Markdown Formatting Rules


Paragraphs are divided by blank lines.
End a line with two or more spaces to force a mid-paragraph line break.


# Top-level Heading                         Alternative Top Level Heading
# Top-level Heading Variant #               =============================

## Second-level Heading                     Alternative 2nd Level Heading
## Second-level Heading Variant ##          -----------------------------


  1. [display text](URL)
  2. [display text](URL "Title")
  3. [display text](URL 'Title')
  4. <URL>
  5. [display text][label]
  6. [display text][]

URL may optionally be written <URL>. With link formats 5 and 6 ("reference links"), the URL is supplied elsewhere in the document, as shown below. Link format 6 reuses the display text as the label. Labels are case-insensitive. The title may be split onto the next line with optional indenting.

  • [label]: URL
  • [label]: URL "Title"
  • [label]: URL 'Title'
  • [label]: URL (Title)


  • *italic*
  • _italic_
  • **bold**
  • __bold__
  • ***italic+bold***
  • ___italic+bold___
  • `code`

The `code` construct disables HTML markup, so one can write, for example, `<html>` to yield <html>.


 *   bullet item
 +   bullet item
 -   bullet item
 1.  numbered item

A two-level list is created by placing additional whitespace before the */+/-/1. of the secondary items.

 *   top-level item
   * secondary item

Block Quotes

Begin each line of a paragraph with > to block quote that paragraph.

> This paragraph is indented

> > Double-indented paragraph

Begin each line with at least four spaces or one tab to produce a verbatim code block.


| Header 1     | Header 2  | Header 3      |
|:Left-aligned |:Centered :| Right-aligned:|
|              | ← Blank → |               |

The first row is a header if followed by a horizontal rule or a blank line.

Placing : at the left, both, or right sides of a cell gives left-aligned, centered, or right-aligned text, respectively. By default, header cells are centered, and body cells are left-aligned.

The leftmost | is required if the first column contains at least one blank cell. The rightmost | is optional.


  • In-line images are made using ![alt-text](image-URL).
  • Use HTML for advanced formatting such as forms.
  • <!-- HTML-style comments --> are supported.
  • Escape special characters (ex: [ ( | *) using backslash (ex: \[ \( \| \*).
  • A line consisting of ---, ***, or ___ is a horizontal rule. Spaces and extra -/*/_ are allowed.
  • See for additional information.
  • See this page's Markdown source for complex examples.

Special Features For Fossil

  • In hyperlinks, if the URL begins with / then the root of the Fossil repository is prepended. This allows for repository-relative hyperlinks.
  • For documents that begin with a top-level heading (ex: # heading #), the heading is omitted from the body of the document and becomes the document title displayed at the top of the Fossil page.