrays. The contents of sqlite_stat3 are used to populate the
** Index.aSample[] arrays.
**
** If the sqlite_stat1 table is not present in the database, SQLITE_ERROR
** is returned. In this case, even if SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 was defined 
** during compilation and the sqlite_stat3 table is present, no data is 
** read from it.
**
** If SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 was defined during compilation and the 
** sqlite_stat3 table is not present in the database, SQLITE_ERROR is
** returned. However, in this case, data is read from the sqlite_stat1
** table (if it is present) before returning.
**
** If an OOM error occurs, this function always sets db->mallocFailed.
** This means if the caller does not care about other errors, the return
** code may be ignored.
*/
................................................................................
  assert( db->aDb[iDb].pBt!=0 );

  /* Clear any prior statistics */
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
  for(i=sqliteHashFirst(&db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->idxHash);i;i=sqliteHashNext(i)){
    Index *pIdx = sqliteHashData(i);
    sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIdx);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(db, pIdx);
    pIdx->aSample = 0;
#endif
  }

  /* Check to make sure the sqlite_stat1 table exists */
  sInfo.db = db;
  sInfo.zDatabase = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  if( sqlite3FindTable(db, "sqlite_stat1", sInfo.zDatabase)==0 ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

  /* Load new statistics out of the sqlite_stat1 table */
  zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db, 
      "SELECT tbl,idx,stat FROM %Q.sqlite_stat1", sInfo.zDatabase);
  if( zSql==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, analysisLoader, &sInfo, 0);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
  }


  /* Load the statistics from the sqlite_stat3 table. */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3



  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){



    rc = loadStat3(db, sInfo.zDatabase);






























































  }
#endif

  if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }
  return rc;
................................................................................
      int iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(pParse->db, pTab->pSchema);
      destroyRootPage(pParse, iLargest, iDb);
      iDestroyed = iLargest;
    }
  }
#endif
}

/*
** Remove entries from the sqlite_stat1 and sqlite_stat2 tables
** after a DROP INDEX or DROP TABLE command.
*/
static void sqlite3ClearStatTables(
  Parse *pParse,         /* The parsing context */
  int iDb,               /* The database number */
  const char *zType,     /* "idx" or "tbl" */
  const char *zName      /* Name of index or table */
){
  static const char *azStatTab[] = { 
    "sqlite_stat1",
    "sqlite_stat2",
    "sqlite_stat3",
  };
  int i;
  const char *zDbName = pParse->db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(azStatTab); i++){
    if( sqlite3FindTable(pParse->db, azStatTab[i], zDbName) ){
      sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
        "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE %s=%Q",
        zDbName, azStatTab[i], zType, zName
      );
    }
  }
}

/*
** Generate code to drop a table.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CodeDropTable(Parse *pParse, Table *pTab, int iDb, int isView){
  Vdbe *v;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Trigger *pTrigger;
  Db *pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];

  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  assert( v!=0 );
  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, iDb);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_VBegin);
  }
#endif

  /* Drop all triggers associated with the table being dropped. Code
  ** is generated to remove entries from sqlite_master and/or
  ** sqlite_temp_master if required.
  */
  pTrigger = sqlite3TriggerList(pParse, pTab);
  while( pTrigger ){
    assert( pTrigger->pSchema==pTab->pSchema || 
        pTrigger->pSchema==db->aDb[1].pSchema );
    sqlite3DropTriggerPtr(pParse, pTrigger);
    pTrigger = pTrigger->pNext;
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINCREMENT
  /* Remove any entries of the sqlite_sequence table associated with
  ** the table being dropped. This is done before the table is dropped
  ** at the btree level, in case the sqlite_sequence table needs to
  ** move as a result of the drop (can happen in auto-vacuum mode).
  */
  if( pTab->tabFlags & TF_Autoincrement ){
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
      "DELETE FROM %Q.sqlite_sequence WHERE name=%Q",
      pDb->zName, pTab->zName
    );
  }
#endif

  /* Drop all SQLITE_MASTER table and index entries that refer to the
  ** table. The program name loops through the master table and deletes
  ** every row that refers to a table of the same name as the one being
  ** dropped. Triggers are handled seperately because a trigger can be
  ** created in the temp database that refers to a table in another
  ** database.
  */
  sqlite3NestedParse(pParse, 
      "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE tbl_name=%Q and type!='trigger'",
      pDb->zName, SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb), pTab->zName);
  if( !isView && !IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    destroyTable(pParse, pTab);
  }

  /* Remove the table entry from SQLite's internal schema and modify
  ** the schema cookie.
  */
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VDestroy, iDb, 0, 0, pTab->zName, 0);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_DropTable, iDb, 0, 0, pTab->zName, 0);
  sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);
  sqliteViewResetAll(db, iDb);

}

/*
** This routine is called to do the work of a DROP TABLE statement.
** pName is the name of the table to be dropped.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DropTable(Parse *pParse, SrcList *pName, int isView, int noErr){
  Table *pTab;
................................................................................
      goto exit_drop_table;
    }
    if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_DELETE, pTab->zName, 0, zDb) ){
      goto exit_drop_table;
    }
  }
#endif
  if( !pParse->nested && sqlite3StrNICmp(pTab->zName, "sqlite_", 7)==0 ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "table %s may not be dropped", pTab->zName);
    goto exit_drop_table;
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW
  /* Ensure DROP TABLE is not used on a view, and DROP VIEW is not used
  ** on a table.
................................................................................
#endif

  /* Generate code to remove the table from the master table
  ** on disk.
  */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v ){


    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, iDb);






    sqlite3FkDropTable(pParse, pName, pTab);














































    sqlite3CodeDropTable(pParse, pTab, iDb, isView);
    sqlite3ClearStatTables(pParse, iDb, "tbl", pTab->zName);
  }












exit_drop_table:
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, pName);
}

