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Overview
Comment:Update the built-in SQLite to the version that refuses to open database files using file descriptors 0, 1, or 2.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1:e454de135ab734cfb78a598edc98abb8520dd800
User & Date: drh 2013-08-29 23:39:00
Context
2013-08-30
03:06
Change most uses of fossil_panic() to fossil_fatal(). Modify fossil_panic() to avoid allocating heap memory and to close the database connection before doing anything else. check-in: 320f1436 user: drh tags: trunk
2013-08-29
23:39
Update the built-in SQLite to the version that refuses to open database files using file descriptors 0, 1, or 2. check-in: e454de13 user: drh tags: trunk
13:53
Update the built-in SQLite to the version 3.8.0.1 beta. check-in: 5d60e609 user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
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Changes to src/sqlite3.c.

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52092
52093
52094
52095
52096
52097
.....
59836
59837
59838
59839
59840
59841
59842
59843













59844
59845
59846
59847
59848
59849
59850





59851



















































59852
59853
59854
59855
59856
59857

59858
59859
59860
59861
59862
59863

59864
59865
59866
59867
59868
59869
59870
59871
59872
59873
59874
59875
59876
59877
59878
59879
59880
59881
59882
.....
59886
59887
59888
59889
59890
59891
59892
59893
59894
59895
59896
59897
59898
59899
59900
.....
59903
59904
59905
59906
59907
59908
59909
59910
59911
59912
59913
59914


59915
59916
59917
59918
59919
59920
59921
59922
59923
59924
59925
59926
59927
59928
59929
59930
59931
59932
59933
59934
59935
59936
59937
59938
59939
59940
59941
59942
59943
59944
59945
59946
59947
59948
59949
59950
59951
59952
59953


59954
59955



59956
59957
59958



















































































































































































59959
59960
59961
59962
59963
59964
59965
.....
66071
66072
66073
66074
66075
66076
66077
66078
66079
66080
66081
66082
66083
66084
66085
66086
66087
66088
66089
66090
66091
66092
66093
66094
66095
66096
66097
66098
66099
66100
66101
66102
66103
66104
66105
66106
66107
66108
66109
66110
66111
66112
66113
66114
66115
66116
66117
66118
66119
.....
66198
66199
66200
66201
66202
66203
66204
66205
66206
66207
66208
66209
66210
66211
66212
.....
66414
66415
66416
66417
66418
66419
66420
66421
66422
66423
66424
66425
66426
66427
66428
.....
66487
66488
66489
66490
66491
66492
66493
66494
66495
66496
66497
66498
66499
66500
66501
66502
.....
66576
66577
66578
66579
66580
66581
66582
66583
66584
66585
66586
66587
66588
66589
66590
.....
66856
66857
66858
66859
66860
66861
66862
66863
66864
66865
66866
66867
66868
66869
66870
66871
66872
66873
66874
.....
67396
67397
67398
67399
67400
67401
67402
67403
67404
67405
67406
67407
67408
67409
67410
67411
67412
67413
67414
.....
67657
67658
67659
67660
67661
67662
67663
67664
67665
67666
67667
67668
67669
67670
67671
.....
67957
67958
67959
67960
67961
67962
67963
67964
67965
67966
67967
67968
67969
67970
67971
.....
68020
68021
68022
68023
68024
68025
68026
68027
68028
68029
68030
68031
68032
68033
68034
.....
68086
68087
68088
68089
68090
68091
68092
68093
68094
68095
68096
68097
68098
68099
68100
.....
68682
68683
68684
68685
68686
68687
68688
68689
68690
68691
68692
68693
68694
68695
68696
.....
69233
69234
69235
69236
69237
69238
69239
69240
69241
69242
69243
69244
69245
69246
69247
.....
69440
69441
69442
69443
69444
69445
69446
69447
69448
69449
69450
69451
69452
69453
69454
.....
70118
70119
70120
70121
70122
70123
70124
70125
70126
70127
70128
70129
70130
70131
70132
.....
70334
70335
70336
70337
70338
70339
70340

70341
70342
70343
70344
70345
70346
70347
.....
70540
70541
70542
70543
70544
70545
70546
70547
70548
70549
70550
70551
70552
70553
70554
.....
70976
70977
70978
70979
70980
70981
70982
70983
70984
70985
70986
70987
70988
70989
70990
.....
71025
71026
71027
71028
71029
71030
71031
71032
71033
71034
71035
71036
71037
71038
71039
.....
71456
71457
71458
71459
71460
71461
71462
71463
71464
71465
71466
71467
71468
71469
71470
.....
76727
76728
76729
76730
76731
76732
76733
76734
76735
76736
76737
76738
76739
76740
76741
.....
80387
80388
80389
80390
80391
80392
80393
80394
80395
80396
80397
80398
80399
80400
80401
.....
80528
80529
80530
80531
80532
80533
80534
80535
80536
80537
80538
80539
80540
80541
80542
.....
80549
80550
80551
80552
80553
80554
80555

80556
80557
80558
80559
80560
80561
80562
80563
80564







80565
80566
80567
80568
80569
80570
80571
80572

80573
80574
80575
80576
80577
80578
80579
.....
80612
80613
80614
80615
80616
80617
80618
80619
80620

80621
80622







80623
80624
80625
80626
80627
80628


80629









80630
80631
80632
80633
80634
80635
80636
80637
80638
80639
80640
80641
80642
80643
80644
80645
80646
80647










80648
80649
80650














80651
80652
80653
80654
80655



80656
80657
80658
80659
80660
80661
80662
80663
80664
80665
80666
80667
80668
80669
80670
80671
80672
80673
80674
80675
80676
80677
80678



80679
80680




80681
80682
80683
80684
80685
80686
80687
80688
80689
80690



80691
80692
80693
80694
80695
80696
80697
80698
80699
80700
80701
80702

80703
80704
80705
80706
80707
80708
80709
80710
80711

80712
80713
80714
80715
80716

80717
80718
80719

80720
80721
80722
80723
80724
80725
80726
80727
80728
80729

80730
80731
80732
80733
80734
80735
80736
80737
80738
80739
80740
80741
80742
80743
80744
80745
80746
80747
80748
80749
80750
80751
80752
80753
80754
80755
80756
80757
80758
80759
80760
80761
80762
80763
80764
80765
80766
80767
80768
80769
80770
80771
80772
80773
80774
80775
80776
80777
80778
80779
80780
80781
80782
80783
80784
80785
80786
80787
80788
80789
80790
80791
80792
80793
80794
80795
80796
80797
80798
80799
80800
80801
80802
80803
80804
80805
80806
80807
80808
80809
80810
80811
80812
80813
80814
80815
80816
80817
80818
80819
80820
80821
80822
80823
80824
80825
80826
80827
80828
80829
80830
80831
80832
80833
80834
80835
80836
80837
80838
80839
80840
80841
80842
80843
80844
80845
80846
80847
80848
80849
80850
80851
80852
80853
80854
80855
80856
80857
80858
80859
80860
80861
80862
80863
80864
80865
80866
80867
80868
80869
80870
80871
80872
80873
80874
80875
80876
80877
80878
80879
80880
80881
80882
80883
80884
80885
80886
80887
80888
80889
80890
80891
80892
80893
80894
80895
80896
80897
80898
80899
80900
80901
80902
80903
80904
80905
80906
80907
80908
80909
80910
80911
80912
80913
80914
80915
80916
80917
80918
80919
80920
80921
80922
80923
80924
80925
80926
80927
80928
80929
80930
80931
80932
80933
80934
80935
80936
80937
80938
80939
80940
80941
80942
80943
80944
80945
80946
80947
80948
80949
80950
80951
80952
80953
80954
80955
80956
80957
80958
80959
80960
80961
80962
80963
80964
80965






































































































































































































































































































































80966
80967
80968
80969

80970
80971
80972
80973
80974
80975
80976
80977
80978
80979
80980
80981
80982
80983
80984
80985
80986
80987
80988
80989
80990
80991
80992
80993
80994
80995
80996
80997
80998




80999
81000

81001
81002
81003
81004
81005
81006
81007
.....
81017
81018
81019
81020
81021
81022
81023
81024



81025
81026

81027


81028

81029
81030

81031
81032
81033



81034
81035
81036
81037
81038
81039
81040
81041
81042
81043
81044
81045
81046
81047
81048
81049
81050
81051
81052
81053
81054
81055
81056
81057
81058
81059
81060
81061
81062
81063
81064
81065
81066
81067
81068
81069
81070
81071
81072
81073
81074
81075
81076
81077
81078
81079
81080
81081
81082
81083
81084
81085
81086
81087
81088
81089
81090
81091
81092
81093
81094
81095
81096
81097
81098
81099
81100
81101
81102
81103
81104
81105
81106
81107
81108
81109
81110
81111
81112
81113
81114
81115
81116
81117
81118
81119
81120
81121
81122
81123
81124
81125
81126
81127
81128
81129
81130
81131
81132
81133
81134
81135
81136
81137
81138
81139
81140
81141
81142
81143
81144
81145
81146
81147
81148
81149
81150
81151
81152
81153
81154
81155
81156
81157
81158
81159
81160
81161
81162
81163
81164
81165
81166
81167
81168
81169
81170
81171
81172
81173
81174
81175
81176
81177
81178
81179
81180
81181
81182
81183
81184
81185
81186
81187
81188
81189
81190
81191
81192
81193
81194
81195
81196
81197
81198
81199
81200
81201
81202
81203
81204
81205
81206
81207
81208
81209
81210
81211
81212
81213
81214
81215
81216
81217
81218
81219
81220
81221
81222
81223
81224
81225
81226






81227
81228
81229
81230
81231
81232
81233
81234
81235
81236
81237
.....
81247
81248
81249
81250
81251
81252
81253

81254
81255
81256
81257
81258
81259

81260
81261
81262
81263
81264
81265
81266
81267
81268
81269
81270
.....
81281
81282
81283
81284
81285
81286
81287
81288
81289
81290
81291
81292
81293
81294
81295
.....
81363
81364
81365
81366
81367
81368
81369





































81370
81371
81372
81373
81374
81375
81376
.....
81379
81380
81381
81382
81383
81384
81385
81386
81387
81388
81389
81390
81391
81392
81393
81394
.....
81398
81399
81400
81401
81402
81403
81404
81405
81406
81407
81408
81409
81410
81411
81412
81413
81414
81415
81416
81417
81418
81419



81420
81421


81422
81423
81424
81425
81426
81427
81428
81429
81430
81431
81432
81433
81434
81435
81436
81437
81438
81439
81440
81441
81442
81443
81444
81445
81446
81447
81448
81449
81450
81451
81452
81453
81454
81455
81456
81457














































81458






81459
81460
81461
81462
81463
81464
81465
81466
81467
81468
81469
81470
81471
81472
81473
81474
81475
81476
81477
81478
81479
81480
81481
81482



81483
81484
81485



81486
81487
81488
81489
81490
81491
81492






81493




81494
81495
81496
81497
81498
81499
81500








81501
81502
81503
81504
81505
81506
81507
81508
81509
81510
81511
81512
81513
81514
81515
81516
81517
81518
81519
81520
81521
81522
81523
81524
81525
81526
81527
81528
81529
81530
81531
81532
81533
81534
81535
81536
81537
81538
81539
81540
81541
81542
81543
81544
81545
81546
81547
81548
81549
81550
81551
81552
81553
81554
81555
81556
81557
81558
81559
81560
81561
81562
81563
81564
81565
81566
81567
81568
81569
81570
81571
81572
81573
81574
81575
81576
81577
81578
81579
81580
81581
81582
81583
81584
81585



81586
81587
81588
81589
81590
81591
81592
81593
81594
81595
81596
81597
81598
81599
81600
81601
.....
81609
81610
81611
81612
81613
81614
81615
81616
81617
81618
81619
81620
81621
81622
81623
.....
81633
81634
81635
81636
81637
81638
81639
81640
81641
81642
81643
81644
81645
81646
81647
81648
81649
81650
81651
81652
.....
84494
84495
84496
84497
84498
84499
84500
84501
84502
84503
84504
84505
84506
84507
84508
.....
89165
89166
89167
89168
89169
89170
89171



89172
89173
89174
89175
89176
89177
89178
.....
94385
94386
94387
94388
94389
94390
94391
94392
94393
94394
94395
94396
94397
94398
94399
.....
94519
94520
94521
94522
94523
94524
94525

94526
94527
94528
94529
94530
94531
94532
94533
94534
94535
94536
94537
94538
94539
94540
94541

94542
94543
94544
94545
94546
94547
94548
......
102686
102687
102688
102689
102690
102691
102692
102693
102694
102695
102696
102697
102698
102699
102700
......
105036
105037
105038
105039
105040
105041
105042
105043
105044
105045
105046
105047
105048
105049
105050
......
105142
105143
105144
105145
105146
105147
105148




105149
105150
105151
105152
105153
105154
105155
......
106541
106542
106543
106544
106545
106546
106547
106548
106549
106550
106551
106552
106553
106554
106555
......
106581
106582
106583
106584
106585
106586
106587
106588
106589
106590
106591
106592
106593
106594
106595
......
107149
107150
107151
107152
107153
107154
107155
107156
107157
107158
107159
107160
107161
107162
107163
107164
107165
107166
107167
107168
107169
107170
107171
107172
107173
107174

107175
107176
107177
107178
107179
107180
107181
107182


107183
107184
107185
107186
107187
107188
107189
107190
107191
107192
107193
107194
107195
107196
107197

107198
107199
107200
107201
107202
107203
107204
107205
107206
107207
107208
107209
107210
107211
107212
107213
107214
107215
107216
107217
107218
107219
107220
107221
107222
107223
107224
107225
107226
107227
107228
107229

107230






107231

107232
107233
107234
107235
107236
107237
107238
107239
107240
107241
107242
107243
107244
107245
107246
107247
107248
107249
107250
107251
107252


107253
107254
107255
107256
107257
107258
107259
107260
107261
107262
107263
107264

107265
107266



107267
107268
107269
107270
107271

107272
107273
107274
107275
107276
107277
107278
107279
107280
107281
107282
107283
107284
107285
107286
107287
107288

107289
107290
107291
107292
107293
107294
107295
107296
107297
107298
107299
107300
107301
107302
107303
107304
107305
107306
107307
107308
107309
107310
107311
107312
107313
107314
107315
107316
107317
107318
107319
107320
107321
107322
107323
107324
107325
107326
107327
107328
107329
107330
107331
107332
107333
107334
107335
107336
107337
107338
107339
107340
107341
107342
107343
107344
107345
107346
107347
107348
107349
107350
107351
107352
107353
107354
107355
107356
107357
......
107360
107361
107362
107363
107364
107365
107366
107367
107368
107369
107370
107371
107372
107373
107374
107375
107376
107377
107378
107379
107380
107381
107382
107383
107384

107385
107386
107387
107388
107389

107390
107391
107392
107393
107394
107395
107396
107397

107398
107399

107400
107401


107402



107403
107404
107405
107406


107407
107408
107409

































107410

107411
107412
107413

107414

107415
107416
107417
107418

107419
107420
107421


107422

107423
107424
107425

107426

107427
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/******************************************************************************
** This file is an amalgamation of many separate C source files from SQLite
** version 3.8.0.1.  By combining all the individual C code files into this 
** single large file, the entire code can be compiled as a single translation
** unit.  This allows many compilers to do optimizations that would not be
** possible if the files were compiled separately.  Performance improvements
** of 5% or more are commonly seen when SQLite is compiled as a single
** translation unit.
**
** This file is all you need to compile SQLite.  To use SQLite in other
................................................................................
** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.0.1"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008000
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2013-08-29 13:47:05 c5857808c0707baa30994dd6aa3b9c93a74c0073"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE_xc 1  /* Exclude from ctime.c */
#endif
#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE>SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE
# undef SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE
#endif















/*
** An instance of the following structure is used to store the busy-handler
** callback for a given sqlite handle. 
**
** The sqlite.busyHandler member of the sqlite struct contains the busy
** callback for the database handle. Each pager opened via the sqlite
** handle is passed a pointer to sqlite.busyHandler. The busy-handler
................................................................................
  Expr *pPartIdxWhere;     /* WHERE clause for partial indices */
  int tnum;                /* DB Page containing root of this index */
  u16 nColumn;             /* Number of columns in table used by this index */
  u8 onError;              /* OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, OE_Replace, or OE_None */
  unsigned autoIndex:2;    /* 1==UNIQUE, 2==PRIMARY KEY, 0==CREATE INDEX */
  unsigned bUnordered:1;   /* Use this index for == or IN queries only */
  unsigned uniqNotNull:1;  /* True if UNIQUE and NOT NULL for all columns */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  int nSample;             /* Number of elements in aSample[] */
  tRowcnt avgEq;           /* Average nEq value for key values not in aSample */

  IndexSample *aSample;    /* Samples of the left-most key */
#endif
};

/*
** Each sample stored in the sqlite_stat3 table is represented in memory 
** using a structure of this type.  See documentation at the top of the
** analyze.c source file for additional information.
*/
struct IndexSample {
  union {
    char *z;        /* Value if eType is SQLITE_TEXT or SQLITE_BLOB */
    double r;       /* Value if eType is SQLITE_FLOAT */
    i64 i;          /* Value if eType is SQLITE_INTEGER */
  } u;
  u8 eType;         /* SQLITE_NULL, SQLITE_INTEGER ... etc. */
  int nByte;        /* Size in byte of text or blob. */
  tRowcnt nEq;      /* Est. number of rows where the key equals this sample */
  tRowcnt nLt;      /* Est. number of rows where key is less than this sample */
  tRowcnt nDLt;     /* Est. number of distinct keys less than this sample */
};

/*
** Each token coming out of the lexer is an instance of
** this structure.  Tokens are also used as part of an expression.
**
** Note if Token.z==0 then Token.dyn and Token.n are undefined and
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3ValueText(sqlite3_value*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ValueBytes(sqlite3_value*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueSetStr(sqlite3_value*, int, const void *,u8, 
                        void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueFree(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_value *sqlite3ValueNew(sqlite3 *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3Utf16to8(sqlite3 *, const void*, int, u8);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3Utf8to16(sqlite3 *, u8, char *, int, int *);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ValueFromExpr(sqlite3 *, Expr *, u8, u8, sqlite3_value **);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(sqlite3_value *, u8, u8);
#ifndef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
SQLITE_PRIVATE const unsigned char sqlite3OpcodeProperty[];
SQLITE_PRIVATE const unsigned char sqlite3UpperToLower[];
SQLITE_PRIVATE const unsigned char sqlite3CtypeMap[];
SQLITE_PRIVATE const Token sqlite3IntTokens[];
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3StrAccumFinish(StrAccum*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StrAccumReset(StrAccum*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectDestInit(SelectDest*,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3CreateColumnExpr(sqlite3 *, SrcList *, int, int);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BackupRestart(sqlite3_backup *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BackupUpdate(sqlite3_backup *, Pgno, const u8 *);







/*
** The interface to the LEMON-generated parser
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3ParserAlloc(void*(*)(size_t));
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ParserFree(void*, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Parser(void*, int, Token, Parse*);
................................................................................
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK
  "ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE
  "ENABLE_RTREE",
#endif


#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  "ENABLE_STAT3",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY
  "ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT
  "ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT",
................................................................................
*/
static int sqlite3MemSize(void *p){
  struct MemBlockHdr *pHdr;
  if( !p ){
    return 0;
  }
  pHdr = sqlite3MemsysGetHeader(p);
  return pHdr->iSize;
}

/*
** Initialize the memory allocation subsystem.
*/
static int sqlite3MemInit(void *NotUsed){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
................................................................................
** to clear the content of a freed allocation to unpredictable values.
*/
static void randomFill(char *pBuf, int nByte){
  unsigned int x, y, r;
  x = SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(pBuf);
  y = nByte | 1;
  while( nByte >= 4 ){
    x = (x>>1) ^ (-(x&1) & 0xd0000001);
    y = y*1103515245 + 12345;
    r = x ^ y;
    *(int*)pBuf = r;
    pBuf += 4;
    nByte -= 4;
  }
  while( nByte-- > 0 ){
    x = (x>>1) ^ (-(x&1) & 0xd0000001);
    y = y*1103515245 + 12345;
    r = x ^ y;
    *(pBuf++) = r & 0xff;
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
    pHdr->pNext->pPrev = pHdr->pPrev;
  }else{
    assert( mem.pLast==pHdr );
    mem.pLast = pHdr->pPrev;
  }
  z = (char*)pBt;
  z -= pHdr->nTitle;
  adjustStats(pHdr->iSize, -1);
  randomFill(z, sizeof(void*)*pHdr->nBacktraceSlots + sizeof(*pHdr) +
                pHdr->iSize + sizeof(int) + pHdr->nTitle);
  free(z);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem.mutex);  
}

/*
** Change the size of an existing memory allocation.
**
................................................................................
  assert( mem.disallow==0 );
  assert( (nByte & 7)==0 );     /* EV: R-46199-30249 */
  pOldHdr = sqlite3MemsysGetHeader(pPrior);
  pNew = sqlite3MemMalloc(nByte);
  if( pNew ){
    memcpy(pNew, pPrior, nByte<pOldHdr->iSize ? nByte : pOldHdr->iSize);
    if( nByte>pOldHdr->iSize ){
      randomFill(&((char*)pNew)[pOldHdr->iSize], nByte - pOldHdr->iSize);
    }
    sqlite3MemFree(pPrior);
  }
  return pNew;
}

/*
................................................................................
}

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MemdebugSync(){
  struct MemBlockHdr *pHdr;
  for(pHdr=mem.pFirst; pHdr; pHdr=pHdr->pNext){
    void **pBt = (void**)pHdr;
    pBt -= pHdr->nBacktraceSlots;
    mem.xBacktrace(pHdr->iSize, pHdr->nBacktrace-1, &pBt[1]);
  }
}

/*
** Open the file indicated and write a log of all unfreed memory 
** allocations into that log.
*/
................................................................................
      OSVERSIONINFO sInfo;
      sInfo.dwOSVersionInfoSize = sizeof(sInfo);
      GetVersionEx(&sInfo);
      osType = sInfo.dwPlatformId==VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT ? 2 : 1;
    }
    return osType==2;
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OS_WINCE */
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** The sqlite3_mutex_held() and sqlite3_mutex_notheld() routine are
** intended for use only inside assert() statements.
*/
................................................................................
};
static int winMutex_isInit = 0;
/* As winMutexInit() and winMutexEnd() are called as part
** of the sqlite3_initialize and sqlite3_shutdown()
** processing, the "interlocked" magic is probably not
** strictly necessary.
*/
static long winMutex_lock = 0;

SQLITE_API void sqlite3_win32_sleep(DWORD milliseconds); /* os_win.c */

static int winMutexInit(void){ 
  /* The first to increment to 1 does actual initialization */
  if( InterlockedCompareExchange(&winMutex_lock, 1, 0)==0 ){
    int i;
................................................................................
  assert( (m.flags & MEM_Term)!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
  assert( (m.flags & MEM_Str)!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
  assert( (m.flags & MEM_Dyn)!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
  assert( m.z || db->mallocFailed );
  return m.z;
}

/*
** Convert a UTF-8 string to the UTF-16 encoding specified by parameter
** enc. A pointer to the new string is returned, and the value of *pnOut
** is set to the length of the returned string in bytes. The call should
** arrange to call sqlite3DbFree() on the returned pointer when it is
** no longer required.
** 
** If a malloc failure occurs, NULL is returned and the db.mallocFailed
** flag set.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3Utf8to16(sqlite3 *db, u8 enc, char *z, int n, int *pnOut){
  Mem m;
  memset(&m, 0, sizeof(m));
  m.db = db;
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(&m, z, n, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_STATIC);
  if( sqlite3VdbeMemTranslate(&m, enc) ){
    assert( db->mallocFailed );
    return 0;
  }
  assert( m.z==m.zMalloc );
  *pnOut = m.n;
  return m.z;
}
#endif

/*
** zIn is a UTF-16 encoded unicode string at least nChar characters long.
** Return the number of bytes in the first nChar unicode characters
** in pZ.  nChar must be non-negative.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Utf16ByteLen(const void *zIn, int nChar){
  int c;
................................................................................
  unsigned short int ctrlFlags;       /* Behavioral bits.  UNIXFILE_* flags */
  int lastErrno;                      /* The unix errno from last I/O error */
  void *lockingContext;               /* Locking style specific state */
  UnixUnusedFd *pUnused;              /* Pre-allocated UnixUnusedFd */
  const char *zPath;                  /* Name of the file */
  unixShm *pShm;                      /* Shared memory segment information */
  int szChunk;                        /* Configured by FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE */

  int nFetchOut;                      /* Number of outstanding xFetch refs */
  sqlite3_int64 mmapSize;             /* Usable size of mapping at pMapRegion */
  sqlite3_int64 mmapSizeActual;       /* Actual size of mapping at pMapRegion */
  sqlite3_int64 mmapSizeMax;          /* Configured FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE value */
  void *pMapRegion;                   /* Memory mapped region */

#ifdef __QNXNTO__
  int sectorSize;                     /* Device sector size */
  int deviceCharacteristics;          /* Precomputed device characteristics */
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  int openFlags;                      /* The flags specified at open() */
#endif
................................................................................

  { "rmdir",        (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)rmdir,           0 },
#define osRmdir     ((int(*)(const char*))aSyscall[19].pCurrent)

  { "fchown",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)posixFchown,     0 },
#define osFchown    ((int(*)(int,uid_t,gid_t))aSyscall[20].pCurrent)


  { "mmap",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)mmap,     0 },
#define osMmap ((void*(*)(void*,size_t,int,int,int,off_t))aSyscall[21].pCurrent)

  { "munmap",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)munmap,          0 },
#define osMunmap ((void*(*)(void*,size_t))aSyscall[22].pCurrent)

#if HAVE_MREMAP
  { "mremap",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)mremap,          0 },
#else
  { "mremap",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)0,               0 },
#endif
#define osMremap ((void*(*)(void*,size_t,size_t,int,...))aSyscall[23].pCurrent)


}; /* End of the overrideable system calls */

/*
** This is the xSetSystemCall() method of sqlite3_vfs for all of the
** "unix" VFSes.  Return SQLITE_OK opon successfully updating the
** system call pointer, or SQLITE_NOTFOUND if there is no configurable
................................................................................
    }
  }
  for(i++; i<ArraySize(aSyscall); i++){
    if( aSyscall[i].pCurrent!=0 ) return aSyscall[i].zName;
  }
  return 0;
}


























/*
** Invoke open().  Do so multiple times, until it either succeeds or
** fails for some reason other than EINTR.
**
** If the file creation mode "m" is 0 then set it to the default for
** SQLite.  The default is SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_PERMISSIONS (normally
................................................................................
  mode_t m2 = m ? m : SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_PERMISSIONS;
  do{
#if defined(O_CLOEXEC)
    fd = osOpen(z,f|O_CLOEXEC,m2);
#else
    fd = osOpen(z,f,m2);
#endif
  }while( fd<0 && errno==EINTR );
  if( fd>=0 ){
    if( m!=0 ){
      struct stat statbuf;
      if( osFstat(fd, &statbuf)==0 
       && statbuf.st_size==0
       && (statbuf.st_mode&0777)!=m 
      ){
................................................................................
** the requested locking level, this routine is a no-op.
*/
static int unixUnlock(sqlite3_file *id, int eFileLock){
  assert( eFileLock==SHARED_LOCK || ((unixFile *)id)->nFetchOut==0 );
  return posixUnlock(id, eFileLock, 0);
}


static int unixMapfile(unixFile *pFd, i64 nByte);
static void unixUnmapfile(unixFile *pFd);


/*
** This function performs the parts of the "close file" operation 
** common to all locking schemes. It closes the directory and file
** handles, if they are valid, and sets all fields of the unixFile
** structure to 0.
**
** It is *not* necessary to hold the mutex when this routine is called,
** even on VxWorks.  A mutex will be acquired on VxWorks by the
** vxworksReleaseFileId() routine.
*/
static int closeUnixFile(sqlite3_file *id){
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;

  unixUnmapfile(pFile);

  if( pFile->h>=0 ){
    robust_close(pFile, pFile->h, __LINE__);
    pFile->h = -1;
  }
#if OS_VXWORKS
  if( pFile->pId ){
    if( pFile->ctrlFlags & UNIXFILE_DELETE ){
................................................................................
  int got;
  int prior = 0;
#if (!defined(USE_PREAD) && !defined(USE_PREAD64))
  i64 newOffset;
#endif
  TIMER_START;
  assert( cnt==(cnt&0x1ffff) );

  cnt &= 0x1ffff;
  do{
#if defined(USE_PREAD)
    got = osPread(id->h, pBuf, cnt, offset);
    SimulateIOError( got = -1 );
#elif defined(USE_PREAD64)
    got = osPread64(id->h, pBuf, cnt, offset);
................................................................................
  const void *pBuf,               /* Copy data from this buffer to the file */
  int nBuf,                       /* Size of buffer pBuf in bytes */
  int *piErrno                    /* OUT: Error number if error occurs */
){
  int rc = 0;                     /* Value returned by system call */

  assert( nBuf==(nBuf&0x1ffff) );

  nBuf &= 0x1ffff;
  TIMER_START;

#if defined(USE_PREAD)
  do{ rc = osPwrite(fd, pBuf, nBuf, iOff); }while( rc<0 && errno==EINTR );
#elif defined(USE_PREAD64)
  do{ rc = osPwrite64(fd, pBuf, nBuf, iOff);}while( rc<0 && errno==EINTR);
................................................................................
    ** source.
    */
    if( pFile->inNormalWrite && nByte==0 ){
      pFile->transCntrChng = 1;
    }
#endif


    /* If the file was just truncated to a size smaller than the currently
    ** mapped region, reduce the effective mapping size as well. SQLite will
    ** use read() and write() to access data beyond this point from now on.  
    */
    if( nByte<pFile->mmapSize ){
      pFile->mmapSize = nByte;
    }


    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
}

/*
** Determine the current size of a file in bytes
................................................................................
        if( nWrite!=1 ) return SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE;
        iWrite += nBlk;
      }
#endif
    }
  }


  if( pFile->mmapSizeMax>0 && nByte>pFile->mmapSize ){
    int rc;
    if( pFile->szChunk<=0 ){
      if( robust_ftruncate(pFile->h, nByte) ){
        pFile->lastErrno = errno;
        return unixLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE, "ftruncate", pFile->zPath);
      }
    }

    rc = unixMapfile(pFile, nByte);
    return rc;
  }


  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** If *pArg is inititially negative then this is a query.  Set *pArg to
** 1 or 0 depending on whether or not bit mask of pFile->ctrlFlags is set.
................................................................................
      char *zTFile = sqlite3_malloc( pFile->pVfs->mxPathname );
      if( zTFile ){
        unixGetTempname(pFile->pVfs->mxPathname, zTFile);
        *(char**)pArg = zTFile;
      }
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }

    case SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE: {
      i64 newLimit = *(i64*)pArg;
      int rc = SQLITE_OK;
      if( newLimit>sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap ){
        newLimit = sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap;
      }
      *(i64*)pArg = pFile->mmapSizeMax;
................................................................................
        if( pFile->mmapSize>0 ){
          unixUnmapfile(pFile);
          rc = unixMapfile(pFile, -1);
        }
      }
      return rc;
    }

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    /* The pager calls this method to signal that it has done
    ** a rollback and that the database is therefore unchanged and
    ** it hence it is OK for the transaction change counter to be
    ** unchanged.
    */
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_DB_UNCHANGED: {
................................................................................
#else
# define unixShmMap     0
# define unixShmLock    0
# define unixShmBarrier 0
# define unixShmUnmap   0
#endif /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */


/*
** If it is currently memory mapped, unmap file pFd.
*/
static void unixUnmapfile(unixFile *pFd){
  assert( pFd->nFetchOut==0 );
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  if( pFd->pMapRegion ){
    osMunmap(pFd->pMapRegion, pFd->mmapSizeActual);
    pFd->pMapRegion = 0;
    pFd->mmapSize = 0;
    pFd->mmapSizeActual = 0;
  }
#endif
}

#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
/*
** Return the system page size.
*/
static int unixGetPagesize(void){
#if HAVE_MREMAP
  return 512;
#elif defined(_BSD_SOURCE)
  return getpagesize();
#else
  return (int)sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE);
#endif
}
#endif /* SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0 */

#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
/*
** Attempt to set the size of the memory mapping maintained by file 
** descriptor pFd to nNew bytes. Any existing mapping is discarded.
**
** If successful, this function sets the following variables:
**
**       unixFile.pMapRegion
................................................................................
    ** will probably fail too. Fall back to using xRead/xWrite exclusively
    ** in this case.  */
    pFd->mmapSizeMax = 0;
  }
  pFd->pMapRegion = (void *)pNew;
  pFd->mmapSize = pFd->mmapSizeActual = nNew;
}
#endif

/*
** Memory map or remap the file opened by file-descriptor pFd (if the file
** is already mapped, the existing mapping is replaced by the new). Or, if 
** there already exists a mapping for this file, and there are still 
** outstanding xFetch() references to it, this function is a no-op.
**
................................................................................
** using SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_LIMIT, whichever is smaller.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if no error occurs (even if the mapping is not
** recreated as a result of outstanding references) or an SQLite error
** code otherwise.
*/
static int unixMapfile(unixFile *pFd, i64 nByte){
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  i64 nMap = nByte;
  int rc;

  assert( nMap>=0 || pFd->nFetchOut==0 );
  if( pFd->nFetchOut>0 ) return SQLITE_OK;

  if( nMap<0 ){
................................................................................
  if( nMap!=pFd->mmapSize ){
    if( nMap>0 ){
      unixRemapfile(pFd, nMap);
    }else{
      unixUnmapfile(pFd);
    }
  }
#endif

  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/*
** If possible, return a pointer to a mapping of file fd starting at offset
** iOff. The mapping must be valid for at least nAmt bytes.
**
** If such a pointer can be obtained, store it in *pp and return SQLITE_OK.
** Or, if one cannot but no error occurs, set *pp to 0 and return SQLITE_OK.
................................................................................
** to inform the VFS layer that, according to POSIX, any existing mapping 
** may now be invalid and should be unmapped.
*/
static int unixUnfetch(sqlite3_file *fd, i64 iOff, void *p){
  unixFile *pFd = (unixFile *)fd;   /* The underlying database file */
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(iOff);


  /* If p==0 (unmap the entire file) then there must be no outstanding 
  ** xFetch references. Or, if p!=0 (meaning it is an xFetch reference),
  ** then there must be at least one outstanding.  */
  assert( (p==0)==(pFd->nFetchOut==0) );

  /* If p!=0, it must match the iOff value. */
  assert( p==0 || p==&((u8 *)pFd->pMapRegion)[iOff] );
................................................................................
  if( p ){
    pFd->nFetchOut--;
  }else{
    unixUnmapfile(pFd);
  }

  assert( pFd->nFetchOut>=0 );

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Here ends the implementation of all sqlite3_file methods.
**
********************** End sqlite3_file Methods *******************************
................................................................................
  assert( zFilename!=0 || (ctrlFlags & UNIXFILE_NOLOCK)!=0 );

  OSTRACE(("OPEN    %-3d %s\n", h, zFilename));
  pNew->h = h;
  pNew->pVfs = pVfs;
  pNew->zPath = zFilename;
  pNew->ctrlFlags = (u8)ctrlFlags;

  pNew->mmapSizeMax = sqlite3GlobalConfig.szMmap;

  if( sqlite3_uri_boolean(((ctrlFlags & UNIXFILE_URI) ? zFilename : 0),
                           "psow", SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE) ){
    pNew->ctrlFlags |= UNIXFILE_PSOW;
  }
  if( strcmp(pVfs->zName,"unix-excl")==0 ){
    pNew->ctrlFlags |= UNIXFILE_EXCL;
  }
................................................................................
/************** Continuing where we left off in os_win.c *********************/

/*
** Compiling and using WAL mode requires several APIs that are only
** available in Windows platforms based on the NT kernel.
*/
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINNT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
# error "WAL mode requires support from the Windows NT kernel, compile\
 with SQLITE_OMIT_WAL."
#endif

/*
** Are most of the Win32 ANSI APIs available (i.e. with certain exceptions
** based on the sub-platform)?
*/
................................................................................
** Are most of the Win32 Unicode APIs available (i.e. with certain exceptions
** based on the sub-platform)?
*/
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || SQLITE_OS_WINNT || SQLITE_OS_WINRT
#  define SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE
#endif





























































/*
** Do we need to manually define the Win32 file mapping APIs for use with WAL
** mode (e.g. these APIs are available in the Windows CE SDK; however, they
** are not present in the header file)?
*/
#if SQLITE_WIN32_FILEMAPPING_API && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
/*
................................................................................
** the LockFileEx() API.  But we can still statically link against that
** API as long as we don't call it when running Win95/98/ME.  A call to
** this routine is used to determine if the host is Win95/98/ME or
** WinNT/2K/XP so that we will know whether or not we can safely call
** the LockFileEx() API.
*/
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || SQLITE_OS_WINRT
# define isNT()  (1)
#elif !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
# define isNT()  (0)
#else
  static int isNT(void){
    if( sqlite3_os_type==0 ){
      OSVERSIONINFOA sInfo;
      sInfo.dwOSVersionInfoSize = sizeof(sInfo);
      osGetVersionExA(&sInfo);
      sqlite3_os_type = sInfo.dwPlatformId==VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT ? 2 : 1;
    }
    return sqlite3_os_type==2;
................................................................................
#endif /* SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC */

/*
** Convert a UTF-8 string to Microsoft Unicode (UTF-16?). 
**
** Space to hold the returned string is obtained from malloc.
*/
static LPWSTR utf8ToUnicode(const char *zFilename){
  int nChar;
  LPWSTR zWideFilename;

  nChar = osMultiByteToWideChar(CP_UTF8, 0, zFilename, -1, NULL, 0);
  if( nChar==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
................................................................................
  return zWideFilename;
}

/*
** Convert Microsoft Unicode to UTF-8.  Space to hold the returned string is
** obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
*/
static char *unicodeToUtf8(LPCWSTR zWideFilename){
  int nByte;
  char *zFilename;

  nByte = osWideCharToMultiByte(CP_UTF8, 0, zWideFilename, -1, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  if( nByte == 0 ){
    return 0;
  }
................................................................................
/*
** Convert an ANSI string to Microsoft Unicode, based on the
** current codepage settings for file apis.
** 
** Space to hold the returned string is obtained
** from sqlite3_malloc.
*/
static LPWSTR mbcsToUnicode(const char *zFilename){
  int nByte;
  LPWSTR zMbcsFilename;
  int codepage = osAreFileApisANSI() ? CP_ACP : CP_OEMCP;

  nByte = osMultiByteToWideChar(codepage, 0, zFilename, -1, NULL,
                                0)*sizeof(WCHAR);
  if( nByte==0 ){
................................................................................
/*
** Convert Microsoft Unicode to multi-byte character string, based on the
** user's ANSI codepage.
**
** Space to hold the returned string is obtained from
** sqlite3_malloc().
*/
static char *unicodeToMbcs(LPCWSTR zWideFilename){
  int nByte;
  char *zFilename;
  int codepage = osAreFileApisANSI() ? CP_ACP : CP_OEMCP;

  nByte = osWideCharToMultiByte(codepage, 0, zWideFilename, -1, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  if( nByte == 0 ){
    return 0;
................................................................................
** Convert multibyte character string to UTF-8.  Space to hold the
** returned string is obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
*/
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_win32_mbcs_to_utf8(const char *zFilename){
  char *zFilenameUtf8;
  LPWSTR zTmpWide;

  zTmpWide = mbcsToUnicode(zFilename);
  if( zTmpWide==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  zFilenameUtf8 = unicodeToUtf8(zTmpWide);
  sqlite3_free(zTmpWide);
  return zFilenameUtf8;
}

/*
** Convert UTF-8 to multibyte character string.  Space to hold the 
** returned string is obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
*/
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_win32_utf8_to_mbcs(const char *zFilename){
  char *zFilenameMbcs;
  LPWSTR zTmpWide;

  zTmpWide = utf8ToUnicode(zFilename);
  if( zTmpWide==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  zFilenameMbcs = unicodeToMbcs(zTmpWide);
  sqlite3_free(zTmpWide);
  return zFilenameMbcs;
}

/*
** This function sets the data directory or the temporary directory based on
** the provided arguments.  The type argument must be 1 in order to set the
................................................................................
  assert( !ppDirectory || type==SQLITE_WIN32_DATA_DIRECTORY_TYPE
          || type==SQLITE_WIN32_TEMP_DIRECTORY_TYPE
  );
  assert( !ppDirectory || sqlite3MemdebugHasType(*ppDirectory, MEMTYPE_HEAP) );
  if( ppDirectory ){
    char *zValueUtf8 = 0;
    if( zValue && zValue[0] ){
      zValueUtf8 = unicodeToUtf8(zValue);
      if ( zValueUtf8==0 ){
        return SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }
    }
    sqlite3_free(*ppDirectory);
    *ppDirectory = zValueUtf8;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  return SQLITE_ERROR;
}

/*
** The return value of getLastErrorMsg
** is zero if the error message fits in the buffer, or non-zero
** otherwise (if the message was truncated).
*/
static int getLastErrorMsg(DWORD lastErrno, int nBuf, char *zBuf){
  /* FormatMessage returns 0 on failure.  Otherwise it
  ** returns the number of TCHARs written to the output
  ** buffer, excluding the terminating null char.
  */
  DWORD dwLen = 0;
  char *zOut = 0;

  if( isNT() ){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
    WCHAR zTempWide[MAX_PATH+1]; /* NOTE: Somewhat arbitrary. */
    dwLen = osFormatMessageW(FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM |
                             FORMAT_MESSAGE_IGNORE_INSERTS,
                             NULL,
                             lastErrno,
                             0,
                             zTempWide,
                             MAX_PATH,
                             0);
#else
    LPWSTR zTempWide = NULL;
    dwLen = osFormatMessageW(FORMAT_MESSAGE_ALLOCATE_BUFFER |
                             FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM |
                             FORMAT_MESSAGE_IGNORE_INSERTS,
                             NULL,
................................................................................
                             (LPWSTR) &zTempWide,
                             0,
                             0);
#endif
    if( dwLen > 0 ){
      /* allocate a buffer and convert to UTF8 */
      sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
      zOut = unicodeToUtf8(zTempWide);
      sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
      /* free the system buffer allocated by FormatMessage */
      osLocalFree(zTempWide);
#endif
    }
  }
................................................................................
  const char *zPath,              /* File path associated with error */
  int iLine                       /* Source line number where error occurred */
){
  char zMsg[500];                 /* Human readable error text */
  int i;                          /* Loop counter */

  zMsg[0] = 0;
  getLastErrorMsg(lastErrno, sizeof(zMsg), zMsg);
  assert( errcode!=SQLITE_OK );
  if( zPath==0 ) zPath = "";
  for(i=0; zMsg[i] && zMsg[i]!='\r' && zMsg[i]!='\n'; i++){}
  zMsg[i] = 0;
  sqlite3_log(errcode,
      "os_win.c:%d: (%lu) %s(%s) - %s",
      iLine, lastErrno, zFunc, zPath, zMsg
................................................................................
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_IOERR_RETRY
# define SQLITE_WIN32_IOERR_RETRY 10
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_IOERR_RETRY_DELAY
# define SQLITE_WIN32_IOERR_RETRY_DELAY 25
#endif
static int win32IoerrRetry = SQLITE_WIN32_IOERR_RETRY;
static int win32IoerrRetryDelay = SQLITE_WIN32_IOERR_RETRY_DELAY;