/*
** This routine is called to create a new foreign key on the table
................................................................................
  /* 
  ** Allocate the index structure. 
  */
  nName = sqlite3Strlen30(zName);
  nCol = pList->nExpr;
  pIndex = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, 
      sizeof(Index) +              /* Index structure  */
      sizeof(tRowcnt)*(nCol+1) +   /* Index.aiRowEst   */
      sizeof(int)*nCol +           /* Index.aiColumn   */

      sizeof(char *)*nCol +        /* Index.azColl     */
      sizeof(u8)*nCol +            /* Index.aSortOrder */
      nName + 1 +                  /* Index.zName      */
      nExtra                       /* Collation sequence names */
  );
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    goto exit_create_index;
  }
  pIndex->aiRowEst = (tRowcnt*)(&pIndex[1]);
  pIndex->azColl = (char**)(&pIndex->aiRowEst[nCol+1]);
  pIndex->aiColumn = (int *)(&pIndex->azColl[nCol]);

  pIndex->aSortOrder = (u8 *)(&pIndex->aiColumn[nCol]);
  pIndex->zName = (char *)(&pIndex->aSortOrder[nCol]);
  zExtra = (char *)(&pIndex->zName[nName+1]);
  memcpy(pIndex->zName, zName, nName+1);
  pIndex->pTable = pTab;
  pIndex->nColumn = pList->nExpr;
  pIndex->onError = (u8)onError;
  pIndex->autoIndex = (u8)(pName==0);
................................................................................
**           aiRowEst[N]>=1
**
** Apart from that, we have little to go on besides intuition as to
** how aiRowEst[] should be initialized.  The numbers generated here
** are based on typical values found in actual indices.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DefaultRowEst(Index *pIdx){
  tRowcnt *a = pIdx->aiRowEst;
  int i;
  tRowcnt n;
  assert( a!=0 );
  a[0] = pIdx->pTable->nRowEst;
  if( a[0]<10 ) a[0] = 10;
  n = 10;
  for(i=1; i<=pIdx->nColumn; i++){
    a[i] = n;
    if( n>5 ) n--;
................................................................................

  /* Generate code to remove the index and from the master table */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v ){
    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, iDb);
    sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
       "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE name=%Q AND type='index'",
       db->aDb[iDb].zName, SCHEMA_TABLE(iDb), pIndex->zName

    );






    sqlite3ClearStatTables(pParse, iDb, "idx", pIndex->zName);
    sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);
    destroyRootPage(pParse, pIndex->tnum, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_DropIndex, iDb, 0, 0, pIndex->zName, 0);
  }

exit_drop_index:
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(db, pName);
................................................................................
#define TERM_DYNAMIC    0x01   /* Need to call sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr) */
#define TERM_VIRTUAL    0x02   /* Added by the optimizer.  Do not code */
#define TERM_CODED      0x04   /* This term is already coded */
#define TERM_COPIED     0x08   /* Has a child */
#define TERM_ORINFO     0x10   /* Need to free the WhereTerm.u.pOrInfo object */
#define TERM_ANDINFO    0x20   /* Need to free the WhereTerm.u.pAndInfo obj */
#define TERM_OR_OK      0x40   /* Used during OR-clause processing */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
#  define TERM_VNULL    0x80   /* Manufactured x>NULL or x<=NULL term */
#else
#  define TERM_VNULL    0x00   /* Disabled if not using stat2 */
#endif

/*
** An instance of the following structure holds all information about a
................................................................................
      pTerm->nChild = 1;
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
      pNewTerm->prereqAll = pTerm->prereqAll;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  /* When sqlite_stat2 histogram data is available an operator of the
  ** form "x IS NOT NULL" can sometimes be evaluated more efficiently
  ** as "x>NULL" if x is not an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY.  So construct a
  ** virtual term of that form.
  **
  ** Note that the virtual term must be tagged with TERM_VNULL.  This
  ** TERM_VNULL tag will suppress the not-null check at the beginning
................................................................................
      pNewTerm->iParent = idxTerm;
      pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
      pTerm->nChild = 1;
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
      pNewTerm->prereqAll = pTerm->prereqAll;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT */

  /* Prevent ON clause terms of a LEFT JOIN from being used to drive
  ** an index for tables to the left of the join.
  */
  pTerm->prereqRight |= extraRight;
}

................................................................................
  ** to this virtual table */
  for(i=nTerm=0, pTerm=pWC->a; i<pWC->nTerm; i++, pTerm++){
    if( pTerm->leftCursor != pSrc->iCursor ) continue;
    assert( (pTerm->eOperator&(pTerm->eOperator-1))==0 );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator==WO_IN );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator==WO_ISNULL );
    if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_IN|WO_ISNULL) ) continue;
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL ) continue;
    nTerm++;
  }

  /* If the ORDER BY clause contains only columns in the current 
  ** virtual table then allocate space for the aOrderBy part of
  ** the sqlite3_index_info structure.
  */
................................................................................

  for(i=j=0, pTerm=pWC->a; i<pWC->nTerm; i++, pTerm++){
    if( pTerm->leftCursor != pSrc->iCursor ) continue;
    assert( (pTerm->eOperator&(pTerm->eOperator-1))==0 );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator==WO_IN );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator==WO_ISNULL );
    if( pTerm->eOperator & (WO_IN|WO_ISNULL) ) continue;
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL ) continue;
    pIdxCons[j].iColumn = pTerm->u.leftColumn;
    pIdxCons[j].iTermOffset = i;
    pIdxCons[j].op = (u8)pTerm->eOperator;
    /* The direct assignment in the previous line is possible only because
    ** the WO_ and SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_ codes are identical.  The
    ** following asserts verify this fact. */
    assert( WO_EQ==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ );
................................................................................
  /* Try to find a more efficient access pattern by using multiple indexes
  ** to optimize an OR expression within the WHERE clause. 
  */
  bestOrClauseIndex(pParse, pWC, pSrc, notReady, notValid, pOrderBy, pCost);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
/*

** Estimate the location of a particular key among all keys in an
** index.  Store the results in aStat as follows:





**





**    aStat[0]      Est. number of rows less than pVal
**    aStat[1]      Est. number of rows equal to pVal
**





** Return SQLITE_OK on success.
*/

static int whereKeyStats(
  Parse *pParse,              /* Database connection */
  Index *pIdx,                /* Index to consider domain of */
  sqlite3_value *pVal,        /* Value to consider */
  int roundUp,                /* Round up if true.  Round down if false */
  tRowcnt *aStat              /* OUT: stats written here */
){
  tRowcnt n;
  IndexSample *aSample;
  int i, eType;
  int isEq = 0;
  i64 v;
  double r, rS;

  assert( roundUp==0 || roundUp==1 );

  if( pVal==0 ) return SQLITE_ERROR;
  n = pIdx->aiRowEst[0];
  aSample = pIdx->aSample;
  i = 0;
  eType = sqlite3_value_type(pVal);

  if( eType==SQLITE_INTEGER ){
    v = sqlite3_value_int64(pVal);
    r = (i64)v;
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nSample; i++){
      if( aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_NULL ) continue;
      if( aSample[i].eType>=SQLITE_TEXT ) break;
      if( aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_INTEGER ){
        if( aSample[i].u.i>=v ){
          isEq = aSample[i].u.i==v;
          break;
        }
      }else{
        assert( aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_FLOAT );
        if( aSample[i].u.r>=r ){
          isEq = aSample[i].u.r==r;
          break;
        }
      }
    }
  }else if( eType==SQLITE_FLOAT ){
    r = sqlite3_value_double(pVal);