/*
** If a ReadFile() or WriteFile() error occurs, invoke this routine
** to see if it should be retried.  Return TRUE to retry.  Return FALSE
** to give up with an error.
*/
static int retryIoerr(int *pnRetry, DWORD *pError){
  DWORD e = osGetLastError();
  if( *pnRetry>=win32IoerrRetry ){
    if( pError ){
      *pError = e;
    }
    return 0;
  }
  if( e==ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED ||
      e==ERROR_LOCK_VIOLATION ||
      e==ERROR_SHARING_VIOLATION ){
    sqlite3_win32_sleep(win32IoerrRetryDelay*(1+*pnRetry));
    ++*pnRetry;
    return 1;
  }
  if( pError ){
    *pError = e;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Log a I/O error retry episode.
*/
static void logIoerr(int nRetry){
  if( nRetry ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_IOERR, 
      "delayed %dms for lock/sharing conflict",
      win32IoerrRetryDelay*nRetry*(nRetry+1)/2
    );
  }
}

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
/*************************************************************************
** This section contains code for WinCE only.
................................................................................
static int winceCreateLock(const char *zFilename, winFile *pFile){
  LPWSTR zTok;
  LPWSTR zName;
  DWORD lastErrno;
  BOOL bLogged = FALSE;
  BOOL bInit = TRUE;

  zName = utf8ToUnicode(zFilename);
  if( zName==0 ){
    /* out of memory */
    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }

  /* Initialize the local lockdata */
  memset(&pFile->local, 0, sizeof(pFile->local));
................................................................................
  /*
  ** NOTE: Windows CE is handled differently here due its lack of the Win32
  **       API LockFile.
  */
  return winceLockFile(phFile, offsetLow, offsetHigh,
                       numBytesLow, numBytesHigh);
#else
  if( isNT() ){
    OVERLAPPED ovlp;
    memset(&ovlp, 0, sizeof(OVERLAPPED));
    ovlp.Offset = offsetLow;
    ovlp.OffsetHigh = offsetHigh;
    return osLockFileEx(*phFile, flags, 0, numBytesLow, numBytesHigh, &ovlp);
  }else{
    return osLockFile(*phFile, offsetLow, offsetHigh, numBytesLow,
................................................................................
  /*
  ** NOTE: Windows CE is handled differently here due its lack of the Win32
  **       API UnlockFile.
  */
  return winceUnlockFile(phFile, offsetLow, offsetHigh,
                         numBytesLow, numBytesHigh);
#else
  if( isNT() ){
    OVERLAPPED ovlp;
    memset(&ovlp, 0, sizeof(OVERLAPPED));
    ovlp.Offset = offsetLow;
    ovlp.OffsetHigh = offsetHigh;
    return osUnlockFileEx(*phFile, 0, numBytesLow, numBytesHigh, &ovlp);
  }else{
    return osUnlockFile(*phFile, offsetLow, offsetHigh, numBytesLow,
................................................................................
#endif

/*
** Move the current position of the file handle passed as the first 
** argument to offset iOffset within the file. If successful, return 0. 
** Otherwise, set pFile->lastErrno and return non-zero.
*/
static int seekWinFile(winFile *pFile, sqlite3_int64 iOffset){
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  LONG upperBits;                 /* Most sig. 32 bits of new offset */
  LONG lowerBits;                 /* Least sig. 32 bits of new offset */
  DWORD dwRet;                    /* Value returned by SetFilePointer() */
  DWORD lastErrno;                /* Value returned by GetLastError() */

  OSTRACE(("SEEK file=%p, offset=%lld\n", pFile->h, iOffset));
................................................................................
  */
  dwRet = osSetFilePointer(pFile->h, lowerBits, &upperBits, FILE_BEGIN);

  if( (dwRet==INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER
      && ((lastErrno = osGetLastError())!=NO_ERROR)) ){
    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
    winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK, pFile->lastErrno,
             "seekWinFile", pFile->zPath);
    OSTRACE(("SEEK file=%p, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK\n", pFile->h));
    return 1;
  }

  OSTRACE(("SEEK file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
  return 0;
#else
................................................................................

  x.QuadPart = iOffset;
  bRet = osSetFilePointerEx(pFile->h, x, 0, FILE_BEGIN);

  if(!bRet){
    pFile->lastErrno = osGetLastError();
    winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK, pFile->lastErrno,
             "seekWinFile", pFile->zPath);
    OSTRACE(("SEEK file=%p, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK\n", pFile->h));
    return 1;
  }

  OSTRACE(("SEEK file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
  return 0;
#endif
................................................................................
      amt -= nCopy;
      offset += nCopy;
    }
  }
#endif

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  if( seekWinFile(pFile, offset) ){
    OSTRACE(("READ file=%p, rc=SQLITE_FULL\n", pFile->h));
    return SQLITE_FULL;
  }
  while( !osReadFile(pFile->h, pBuf, amt, &nRead, 0) ){
#else
  memset(&overlapped, 0, sizeof(OVERLAPPED));
  overlapped.Offset = (LONG)(offset & 0xffffffff);
  overlapped.OffsetHigh = (LONG)((offset>>32) & 0x7fffffff);
  while( !osReadFile(pFile->h, pBuf, amt, &nRead, &overlapped) &&
         osGetLastError()!=ERROR_HANDLE_EOF ){
#endif
    DWORD lastErrno;
    if( retryIoerr(&nRetry, &lastErrno) ) continue;
    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
    OSTRACE(("READ file=%p, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_READ\n", pFile->h));
    return winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_READ, pFile->lastErrno,
             "winRead", pFile->zPath);
  }
  logIoerr(nRetry);
  if( nRead<(DWORD)amt ){
    /* Unread parts of the buffer must be zero-filled */
    memset(&((char*)pBuf)[nRead], 0, amt-nRead);
    OSTRACE(("READ file=%p, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ\n", pFile->h));
    return SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ;
  }

................................................................................
      amt -= nCopy;
      offset += nCopy;
    }
  }
#endif

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  rc = seekWinFile(pFile, offset);
  if( rc==0 ){
#else
  {
#endif
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE
    OVERLAPPED overlapped;        /* The offset for WriteFile. */
#endif
................................................................................

    while( nRem>0 ){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
      if( !osWriteFile(pFile->h, aRem, nRem, &nWrite, 0) ){
#else
      if( !osWriteFile(pFile->h, aRem, nRem, &nWrite, &overlapped) ){
#endif
        if( retryIoerr(&nRetry, &lastErrno) ) continue;
        break;
      }
      assert( nWrite==0 || nWrite<=(DWORD)nRem );
      if( nWrite==0 || nWrite>(DWORD)nRem ){
        lastErrno = osGetLastError();
        break;
      }
................................................................................
      OSTRACE(("WRITE file=%p, rc=SQLITE_FULL\n", pFile->h));
      return SQLITE_FULL;
    }
    OSTRACE(("WRITE file=%p, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE\n", pFile->h));
    return winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE, pFile->lastErrno,
             "winWrite", pFile->zPath);
  }else{
    logIoerr(nRetry);
  }
  OSTRACE(("WRITE file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Truncate an open file to a specified size
................................................................................
  ** size).
  */
  if( pFile->szChunk>0 ){
    nByte = ((nByte + pFile->szChunk - 1)/pFile->szChunk) * pFile->szChunk;
  }

  /* SetEndOfFile() returns non-zero when successful, or zero when it fails. */
  if( seekWinFile(pFile, nByte) ){
    rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE, pFile->lastErrno,
                     "winTruncate1", pFile->zPath);
  }else if( 0==osSetEndOfFile(pFile->h) &&
            ((lastErrno = osGetLastError())!=ERROR_USER_MAPPED_FILE) ){
    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
    rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE, pFile->lastErrno,
                     "winTruncate2", pFile->zPath);
................................................................................
  sqlite3_sync_count++;
#endif

  /* If we compiled with the SQLITE_NO_SYNC flag, then syncing is a
  ** no-op
  */
#ifdef SQLITE_NO_SYNC

  return SQLITE_OK;
#else
  rc = osFlushFileBuffers(pFile->h);
  SimulateIOError( rc=FALSE );
  if( rc ){
    OSTRACE(("SYNC file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
    return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
#endif

/*
** Acquire a reader lock.
** Different API routines are called depending on whether or not this
** is Win9x or WinNT.
*/
static int getReadLock(winFile *pFile){
  int res;
  OSTRACE(("READ-LOCK file=%p, lock=%d\n", pFile->h, pFile->locktype));
  if( isNT() ){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
    /*
    ** NOTE: Windows CE is handled differently here due its lack of the Win32
    **       API LockFileEx.
    */
    res = winceLockFile(&pFile->h, SHARED_FIRST, 0, 1, 0);
#else
................................................................................
  OSTRACE(("READ-LOCK file=%p, rc=%s\n", pFile->h, sqlite3ErrName(res)));
  return res;
}

/*
** Undo a readlock
*/
static int unlockReadLock(winFile *pFile){
  int res;
  DWORD lastErrno;
  OSTRACE(("READ-UNLOCK file=%p, lock=%d\n", pFile->h, pFile->locktype));
  if( isNT() ){
    res = winUnlockFile(&pFile->h, SHARED_FIRST, 0, SHARED_SIZE, 0);
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    res = winUnlockFile(&pFile->h, SHARED_FIRST+pFile->sharedLockByte, 0, 1, 0);
  }
#endif
  if( res==0 && ((lastErrno = osGetLastError())!=ERROR_NOT_LOCKED) ){
    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
    winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK, pFile->lastErrno,
             "unlockReadLock", pFile->zPath);
  }
  OSTRACE(("READ-UNLOCK file=%p, rc=%s\n", pFile->h, sqlite3ErrName(res)));
  return res;
}

/*
** Lock the file with the lock specified by parameter locktype - one
................................................................................
    }
  }

  /* Acquire a shared lock
  */
  if( locktype==SHARED_LOCK && res ){
    assert( pFile->locktype==NO_LOCK );
    res = getReadLock(pFile);
    if( res ){
      newLocktype = SHARED_LOCK;
    }else{
      lastErrno = osGetLastError();
    }
  }

................................................................................
    gotPendingLock = 0;
  }

  /* Acquire an EXCLUSIVE lock
  */
  if( locktype==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK && res ){
    assert( pFile->locktype>=SHARED_LOCK );
    res = unlockReadLock(pFile);
    res = winLockFile(&pFile->h, SQLITE_LOCKFILE_FLAGS, SHARED_FIRST, 0,
                      SHARED_SIZE, 0);
    if( res ){
      newLocktype = EXCLUSIVE_LOCK;
    }else{
      lastErrno = osGetLastError();
      getReadLock(pFile);
    }
  }

  /* If we are holding a PENDING lock that ought to be released, then
  ** release it now.
  */
  if( gotPendingLock && locktype==SHARED_LOCK ){
................................................................................

  /* Update the state of the lock has held in the file descriptor then
  ** return the appropriate result code.
  */
  if( res ){
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else{
    OSTRACE(("LOCK-FAIL file=%p, wanted=%d, got=%d\n",
             pFile->h, locktype, newLocktype));
    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;


  }
  pFile->locktype = (u8)newLocktype;
  OSTRACE(("LOCK file=%p, lock=%d, rc=%s\n",
           pFile->h, pFile->locktype, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
  assert( pFile!=0 );
  assert( locktype<=SHARED_LOCK );
  OSTRACE(("UNLOCK file=%p, oldLock=%d(%d), newLock=%d\n",
           pFile->h, pFile->locktype, pFile->sharedLockByte, locktype));
  type = pFile->locktype;
  if( type>=EXCLUSIVE_LOCK ){
    winUnlockFile(&pFile->h, SHARED_FIRST, 0, SHARED_SIZE, 0);
    if( locktype==SHARED_LOCK && !getReadLock(pFile) ){
      /* This should never happen.  We should always be able to
      ** reacquire the read lock */
      rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK, osGetLastError(),
               "winUnlock", pFile->zPath);
    }
  }
  if( type>=RESERVED_LOCK ){
    winUnlockFile(&pFile->h, RESERVED_BYTE, 0, 1, 0);
  }
  if( locktype==NO_LOCK && type>=SHARED_LOCK ){
    unlockReadLock(pFile);
  }
  if( type>=PENDING_LOCK ){
    winUnlockFile(&pFile->h, PENDING_BYTE, 0, 1, 0);
  }
  pFile->locktype = (u8)locktype;
  OSTRACE(("UNLOCK file=%p, lock=%d, rc=%s\n",
           pFile->h, pFile->locktype, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
................................................................................
    pFile->ctrlFlags &= ~mask;
  }else{
    pFile->ctrlFlags |= mask;
  }
}

/* Forward declaration */
static int getTempname(int nBuf, char *zBuf);
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
static int winMapfile(winFile*, sqlite3_int64);
#endif

/*
** Control and query of the open file handle.
*/
................................................................................
      *(char**)pArg = sqlite3_mprintf("win32");
      OSTRACE(("FCNTL file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY: {
      int *a = (int*)pArg;
      if( a[0]>0 ){
        win32IoerrRetry = a[0];
      }else{
        a[0] = win32IoerrRetry;
      }
      if( a[1]>0 ){
        win32IoerrRetryDelay = a[1];
      }else{
        a[1] = win32IoerrRetryDelay;
      }
      OSTRACE(("FCNTL file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_TEMPFILENAME: {
      char *zTFile = sqlite3MallocZero( pFile->pVfs->mxPathname );
      if( zTFile ){
        getTempname(pFile->pVfs->mxPathname, zTFile);

        *(char**)pArg = zTFile;
      }
      OSTRACE(("FCNTL file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE: {
      i64 newLimit = *(i64*)pArg;
      int rc = SQLITE_OK;
      if( newLimit>sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap ){
        newLimit = sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap;
................................................................................

/*
** Convert a UTF-8 filename into whatever form the underlying
** operating system wants filenames in.  Space to hold the result
** is obtained from malloc and must be freed by the calling
** function.
*/
static void *convertUtf8Filename(const char *zFilename){
  void *zConverted = 0;
  if( isNT() ){
    zConverted = utf8ToUnicode(zFilename);
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    zConverted = sqlite3_win32_utf8_to_mbcs(zFilename);
  }
#endif
  /* caller will handle out of memory */
  return zConverted;
}

/*
** Maximum pathname length (in bytes) for windows.  The MAX_PATH macro is
** in characters, so we allocate 3 bytes per character assuming worst-case
** 3-bytes-per-character UTF8.
*/

#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH
#  define SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH   (MAX_PATH*3)
#endif




/*
** Create a temporary file name in zBuf.  zBuf must be big enough to
** hold at pVfs->mxPathname characters.

*/
static int getTempname(int nBuf, char *zBuf){

  static char zChars[] =
    "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"
    "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ"
    "0123456789";
  size_t i, j;
  int nTempPath;
  char zTempPath[SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH+2];

  /* It's odd to simulate an io-error here, but really this is just
  ** using the io-error infrastructure to test that SQLite handles this
  ** function failing. 
  */
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR );
















  if( sqlite3_temp_directory ){
    sqlite3_snprintf(SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH-30, zTempPath, "%s",

                     sqlite3_temp_directory);

  }
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  else if( isNT() ){
    char *zMulti;

    WCHAR zWidePath[MAX_PATH];




    if( osGetTempPathW(MAX_PATH-30, zWidePath)==0 ){


      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH;
    }
    zMulti = unicodeToUtf8(zWidePath);
    if( zMulti ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH-30, zTempPath, "%s", zMulti);
      sqlite3_free(zMulti);

    }else{


      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
    }
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    char *zUtf8;
    char zMbcsPath[SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH];





    if( osGetTempPathA(SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH-30, zMbcsPath)==0 ){

      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH;
    }
    zUtf8 = sqlite3_win32_mbcs_to_utf8(zMbcsPath);
    if( zUtf8 ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH-30, zTempPath, "%s", zUtf8);
      sqlite3_free(zUtf8);
    }else{

      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
    }
  }
#else
  else{
    /*
    ** Compiled without ANSI support and the current operating system
    ** is not Windows NT; therefore, just zero the temporary buffer.
    */
    memset(zTempPath, 0, SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH+2);
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI */
#else
  else{
    /*
    ** Compiled for WinRT and the sqlite3_temp_directory is not set;
    ** therefore, just zero the temporary buffer.
    */
    memset(zTempPath, 0, SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH+2);
  }
#endif /* !SQLITE_OS_WINRT */

  /* Check that the output buffer is large enough for the temporary file 
  ** name. If it is not, return SQLITE_ERROR.
  */
  nTempPath = sqlite3Strlen30(zTempPath);

  if( (nTempPath + sqlite3Strlen30(SQLITE_TEMP_FILE_PREFIX) + 18) >= nBuf ){

    OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_ERROR\n"));
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

  for(i=nTempPath; i>0 && zTempPath[i-1]=='\\'; i--){}
  zTempPath[i] = 0;

  sqlite3_snprintf(nBuf-18, zBuf, (nTempPath > 0) ?
                       "%s\\"SQLITE_TEMP_FILE_PREFIX : SQLITE_TEMP_FILE_PREFIX,
                   zTempPath);
  j = sqlite3Strlen30(zBuf);
  sqlite3_randomness(15, &zBuf[j]);
  for(i=0; i<15; i++, j++){
    zBuf[j] = (char)zChars[ ((unsigned char)zBuf[j])%(sizeof(zChars)-1) ];
  }
  zBuf[j] = 0;
  zBuf[j+1] = 0;


  OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME name=%s, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", zBuf));
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the named file is really a directory.  Return false if
................................................................................
** allocation failure.
*/
static int winIsDir(const void *zConverted){
  DWORD attr;
  int rc = 0;
  DWORD lastErrno;

  if( isNT() ){
    int cnt = 0;
    WIN32_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DATA sAttrData;
    memset(&sAttrData, 0, sizeof(sAttrData));
    while( !(rc = osGetFileAttributesExW((LPCWSTR)zConverted,
                             GetFileExInfoStandard,
                             &sAttrData)) && retryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){}
    if( !rc ){
      return 0; /* Invalid name? */
    }
    attr = sAttrData.dwFileAttributes;
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE==0
  }else{
    attr = osGetFileAttributesA((char*)zConverted);
................................................................................
  return (attr!=INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES) && (attr&FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY);
}

/*
** Open a file.
*/
static int winOpen(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,        /* Not used */
  const char *zName,        /* Name of the file (UTF-8) */
  sqlite3_file *id,         /* Write the SQLite file handle here */
  int flags,                /* Open mode flags */
  int *pOutFlags            /* Status return flags */
){
  HANDLE h;
  DWORD lastErrno;
................................................................................
  void *zConverted;              /* Filename in OS encoding */
  const char *zUtf8Name = zName; /* Filename in UTF-8 encoding */
  int cnt = 0;

  /* If argument zPath is a NULL pointer, this function is required to open
  ** a temporary file. Use this buffer to store the file name in.
  */
  char zTmpname[SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH+2];     /* Buffer used to create temp filename */

  int rc = SQLITE_OK;            /* Function Return Code */
#if !defined(NDEBUG) || SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  int eType = flags&0xFFFFFF00;  /* Type of file to open */
#endif

  int isExclusive  = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE);
................................................................................
  );

  assert( pFile!=0 );
  memset(pFile, 0, sizeof(winFile));
  pFile->h = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  if( !sqlite3_temp_directory ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_ERROR,
        "sqlite3_temp_directory variable should be set for WinRT");
  }
#endif

  /* If the second argument to this function is NULL, generate a 
  ** temporary file name to use 
  */
  if( !zUtf8Name ){
    assert(isDelete && !isOpenJournal);
    rc = getTempname(SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH+2, zTmpname);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      OSTRACE(("OPEN name=%s, rc=%s", zUtf8Name, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
      return rc;
    }
    zUtf8Name = zTmpname;
  }

  /* Database filenames are double-zero terminated if they are not
  ** URIs with parameters.  Hence, they can always be passed into
  ** sqlite3_uri_parameter().
  */
  assert( (eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB) || (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_URI) ||
        zUtf8Name[strlen(zUtf8Name)+1]==0 );

  /* Convert the filename to the system encoding. */
  zConverted = convertUtf8Filename(zUtf8Name);
  if( zConverted==0 ){

    OSTRACE(("OPEN name=%s, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM", zUtf8Name));
    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }

  if( winIsDir(zConverted) ){
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);

    OSTRACE(("OPEN name=%s, rc=SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR", zUtf8Name));
    return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR;
  }

  if( isReadWrite ){
    dwDesiredAccess = GENERIC_READ | GENERIC_WRITE;
  }else{
................................................................................
  }
  /* Reports from the internet are that performance is always
  ** better if FILE_FLAG_RANDOM_ACCESS is used.  Ticket #2699. */
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  dwFlagsAndAttributes |= FILE_FLAG_RANDOM_ACCESS;
#endif

  if( isNT() ){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
    CREATEFILE2_EXTENDED_PARAMETERS extendedParameters;
    extendedParameters.dwSize = sizeof(CREATEFILE2_EXTENDED_PARAMETERS);
    extendedParameters.dwFileAttributes =
            dwFlagsAndAttributes & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_MASK;
    extendedParameters.dwFileFlags = dwFlagsAndAttributes & FILE_FLAG_MASK;
    extendedParameters.dwSecurityQosFlags = SECURITY_ANONYMOUS;
................................................................................
    extendedParameters.lpSecurityAttributes = NULL;
    extendedParameters.hTemplateFile = NULL;
    while( (h = osCreateFile2((LPCWSTR)zConverted,
                              dwDesiredAccess,
                              dwShareMode,
                              dwCreationDisposition,
                              &extendedParameters))==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE &&
                              retryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){
               /* Noop */
    }
#else
    while( (h = osCreateFileW((LPCWSTR)zConverted,
                              dwDesiredAccess,
                              dwShareMode, NULL,
                              dwCreationDisposition,
                              dwFlagsAndAttributes,
                              NULL))==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE &&
                              retryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){
               /* Noop */
    }
#endif
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    while( (h = osCreateFileA((LPCSTR)zConverted,
                              dwDesiredAccess,
                              dwShareMode, NULL,
                              dwCreationDisposition,
                              dwFlagsAndAttributes,
                              NULL))==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE &&
                              retryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){
               /* Noop */
    }
  }
#endif
  logIoerr(cnt);

  OSTRACE(("OPEN file=%p, name=%s, access=%lx, rc=%s\n", h, zUtf8Name,
           dwDesiredAccess, (h==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) ? "failed" : "ok"));

  if( h==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ){
    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
    winLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN, pFile->lastErrno, "winOpen", zUtf8Name);
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);

    if( isReadWrite && !isExclusive ){
      return winOpen(pVfs, zName, id, 
         ((flags|SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY) &
                     ~(SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE|SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE)),
         pOutFlags);
    }else{
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT;
................................................................................

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  if( isReadWrite && eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB
       && (rc = winceCreateLock(zName, pFile))!=SQLITE_OK
  ){
    osCloseHandle(h);
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);

    OSTRACE(("OPEN-CE-LOCK name=%s, rc=%s\n", zName, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
    return rc;
  }
  if( isTemp ){
    pFile->zDeleteOnClose = zConverted;
  }else
#endif
  {
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);

  }

  pFile->pMethod = &winIoMethod;
  pFile->pVfs = pVfs;
  pFile->h = h;
  if( isReadonly ){
    pFile->ctrlFlags |= WINFILE_RDONLY;
................................................................................
  void *zConverted;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(syncDir);

  SimulateIOError(return SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE);
  OSTRACE(("DELETE name=%s, syncDir=%d\n", zFilename, syncDir));

  zConverted = convertUtf8Filename(zFilename);
  if( zConverted==0 ){

    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }
  if( isNT() ){
    do {
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
      WIN32_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DATA sAttrData;
      memset(&sAttrData, 0, sizeof(sAttrData));
      if ( osGetFileAttributesExW(zConverted, GetFileExInfoStandard,
                                  &sAttrData) ){
        attr = sAttrData.dwFileAttributes;
................................................................................
        rc = SQLITE_ERROR; /* Files only. */
        break;
      }
      if ( osDeleteFileW(zConverted) ){
        rc = SQLITE_OK; /* Deleted OK. */
        break;
      }
      if ( !retryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){
        rc = SQLITE_ERROR; /* No more retries. */
        break;
      }
    } while(1);
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
................................................................................
        rc = SQLITE_ERROR; /* Files only. */
        break;
      }
      if ( osDeleteFileA(zConverted) ){
        rc = SQLITE_OK; /* Deleted OK. */
        break;
      }
      if ( !retryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){
        rc = SQLITE_ERROR; /* No more retries. */
        break;
      }
    } while(1);
  }
#endif
  if( rc && rc!=SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE_NOENT ){
    rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE, lastErrno,
             "winDelete", zFilename);
  }else{
    logIoerr(cnt);
  }
  sqlite3_free(zConverted);
  OSTRACE(("DELETE name=%s, rc=%s\n", zFilename, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
  void *zConverted;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);

  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS; );
  OSTRACE(("ACCESS name=%s, flags=%x, pResOut=%p\n",
           zFilename, flags, pResOut));

  zConverted = convertUtf8Filename(zFilename);
  if( zConverted==0 ){
    OSTRACE(("ACCESS name=%s, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n", zFilename));
    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }
  if( isNT() ){
    int cnt = 0;
    WIN32_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DATA sAttrData;
    memset(&sAttrData, 0, sizeof(sAttrData));
    while( !(rc = osGetFileAttributesExW((LPCWSTR)zConverted,
                             GetFileExInfoStandard, 
                             &sAttrData)) && retryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){}
    if( rc ){
      /* For an SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS query, treat a zero-length file
      ** as if it does not exist.
      */
      if(    flags==SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS
          && sAttrData.nFileSizeHigh==0 
          && sAttrData.nFileSizeLow==0 ){
        attr = INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES;
      }else{
        attr = sAttrData.dwFileAttributes;
      }
    }else{
      logIoerr(cnt);
      if( lastErrno!=ERROR_FILE_NOT_FOUND && lastErrno!=ERROR_PATH_NOT_FOUND ){
        winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS, lastErrno, "winAccess", zFilename);
        sqlite3_free(zConverted);
        return SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS;
      }else{
        attr = INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES;
      }
................................................................................
  /*
  ** If the path name starts with a forward slash or a backslash, it is either
  ** a legal UNC name, a volume relative path, or an absolute path name in the
  ** "Unix" format on Windows.  There is no easy way to differentiate between
  ** the final two cases; therefore, we return the safer return value of TRUE
  ** so that callers of this function will simply use it verbatim.
  */
  if ( zPathname[0]=='/' || zPathname[0]=='\\' ){
    return TRUE;
  }

  /*
  ** If the path name starts with a letter and a colon it is either a volume
  ** relative path or an absolute path.  Callers of this function must not
  ** attempt to treat it as a relative path name (i.e. they should simply use
................................................................................
  int nFull,                    /* Size of output buffer in bytes */
  char *zFull                   /* Output buffer */
){
  
#if defined(__CYGWIN__)
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_ERROR );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(nFull);
  assert( pVfs->mxPathname>=SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH );
  assert( nFull>=pVfs->mxPathname );
  if ( sqlite3_data_directory && !winIsVerbatimPathname(zRelative) ){
    /*
    ** NOTE: We are dealing with a relative path name and the data
    **       directory has been set.  Therefore, use it as the basis
    **       for converting the relative path name to an absolute
    **       one by prepending the data directory and a slash.
    */
    char zOut[SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH+1];




    if( cygwin_conv_path(CCP_POSIX_TO_WIN_A|CCP_RELATIVE, zRelative, zOut,
                         SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH+1)<0 ){

      winLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH, (DWORD)errno, "cygwin_conv_path",
                  zRelative);

      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH;
    }
    sqlite3_snprintf(MIN(nFull, pVfs->mxPathname), zFull, "%s\\%s",
                     sqlite3_data_directory, zOut);

  }else{
    if( cygwin_conv_path(CCP_POSIX_TO_WIN_A, zRelative, zFull, nFull)<0 ){
      winLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH, (DWORD)errno, "cygwin_conv_path",
                  zRelative);
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH;
    }
  }
................................................................................
  if ( sqlite3_data_directory && !winIsVerbatimPathname(zRelative) ){
    /*
    ** NOTE: We are dealing with a relative path name and the data
    **       directory has been set.  Therefore, use it as the basis
    **       for converting the relative path name to an absolute
    **       one by prepending the data directory and a backslash.
    */
    sqlite3_snprintf(MIN(nFull, pVfs->mxPathname), zFull, "%s\\%s",
                     sqlite3_data_directory, zRelative);
  }else{
    sqlite3_snprintf(MIN(nFull, pVfs->mxPathname), zFull, "%s", zRelative);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
#endif

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(__CYGWIN__)
................................................................................
  if ( sqlite3_data_directory && !winIsVerbatimPathname(zRelative) ){
    /*
    ** NOTE: We are dealing with a relative path name and the data
    **       directory has been set.  Therefore, use it as the basis
    **       for converting the relative path name to an absolute
    **       one by prepending the data directory and a backslash.
    */
    sqlite3_snprintf(MIN(nFull, pVfs->mxPathname), zFull, "%s\\%s",
                     sqlite3_data_directory, zRelative);
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  zConverted = convertUtf8Filename(zRelative);
  if( zConverted==0 ){
    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }
  if( isNT() ){
    LPWSTR zTemp;
    nByte = osGetFullPathNameW((LPCWSTR)zConverted, 0, 0, 0);
    if( nByte==0 ){
      winLogError(SQLITE_ERROR, osGetLastError(),
                  "GetFullPathNameW1", zConverted);
      sqlite3_free(zConverted);
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH;
................................................................................
      winLogError(SQLITE_ERROR, osGetLastError(),
                  "GetFullPathNameW2", zConverted);
      sqlite3_free(zConverted);
      sqlite3_free(zTemp);
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH;
    }
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);
    zOut = unicodeToUtf8(zTemp);
    sqlite3_free(zTemp);
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    char *zTemp;
    nByte = osGetFullPathNameA((char*)zConverted, 0, 0, 0);
    if( nByte==0 ){
................................................................................
*/
/*
** Interfaces for opening a shared library, finding entry points
** within the shared library, and closing the shared library.
*/
static void *winDlOpen(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, const char *zFilename){
  HANDLE h;
  void *zConverted = convertUtf8Filename(zFilename);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  if( zConverted==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  if( isNT() ){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
    h = osLoadPackagedLibrary((LPCWSTR)zConverted, 0);
#else
    h = osLoadLibraryW((LPCWSTR)zConverted);
#endif
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
................................................................................
  }
#endif
  sqlite3_free(zConverted);
  return (void*)h;
}
static void winDlError(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nBuf, char *zBufOut){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  getLastErrorMsg(osGetLastError(), nBuf, zBufOut);
}
static void (*winDlSym(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,void *pH,const char *zSym))(void){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  return (void(*)(void))osGetProcAddressA((HANDLE)pH, zSym);
}
static void winDlClose(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, void *pHandle){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
................................................................................
**
** However if an error message is supplied, it will be incorporated
** by sqlite into the error message available to the user using
** sqlite3_errmsg(), possibly making IO errors easier to debug.
*/
static int winGetLastError(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nBuf, char *zBuf){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  return getLastErrorMsg(osGetLastError(), nBuf, zBuf);
}

/*
** Initialize and deinitialize the operating system interface.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_init(void){
  static sqlite3_vfs winVfs = {
    3,                   /* iVersion */
    sizeof(winFile),     /* szOsFile */
    SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH, /* mxPathname */
    0,                   /* pNext */
    "win32",             /* zName */
    0,                   /* pAppData */
    winOpen,             /* xOpen */
    winDelete,           /* xDelete */
    winAccess,           /* xAccess */
    winFullPathname,     /* xFullPathname */
................................................................................
    winCurrentTime,      /* xCurrentTime */
    winGetLastError,     /* xGetLastError */
    winCurrentTimeInt64, /* xCurrentTimeInt64 */
    winSetSystemCall,    /* xSetSystemCall */
    winGetSystemCall,    /* xGetSystemCall */
    winNextSystemCall,   /* xNextSystemCall */
  };



























  /* Double-check that the aSyscall[] array has been constructed
  ** correctly.  See ticket [bb3a86e890c8e96ab] */
  assert( ArraySize(aSyscall)==74 );

  /* get memory map allocation granularity */
  memset(&winSysInfo, 0, sizeof(SYSTEM_INFO));
................................................................................
#else
  osGetSystemInfo(&winSysInfo);
#endif
  assert( winSysInfo.dwAllocationGranularity>0 );
  assert( winSysInfo.dwPageSize>0 );

  sqlite3_vfs_register(&winVfs, 1);





  return SQLITE_OK; 
}

SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_end(void){ 
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  if( sleepObj!=NULL ){
    osCloseHandle(sleepObj);
................................................................................
    pBt->max1bytePayload = 127;
  }else{
    pBt->max1bytePayload = (u8)pBt->maxLocal;
  }
  assert( pBt->maxLeaf + 23 <= MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt) );
  pBt->pPage1 = pPage1;
  pBt->nPage = nPage;

  return SQLITE_OK;

page1_init_failed:
  releasePage(pPage1);
  pBt->pPage1 = 0;
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
    p->type = SQLITE_NULL;
    p->db = db;
  }
  return p;
}

/*
** Create a new sqlite3_value object, containing the value of pExpr.













**
** This only works for very simple expressions that consist of one constant
** token (i.e. "5", "5.1", "'a string'"). If the expression can
** be converted directly into a value, then the value is allocated and
** a pointer written to *ppVal. The caller is responsible for deallocating
** the value by passing it to sqlite3ValueFree() later on. If the expression
** cannot be converted to a value, then *ppVal is set to NULL.





*/



















































SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ValueFromExpr(
  sqlite3 *db,              /* The database connection */
  Expr *pExpr,              /* The expression to evaluate */
  u8 enc,                   /* Encoding to use */
  u8 affinity,              /* Affinity to use */
  sqlite3_value **ppVal     /* Write the new value here */

){
  int op;
  char *zVal = 0;
  sqlite3_value *pVal = 0;
  int negInt = 1;
  const char *zNeg = "";


  if( !pExpr ){
    *ppVal = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  op = pExpr->op;

  /* op can only be TK_REGISTER if we have compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3.
  ** The ifdef here is to enable us to achieve 100% branch test coverage even
  ** when SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 is omitted.
  */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  if( op==TK_REGISTER ) op = pExpr->op2;
#else
  if( NEVER(op==TK_REGISTER) ) op = pExpr->op2;
#endif

  /* Handle negative integers in a single step.  This is needed in the
  ** case when the value is -9223372036854775808.
................................................................................
    pExpr = pExpr->pLeft;
    op = pExpr->op;
    negInt = -1;
    zNeg = "-";
  }

  if( op==TK_STRING || op==TK_FLOAT || op==TK_INTEGER ){
    pVal = sqlite3ValueNew(db);
    if( pVal==0 ) goto no_mem;
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(pVal, (i64)pExpr->u.iValue*negInt);
    }else{
      zVal = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s%s", zNeg, pExpr->u.zToken);
      if( zVal==0 ) goto no_mem;
      sqlite3ValueSetStr(pVal, -1, zVal, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
................................................................................
    if( (op==TK_INTEGER || op==TK_FLOAT ) && affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NONE ){
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC, SQLITE_UTF8);
    }else{
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, SQLITE_UTF8);
    }
    if( pVal->flags & (MEM_Int|MEM_Real) ) pVal->flags &= ~MEM_Str;
    if( enc!=SQLITE_UTF8 ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pVal, enc);
    }
  }else if( op==TK_UMINUS ) {
    /* This branch happens for multiple negative signs.  Ex: -(-5) */
    if( SQLITE_OK==sqlite3ValueFromExpr(db,pExpr->pLeft,enc,affinity,&pVal) ){


      sqlite3VdbeMemNumerify(pVal);
      if( pVal->u.i==SMALLEST_INT64 ){
        pVal->flags &= MEM_Int;
        pVal->flags |= MEM_Real;
        pVal->r = (double)LARGEST_INT64;
      }else{
        pVal->u.i = -pVal->u.i;
      }
      pVal->r = -pVal->r;
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, enc);
    }
  }else if( op==TK_NULL ){
    pVal = sqlite3ValueNew(db);
    if( pVal==0 ) goto no_mem;
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL
  else if( op==TK_BLOB ){
    int nVal;
    assert( pExpr->u.zToken[0]=='x' || pExpr->u.zToken[0]=='X' );
    assert( pExpr->u.zToken[1]=='\'' );
    pVal = sqlite3ValueNew(db);
    if( !pVal ) goto no_mem;
    zVal = &pExpr->u.zToken[2];
    nVal = sqlite3Strlen30(zVal)-1;
    assert( zVal[nVal]=='\'' );
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pVal, sqlite3HexToBlob(db, zVal, nVal), nVal/2,
                         0, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
  }
#endif

  if( pVal ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(pVal);
  }
  *ppVal = pVal;
  return SQLITE_OK;

no_mem:
  db->mallocFailed = 1;
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zVal);


  sqlite3ValueFree(pVal);
  *ppVal = 0;



  return SQLITE_NOMEM;
}




















































































































































































/*
** Change the string value of an sqlite3_value object
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueSetStr(
  sqlite3_value *v,     /* Value to be set */
  int n,                /* Length of string z */
  const void *z,        /* Text of the new string */
................................................................................
    ** external allocations out of mem[p2] and set mem[p2] to be
    ** an undefined integer.  Opcodes will either fill in the integer
    ** value or convert mem[p2] to a different type.
    */
    assert( pOp->opflags==sqlite3OpcodeProperty[pOp->opcode] );
    if( pOp->opflags & OPFLG_OUT2_PRERELEASE ){
      assert( pOp->p2>0 );
      assert( pOp->p2<=p->nMem );
      pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
      memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
      VdbeMemRelease(pOut);
      pOut->flags = MEM_Int;
    }

    /* Sanity checking on other operands */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN1)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p1>0 );
      assert( pOp->p1<=p->nMem );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p1]) );
      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, &aMem[pOp->p1]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN2)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p2>0 );
      assert( pOp->p2<=p->nMem );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p2]) );
      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, &aMem[pOp->p2]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN3)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p3>0 );
      assert( pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p3]) );
      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, &aMem[pOp->p3]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_OUT2)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p2>0 );
      assert( pOp->p2<=p->nMem );
      memAboutToChange(p, &aMem[pOp->p2]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_OUT3)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p3>0 );
      assert( pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
      memAboutToChange(p, &aMem[pOp->p3]);
    }
#endif
  
    switch( pOp->opcode ){

/*****************************************************************************
................................................................................

/* Opcode:  Gosub P1 P2 * * *
**
** Write the current address onto register P1
** and then jump to address P2.
*/
case OP_Gosub: {            /* jump */
  assert( pOp->p1>0 && pOp->p1<=p->nMem );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Dyn)==0 );
  memAboutToChange(p, pIn1);
  pIn1->flags = MEM_Int;
  pIn1->u.i = pc;
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, pIn1);
  pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
................................................................................
*/
case OP_Null: {           /* out2-prerelease */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.ab */
  int cnt;
  u16 nullFlag;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ab */
  u.ab.cnt = pOp->p3-pOp->p2;
  assert( pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
  pOut->flags = u.ab.nullFlag = pOp->p1 ? (MEM_Null|MEM_Cleared) : MEM_Null;
  while( u.ab.cnt>0 ){
    pOut++;
    memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
    VdbeMemRelease(pOut);
    pOut->flags = u.ab.nullFlag;
    u.ab.cnt--;
................................................................................
  u.ad.p2 = pOp->p2;
  assert( u.ad.n>0 && u.ad.p1>0 && u.ad.p2>0 );
  assert( u.ad.p1+u.ad.n<=u.ad.p2 || u.ad.p2+u.ad.n<=u.ad.p1 );

  pIn1 = &aMem[u.ad.p1];
  pOut = &aMem[u.ad.p2];
  while( u.ad.n-- ){
    assert( pOut<=&aMem[p->nMem] );
    assert( pIn1<=&aMem[p->nMem] );
    assert( memIsValid(pIn1) );
    memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
    u.ad.zMalloc = pOut->zMalloc;
    pOut->zMalloc = 0;
    sqlite3VdbeMemMove(pOut, pIn1);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( pOut->pScopyFrom>=&aMem[u.ad.p1] && pOut->pScopyFrom<&aMem[u.ad.p1+pOp->p3] ){
................................................................................
case OP_ResultRow: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.af */
  Mem *pMem;
  int i;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.af */
  assert( p->nResColumn==pOp->p2 );
  assert( pOp->p1>0 );
  assert( pOp->p1+pOp->p2<=p->nMem+1 );

  /* If this statement has violated immediate foreign key constraints, do
  ** not return the number of rows modified. And do not RELEASE the statement
  ** transaction. It needs to be rolled back.  */
  if( SQLITE_OK!=(rc = sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(p, 0)) ){
    assert( db->flags&SQLITE_CountRows );
    assert( p->usesStmtJournal );
................................................................................
  sqlite3_value **apVal;
  int n;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ai */

  u.ai.n = pOp->p5;
  u.ai.apVal = p->apArg;
  assert( u.ai.apVal || u.ai.n==0 );
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, pOut);

  assert( u.ai.n==0 || (pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+u.ai.n<=p->nMem+1) );
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p2 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p2+u.ai.n );
  u.ai.pArg = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  for(u.ai.i=0; u.ai.i<u.ai.n; u.ai.i++, u.ai.pArg++){
    assert( memIsValid(u.ai.pArg) );
    u.ai.apVal[u.ai.i] = u.ai.pArg;
    Deephemeralize(u.ai.pArg);
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(u.ai.pArg);
................................................................................
  assert( u.al.pKeyInfo!=0 );
  u.al.p1 = pOp->p1;
  u.al.p2 = pOp->p2;
#if SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( aPermute ){
    int k, mx = 0;
    for(k=0; k<u.al.n; k++) if( aPermute[k]>mx ) mx = aPermute[k];
    assert( u.al.p1>0 && u.al.p1+mx<=p->nMem+1 );
    assert( u.al.p2>0 && u.al.p2+mx<=p->nMem+1 );
  }else{
    assert( u.al.p1>0 && u.al.p1+u.al.n<=p->nMem+1 );
    assert( u.al.p2>0 && u.al.p2+u.al.n<=p->nMem+1 );
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */
  for(u.al.i=0; u.al.i<u.al.n; u.al.i++){
    u.al.idx = aPermute ? aPermute[u.al.i] : u.al.i;
    assert( memIsValid(&aMem[u.al.p1+u.al.idx]) );
    assert( memIsValid(&aMem[u.al.p2+u.al.idx]) );
    REGISTER_TRACE(u.al.p1+u.al.idx, &aMem[u.al.p1+u.al.idx]);
................................................................................


  u.ao.p1 = pOp->p1;
  u.ao.p2 = pOp->p2;
  u.ao.pC = 0;
  memset(&u.ao.sMem, 0, sizeof(u.ao.sMem));
  assert( u.ao.p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
  u.ao.pDest = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, u.ao.pDest);
  u.ao.zRec = 0;

  /* This block sets the variable u.ao.payloadSize to be the total number of
  ** bytes in the record.
  **
................................................................................
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ap */

  u.ap.zAffinity = pOp->p4.z;
  assert( u.ap.zAffinity!=0 );
  assert( u.ap.zAffinity[pOp->p2]==0 );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  while( (u.ap.cAff = *(u.ap.zAffinity++))!=0 ){
    assert( pIn1 <= &p->aMem[p->nMem] );
    assert( memIsValid(pIn1) );
    ExpandBlob(pIn1);
    applyAffinity(pIn1, u.ap.cAff, encoding);
    pIn1++;
  }
  break;
}
................................................................................
  ** of the record to data0.
  */
  u.aq.nData = 0;         /* Number of bytes of data space */
  u.aq.nHdr = 0;          /* Number of bytes of header space */
  u.aq.nZero = 0;         /* Number of zero bytes at the end of the record */
  u.aq.nField = pOp->p1;
  u.aq.zAffinity = pOp->p4.z;
  assert( u.aq.nField>0 && pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+u.aq.nField<=p->nMem+1 );
  u.aq.pData0 = &aMem[u.aq.nField];
  u.aq.nField = pOp->p2;
  u.aq.pLast = &u.aq.pData0[u.aq.nField-1];
  u.aq.file_format = p->minWriteFileFormat;

  /* Identify the output register */
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p1 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p1+pOp->p2 );
................................................................................
    u.aq.i += putVarint32(&u.aq.zNewRecord[u.aq.i], u.aq.serial_type);      /* serial type */
  }
  for(u.aq.pRec=u.aq.pData0; u.aq.pRec<=u.aq.pLast; u.aq.pRec++){  /* serial data */
    u.aq.i += sqlite3VdbeSerialPut(&u.aq.zNewRecord[u.aq.i], (int)(u.aq.nByte-u.aq.i), u.aq.pRec,u.aq.file_format);
  }
  assert( u.aq.i==u.aq.nByte );

  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
  pOut->n = (int)u.aq.nByte;
  pOut->flags = MEM_Blob | MEM_Dyn;
  pOut->xDel = 0;
  if( u.aq.nZero ){
    pOut->u.nZero = u.aq.nZero;
    pOut->flags |= MEM_Zero;
  }
................................................................................
      p->minWriteFileFormat = u.ay.pDb->pSchema->file_format;
    }
  }else{
    u.ay.wrFlag = 0;
  }
  if( pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_P2ISREG ){
    assert( u.ay.p2>0 );
    assert( u.ay.p2<=p->nMem );
    pIn2 = &aMem[u.ay.p2];
    assert( memIsValid(pIn2) );
    assert( (pIn2->flags & MEM_Int)!=0 );
    sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pIn2);
    u.ay.p2 = (int)pIn2->u.i;
    /* The u.ay.p2 value always comes from a prior OP_CreateTable opcode and
    ** that opcode will always set the u.ay.p2 value to 2 or more or else fail.
................................................................................
  i64 R;                             /* Rowid stored in register P3 */
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bf */

  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  u.bf.aMx = &aMem[pOp->p4.i];
  /* Assert that the values of parameters P1 and P4 are in range. */
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  assert( pOp->p4.i>0 && pOp->p4.i<=p->nMem );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );

  /* Find the index cursor. */
  u.bf.pCx = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.bf.pCx->deferredMoveto==0 );
  u.bf.pCx->seekResult = 0;
  u.bf.pCx->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
................................................................................
        if( p->pFrame ){
          for(u.bh.pFrame=p->pFrame; u.bh.pFrame->pParent; u.bh.pFrame=u.bh.pFrame->pParent);
          /* Assert that P3 is a valid memory cell. */
          assert( pOp->p3<=u.bh.pFrame->nMem );
          u.bh.pMem = &u.bh.pFrame->aMem[pOp->p3];
        }else{
          /* Assert that P3 is a valid memory cell. */
          assert( pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
          u.bh.pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
          memAboutToChange(p, u.bh.pMem);
        }
        assert( memIsValid(u.bh.pMem) );

        REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, u.bh.pMem);
        sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(u.bh.pMem);
................................................................................
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  int res;
  UnpackedRecord r;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bt */

  assert( pOp->p3>0 );
  assert( pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+pOp->p3<=p->nMem+1 );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  u.bt.pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.bt.pC!=0 );
  u.bt.pCrsr = u.bt.pC->pCursor;
  if( ALWAYS(u.bt.pCrsr!=0) ){
    u.bt.r.pKeyInfo = u.bt.pC->pKeyInfo;
    u.bt.r.nField = (u16)pOp->p3;
................................................................................
case OP_Clear: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.bx */
  int nChange;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bx */

  u.bx.nChange = 0;
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );

  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p2))!=0 );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeClearTable(
      db->aDb[pOp->p2].pBt, pOp->p1, (pOp->p3 ? &u.bx.nChange : 0)
  );
  if( pOp->p3 ){
    p->nChange += u.bx.nChange;
    if( pOp->p3>0 ){
................................................................................
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ca */

  assert( p->bIsReader );
  u.ca.nRoot = pOp->p2;
  assert( u.ca.nRoot>0 );
  u.ca.aRoot = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(int)*(u.ca.nRoot+1) );
  if( u.ca.aRoot==0 ) goto no_mem;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
  u.ca.pnErr = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  assert( (u.ca.pnErr->flags & MEM_Int)!=0 );
  assert( (u.ca.pnErr->flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob))==0 );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  for(u.ca.j=0; u.ca.j<u.ca.nRoot; u.ca.j++){
    u.ca.aRoot[u.ca.j] = (int)sqlite3VdbeIntValue(&pIn1[u.ca.j]);
  }
................................................................................
  for(u.cg.i=0; u.cg.i<u.cg.n; u.cg.i++, u.cg.pRec++){
    assert( memIsValid(u.cg.pRec) );
    u.cg.apVal[u.cg.i] = u.cg.pRec;
    memAboutToChange(p, u.cg.pRec);
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(u.cg.pRec);
  }
  u.cg.ctx.pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
  u.cg.ctx.pMem = u.cg.pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  u.cg.pMem->n++;
  u.cg.ctx.s.flags = MEM_Null;
  u.cg.ctx.s.z = 0;
  u.cg.ctx.s.zMalloc = 0;
  u.cg.ctx.s.xDel = 0;
  u.cg.ctx.s.db = db;
................................................................................
** P4 argument is only needed for the degenerate case where
** the step function was not previously called.
*/
case OP_AggFinal: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.ch */
  Mem *pMem;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ch */
  assert( pOp->p1>0 && pOp->p1<=p->nMem );
  u.ch.pMem = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( (u.ch.pMem->flags & ~(MEM_Null|MEM_Agg))==0 );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeMemFinalize(u.ch.pMem, pOp->p4.pFunc);
  if( rc ){
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "%s", sqlite3_value_text(u.ch.pMem));
  }
  sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(u.ch.pMem, encoding);
................................................................................
  const sqlite3_module *pModule;
  Mem *pDest;
  sqlite3_context sContext;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.co */

  VdbeCursor *pCur = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pCur->pVtabCursor );
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=p->nMem );
  u.co.pDest = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, u.co.pDest);
  if( pCur->nullRow ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(u.co.pDest);
    break;
  }
  u.co.pVtab = pCur->pVtabCursor->pVtab;
................................................................................
    case TK_UPLUS: {
      rc = sqlite3ExprIsInteger(p->pLeft, pValue);
      break;
    }
    case TK_UMINUS: {
      int v;
      if( sqlite3ExprIsInteger(p->pLeft, &v) ){
        assert( v!=-2147483648 );
        *pValue = -v;
        rc = 1;
      }
      break;
    }
    default: break;
  }
................................................................................
    return;
  }

  /* Ensure the default expression is something that sqlite3ValueFromExpr()
  ** can handle (i.e. not CURRENT_TIME etc.)
  */
  if( pDflt ){
    sqlite3_value *pVal;
    if( sqlite3ValueFromExpr(db, pDflt, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_AFF_NONE, &pVal) ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      return;
    }
    if( !pVal ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "Cannot add a column with non-constant default");
      return;
................................................................................
  return;
}
#endif  /* SQLITE_ALTER_TABLE */

/************** End of alter.c ***********************************************/
/************** Begin file analyze.c *****************************************/
/*
** 2005 July 8
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
................................................................................
** to help it make better decisions about how to perform queries.
**
** The following system tables are or have been supported:
**
**    CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat1(tbl, idx, stat);
**    CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat2(tbl, idx, sampleno, sample);
**    CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat3(tbl, idx, nEq, nLt, nDLt, sample);

**
** Additional tables might be added in future releases of SQLite.
** The sqlite_stat2 table is not created or used unless the SQLite version
** is between 3.6.18 and 3.7.8, inclusive, and unless SQLite is compiled
** with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2.  The sqlite_stat2 table is deprecated.
** The sqlite_stat2 table is superseded by sqlite_stat3, which is only
** created and used by SQLite versions 3.7.9 and later and with
** SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 defined.  The fucntionality of sqlite_stat3
** is a superset of sqlite_stat2.  







**
** Format of sqlite_stat1:
**
** There is normally one row per index, with the index identified by the
** name in the idx column.  The tbl column is the name of the table to
** which the index belongs.  In each such row, the stat column will be
** a string consisting of a list of integers.  The first integer in this
** list is the number of rows in the index and in the table.  The second

** integer is the average number of rows in the index that have the same
** value in the first column of the index.  The third integer is the average
** number of rows in the index that have the same value for the first two
** columns.  The N-th integer (for N>1) is the average number of rows in 
** the index which have the same value for the first N-1 columns.  For
** a K-column index, there will be K+1 integers in the stat column.  If
** the index is unique, then the last integer will be 1.
................................................................................
** The format for sqlite_stat2 is recorded here for legacy reference.  This
** version of SQLite does not support sqlite_stat2.  It neither reads nor
** writes the sqlite_stat2 table.  This version of SQLite only supports
** sqlite_stat3.
**
** Format for sqlite_stat3:
**
** The sqlite_stat3 is an enhancement to sqlite_stat2.  A new name is
** used to avoid compatibility problems.  

**
** The format of the sqlite_stat3 table is similar to the format of







** the sqlite_stat2 table.  There are multiple entries for each index.
** The idx column names the index and the tbl column is the table of the
** index.  If the idx and tbl columns are the same, then the sample is
** of the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY.  The sample column is a value taken from
** the left-most column of the index.  The nEq column is the approximate
** number of entires in the index whose left-most column exactly matches


** the sample.  nLt is the approximate number of entires whose left-most









** column is less than the sample.  The nDLt column is the approximate
** number of distinct left-most entries in the index that are less than
** the sample.
**
** Future versions of SQLite might change to store a string containing
** multiple integers values in the nDLt column of sqlite_stat3.  The first
** integer will be the number of prior index entires that are distinct in
** the left-most column.  The second integer will be the number of prior index
** entries that are distinct in the first two columns.  The third integer
** will be the number of prior index entries that are distinct in the first
** three columns.  And so forth.  With that extension, the nDLt field is
** similar in function to the sqlite_stat1.stat field.
**
** There can be an arbitrary number of sqlite_stat3 entries per index.
** The ANALYZE command will typically generate sqlite_stat3 tables
** that contain between 10 and 40 samples which are distributed across
** the key space, though not uniformly, and which include samples with
** largest possible nEq values.










*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE















/*
** This routine generates code that opens the sqlite_stat1 table for
** writing with cursor iStatCur. If the library was built with the
** SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 macro defined, then the sqlite_stat3 table is
** opened for writing using cursor (iStatCur+1)



**
** If the sqlite_stat1 tables does not previously exist, it is created.
** Similarly, if the sqlite_stat3 table does not exist and the library
** is compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 defined, it is created. 
**
** Argument zWhere may be a pointer to a buffer containing a table name,
** or it may be a NULL pointer. If it is not NULL, then all entries in
** the sqlite_stat1 and (if applicable) sqlite_stat3 tables associated
** with the named table are deleted. If zWhere==0, then code is generated
** to delete all stat table entries.
*/
static void openStatTable(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  int iDb,                /* The database we are looking in */
  int iStatCur,           /* Open the sqlite_stat1 table on this cursor */
  const char *zWhere,     /* Delete entries for this table or index */
  const char *zWhereType  /* Either "tbl" or "idx" */
){
  static const struct {
    const char *zName;
    const char *zCols;
  } aTable[] = {
    { "sqlite_stat1", "tbl,idx,stat" },



#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    { "sqlite_stat3", "tbl,idx,neq,nlt,ndlt,sample" },




#endif
  };

  int aRoot[] = {0, 0};
  u8 aCreateTbl[] = {0, 0};

  int i;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Db *pDb;
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);



  if( v==0 ) return;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(db) );
  assert( sqlite3VdbeDb(v)==db );
  pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];

  /* Create new statistic tables if they do not exist, or clear them
  ** if they do already exist.
  */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aTable); i++){
    const char *zTab = aTable[i].zName;
    Table *pStat;
    if( (pStat = sqlite3FindTable(db, zTab, pDb->zName))==0 ){

      /* The sqlite_stat[12] table does not exist. Create it. Note that a 
      ** side-effect of the CREATE TABLE statement is to leave the rootpage 
      ** of the new table in register pParse->regRoot. This is important 
      ** because the OpenWrite opcode below will be needing it. */
      sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
          "CREATE TABLE %Q.%s(%s)", pDb->zName, zTab, aTable[i].zCols
      );
      aRoot[i] = pParse->regRoot;
      aCreateTbl[i] = OPFLAG_P2ISREG;

    }else{
      /* The table already exists. If zWhere is not NULL, delete all entries 
      ** associated with the table zWhere. If zWhere is NULL, delete the
      ** entire contents of the table. */
      aRoot[i] = pStat->tnum;

      sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, aRoot[i], 1, zTab);
      if( zWhere ){
        sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,

           "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE %s=%Q", pDb->zName, zTab, zWhereType, zWhere
        );
      }else{
        /* The sqlite_stat[12] table already exists.  Delete all rows. */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, aRoot[i], iDb);
      }
    }
  }

  /* Open the sqlite_stat[13] tables for writing. */

  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aTable); i++){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenWrite, iStatCur+i, aRoot[i], iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)3, P4_INT32);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, aCreateTbl[i]);
  }
}

/*
** Recommended number of samples for sqlite_stat3
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_STAT3_SAMPLES
# define SQLITE_STAT3_SAMPLES 24
#endif

/*
** Three SQL functions - stat3_init(), stat3_push(), and stat3_pop() -
** share an instance of the following structure to hold their state
** information.
*/
typedef struct Stat3Accum Stat3Accum;
struct Stat3Accum {
  tRowcnt nRow;             /* Number of rows in the entire table */
  tRowcnt nPSample;         /* How often to do a periodic sample */
  int iMin;                 /* Index of entry with minimum nEq and hash */
  int mxSample;             /* Maximum number of samples to accumulate */
  int nSample;              /* Current number of samples */
  u32 iPrn;                 /* Pseudo-random number used for sampling */
  struct Stat3Sample {
    i64 iRowid;                /* Rowid in main table of the key */
    tRowcnt nEq;               /* sqlite_stat3.nEq */
    tRowcnt nLt;               /* sqlite_stat3.nLt */
    tRowcnt nDLt;              /* sqlite_stat3.nDLt */
    u8 isPSample;              /* True if a periodic sample */
    u32 iHash;                 /* Tiebreaker hash */
  } *a;                     /* An array of samples */
};

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
/*
** Implementation of the stat3_init(C,S) SQL function.  The two parameters
** are the number of rows in the table or index (C) and the number of samples
** to accumulate (S).
**
** This routine allocates the Stat3Accum object.
**
** The return value is the Stat3Accum object (P).
*/
static void stat3Init(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  Stat3Accum *p;
  tRowcnt nRow;
  int mxSample;
  int n;

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  nRow = (tRowcnt)sqlite3_value_int64(argv[0]);
  mxSample = sqlite3_value_int(argv[1]);
  n = sizeof(*p) + sizeof(p->a[0])*mxSample;
  p = sqlite3MallocZero( n );
  if( p==0 ){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
    return;
  }
  p->a = (struct Stat3Sample*)&p[1];
  p->nRow = nRow;
  p->mxSample = mxSample;
  p->nPSample = p->nRow/(mxSample/3+1) + 1;
  sqlite3_randomness(sizeof(p->iPrn), &p->iPrn);
  sqlite3_result_blob(context, p, sizeof(p), sqlite3_free);
}
static const FuncDef stat3InitFuncdef = {
  2,                /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,      /* iPrefEnc */
  0,                /* flags */
  0,                /* pUserData */
  0,                /* pNext */
  stat3Init,        /* xFunc */
  0,                /* xStep */
  0,                /* xFinalize */
  "stat3_init",     /* zName */
  0,                /* pHash */
  0                 /* pDestructor */
};


/*
** Implementation of the stat3_push(nEq,nLt,nDLt,rowid,P) SQL function.  The
** arguments describe a single key instance.  This routine makes the 
** decision about whether or not to retain this key for the sqlite_stat3
** table.
**
** The return value is NULL.
*/
static void stat3Push(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  Stat3Accum *p = (Stat3Accum*)sqlite3_value_blob(argv[4]);
  tRowcnt nEq = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[0]);
  tRowcnt nLt = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[1]);
  tRowcnt nDLt = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[2]);
  i64 rowid = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[3]);
  u8 isPSample = 0;
  u8 doInsert = 0;
  int iMin = p->iMin;
  struct Stat3Sample *pSample;
  int i;
  u32 h;

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(context);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  if( nEq==0 ) return;
  h = p->iPrn = p->iPrn*1103515245 + 12345;
  if( (nLt/p->nPSample)!=((nEq+nLt)/p->nPSample) ){
    doInsert = isPSample = 1;
  }else if( p->nSample<p->mxSample ){
    doInsert = 1;
  }else{
    if( nEq>p->a[iMin].nEq || (nEq==p->a[iMin].nEq && h>p->a[iMin].iHash) ){
      doInsert = 1;
    }
  }
  if( !doInsert ) return;
  if( p->nSample==p->mxSample ){
    assert( p->nSample - iMin - 1 >= 0 );
    memmove(&p->a[iMin], &p->a[iMin+1], sizeof(p->a[0])*(p->nSample-iMin-1));
    pSample = &p->a[p->nSample-1];
  }else{
    pSample = &p->a[p->nSample++];
  }
  pSample->iRowid = rowid;
  pSample->nEq = nEq;
  pSample->nLt = nLt;
  pSample->nDLt = nDLt;
  pSample->iHash = h;
  pSample->isPSample = isPSample;

  /* Find the new minimum */
  if( p->nSample==p->mxSample ){
    pSample = p->a;
    i = 0;
    while( pSample->isPSample ){
      i++;
      pSample++;
      assert( i<p->nSample );
    }
    nEq = pSample->nEq;
    h = pSample->iHash;
    iMin = i;
    for(i++, pSample++; i<p->nSample; i++, pSample++){
      if( pSample->isPSample ) continue;
      if( pSample->nEq<nEq
       || (pSample->nEq==nEq && pSample->iHash<h)
      ){
        iMin = i;
        nEq = pSample->nEq;
        h = pSample->iHash;
      }
    }
    p->iMin = iMin;
  }
}
static const FuncDef stat3PushFuncdef = {
  5,                /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,      /* iPrefEnc */
  0,                /* flags */
  0,                /* pUserData */
  0,                /* pNext */
  stat3Push,        /* xFunc */
  0,                /* xStep */
  0,                /* xFinalize */
  "stat3_push",     /* zName */
  0,                /* pHash */
  0                 /* pDestructor */
};

/*
** Implementation of the stat3_get(P,N,...) SQL function.  This routine is
** used to query the results.  Content is returned for the Nth sqlite_stat3
** row where N is between 0 and S-1 and S is the number of samples.  The
** value returned depends on the number of arguments.
**
**   argc==2    result:  rowid
**   argc==3    result:  nEq
**   argc==4    result:  nLt
**   argc==5    result:  nDLt
*/
static void stat3Get(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  int n = sqlite3_value_int(argv[1]);
  Stat3Accum *p = (Stat3Accum*)sqlite3_value_blob(argv[0]);

  assert( p!=0 );
  if( p->nSample<=n ) return;
  switch( argc ){
    case 2:  sqlite3_result_int64(context, p->a[n].iRowid); break;
    case 3:  sqlite3_result_int64(context, p->a[n].nEq);    break;
    case 4:  sqlite3_result_int64(context, p->a[n].nLt);    break;
    default: sqlite3_result_int64(context, p->a[n].nDLt);   break;
  }
}
static const FuncDef stat3GetFuncdef = {
  -1,               /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,      /* iPrefEnc */
  0,                /* flags */
  0,                /* pUserData */
  0,                /* pNext */
  stat3Get,         /* xFunc */
  0,                /* xStep */
  0,                /* xFinalize */
  "stat3_get",     /* zName */
  0,                /* pHash */
  0                 /* pDestructor */
};
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 */




/*
** Generate code to do an analysis of all indices associated with
** a single table.
*/
static void analyzeOneTable(
  Parse *pParse,   /* Parser context */
  Table *pTab,     /* Table whose indices are to be analyzed */
  Index *pOnlyIdx, /* If not NULL, only analyze this one index */
  int iStatCur,    /* Index of VdbeCursor that writes the sqlite_stat1 table */
  int iMem         /* Available memory locations begin here */






































































































































































































































































































































){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;    /* Database handle */
  Index *pIdx;                 /* An index to being analyzed */
  int iIdxCur;                 /* Cursor open on index being analyzed */

  Vdbe *v;                     /* The virtual machine being built up */
  int i;                       /* Loop counter */
  int topOfLoop;               /* The top of the loop */
  int endOfLoop;               /* The end of the loop */
  int jZeroRows = -1;          /* Jump from here if number of rows is zero */
  int iDb;                     /* Index of database containing pTab */
  u8 needTableCnt = 1;         /* True to count the table */
  int regTabname = iMem++;     /* Register containing table name */
  int regIdxname = iMem++;     /* Register containing index name */
  int regStat1 = iMem++;       /* The stat column of sqlite_stat1 */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  int regNumEq = regStat1;     /* Number of instances.  Same as regStat1 */
  int regNumLt = iMem++;       /* Number of keys less than regSample */
  int regNumDLt = iMem++;      /* Number of distinct keys less than regSample */
  int regSample = iMem++;      /* The next sample value */
  int regRowid = regSample;    /* Rowid of a sample */
  int regAccum = iMem++;       /* Register to hold Stat3Accum object */
  int regLoop = iMem++;        /* Loop counter */
  int regCount = iMem++;       /* Number of rows in the table or index */
  int regTemp1 = iMem++;       /* Intermediate register */
  int regTemp2 = iMem++;       /* Intermediate register */
  int once = 1;                /* One-time initialization */
  int shortJump = 0;           /* Instruction address */
  int iTabCur = pParse->nTab++; /* Table cursor */
#endif
  int regCol = iMem++;         /* Content of a column in analyzed table */
  int regRec = iMem++;         /* Register holding completed record */
  int regTemp = iMem++;        /* Temporary use register */
  int regNewRowid = iMem++;    /* Rowid for the inserted record */







  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 || NEVER(pTab==0) ){
    return;
  }
  if( pTab->tnum==0 ){
    /* Do not gather statistics on views or virtual tables */
    return;
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_ANALYZE, pTab->zName, 0,
      db->aDb[iDb].zName ) ){
    return;
  }
#endif

  /* Establish a read-lock on the table at the shared-cache level. */



  sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);


  iIdxCur = pParse->nTab++;


  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regTabname, 0, pTab->zName, 0);

  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    int nCol;

    KeyInfo *pKey;
    int addrIfNot = 0;           /* address of OP_IfNot */
    int *aChngAddr;              /* Array of jump instruction addresses */




    if( pOnlyIdx && pOnlyIdx!=pIdx ) continue;
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere==0 ) needTableCnt = 0;
    VdbeNoopComment((v, "Begin analysis of %s", pIdx->zName));
    nCol = pIdx->nColumn;
    aChngAddr = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(int)*nCol);
    if( aChngAddr==0 ) continue;
    pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pIdx);
    if( iMem+1+(nCol*2)>pParse->nMem ){
      pParse->nMem = iMem+1+(nCol*2);
    }

    /* Open a cursor to the index to be analyzed. */
    assert( iDb==sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pIdx->pSchema) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_OpenRead, iIdxCur, pIdx->tnum, iDb,
        (char *)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));

    /* Populate the register containing the index name. */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regIdxname, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    if( once ){
      once = 0;
      sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iTabCur, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur, regCount);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, SQLITE_STAT3_SAMPLES, regTemp1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regNumEq);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regNumLt);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, -1, regNumDLt);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Null, 0, regSample, regAccum);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, 1, regCount, regAccum,
                      (char*)&stat3InitFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 2);
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 */

    /* The block of memory cells initialized here is used as follows.
    **
    **    iMem:                
    **        The total number of rows in the table.
    **
    **    iMem+1 .. iMem+nCol: 
    **        Number of distinct entries in index considering the 
    **        left-most N columns only, where N is between 1 and nCol, 
    **        inclusive.
    **
    **    iMem+nCol+1 .. Mem+2*nCol:  
    **        Previous value of indexed columns, from left to right.
    **
    ** Cells iMem through iMem+nCol are initialized to 0. The others are 
    ** initialized to contain an SQL NULL.
    */
    for(i=0; i<=nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, iMem+i);
    }
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, iMem+nCol+i+1);
    }

    /* Start the analysis loop. This loop runs through all the entries in
    ** the index b-tree.  */
    endOfLoop = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iIdxCur, endOfLoop);
    topOfLoop = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, iMem, 1);  /* Increment row counter */

    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      CollSeq *pColl;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, regCol);
      if( i==0 ){
        /* Always record the very first row */
        addrIfNot = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, iMem+1);
      }
      assert( pIdx->azColl!=0 );
      assert( pIdx->azColl[i]!=0 );
      pColl = sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, pIdx->azColl[i]);
      aChngAddr[i] = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Ne, regCol, 0, iMem+nCol+i+1,
                                      (char*)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NULLEQ);
      VdbeComment((v, "jump if column %d changed", i));
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
      if( i==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regNumEq, 1);
        VdbeComment((v, "incr repeat count"));
      }
#endif
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, endOfLoop);
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, aChngAddr[i]);  /* Set jump dest for the OP_Ne */
      if( i==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrIfNot);   /* Jump dest for OP_IfNot */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, 1, regNumEq, regTemp2,
                          (char*)&stat3PushFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 5);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, pIdx->nColumn, regRowid);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Add, regNumEq, regNumLt, regNumLt);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regNumDLt, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 1, regNumEq);
#endif        
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, iMem+i+1, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, iMem+nCol+i+1);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, aChngAddr);

    /* Always jump here after updating the iMem+1...iMem+1+nCol counters */
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endOfLoop);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iIdxCur, topOfLoop);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdxCur);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, 1, regNumEq, regTemp2,
                      (char*)&stat3PushFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 5);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, -1, regLoop);
    shortJump = 
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regLoop, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, 1, regAccum, regTemp1,
                      (char*)&stat3GetFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 2);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, regTemp1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iTabCur, shortJump, regTemp1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iTabCur, pIdx->aiColumn[0], regSample);
    sqlite3ColumnDefault(v, pTab, pIdx->aiColumn[0], regSample);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, 1, regAccum, regNumEq,
                      (char*)&stat3GetFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 3);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, 1, regAccum, regNumLt,
                      (char*)&stat3GetFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 4);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Function, 1, regAccum, regNumDLt,
                      (char*)&stat3GetFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 5);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 6, regRec, "bbbbbb", 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur+1, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur+1, regRec, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, shortJump);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, shortJump+2);
#endif        

    /* Store the results in sqlite_stat1.
    **
    ** The result is a single row of the sqlite_stat1 table.  The first
    ** two columns are the names of the table and index.  The third column
    ** is a string composed of a list of integer statistics about the
    ** index.  The first integer in the list is the total number of entries
    ** in the index.  There is one additional integer in the list for each
    ** column of the table.  This additional integer is a guess of how many
    ** rows of the table the index will select.  If D is the count of distinct
    ** values and K is the total number of rows, then the integer is computed
    ** as:
    **
    **        I = (K+D-1)/D
    **
    ** If K==0 then no entry is made into the sqlite_stat1 table.  
    ** If K>0 then it is always the case the D>0 so division by zero
    ** is never possible.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, iMem, regStat1);
    jZeroRows = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, iMem);
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regTemp, 0, " ", 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, regTemp, regStat1, regStat1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Add, iMem, iMem+i+1, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, regTemp, -1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Divide, iMem+i+1, regTemp, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_ToInt, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, regTemp, regStat1, regStat1);
    }
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere!=0 ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jZeroRows);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 3, regRec, "aaa", 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur, regRec, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere==0 ) sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jZeroRows);
  }

  /* Create a single sqlite_stat1 entry containing NULL as the index
  ** name and the row count as the content.
  */
  if( pOnlyIdx==0 && needTableCnt ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iIdxCur, pTab->tnum, iDb);
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pTab->zName));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur, regStat1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iIdxCur);
    jZeroRows = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, regStat1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regIdxname);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 3, regRec, "aaa", 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur, regRec, regNewRowid);






    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jZeroRows);
  }
  if( pParse->nMem<regRec ) pParse->nMem = regRec;
}


/*
** Generate code that will cause the most recent index analysis to
** be loaded into internal hash tables where is can be used.
*/
................................................................................
*/
static void analyzeDatabase(Parse *pParse, int iDb){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Schema *pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;    /* Schema of database iDb */
  HashElem *k;
  int iStatCur;
  int iMem;


  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
  iStatCur = pParse->nTab;
  pParse->nTab += 3;
  openStatTable(pParse, iDb, iStatCur, 0, 0);
  iMem = pParse->nMem+1;

  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
  for(k=sqliteHashFirst(&pSchema->tblHash); k; k=sqliteHashNext(k)){
    Table *pTab = (Table*)sqliteHashData(k);
    analyzeOneTable(pParse, pTab, 0, iStatCur, iMem);
  }
  loadAnalysis(pParse, iDb);
}

/*
** Generate code that will do an analysis of a single table in
** a database.  If pOnlyIdx is not NULL then it is a single index
................................................................................
  iStatCur = pParse->nTab;
  pParse->nTab += 3;
  if( pOnlyIdx ){
    openStatTable(pParse, iDb, iStatCur, pOnlyIdx->zName, "idx");
  }else{
    openStatTable(pParse, iDb, iStatCur, pTab->zName, "tbl");
  }
  analyzeOneTable(pParse, pTab, pOnlyIdx, iStatCur, pParse->nMem+1);
  loadAnalysis(pParse, iDb);
}

/*
** Generate code for the ANALYZE command.  The parser calls this routine
** when it recognizes an ANALYZE command.
**
................................................................................
** callback routine.
*/
typedef struct analysisInfo analysisInfo;
struct analysisInfo {
  sqlite3 *db;
  const char *zDatabase;
};






































/*
** This callback is invoked once for each index when reading the
** sqlite_stat1 table.  
**
**     argv[0] = name of the table
**     argv[1] = name of the index (might be NULL)
................................................................................
** Entries for which argv[1]==NULL simply record the number of rows in
** the table.
*/
static int analysisLoader(void *pData, int argc, char **argv, char **NotUsed){
  analysisInfo *pInfo = (analysisInfo*)pData;
  Index *pIndex;
  Table *pTable;
  int i, c, n;
  tRowcnt v;
  const char *z;

  assert( argc==3 );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER2(NotUsed, argc);

  if( argv==0 || argv[0]==0 || argv[2]==0 ){
    return 0;
................................................................................
    return 0;
  }
  if( argv[1] ){
    pIndex = sqlite3FindIndex(pInfo->db, argv[1], pInfo->zDatabase);
  }else{
    pIndex = 0;
  }
  n = pIndex ? pIndex->nColumn : 0;
  z = argv[2];
  for(i=0; *z && i<=n; i++){
    v = 0;
    while( (c=z[0])>='0' && c<='9' ){
      v = v*10 + c - '0';
      z++;
    }
    if( i==0 && (pIndex==0 || pIndex->pPartIdxWhere==0) ){
      if( v>0 ) pTable->nRowEst = v;
      if( pIndex==0 ) break;
    }
    pIndex->aiRowEst[i] = v;
    if( *z==' ' ) z++;
    if( strcmp(z, "unordered")==0 ){



      pIndex->bUnordered = 1;
      break;


    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** If the Index.aSample variable is not NULL, delete the aSample[] array
** and its contents.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(sqlite3 *db, Index *pIdx){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  if( pIdx->aSample ){
    int j;
    for(j=0; j<pIdx->nSample; j++){
      IndexSample *p = &pIdx->aSample[j];
      if( p->eType==SQLITE_TEXT || p->eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
        sqlite3DbFree(db, p->u.z);
      }
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pIdx->aSample);
  }
  if( db && db->pnBytesFreed==0 ){
    pIdx->nSample = 0;
    pIdx->aSample = 0;
  }
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(db);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pIdx);
#endif
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
/*
** Load content from the sqlite_stat3 table into the Index.aSample[]
** arrays of all indices.
*/














































static int loadStat3(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb){






  int rc;                       /* Result codes from subroutines */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;      /* An SQL statement being run */
  char *zSql;                   /* Text of the SQL statement */
  Index *pPrevIdx = 0;          /* Previous index in the loop */
  int idx = 0;                  /* slot in pIdx->aSample[] for next sample */
  int eType;                    /* Datatype of a sample */
  IndexSample *pSample;         /* A slot in pIdx->aSample[] */

  assert( db->lookaside.bEnabled==0 );
  if( !sqlite3FindTable(db, "sqlite_stat3", zDb) ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db, 
      "SELECT idx,count(*) FROM %Q.sqlite_stat3"
      " GROUP BY idx", zDb);
  if( !zSql ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_prepare(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
  if( rc ) return rc;

  while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){



    char *zIndex;   /* Index name */
    Index *pIdx;    /* Pointer to the index object */
    int nSample;    /* Number of samples */




    zIndex = (char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0);
    if( zIndex==0 ) continue;
    nSample = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 1);
    pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zIndex, zDb);
    if( pIdx==0 ) continue;
    assert( pIdx->nSample==0 );






    pIdx->nSample = nSample;




    pIdx->aSample = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nSample*sizeof(IndexSample));
    pIdx->avgEq = pIdx->aiRowEst[1];
    if( pIdx->aSample==0 ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }








  }
  rc = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  if( rc ) return rc;

  zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db, 
      "SELECT idx,neq,nlt,ndlt,sample FROM %Q.sqlite_stat3", zDb);
  if( !zSql ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_prepare(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
  if( rc ) return rc;

  while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    char *zIndex;   /* Index name */
    Index *pIdx;    /* Pointer to the index object */
    int i;          /* Loop counter */
    tRowcnt sumEq;  /* Sum of the nEq values */

    zIndex = (char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0);
    if( zIndex==0 ) continue;
    pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zIndex, zDb);
    if( pIdx==0 ) continue;
    if( pIdx==pPrevIdx ){
      idx++;
    }else{
      pPrevIdx = pIdx;
      idx = 0;
    }
    assert( idx<pIdx->nSample );
    pSample = &pIdx->aSample[idx];
    pSample->nEq = (tRowcnt)sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 1);
    pSample->nLt = (tRowcnt)sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 2);
    pSample->nDLt = (tRowcnt)sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 3);
    if( idx==pIdx->nSample-1 ){
      if( pSample->nDLt>0 ){
        for(i=0, sumEq=0; i<=idx-1; i++) sumEq += pIdx->aSample[i].nEq;
        pIdx->avgEq = (pSample->nLt - sumEq)/pSample->nDLt;
      }
      if( pIdx->avgEq<=0 ) pIdx->avgEq = 1;
    }
    eType = sqlite3_column_type(pStmt, 4);
    pSample->eType = (u8)eType;
    switch( eType ){
      case SQLITE_INTEGER: {
        pSample->u.i = sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 4);
        break;
      }
      case SQLITE_FLOAT: {
        pSample->u.r = sqlite3_column_double(pStmt, 4);
        break;
      }
      case SQLITE_NULL: {
        break;
      }
      default: assert( eType==SQLITE_TEXT || eType==SQLITE_BLOB ); {
        const char *z = (const char *)(
              (eType==SQLITE_BLOB) ?
              sqlite3_column_blob(pStmt, 4):
              sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 4)
           );
        int n = z ? sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, 4) : 0;
        pSample->nByte = n;
        if( n < 1){
          pSample->u.z = 0;
        }else{
          pSample->u.z = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, n);
          if( pSample->u.z==0 ){
            db->mallocFailed = 1;
            sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
            return SQLITE_NOMEM;
          }
          memcpy(pSample->u.z, z, n);
        }
      }
    }
  }
  return sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 */

/*
** Load the content of the sqlite_stat1 and sqlite_stat3 tables. The
** contents of sqlite_stat1 are used to populate the Index.aiRowEst[]
** arrays. The contents of sqlite_stat3 are used to populate the



** Index.aSample[] arrays.
**
** If the sqlite_stat1 table is not present in the database, SQLITE_ERROR
** is returned. In this case, even if SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 was defined 
** during compilation and the sqlite_stat3 table is present, no data is 
** read from it.
**
** If SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 was defined during compilation and the 
** sqlite_stat3 table is not present in the database, SQLITE_ERROR is
** returned. However, in this case, data is read from the sqlite_stat1
** table (if it is present) before returning.
**
** If an OOM error occurs, this function always sets db->mallocFailed.
** This means if the caller does not care about other errors, the return
** code may be ignored.
*/
................................................................................
  assert( db->aDb[iDb].pBt!=0 );

  /* Clear any prior statistics */
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
  for(i=sqliteHashFirst(&db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->idxHash);i;i=sqliteHashNext(i)){
    Index *pIdx = sqliteHashData(i);
    sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIdx);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
    sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(db, pIdx);
    pIdx->aSample = 0;
#endif
  }

  /* Check to make sure the sqlite_stat1 table exists */
  sInfo.db = db;
................................................................................
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, analysisLoader, &sInfo, 0);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
  }


  /* Load the statistics from the sqlite_stat3 table. */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int lookasideEnabled = db->lookaside.bEnabled;
    db->lookaside.bEnabled = 0;
    rc = loadStat3(db, sInfo.zDatabase);
    db->lookaside.bEnabled = lookasideEnabled;
  }
#endif

  if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,         /* The parsing context */
  int iDb,               /* The database number */
  const char *zType,     /* "idx" or "tbl" */
  const char *zName      /* Name of index or table */
){
  int i;
  const char *zDbName = pParse->db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  for(i=1; i<=3; i++){
    char zTab[24];
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zTab),zTab,"sqlite_stat%d",i);
    if( sqlite3FindTable(pParse->db, zTab, zDbName) ){
      sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
        "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE %s=%Q",
        zDbName, zTab, zType, zName
      );
................................................................................