    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nSample; i++){
      if( aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_NULL ) continue;
      if( aSample[i].eType>=SQLITE_TEXT ) break;

      if( aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_FLOAT ){
        rS = aSample[i].u.r;
      }else{
        rS = aSample[i].u.i;
      }
      if( rS>=r ){
        isEq = rS==r;
        break;
      }
    }
  }else if( eType==SQLITE_NULL ){
    i = 0;

    if( pIdx->nSample>=1 && aSample[0].eType==SQLITE_NULL ) isEq = 1;
  }else{
    assert( eType==SQLITE_TEXT || eType==SQLITE_BLOB );
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nSample; i++){
      if( aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_TEXT || aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
        break;
      }

    }
    if( i<pIdx->nSample ){      
      sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
      CollSeq *pColl;
      const u8 *z;





      if( eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
        z = (const u8 *)sqlite3_value_blob(pVal);
        pColl = db->pDfltColl;
        assert( pColl->enc==SQLITE_UTF8 );
      }else{
        pColl = sqlite3GetCollSeq(db, SQLITE_UTF8, 0, *pIdx->azColl);
        if( pColl==0 ){
................................................................................
        z = (const u8 *)sqlite3ValueText(pVal, pColl->enc);
        if( !z ){
          return SQLITE_NOMEM;
        }
        assert( z && pColl && pColl->xCmp );
      }
      n = sqlite3ValueBytes(pVal, pColl->enc);
  
      for(; i<pIdx->nSample; i++){
        int c;
        int eSampletype = aSample[i].eType;
        if( eSampletype<eType ) continue;
        if( eSampletype!=eType ) break;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
        if( pColl->enc!=SQLITE_UTF8 ){
          int nSample;
          char *zSample = sqlite3Utf8to16(
              db, pColl->enc, aSample[i].u.z, aSample[i].nByte, &nSample
          );
          if( !zSample ){
................................................................................
          c = pColl->xCmp(pColl->pUser, nSample, zSample, n, z);
          sqlite3DbFree(db, zSample);
        }else
#endif
        {
          c = pColl->xCmp(pColl->pUser, aSample[i].nByte, aSample[i].u.z, n, z);
        }
        if( c>=0 ){
          if( c==0 ) isEq = 1;
          break;
        }
      }
    }


  }

  /* At this point, aSample[i] is the first sample that is greater than
  ** or equal to pVal.  Or if i==pIdx->nSample, then all samples are less
  ** than pVal.  If aSample[i]==pVal, then isEq==1.
  */
  if( isEq ){
    assert( i<pIdx->nSample );
    aStat[0] = aSample[i].nLt;
    aStat[1] = aSample[i].nEq;
  }else{
    tRowcnt iLower, iUpper, iGap;
    if( i==0 ){
      iLower = 0;
      iUpper = aSample[0].nLt;
    }else{
      iUpper = i>=pIdx->nSample ? n : aSample[i].nLt;
      iLower = aSample[i-1].nEq + aSample[i-1].nLt;
    }
    aStat[1] = pIdx->avgEq;
    if( iLower>=iUpper ){
      iGap = 0;
    }else{
      iGap = iUpper - iLower;
      if( iGap>=aStat[1]/2 ) iGap -= aStat[1]/2;
    }
    if( roundUp ){
      iGap = (iGap*2)/3;
    }else{
      iGap = iGap/3;
    }
    aStat[0] = iLower + iGap;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 */

/*
** If expression pExpr represents a literal value, set *pp to point to
** an sqlite3_value structure containing the same value, with affinity
** aff applied to it, before returning. It is the responsibility of the 
** caller to eventually release this structure by passing it to 
** sqlite3ValueFree().
................................................................................
** create an sqlite3_value structure containing this value, again with
** affinity aff applied to it, instead.
**
** If neither of the above apply, set *pp to NULL.
**
** If an error occurs, return an error code. Otherwise, SQLITE_OK.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
static int valueFromExpr(
  Parse *pParse, 
  Expr *pExpr, 
  u8 aff, 
  sqlite3_value **pp
){
  if( pExpr->op==TK_VARIABLE
................................................................................
** then nEq should be passed the value 1 (as the range restricted column,
** b, is the second left-most column of the index). Or, if the query is:
**
**   ... FROM t1 WHERE a > ? AND a < ? ...
**
** then nEq should be passed 0.
**
** The returned value is an integer divisor to reduce the estimated
** search space.  A return value of 1 means that range constraints are
** no help at all.  A return value of 2 means range constraints are
** expected to reduce the search space by half.  And so forth...


**
** In the absence of sqlite_stat3 ANALYZE data, each range inequality
** reduces the search space by a factor of 4.  Hence a single constraint (x>?)
** results in a return of 4 and a range constraint (x>? AND x<?) results
** in a return of 16.
*/
static int whereRangeScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  Index *p,            /* The index containing the range-compared column; "x" */
  int nEq,             /* index into p->aCol[] of the range-compared column */
  WhereTerm *pLower,   /* Lower bound on the range. ex: "x>123" Might be NULL */
  WhereTerm *pUpper,   /* Upper bound on the range. ex: "x<455" Might be NULL */
  double *pRangeDiv   /* OUT: Reduce search space by this divisor */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3

  if( nEq==0 && p->nSample ){
    sqlite3_value *pRangeVal;


    tRowcnt iLower = 0;
    tRowcnt iUpper = p->aiRowEst[0];


    tRowcnt a[2];
    u8 aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[0]].affinity;

    if( pLower ){
      Expr *pExpr = pLower->pExpr->pRight;
      rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pRangeVal);
      assert( pLower->eOperator==WO_GT || pLower->eOperator==WO_GE );
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK
       && whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRangeVal, 0, a)==SQLITE_OK
      ){
        iLower = a[0];
        if( pLower->eOperator==WO_GT ) iLower += a[1];
      }
      sqlite3ValueFree(pRangeVal);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pUpper ){
      Expr *pExpr = pUpper->pExpr->pRight;
      rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pRangeVal);
      assert( pUpper->eOperator==WO_LT || pUpper->eOperator==WO_LE );
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK
       && whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRangeVal, 1, a)==SQLITE_OK
      ){
        iUpper = a[0];
        if( pUpper->eOperator==WO_LE ) iUpper += a[1];
      }
      sqlite3ValueFree(pRangeVal);
    }





    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( iUpper<=iLower ){
        *pRangeDiv = (double)p->aiRowEst[0];


      }else{



        *pRangeDiv = (double)p->aiRowEst[0]/(double)(iUpper - iLower);
      }

      WHERETRACE(("range scan regions: %u..%u  div=%g\n",
                  (u32)iLower, (u32)iUpper, *pRangeDiv));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }







  }





#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pParse);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(p);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(nEq);
#endif
  assert( pLower || pUpper );