  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aBuiltinFunc); i++){
    sqlite3FuncDefInsert(pHash, &aFunc[i]);
  }
  sqlite3RegisterDateTimeFunctions();
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ALTERTABLE
  sqlite3AlterFunctions();



#endif
}

/************** End of func.c ************************************************/
/************** Begin file fkey.c ********************************************/
/*
**
................................................................................
  **
  ** Get or set the size limit on rollback journal files.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"journal_size_limit")==0 ){
    Pager *pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pDb->pBt);
    i64 iLimit = -2;
    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3Atoi64(zRight, &iLimit, 1000000, SQLITE_UTF8);
      if( iLimit<-1 ) iLimit = -1;
    }
    iLimit = sqlite3PagerJournalSizeLimit(pPager, iLimit);
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "journal_size_limit", iLimit);
  }else

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS */
................................................................................
  **
  ** This value is advisory.  The underlying VFS is free to memory map
  ** as little or as much as it wants.  Except, if N is set to 0 then the
  ** upper layers will never invoke the xFetch interfaces to the VFS.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"mmap_size")==0 ){
    sqlite3_int64 sz;

    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
    if( zRight ){
      int ii;
      sqlite3Atoi64(zRight, &sz, 1000, SQLITE_UTF8);
      if( sz<0 ) sz = sqlite3GlobalConfig.szMmap;
      if( pId2->n==0 ) db->szMmap = sz;
      for(ii=db->nDb-1; ii>=0; ii--){
        if( db->aDb[ii].pBt && (ii==iDb || pId2->n==0) ){
          sqlite3BtreeSetMmapLimit(db->aDb[ii].pBt, sz);
        }
      }
    }
    sz = -1;
    rc = sqlite3_file_control(db, zDb, SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE, &sz);
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE==0
    sz = 0;

#endif
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "mmap_size", sz);
    }else if( rc!=SQLITE_NOTFOUND ){
      pParse->nErr++;
      pParse->rc = rc;
    }
................................................................................
** on register iReg. This is used when an equivalent integer value is 
** stored in place of an 8-byte floating point value in order to save 
** space.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ColumnDefault(Vdbe *v, Table *pTab, int i, int iReg){
  assert( pTab!=0 );
  if( !pTab->pSelect ){
    sqlite3_value *pValue;
    u8 enc = ENC(sqlite3VdbeDb(v));
    Column *pCol = &pTab->aCol[i];
    VdbeComment((v, "%s.%s", pTab->zName, pCol->zName));
    assert( i<pTab->nCol );
    sqlite3ValueFromExpr(sqlite3VdbeDb(v), pCol->pDflt, enc, 
                         pCol->affinity, &pValue);
    if( pValue ){
................................................................................
#define TERM_DYNAMIC    0x01   /* Need to call sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr) */
#define TERM_VIRTUAL    0x02   /* Added by the optimizer.  Do not code */
#define TERM_CODED      0x04   /* This term is already coded */
#define TERM_COPIED     0x08   /* Has a child */
#define TERM_ORINFO     0x10   /* Need to free the WhereTerm.u.pOrInfo object */
#define TERM_ANDINFO    0x20   /* Need to free the WhereTerm.u.pAndInfo obj */
#define TERM_OR_OK      0x40   /* Used during OR-clause processing */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
#  define TERM_VNULL    0x80   /* Manufactured x>NULL or x<=NULL term */
#else
#  define TERM_VNULL    0x00   /* Disabled if not using stat3 */
#endif

/*
** An instance of the WhereScan object is used as an iterator for locating
................................................................................
*/
struct WhereLoopBuilder {
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;        /* Information about this WHERE */
  WhereClause *pWC;         /* WHERE clause terms */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;       /* ORDER BY clause */
  WhereLoop *pNew;          /* Template WhereLoop */
  WhereOrSet *pOrSet;       /* Record best loops here, if not NULL */




};

/*
** The WHERE clause processing routine has two halves.  The
** first part does the start of the WHERE loop and the second
** half does the tail of the WHERE loop.  An instance of
** this structure is returned by the first half and passed
................................................................................
      pTerm->nChild = 1;
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
      pNewTerm->prereqAll = pTerm->prereqAll;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
  /* When sqlite_stat3 histogram data is available an operator of the
  ** form "x IS NOT NULL" can sometimes be evaluated more efficiently
  ** as "x>NULL" if x is not an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY.  So construct a
  ** virtual term of that form.
  **
  ** Note that the virtual term must be tagged with TERM_VNULL.  This
  ** TERM_VNULL tag will suppress the not-null check at the beginning
................................................................................
      pNewTerm->iParent = idxTerm;
      pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
      pTerm->nChild = 1;
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
      pNewTerm->prereqAll = pTerm->prereqAll;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT */

  /* Prevent ON clause terms of a LEFT JOIN from being used to drive
  ** an index for tables to the left of the join.
  */
  pTerm->prereqRight |= extraRight;
}

................................................................................
  }

  return pParse->nErr;
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE) */


#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
/*
** Estimate the location of a particular key among all keys in an
** index.  Store the results in aStat as follows:
**
**    aStat[0]      Est. number of rows less than pVal
**    aStat[1]      Est. number of rows equal to pVal
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success.
*/
static int whereKeyStats(
  Parse *pParse,              /* Database connection */
  Index *pIdx,                /* Index to consider domain of */
  sqlite3_value *pVal,        /* Value to consider */
  int roundUp,                /* Round up if true.  Round down if false */
  tRowcnt *aStat              /* OUT: stats written here */
){
  tRowcnt n;
  IndexSample *aSample;

  int i, eType;
  int isEq = 0;
  i64 v;
  double r, rS;

  assert( roundUp==0 || roundUp==1 );
  assert( pIdx->nSample>0 );
  if( pVal==0 ) return SQLITE_ERROR;


  n = pIdx->aiRowEst[0];
  aSample = pIdx->aSample;
  eType = sqlite3_value_type(pVal);

  if( eType==SQLITE_INTEGER ){
    v = sqlite3_value_int64(pVal);
    r = (i64)v;
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nSample; i++){
      if( aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_NULL ) continue;
      if( aSample[i].eType>=SQLITE_TEXT ) break;
      if( aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_INTEGER ){
        if( aSample[i].u.i>=v ){
          isEq = aSample[i].u.i==v;
          break;
        }

      }else{
        assert( aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_FLOAT );
        if( aSample[i].u.r>=r ){
          isEq = aSample[i].u.r==r;
          break;
        }
      }
    }
  }else if( eType==SQLITE_FLOAT ){
    r = sqlite3_value_double(pVal);
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nSample; i++){
      if( aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_NULL ) continue;
      if( aSample[i].eType>=SQLITE_TEXT ) break;
      if( aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_FLOAT ){
        rS = aSample[i].u.r;
      }else{
        rS = aSample[i].u.i;
      }
      if( rS>=r ){
        isEq = rS==r;
        break;
      }
    }
  }else if( eType==SQLITE_NULL ){
    i = 0;
    if( aSample[0].eType==SQLITE_NULL ) isEq = 1;
  }else{
    assert( eType==SQLITE_TEXT || eType==SQLITE_BLOB );
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nSample; i++){
      if( aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_TEXT || aSample[i].eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
        break;
      }

    }






    if( i<pIdx->nSample ){      

      sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
      CollSeq *pColl;
      const u8 *z;
      if( eType==SQLITE_BLOB ){
        z = (const u8 *)sqlite3_value_blob(pVal);
        pColl = db->pDfltColl;
        assert( pColl->enc==SQLITE_UTF8 );
      }else{
        pColl = sqlite3GetCollSeq(pParse, SQLITE_UTF8, 0, *pIdx->azColl);
        /* If the collating sequence was unavailable, we should have failed
        ** long ago and never reached this point.  But we'll check just to
        ** be doubly sure. */
        if( NEVER(pColl==0) ) return SQLITE_ERROR;
        z = (const u8 *)sqlite3ValueText(pVal, pColl->enc);
        if( !z ){
          return SQLITE_NOMEM;
        }
        assert( z && pColl && pColl->xCmp );
      }
      n = sqlite3ValueBytes(pVal, pColl->enc);
  


      for(; i<pIdx->nSample; i++){
        int c;
        int eSampletype = aSample[i].eType;
        if( eSampletype<eType ) continue;
        if( eSampletype!=eType ) break;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
        if( pColl->enc!=SQLITE_UTF8 ){
          int nSample;
          char *zSample = sqlite3Utf8to16(
              db, pColl->enc, aSample[i].u.z, aSample[i].nByte, &nSample
          );
          if( !zSample ){

            assert( db->mallocFailed );
            return SQLITE_NOMEM;



          }
          c = pColl->xCmp(pColl->pUser, nSample, zSample, n, z);
          sqlite3DbFree(db, zSample);
        }else
#endif

        {
          c = pColl->xCmp(pColl->pUser, aSample[i].nByte, aSample[i].u.z, n, z);
        }
        if( c>=0 ){
          if( c==0 ) isEq = 1;
          break;
        }
      }
    }
  }

  /* At this point, aSample[i] is the first sample that is greater than
  ** or equal to pVal.  Or if i==pIdx->nSample, then all samples are less
  ** than pVal.  If aSample[i]==pVal, then isEq==1.
  */
  if( isEq ){
    assert( i<pIdx->nSample );

    aStat[0] = aSample[i].nLt;
    aStat[1] = aSample[i].nEq;
  }else{
    tRowcnt iLower, iUpper, iGap;
    if( i==0 ){
      iLower = 0;
      iUpper = aSample[0].nLt;
    }else{
      iUpper = i>=pIdx->nSample ? n : aSample[i].nLt;
      iLower = aSample[i-1].nEq + aSample[i-1].nLt;
    }
    aStat[1] = pIdx->avgEq;
    if( iLower>=iUpper ){
      iGap = 0;
    }else{
      iGap = iUpper - iLower;
    }
    if( roundUp ){
      iGap = (iGap*2)/3;
    }else{
      iGap = iGap/3;
    }
    aStat[0] = iLower + iGap;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 */

/*
** If expression pExpr represents a literal value, set *pp to point to
** an sqlite3_value structure containing the same value, with affinity
** aff applied to it, before returning. It is the responsibility of the 
** caller to eventually release this structure by passing it to 
** sqlite3ValueFree().
**
** If the current parse is a recompile (sqlite3Reprepare()) and pExpr
** is an SQL variable that currently has a non-NULL value bound to it,
** create an sqlite3_value structure containing this value, again with
** affinity aff applied to it, instead.
**
** If neither of the above apply, set *pp to NULL.
**
** If an error occurs, return an error code. Otherwise, SQLITE_OK.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
static int valueFromExpr(
  Parse *pParse, 
  Expr *pExpr, 
  u8 aff, 
  sqlite3_value **pp
){
  if( pExpr->op==TK_VARIABLE
   || (pExpr->op==TK_REGISTER && pExpr->op2==TK_VARIABLE)
  ){
    int iVar = pExpr->iColumn;
    sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(pParse->pVdbe, iVar);
    *pp = sqlite3VdbeGetBoundValue(pParse->pReprepare, iVar, aff);
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  return sqlite3ValueFromExpr(pParse->db, pExpr, SQLITE_UTF8, aff, pp);
}
#endif

/*
** This function is used to estimate the number of rows that will be visited
** by scanning an index for a range of values. The range may have an upper
** bound, a lower bound, or both. The WHERE clause terms that set the upper
** and lower bounds are represented by pLower and pUpper respectively. For
** example, assuming that index p is on t1(a):
................................................................................
**                    |_____|   |_____|
**                       |         |
**                     pLower    pUpper
**
** If either of the upper or lower bound is not present, then NULL is passed in
** place of the corresponding WhereTerm.
**
** The nEq parameter is passed the index of the index column subject to the
** range constraint. Or, equivalently, the number of equality constraints
** optimized by the proposed index scan. For example, assuming index p is
** on t1(a, b), and the SQL query is:
**
**   ... FROM t1 WHERE a = ? AND b > ? AND b < ? ...
**
** then nEq should be passed the value 1 (as the range restricted column,
** b, is the second left-most column of the index). Or, if the query is:
**
**   ... FROM t1 WHERE a > ? AND a < ? ...
**
** then nEq should be passed 0.
**
** The returned value is an integer divisor to reduce the estimated
** search space.  A return value of 1 means that range constraints are
** no help at all.  A return value of 2 means range constraints are
** expected to reduce the search space by half.  And so forth...

**
** In the absence of sqlite_stat3 ANALYZE data, each range inequality
** reduces the search space by a factor of 4.  Hence a single constraint (x>?)
** results in a return of 4 and a range constraint (x>? AND x<?) results
** in a return of 16.

*/
static int whereRangeScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  Index *p,            /* The index containing the range-compared column; "x" */
  int nEq,             /* index into p->aCol[] of the range-compared column */
  WhereTerm *pLower,   /* Lower bound on the range. ex: "x>123" Might be NULL */
  WhereTerm *pUpper,   /* Upper bound on the range. ex: "x<455" Might be NULL */
  WhereCost *pRangeDiv /* OUT: Reduce search space by this divisor */

){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;


#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3






  if( nEq==0 && p->nSample && OptimizationEnabled(pParse->db, SQLITE_Stat3) ){
    sqlite3_value *pRangeVal;
    tRowcnt iLower = 0;
    tRowcnt iUpper = p->aiRowEst[0];


    tRowcnt a[2];
    u8 aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[0]].affinity;


































    if( pLower ){

      Expr *pExpr = pLower->pExpr->pRight;
      rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pRangeVal);
      assert( (pLower->eOperator & (WO_GT|WO_GE))!=0 );

      if( rc==SQLITE_OK

       && whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRangeVal, 0, a)==SQLITE_OK
      ){
        iLower = a[0];
        if( (pLower->eOperator & WO_GT)!=0 ) iLower += a[1];

      }
      sqlite3ValueFree(pRangeVal);
    }


    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pUpper ){

      Expr *pExpr = pUpper->pExpr->pRight;
      rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pRangeVal);
      assert( (pUpper->eOperator & (WO_LT|WO_LE))!=0 );

      if( rc==SQLITE_OK

       && whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRangeVal, 1, a)==SQLITE_OK
      ){
        iUpper = a[0];
        if( (pUpper->eOperator & WO_LE)!=0 ) iUpper += a[1];

      }
      sqlite3ValueFree(pRangeVal);
    }


    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      WhereCost iBase = whereCost(p->aiRowEst[0]);

      if( iUpper>iLower ){
        iBase -= whereCost(iUpper - iLower);


      }
      *pRangeDiv = iBase;




      WHERETRACE(0x100, ("range scan regions: %u..%u  div=%d\n",
                         (u32)iLower, (u32)iUpper, *pRangeDiv));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pParse);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(p);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(nEq);
#endif
  assert( pLower || pUpper );
  *pRangeDiv = 0;
  /* TUNING:  Each inequality constraint reduces the search space 4-fold.
  ** A BETWEEN operator, therefore, reduces the search space 16-fold */
  if( pLower && (pLower->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 ){
    *pRangeDiv += 20;  assert( 20==whereCost(4) );
  }
  if( pUpper ){
    *pRangeDiv += 20;  assert( 20==whereCost(4) );
  }


  return rc;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
/*
** Estimate the number of rows that will be returned based on
** an equality constraint x=VALUE and where that VALUE occurs in
** the histogram data.  This only works when x is the left-most
** column of an index and sqlite_stat3 histogram data is available
** for that index.  When pExpr==NULL that means the constraint is
** "x IS NULL" instead of "x=VALUE".
................................................................................
** This routine can fail if it is unable to load a collating sequence
** required for string comparison, or if unable to allocate memory
** for a UTF conversion required for comparison.  The error is stored
** in the pParse structure.
*/
static int whereEqualScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  Index *p,            /* The index whose left-most column is pTerm */
  Expr *pExpr,         /* Expression for VALUE in the x=VALUE constraint */
  tRowcnt *pnRow       /* Write the revised row estimate here */
){
  sqlite3_value *pRhs = 0;  /* VALUE on right-hand side of pTerm */


  u8 aff;                   /* Column affinity */
  int rc;                   /* Subfunction return code */
  tRowcnt a[2];             /* Statistics */




  assert( p->aSample!=0 );
  assert( p->nSample>0 );
  aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[0]].affinity;
  if( pExpr ){
    rc = valueFromExpr(pParse, pExpr, aff, &pRhs);
    if( rc ) goto whereEqualScanEst_cancel;
  }else{

    pRhs = sqlite3ValueNew(pParse->db);



  }












  if( pRhs==0 ) return SQLITE_NOTFOUND;


  rc = whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRhs, 0, a);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    WHERETRACE(0x100,("equality scan regions: %d\n", (int)a[1]));
    *pnRow = a[1];
  }
whereEqualScanEst_cancel:
  sqlite3ValueFree(pRhs);
  return rc;
}
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3) */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
/*
** Estimate the number of rows that will be returned based on
** an IN constraint where the right-hand side of the IN operator
** is a list of values.  Example:
**
**        WHERE x IN (1,2,3,4)
**
................................................................................
** This routine can fail if it is unable to load a collating sequence
** required for string comparison, or if unable to allocate memory
** for a UTF conversion required for comparison.  The error is stored
** in the pParse structure.
*/
static int whereInScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  Index *p,            /* The index whose left-most column is pTerm */
  ExprList *pList,     /* The value list on the RHS of "x IN (v1,v2,v3,...)" */
  tRowcnt *pnRow       /* Write the revised row estimate here */
){


  int rc = SQLITE_OK;     /* Subfunction return code */
  tRowcnt nEst;           /* Number of rows for a single term */
  tRowcnt nRowEst = 0;    /* New estimate of the number of rows */
  int i;                  /* Loop counter */

  assert( p->aSample!=0 );
  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<pList->nExpr; i++){
    nEst = p->aiRowEst[0];
    rc = whereEqualScanEst(pParse, p, pList->a[i].pExpr, &nEst);
    nRowEst += nEst;

  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( nRowEst > p->aiRowEst[0] ) nRowEst = p->aiRowEst[0];
    *pnRow = nRowEst;
    WHERETRACE(0x100,("IN row estimate: est=%g\n", nRowEst));
  }

  return rc;
}
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3) */

/*
** Disable a term in the WHERE clause.  Except, do not disable the term
** if it controls a LEFT OUTER JOIN and it did not originate in the ON
** or USING clause of that join.
**
** Consider the term t2.z='ok' in the following queries:
................................................................................
  zAff = sqlite3DbStrDup(pParse->db, sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v, pIdx));
  if( !zAff ){
    pParse->db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }

  /* Evaluate the equality constraints
  */
  assert( zAff==0 || strlen(zAff)>=nEq );
  for(j=0; j<nEq; j++){
    int r1;
    pTerm = pLoop->aLTerm[j];
    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    /* The following true for indices with redundant columns. 
    ** Ex: CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a,b,a); SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=0 AND b=0; */
    testcase( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED)!=0 );
................................................................................
  saved_wsFlags = pNew->wsFlags;
  saved_prereq = pNew->prereq;
  saved_nOut = pNew->nOut;
  pNew->rSetup = 0;
  rLogSize = estLog(whereCost(pProbe->aiRowEst[0]));
  for(; rc==SQLITE_OK && pTerm!=0; pTerm = whereScanNext(&scan)){
    int nIn = 0;
    if( pTerm->prereqRight & pNew->maskSelf ) continue;


    if( (pTerm->eOperator==WO_ISNULL || (pTerm->wtFlags&TERM_VNULL)!=0)
     && (iCol<0 || pSrc->pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull)
    ){
      continue; /* ignore IS [NOT] NULL constraints on NOT NULL columns */
    }




    pNew->wsFlags = saved_wsFlags;
    pNew->u.btree.nEq = saved_nEq;
    pNew->nLTerm = saved_nLTerm;
    if( whereLoopResize(db, pNew, pNew->nLTerm+1) ) break; /* OOM */
    pNew->aLTerm[pNew->nLTerm++] = pTerm;
    pNew->prereq = (saved_prereq | pTerm->prereqRight) & ~pNew->maskSelf;
    pNew->rRun = rLogSize; /* Baseline cost is log2(N).  Adjustments below */
................................................................................
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT;
      pTop = pTerm;
      pBtm = (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_BTM_LIMIT)!=0 ?
                     pNew->aLTerm[pNew->nLTerm-2] : 0;
    }
    if( pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE ){
      /* Adjust nOut and rRun for STAT3 range values */
      WhereCost rDiv;
      whereRangeScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pNew->u.btree.nEq,
                        pBtm, pTop, &rDiv);
      pNew->nOut = saved_nOut>rDiv+10 ? saved_nOut - rDiv : 10;
    }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3

    if( pNew->u.btree.nEq==1 && pProbe->nSample

     &&  OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_Stat3) ){


      tRowcnt nOut = 0;
      if( (pTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL))!=0 ){
        testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_EQ );
        testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL );
        rc = whereEqualScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pTerm->pExpr->pRight, &nOut);
      }else if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN)
             &&  !ExprHasProperty(pTerm->pExpr, EP_xIsSelect)  ){
        rc = whereInScanEst(pParse, pProbe, pTerm->pExpr->x.pList, &nOut);
      }
      assert( nOut==0 || rc==SQLITE_OK );

      if( nOut ) pNew->nOut = whereCost(nOut);


    }
#endif
    if( (pNew->wsFlags & (WHERE_IDX_ONLY|WHERE_IPK))==0 ){
      /* Each row involves a step of the index, then a binary search of
      ** the main table */
      pNew->rRun =  whereCostAdd(pNew->rRun, rLogSize>27 ? rLogSize-17 : 10);
    }
................................................................................
    /* TBD: Adjust nOut for additional constraints */
    rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
    if( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT)==0
     && pNew->u.btree.nEq<(pProbe->nColumn + (pProbe->zName!=0))
    ){
      whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(pBuilder, pSrc, pProbe, nInMul+nIn);
    }




  }
  pNew->prereq = saved_prereq;
  pNew->u.btree.nEq = saved_nEq;
  pNew->wsFlags = saved_wsFlags;
  pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
  pNew->nLTerm = saved_nLTerm;
  return rc;
................................................................................
          ** which we will simplify to just N*log2(N) */
          pNew->rRun = rSize + rLogSize;
        }
        rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
        if( rc ) break;
      }
    }

    rc = whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(pBuilder, pSrc, pProbe, 0);






    /* If there was an INDEXED BY clause, then only that one index is
    ** considered. */
    if( pSrc->pIndex ) break;
  }
  return rc;
}


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1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
...
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
....
8366
8367
8368
8369
8370
8371
8372
8373
8374
8375
8376
8377
8378
8379
8380
8381
8382
8383
8384
8385
8386
8387
8388
8389
8390
8391
8392
8393
.....
10782
10783
10784
10785
10786
10787
10788
10789
10790
10791
10792
10793
10794
10795
10796
10797
10798
10799
10800
10801
10802
10803
10804





10805
10806
10807
10808
10809
10810
10811
10812
10813
10814
.....
12272
12273
12274
12275
12276
12277
12278



12279
12280
12281
12282
12283
12284
12285
.....
12337
12338
12339
12340
12341
12342
12343
12344
12345
12346
12347
12348
12349
12350
12351
12352
12353
12354
12355
12356
.....
12927
12928
12929
12930
12931
12932
12933
12934
12935
12936
12937
12938
12939
12940
12941
12942
12943
.....
16088
16089
16090
16091
16092
16093
16094
16095
16096
16097
16098
16099
16100
16101
16102
.....
16130
16131
16132
16133
16134
16135
16136
16137
16138
16139
16140
16141
16142
16143
16144
16145
16146
16147
16148
16149
16150
16151
16152
.....
16233
16234
16235
16236
16237
16238
16239
16240
16241
16242
16243
16244
16245
16246
16247
16248
16249
.....
16259
16260
16261
16262
16263
16264
16265
16266
16267
16268
16269
16270
16271
16272
16273
.....
16374
16375
16376
16377
16378
16379
16380
16381
16382
16383
16384
16385
16386
16387
16388
.....
18496
18497
18498
18499
18500
18501
18502
18503
18504
18505
18506
18507
18508
18509
18510
.....
18534
18535
18536
18537
18538
18539
18540
18541
18542
18543
18544
18545
18546
18547
18548
.....
21095
21096
21097
21098
21099
21100
21101


























21102
21103
21104
21105
21106
21107
21108
.....
23051
23052
23053
23054
23055
23056
23057
23058
23059
23060
23061
23062
23063
23064
23065
23066
23067
23068
23069
23070
23071
.....
23492
23493
23494
23495
23496
23497
23498
23499
23500
23501
23502
23503
23504
23505
23506
23507
23508
23509
23510
23511
23512
23513
23514
23515
23516
23517
23518
23519
.....
23591
23592
23593
23594
23595
23596
23597
23598
23599
23600
23601
23602
23603
23604
23605
23606
23607
23608
23609
23610
23611
23612
23613
23614
23615
23616
23617
23618
23619
23620
23621
23622
23623
23624
23625
23626
23627
23628
23629
.....
23643
23644
23645
23646
23647
23648
23649
23650
23651
23652
23653
23654
23655
23656
23657
.....
24941
24942
24943
24944
24945
24946
24947
24948
24949
24950
24951
24952
24953
24954
24955
24956
24957
24958
24959
24960
24961
24962
24963
24964
24965
24966
24967
24968
24969
24970
24971
24972
24973
24974
.....
26165
26166
26167
26168
26169
26170
26171
26172
26173
26174
26175
26176
26177
26178
26179
.....
26280
26281
26282
26283
26284
26285
26286
26287
26288
26289
26290
26291
26292
26293
26294
.....
26666
26667
26668
26669
26670
26671
26672
26673
26674
26675
26676
26677
26678
26679
26680
26681
26682
26683
26684
26685
26686
26687
26688
.....
26764
26765
26766
26767
26768
26769
26770
26771
26772
26773
26774
26775
26776
26777
26778
26779
26780
26781
26782
26783
26784
26785
26786
26787
26788
26789
26790
26791
.....
26846
26847
26848
26849
26850
26851
26852
26853
26854
26855
26856
26857
26858
26859
26860
.....
26863
26864
26865
26866
26867
26868
26869
26870
26871
26872
26873
26874
26875
26876
26877
.....
27674
27675
27676
27677
27678
27679
27680
27681
27682
27683
27684
27685
27686

27687
27688
27689
27690
27691
27692

27693
27694

27695
27696
27697
27698
27699
27700
27701
27702
27703
27704
27705
27706

27707

27708
27709
27710
27711
27712
27713
27714
.....
27785
27786
27787
27788
27789
27790
27791

27792
27793
27794
27795
27796
27797
27798
.....
27803
27804
27805
27806
27807
27808
27809

27810
27811
27812
27813
27814
27815
27816
.....
27828
27829
27830
27831
27832
27833
27834

27835
27836
27837
27838
27839
27840
27841
27842
27843
27844
27845
.....
27880
27881
27882
27883
27884
27885
27886
27887
27888
27889
27890
27891
27892
27893
27894
.....
27896
27897
27898
27899
27900
27901
27902
27903
27904
27905
27906
27907
27908
27909
27910
.....
28228
28229
28230
28231
28232
28233
28234
28235
28236
28237
28238
28239
28240
28241
28242
28243
28244
.....
30731
30732
30733
30734
30735
30736
30737
30738
30739
30740
30741
30742
30743
30744
30745
.....
30751
30752
30753
30754
30755
30756
30757
30758
30759
30760
30761
30762
30763
30764
30765
30766
30767
30768
30769
30770
30771
30772
30773
30774
30775
30776
30777
30778
30779
30780
30781
30782
30783
30784
30785
30786
30787
30788
30789
30790
30791
30792
30793
30794
30795
30796
30797
30798
30799
30800
30801
30802
30803
30804
30805
30806
30807
30808
30809
30810
30811
30812
30813
30814
30815
30816
30817
30818
30819
30820
30821
30822
30823
30824
.....
31818
31819
31820
31821
31822
31823
31824
31825
31826
31827
31828
31829
31830
31831
31832
31833
31834
31835
31836
.....
32033
32034
32035
32036
32037
32038
32039
32040
32041
32042
32043
32044
32045
32046
32047
.....
32058
32059
32060
32061
32062
32063
32064
32065
32066
32067
32068
32069
32070
32071
32072
.....
32086
32087
32088
32089
32090
32091
32092
32093
32094
32095
32096
32097
32098
32099
32100
.....
32116
32117
32118
32119
32120
32121
32122
32123
32124
32125
32126
32127
32128
32129
32130
.....
32146
32147
32148
32149
32150
32151
32152
32153
32154
32155
32156
32157
32158
32159
32160
32161
32162
32163
32164
32165
32166
32167
32168
32169
32170
32171
32172
32173
32174
32175
32176
32177
32178
32179
32180
32181
.....
32197
32198
32199
32200
32201
32202
32203
32204
32205
32206
32207
32208
32209
32210
32211
32212
32213
32214
32215
32216
32217
32218
32219
32220
32221
32222
32223
32224
32225
32226
32227
32228
32229
32230
32231
32232
32233
32234
32235
32236
32237
32238
32239
32240
32241
32242
32243
32244
32245
.....
32248
32249
32250
32251
32252
32253
32254
32255
32256
32257
32258
32259
32260
32261
32262
.....
32316
32317
32318
32319
32320
32321
32322
32323
32324
32325
32326
32327
32328
32329
32330
.....
32341
32342
32343
32344
32345
32346
32347
32348
32349
32350
32351
32352
32353
32354
32355
32356
32357
32358
32359
32360
32361
32362
32363
32364
32365
32366
32367
32368
32369
32370
32371
32372
32373
32374
32375
32376
32377
32378
32379
32380
32381
32382
32383
32384
32385
32386
32387
32388
32389
32390
32391
.....
32442
32443
32444
32445
32446
32447
32448
32449
32450
32451
32452
32453
32454
32455
32456
.....
32715
32716
32717
32718
32719
32720
32721
32722
32723
32724
32725
32726
32727
32728
32729
.....
32746
32747
32748
32749
32750
32751
32752
32753
32754
32755
32756
32757
32758
32759
32760
.....
32776
32777
32778
32779
32780
32781
32782
32783
32784
32785
32786
32787
32788
32789
32790
.....
32801
32802
32803
32804
32805
32806
32807
32808
32809
32810
32811
32812
32813
32814
32815
.....
32822
32823
32824
32825
32826
32827
32828
32829
32830
32831
32832
32833
32834
32835
32836
.....
32937
32938
32939
32940
32941
32942
32943
32944
32945
32946
32947
32948
32949
32950
32951
32952
32953
32954
32955
32956
32957
32958
32959
32960
32961
32962
32963
32964
32965
32966
32967
32968
32969
32970
.....
33009
33010
33011
33012
33013
33014
33015
33016
33017
33018
33019
33020
33021
33022
33023
.....
33034
33035
33036
33037
33038
33039
33040
33041
33042
33043
33044
33045
33046
33047
33048
.....
33066
33067
33068
33069
33070
33071
33072
33073
33074
33075
33076
33077
33078
33079
33080
.....
33095
33096
33097
33098
33099
33100
33101
33102
33103
33104
33105
33106
33107
33108
33109
.....
33176
33177
33178
33179
33180
33181
33182
33183
33184
33185
33186
33187
33188
33189
33190
.....
33274
33275
33276
33277
33278
33279
33280
33281
33282
33283
33284
33285
33286
33287
33288
33289
33290
33291
.....
33309
33310
33311
33312
33313
33314
33315
33316
33317
33318
33319
33320
33321
33322
33323
33324
33325
33326
33327
33328
33329
33330
33331
33332
33333
33334
33335
33336
33337
33338
.....
33415
33416
33417
33418
33419
33420
33421
33422
33423
33424
33425
33426
33427
33428
33429
.....
33446
33447
33448
33449
33450
33451
33452
33453
33454
33455
33456
33457
33458
33459
33460
33461
33462
33463
33464
33465
33466
33467
.....
33470
33471
33472
33473
33474
33475
33476


33477
33478
33479
33480
33481
33482
33483
33484
33485
33486
33487
.....
33533
33534
33535
33536
33537
33538
33539
33540
33541
33542
33543
33544
33545
33546
33547
33548
33549
33550
33551
33552
33553
33554
33555
33556
33557
33558
.....
33572
33573
33574
33575
33576
33577
33578
33579
33580
33581
33582
33583
33584
33585
33586
.....
33635
33636
33637
33638
33639
33640
33641
33642
33643
33644
33645
33646
33647
33648
33649
33650
33651
33652
33653
33654

33655
33656
33657
33658
33659
33660
33661
33662
33663
33664
33665
33666
33667
33668
.....
34616
34617
34618
34619
34620
34621
34622
34623
34624
34625
34626
34627
34628
34629
34630
34631
34632
34633
34634
34635
34636
34637
34638
34639

34640
34641
34642
34643
34644
34645
34646
34647
34648
34649
34650

34651
34652

34653
34654
34655
34656
34657
34658
34659
34660
34661
34662
34663
34664
34665
34666
34667
34668
34669
34670
34671
34672
34673
34674
34675
34676
34677
34678
34679
34680
34681
34682
34683

34684
34685
34686
34687
34688
34689
34690
34691
34692
34693
34694
34695
34696
34697
34698
34699
34700
34701
34702
34703
34704
34705
34706
34707
34708
34709
34710
34711
34712
34713
34714
34715
34716
34717
34718
34719
34720
34721
34722
34723
34724
34725
34726
34727
34728
34729
34730
34731
34732
34733
34734
34735
34736
34737
34738








34739








34740
34741
34742
34743
34744
34745
34746
34747
34748
34749
34750
34751
34752
34753

34754



34755
34756
34757
34758
34759
34760
34761
34762
34763
34764
34765
34766
34767
34768
34769
.....
34771
34772
34773
34774
34775
34776
34777
34778
34779
34780
34781
34782
34783
34784
34785
34786
34787
34788
34789
34790
34791
.....
34794
34795
34796
34797
34798
34799
34800
34801
34802
34803
34804
34805
34806
34807
34808
.....
34817
34818
34819
34820
34821
34822
34823
34824
34825
34826
34827
34828
34829
34830
34831
.....
34872
34873
34874
34875
34876
34877
34878
34879
34880
34881
34882
34883
34884
34885
34886
34887
34888
34889
34890
34891
34892
34893
34894
34895
34896
34897
34898
34899
34900
34901
34902
34903
34904
34905
34906
34907
34908
34909
34910
34911
34912
34913
34914
34915
34916
34917
34918
34919
34920
34921
34922
.....
34955
34956
34957
34958
34959
34960
34961
34962
34963
34964
34965
34966
34967
34968
34969
.....
34970
34971
34972
34973
34974
34975
34976
34977
34978
34979
34980
34981
34982
34983
34984
34985
34986
34987
34988
34989
34990
34991
34992
34993
34994
34995
34996
34997
34998
34999
35000
35001
35002
35003
35004
35005
35006
35007
35008
35009
35010
35011
35012
35013
35014
35015
35016
35017
35018
35019
35020
35021
.....
35036
35037
35038
35039
35040
35041
35042
35043
35044
35045
35046
35047
35048
35049
35050
35051
35052
35053
35054
35055
35056
35057
35058
35059
35060
.....
35100
35101
35102
35103
35104
35105
35106
35107
35108
35109
35110
35111
35112
35113
35114
35115
35116
35117
35118
35119
.....
35144
35145
35146
35147
35148
35149
35150
35151
35152
35153
35154
35155
35156
35157
35158
.....
35172
35173
35174
35175
35176
35177
35178
35179
35180
35181
35182
35183
35184
35185
35186
35187
35188
35189
35190
35191
35192
35193
35194
35195
35196
35197
.....
35209
35210
35211
35212
35213
35214
35215
35216
35217
35218
35219
35220
35221
35222
35223
35224
35225
35226
35227
35228
35229
35230
35231
35232
35233
35234
35235
35236
35237
35238
35239
35240
35241
35242
35243
35244
35245
35246
35247
.....
35284
35285
35286
35287
35288
35289
35290
35291
35292
35293
35294
35295
35296
35297
35298
.....
35320
35321
35322
35323
35324
35325
35326

35327
35328
35329
35330
35331
35332
35333
35334
35335
35336
35337
35338
35339
35340

35341
35342
35343
35344
35345
35346
35347
35348
35349
35350
35351
35352
35353
35354
35355
35356
.....
35364
35365
35366
35367
35368
35369
35370
35371
35372
35373
35374
35375
35376
35377
35378
35379
.....
35397
35398
35399
35400
35401
35402
35403
35404
35405
35406
35407
35408
35409
35410
35411
35412
35413
35414
35415
35416
35417
35418
35419
.....
35429
35430
35431
35432
35433
35434
35435
35436
35437
35438
35439
35440
35441
35442
35443
.....
35482
35483
35484
35485
35486
35487
35488
35489
35490
35491
35492
35493
35494
35495
35496
35497
35498
35499
35500
35501
.....
35504
35505
35506
35507
35508
35509
35510
35511
35512
35513
35514
35515
35516
35517
35518
.....
35680
35681
35682
35683
35684
35685
35686
35687
35688
35689
35690
35691
35692
35693
35694
35695
35696
35697
35698
35699
35700
35701
35702
35703
35704
.....
35711
35712
35713
35714
35715
35716
35717
35718
35719
35720
35721
35722
35723
35724
35725
35726
35727
35728
35729
35730
35731
35732
35733
35734
35735
35736
35737
35738
35739
35740
35741
35742
35743
35744
35745
35746
35747
35748
35749
35750
.....
35753
35754
35755
35756
35757
35758
35759
35760
35761
35762
35763
35764
35765
35766
35767
35768
35769
35770
35771
.....
52233
52234
52235
52236
52237
52238
52239
52240
52241
52242
52243
52244
52245
52246
52247
.....
59986
59987
59988
59989
59990
59991
59992
59993
59994
59995
59996
59997
59998
59999
60000
60001
60002
60003
60004
60005
60006
60007






60008
60009
60010
60011
60012
60013
60014
60015
60016
60017
60018
60019
60020
60021
60022
60023
60024
60025
60026
60027
60028
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60031
60032
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60034
60035
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60051
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60060
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60064
60065
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60067
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60070
60071
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60074
60075
60076
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60078
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60081
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60083
60084
60085
60086
60087
60088
60089
60090
60091
60092
60093
60094
60095
60096
60097
.....
60101
60102
60103
60104
60105
60106
60107
60108
60109
60110
60111
60112
60113
60114
60115
.....
60118
60119
60120
60121
60122
60123
60124
60125
60126
60127
60128
60129
60130
60131
60132
60133
60134
60135
60136
60137
60138
60139
60140
60141
60142
60143
60144
60145
60146
60147
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60150
60151
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60153
60154
60155
60156
60157
60158
60159
60160
60161
60162
60163
60164
60165
60166
60167
60168
60169
60170
60171
60172
60173

60174
60175
60176
60177
60178
60179
60180
60181
60182
60183
60184
60185
60186
60187
60188
60189
60190
60191
60192
60193
60194
60195
60196
60197
60198
60199
60200
60201
60202
60203
60204
60205
60206
60207
60208
60209
60210
60211
60212
60213
60214
60215
60216
60217
60218
60219
60220
60221
60222
60223
60224
60225
60226
60227
60228
60229
60230
60231
60232
60233
60234
60235
60236
60237
60238
60239
60240
60241
60242
60243
60244
60245
60246
60247
60248
60249
60250
60251
60252
60253
60254
60255
60256
60257
60258
60259
60260
60261
60262
60263
60264
60265
60266
60267
60268
60269
60270
60271
60272
60273
60274
60275
60276
60277
60278
60279
60280
60281
60282
60283
60284
60285
60286
60287
60288
60289
60290
60291
60292
60293
60294
60295
60296
60297
60298
60299
60300
60301
60302
60303
60304
60305
60306
60307
60308
60309
60310
60311
60312
60313
60314
60315
60316
60317
60318
60319
60320
60321
60322
60323
60324
60325
60326
60327
60328
60329
60330
60331
60332
60333
60334
60335
60336
60337
60338
60339
60340
60341
60342
60343
60344
60345
60346
60347
60348
60349
60350
60351
60352
60353
60354
60355
60356
60357
60358
60359
60360
60361
60362
60363
60364
60365
.....
66471
66472
66473
66474
66475
66476
66477
66478
66479
66480
66481
66482
66483
66484
66485
66486
66487
66488
66489
66490
66491
66492
66493
66494
66495
66496
66497
66498
66499
66500
66501
66502
66503
66504
66505
66506
66507
66508
66509
66510
66511
66512
66513
66514
66515
66516
66517
66518
66519
.....
66598
66599
66600
66601
66602
66603
66604
66605
66606
66607
66608
66609
66610
66611
66612
.....
66814
66815
66816
66817
66818
66819
66820
66821
66822
66823
66824
66825
66826
66827
66828
.....
66887
66888
66889
66890
66891
66892
66893
66894
66895
66896
66897
66898
66899
66900
66901
66902
.....
66976
66977
66978
66979
66980
66981
66982
66983
66984
66985
66986
66987
66988
66989
66990
.....
67256
67257
67258
67259
67260
67261
67262
67263
67264
67265
67266
67267
67268
67269
67270
67271
67272
67273
67274
.....
67796
67797
67798
67799
67800
67801
67802
67803
67804
67805
67806
67807
67808
67809
67810
67811
67812
67813
67814
.....
68057
68058
68059
68060
68061
68062
68063
68064
68065
68066
68067
68068
68069
68070
68071
.....
68357
68358
68359
68360
68361
68362
68363
68364
68365
68366
68367
68368
68369
68370
68371
.....
68420
68421
68422
68423
68424
68425
68426
68427
68428
68429
68430
68431
68432
68433
68434
.....
68486
68487
68488
68489
68490
68491
68492
68493
68494
68495
68496
68497
68498
68499
68500
.....
69082
69083
69084
69085
69086
69087
69088
69089
69090
69091
69092
69093
69094
69095
69096
.....
69633
69634
69635
69636
69637
69638
69639
69640
69641
69642
69643
69644
69645
69646
69647
.....
69840
69841
69842
69843
69844
69845
69846
69847
69848
69849
69850
69851
69852
69853
69854
.....
70518
70519
70520
70521
70522
70523
70524
70525
70526
70527
70528
70529
70530
70531
70532
.....
70734
70735
70736
70737
70738
70739
70740
70741
70742
70743
70744
70745
70746
70747
70748
.....
70941
70942
70943
70944
70945
70946
70947
70948
70949
70950
70951
70952
70953
70954
70955
.....
71377
71378
71379
71380
71381
71382
71383
71384
71385
71386
71387
71388
71389
71390
71391
.....
71426
71427
71428
71429
71430
71431
71432
71433
71434
71435
71436
71437
71438
71439
71440
.....
71857
71858
71859
71860
71861
71862
71863
71864
71865
71866
71867
71868
71869
71870
71871
.....
77128
77129
77130
77131
77132
77133
77134
77135
77136
77137
77138
77139
77140
77141
77142
.....
80788
80789
80790
80791
80792
80793
80794
80795
80796
80797
80798
80799
80800
80801
80802
.....
80929
80930
80931
80932
80933
80934
80935
80936
80937
80938
80939
80940
80941
80942
80943
.....
80950
80951
80952
80953
80954
80955
80956
80957
80958
80959
80960
80961
80962
80963
80964
80965
80966
80967
80968
80969
80970
80971
80972
80973
80974
80975
80976
80977
80978
80979
80980
80981
80982
80983
80984
80985
80986
80987
80988
80989
.....
81022
81023
81024
81025
81026
81027
81028
81029
81030
81031
81032

81033
81034
81035
81036
81037
81038
81039
81040
81041
81042
81043


81044
81045
81046
81047
81048
81049
81050
81051
81052
81053
81054
81055
81056
81057
81058
81059









81060
81061
81062
81063
81064
81065
81066
81067
81068
81069
81070
81071
81072
81073
81074
81075
81076
81077
81078
81079
81080
81081
81082
81083
81084
81085
81086
81087
81088
81089
81090
81091
81092
81093



81094
81095
81096
81097
81098


81099
81100
81101

81102
81103
81104
81105
81106
81107
81108
81109
81110
81111
81112
81113
81114
81115
81116
81117
81118
81119
81120
81121
81122
81123
81124
81125
81126
81127




81128
81129
81130
81131
81132
81133
81134
81135
81136
81137
81138
81139
81140
81141
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81177
81178
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81187
81188
81189
81190
81191
81192
81193
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81197
81198
81199
81200
81201
81202
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81209
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81212
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81214
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81216
81217
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81220
81221
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81732
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81736
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81738
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81740
81741
81742
81743
81744
81745
81746
81747


81748
81749
81750
81751
81752
81753
81754
81755












81756


81757

81758
81759
81760
81761
81762

81763
81764
81765
81766
81767
81768
81769
81770
.....
81780
81781
81782
81783
81784
81785
81786
81787
81788
81789
81790
81791

81792
81793
81794
81795
81796
81797
81798

81799
81800

81801
81802
81803
81804
81805
81806
81807
81808
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81810
81811
81812
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81815
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81859
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81864
81865
81866
81867
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81894
81895
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81898
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81900
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81902
81903
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81907
81908
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81911
81912
81913
81914
81915
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81917
81918
81919
81920
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81922
81923
81924
81925
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81930
81931
81932
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81999
82000
82001
82002
82003
82004
82005
82006

82007
82008
82009
82010
82011
82012
82013
.....
82023
82024
82025
82026
82027
82028
82029
82030
82031
82032
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82034
82035
82036
82037
82038
82039
82040
82041
82042
82043
82044
82045
82046
82047
82048
.....
82059
82060
82061
82062
82063
82064
82065
82066
82067
82068
82069
82070
82071
82072
82073
.....
82141
82142
82143
82144
82145
82146
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82148
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82153
82154
82155
82156
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82184
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82186
82187
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82189
82190
82191
.....
82194
82195
82196
82197
82198
82199
82200


82201
82202
82203
82204
82205
82206
82207
.....
82211
82212
82213
82214
82215
82216
82217

82218





82219


82220




82221
82222
82223
82224

82225
82226
82227
82228
82229
82230
82231
82232
82233
82234
82235
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82239
82240
82241

82242

82243
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82308
82309
82310
82311
82312
82313
82314
82315
82316
82317


82318
82319
82320




82321


82322
82323
82324
82325
82326
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82330
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82357

82358

82359
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82374

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82385

82386
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82463
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82465
82466
82467
82468
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82470
82471
.....
82479
82480
82481
82482
82483
82484
82485
82486
82487
82488
82489
82490
82491
82492
82493
.....
82503
82504
82505
82506
82507
82508
82509
82510
82511
82512
82513
82514
82515
82516
82517
82518
82519
82520
82521
82522
.....
85364
85365
85366
85367
85368
85369
85370
85371
85372
85373
85374
85375
85376
85377
85378
.....
90035
90036
90037
90038
90039
90040
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90042
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90044
90045
90046
90047
90048
90049
90050
90051
.....
95258
95259
95260
95261
95262
95263
95264
95265
95266
95267
95268
95269
95270
95271
95272
.....
95392
95393
95394
95395
95396
95397
95398
95399
95400
95401
95402
95403
95404
95405
95406
95407
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95409
95410
95411
95412
95413
95414
95415
95416
95417
95418
95419
95420
95421
95422
95423
......
103561
103562
103563
103564
103565
103566
103567
103568
103569
103570
103571
103572
103573
103574
103575
......
105911
105912
105913
105914
105915
105916
105917
105918
105919
105920
105921
105922
105923
105924
105925
......
106017
106018
106019
106020
106021
106022
106023
106024
106025
106026
106027
106028
106029
106030
106031
106032
106033
106034
......
107420
107421
107422
107423
107424
107425
107426
107427
107428
107429
107430
107431
107432
107433
107434
......
107460
107461
107462
107463
107464
107465
107466
107467
107468
107469
107470
107471
107472
107473
107474
......
108028
108029
108030
108031
108032
108033
108034
108035
108036
108037
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108039
108040
108041
108042
108043
108044
108045
108046
108047
108048
108049
108050
108051

108052
108053
108054
108055
108056
108057
108058

108059

108060
108061
108062
108063
108064












108065
108066























108067






108068
108069
108070
108071
108072
108073
108074
108075
108076
108077
108078
108079






108080













108081
108082
108083











108084
108085

108086
108087
108088
108089




108090
108091










108092
108093
108094
108095


108096
108097
108098
108099
108100
108101
108102
108103
108104
108105
108106
108107
108108
108109
108110
108111
108112
108113
108114
108115
108116
108117
108118
108119
108120

108121
108122



































108123
108124
108125
108126
108127
108128
108129
......
108132
108133
108134
108135
108136
108137
108138
108139
108140
108141
108142
108143
108144
108145
108146
108147
108148
108149
108150
108151
108152
108153
108154
108155
108156
108157
108158
108159

108160
108161
108162
108163
108164
108165
108166

108167
108168

108169
108170
108171
108172
108173
108174
108175
108176
108177
108178
108179
108180
108181



108182
108183
108184
108185
108186
108187
108188
108189
108190
108191
108192
108193
108194
108195
108196
108197
108198
108199
108200
108201
108202
108203
108204
108205
108206
108207
108208
108209
108210
108211
108212
108213
108214
108215
108216
108217
108218
108219
108220
108221
108222

108223
108224
108225
108226
108227


108228
108229
108230

108231
108232
108233
108234
108235
108236

108237
108238
108239
108240
108241


108242
108243
108244

108245
108246
108247
108248

108249
108250
108251
108252
108253
108254

108255
108256
108257
108258
108259
108260
108261
108262
108263
108264
108265
108266

108267
108268

108269
108270
108271
108272
108273
108274
108275
108276
108277
108278
108279
108280
108281
108282
108283
108284
108285
108286
108287
108288
108289
......
108295
108296
108297
108298
108299
108300
108301
108302
108303
108304
108305
108306
108307
108308
108309
108310
108311
108312
108313
108314
108315
108316
108317



108318

108319
108320
108321
108322
108323
108324
108325
108326
108327
108328
108329
108330
108331
108332
108333
108334
108335
108336
108337
108338
108339
108340

108341
108342
108343


108344
108345
108346
108347
108348
108349
108350
108351
108352
108353
108354
108355
......
108360
108361
108362
108363
108364
108365
108366
108367
108368
108369
108370
108371
108372
108373
108374
108375
108376
108377
108378
108379
108380
108381
108382
108383
108384
108385
108386
108387
108388
108389
108390
108391
108392
108393
108394
108395
108396
108397
108398
108399
108400
108401
......
108625
108626
108627
108628
108629
108630
108631
108632
108633
108634
108635
108636
108637
108638
108639
......
109932
109933
109934
109935
109936
109937
109938
109939
109940
109941
109942
109943
109944
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109946
109947
109948
109949
109950
109951
109952
109953
109954
109955
109956
109957
......
110000
110001
110002
110003
110004
110005
110006
110007
110008


110009
110010
110011
110012
110013
110014
110015
110016
110017
110018
110019
110020
110021
110022
110023
110024
110025
110026
110027
110028
110029
110030
110031
110032
110033
110034
110035
110036
110037
......
110040
110041
110042
110043
110044
110045
110046
110047
110048
110049
110050
110051
110052
110053
110054
110055
110056
110057
......
110273
110274
110275
110276
110277
110278
110279
110280
110281
110282
110283
110284
110285
110286
110287
110288
110289
110290
110291
110292
110293
/******************************************************************************
** This file is an amalgamation of many separate C source files from SQLite
** version 3.8.1.  By combining all the individual C code files into this 
** single large file, the entire code can be compiled as a single translation
** unit.  This allows many compilers to do optimizations that would not be
** possible if the files were compiled separately.  Performance improvements
** of 5% or more are commonly seen when SQLite is compiled as a single
** translation unit.
**
** This file is all you need to compile SQLite.  To use SQLite in other
................................................................................
** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.1"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008001
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2013-08-29 23:36:49 30d38cc44904d93508b87e373b2f45d5f93e556b"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE_xc 1  /* Exclude from ctime.c */
#endif
#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE>SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE
# undef SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE
#endif

/*
** Only one of SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 or SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4 can be defined.
** Priority is given to SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4.  If either are defined, also
** define SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4
# undef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
# define SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 1
#elif SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
# define SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 1
#elif SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
# undef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
#endif

/*
** An instance of the following structure is used to store the busy-handler
** callback for a given sqlite handle. 
**
** The sqlite.busyHandler member of the sqlite struct contains the busy
** callback for the database handle. Each pager opened via the sqlite
** handle is passed a pointer to sqlite.busyHandler. The busy-handler
................................................................................
  Expr *pPartIdxWhere;     /* WHERE clause for partial indices */
  int tnum;                /* DB Page containing root of this index */
  u16 nColumn;             /* Number of columns in table used by this index */
  u8 onError;              /* OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, OE_Replace, or OE_None */
  unsigned autoIndex:2;    /* 1==UNIQUE, 2==PRIMARY KEY, 0==CREATE INDEX */
  unsigned bUnordered:1;   /* Use this index for == or IN queries only */
  unsigned uniqNotNull:1;  /* True if UNIQUE and NOT NULL for all columns */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  int nSample;             /* Number of elements in aSample[] */
  int nSampleCol;          /* Size of IndexSample.anEq[] and so on */
  tRowcnt *aAvgEq;         /* Average nEq values for keys not in aSample */
  IndexSample *aSample;    /* Samples of the left-most key */
#endif
};

/*
** Each sample stored in the sqlite_stat3 table is represented in memory 
** using a structure of this type.  See documentation at the top of the
** analyze.c source file for additional information.
*/
struct IndexSample {
  void *p;          /* Pointer to sampled record */
  int n;            /* Size of record in bytes */





  tRowcnt *anEq;    /* Est. number of rows where the key equals this sample */
  tRowcnt *anLt;    /* Est. number of rows where key is less than this sample */
  tRowcnt *anDLt;   /* Est. number of distinct keys less than this sample */
};

/*
** Each token coming out of the lexer is an instance of
** this structure.  Tokens are also used as part of an expression.
**
** Note if Token.z==0 then Token.dyn and Token.n are undefined and
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3ValueText(sqlite3_value*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ValueBytes(sqlite3_value*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueSetStr(sqlite3_value*, int, const void *,u8, 
                        void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueFree(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_value *sqlite3ValueNew(sqlite3 *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3Utf16to8(sqlite3 *, const void*, int, u8);



SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ValueFromExpr(sqlite3 *, Expr *, u8, u8, sqlite3_value **);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(sqlite3_value *, u8, u8);
#ifndef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
SQLITE_PRIVATE const unsigned char sqlite3OpcodeProperty[];
SQLITE_PRIVATE const unsigned char sqlite3UpperToLower[];
SQLITE_PRIVATE const unsigned char sqlite3CtypeMap[];
SQLITE_PRIVATE const Token sqlite3IntTokens[];
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3StrAccumFinish(StrAccum*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StrAccumReset(StrAccum*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectDestInit(SelectDest*,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3CreateColumnExpr(sqlite3 *, SrcList *, int, int);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BackupRestart(sqlite3_backup *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BackupUpdate(sqlite3_backup *, Pgno, const u8 *);

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AnalyzeFunctions(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(Parse*,Index*,UnpackedRecord**,Expr*,u8,int,int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Stat4ProbeFree(UnpackedRecord*);
#endif

/*
** The interface to the LEMON-generated parser
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3ParserAlloc(void*(*)(size_t));
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ParserFree(void*, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Parser(void*, int, Token, Parse*);
................................................................................
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK
  "ENABLE_OVERSIZE_CELL_CHECK",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE
  "ENABLE_RTREE",
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4)
  "ENABLE_STAT4",
#elif defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3)
  "ENABLE_STAT3",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY
  "ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY",
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT
  "ENABLE_UPDATE_DELETE_LIMIT",
................................................................................
*/
static int sqlite3MemSize(void *p){
  struct MemBlockHdr *pHdr;
  if( !p ){
    return 0;
  }
  pHdr = sqlite3MemsysGetHeader(p);
  return (int)pHdr->iSize;
}

/*
** Initialize the memory allocation subsystem.
*/
static int sqlite3MemInit(void *NotUsed){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
................................................................................
** to clear the content of a freed allocation to unpredictable values.
*/
static void randomFill(char *pBuf, int nByte){
  unsigned int x, y, r;
  x = SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(pBuf);
  y = nByte | 1;
  while( nByte >= 4 ){
    x = (x>>1) ^ (-(int)(x&1) & 0xd0000001);
    y = y*1103515245 + 12345;
    r = x ^ y;
    *(int*)pBuf = r;
    pBuf += 4;
    nByte -= 4;
  }
  while( nByte-- > 0 ){
    x = (x>>1) ^ (-(int)(x&1) & 0xd0000001);
    y = y*1103515245 + 12345;
    r = x ^ y;
    *(pBuf++) = r & 0xff;
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
    pHdr->pNext->pPrev = pHdr->pPrev;
  }else{
    assert( mem.pLast==pHdr );
    mem.pLast = pHdr->pPrev;
  }
  z = (char*)pBt;
  z -= pHdr->nTitle;
  adjustStats((int)pHdr->iSize, -1);
  randomFill(z, sizeof(void*)*pHdr->nBacktraceSlots + sizeof(*pHdr) +
                (int)pHdr->iSize + sizeof(int) + pHdr->nTitle);
  free(z);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem.mutex);  
}

/*
** Change the size of an existing memory allocation.
**
................................................................................
  assert( mem.disallow==0 );
  assert( (nByte & 7)==0 );     /* EV: R-46199-30249 */
  pOldHdr = sqlite3MemsysGetHeader(pPrior);
  pNew = sqlite3MemMalloc(nByte);
  if( pNew ){
    memcpy(pNew, pPrior, nByte<pOldHdr->iSize ? nByte : pOldHdr->iSize);
    if( nByte>pOldHdr->iSize ){
      randomFill(&((char*)pNew)[pOldHdr->iSize], nByte - (int)pOldHdr->iSize);
    }
    sqlite3MemFree(pPrior);
  }
  return pNew;
}

/*
................................................................................
}

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MemdebugSync(){
  struct MemBlockHdr *pHdr;
  for(pHdr=mem.pFirst; pHdr; pHdr=pHdr->pNext){
    void **pBt = (void**)pHdr;
    pBt -= pHdr->nBacktraceSlots;
    mem.xBacktrace((int)pHdr->iSize, pHdr->nBacktrace-1, &pBt[1]);
  }
}

/*
** Open the file indicated and write a log of all unfreed memory 
** allocations into that log.
*/
................................................................................
      OSVERSIONINFO sInfo;
      sInfo.dwOSVersionInfoSize = sizeof(sInfo);
      GetVersionEx(&sInfo);
      osType = sInfo.dwPlatformId==VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT ? 2 : 1;
    }
    return osType==2;
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OS_WINCE || SQLITE_OS_WINRT */
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** The sqlite3_mutex_held() and sqlite3_mutex_notheld() routine are
** intended for use only inside assert() statements.
*/
................................................................................
};
static int winMutex_isInit = 0;
/* As winMutexInit() and winMutexEnd() are called as part
** of the sqlite3_initialize and sqlite3_shutdown()
** processing, the "interlocked" magic is probably not
** strictly necessary.
*/
static LONG winMutex_lock = 0;

SQLITE_API void sqlite3_win32_sleep(DWORD milliseconds); /* os_win.c */

static int winMutexInit(void){ 
  /* The first to increment to 1 does actual initialization */
  if( InterlockedCompareExchange(&winMutex_lock, 1, 0)==0 ){
    int i;
................................................................................
  assert( (m.flags & MEM_Term)!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
  assert( (m.flags & MEM_Str)!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
  assert( (m.flags & MEM_Dyn)!=0 || db->mallocFailed );
  assert( m.z || db->mallocFailed );
  return m.z;
}



























/*
** zIn is a UTF-16 encoded unicode string at least nChar characters long.
** Return the number of bytes in the first nChar unicode characters
** in pZ.  nChar must be non-negative.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Utf16ByteLen(const void *zIn, int nChar){
  int c;
................................................................................
  unsigned short int ctrlFlags;       /* Behavioral bits.  UNIXFILE_* flags */
  int lastErrno;                      /* The unix errno from last I/O error */
  void *lockingContext;               /* Locking style specific state */
  UnixUnusedFd *pUnused;              /* Pre-allocated UnixUnusedFd */
  const char *zPath;                  /* Name of the file */
  unixShm *pShm;                      /* Shared memory segment information */
  int szChunk;                        /* Configured by FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE */
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  int nFetchOut;                      /* Number of outstanding xFetch refs */
  sqlite3_int64 mmapSize;             /* Usable size of mapping at pMapRegion */
  sqlite3_int64 mmapSizeActual;       /* Actual size of mapping at pMapRegion */
  sqlite3_int64 mmapSizeMax;          /* Configured FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE value */
  void *pMapRegion;                   /* Memory mapped region */
#endif
#ifdef __QNXNTO__
  int sectorSize;                     /* Device sector size */
  int deviceCharacteristics;          /* Precomputed device characteristics */
#endif
#if SQLITE_ENABLE_LOCKING_STYLE
  int openFlags;                      /* The flags specified at open() */
#endif
................................................................................

  { "rmdir",        (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)rmdir,           0 },
#define osRmdir     ((int(*)(const char*))aSyscall[19].pCurrent)

  { "fchown",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)posixFchown,     0 },
#define osFchown    ((int(*)(int,uid_t,gid_t))aSyscall[20].pCurrent)

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL) || SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  { "mmap",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)mmap,     0 },
#define osMmap ((void*(*)(void*,size_t,int,int,int,off_t))aSyscall[21].pCurrent)

  { "munmap",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)munmap,          0 },
#define osMunmap ((void*(*)(void*,size_t))aSyscall[22].pCurrent)

#if HAVE_MREMAP
  { "mremap",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)mremap,          0 },
#else
  { "mremap",       (sqlite3_syscall_ptr)0,               0 },
#endif
#define osMremap ((void*(*)(void*,size_t,size_t,int,...))aSyscall[23].pCurrent)
#endif

}; /* End of the overrideable system calls */

/*
** This is the xSetSystemCall() method of sqlite3_vfs for all of the
** "unix" VFSes.  Return SQLITE_OK opon successfully updating the
** system call pointer, or SQLITE_NOTFOUND if there is no configurable
................................................................................
    }
  }
  for(i++; i<ArraySize(aSyscall); i++){
    if( aSyscall[i].pCurrent!=0 ) return aSyscall[i].zName;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** If fd is a file descriptor that would be dangerous to use for an
** ordinary file, the close it, reopen it as /dev/null to get it out
** of the way, then return true.
**
** If fd is safe, return 0.
**
** It is dangerous to have a database file open of file descriptors 1 or
** 2 because those normally mean standard output and standard error.  Other
** components of the system might write directly to those file descriptors
** and overwrite parts of the database file.  Something like this happened
** on 2013-08-29 to the canonical Fossil repository when some error caused
** the database file to be opened on file descriptor 2 and later an assert()
** fired and wrote error message text into file descriptor 2, corrupting
** the repository.
*/
static int isReservedFd(int fd, const char *z, int f, int m){
  if( fd<0 || fd>2 ) return 0;
  sqlite3_log(SQLITE_WARNING,
              "attempt to open \"%s\" as file descriptor %d", z, fd);
  osClose(fd);
  (void)osOpen("/dev/null",f,m);
  return 1;
}

/*
** Invoke open().  Do so multiple times, until it either succeeds or
** fails for some reason other than EINTR.
**
** If the file creation mode "m" is 0 then set it to the default for
** SQLite.  The default is SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_PERMISSIONS (normally
................................................................................
  mode_t m2 = m ? m : SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_PERMISSIONS;
  do{
#if defined(O_CLOEXEC)
    fd = osOpen(z,f|O_CLOEXEC,m2);
#else
    fd = osOpen(z,f,m2);
#endif
  }while( (fd<0 && errno==EINTR) || isReservedFd(fd,z,f,m2) );
  if( fd>=0 ){
    if( m!=0 ){
      struct stat statbuf;
      if( osFstat(fd, &statbuf)==0 
       && statbuf.st_size==0
       && (statbuf.st_mode&0777)!=m 
      ){
................................................................................
** the requested locking level, this routine is a no-op.
*/
static int unixUnlock(sqlite3_file *id, int eFileLock){
  assert( eFileLock==SHARED_LOCK || ((unixFile *)id)->nFetchOut==0 );
  return posixUnlock(id, eFileLock, 0);
}

#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
static int unixMapfile(unixFile *pFd, i64 nByte);
static void unixUnmapfile(unixFile *pFd);
#endif

/*
** This function performs the parts of the "close file" operation 
** common to all locking schemes. It closes the directory and file
** handles, if they are valid, and sets all fields of the unixFile
** structure to 0.
**
** It is *not* necessary to hold the mutex when this routine is called,
** even on VxWorks.  A mutex will be acquired on VxWorks by the
** vxworksReleaseFileId() routine.
*/
static int closeUnixFile(sqlite3_file *id){
  unixFile *pFile = (unixFile*)id;
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  unixUnmapfile(pFile);
#endif
  if( pFile->h>=0 ){
    robust_close(pFile, pFile->h, __LINE__);
    pFile->h = -1;
  }
#if OS_VXWORKS
  if( pFile->pId ){
    if( pFile->ctrlFlags & UNIXFILE_DELETE ){
................................................................................
  int got;
  int prior = 0;
#if (!defined(USE_PREAD) && !defined(USE_PREAD64))
  i64 newOffset;
#endif
  TIMER_START;
  assert( cnt==(cnt&0x1ffff) );
  assert( id->h>2 );
  cnt &= 0x1ffff;
  do{
#if defined(USE_PREAD)
    got = osPread(id->h, pBuf, cnt, offset);
    SimulateIOError( got = -1 );
#elif defined(USE_PREAD64)
    got = osPread64(id->h, pBuf, cnt, offset);
................................................................................
  const void *pBuf,               /* Copy data from this buffer to the file */
  int nBuf,                       /* Size of buffer pBuf in bytes */
  int *piErrno                    /* OUT: Error number if error occurs */
){
  int rc = 0;                     /* Value returned by system call */

  assert( nBuf==(nBuf&0x1ffff) );
  assert( fd>2 );
  nBuf &= 0x1ffff;
  TIMER_START;

#if defined(USE_PREAD)
  do{ rc = osPwrite(fd, pBuf, nBuf, iOff); }while( rc<0 && errno==EINTR );
#elif defined(USE_PREAD64)
  do{ rc = osPwrite64(fd, pBuf, nBuf, iOff);}while( rc<0 && errno==EINTR);
................................................................................
    ** source.
    */
    if( pFile->inNormalWrite && nByte==0 ){
      pFile->transCntrChng = 1;
    }
#endif

#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
    /* If the file was just truncated to a size smaller than the currently
    ** mapped region, reduce the effective mapping size as well. SQLite will
    ** use read() and write() to access data beyond this point from now on.  
    */
    if( nByte<pFile->mmapSize ){
      pFile->mmapSize = nByte;
    }
#endif

    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
}

/*
** Determine the current size of a file in bytes
................................................................................
        if( nWrite!=1 ) return SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE;
        iWrite += nBlk;
      }
#endif
    }
  }

#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  if( pFile->mmapSizeMax>0 && nByte>pFile->mmapSize ){
    int rc;
    if( pFile->szChunk<=0 ){
      if( robust_ftruncate(pFile->h, nByte) ){
        pFile->lastErrno = errno;
        return unixLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE, "ftruncate", pFile->zPath);
      }
    }

    rc = unixMapfile(pFile, nByte);
    return rc;
  }
#endif

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** If *pArg is inititially negative then this is a query.  Set *pArg to
** 1 or 0 depending on whether or not bit mask of pFile->ctrlFlags is set.
................................................................................
      char *zTFile = sqlite3_malloc( pFile->pVfs->mxPathname );
      if( zTFile ){
        unixGetTempname(pFile->pVfs->mxPathname, zTFile);
        *(char**)pArg = zTFile;
      }
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE: {
      i64 newLimit = *(i64*)pArg;
      int rc = SQLITE_OK;
      if( newLimit>sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap ){
        newLimit = sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap;
      }
      *(i64*)pArg = pFile->mmapSizeMax;
................................................................................
        if( pFile->mmapSize>0 ){
          unixUnmapfile(pFile);
          rc = unixMapfile(pFile, -1);
        }
      }
      return rc;
    }
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    /* The pager calls this method to signal that it has done
    ** a rollback and that the database is therefore unchanged and
    ** it hence it is OK for the transaction change counter to be
    ** unchanged.
    */
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_DB_UNCHANGED: {
................................................................................
#else
# define unixShmMap     0
# define unixShmLock    0
# define unixShmBarrier 0
# define unixShmUnmap   0
#endif /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL */

#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
/*
** If it is currently memory mapped, unmap file pFd.
*/
static void unixUnmapfile(unixFile *pFd){
  assert( pFd->nFetchOut==0 );

  if( pFd->pMapRegion ){
    osMunmap(pFd->pMapRegion, pFd->mmapSizeActual);
    pFd->pMapRegion = 0;
    pFd->mmapSize = 0;
    pFd->mmapSizeActual = 0;
  }

}


/*
** Return the system page size.
*/
static int unixGetPagesize(void){
#if HAVE_MREMAP
  return 512;
#elif defined(_BSD_SOURCE)
  return getpagesize();
#else
  return (int)sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE);
#endif
}



/*
** Attempt to set the size of the memory mapping maintained by file 
** descriptor pFd to nNew bytes. Any existing mapping is discarded.
**
** If successful, this function sets the following variables:
**
**       unixFile.pMapRegion
................................................................................
    ** will probably fail too. Fall back to using xRead/xWrite exclusively
    ** in this case.  */
    pFd->mmapSizeMax = 0;
  }
  pFd->pMapRegion = (void *)pNew;
  pFd->mmapSize = pFd->mmapSizeActual = nNew;
}


/*
** Memory map or remap the file opened by file-descriptor pFd (if the file
** is already mapped, the existing mapping is replaced by the new). Or, if 
** there already exists a mapping for this file, and there are still 
** outstanding xFetch() references to it, this function is a no-op.
**
................................................................................
** using SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_LIMIT, whichever is smaller.
**
** SQLITE_OK is returned if no error occurs (even if the mapping is not
** recreated as a result of outstanding references) or an SQLite error
** code otherwise.
*/
static int unixMapfile(unixFile *pFd, i64 nByte){

  i64 nMap = nByte;
  int rc;

  assert( nMap>=0 || pFd->nFetchOut==0 );
  if( pFd->nFetchOut>0 ) return SQLITE_OK;

  if( nMap<0 ){
................................................................................
  if( nMap!=pFd->mmapSize ){
    if( nMap>0 ){
      unixRemapfile(pFd, nMap);
    }else{
      unixUnmapfile(pFd);
    }
  }


  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0 */

/*
** If possible, return a pointer to a mapping of file fd starting at offset
** iOff. The mapping must be valid for at least nAmt bytes.
**
** If such a pointer can be obtained, store it in *pp and return SQLITE_OK.
** Or, if one cannot but no error occurs, set *pp to 0 and return SQLITE_OK.
................................................................................
** to inform the VFS layer that, according to POSIX, any existing mapping 
** may now be invalid and should be unmapped.
*/
static int unixUnfetch(sqlite3_file *fd, i64 iOff, void *p){
  unixFile *pFd = (unixFile *)fd;   /* The underlying database file */
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(iOff);

#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  /* If p==0 (unmap the entire file) then there must be no outstanding 
  ** xFetch references. Or, if p!=0 (meaning it is an xFetch reference),
  ** then there must be at least one outstanding.  */
  assert( (p==0)==(pFd->nFetchOut==0) );

  /* If p!=0, it must match the iOff value. */
  assert( p==0 || p==&((u8 *)pFd->pMapRegion)[iOff] );
................................................................................
  if( p ){
    pFd->nFetchOut--;
  }else{
    unixUnmapfile(pFd);
  }

  assert( pFd->nFetchOut>=0 );
#endif
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Here ends the implementation of all sqlite3_file methods.
**
********************** End sqlite3_file Methods *******************************
................................................................................
  assert( zFilename!=0 || (ctrlFlags & UNIXFILE_NOLOCK)!=0 );

  OSTRACE(("OPEN    %-3d %s\n", h, zFilename));
  pNew->h = h;
  pNew->pVfs = pVfs;
  pNew->zPath = zFilename;
  pNew->ctrlFlags = (u8)ctrlFlags;
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
  pNew->mmapSizeMax = sqlite3GlobalConfig.szMmap;
#endif
  if( sqlite3_uri_boolean(((ctrlFlags & UNIXFILE_URI) ? zFilename : 0),
                           "psow", SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE) ){
    pNew->ctrlFlags |= UNIXFILE_PSOW;
  }
  if( strcmp(pVfs->zName,"unix-excl")==0 ){
    pNew->ctrlFlags |= UNIXFILE_EXCL;
  }
................................................................................
/************** Continuing where we left off in os_win.c *********************/

/*
** Compiling and using WAL mode requires several APIs that are only
** available in Windows platforms based on the NT kernel.
*/
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINNT && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
#  error "WAL mode requires support from the Windows NT kernel, compile\
 with SQLITE_OMIT_WAL."
#endif

/*
** Are most of the Win32 ANSI APIs available (i.e. with certain exceptions
** based on the sub-platform)?
*/
................................................................................
** Are most of the Win32 Unicode APIs available (i.e. with certain exceptions
** based on the sub-platform)?
*/
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || SQLITE_OS_WINNT || SQLITE_OS_WINRT
#  define SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE
#endif

/*
** Maximum pathname length (in chars) for Win32.  This should normally be
** MAX_PATH.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH_CHARS
#  define SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH_CHARS   (MAX_PATH)
#endif

/*
** Maximum pathname length (in chars) for WinNT.  This should normally be
** 32767.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_WINNT_MAX_PATH_CHARS
#  define SQLITE_WINNT_MAX_PATH_CHARS   (32767)
#endif

/*
** Maximum pathname length (in bytes) for Win32.  The MAX_PATH macro is in
** characters, so we allocate 3 bytes per character assuming worst-case of
** 4-bytes-per-character for UTF8.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH_BYTES
#  define SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH_BYTES   (SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH_CHARS*4)
#endif

/*
** Maximum pathname length (in bytes) for WinNT.  This should normally be
** 32767 * sizeof(WCHAR).
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_WINNT_MAX_PATH_BYTES
#  define SQLITE_WINNT_MAX_PATH_BYTES   \
                            (sizeof(WCHAR) * SQLITE_WINNT_MAX_PATH_CHARS)
#endif

/*
** Maximum error message length (in chars) for WinRT.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_ERRMSG_CHARS
#  define SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_ERRMSG_CHARS (1024)
#endif

/*
** Returns non-zero if the character should be treated as a directory
** separator.
*/
#ifndef winIsDirSep
#  define winIsDirSep(a)                (((a) == '/') || ((a) == '\\'))
#endif

/*
** Returns the string that should be used as the directory separator.
*/
#ifndef winGetDirDep
#  ifdef __CYGWIN__
#    define winGetDirDep()              "/"
#  else
#    define winGetDirDep()              "\\"
#  endif
#endif

/*
** Do we need to manually define the Win32 file mapping APIs for use with WAL
** mode (e.g. these APIs are available in the Windows CE SDK; however, they
** are not present in the header file)?
*/
#if SQLITE_WIN32_FILEMAPPING_API && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
/*
................................................................................
** the LockFileEx() API.  But we can still statically link against that
** API as long as we don't call it when running Win95/98/ME.  A call to
** this routine is used to determine if the host is Win95/98/ME or
** WinNT/2K/XP so that we will know whether or not we can safely call
** the LockFileEx() API.
*/
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE || SQLITE_OS_WINRT
# define osIsNT()  (1)
#elif !defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
# define osIsNT()  (0)
#else
  static int osIsNT(void){
    if( sqlite3_os_type==0 ){
      OSVERSIONINFOA sInfo;
      sInfo.dwOSVersionInfoSize = sizeof(sInfo);
      osGetVersionExA(&sInfo);
      sqlite3_os_type = sInfo.dwPlatformId==VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT ? 2 : 1;
    }
    return sqlite3_os_type==2;
................................................................................
#endif /* SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC */

/*
** Convert a UTF-8 string to Microsoft Unicode (UTF-16?). 
**
** Space to hold the returned string is obtained from malloc.
*/
static LPWSTR winUtf8ToUnicode(const char *zFilename){
  int nChar;
  LPWSTR zWideFilename;

  nChar = osMultiByteToWideChar(CP_UTF8, 0, zFilename, -1, NULL, 0);
  if( nChar==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
................................................................................
  return zWideFilename;
}

/*
** Convert Microsoft Unicode to UTF-8.  Space to hold the returned string is
** obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
*/
static char *winUnicodeToUtf8(LPCWSTR zWideFilename){
  int nByte;
  char *zFilename;

  nByte = osWideCharToMultiByte(CP_UTF8, 0, zWideFilename, -1, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  if( nByte == 0 ){
    return 0;
  }
................................................................................
/*
** Convert an ANSI string to Microsoft Unicode, based on the
** current codepage settings for file apis.
** 
** Space to hold the returned string is obtained
** from sqlite3_malloc.
*/
static LPWSTR winMbcsToUnicode(const char *zFilename){
  int nByte;
  LPWSTR zMbcsFilename;
  int codepage = osAreFileApisANSI() ? CP_ACP : CP_OEMCP;

  nByte = osMultiByteToWideChar(codepage, 0, zFilename, -1, NULL,
                                0)*sizeof(WCHAR);
  if( nByte==0 ){
................................................................................
/*
** Convert Microsoft Unicode to multi-byte character string, based on the
** user's ANSI codepage.
**
** Space to hold the returned string is obtained from
** sqlite3_malloc().
*/
static char *winUnicodeToMbcs(LPCWSTR zWideFilename){
  int nByte;
  char *zFilename;
  int codepage = osAreFileApisANSI() ? CP_ACP : CP_OEMCP;

  nByte = osWideCharToMultiByte(codepage, 0, zWideFilename, -1, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  if( nByte == 0 ){
    return 0;
................................................................................
** Convert multibyte character string to UTF-8.  Space to hold the
** returned string is obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
*/
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_win32_mbcs_to_utf8(const char *zFilename){
  char *zFilenameUtf8;
  LPWSTR zTmpWide;

  zTmpWide = winMbcsToUnicode(zFilename);
  if( zTmpWide==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  zFilenameUtf8 = winUnicodeToUtf8(zTmpWide);
  sqlite3_free(zTmpWide);
  return zFilenameUtf8;
}

/*
** Convert UTF-8 to multibyte character string.  Space to hold the 
** returned string is obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
*/
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_win32_utf8_to_mbcs(const char *zFilename){
  char *zFilenameMbcs;
  LPWSTR zTmpWide;

  zTmpWide = winUtf8ToUnicode(zFilename);
  if( zTmpWide==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  zFilenameMbcs = winUnicodeToMbcs(zTmpWide);
  sqlite3_free(zTmpWide);
  return zFilenameMbcs;
}

/*
** This function sets the data directory or the temporary directory based on
** the provided arguments.  The type argument must be 1 in order to set the
................................................................................
  assert( !ppDirectory || type==SQLITE_WIN32_DATA_DIRECTORY_TYPE
          || type==SQLITE_WIN32_TEMP_DIRECTORY_TYPE
  );
  assert( !ppDirectory || sqlite3MemdebugHasType(*ppDirectory, MEMTYPE_HEAP) );
  if( ppDirectory ){
    char *zValueUtf8 = 0;
    if( zValue && zValue[0] ){
      zValueUtf8 = winUnicodeToUtf8(zValue);
      if ( zValueUtf8==0 ){
        return SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }
    }
    sqlite3_free(*ppDirectory);
    *ppDirectory = zValueUtf8;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  return SQLITE_ERROR;
}

/*
** The return value of winGetLastErrorMsg
** is zero if the error message fits in the buffer, or non-zero
** otherwise (if the message was truncated).
*/
static int winGetLastErrorMsg(DWORD lastErrno, int nBuf, char *zBuf){
  /* FormatMessage returns 0 on failure.  Otherwise it
  ** returns the number of TCHARs written to the output
  ** buffer, excluding the terminating null char.
  */
  DWORD dwLen = 0;
  char *zOut = 0;

  if( osIsNT() ){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
    WCHAR zTempWide[SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_ERRMSG_CHARS+1];
    dwLen = osFormatMessageW(FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM |
                             FORMAT_MESSAGE_IGNORE_INSERTS,
                             NULL,
                             lastErrno,
                             0,
                             zTempWide,
                             SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_ERRMSG_CHARS,
                             0);
#else
    LPWSTR zTempWide = NULL;
    dwLen = osFormatMessageW(FORMAT_MESSAGE_ALLOCATE_BUFFER |
                             FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM |
                             FORMAT_MESSAGE_IGNORE_INSERTS,
                             NULL,
................................................................................
                             (LPWSTR) &zTempWide,
                             0,
                             0);
#endif
    if( dwLen > 0 ){
      /* allocate a buffer and convert to UTF8 */
      sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
      zOut = winUnicodeToUtf8(zTempWide);
      sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
      /* free the system buffer allocated by FormatMessage */
      osLocalFree(zTempWide);
#endif
    }
  }
................................................................................
  const char *zPath,              /* File path associated with error */
  int iLine                       /* Source line number where error occurred */
){
  char zMsg[500];                 /* Human readable error text */
  int i;                          /* Loop counter */

  zMsg[0] = 0;
  winGetLastErrorMsg(lastErrno, sizeof(zMsg), zMsg);
  assert( errcode!=SQLITE_OK );
  if( zPath==0 ) zPath = "";
  for(i=0; zMsg[i] && zMsg[i]!='\r' && zMsg[i]!='\n'; i++){}
  zMsg[i] = 0;
  sqlite3_log(errcode,
      "os_win.c:%d: (%lu) %s(%s) - %s",
      iLine, lastErrno, zFunc, zPath, zMsg
................................................................................
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_IOERR_RETRY
# define SQLITE_WIN32_IOERR_RETRY 10
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_WIN32_IOERR_RETRY_DELAY
# define SQLITE_WIN32_IOERR_RETRY_DELAY 25
#endif
static int winIoerrRetry = SQLITE_WIN32_IOERR_RETRY;
static int winIoerrRetryDelay = SQLITE_WIN32_IOERR_RETRY_DELAY;

/*
** If a ReadFile() or WriteFile() error occurs, invoke this routine
** to see if it should be retried.  Return TRUE to retry.  Return FALSE
** to give up with an error.
*/
static int winRetryIoerr(int *pnRetry, DWORD *pError){
  DWORD e = osGetLastError();
  if( *pnRetry>=winIoerrRetry ){
    if( pError ){
      *pError = e;
    }
    return 0;
  }
  if( e==ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED ||
      e==ERROR_LOCK_VIOLATION ||
      e==ERROR_SHARING_VIOLATION ){
    sqlite3_win32_sleep(winIoerrRetryDelay*(1+*pnRetry));
    ++*pnRetry;
    return 1;
  }
  if( pError ){
    *pError = e;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Log a I/O error retry episode.
*/
static void winLogIoerr(int nRetry){
  if( nRetry ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_IOERR, 
      "delayed %dms for lock/sharing conflict",
      winIoerrRetryDelay*nRetry*(nRetry+1)/2
    );
  }
}

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
/*************************************************************************
** This section contains code for WinCE only.
................................................................................
static int winceCreateLock(const char *zFilename, winFile *pFile){
  LPWSTR zTok;
  LPWSTR zName;
  DWORD lastErrno;
  BOOL bLogged = FALSE;
  BOOL bInit = TRUE;

  zName = winUtf8ToUnicode(zFilename);
  if( zName==0 ){
    /* out of memory */
    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }

  /* Initialize the local lockdata */
  memset(&pFile->local, 0, sizeof(pFile->local));
................................................................................
  /*
  ** NOTE: Windows CE is handled differently here due its lack of the Win32
  **       API LockFile.
  */
  return winceLockFile(phFile, offsetLow, offsetHigh,
                       numBytesLow, numBytesHigh);
#else
  if( osIsNT() ){
    OVERLAPPED ovlp;
    memset(&ovlp, 0, sizeof(OVERLAPPED));
    ovlp.Offset = offsetLow;
    ovlp.OffsetHigh = offsetHigh;
    return osLockFileEx(*phFile, flags, 0, numBytesLow, numBytesHigh, &ovlp);
  }else{
    return osLockFile(*phFile, offsetLow, offsetHigh, numBytesLow,
................................................................................
  /*
  ** NOTE: Windows CE is handled differently here due its lack of the Win32
  **       API UnlockFile.
  */
  return winceUnlockFile(phFile, offsetLow, offsetHigh,
                         numBytesLow, numBytesHigh);
#else
  if( osIsNT() ){
    OVERLAPPED ovlp;
    memset(&ovlp, 0, sizeof(OVERLAPPED));
    ovlp.Offset = offsetLow;
    ovlp.OffsetHigh = offsetHigh;
    return osUnlockFileEx(*phFile, 0, numBytesLow, numBytesHigh, &ovlp);
  }else{
    return osUnlockFile(*phFile, offsetLow, offsetHigh, numBytesLow,
................................................................................
#endif

/*
** Move the current position of the file handle passed as the first 
** argument to offset iOffset within the file. If successful, return 0. 
** Otherwise, set pFile->lastErrno and return non-zero.
*/
static int winSeekFile(winFile *pFile, sqlite3_int64 iOffset){
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  LONG upperBits;                 /* Most sig. 32 bits of new offset */
  LONG lowerBits;                 /* Least sig. 32 bits of new offset */
  DWORD dwRet;                    /* Value returned by SetFilePointer() */
  DWORD lastErrno;                /* Value returned by GetLastError() */

  OSTRACE(("SEEK file=%p, offset=%lld\n", pFile->h, iOffset));
................................................................................
  */
  dwRet = osSetFilePointer(pFile->h, lowerBits, &upperBits, FILE_BEGIN);

  if( (dwRet==INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER
      && ((lastErrno = osGetLastError())!=NO_ERROR)) ){
    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
    winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK, pFile->lastErrno,
             "winSeekFile", pFile->zPath);
    OSTRACE(("SEEK file=%p, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK\n", pFile->h));
    return 1;
  }

  OSTRACE(("SEEK file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
  return 0;
#else
................................................................................

  x.QuadPart = iOffset;
  bRet = osSetFilePointerEx(pFile->h, x, 0, FILE_BEGIN);

  if(!bRet){
    pFile->lastErrno = osGetLastError();
    winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK, pFile->lastErrno,
             "winSeekFile", pFile->zPath);
    OSTRACE(("SEEK file=%p, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK\n", pFile->h));
    return 1;
  }

  OSTRACE(("SEEK file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
  return 0;
#endif
................................................................................
      amt -= nCopy;
      offset += nCopy;
    }
  }
#endif

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  if( winSeekFile(pFile, offset) ){
    OSTRACE(("READ file=%p, rc=SQLITE_FULL\n", pFile->h));
    return SQLITE_FULL;
  }
  while( !osReadFile(pFile->h, pBuf, amt, &nRead, 0) ){
#else
  memset(&overlapped, 0, sizeof(OVERLAPPED));
  overlapped.Offset = (LONG)(offset & 0xffffffff);
  overlapped.OffsetHigh = (LONG)((offset>>32) & 0x7fffffff);
  while( !osReadFile(pFile->h, pBuf, amt, &nRead, &overlapped) &&
         osGetLastError()!=ERROR_HANDLE_EOF ){
#endif
    DWORD lastErrno;
    if( winRetryIoerr(&nRetry, &lastErrno) ) continue;
    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
    OSTRACE(("READ file=%p, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_READ\n", pFile->h));
    return winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_READ, pFile->lastErrno,
             "winRead", pFile->zPath);
  }
  winLogIoerr(nRetry);
  if( nRead<(DWORD)amt ){
    /* Unread parts of the buffer must be zero-filled */
    memset(&((char*)pBuf)[nRead], 0, amt-nRead);
    OSTRACE(("READ file=%p, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ\n", pFile->h));
    return SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ;
  }

................................................................................
      amt -= nCopy;
      offset += nCopy;
    }
  }
#endif

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  rc = winSeekFile(pFile, offset);
  if( rc==0 ){
#else
  {
#endif
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE
    OVERLAPPED overlapped;        /* The offset for WriteFile. */
#endif
................................................................................

    while( nRem>0 ){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
      if( !osWriteFile(pFile->h, aRem, nRem, &nWrite, 0) ){
#else
      if( !osWriteFile(pFile->h, aRem, nRem, &nWrite, &overlapped) ){
#endif
        if( winRetryIoerr(&nRetry, &lastErrno) ) continue;
        break;
      }
      assert( nWrite==0 || nWrite<=(DWORD)nRem );
      if( nWrite==0 || nWrite>(DWORD)nRem ){
        lastErrno = osGetLastError();
        break;
      }
................................................................................
      OSTRACE(("WRITE file=%p, rc=SQLITE_FULL\n", pFile->h));
      return SQLITE_FULL;
    }
    OSTRACE(("WRITE file=%p, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE\n", pFile->h));
    return winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE, pFile->lastErrno,
             "winWrite", pFile->zPath);
  }else{
    winLogIoerr(nRetry);
  }
  OSTRACE(("WRITE file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Truncate an open file to a specified size
................................................................................
  ** size).
  */
  if( pFile->szChunk>0 ){
    nByte = ((nByte + pFile->szChunk - 1)/pFile->szChunk) * pFile->szChunk;
  }

  /* SetEndOfFile() returns non-zero when successful, or zero when it fails. */
  if( winSeekFile(pFile, nByte) ){
    rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE, pFile->lastErrno,
                     "winTruncate1", pFile->zPath);
  }else if( 0==osSetEndOfFile(pFile->h) &&
            ((lastErrno = osGetLastError())!=ERROR_USER_MAPPED_FILE) ){
    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
    rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE, pFile->lastErrno,
                     "winTruncate2", pFile->zPath);
................................................................................
  sqlite3_sync_count++;
#endif

  /* If we compiled with the SQLITE_NO_SYNC flag, then syncing is a
  ** no-op
  */
#ifdef SQLITE_NO_SYNC
  OSTRACE(("SYNC-NOP file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
  return SQLITE_OK;
#else
  rc = osFlushFileBuffers(pFile->h);
  SimulateIOError( rc=FALSE );
  if( rc ){
    OSTRACE(("SYNC file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
    return SQLITE_OK;
................................................................................
#endif

/*
** Acquire a reader lock.
** Different API routines are called depending on whether or not this
** is Win9x or WinNT.
*/
static int winGetReadLock(winFile *pFile){
  int res;
  OSTRACE(("READ-LOCK file=%p, lock=%d\n", pFile->h, pFile->locktype));
  if( osIsNT() ){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
    /*
    ** NOTE: Windows CE is handled differently here due its lack of the Win32
    **       API LockFileEx.
    */
    res = winceLockFile(&pFile->h, SHARED_FIRST, 0, 1, 0);
#else
................................................................................
  OSTRACE(("READ-LOCK file=%p, rc=%s\n", pFile->h, sqlite3ErrName(res)));
  return res;
}

/*
** Undo a readlock
*/
static int winUnlockReadLock(winFile *pFile){
  int res;
  DWORD lastErrno;
  OSTRACE(("READ-UNLOCK file=%p, lock=%d\n", pFile->h, pFile->locktype));
  if( osIsNT() ){
    res = winUnlockFile(&pFile->h, SHARED_FIRST, 0, SHARED_SIZE, 0);
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    res = winUnlockFile(&pFile->h, SHARED_FIRST+pFile->sharedLockByte, 0, 1, 0);
  }
#endif
  if( res==0 && ((lastErrno = osGetLastError())!=ERROR_NOT_LOCKED) ){
    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
    winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK, pFile->lastErrno,
             "winUnlockReadLock", pFile->zPath);
  }
  OSTRACE(("READ-UNLOCK file=%p, rc=%s\n", pFile->h, sqlite3ErrName(res)));
  return res;
}

/*
** Lock the file with the lock specified by parameter locktype - one
................................................................................
    }
  }

  /* Acquire a shared lock
  */
  if( locktype==SHARED_LOCK && res ){
    assert( pFile->locktype==NO_LOCK );
    res = winGetReadLock(pFile);
    if( res ){
      newLocktype = SHARED_LOCK;
    }else{
      lastErrno = osGetLastError();
    }
  }

................................................................................
    gotPendingLock = 0;
  }

  /* Acquire an EXCLUSIVE lock
  */
  if( locktype==EXCLUSIVE_LOCK && res ){
    assert( pFile->locktype>=SHARED_LOCK );
    res = winUnlockReadLock(pFile);
    res = winLockFile(&pFile->h, SQLITE_LOCKFILE_FLAGS, SHARED_FIRST, 0,
                      SHARED_SIZE, 0);
    if( res ){
      newLocktype = EXCLUSIVE_LOCK;
    }else{
      lastErrno = osGetLastError();
      winGetReadLock(pFile);
    }
  }

  /* If we are holding a PENDING lock that ought to be released, then
  ** release it now.
  */
  if( gotPendingLock && locktype==SHARED_LOCK ){
................................................................................