  *pRangeDiv = (double)1;
  if( pLower && (pLower->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 ) *pRangeDiv *= (double)4;
  if( pUpper ) *pRangeDiv *= (double)4;
  return rc;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
/*
** Estimate the number of rows that will be returned based on
** an equality constraint x=VALUE and where that VALUE occurs in
** the histogram data.  This only works when x is the left-most
** column of an index and sqlite_stat3 histogram data is available
** for that index.  When pExpr==NULL that means the constraint is
** "x IS NULL" instead of "x=VALUE".
**
** Write the estimated row count into *pnRow and return SQLITE_OK. 
** If unable to make an estimate, leave *pnRow unchanged and return
** non-zero.
**
................................................................................
static int whereEqualScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  Index *p,            /* The index whose left-most column is pTerm */
  Expr *pExpr,         /* Expression for VALUE in the x=VALUE constraint */
  double *pnRow        /* Write the revised row estimate here */
){
  sqlite3_value *pRhs = 0;  /* VALUE on right-hand side of pTerm */

  u8 aff;                   /* Column affinity */
  int rc;                   /* Subfunction return code */

  tRowcnt a[2];             /* Statistics */

  assert( p->aSample!=0 );
  aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[0]].affinity;
  if( pExpr ){
    rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pRhs);
    if( rc ) goto whereEqualScanEst_cancel;
  }else{
    pRhs = sqlite3ValueNew(pParse->db);
  }
  if( pRhs==0 ) return SQLITE_NOTFOUND;
  rc = whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRhs, 0, a);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){


    WHERETRACE(("equality scan regions: %d\n", (int)a[1]));





    *pnRow = a[1];
  }

whereEqualScanEst_cancel:
  sqlite3ValueFree(pRhs);
  return rc;
}
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3) */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
/*
** Estimate the number of rows that will be returned based on
** an IN constraint where the right-hand side of the IN operator
** is a list of values.  Example:
**
**        WHERE x IN (1,2,3,4)
**
................................................................................
*/
static int whereInScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  Index *p,            /* The index whose left-most column is pTerm */
  ExprList *pList,     /* The value list on the RHS of "x IN (v1,v2,v3,...)" */
  double *pnRow        /* Write the revised row estimate here */
){



  int rc = SQLITE_OK;         /* Subfunction return code */
  double nEst;                /* Number of rows for a single term */
  double nRowEst = (double)0; /* New estimate of the number of rows */



  int i;                      /* Loop counter */



  assert( p->aSample!=0 );



  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<pList->nExpr; i++){






    nEst = p->aiRowEst[0];
    rc = whereEqualScanEst(pParse, p, pList->a[i].pExpr, &nEst);
    nRowEst += nEst;
  }











  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){









    if( nRowEst > p->aiRowEst[0] ) nRowEst = p->aiRowEst[0];
    *pnRow = nRowEst;
    WHERETRACE(("IN row estimate: est=%g\n", nRowEst));

  }

  return rc;
}
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3) */


/*
** Find the best query plan for accessing a particular table.  Write the
** best query plan and its cost into the WhereCost object supplied as the
** last parameter.
**
................................................................................
){
  int iCur = pSrc->iCursor;   /* The cursor of the table to be accessed */
  Index *pProbe;              /* An index we are evaluating */
  Index *pIdx;                /* Copy of pProbe, or zero for IPK index */
  int eqTermMask;             /* Current mask of valid equality operators */
  int idxEqTermMask;          /* Index mask of valid equality operators */
  Index sPk;                  /* A fake index object for the primary key */
  tRowcnt aiRowEstPk[2];      /* The aiRowEst[] value for the sPk index */
  int aiColumnPk = -1;        /* The aColumn[] value for the sPk index */
  int wsFlagMask;             /* Allowed flags in pCost->plan.wsFlag */

  /* Initialize the cost to a worst-case value */
  memset(pCost, 0, sizeof(*pCost));
  pCost->rCost = SQLITE_BIG_DBL;

................................................................................
    eqTermMask = WO_EQ|WO_IN;
    pIdx = 0;
  }

  /* Loop over all indices looking for the best one to use
  */
  for(; pProbe; pIdx=pProbe=pProbe->pNext){
    const tRowcnt * const aiRowEst = pProbe->aiRowEst;
    double cost;                /* Cost of using pProbe */
    double nRow;                /* Estimated number of rows in result set */
    double log10N;              /* base-10 logarithm of nRow (inexact) */
    int rev;                    /* True to scan in reverse order */
    int wsFlags = 0;
    Bitmask used = 0;

................................................................................
    **
    **  bInEst:  
    **    Set to true if there was at least one "x IN (SELECT ...)" term used 
    **    in determining the value of nInMul.  Note that the RHS of the
    **    IN operator must be a SELECT, not a value list, for this variable
    **    to be true.
    **
    **  rangeDiv:
    **    An estimate of a divisor by which to reduce the search space due
    **    to inequality constraints.  In the absence of sqlite_stat3 ANALYZE


    **    data, a single inequality reduces the search space to 1/4rd its


    **    original size (rangeDiv==4).  Two inequalities reduce the search
    **    space to 1/16th of its original size (rangeDiv==16).
    **
    **  bSort:   
    **    Boolean. True if there is an ORDER BY clause that will require an 
    **    external sort (i.e. scanning the index being evaluated will not 
    **    correctly order records).
    **
    **  bLookup: 
................................................................................
    **
    **             SELECT a, b    FROM tbl WHERE a = 1;
    **             SELECT a, b, c FROM tbl WHERE a = 1;
    */
    int nEq;                      /* Number of == or IN terms matching index */
    int bInEst = 0;               /* True if "x IN (SELECT...)" seen */
    int nInMul = 1;               /* Number of distinct equalities to lookup */
    double rangeDiv = (double)1;  /* Estimated reduction in search space */
    int nBound = 0;               /* Number of range constraints seen */
    int bSort = !!pOrderBy;       /* True if external sort required */
    int bDist = !!pDistinct;      /* True if index cannot help with DISTINCT */
    int bLookup = 0;              /* True if not a covering index */
    WhereTerm *pTerm;             /* A single term of the WHERE clause */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    WhereTerm *pFirstTerm = 0;    /* First term matching the index */
#endif

    /* Determine the values of nEq and nInMul */
    for(nEq=0; nEq<pProbe->nColumn; nEq++){
      int j = pProbe->aiColumn[nEq];
      pTerm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, notReady, eqTermMask, pIdx);
................................................................................
        }else if( ALWAYS(pExpr->x.pList && pExpr->x.pList->nExpr) ){
          /* "x IN (value, value, ...)" */
          nInMul *= pExpr->x.pList->nExpr;
        }
      }else if( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL ){
        wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_NULL;
      }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
      if( nEq==0 && pProbe->aSample ) pFirstTerm = pTerm;
#endif
      used |= pTerm->prereqRight;
    }