  /* Update the state of the lock has held in the file descriptor then
  ** return the appropriate result code.
  */
  if( res ){
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
  }else{


    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
    rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
    OSTRACE(("LOCK-FAIL file=%p, wanted=%d, got=%d\n",
             pFile->h, locktype, newLocktype));
  }
  pFile->locktype = (u8)newLocktype;
  OSTRACE(("LOCK file=%p, lock=%d, rc=%s\n",
           pFile->h, pFile->locktype, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
  return rc;
}

................................................................................
  assert( pFile!=0 );
  assert( locktype<=SHARED_LOCK );
  OSTRACE(("UNLOCK file=%p, oldLock=%d(%d), newLock=%d\n",
           pFile->h, pFile->locktype, pFile->sharedLockByte, locktype));
  type = pFile->locktype;
  if( type>=EXCLUSIVE_LOCK ){
    winUnlockFile(&pFile->h, SHARED_FIRST, 0, SHARED_SIZE, 0);
    if( locktype==SHARED_LOCK && !winGetReadLock(pFile) ){
      /* This should never happen.  We should always be able to
      ** reacquire the read lock */
      rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK, osGetLastError(),
               "winUnlock", pFile->zPath);
    }
  }
  if( type>=RESERVED_LOCK ){
    winUnlockFile(&pFile->h, RESERVED_BYTE, 0, 1, 0);
  }
  if( locktype==NO_LOCK && type>=SHARED_LOCK ){
    winUnlockReadLock(pFile);
  }
  if( type>=PENDING_LOCK ){
    winUnlockFile(&pFile->h, PENDING_BYTE, 0, 1, 0);
  }
  pFile->locktype = (u8)locktype;
  OSTRACE(("UNLOCK file=%p, lock=%d, rc=%s\n",
           pFile->h, pFile->locktype, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
................................................................................
    pFile->ctrlFlags &= ~mask;
  }else{
    pFile->ctrlFlags |= mask;
  }
}

/* Forward declaration */
static int winGetTempname(sqlite3_vfs *, char **);
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
static int winMapfile(winFile*, sqlite3_int64);
#endif

/*
** Control and query of the open file handle.
*/
................................................................................
      *(char**)pArg = sqlite3_mprintf("win32");
      OSTRACE(("FCNTL file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY: {
      int *a = (int*)pArg;
      if( a[0]>0 ){
        winIoerrRetry = a[0];
      }else{
        a[0] = winIoerrRetry;
      }
      if( a[1]>0 ){
        winIoerrRetryDelay = a[1];
      }else{
        a[1] = winIoerrRetryDelay;
      }
      OSTRACE(("FCNTL file=%p, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", pFile->h));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_TEMPFILENAME: {

      char *zTFile = 0;
      int rc = winGetTempname(pFile->pVfs, &zTFile);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        *(char**)pArg = zTFile;
      }
      OSTRACE(("FCNTL file=%p, rc=%d\n", pFile->h, rc));
      return rc;
    }
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
    case SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE: {
      i64 newLimit = *(i64*)pArg;
      int rc = SQLITE_OK;
      if( newLimit>sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap ){
        newLimit = sqlite3GlobalConfig.mxMmap;
................................................................................

/*
** Convert a UTF-8 filename into whatever form the underlying
** operating system wants filenames in.  Space to hold the result
** is obtained from malloc and must be freed by the calling
** function.
*/
static void *winConvertUtf8Filename(const char *zFilename){
  void *zConverted = 0;
  if( osIsNT() ){
    zConverted = winUtf8ToUnicode(zFilename);
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    zConverted = sqlite3_win32_utf8_to_mbcs(zFilename);
  }
#endif
  /* caller will handle out of memory */
  return zConverted;
}

/*
** This function returns non-zero if the specified UTF-8 string buffer
** ends with a directory separator character.

*/
static int winEndsInDirSep(char *zBuf){
  if( zBuf ){
    int nLen = sqlite3Strlen30(zBuf);
    return nLen>0 && winIsDirSep(zBuf[nLen-1]);
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Create a temporary file name and store the resulting pointer into pzBuf.

** The pointer returned in pzBuf must be freed via sqlite3_free().
*/

static int winGetTempname(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, char **pzBuf){
  static char zChars[] =
    "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"
    "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ"
    "0123456789";
  size_t i, j;
  int nBuf, nLen;
  char *zBuf;

  /* It's odd to simulate an io-error here, but really this is just
  ** using the io-error infrastructure to test that SQLite handles this
  ** function failing. 
  */
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR );

  /* Allocate a temporary buffer to store the fully qualified file
  ** name for the temporary file.  If this fails, we cannot continue.
  */
  nBuf = pVfs->mxPathname;
  zBuf = sqlite3MallocZero( nBuf+2 );
  if( !zBuf ){
    OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }

  /* Figure out the effective temporary directory.  First, check if one
  ** has been explicitly set by the application; otherwise, use the one
  ** configured by the operating system.
  */
  assert( nBuf>30 );
  if( sqlite3_temp_directory ){

    sqlite3_snprintf(nBuf-30, zBuf, "%s%s", sqlite3_temp_directory,
                     winEndsInDirSep(sqlite3_temp_directory) ? "" :
                     winGetDirDep());
  }
#if !SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  else if( osIsNT() ){
    char *zMulti;
    LPWSTR zWidePath = sqlite3MallocZero( nBuf*sizeof(WCHAR) );
    if( !zWidePath ){
      sqlite3_free(zBuf);
      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
    }
    if( osGetTempPathW(nBuf, zWidePath)==0 ){
      sqlite3_free(zWidePath);
      sqlite3_free(zBuf);
      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH;
    }
    zMulti = winUnicodeToUtf8(zWidePath);
    if( zMulti ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(nBuf-30, zBuf, "%s", zMulti);
      sqlite3_free(zMulti);
      sqlite3_free(zWidePath);
    }else{
      sqlite3_free(zWidePath);
      sqlite3_free(zBuf);
      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
    }
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    char *zUtf8;
    char *zMbcsPath = sqlite3MallocZero( nBuf );
    if( !zMbcsPath ){
      sqlite3_free(zBuf);
      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
    }
    if( osGetTempPathA(nBuf, zMbcsPath)==0 ){
      sqlite3_free(zBuf);
      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH;
    }
    zUtf8 = sqlite3_win32_mbcs_to_utf8(zMbcsPath);
    if( zUtf8 ){
      sqlite3_snprintf(nBuf-30, zBuf, "%s", zUtf8);
      sqlite3_free(zUtf8);
    }else{
      sqlite3_free(zBuf);
      OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n"));
      return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
    }
  }








#endif /* SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI */








#endif /* !SQLITE_OS_WINRT */

  /* Check that the output buffer is large enough for the temporary file 
  ** name. If it is not, return SQLITE_ERROR.
  */
  nLen = sqlite3Strlen30(zBuf);

  if( (nLen + sqlite3Strlen30(SQLITE_TEMP_FILE_PREFIX) + 18) >= nBuf ){
    sqlite3_free(zBuf);
    OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME rc=SQLITE_ERROR\n"));
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }

  sqlite3_snprintf(nBuf-18-nLen, zBuf+nLen, SQLITE_TEMP_FILE_PREFIX);





  j = sqlite3Strlen30(zBuf);
  sqlite3_randomness(15, &zBuf[j]);
  for(i=0; i<15; i++, j++){
    zBuf[j] = (char)zChars[ ((unsigned char)zBuf[j])%(sizeof(zChars)-1) ];
  }
  zBuf[j] = 0;
  zBuf[j+1] = 0;
  *pzBuf = zBuf;

  OSTRACE(("TEMP-FILENAME name=%s, rc=SQLITE_OK\n", zBuf));
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the named file is really a directory.  Return false if
................................................................................
** allocation failure.
*/
static int winIsDir(const void *zConverted){
  DWORD attr;
  int rc = 0;
  DWORD lastErrno;

  if( osIsNT() ){
    int cnt = 0;
    WIN32_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DATA sAttrData;
    memset(&sAttrData, 0, sizeof(sAttrData));
    while( !(rc = osGetFileAttributesExW((LPCWSTR)zConverted,
                             GetFileExInfoStandard,
                             &sAttrData)) && winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){}
    if( !rc ){
      return 0; /* Invalid name? */
    }
    attr = sAttrData.dwFileAttributes;
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE==0
  }else{
    attr = osGetFileAttributesA((char*)zConverted);
................................................................................
  return (attr!=INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES) && (attr&FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY);
}

/*
** Open a file.
*/
static int winOpen(
  sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,        /* Used to get maximum path name length */
  const char *zName,        /* Name of the file (UTF-8) */
  sqlite3_file *id,         /* Write the SQLite file handle here */
  int flags,                /* Open mode flags */
  int *pOutFlags            /* Status return flags */
){
  HANDLE h;
  DWORD lastErrno;
................................................................................
  void *zConverted;              /* Filename in OS encoding */
  const char *zUtf8Name = zName; /* Filename in UTF-8 encoding */
  int cnt = 0;

  /* If argument zPath is a NULL pointer, this function is required to open
  ** a temporary file. Use this buffer to store the file name in.
  */
  char *zTmpname = 0; /* For temporary filename, if necessary. */

  int rc = SQLITE_OK;            /* Function Return Code */
#if !defined(NDEBUG) || SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  int eType = flags&0xFFFFFF00;  /* Type of file to open */
#endif

  int isExclusive  = (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE);
................................................................................
  );

  assert( pFile!=0 );
  memset(pFile, 0, sizeof(winFile));
  pFile->h = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;

#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  if( !zUtf8Name && !sqlite3_temp_directory ){
    sqlite3_log(SQLITE_ERROR,
        "sqlite3_temp_directory variable should be set for WinRT");
  }
#endif

  /* If the second argument to this function is NULL, generate a 
  ** temporary file name to use 
  */
  if( !zUtf8Name ){
    assert( isDelete && !isOpenJournal );
    rc = winGetTempname(pVfs, &zTmpname);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      OSTRACE(("OPEN name=%s, rc=%s", zUtf8Name, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
      return rc;
    }
    zUtf8Name = zTmpname;
  }

  /* Database filenames are double-zero terminated if they are not
  ** URIs with parameters.  Hence, they can always be passed into
  ** sqlite3_uri_parameter().
  */
  assert( (eType!=SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB) || (flags & SQLITE_OPEN_URI) ||
       zUtf8Name[sqlite3Strlen30(zUtf8Name)+1]==0 );

  /* Convert the filename to the system encoding. */
  zConverted = winConvertUtf8Filename(zUtf8Name);
  if( zConverted==0 ){
    sqlite3_free(zTmpname);
    OSTRACE(("OPEN name=%s, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM", zUtf8Name));
    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }

  if( winIsDir(zConverted) ){
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);
    sqlite3_free(zTmpname);
    OSTRACE(("OPEN name=%s, rc=SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR", zUtf8Name));
    return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR;
  }

  if( isReadWrite ){
    dwDesiredAccess = GENERIC_READ | GENERIC_WRITE;
  }else{
................................................................................
  }
  /* Reports from the internet are that performance is always
  ** better if FILE_FLAG_RANDOM_ACCESS is used.  Ticket #2699. */
#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  dwFlagsAndAttributes |= FILE_FLAG_RANDOM_ACCESS;
#endif

  if( osIsNT() ){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
    CREATEFILE2_EXTENDED_PARAMETERS extendedParameters;
    extendedParameters.dwSize = sizeof(CREATEFILE2_EXTENDED_PARAMETERS);
    extendedParameters.dwFileAttributes =
            dwFlagsAndAttributes & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_MASK;
    extendedParameters.dwFileFlags = dwFlagsAndAttributes & FILE_FLAG_MASK;
    extendedParameters.dwSecurityQosFlags = SECURITY_ANONYMOUS;
................................................................................
    extendedParameters.lpSecurityAttributes = NULL;
    extendedParameters.hTemplateFile = NULL;
    while( (h = osCreateFile2((LPCWSTR)zConverted,
                              dwDesiredAccess,
                              dwShareMode,
                              dwCreationDisposition,
                              &extendedParameters))==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE &&
                              winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){
               /* Noop */
    }
#else
    while( (h = osCreateFileW((LPCWSTR)zConverted,
                              dwDesiredAccess,
                              dwShareMode, NULL,
                              dwCreationDisposition,
                              dwFlagsAndAttributes,
                              NULL))==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE &&
                              winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){
               /* Noop */
    }
#endif
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    while( (h = osCreateFileA((LPCSTR)zConverted,
                              dwDesiredAccess,
                              dwShareMode, NULL,
                              dwCreationDisposition,
                              dwFlagsAndAttributes,
                              NULL))==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE &&
                              winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){
               /* Noop */
    }
  }
#endif
  winLogIoerr(cnt);

  OSTRACE(("OPEN file=%p, name=%s, access=%lx, rc=%s\n", h, zUtf8Name,
           dwDesiredAccess, (h==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) ? "failed" : "ok"));

  if( h==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE ){
    pFile->lastErrno = lastErrno;
    winLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN, pFile->lastErrno, "winOpen", zUtf8Name);
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);
    sqlite3_free(zTmpname);
    if( isReadWrite && !isExclusive ){
      return winOpen(pVfs, zName, id, 
         ((flags|SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY) &
                     ~(SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE|SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE)),
         pOutFlags);
    }else{
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_BKPT;
................................................................................

#if SQLITE_OS_WINCE
  if( isReadWrite && eType==SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB
       && (rc = winceCreateLock(zName, pFile))!=SQLITE_OK
  ){
    osCloseHandle(h);
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);
    sqlite3_free(zTmpname);
    OSTRACE(("OPEN-CE-LOCK name=%s, rc=%s\n", zName, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
    return rc;
  }
  if( isTemp ){
    pFile->zDeleteOnClose = zConverted;
  }else
#endif
  {
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);
    sqlite3_free(zTmpname);
  }

  pFile->pMethod = &winIoMethod;
  pFile->pVfs = pVfs;
  pFile->h = h;
  if( isReadonly ){
    pFile->ctrlFlags |= WINFILE_RDONLY;
................................................................................
  void *zConverted;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(syncDir);

  SimulateIOError(return SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE);
  OSTRACE(("DELETE name=%s, syncDir=%d\n", zFilename, syncDir));

  zConverted = winConvertUtf8Filename(zFilename);
  if( zConverted==0 ){
    OSTRACE(("DELETE name=%s, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n", zFilename));
    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }
  if( osIsNT() ){
    do {
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
      WIN32_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DATA sAttrData;
      memset(&sAttrData, 0, sizeof(sAttrData));
      if ( osGetFileAttributesExW(zConverted, GetFileExInfoStandard,
                                  &sAttrData) ){
        attr = sAttrData.dwFileAttributes;
................................................................................
        rc = SQLITE_ERROR; /* Files only. */
        break;
      }
      if ( osDeleteFileW(zConverted) ){
        rc = SQLITE_OK; /* Deleted OK. */
        break;
      }
      if ( !winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){
        rc = SQLITE_ERROR; /* No more retries. */
        break;
      }
    } while(1);
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
................................................................................
        rc = SQLITE_ERROR; /* Files only. */
        break;
      }
      if ( osDeleteFileA(zConverted) ){
        rc = SQLITE_OK; /* Deleted OK. */
        break;
      }
      if ( !winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){
        rc = SQLITE_ERROR; /* No more retries. */
        break;
      }
    } while(1);
  }
#endif
  if( rc && rc!=SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE_NOENT ){
    rc = winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE, lastErrno,
             "winDelete", zFilename);
  }else{
    winLogIoerr(cnt);
  }
  sqlite3_free(zConverted);
  OSTRACE(("DELETE name=%s, rc=%s\n", zFilename, sqlite3ErrName(rc)));
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
  void *zConverted;
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);

  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS; );
  OSTRACE(("ACCESS name=%s, flags=%x, pResOut=%p\n",
           zFilename, flags, pResOut));

  zConverted = winConvertUtf8Filename(zFilename);
  if( zConverted==0 ){
    OSTRACE(("ACCESS name=%s, rc=SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM\n", zFilename));
    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }
  if( osIsNT() ){
    int cnt = 0;
    WIN32_FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DATA sAttrData;
    memset(&sAttrData, 0, sizeof(sAttrData));
    while( !(rc = osGetFileAttributesExW((LPCWSTR)zConverted,
                             GetFileExInfoStandard, 
                             &sAttrData)) && winRetryIoerr(&cnt, &lastErrno) ){}
    if( rc ){
      /* For an SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS query, treat a zero-length file
      ** as if it does not exist.
      */
      if(    flags==SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS
          && sAttrData.nFileSizeHigh==0 
          && sAttrData.nFileSizeLow==0 ){
        attr = INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES;
      }else{
        attr = sAttrData.dwFileAttributes;
      }
    }else{
      winLogIoerr(cnt);
      if( lastErrno!=ERROR_FILE_NOT_FOUND && lastErrno!=ERROR_PATH_NOT_FOUND ){
        winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS, lastErrno, "winAccess", zFilename);
        sqlite3_free(zConverted);
        return SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS;
      }else{
        attr = INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES;
      }
................................................................................
  /*
  ** If the path name starts with a forward slash or a backslash, it is either
  ** a legal UNC name, a volume relative path, or an absolute path name in the
  ** "Unix" format on Windows.  There is no easy way to differentiate between
  ** the final two cases; therefore, we return the safer return value of TRUE
  ** so that callers of this function will simply use it verbatim.
  */
  if ( winIsDirSep(zPathname[0]) ){
    return TRUE;
  }

  /*
  ** If the path name starts with a letter and a colon it is either a volume
  ** relative path or an absolute path.  Callers of this function must not
  ** attempt to treat it as a relative path name (i.e. they should simply use
................................................................................
  int nFull,                    /* Size of output buffer in bytes */
  char *zFull                   /* Output buffer */
){
  
#if defined(__CYGWIN__)
  SimulateIOError( return SQLITE_ERROR );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(nFull);

  assert( nFull>=pVfs->mxPathname );
  if ( sqlite3_data_directory && !winIsVerbatimPathname(zRelative) ){
    /*
    ** NOTE: We are dealing with a relative path name and the data
    **       directory has been set.  Therefore, use it as the basis
    **       for converting the relative path name to an absolute
    **       one by prepending the data directory and a slash.
    */
    char *zOut = sqlite3MallocZero( pVfs->mxPathname+1 );
    if( !zOut ){
      winLogError(SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM, 0, "winFullPathname", zRelative);
      return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
    }
    if( cygwin_conv_path(CCP_POSIX_TO_WIN_A|CCP_RELATIVE, zRelative, zOut,

                         pVfs->mxPathname+1)<0 ){
      winLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH, (DWORD)errno, "cygwin_conv_path",
                  zRelative);
      sqlite3_free(zOut);
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH;
    }
    sqlite3_snprintf(MIN(nFull, pVfs->mxPathname), zFull, "%s%s%s",
                     sqlite3_data_directory, winGetDirDep(), zOut);
    sqlite3_free(zOut);
  }else{
    if( cygwin_conv_path(CCP_POSIX_TO_WIN_A, zRelative, zFull, nFull)<0 ){
      winLogError(SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH, (DWORD)errno, "cygwin_conv_path",
                  zRelative);
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH;
    }
  }
................................................................................
  if ( sqlite3_data_directory && !winIsVerbatimPathname(zRelative) ){
    /*
    ** NOTE: We are dealing with a relative path name and the data
    **       directory has been set.  Therefore, use it as the basis
    **       for converting the relative path name to an absolute
    **       one by prepending the data directory and a backslash.
    */
    sqlite3_snprintf(MIN(nFull, pVfs->mxPathname), zFull, "%s%s%s",
                     sqlite3_data_directory, winGetDirDep(), zRelative);
  }else{
    sqlite3_snprintf(MIN(nFull, pVfs->mxPathname), zFull, "%s", zRelative);
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
#endif

#if !SQLITE_OS_WINCE && !SQLITE_OS_WINRT && !defined(__CYGWIN__)
................................................................................
  if ( sqlite3_data_directory && !winIsVerbatimPathname(zRelative) ){
    /*
    ** NOTE: We are dealing with a relative path name and the data
    **       directory has been set.  Therefore, use it as the basis
    **       for converting the relative path name to an absolute
    **       one by prepending the data directory and a backslash.
    */
    sqlite3_snprintf(MIN(nFull, pVfs->mxPathname), zFull, "%s%s%s",
                     sqlite3_data_directory, winGetDirDep(), zRelative);
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  zConverted = winConvertUtf8Filename(zRelative);
  if( zConverted==0 ){
    return SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM;
  }
  if( osIsNT() ){
    LPWSTR zTemp;
    nByte = osGetFullPathNameW((LPCWSTR)zConverted, 0, 0, 0);
    if( nByte==0 ){
      winLogError(SQLITE_ERROR, osGetLastError(),
                  "GetFullPathNameW1", zConverted);
      sqlite3_free(zConverted);
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH;
................................................................................
      winLogError(SQLITE_ERROR, osGetLastError(),
                  "GetFullPathNameW2", zConverted);
      sqlite3_free(zConverted);
      sqlite3_free(zTemp);
      return SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH;
    }
    sqlite3_free(zConverted);
    zOut = winUnicodeToUtf8(zTemp);
    sqlite3_free(zTemp);
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
  else{
    char *zTemp;
    nByte = osGetFullPathNameA((char*)zConverted, 0, 0, 0);
    if( nByte==0 ){
................................................................................
*/
/*
** Interfaces for opening a shared library, finding entry points
** within the shared library, and closing the shared library.
*/
static void *winDlOpen(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, const char *zFilename){
  HANDLE h;
  void *zConverted = winConvertUtf8Filename(zFilename);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  if( zConverted==0 ){
    return 0;
  }
  if( osIsNT() ){
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
    h = osLoadPackagedLibrary((LPCWSTR)zConverted, 0);
#else
    h = osLoadLibraryW((LPCWSTR)zConverted);
#endif
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_ANSI
................................................................................
  }
#endif
  sqlite3_free(zConverted);
  return (void*)h;
}
static void winDlError(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nBuf, char *zBufOut){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  winGetLastErrorMsg(osGetLastError(), nBuf, zBufOut);
}
static void (*winDlSym(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs,void *pH,const char *zSym))(void){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  return (void(*)(void))osGetProcAddressA((HANDLE)pH, zSym);
}
static void winDlClose(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, void *pHandle){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
................................................................................
**
** However if an error message is supplied, it will be incorporated
** by sqlite into the error message available to the user using
** sqlite3_errmsg(), possibly making IO errors easier to debug.
*/
static int winGetLastError(sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, int nBuf, char *zBuf){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pVfs);
  return winGetLastErrorMsg(osGetLastError(), nBuf, zBuf);
}

/*
** Initialize and deinitialize the operating system interface.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_init(void){
  static sqlite3_vfs winVfs = {
    3,                   /* iVersion */
    sizeof(winFile),     /* szOsFile */
    SQLITE_WIN32_MAX_PATH_BYTES, /* mxPathname */
    0,                   /* pNext */
    "win32",             /* zName */
    0,                   /* pAppData */
    winOpen,             /* xOpen */
    winDelete,           /* xDelete */
    winAccess,           /* xAccess */
    winFullPathname,     /* xFullPathname */
................................................................................
    winCurrentTime,      /* xCurrentTime */
    winGetLastError,     /* xGetLastError */
    winCurrentTimeInt64, /* xCurrentTimeInt64 */
    winSetSystemCall,    /* xSetSystemCall */
    winGetSystemCall,    /* xGetSystemCall */
    winNextSystemCall,   /* xNextSystemCall */
  };
#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
  static sqlite3_vfs winLongPathVfs = {
    3,                   /* iVersion */
    sizeof(winFile),     /* szOsFile */
    SQLITE_WINNT_MAX_PATH_BYTES, /* mxPathname */
    0,                   /* pNext */
    "win32-longpath",    /* zName */
    0,                   /* pAppData */
    winOpen,             /* xOpen */
    winDelete,           /* xDelete */
    winAccess,           /* xAccess */
    winFullPathname,     /* xFullPathname */
    winDlOpen,           /* xDlOpen */
    winDlError,          /* xDlError */
    winDlSym,            /* xDlSym */
    winDlClose,          /* xDlClose */
    winRandomness,       /* xRandomness */
    winSleep,            /* xSleep */
    winCurrentTime,      /* xCurrentTime */
    winGetLastError,     /* xGetLastError */
    winCurrentTimeInt64, /* xCurrentTimeInt64 */
    winSetSystemCall,    /* xSetSystemCall */
    winGetSystemCall,    /* xGetSystemCall */
    winNextSystemCall,   /* xNextSystemCall */
  };
#endif

  /* Double-check that the aSyscall[] array has been constructed
  ** correctly.  See ticket [bb3a86e890c8e96ab] */
  assert( ArraySize(aSyscall)==74 );

  /* get memory map allocation granularity */
  memset(&winSysInfo, 0, sizeof(SYSTEM_INFO));
................................................................................
#else
  osGetSystemInfo(&winSysInfo);
#endif
  assert( winSysInfo.dwAllocationGranularity>0 );
  assert( winSysInfo.dwPageSize>0 );

  sqlite3_vfs_register(&winVfs, 1);

#if defined(SQLITE_WIN32_HAS_WIDE)
  sqlite3_vfs_register(&winLongPathVfs, 0);
#endif

  return SQLITE_OK; 
}

SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_end(void){ 
#if SQLITE_OS_WINRT
  if( sleepObj!=NULL ){
    osCloseHandle(sleepObj);
................................................................................
    pBt->max1bytePayload = 127;
  }else{
    pBt->max1bytePayload = (u8)pBt->maxLocal;
  }
  assert( pBt->maxLeaf + 23 <= MX_CELL_SIZE(pBt) );
  pBt->pPage1 = pPage1;
  pBt->nPage = nPage;
assert( pPage1->leaf==0 || pPage1->leaf==1 );
  return SQLITE_OK;

page1_init_failed:
  releasePage(pPage1);
  pBt->pPage1 = 0;
  return rc;
}
................................................................................
    p->type = SQLITE_NULL;
    p->db = db;
  }
  return p;
}

/*
** Context object passed by sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue() through to 
** valueNew(). See comments above valueNew() for details.
*/
struct ValueNewStat4Ctx {
  Parse *pParse;
  Index *pIdx;
  UnpackedRecord **ppRec;
  int iVal;
};

/*
** Allocate and return a pointer to a new sqlite3_value object. If
** the second argument to this function is NULL, the object is allocated
** by calling sqlite3ValueNew().
**






** Otherwise, if the second argument is non-zero, then this function is 
** being called indirectly by sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(). If it has not
** already been allocated, allocate the UnpackedRecord structure that 
** that function will return to its caller here. Then return a pointer 
** an sqlite3_value within the UnpackedRecord.a[] array.
*/
static sqlite3_value *valueNew(sqlite3 *db, struct ValueNewStat4Ctx *p){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  if( p ){
    UnpackedRecord *pRec = p->ppRec[0];

    if( pRec==0 ){
      Index *pIdx = p->pIdx;      /* Index being probed */
      int nByte;                  /* Bytes of space to allocate */
      int i;                      /* Counter variable */
      int nCol = pIdx->nColumn+1; /* Number of index columns including rowid */
  
      nByte = sizeof(Mem) * nCol + sizeof(UnpackedRecord);
      pRec = (UnpackedRecord*)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByte);
      if( pRec ){
        pRec->pKeyInfo = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(p->pParse, pIdx);
        if( pRec->pKeyInfo ){
          assert( pRec->pKeyInfo->nField+1==nCol );
          pRec->pKeyInfo->enc = ENC(db);
          pRec->flags = UNPACKED_PREFIX_MATCH;
          pRec->aMem = (Mem *)&pRec[1];
          for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
            pRec->aMem[i].flags = MEM_Null;
            pRec->aMem[i].type = SQLITE_NULL;
            pRec->aMem[i].db = db;
          }
        }else{
          sqlite3DbFree(db, pRec);
          pRec = 0;
        }
      }
      if( pRec==0 ) return 0;
      p->ppRec[0] = pRec;
    }
  
    pRec->nField = p->iVal+1;
    return &pRec->aMem[p->iVal];
  }
#endif
  return sqlite3ValueNew(db);
}

/*
** Extract a value from the supplied expression in the manner described
** above sqlite3ValueFromExpr(). Allocate the sqlite3_value object
** using valueNew().
**
** If pCtx is NULL and an error occurs after the sqlite3_value object
** has been allocated, it is freed before returning. Or, if pCtx is not
** NULL, it is assumed that the caller will free any allocated object
** in all cases.
*/
int valueFromExpr(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* The database connection */
  Expr *pExpr,                    /* The expression to evaluate */
  u8 enc,                         /* Encoding to use */
  u8 affinity,                    /* Affinity to use */
  sqlite3_value **ppVal,          /* Write the new value here */
  struct ValueNewStat4Ctx *pCtx   /* Second argument for valueNew() */
){
  int op;
  char *zVal = 0;
  sqlite3_value *pVal = 0;
  int negInt = 1;
  const char *zNeg = "";
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  if( !pExpr ){
    *ppVal = 0;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  op = pExpr->op;

  /* op can only be TK_REGISTER if we have compiled with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4.
  ** The ifdef here is to enable us to achieve 100% branch test coverage even
  ** when SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4 is omitted.
  */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  if( op==TK_REGISTER ) op = pExpr->op2;
#else
  if( NEVER(op==TK_REGISTER) ) op = pExpr->op2;
#endif

  /* Handle negative integers in a single step.  This is needed in the
  ** case when the value is -9223372036854775808.
................................................................................
    pExpr = pExpr->pLeft;
    op = pExpr->op;
    negInt = -1;
    zNeg = "-";
  }

  if( op==TK_STRING || op==TK_FLOAT || op==TK_INTEGER ){
    pVal = valueNew(db, pCtx);
    if( pVal==0 ) goto no_mem;
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(pVal, (i64)pExpr->u.iValue*negInt);
    }else{
      zVal = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "%s%s", zNeg, pExpr->u.zToken);
      if( zVal==0 ) goto no_mem;
      sqlite3ValueSetStr(pVal, -1, zVal, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
................................................................................
    if( (op==TK_INTEGER || op==TK_FLOAT ) && affinity==SQLITE_AFF_NONE ){
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, SQLITE_AFF_NUMERIC, SQLITE_UTF8);
    }else{
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, SQLITE_UTF8);
    }
    if( pVal->flags & (MEM_Int|MEM_Real) ) pVal->flags &= ~MEM_Str;
    if( enc!=SQLITE_UTF8 ){
      rc = sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pVal, enc);
    }
  }else if( op==TK_UMINUS ) {
    /* This branch happens for multiple negative signs.  Ex: -(-5) */
    if( SQLITE_OK==sqlite3ValueFromExpr(db,pExpr->pLeft,enc,affinity,&pVal) 
     && pVal!=0
    ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemNumerify(pVal);
      if( pVal->u.i==SMALLEST_INT64 ){
        pVal->flags &= MEM_Int;
        pVal->flags |= MEM_Real;
        pVal->r = (double)LARGEST_INT64;
      }else{
        pVal->u.i = -pVal->u.i;
      }
      pVal->r = -pVal->r;
      sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, enc);
    }
  }else if( op==TK_NULL ){
    pVal = valueNew(db, pCtx);
    if( pVal==0 ) goto no_mem;
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL
  else if( op==TK_BLOB ){
    int nVal;
    assert( pExpr->u.zToken[0]=='x' || pExpr->u.zToken[0]=='X' );
    assert( pExpr->u.zToken[1]=='\'' );
    pVal = valueNew(db, pCtx);
    if( !pVal ) goto no_mem;
    zVal = &pExpr->u.zToken[2];
    nVal = sqlite3Strlen30(zVal)-1;
    assert( zVal[nVal]=='\'' );
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetStr(pVal, sqlite3HexToBlob(db, zVal, nVal), nVal/2,
                         0, SQLITE_DYNAMIC);
  }
#endif

  if( pVal ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(pVal);
  }
  *ppVal = pVal;
  return rc;

no_mem:
  db->mallocFailed = 1;
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zVal);
  assert( *ppVal==0 );
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  if( pCtx==0 ) sqlite3ValueFree(pVal);

#else
  assert( pCtx==0 ); sqlite3ValueFree(pVal);
#endif
  return SQLITE_NOMEM;
}

/*
** Create a new sqlite3_value object, containing the value of pExpr.
**
** This only works for very simple expressions that consist of one constant
** token (i.e. "5", "5.1", "'a string'"). If the expression can
** be converted directly into a value, then the value is allocated and
** a pointer written to *ppVal. The caller is responsible for deallocating
** the value by passing it to sqlite3ValueFree() later on. If the expression
** cannot be converted to a value, then *ppVal is set to NULL.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ValueFromExpr(
  sqlite3 *db,              /* The database connection */
  Expr *pExpr,              /* The expression to evaluate */
  u8 enc,                   /* Encoding to use */
  u8 affinity,              /* Affinity to use */
  sqlite3_value **ppVal     /* Write the new value here */
){
  return valueFromExpr(db, pExpr, enc, affinity, ppVal, 0);
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
/*
** The implementation of the sqlite_record() function. This function accepts
** a single argument of any type. The return value is a formatted database 
** record (a blob) containing the argument value.
**
** This is used to convert the value stored in the 'sample' column of the
** sqlite_stat3 table to the record format SQLite uses internally.
*/
static void recordFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  const int file_format = 1;
  int iSerial;                    /* Serial type */
  int nSerial;                    /* Bytes of space for iSerial as varint */
  int nVal;                       /* Bytes of space required for argv[0] */
  int nRet;
  sqlite3 *db;
  u8 *aRet;

  iSerial = sqlite3VdbeSerialType(argv[0], file_format);
  nSerial = sqlite3VarintLen(iSerial);
  nVal = sqlite3VdbeSerialTypeLen(iSerial);
  db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);

  nRet = 1 + nSerial + nVal;
  aRet = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, nRet);
  if( aRet==0 ){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
  }else{
    aRet[0] = nSerial+1;
    sqlite3PutVarint(&aRet[1], iSerial);
    sqlite3VdbeSerialPut(&aRet[1+nSerial], nVal, argv[0], file_format);
    sqlite3_result_blob(context, aRet, nRet, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, aRet);
  }
}

/*
** Register built-in functions used to help read ANALYZE data.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AnalyzeFunctions(void){
  static SQLITE_WSD FuncDef aAnalyzeTableFuncs[] = {
    FUNCTION(sqlite_record,   1, 0, 0, recordFunc),
  };
  int i;
  FuncDefHash *pHash = &GLOBAL(FuncDefHash, sqlite3GlobalFunctions);
  FuncDef *aFunc = (FuncDef*)&GLOBAL(FuncDef, aAnalyzeTableFuncs);
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aAnalyzeTableFuncs); i++){
    sqlite3FuncDefInsert(pHash, &aFunc[i]);
  }
}

/*
** This function is used to allocate and populate UnpackedRecord 
** structures intended to be compared against sample index keys stored 
** in the sqlite_stat4 table.
**
** A single call to this function attempts to populates field iVal (leftmost 
** is 0 etc.) of the unpacked record with a value extracted from expression
** pExpr. Extraction of values is possible if:
**
**  * (pExpr==0). In this case the value is assumed to be an SQL NULL,
**
**  * The expression is a bound variable, and this is a reprepare, or
**
**  * The sqlite3ValueFromExpr() function is able to extract a value 
**    from the expression (i.e. the expression is a literal value).
**
** If a value can be extracted, the affinity passed as the 5th argument
** is applied to it before it is copied into the UnpackedRecord. Output
** parameter *pbOk is set to true if a value is extracted, or false 
** otherwise.
**
** When this function is called, *ppRec must either point to an object
** allocated by an earlier call to this function, or must be NULL. If it
** is NULL and a value can be successfully extracted, a new UnpackedRecord
** is allocated (and *ppRec set to point to it) before returning.
**
** Unless an error is encountered, SQLITE_OK is returned. It is not an
** error if a value cannot be extracted from pExpr. If an error does
** occur, an SQLite error code is returned.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(
  Parse *pParse,                  /* Parse context */
  Index *pIdx,                    /* Index being probed */
  UnpackedRecord **ppRec,         /* IN/OUT: Probe record */
  Expr *pExpr,                    /* The expression to extract a value from */
  u8 affinity,                    /* Affinity to use */
  int iVal,                       /* Array element to populate */
  int *pbOk                       /* OUT: True if value was extracted */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  sqlite3_value *pVal = 0;

  struct ValueNewStat4Ctx alloc;
  alloc.pParse = pParse;
  alloc.pIdx = pIdx;
  alloc.ppRec = ppRec;
  alloc.iVal = iVal;

  if( !pExpr ){
    pVal = valueNew(pParse->db, &alloc);
    if( pVal ){
      sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull((Mem*)pVal);
      *pbOk = 1;
    }
  }else if( pExpr->op==TK_VARIABLE
        || (pExpr->op==TK_REGISTER && pExpr->op2==TK_VARIABLE)
  ){
    Vdbe *v;
    int iBindVar = pExpr->iColumn;
    sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(pParse->pVdbe, iBindVar);
    if( (v = pParse->pReprepare)!=0 ){
      pVal = valueNew(pParse->db, &alloc);
      if( pVal ){
        rc = sqlite3VdbeMemCopy((Mem*)pVal, &v->aVar[iBindVar-1]);
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          sqlite3ValueApplyAffinity(pVal, affinity, SQLITE_UTF8);
        }
        pVal->db = pParse->db;
        *pbOk = 1;
        sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType((Mem*)pVal);
      }
    }else{
      *pbOk = 0;
    }
  }else{
    sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
    rc = valueFromExpr(db, pExpr, ENC(db), affinity, &pVal, &alloc);
    *pbOk = (pVal!=0);
  }

  assert( pVal==0 || pVal->db==pParse->db );
  return rc;
}

/*
** Unless it is NULL, the argument must be an UnpackedRecord object returned
** by an earlier call to sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(). This call deletes
** the object.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Stat4ProbeFree(UnpackedRecord *pRec){
  if( pRec ){
    int i;
    int nCol = pRec->pKeyInfo->nField+1;
    Mem *aMem = pRec->aMem;
    sqlite3 *db = aMem[0].db;
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, aMem[i].zMalloc);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pRec->pKeyInfo);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pRec);
  }
}
#endif /* ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4 */

/*
** Change the string value of an sqlite3_value object
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ValueSetStr(
  sqlite3_value *v,     /* Value to be set */
  int n,                /* Length of string z */
  const void *z,        /* Text of the new string */
................................................................................
    ** external allocations out of mem[p2] and set mem[p2] to be
    ** an undefined integer.  Opcodes will either fill in the integer
    ** value or convert mem[p2] to a different type.
    */
    assert( pOp->opflags==sqlite3OpcodeProperty[pOp->opcode] );
    if( pOp->opflags & OPFLG_OUT2_PRERELEASE ){
      assert( pOp->p2>0 );
      assert( pOp->p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      pOut = &aMem[pOp->p2];
      memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
      VdbeMemRelease(pOut);
      pOut->flags = MEM_Int;
    }

    /* Sanity checking on other operands */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN1)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p1>0 );
      assert( pOp->p1<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p1]) );
      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, &aMem[pOp->p1]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN2)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p2>0 );
      assert( pOp->p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p2]) );
      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p2, &aMem[pOp->p2]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_IN3)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p3>0 );
      assert( pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      assert( memIsValid(&aMem[pOp->p3]) );
      REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, &aMem[pOp->p3]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_OUT2)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p2>0 );
      assert( pOp->p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      memAboutToChange(p, &aMem[pOp->p2]);
    }
    if( (pOp->opflags & OPFLG_OUT3)!=0 ){
      assert( pOp->p3>0 );
      assert( pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
      memAboutToChange(p, &aMem[pOp->p3]);
    }
#endif
  
    switch( pOp->opcode ){

/*****************************************************************************
................................................................................