    /* Determine the value of rangeDiv */
    if( nEq<pProbe->nColumn && pProbe->bUnordered==0 ){
      int j = pProbe->aiColumn[nEq];
      if( findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, notReady, WO_LT|WO_LE|WO_GT|WO_GE, pIdx) ){
        WhereTerm *pTop = findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, notReady, WO_LT|WO_LE, pIdx);
        WhereTerm *pBtm = findTerm(pWC, iCur, j, notReady, WO_GT|WO_GE, pIdx);
        whereRangeScanEst(pParse, pProbe, nEq, pBtm, pTop, &rangeDiv);
        if( pTop ){
          nBound = 1;
          wsFlags |= WHERE_TOP_LIMIT;
          used |= pTop->prereqRight;
        }
        if( pBtm ){
          nBound++;
................................................................................
    */
    nRow = (double)(aiRowEst[nEq] * nInMul);
    if( bInEst && nRow*2>aiRowEst[0] ){
      nRow = aiRowEst[0]/2;
      nInMul = (int)(nRow / aiRowEst[nEq]);
    }

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    /* If the constraint is of the form x=VALUE or x IN (E1,E2,...)
    ** and we do not think that values of x are unique and if histogram
    ** data is available for column x, then it might be possible
    ** to get a better estimate on the number of rows based on
    ** VALUE and how common that value is according to the histogram.
    */
    if( nRow>(double)1 && nEq==1 && pFirstTerm!=0 && aiRowEst[1]>1 ){
................................................................................
        testcase( pFirstTerm->eOperator==WO_EQ );
        testcase( pFirstTerm->eOperator==WO_ISNULL );
        whereEqualScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pFirstTerm->pExpr->pRight, &nRow);
      }else if( pFirstTerm->eOperator==WO_IN && bInEst==0 ){
        whereInScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pFirstTerm->pExpr->x.pList, &nRow);
      }
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 */

    /* Adjust the number of output rows and downward to reflect rows
    ** that are excluded by range constraints.
    */
    nRow = nRow/rangeDiv;
    if( nRow<1 ) nRow = 1;

    /* Experiments run on real SQLite databases show that the time needed
    ** to do a binary search to locate a row in a table or index is roughly
    ** log10(N) times the time to move from one row to the next row within
    ** a table or index.  The actual times can vary, with the size of
    ** records being an important factor.  Both moves and searches are
................................................................................
        }
      }
      if( nRow<2 ) nRow = 2;
    }


    WHERETRACE((
      "%s(%s): nEq=%d nInMul=%d rangeDiv=%d bSort=%d bLookup=%d wsFlags=0x%x\n"
      "         notReady=0x%llx log10N=%.1f nRow=%.1f cost=%.1f used=0x%llx\n",
      pSrc->pTab->zName, (pIdx ? pIdx->zName : "ipk"), 
      nEq, nInMul, (int)rangeDiv, bSort, bLookup, wsFlags,
      notReady, log10N, nRow, cost, used
    ));

    /* If this index is the best we have seen so far, then record this
    ** index and its cost in the pCost structure.
    */
    if( (!pIdx || wsFlags)

Changes to src/sqlite3.h.

105
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**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.7.8"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3007008
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2011-07-19 18:29:00 ed5f0aad6b21066bacd01521e82c22e96991f400"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** to be adjusted.  The values are changed for all database connections
** within the same process.  The argument is a pointer to an array of two
** integers where the first integer i the new retry count and the second
** integer is the delay.  If either integer is negative, then the setting
** is not changed but instead the prior value of that setting is written
** into the array entry, allowing the current retry settings to be
** interrogated.  The zDbName parameter is ignored.














** 
*/
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE        1
#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE      2
#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE      3
#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO             4
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT        5
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE       6
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER     7
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC_OMITTED     8
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY   9


/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Handle
**
** The mutex module within SQLite defines [sqlite3_mutex] to be an
** abstract type for a mutex object.  The SQLite core never looks
** at the internal representation of an [sqlite3_mutex].  It only
................................................................................
** WHERE clause might influence the choice of query plan for a statement,
** then the statement will be automatically recompiled, as if there had been 
** a schema change, on the first  [sqlite3_step()] call following any change
** to the [sqlite3_bind_text | bindings] of that [parameter]. 
** ^The specific value of WHERE-clause [parameter] might influence the 
** choice of query plan if the parameter is the left-hand side of a [LIKE]
** or [GLOB] operator or if the parameter is compared to an indexed column
** and the [SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2] compile-time option is enabled.
** the 
** </li>
** </ol>
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const char *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */







|







 







>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>











>







 







|







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**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.7.8"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3007008
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2011-08-16 02:07:04 9650d7962804d61f56cac944ff9bb2c7bc111957"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** to be adjusted.  The values are changed for all database connections
** within the same process.  The argument is a pointer to an array of two
** integers where the first integer i the new retry count and the second
** integer is the delay.  If either integer is negative, then the setting
** is not changed but instead the prior value of that setting is written
** into the array entry, allowing the current retry settings to be
** interrogated.  The zDbName parameter is ignored.
**
** ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL] opcode is used to set or query the
** persistent [WAL | Write AHead Log] setting.  By default, the auxiliary
** write ahead log and shared memory files used for transaction control
** are automatically deleted when the latest connection to the database
** closes.  Setting persistent WAL mode causes those files to persist after
** close.  Persisting the files is useful when other processes that do not
** have write permission on the directory containing the database file want
** to read the database file, as the WAL and shared memory files must exist
** in order for the database to be readable.  The fourth parameter to
** [sqlite3_file_control()] for this opcode should be a pointer to an integer.
** That integer is 0 to disable persistent WAL mode or 1 to enable persistent
** WAL mode.  If the integer is -1, then it is overwritten with the current
** WAL persistence setting.
** 
*/
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE        1
#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE      2
#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE      3
#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO             4
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT        5
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE       6
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER     7
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC_OMITTED     8
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY   9
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL     10

/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Handle
**
** The mutex module within SQLite defines [sqlite3_mutex] to be an
** abstract type for a mutex object.  The SQLite core never looks
** at the internal representation of an [sqlite3_mutex].  It only
................................................................................
** WHERE clause might influence the choice of query plan for a statement,
** then the statement will be automatically recompiled, as if there had been 
** a schema change, on the first  [sqlite3_step()] call following any change
** to the [sqlite3_bind_text | bindings] of that [parameter]. 
** ^The specific value of WHERE-clause [parameter] might influence the 
** choice of query plan if the parameter is the left-hand side of a [LIKE]
** or [GLOB] operator or if the parameter is compared to an indexed column
** and the [SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3] compile-time option is enabled.
** the 
** </li>
** </ol>
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare(
  sqlite3 *db,            /* Database handle */
  const char *zSql,       /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */

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SSL    =

CFLAGS = -o
BCC    = $(DMDIR)\bin\dmc $(CFLAGS)
TCC    = $(DMDIR)\bin\dmc $(CFLAGS) $(DMCDEF) $(SSL) $(INCL)
LIBS   = $(DMDIR)\extra\lib\ zlib wsock32

SQLITE_OPTIONS = -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION=1 -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_FORMAT=4 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 -Dlocaltime=fossil_localtime -DSQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE=0

SRC   = add_.c allrepo_.c attach_.c bag_.c bisect_.c blob_.c branch_.c browse_.c captcha_.c cgi_.c checkin_.c checkout_.c clearsign_.c clone_.c comformat_.c configure_.c content_.c db_.c delta_.c deltacmd_.c descendants_.c diff_.c diffcmd_.c doc_.c encode_.c event_.c export_.c file_.c finfo_.c glob_.c graph_.c gzip_.c http_.c http_socket_.c http_ssl_.c http_transport_.c import_.c info_.c leaf_.c login_.c main_.c manifest_.c md5_.c merge_.c merge3_.c name_.c path_.c pivot_.c popen_.c pqueue_.c printf_.c rebuild_.c report_.c rss_.c schema_.c search_.c setup_.c sha1_.c shun_.c skins_.c sqlcmd_.c stash_.c stat_.c style_.c sync_.c tag_.c tar_.c th_main_.c timeline_.c tkt_.c tktsetup_.c undo_.c update_.c url_.c user_.c verify_.c vfile_.c wiki_.c wikiformat_.c winhttp_.c xfer_.c zip_.c 

OBJ   = $(OBJDIR)\add$O $(OBJDIR)\allrepo$O $(OBJDIR)\attach$O $(OBJDIR)\bag$O $(OBJDIR)\bisect$O $(OBJDIR)\blob$O $(OBJDIR)\branch$O $(OBJDIR)\browse$O $(OBJDIR)\captcha$O $(OBJDIR)\cgi$O $(OBJDIR)\checkin$O $(OBJDIR)\checkout$O $(OBJDIR)\clearsign$O $(OBJDIR)\clone$O $(OBJDIR)\comformat$O $(OBJDIR)\configure$O $(OBJDIR)\content$O $(OBJDIR)\db$O $(OBJDIR)\delta$O $(OBJDIR)\deltacmd$O $(OBJDIR)\descendants$O $(OBJDIR)\diff$O $(OBJDIR)\diffcmd$O $(OBJDIR)\doc$O $(OBJDIR)\encode$O $(OBJDIR)\event$O $(OBJDIR)\export$O $(OBJDIR)\file$O $(OBJDIR)\finfo$O $(OBJDIR)\glob$O $(OBJDIR)\graph$O $(OBJDIR)\gzip$O $(OBJDIR)\http$O $(OBJDIR)\http_socket$O $(OBJDIR)\http_ssl$O $(OBJDIR)\http_transport$O $(OBJDIR)\import$O $(OBJDIR)\info$O $(OBJDIR)\leaf$O $(OBJDIR)\login$O $(OBJDIR)\main$O $(OBJDIR)\manifest$O $(OBJDIR)\md5$O $(OBJDIR)\merge$O $(OBJDIR)\merge3$O $(OBJDIR)\name$O $(OBJDIR)\path$O $(OBJDIR)\pivot$O $(OBJDIR)\popen$O $(OBJDIR)\pqueue$O $(OBJDIR)\printf$O $(OBJDIR)\rebuild$O $(OBJDIR)\report$O $(OBJDIR)\rss$O $(OBJDIR)\schema$O $(OBJDIR)\search$O $(OBJDIR)\setup$O $(OBJDIR)\sha1$O $(OBJDIR)\shun$O $(OBJDIR)\skins$O $(OBJDIR)\sqlcmd$O $(OBJDIR)\stash$O $(OBJDIR)\stat$O $(OBJDIR)\style$O $(OBJDIR)\sync$O $(OBJDIR)\tag$O $(OBJDIR)\tar$O $(OBJDIR)\th_main$O $(OBJDIR)\timeline$O $(OBJDIR)\tkt$O $(OBJDIR)\tktsetup$O $(OBJDIR)\undo$O $(OBJDIR)\update$O $(OBJDIR)\url$O $(OBJDIR)\user$O $(OBJDIR)\verify$O $(OBJDIR)\vfile$O $(OBJDIR)\wiki$O $(OBJDIR)\wikiformat$O $(OBJDIR)\winhttp$O $(OBJDIR)\xfer$O $(OBJDIR)\zip$O $(OBJDIR)\shell$O $(OBJDIR)\sqlite3$O $(OBJDIR)\th$O $(OBJDIR)\th_lang$O 


RC=$(DMDIR)\bin\rcc







|







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SSL    =

CFLAGS = -o
BCC    = $(DMDIR)\bin\dmc $(CFLAGS)
TCC    = $(DMDIR)\bin\dmc $(CFLAGS) $(DMCDEF) $(SSL) $(INCL)
LIBS   = $(DMDIR)\extra\lib\ zlib wsock32

SQLITE_OPTIONS = -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION=1 -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_FORMAT=4 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 -Dlocaltime=fossil_localtime -DSQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE=0

SRC   = add_.c allrepo_.c attach_.c bag_.c bisect_.c blob_.c branch_.c browse_.c captcha_.c cgi_.c checkin_.c checkout_.c clearsign_.c clone_.c comformat_.c configure_.c content_.c db_.c delta_.c deltacmd_.c descendants_.c diff_.c diffcmd_.c doc_.c encode_.c event_.c export_.c file_.c finfo_.c glob_.c graph_.c gzip_.c http_.c http_socket_.c http_ssl_.c http_transport_.c import_.c info_.c leaf_.c login_.c main_.c manifest_.c md5_.c merge_.c merge3_.c name_.c path_.c pivot_.c popen_.c pqueue_.c printf_.c rebuild_.c report_.c rss_.c schema_.c search_.c setup_.c sha1_.c shun_.c skins_.c sqlcmd_.c stash_.c stat_.c style_.c sync_.c tag_.c tar_.c th_main_.c timeline_.c tkt_.c tktsetup_.c undo_.c update_.c url_.c user_.c verify_.c vfile_.c wiki_.c wikiformat_.c winhttp_.c xfer_.c zip_.c 

OBJ   = $(OBJDIR)\add$O $(OBJDIR)\allrepo$O $(OBJDIR)\attach$O $(OBJDIR)\bag$O $(OBJDIR)\bisect$O $(OBJDIR)\blob$O $(OBJDIR)\branch$O $(OBJDIR)\browse$O $(OBJDIR)\captcha$O $(OBJDIR)\cgi$O $(OBJDIR)\checkin$O $(OBJDIR)\checkout$O $(OBJDIR)\clearsign$O $(OBJDIR)\clone$O $(OBJDIR)\comformat$O $(OBJDIR)\configure$O $(OBJDIR)\content$O $(OBJDIR)\db$O $(OBJDIR)\delta$O $(OBJDIR)\deltacmd$O $(OBJDIR)\descendants$O $(OBJDIR)\diff$O $(OBJDIR)\diffcmd$O $(OBJDIR)\doc$O $(OBJDIR)\encode$O $(OBJDIR)\event$O $(OBJDIR)\export$O $(OBJDIR)\file$O $(OBJDIR)\finfo$O $(OBJDIR)\glob$O $(OBJDIR)\graph$O $(OBJDIR)\gzip$O $(OBJDIR)\http$O $(OBJDIR)\http_socket$O $(OBJDIR)\http_ssl$O $(OBJDIR)\http_transport$O $(OBJDIR)\import$O $(OBJDIR)\info$O $(OBJDIR)\leaf$O $(OBJDIR)\login$O $(OBJDIR)\main$O $(OBJDIR)\manifest$O $(OBJDIR)\md5$O $(OBJDIR)\merge$O $(OBJDIR)\merge3$O $(OBJDIR)\name$O $(OBJDIR)\path$O $(OBJDIR)\pivot$O $(OBJDIR)\popen$O $(OBJDIR)\pqueue$O $(OBJDIR)\printf$O $(OBJDIR)\rebuild$O $(OBJDIR)\report$O $(OBJDIR)\rss$O $(OBJDIR)\schema$O $(OBJDIR)\search$O $(OBJDIR)\setup$O $(OBJDIR)\sha1$O $(OBJDIR)\shun$O $(OBJDIR)\skins$O $(OBJDIR)\sqlcmd$O $(OBJDIR)\stash$O $(OBJDIR)\stat$O $(OBJDIR)\style$O $(OBJDIR)\sync$O $(OBJDIR)\tag$O $(OBJDIR)\tar$O $(OBJDIR)\th_main$O $(OBJDIR)\timeline$O $(OBJDIR)\tkt$O $(OBJDIR)\tktsetup$O $(OBJDIR)\undo$O $(OBJDIR)\update$O $(OBJDIR)\url$O $(OBJDIR)\user$O $(OBJDIR)\verify$O $(OBJDIR)\vfile$O $(OBJDIR)\wiki$O $(OBJDIR)\wikiformat$O $(OBJDIR)\winhttp$O $(OBJDIR)\xfer$O $(OBJDIR)\zip$O $(OBJDIR)\shell$O $(OBJDIR)\sqlite3$O $(OBJDIR)\th$O $(OBJDIR)\th_lang$O 


RC=$(DMDIR)\bin\rcc

Changes to win/Makefile.mingw.

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	$(TRANSLATE) $(SRCDIR)/zip.c >$(OBJDIR)/zip_.c

$(OBJDIR)/zip.o:	$(OBJDIR)/zip_.c $(OBJDIR)/zip.h  $(SRCDIR)/config.h
	$(XTCC) -o $(OBJDIR)/zip.o -c $(OBJDIR)/zip_.c

zip.h:	$(OBJDIR)/headers
$(OBJDIR)/sqlite3.o:	$(SRCDIR)/sqlite3.c
	$(XTCC) -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION=1 -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_FORMAT=4 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 -Dlocaltime=fossil_localtime -DSQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE=0 -c $(SRCDIR)/sqlite3.c -o $(OBJDIR)/sqlite3.o

$(OBJDIR)/shell.o:	$(SRCDIR)/shell.c $(SRCDIR)/sqlite3.h
	$(XTCC) -Dmain=sqlite3_shell -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION=1 -c $(SRCDIR)/shell.c -o $(OBJDIR)/shell.o

$(OBJDIR)/th.o:	$(SRCDIR)/th.c
	$(XTCC) -I$(SRCDIR) -c $(SRCDIR)/th.c -o $(OBJDIR)/th.o

$(OBJDIR)/th_lang.o:	$(SRCDIR)/th_lang.c
	$(XTCC) -I$(SRCDIR) -c $(SRCDIR)/th_lang.c -o $(OBJDIR)/th_lang.o








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	$(TRANSLATE) $(SRCDIR)/zip.c >$(OBJDIR)/zip_.c

$(OBJDIR)/zip.o:	$(OBJDIR)/zip_.c $(OBJDIR)/zip.h  $(SRCDIR)/config.h
	$(XTCC) -o $(OBJDIR)/zip.o -c $(OBJDIR)/zip_.c

zip.h:	$(OBJDIR)/headers
$(OBJDIR)/sqlite3.o:	$(SRCDIR)/sqlite3.c
	$(XTCC) -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION=1 -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 -DSQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_FORMAT=4 -DSQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 -Dlocaltime=fossil_localtime -DSQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE=0 -c $(SRCDIR)/sqlite3.c -o $(OBJDIR)/sqlite3.o

$(OBJDIR)/shell.o:	$(SRCDIR)/shell.c $(SRCDIR)/sqlite3.h
	$(XTCC) -Dmain=sqlite3_shell -DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION=1 -c $(SRCDIR)/shell.c -o $(OBJDIR)/shell.o

$(OBJDIR)/th.o:	$(SRCDIR)/th.c
	$(XTCC) -I$(SRCDIR) -c $(SRCDIR)/th.c -o $(OBJDIR)/th.o

$(OBJDIR)/th_lang.o:	$(SRCDIR)/th_lang.c
	$(XTCC) -I$(SRCDIR) -c $(SRCDIR)/th_lang.c -o $(OBJDIR)/th_lang.o

Changes to win/Makefile.msc.

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CFLAGS = -nologo -MT -O2
BCC    = $(CC) $(CFLAGS)
TCC    = $(CC) -c $(CFLAGS) $(MSCDEF) $(SSL) $(INCL)
LIBS   = $(ZLIB) ws2_32.lib advapi32.lib $(SSLLIB)
LIBDIR = -LIBPATH:$(MSCDIR)\extra\lib -LIBPATH:$(ZLIBDIR)

SQLITE_OPTIONS = /DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION=1 /DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 /DSQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_FORMAT=4 /DSQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2 /Dlocaltime=fossil_localtime /DSQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE=0

SRC   = add_.c allrepo_.c attach_.c bag_.c bisect_.c blob_.c branch_.c browse_.c captcha_.c cgi_.c checkin_.c checkout_.c clearsign_.c clone_.c comformat_.c configure_.c content_.c db_.c delta_.c deltacmd_.c descendants_.c diff_.c diffcmd_.c doc_.c encode_.c event_.c export_.c file_.c finfo_.c glob_.c graph_.c gzip_.c http_.c http_socket_.c http_ssl_.c http_transport_.c import_.c info_.c leaf_.c login_.c main_.c manifest_.c md5_.c merge_.c merge3_.c name_.c path_.c pivot_.c popen_.c pqueue_.c printf_.c rebuild_.c report_.c rss_.c schema_.c search_.c setup_.c sha1_.c shun_.c skins_.c sqlcmd_.c stash_.c stat_.c style_.c sync_.c tag_.c tar_.c th_main_.c timeline_.c tkt_.c tktsetup_.c undo_.c update_.c url_.c user_.c verify_.c vfile_.c wiki_.c wikiformat_.c winhttp_.c xfer_.c zip_.c 