/* Opcode:  Gosub P1 P2 * * *
**
** Write the current address onto register P1
** and then jump to address P2.
*/
case OP_Gosub: {            /* jump */
  assert( pOp->p1>0 && pOp->p1<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Dyn)==0 );
  memAboutToChange(p, pIn1);
  pIn1->flags = MEM_Int;
  pIn1->u.i = pc;
  REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p1, pIn1);
  pc = pOp->p2 - 1;
................................................................................
*/
case OP_Null: {           /* out2-prerelease */
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.ab */
  int cnt;
  u16 nullFlag;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ab */
  u.ab.cnt = pOp->p3-pOp->p2;
  assert( pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pOut->flags = u.ab.nullFlag = pOp->p1 ? (MEM_Null|MEM_Cleared) : MEM_Null;
  while( u.ab.cnt>0 ){
    pOut++;
    memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
    VdbeMemRelease(pOut);
    pOut->flags = u.ab.nullFlag;
    u.ab.cnt--;
................................................................................
  u.ad.p2 = pOp->p2;
  assert( u.ad.n>0 && u.ad.p1>0 && u.ad.p2>0 );
  assert( u.ad.p1+u.ad.n<=u.ad.p2 || u.ad.p2+u.ad.n<=u.ad.p1 );

  pIn1 = &aMem[u.ad.p1];
  pOut = &aMem[u.ad.p2];
  while( u.ad.n-- ){
    assert( pOut<=&aMem[(p->nMem-p->nCursor)] );
    assert( pIn1<=&aMem[(p->nMem-p->nCursor)] );
    assert( memIsValid(pIn1) );
    memAboutToChange(p, pOut);
    u.ad.zMalloc = pOut->zMalloc;
    pOut->zMalloc = 0;
    sqlite3VdbeMemMove(pOut, pIn1);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( pOut->pScopyFrom>=&aMem[u.ad.p1] && pOut->pScopyFrom<&aMem[u.ad.p1+pOp->p3] ){
................................................................................
case OP_ResultRow: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.af */
  Mem *pMem;
  int i;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.af */
  assert( p->nResColumn==pOp->p2 );
  assert( pOp->p1>0 );
  assert( pOp->p1+pOp->p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );

  /* If this statement has violated immediate foreign key constraints, do
  ** not return the number of rows modified. And do not RELEASE the statement
  ** transaction. It needs to be rolled back.  */
  if( SQLITE_OK!=(rc = sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(p, 0)) ){
    assert( db->flags&SQLITE_CountRows );
    assert( p->usesStmtJournal );
................................................................................
  sqlite3_value **apVal;
  int n;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ai */

  u.ai.n = pOp->p5;
  u.ai.apVal = p->apArg;
  assert( u.ai.apVal || u.ai.n==0 );
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pOut = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, pOut);

  assert( u.ai.n==0 || (pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+u.ai.n<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1) );
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p2 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p2+u.ai.n );
  u.ai.pArg = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  for(u.ai.i=0; u.ai.i<u.ai.n; u.ai.i++, u.ai.pArg++){
    assert( memIsValid(u.ai.pArg) );
    u.ai.apVal[u.ai.i] = u.ai.pArg;
    Deephemeralize(u.ai.pArg);
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(u.ai.pArg);
................................................................................
  assert( u.al.pKeyInfo!=0 );
  u.al.p1 = pOp->p1;
  u.al.p2 = pOp->p2;
#if SQLITE_DEBUG
  if( aPermute ){
    int k, mx = 0;
    for(k=0; k<u.al.n; k++) if( aPermute[k]>mx ) mx = aPermute[k];
    assert( u.al.p1>0 && u.al.p1+mx<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
    assert( u.al.p2>0 && u.al.p2+mx<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
  }else{
    assert( u.al.p1>0 && u.al.p1+u.al.n<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
    assert( u.al.p2>0 && u.al.p2+u.al.n<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */
  for(u.al.i=0; u.al.i<u.al.n; u.al.i++){
    u.al.idx = aPermute ? aPermute[u.al.i] : u.al.i;
    assert( memIsValid(&aMem[u.al.p1+u.al.idx]) );
    assert( memIsValid(&aMem[u.al.p2+u.al.idx]) );
    REGISTER_TRACE(u.al.p1+u.al.idx, &aMem[u.al.p1+u.al.idx]);
................................................................................


  u.ao.p1 = pOp->p1;
  u.ao.p2 = pOp->p2;
  u.ao.pC = 0;
  memset(&u.ao.sMem, 0, sizeof(u.ao.sMem));
  assert( u.ao.p1<p->nCursor );
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  u.ao.pDest = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, u.ao.pDest);
  u.ao.zRec = 0;

  /* This block sets the variable u.ao.payloadSize to be the total number of
  ** bytes in the record.
  **
................................................................................
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ap */

  u.ap.zAffinity = pOp->p4.z;
  assert( u.ap.zAffinity!=0 );
  assert( u.ap.zAffinity[pOp->p2]==0 );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  while( (u.ap.cAff = *(u.ap.zAffinity++))!=0 ){
    assert( pIn1 <= &p->aMem[(p->nMem-p->nCursor)] );
    assert( memIsValid(pIn1) );
    ExpandBlob(pIn1);
    applyAffinity(pIn1, u.ap.cAff, encoding);
    pIn1++;
  }
  break;
}
................................................................................
  ** of the record to data0.
  */
  u.aq.nData = 0;         /* Number of bytes of data space */
  u.aq.nHdr = 0;          /* Number of bytes of header space */
  u.aq.nZero = 0;         /* Number of zero bytes at the end of the record */
  u.aq.nField = pOp->p1;
  u.aq.zAffinity = pOp->p4.z;
  assert( u.aq.nField>0 && pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+u.aq.nField<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
  u.aq.pData0 = &aMem[u.aq.nField];
  u.aq.nField = pOp->p2;
  u.aq.pLast = &u.aq.pData0[u.aq.nField-1];
  u.aq.file_format = p->minWriteFileFormat;

  /* Identify the output register */
  assert( pOp->p3<pOp->p1 || pOp->p3>=pOp->p1+pOp->p2 );
................................................................................
    u.aq.i += putVarint32(&u.aq.zNewRecord[u.aq.i], u.aq.serial_type);      /* serial type */
  }
  for(u.aq.pRec=u.aq.pData0; u.aq.pRec<=u.aq.pLast; u.aq.pRec++){  /* serial data */
    u.aq.i += sqlite3VdbeSerialPut(&u.aq.zNewRecord[u.aq.i], (int)(u.aq.nByte-u.aq.i), u.aq.pRec,u.aq.file_format);
  }
  assert( u.aq.i==u.aq.nByte );

  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  pOut->n = (int)u.aq.nByte;
  pOut->flags = MEM_Blob | MEM_Dyn;
  pOut->xDel = 0;
  if( u.aq.nZero ){
    pOut->u.nZero = u.aq.nZero;
    pOut->flags |= MEM_Zero;
  }
................................................................................
      p->minWriteFileFormat = u.ay.pDb->pSchema->file_format;
    }
  }else{
    u.ay.wrFlag = 0;
  }
  if( pOp->p5 & OPFLAG_P2ISREG ){
    assert( u.ay.p2>0 );
    assert( u.ay.p2<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
    pIn2 = &aMem[u.ay.p2];
    assert( memIsValid(pIn2) );
    assert( (pIn2->flags & MEM_Int)!=0 );
    sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(pIn2);
    u.ay.p2 = (int)pIn2->u.i;
    /* The u.ay.p2 value always comes from a prior OP_CreateTable opcode and
    ** that opcode will always set the u.ay.p2 value to 2 or more or else fail.
................................................................................
  i64 R;                             /* Rowid stored in register P3 */
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bf */

  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  u.bf.aMx = &aMem[pOp->p4.i];
  /* Assert that the values of parameters P1 and P4 are in range. */
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  assert( pOp->p4.i>0 && pOp->p4.i<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );

  /* Find the index cursor. */
  u.bf.pCx = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.bf.pCx->deferredMoveto==0 );
  u.bf.pCx->seekResult = 0;
  u.bf.pCx->cacheStatus = CACHE_STALE;
................................................................................
        if( p->pFrame ){
          for(u.bh.pFrame=p->pFrame; u.bh.pFrame->pParent; u.bh.pFrame=u.bh.pFrame->pParent);
          /* Assert that P3 is a valid memory cell. */
          assert( pOp->p3<=u.bh.pFrame->nMem );
          u.bh.pMem = &u.bh.pFrame->aMem[pOp->p3];
        }else{
          /* Assert that P3 is a valid memory cell. */
          assert( pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
          u.bh.pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
          memAboutToChange(p, u.bh.pMem);
        }
        assert( memIsValid(u.bh.pMem) );

        REGISTER_TRACE(pOp->p3, u.bh.pMem);
        sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(u.bh.pMem);
................................................................................
  VdbeCursor *pC;
  BtCursor *pCrsr;
  int res;
  UnpackedRecord r;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bt */

  assert( pOp->p3>0 );
  assert( pOp->p2>0 && pOp->p2+pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor)+1 );
  assert( pOp->p1>=0 && pOp->p1<p->nCursor );
  u.bt.pC = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( u.bt.pC!=0 );
  u.bt.pCrsr = u.bt.pC->pCursor;
  if( ALWAYS(u.bt.pCrsr!=0) ){
    u.bt.r.pKeyInfo = u.bt.pC->pKeyInfo;
    u.bt.r.nField = (u16)pOp->p3;
................................................................................
case OP_Clear: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.bx */
  int nChange;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.bx */

  u.bx.nChange = 0;
  assert( p->readOnly==0 );
  assert( pOp->p1!=1 );
  assert( (p->btreeMask & (((yDbMask)1)<<pOp->p2))!=0 );
  rc = sqlite3BtreeClearTable(
      db->aDb[pOp->p2].pBt, pOp->p1, (pOp->p3 ? &u.bx.nChange : 0)
  );
  if( pOp->p3 ){
    p->nChange += u.bx.nChange;
    if( pOp->p3>0 ){
................................................................................
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ca */

  assert( p->bIsReader );
  u.ca.nRoot = pOp->p2;
  assert( u.ca.nRoot>0 );
  u.ca.aRoot = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(int)*(u.ca.nRoot+1) );
  if( u.ca.aRoot==0 ) goto no_mem;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  u.ca.pnErr = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  assert( (u.ca.pnErr->flags & MEM_Int)!=0 );
  assert( (u.ca.pnErr->flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob))==0 );
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  for(u.ca.j=0; u.ca.j<u.ca.nRoot; u.ca.j++){
    u.ca.aRoot[u.ca.j] = (int)sqlite3VdbeIntValue(&pIn1[u.ca.j]);
  }
................................................................................
  for(u.cg.i=0; u.cg.i<u.cg.n; u.cg.i++, u.cg.pRec++){
    assert( memIsValid(u.cg.pRec) );
    u.cg.apVal[u.cg.i] = u.cg.pRec;
    memAboutToChange(p, u.cg.pRec);
    sqlite3VdbeMemStoreType(u.cg.pRec);
  }
  u.cg.ctx.pFunc = pOp->p4.pFunc;
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  u.cg.ctx.pMem = u.cg.pMem = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  u.cg.pMem->n++;
  u.cg.ctx.s.flags = MEM_Null;
  u.cg.ctx.s.z = 0;
  u.cg.ctx.s.zMalloc = 0;
  u.cg.ctx.s.xDel = 0;
  u.cg.ctx.s.db = db;
................................................................................
** P4 argument is only needed for the degenerate case where
** the step function was not previously called.
*/
case OP_AggFinal: {
#if 0  /* local variables moved into u.ch */
  Mem *pMem;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.ch */
  assert( pOp->p1>0 && pOp->p1<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  u.ch.pMem = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( (u.ch.pMem->flags & ~(MEM_Null|MEM_Agg))==0 );
  rc = sqlite3VdbeMemFinalize(u.ch.pMem, pOp->p4.pFunc);
  if( rc ){
    sqlite3SetString(&p->zErrMsg, db, "%s", sqlite3_value_text(u.ch.pMem));
  }
  sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(u.ch.pMem, encoding);
................................................................................
  const sqlite3_module *pModule;
  Mem *pDest;
  sqlite3_context sContext;
#endif /* local variables moved into u.co */

  VdbeCursor *pCur = p->apCsr[pOp->p1];
  assert( pCur->pVtabCursor );
  assert( pOp->p3>0 && pOp->p3<=(p->nMem-p->nCursor) );
  u.co.pDest = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  memAboutToChange(p, u.co.pDest);
  if( pCur->nullRow ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(u.co.pDest);
    break;
  }
  u.co.pVtab = pCur->pVtabCursor->pVtab;
................................................................................
    case TK_UPLUS: {
      rc = sqlite3ExprIsInteger(p->pLeft, pValue);
      break;
    }
    case TK_UMINUS: {
      int v;
      if( sqlite3ExprIsInteger(p->pLeft, &v) ){
        assert( v!=(-2147483647-1) );
        *pValue = -v;
        rc = 1;
      }
      break;
    }
    default: break;
  }
................................................................................
    return;
  }

  /* Ensure the default expression is something that sqlite3ValueFromExpr()
  ** can handle (i.e. not CURRENT_TIME etc.)
  */
  if( pDflt ){
    sqlite3_value *pVal = 0;
    if( sqlite3ValueFromExpr(db, pDflt, SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_AFF_NONE, &pVal) ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      return;
    }
    if( !pVal ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "Cannot add a column with non-constant default");
      return;
................................................................................
  return;
}
#endif  /* SQLITE_ALTER_TABLE */

/************** End of alter.c ***********************************************/
/************** Begin file analyze.c *****************************************/
/*
** 2005-07-08
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
................................................................................
** to help it make better decisions about how to perform queries.
**
** The following system tables are or have been supported:
**
**    CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat1(tbl, idx, stat);
**    CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat2(tbl, idx, sampleno, sample);
**    CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat3(tbl, idx, nEq, nLt, nDLt, sample);
**    CREATE TABLE sqlite_stat4(tbl, idx, nEq, nLt, nDLt, sample);
**
** Additional tables might be added in future releases of SQLite.
** The sqlite_stat2 table is not created or used unless the SQLite version
** is between 3.6.18 and 3.7.8, inclusive, and unless SQLite is compiled
** with SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT2.  The sqlite_stat2 table is deprecated.
** The sqlite_stat2 table is superseded by sqlite_stat3, which is only
** created and used by SQLite versions 3.7.9 and later and with
** SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 defined.  The functionality of sqlite_stat3
** is a superset of sqlite_stat2.  The sqlite_stat4 is an enhanced
** version of sqlite_stat3 and is only available when compiled with
** SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4 and in SQLite versions 3.8.0 and later.  It is
** not possible to enable both STAT3 and STAT4 at the same time.  If they
** are both enabled, then STAT4 is precedence.
**
** For most applications, sqlite_stat1 provides all the statisics required
** for the query planner to make good choices.
**
** Format of sqlite_stat1:
**
** There is normally one row per index, with the index identified by the
** name in the idx column.  The tbl column is the name of the table to
** which the index belongs.  In each such row, the stat column will be
** a string consisting of a list of integers.  The first integer in this
** list is the number of rows in the index.  (This is the same as the
** number of rows in the table, except for partial indices.)  The second
** integer is the average number of rows in the index that have the same
** value in the first column of the index.  The third integer is the average
** number of rows in the index that have the same value for the first two
** columns.  The N-th integer (for N>1) is the average number of rows in 
** the index which have the same value for the first N-1 columns.  For
** a K-column index, there will be K+1 integers in the stat column.  If
** the index is unique, then the last integer will be 1.
................................................................................
** The format for sqlite_stat2 is recorded here for legacy reference.  This
** version of SQLite does not support sqlite_stat2.  It neither reads nor
** writes the sqlite_stat2 table.  This version of SQLite only supports
** sqlite_stat3.
**
** Format for sqlite_stat3:
**
** The sqlite_stat3 format is a subset of sqlite_stat4.  Hence, the
** sqlite_stat4 format will be described first.  Further information
** about sqlite_stat3 follows the sqlite_stat4 description.
**

** Format for sqlite_stat4:
**
** As with sqlite_stat2, the sqlite_stat4 table contains histogram data
** to aid the query planner in choosing good indices based on the values
** that indexed columns are compared against in the WHERE clauses of
** queries.
**
** The sqlite_stat4 table contains multiple entries for each index.
** The idx column names the index and the tbl column is the table of the
** index.  If the idx and tbl columns are the same, then the sample is
** of the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY.  The sample column is a blob which is the


** binary encoding of a key from the index, with the trailing rowid
** omitted.  The nEq column is a list of integers.  The first integer
** is the approximate number of entries in the index whose left-most 
** column exactly matches the left-most column of the sample.  The second
** integer in nEq is the approximate number of entries in the index where
** the first two columns match the first two columns of the sample.
** And so forth.  nLt is another list of integers that show the approximate
** number of entries that are strictly less than the sample.  The first
** integer in nLt contains the number of entries in the index where the
** left-most column is less than the left-most column of the sample.
** The K-th integer in the nLt entry is the number of index entries 
** where the first K columns are less than the first K columns of the
** sample.  The nDLt column is like nLt except that it contains the 
** number of distinct entries in the index that are less than the
** sample.
**









** There can be an arbitrary number of sqlite_stat4 entries per index.
** The ANALYZE command will typically generate sqlite_stat4 tables
** that contain between 10 and 40 samples which are distributed across
** the key space, though not uniformly, and which include samples with
** large nEq values.
**
** Format for sqlite_stat3 redux:
**
** The sqlite_stat3 table is like sqlite_stat4 except that it only
** looks at the left-most column of the index.  The sqlite_stat3.sample
** column contains the actual value of the left-most column instead
** of a blob encoding of the complete index key as is found in
** sqlite_stat4.sample.  The nEq, nLt, and nDLt entries of sqlite_stat3
** all contain just a single integer which is the same as the first
** integer in the equivalent columns in sqlite_stat4.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4)
# define IsStat4     1
# define IsStat3     0
#elif defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3)
# define IsStat4     0
# define IsStat3     1
#else
# define IsStat4     0
# define IsStat3     0
# undef SQLITE_STAT4_SAMPLES
# define SQLITE_STAT4_SAMPLES 1
#endif
#define IsStat34    (IsStat3+IsStat4)  /* 1 for STAT3 or STAT4. 0 otherwise */

/*
** This routine generates code that opens the sqlite_statN tables.



** The sqlite_stat1 table is always relevant.  sqlite_stat2 is now
** obsolete.  sqlite_stat3 and sqlite_stat4 are only opened when
** appropriate compile-time options are provided.
**
** If the sqlite_statN tables do not previously exist, it is created.


**
** Argument zWhere may be a pointer to a buffer containing a table name,
** or it may be a NULL pointer. If it is not NULL, then all entries in

** the sqlite_statN tables associated with the named table are deleted.
** If zWhere==0, then code is generated to delete all stat table entries.
*/
static void openStatTable(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  int iDb,                /* The database we are looking in */
  int iStatCur,           /* Open the sqlite_stat1 table on this cursor */
  const char *zWhere,     /* Delete entries for this table or index */
  const char *zWhereType  /* Either "tbl" or "idx" */
){
  static const struct {
    const char *zName;
    const char *zCols;
  } aTable[] = {
    { "sqlite_stat1", "tbl,idx,stat" },
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4)
    { "sqlite_stat4", "tbl,idx,neq,nlt,ndlt,sample" },
    { "sqlite_stat3", 0 },
#elif defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3)
    { "sqlite_stat3", "tbl,idx,neq,nlt,ndlt,sample" },
    { "sqlite_stat4", 0 },
#else
    { "sqlite_stat3", 0 },
    { "sqlite_stat4", 0 },
#endif
  };




  int i;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Db *pDb;
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  int aRoot[ArraySize(aTable)];
  u8 aCreateTbl[ArraySize(aTable)];

  if( v==0 ) return;
  assert( sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(db) );
  assert( sqlite3VdbeDb(v)==db );
  pDb = &db->aDb[iDb];

  /* Create new statistic tables if they do not exist, or clear them
  ** if they do already exist.
  */
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aTable); i++){
    const char *zTab = aTable[i].zName;
    Table *pStat;
    if( (pStat = sqlite3FindTable(db, zTab, pDb->zName))==0 ){
      if( aTable[i].zCols ){
        /* The sqlite_statN table does not exist. Create it. Note that a 
        ** side-effect of the CREATE TABLE statement is to leave the rootpage 
        ** of the new table in register pParse->regRoot. This is important 
        ** because the OpenWrite opcode below will be needing it. */
        sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
            "CREATE TABLE %Q.%s(%s)", pDb->zName, zTab, aTable[i].zCols
        );
        aRoot[i] = pParse->regRoot;
        aCreateTbl[i] = OPFLAG_P2ISREG;
      }
    }else{
      /* The table already exists. If zWhere is not NULL, delete all entries 
      ** associated with the table zWhere. If zWhere is NULL, delete the
      ** entire contents of the table. */
      aRoot[i] = pStat->tnum;
      aCreateTbl[i] = 0;
      sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, aRoot[i], 1, zTab);
      if( zWhere ){
        sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
           "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE %s=%Q",
           pDb->zName, zTab, zWhereType, zWhere
        );
      }else{
        /* The sqlite_stat[134] table already exists.  Delete all rows. */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Clear, aRoot[i], iDb);
      }
    }
  }

  /* Open the sqlite_stat[134] tables for writing. */
  for(i=0; aTable[i].zCols; i++){
    assert( i<ArraySize(aTable) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenWrite, iStatCur+i, aRoot[i], iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char *)3, P4_INT32);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, aCreateTbl[i]);
  }
}

/*
** Recommended number of samples for sqlite_stat4
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_STAT4_SAMPLES
# define SQLITE_STAT4_SAMPLES 24
#endif

/*
** Three SQL functions - stat_init(), stat_push(), and stat_get() -
** share an instance of the following structure to hold their state
** information.
*/
typedef struct Stat4Accum Stat4Accum;
typedef struct Stat4Sample Stat4Sample;
struct Stat4Sample {
  tRowcnt *anEq;                  /* sqlite_stat4.nEq */
  tRowcnt *anDLt;                 /* sqlite_stat4.nDLt */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  tRowcnt *anLt;                  /* sqlite_stat4.nLt */
  i64 iRowid;                     /* Rowid in main table of the key */
  u8 isPSample;                   /* True if a periodic sample */
  int iCol;                       /* If !isPSample, the reason for inclusion */
  u32 iHash;                      /* Tiebreaker hash */
#endif
};                                                    
struct Stat4Accum {
  tRowcnt nRow;             /* Number of rows in the entire table */
  tRowcnt nPSample;         /* How often to do a periodic sample */
  int nCol;                 /* Number of columns in index + rowid */
  int mxSample;             /* Maximum number of samples to accumulate */
  Stat4Sample current;      /* Current row as a Stat4Sample */
  u32 iPrn;                 /* Pseudo-random number used for sampling */
  Stat4Sample *aBest;       /* Array of (nCol-1) best samples */
  int iMin;                 /* Index in a[] of entry with minimum score */
  int nSample;              /* Current number of samples */
  int iGet;                 /* Index of current sample accessed by stat_get() */
  Stat4Sample *a;           /* Array of mxSample Stat4Sample objects */
};

/*
** Implementation of the stat_init(N,C) SQL function. The two parameters
** are the number of rows in the table or index (C) and the number of columns
** in the index (N).  The second argument (C) is only used for STAT3 and STAT4.
**
** This routine allocates the Stat4Accum object in heap memory. The return 
** value is a pointer to the the Stat4Accum object encoded as a blob (i.e. 
** the size of the blob is sizeof(void*) bytes). 
*/
static void statInit(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  Stat4Accum *p;
  int nCol;                       /* Number of columns in index being sampled */
  int nColUp;                     /* nCol rounded up for alignment */
  int n;                          /* Bytes of space to allocate */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  int mxSample = SQLITE_STAT4_SAMPLES;
#endif

  /* Decode the three function arguments */
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  nCol = sqlite3_value_int(argv[0]);
  assert( nCol>1 );               /* >1 because it includes the rowid column */
  nColUp = sizeof(tRowcnt)<8 ? (nCol+1)&~1 : nCol;

  /* Allocate the space required for the Stat4Accum object */
  n = sizeof(*p) 
    + sizeof(tRowcnt)*nColUp                  /* Stat4Accum.anEq */
    + sizeof(tRowcnt)*nColUp                  /* Stat4Accum.anDLt */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    + sizeof(tRowcnt)*nColUp                  /* Stat4Accum.anLt */
    + sizeof(Stat4Sample)*(nCol+mxSample)   /* Stat4Accum.aBest[], a[] */
    + sizeof(tRowcnt)*3*nColUp*(nCol+mxSample)
#endif
  ;
  p = sqlite3MallocZero(n);
  if( p==0 ){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
    return;
  }

  p->nRow = 0;
  p->nCol = nCol;
  p->current.anDLt = (tRowcnt*)&p[1];
  p->current.anEq = &p->current.anDLt[nColUp];

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  {
    u8 *pSpace;                     /* Allocated space not yet assigned */
    int i;                          /* Used to iterate through p->aSample[] */

    p->iGet = -1;
    p->mxSample = mxSample;
    p->nPSample = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[1])/(mxSample/3+1) + 1;
    p->current.anLt = &p->current.anEq[nColUp];
    sqlite3_randomness(sizeof(p->iPrn), &p->iPrn);
  
    /* Set up the Stat4Accum.a[] and aBest[] arrays */
    p->a = (struct Stat4Sample*)&p->current.anLt[nColUp];
    p->aBest = &p->a[mxSample];
    pSpace = (u8*)(&p->a[mxSample+nCol]);
    for(i=0; i<(mxSample+nCol); i++){
      p->a[i].anEq = (tRowcnt *)pSpace; pSpace += (sizeof(tRowcnt) * nColUp);
      p->a[i].anLt = (tRowcnt *)pSpace; pSpace += (sizeof(tRowcnt) * nColUp);
      p->a[i].anDLt = (tRowcnt *)pSpace; pSpace += (sizeof(tRowcnt) * nColUp);
    }
    assert( (pSpace - (u8*)p)==n );
  
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      p->aBest[i].iCol = i;
    }
  }
#endif

  /* Return a pointer to the allocated object to the caller */
  sqlite3_result_blob(context, p, sizeof(p), sqlite3_free);
}
static const FuncDef statInitFuncdef = {
  1+IsStat34,      /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,     /* iPrefEnc */
  0,               /* flags */
  0,               /* pUserData */
  0,               /* pNext */
  statInit,        /* xFunc */
  0,               /* xStep */
  0,               /* xFinalize */
  "stat_init",     /* zName */
  0,               /* pHash */
  0                /* pDestructor */
};

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
/*
** Return true if pNew is to be preferred over pOld.
*/
static int sampleIsBetter(Stat4Sample *pNew, Stat4Sample *pOld){
  tRowcnt nEqNew = pNew->anEq[pNew->iCol];
  tRowcnt nEqOld = pOld->anEq[pOld->iCol];

  assert( pOld->isPSample==0 && pNew->isPSample==0 );
  assert( IsStat4 || (pNew->iCol==0 && pOld->iCol==0) );

  if( (nEqNew>nEqOld)
   || (nEqNew==nEqOld && pNew->iCol<pOld->iCol)
   || (nEqNew==nEqOld && pNew->iCol==pOld->iCol && pNew->iHash>pOld->iHash)
  ){
    return 1;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Copy the contents of object (*pFrom) into (*pTo).
*/
void sampleCopy(Stat4Accum *p, Stat4Sample *pTo, Stat4Sample *pFrom){
  pTo->iRowid = pFrom->iRowid;
  pTo->isPSample = pFrom->isPSample;
  pTo->iCol = pFrom->iCol;
  pTo->iHash = pFrom->iHash;
  memcpy(pTo->anEq, pFrom->anEq, sizeof(tRowcnt)*p->nCol);
  memcpy(pTo->anLt, pFrom->anLt, sizeof(tRowcnt)*p->nCol);
  memcpy(pTo->anDLt, pFrom->anDLt, sizeof(tRowcnt)*p->nCol);
}

/*
** Copy the contents of sample *pNew into the p->a[] array. If necessary,
** remove the least desirable sample from p->a[] to make room.
*/
static void sampleInsert(Stat4Accum *p, Stat4Sample *pNew, int nEqZero){
  Stat4Sample *pSample;
  int i;
  i64 iSeq;
  i64 iPos;

  assert( IsStat4 || nEqZero==0 );

  if( pNew->isPSample==0 ){
    Stat4Sample *pUpgrade = 0;
    assert( pNew->anEq[pNew->iCol]>0 );

    /* This sample is being added because the prefix that ends in column 
    ** iCol occurs many times in the table. However, if we have already
    ** added a sample that shares this prefix, there is no need to add
    ** this one. Instead, upgrade the priority of the highest priority
    ** existing sample that shares this prefix.  */
    for(i=p->nSample-1; i>=0; i--){
      Stat4Sample *pOld = &p->a[i];
      if( pOld->anEq[pNew->iCol]==0 ){
        if( pOld->isPSample ) return;
        assert( sampleIsBetter(pNew, pOld) );
        if( pUpgrade==0 || sampleIsBetter(pOld, pUpgrade) ){
          pUpgrade = pOld;
        }
      }
    }
    if( pUpgrade ){
      pUpgrade->iCol = pNew->iCol;
      pUpgrade->anEq[pUpgrade->iCol] = pNew->anEq[pUpgrade->iCol];
      goto find_new_min;
    }
  }

  /* If necessary, remove sample iMin to make room for the new sample. */
  if( p->nSample>=p->mxSample ){
    Stat4Sample *pMin = &p->a[p->iMin];
    tRowcnt *anEq = pMin->anEq;
    tRowcnt *anLt = pMin->anLt;
    tRowcnt *anDLt = pMin->anDLt;
    memmove(pMin, &pMin[1], sizeof(p->a[0])*(p->nSample-p->iMin-1));
    pSample = &p->a[p->nSample-1];
    pSample->anEq = anEq;
    pSample->anDLt = anDLt;
    pSample->anLt = anLt;
    p->nSample = p->mxSample-1;
  }

  /* Figure out where in the a[] array the new sample should be inserted. */
  iSeq = pNew->anLt[p->nCol-1];
  for(iPos=p->nSample; iPos>0; iPos--){
    if( iSeq>p->a[iPos-1].anLt[p->nCol-1] ) break;
  }

  /* Insert the new sample */
  pSample = &p->a[iPos];
  if( iPos!=p->nSample ){
    Stat4Sample *pEnd = &p->a[p->nSample];
    tRowcnt *anEq = pEnd->anEq;
    tRowcnt *anLt = pEnd->anLt;
    tRowcnt *anDLt = pEnd->anDLt;
    memmove(&p->a[iPos], &p->a[iPos+1], (p->nSample-iPos)*sizeof(p->a[0]));
    pSample->anEq = anEq;
    pSample->anDLt = anDLt;
    pSample->anLt = anLt;
  }
  p->nSample++;
  sampleCopy(p, pSample, pNew);

  /* Zero the first nEqZero entries in the anEq[] array. */
  memset(pSample->anEq, 0, sizeof(tRowcnt)*nEqZero);

 find_new_min:
  if( p->nSample>=p->mxSample ){
    int iMin = -1;
    for(i=0; i<p->mxSample; i++){
      if( p->a[i].isPSample ) continue;
      if( iMin<0 || sampleIsBetter(&p->a[iMin], &p->a[i]) ){
        iMin = i;
      }
    }
    assert( iMin>=0 );
    p->iMin = iMin;
  }
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */

/*
** Field iChng of the index being scanned has changed. So at this point
** p->current contains a sample that reflects the previous row of the
** index. The value of anEq[iChng] and subsequent anEq[] elements are
** correct at this point.
*/
static void samplePushPrevious(Stat4Accum *p, int iChng){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4
  int i;

  /* Check if any samples from the aBest[] array should be pushed
  ** into IndexSample.a[] at this point.  */
  for(i=(p->nCol-2); i>=iChng; i--){
    Stat4Sample *pBest = &p->aBest[i];
    if( p->nSample<p->mxSample
     || sampleIsBetter(pBest, &p->a[p->iMin])
    ){
      sampleInsert(p, pBest, i);
    }
  }

  /* Update the anEq[] fields of any samples already collected. */
  for(i=p->nSample-1; i>=0; i--){
    int j;
    for(j=iChng; j<p->nCol; j++){
      if( p->a[i].anEq[j]==0 ) p->a[i].anEq[j] = p->current.anEq[j];
    }
  }
#endif

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3) && !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4)
  if( iChng==0 ){
    tRowcnt nLt = p->current.anLt[0];
    tRowcnt nEq = p->current.anEq[0];

    /* Check if this is to be a periodic sample. If so, add it. */
    if( (nLt/p->nPSample)!=(nLt+nEq)/p->nPSample ){
      p->current.isPSample = 1;
      sampleInsert(p, &p->current, 0);
      p->current.isPSample = 0;
    }else 

    /* Or if it is a non-periodic sample. Add it in this case too. */
    if( p->nSample<p->mxSample || sampleIsBetter(&p->current, &p->a[p->iMin]) ){
      sampleInsert(p, &p->current, 0);
    }
  }
#endif
}

/*
** Implementation of the stat_push SQL function:  stat_push(P,R,C)
** Arguments:
**
**    P     Pointer to the Stat4Accum object created by stat_init()
**    C     Index of left-most column to differ from previous row
**    R     Rowid for the current row
**
** The SQL function always returns NULL.
**
** The R parameter is only used for STAT3 and STAT4.
*/
static void statPush(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  int i;

  /* The three function arguments */
  Stat4Accum *p = (Stat4Accum*)sqlite3_value_blob(argv[0]);
  int iChng = sqlite3_value_int(argv[1]);

  assert( p->nCol>1 );        /* Includes rowid field */
  assert( iChng<p->nCol );

  if( p->nRow==0 ){
    /* anEq[0] is only zero for the very first call to this function.  Do
    ** appropriate initialization */
    for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++) p->current.anEq[i] = 1;
  }else{
    /* Second and subsequent calls get processed here */
    samplePushPrevious(p, iChng);

    /* Update anDLt[], anLt[] and anEq[] to reflect the values that apply
    ** to the current row of the index. */
    for(i=0; i<iChng; i++){
      p->current.anEq[i]++;
    }
    for(i=iChng; i<p->nCol; i++){
      p->current.anDLt[i]++;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
      p->current.anLt[i] += p->current.anEq[i];
#endif
      p->current.anEq[i] = 1;
    }
  }
  p->nRow++;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  p->current.iRowid = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[2]);
  p->current.iHash = p->iPrn = p->iPrn*1103515245 + 12345;
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4
  {
    tRowcnt nLt = p->current.anLt[p->nCol-1];

    /* Check if this is to be a periodic sample. If so, add it. */
    if( (nLt/p->nPSample)!=(nLt+1)/p->nPSample ){
      p->current.isPSample = 1;
      p->current.iCol = 0;
      sampleInsert(p, &p->current, p->nCol-1);
      p->current.isPSample = 0;
    }

    /* Update the aBest[] array. */
    for(i=0; i<(p->nCol-1); i++){
      p->current.iCol = i;
      if( i>=iChng || sampleIsBetter(&p->current, &p->aBest[i]) ){
        sampleCopy(p, &p->aBest[i], &p->current);
      }
    }
  }
#endif
}
static const FuncDef statPushFuncdef = {
  2+IsStat34,      /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,     /* iPrefEnc */
  0,               /* flags */
  0,               /* pUserData */
  0,               /* pNext */
  statPush,        /* xFunc */
  0,               /* xStep */
  0,               /* xFinalize */
  "stat_push",     /* zName */
  0,               /* pHash */
  0                /* pDestructor */
};

#define STAT_GET_STAT1 0          /* "stat" column of stat1 table */
#define STAT_GET_ROWID 1          /* "rowid" column of stat[34] entry */
#define STAT_GET_NEQ   2          /* "neq" column of stat[34] entry */
#define STAT_GET_NLT   3          /* "nlt" column of stat[34] entry */
#define STAT_GET_NDLT  4          /* "ndlt" column of stat[34] entry */

/*
** Implementation of the stat_get(P,J) SQL function.  This routine is
** used to query the results.  Content is returned for parameter J
** which is one of the STAT_GET_xxxx values defined above.
**
** If neither STAT3 nor STAT4 are enabled, then J is always
** STAT_GET_STAT1 and is hence omitted and this routine becomes
** a one-parameter function, stat_get(P), that always returns the
** stat1 table entry information.
*/
static void statGet(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  Stat4Accum *p = (Stat4Accum*)sqlite3_value_blob(argv[0]);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  /* STAT3 and STAT4 have a parameter on this routine. */
  int eCall = sqlite3_value_int(argv[1]);
  assert( argc==2 );
  assert( eCall==STAT_GET_STAT1 || eCall==STAT_GET_NEQ 
       || eCall==STAT_GET_ROWID || eCall==STAT_GET_NLT
       || eCall==STAT_GET_NDLT 
  );
  if( eCall==STAT_GET_STAT1 )
#else
  assert( argc==1 );
#endif
  {
    /* Return the value to store in the "stat" column of the sqlite_stat1
    ** table for this index.
    **
    ** The value is a string composed of a list of integers describing 
    ** the index. The first integer in the list is the total number of 
    ** entries in the index. There is one additional integer in the list 
    ** for each indexed column. This additional integer is an estimate of
    ** the number of rows matched by a stabbing query on the index using
    ** a key with the corresponding number of fields. In other words,
    ** if the index is on columns (a,b) and the sqlite_stat1 value is 
    ** "100 10 2", then SQLite estimates that:
    **
    **   * the index contains 100 rows,
    **   * "WHERE a=?" matches 10 rows, and
    **   * "WHERE a=? AND b=?" matches 2 rows.
    **
    ** If D is the count of distinct values and K is the total number of 
    ** rows, then each estimate is computed as:
    **
    **        I = (K+D-1)/D
    */
    char *z;
    int i;

    char *zRet = sqlite3MallocZero(p->nCol * 25);
    if( zRet==0 ){
      sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
      return;
    }

    sqlite3_snprintf(24, zRet, "%lld", p->nRow);
    z = zRet + sqlite3Strlen30(zRet);
    for(i=0; i<(p->nCol-1); i++){
      i64 nDistinct = p->current.anDLt[i] + 1;
      i64 iVal = (p->nRow + nDistinct - 1) / nDistinct;
      sqlite3_snprintf(24, z, " %lld", iVal);
      z += sqlite3Strlen30(z);
      assert( p->current.anEq[i] );
    }
    assert( z[0]=='\0' && z>zRet );

    sqlite3_result_text(context, zRet, -1, sqlite3_free);
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  else if( eCall==STAT_GET_ROWID ){
    if( p->iGet<0 ){
      samplePushPrevious(p, 0);
      p->iGet = 0;
    }
    if( p->iGet<p->nSample ){
      sqlite3_result_int64(context, p->a[p->iGet].iRowid);
    }
  }else{
    tRowcnt *aCnt = 0;

    assert( p->iGet<p->nSample );
    switch( eCall ){
      case STAT_GET_NEQ:  aCnt = p->a[p->iGet].anEq; break;
      case STAT_GET_NLT:  aCnt = p->a[p->iGet].anLt; break;
      default: {
        aCnt = p->a[p->iGet].anDLt; 
        p->iGet++;
        break;
      }
    }

    if( IsStat3 ){
      sqlite3_result_int64(context, (i64)aCnt[0]);
    }else{
      char *zRet = sqlite3MallocZero(p->nCol * 25);
      if( zRet==0 ){
        sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
      }else{
        int i;
        char *z = zRet;
        for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++){
          sqlite3_snprintf(24, z, "%lld ", aCnt[i]);
          z += sqlite3Strlen30(z);
        }
        assert( z[0]=='\0' && z>zRet );
        z[-1] = '\0';
        sqlite3_result_text(context, zRet, -1, sqlite3_free);
      }
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */
}
static const FuncDef statGetFuncdef = {
  1+IsStat34,      /* nArg */
  SQLITE_UTF8,     /* iPrefEnc */
  0,               /* flags */
  0,               /* pUserData */
  0,               /* pNext */
  statGet,         /* xFunc */
  0,               /* xStep */
  0,               /* xFinalize */
  "stat_get",      /* zName */
  0,               /* pHash */
  0                /* pDestructor */
};

static void callStatGet(Vdbe *v, int regStat4, int iParam, int regOut){
  assert( regOut!=regStat4 && regOut!=regStat4+1 );
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, iParam, regStat4+1);
#else
  assert( iParam==STAT_GET_STAT1 );
#endif
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function, 0, regStat4, regOut);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)&statGetFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 1 + IsStat34);
}

/*
** Generate code to do an analysis of all indices associated with
** a single table.
*/
static void analyzeOneTable(
  Parse *pParse,   /* Parser context */
  Table *pTab,     /* Table whose indices are to be analyzed */
  Index *pOnlyIdx, /* If not NULL, only analyze this one index */
  int iStatCur,    /* Index of VdbeCursor that writes the sqlite_stat1 table */
  int iMem,        /* Available memory locations begin here */
  int iTab         /* Next available cursor */
){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;    /* Database handle */
  Index *pIdx;                 /* An index to being analyzed */
  int iIdxCur;                 /* Cursor open on index being analyzed */
  int iTabCur;                 /* Table cursor */
  Vdbe *v;                     /* The virtual machine being built up */
  int i;                       /* Loop counter */


  int jZeroRows = -1;          /* Jump from here if number of rows is zero */
  int iDb;                     /* Index of database containing pTab */
  u8 needTableCnt = 1;         /* True to count the table */
  int regNewRowid = iMem++;    /* Rowid for the inserted record */
  int regStat4 = iMem++;       /* Register to hold Stat4Accum object */
  int regChng = iMem++;        /* Index of changed index field */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  int regRowid = iMem++;       /* Rowid argument passed to stat_push() */












#endif


  int regTemp = iMem++;        /* Temporary use register */

  int regTabname = iMem++;     /* Register containing table name */
  int regIdxname = iMem++;     /* Register containing index name */
  int regStat1 = iMem++;       /* Value for the stat column of sqlite_stat1 */
  int regPrev = iMem;          /* MUST BE LAST (see below) */


  pParse->nMem = MAX(pParse->nMem, iMem);
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 || NEVER(pTab==0) ){
    return;
  }
  if( pTab->tnum==0 ){
    /* Do not gather statistics on views or virtual tables */
    return;
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_ANALYZE, pTab->zName, 0,
      db->aDb[iDb].zName ) ){
    return;
  }
#endif

  /* Establish a read-lock on the table at the shared-cache level. 
  ** Open a read-only cursor on the table. Also allocate a cursor number
  ** to use for scanning indexes (iIdxCur). No index cursor is opened at
  ** this time though.  */
  sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);

  iTabCur = iTab++;
  iIdxCur = iTab++;
  pParse->nTab = MAX(pParse->nTab, iTab);
  sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iTabCur, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regTabname, 0, pTab->zName, 0);