OBJ   = $(OX)\add$O $(OX)\allrepo$O $(OX)\attach$O $(OX)\bag$O $(OX)\bisect$O $(OX)\blob$O $(OX)\branch$O $(OX)\browse$O $(OX)\captcha$O $(OX)\cgi$O $(OX)\checkin$O $(OX)\checkout$O $(OX)\clearsign$O $(OX)\clone$O $(OX)\comformat$O $(OX)\configure$O $(OX)\content$O $(OX)\db$O $(OX)\delta$O $(OX)\deltacmd$O $(OX)\descendants$O $(OX)\diff$O $(OX)\diffcmd$O $(OX)\doc$O $(OX)\encode$O $(OX)\event$O $(OX)\export$O $(OX)\file$O $(OX)\finfo$O $(OX)\glob$O $(OX)\graph$O $(OX)\gzip$O $(OX)\http$O $(OX)\http_socket$O $(OX)\http_ssl$O $(OX)\http_transport$O $(OX)\import$O $(OX)\info$O $(OX)\leaf$O $(OX)\login$O $(OX)\main$O $(OX)\manifest$O $(OX)\md5$O $(OX)\merge$O $(OX)\merge3$O $(OX)\name$O $(OX)\path$O $(OX)\pivot$O $(OX)\popen$O $(OX)\pqueue$O $(OX)\printf$O $(OX)\rebuild$O $(OX)\report$O $(OX)\rss$O $(OX)\schema$O $(OX)\search$O $(OX)\setup$O $(OX)\sha1$O $(OX)\shun$O $(OX)\skins$O $(OX)\sqlcmd$O $(OX)\stash$O $(OX)\stat$O $(OX)\style$O $(OX)\sync$O $(OX)\tag$O $(OX)\tar$O $(OX)\th_main$O $(OX)\timeline$O $(OX)\tkt$O $(OX)\tktsetup$O $(OX)\undo$O $(OX)\update$O $(OX)\url$O $(OX)\user$O $(OX)\verify$O $(OX)\vfile$O $(OX)\wiki$O $(OX)\wikiformat$O $(OX)\winhttp$O $(OX)\xfer$O $(OX)\zip$O $(OX)\shell$O $(OX)\sqlite3$O $(OX)\th$O $(OX)\th_lang$O 


APPNAME = $(OX)\fossil$(E)







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CFLAGS = -nologo -MT -O2
BCC    = $(CC) $(CFLAGS)
TCC    = $(CC) -c $(CFLAGS) $(MSCDEF) $(SSL) $(INCL)
LIBS   = $(ZLIB) ws2_32.lib advapi32.lib $(SSLLIB)
LIBDIR = -LIBPATH:$(MSCDIR)\extra\lib -LIBPATH:$(ZLIBDIR)

SQLITE_OPTIONS = /DSQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION=1 /DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 /DSQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_FORMAT=4 /DSQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 /Dlocaltime=fossil_localtime /DSQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE=0

SRC   = add_.c allrepo_.c attach_.c bag_.c bisect_.c blob_.c branch_.c browse_.c captcha_.c cgi_.c checkin_.c checkout_.c clearsign_.c clone_.c comformat_.c configure_.c content_.c db_.c delta_.c deltacmd_.c descendants_.c diff_.c diffcmd_.c doc_.c encode_.c event_.c export_.c file_.c finfo_.c glob_.c graph_.c gzip_.c http_.c http_socket_.c http_ssl_.c http_transport_.c import_.c info_.c leaf_.c login_.c main_.c manifest_.c md5_.c merge_.c merge3_.c name_.c path_.c pivot_.c popen_.c pqueue_.c printf_.c rebuild_.c report_.c rss_.c schema_.c search_.c setup_.c sha1_.c shun_.c skins_.c sqlcmd_.c stash_.c stat_.c style_.c sync_.c tag_.c tar_.c th_main_.c timeline_.c tkt_.c tktsetup_.c undo_.c update_.c url_.c user_.c verify_.c vfile_.c wiki_.c wikiformat_.c winhttp_.c xfer_.c zip_.c 

OBJ   = $(OX)\add$O $(OX)\allrepo$O $(OX)\attach$O $(OX)\bag$O $(OX)\bisect$O $(OX)\blob$O $(OX)\branch$O $(OX)\browse$O $(OX)\captcha$O $(OX)\cgi$O $(OX)\checkin$O $(OX)\checkout$O $(OX)\clearsign$O $(OX)\clone$O $(OX)\comformat$O $(OX)\configure$O $(OX)\content$O $(OX)\db$O $(OX)\delta$O $(OX)\deltacmd$O $(OX)\descendants$O $(OX)\diff$O $(OX)\diffcmd$O $(OX)\doc$O $(OX)\encode$O $(OX)\event$O $(OX)\export$O $(OX)\file$O $(OX)\finfo$O $(OX)\glob$O $(OX)\graph$O $(OX)\gzip$O $(OX)\http$O $(OX)\http_socket$O $(OX)\http_ssl$O $(OX)\http_transport$O $(OX)\import$O $(OX)\info$O $(OX)\leaf$O $(OX)\login$O $(OX)\main$O $(OX)\manifest$O $(OX)\md5$O $(OX)\merge$O $(OX)\merge3$O $(OX)\name$O $(OX)\path$O $(OX)\pivot$O $(OX)\popen$O $(OX)\pqueue$O $(OX)\printf$O $(OX)\rebuild$O $(OX)\report$O $(OX)\rss$O $(OX)\schema$O $(OX)\search$O $(OX)\setup$O $(OX)\sha1$O $(OX)\shun$O $(OX)\skins$O $(OX)\sqlcmd$O $(OX)\stash$O $(OX)\stat$O $(OX)\style$O $(OX)\sync$O $(OX)\tag$O $(OX)\tar$O $(OX)\th_main$O $(OX)\timeline$O $(OX)\tkt$O $(OX)\tktsetup$O $(OX)\undo$O $(OX)\update$O $(OX)\url$O $(OX)\user$O $(OX)\verify$O $(OX)\vfile$O $(OX)\wiki$O $(OX)\wikiformat$O $(OX)\winhttp$O $(OX)\xfer$O $(OX)\zip$O $(OX)\shell$O $(OX)\sqlite3$O $(OX)\th$O $(OX)\th_lang$O 


APPNAME = $(OX)\fossil$(E)