  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){

    int nCol;                     /* Number of columns indexed by pIdx */
    KeyInfo *pKey;                /* KeyInfo structure for pIdx */

    int *aGotoChng;               /* Array of jump instruction addresses */
    int addrRewind;               /* Address of "OP_Rewind iIdxCur" */
    int addrGotoChng0;            /* Address of "Goto addr_chng_0" */
    int addrNextRow;              /* Address of "next_row:" */

    if( pOnlyIdx && pOnlyIdx!=pIdx ) continue;
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere==0 ) needTableCnt = 0;
    VdbeNoopComment((v, "Begin analysis of %s", pIdx->zName));
    nCol = pIdx->nColumn;
    aGotoChng = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(db, sizeof(int)*(nCol+1));
    if( aGotoChng==0 ) continue;
    pKey = sqlite3IndexKeyinfo(pParse, pIdx);

    /* Populate the register containing the index name. */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regIdxname, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);

    /*
    ** Pseudo-code for loop that calls stat_push():
    **
    **   Rewind csr
    **   if eof(csr) goto end_of_scan;
    **   regChng = 0
    **   goto chng_addr_0;
    **
    **  next_row:
    **   regChng = 0
    **   if( idx(0) != regPrev(0) ) goto chng_addr_0
    **   regChng = 1
    **   if( idx(1) != regPrev(1) ) goto chng_addr_1
    **   ...
    **   regChng = N
    **   goto chng_addr_N
    **
    **  chng_addr_0:
    **   regPrev(0) = idx(0)
    **  chng_addr_1:
    **   regPrev(1) = idx(1)
    **  ...
    **
    **  chng_addr_N:
    **   regRowid = idx(rowid)
    **   stat_push(P, regChng, regRowid)
    **   Next csr
    **   if !eof(csr) goto next_row;
    **
    **  end_of_scan:
    */

    /* Make sure there are enough memory cells allocated to accommodate 
    ** the regPrev array and a trailing rowid (the rowid slot is required
    ** when building a record to insert into the sample column of 
    ** the sqlite_stat4 table.  */
    pParse->nMem = MAX(pParse->nMem, regPrev+nCol);

    /* Open a read-only cursor on the index being analyzed. */
    assert( iDb==sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pIdx->pSchema) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_OpenRead, iIdxCur, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)pKey, P4_KEYINFO_HANDOFF); 
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pIdx->zName));

    /* Invoke the stat_init() function. The arguments are:
    ** 
    **    (1) the number of columns in the index including the rowid,
    **    (2) the number of rows in the index,
    **
    ** The second argument is only used for STAT3 and STAT4
    */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur, regStat4+2);
#endif
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, nCol+1, regStat4+1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function, 0, regStat4+1, regStat4);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)&statInitFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 1+IsStat34);

    /* Implementation of the following:
    **
    **   Rewind csr
    **   if eof(csr) goto end_of_scan;
    **   regChng = 0
    **   goto next_push_0;
    **
    */
    addrRewind = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, iIdxCur);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, regChng);
    addrGotoChng0 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);

    /*
    **  next_row:
    **   regChng = 0
    **   if( idx(0) != regPrev(0) ) goto chng_addr_0
    **   regChng = 1
    **   if( idx(1) != regPrev(1) ) goto chng_addr_1
    **   ...
    **   regChng = N
    **   goto chng_addr_N
    */
    addrNextRow = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      char *pColl = (char*)sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, pIdx->azColl[i]);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, regChng);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, regTemp);
      aGotoChng[i] = 
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Ne, regTemp, 0, regPrev+i, pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NULLEQ);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, nCol, regChng);
    aGotoChng[nCol] = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);

    /*
    **  chng_addr_0:
    **   regPrev(0) = idx(0)
    **  chng_addr_1:
    **   regPrev(1) = idx(1)
    **  ...
    */
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrGotoChng0);
    for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, aGotoChng[i]);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, regPrev+i);
    }

    /*
    **  chng_addr_N:
    **   regRowid = idx(rowid)            // STAT34 only
    **   stat_push(P, regChng, regRowid)  // 3rd parameter STAT34 only
    **   Next csr
    **   if !eof(csr) goto next_row;
    */
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, aGotoChng[nCol]);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxRowid, iIdxCur, regRowid);
    assert( regRowid==(regStat4+2) );
#endif
    assert( regChng==(regStat4+1) );
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Function, 1, regStat4, regTemp);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, (char*)&statPushFuncdef, P4_FUNCDEF);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 2+IsStat34);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iIdxCur, addrNextRow);

    /* Add the entry to the stat1 table. */
    callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_STAT1, regStat1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 3, regTemp, "aaa", 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur, regTemp, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);

    /* Add the entries to the stat3 or stat4 table. */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    {
      int regEq = regStat1;
      int regLt = regStat1+1;
      int regDLt = regStat1+2;
      int regSample = regStat1+3;
      int regCol = regStat1+4;
      int regSampleRowid = regCol + nCol;
      int addrNext;
      int addrIsNull;

      pParse->nMem = MAX(pParse->nMem, regCol+nCol+1);

      addrNext = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_ROWID, regSampleRowid);
      addrIsNull = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IsNull, regSampleRowid);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NEQ, regEq);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NLT, regLt);
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NDLT, regDLt);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iTabCur, addrNext, regSampleRowid);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
      sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur, 
                                      pIdx->aiColumn[0], regSample);
#else
      for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
        int iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur, iCol, regCol+i);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regCol, nCol+1, regSample);
#endif
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 6, regTemp, "bbbbbb", 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur+1, regNewRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur+1, regTemp, regNewRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrNext);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrIsNull);
    }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */

    /* End of analysis */
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrRewind);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, aGotoChng);
  }


  /* Create a single sqlite_stat1 entry containing NULL as the index
  ** name and the row count as the content.
  */
  if( pOnlyIdx==0 && needTableCnt ){
    VdbeComment((v, "%s", pTab->zName));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iTabCur, regStat1);
    jZeroRows = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfNot, regStat1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regIdxname);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 3, regTemp, "aaa", 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur, regTemp, regNewRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jZeroRows);
  }

}


/*
** Generate code that will cause the most recent index analysis to
** be loaded into internal hash tables where is can be used.
*/
................................................................................
*/
static void analyzeDatabase(Parse *pParse, int iDb){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Schema *pSchema = db->aDb[iDb].pSchema;    /* Schema of database iDb */
  HashElem *k;
  int iStatCur;
  int iMem;
  int iTab;

  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 0, iDb);
  iStatCur = pParse->nTab;
  pParse->nTab += 3;
  openStatTable(pParse, iDb, iStatCur, 0, 0);
  iMem = pParse->nMem+1;
  iTab = pParse->nTab;
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
  for(k=sqliteHashFirst(&pSchema->tblHash); k; k=sqliteHashNext(k)){
    Table *pTab = (Table*)sqliteHashData(k);
    analyzeOneTable(pParse, pTab, 0, iStatCur, iMem, iTab);
  }
  loadAnalysis(pParse, iDb);
}

/*
** Generate code that will do an analysis of a single table in
** a database.  If pOnlyIdx is not NULL then it is a single index
................................................................................
  iStatCur = pParse->nTab;
  pParse->nTab += 3;
  if( pOnlyIdx ){
    openStatTable(pParse, iDb, iStatCur, pOnlyIdx->zName, "idx");
  }else{
    openStatTable(pParse, iDb, iStatCur, pTab->zName, "tbl");
  }
  analyzeOneTable(pParse, pTab, pOnlyIdx, iStatCur,pParse->nMem+1,pParse->nTab);
  loadAnalysis(pParse, iDb);
}

/*
** Generate code for the ANALYZE command.  The parser calls this routine
** when it recognizes an ANALYZE command.
**
................................................................................
** callback routine.
*/
typedef struct analysisInfo analysisInfo;
struct analysisInfo {
  sqlite3 *db;
  const char *zDatabase;
};

/*
** The first argument points to a nul-terminated string containing a
** list of space separated integers. Read the first nOut of these into
** the array aOut[].
*/
static void decodeIntArray(
  char *zIntArray, 
  int nOut, 
  tRowcnt *aOut, 
  int *pbUnordered
){
  char *z = zIntArray;
  int c;
  int i;
  tRowcnt v;

  assert( pbUnordered==0 || *pbUnordered==0 );

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  if( z==0 ) z = "";
#else
  if( NEVER(z==0) ) z = "";
#endif
  for(i=0; *z && i<nOut; i++){
    v = 0;
    while( (c=z[0])>='0' && c<='9' ){
      v = v*10 + c - '0';
      z++;
    }
    aOut[i] = v;
    if( *z==' ' ) z++;
  }
  if( pbUnordered && strcmp(z, "unordered")==0 ){
    *pbUnordered = 1;
  }
}

/*
** This callback is invoked once for each index when reading the
** sqlite_stat1 table.  
**
**     argv[0] = name of the table
**     argv[1] = name of the index (might be NULL)
................................................................................
** Entries for which argv[1]==NULL simply record the number of rows in
** the table.
*/
static int analysisLoader(void *pData, int argc, char **argv, char **NotUsed){
  analysisInfo *pInfo = (analysisInfo*)pData;
  Index *pIndex;
  Table *pTable;


  const char *z;

  assert( argc==3 );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER2(NotUsed, argc);

  if( argv==0 || argv[0]==0 || argv[2]==0 ){
    return 0;
................................................................................
    return 0;
  }
  if( argv[1] ){
    pIndex = sqlite3FindIndex(pInfo->db, argv[1], pInfo->zDatabase);
  }else{
    pIndex = 0;
  }

  z = argv[2];








  if( pIndex ){




    int bUnordered = 0;
    decodeIntArray((char*)z, pIndex->nColumn+1, pIndex->aiRowEst,&bUnordered);
    if( pIndex->pPartIdxWhere==0 ) pTable->nRowEst = pIndex->aiRowEst[0];
    pIndex->bUnordered = bUnordered;

  }else{
    decodeIntArray((char*)z, 1, &pTable->nRowEst, 0);
  }

  return 0;
}

/*
** If the Index.aSample variable is not NULL, delete the aSample[] array
** and its contents.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(sqlite3 *db, Index *pIdx){
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  if( pIdx->aSample ){
    int j;
    for(j=0; j<pIdx->nSample; j++){
      IndexSample *p = &pIdx->aSample[j];

      sqlite3DbFree(db, p->p);

    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pIdx->aSample);
  }
  if( db && db->pnBytesFreed==0 ){
    pIdx->nSample = 0;
    pIdx->aSample = 0;
  }
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(db);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pIdx);
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
/*
** Populate the pIdx->aAvgEq[] array based on the samples currently
** stored in pIdx->aSample[]. 
*/
static void initAvgEq(Index *pIdx){
  if( pIdx ){
    IndexSample *aSample = pIdx->aSample;
    IndexSample *pFinal = &aSample[pIdx->nSample-1];
    int iCol;
    for(iCol=0; iCol<pIdx->nColumn; iCol++){
      int i;                    /* Used to iterate through samples */
      tRowcnt sumEq = 0;        /* Sum of the nEq values */
      int nSum = 0;             /* Number of terms contributing to sumEq */
      tRowcnt avgEq = 0;
      tRowcnt nDLt = pFinal->anDLt[iCol];

      /* Set nSum to the number of distinct (iCol+1) field prefixes that
      ** occur in the stat4 table for this index before pFinal. Set
      ** sumEq to the sum of the nEq values for column iCol for the same
      ** set (adding the value only once where there exist dupicate 
      ** prefixes).  */
      for(i=0; i<(pIdx->nSample-1); i++){
        if( aSample[i].anDLt[iCol]!=aSample[i+1].anDLt[iCol] ){
          sumEq += aSample[i].anEq[iCol];
          nSum++;
        }
      }
      if( nDLt>nSum ){
        avgEq = (pFinal->anLt[iCol] - sumEq)/(nDLt - nSum);
      }
      if( avgEq==0 ) avgEq = 1;
      pIdx->aAvgEq[iCol] = avgEq;
      if( pIdx->nSampleCol==1 ) break;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Load the content from either the sqlite_stat4 or sqlite_stat3 table 
** into the relevant Index.aSample[] arrays.
**
** Arguments zSql1 and zSql2 must point to SQL statements that return
** data equivalent to the following (statements are different for stat3,
** see the caller of this function for details):
**
**    zSql1: SELECT idx,count(*) FROM %Q.sqlite_stat4 GROUP BY idx
**    zSql2: SELECT idx,neq,nlt,ndlt,sample FROM %Q.sqlite_stat4
**
** where %Q is replaced with the database name before the SQL is executed.
*/
static int loadStatTbl(
  sqlite3 *db,                  /* Database handle */
  int bStat3,                   /* Assume single column records only */
  const char *zSql1,            /* SQL statement 1 (see above) */
  const char *zSql2,            /* SQL statement 2 (see above) */
  const char *zDb               /* Database name (e.g. "main") */
){
  int rc;                       /* Result codes from subroutines */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = 0;      /* An SQL statement being run */
  char *zSql;                   /* Text of the SQL statement */
  Index *pPrevIdx = 0;          /* Previous index in the loop */


  IndexSample *pSample;         /* A slot in pIdx->aSample[] */

  assert( db->lookaside.bEnabled==0 );




  zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db, zSql1, zDb);


  if( !zSql ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_prepare(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
  if( rc ) return rc;

  while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    int nIdxCol = 1;              /* Number of columns in stat4 records */
    int nAvgCol = 1;              /* Number of entries in Index.aAvgEq */

    char *zIndex;   /* Index name */
    Index *pIdx;    /* Pointer to the index object */
    int nSample;    /* Number of samples */
    int nByte;      /* Bytes of space required */
    int i;          /* Bytes of space required */
    tRowcnt *pSpace;

    zIndex = (char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0);
    if( zIndex==0 ) continue;
    nSample = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 1);
    pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zIndex, zDb);
    assert( pIdx==0 || bStat3 || pIdx->nSample==0 );
    /* Index.nSample is non-zero at this point if data has already been
    ** loaded from the stat4 table. In this case ignore stat3 data.  */
    if( pIdx==0 || pIdx->nSample ) continue;
    if( bStat3==0 ){
      nIdxCol = pIdx->nColumn+1;
      nAvgCol = pIdx->nColumn;
    }
    pIdx->nSampleCol = nIdxCol;
    nByte = sizeof(IndexSample) * nSample;
    nByte += sizeof(tRowcnt) * nIdxCol * 3 * nSample;
    nByte += nAvgCol * sizeof(tRowcnt);     /* Space for Index.aAvgEq[] */

    pIdx->aSample = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByte);

    if( pIdx->aSample==0 ){

      sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    pSpace = (tRowcnt*)&pIdx->aSample[nSample];
    pIdx->aAvgEq = pSpace; pSpace += nAvgCol;
    for(i=0; i<nSample; i++){
      pIdx->aSample[i].anEq = pSpace; pSpace += nIdxCol;
      pIdx->aSample[i].anLt = pSpace; pSpace += nIdxCol;
      pIdx->aSample[i].anDLt = pSpace; pSpace += nIdxCol;
    }
    assert( ((u8*)pSpace)-nByte==(u8*)(pIdx->aSample) );
  }
  rc = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  if( rc ) return rc;

  zSql = sqlite3MPrintf(db, zSql2, zDb);

  if( !zSql ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_prepare(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
  if( rc ) return rc;

  while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
    char *zIndex;                 /* Index name */
    Index *pIdx;                  /* Pointer to the index object */
    int nCol = 1;                 /* Number of columns in index */


    zIndex = (char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0);
    if( zIndex==0 ) continue;
    pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zIndex, zDb);
    if( pIdx==0 ) continue;
    /* This next condition is true if data has already been loaded from 
    ** the sqlite_stat4 table. In this case ignore stat3 data.  */
    nCol = pIdx->nSampleCol;
    if( bStat3 && nCol>1 ) continue;
    if( pIdx!=pPrevIdx ){
      initAvgEq(pPrevIdx);
      pPrevIdx = pIdx;
    }
    pSample = &pIdx->aSample[pIdx->nSample];
    decodeIntArray((char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt,1), nCol, pSample->anEq, 0);
    decodeIntArray((char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt,2), nCol, pSample->anLt, 0);
    decodeIntArray((char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt,3), nCol, pSample->anDLt,0);

    /* Take a copy of the sample. Add two 0x00 bytes the end of the buffer.
    ** This is in case the sample record is corrupted. In that case, the
    ** sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare() may read up to two varints past the
    ** end of the allocated buffer before it realizes it is dealing with
    ** a corrupt record. Adding the two 0x00 bytes prevents this from causing
    ** a buffer overread.  */
    pSample->n = sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, 4);
    pSample->p = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, pSample->n + 2);
    if( pSample->p==0 ){
      sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    memcpy(pSample->p, sqlite3_column_blob(pStmt, 4), pSample->n);
    pIdx->nSample++;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) initAvgEq(pPrevIdx);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Load content from the sqlite_stat4 and sqlite_stat3 tables into 
** the Index.aSample[] arrays of all indices.
*/
static int loadStat4(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Result codes from subroutines */

  assert( db->lookaside.bEnabled==0 );
  if( sqlite3FindTable(db, "sqlite_stat4", zDb) ){
    rc = loadStatTbl(db, 0,
      "SELECT idx,count(*) FROM %Q.sqlite_stat4 GROUP BY idx", 
      "SELECT idx,neq,nlt,ndlt,sample FROM %Q.sqlite_stat4",
      zDb
    );
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && sqlite3FindTable(db, "sqlite_stat3", zDb) ){
    rc = loadStatTbl(db, 1,
      "SELECT idx,count(*) FROM %Q.sqlite_stat3 GROUP BY idx", 
      "SELECT idx,neq,nlt,ndlt,sqlite_record(sample) FROM %Q.sqlite_stat3",
      zDb
    );
  }

  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */

/*
** Load the content of the sqlite_stat1 and sqlite_stat3/4 tables. The
** contents of sqlite_stat1 are used to populate the Index.aiRowEst[]
** arrays. The contents of sqlite_stat3/4 are used to populate the
** Index.aSample[] arrays.
**
** If the sqlite_stat1 table is not present in the database, SQLITE_ERROR
** is returned. In this case, even if SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3/4 was defined 
** during compilation and the sqlite_stat3/4 table is present, no data is 
** read from it.
**
** If SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3/4 was defined during compilation and the 
** sqlite_stat4 table is not present in the database, SQLITE_ERROR is
** returned. However, in this case, data is read from the sqlite_stat1
** table (if it is present) before returning.
**
** If an OOM error occurs, this function always sets db->mallocFailed.
** This means if the caller does not care about other errors, the return
** code may be ignored.
*/
................................................................................
  assert( db->aDb[iDb].pBt!=0 );

  /* Clear any prior statistics */
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
  for(i=sqliteHashFirst(&db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->idxHash);i;i=sqliteHashNext(i)){
    Index *pIdx = sqliteHashData(i);
    sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIdx);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(db, pIdx);
    pIdx->aSample = 0;
#endif
  }

  /* Check to make sure the sqlite_stat1 table exists */
  sInfo.db = db;
................................................................................
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    rc = sqlite3_exec(db, zSql, analysisLoader, &sInfo, 0);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zSql);
  }


  /* Load the statistics from the sqlite_stat4 table. */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int lookasideEnabled = db->lookaside.bEnabled;
    db->lookaside.bEnabled = 0;
    rc = loadStat4(db, sInfo.zDatabase);
    db->lookaside.bEnabled = lookasideEnabled;
  }
#endif

  if( rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,         /* The parsing context */
  int iDb,               /* The database number */
  const char *zType,     /* "idx" or "tbl" */
  const char *zName      /* Name of index or table */
){
  int i;
  const char *zDbName = pParse->db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  for(i=1; i<=4; i++){
    char zTab[24];
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zTab),zTab,"sqlite_stat%d",i);
    if( sqlite3FindTable(pParse->db, zTab, zDbName) ){
      sqlite3NestedParse(pParse,
        "DELETE FROM %Q.%s WHERE %s=%Q",
        zDbName, zTab, zType, zName
      );
................................................................................

  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aBuiltinFunc); i++){
    sqlite3FuncDefInsert(pHash, &aFunc[i]);
  }
  sqlite3RegisterDateTimeFunctions();
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ALTERTABLE
  sqlite3AlterFunctions();
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4)
  sqlite3AnalyzeFunctions();
#endif
}

/************** End of func.c ************************************************/
/************** Begin file fkey.c ********************************************/
/*
**
................................................................................
  **
  ** Get or set the size limit on rollback journal files.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"journal_size_limit")==0 ){
    Pager *pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pDb->pBt);
    i64 iLimit = -2;
    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3Atoi64(zRight, &iLimit, sqlite3Strlen30(zRight), SQLITE_UTF8);
      if( iLimit<-1 ) iLimit = -1;
    }
    iLimit = sqlite3PagerJournalSizeLimit(pPager, iLimit);
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "journal_size_limit", iLimit);
  }else

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS */
................................................................................
  **
  ** This value is advisory.  The underlying VFS is free to memory map
  ** as little or as much as it wants.  Except, if N is set to 0 then the
  ** upper layers will never invoke the xFetch interfaces to the VFS.
  */
  if( sqlite3StrICmp(zLeft,"mmap_size")==0 ){
    sqlite3_int64 sz;
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
    if( zRight ){
      int ii;
      sqlite3Atoi64(zRight, &sz, sqlite3Strlen30(zRight), SQLITE_UTF8);
      if( sz<0 ) sz = sqlite3GlobalConfig.szMmap;
      if( pId2->n==0 ) db->szMmap = sz;
      for(ii=db->nDb-1; ii>=0; ii--){
        if( db->aDb[ii].pBt && (ii==iDb || pId2->n==0) ){
          sqlite3BtreeSetMmapLimit(db->aDb[ii].pBt, sz);
        }
      }
    }
    sz = -1;
    rc = sqlite3_file_control(db, zDb, SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE, &sz);
#else
    sz = 0;
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
#endif
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "mmap_size", sz);
    }else if( rc!=SQLITE_NOTFOUND ){
      pParse->nErr++;
      pParse->rc = rc;
    }
................................................................................
** on register iReg. This is used when an equivalent integer value is 
** stored in place of an 8-byte floating point value in order to save 
** space.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ColumnDefault(Vdbe *v, Table *pTab, int i, int iReg){
  assert( pTab!=0 );
  if( !pTab->pSelect ){
    sqlite3_value *pValue = 0;
    u8 enc = ENC(sqlite3VdbeDb(v));
    Column *pCol = &pTab->aCol[i];
    VdbeComment((v, "%s.%s", pTab->zName, pCol->zName));
    assert( i<pTab->nCol );
    sqlite3ValueFromExpr(sqlite3VdbeDb(v), pCol->pDflt, enc, 
                         pCol->affinity, &pValue);
    if( pValue ){
................................................................................
#define TERM_DYNAMIC    0x01   /* Need to call sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr) */
#define TERM_VIRTUAL    0x02   /* Added by the optimizer.  Do not code */
#define TERM_CODED      0x04   /* This term is already coded */
#define TERM_COPIED     0x08   /* Has a child */
#define TERM_ORINFO     0x10   /* Need to free the WhereTerm.u.pOrInfo object */
#define TERM_ANDINFO    0x20   /* Need to free the WhereTerm.u.pAndInfo obj */
#define TERM_OR_OK      0x40   /* Used during OR-clause processing */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
#  define TERM_VNULL    0x80   /* Manufactured x>NULL or x<=NULL term */
#else
#  define TERM_VNULL    0x00   /* Disabled if not using stat3 */
#endif

/*
** An instance of the WhereScan object is used as an iterator for locating
................................................................................
*/
struct WhereLoopBuilder {
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;        /* Information about this WHERE */
  WhereClause *pWC;         /* WHERE clause terms */
  ExprList *pOrderBy;       /* ORDER BY clause */
  WhereLoop *pNew;          /* Template WhereLoop */
  WhereOrSet *pOrSet;       /* Record best loops here, if not NULL */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  UnpackedRecord *pRec;     /* Probe for stat4 (if required) */
  int nRecValid;            /* Number of valid fields currently in pRec */
#endif
};

/*
** The WHERE clause processing routine has two halves.  The
** first part does the start of the WHERE loop and the second
** half does the tail of the WHERE loop.  An instance of
** this structure is returned by the first half and passed
................................................................................
      pTerm->nChild = 1;
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
      pNewTerm->prereqAll = pTerm->prereqAll;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  /* When sqlite_stat3 histogram data is available an operator of the
  ** form "x IS NOT NULL" can sometimes be evaluated more efficiently
  ** as "x>NULL" if x is not an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY.  So construct a
  ** virtual term of that form.
  **
  ** Note that the virtual term must be tagged with TERM_VNULL.  This
  ** TERM_VNULL tag will suppress the not-null check at the beginning
................................................................................
      pNewTerm->iParent = idxTerm;
      pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
      pTerm->nChild = 1;
      pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_COPIED;
      pNewTerm->prereqAll = pTerm->prereqAll;
    }
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */

  /* Prevent ON clause terms of a LEFT JOIN from being used to drive
  ** an index for tables to the left of the join.
  */
  pTerm->prereqRight |= extraRight;
}

................................................................................
  }

  return pParse->nErr;
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE) */


#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
/*
** Estimate the location of a particular key among all keys in an
** index.  Store the results in aStat as follows:
**
**    aStat[0]      Est. number of rows less than pVal
**    aStat[1]      Est. number of rows equal to pVal
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success.
*/
static void whereKeyStats(
  Parse *pParse,              /* Database connection */
  Index *pIdx,                /* Index to consider domain of */
  UnpackedRecord *pRec,       /* Vector of values to consider */
  int roundUp,                /* Round up if true.  Round down if false */
  tRowcnt *aStat              /* OUT: stats written here */
){

  IndexSample *aSample = pIdx->aSample;
  int iCol = pRec->nField-1;  /* Index of required stats in anEq[] etc. */
  int iMin = 0;               /* Smallest sample not yet tested */
  int i = pIdx->nSample;      /* Smallest sample larger than or equal to pRec */
  int iTest;                  /* Next sample to test */
  int res;                    /* Result of comparison operation */


  assert( pIdx->nSample>0 );

  assert( pRec->nField>0 && iCol<pIdx->nSampleCol );
  do{
    iTest = (iMin+i)/2;
    res = sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(aSample[iTest].n, aSample[iTest].p, pRec);
    if( res<0 ){












      iMin = iTest+1;
    }else{























      i = iTest;






    }
  }while( res && iMin<i );

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  /* The following assert statements check that the binary search code
  ** above found the right answer. This block serves no purpose other
  ** than to invoke the asserts.  */
  if( res==0 ){
    /* If (res==0) is true, then sample $i must be equal to pRec */
    assert( i<pIdx->nSample );
    assert( 0==sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(aSample[i].n, aSample[i].p, pRec)
         || pParse->db->mallocFailed );






  }else{













    /* Otherwise, pRec must be smaller than sample $i and larger than
    ** sample ($i-1).  */
    assert( i==pIdx->nSample 











         || sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(aSample[i].n, aSample[i].p, pRec)>0
         || pParse->db->mallocFailed );

    assert( i==0
         || sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(aSample[i-1].n, aSample[i-1].p, pRec)<0
         || pParse->db->mallocFailed );
  }




#endif /* ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG */











  /* At this point, aSample[i] is the first sample that is greater than
  ** or equal to pVal.  Or if i==pIdx->nSample, then all samples are less
  ** than pVal.  If aSample[i]==pVal, then res==0.
  */


  if( res==0 ){
    aStat[0] = aSample[i].anLt[iCol];
    aStat[1] = aSample[i].anEq[iCol];
  }else{
    tRowcnt iLower, iUpper, iGap;
    if( i==0 ){
      iLower = 0;
      iUpper = aSample[0].anLt[iCol];
    }else{
      iUpper = i>=pIdx->nSample ? pIdx->aiRowEst[0] : aSample[i].anLt[iCol];
      iLower = aSample[i-1].anEq[iCol] + aSample[i-1].anLt[iCol];
    }
    aStat[1] = (pIdx->nColumn>iCol ? pIdx->aAvgEq[iCol] : 1);
    if( iLower>=iUpper ){
      iGap = 0;
    }else{
      iGap = iUpper - iLower;
    }
    if( roundUp ){
      iGap = (iGap*2)/3;
    }else{
      iGap = iGap/3;
    }
    aStat[0] = iLower + iGap;
  }

}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */




































/*
** This function is used to estimate the number of rows that will be visited
** by scanning an index for a range of values. The range may have an upper
** bound, a lower bound, or both. The WHERE clause terms that set the upper
** and lower bounds are represented by pLower and pUpper respectively. For
** example, assuming that index p is on t1(a):
................................................................................
**                    |_____|   |_____|
**                       |         |
**                     pLower    pUpper
**
** If either of the upper or lower bound is not present, then NULL is passed in
** place of the corresponding WhereTerm.
**
** The value in (pBuilder->pNew->u.btree.nEq) is the index of the index
** column subject to the range constraint. Or, equivalently, the number of
** equality constraints optimized by the proposed index scan. For example,
** assuming index p is on t1(a, b), and the SQL query is:
**
**   ... FROM t1 WHERE a = ? AND b > ? AND b < ? ...
**
** then nEq is set to 1 (as the range restricted column, b, is the second 
** left-most column of the index). Or, if the query is:
**
**   ... FROM t1 WHERE a > ? AND a < ? ...
**
** then nEq is set to 0.
**
** When this function is called, *pnOut is set to the whereCost() of the
** number of rows that the index scan is expected to visit without 
** considering the range constraints. If nEq is 0, this is the number of 
** rows in the index. Assuming no error occurs, *pnOut is adjusted (reduced)
** to account for the range contraints pLower and pUpper.
** 
** In the absence of sqlite_stat4 ANALYZE data, or if such data cannot be

** used, each range inequality reduces the search space by a factor of 4. 
** Hence a pair of constraints (x>? AND x<?) reduces the expected number of
** rows visited by a factor of 16.
*/
static int whereRangeScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder,

  WhereTerm *pLower,   /* Lower bound on the range. ex: "x>123" Might be NULL */
  WhereTerm *pUpper,   /* Upper bound on the range. ex: "x<455" Might be NULL */

  WhereCost *pnOut     /* IN/OUT: Number of rows visited */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int nOut = (int)*pnOut;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  Index *p = pBuilder->pNew->u.btree.pIndex;
  int nEq = pBuilder->pNew->u.btree.nEq;

  if( nEq==pBuilder->nRecValid
   && nEq<p->nSampleCol
   && p->nSample 
   && OptimizationEnabled(pParse->db, SQLITE_Stat3) 



  ){
    UnpackedRecord *pRec = pBuilder->pRec;
    tRowcnt a[2];
    u8 aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[0]].affinity;

    /* Variable iLower will be set to the estimate of the number of rows in 
    ** the index that are less than the lower bound of the range query. The
    ** lower bound being the concatenation of $P and $L, where $P is the
    ** key-prefix formed by the nEq values matched against the nEq left-most
    ** columns of the index, and $L is the value in pLower.
    **
    ** Or, if pLower is NULL or $L cannot be extracted from it (because it
    ** is not a simple variable or literal value), the lower bound of the
    ** range is $P. Due to a quirk in the way whereKeyStats() works, even
    ** if $L is available, whereKeyStats() is called for both ($P) and 
    ** ($P:$L) and the larger of the two returned values used.
    **
    ** Similarly, iUpper is to be set to the estimate of the number of rows
    ** less than the upper bound of the range query. Where the upper bound
    ** is either ($P) or ($P:$U). Again, even if $U is available, both values
    ** of iUpper are requested of whereKeyStats() and the smaller used.
    */
    tRowcnt iLower;
    tRowcnt iUpper;

    /* Determine iLower and iUpper using ($P) only. */
    if( nEq==0 ){
      iLower = 0;
      iUpper = p->aiRowEst[0];
    }else{
      /* Note: this call could be optimized away - since the same values must 
      ** have been requested when testing key $P in whereEqualScanEst().  */
      whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRec, 0, a);
      iLower = a[0];
      iUpper = a[0] + a[1];
    }

    /* If possible, improve on the iLower estimate using ($P:$L). */
    if( pLower ){
      int bOk;                    /* True if value is extracted from pExpr */
      Expr *pExpr = pLower->pExpr->pRight;

      assert( (pLower->eOperator & (WO_GT|WO_GE))!=0 );
      rc = sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(pParse, p, &pRec, pExpr, aff, nEq, &bOk);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bOk ){
        tRowcnt iNew;
        whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRec, 0, a);


        iNew = a[0] + ((pLower->eOperator & WO_GT) ? a[1] : 0);
        if( iNew>iLower ) iLower = iNew;
      }

    }

    /* If possible, improve on the iUpper estimate using ($P:$U). */
    if( pUpper ){
      int bOk;                    /* True if value is extracted from pExpr */
      Expr *pExpr = pUpper->pExpr->pRight;

      assert( (pUpper->eOperator & (WO_LT|WO_LE))!=0 );
      rc = sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(pParse, p, &pRec, pExpr, aff, nEq, &bOk);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK && bOk ){
        tRowcnt iNew;
        whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRec, 1, a);


        iNew = a[0] + ((pUpper->eOperator & WO_LE) ? a[1] : 0);
        if( iNew<iUpper ) iUpper = iNew;
      }

    }

    pBuilder->pRec = pRec;
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

      WhereCost nNew;
      if( iUpper>iLower ){
        nNew = whereCost(iUpper - iLower);
      }else{
        nNew = 10;        assert( 10==whereCost(2) );
      }

      if( nNew<nOut ){
        nOut = nNew;
      }
      *pnOut = (WhereCost)nOut;
      WHERETRACE(0x100, ("range scan regions: %u..%u  est=%d\n",
                         (u32)iLower, (u32)iUpper, nOut));
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }
  }
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pParse);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(pBuilder);

#endif
  assert( pLower || pUpper );

  /* TUNING:  Each inequality constraint reduces the search space 4-fold.
  ** A BETWEEN operator, therefore, reduces the search space 16-fold */
  if( pLower && (pLower->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 ){
    nOut -= 20;        assert( 20==whereCost(4) );
  }
  if( pUpper ){
    nOut -= 20;        assert( 20==whereCost(4) );
  }
  if( nOut<10 ) nOut = 10;
  *pnOut = (WhereCost)nOut;
  return rc;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
/*
** Estimate the number of rows that will be returned based on
** an equality constraint x=VALUE and where that VALUE occurs in
** the histogram data.  This only works when x is the left-most
** column of an index and sqlite_stat3 histogram data is available
** for that index.  When pExpr==NULL that means the constraint is
** "x IS NULL" instead of "x=VALUE".
................................................................................
** This routine can fail if it is unable to load a collating sequence
** required for string comparison, or if unable to allocate memory
** for a UTF conversion required for comparison.  The error is stored
** in the pParse structure.
*/
static int whereEqualScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder,
  Expr *pExpr,         /* Expression for VALUE in the x=VALUE constraint */
  tRowcnt *pnRow       /* Write the revised row estimate here */
){
  Index *p = pBuilder->pNew->u.btree.pIndex;
  int nEq = pBuilder->pNew->u.btree.nEq;
  UnpackedRecord *pRec = pBuilder->pRec;
  u8 aff;                   /* Column affinity */
  int rc;                   /* Subfunction return code */
  tRowcnt a[2];             /* Statistics */
  int bOk;

  assert( nEq>=1 );
  assert( nEq<=(p->nColumn+1) );
  assert( p->aSample!=0 );
  assert( p->nSample>0 );



  assert( pBuilder->nRecValid<nEq );


  /* If values are not available for all fields of the index to the left
  ** of this one, no estimate can be made. Return SQLITE_NOTFOUND. */
  if( pBuilder->nRecValid<(nEq-1) ){
    return SQLITE_NOTFOUND;
  }

  /* This is an optimization only. The call to sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue()
  ** below would return the same value.  */
  if( nEq>p->nColumn ){
    *pnRow = 1;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[nEq-1]].affinity;
  rc = sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(pParse, p, &pRec, pExpr, aff, nEq-1, &bOk);
  pBuilder->pRec = pRec;
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  if( bOk==0 ) return SQLITE_NOTFOUND;
  pBuilder->nRecValid = nEq;

  whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRec, 0, a);

  WHERETRACE(0x100,("equality scan regions: %d\n", (int)a[1]));
  *pnRow = a[1];
  


  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
/*
** Estimate the number of rows that will be returned based on
** an IN constraint where the right-hand side of the IN operator
** is a list of values.  Example:
**
**        WHERE x IN (1,2,3,4)
**
................................................................................
** This routine can fail if it is unable to load a collating sequence
** required for string comparison, or if unable to allocate memory
** for a UTF conversion required for comparison.  The error is stored
** in the pParse structure.
*/
static int whereInScanEst(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Parsing & code generating context */
  WhereLoopBuilder *pBuilder,
  ExprList *pList,     /* The value list on the RHS of "x IN (v1,v2,v3,...)" */
  tRowcnt *pnRow       /* Write the revised row estimate here */
){
  Index *p = pBuilder->pNew->u.btree.pIndex;
  int nRecValid = pBuilder->nRecValid;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;     /* Subfunction return code */
  tRowcnt nEst;           /* Number of rows for a single term */
  tRowcnt nRowEst = 0;    /* New estimate of the number of rows */
  int i;                  /* Loop counter */

  assert( p->aSample!=0 );
  for(i=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<pList->nExpr; i++){
    nEst = p->aiRowEst[0];
    rc = whereEqualScanEst(pParse, pBuilder, pList->a[i].pExpr, &nEst);
    nRowEst += nEst;
    pBuilder->nRecValid = nRecValid;
  }

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( nRowEst > p->aiRowEst[0] ) nRowEst = p->aiRowEst[0];
    *pnRow = nRowEst;
    WHERETRACE(0x100,("IN row estimate: est=%g\n", nRowEst));
  }
  assert( pBuilder->nRecValid==nRecValid );
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 */

/*
** Disable a term in the WHERE clause.  Except, do not disable the term
** if it controls a LEFT OUTER JOIN and it did not originate in the ON
** or USING clause of that join.
**
** Consider the term t2.z='ok' in the following queries:
................................................................................
  zAff = sqlite3DbStrDup(pParse->db, sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v, pIdx));
  if( !zAff ){
    pParse->db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }

  /* Evaluate the equality constraints
  */
  assert( zAff==0 || (int)strlen(zAff)>=nEq );
  for(j=0; j<nEq; j++){
    int r1;
    pTerm = pLoop->aLTerm[j];
    assert( pTerm!=0 );
    /* The following true for indices with redundant columns. 
    ** Ex: CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a,b,a); SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE a=0 AND b=0; */
    testcase( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_CODED)!=0 );
................................................................................
  saved_wsFlags = pNew->wsFlags;
  saved_prereq = pNew->prereq;
  saved_nOut = pNew->nOut;
  pNew->rSetup = 0;
  rLogSize = estLog(whereCost(pProbe->aiRowEst[0]));
  for(; rc==SQLITE_OK && pTerm!=0; pTerm = whereScanNext(&scan)){
    int nIn = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    int nRecValid = pBuilder->nRecValid;
#endif
    if( (pTerm->eOperator==WO_ISNULL || (pTerm->wtFlags&TERM_VNULL)!=0)
     && (iCol<0 || pSrc->pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull)
    ){
      continue; /* ignore IS [NOT] NULL constraints on NOT NULL columns */
    }
    if( pTerm->prereqRight & pNew->maskSelf ) continue;

    assert( pNew->nOut==saved_nOut );

    pNew->wsFlags = saved_wsFlags;
    pNew->u.btree.nEq = saved_nEq;
    pNew->nLTerm = saved_nLTerm;
    if( whereLoopResize(db, pNew, pNew->nLTerm+1) ) break; /* OOM */
    pNew->aLTerm[pNew->nLTerm++] = pTerm;
    pNew->prereq = (saved_prereq | pTerm->prereqRight) & ~pNew->maskSelf;
    pNew->rRun = rLogSize; /* Baseline cost is log2(N).  Adjustments below */
................................................................................
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT;
      pTop = pTerm;
      pBtm = (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_BTM_LIMIT)!=0 ?
                     pNew->aLTerm[pNew->nLTerm-2] : 0;
    }
    if( pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_COLUMN_RANGE ){
      /* Adjust nOut and rRun for STAT3 range values */
      assert( pNew->nOut==saved_nOut );
      whereRangeScanEst(pParse, pBuilder, pBtm, pTop, &pNew->nOut);


    }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    if( nInMul==0 
     && pProbe->nSample 
     && pNew->u.btree.nEq<=pProbe->nSampleCol
     && OptimizationEnabled(db, SQLITE_Stat3) 
    ){
      Expr *pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
      tRowcnt nOut = 0;
      if( (pTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_ISNULL))!=0 ){
        testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_EQ );
        testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL );
        rc = whereEqualScanEst(pParse, pBuilder, pExpr->pRight, &nOut);
      }else if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN)
             &&  !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect)  ){
        rc = whereInScanEst(pParse, pBuilder, pExpr->x.pList, &nOut);
      }
      assert( nOut==0 || rc==SQLITE_OK );
      if( nOut ){
        nOut = whereCost(nOut);
        pNew->nOut = MIN(nOut, saved_nOut);
      }
    }
#endif
    if( (pNew->wsFlags & (WHERE_IDX_ONLY|WHERE_IPK))==0 ){
      /* Each row involves a step of the index, then a binary search of
      ** the main table */
      pNew->rRun =  whereCostAdd(pNew->rRun, rLogSize>27 ? rLogSize-17 : 10);
    }
................................................................................
    /* TBD: Adjust nOut for additional constraints */
    rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
    if( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT)==0
     && pNew->u.btree.nEq<(pProbe->nColumn + (pProbe->zName!=0))
    ){
      whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(pBuilder, pSrc, pProbe, nInMul+nIn);
    }
    pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    pBuilder->nRecValid = nRecValid;
#endif
  }
  pNew->prereq = saved_prereq;
  pNew->u.btree.nEq = saved_nEq;
  pNew->wsFlags = saved_wsFlags;
  pNew->nOut = saved_nOut;
  pNew->nLTerm = saved_nLTerm;
  return rc;
................................................................................
          ** which we will simplify to just N*log2(N) */
          pNew->rRun = rSize + rLogSize;
        }
        rc = whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
        if( rc ) break;
      }
    }

    rc = whereLoopAddBtreeIndex(pBuilder, pSrc, pProbe, 0);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    sqlite3Stat4ProbeFree(pBuilder->pRec);
    pBuilder->nRecValid = 0;
    pBuilder->pRec = 0;
#endif

    /* If there was an INDEXED BY clause, then only that one index is
    ** considered. */
    if( pSrc->pIndex ) break;
  }
  return rc;
}

Changes to src/sqlite3.h.

103
104
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109
110
111
112
113
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115
116
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118
119
** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.0.1"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008000
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2013-08-29 13:47:05 c5857808c0707baa30994dd6aa3b9c93a74c0073"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros







|
|
|







103
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105
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** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.1"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008001
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2013-08-29 23:36:49 30d38cc44904d93508b87e373b2f45d5f93e556b"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros