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Overview
Comment:Update the built-in SQLite to the latest 3.25.0 alpha version, for testing.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA3-256: 57e80ad20a127617f490da05904666756b888e71f8fc3570f77c7c77212b2e39
User & Date: drh 2018-08-30 14:03:13
Context
2018-08-30
14:43
Attempt to make the /subscribe and /alerts forms less confusing. check-in: 6d04bab4 user: drh tags: trunk
14:03
Update the built-in SQLite to the latest 3.25.0 alpha version, for testing. check-in: 57e80ad2 user: drh tags: trunk
2018-08-29
12:57
Improvements to the capability listing page: /setup_ucap_list check-in: 8689cf8b user: drh tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/shell.c.

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  completionCursorReset(pCur);
  if( idxNum & 1 ){
    pCur->nPrefix = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[iArg]);
    if( pCur->nPrefix>0 ){
      pCur->zPrefix = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_value_text(argv[iArg]));
      if( pCur->zPrefix==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    iArg++;
  }
  if( idxNum & 2 ){
    pCur->nLine = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[iArg]);
    if( pCur->nLine>0 ){
      pCur->zLine = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_value_text(argv[iArg]));
      if( pCur->zLine==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    iArg++;
  }
  if( pCur->zLine!=0 && pCur->zPrefix==0 ){
    int i = pCur->nLine;
    while( i>0 && (isalnum(pCur->zLine[i-1]) || pCur->zLine[i-1]=='_') ){
      i--;
    }
    pCur->nPrefix = pCur->nLine - i;







|







<







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  completionCursorReset(pCur);
  if( idxNum & 1 ){
    pCur->nPrefix = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[iArg]);
    if( pCur->nPrefix>0 ){
      pCur->zPrefix = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_value_text(argv[iArg]));
      if( pCur->zPrefix==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    iArg = 1;
  }
  if( idxNum & 2 ){
    pCur->nLine = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[iArg]);
    if( pCur->nLine>0 ){
      pCur->zLine = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_value_text(argv[iArg]));
      if( pCur->zLine==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }

  }
  if( pCur->zLine!=0 && pCur->zPrefix==0 ){
    int i = pCur->nLine;
    while( i>0 && (isalnum(pCur->zLine[i-1]) || pCur->zLine[i-1]=='_') ){
      i--;
    }
    pCur->nPrefix = pCur->nLine - i;

Changes to src/sqlite3.c.

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**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.25.0"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3025000
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2018-08-16 16:24:24 456842924bb33c0af8af29402f06e5f25b6791f698a0d12a080258b20b0cfb61"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GLOB      66
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_REGEXP    67
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_NE        68
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_ISNOT     69
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_ISNOTNULL 70
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_ISNULL    71
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_IS        72


/*
** CAPI3REF: Register A Virtual Table Implementation
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^These routines are used to register a new [virtual table module] name.
** ^Module names must be registered before
................................................................................
/*
** Set the SQLITE_PTRSIZE macro to the number of bytes in a pointer
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_PTRSIZE
# if defined(__SIZEOF_POINTER__)
#   define SQLITE_PTRSIZE __SIZEOF_POINTER__
# elif defined(i386)     || defined(__i386__)   || defined(_M_IX86) ||    \
       defined(_M_ARM)   || defined(__arm__)    || defined(__x86)

#   define SQLITE_PTRSIZE 4
# else
#   define SQLITE_PTRSIZE 8
# endif
#endif

/* The uptr type is an unsigned integer large enough to hold a pointer
................................................................................
** -DSQLITE_BYTEORDER=0 is set, then byte-order is determined
** at run-time.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_BYTEORDER
# if defined(i386)     || defined(__i386__)   || defined(_M_IX86) ||    \
     defined(__x86_64) || defined(__x86_64__) || defined(_M_X64)  ||    \
     defined(_M_AMD64) || defined(_M_ARM)     || defined(__x86)   ||    \
     defined(__arm__)
#   define SQLITE_BYTEORDER    1234
# elif defined(sparc)    || defined(__ppc__)
#   define SQLITE_BYTEORDER    4321
# else
#   define SQLITE_BYTEORDER 0
# endif
#endif
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BitvecClear(Bitvec*, u32, void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BitvecDestroy(Bitvec*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3BitvecSize(Bitvec*);
#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BitvecBuiltinTest(int,int*);
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE RowSet *sqlite3RowSetInit(sqlite3*, void*, unsigned int);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RowSetClear(RowSet*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RowSetInsert(RowSet*, i64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3RowSetTest(RowSet*, int iBatch, i64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3RowSetNext(RowSet*, i64*);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CreateView(Parse*,Token*,Token*,Token*,ExprList*,Select*,int,int);

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)
................................................................................
  i64 *anExec;            /* Event counters from parent frame */
  Mem *aMem;              /* Array of memory cells for parent frame */
  VdbeCursor **apCsr;     /* Array of Vdbe cursors for parent frame */
  u8 *aOnce;              /* Bitmask used by OP_Once */
  void *token;            /* Copy of SubProgram.token */
  i64 lastRowid;          /* Last insert rowid (sqlite3.lastRowid) */
  AuxData *pAuxData;      /* Linked list of auxdata allocations */



  int nCursor;            /* Number of entries in apCsr */
  int pc;                 /* Program Counter in parent (calling) frame */
  int nOp;                /* Size of aOp array */
  int nMem;               /* Number of entries in aMem */
  int nChildMem;          /* Number of memory cells for child frame */
  int nChildCsr;          /* Number of cursors for child frame */
  int nChange;            /* Statement changes (Vdbe.nChange)     */
  int nDbChange;          /* Value of db->nChange */
};








#define VdbeFrameMem(p) ((Mem *)&((u8 *)p)[ROUND8(sizeof(VdbeFrame))])

/*
** Internally, the vdbe manipulates nearly all SQL values as Mem
** structures. Each Mem struct may cache multiple representations (string,
** integer etc.) of the same value.
*/
................................................................................
struct sqlite3_value {
  union MemValue {
    double r;           /* Real value used when MEM_Real is set in flags */
    i64 i;              /* Integer value used when MEM_Int is set in flags */
    int nZero;          /* Extra zero bytes when MEM_Zero and MEM_Blob set */
    const char *zPType; /* Pointer type when MEM_Term|MEM_Subtype|MEM_Null */
    FuncDef *pDef;      /* Used only when flags==MEM_Agg */
    RowSet *pRowSet;    /* Used only when flags==MEM_RowSet */
    VdbeFrame *pFrame;  /* Used when flags==MEM_Frame */
  } u;
  u16 flags;          /* Some combination of MEM_Null, MEM_Str, MEM_Dyn, etc. */
  u8  enc;            /* SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_UTF16BE, SQLITE_UTF16LE */
  u8  eSubtype;       /* Subtype for this value */
  int n;              /* Number of characters in string value, excluding '\0' */
  char *z;            /* String or BLOB value */
  /* ShallowCopy only needs to copy the information above */
................................................................................
*/
#define MEM_Null      0x0001   /* Value is NULL (or a pointer) */
#define MEM_Str       0x0002   /* Value is a string */
#define MEM_Int       0x0004   /* Value is an integer */
#define MEM_Real      0x0008   /* Value is a real number */
#define MEM_Blob      0x0010   /* Value is a BLOB */
#define MEM_AffMask   0x001f   /* Mask of affinity bits */
#define MEM_RowSet    0x0020   /* Value is a RowSet object */
#define MEM_Frame     0x0040   /* Value is a VdbeFrame object */
#define MEM_Undefined 0x0080   /* Value is undefined */
#define MEM_Cleared   0x0100   /* NULL set by OP_Null, not from data */
#define MEM_TypeMask  0xc1ff   /* Mask of type bits */


/* Whenever Mem contains a valid string or blob representation, one of
** the following flags must be set to determine the memory management
................................................................................
  #define MEM_Zero 0x0000
#endif

/* Return TRUE if Mem X contains dynamically allocated content - anything
** that needs to be deallocated to avoid a leak.
*/
#define VdbeMemDynamic(X)  \
  (((X)->flags&(MEM_Agg|MEM_Dyn|MEM_RowSet|MEM_Frame))!=0)

/*
** Clear any existing type flags from a Mem and replace them with f
*/
#define MemSetTypeFlag(p, f) \
   ((p)->flags = ((p)->flags&~(MEM_TypeMask|MEM_Zero))|f)

................................................................................
#else
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3VdbeMemSetDouble(Mem*, double);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemSetPointer(Mem*, void*, const char*, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemInit(Mem*,sqlite3*,u16);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemSetZeroBlob(Mem*,int);



SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemSetRowSet(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemStringify(Mem*, u8, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE i64 sqlite3VdbeIntValue(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE double sqlite3VdbeRealValue(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeBooleanValue(Mem*, int ifNull);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeIntegerAffinity(Mem*);
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WINDOWFUNC
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemAggValue(Mem*, Mem*, FuncDef*);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3OpcodeName(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(Mem *pMem, int n, int preserve);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemClearAndResize(Mem *pMem, int n);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeCloseStatement(Vdbe *, int);




SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeFrameDelete(VdbeFrame*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeFrameRestore(VdbeFrame *);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbePreUpdateHook(Vdbe*,VdbeCursor*,int,const char*,Table*,i64,int);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeTransferError(Vdbe *p);

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeSorterInit(sqlite3 *, int, VdbeCursor *);
................................................................................
/*
** Allowed values for RowSet.rsFlags
*/
#define ROWSET_SORTED  0x01   /* True if RowSet.pEntry is sorted */
#define ROWSET_NEXT    0x02   /* True if sqlite3RowSetNext() has been called */

/*
** Turn bulk memory into a RowSet object.  N bytes of memory
** are available at pSpace.  The db pointer is used as a memory context
** for any subsequent allocations that need to occur.
** Return a pointer to the new RowSet object.
**
** It must be the case that N is sufficient to make a Rowset.  If not
** an assertion fault occurs.
** 
** If N is larger than the minimum, use the surplus as an initial
** allocation of entries available to be filled.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE RowSet *sqlite3RowSetInit(sqlite3 *db, void *pSpace, unsigned int N){
  RowSet *p;
  assert( N >= ROUND8(sizeof(*p)) );
  p = pSpace;



  p->pChunk = 0;
  p->db = db;
  p->pEntry = 0;
  p->pLast = 0;
  p->pForest = 0;
  p->pFresh = (struct RowSetEntry*)(ROUND8(sizeof(*p)) + (char*)p);
  p->nFresh = (u16)((N - ROUND8(sizeof(*p)))/sizeof(struct RowSetEntry));
  p->rsFlags = ROWSET_SORTED;
  p->iBatch = 0;

  return p;
}

/*
** Deallocate all chunks from a RowSet.  This frees all memory that
** the RowSet has allocated over its lifetime.  This routine is
** the destructor for the RowSet.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RowSetClear(RowSet *p){

  struct RowSetChunk *pChunk, *pNextChunk;
  for(pChunk=p->pChunk; pChunk; pChunk = pNextChunk){
    pNextChunk = pChunk->pNextChunk;
    sqlite3DbFree(p->db, pChunk);
  }
  p->pChunk = 0;
  p->nFresh = 0;
  p->pEntry = 0;
  p->pLast = 0;
  p->pForest = 0;
  p->rsFlags = ROWSET_SORTED;
}











/*
** Allocate a new RowSetEntry object that is associated with the
** given RowSet.  Return a pointer to the new and completely uninitialized
** objected.
**
** In an OOM situation, the RowSet.db->mallocFailed flag is set and this
................................................................................
          *pChanged = bChanged;
        }else{
          rc = SQLITE_BUSY_SNAPSHOT;
        }

        /* Release the shared CKPT lock obtained above. */
        walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_CKPT_LOCK);

      }


      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction(pWal);
      }
    }
................................................................................
  assert( (p->flags & MEM_Dyn)==0 || p->szMalloc==0 );

  /* Cannot be both MEM_Int and MEM_Real at the same time */
  assert( (p->flags & (MEM_Int|MEM_Real))!=(MEM_Int|MEM_Real) );

  if( p->flags & MEM_Null ){
    /* Cannot be both MEM_Null and some other type */
    assert( (p->flags & (MEM_Int|MEM_Real|MEM_Str|MEM_Blob
                         |MEM_RowSet|MEM_Frame|MEM_Agg))==0 );

    /* If MEM_Null is set, then either the value is a pure NULL (the usual
    ** case) or it is a pointer set using sqlite3_bind_pointer() or
    ** sqlite3_result_pointer().  If a pointer, then MEM_Term must also be
    ** set.
    */
    if( (p->flags & (MEM_Term|MEM_Subtype))==(MEM_Term|MEM_Subtype) ){
................................................................................
** SQLITE_NOMEM may be returned if a malloc() fails during conversion
** between formats.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(Mem *pMem, int desiredEnc){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  int rc;
#endif
  assert( (pMem->flags&MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  assert( desiredEnc==SQLITE_UTF8 || desiredEnc==SQLITE_UTF16LE
           || desiredEnc==SQLITE_UTF16BE );
  if( !(pMem->flags&MEM_Str) || pMem->enc==desiredEnc ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
................................................................................
** If the bPreserve argument is true, then copy of the content of
** pMem->z into the new allocation.  pMem must be either a string or
** blob if bPreserve is true.  If bPreserve is false, any prior content
** in pMem->z is discarded.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE SQLITE_NOINLINE int sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(Mem *pMem, int n, int bPreserve){
  assert( sqlite3VdbeCheckMemInvariants(pMem) );
  assert( (pMem->flags&MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  testcase( pMem->db==0 );

  /* If the bPreserve flag is set to true, then the memory cell must already
  ** contain a valid string or blob value.  */
  assert( bPreserve==0 || pMem->flags&(MEM_Blob|MEM_Str) );
  testcase( bPreserve && pMem->z==0 );

................................................................................
** Change pMem so that its MEM_Str or MEM_Blob value is stored in
** MEM.zMalloc, where it can be safely written.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success or SQLITE_NOMEM if malloc fails.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(Mem *pMem){
  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );
  assert( (pMem->flags&MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  if( (pMem->flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob))!=0 ){
    if( ExpandBlob(pMem) ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    if( pMem->szMalloc==0 || pMem->z!=pMem->zMalloc ){
      int rc = vdbeMemAddTerminator(pMem);
      if( rc ) return rc;
    }
  }
................................................................................
** blob stored in dynamically allocated space.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemExpandBlob(Mem *pMem){
  int nByte;
  assert( pMem->flags & MEM_Zero );
  assert( pMem->flags&MEM_Blob );
  assert( (pMem->flags&MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );

  /* Set nByte to the number of bytes required to store the expanded blob. */
  nByte = pMem->n + pMem->u.nZero;
  if( nByte<=0 ){
    nByte = 1;
  }
................................................................................
  int fg = pMem->flags;
  const int nByte = 32;

  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );
  assert( !(fg&MEM_Zero) );
  assert( !(fg&(MEM_Str|MEM_Blob)) );
  assert( fg&(MEM_Int|MEM_Real) );
  assert( (pMem->flags&MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(pMem) );


  if( sqlite3VdbeMemClearAndResize(pMem, nByte) ){
    pMem->enc = 0;
    return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }
................................................................................
  assert( VdbeMemDynamic(p) );
  if( p->flags&MEM_Agg ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemFinalize(p, p->u.pDef);
    assert( (p->flags & MEM_Agg)==0 );
    testcase( p->flags & MEM_Dyn );
  }
  if( p->flags&MEM_Dyn ){
    assert( (p->flags&MEM_RowSet)==0 );
    assert( p->xDel!=SQLITE_DYNAMIC && p->xDel!=0 );
    p->xDel((void *)p->z);
  }else if( p->flags&MEM_RowSet ){
    sqlite3RowSetClear(p->u.pRowSet);
  }else if( p->flags&MEM_Frame ){
    VdbeFrame *pFrame = p->u.pFrame;
    pFrame->pParent = pFrame->v->pDelFrame;
    pFrame->v->pDelFrame = pFrame;
  }
  p->flags = MEM_Null;
}

/*
** Release memory held by the Mem p, both external memory cleared
** by p->xDel and memory in p->zMalloc.
................................................................................
/*
** The MEM structure is already a MEM_Real.  Try to also make it a
** MEM_Int if we can.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeIntegerAffinity(Mem *pMem){
  i64 ix;
  assert( pMem->flags & MEM_Real );
  assert( (pMem->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(pMem) );

  ix = doubleToInt64(pMem->u.r);

  /* Only mark the value as an integer if
  **
................................................................................
}

/*
** Convert pMem to type integer.  Invalidate any prior representations.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(Mem *pMem){
  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );
  assert( (pMem->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(pMem) );

  pMem->u.i = sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pMem);
  MemSetTypeFlag(pMem, MEM_Int);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

................................................................................
  if( !sqlite3IsNaN(val) ){
    pMem->u.r = val;
    pMem->flags = MEM_Real;
  }
}
#endif












/*
** Delete any previous value and set the value of pMem to be an
** empty boolean index.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemSetRowSet(Mem *pMem){
  sqlite3 *db = pMem->db;
  assert( db!=0 );
  assert( (pMem->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
  pMem->zMalloc = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(db, 64);
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    pMem->flags = MEM_Null;
    pMem->szMalloc = 0;
  }else{
    assert( pMem->zMalloc );
    pMem->szMalloc = sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, pMem->zMalloc);
    pMem->u.pRowSet = sqlite3RowSetInit(db, pMem->zMalloc, pMem->szMalloc);
    assert( pMem->u.pRowSet!=0 );
    pMem->flags = MEM_RowSet;
  }
}

/*
** Return true if the Mem object contains a TEXT or BLOB that is
** too large - whose size exceeds SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemTooBig(Mem *p){
................................................................................
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE void vdbeClrCopy(Mem *pTo, const Mem *pFrom, int eType){
  vdbeMemClearExternAndSetNull(pTo);
  assert( !VdbeMemDynamic(pTo) );
  sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(pTo, pFrom, eType);
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(Mem *pTo, const Mem *pFrom, int srcType){
  assert( (pFrom->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  assert( pTo->db==pFrom->db );
  if( VdbeMemDynamic(pTo) ){ vdbeClrCopy(pTo,pFrom,srcType); return; }
  memcpy(pTo, pFrom, MEMCELLSIZE);
  if( (pFrom->flags&MEM_Static)==0 ){
    pTo->flags &= ~(MEM_Dyn|MEM_Static|MEM_Ephem);
    assert( srcType==MEM_Ephem || srcType==MEM_Static );
    pTo->flags |= srcType;
................................................................................
/*
** Make a full copy of pFrom into pTo.  Prior contents of pTo are
** freed before the copy is made.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemCopy(Mem *pTo, const Mem *pFrom){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( (pFrom->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  if( VdbeMemDynamic(pTo) ) vdbeMemClearExternAndSetNull(pTo);
  memcpy(pTo, pFrom, MEMCELLSIZE);
  pTo->flags &= ~MEM_Dyn;
  if( pTo->flags&(MEM_Str|MEM_Blob) ){
    if( 0==(pFrom->flags&MEM_Static) ){
      pTo->flags |= MEM_Ephem;
      rc = sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(pTo);
................................................................................
  void (*xDel)(void*) /* Destructor function */
){
  int nByte = n;      /* New value for pMem->n */
  int iLimit;         /* Maximum allowed string or blob size */
  u16 flags = 0;      /* New value for pMem->flags */

  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );
  assert( (pMem->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );

  /* If z is a NULL pointer, set pMem to contain an SQL NULL. */
  if( !z ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pMem);
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

................................................................................
  int rc = SQLITE_OK; /* Return code */

  assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pCur) );
  assert( !VdbeMemDynamic(pMem) );

  /* Note: the calls to BtreeKeyFetch() and DataFetch() below assert() 
  ** that both the BtShared and database handle mutexes are held. */
  assert( (pMem->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  zData = (char *)sqlite3BtreePayloadFetch(pCur, &available);
  assert( zData!=0 );

  if( offset+amt<=available ){
    pMem->z = &zData[offset];
    pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Ephem;
    pMem->n = (int)amt;
................................................................................
** Convert it into a string with encoding enc and return a pointer
** to a zero-terminated version of that string.
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE const void *valueToText(sqlite3_value* pVal, u8 enc){
  assert( pVal!=0 );
  assert( pVal->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pVal->db->mutex) );
  assert( (enc&3)==(enc&~SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED) );
  assert( (pVal->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  assert( (pVal->flags & (MEM_Null))==0 );
  if( pVal->flags & (MEM_Blob|MEM_Str) ){
    if( ExpandBlob(pVal) ) return 0;
    pVal->flags |= MEM_Str;
    if( pVal->enc != (enc & ~SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED) ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pVal, enc & ~SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED);
    }
................................................................................
** If that is the case, then the result must be aligned on an even byte
** boundary.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3ValueText(sqlite3_value* pVal, u8 enc){
  if( !pVal ) return 0;
  assert( pVal->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pVal->db->mutex) );
  assert( (enc&3)==(enc&~SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED) );
  assert( (pVal->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );
  if( (pVal->flags&(MEM_Str|MEM_Term))==(MEM_Str|MEM_Term) && pVal->enc==enc ){
    assert( sqlite3VdbeMemConsistentDualRep(pVal) );
    return pVal->z;
  }
  if( pVal->flags&MEM_Null ){
    return 0;
  }
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Stat4Column(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database handle */
  const void *pRec,               /* Pointer to buffer containing record */
  int nRec,                       /* Size of buffer pRec in bytes */
  int iCol,                       /* Column to extract */
  sqlite3_value **ppVal           /* OUT: Extracted value */
){
  u32 t;                          /* a column type code */
  int nHdr;                       /* Size of the header in the record */
  int iHdr;                       /* Next unread header byte */
  int iField;                     /* Next unread data byte */
  int szField;                    /* Size of the current data field */
  int i;                          /* Column index */
  u8 *a = (u8*)pRec;              /* Typecast byte array */
  Mem *pMem = *ppVal;             /* Write result into this Mem object */

  assert( iCol>0 );
  iHdr = getVarint32(a, nHdr);
  if( nHdr>nRec || iHdr>=nHdr ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
................................................................................
**
** If the bPush flag is true, then make this opcode the parent for
** subsequent Explains until sqlite3VdbeExplainPop() is called.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeExplain(Parse *pParse, u8 bPush, const char *zFmt, ...){
  if( pParse->explain==2 ){
    char *zMsg;
    Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
    va_list ap;
    int iThis;
    va_start(ap, zFmt);
    zMsg = sqlite3VMPrintf(pParse->db, zFmt, ap);
    va_end(ap);
    v = pParse->pVdbe;
    iThis = v->nOp;
................................................................................
      ** sqlite3MemRelease() were called from here. With -O2, this jumps
      ** to 6.6 percent. The test case is inserting 1000 rows into a table 
      ** with no indexes using a single prepared INSERT statement, bind() 
      ** and reset(). Inserts are grouped into a transaction.
      */
      testcase( p->flags & MEM_Agg );
      testcase( p->flags & MEM_Dyn );
      testcase( p->flags & MEM_Frame );
      testcase( p->flags & MEM_RowSet );
      if( p->flags&(MEM_Agg|MEM_Dyn|MEM_Frame|MEM_RowSet) ){
        sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(p);
      }else if( p->szMalloc ){
        sqlite3DbFreeNN(db, p->zMalloc);
        p->szMalloc = 0;
      }

      p->flags = MEM_Undefined;
    }while( (++p)<pEnd );
  }
}






























/*
** Delete a VdbeFrame object and its contents. VdbeFrame objects are
** allocated by the OP_Program opcode in sqlite3VdbeExec().
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeFrameDelete(VdbeFrame *p){
  int i;
  Mem *aMem = VdbeFrameMem(p);
  VdbeCursor **apCsr = (VdbeCursor **)&aMem[p->nChildMem];

  for(i=0; i<p->nChildCsr; i++){
    sqlite3VdbeFreeCursor(p->v, apCsr[i]);
  }
  releaseMemArray(aMem, p->nChildMem);
  sqlite3VdbeDeleteAuxData(p->v->db, &p->pAuxData, -1, 0);
  sqlite3DbFree(p->v->db, p);
}
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MemCompare(const Mem *pMem1, const Mem *pMem2, const CollSeq *pColl){
  int f1, f2;
  int combined_flags;

  f1 = pMem1->flags;
  f2 = pMem2->flags;
  combined_flags = f1|f2;
  assert( (combined_flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 );
 
  /* If one value is NULL, it is less than the other. If both values
  ** are NULL, return 0.
  */
  if( combined_flags&MEM_Null ){
    return (f2&MEM_Null) - (f1&MEM_Null);
  }
................................................................................
    printf(" si:%lld", p->u.i);
  }else if( p->flags & MEM_Int ){
    printf(" i:%lld", p->u.i);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
  }else if( p->flags & MEM_Real ){
    printf(" r:%g", p->u.r);
#endif
  }else if( p->flags & MEM_RowSet ){
    printf(" (rowset)");
  }else{
    char zBuf[200];
    sqlite3VdbeMemPrettyPrint(p, zBuf);
    printf(" %s", zBuf);
  }
  if( p->flags & MEM_Subtype ) printf(" subtype=0x%02x", p->eSubtype);
................................................................................
**
** An assertion fails if P2 is not an integer.
*/
case OP_RowSetAdd: {       /* in1, in2 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  assert( (pIn2->flags & MEM_Int)!=0 );
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetRowSet(pIn1);
    if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 ) goto no_mem;
  }

  sqlite3RowSetInsert(pIn1->u.pRowSet, pIn2->u.i);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: RowSetRead P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: r[P3]=rowset(P1)
**
** Extract the smallest value from the RowSet object in P1
................................................................................
** Or, if RowSet object P1 is initially empty, leave P3
** unchanged and jump to instruction P2.
*/
case OP_RowSetRead: {       /* jump, in1, out3 */
  i64 val;

  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];

  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 
   || sqlite3RowSetNext(pIn1->u.pRowSet, &val)==0
  ){
    /* The boolean index is empty */
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pIn1);
    VdbeBranchTaken(1,2);
    goto jump_to_p2_and_check_for_interrupt;
  }else{
    /* A value was pulled from the index */
................................................................................
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  iSet = pOp->p4.i;
  assert( pIn3->flags&MEM_Int );

  /* If there is anything other than a rowset object in memory cell P1,
  ** delete it now and initialize P1 with an empty rowset
  */
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetRowSet(pIn1);
    if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_RowSet)==0 ) goto no_mem;
  }


  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  assert( iSet==-1 || iSet>=0 );
  if( iSet ){
    exists = sqlite3RowSetTest(pIn1->u.pRowSet, iSet, pIn3->u.i);
    VdbeBranchTaken(exists!=0,2);
    if( exists ) goto jump_to_p2;
  }
  if( iSet>=0 ){
    sqlite3RowSetInsert(pIn1->u.pRowSet, pIn3->u.i);
  }
  break;
}


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER

................................................................................
    goto abort_due_to_error;
  }

  /* Register pRt is used to store the memory required to save the state
  ** of the current program, and the memory required at runtime to execute
  ** the trigger program. If this trigger has been fired before, then pRt 
  ** is already allocated. Otherwise, it must be initialized.  */
  if( (pRt->flags&MEM_Frame)==0 ){
    /* SubProgram.nMem is set to the number of memory cells used by the 
    ** program stored in SubProgram.aOp. As well as these, one memory
    ** cell is required for each cursor used by the program. Set local
    ** variable nMem (and later, VdbeFrame.nChildMem) to this value.
    */
    nMem = pProgram->nMem + pProgram->nCsr;
    assert( nMem>0 );
................................................................................
              + pProgram->nCsr * sizeof(VdbeCursor*)
              + (pProgram->nOp + 7)/8;
    pFrame = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByte);
    if( !pFrame ){
      goto no_mem;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pRt);
    pRt->flags = MEM_Frame;
    pRt->u.pFrame = pFrame;



    pFrame->v = p;
    pFrame->nChildMem = nMem;
    pFrame->nChildCsr = pProgram->nCsr;
    pFrame->pc = (int)(pOp - aOp);
    pFrame->aMem = p->aMem;
    pFrame->nMem = p->nMem;
................................................................................
    pFrame->nCursor = p->nCursor;
    pFrame->aOp = p->aOp;
    pFrame->nOp = p->nOp;
    pFrame->token = pProgram->token;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS
    pFrame->anExec = p->anExec;
#endif




    pEnd = &VdbeFrameMem(pFrame)[pFrame->nChildMem];
    for(pMem=VdbeFrameMem(pFrame); pMem!=pEnd; pMem++){
      pMem->flags = MEM_Undefined;
      pMem->db = db;
    }
  }else{
    pFrame = pRt->u.pFrame;

    assert( pProgram->nMem+pProgram->nCsr==pFrame->nChildMem 
        || (pProgram->nCsr==0 && pProgram->nMem+1==pFrame->nChildMem) );
    assert( pProgram->nCsr==pFrame->nChildCsr );
    assert( (int)(pOp - aOp)==pFrame->pc );
  }

  p->nFrame++;
................................................................................
static int vdbeMergeEngineInit(
  SortSubtask *pTask,             /* Thread that will run pMerger */
  MergeEngine *pMerger,           /* MergeEngine to initialize */
  int eMode                       /* One of the INCRINIT_XXX constants */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */
  int i;                          /* For looping over PmaReader objects */
  int nTree = pMerger->nTree;





  /* eMode is always INCRINIT_NORMAL in single-threaded mode */
  assert( SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS>0 || eMode==INCRINIT_NORMAL );

  /* Verify that the MergeEngine is assigned to a single thread */
  assert( pMerger->pTask==0 );
  pMerger->pTask = pTask;


  for(i=0; i<nTree; i++){
    if( SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS>0 && eMode==INCRINIT_ROOT ){
      /* PmaReaders should be normally initialized in order, as if they are
      ** reading from the same temp file this makes for more linear file IO.
      ** However, in the INCRINIT_ROOT case, if PmaReader aReadr[nTask-1] is
      ** in use it will block the vdbePmaReaderNext() call while it uses
      ** the main thread to fill its buffer. So calling PmaReaderNext()
................................................................................
      ** see if it is a column in a virtual table.  This is done because
      ** the left operand of infix functions (the operand we want to
      ** control overloading) ends up as the second argument to the
      ** function.  The expression "A glob B" is equivalent to 
      ** "glob(B,A).  We want to use the A in "A glob B" to test
      ** for function overloading.  But we use the B term in "glob(B,A)".
      */
      if( nFarg>=2 && (pExpr->flags & EP_InfixFunc) ){
        pDef = sqlite3VtabOverloadFunction(db, pDef, nFarg, pFarg->a[1].pExpr);
      }else if( nFarg>0 ){
        pDef = sqlite3VtabOverloadFunction(db, pDef, nFarg, pFarg->a[0].pExpr);
      }
#endif
      if( pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
        if( !pColl ) pColl = db->pDfltColl; 
................................................................................
  sqlite3_str_appendall(&acc, "CREATE TABLE x");
  for(i=0, j=pPragma->iPragCName; i<pPragma->nPragCName; i++, j++){
    sqlite3_str_appendf(&acc, "%c\"%s\"", cSep, pragCName[j]);
    cSep = ',';
  }
  if( i==0 ){
    sqlite3_str_appendf(&acc, "(\"%s\"", pPragma->zName);
    cSep = ',';
    i++;
  }
  j = 0;
  if( pPragma->mPragFlg & PragFlg_Result1 ){
    sqlite3_str_appendall(&acc, ",arg HIDDEN");
    j++;
  }
................................................................................
  Table *pTab,          /* The table being updated */
  Index *pIdx,          /* The UNIQUE constraint that failed */
  int iCur              /* Cursor for pIdx (or pTab if pIdx==NULL) */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  SrcList *pSrc;            /* FROM clause for the UPDATE */
  int iDataCur = pUpsert->iDataCur;

  assert( v!=0 );

  VdbeNoopComment((v, "Begin DO UPDATE of UPSERT"));

  if( pIdx && iCur!=iDataCur ){
    if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
      int regRowid = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxRowid, iCur, regRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SeekRowid, iDataCur, 0, regRowid);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRowid);
................................................................................
** appropriate virtual table operator.  The return value is 1 or 2 if there
** is a match.  The usual return is 1, but if the RHS is also a column
** of virtual table in forms (5) or (7) then return 2.
**
** If the expression matches none of the patterns above, return 0.
*/
static int isAuxiliaryVtabOperator(

  Expr *pExpr,                    /* Test this expression */
  unsigned char *peOp2,           /* OUT: 0 for MATCH, or else an op2 value */
  Expr **ppLeft,                  /* Column expression to left of MATCH/op2 */
  Expr **ppRight                  /* Expression to left of MATCH/op2 */
){
  if( pExpr->op==TK_FUNCTION ){
    static const struct Op2 {
................................................................................
    Expr *pCol;                     /* Column reference */
    int i;

    pList = pExpr->x.pList;
    if( pList==0 || pList->nExpr!=2 ){
      return 0;
    }








    pCol = pList->a[1].pExpr;
    if( pCol->op!=TK_COLUMN || !IsVirtual(pCol->pTab) ){
      return 0;
    }
    for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aOp); i++){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(pExpr->u.zToken, aOp[i].zOp)==0 ){
        *peOp2 = aOp[i].eOp2;
        *ppRight = pList->a[0].pExpr;
        *ppLeft = pCol;
        return 1;
































      }
    }
  }else if( pExpr->op==TK_NE || pExpr->op==TK_ISNOT || pExpr->op==TK_NOTNULL ){
    int res = 0;
    Expr *pLeft = pExpr->pLeft;
    Expr *pRight = pExpr->pRight;
    if( pLeft->op==TK_COLUMN && IsVirtual(pLeft->pTab) ){
................................................................................
        int idxNew;
        transferJoinMarkings(pNew, pExpr);
        assert( !ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_xIsSelect) );
        pNew->x.pList = pList;
        idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNew, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
        testcase( idxNew==0 );
        exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew);
        pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm];
        markTermAsChild(pWC, idxNew, idxTerm);
      }else{
        sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pList);
      }
    }
  }
}
................................................................................
  ** is one of MATCH, LIKE, GLOB, REGEXP, !=, IS, IS NOT, or NOT NULL.
  ** This information is used by the xBestIndex methods of
  ** virtual tables.  The native query optimizer does not attempt
  ** to do anything with MATCH functions.
  */
  if( pWC->op==TK_AND ){
    Expr *pRight = 0, *pLeft = 0;
    int res = isAuxiliaryVtabOperator(pExpr, &eOp2, &pLeft, &pRight);
    while( res-- > 0 ){
      int idxNew;
      WhereTerm *pNewTerm;
      Bitmask prereqColumn, prereqExpr;

      prereqExpr = sqlite3WhereExprUsage(pMaskSet, pRight);
      prereqColumn = sqlite3WhereExprUsage(pMaskSet, pLeft);
................................................................................

  return ret;
}
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4) */
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_DISABLE_FTS3_UNICODE) */

/************** End of fts3_unicode2.c ***************************************/
























































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































/************** Begin file rtree.c *******************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
................................................................................
  int iNodeSize;              /* Size in bytes of each node in the node table */
  u8 nDim;                    /* Number of dimensions */
  u8 nDim2;                   /* Twice the number of dimensions */
  u8 eCoordType;              /* RTREE_COORD_REAL32 or RTREE_COORD_INT32 */
  u8 nBytesPerCell;           /* Bytes consumed per cell */
  u8 inWrTrans;               /* True if inside write transaction */
  u8 nAux;                    /* # of auxiliary columns in %_rowid */

  int iDepth;                 /* Current depth of the r-tree structure */
  char *zDb;                  /* Name of database containing r-tree table */
  char *zName;                /* Name of r-tree table */ 
  u32 nBusy;                  /* Current number of users of this structure */
  i64 nRowEst;                /* Estimated number of rows in this table */
  u32 nCursor;                /* Number of open cursors */
  u32 nNodeRef;               /* Number RtreeNodes with positive nRef */
................................................................................
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Select a currently unused rowid for a new r-tree record.
*/
static int newRowid(Rtree *pRtree, i64 *piRowid){
  int rc;
  sqlite3_bind_null(pRtree->pWriteRowid, 1);
  sqlite3_bind_null(pRtree->pWriteRowid, 2);
  sqlite3_step(pRtree->pWriteRowid);
  rc = sqlite3_reset(pRtree->pWriteRowid);
  *piRowid = sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(pRtree->db);
  return rc;
................................................................................
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && nData>1 ){
    /* Insert the new record into the r-tree */
    RtreeNode *pLeaf = 0;

    /* Figure out the rowid of the new row. */
    if( bHaveRowid==0 ){
      rc = newRowid(pRtree, &cell.iRowid);
    }
    *pRowid = cell.iRowid;

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = ChooseLeaf(pRtree, &cell, 0, &pLeaf);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
    }else{
      sqlite3_str *p = sqlite3_str_new(db);
      int ii;
      char *zSql;
      sqlite3_str_appendf(p, "UPDATE \"%w\".\"%w_rowid\"SET ", zDb, zPrefix);
      for(ii=0; ii<pRtree->nAux; ii++){
        if( ii ) sqlite3_str_append(p, ",", 1);



        sqlite3_str_appendf(p,"a%d=?%d",ii,ii+2);

      }
      sqlite3_str_appendf(p, " WHERE rowid=?1");
      zSql = sqlite3_str_finish(p);
      if( zSql==0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }else{
        rc = sqlite3_prepare_v3(db, zSql, -1, SQLITE_PREPARE_PERSISTENT,
................................................................................
    }else{
      sqlite3_result_error_code(ctx, rc);
    }
    sqlite3_free(zReport);
  }
}





































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































/*
** Register the r-tree module with database handle db. This creates the
** virtual table module "rtree" and the debugging/analysis scalar 
** function "rtreenode".
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3RtreeInit(sqlite3 *db){
................................................................................
#endif
    rc = sqlite3_create_module_v2(db, "rtree", &rtreeModule, c, 0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    void *c = (void *)RTREE_COORD_INT32;
    rc = sqlite3_create_module_v2(db, "rtree_i32", &rtreeModule, c, 0);
  }






  return rc;
}

/*
** This routine deletes the RtreeGeomCallback object that was attached
** one of the SQL functions create by sqlite3_rtree_geometry_callback()
................................................................................
    sqlite3_free(p);
  }
}

#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION && SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK */

/************** End of sqlite3session.c **************************************/
/************** Begin file json1.c *******************************************/
/*
** 2015-08-12
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
** This SQLite extension implements JSON functions.  The interface is
** modeled after MySQL JSON functions:
**
**     https://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/json.html
**
** For the time being, all JSON is stored as pure text.  (We might add
** a JSONB type in the future which stores a binary encoding of JSON in
** a BLOB, but there is no support for JSONB in the current implementation.
** This implementation parses JSON text at 250 MB/s, so it is hard to see
** how JSONB might improve on that.)
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1)
#if !defined(SQLITEINT_H)
/* #include "sqlite3ext.h" */
#endif
SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1
/* #include <assert.h> */
/* #include <string.h> */
/* #include <stdlib.h> */
/* #include <stdarg.h> */

/* Mark a function parameter as unused, to suppress nuisance compiler
** warnings. */
#ifndef UNUSED_PARAM
# define UNUSED_PARAM(X)  (void)(X)
#endif

#ifndef LARGEST_INT64
# define LARGEST_INT64  (0xffffffff|(((sqlite3_int64)0x7fffffff)<<32))
# define SMALLEST_INT64 (((sqlite3_int64)-1) - LARGEST_INT64)
#endif

/*
** Versions of isspace(), isalnum() and isdigit() to which it is safe
** to pass signed char values.
*/
#ifdef sqlite3Isdigit
   /* Use the SQLite core versions if this routine is part of the
   ** SQLite amalgamation */
#  define safe_isdigit(x)  sqlite3Isdigit(x)
#  define safe_isalnum(x)  sqlite3Isalnum(x)
#  define safe_isxdigit(x) sqlite3Isxdigit(x)
#else
   /* Use the standard library for separate compilation */
#include <ctype.h>  /* amalgamator: keep */
#  define safe_isdigit(x)  isdigit((unsigned char)(x))
#  define safe_isalnum(x)  isalnum((unsigned char)(x))
#  define safe_isxdigit(x) isxdigit((unsigned char)(x))
#endif

/*
** Growing our own isspace() routine this way is twice as fast as
** the library isspace() function, resulting in a 7% overall performance
** increase for the parser.  (Ubuntu14.10 gcc 4.8.4 x64 with -Os).
*/
static const char jsonIsSpace[] = {
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
};
#define safe_isspace(x) (jsonIsSpace[(unsigned char)x])

#ifndef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
  /* Unsigned integer types.  These are already defined in the sqliteInt.h,
  ** but the definitions need to be repeated for separate compilation. */
  typedef sqlite3_uint64 u64;
  typedef unsigned int u32;
  typedef unsigned short int u16;
  typedef unsigned char u8;
#endif

/* Objects */
typedef struct JsonString JsonString;
typedef struct JsonNode JsonNode;
typedef struct JsonParse JsonParse;

/* An instance of this object represents a JSON string
** under construction.  Really, this is a generic string accumulator
** that can be and is used to create strings other than JSON.
*/
struct JsonString {
  sqlite3_context *pCtx;   /* Function context - put error messages here */
  char *zBuf;              /* Append JSON content here */
  u64 nAlloc;              /* Bytes of storage available in zBuf[] */
  u64 nUsed;               /* Bytes of zBuf[] currently used */
  u8 bStatic;              /* True if zBuf is static space */
  u8 bErr;                 /* True if an error has been encountered */
  char zSpace[100];        /* Initial static space */
};

/* JSON type values
*/
#define JSON_NULL     0
#define JSON_TRUE     1
#define JSON_FALSE    2
#define JSON_INT      3
#define JSON_REAL     4
#define JSON_STRING   5
#define JSON_ARRAY    6
#define JSON_OBJECT   7

/* The "subtype" set for JSON values */
#define JSON_SUBTYPE  74    /* Ascii for "J" */

/*
** Names of the various JSON types:
*/
static const char * const jsonType[] = {
  "null", "true", "false", "integer", "real", "text", "array", "object"
};

/* Bit values for the JsonNode.jnFlag field
*/
#define JNODE_RAW     0x01         /* Content is raw, not JSON encoded */
#define JNODE_ESCAPE  0x02         /* Content is text with \ escapes */
#define JNODE_REMOVE  0x04         /* Do not output */
#define JNODE_REPLACE 0x08         /* Replace with JsonNode.u.iReplace */
#define JNODE_PATCH   0x10         /* Patch with JsonNode.u.pPatch */
#define JNODE_APPEND  0x20         /* More ARRAY/OBJECT entries at u.iAppend */
#define JNODE_LABEL   0x40         /* Is a label of an object */


/* A single node of parsed JSON
*/
struct JsonNode {
  u8 eType;              /* One of the JSON_ type values */
  u8 jnFlags;            /* JNODE flags */
  u32 n;                 /* Bytes of content, or number of sub-nodes */
  union {
    const char *zJContent; /* Content for INT, REAL, and STRING */
    u32 iAppend;           /* More terms for ARRAY and OBJECT */
    u32 iKey;              /* Key for ARRAY objects in json_tree() */
    u32 iReplace;          /* Replacement content for JNODE_REPLACE */
    JsonNode *pPatch;      /* Node chain of patch for JNODE_PATCH */
  } u;
};

/* A completely parsed JSON string
*/
struct JsonParse {
  u32 nNode;         /* Number of slots of aNode[] used */
  u32 nAlloc;        /* Number of slots of aNode[] allocated */
  JsonNode *aNode;   /* Array of nodes containing the parse */
  const char *zJson; /* Original JSON string */
  u32 *aUp;          /* Index of parent of each node */
  u8 oom;            /* Set to true if out of memory */
  u8 nErr;           /* Number of errors seen */
  u16 iDepth;        /* Nesting depth */
  int nJson;         /* Length of the zJson string in bytes */
};

/*
** Maximum nesting depth of JSON for this implementation.
**
** This limit is needed to avoid a stack overflow in the recursive
** descent parser.  A depth of 2000 is far deeper than any sane JSON
** should go.
*/
#define JSON_MAX_DEPTH  2000

/**************************************************************************
** Utility routines for dealing with JsonString objects
**************************************************************************/

/* Set the JsonString object to an empty string
*/
static void jsonZero(JsonString *p){
  p->zBuf = p->zSpace;
  p->nAlloc = sizeof(p->zSpace);
  p->nUsed = 0;
  p->bStatic = 1;
}

/* Initialize the JsonString object
*/
static void jsonInit(JsonString *p, sqlite3_context *pCtx){
  p->pCtx = pCtx;
  p->bErr = 0;
  jsonZero(p);
}


/* Free all allocated memory and reset the JsonString object back to its
** initial state.
*/
static void jsonReset(JsonString *p){
  if( !p->bStatic ) sqlite3_free(p->zBuf);
  jsonZero(p);
}


/* Report an out-of-memory (OOM) condition 
*/
static void jsonOom(JsonString *p){
  p->bErr = 1;
  sqlite3_result_error_nomem(p->pCtx);
  jsonReset(p);
}

/* Enlarge pJson->zBuf so that it can hold at least N more bytes.
** Return zero on success.  Return non-zero on an OOM error
*/
static int jsonGrow(JsonString *p, u32 N){
  u64 nTotal = N<p->nAlloc ? p->nAlloc*2 : p->nAlloc+N+10;
  char *zNew;
  if( p->bStatic ){
    if( p->bErr ) return 1;
    zNew = sqlite3_malloc64(nTotal);
    if( zNew==0 ){
      jsonOom(p);
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    memcpy(zNew, p->zBuf, (size_t)p->nUsed);
    p->zBuf = zNew;
    p->bStatic = 0;
  }else{
    zNew = sqlite3_realloc64(p->zBuf, nTotal);
    if( zNew==0 ){
      jsonOom(p);
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    p->zBuf = zNew;
  }
  p->nAlloc = nTotal;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Append N bytes from zIn onto the end of the JsonString string.
*/
static void jsonAppendRaw(JsonString *p, const char *zIn, u32 N){
  if( (N+p->nUsed >= p->nAlloc) && jsonGrow(p,N)!=0 ) return;
  memcpy(p->zBuf+p->nUsed, zIn, N);
  p->nUsed += N;
}

/* Append formatted text (not to exceed N bytes) to the JsonString.
*/
static void jsonPrintf(int N, JsonString *p, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  if( (p->nUsed + N >= p->nAlloc) && jsonGrow(p, N) ) return;
  va_start(ap, zFormat);
  sqlite3_vsnprintf(N, p->zBuf+p->nUsed, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
  p->nUsed += (int)strlen(p->zBuf+p->nUsed);
}

/* Append a single character
*/
static void jsonAppendChar(JsonString *p, char c){
  if( p->nUsed>=p->nAlloc && jsonGrow(p,1)!=0 ) return;
  p->zBuf[p->nUsed++] = c;
}

/* Append a comma separator to the output buffer, if the previous
** character is not '[' or '{'.
*/
static void jsonAppendSeparator(JsonString *p){
  char c;
  if( p->nUsed==0 ) return;
  c = p->zBuf[p->nUsed-1];
  if( c!='[' && c!='{' ) jsonAppendChar(p, ',');
}

/* Append the N-byte string in zIn to the end of the JsonString string
** under construction.  Enclose the string in "..." and escape
** any double-quotes or backslash characters contained within the
** string.
*/
static void jsonAppendString(JsonString *p, const char *zIn, u32 N){
  u32 i;
  if( (N+p->nUsed+2 >= p->nAlloc) && jsonGrow(p,N+2)!=0 ) return;
  p->zBuf[p->nUsed++] = '"';
  for(i=0; i<N; i++){
    unsigned char c = ((unsigned const char*)zIn)[i];
    if( c=='"' || c=='\\' ){
      json_simple_escape:
      if( (p->nUsed+N+3-i > p->nAlloc) && jsonGrow(p,N+3-i)!=0 ) return;
      p->zBuf[p->nUsed++] = '\\';
    }else if( c<=0x1f ){
      static const char aSpecial[] = {
         0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 'b', 't', 'n', 0, 'f', 'r', 0, 0,
         0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,   0,   0,   0, 0,   0,   0, 0, 0
      };
      assert( sizeof(aSpecial)==32 );
      assert( aSpecial['\b']=='b' );
      assert( aSpecial['\f']=='f' );
      assert( aSpecial['\n']=='n' );
      assert( aSpecial['\r']=='r' );
      assert( aSpecial['\t']=='t' );
      if( aSpecial[c] ){
        c = aSpecial[c];
        goto json_simple_escape;
      }
      if( (p->nUsed+N+7+i > p->nAlloc) && jsonGrow(p,N+7-i)!=0 ) return;
      p->zBuf[p->nUsed++] = '\\';
      p->zBuf[p->nUsed++] = 'u';
      p->zBuf[p->nUsed++] = '0';
      p->zBuf[p->nUsed++] = '0';
      p->zBuf[p->nUsed++] = '0' + (c>>4);
      c = "0123456789abcdef"[c&0xf];
    }
    p->zBuf[p->nUsed++] = c;
  }
  p->zBuf[p->nUsed++] = '"';
  assert( p->nUsed<p->nAlloc );
}

/*
** Append a function parameter value to the JSON string under 
** construction.
*/
static void jsonAppendValue(
  JsonString *p,                 /* Append to this JSON string */
  sqlite3_value *pValue          /* Value to append */
){
  switch( sqlite3_value_type(pValue) ){
    case SQLITE_NULL: {
      jsonAppendRaw(p, "null", 4);
      break;
    }
    case SQLITE_INTEGER:
    case SQLITE_FLOAT: {
      const char *z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(pValue);
      u32 n = (u32)sqlite3_value_bytes(pValue);
      jsonAppendRaw(p, z, n);
      break;
    }
    case SQLITE_TEXT: {
      const char *z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(pValue);
      u32 n = (u32)sqlite3_value_bytes(pValue);
      if( sqlite3_value_subtype(pValue)==JSON_SUBTYPE ){
        jsonAppendRaw(p, z, n);
      }else{
        jsonAppendString(p, z, n);
      }
      break;
    }
    default: {
      if( p->bErr==0 ){
        sqlite3_result_error(p->pCtx, "JSON cannot hold BLOB values", -1);
        p->bErr = 2;
        jsonReset(p);
      }
      break;
    }
  }
}


/* Make the JSON in p the result of the SQL function.
*/
static void jsonResult(JsonString *p){
  if( p->bErr==0 ){
    sqlite3_result_text64(p->pCtx, p->zBuf, p->nUsed, 
                          p->bStatic ? SQLITE_TRANSIENT : sqlite3_free,
                          SQLITE_UTF8);
    jsonZero(p);
  }
  assert( p->bStatic );
}

/**************************************************************************
** Utility routines for dealing with JsonNode and JsonParse objects
**************************************************************************/

/*
** Return the number of consecutive JsonNode slots need to represent
** the parsed JSON at pNode.  The minimum answer is 1.  For ARRAY and
** OBJECT types, the number might be larger.
**
** Appended elements are not counted.  The value returned is the number
** by which the JsonNode counter should increment in order to go to the
** next peer value.
*/
static u32 jsonNodeSize(JsonNode *pNode){
  return pNode->eType>=JSON_ARRAY ? pNode->n+1 : 1;
}

/*
** Reclaim all memory allocated by a JsonParse object.  But do not
** delete the JsonParse object itself.
*/
static void jsonParseReset(JsonParse *pParse){
  sqlite3_free(pParse->aNode);
  pParse->aNode = 0;
  pParse->nNode = 0;
  pParse->nAlloc = 0;
  sqlite3_free(pParse->aUp);
  pParse->aUp = 0;
}

/*
** Free a JsonParse object that was obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
*/
static void jsonParseFree(JsonParse *pParse){
  jsonParseReset(pParse);
  sqlite3_free(pParse);
}

/*
** Convert the JsonNode pNode into a pure JSON string and
** append to pOut.  Subsubstructure is also included.  Return
** the number of JsonNode objects that are encoded.
*/
static void jsonRenderNode(
  JsonNode *pNode,               /* The node to render */
  JsonString *pOut,              /* Write JSON here */
  sqlite3_value **aReplace       /* Replacement values */
){
  if( pNode->jnFlags & (JNODE_REPLACE|JNODE_PATCH) ){
    if( pNode->jnFlags & JNODE_REPLACE ){
      jsonAppendValue(pOut, aReplace[pNode->u.iReplace]);
      return;
    }
    pNode = pNode->u.pPatch;
  }
  switch( pNode->eType ){
    default: {
      assert( pNode->eType==JSON_NULL );
      jsonAppendRaw(pOut, "null", 4);
      break;
    }
    case JSON_TRUE: {
      jsonAppendRaw(pOut, "true", 4);
      break;
    }
    case JSON_FALSE: {
      jsonAppendRaw(pOut, "false", 5);
      break;
    }
    case JSON_STRING: {
      if( pNode->jnFlags & JNODE_RAW ){
        jsonAppendString(pOut, pNode->u.zJContent, pNode->n);
        break;
      }
      /* Fall through into the next case */
    }
    case JSON_REAL:
    case JSON_INT: {
      jsonAppendRaw(pOut, pNode->u.zJContent, pNode->n);
      break;
    }
    case JSON_ARRAY: {
      u32 j = 1;
      jsonAppendChar(pOut, '[');
      for(;;){
        while( j<=pNode->n ){
          if( (pNode[j].jnFlags & JNODE_REMOVE)==0 ){
            jsonAppendSeparator(pOut);
            jsonRenderNode(&pNode[j], pOut, aReplace);
          }
          j += jsonNodeSize(&pNode[j]);
        }
        if( (pNode->jnFlags & JNODE_APPEND)==0 ) break;
        pNode = &pNode[pNode->u.iAppend];
        j = 1;
      }
      jsonAppendChar(pOut, ']');
      break;
    }
    case JSON_OBJECT: {
      u32 j = 1;
      jsonAppendChar(pOut, '{');
      for(;;){
        while( j<=pNode->n ){
          if( (pNode[j+1].jnFlags & JNODE_REMOVE)==0 ){
            jsonAppendSeparator(pOut);
            jsonRenderNode(&pNode[j], pOut, aReplace);
            jsonAppendChar(pOut, ':');
            jsonRenderNode(&pNode[j+1], pOut, aReplace);
          }
          j += 1 + jsonNodeSize(&pNode[j+1]);
        }
        if( (pNode->jnFlags & JNODE_APPEND)==0 ) break;
        pNode = &pNode[pNode->u.iAppend];
        j = 1;
      }
      jsonAppendChar(pOut, '}');
      break;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Return a JsonNode and all its descendents as a JSON string.
*/
static void jsonReturnJson(
  JsonNode *pNode,            /* Node to return */
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,      /* Return value for this function */
  sqlite3_value **aReplace    /* Array of replacement values */
){
  JsonString s;
  jsonInit(&s, pCtx);
  jsonRenderNode(pNode, &s, aReplace);
  jsonResult(&s);
  sqlite3_result_subtype(pCtx, JSON_SUBTYPE);
}

/*
** Make the JsonNode the return value of the function.
*/
static void jsonReturn(
  JsonNode *pNode,            /* Node to return */
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,      /* Return value for this function */
  sqlite3_value **aReplace    /* Array of replacement values */
){
  switch( pNode->eType ){
    default: {
      assert( pNode->eType==JSON_NULL );
      sqlite3_result_null(pCtx);
      break;
    }
    case JSON_TRUE: {
      sqlite3_result_int(pCtx, 1);
      break;
    }
    case JSON_FALSE: {
      sqlite3_result_int(pCtx, 0);
      break;
    }
    case JSON_INT: {
      sqlite3_int64 i = 0;
      const char *z = pNode->u.zJContent;
      if( z[0]=='-' ){ z++; }
      while( z[0]>='0' && z[0]<='9' ){
        unsigned v = *(z++) - '0';
        if( i>=LARGEST_INT64/10 ){
          if( i>LARGEST_INT64/10 ) goto int_as_real;
          if( z[0]>='0' && z[0]<='9' ) goto int_as_real;
          if( v==9 ) goto int_as_real;
          if( v==8 ){
            if( pNode->u.zJContent[0]=='-' ){
              sqlite3_result_int64(pCtx, SMALLEST_INT64);
              goto int_done;
            }else{
              goto int_as_real;
            }
          }
        }
        i = i*10 + v;
      }
      if( pNode->u.zJContent[0]=='-' ){ i = -i; }
      sqlite3_result_int64(pCtx, i);
      int_done:
      break;
      int_as_real: /* fall through to real */;
    }
    case JSON_REAL: {
      double r;
#ifdef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
      const char *z = pNode->u.zJContent;
      sqlite3AtoF(z, &r, sqlite3Strlen30(z), SQLITE_UTF8);
#else
      r = strtod(pNode->u.zJContent, 0);
#endif
      sqlite3_result_double(pCtx, r);
      break;
    }
    case JSON_STRING: {
#if 0 /* Never happens because JNODE_RAW is only set by json_set(),
      ** json_insert() and json_replace() and those routines do not
      ** call jsonReturn() */
      if( pNode->jnFlags & JNODE_RAW ){
        sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, pNode->u.zJContent, pNode->n,
                            SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
      }else 
#endif
      assert( (pNode->jnFlags & JNODE_RAW)==0 );
      if( (pNode->jnFlags & JNODE_ESCAPE)==0 ){
        /* JSON formatted without any backslash-escapes */
        sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, pNode->u.zJContent+1, pNode->n-2,
                            SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
      }else{
        /* Translate JSON formatted string into raw text */
        u32 i;
        u32 n = pNode->n;
        const char *z = pNode->u.zJContent;
        char *zOut;
        u32 j;
        zOut = sqlite3_malloc( n+1 );
        if( zOut==0 ){
          sqlite3_result_error_nomem(pCtx);
          break;
        }
        for(i=1, j=0; i<n-1; i++){
          char c = z[i];
          if( c!='\\' ){
            zOut[j++] = c;
          }else{
            c = z[++i];
            if( c=='u' ){
              u32 v = 0, k;
              for(k=0; k<4; i++, k++){
                assert( i<n-2 );
                c = z[i+1];
                assert( safe_isxdigit(c) );
                if( c<='9' ) v = v*16 + c - '0';
                else if( c<='F' ) v = v*16 + c - 'A' + 10;
                else v = v*16 + c - 'a' + 10;
              }
              if( v==0 ) break;
              if( v<=0x7f ){
                zOut[j++] = (char)v;
              }else if( v<=0x7ff ){
                zOut[j++] = (char)(0xc0 | (v>>6));
                zOut[j++] = 0x80 | (v&0x3f);
              }else{
                zOut[j++] = (char)(0xe0 | (v>>12));
                zOut[j++] = 0x80 | ((v>>6)&0x3f);
                zOut[j++] = 0x80 | (v&0x3f);
              }
            }else{
              if( c=='b' ){
                c = '\b';
              }else if( c=='f' ){
                c = '\f';
              }else if( c=='n' ){
                c = '\n';
              }else if( c=='r' ){
                c = '\r';
              }else if( c=='t' ){
                c = '\t';
              }
              zOut[j++] = c;
            }
          }
        }
        zOut[j] = 0;
        sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, zOut, j, sqlite3_free);
      }
      break;
    }
    case JSON_ARRAY:
    case JSON_OBJECT: {
      jsonReturnJson(pNode, pCtx, aReplace);
      break;
    }
  }
}

/* Forward reference */
static int jsonParseAddNode(JsonParse*,u32,u32,const char*);

/*
** A macro to hint to the compiler that a function should not be
** inlined.
*/
#if defined(__GNUC__)
#  define JSON_NOINLINE  __attribute__((noinline))
#elif defined(_MSC_VER) && _MSC_VER>=1310
#  define JSON_NOINLINE  __declspec(noinline)
#else
#  define JSON_NOINLINE
#endif


static JSON_NOINLINE int jsonParseAddNodeExpand(
  JsonParse *pParse,        /* Append the node to this object */
  u32 eType,                /* Node type */
  u32 n,                    /* Content size or sub-node count */
  const char *zContent      /* Content */
){
  u32 nNew;
  JsonNode *pNew;
  assert( pParse->nNode>=pParse->nAlloc );
  if( pParse->oom ) return -1;
  nNew = pParse->nAlloc*2 + 10;
  pNew = sqlite3_realloc(pParse->aNode, sizeof(JsonNode)*nNew);
  if( pNew==0 ){
    pParse->oom = 1;
    return -1;
  }
  pParse->nAlloc = nNew;
  pParse->aNode = pNew;
  assert( pParse->nNode<pParse->nAlloc );
  return jsonParseAddNode(pParse, eType, n, zContent);
}

/*
** Create a new JsonNode instance based on the arguments and append that
** instance to the JsonParse.  Return the index in pParse->aNode[] of the
** new node, or -1 if a memory allocation fails.
*/
static int jsonParseAddNode(
  JsonParse *pParse,        /* Append the node to this object */
  u32 eType,                /* Node type */
  u32 n,                    /* Content size or sub-node count */
  const char *zContent      /* Content */
){
  JsonNode *p;
  if( pParse->nNode>=pParse->nAlloc ){
    return jsonParseAddNodeExpand(pParse, eType, n, zContent);
  }
  p = &pParse->aNode[pParse->nNode];
  p->eType = (u8)eType;
  p->jnFlags = 0;
  p->n = n;
  p->u.zJContent = zContent;
  return pParse->nNode++;
}

/*
** Return true if z[] begins with 4 (or more) hexadecimal digits
*/
static int jsonIs4Hex(const char *z){
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<4; i++) if( !safe_isxdigit(z[i]) ) return 0;
  return 1;
}

/*
** Parse a single JSON value which begins at pParse->zJson[i].  Return the
** index of the first character past the end of the value parsed.
**
** Return negative for a syntax error.  Special cases:  return -2 if the
** first non-whitespace character is '}' and return -3 if the first
** non-whitespace character is ']'.
*/
static int jsonParseValue(JsonParse *pParse, u32 i){
  char c;
  u32 j;
  int iThis;
  int x;
  JsonNode *pNode;
  const char *z = pParse->zJson;
  while( safe_isspace(z[i]) ){ i++; }
  if( (c = z[i])=='{' ){
    /* Parse object */
    iThis = jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_OBJECT, 0, 0);
    if( iThis<0 ) return -1;
    for(j=i+1;;j++){
      while( safe_isspace(z[j]) ){ j++; }
      if( ++pParse->iDepth > JSON_MAX_DEPTH ) return -1;
      x = jsonParseValue(pParse, j);
      if( x<0 ){
        pParse->iDepth--;
        if( x==(-2) && pParse->nNode==(u32)iThis+1 ) return j+1;
        return -1;
      }
      if( pParse->oom ) return -1;
      pNode = &pParse->aNode[pParse->nNode-1];
      if( pNode->eType!=JSON_STRING ) return -1;
      pNode->jnFlags |= JNODE_LABEL;
      j = x;
      while( safe_isspace(z[j]) ){ j++; }
      if( z[j]!=':' ) return -1;
      j++;
      x = jsonParseValue(pParse, j);
      pParse->iDepth--;
      if( x<0 ) return -1;
      j = x;
      while( safe_isspace(z[j]) ){ j++; }
      c = z[j];
      if( c==',' ) continue;
      if( c!='}' ) return -1;
      break;
    }
    pParse->aNode[iThis].n = pParse->nNode - (u32)iThis - 1;
    return j+1;
  }else if( c=='[' ){
    /* Parse array */
    iThis = jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_ARRAY, 0, 0);
    if( iThis<0 ) return -1;
    for(j=i+1;;j++){
      while( safe_isspace(z[j]) ){ j++; }
      if( ++pParse->iDepth > JSON_MAX_DEPTH ) return -1;
      x = jsonParseValue(pParse, j);
      pParse->iDepth--;
      if( x<0 ){
        if( x==(-3) && pParse->nNode==(u32)iThis+1 ) return j+1;
        return -1;
      }
      j = x;
      while( safe_isspace(z[j]) ){ j++; }
      c = z[j];
      if( c==',' ) continue;
      if( c!=']' ) return -1;
      break;
    }
    pParse->aNode[iThis].n = pParse->nNode - (u32)iThis - 1;
    return j+1;
  }else if( c=='"' ){
    /* Parse string */
    u8 jnFlags = 0;
    j = i+1;
    for(;;){
      c = z[j];
      if( (c & ~0x1f)==0 ){
        /* Control characters are not allowed in strings */
        return -1;
      }
      if( c=='\\' ){
        c = z[++j];
        if( c=='"' || c=='\\' || c=='/' || c=='b' || c=='f'
           || c=='n' || c=='r' || c=='t'
           || (c=='u' && jsonIs4Hex(z+j+1)) ){
          jnFlags = JNODE_ESCAPE;
        }else{
          return -1;
        }
      }else if( c=='"' ){
        break;
      }
      j++;
    }
    jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_STRING, j+1-i, &z[i]);
    if( !pParse->oom ) pParse->aNode[pParse->nNode-1].jnFlags = jnFlags;
    return j+1;
  }else if( c=='n'
         && strncmp(z+i,"null",4)==0
         && !safe_isalnum(z[i+4]) ){
    jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_NULL, 0, 0);
    return i+4;
  }else if( c=='t'
         && strncmp(z+i,"true",4)==0
         && !safe_isalnum(z[i+4]) ){
    jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_TRUE, 0, 0);
    return i+4;
  }else if( c=='f'
         && strncmp(z+i,"false",5)==0
         && !safe_isalnum(z[i+5]) ){
    jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_FALSE, 0, 0);
    return i+5;
  }else if( c=='-' || (c>='0' && c<='9') ){
    /* Parse number */
    u8 seenDP = 0;
    u8 seenE = 0;
    assert( '-' < '0' );
    if( c<='0' ){
      j = c=='-' ? i+1 : i;
      if( z[j]=='0' && z[j+1]>='0' && z[j+1]<='9' ) return -1;
    }
    j = i+1;
    for(;; j++){
      c = z[j];
      if( c>='0' && c<='9' ) continue;
      if( c=='.' ){
        if( z[j-1]=='-' ) return -1;
        if( seenDP ) return -1;
        seenDP = 1;
        continue;
      }
      if( c=='e' || c=='E' ){
        if( z[j-1]<'0' ) return -1;
        if( seenE ) return -1;
        seenDP = seenE = 1;
        c = z[j+1];
        if( c=='+' || c=='-' ){
          j++;
          c = z[j+1];
        }
        if( c<'0' || c>'9' ) return -1;
        continue;
      }
      break;
    }
    if( z[j-1]<'0' ) return -1;
    jsonParseAddNode(pParse, seenDP ? JSON_REAL : JSON_INT,
                        j - i, &z[i]);
    return j;
  }else if( c=='}' ){
    return -2;  /* End of {...} */
  }else if( c==']' ){
    return -3;  /* End of [...] */
  }else if( c==0 ){
    return 0;   /* End of file */
  }else{
    return -1;  /* Syntax error */
  }
}

/*
** Parse a complete JSON string.  Return 0 on success or non-zero if there
** are any errors.  If an error occurs, free all memory associated with
** pParse.
**
** pParse is uninitialized when this routine is called.
*/
static int jsonParse(
  JsonParse *pParse,           /* Initialize and fill this JsonParse object */
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,       /* Report errors here */
  const char *zJson            /* Input JSON text to be parsed */
){
  int i;
  memset(pParse, 0, sizeof(*pParse));
  if( zJson==0 ) return 1;
  pParse->zJson = zJson;
  i = jsonParseValue(pParse, 0);
  if( pParse->oom ) i = -1;
  if( i>0 ){
    assert( pParse->iDepth==0 );
    while( safe_isspace(zJson[i]) ) i++;
    if( zJson[i] ) i = -1;
  }
  if( i<=0 ){
    if( pCtx!=0 ){
      if( pParse->oom ){
        sqlite3_result_error_nomem(pCtx);
      }else{
        sqlite3_result_error(pCtx, "malformed JSON", -1);
      }
    }
    jsonParseReset(pParse);
    return 1;
  }
  return 0;
}

/* Mark node i of pParse as being a child of iParent.  Call recursively
** to fill in all the descendants of node i.
*/
static void jsonParseFillInParentage(JsonParse *pParse, u32 i, u32 iParent){
  JsonNode *pNode = &pParse->aNode[i];
  u32 j;
  pParse->aUp[i] = iParent;
  switch( pNode->eType ){
    case JSON_ARRAY: {
      for(j=1; j<=pNode->n; j += jsonNodeSize(pNode+j)){
        jsonParseFillInParentage(pParse, i+j, i);
      }
      break;
    }
    case JSON_OBJECT: {
      for(j=1; j<=pNode->n; j += jsonNodeSize(pNode+j+1)+1){
        pParse->aUp[i+j] = i;
        jsonParseFillInParentage(pParse, i+j+1, i);
      }
      break;
    }
    default: {
      break;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Compute the parentage of all nodes in a completed parse.
*/
static int jsonParseFindParents(JsonParse *pParse){
  u32 *aUp;
  assert( pParse->aUp==0 );
  aUp = pParse->aUp = sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(u32)*pParse->nNode );
  if( aUp==0 ){
    pParse->oom = 1;
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  jsonParseFillInParentage(pParse, 0, 0);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Magic number used for the JSON parse cache in sqlite3_get_auxdata()
*/
#define JSON_CACHE_ID  (-429938)

/*
** Obtain a complete parse of the JSON found in the first argument
** of the argv array.  Use the sqlite3_get_auxdata() cache for this
** parse if it is available.  If the cache is not available or if it
** is no longer valid, parse the JSON again and return the new parse,
** and also register the new parse so that it will be available for
** future sqlite3_get_auxdata() calls.
*/
static JsonParse *jsonParseCached(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  const char *zJson = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  int nJson = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[0]);
  JsonParse *p;
  if( zJson==0 ) return 0;
  p = (JsonParse*)sqlite3_get_auxdata(pCtx, JSON_CACHE_ID);
  if( p && p->nJson==nJson && memcmp(p->zJson,zJson,nJson)==0 ){
    p->nErr = 0;
    return p; /* The cached entry matches, so return it */
  }
  p = sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(*p) + nJson + 1 );
  if( p==0 ){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(pCtx);
    return 0;
  }
  memset(p, 0, sizeof(*p));
  p->zJson = (char*)&p[1];
  memcpy((char*)p->zJson, zJson, nJson+1);
  if( jsonParse(p, pCtx, p->zJson) ){
    sqlite3_free(p);
    return 0;
  }
  p->nJson = nJson;
  sqlite3_set_auxdata(pCtx, JSON_CACHE_ID, p, (void(*)(void*))jsonParseFree);
  return (JsonParse*)sqlite3_get_auxdata(pCtx, JSON_CACHE_ID);
}

/*
** Compare the OBJECT label at pNode against zKey,nKey.  Return true on
** a match.
*/
static int jsonLabelCompare(JsonNode *pNode, const char *zKey, u32 nKey){
  if( pNode->jnFlags & JNODE_RAW ){
    if( pNode->n!=nKey ) return 0;
    return strncmp(pNode->u.zJContent, zKey, nKey)==0;
  }else{
    if( pNode->n!=nKey+2 ) return 0;
    return strncmp(pNode->u.zJContent+1, zKey, nKey)==0;
  }
}

/* forward declaration */
static JsonNode *jsonLookupAppend(JsonParse*,const char*,int*,const char**);

/*
** Search along zPath to find the node specified.  Return a pointer
** to that node, or NULL if zPath is malformed or if there is no such
** node.
**
** If pApnd!=0, then try to append new nodes to complete zPath if it is
** possible to do so and if no existing node corresponds to zPath.  If
** new nodes are appended *pApnd is set to 1.
*/
static JsonNode *jsonLookupStep(
  JsonParse *pParse,      /* The JSON to search */
  u32 iRoot,              /* Begin the search at this node */
  const char *zPath,      /* The path to search */
  int *pApnd,             /* Append nodes to complete path if not NULL */
  const char **pzErr      /* Make *pzErr point to any syntax error in zPath */
){
  u32 i, j, nKey;
  const char *zKey;
  JsonNode *pRoot = &pParse->aNode[iRoot];
  if( zPath[0]==0 ) return pRoot;
  if( zPath[0]=='.' ){
    if( pRoot->eType!=JSON_OBJECT ) return 0;
    zPath++;
    if( zPath[0]=='"' ){
      zKey = zPath + 1;
      for(i=1; zPath[i] && zPath[i]!='"'; i++){}
      nKey = i-1;
      if( zPath[i] ){
        i++;
      }else{
        *pzErr = zPath;
        return 0;
      }
    }else{
      zKey = zPath;
      for(i=0; zPath[i] && zPath[i]!='.' && zPath[i]!='['; i++){}
      nKey = i;
    }
    if( nKey==0 ){
      *pzErr = zPath;
      return 0;
    }
    j = 1;
    for(;;){
      while( j<=pRoot->n ){
        if( jsonLabelCompare(pRoot+j, zKey, nKey) ){
          return jsonLookupStep(pParse, iRoot+j+1, &zPath[i], pApnd, pzErr);
        }
        j++;
        j += jsonNodeSize(&pRoot[j]);
      }
      if( (pRoot->jnFlags & JNODE_APPEND)==0 ) break;
      iRoot += pRoot->u.iAppend;
      pRoot = &pParse->aNode[iRoot];
      j = 1;
    }
    if( pApnd ){
      u32 iStart, iLabel;
      JsonNode *pNode;
      iStart = jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_OBJECT, 2, 0);
      iLabel = jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_STRING, i, zPath);
      zPath += i;
      pNode = jsonLookupAppend(pParse, zPath, pApnd, pzErr);
      if( pParse->oom ) return 0;
      if( pNode ){
        pRoot = &pParse->aNode[iRoot];
        pRoot->u.iAppend = iStart - iRoot;
        pRoot->jnFlags |= JNODE_APPEND;
        pParse->aNode[iLabel].jnFlags |= JNODE_RAW;
      }
      return pNode;
    }
  }else if( zPath[0]=='[' && safe_isdigit(zPath[1]) ){
    if( pRoot->eType!=JSON_ARRAY ) return 0;
    i = 0;
    j = 1;
    while( safe_isdigit(zPath[j]) ){
      i = i*10 + zPath[j] - '0';
      j++;
    }
    if( zPath[j]!=']' ){
      *pzErr = zPath;
      return 0;
    }
    zPath += j + 1;
    j = 1;
    for(;;){
      while( j<=pRoot->n && (i>0 || (pRoot[j].jnFlags & JNODE_REMOVE)!=0) ){
        if( (pRoot[j].jnFlags & JNODE_REMOVE)==0 ) i--;
        j += jsonNodeSize(&pRoot[j]);
      }
      if( (pRoot->jnFlags & JNODE_APPEND)==0 ) break;
      iRoot += pRoot->u.iAppend;
      pRoot = &pParse->aNode[iRoot];
      j = 1;
    }
    if( j<=pRoot->n ){
      return jsonLookupStep(pParse, iRoot+j, zPath, pApnd, pzErr);
    }
    if( i==0 && pApnd ){
      u32 iStart;
      JsonNode *pNode;
      iStart = jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_ARRAY, 1, 0);
      pNode = jsonLookupAppend(pParse, zPath, pApnd, pzErr);
      if( pParse->oom ) return 0;
      if( pNode ){
        pRoot = &pParse->aNode[iRoot];
        pRoot->u.iAppend = iStart - iRoot;
        pRoot->jnFlags |= JNODE_APPEND;
      }
      return pNode;
    }
  }else{
    *pzErr = zPath;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Append content to pParse that will complete zPath.  Return a pointer
** to the inserted node, or return NULL if the append fails.
*/
static JsonNode *jsonLookupAppend(
  JsonParse *pParse,     /* Append content to the JSON parse */
  const char *zPath,     /* Description of content to append */
  int *pApnd,            /* Set this flag to 1 */
  const char **pzErr     /* Make this point to any syntax error */
){
  *pApnd = 1;
  if( zPath[0]==0 ){
    jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_NULL, 0, 0);
    return pParse->oom ? 0 : &pParse->aNode[pParse->nNode-1];
  }
  if( zPath[0]=='.' ){
    jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_OBJECT, 0, 0);
  }else if( strncmp(zPath,"[0]",3)==0 ){
    jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_ARRAY, 0, 0);
  }else{
    return 0;
  }
  if( pParse->oom ) return 0;
  return jsonLookupStep(pParse, pParse->nNode-1, zPath, pApnd, pzErr);
}

/*
** Return the text of a syntax error message on a JSON path.  Space is
** obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
*/
static char *jsonPathSyntaxError(const char *zErr){
  return sqlite3_mprintf("JSON path error near '%q'", zErr);
}

/*
** Do a node lookup using zPath.  Return a pointer to the node on success.
** Return NULL if not found or if there is an error.
**
** On an error, write an error message into pCtx and increment the
** pParse->nErr counter.
**
** If pApnd!=NULL then try to append missing nodes and set *pApnd = 1 if
** nodes are appended.
*/
static JsonNode *jsonLookup(
  JsonParse *pParse,      /* The JSON to search */
  const char *zPath,      /* The path to search */
  int *pApnd,             /* Append nodes to complete path if not NULL */
  sqlite3_context *pCtx   /* Report errors here, if not NULL */
){
  const char *zErr = 0;
  JsonNode *pNode = 0;
  char *zMsg;

  if( zPath==0 ) return 0;
  if( zPath[0]!='$' ){
    zErr = zPath;
    goto lookup_err;
  }
  zPath++;
  pNode = jsonLookupStep(pParse, 0, zPath, pApnd, &zErr);
  if( zErr==0 ) return pNode;

lookup_err:
  pParse->nErr++;
  assert( zErr!=0 && pCtx!=0 );
  zMsg = jsonPathSyntaxError(zErr);
  if( zMsg ){
    sqlite3_result_error(pCtx, zMsg, -1);
    sqlite3_free(zMsg);
  }else{
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(pCtx);
  }
  return 0;
}


/*
** Report the wrong number of arguments for json_insert(), json_replace()
** or json_set().
*/
static void jsonWrongNumArgs(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,
  const char *zFuncName
){
  char *zMsg = sqlite3_mprintf("json_%s() needs an odd number of arguments",
                               zFuncName);
  sqlite3_result_error(pCtx, zMsg, -1);
  sqlite3_free(zMsg);     
}

/*
** Mark all NULL entries in the Object passed in as JNODE_REMOVE.
*/
static void jsonRemoveAllNulls(JsonNode *pNode){
  int i, n;
  assert( pNode->eType==JSON_OBJECT );
  n = pNode->n;
  for(i=2; i<=n; i += jsonNodeSize(&pNode[i])+1){
    switch( pNode[i].eType ){
      case JSON_NULL:
        pNode[i].jnFlags |= JNODE_REMOVE;
        break;
      case JSON_OBJECT:
        jsonRemoveAllNulls(&pNode[i]);
        break;
    }
  }
}


/****************************************************************************
** SQL functions used for testing and debugging
****************************************************************************/

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** The json_parse(JSON) function returns a string which describes
** a parse of the JSON provided.  Or it returns NULL if JSON is not
** well-formed.
*/
static void jsonParseFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonString s;       /* Output string - not real JSON */
  JsonParse x;        /* The parse */
  u32 i;

  assert( argc==1 );
  if( jsonParse(&x, ctx, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0])) ) return;
  jsonParseFindParents(&x);
  jsonInit(&s, ctx);
  for(i=0; i<x.nNode; i++){
    const char *zType;
    if( x.aNode[i].jnFlags & JNODE_LABEL ){
      assert( x.aNode[i].eType==JSON_STRING );
      zType = "label";
    }else{
      zType = jsonType[x.aNode[i].eType];
    }
    jsonPrintf(100, &s,"node %3u: %7s n=%-4d up=%-4d",
               i, zType, x.aNode[i].n, x.aUp[i]);
    if( x.aNode[i].u.zJContent!=0 ){
      jsonAppendRaw(&s, " ", 1);
      jsonAppendRaw(&s, x.aNode[i].u.zJContent, x.aNode[i].n);
    }
    jsonAppendRaw(&s, "\n", 1);
  }
  jsonParseReset(&x);
  jsonResult(&s);
}

/*
** The json_test1(JSON) function return true (1) if the input is JSON
** text generated by another json function.  It returns (0) if the input
** is not known to be JSON.
*/
static void jsonTest1Func(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  UNUSED_PARAM(argc);
  sqlite3_result_int(ctx, sqlite3_value_subtype(argv[0])==JSON_SUBTYPE);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */

/****************************************************************************
** Scalar SQL function implementations
****************************************************************************/

/*
** Implementation of the json_QUOTE(VALUE) function.  Return a JSON value
** corresponding to the SQL value input.  Mostly this means putting 
** double-quotes around strings and returning the unquoted string "null"
** when given a NULL input.
*/
static void jsonQuoteFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonString jx;
  UNUSED_PARAM(argc);

  jsonInit(&jx, ctx);
  jsonAppendValue(&jx, argv[0]);
  jsonResult(&jx);
  sqlite3_result_subtype(ctx, JSON_SUBTYPE);
}

/*
** Implementation of the json_array(VALUE,...) function.  Return a JSON
** array that contains all values given in arguments.  Or if any argument
** is a BLOB, throw an error.
*/
static void jsonArrayFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  int i;
  JsonString jx;

  jsonInit(&jx, ctx);
  jsonAppendChar(&jx, '[');
  for(i=0; i<argc; i++){
    jsonAppendSeparator(&jx);
    jsonAppendValue(&jx, argv[i]);
  }
  jsonAppendChar(&jx, ']');
  jsonResult(&jx);
  sqlite3_result_subtype(ctx, JSON_SUBTYPE);
}


/*
** json_array_length(JSON)
** json_array_length(JSON, PATH)
**
** Return the number of elements in the top-level JSON array.  
** Return 0 if the input is not a well-formed JSON array.
*/
static void jsonArrayLengthFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse *p;          /* The parse */
  sqlite3_int64 n = 0;
  u32 i;
  JsonNode *pNode;

  p = jsonParseCached(ctx, argv);
  if( p==0 ) return;
  assert( p->nNode );
  if( argc==2 ){
    const char *zPath = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
    pNode = jsonLookup(p, zPath, 0, ctx);
  }else{
    pNode = p->aNode;
  }
  if( pNode==0 ){
    return;
  }
  if( pNode->eType==JSON_ARRAY ){
    assert( (pNode->jnFlags & JNODE_APPEND)==0 );
    for(i=1; i<=pNode->n; n++){
      i += jsonNodeSize(&pNode[i]);
    }
  }
  sqlite3_result_int64(ctx, n);
}

/*
** json_extract(JSON, PATH, ...)
**
** Return the element described by PATH.  Return NULL if there is no
** PATH element.  If there are multiple PATHs, then return a JSON array
** with the result from each path.  Throw an error if the JSON or any PATH
** is malformed.
*/
static void jsonExtractFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse *p;          /* The parse */
  JsonNode *pNode;
  const char *zPath;
  JsonString jx;
  int i;

  if( argc<2 ) return;
  p = jsonParseCached(ctx, argv);
  if( p==0 ) return;
  jsonInit(&jx, ctx);
  jsonAppendChar(&jx, '[');
  for(i=1; i<argc; i++){
    zPath = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]);
    pNode = jsonLookup(p, zPath, 0, ctx);
    if( p->nErr ) break;
    if( argc>2 ){
      jsonAppendSeparator(&jx);
      if( pNode ){
        jsonRenderNode(pNode, &jx, 0);
      }else{
        jsonAppendRaw(&jx, "null", 4);
      }
    }else if( pNode ){
      jsonReturn(pNode, ctx, 0);
    }
  }
  if( argc>2 && i==argc ){
    jsonAppendChar(&jx, ']');
    jsonResult(&jx);
    sqlite3_result_subtype(ctx, JSON_SUBTYPE);
  }
  jsonReset(&jx);
}

/* This is the RFC 7396 MergePatch algorithm.
*/
static JsonNode *jsonMergePatch(
  JsonParse *pParse,   /* The JSON parser that contains the TARGET */
  u32 iTarget,         /* Node of the TARGET in pParse */
  JsonNode *pPatch     /* The PATCH */
){
  u32 i, j;
  u32 iRoot;
  JsonNode *pTarget;
  if( pPatch->eType!=JSON_OBJECT ){
    return pPatch;
  }
  assert( iTarget>=0 && iTarget<pParse->nNode );
  pTarget = &pParse->aNode[iTarget];
  assert( (pPatch->jnFlags & JNODE_APPEND)==0 );
  if( pTarget->eType!=JSON_OBJECT ){
    jsonRemoveAllNulls(pPatch);
    return pPatch;
  }
  iRoot = iTarget;
  for(i=1; i<pPatch->n; i += jsonNodeSize(&pPatch[i+1])+1){
    u32 nKey;
    const char *zKey;
    assert( pPatch[i].eType==JSON_STRING );
    assert( pPatch[i].jnFlags & JNODE_LABEL );
    nKey = pPatch[i].n;
    zKey = pPatch[i].u.zJContent;
    assert( (pPatch[i].jnFlags & JNODE_RAW)==0 );
    for(j=1; j<pTarget->n; j += jsonNodeSize(&pTarget[j+1])+1 ){
      assert( pTarget[j].eType==JSON_STRING );
      assert( pTarget[j].jnFlags & JNODE_LABEL );
      assert( (pPatch[i].jnFlags & JNODE_RAW)==0 );
      if( pTarget[j].n==nKey && strncmp(pTarget[j].u.zJContent,zKey,nKey)==0 ){
        if( pTarget[j+1].jnFlags & (JNODE_REMOVE|JNODE_PATCH) ) break;
        if( pPatch[i+1].eType==JSON_NULL ){
          pTarget[j+1].jnFlags |= JNODE_REMOVE;
        }else{
          JsonNode *pNew = jsonMergePatch(pParse, iTarget+j+1, &pPatch[i+1]);
          if( pNew==0 ) return 0;
          pTarget = &pParse->aNode[iTarget];
          if( pNew!=&pTarget[j+1] ){
            pTarget[j+1].u.pPatch = pNew;
            pTarget[j+1].jnFlags |= JNODE_PATCH;
          }
        }
        break;
      }
    }
    if( j>=pTarget->n && pPatch[i+1].eType!=JSON_NULL ){
      int iStart, iPatch;
      iStart = jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_OBJECT, 2, 0);
      jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_STRING, nKey, zKey);
      iPatch = jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_TRUE, 0, 0);
      if( pParse->oom ) return 0;
      jsonRemoveAllNulls(pPatch);
      pTarget = &pParse->aNode[iTarget];
      pParse->aNode[iRoot].jnFlags |= JNODE_APPEND;
      pParse->aNode[iRoot].u.iAppend = iStart - iRoot;
      iRoot = iStart;
      pParse->aNode[iPatch].jnFlags |= JNODE_PATCH;
      pParse->aNode[iPatch].u.pPatch = &pPatch[i+1];
    }
  }
  return pTarget;
}

/*
** Implementation of the json_mergepatch(JSON1,JSON2) function.  Return a JSON
** object that is the result of running the RFC 7396 MergePatch() algorithm
** on the two arguments.
*/
static void jsonPatchFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse x;     /* The JSON that is being patched */
  JsonParse y;     /* The patch */
  JsonNode *pResult;   /* The result of the merge */

  UNUSED_PARAM(argc);
  if( jsonParse(&x, ctx, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0])) ) return;
  if( jsonParse(&y, ctx, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1])) ){
    jsonParseReset(&x);
    return;
  }
  pResult = jsonMergePatch(&x, 0, y.aNode);
  assert( pResult!=0 || x.oom );
  if( pResult ){
    jsonReturnJson(pResult, ctx, 0);
  }else{
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(ctx);
  }
  jsonParseReset(&x);
  jsonParseReset(&y);
}


/*
** Implementation of the json_object(NAME,VALUE,...) function.  Return a JSON
** object that contains all name/value given in arguments.  Or if any name
** is not a string or if any value is a BLOB, throw an error.
*/
static void jsonObjectFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  int i;
  JsonString jx;
  const char *z;
  u32 n;

  if( argc&1 ){
    sqlite3_result_error(ctx, "json_object() requires an even number "
                                  "of arguments", -1);
    return;
  }
  jsonInit(&jx, ctx);
  jsonAppendChar(&jx, '{');
  for(i=0; i<argc; i+=2){
    if( sqlite3_value_type(argv[i])!=SQLITE_TEXT ){
      sqlite3_result_error(ctx, "json_object() labels must be TEXT", -1);
      jsonReset(&jx);
      return;
    }
    jsonAppendSeparator(&jx);
    z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]);
    n = (u32)sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[i]);
    jsonAppendString(&jx, z, n);
    jsonAppendChar(&jx, ':');
    jsonAppendValue(&jx, argv[i+1]);
  }
  jsonAppendChar(&jx, '}');
  jsonResult(&jx);
  sqlite3_result_subtype(ctx, JSON_SUBTYPE);
}


/*
** json_remove(JSON, PATH, ...)
**
** Remove the named elements from JSON and return the result.  malformed
** JSON or PATH arguments result in an error.
*/
static void jsonRemoveFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse x;          /* The parse */
  JsonNode *pNode;
  const char *zPath;
  u32 i;

  if( argc<1 ) return;
  if( jsonParse(&x, ctx, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0])) ) return;
  assert( x.nNode );
  for(i=1; i<(u32)argc; i++){
    zPath = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]);
    if( zPath==0 ) goto remove_done;
    pNode = jsonLookup(&x, zPath, 0, ctx);
    if( x.nErr ) goto remove_done;
    if( pNode ) pNode->jnFlags |= JNODE_REMOVE;
  }
  if( (x.aNode[0].jnFlags & JNODE_REMOVE)==0 ){
    jsonReturnJson(x.aNode, ctx, 0);
  }
remove_done:
  jsonParseReset(&x);
}

/*
** json_replace(JSON, PATH, VALUE, ...)
**
** Replace the value at PATH with VALUE.  If PATH does not already exist,
** this routine is a no-op.  If JSON or PATH is malformed, throw an error.
*/
static void jsonReplaceFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse x;          /* The parse */
  JsonNode *pNode;
  const char *zPath;
  u32 i;

  if( argc<1 ) return;
  if( (argc&1)==0 ) {
    jsonWrongNumArgs(ctx, "replace");
    return;
  }
  if( jsonParse(&x, ctx, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0])) ) return;
  assert( x.nNode );
  for(i=1; i<(u32)argc; i+=2){
    zPath = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]);
    pNode = jsonLookup(&x, zPath, 0, ctx);
    if( x.nErr ) goto replace_err;
    if( pNode ){
      pNode->jnFlags |= (u8)JNODE_REPLACE;
      pNode->u.iReplace = i + 1;
    }
  }
  if( x.aNode[0].jnFlags & JNODE_REPLACE ){
    sqlite3_result_value(ctx, argv[x.aNode[0].u.iReplace]);
  }else{
    jsonReturnJson(x.aNode, ctx, argv);
  }
replace_err:
  jsonParseReset(&x);
}

/*
** json_set(JSON, PATH, VALUE, ...)
**
** Set the value at PATH to VALUE.  Create the PATH if it does not already
** exist.  Overwrite existing values that do exist.
** If JSON or PATH is malformed, throw an error.
**
** json_insert(JSON, PATH, VALUE, ...)
**
** Create PATH and initialize it to VALUE.  If PATH already exists, this
** routine is a no-op.  If JSON or PATH is malformed, throw an error.
*/
static void jsonSetFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse x;          /* The parse */
  JsonNode *pNode;
  const char *zPath;
  u32 i;
  int bApnd;
  int bIsSet = *(int*)sqlite3_user_data(ctx);

  if( argc<1 ) return;
  if( (argc&1)==0 ) {
    jsonWrongNumArgs(ctx, bIsSet ? "set" : "insert");
    return;
  }
  if( jsonParse(&x, ctx, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0])) ) return;
  assert( x.nNode );
  for(i=1; i<(u32)argc; i+=2){
    zPath = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]);
    bApnd = 0;
    pNode = jsonLookup(&x, zPath, &bApnd, ctx);
    if( x.oom ){
      sqlite3_result_error_nomem(ctx);
      goto jsonSetDone;
    }else if( x.nErr ){
      goto jsonSetDone;
    }else if( pNode && (bApnd || bIsSet) ){
      pNode->jnFlags |= (u8)JNODE_REPLACE;
      pNode->u.iReplace = i + 1;
    }
  }
  if( x.aNode[0].jnFlags & JNODE_REPLACE ){
    sqlite3_result_value(ctx, argv[x.aNode[0].u.iReplace]);
  }else{
    jsonReturnJson(x.aNode, ctx, argv);
  }
jsonSetDone:
  jsonParseReset(&x);
}

/*
** json_type(JSON)
** json_type(JSON, PATH)
**
** Return the top-level "type" of a JSON string.  Throw an error if
** either the JSON or PATH inputs are not well-formed.
*/
static void jsonTypeFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse x;          /* The parse */
  const char *zPath;
  JsonNode *pNode;

  if( jsonParse(&x, ctx, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0])) ) return;
  assert( x.nNode );
  if( argc==2 ){
    zPath = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
    pNode = jsonLookup(&x, zPath, 0, ctx);
  }else{
    pNode = x.aNode;
  }
  if( pNode ){
    sqlite3_result_text(ctx, jsonType[pNode->eType], -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
  }
  jsonParseReset(&x);
}

/*
** json_valid(JSON)
**
** Return 1 if JSON is a well-formed JSON string according to RFC-7159.
** Return 0 otherwise.
*/
static void jsonValidFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse x;          /* The parse */
  int rc = 0;

  UNUSED_PARAM(argc);
  if( jsonParse(&x, 0, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]))==0 ){
    rc = 1;
  }
  jsonParseReset(&x);
  sqlite3_result_int(ctx, rc);
}


/****************************************************************************
** Aggregate SQL function implementations
****************************************************************************/
/*
** json_group_array(VALUE)
**
** Return a JSON array composed of all values in the aggregate.
*/
static void jsonArrayStep(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonString *pStr;
  UNUSED_PARAM(argc);
  pStr = (JsonString*)sqlite3_aggregate_context(ctx, sizeof(*pStr));
  if( pStr ){
    if( pStr->zBuf==0 ){
      jsonInit(pStr, ctx);
      jsonAppendChar(pStr, '[');
    }else{
      jsonAppendChar(pStr, ',');
      pStr->pCtx = ctx;
    }
    jsonAppendValue(pStr, argv[0]);
  }
}
static void jsonArrayCompute(sqlite3_context *ctx, int isFinal){
  JsonString *pStr;
  pStr = (JsonString*)sqlite3_aggregate_context(ctx, 0);
  if( pStr ){
    pStr->pCtx = ctx;
    jsonAppendChar(pStr, ']');
    if( pStr->bErr ){
      if( pStr->bErr==1 ) sqlite3_result_error_nomem(ctx);
      assert( pStr->bStatic );
    }else if( isFinal ){
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, pStr->zBuf, pStr->nUsed,
                          pStr->bStatic ? SQLITE_TRANSIENT : sqlite3_free);
      pStr->bStatic = 1;
    }else{
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, pStr->zBuf, pStr->nUsed, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
      pStr->nUsed--;
    }
  }else{
    sqlite3_result_text(ctx, "[]", 2, SQLITE_STATIC);
  }
  sqlite3_result_subtype(ctx, JSON_SUBTYPE);
}
static void jsonArrayValue(sqlite3_context *ctx){
  jsonArrayCompute(ctx, 0);
}
static void jsonArrayFinal(sqlite3_context *ctx){
  jsonArrayCompute(ctx, 1);
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WINDOWFUNC
/*
** This method works for both json_group_array() and json_group_object().
** It works by removing the first element of the group by searching forward
** to the first comma (",") that is not within a string and deleting all
** text through that comma.
*/
static void jsonGroupInverse(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  int i;
  int inStr = 0;
  char *z;
  JsonString *pStr;
  UNUSED_PARAM(argc);
  UNUSED_PARAM(argv);
  pStr = (JsonString*)sqlite3_aggregate_context(ctx, 0);
#ifdef NEVER
  /* pStr is always non-NULL since jsonArrayStep() or jsonObjectStep() will
  ** always have been called to initalize it */
  if( NEVER(!pStr) ) return;
#endif
  z = pStr->zBuf;
  for(i=1; z[i]!=',' || inStr; i++){
    assert( i<pStr->nUsed );
    if( z[i]=='"' ){
      inStr = !inStr;
    }else if( z[i]=='\\' ){
      i++;
    }
  }
  pStr->nUsed -= i;      
  memmove(&z[1], &z[i+1], pStr->nUsed-1);
}
#else
# define jsonGroupInverse 0
#endif


/*
** json_group_obj(NAME,VALUE)
**
** Return a JSON object composed of all names and values in the aggregate.
*/
static void jsonObjectStep(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonString *pStr;
  const char *z;
  u32 n;
  UNUSED_PARAM(argc);
  pStr = (JsonString*)sqlite3_aggregate_context(ctx, sizeof(*pStr));
  if( pStr ){
    if( pStr->zBuf==0 ){
      jsonInit(pStr, ctx);
      jsonAppendChar(pStr, '{');
    }else{
      jsonAppendChar(pStr, ',');
      pStr->pCtx = ctx;
    }
    z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
    n = (u32)sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[0]);
    jsonAppendString(pStr, z, n);
    jsonAppendChar(pStr, ':');
    jsonAppendValue(pStr, argv[1]);
  }
}
static void jsonObjectCompute(sqlite3_context *ctx, int isFinal){
  JsonString *pStr;
  pStr = (JsonString*)sqlite3_aggregate_context(ctx, 0);
  if( pStr ){
    jsonAppendChar(pStr, '}');
    if( pStr->bErr ){
      if( pStr->bErr==1 ) sqlite3_result_error_nomem(ctx);
      assert( pStr->bStatic );
    }else if( isFinal ){
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, pStr->zBuf, pStr->nUsed,
                          pStr->bStatic ? SQLITE_TRANSIENT : sqlite3_free);
      pStr->bStatic = 1;
    }else{
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, pStr->zBuf, pStr->nUsed, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
      pStr->nUsed--;
    }
  }else{
    sqlite3_result_text(ctx, "{}", 2, SQLITE_STATIC);
  }
  sqlite3_result_subtype(ctx, JSON_SUBTYPE);
}
static void jsonObjectValue(sqlite3_context *ctx){
  jsonObjectCompute(ctx, 0);
}
static void jsonObjectFinal(sqlite3_context *ctx){
  jsonObjectCompute(ctx, 1);
}



#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/****************************************************************************
** The json_each virtual table
****************************************************************************/
typedef struct JsonEachCursor JsonEachCursor;
struct JsonEachCursor {
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor base;  /* Base class - must be first */
  u32 iRowid;                /* The rowid */
  u32 iBegin;                /* The first node of the scan */
  u32 i;                     /* Index in sParse.aNode[] of current row */
  u32 iEnd;                  /* EOF when i equals or exceeds this value */
  u8 eType;                  /* Type of top-level element */
  u8 bRecursive;             /* True for json_tree().  False for json_each() */
  char *zJson;               /* Input JSON */
  char *zRoot;               /* Path by which to filter zJson */
  JsonParse sParse;          /* Parse of the input JSON */
};

/* Constructor for the json_each virtual table */
static int jsonEachConnect(
  sqlite3 *db,
  void *pAux,
  int argc, const char *const*argv,
  sqlite3_vtab **ppVtab,
  char **pzErr
){
  sqlite3_vtab *pNew;
  int rc;

/* Column numbers */
#define JEACH_KEY     0
#define JEACH_VALUE   1
#define JEACH_TYPE    2
#define JEACH_ATOM    3
#define JEACH_ID      4
#define JEACH_PARENT  5
#define JEACH_FULLKEY 6
#define JEACH_PATH    7
#define JEACH_JSON    8
#define JEACH_ROOT    9

  UNUSED_PARAM(pzErr);
  UNUSED_PARAM(argv);
  UNUSED_PARAM(argc);
  UNUSED_PARAM(pAux);
  rc = sqlite3_declare_vtab(db, 
     "CREATE TABLE x(key,value,type,atom,id,parent,fullkey,path,"
                    "json HIDDEN,root HIDDEN)");
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pNew = *ppVtab = sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(*pNew) );
    if( pNew==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    memset(pNew, 0, sizeof(*pNew));
  }
  return rc;
}

/* destructor for json_each virtual table */
static int jsonEachDisconnect(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab){
  sqlite3_free(pVtab);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* constructor for a JsonEachCursor object for json_each(). */
static int jsonEachOpenEach(sqlite3_vtab *p, sqlite3_vtab_cursor **ppCursor){
  JsonEachCursor *pCur;

  UNUSED_PARAM(p);
  pCur = sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(*pCur) );
  if( pCur==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  memset(pCur, 0, sizeof(*pCur));
  *ppCursor = &pCur->base;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* constructor for a JsonEachCursor object for json_tree(). */
static int jsonEachOpenTree(sqlite3_vtab *p, sqlite3_vtab_cursor **ppCursor){
  int rc = jsonEachOpenEach(p, ppCursor);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    JsonEachCursor *pCur = (JsonEachCursor*)*ppCursor;
    pCur->bRecursive = 1;
  }
  return rc;
}

/* Reset a JsonEachCursor back to its original state.  Free any memory
** held. */
static void jsonEachCursorReset(JsonEachCursor *p){
  sqlite3_free(p->zJson);
  sqlite3_free(p->zRoot);
  jsonParseReset(&p->sParse);
  p->iRowid = 0;
  p->i = 0;
  p->iEnd = 0;
  p->eType = 0;
  p->zJson = 0;
  p->zRoot = 0;
}

/* Destructor for a jsonEachCursor object */
static int jsonEachClose(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur){
  JsonEachCursor *p = (JsonEachCursor*)cur;
  jsonEachCursorReset(p);
  sqlite3_free(cur);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Return TRUE if the jsonEachCursor object has been advanced off the end
** of the JSON object */
static int jsonEachEof(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur){
  JsonEachCursor *p = (JsonEachCursor*)cur;
  return p->i >= p->iEnd;
}

/* Advance the cursor to the next element for json_tree() */
static int jsonEachNext(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur){
  JsonEachCursor *p = (JsonEachCursor*)cur;
  if( p->bRecursive ){
    if( p->sParse.aNode[p->i].jnFlags & JNODE_LABEL ) p->i++;
    p->i++;
    p->iRowid++;
    if( p->i<p->iEnd ){
      u32 iUp = p->sParse.aUp[p->i];
      JsonNode *pUp = &p->sParse.aNode[iUp];
      p->eType = pUp->eType;
      if( pUp->eType==JSON_ARRAY ){
        if( iUp==p->i-1 ){
          pUp->u.iKey = 0;
        }else{
          pUp->u.iKey++;
        }
      }
    }
  }else{
    switch( p->eType ){
      case JSON_ARRAY: {
        p->i += jsonNodeSize(&p->sParse.aNode[p->i]);
        p->iRowid++;
        break;
      }
      case JSON_OBJECT: {
        p->i += 1 + jsonNodeSize(&p->sParse.aNode[p->i+1]);
        p->iRowid++;
        break;
      }
      default: {
        p->i = p->iEnd;
        break;
      }
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Append the name of the path for element i to pStr
*/
static void jsonEachComputePath(
  JsonEachCursor *p,       /* The cursor */
  JsonString *pStr,        /* Write the path here */
  u32 i                    /* Path to this element */
){
  JsonNode *pNode, *pUp;
  u32 iUp;
  if( i==0 ){
    jsonAppendChar(pStr, '$');
    return;
  }
  iUp = p->sParse.aUp[i];
  jsonEachComputePath(p, pStr, iUp);
  pNode = &p->sParse.aNode[i];
  pUp = &p->sParse.aNode[iUp];
  if( pUp->eType==JSON_ARRAY ){
    jsonPrintf(30, pStr, "[%d]", pUp->u.iKey);
  }else{
    assert( pUp->eType==JSON_OBJECT );
    if( (pNode->jnFlags & JNODE_LABEL)==0 ) pNode--;
    assert( pNode->eType==JSON_STRING );
    assert( pNode->jnFlags & JNODE_LABEL );
    jsonPrintf(pNode->n+1, pStr, ".%.*s", pNode->n-2, pNode->u.zJContent+1);
  }
}

/* Return the value of a column */
static int jsonEachColumn(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur,   /* The cursor */
  sqlite3_context *ctx,       /* First argument to sqlite3_result_...() */
  int i                       /* Which column to return */
){
  JsonEachCursor *p = (JsonEachCursor*)cur;
  JsonNode *pThis = &p->sParse.aNode[p->i];
  switch( i ){
    case JEACH_KEY: {
      if( p->i==0 ) break;
      if( p->eType==JSON_OBJECT ){
        jsonReturn(pThis, ctx, 0);
      }else if( p->eType==JSON_ARRAY ){
        u32 iKey;
        if( p->bRecursive ){
          if( p->iRowid==0 ) break;
          iKey = p->sParse.aNode[p->sParse.aUp[p->i]].u.iKey;
        }else{
          iKey = p->iRowid;
        }
        sqlite3_result_int64(ctx, (sqlite3_int64)iKey);
      }
      break;
    }
    case JEACH_VALUE: {
      if( pThis->jnFlags & JNODE_LABEL ) pThis++;
      jsonReturn(pThis, ctx, 0);
      break;
    }
    case JEACH_TYPE: {
      if( pThis->jnFlags & JNODE_LABEL ) pThis++;
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, jsonType[pThis->eType], -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
      break;
    }
    case JEACH_ATOM: {
      if( pThis->jnFlags & JNODE_LABEL ) pThis++;
      if( pThis->eType>=JSON_ARRAY ) break;
      jsonReturn(pThis, ctx, 0);
      break;
    }
    case JEACH_ID: {
      sqlite3_result_int64(ctx, 
         (sqlite3_int64)p->i + ((pThis->jnFlags & JNODE_LABEL)!=0));
      break;
    }
    case JEACH_PARENT: {
      if( p->i>p->iBegin && p->bRecursive ){
        sqlite3_result_int64(ctx, (sqlite3_int64)p->sParse.aUp[p->i]);
      }
      break;
    }
    case JEACH_FULLKEY: {
      JsonString x;
      jsonInit(&x, ctx);
      if( p->bRecursive ){
        jsonEachComputePath(p, &x, p->i);
      }else{
        if( p->zRoot ){
          jsonAppendRaw(&x, p->zRoot, (int)strlen(p->zRoot));
        }else{
          jsonAppendChar(&x, '$');
        }
        if( p->eType==JSON_ARRAY ){
          jsonPrintf(30, &x, "[%d]", p->iRowid);
        }else if( p->eType==JSON_OBJECT ){
          jsonPrintf(pThis->n, &x, ".%.*s", pThis->n-2, pThis->u.zJContent+1);
        }
      }
      jsonResult(&x);
      break;
    }
    case JEACH_PATH: {
      if( p->bRecursive ){
        JsonString x;
        jsonInit(&x, ctx);
        jsonEachComputePath(p, &x, p->sParse.aUp[p->i]);
        jsonResult(&x);
        break;
      }
      /* For json_each() path and root are the same so fall through
      ** into the root case */
    }
    default: {
      const char *zRoot = p->zRoot;
      if( zRoot==0 ) zRoot = "$";
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, zRoot, -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
      break;
    }
    case JEACH_JSON: {
      assert( i==JEACH_JSON );
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, p->sParse.zJson, -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
      break;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Return the current rowid value */
static int jsonEachRowid(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur, sqlite_int64 *pRowid){
  JsonEachCursor *p = (JsonEachCursor*)cur;
  *pRowid = p->iRowid;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* The query strategy is to look for an equality constraint on the json
** column.  Without such a constraint, the table cannot operate.  idxNum is
** 1 if the constraint is found, 3 if the constraint and zRoot are found,
** and 0 otherwise.
*/
static int jsonEachBestIndex(
  sqlite3_vtab *tab,
  sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo
){
  int i;
  int jsonIdx = -1;
  int rootIdx = -1;
  const struct sqlite3_index_constraint *pConstraint;

  UNUSED_PARAM(tab);
  pConstraint = pIdxInfo->aConstraint;
  for(i=0; i<pIdxInfo->nConstraint; i++, pConstraint++){
    if( pConstraint->usable==0 ) continue;
    if( pConstraint->op!=SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ ) continue;
    switch( pConstraint->iColumn ){
      case JEACH_JSON:   jsonIdx = i;    break;
      case JEACH_ROOT:   rootIdx = i;    break;
      default:           /* no-op */     break;
    }
  }
  if( jsonIdx<0 ){
    pIdxInfo->idxNum = 0;
    pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = 1e99;
  }else{
    pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = 1.0;
    pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[jsonIdx].argvIndex = 1;
    pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[jsonIdx].omit = 1;
    if( rootIdx<0 ){
      pIdxInfo->idxNum = 1;
    }else{
      pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[rootIdx].argvIndex = 2;
      pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[rootIdx].omit = 1;
      pIdxInfo->idxNum = 3;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Start a search on a new JSON string */
static int jsonEachFilter(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur,
  int idxNum, const char *idxStr,
  int argc, sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonEachCursor *p = (JsonEachCursor*)cur;
  const char *z;
  const char *zRoot = 0;
  sqlite3_int64 n;

  UNUSED_PARAM(idxStr);
  UNUSED_PARAM(argc);
  jsonEachCursorReset(p);
  if( idxNum==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  if( z==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  n = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[0]);
  p->zJson = sqlite3_malloc64( n+1 );
  if( p->zJson==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  memcpy(p->zJson, z, (size_t)n+1);
  if( jsonParse(&p->sParse, 0, p->zJson) ){
    int rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    if( p->sParse.oom==0 ){
      sqlite3_free(cur->pVtab->zErrMsg);
      cur->pVtab->zErrMsg = sqlite3_mprintf("malformed JSON");
      if( cur->pVtab->zErrMsg ) rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    jsonEachCursorReset(p);
    return rc;
  }else if( p->bRecursive && jsonParseFindParents(&p->sParse) ){
    jsonEachCursorReset(p);
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    JsonNode *pNode = 0;
    if( idxNum==3 ){
      const char *zErr = 0;
      zRoot = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
      if( zRoot==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
      n = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[1]);
      p->zRoot = sqlite3_malloc64( n+1 );
      if( p->zRoot==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
      memcpy(p->zRoot, zRoot, (size_t)n+1);
      if( zRoot[0]!='$' ){
        zErr = zRoot;
      }else{
        pNode = jsonLookupStep(&p->sParse, 0, p->zRoot+1, 0, &zErr);
      }
      if( zErr ){
        sqlite3_free(cur->pVtab->zErrMsg);
        cur->pVtab->zErrMsg = jsonPathSyntaxError(zErr);
        jsonEachCursorReset(p);
        return cur->pVtab->zErrMsg ? SQLITE_ERROR : SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }else if( pNode==0 ){
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
    }else{
      pNode = p->sParse.aNode;
    }
    p->iBegin = p->i = (int)(pNode - p->sParse.aNode);
    p->eType = pNode->eType;
    if( p->eType>=JSON_ARRAY ){
      pNode->u.iKey = 0;
      p->iEnd = p->i + pNode->n + 1;
      if( p->bRecursive ){
        p->eType = p->sParse.aNode[p->sParse.aUp[p->i]].eType;
        if( p->i>0 && (p->sParse.aNode[p->i-1].jnFlags & JNODE_LABEL)!=0 ){
          p->i--;
        }
      }else{
        p->i++;
      }
    }else{
      p->iEnd = p->i+1;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* The methods of the json_each virtual table */
static sqlite3_module jsonEachModule = {
  0,                         /* iVersion */
  0,                         /* xCreate */
  jsonEachConnect,           /* xConnect */
  jsonEachBestIndex,         /* xBestIndex */
  jsonEachDisconnect,        /* xDisconnect */
  0,                         /* xDestroy */
  jsonEachOpenEach,          /* xOpen - open a cursor */
  jsonEachClose,             /* xClose - close a cursor */
  jsonEachFilter,            /* xFilter - configure scan constraints */
  jsonEachNext,              /* xNext - advance a cursor */
  jsonEachEof,               /* xEof - check for end of scan */
  jsonEachColumn,            /* xColumn - read data */
  jsonEachRowid,             /* xRowid - read data */
  0,                         /* xUpdate */
  0,                         /* xBegin */
  0,                         /* xSync */
  0,                         /* xCommit */
  0,                         /* xRollback */
  0,                         /* xFindMethod */
  0,                         /* xRename */
  0,                         /* xSavepoint */
  0,                         /* xRelease */
  0                          /* xRollbackTo */
};

/* The methods of the json_tree virtual table. */
static sqlite3_module jsonTreeModule = {
  0,                         /* iVersion */
  0,                         /* xCreate */
  jsonEachConnect,           /* xConnect */
  jsonEachBestIndex,         /* xBestIndex */
  jsonEachDisconnect,        /* xDisconnect */
  0,                         /* xDestroy */
  jsonEachOpenTree,          /* xOpen - open a cursor */
  jsonEachClose,             /* xClose - close a cursor */
  jsonEachFilter,            /* xFilter - configure scan constraints */
  jsonEachNext,              /* xNext - advance a cursor */
  jsonEachEof,               /* xEof - check for end of scan */
  jsonEachColumn,            /* xColumn - read data */
  jsonEachRowid,             /* xRowid - read data */
  0,                         /* xUpdate */
  0,                         /* xBegin */
  0,                         /* xSync */
  0,                         /* xCommit */
  0,                         /* xRollback */
  0,                         /* xFindMethod */
  0,                         /* xRename */
  0,                         /* xSavepoint */
  0,                         /* xRelease */
  0                          /* xRollbackTo */
};
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

/****************************************************************************
** The following routines are the only publically visible identifiers in this
** file.  Call the following routines in order to register the various SQL
** functions and the virtual table implemented by this file.
****************************************************************************/

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Json1Init(sqlite3 *db){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  unsigned int i;
  static const struct {
     const char *zName;
     int nArg;
     int flag;
     void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**);
  } aFunc[] = {
    { "json",                 1, 0,   jsonRemoveFunc        },
    { "json_array",          -1, 0,   jsonArrayFunc         },
    { "json_array_length",    1, 0,   jsonArrayLengthFunc   },
    { "json_array_length",    2, 0,   jsonArrayLengthFunc   },
    { "json_extract",        -1, 0,   jsonExtractFunc       },
    { "json_insert",         -1, 0,   jsonSetFunc           },
    { "json_object",         -1, 0,   jsonObjectFunc        },
    { "json_patch",           2, 0,   jsonPatchFunc         },
    { "json_quote",           1, 0,   jsonQuoteFunc         },
    { "json_remove",         -1, 0,   jsonRemoveFunc        },
    { "json_replace",        -1, 0,   jsonReplaceFunc       },
    { "json_set",            -1, 1,   jsonSetFunc           },
    { "json_type",            1, 0,   jsonTypeFunc          },
    { "json_type",            2, 0,   jsonTypeFunc          },
    { "json_valid",           1, 0,   jsonValidFunc         },

#if SQLITE_DEBUG
    /* DEBUG and TESTING functions */
    { "json_parse",           1, 0,   jsonParseFunc         },
    { "json_test1",           1, 0,   jsonTest1Func         },
#endif
  };
  static const struct {
     const char *zName;
     int nArg;
     void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**);
     void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*);
     void (*xValue)(sqlite3_context*);
  } aAgg[] = {
    { "json_group_array",     1,
      jsonArrayStep,   jsonArrayFinal,  jsonArrayValue  },
    { "json_group_object",    2,
      jsonObjectStep,  jsonObjectFinal, jsonObjectValue },
  };
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  static const struct {
     const char *zName;
     sqlite3_module *pModule;
  } aMod[] = {
    { "json_each",            &jsonEachModule               },
    { "json_tree",            &jsonTreeModule               },
  };
#endif
  for(i=0; i<sizeof(aFunc)/sizeof(aFunc[0]) && rc==SQLITE_OK; i++){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, aFunc[i].zName, aFunc[i].nArg,
                                 SQLITE_UTF8 | SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC, 
                                 (void*)&aFunc[i].flag,
                                 aFunc[i].xFunc, 0, 0);
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WINDOWFUNC
  for(i=0; i<sizeof(aAgg)/sizeof(aAgg[0]) && rc==SQLITE_OK; i++){
    rc = sqlite3_create_window_function(db, aAgg[i].zName, aAgg[i].nArg,
                                 SQLITE_UTF8 | SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC, 0,
                                 aAgg[i].xStep, aAgg[i].xFinal,
                                 aAgg[i].xValue, jsonGroupInverse, 0);
  }
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  for(i=0; i<sizeof(aMod)/sizeof(aMod[0]) && rc==SQLITE_OK; i++){
    rc = sqlite3_create_module(db, aMod[i].zName, aMod[i].pModule, 0);
  }
#endif
  return rc;
}


#ifndef SQLITE_CORE
#ifdef _WIN32
__declspec(dllexport)
#endif
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_json_init(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  char **pzErrMsg, 
  const sqlite3_api_routines *pApi
){
  SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(pApi);
  (void)pzErrMsg;  /* Unused parameter */
  return sqlite3Json1Init(db);
}
#endif
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1) */

/************** End of json1.c ***********************************************/
/************** Begin file fts5.c ********************************************/


#if !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5) 

#if !defined(NDEBUG) && !defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) 
# define NDEBUG 1
................................................................................
static void fts5SourceIdFunc(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,          /* Function call context */
  int nArg,                       /* Number of args */
  sqlite3_value **apUnused        /* Function arguments */
){
  assert( nArg==0 );
  UNUSED_PARAM2(nArg, apUnused);
  sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, "fts5: 2018-08-16 15:29:40 60045fbf52162f15f2e18a4e392e80fab19bdbce242728b5e62b0894eac49dfd", -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
}

static int fts5Init(sqlite3 *db){
  static const sqlite3_module fts5Mod = {
    /* iVersion      */ 2,
    /* xCreate       */ fts5CreateMethod,
    /* xConnect      */ fts5ConnectMethod,
................................................................................
#endif
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_CORE */
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB) */

/************** End of stmt.c ************************************************/
#if __LINE__!=216243
#undef SQLITE_SOURCE_ID
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2018-08-16 16:24:24 456842924bb33c0af8af29402f06e5f25b6791f698a0d12a080258b20b0calt2"
#endif
/* Return the source-id for this library */
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_sourceid(void){ return SQLITE_SOURCE_ID; }
/************************** End of sqlite3.c ******************************/







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1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
....
7469
7470
7471
7472
7473
7474
7475
7476
7477
7478
7479
7480
7481
7482
7483
.....
13726
13727
13728
13729
13730
13731
13732
13733
13734
13735
13736
13737
13738
13739
13740
13741
.....
13768
13769
13770
13771
13772
13773
13774
13775
13776
13777
13778
13779
13780
13781
13782
.....
18552
18553
18554
18555
18556
18557
18558
18559
18560
18561
18562
18563
18564
18565
18566
18567
18568
.....
19786
19787
19788
19789
19790
19791
19792
19793
19794
19795
19796
19797
19798
19799
19800
19801
19802
19803
19804
19805
19806
19807
19808
19809
19810
19811
19812
19813
19814
19815
19816
19817
19818
19819
.....
19820
19821
19822
19823
19824
19825
19826


19827
19828
19829
19830
19831
19832
19833
.....
19863
19864
19865
19866
19867
19868
19869
19870
19871
19872
19873
19874
19875
19876
19877
19878
.....
19891
19892
19893
19894
19895
19896
19897
19898
19899
19900
19901
19902
19903
19904
19905
.....
20104
20105
20106
20107
20108
20109
20110
20111
20112
20113
20114
20115
20116
20117
20118
20119
20120
20121
.....
20128
20129
20130
20131
20132
20133
20134
20135
20136
20137
20138
20139
20140
20141
20142
20143
20144
20145
20146
.....
49494
49495
49496
49497
49498
49499
49500
49501
49502








49503
49504



49505
49506
49507
49508
49509
49510
49511
49512
49513
49514
49515
49516
49517
49518
49519
49520
49521
49522
49523
49524
49525
49526
49527
49528
49529
49530
49531
49532
49533
49534
49535
49536
49537
49538
49539
49540
49541
49542
49543
49544
49545
49546
49547
49548
49549
49550
49551
49552
49553
49554
49555
49556
.....
60535
60536
60537
60538
60539
60540
60541
60542
60543
60544
60545
60546
60547
60548
60549
.....
73635
73636
73637
73638
73639
73640
73641
73642

73643
73644
73645
73646
73647
73648
73649
.....
73748
73749
73750
73751
73752
73753
73754
73755
73756
73757
73758
73759
73760
73761
73762
.....
73781
73782
73783
73784
73785
73786
73787
73788
73789
73790
73791
73792
73793
73794
73795
.....
73869
73870
73871
73872
73873
73874
73875
73876
73877
73878
73879
73880
73881
73882
73883
.....
73894
73895
73896
73897
73898
73899
73900
73901
73902
73903
73904
73905
73906
73907
73908
.....
73949
73950
73951
73952
73953
73954
73955
73956
73957
73958
73959
73960
73961
73962
73963
.....
74054
74055
74056
74057
74058
74059
74060

74061
74062






74063
74064
74065
74066
74067
74068
74069
.....
74203
74204
74205
74206
74207
74208
74209
74210
74211
74212
74213
74214
74215
74216
74217
.....
74230
74231
74232
74233
74234
74235
74236
74237
74238
74239
74240
74241
74242
74243
74244
.....
74448
74449
74450
74451
74452
74453
74454
74455
74456
74457
74458
74459
74460
74461
74462
74463
74464
74465
74466
74467
74468
74469
74470
74471
74472
74473
74474
74475
74476
74477
74478
74479
74480
74481
74482
74483
74484

74485
74486
74487
74488
74489
74490
74491
.....
74545
74546
74547
74548
74549
74550
74551
74552
74553
74554
74555
74556
74557
74558
74559
.....
74563
74564
74565
74566
74567
74568
74569
74570
74571
74572
74573
74574
74575
74576
74577
.....
74621
74622
74623
74624
74625
74626
74627
74628
74629
74630
74631
74632
74633
74634
74635
.....
74743
74744
74745
74746
74747
74748
74749
74750
74751
74752
74753
74754
74755
74756
74757
.....
74767
74768
74769
74770
74771
74772
74773
74774
74775
74776
74777
74778
74779
74780
74781
.....
74810
74811
74812
74813
74814
74815
74816
74817
74818
74819
74820
74821
74822
74823
74824
.....
75377
75378
75379
75380
75381
75382
75383
75384
75385
75386
75387
75388
75389
75390
75391
75392
75393
75394
75395
.....
75797
75798
75799
75800
75801
75802
75803
75804
75805
75806
75807
75808
75809
75810
75811
.....
77142
77143
77144
77145
77146
77147
77148
77149
77150
77151
77152
77153
77154
77155
77156
77157
77158
77159
77160
77161
77162
77163
77164
77165
77166
77167
77168
77169
77170
77171
77172
77173
77174
77175
77176
77177
77178
77179
77180
77181
77182
77183
77184
77185
77186
77187
77188
77189
77190
77191
77192
77193
77194
77195
77196
77197
77198
77199
77200
77201
77202
77203
77204
77205
77206
77207
.....
79472
79473
79474
79475
79476
79477
79478
79479
79480
79481
79482
79483
79484
79485
79486
.....
83008
83009
83010
83011
83012
83013
83014
83015
83016
83017
83018
83019
83020
83021
83022
.....
88498
88499
88500
88501
88502
88503
88504
88505
88506

88507
88508
88509
88510
88511
88512
88513
88514
88515
88516
.....
88518
88519
88520
88521
88522
88523
88524
88525
88526
88527
88528
88529
88530
88531
88532
88533
88534
.....
88569
88570
88571
88572
88573
88574
88575
88576
88577

88578

88579
88580
88581
88582
88583
88584
88585
88586
88587
88588
88589
88590
88591
88592
88593
88594
88595
.....
88645
88646
88647
88648
88649
88650
88651
88652
88653
88654
88655
88656
88657
88658
88659
.....
88663
88664
88665
88666
88667
88668
88669
88670
88671
88672
88673
88674
88675
88676
88677
88678
88679
88680
.....
88682
88683
88684
88685
88686
88687
88688
88689
88690
88691
88692
88693
88694
88695
88696
88697
88698
88699
88700
88701
88702
88703
88704
88705
88706
88707
.....
92777
92778
92779
92780
92781
92782
92783
92784
92785
92786
92787
92788
92789
92790
92791
92792
92793
92794
92795
92796
92797
92798
92799
92800
92801
92802
92803
92804
.....
99428
99429
99430
99431
99432
99433
99434
99435
99436
99437
99438
99439
99440
99441
99442
......
120977
120978
120979
120980
120981
120982
120983

120984
120985
120986
120987
120988
120989
120990
......
131247
131248
131249
131250
131251
131252
131253
131254
131255
131256
131257
131258
131259
131260
131261
131262
131263
131264
131265
131266
......
136072
136073
136074
136075
136076
136077
136078
136079
136080
136081
136082
136083
136084
136085
136086
......
136096
136097
136098
136099
136100
136101
136102
136103
136104
136105
136106
136107
136108
136109
136110
136111
136112


136113
136114
136115
136116
136117
136118
136119
136120
136121
136122
136123
136124
136125
136126
136127
136128
136129
136130
136131
136132
136133
136134
136135
136136
136137
136138
136139
136140
136141
136142
136143
136144
136145
136146
136147
136148
136149
136150
136151
136152
136153
136154
136155
136156
136157
......
136591
136592
136593
136594
136595
136596
136597
136598
136599
136600
136601
136602
136603
136604
136605
......
137008
137009
137010
137011
137012
137013
137014
137015
137016
137017
137018
137019
137020
137021
137022
......
174467
174468
174469
174470
174471
174472
174473
174474
174475
174476
174477
174478
174479
174480
174481
174482
174483
174484
174485
174486
174487
174488
174489
174490
174491
174492
174493
174494
174495
174496
174497
174498
174499
174500
174501
174502
174503
174504
174505
174506
174507
174508
174509
174510
174511
174512
174513
174514
174515
174516
174517
174518
174519
174520
174521
174522
174523
174524
174525
174526
174527
174528
174529
174530
174531
174532
174533
174534
174535
174536
174537
174538
174539
174540
174541
174542
174543
174544
174545
174546
174547
174548
174549
174550
174551
174552
174553
174554
174555
174556
174557
174558
174559
174560
174561
174562
174563
174564
174565
174566
174567
174568
174569
174570
174571
174572
174573
174574
174575
174576
174577
174578
174579
174580
174581
174582
174583
174584
174585
174586
174587
174588
174589
174590
174591
174592
174593
174594
174595
174596
174597
174598
174599
174600
174601
174602
174603
174604
174605
174606
174607
174608
174609
174610
174611
174612
174613
174614
174615
174616
174617
174618
174619
174620
174621
174622
174623
174624
174625
174626
174627
174628
174629
174630
174631
174632
174633
174634
174635
174636
174637
174638
174639
174640
174641
174642
174643
174644
174645
174646
174647
174648
174649
174650
174651
174652
174653
174654
174655
174656
174657
174658
174659
174660
174661
174662
174663
174664
174665
174666
174667
174668
174669
174670
174671
174672
174673
174674
174675
174676
174677
174678
174679
174680
174681
174682
174683
174684
174685
174686
174687
174688
174689
174690
174691
174692
174693
174694
174695
174696
174697
174698
174699
174700
174701
174702
174703
174704
174705
174706
174707
174708
174709
174710
174711
174712
174713
174714
174715
174716
174717
174718
174719
174720
174721
174722
174723
174724
174725
174726
174727
174728
174729
174730
174731
174732
174733
174734
174735
174736
174737
174738
174739
174740
174741
174742
174743
174744
174745
174746
174747
174748
174749
174750
174751
174752
174753
174754
174755
174756
174757
174758
174759
174760
174761
174762
174763
174764
174765
174766
174767
174768
174769
174770
174771
174772
174773
174774
174775
174776
174777
174778
174779
174780
174781
174782
174783
174784
174785
174786
174787
174788
174789
174790
174791
174792
174793
174794
174795
174796
174797
174798
174799
174800
174801
174802
174803
174804
174805
174806
174807
174808
174809
174810
174811
174812
174813
174814
174815
174816
174817
174818
174819
174820
174821
174822
174823
174824
174825
174826
174827
174828
174829
174830
174831
174832
174833
174834
174835
174836
174837
174838
174839
174840
174841
174842
174843
174844
174845
174846
174847
174848
174849
174850
174851
174852
174853
174854
174855
174856
174857
174858
174859
174860
174861
174862
174863
174864
174865
174866
174867
174868
174869
174870
174871
174872
174873
174874
174875
174876
174877
174878
174879
174880
174881
174882
174883
174884
174885
174886
174887
174888
174889
174890
174891
174892
174893
174894
174895
174896
174897
174898
174899
174900
174901
174902
174903
174904
174905
174906
174907
174908
174909
174910
174911
174912
174913
174914
174915
174916
174917
174918
174919
174920
174921
174922
174923
174924
174925
174926
174927
174928
174929
174930
174931
174932
174933
174934
174935
174936
174937
174938
174939
174940
174941
174942
174943
174944
174945
174946
174947
174948
174949
174950
174951
174952
174953
174954
174955
174956
174957
174958
174959
174960
174961
174962
174963
174964
174965
174966
174967
174968
174969
174970
174971
174972
174973
174974
174975
174976
174977
174978
174979
174980
174981
174982
174983
174984
174985
174986
174987
174988
174989
174990
174991
174992
174993
174994
174995
174996
174997
174998
174999
175000
175001
175002
175003
175004
175005
175006
175007
175008
175009
175010
175011
175012
175013
175014
175015
175016
175017
175018
175019
175020
175021
175022
175023
175024
175025
175026
175027
175028
175029
175030
175031
175032
175033
175034
175035
175036
175037
175038
175039
175040
175041
175042
175043
175044
175045
175046
175047
175048
175049
175050
175051
175052
175053
175054
175055
175056
175057
175058
175059
175060
175061
175062
175063
175064
175065
175066
175067
175068
175069
175070
175071
175072
175073
175074
175075
175076
175077
175078
175079
175080
175081
175082
175083
175084
175085
175086
175087
175088
175089
175090
175091
175092
175093
175094
175095
175096
175097
175098
175099
175100
175101
175102
175103
175104
175105
175106
175107
175108
175109
175110
175111
175112
175113
175114
175115
175116
175117
175118
175119
175120
175121
175122
175123
175124
175125
175126
175127
175128
175129
175130
175131
175132
175133
175134
175135
175136
175137
175138
175139
175140
175141
175142
175143
175144
175145
175146
175147
175148
175149
175150
175151
175152
175153
175154
175155
175156
175157
175158
175159
175160
175161
175162
175163
175164
175165
175166
175167
175168
175169
175170
175171
175172
175173
175174
175175
175176
175177
175178
175179
175180
175181
175182
175183
175184
175185
175186
175187
175188
175189
175190
175191
175192
175193
175194
175195
175196
175197
175198
175199
175200
175201
175202
175203
175204
175205
175206
175207
175208
175209
175210
175211
175212
175213
175214
175215
175216
175217
175218
175219
175220
175221
175222
175223
175224
175225
175226
175227
175228
175229
175230
175231
175232
175233
175234
175235
175236
175237
175238
175239
175240
175241
175242
175243
175244
175245
175246
175247
175248
175249
175250
175251
175252
175253
175254
175255
175256
175257
175258
175259
175260
175261
175262
175263
175264
175265
175266
175267
175268
175269
175270
175271
175272
175273
175274
175275
175276
175277
175278
175279
175280
175281
175282
175283
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176110
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176112
176113
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176119
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176210
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176221
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176224
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176230
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176232
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176280
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176299
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176310
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176360
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176399
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176410
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176510
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176610
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176680
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176699
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176710
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......
177117
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177119
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......
179884
179885
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179895
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179898
......
180171
180172
180173
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180175
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180178
180179
180180
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180182
180183
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......
180444
180445
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180455
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180457
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180459
180460
180461
180462
......
181217
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......
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**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.25.0"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3025000
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2018-08-30 01:52:10 58078c0d2647a194279fa80e032670441b296ffc3acee692901faa5beca460b7"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GLOB      66
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_REGEXP    67
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_NE        68
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_ISNOT     69
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_ISNOTNULL 70
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_ISNULL    71
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_IS        72
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_FUNCTION 150

/*
** CAPI3REF: Register A Virtual Table Implementation
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^These routines are used to register a new [virtual table module] name.
** ^Module names must be registered before
................................................................................
/*
** Set the SQLITE_PTRSIZE macro to the number of bytes in a pointer
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_PTRSIZE
# if defined(__SIZEOF_POINTER__)
#   define SQLITE_PTRSIZE __SIZEOF_POINTER__
# elif defined(i386)     || defined(__i386__)   || defined(_M_IX86) ||    \
       defined(_M_ARM)   || defined(__arm__)    || defined(__x86)   ||    \
      (defined(__TOS_AIX__) && !defined(__64BIT__))
#   define SQLITE_PTRSIZE 4
# else
#   define SQLITE_PTRSIZE 8
# endif
#endif

/* The uptr type is an unsigned integer large enough to hold a pointer
................................................................................
** -DSQLITE_BYTEORDER=0 is set, then byte-order is determined
** at run-time.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_BYTEORDER
# if defined(i386)     || defined(__i386__)   || defined(_M_IX86) ||    \
     defined(__x86_64) || defined(__x86_64__) || defined(_M_X64)  ||    \
     defined(_M_AMD64) || defined(_M_ARM)     || defined(__x86)   ||    \
     defined(__arm__)  || defined(_M_ARM64)
#   define SQLITE_BYTEORDER    1234
# elif defined(sparc)    || defined(__ppc__)
#   define SQLITE_BYTEORDER    4321
# else
#   define SQLITE_BYTEORDER 0
# endif
#endif
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BitvecClear(Bitvec*, u32, void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BitvecDestroy(Bitvec*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3BitvecSize(Bitvec*);
#ifndef SQLITE_UNTESTABLE
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BitvecBuiltinTest(int,int*);
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE RowSet *sqlite3RowSetInit(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RowSetDelete(void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RowSetClear(void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RowSetInsert(RowSet*, i64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3RowSetTest(RowSet*, int iBatch, i64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3RowSetNext(RowSet*, i64*);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CreateView(Parse*,Token*,Token*,Token*,ExprList*,Select*,int,int);

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)
................................................................................
  i64 *anExec;            /* Event counters from parent frame */
  Mem *aMem;              /* Array of memory cells for parent frame */
  VdbeCursor **apCsr;     /* Array of Vdbe cursors for parent frame */
  u8 *aOnce;              /* Bitmask used by OP_Once */
  void *token;            /* Copy of SubProgram.token */
  i64 lastRowid;          /* Last insert rowid (sqlite3.lastRowid) */
  AuxData *pAuxData;      /* Linked list of auxdata allocations */
#if SQLITE_DEBUG
  u32 iFrameMagic;        /* magic number for sanity checking */
#endif
  int nCursor;            /* Number of entries in apCsr */
  int pc;                 /* Program Counter in parent (calling) frame */
  int nOp;                /* Size of aOp array */
  int nMem;               /* Number of entries in aMem */
  int nChildMem;          /* Number of memory cells for child frame */
  int nChildCsr;          /* Number of cursors for child frame */
  int nChange;            /* Statement changes (Vdbe.nChange)     */
  int nDbChange;          /* Value of db->nChange */
};

/* Magic number for sanity checking on VdbeFrame objects */
#define SQLITE_FRAME_MAGIC 0x879fb71e

/*
** Return a pointer to the array of registers allocated for use
** by a VdbeFrame.
*/
#define VdbeFrameMem(p) ((Mem *)&((u8 *)p)[ROUND8(sizeof(VdbeFrame))])

/*
** Internally, the vdbe manipulates nearly all SQL values as Mem
** structures. Each Mem struct may cache multiple representations (string,
** integer etc.) of the same value.
*/
................................................................................
struct sqlite3_value {
  union MemValue {
    double r;           /* Real value used when MEM_Real is set in flags */
    i64 i;              /* Integer value used when MEM_Int is set in flags */
    int nZero;          /* Extra zero bytes when MEM_Zero and MEM_Blob set */
    const char *zPType; /* Pointer type when MEM_Term|MEM_Subtype|MEM_Null */
    FuncDef *pDef;      /* Used only when flags==MEM_Agg */


  } u;
  u16 flags;          /* Some combination of MEM_Null, MEM_Str, MEM_Dyn, etc. */
  u8  enc;            /* SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_UTF16BE, SQLITE_UTF16LE */
  u8  eSubtype;       /* Subtype for this value */
  int n;              /* Number of characters in string value, excluding '\0' */
  char *z;            /* String or BLOB value */
  /* ShallowCopy only needs to copy the information above */
................................................................................
*/
#define MEM_Null      0x0001   /* Value is NULL (or a pointer) */
#define MEM_Str       0x0002   /* Value is a string */
#define MEM_Int       0x0004   /* Value is an integer */
#define MEM_Real      0x0008   /* Value is a real number */
#define MEM_Blob      0x0010   /* Value is a BLOB */
#define MEM_AffMask   0x001f   /* Mask of affinity bits */
/* Available          0x0020   */
/* Available          0x0040   */
#define MEM_Undefined 0x0080   /* Value is undefined */
#define MEM_Cleared   0x0100   /* NULL set by OP_Null, not from data */
#define MEM_TypeMask  0xc1ff   /* Mask of type bits */


/* Whenever Mem contains a valid string or blob representation, one of
** the following flags must be set to determine the memory management
................................................................................
  #define MEM_Zero 0x0000
#endif

/* Return TRUE if Mem X contains dynamically allocated content - anything
** that needs to be deallocated to avoid a leak.
*/
#define VdbeMemDynamic(X)  \
  (((X)->flags&(MEM_Agg|MEM_Dyn))!=0)

/*
** Clear any existing type flags from a Mem and replace them with f
*/
#define MemSetTypeFlag(p, f) \
   ((p)->flags = ((p)->flags&~(MEM_TypeMask|MEM_Zero))|f)

................................................................................
#else
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3VdbeMemSetDouble(Mem*, double);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemSetPointer(Mem*, void*, const char*, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemInit(Mem*,sqlite3*,u16);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemSetZeroBlob(Mem*,int);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(const Mem*);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemSetRowSet(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemStringify(Mem*, u8, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE i64 sqlite3VdbeIntValue(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE double sqlite3VdbeRealValue(Mem*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeBooleanValue(Mem*, int ifNull);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeIntegerAffinity(Mem*);
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WINDOWFUNC
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemAggValue(Mem*, Mem*, FuncDef*);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3OpcodeName(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(Mem *pMem, int n, int preserve);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemClearAndResize(Mem *pMem, int n);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeCloseStatement(Vdbe *, int);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeFrameIsValid(VdbeFrame*);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeFrameMemDel(void*);      /* Destructor on Mem */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeFrameDelete(VdbeFrame*); /* Actually deletes the Frame */
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeFrameRestore(VdbeFrame *);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbePreUpdateHook(Vdbe*,VdbeCursor*,int,const char*,Table*,i64,int);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeTransferError(Vdbe *p);

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeSorterInit(sqlite3 *, int, VdbeCursor *);
................................................................................
/*
** Allowed values for RowSet.rsFlags
*/
#define ROWSET_SORTED  0x01   /* True if RowSet.pEntry is sorted */
#define ROWSET_NEXT    0x02   /* True if sqlite3RowSetNext() has been called */

/*
** Allocate a RowSet object.  Return NULL if a memory allocation
** error occurs.








*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE RowSet *sqlite3RowSetInit(sqlite3 *db){



  RowSet *p = sqlite3DbMallocRawNN(db, sizeof(*p));
  if( p ){
    int N = sqlite3DbMallocSize(db, p);
    p->pChunk = 0;
    p->db = db;
    p->pEntry = 0;
    p->pLast = 0;
    p->pForest = 0;
    p->pFresh = (struct RowSetEntry*)(ROUND8(sizeof(*p)) + (char*)p);
    p->nFresh = (u16)((N - ROUND8(sizeof(*p)))/sizeof(struct RowSetEntry));
    p->rsFlags = ROWSET_SORTED;
    p->iBatch = 0;
  }
  return p;
}

/*
** Deallocate all chunks from a RowSet.  This frees all memory that
** the RowSet has allocated over its lifetime.  This routine is
** the destructor for the RowSet.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RowSetClear(void *pArg){
  RowSet *p = (RowSet*)pArg;
  struct RowSetChunk *pChunk, *pNextChunk;
  for(pChunk=p->pChunk; pChunk; pChunk = pNextChunk){
    pNextChunk = pChunk->pNextChunk;
    sqlite3DbFree(p->db, pChunk);
  }
  p->pChunk = 0;
  p->nFresh = 0;
  p->pEntry = 0;
  p->pLast = 0;
  p->pForest = 0;
  p->rsFlags = ROWSET_SORTED;
}

/*
** Deallocate all chunks from a RowSet.  This frees all memory that
** the RowSet has allocated over its lifetime.  This routine is
** the destructor for the RowSet.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RowSetDelete(void *pArg){
  sqlite3RowSetClear(pArg);
  sqlite3DbFree(((RowSet*)pArg)->db, pArg);
}

/*
** Allocate a new RowSetEntry object that is associated with the
** given RowSet.  Return a pointer to the new and completely uninitialized
** objected.
**
** In an OOM situation, the RowSet.db->mallocFailed flag is set and this
................................................................................
          *pChanged = bChanged;
        }else{
          rc = SQLITE_BUSY_SNAPSHOT;
        }

        /* Release the shared CKPT lock obtained above. */
        walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_CKPT_LOCK);
        pWal->minFrame = 1;
      }


      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        sqlite3WalEndReadTransaction(pWal);
      }
    }
................................................................................
  assert( (p->flags & MEM_Dyn)==0 || p->szMalloc==0 );

  /* Cannot be both MEM_Int and MEM_Real at the same time */
  assert( (p->flags & (MEM_Int|MEM_Real))!=(MEM_Int|MEM_Real) );

  if( p->flags & MEM_Null ){
    /* Cannot be both MEM_Null and some other type */
    assert( (p->flags & (MEM_Int|MEM_Real|MEM_Str|MEM_Blob|MEM_Agg))==0 );


    /* If MEM_Null is set, then either the value is a pure NULL (the usual
    ** case) or it is a pointer set using sqlite3_bind_pointer() or
    ** sqlite3_result_pointer().  If a pointer, then MEM_Term must also be
    ** set.
    */
    if( (p->flags & (MEM_Term|MEM_Subtype))==(MEM_Term|MEM_Subtype) ){
................................................................................
** SQLITE_NOMEM may be returned if a malloc() fails during conversion
** between formats.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(Mem *pMem, int desiredEnc){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
  int rc;
#endif
  assert( !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pMem) );
  assert( desiredEnc==SQLITE_UTF8 || desiredEnc==SQLITE_UTF16LE
           || desiredEnc==SQLITE_UTF16BE );
  if( !(pMem->flags&MEM_Str) || pMem->enc==desiredEnc ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
................................................................................
** If the bPreserve argument is true, then copy of the content of
** pMem->z into the new allocation.  pMem must be either a string or
** blob if bPreserve is true.  If bPreserve is false, any prior content
** in pMem->z is discarded.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE SQLITE_NOINLINE int sqlite3VdbeMemGrow(Mem *pMem, int n, int bPreserve){
  assert( sqlite3VdbeCheckMemInvariants(pMem) );
  assert( !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pMem) );
  testcase( pMem->db==0 );

  /* If the bPreserve flag is set to true, then the memory cell must already
  ** contain a valid string or blob value.  */
  assert( bPreserve==0 || pMem->flags&(MEM_Blob|MEM_Str) );
  testcase( bPreserve && pMem->z==0 );

................................................................................
** Change pMem so that its MEM_Str or MEM_Blob value is stored in
** MEM.zMalloc, where it can be safely written.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success or SQLITE_NOMEM if malloc fails.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(Mem *pMem){
  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );
  assert( !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pMem) );
  if( (pMem->flags & (MEM_Str|MEM_Blob))!=0 ){
    if( ExpandBlob(pMem) ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    if( pMem->szMalloc==0 || pMem->z!=pMem->zMalloc ){
      int rc = vdbeMemAddTerminator(pMem);
      if( rc ) return rc;
    }
  }
................................................................................
** blob stored in dynamically allocated space.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_INCRBLOB
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemExpandBlob(Mem *pMem){
  int nByte;
  assert( pMem->flags & MEM_Zero );
  assert( pMem->flags&MEM_Blob );
  assert( !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pMem) );
  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );

  /* Set nByte to the number of bytes required to store the expanded blob. */
  nByte = pMem->n + pMem->u.nZero;
  if( nByte<=0 ){
    nByte = 1;
  }
................................................................................
  int fg = pMem->flags;
  const int nByte = 32;

  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );
  assert( !(fg&MEM_Zero) );
  assert( !(fg&(MEM_Str|MEM_Blob)) );
  assert( fg&(MEM_Int|MEM_Real) );
  assert( !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pMem) );
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(pMem) );


  if( sqlite3VdbeMemClearAndResize(pMem, nByte) ){
    pMem->enc = 0;
    return SQLITE_NOMEM_BKPT;
  }
................................................................................
  assert( VdbeMemDynamic(p) );
  if( p->flags&MEM_Agg ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemFinalize(p, p->u.pDef);
    assert( (p->flags & MEM_Agg)==0 );
    testcase( p->flags & MEM_Dyn );
  }
  if( p->flags&MEM_Dyn ){

    assert( p->xDel!=SQLITE_DYNAMIC && p->xDel!=0 );
    p->xDel((void *)p->z);






  }
  p->flags = MEM_Null;
}

/*
** Release memory held by the Mem p, both external memory cleared
** by p->xDel and memory in p->zMalloc.
................................................................................
/*
** The MEM structure is already a MEM_Real.  Try to also make it a
** MEM_Int if we can.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeIntegerAffinity(Mem *pMem){
  i64 ix;
  assert( pMem->flags & MEM_Real );
  assert( !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pMem) );
  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(pMem) );

  ix = doubleToInt64(pMem->u.r);

  /* Only mark the value as an integer if
  **
................................................................................
}

/*
** Convert pMem to type integer.  Invalidate any prior representations.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemIntegerify(Mem *pMem){
  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );
  assert( !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pMem) );
  assert( EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(pMem) );

  pMem->u.i = sqlite3VdbeIntValue(pMem);
  MemSetTypeFlag(pMem, MEM_Int);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

................................................................................
  if( !sqlite3IsNaN(val) ){
    pMem->u.r = val;
    pMem->flags = MEM_Real;
  }
}
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Return true if the Mem holds a RowSet object.  This routine is intended
** for use inside of assert() statements.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(const Mem *pMem){
  return (pMem->flags&(MEM_Blob|MEM_Dyn))==(MEM_Blob|MEM_Dyn)
         && pMem->xDel==sqlite3RowSetDelete;
}
#endif

/*
** Delete any previous value and set the value of pMem to be an
** empty boolean index.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success and SQLITE_NOMEM if a memory allocation
** error occurs.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemSetRowSet(Mem *pMem){
  sqlite3 *db = pMem->db;
  RowSet *p;
  assert( db!=0 );
  assert( !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pMem) );
  sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pMem);
  p = sqlite3RowSetInit(db);
  if( p==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  pMem->z = (char*)p;
  pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Dyn;
  pMem->xDel = sqlite3RowSetDelete;
  return SQLITE_OK;

}

/*
** Return true if the Mem object contains a TEXT or BLOB that is
** too large - whose size exceeds SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemTooBig(Mem *p){
................................................................................
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE void vdbeClrCopy(Mem *pTo, const Mem *pFrom, int eType){
  vdbeMemClearExternAndSetNull(pTo);
  assert( !VdbeMemDynamic(pTo) );
  sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(pTo, pFrom, eType);
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMemShallowCopy(Mem *pTo, const Mem *pFrom, int srcType){
  assert( !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pFrom) );
  assert( pTo->db==pFrom->db );
  if( VdbeMemDynamic(pTo) ){ vdbeClrCopy(pTo,pFrom,srcType); return; }
  memcpy(pTo, pFrom, MEMCELLSIZE);
  if( (pFrom->flags&MEM_Static)==0 ){
    pTo->flags &= ~(MEM_Dyn|MEM_Static|MEM_Ephem);
    assert( srcType==MEM_Ephem || srcType==MEM_Static );
    pTo->flags |= srcType;
................................................................................
/*
** Make a full copy of pFrom into pTo.  Prior contents of pTo are
** freed before the copy is made.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMemCopy(Mem *pTo, const Mem *pFrom){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;

  assert( !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pFrom) );
  if( VdbeMemDynamic(pTo) ) vdbeMemClearExternAndSetNull(pTo);
  memcpy(pTo, pFrom, MEMCELLSIZE);
  pTo->flags &= ~MEM_Dyn;
  if( pTo->flags&(MEM_Str|MEM_Blob) ){
    if( 0==(pFrom->flags&MEM_Static) ){
      pTo->flags |= MEM_Ephem;
      rc = sqlite3VdbeMemMakeWriteable(pTo);
................................................................................
  void (*xDel)(void*) /* Destructor function */
){
  int nByte = n;      /* New value for pMem->n */
  int iLimit;         /* Maximum allowed string or blob size */
  u16 flags = 0;      /* New value for pMem->flags */

  assert( pMem->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pMem->db->mutex) );
  assert( !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pMem) );

  /* If z is a NULL pointer, set pMem to contain an SQL NULL. */
  if( !z ){
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pMem);
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

................................................................................
  int rc = SQLITE_OK; /* Return code */

  assert( sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(pCur) );
  assert( !VdbeMemDynamic(pMem) );

  /* Note: the calls to BtreeKeyFetch() and DataFetch() below assert() 
  ** that both the BtShared and database handle mutexes are held. */
  assert( !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pMem) );
  zData = (char *)sqlite3BtreePayloadFetch(pCur, &available);
  assert( zData!=0 );

  if( offset+amt<=available ){
    pMem->z = &zData[offset];
    pMem->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Ephem;
    pMem->n = (int)amt;
................................................................................
** Convert it into a string with encoding enc and return a pointer
** to a zero-terminated version of that string.
*/
static SQLITE_NOINLINE const void *valueToText(sqlite3_value* pVal, u8 enc){
  assert( pVal!=0 );
  assert( pVal->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pVal->db->mutex) );
  assert( (enc&3)==(enc&~SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED) );
  assert( !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pVal) );
  assert( (pVal->flags & (MEM_Null))==0 );
  if( pVal->flags & (MEM_Blob|MEM_Str) ){
    if( ExpandBlob(pVal) ) return 0;
    pVal->flags |= MEM_Str;
    if( pVal->enc != (enc & ~SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED) ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeEncoding(pVal, enc & ~SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED);
    }
................................................................................
** If that is the case, then the result must be aligned on an even byte
** boundary.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3ValueText(sqlite3_value* pVal, u8 enc){
  if( !pVal ) return 0;
  assert( pVal->db==0 || sqlite3_mutex_held(pVal->db->mutex) );
  assert( (enc&3)==(enc&~SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED) );
  assert( !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pVal) );
  if( (pVal->flags&(MEM_Str|MEM_Term))==(MEM_Str|MEM_Term) && pVal->enc==enc ){
    assert( sqlite3VdbeMemConsistentDualRep(pVal) );
    return pVal->z;
  }
  if( pVal->flags&MEM_Null ){
    return 0;
  }
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Stat4Column(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Database handle */
  const void *pRec,               /* Pointer to buffer containing record */
  int nRec,                       /* Size of buffer pRec in bytes */
  int iCol,                       /* Column to extract */
  sqlite3_value **ppVal           /* OUT: Extracted value */
){
  u32 t = 0;                      /* a column type code */
  int nHdr;                       /* Size of the header in the record */
  int iHdr;                       /* Next unread header byte */
  int iField;                     /* Next unread data byte */
  int szField = 0;                /* Size of the current data field */
  int i;                          /* Column index */
  u8 *a = (u8*)pRec;              /* Typecast byte array */
  Mem *pMem = *ppVal;             /* Write result into this Mem object */

  assert( iCol>0 );
  iHdr = getVarint32(a, nHdr);
  if( nHdr>nRec || iHdr>=nHdr ) return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
................................................................................
**
** If the bPush flag is true, then make this opcode the parent for
** subsequent Explains until sqlite3VdbeExplainPop() is called.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeExplain(Parse *pParse, u8 bPush, const char *zFmt, ...){
  if( pParse->explain==2 ){
    char *zMsg;
    Vdbe *v;
    va_list ap;
    int iThis;
    va_start(ap, zFmt);
    zMsg = sqlite3VMPrintf(pParse->db, zFmt, ap);
    va_end(ap);
    v = pParse->pVdbe;
    iThis = v->nOp;
................................................................................
      ** sqlite3MemRelease() were called from here. With -O2, this jumps
      ** to 6.6 percent. The test case is inserting 1000 rows into a table 
      ** with no indexes using a single prepared INSERT statement, bind() 
      ** and reset(). Inserts are grouped into a transaction.
      */
      testcase( p->flags & MEM_Agg );
      testcase( p->flags & MEM_Dyn );
      testcase( p->xDel==sqlite3VdbeFrameMemDel );
      testcase( p->flags & MEM_RowSet );
      if( p->flags&(MEM_Agg|MEM_Dyn) ){
        sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(p);
      }else if( p->szMalloc ){
        sqlite3DbFreeNN(db, p->zMalloc);
        p->szMalloc = 0;
      }

      p->flags = MEM_Undefined;
    }while( (++p)<pEnd );
  }
}

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Verify that pFrame is a valid VdbeFrame pointer.  Return true if it is
** and false if something is wrong.
**
** This routine is intended for use inside of assert() statements only.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeFrameIsValid(VdbeFrame *pFrame){
  if( pFrame->iFrameMagic!=SQLITE_FRAME_MAGIC ) return 0;
  return 1;
}
#endif


/*
** This is a destructor on a Mem object (which is really an sqlite3_value)
** that deletes the Frame object that is attached to it as a blob.
**
** This routine does not delete the Frame right away.  It merely adds the
** frame to a list of frames to be deleted when the Vdbe halts.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeFrameMemDel(void *pArg){
  VdbeFrame *pFrame = (VdbeFrame*)pArg;
  assert( sqlite3VdbeFrameIsValid(pFrame) );
  pFrame->pParent = pFrame->v->pDelFrame;
  pFrame->v->pDelFrame = pFrame;
}


/*
** Delete a VdbeFrame object and its contents. VdbeFrame objects are
** allocated by the OP_Program opcode in sqlite3VdbeExec().
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeFrameDelete(VdbeFrame *p){
  int i;
  Mem *aMem = VdbeFrameMem(p);
  VdbeCursor **apCsr = (VdbeCursor **)&aMem[p->nChildMem];
  assert( sqlite3VdbeFrameIsValid(p) );
  for(i=0; i<p->nChildCsr; i++){
    sqlite3VdbeFreeCursor(p->v, apCsr[i]);
  }
  releaseMemArray(aMem, p->nChildMem);
  sqlite3VdbeDeleteAuxData(p->v->db, &p->pAuxData, -1, 0);
  sqlite3DbFree(p->v->db, p);
}
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MemCompare(const Mem *pMem1, const Mem *pMem2, const CollSeq *pColl){
  int f1, f2;
  int combined_flags;

  f1 = pMem1->flags;
  f2 = pMem2->flags;
  combined_flags = f1|f2;
  assert( !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pMem1) && !sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pMem2) );
 
  /* If one value is NULL, it is less than the other. If both values
  ** are NULL, return 0.
  */
  if( combined_flags&MEM_Null ){
    return (f2&MEM_Null) - (f1&MEM_Null);
  }
................................................................................
    printf(" si:%lld", p->u.i);
  }else if( p->flags & MEM_Int ){
    printf(" i:%lld", p->u.i);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
  }else if( p->flags & MEM_Real ){
    printf(" r:%g", p->u.r);
#endif
  }else if( sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(p) ){
    printf(" (rowset)");
  }else{
    char zBuf[200];
    sqlite3VdbeMemPrettyPrint(p, zBuf);
    printf(" %s", zBuf);
  }
  if( p->flags & MEM_Subtype ) printf(" subtype=0x%02x", p->eSubtype);
................................................................................
**
** An assertion fails if P2 is not an integer.
*/
case OP_RowSetAdd: {       /* in1, in2 */
  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  pIn2 = &aMem[pOp->p2];
  assert( (pIn2->flags & MEM_Int)!=0 );
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Blob)==0 ){
    if( sqlite3VdbeMemSetRowSet(pIn1) ) goto no_mem;

  }
  assert( sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pIn1) );
  sqlite3RowSetInsert((RowSet*)pIn1->z, pIn2->u.i);
  break;
}

/* Opcode: RowSetRead P1 P2 P3 * *
** Synopsis: r[P3]=rowset(P1)
**
** Extract the smallest value from the RowSet object in P1
................................................................................
** Or, if RowSet object P1 is initially empty, leave P3
** unchanged and jump to instruction P2.
*/
case OP_RowSetRead: {       /* jump, in1, out3 */
  i64 val;

  pIn1 = &aMem[pOp->p1];
  assert( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Blob)==0 || sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pIn1) );
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Blob)==0 
   || sqlite3RowSetNext((RowSet*)pIn1->z, &val)==0
  ){
    /* The boolean index is empty */
    sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pIn1);
    VdbeBranchTaken(1,2);
    goto jump_to_p2_and_check_for_interrupt;
  }else{
    /* A value was pulled from the index */
................................................................................
  pIn3 = &aMem[pOp->p3];
  iSet = pOp->p4.i;
  assert( pIn3->flags&MEM_Int );

  /* If there is anything other than a rowset object in memory cell P1,
  ** delete it now and initialize P1 with an empty rowset
  */
  if( (pIn1->flags & MEM_Blob)==0 ){
    if( sqlite3VdbeMemSetRowSet(pIn1) ) goto no_mem;

  }

  assert( sqlite3VdbeMemIsRowSet(pIn1) );
  assert( pOp->p4type==P4_INT32 );
  assert( iSet==-1 || iSet>=0 );
  if( iSet ){
    exists = sqlite3RowSetTest((RowSet*)pIn1->z, iSet, pIn3->u.i);
    VdbeBranchTaken(exists!=0,2);
    if( exists ) goto jump_to_p2;
  }
  if( iSet>=0 ){
    sqlite3RowSetInsert((RowSet*)pIn1->z, pIn3->u.i);
  }
  break;
}


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER

................................................................................
    goto abort_due_to_error;
  }

  /* Register pRt is used to store the memory required to save the state
  ** of the current program, and the memory required at runtime to execute
  ** the trigger program. If this trigger has been fired before, then pRt 
  ** is already allocated. Otherwise, it must be initialized.  */
  if( (pRt->flags&MEM_Blob)==0 ){
    /* SubProgram.nMem is set to the number of memory cells used by the 
    ** program stored in SubProgram.aOp. As well as these, one memory
    ** cell is required for each cursor used by the program. Set local
    ** variable nMem (and later, VdbeFrame.nChildMem) to this value.
    */
    nMem = pProgram->nMem + pProgram->nCsr;
    assert( nMem>0 );
................................................................................
              + pProgram->nCsr * sizeof(VdbeCursor*)
              + (pProgram->nOp + 7)/8;
    pFrame = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, nByte);
    if( !pFrame ){
      goto no_mem;
    }
    sqlite3VdbeMemRelease(pRt);
    pRt->flags = MEM_Blob|MEM_Dyn;
    pRt->z = (char*)pFrame;
    pRt->n = nByte;
    pRt->xDel = sqlite3VdbeFrameMemDel;

    pFrame->v = p;
    pFrame->nChildMem = nMem;
    pFrame->nChildCsr = pProgram->nCsr;
    pFrame->pc = (int)(pOp - aOp);
    pFrame->aMem = p->aMem;
    pFrame->nMem = p->nMem;
................................................................................
    pFrame->nCursor = p->nCursor;
    pFrame->aOp = p->aOp;
    pFrame->nOp = p->nOp;
    pFrame->token = pProgram->token;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS
    pFrame->anExec = p->anExec;
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    pFrame->iFrameMagic = SQLITE_FRAME_MAGIC;
#endif

    pEnd = &VdbeFrameMem(pFrame)[pFrame->nChildMem];
    for(pMem=VdbeFrameMem(pFrame); pMem!=pEnd; pMem++){
      pMem->flags = MEM_Undefined;
      pMem->db = db;
    }
  }else{
    pFrame = (VdbeFrame*)pRt->z;
    assert( pRt->xDel==sqlite3VdbeFrameMemDel );
    assert( pProgram->nMem+pProgram->nCsr==pFrame->nChildMem 
        || (pProgram->nCsr==0 && pProgram->nMem+1==pFrame->nChildMem) );
    assert( pProgram->nCsr==pFrame->nChildCsr );
    assert( (int)(pOp - aOp)==pFrame->pc );
  }

  p->nFrame++;
................................................................................
static int vdbeMergeEngineInit(
  SortSubtask *pTask,             /* Thread that will run pMerger */
  MergeEngine *pMerger,           /* MergeEngine to initialize */
  int eMode                       /* One of the INCRINIT_XXX constants */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */
  int i;                          /* For looping over PmaReader objects */
  int nTree;                      /* Number of subtrees to merge */

  /* Failure to allocate the merge would have been detected prior to
  ** invoking this routine */
  assert( pMerger!=0 );

  /* eMode is always INCRINIT_NORMAL in single-threaded mode */
  assert( SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS>0 || eMode==INCRINIT_NORMAL );

  /* Verify that the MergeEngine is assigned to a single thread */
  assert( pMerger->pTask==0 );
  pMerger->pTask = pTask;

  nTree = pMerger->nTree;
  for(i=0; i<nTree; i++){
    if( SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS>0 && eMode==INCRINIT_ROOT ){
      /* PmaReaders should be normally initialized in order, as if they are
      ** reading from the same temp file this makes for more linear file IO.
      ** However, in the INCRINIT_ROOT case, if PmaReader aReadr[nTask-1] is
      ** in use it will block the vdbePmaReaderNext() call while it uses
      ** the main thread to fill its buffer. So calling PmaReaderNext()
................................................................................
      ** see if it is a column in a virtual table.  This is done because
      ** the left operand of infix functions (the operand we want to
      ** control overloading) ends up as the second argument to the
      ** function.  The expression "A glob B" is equivalent to 
      ** "glob(B,A).  We want to use the A in "A glob B" to test
      ** for function overloading.  But we use the B term in "glob(B,A)".
      */
      if( nFarg>=2 && ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_InfixFunc) ){
        pDef = sqlite3VtabOverloadFunction(db, pDef, nFarg, pFarg->a[1].pExpr);
      }else if( nFarg>0 ){
        pDef = sqlite3VtabOverloadFunction(db, pDef, nFarg, pFarg->a[0].pExpr);
      }
#endif
      if( pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL ){
        if( !pColl ) pColl = db->pDfltColl; 
................................................................................
  sqlite3_str_appendall(&acc, "CREATE TABLE x");
  for(i=0, j=pPragma->iPragCName; i<pPragma->nPragCName; i++, j++){
    sqlite3_str_appendf(&acc, "%c\"%s\"", cSep, pragCName[j]);
    cSep = ',';
  }
  if( i==0 ){
    sqlite3_str_appendf(&acc, "(\"%s\"", pPragma->zName);

    i++;
  }
  j = 0;
  if( pPragma->mPragFlg & PragFlg_Result1 ){
    sqlite3_str_appendall(&acc, ",arg HIDDEN");
    j++;
  }
................................................................................
  Table *pTab,          /* The table being updated */
  Index *pIdx,          /* The UNIQUE constraint that failed */
  int iCur              /* Cursor for pIdx (or pTab if pIdx==NULL) */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  SrcList *pSrc;            /* FROM clause for the UPDATE */
  int iDataCur;

  assert( v!=0 );
  assert( pUpsert!=0 );
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "Begin DO UPDATE of UPSERT"));
  iDataCur = pUpsert->iDataCur;
  if( pIdx && iCur!=iDataCur ){
    if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
      int regRowid = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxRowid, iCur, regRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_SeekRowid, iDataCur, 0, regRowid);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRowid);
................................................................................
** appropriate virtual table operator.  The return value is 1 or 2 if there
** is a match.  The usual return is 1, but if the RHS is also a column
** of virtual table in forms (5) or (7) then return 2.
**
** If the expression matches none of the patterns above, return 0.
*/
static int isAuxiliaryVtabOperator(
  sqlite3 *db,                    /* Parsing context */
  Expr *pExpr,                    /* Test this expression */
  unsigned char *peOp2,           /* OUT: 0 for MATCH, or else an op2 value */
  Expr **ppLeft,                  /* Column expression to left of MATCH/op2 */
  Expr **ppRight                  /* Expression to left of MATCH/op2 */
){
  if( pExpr->op==TK_FUNCTION ){
    static const struct Op2 {
................................................................................
    Expr *pCol;                     /* Column reference */
    int i;

    pList = pExpr->x.pList;
    if( pList==0 || pList->nExpr!=2 ){
      return 0;
    }

    /* Built-in operators MATCH, GLOB, LIKE, and REGEXP attach to a
    ** virtual table on their second argument, which is the same as
    ** the left-hand side operand in their in-fix form.
    **
    **       vtab_column MATCH expression
    **       MATCH(expression,vtab_column)
    */
    pCol = pList->a[1].pExpr;
    if( pCol->op==TK_COLUMN && IsVirtual(pCol->pTab) ){


      for(i=0; i<ArraySize(aOp); i++){
        if( sqlite3StrICmp(pExpr->u.zToken, aOp[i].zOp)==0 ){
          *peOp2 = aOp[i].eOp2;
          *ppRight = pList->a[0].pExpr;
          *ppLeft = pCol;
          return 1;
        }
      }
    }

    /* We can also match against the first column of overloaded
    ** functions where xFindFunction returns a value of at least
    ** SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_FUNCTION.
    **
    **      OVERLOADED(vtab_column,expression)
    **
    ** Historically, xFindFunction expected to see lower-case function
    ** names.  But for this use case, xFindFunction is expected to deal
    ** with function names in an arbitrary case.
    */
    pCol = pList->a[0].pExpr;
    if( pCol->op==TK_COLUMN && IsVirtual(pCol->pTab) ){
      sqlite3_vtab *pVtab;
      sqlite3_module *pMod;
      void (*xNotUsed)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**);
      void *pNotUsed;
      pVtab = sqlite3GetVTable(db, pCol->pTab)->pVtab;
      assert( pVtab!=0 );
      assert( pVtab->pModule!=0 );
      pMod = (sqlite3_module *)pVtab->pModule;
      if( pMod->xFindFunction!=0 ){
        i = pMod->xFindFunction(pVtab,2, pExpr->u.zToken, &xNotUsed, &pNotUsed);
        if( i>=SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_FUNCTION ){
          *peOp2 = i;
          *ppRight = pList->a[1].pExpr;
          *ppLeft = pCol;
          return 1;
        }
      }
    }
  }else if( pExpr->op==TK_NE || pExpr->op==TK_ISNOT || pExpr->op==TK_NOTNULL ){
    int res = 0;
    Expr *pLeft = pExpr->pLeft;
    Expr *pRight = pExpr->pRight;
    if( pLeft->op==TK_COLUMN && IsVirtual(pLeft->pTab) ){
................................................................................
        int idxNew;
        transferJoinMarkings(pNew, pExpr);
        assert( !ExprHasProperty(pNew, EP_xIsSelect) );
        pNew->x.pList = pList;
        idxNew = whereClauseInsert(pWC, pNew, TERM_VIRTUAL|TERM_DYNAMIC);
        testcase( idxNew==0 );
        exprAnalyze(pSrc, pWC, idxNew);
        /* pTerm = &pWC->a[idxTerm]; // would be needed if pTerm where used again */
        markTermAsChild(pWC, idxNew, idxTerm);
      }else{
        sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pList);
      }
    }
  }
}
................................................................................
  ** is one of MATCH, LIKE, GLOB, REGEXP, !=, IS, IS NOT, or NOT NULL.
  ** This information is used by the xBestIndex methods of
  ** virtual tables.  The native query optimizer does not attempt
  ** to do anything with MATCH functions.
  */
  if( pWC->op==TK_AND ){
    Expr *pRight = 0, *pLeft = 0;
    int res = isAuxiliaryVtabOperator(db, pExpr, &eOp2, &pLeft, &pRight);
    while( res-- > 0 ){
      int idxNew;
      WhereTerm *pNewTerm;
      Bitmask prereqColumn, prereqExpr;

      prereqExpr = sqlite3WhereExprUsage(pMaskSet, pRight);
      prereqColumn = sqlite3WhereExprUsage(pMaskSet, pLeft);
................................................................................

  return ret;
}
#endif /* defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS4) */
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_DISABLE_FTS3_UNICODE) */

/************** End of fts3_unicode2.c ***************************************/
/************** Begin file json1.c *******************************************/
/*
** 2015-08-12
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
** This SQLite extension implements JSON functions.  The interface is
** modeled after MySQL JSON functions:
**
**     https://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/json.html
**
** For the time being, all JSON is stored as pure text.  (We might add
** a JSONB type in the future which stores a binary encoding of JSON in
** a BLOB, but there is no support for JSONB in the current implementation.
** This implementation parses JSON text at 250 MB/s, so it is hard to see
** how JSONB might improve on that.)
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1)
#if !defined(SQLITEINT_H)
/* #include "sqlite3ext.h" */
#endif
SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1
/* #include <assert.h> */
/* #include <string.h> */
/* #include <stdlib.h> */
/* #include <stdarg.h> */

/* Mark a function parameter as unused, to suppress nuisance compiler
** warnings. */
#ifndef UNUSED_PARAM
# define UNUSED_PARAM(X)  (void)(X)
#endif

#ifndef LARGEST_INT64
# define LARGEST_INT64  (0xffffffff|(((sqlite3_int64)0x7fffffff)<<32))
# define SMALLEST_INT64 (((sqlite3_int64)-1) - LARGEST_INT64)
#endif

/*
** Versions of isspace(), isalnum() and isdigit() to which it is safe
** to pass signed char values.
*/
#ifdef sqlite3Isdigit
   /* Use the SQLite core versions if this routine is part of the
   ** SQLite amalgamation */
#  define safe_isdigit(x)  sqlite3Isdigit(x)
#  define safe_isalnum(x)  sqlite3Isalnum(x)
#  define safe_isxdigit(x) sqlite3Isxdigit(x)
#else
   /* Use the standard library for separate compilation */
#include <ctype.h>  /* amalgamator: keep */
#  define safe_isdigit(x)  isdigit((unsigned char)(x))
#  define safe_isalnum(x)  isalnum((unsigned char)(x))
#  define safe_isxdigit(x) isxdigit((unsigned char)(x))
#endif

/*
** Growing our own isspace() routine this way is twice as fast as
** the library isspace() function, resulting in a 7% overall performance
** increase for the parser.  (Ubuntu14.10 gcc 4.8.4 x64 with -Os).
*/
static const char jsonIsSpace[] = {
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
};
#define safe_isspace(x) (jsonIsSpace[(unsigned char)x])

#ifndef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
  /* Unsigned integer types.  These are already defined in the sqliteInt.h,
  ** but the definitions need to be repeated for separate compilation. */
  typedef sqlite3_uint64 u64;
  typedef unsigned int u32;
  typedef unsigned short int u16;
  typedef unsigned char u8;
#endif

/* Objects */
typedef struct JsonString JsonString;
typedef struct JsonNode JsonNode;
typedef struct JsonParse JsonParse;

/* An instance of this object represents a JSON string
** under construction.  Really, this is a generic string accumulator
** that can be and is used to create strings other than JSON.
*/
struct JsonString {
  sqlite3_context *pCtx;   /* Function context - put error messages here */
  char *zBuf;              /* Append JSON content here */
  u64 nAlloc;              /* Bytes of storage available in zBuf[] */
  u64 nUsed;               /* Bytes of zBuf[] currently used */
  u8 bStatic;              /* True if zBuf is static space */
  u8 bErr;                 /* True if an error has been encountered */
  char zSpace[100];        /* Initial static space */
};

/* JSON type values
*/
#define JSON_NULL     0
#define JSON_TRUE     1
#define JSON_FALSE    2
#define JSON_INT      3
#define JSON_REAL     4
#define JSON_STRING   5
#define JSON_ARRAY    6
#define JSON_OBJECT   7

/* The "subtype" set for JSON values */
#define JSON_SUBTYPE  74    /* Ascii for "J" */

/*
** Names of the various JSON types:
*/
static const char * const jsonType[] = {
  "null", "true", "false", "integer", "real", "text", "array", "object"
};

/* Bit values for the JsonNode.jnFlag field
*/
#define JNODE_RAW     0x01         /* Content is raw, not JSON encoded */
#define JNODE_ESCAPE  0x02         /* Content is text with \ escapes */
#define JNODE_REMOVE  0x04         /* Do not output */
#define JNODE_REPLACE 0x08         /* Replace with JsonNode.u.iReplace */
#define JNODE_PATCH   0x10         /* Patch with JsonNode.u.pPatch */
#define JNODE_APPEND  0x20         /* More ARRAY/OBJECT entries at u.iAppend */
#define JNODE_LABEL   0x40         /* Is a label of an object */


/* A single node of parsed JSON
*/
struct JsonNode {
  u8 eType;              /* One of the JSON_ type values */
  u8 jnFlags;            /* JNODE flags */
  u32 n;                 /* Bytes of content, or number of sub-nodes */
  union {
    const char *zJContent; /* Content for INT, REAL, and STRING */
    u32 iAppend;           /* More terms for ARRAY and OBJECT */
    u32 iKey;              /* Key for ARRAY objects in json_tree() */
    u32 iReplace;          /* Replacement content for JNODE_REPLACE */
    JsonNode *pPatch;      /* Node chain of patch for JNODE_PATCH */
  } u;
};

/* A completely parsed JSON string
*/
struct JsonParse {
  u32 nNode;         /* Number of slots of aNode[] used */
  u32 nAlloc;        /* Number of slots of aNode[] allocated */
  JsonNode *aNode;   /* Array of nodes containing the parse */
  const char *zJson; /* Original JSON string */
  u32 *aUp;          /* Index of parent of each node */
  u8 oom;            /* Set to true if out of memory */
  u8 nErr;           /* Number of errors seen */
  u16 iDepth;        /* Nesting depth */
  int nJson;         /* Length of the zJson string in bytes */
  u32 iHold;         /* Replace cache line with the lowest iHold value */
};

/*
** Maximum nesting depth of JSON for this implementation.
**
** This limit is needed to avoid a stack overflow in the recursive
** descent parser.  A depth of 2000 is far deeper than any sane JSON
** should go.
*/
#define JSON_MAX_DEPTH  2000

/**************************************************************************
** Utility routines for dealing with JsonString objects
**************************************************************************/

/* Set the JsonString object to an empty string
*/
static void jsonZero(JsonString *p){
  p->zBuf = p->zSpace;
  p->nAlloc = sizeof(p->zSpace);
  p->nUsed = 0;
  p->bStatic = 1;
}

/* Initialize the JsonString object
*/
static void jsonInit(JsonString *p, sqlite3_context *pCtx){
  p->pCtx = pCtx;
  p->bErr = 0;
  jsonZero(p);
}


/* Free all allocated memory and reset the JsonString object back to its
** initial state.
*/
static void jsonReset(JsonString *p){
  if( !p->bStatic ) sqlite3_free(p->zBuf);
  jsonZero(p);
}


/* Report an out-of-memory (OOM) condition 
*/
static void jsonOom(JsonString *p){
  p->bErr = 1;
  sqlite3_result_error_nomem(p->pCtx);
  jsonReset(p);
}

/* Enlarge pJson->zBuf so that it can hold at least N more bytes.
** Return zero on success.  Return non-zero on an OOM error
*/
static int jsonGrow(JsonString *p, u32 N){
  u64 nTotal = N<p->nAlloc ? p->nAlloc*2 : p->nAlloc+N+10;
  char *zNew;
  if( p->bStatic ){
    if( p->bErr ) return 1;
    zNew = sqlite3_malloc64(nTotal);
    if( zNew==0 ){
      jsonOom(p);
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    memcpy(zNew, p->zBuf, (size_t)p->nUsed);
    p->zBuf = zNew;
    p->bStatic = 0;
  }else{
    zNew = sqlite3_realloc64(p->zBuf, nTotal);
    if( zNew==0 ){
      jsonOom(p);
      return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }
    p->zBuf = zNew;
  }
  p->nAlloc = nTotal;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Append N bytes from zIn onto the end of the JsonString string.
*/
static void jsonAppendRaw(JsonString *p, const char *zIn, u32 N){
  if( (N+p->nUsed >= p->nAlloc) && jsonGrow(p,N)!=0 ) return;
  memcpy(p->zBuf+p->nUsed, zIn, N);
  p->nUsed += N;
}

/* Append formatted text (not to exceed N bytes) to the JsonString.
*/
static void jsonPrintf(int N, JsonString *p, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  if( (p->nUsed + N >= p->nAlloc) && jsonGrow(p, N) ) return;
  va_start(ap, zFormat);
  sqlite3_vsnprintf(N, p->zBuf+p->nUsed, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
  p->nUsed += (int)strlen(p->zBuf+p->nUsed);
}

/* Append a single character
*/
static void jsonAppendChar(JsonString *p, char c){
  if( p->nUsed>=p->nAlloc && jsonGrow(p,1)!=0 ) return;
  p->zBuf[p->nUsed++] = c;
}

/* Append a comma separator to the output buffer, if the previous
** character is not '[' or '{'.
*/
static void jsonAppendSeparator(JsonString *p){
  char c;
  if( p->nUsed==0 ) return;
  c = p->zBuf[p->nUsed-1];
  if( c!='[' && c!='{' ) jsonAppendChar(p, ',');
}

/* Append the N-byte string in zIn to the end of the JsonString string
** under construction.  Enclose the string in "..." and escape
** any double-quotes or backslash characters contained within the
** string.
*/
static void jsonAppendString(JsonString *p, const char *zIn, u32 N){
  u32 i;
  if( (N+p->nUsed+2 >= p->nAlloc) && jsonGrow(p,N+2)!=0 ) return;
  p->zBuf[p->nUsed++] = '"';
  for(i=0; i<N; i++){
    unsigned char c = ((unsigned const char*)zIn)[i];
    if( c=='"' || c=='\\' ){
      json_simple_escape:
      if( (p->nUsed+N+3-i > p->nAlloc) && jsonGrow(p,N+3-i)!=0 ) return;
      p->zBuf[p->nUsed++] = '\\';
    }else if( c<=0x1f ){
      static const char aSpecial[] = {
         0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 'b', 't', 'n', 0, 'f', 'r', 0, 0,
         0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,   0,   0,   0, 0,   0,   0, 0, 0
      };
      assert( sizeof(aSpecial)==32 );
      assert( aSpecial['\b']=='b' );
      assert( aSpecial['\f']=='f' );
      assert( aSpecial['\n']=='n' );
      assert( aSpecial['\r']=='r' );
      assert( aSpecial['\t']=='t' );
      if( aSpecial[c] ){
        c = aSpecial[c];
        goto json_simple_escape;
      }
      if( (p->nUsed+N+7+i > p->nAlloc) && jsonGrow(p,N+7-i)!=0 ) return;
      p->zBuf[p->nUsed++] = '\\';
      p->zBuf[p->nUsed++] = 'u';
      p->zBuf[p->nUsed++] = '0';
      p->zBuf[p->nUsed++] = '0';
      p->zBuf[p->nUsed++] = '0' + (c>>4);
      c = "0123456789abcdef"[c&0xf];
    }
    p->zBuf[p->nUsed++] = c;
  }
  p->zBuf[p->nUsed++] = '"';
  assert( p->nUsed<p->nAlloc );
}

/*
** Append a function parameter value to the JSON string under 
** construction.
*/
static void jsonAppendValue(
  JsonString *p,                 /* Append to this JSON string */
  sqlite3_value *pValue          /* Value to append */
){
  switch( sqlite3_value_type(pValue) ){
    case SQLITE_NULL: {
      jsonAppendRaw(p, "null", 4);
      break;
    }
    case SQLITE_INTEGER:
    case SQLITE_FLOAT: {
      const char *z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(pValue);
      u32 n = (u32)sqlite3_value_bytes(pValue);
      jsonAppendRaw(p, z, n);
      break;
    }
    case SQLITE_TEXT: {
      const char *z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(pValue);
      u32 n = (u32)sqlite3_value_bytes(pValue);
      if( sqlite3_value_subtype(pValue)==JSON_SUBTYPE ){
        jsonAppendRaw(p, z, n);
      }else{
        jsonAppendString(p, z, n);
      }
      break;
    }
    default: {
      if( p->bErr==0 ){
        sqlite3_result_error(p->pCtx, "JSON cannot hold BLOB values", -1);
        p->bErr = 2;
        jsonReset(p);
      }
      break;
    }
  }
}


/* Make the JSON in p the result of the SQL function.
*/
static void jsonResult(JsonString *p){
  if( p->bErr==0 ){
    sqlite3_result_text64(p->pCtx, p->zBuf, p->nUsed, 
                          p->bStatic ? SQLITE_TRANSIENT : sqlite3_free,
                          SQLITE_UTF8);
    jsonZero(p);
  }
  assert( p->bStatic );
}

/**************************************************************************
** Utility routines for dealing with JsonNode and JsonParse objects
**************************************************************************/

/*
** Return the number of consecutive JsonNode slots need to represent
** the parsed JSON at pNode.  The minimum answer is 1.  For ARRAY and
** OBJECT types, the number might be larger.
**
** Appended elements are not counted.  The value returned is the number
** by which the JsonNode counter should increment in order to go to the
** next peer value.
*/
static u32 jsonNodeSize(JsonNode *pNode){
  return pNode->eType>=JSON_ARRAY ? pNode->n+1 : 1;
}

/*
** Reclaim all memory allocated by a JsonParse object.  But do not
** delete the JsonParse object itself.
*/
static void jsonParseReset(JsonParse *pParse){
  sqlite3_free(pParse->aNode);
  pParse->aNode = 0;
  pParse->nNode = 0;
  pParse->nAlloc = 0;
  sqlite3_free(pParse->aUp);
  pParse->aUp = 0;
}

/*
** Free a JsonParse object that was obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
*/
static void jsonParseFree(JsonParse *pParse){
  jsonParseReset(pParse);
  sqlite3_free(pParse);
}

/*
** Convert the JsonNode pNode into a pure JSON string and
** append to pOut.  Subsubstructure is also included.  Return
** the number of JsonNode objects that are encoded.
*/
static void jsonRenderNode(
  JsonNode *pNode,               /* The node to render */
  JsonString *pOut,              /* Write JSON here */
  sqlite3_value **aReplace       /* Replacement values */
){
  if( pNode->jnFlags & (JNODE_REPLACE|JNODE_PATCH) ){
    if( pNode->jnFlags & JNODE_REPLACE ){
      jsonAppendValue(pOut, aReplace[pNode->u.iReplace]);
      return;
    }
    pNode = pNode->u.pPatch;
  }
  switch( pNode->eType ){
    default: {
      assert( pNode->eType==JSON_NULL );
      jsonAppendRaw(pOut, "null", 4);
      break;
    }
    case JSON_TRUE: {
      jsonAppendRaw(pOut, "true", 4);
      break;
    }
    case JSON_FALSE: {
      jsonAppendRaw(pOut, "false", 5);
      break;
    }
    case JSON_STRING: {
      if( pNode->jnFlags & JNODE_RAW ){
        jsonAppendString(pOut, pNode->u.zJContent, pNode->n);
        break;
      }
      /* Fall through into the next case */
    }
    case JSON_REAL:
    case JSON_INT: {
      jsonAppendRaw(pOut, pNode->u.zJContent, pNode->n);
      break;
    }
    case JSON_ARRAY: {
      u32 j = 1;
      jsonAppendChar(pOut, '[');
      for(;;){
        while( j<=pNode->n ){
          if( (pNode[j].jnFlags & JNODE_REMOVE)==0 ){
            jsonAppendSeparator(pOut);
            jsonRenderNode(&pNode[j], pOut, aReplace);
          }
          j += jsonNodeSize(&pNode[j]);
        }
        if( (pNode->jnFlags & JNODE_APPEND)==0 ) break;
        pNode = &pNode[pNode->u.iAppend];
        j = 1;
      }
      jsonAppendChar(pOut, ']');
      break;
    }
    case JSON_OBJECT: {
      u32 j = 1;
      jsonAppendChar(pOut, '{');
      for(;;){
        while( j<=pNode->n ){
          if( (pNode[j+1].jnFlags & JNODE_REMOVE)==0 ){
            jsonAppendSeparator(pOut);
            jsonRenderNode(&pNode[j], pOut, aReplace);
            jsonAppendChar(pOut, ':');
            jsonRenderNode(&pNode[j+1], pOut, aReplace);
          }
          j += 1 + jsonNodeSize(&pNode[j+1]);
        }
        if( (pNode->jnFlags & JNODE_APPEND)==0 ) break;
        pNode = &pNode[pNode->u.iAppend];
        j = 1;
      }
      jsonAppendChar(pOut, '}');
      break;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Return a JsonNode and all its descendents as a JSON string.
*/
static void jsonReturnJson(
  JsonNode *pNode,            /* Node to return */
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,      /* Return value for this function */
  sqlite3_value **aReplace    /* Array of replacement values */
){
  JsonString s;
  jsonInit(&s, pCtx);
  jsonRenderNode(pNode, &s, aReplace);
  jsonResult(&s);
  sqlite3_result_subtype(pCtx, JSON_SUBTYPE);
}

/*
** Make the JsonNode the return value of the function.
*/
static void jsonReturn(
  JsonNode *pNode,            /* Node to return */
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,      /* Return value for this function */
  sqlite3_value **aReplace    /* Array of replacement values */
){
  switch( pNode->eType ){
    default: {
      assert( pNode->eType==JSON_NULL );
      sqlite3_result_null(pCtx);
      break;
    }
    case JSON_TRUE: {
      sqlite3_result_int(pCtx, 1);
      break;
    }
    case JSON_FALSE: {
      sqlite3_result_int(pCtx, 0);
      break;
    }
    case JSON_INT: {
      sqlite3_int64 i = 0;
      const char *z = pNode->u.zJContent;
      if( z[0]=='-' ){ z++; }
      while( z[0]>='0' && z[0]<='9' ){
        unsigned v = *(z++) - '0';
        if( i>=LARGEST_INT64/10 ){
          if( i>LARGEST_INT64/10 ) goto int_as_real;
          if( z[0]>='0' && z[0]<='9' ) goto int_as_real;
          if( v==9 ) goto int_as_real;
          if( v==8 ){
            if( pNode->u.zJContent[0]=='-' ){
              sqlite3_result_int64(pCtx, SMALLEST_INT64);
              goto int_done;
            }else{
              goto int_as_real;
            }
          }
        }
        i = i*10 + v;
      }
      if( pNode->u.zJContent[0]=='-' ){ i = -i; }
      sqlite3_result_int64(pCtx, i);
      int_done:
      break;
      int_as_real: /* fall through to real */;
    }
    case JSON_REAL: {
      double r;
#ifdef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
      const char *z = pNode->u.zJContent;
      sqlite3AtoF(z, &r, sqlite3Strlen30(z), SQLITE_UTF8);
#else
      r = strtod(pNode->u.zJContent, 0);
#endif
      sqlite3_result_double(pCtx, r);
      break;
    }
    case JSON_STRING: {
#if 0 /* Never happens because JNODE_RAW is only set by json_set(),
      ** json_insert() and json_replace() and those routines do not
      ** call jsonReturn() */
      if( pNode->jnFlags & JNODE_RAW ){
        sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, pNode->u.zJContent, pNode->n,
                            SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
      }else 
#endif
      assert( (pNode->jnFlags & JNODE_RAW)==0 );
      if( (pNode->jnFlags & JNODE_ESCAPE)==0 ){
        /* JSON formatted without any backslash-escapes */
        sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, pNode->u.zJContent+1, pNode->n-2,
                            SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
      }else{
        /* Translate JSON formatted string into raw text */
        u32 i;
        u32 n = pNode->n;
        const char *z = pNode->u.zJContent;
        char *zOut;
        u32 j;
        zOut = sqlite3_malloc( n+1 );
        if( zOut==0 ){
          sqlite3_result_error_nomem(pCtx);
          break;
        }
        for(i=1, j=0; i<n-1; i++){
          char c = z[i];
          if( c!='\\' ){
            zOut[j++] = c;
          }else{
            c = z[++i];
            if( c=='u' ){
              u32 v = 0, k;
              for(k=0; k<4; i++, k++){
                assert( i<n-2 );
                c = z[i+1];
                assert( safe_isxdigit(c) );
                if( c<='9' ) v = v*16 + c - '0';
                else if( c<='F' ) v = v*16 + c - 'A' + 10;
                else v = v*16 + c - 'a' + 10;
              }
              if( v==0 ) break;
              if( v<=0x7f ){
                zOut[j++] = (char)v;
              }else if( v<=0x7ff ){
                zOut[j++] = (char)(0xc0 | (v>>6));
                zOut[j++] = 0x80 | (v&0x3f);
              }else{
                zOut[j++] = (char)(0xe0 | (v>>12));
                zOut[j++] = 0x80 | ((v>>6)&0x3f);
                zOut[j++] = 0x80 | (v&0x3f);
              }
            }else{
              if( c=='b' ){
                c = '\b';
              }else if( c=='f' ){
                c = '\f';
              }else if( c=='n' ){
                c = '\n';
              }else if( c=='r' ){
                c = '\r';
              }else if( c=='t' ){
                c = '\t';
              }
              zOut[j++] = c;
            }
          }
        }
        zOut[j] = 0;
        sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, zOut, j, sqlite3_free);
      }
      break;
    }
    case JSON_ARRAY:
    case JSON_OBJECT: {
      jsonReturnJson(pNode, pCtx, aReplace);
      break;
    }
  }
}

/* Forward reference */
static int jsonParseAddNode(JsonParse*,u32,u32,const char*);

/*
** A macro to hint to the compiler that a function should not be
** inlined.
*/
#if defined(__GNUC__)
#  define JSON_NOINLINE  __attribute__((noinline))
#elif defined(_MSC_VER) && _MSC_VER>=1310
#  define JSON_NOINLINE  __declspec(noinline)
#else
#  define JSON_NOINLINE
#endif


static JSON_NOINLINE int jsonParseAddNodeExpand(
  JsonParse *pParse,        /* Append the node to this object */
  u32 eType,                /* Node type */
  u32 n,                    /* Content size or sub-node count */
  const char *zContent      /* Content */
){
  u32 nNew;
  JsonNode *pNew;
  assert( pParse->nNode>=pParse->nAlloc );
  if( pParse->oom ) return -1;
  nNew = pParse->nAlloc*2 + 10;
  pNew = sqlite3_realloc(pParse->aNode, sizeof(JsonNode)*nNew);
  if( pNew==0 ){
    pParse->oom = 1;
    return -1;
  }
  pParse->nAlloc = nNew;
  pParse->aNode = pNew;
  assert( pParse->nNode<pParse->nAlloc );
  return jsonParseAddNode(pParse, eType, n, zContent);
}

/*
** Create a new JsonNode instance based on the arguments and append that
** instance to the JsonParse.  Return the index in pParse->aNode[] of the
** new node, or -1 if a memory allocation fails.
*/
static int jsonParseAddNode(
  JsonParse *pParse,        /* Append the node to this object */
  u32 eType,                /* Node type */
  u32 n,                    /* Content size or sub-node count */
  const char *zContent      /* Content */
){
  JsonNode *p;
  if( pParse->nNode>=pParse->nAlloc ){
    return jsonParseAddNodeExpand(pParse, eType, n, zContent);
  }
  p = &pParse->aNode[pParse->nNode];
  p->eType = (u8)eType;
  p->jnFlags = 0;
  p->n = n;
  p->u.zJContent = zContent;
  return pParse->nNode++;
}

/*
** Return true if z[] begins with 4 (or more) hexadecimal digits
*/
static int jsonIs4Hex(const char *z){
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<4; i++) if( !safe_isxdigit(z[i]) ) return 0;
  return 1;
}

/*
** Parse a single JSON value which begins at pParse->zJson[i].  Return the
** index of the first character past the end of the value parsed.
**
** Return negative for a syntax error.  Special cases:  return -2 if the
** first non-whitespace character is '}' and return -3 if the first
** non-whitespace character is ']'.
*/
static int jsonParseValue(JsonParse *pParse, u32 i){
  char c;
  u32 j;
  int iThis;
  int x;
  JsonNode *pNode;
  const char *z = pParse->zJson;
  while( safe_isspace(z[i]) ){ i++; }
  if( (c = z[i])=='{' ){
    /* Parse object */
    iThis = jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_OBJECT, 0, 0);
    if( iThis<0 ) return -1;
    for(j=i+1;;j++){
      while( safe_isspace(z[j]) ){ j++; }
      if( ++pParse->iDepth > JSON_MAX_DEPTH ) return -1;
      x = jsonParseValue(pParse, j);
      if( x<0 ){
        pParse->iDepth--;
        if( x==(-2) && pParse->nNode==(u32)iThis+1 ) return j+1;
        return -1;
      }
      if( pParse->oom ) return -1;
      pNode = &pParse->aNode[pParse->nNode-1];
      if( pNode->eType!=JSON_STRING ) return -1;
      pNode->jnFlags |= JNODE_LABEL;
      j = x;
      while( safe_isspace(z[j]) ){ j++; }
      if( z[j]!=':' ) return -1;
      j++;
      x = jsonParseValue(pParse, j);
      pParse->iDepth--;
      if( x<0 ) return -1;
      j = x;
      while( safe_isspace(z[j]) ){ j++; }
      c = z[j];
      if( c==',' ) continue;
      if( c!='}' ) return -1;
      break;
    }
    pParse->aNode[iThis].n = pParse->nNode - (u32)iThis - 1;
    return j+1;
  }else if( c=='[' ){
    /* Parse array */
    iThis = jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_ARRAY, 0, 0);
    if( iThis<0 ) return -1;
    for(j=i+1;;j++){
      while( safe_isspace(z[j]) ){ j++; }
      if( ++pParse->iDepth > JSON_MAX_DEPTH ) return -1;
      x = jsonParseValue(pParse, j);
      pParse->iDepth--;
      if( x<0 ){
        if( x==(-3) && pParse->nNode==(u32)iThis+1 ) return j+1;
        return -1;
      }
      j = x;
      while( safe_isspace(z[j]) ){ j++; }
      c = z[j];
      if( c==',' ) continue;
      if( c!=']' ) return -1;
      break;
    }
    pParse->aNode[iThis].n = pParse->nNode - (u32)iThis - 1;
    return j+1;
  }else if( c=='"' ){
    /* Parse string */
    u8 jnFlags = 0;
    j = i+1;
    for(;;){
      c = z[j];
      if( (c & ~0x1f)==0 ){
        /* Control characters are not allowed in strings */
        return -1;
      }
      if( c=='\\' ){
        c = z[++j];
        if( c=='"' || c=='\\' || c=='/' || c=='b' || c=='f'
           || c=='n' || c=='r' || c=='t'
           || (c=='u' && jsonIs4Hex(z+j+1)) ){
          jnFlags = JNODE_ESCAPE;
        }else{
          return -1;
        }
      }else if( c=='"' ){
        break;
      }
      j++;
    }
    jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_STRING, j+1-i, &z[i]);
    if( !pParse->oom ) pParse->aNode[pParse->nNode-1].jnFlags = jnFlags;
    return j+1;
  }else if( c=='n'
         && strncmp(z+i,"null",4)==0
         && !safe_isalnum(z[i+4]) ){
    jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_NULL, 0, 0);
    return i+4;
  }else if( c=='t'
         && strncmp(z+i,"true",4)==0
         && !safe_isalnum(z[i+4]) ){
    jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_TRUE, 0, 0);
    return i+4;
  }else if( c=='f'
         && strncmp(z+i,"false",5)==0
         && !safe_isalnum(z[i+5]) ){
    jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_FALSE, 0, 0);
    return i+5;
  }else if( c=='-' || (c>='0' && c<='9') ){
    /* Parse number */
    u8 seenDP = 0;
    u8 seenE = 0;
    assert( '-' < '0' );
    if( c<='0' ){
      j = c=='-' ? i+1 : i;
      if( z[j]=='0' && z[j+1]>='0' && z[j+1]<='9' ) return -1;
    }
    j = i+1;
    for(;; j++){
      c = z[j];
      if( c>='0' && c<='9' ) continue;
      if( c=='.' ){
        if( z[j-1]=='-' ) return -1;
        if( seenDP ) return -1;
        seenDP = 1;
        continue;
      }
      if( c=='e' || c=='E' ){
        if( z[j-1]<'0' ) return -1;
        if( seenE ) return -1;
        seenDP = seenE = 1;
        c = z[j+1];
        if( c=='+' || c=='-' ){
          j++;
          c = z[j+1];
        }
        if( c<'0' || c>'9' ) return -1;
        continue;
      }
      break;
    }
    if( z[j-1]<'0' ) return -1;
    jsonParseAddNode(pParse, seenDP ? JSON_REAL : JSON_INT,
                        j - i, &z[i]);
    return j;
  }else if( c=='}' ){
    return -2;  /* End of {...} */
  }else if( c==']' ){
    return -3;  /* End of [...] */
  }else if( c==0 ){
    return 0;   /* End of file */
  }else{
    return -1;  /* Syntax error */
  }
}

/*
** Parse a complete JSON string.  Return 0 on success or non-zero if there
** are any errors.  If an error occurs, free all memory associated with
** pParse.
**
** pParse is uninitialized when this routine is called.
*/
static int jsonParse(
  JsonParse *pParse,           /* Initialize and fill this JsonParse object */
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,       /* Report errors here */
  const char *zJson            /* Input JSON text to be parsed */
){
  int i;
  memset(pParse, 0, sizeof(*pParse));
  if( zJson==0 ) return 1;
  pParse->zJson = zJson;
  i = jsonParseValue(pParse, 0);
  if( pParse->oom ) i = -1;
  if( i>0 ){
    assert( pParse->iDepth==0 );
    while( safe_isspace(zJson[i]) ) i++;
    if( zJson[i] ) i = -1;
  }
  if( i<=0 ){
    if( pCtx!=0 ){
      if( pParse->oom ){
        sqlite3_result_error_nomem(pCtx);
      }else{
        sqlite3_result_error(pCtx, "malformed JSON", -1);
      }
    }
    jsonParseReset(pParse);
    return 1;
  }
  return 0;
}

/* Mark node i of pParse as being a child of iParent.  Call recursively
** to fill in all the descendants of node i.
*/
static void jsonParseFillInParentage(JsonParse *pParse, u32 i, u32 iParent){
  JsonNode *pNode = &pParse->aNode[i];
  u32 j;
  pParse->aUp[i] = iParent;
  switch( pNode->eType ){
    case JSON_ARRAY: {
      for(j=1; j<=pNode->n; j += jsonNodeSize(pNode+j)){
        jsonParseFillInParentage(pParse, i+j, i);
      }
      break;
    }
    case JSON_OBJECT: {
      for(j=1; j<=pNode->n; j += jsonNodeSize(pNode+j+1)+1){
        pParse->aUp[i+j] = i;
        jsonParseFillInParentage(pParse, i+j+1, i);
      }
      break;
    }
    default: {
      break;
    }
  }
}

/*
** Compute the parentage of all nodes in a completed parse.
*/
static int jsonParseFindParents(JsonParse *pParse){
  u32 *aUp;
  assert( pParse->aUp==0 );
  aUp = pParse->aUp = sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(u32)*pParse->nNode );
  if( aUp==0 ){
    pParse->oom = 1;
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  jsonParseFillInParentage(pParse, 0, 0);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Magic number used for the JSON parse cache in sqlite3_get_auxdata()
*/
#define JSON_CACHE_ID  (-429938)  /* First cache entry */
#define JSON_CACHE_SZ  4          /* Max number of cache entries */

/*
** Obtain a complete parse of the JSON found in the first argument
** of the argv array.  Use the sqlite3_get_auxdata() cache for this
** parse if it is available.  If the cache is not available or if it
** is no longer valid, parse the JSON again and return the new parse,
** and also register the new parse so that it will be available for
** future sqlite3_get_auxdata() calls.
*/
static JsonParse *jsonParseCached(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,
  sqlite3_value **argv,
  sqlite3_context *pErrCtx
){
  const char *zJson = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  int nJson = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[0]);
  JsonParse *p;
  JsonParse *pMatch = 0;
  int iKey;
  int iMinKey = 0;
  u32 iMinHold = 0xffffffff;
  u32 iMaxHold = 0;
  if( zJson==0 ) return 0;
  for(iKey=0; iKey<JSON_CACHE_SZ; iKey++){
    p = (JsonParse*)sqlite3_get_auxdata(pCtx, JSON_CACHE_ID+iKey);
    if( p==0 ){
      iMinKey = iKey;
      break;
    }
    if( pMatch==0
     && p->nJson==nJson
     && memcmp(p->zJson,zJson,nJson)==0
    ){
      p->nErr = 0;
      pMatch = p;
    }else if( p->iHold<iMinHold ){
      iMinHold = p->iHold;
      iMinKey = iKey;
    }
    if( p->iHold>iMaxHold ){
      iMaxHold = p->iHold;
    }
  }
  if( pMatch ){
    pMatch->nErr = 0;
    pMatch->iHold = iMaxHold+1;
    return pMatch;
  }
  p = sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(*p) + nJson + 1 );
  if( p==0 ){
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(pCtx);
    return 0;
  }
  memset(p, 0, sizeof(*p));
  p->zJson = (char*)&p[1];
  memcpy((char*)p->zJson, zJson, nJson+1);
  if( jsonParse(p, pErrCtx, p->zJson) ){
    sqlite3_free(p);
    return 0;
  }
  p->nJson = nJson;
  p->iHold = iMaxHold+1;
  sqlite3_set_auxdata(pCtx, JSON_CACHE_ID+iMinKey, p,
                      (void(*)(void*))jsonParseFree);
  return (JsonParse*)sqlite3_get_auxdata(pCtx, JSON_CACHE_ID+iMinKey);
}

/*
** Compare the OBJECT label at pNode against zKey,nKey.  Return true on
** a match.
*/
static int jsonLabelCompare(JsonNode *pNode, const char *zKey, u32 nKey){
  if( pNode->jnFlags & JNODE_RAW ){
    if( pNode->n!=nKey ) return 0;
    return strncmp(pNode->u.zJContent, zKey, nKey)==0;
  }else{
    if( pNode->n!=nKey+2 ) return 0;
    return strncmp(pNode->u.zJContent+1, zKey, nKey)==0;
  }
}

/* forward declaration */
static JsonNode *jsonLookupAppend(JsonParse*,const char*,int*,const char**);

/*
** Search along zPath to find the node specified.  Return a pointer
** to that node, or NULL if zPath is malformed or if there is no such
** node.
**
** If pApnd!=0, then try to append new nodes to complete zPath if it is
** possible to do so and if no existing node corresponds to zPath.  If
** new nodes are appended *pApnd is set to 1.
*/
static JsonNode *jsonLookupStep(
  JsonParse *pParse,      /* The JSON to search */
  u32 iRoot,              /* Begin the search at this node */
  const char *zPath,      /* The path to search */
  int *pApnd,             /* Append nodes to complete path if not NULL */
  const char **pzErr      /* Make *pzErr point to any syntax error in zPath */
){
  u32 i, j, nKey;
  const char *zKey;
  JsonNode *pRoot = &pParse->aNode[iRoot];
  if( zPath[0]==0 ) return pRoot;
  if( zPath[0]=='.' ){
    if( pRoot->eType!=JSON_OBJECT ) return 0;
    zPath++;
    if( zPath[0]=='"' ){
      zKey = zPath + 1;
      for(i=1; zPath[i] && zPath[i]!='"'; i++){}
      nKey = i-1;
      if( zPath[i] ){
        i++;
      }else{
        *pzErr = zPath;
        return 0;
      }
    }else{
      zKey = zPath;
      for(i=0; zPath[i] && zPath[i]!='.' && zPath[i]!='['; i++){}
      nKey = i;
    }
    if( nKey==0 ){
      *pzErr = zPath;
      return 0;
    }
    j = 1;
    for(;;){
      while( j<=pRoot->n ){
        if( jsonLabelCompare(pRoot+j, zKey, nKey) ){
          return jsonLookupStep(pParse, iRoot+j+1, &zPath[i], pApnd, pzErr);
        }
        j++;
        j += jsonNodeSize(&pRoot[j]);
      }
      if( (pRoot->jnFlags & JNODE_APPEND)==0 ) break;
      iRoot += pRoot->u.iAppend;
      pRoot = &pParse->aNode[iRoot];
      j = 1;
    }
    if( pApnd ){
      u32 iStart, iLabel;
      JsonNode *pNode;
      iStart = jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_OBJECT, 2, 0);
      iLabel = jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_STRING, i, zPath);
      zPath += i;
      pNode = jsonLookupAppend(pParse, zPath, pApnd, pzErr);
      if( pParse->oom ) return 0;
      if( pNode ){
        pRoot = &pParse->aNode[iRoot];
        pRoot->u.iAppend = iStart - iRoot;
        pRoot->jnFlags |= JNODE_APPEND;
        pParse->aNode[iLabel].jnFlags |= JNODE_RAW;
      }
      return pNode;
    }
  }else if( zPath[0]=='[' && safe_isdigit(zPath[1]) ){
    if( pRoot->eType!=JSON_ARRAY ) return 0;
    i = 0;
    j = 1;
    while( safe_isdigit(zPath[j]) ){
      i = i*10 + zPath[j] - '0';
      j++;
    }
    if( zPath[j]!=']' ){
      *pzErr = zPath;
      return 0;
    }
    zPath += j + 1;
    j = 1;
    for(;;){
      while( j<=pRoot->n && (i>0 || (pRoot[j].jnFlags & JNODE_REMOVE)!=0) ){
        if( (pRoot[j].jnFlags & JNODE_REMOVE)==0 ) i--;
        j += jsonNodeSize(&pRoot[j]);
      }
      if( (pRoot->jnFlags & JNODE_APPEND)==0 ) break;
      iRoot += pRoot->u.iAppend;
      pRoot = &pParse->aNode[iRoot];
      j = 1;
    }
    if( j<=pRoot->n ){
      return jsonLookupStep(pParse, iRoot+j, zPath, pApnd, pzErr);
    }
    if( i==0 && pApnd ){
      u32 iStart;
      JsonNode *pNode;
      iStart = jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_ARRAY, 1, 0);
      pNode = jsonLookupAppend(pParse, zPath, pApnd, pzErr);
      if( pParse->oom ) return 0;
      if( pNode ){
        pRoot = &pParse->aNode[iRoot];
        pRoot->u.iAppend = iStart - iRoot;
        pRoot->jnFlags |= JNODE_APPEND;
      }
      return pNode;
    }
  }else{
    *pzErr = zPath;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Append content to pParse that will complete zPath.  Return a pointer
** to the inserted node, or return NULL if the append fails.
*/
static JsonNode *jsonLookupAppend(
  JsonParse *pParse,     /* Append content to the JSON parse */
  const char *zPath,     /* Description of content to append */
  int *pApnd,            /* Set this flag to 1 */
  const char **pzErr     /* Make this point to any syntax error */
){
  *pApnd = 1;
  if( zPath[0]==0 ){
    jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_NULL, 0, 0);
    return pParse->oom ? 0 : &pParse->aNode[pParse->nNode-1];
  }
  if( zPath[0]=='.' ){
    jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_OBJECT, 0, 0);
  }else if( strncmp(zPath,"[0]",3)==0 ){
    jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_ARRAY, 0, 0);
  }else{
    return 0;
  }
  if( pParse->oom ) return 0;
  return jsonLookupStep(pParse, pParse->nNode-1, zPath, pApnd, pzErr);
}

/*
** Return the text of a syntax error message on a JSON path.  Space is
** obtained from sqlite3_malloc().
*/
static char *jsonPathSyntaxError(const char *zErr){
  return sqlite3_mprintf("JSON path error near '%q'", zErr);
}

/*
** Do a node lookup using zPath.  Return a pointer to the node on success.
** Return NULL if not found or if there is an error.
**
** On an error, write an error message into pCtx and increment the
** pParse->nErr counter.
**
** If pApnd!=NULL then try to append missing nodes and set *pApnd = 1 if
** nodes are appended.
*/
static JsonNode *jsonLookup(
  JsonParse *pParse,      /* The JSON to search */
  const char *zPath,      /* The path to search */
  int *pApnd,             /* Append nodes to complete path if not NULL */
  sqlite3_context *pCtx   /* Report errors here, if not NULL */
){
  const char *zErr = 0;
  JsonNode *pNode = 0;
  char *zMsg;

  if( zPath==0 ) return 0;
  if( zPath[0]!='$' ){
    zErr = zPath;
    goto lookup_err;
  }
  zPath++;
  pNode = jsonLookupStep(pParse, 0, zPath, pApnd, &zErr);
  if( zErr==0 ) return pNode;

lookup_err:
  pParse->nErr++;
  assert( zErr!=0 && pCtx!=0 );
  zMsg = jsonPathSyntaxError(zErr);
  if( zMsg ){
    sqlite3_result_error(pCtx, zMsg, -1);
    sqlite3_free(zMsg);
  }else{
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(pCtx);
  }
  return 0;
}


/*
** Report the wrong number of arguments for json_insert(), json_replace()
** or json_set().
*/
static void jsonWrongNumArgs(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,
  const char *zFuncName
){
  char *zMsg = sqlite3_mprintf("json_%s() needs an odd number of arguments",
                               zFuncName);
  sqlite3_result_error(pCtx, zMsg, -1);
  sqlite3_free(zMsg);     
}

/*
** Mark all NULL entries in the Object passed in as JNODE_REMOVE.
*/
static void jsonRemoveAllNulls(JsonNode *pNode){
  int i, n;
  assert( pNode->eType==JSON_OBJECT );
  n = pNode->n;
  for(i=2; i<=n; i += jsonNodeSize(&pNode[i])+1){
    switch( pNode[i].eType ){
      case JSON_NULL:
        pNode[i].jnFlags |= JNODE_REMOVE;
        break;
      case JSON_OBJECT:
        jsonRemoveAllNulls(&pNode[i]);
        break;
    }
  }
}


/****************************************************************************
** SQL functions used for testing and debugging
****************************************************************************/

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** The json_parse(JSON) function returns a string which describes
** a parse of the JSON provided.  Or it returns NULL if JSON is not
** well-formed.
*/
static void jsonParseFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonString s;       /* Output string - not real JSON */
  JsonParse x;        /* The parse */
  u32 i;

  assert( argc==1 );
  if( jsonParse(&x, ctx, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0])) ) return;
  jsonParseFindParents(&x);
  jsonInit(&s, ctx);
  for(i=0; i<x.nNode; i++){
    const char *zType;
    if( x.aNode[i].jnFlags & JNODE_LABEL ){
      assert( x.aNode[i].eType==JSON_STRING );
      zType = "label";
    }else{
      zType = jsonType[x.aNode[i].eType];
    }
    jsonPrintf(100, &s,"node %3u: %7s n=%-4d up=%-4d",
               i, zType, x.aNode[i].n, x.aUp[i]);
    if( x.aNode[i].u.zJContent!=0 ){
      jsonAppendRaw(&s, " ", 1);
      jsonAppendRaw(&s, x.aNode[i].u.zJContent, x.aNode[i].n);
    }
    jsonAppendRaw(&s, "\n", 1);
  }
  jsonParseReset(&x);
  jsonResult(&s);
}

/*
** The json_test1(JSON) function return true (1) if the input is JSON
** text generated by another json function.  It returns (0) if the input
** is not known to be JSON.
*/
static void jsonTest1Func(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  UNUSED_PARAM(argc);
  sqlite3_result_int(ctx, sqlite3_value_subtype(argv[0])==JSON_SUBTYPE);
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */

/****************************************************************************
** Scalar SQL function implementations
****************************************************************************/

/*
** Implementation of the json_QUOTE(VALUE) function.  Return a JSON value
** corresponding to the SQL value input.  Mostly this means putting 
** double-quotes around strings and returning the unquoted string "null"
** when given a NULL input.
*/
static void jsonQuoteFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonString jx;
  UNUSED_PARAM(argc);

  jsonInit(&jx, ctx);
  jsonAppendValue(&jx, argv[0]);
  jsonResult(&jx);
  sqlite3_result_subtype(ctx, JSON_SUBTYPE);
}

/*
** Implementation of the json_array(VALUE,...) function.  Return a JSON
** array that contains all values given in arguments.  Or if any argument
** is a BLOB, throw an error.
*/
static void jsonArrayFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  int i;
  JsonString jx;

  jsonInit(&jx, ctx);
  jsonAppendChar(&jx, '[');
  for(i=0; i<argc; i++){
    jsonAppendSeparator(&jx);
    jsonAppendValue(&jx, argv[i]);
  }
  jsonAppendChar(&jx, ']');
  jsonResult(&jx);
  sqlite3_result_subtype(ctx, JSON_SUBTYPE);
}


/*
** json_array_length(JSON)
** json_array_length(JSON, PATH)
**
** Return the number of elements in the top-level JSON array.  
** Return 0 if the input is not a well-formed JSON array.
*/
static void jsonArrayLengthFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse *p;          /* The parse */
  sqlite3_int64 n = 0;
  u32 i;
  JsonNode *pNode;

  p = jsonParseCached(ctx, argv, ctx);
  if( p==0 ) return;
  assert( p->nNode );
  if( argc==2 ){
    const char *zPath = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
    pNode = jsonLookup(p, zPath, 0, ctx);
  }else{
    pNode = p->aNode;
  }
  if( pNode==0 ){
    return;
  }
  if( pNode->eType==JSON_ARRAY ){
    assert( (pNode->jnFlags & JNODE_APPEND)==0 );
    for(i=1; i<=pNode->n; n++){
      i += jsonNodeSize(&pNode[i]);
    }
  }
  sqlite3_result_int64(ctx, n);
}

/*
** json_extract(JSON, PATH, ...)
**
** Return the element described by PATH.  Return NULL if there is no
** PATH element.  If there are multiple PATHs, then return a JSON array
** with the result from each path.  Throw an error if the JSON or any PATH
** is malformed.
*/
static void jsonExtractFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse *p;          /* The parse */
  JsonNode *pNode;
  const char *zPath;
  JsonString jx;
  int i;

  if( argc<2 ) return;
  p = jsonParseCached(ctx, argv, ctx);
  if( p==0 ) return;
  jsonInit(&jx, ctx);
  jsonAppendChar(&jx, '[');
  for(i=1; i<argc; i++){
    zPath = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]);
    pNode = jsonLookup(p, zPath, 0, ctx);
    if( p->nErr ) break;
    if( argc>2 ){
      jsonAppendSeparator(&jx);
      if( pNode ){
        jsonRenderNode(pNode, &jx, 0);
      }else{
        jsonAppendRaw(&jx, "null", 4);
      }
    }else if( pNode ){
      jsonReturn(pNode, ctx, 0);
    }
  }
  if( argc>2 && i==argc ){
    jsonAppendChar(&jx, ']');
    jsonResult(&jx);
    sqlite3_result_subtype(ctx, JSON_SUBTYPE);
  }
  jsonReset(&jx);
}

/* This is the RFC 7396 MergePatch algorithm.
*/
static JsonNode *jsonMergePatch(
  JsonParse *pParse,   /* The JSON parser that contains the TARGET */
  u32 iTarget,         /* Node of the TARGET in pParse */
  JsonNode *pPatch     /* The PATCH */
){
  u32 i, j;
  u32 iRoot;
  JsonNode *pTarget;
  if( pPatch->eType!=JSON_OBJECT ){
    return pPatch;
  }
  assert( iTarget>=0 && iTarget<pParse->nNode );
  pTarget = &pParse->aNode[iTarget];
  assert( (pPatch->jnFlags & JNODE_APPEND)==0 );
  if( pTarget->eType!=JSON_OBJECT ){
    jsonRemoveAllNulls(pPatch);
    return pPatch;
  }
  iRoot = iTarget;
  for(i=1; i<pPatch->n; i += jsonNodeSize(&pPatch[i+1])+1){
    u32 nKey;
    const char *zKey;
    assert( pPatch[i].eType==JSON_STRING );
    assert( pPatch[i].jnFlags & JNODE_LABEL );
    nKey = pPatch[i].n;
    zKey = pPatch[i].u.zJContent;
    assert( (pPatch[i].jnFlags & JNODE_RAW)==0 );
    for(j=1; j<pTarget->n; j += jsonNodeSize(&pTarget[j+1])+1 ){
      assert( pTarget[j].eType==JSON_STRING );
      assert( pTarget[j].jnFlags & JNODE_LABEL );
      assert( (pPatch[i].jnFlags & JNODE_RAW)==0 );
      if( pTarget[j].n==nKey && strncmp(pTarget[j].u.zJContent,zKey,nKey)==0 ){
        if( pTarget[j+1].jnFlags & (JNODE_REMOVE|JNODE_PATCH) ) break;
        if( pPatch[i+1].eType==JSON_NULL ){
          pTarget[j+1].jnFlags |= JNODE_REMOVE;
        }else{
          JsonNode *pNew = jsonMergePatch(pParse, iTarget+j+1, &pPatch[i+1]);
          if( pNew==0 ) return 0;
          pTarget = &pParse->aNode[iTarget];
          if( pNew!=&pTarget[j+1] ){
            pTarget[j+1].u.pPatch = pNew;
            pTarget[j+1].jnFlags |= JNODE_PATCH;
          }
        }
        break;
      }
    }
    if( j>=pTarget->n && pPatch[i+1].eType!=JSON_NULL ){
      int iStart, iPatch;
      iStart = jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_OBJECT, 2, 0);
      jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_STRING, nKey, zKey);
      iPatch = jsonParseAddNode(pParse, JSON_TRUE, 0, 0);
      if( pParse->oom ) return 0;
      jsonRemoveAllNulls(pPatch);
      pTarget = &pParse->aNode[iTarget];
      pParse->aNode[iRoot].jnFlags |= JNODE_APPEND;
      pParse->aNode[iRoot].u.iAppend = iStart - iRoot;
      iRoot = iStart;
      pParse->aNode[iPatch].jnFlags |= JNODE_PATCH;
      pParse->aNode[iPatch].u.pPatch = &pPatch[i+1];
    }
  }
  return pTarget;
}

/*
** Implementation of the json_mergepatch(JSON1,JSON2) function.  Return a JSON
** object that is the result of running the RFC 7396 MergePatch() algorithm
** on the two arguments.
*/
static void jsonPatchFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse x;     /* The JSON that is being patched */
  JsonParse y;     /* The patch */
  JsonNode *pResult;   /* The result of the merge */

  UNUSED_PARAM(argc);
  if( jsonParse(&x, ctx, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0])) ) return;
  if( jsonParse(&y, ctx, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1])) ){
    jsonParseReset(&x);
    return;
  }
  pResult = jsonMergePatch(&x, 0, y.aNode);
  assert( pResult!=0 || x.oom );
  if( pResult ){
    jsonReturnJson(pResult, ctx, 0);
  }else{
    sqlite3_result_error_nomem(ctx);
  }
  jsonParseReset(&x);
  jsonParseReset(&y);
}


/*
** Implementation of the json_object(NAME,VALUE,...) function.  Return a JSON
** object that contains all name/value given in arguments.  Or if any name
** is not a string or if any value is a BLOB, throw an error.
*/
static void jsonObjectFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  int i;
  JsonString jx;
  const char *z;
  u32 n;

  if( argc&1 ){
    sqlite3_result_error(ctx, "json_object() requires an even number "
                                  "of arguments", -1);
    return;
  }
  jsonInit(&jx, ctx);
  jsonAppendChar(&jx, '{');
  for(i=0; i<argc; i+=2){
    if( sqlite3_value_type(argv[i])!=SQLITE_TEXT ){
      sqlite3_result_error(ctx, "json_object() labels must be TEXT", -1);
      jsonReset(&jx);
      return;
    }
    jsonAppendSeparator(&jx);
    z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]);
    n = (u32)sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[i]);
    jsonAppendString(&jx, z, n);
    jsonAppendChar(&jx, ':');
    jsonAppendValue(&jx, argv[i+1]);
  }
  jsonAppendChar(&jx, '}');
  jsonResult(&jx);
  sqlite3_result_subtype(ctx, JSON_SUBTYPE);
}


/*
** json_remove(JSON, PATH, ...)
**
** Remove the named elements from JSON and return the result.  malformed
** JSON or PATH arguments result in an error.
*/
static void jsonRemoveFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse x;          /* The parse */
  JsonNode *pNode;
  const char *zPath;
  u32 i;

  if( argc<1 ) return;
  if( jsonParse(&x, ctx, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0])) ) return;
  assert( x.nNode );
  for(i=1; i<(u32)argc; i++){
    zPath = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]);
    if( zPath==0 ) goto remove_done;
    pNode = jsonLookup(&x, zPath, 0, ctx);
    if( x.nErr ) goto remove_done;
    if( pNode ) pNode->jnFlags |= JNODE_REMOVE;
  }
  if( (x.aNode[0].jnFlags & JNODE_REMOVE)==0 ){
    jsonReturnJson(x.aNode, ctx, 0);
  }
remove_done:
  jsonParseReset(&x);
}

/*
** json_replace(JSON, PATH, VALUE, ...)
**
** Replace the value at PATH with VALUE.  If PATH does not already exist,
** this routine is a no-op.  If JSON or PATH is malformed, throw an error.
*/
static void jsonReplaceFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse x;          /* The parse */
  JsonNode *pNode;
  const char *zPath;
  u32 i;

  if( argc<1 ) return;
  if( (argc&1)==0 ) {
    jsonWrongNumArgs(ctx, "replace");
    return;
  }
  if( jsonParse(&x, ctx, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0])) ) return;
  assert( x.nNode );
  for(i=1; i<(u32)argc; i+=2){
    zPath = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]);
    pNode = jsonLookup(&x, zPath, 0, ctx);
    if( x.nErr ) goto replace_err;
    if( pNode ){
      pNode->jnFlags |= (u8)JNODE_REPLACE;
      pNode->u.iReplace = i + 1;
    }
  }
  if( x.aNode[0].jnFlags & JNODE_REPLACE ){
    sqlite3_result_value(ctx, argv[x.aNode[0].u.iReplace]);
  }else{
    jsonReturnJson(x.aNode, ctx, argv);
  }
replace_err:
  jsonParseReset(&x);
}

/*
** json_set(JSON, PATH, VALUE, ...)
**
** Set the value at PATH to VALUE.  Create the PATH if it does not already
** exist.  Overwrite existing values that do exist.
** If JSON or PATH is malformed, throw an error.
**
** json_insert(JSON, PATH, VALUE, ...)
**
** Create PATH and initialize it to VALUE.  If PATH already exists, this
** routine is a no-op.  If JSON or PATH is malformed, throw an error.
*/
static void jsonSetFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse x;          /* The parse */
  JsonNode *pNode;
  const char *zPath;
  u32 i;
  int bApnd;
  int bIsSet = *(int*)sqlite3_user_data(ctx);

  if( argc<1 ) return;
  if( (argc&1)==0 ) {
    jsonWrongNumArgs(ctx, bIsSet ? "set" : "insert");
    return;
  }
  if( jsonParse(&x, ctx, (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0])) ) return;
  assert( x.nNode );
  for(i=1; i<(u32)argc; i+=2){
    zPath = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]);
    bApnd = 0;
    pNode = jsonLookup(&x, zPath, &bApnd, ctx);
    if( x.oom ){
      sqlite3_result_error_nomem(ctx);
      goto jsonSetDone;
    }else if( x.nErr ){
      goto jsonSetDone;
    }else if( pNode && (bApnd || bIsSet) ){
      pNode->jnFlags |= (u8)JNODE_REPLACE;
      pNode->u.iReplace = i + 1;
    }
  }
  if( x.aNode[0].jnFlags & JNODE_REPLACE ){
    sqlite3_result_value(ctx, argv[x.aNode[0].u.iReplace]);
  }else{
    jsonReturnJson(x.aNode, ctx, argv);
  }
jsonSetDone:
  jsonParseReset(&x);
}

/*
** json_type(JSON)
** json_type(JSON, PATH)
**
** Return the top-level "type" of a JSON string.  Throw an error if
** either the JSON or PATH inputs are not well-formed.
*/
static void jsonTypeFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse *p;          /* The parse */
  const char *zPath;
  JsonNode *pNode;

  p = jsonParseCached(ctx, argv, ctx);
  if( p==0 ) return;
  if( argc==2 ){
    zPath = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
    pNode = jsonLookup(p, zPath, 0, ctx);
  }else{
    pNode = p->aNode;
  }
  if( pNode ){
    sqlite3_result_text(ctx, jsonType[pNode->eType], -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
  }
}

/*
** json_valid(JSON)
**
** Return 1 if JSON is a well-formed JSON string according to RFC-7159.
** Return 0 otherwise.
*/
static void jsonValidFunc(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonParse *p;          /* The parse */
  UNUSED_PARAM(argc);
  p = jsonParseCached(ctx, argv, 0);
  sqlite3_result_int(ctx, p!=0);
}


/****************************************************************************
** Aggregate SQL function implementations
****************************************************************************/
/*
** json_group_array(VALUE)
**
** Return a JSON array composed of all values in the aggregate.
*/
static void jsonArrayStep(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonString *pStr;
  UNUSED_PARAM(argc);
  pStr = (JsonString*)sqlite3_aggregate_context(ctx, sizeof(*pStr));
  if( pStr ){
    if( pStr->zBuf==0 ){
      jsonInit(pStr, ctx);
      jsonAppendChar(pStr, '[');
    }else{
      jsonAppendChar(pStr, ',');
      pStr->pCtx = ctx;
    }
    jsonAppendValue(pStr, argv[0]);
  }
}
static void jsonArrayCompute(sqlite3_context *ctx, int isFinal){
  JsonString *pStr;
  pStr = (JsonString*)sqlite3_aggregate_context(ctx, 0);
  if( pStr ){
    pStr->pCtx = ctx;
    jsonAppendChar(pStr, ']');
    if( pStr->bErr ){
      if( pStr->bErr==1 ) sqlite3_result_error_nomem(ctx);
      assert( pStr->bStatic );
    }else if( isFinal ){
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, pStr->zBuf, pStr->nUsed,
                          pStr->bStatic ? SQLITE_TRANSIENT : sqlite3_free);
      pStr->bStatic = 1;
    }else{
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, pStr->zBuf, pStr->nUsed, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
      pStr->nUsed--;
    }
  }else{
    sqlite3_result_text(ctx, "[]", 2, SQLITE_STATIC);
  }
  sqlite3_result_subtype(ctx, JSON_SUBTYPE);
}
static void jsonArrayValue(sqlite3_context *ctx){
  jsonArrayCompute(ctx, 0);
}
static void jsonArrayFinal(sqlite3_context *ctx){
  jsonArrayCompute(ctx, 1);
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WINDOWFUNC
/*
** This method works for both json_group_array() and json_group_object().
** It works by removing the first element of the group by searching forward
** to the first comma (",") that is not within a string and deleting all
** text through that comma.
*/
static void jsonGroupInverse(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  int i;
  int inStr = 0;
  char *z;
  JsonString *pStr;
  UNUSED_PARAM(argc);
  UNUSED_PARAM(argv);
  pStr = (JsonString*)sqlite3_aggregate_context(ctx, 0);
#ifdef NEVER
  /* pStr is always non-NULL since jsonArrayStep() or jsonObjectStep() will
  ** always have been called to initalize it */
  if( NEVER(!pStr) ) return;
#endif
  z = pStr->zBuf;
  for(i=1; z[i]!=',' || inStr; i++){
    assert( i<pStr->nUsed );
    if( z[i]=='"' ){
      inStr = !inStr;
    }else if( z[i]=='\\' ){
      i++;
    }
  }
  pStr->nUsed -= i;      
  memmove(&z[1], &z[i+1], pStr->nUsed-1);
}
#else
# define jsonGroupInverse 0
#endif


/*
** json_group_obj(NAME,VALUE)
**
** Return a JSON object composed of all names and values in the aggregate.
*/
static void jsonObjectStep(
  sqlite3_context *ctx,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonString *pStr;
  const char *z;
  u32 n;
  UNUSED_PARAM(argc);
  pStr = (JsonString*)sqlite3_aggregate_context(ctx, sizeof(*pStr));
  if( pStr ){
    if( pStr->zBuf==0 ){
      jsonInit(pStr, ctx);
      jsonAppendChar(pStr, '{');
    }else{
      jsonAppendChar(pStr, ',');
      pStr->pCtx = ctx;
    }
    z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
    n = (u32)sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[0]);
    jsonAppendString(pStr, z, n);
    jsonAppendChar(pStr, ':');
    jsonAppendValue(pStr, argv[1]);
  }
}
static void jsonObjectCompute(sqlite3_context *ctx, int isFinal){
  JsonString *pStr;
  pStr = (JsonString*)sqlite3_aggregate_context(ctx, 0);
  if( pStr ){
    jsonAppendChar(pStr, '}');
    if( pStr->bErr ){
      if( pStr->bErr==1 ) sqlite3_result_error_nomem(ctx);
      assert( pStr->bStatic );
    }else if( isFinal ){
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, pStr->zBuf, pStr->nUsed,
                          pStr->bStatic ? SQLITE_TRANSIENT : sqlite3_free);
      pStr->bStatic = 1;
    }else{
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, pStr->zBuf, pStr->nUsed, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
      pStr->nUsed--;
    }
  }else{
    sqlite3_result_text(ctx, "{}", 2, SQLITE_STATIC);
  }
  sqlite3_result_subtype(ctx, JSON_SUBTYPE);
}
static void jsonObjectValue(sqlite3_context *ctx){
  jsonObjectCompute(ctx, 0);
}
static void jsonObjectFinal(sqlite3_context *ctx){
  jsonObjectCompute(ctx, 1);
}



#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/****************************************************************************
** The json_each virtual table
****************************************************************************/
typedef struct JsonEachCursor JsonEachCursor;
struct JsonEachCursor {
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor base;  /* Base class - must be first */
  u32 iRowid;                /* The rowid */
  u32 iBegin;                /* The first node of the scan */
  u32 i;                     /* Index in sParse.aNode[] of current row */
  u32 iEnd;                  /* EOF when i equals or exceeds this value */
  u8 eType;                  /* Type of top-level element */
  u8 bRecursive;             /* True for json_tree().  False for json_each() */
  char *zJson;               /* Input JSON */
  char *zRoot;               /* Path by which to filter zJson */
  JsonParse sParse;          /* Parse of the input JSON */
};

/* Constructor for the json_each virtual table */
static int jsonEachConnect(
  sqlite3 *db,
  void *pAux,
  int argc, const char *const*argv,
  sqlite3_vtab **ppVtab,
  char **pzErr
){
  sqlite3_vtab *pNew;
  int rc;

/* Column numbers */
#define JEACH_KEY     0
#define JEACH_VALUE   1
#define JEACH_TYPE    2
#define JEACH_ATOM    3
#define JEACH_ID      4
#define JEACH_PARENT  5
#define JEACH_FULLKEY 6
#define JEACH_PATH    7
#define JEACH_JSON    8
#define JEACH_ROOT    9

  UNUSED_PARAM(pzErr);
  UNUSED_PARAM(argv);
  UNUSED_PARAM(argc);
  UNUSED_PARAM(pAux);
  rc = sqlite3_declare_vtab(db, 
     "CREATE TABLE x(key,value,type,atom,id,parent,fullkey,path,"
                    "json HIDDEN,root HIDDEN)");
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    pNew = *ppVtab = sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(*pNew) );
    if( pNew==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
    memset(pNew, 0, sizeof(*pNew));
  }
  return rc;
}

/* destructor for json_each virtual table */
static int jsonEachDisconnect(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab){
  sqlite3_free(pVtab);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* constructor for a JsonEachCursor object for json_each(). */
static int jsonEachOpenEach(sqlite3_vtab *p, sqlite3_vtab_cursor **ppCursor){
  JsonEachCursor *pCur;

  UNUSED_PARAM(p);
  pCur = sqlite3_malloc( sizeof(*pCur) );
  if( pCur==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  memset(pCur, 0, sizeof(*pCur));
  *ppCursor = &pCur->base;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* constructor for a JsonEachCursor object for json_tree(). */
static int jsonEachOpenTree(sqlite3_vtab *p, sqlite3_vtab_cursor **ppCursor){
  int rc = jsonEachOpenEach(p, ppCursor);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    JsonEachCursor *pCur = (JsonEachCursor*)*ppCursor;
    pCur->bRecursive = 1;
  }
  return rc;
}

/* Reset a JsonEachCursor back to its original state.  Free any memory
** held. */
static void jsonEachCursorReset(JsonEachCursor *p){
  sqlite3_free(p->zJson);
  sqlite3_free(p->zRoot);
  jsonParseReset(&p->sParse);
  p->iRowid = 0;
  p->i = 0;
  p->iEnd = 0;
  p->eType = 0;
  p->zJson = 0;
  p->zRoot = 0;
}

/* Destructor for a jsonEachCursor object */
static int jsonEachClose(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur){
  JsonEachCursor *p = (JsonEachCursor*)cur;
  jsonEachCursorReset(p);
  sqlite3_free(cur);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Return TRUE if the jsonEachCursor object has been advanced off the end
** of the JSON object */
static int jsonEachEof(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur){
  JsonEachCursor *p = (JsonEachCursor*)cur;
  return p->i >= p->iEnd;
}

/* Advance the cursor to the next element for json_tree() */
static int jsonEachNext(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur){
  JsonEachCursor *p = (JsonEachCursor*)cur;
  if( p->bRecursive ){
    if( p->sParse.aNode[p->i].jnFlags & JNODE_LABEL ) p->i++;
    p->i++;
    p->iRowid++;
    if( p->i<p->iEnd ){
      u32 iUp = p->sParse.aUp[p->i];
      JsonNode *pUp = &p->sParse.aNode[iUp];
      p->eType = pUp->eType;
      if( pUp->eType==JSON_ARRAY ){
        if( iUp==p->i-1 ){
          pUp->u.iKey = 0;
        }else{
          pUp->u.iKey++;
        }
      }
    }
  }else{
    switch( p->eType ){
      case JSON_ARRAY: {
        p->i += jsonNodeSize(&p->sParse.aNode[p->i]);
        p->iRowid++;
        break;
      }
      case JSON_OBJECT: {
        p->i += 1 + jsonNodeSize(&p->sParse.aNode[p->i+1]);
        p->iRowid++;
        break;
      }
      default: {
        p->i = p->iEnd;
        break;
      }
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Append the name of the path for element i to pStr
*/
static void jsonEachComputePath(
  JsonEachCursor *p,       /* The cursor */
  JsonString *pStr,        /* Write the path here */
  u32 i                    /* Path to this element */
){
  JsonNode *pNode, *pUp;
  u32 iUp;
  if( i==0 ){
    jsonAppendChar(pStr, '$');
    return;
  }
  iUp = p->sParse.aUp[i];
  jsonEachComputePath(p, pStr, iUp);
  pNode = &p->sParse.aNode[i];
  pUp = &p->sParse.aNode[iUp];
  if( pUp->eType==JSON_ARRAY ){
    jsonPrintf(30, pStr, "[%d]", pUp->u.iKey);
  }else{
    assert( pUp->eType==JSON_OBJECT );
    if( (pNode->jnFlags & JNODE_LABEL)==0 ) pNode--;
    assert( pNode->eType==JSON_STRING );
    assert( pNode->jnFlags & JNODE_LABEL );
    jsonPrintf(pNode->n+1, pStr, ".%.*s", pNode->n-2, pNode->u.zJContent+1);
  }
}

/* Return the value of a column */
static int jsonEachColumn(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur,   /* The cursor */
  sqlite3_context *ctx,       /* First argument to sqlite3_result_...() */
  int i                       /* Which column to return */
){
  JsonEachCursor *p = (JsonEachCursor*)cur;
  JsonNode *pThis = &p->sParse.aNode[p->i];
  switch( i ){
    case JEACH_KEY: {
      if( p->i==0 ) break;
      if( p->eType==JSON_OBJECT ){
        jsonReturn(pThis, ctx, 0);
      }else if( p->eType==JSON_ARRAY ){
        u32 iKey;
        if( p->bRecursive ){
          if( p->iRowid==0 ) break;
          iKey = p->sParse.aNode[p->sParse.aUp[p->i]].u.iKey;
        }else{
          iKey = p->iRowid;
        }
        sqlite3_result_int64(ctx, (sqlite3_int64)iKey);
      }
      break;
    }
    case JEACH_VALUE: {
      if( pThis->jnFlags & JNODE_LABEL ) pThis++;
      jsonReturn(pThis, ctx, 0);
      break;
    }
    case JEACH_TYPE: {
      if( pThis->jnFlags & JNODE_LABEL ) pThis++;
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, jsonType[pThis->eType], -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
      break;
    }
    case JEACH_ATOM: {
      if( pThis->jnFlags & JNODE_LABEL ) pThis++;
      if( pThis->eType>=JSON_ARRAY ) break;
      jsonReturn(pThis, ctx, 0);
      break;
    }
    case JEACH_ID: {
      sqlite3_result_int64(ctx, 
         (sqlite3_int64)p->i + ((pThis->jnFlags & JNODE_LABEL)!=0));
      break;
    }
    case JEACH_PARENT: {
      if( p->i>p->iBegin && p->bRecursive ){
        sqlite3_result_int64(ctx, (sqlite3_int64)p->sParse.aUp[p->i]);
      }
      break;
    }
    case JEACH_FULLKEY: {
      JsonString x;
      jsonInit(&x, ctx);
      if( p->bRecursive ){
        jsonEachComputePath(p, &x, p->i);
      }else{
        if( p->zRoot ){
          jsonAppendRaw(&x, p->zRoot, (int)strlen(p->zRoot));
        }else{
          jsonAppendChar(&x, '$');
        }
        if( p->eType==JSON_ARRAY ){
          jsonPrintf(30, &x, "[%d]", p->iRowid);
        }else if( p->eType==JSON_OBJECT ){
          jsonPrintf(pThis->n, &x, ".%.*s", pThis->n-2, pThis->u.zJContent+1);
        }
      }
      jsonResult(&x);
      break;
    }
    case JEACH_PATH: {
      if( p->bRecursive ){
        JsonString x;
        jsonInit(&x, ctx);
        jsonEachComputePath(p, &x, p->sParse.aUp[p->i]);
        jsonResult(&x);
        break;
      }
      /* For json_each() path and root are the same so fall through
      ** into the root case */
    }
    default: {
      const char *zRoot = p->zRoot;
      if( zRoot==0 ) zRoot = "$";
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, zRoot, -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
      break;
    }
    case JEACH_JSON: {
      assert( i==JEACH_JSON );
      sqlite3_result_text(ctx, p->sParse.zJson, -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
      break;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Return the current rowid value */
static int jsonEachRowid(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur, sqlite_int64 *pRowid){
  JsonEachCursor *p = (JsonEachCursor*)cur;
  *pRowid = p->iRowid;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* The query strategy is to look for an equality constraint on the json
** column.  Without such a constraint, the table cannot operate.  idxNum is
** 1 if the constraint is found, 3 if the constraint and zRoot are found,
** and 0 otherwise.
*/
static int jsonEachBestIndex(
  sqlite3_vtab *tab,
  sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo
){
  int i;
  int jsonIdx = -1;
  int rootIdx = -1;
  const struct sqlite3_index_constraint *pConstraint;

  UNUSED_PARAM(tab);
  pConstraint = pIdxInfo->aConstraint;
  for(i=0; i<pIdxInfo->nConstraint; i++, pConstraint++){
    if( pConstraint->usable==0 ) continue;
    if( pConstraint->op!=SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ ) continue;
    switch( pConstraint->iColumn ){
      case JEACH_JSON:   jsonIdx = i;    break;
      case JEACH_ROOT:   rootIdx = i;    break;
      default:           /* no-op */     break;
    }
  }
  if( jsonIdx<0 ){
    pIdxInfo->idxNum = 0;
    pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = 1e99;
  }else{
    pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = 1.0;
    pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[jsonIdx].argvIndex = 1;
    pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[jsonIdx].omit = 1;
    if( rootIdx<0 ){
      pIdxInfo->idxNum = 1;
    }else{
      pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[rootIdx].argvIndex = 2;
      pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[rootIdx].omit = 1;
      pIdxInfo->idxNum = 3;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* Start a search on a new JSON string */
static int jsonEachFilter(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur,
  int idxNum, const char *idxStr,
  int argc, sqlite3_value **argv
){
  JsonEachCursor *p = (JsonEachCursor*)cur;
  const char *z;
  const char *zRoot = 0;
  sqlite3_int64 n;

  UNUSED_PARAM(idxStr);
  UNUSED_PARAM(argc);
  jsonEachCursorReset(p);
  if( idxNum==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[0]);
  if( z==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  n = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[0]);
  p->zJson = sqlite3_malloc64( n+1 );
  if( p->zJson==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  memcpy(p->zJson, z, (size_t)n+1);
  if( jsonParse(&p->sParse, 0, p->zJson) ){
    int rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    if( p->sParse.oom==0 ){
      sqlite3_free(cur->pVtab->zErrMsg);
      cur->pVtab->zErrMsg = sqlite3_mprintf("malformed JSON");
      if( cur->pVtab->zErrMsg ) rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    jsonEachCursorReset(p);
    return rc;
  }else if( p->bRecursive && jsonParseFindParents(&p->sParse) ){
    jsonEachCursorReset(p);
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    JsonNode *pNode = 0;
    if( idxNum==3 ){
      const char *zErr = 0;
      zRoot = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[1]);
      if( zRoot==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
      n = sqlite3_value_bytes(argv[1]);
      p->zRoot = sqlite3_malloc64( n+1 );
      if( p->zRoot==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
      memcpy(p->zRoot, zRoot, (size_t)n+1);
      if( zRoot[0]!='$' ){
        zErr = zRoot;
      }else{
        pNode = jsonLookupStep(&p->sParse, 0, p->zRoot+1, 0, &zErr);
      }
      if( zErr ){
        sqlite3_free(cur->pVtab->zErrMsg);
        cur->pVtab->zErrMsg = jsonPathSyntaxError(zErr);
        jsonEachCursorReset(p);
        return cur->pVtab->zErrMsg ? SQLITE_ERROR : SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }else if( pNode==0 ){
        return SQLITE_OK;
      }
    }else{
      pNode = p->sParse.aNode;
    }
    p->iBegin = p->i = (int)(pNode - p->sParse.aNode);
    p->eType = pNode->eType;
    if( p->eType>=JSON_ARRAY ){
      pNode->u.iKey = 0;
      p->iEnd = p->i + pNode->n + 1;
      if( p->bRecursive ){
        p->eType = p->sParse.aNode[p->sParse.aUp[p->i]].eType;
        if( p->i>0 && (p->sParse.aNode[p->i-1].jnFlags & JNODE_LABEL)!=0 ){
          p->i--;
        }
      }else{
        p->i++;
      }
    }else{
      p->iEnd = p->i+1;
    }
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/* The methods of the json_each virtual table */
static sqlite3_module jsonEachModule = {
  0,                         /* iVersion */
  0,                         /* xCreate */
  jsonEachConnect,           /* xConnect */
  jsonEachBestIndex,         /* xBestIndex */
  jsonEachDisconnect,        /* xDisconnect */
  0,                         /* xDestroy */
  jsonEachOpenEach,          /* xOpen - open a cursor */
  jsonEachClose,             /* xClose - close a cursor */
  jsonEachFilter,            /* xFilter - configure scan constraints */
  jsonEachNext,              /* xNext - advance a cursor */
  jsonEachEof,               /* xEof - check for end of scan */
  jsonEachColumn,            /* xColumn - read data */
  jsonEachRowid,             /* xRowid - read data */
  0,                         /* xUpdate */
  0,                         /* xBegin */
  0,                         /* xSync */
  0,                         /* xCommit */
  0,                         /* xRollback */
  0,                         /* xFindMethod */
  0,                         /* xRename */
  0,                         /* xSavepoint */
  0,                         /* xRelease */
  0                          /* xRollbackTo */
};

/* The methods of the json_tree virtual table. */
static sqlite3_module jsonTreeModule = {
  0,                         /* iVersion */
  0,                         /* xCreate */
  jsonEachConnect,           /* xConnect */
  jsonEachBestIndex,         /* xBestIndex */
  jsonEachDisconnect,        /* xDisconnect */
  0,                         /* xDestroy */
  jsonEachOpenTree,          /* xOpen - open a cursor */
  jsonEachClose,             /* xClose - close a cursor */
  jsonEachFilter,            /* xFilter - configure scan constraints */
  jsonEachNext,              /* xNext - advance a cursor */
  jsonEachEof,               /* xEof - check for end of scan */
  jsonEachColumn,            /* xColumn - read data */
  jsonEachRowid,             /* xRowid - read data */
  0,                         /* xUpdate */
  0,                         /* xBegin */
  0,                         /* xSync */
  0,                         /* xCommit */
  0,                         /* xRollback */
  0,                         /* xFindMethod */
  0,                         /* xRename */
  0,                         /* xSavepoint */
  0,                         /* xRelease */
  0                          /* xRollbackTo */
};
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

/****************************************************************************
** The following routines are the only publically visible identifiers in this
** file.  Call the following routines in order to register the various SQL
** functions and the virtual table implemented by this file.
****************************************************************************/

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Json1Init(sqlite3 *db){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  unsigned int i;
  static const struct {
     const char *zName;
     int nArg;
     int flag;
     void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**);
  } aFunc[] = {
    { "json",                 1, 0,   jsonRemoveFunc        },
    { "json_array",          -1, 0,   jsonArrayFunc         },
    { "json_array_length",    1, 0,   jsonArrayLengthFunc   },
    { "json_array_length",    2, 0,   jsonArrayLengthFunc   },
    { "json_extract",        -1, 0,   jsonExtractFunc       },
    { "json_insert",         -1, 0,   jsonSetFunc           },
    { "json_object",         -1, 0,   jsonObjectFunc        },
    { "json_patch",           2, 0,   jsonPatchFunc         },
    { "json_quote",           1, 0,   jsonQuoteFunc         },
    { "json_remove",         -1, 0,   jsonRemoveFunc        },
    { "json_replace",        -1, 0,   jsonReplaceFunc       },
    { "json_set",            -1, 1,   jsonSetFunc           },
    { "json_type",            1, 0,   jsonTypeFunc          },
    { "json_type",            2, 0,   jsonTypeFunc          },
    { "json_valid",           1, 0,   jsonValidFunc         },

#if SQLITE_DEBUG
    /* DEBUG and TESTING functions */
    { "json_parse",           1, 0,   jsonParseFunc         },
    { "json_test1",           1, 0,   jsonTest1Func         },
#endif
  };
  static const struct {
     const char *zName;
     int nArg;
     void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**);
     void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*);
     void (*xValue)(sqlite3_context*);
  } aAgg[] = {
    { "json_group_array",     1,
      jsonArrayStep,   jsonArrayFinal,  jsonArrayValue  },
    { "json_group_object",    2,
      jsonObjectStep,  jsonObjectFinal, jsonObjectValue },
  };
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  static const struct {
     const char *zName;
     sqlite3_module *pModule;
  } aMod[] = {
    { "json_each",            &jsonEachModule               },
    { "json_tree",            &jsonTreeModule               },
  };
#endif
  for(i=0; i<sizeof(aFunc)/sizeof(aFunc[0]) && rc==SQLITE_OK; i++){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, aFunc[i].zName, aFunc[i].nArg,
                                 SQLITE_UTF8 | SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC, 
                                 (void*)&aFunc[i].flag,
                                 aFunc[i].xFunc, 0, 0);
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WINDOWFUNC
  for(i=0; i<sizeof(aAgg)/sizeof(aAgg[0]) && rc==SQLITE_OK; i++){
    rc = sqlite3_create_window_function(db, aAgg[i].zName, aAgg[i].nArg,
                                 SQLITE_UTF8 | SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC, 0,
                                 aAgg[i].xStep, aAgg[i].xFinal,
                                 aAgg[i].xValue, jsonGroupInverse, 0);
  }
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  for(i=0; i<sizeof(aMod)/sizeof(aMod[0]) && rc==SQLITE_OK; i++){
    rc = sqlite3_create_module(db, aMod[i].zName, aMod[i].pModule, 0);
  }
#endif
  return rc;
}


#ifndef SQLITE_CORE
#ifdef _WIN32
__declspec(dllexport)
#endif
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_json_init(
  sqlite3 *db, 
  char **pzErrMsg, 
  const sqlite3_api_routines *pApi
){
  SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(pApi);
  (void)pzErrMsg;  /* Unused parameter */
  return sqlite3Json1Init(db);
}
#endif
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1) */

/************** End of json1.c ***********************************************/
/************** Begin file rtree.c *******************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
................................................................................
  int iNodeSize;              /* Size in bytes of each node in the node table */
  u8 nDim;                    /* Number of dimensions */
  u8 nDim2;                   /* Twice the number of dimensions */
  u8 eCoordType;              /* RTREE_COORD_REAL32 or RTREE_COORD_INT32 */
  u8 nBytesPerCell;           /* Bytes consumed per cell */
  u8 inWrTrans;               /* True if inside write transaction */
  u8 nAux;                    /* # of auxiliary columns in %_rowid */
  u8 nAuxNotNull;             /* Number of initial not-null aux columns */
  int iDepth;                 /* Current depth of the r-tree structure */
  char *zDb;                  /* Name of database containing r-tree table */
  char *zName;                /* Name of r-tree table */ 
  u32 nBusy;                  /* Current number of users of this structure */
  i64 nRowEst;                /* Estimated number of rows in this table */
  u32 nCursor;                /* Number of open cursors */
  u32 nNodeRef;               /* Number RtreeNodes with positive nRef */
................................................................................
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Select a currently unused rowid for a new r-tree record.
*/
static int rtreeNewRowid(Rtree *pRtree, i64 *piRowid){
  int rc;
  sqlite3_bind_null(pRtree->pWriteRowid, 1);
  sqlite3_bind_null(pRtree->pWriteRowid, 2);
  sqlite3_step(pRtree->pWriteRowid);
  rc = sqlite3_reset(pRtree->pWriteRowid);
  *piRowid = sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(pRtree->db);
  return rc;
................................................................................
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && nData>1 ){
    /* Insert the new record into the r-tree */
    RtreeNode *pLeaf = 0;

    /* Figure out the rowid of the new row. */
    if( bHaveRowid==0 ){
      rc = rtreeNewRowid(pRtree, &cell.iRowid);
    }
    *pRowid = cell.iRowid;

    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = ChooseLeaf(pRtree, &cell, 0, &pLeaf);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
    }else{
      sqlite3_str *p = sqlite3_str_new(db);
      int ii;
      char *zSql;
      sqlite3_str_appendf(p, "UPDATE \"%w\".\"%w_rowid\"SET ", zDb, zPrefix);
      for(ii=0; ii<pRtree->nAux; ii++){
        if( ii ) sqlite3_str_append(p, ",", 1);
        if( ii<pRtree->nAuxNotNull ){
          sqlite3_str_appendf(p,"a%d=coalesce(?%d,a%d)",ii,ii+2,ii);
        }else{
          sqlite3_str_appendf(p,"a%d=?%d",ii,ii+2);
        }
      }
      sqlite3_str_appendf(p, " WHERE rowid=?1");
      zSql = sqlite3_str_finish(p);
      if( zSql==0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }else{
        rc = sqlite3_prepare_v3(db, zSql, -1, SQLITE_PREPARE_PERSISTENT,
................................................................................
    }else{
      sqlite3_result_error_code(ctx, rc);
    }
    sqlite3_free(zReport);
  }
}

/* Conditionally include the geopoly code */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_GEOPOLY
/************** Include geopoly.c in the middle of rtree.c *******************/
/************** Begin file geopoly.c *****************************************/
/*
** 2018-05-25
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
** This file implements an alternative R-Tree virtual table that
** uses polygons to express the boundaries of 2-dimensional objects.
**
** This file is #include-ed onto the end of "rtree.c" so that it has
** access to all of the R-Tree internals.
*/
/* #include <stdlib.h> */

/* Enable -DGEOPOLY_ENABLE_DEBUG for debugging facilities */
#ifdef GEOPOLY_ENABLE_DEBUG
  static int geo_debug = 0;
# define GEODEBUG(X) if(geo_debug)printf X
#else
# define GEODEBUG(X)
#endif

#ifndef JSON_NULL   /* The following stuff repeats things found in json1 */
/*
** Versions of isspace(), isalnum() and isdigit() to which it is safe
** to pass signed char values.
*/
#ifdef sqlite3Isdigit
   /* Use the SQLite core versions if this routine is part of the
   ** SQLite amalgamation */
#  define safe_isdigit(x)  sqlite3Isdigit(x)
#  define safe_isalnum(x)  sqlite3Isalnum(x)
#  define safe_isxdigit(x) sqlite3Isxdigit(x)
#else
   /* Use the standard library for separate compilation */
#include <ctype.h>  /* amalgamator: keep */
#  define safe_isdigit(x)  isdigit((unsigned char)(x))
#  define safe_isalnum(x)  isalnum((unsigned char)(x))
#  define safe_isxdigit(x) isxdigit((unsigned char)(x))
#endif

/*
** Growing our own isspace() routine this way is twice as fast as
** the library isspace() function.
*/
static const char geopolyIsSpace[] = {
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,     0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
};
#define safe_isspace(x) (geopolyIsSpace[(unsigned char)x])
#endif /* JSON NULL - back to original code */

/* Compiler and version */
#ifndef GCC_VERSION
#if defined(__GNUC__) && !defined(SQLITE_DISABLE_INTRINSIC)
# define GCC_VERSION (__GNUC__*1000000+__GNUC_MINOR__*1000+__GNUC_PATCHLEVEL__)
#else
# define GCC_VERSION 0
#endif
#endif
#ifndef MSVC_VERSION
#if defined(_MSC_VER) && !defined(SQLITE_DISABLE_INTRINSIC)
# define MSVC_VERSION _MSC_VER
#else
# define MSVC_VERSION 0
#endif
#endif

/* Datatype for coordinates
*/
typedef float GeoCoord;

/*
** Internal representation of a polygon.
**
** The polygon consists of a sequence of vertexes.  There is a line
** segment between each pair of vertexes, and one final segment from
** the last vertex back to the first.  (This differs from the GeoJSON
** standard in which the final vertex is a repeat of the first.)
**
** The polygon follows the right-hand rule.  The area to the right of
** each segment is "outside" and the area to the left is "inside".
**
** The on-disk representation consists of a 4-byte header followed by
** the values.  The 4-byte header is:
**
**      encoding    (1 byte)   0=big-endian, 1=little-endian
**      nvertex     (3 bytes)  Number of vertexes as a big-endian integer
*/
typedef struct GeoPoly GeoPoly;
struct GeoPoly {
  int nVertex;          /* Number of vertexes */
  unsigned char hdr[4]; /* Header for on-disk representation */
  GeoCoord a[2];    /* 2*nVertex values. X (longitude) first, then Y */
};

/*
** State of a parse of a GeoJSON input.
*/
typedef struct GeoParse GeoParse;
struct GeoParse {
  const unsigned char *z;   /* Unparsed input */
  int nVertex;              /* Number of vertexes in a[] */
  int nAlloc;               /* Space allocated to a[] */
  int nErr;                 /* Number of errors encountered */
  GeoCoord *a;          /* Array of vertexes.  From sqlite3_malloc64() */
};

/* Do a 4-byte byte swap */
static void geopolySwab32(unsigned char *a){
  unsigned char t = a[0];
  a[0] = a[3];
  a[3] = t;
  t = a[1];
  a[1] = a[2];
  a[2] = t;
}

/* Skip whitespace.  Return the next non-whitespace character. */
static char geopolySkipSpace(GeoParse *p){
  while( p->z[0] && safe_isspace(p->z[0]) ) p->z++;
  return p->z[0];
}

/* Parse out a number.  Write the value into *pVal if pVal!=0.
** return non-zero on success and zero if the next token is not a number.
*/
static int geopolyParseNumber(GeoParse *p, GeoCoord *pVal){
  char c = geopolySkipSpace(p);
  const unsigned char *z = p->z;
  int j = 0;
  int seenDP = 0;
  int seenE = 0;
  if( c=='-' ){
    j = 1;
    c = z[j];
  }
  if( c=='0' && z[j+1]>='0' && z[j+1]<='9' ) return 0;
  for(;; j++){
    c = z[j];
    if( c>='0' && c<='9' ) continue;
    if( c=='.' ){
      if( z[j-1]=='-' ) return 0;
      if( seenDP ) return 0;
      seenDP = 1;
      continue;
    }
    if( c=='e' || c=='E' ){
      if( z[j-1]<'0' ) return 0;
      if( seenE ) return -1;
      seenDP = seenE = 1;
      c = z[j+1];
      if( c=='+' || c=='-' ){
        j++;
        c = z[j+1];
      }
      if( c<'0' || c>'9' ) return 0;
      continue;
    }
    break;
  }
  if( z[j-1]<'0' ) return 0;
  if( pVal ) *pVal = atof((const char*)p->z);
  p->z += j;
  return 1;
}

/*
** If the input is a well-formed JSON array of coordinates with at least
** four coordinates and where each coordinate is itself a two-value array,
** then convert the JSON into a GeoPoly object and return a pointer to
** that object.
**
** If any error occurs, return NULL.
*/
static GeoPoly *geopolyParseJson(const unsigned char *z, int *pRc){
  GeoParse s;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  memset(&s, 0, sizeof(s));
  s.z = z;
  if( geopolySkipSpace(&s)=='[' ){
    s.z++;
    while( geopolySkipSpace(&s)=='[' ){
      int ii = 0;
      char c;
      s.z++;
      if( s.nVertex<=s.nAlloc ){
        GeoCoord *aNew;
        s.nAlloc = s.nAlloc*2 + 16;
        aNew = sqlite3_realloc64(s.a, s.nAlloc*sizeof(GeoCoord)*2 );
        if( aNew==0 ){
          rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
          s.nErr++;
          break;
        }
        s.a = aNew;
      }
      while( geopolyParseNumber(&s, ii<=1 ? &s.a[s.nVertex*2+ii] : 0) ){
        ii++;
        if( ii==2 ) s.nVertex++;
        c = geopolySkipSpace(&s);
        s.z++;
        if( c==',' ) continue;
        if( c==']' && ii>=2 ) break;
        s.nErr++;
        rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
        goto parse_json_err;
      }
      if( geopolySkipSpace(&s)==',' ){
        s.z++;
        continue;
      }
      break;
    }
    if( geopolySkipSpace(&s)==']'
     && s.nVertex>=4
     && s.a[0]==s.a[s.nVertex*2-2]
     && s.a[1]==s.a[s.nVertex*2-1]
     && (s.z++, geopolySkipSpace(&s)==0)
    ){
      int nByte;
      GeoPoly *pOut;
      int x = 1;
      s.nVertex--;  /* Remove the redundant vertex at the end */
      nByte = sizeof(GeoPoly) * s.nVertex*2*sizeof(GeoCoord);
      pOut = sqlite3_malloc64( nByte );
      x = 1;
      if( pOut==0 ) goto parse_json_err;
      pOut->nVertex = s.nVertex;
      memcpy(pOut->a, s.a, s.nVertex*2*sizeof(GeoCoord));
      pOut->hdr[0] = *(unsigned char*)&x;
      pOut->hdr[1] = (s.nVertex>>16)&0xff;
      pOut->hdr[2] = (s.nVertex>>8)&0xff;
      pOut->hdr[3] = s.nVertex&0xff;
      sqlite3_free(s.a);
      if( pRc ) *pRc = SQLITE_OK;
      return pOut;
    }else{
      s.nErr++;
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
  }
parse_json_err:
  if( pRc ) *pRc = rc;
  sqlite3_free(s.a);
  return 0;
}

/*
** Given a function parameter, try to interpret it as a polygon, either
** in the binary format or JSON text.  Compute a GeoPoly object and
** return a pointer to that object.  Or if the input is not a well-formed
** polygon, put an error message in sqlite3_context and return NULL.
*/
static GeoPoly *geopolyFuncParam(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,      /* Context for error messages */
  sqlite3_value *pVal,        /* The value to decode */
  int *pRc                    /* Write error here */
){
  GeoPoly *p = 0;
  int nByte;
  if( sqlite3_value_type(pVal)==SQLITE_BLOB
   && (nByte = sqlite3_value_bytes(pVal))>=(4+6*sizeof(GeoCoord))
  ){
    const unsigned char *a = sqlite3_value_blob(pVal);
    int nVertex;
    nVertex = (a[1]<<16) + (a[2]<<8) + a[3];
    if( (a[0]==0 || a[0]==1)
     && (nVertex*2*sizeof(GeoCoord) + 4)==nByte
    ){
      p = sqlite3_malloc64( sizeof(*p) + (nVertex-1)*2*sizeof(GeoCoord) );
      if( p==0 ){
        if( pRc ) *pRc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
        if( pCtx ) sqlite3_result_error_nomem(pCtx);
      }else{
        int x = 1;
        p->nVertex = nVertex;
        memcpy(p->hdr, a, nByte);
        if( a[0] != *(unsigned char*)&x ){
          int ii;
          for(ii=0; ii<nVertex*2; ii++){
            geopolySwab32((unsigned char*)&p->a[ii]);
          }
          p->hdr[0] ^= 1;
        }
      }
    }
    if( pRc ) *pRc = SQLITE_OK;
    return p;
  }else if( sqlite3_value_type(pVal)==SQLITE_TEXT ){
    const unsigned char *zJson = sqlite3_value_text(pVal);
    if( zJson==0 ){
      if( pRc ) *pRc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      return 0;
    }
    return geopolyParseJson(zJson, pRc);
  }else{
    if( pRc ) *pRc = SQLITE_ERROR;
    return 0;
  }
}

/*
** Implementation of the geopoly_blob(X) function.
**
** If the input is a well-formed Geopoly BLOB or JSON string
** then return the BLOB representation of the polygon.  Otherwise
** return NULL.
*/
static void geopolyBlobFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  GeoPoly *p = geopolyFuncParam(context, argv[0], 0);
  if( p ){
    sqlite3_result_blob(context, p->hdr, 
       4+8*p->nVertex, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3_free(p);
  }
}

/*
** SQL function:     geopoly_json(X)
**
** Interpret X as a polygon and render it as a JSON array
** of coordinates.  Or, if X is not a valid polygon, return NULL.
*/
static void geopolyJsonFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  GeoPoly *p = geopolyFuncParam(context, argv[0], 0);
  if( p ){
    sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
    sqlite3_str *x = sqlite3_str_new(db);
    int i;
    sqlite3_str_append(x, "[", 1);
    for(i=0; i<p->nVertex; i++){
      sqlite3_str_appendf(x, "[%!g,%!g],", p->a[i*2], p->a[i*2+1]);
    }
    sqlite3_str_appendf(x, "[%!g,%!g]]", p->a[0], p->a[1]);
    sqlite3_result_text(context, sqlite3_str_finish(x), -1, sqlite3_free);
    sqlite3_free(p);
  }
}

/*
** SQL function:     geopoly_svg(X, ....)
**
** Interpret X as a polygon and render it as a SVG <polyline>.
** Additional arguments are added as attributes to the <polyline>.
*/
static void geopolySvgFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  GeoPoly *p = geopolyFuncParam(context, argv[0], 0);
  if( p ){
    sqlite3 *db = sqlite3_context_db_handle(context);
    sqlite3_str *x = sqlite3_str_new(db);
    int i;
    char cSep = '\'';
    sqlite3_str_appendf(x, "<polyline points=");
    for(i=0; i<p->nVertex; i++){
      sqlite3_str_appendf(x, "%c%g,%g", cSep, p->a[i*2], p->a[i*2+1]);
      cSep = ' ';
    }
    sqlite3_str_appendf(x, " %g,%g'", p->a[0], p->a[1]);
    for(i=1; i<argc; i++){
      const char *z = (const char*)sqlite3_value_text(argv[i]);
      if( z && z[0] ){
        sqlite3_str_appendf(x, " %s", z);
      }
    }
    sqlite3_str_appendf(x, "></polyline>");
    sqlite3_result_text(context, sqlite3_str_finish(x), -1, sqlite3_free);
    sqlite3_free(p);
  }
}

/*
** SQL Function:      geopoly_xform(poly, A, B, C, D, E, F)
**
** Transform and/or translate a polygon as follows:
**
**      x1 = A*x0 + B*y0 + E
**      y1 = C*x0 + D*y0 + F
**
** For a translation:
**
**      geopoly_xform(poly, 1, 0, 0, 1, x-offset, y-offset)
**
** Rotate by R around the point (0,0):
**
**      geopoly_xform(poly, cos(R), sin(R), -sin(R), cos(R), 0, 0)
*/
static void geopolyXformFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  GeoPoly *p = geopolyFuncParam(context, argv[0], 0);
  double A = sqlite3_value_double(argv[1]);
  double B = sqlite3_value_double(argv[2]);
  double C = sqlite3_value_double(argv[3]);
  double D = sqlite3_value_double(argv[4]);
  double E = sqlite3_value_double(argv[5]);
  double F = sqlite3_value_double(argv[6]);
  GeoCoord x1, y1, x0, y0;
  int ii;
  if( p ){
    for(ii=0; ii<p->nVertex; ii++){
      x0 = p->a[ii*2];
      y0 = p->a[ii*2+1];
      x1 = A*x0 + B*y0 + E;
      y1 = C*x0 + D*y0 + F;
      p->a[ii*2] = x1;
      p->a[ii*2+1] = y1;
    }
    sqlite3_result_blob(context, p->hdr, 
       4+8*p->nVertex, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3_free(p);
  }
}

/*
** Implementation of the geopoly_area(X) function.
**
** If the input is a well-formed Geopoly BLOB then return the area
** enclosed by the polygon.  If the polygon circulates clockwise instead
** of counterclockwise (as it should) then return the negative of the
** enclosed area.  Otherwise return NULL.
*/
static void geopolyAreaFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  GeoPoly *p = geopolyFuncParam(context, argv[0], 0);
  if( p ){
    double rArea = 0.0;
    int ii;
    for(ii=0; ii<p->nVertex-1; ii++){
      rArea += (p->a[ii*2] - p->a[ii*2+2])           /* (x0 - x1) */
                * (p->a[ii*2+1] + p->a[ii*2+3])      /* (y0 + y1) */
                * 0.5;
    }
    rArea += (p->a[ii*2] - p->a[0])                  /* (xN - x0) */
             * (p->a[ii*2+1] + p->a[1])              /* (yN + y0) */
             * 0.5;
    sqlite3_result_double(context, rArea);
    sqlite3_free(p);
  }            
}

/*
** If pPoly is a polygon, compute its bounding box. Then:
**
**    (1) if aCoord!=0 store the bounding box in aCoord, returning NULL
**    (2) otherwise, compute a GeoPoly for the bounding box and return the
**        new GeoPoly
**
** If pPoly is NULL but aCoord is not NULL, then compute a new GeoPoly from
** the bounding box in aCoord and return a pointer to that GeoPoly.
*/
static GeoPoly *geopolyBBox(
  sqlite3_context *context,   /* For recording the error */
  sqlite3_value *pPoly,       /* The polygon */
  RtreeCoord *aCoord,         /* Results here */
  int *pRc                    /* Error code here */
){
  GeoPoly *pOut = 0;
  GeoPoly *p;
  float mnX, mxX, mnY, mxY;
  if( pPoly==0 && aCoord!=0 ){
    p = 0;
    mnX = aCoord[0].f;
    mxX = aCoord[1].f;
    mnY = aCoord[2].f;
    mxY = aCoord[3].f;
    goto geopolyBboxFill;
  }else{
    p = geopolyFuncParam(context, pPoly, pRc);
  }
  if( p ){
    int ii;
    mnX = mxX = p->a[0];
    mnY = mxY = p->a[1];
    for(ii=1; ii<p->nVertex; ii++){
      double r = p->a[ii*2];
      if( r<mnX ) mnX = r;
      else if( r>mxX ) mxX = r;
      r = p->a[ii*2+1];
      if( r<mnY ) mnY = r;
      else if( r>mxY ) mxY = r;
    }
    if( pRc ) *pRc = SQLITE_OK;
    if( aCoord==0 ){
      geopolyBboxFill:
      pOut = sqlite3_realloc(p, sizeof(GeoPoly)+sizeof(GeoCoord)*6);
      if( pOut==0 ){
        sqlite3_free(p);
        if( context ) sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
        if( pRc ) *pRc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
        return 0;
      }
      pOut->nVertex = 4;
      ii = 1;
      pOut->hdr[0] = *(unsigned char*)&ii;
      pOut->hdr[1] = 0;
      pOut->hdr[2] = 0;
      pOut->hdr[3] = 4;
      pOut->a[0] = mnX;
      pOut->a[1] = mnY;
      pOut->a[2] = mxX;
      pOut->a[3] = mnY;
      pOut->a[4] = mxX;
      pOut->a[5] = mxY;
      pOut->a[6] = mnX;
      pOut->a[7] = mxY;
    }else{
      sqlite3_free(p);
      aCoord[0].f = mnX;
      aCoord[1].f = mxX;
      aCoord[2].f = mnY;
      aCoord[3].f = mxY;
    }
  }
  return pOut;
}

/*
** Implementation of the geopoly_bbox(X) SQL function.
*/
static void geopolyBBoxFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  GeoPoly *p = geopolyBBox(context, argv[0], 0, 0);
  if( p ){
    sqlite3_result_blob(context, p->hdr, 
       4+8*p->nVertex, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3_free(p);
  }
}

/*
** State vector for the geopoly_group_bbox() aggregate function.
*/
typedef struct GeoBBox GeoBBox;
struct GeoBBox {
  int isInit;
  RtreeCoord a[4];
};


/*
** Implementation of the geopoly_group_bbox(X) aggregate SQL function.
*/
static void geopolyBBoxStep(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  RtreeCoord a[4];
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  (void)geopolyBBox(context, argv[0], a, &rc);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    GeoBBox *pBBox;
    pBBox = (GeoBBox*)sqlite3_aggregate_context(context, sizeof(*pBBox));
    if( pBBox==0 ) return;
    if( pBBox->isInit==0 ){
      pBBox->isInit = 1;
      memcpy(pBBox->a, a, sizeof(RtreeCoord)*4);
    }else{
      if( a[0].f < pBBox->a[0].f ) pBBox->a[0] = a[0];
      if( a[1].f > pBBox->a[1].f ) pBBox->a[1] = a[1];
      if( a[2].f < pBBox->a[2].f ) pBBox->a[2] = a[2];
      if( a[3].f > pBBox->a[3].f ) pBBox->a[3] = a[3];
    }
  }
}
static void geopolyBBoxFinal(
  sqlite3_context *context
){
  GeoPoly *p;
  GeoBBox *pBBox;
  pBBox = (GeoBBox*)sqlite3_aggregate_context(context, 0);
  if( pBBox==0 ) return;
  p = geopolyBBox(context, 0, pBBox->a, 0);
  if( p ){
    sqlite3_result_blob(context, p->hdr, 
       4+8*p->nVertex, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    sqlite3_free(p);
  }
}


/*
** Determine if point (x0,y0) is beneath line segment (x1,y1)->(x2,y2).
** Returns:
**
**    +2  x0,y0 is on the line segement
**
**    +1  x0,y0 is beneath line segment
**
**    0   x0,y0 is not on or beneath the line segment or the line segment
**        is vertical and x0,y0 is not on the line segment
**
** The left-most coordinate min(x1,x2) is not considered to be part of
** the line segment for the purposes of this analysis.
*/
static int pointBeneathLine(
  double x0, double y0,
  double x1, double y1,
  double x2, double y2
){
  double y;
  if( x0==x1 && y0==y1 ) return 2;
  if( x1<x2 ){
    if( x0<=x1 || x0>x2 ) return 0;
  }else if( x1>x2 ){
    if( x0<=x2 || x0>x1 ) return 0;
  }else{
    /* Vertical line segment */
    if( x0!=x1 ) return 0;
    if( y0<y1 && y0<y2 ) return 0;
    if( y0>y1 && y0>y2 ) return 0;
    return 2;
  }
  y = y1 + (y2-y1)*(x0-x1)/(x2-x1);
  if( y0==y ) return 2;
  if( y0<y ) return 1;
  return 0;
}

/*
** SQL function:    geopoly_contains_point(P,X,Y)
**
** Return +2 if point X,Y is within polygon P.
** Return +1 if point X,Y is on the polygon boundary.
** Return 0 if point X,Y is outside the polygon
*/
static void geopolyContainsPointFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  GeoPoly *p1 = geopolyFuncParam(context, argv[0], 0);
  double x0 = sqlite3_value_double(argv[1]);
  double y0 = sqlite3_value_double(argv[2]);
  int v = 0;
  int cnt = 0;
  int ii;
  if( p1==0 ) return;
  for(ii=0; ii<p1->nVertex-1; ii++){
    v = pointBeneathLine(x0,y0,p1->a[ii*2],p1->a[ii*2+1],
                               p1->a[ii*2+2],p1->a[ii*2+3]);
    if( v==2 ) break;
    cnt += v;
  }
  if( v!=2 ){
    v = pointBeneathLine(x0,y0,p1->a[ii*2],p1->a[ii*2+1],
                               p1->a[0],p1->a[1]);
  }
  if( v==2 ){
    sqlite3_result_int(context, 1);
  }else if( ((v+cnt)&1)==0 ){
    sqlite3_result_int(context, 0);
  }else{
    sqlite3_result_int(context, 2);
  }
  sqlite3_free(p1);
}

/* Forward declaration */
static int geopolyOverlap(GeoPoly *p1, GeoPoly *p2);

/*
** SQL function:    geopoly_within(P1,P2)
**
** Return +2 if P1 and P2 are the same polygon
** Return +1 if P2 is contained within P1
** Return 0 if any part of P2 is on the outside of P1
**
*/
static void geopolyWithinFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  GeoPoly *p1 = geopolyFuncParam(context, argv[0], 0);
  GeoPoly *p2 = geopolyFuncParam(context, argv[1], 0);
  if( p1 && p2 ){
    int x = geopolyOverlap(p1, p2);
    if( x<0 ){
      sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
    }else{
      sqlite3_result_int(context, x==2 ? 1 : x==4 ? 2 : 0);
    }
  }
  sqlite3_free(p1);
  sqlite3_free(p2);
}

/* Objects used by the overlap algorihm. */
typedef struct GeoEvent GeoEvent;
typedef struct GeoSegment GeoSegment;
typedef struct GeoOverlap GeoOverlap;
struct GeoEvent {
  double x;              /* X coordinate at which event occurs */
  int eType;             /* 0 for ADD, 1 for REMOVE */
  GeoSegment *pSeg;      /* The segment to be added or removed */
  GeoEvent *pNext;       /* Next event in the sorted list */
};
struct GeoSegment {
  double C, B;           /* y = C*x + B */
  double y;              /* Current y value */
  float y0;              /* Initial y value */
  unsigned char side;    /* 1 for p1, 2 for p2 */
  unsigned int idx;      /* Which segment within the side */
  GeoSegment *pNext;     /* Next segment in a list sorted by y */
};
struct GeoOverlap {
  GeoEvent *aEvent;          /* Array of all events */
  GeoSegment *aSegment;      /* Array of all segments */
  int nEvent;                /* Number of events */
  int nSegment;              /* Number of segments */
};

/*
** Add a single segment and its associated events.
*/
static void geopolyAddOneSegment(
  GeoOverlap *p,
  GeoCoord x0,
  GeoCoord y0,
  GeoCoord x1,
  GeoCoord y1,
  unsigned char side,
  unsigned int idx
){
  GeoSegment *pSeg;
  GeoEvent *pEvent;
  if( x0==x1 ) return;  /* Ignore vertical segments */
  if( x0>x1 ){
    GeoCoord t = x0;
    x0 = x1;
    x1 = t;
    t = y0;
    y0 = y1;
    y1 = t;
  }
  pSeg = p->aSegment + p->nSegment;
  p->nSegment++;
  pSeg->C = (y1-y0)/(x1-x0);
  pSeg->B = y1 - x1*pSeg->C;
  pSeg->y0 = y0;
  pSeg->side = side;
  pSeg->idx = idx;
  pEvent = p->aEvent + p->nEvent;
  p->nEvent++;
  pEvent->x = x0;
  pEvent->eType = 0;
  pEvent->pSeg = pSeg;
  pEvent = p->aEvent + p->nEvent;
  p->nEvent++;
  pEvent->x = x1;
  pEvent->eType = 1;
  pEvent->pSeg = pSeg;
}
  


/*
** Insert all segments and events for polygon pPoly.
*/
static void geopolyAddSegments(
  GeoOverlap *p,          /* Add segments to this Overlap object */
  GeoPoly *pPoly,         /* Take all segments from this polygon */
  unsigned char side      /* The side of pPoly */
){
  unsigned int i;
  GeoCoord *x;
  for(i=0; i<(unsigned)pPoly->nVertex-1; i++){
    x = pPoly->a + (i*2);
    geopolyAddOneSegment(p, x[0], x[1], x[2], x[3], side, i);
  }
  x = pPoly->a + (i*2);
  geopolyAddOneSegment(p, x[0], x[1], pPoly->a[0], pPoly->a[1], side, i);
}

/*
** Merge two lists of sorted events by X coordinate
*/
static GeoEvent *geopolyEventMerge(GeoEvent *pLeft, GeoEvent *pRight){
  GeoEvent head, *pLast;
  head.pNext = 0;
  pLast = &head;
  while( pRight && pLeft ){
    if( pRight->x <= pLeft->x ){
      pLast->pNext = pRight;
      pLast = pRight;
      pRight = pRight->pNext;
    }else{
      pLast->pNext = pLeft;
      pLast = pLeft;
      pLeft = pLeft->pNext;
    }
  }
  pLast->pNext = pRight ? pRight : pLeft;
  return head.pNext;  
}

/*
** Sort an array of nEvent event objects into a list.
*/
static GeoEvent *geopolySortEventsByX(GeoEvent *aEvent, int nEvent){
  int mx = 0;
  int i, j;
  GeoEvent *p;
  GeoEvent *a[50];
  for(i=0; i<nEvent; i++){
    p = &aEvent[i];
    p->pNext = 0;
    for(j=0; j<mx && a[j]; j++){
      p = geopolyEventMerge(a[j], p);
      a[j] = 0;
    }
    a[j] = p;
    if( j>=mx ) mx = j+1;
  }
  p = 0;
  for(i=0; i<mx; i++){
    p = geopolyEventMerge(a[i], p);
  }
  return p;
}

/*
** Merge two lists of sorted segments by Y, and then by C.
*/
static GeoSegment *geopolySegmentMerge(GeoSegment *pLeft, GeoSegment *pRight){
  GeoSegment head, *pLast;
  head.pNext = 0;
  pLast = &head;
  while( pRight && pLeft ){
    double r = pRight->y - pLeft->y;
    if( r==0.0 ) r = pRight->C - pLeft->C;
    if( r<0.0 ){
      pLast->pNext = pRight;
      pLast = pRight;
      pRight = pRight->pNext;
    }else{
      pLast->pNext = pLeft;
      pLast = pLeft;
      pLeft = pLeft->pNext;
    }
  }
  pLast->pNext = pRight ? pRight : pLeft;
  return head.pNext;  
}

/*
** Sort a list of GeoSegments in order of increasing Y and in the event of
** a tie, increasing C (slope).
*/
static GeoSegment *geopolySortSegmentsByYAndC(GeoSegment *pList){
  int mx = 0;
  int i;
  GeoSegment *p;
  GeoSegment *a[50];
  while( pList ){
    p = pList;
    pList = pList->pNext;
    p->pNext = 0;
    for(i=0; i<mx && a[i]; i++){
      p = geopolySegmentMerge(a[i], p);
      a[i] = 0;
    }
    a[i] = p;
    if( i>=mx ) mx = i+1;
  }
  p = 0;
  for(i=0; i<mx; i++){
    p = geopolySegmentMerge(a[i], p);
  }
  return p;
}

/*
** Determine the overlap between two polygons
*/
static int geopolyOverlap(GeoPoly *p1, GeoPoly *p2){
  int nVertex = p1->nVertex + p2->nVertex + 2;
  GeoOverlap *p;
  int nByte;
  GeoEvent *pThisEvent;
  double rX;
  int rc = 0;
  int needSort = 0;
  GeoSegment *pActive = 0;
  GeoSegment *pSeg;
  unsigned char aOverlap[4];

  nByte = sizeof(GeoEvent)*nVertex*2 
           + sizeof(GeoSegment)*nVertex 
           + sizeof(GeoOverlap);
  p = sqlite3_malloc( nByte );
  if( p==0 ) return -1;
  p->aEvent = (GeoEvent*)&p[1];
  p->aSegment = (GeoSegment*)&p->aEvent[nVertex*2];
  p->nEvent = p->nSegment = 0;
  geopolyAddSegments(p, p1, 1);
  geopolyAddSegments(p, p2, 2);
  pThisEvent = geopolySortEventsByX(p->aEvent, p->nEvent);
  rX = pThisEvent->x==0.0 ? -1.0 : 0.0;
  memset(aOverlap, 0, sizeof(aOverlap));
  while( pThisEvent ){
    if( pThisEvent->x!=rX ){
      GeoSegment *pPrev = 0;
      int iMask = 0;
      GEODEBUG(("Distinct X: %g\n", pThisEvent->x));
      rX = pThisEvent->x;
      if( needSort ){
        GEODEBUG(("SORT\n"));
        pActive = geopolySortSegmentsByYAndC(pActive);
        needSort = 0;
      }
      for(pSeg=pActive; pSeg; pSeg=pSeg->pNext){
        if( pPrev ){
          if( pPrev->y!=pSeg->y ){
            GEODEBUG(("MASK: %d\n", iMask));
            aOverlap[iMask] = 1;
          }
        }
        iMask ^= pSeg->side;
        pPrev = pSeg;
      }
      pPrev = 0;
      for(pSeg=pActive; pSeg; pSeg=pSeg->pNext){
        double y = pSeg->C*rX + pSeg->B;
        GEODEBUG(("Segment %d.%d %g->%g\n", pSeg->side, pSeg->idx, pSeg->y, y));
        pSeg->y = y;
        if( pPrev ){
          if( pPrev->y>pSeg->y && pPrev->side!=pSeg->side ){
            rc = 1;
            GEODEBUG(("Crossing: %d.%d and %d.%d\n",
                    pPrev->side, pPrev->idx,
                    pSeg->side, pSeg->idx));
            goto geopolyOverlapDone;
          }else if( pPrev->y!=pSeg->y ){
            GEODEBUG(("MASK: %d\n", iMask));
            aOverlap[iMask] = 1;
          }
        }
        iMask ^= pSeg->side;
        pPrev = pSeg;
      }
    }
    GEODEBUG(("%s %d.%d C=%g B=%g\n",
      pThisEvent->eType ? "RM " : "ADD",
      pThisEvent->pSeg->side, pThisEvent->pSeg->idx,
      pThisEvent->pSeg->C,
      pThisEvent->pSeg->B));
    if( pThisEvent->eType==0 ){
      /* Add a segment */
      pSeg = pThisEvent->pSeg;
      pSeg->y = pSeg->y0;
      pSeg->pNext = pActive;
      pActive = pSeg;
      needSort = 1;
    }else{
      /* Remove a segment */
      if( pActive==pThisEvent->pSeg ){
        pActive = pActive->pNext;
      }else{
        for(pSeg=pActive; pSeg; pSeg=pSeg->pNext){
          if( pSeg->pNext==pThisEvent->pSeg ){
            pSeg->pNext = pSeg->pNext->pNext;
            break;
          }
        }
      }
    }
    pThisEvent = pThisEvent->pNext;
  }
  if( aOverlap[3]==0 ){
    rc = 0;
  }else if( aOverlap[1]!=0 && aOverlap[2]==0 ){
    rc = 3;
  }else if( aOverlap[1]==0 && aOverlap[2]!=0 ){
    rc = 2;
  }else if( aOverlap[1]==0 && aOverlap[2]==0 ){
    rc = 4;
  }else{
    rc = 1;
  }

geopolyOverlapDone:
  sqlite3_free(p);
  return rc;
}

/*
** SQL function:    geopoly_overlap(P1,P2)
**
** Determine whether or not P1 and P2 overlap. Return value:
**
**   0     The two polygons are disjoint
**   1     They overlap
**   2     P1 is completely contained within P2
**   3     P2 is completely contained within P1
**   4     P1 and P2 are the same polygon
**   NULL  Either P1 or P2 or both are not valid polygons
*/
static void geopolyOverlapFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  GeoPoly *p1 = geopolyFuncParam(context, argv[0], 0);
  GeoPoly *p2 = geopolyFuncParam(context, argv[1], 0);
  if( p1 && p2 ){
    int x = geopolyOverlap(p1, p2);
    if( x<0 ){
      sqlite3_result_error_nomem(context);
    }else{
      sqlite3_result_int(context, x);
    }
  }
  sqlite3_free(p1);
  sqlite3_free(p2);
}

/*
** Enable or disable debugging output
*/
static void geopolyDebugFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
#ifdef GEOPOLY_ENABLE_DEBUG
  geo_debug = sqlite3_value_int(argv[0]);
#endif
}

/* 
** This function is the implementation of both the xConnect and xCreate
** methods of the geopoly virtual table.
**
**   argv[0]   -> module name
**   argv[1]   -> database name
**   argv[2]   -> table name
**   argv[...] -> column names...
*/
static int geopolyInit(
  sqlite3 *db,                        /* Database connection */
  void *pAux,                         /* One of the RTREE_COORD_* constants */
  int argc, const char *const*argv,   /* Parameters to CREATE TABLE statement */
  sqlite3_vtab **ppVtab,              /* OUT: New virtual table */
  char **pzErr,                       /* OUT: Error message, if any */
  int isCreate                        /* True for xCreate, false for xConnect */
){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  Rtree *pRtree;
  int nDb;              /* Length of string argv[1] */
  int nName;            /* Length of string argv[2] */
  sqlite3_str *pSql;
  char *zSql;
  int ii;

  sqlite3_vtab_config(db, SQLITE_VTAB_CONSTRAINT_SUPPORT, 1);

  /* Allocate the sqlite3_vtab structure */
  nDb = (int)strlen(argv[1]);
  nName = (int)strlen(argv[2]);
  pRtree = (Rtree *)sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(Rtree)+nDb+nName+2);
  if( !pRtree ){
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  memset(pRtree, 0, sizeof(Rtree)+nDb+nName+2);
  pRtree->nBusy = 1;
  pRtree->base.pModule = &rtreeModule;
  pRtree->zDb = (char *)&pRtree[1];
  pRtree->zName = &pRtree->zDb[nDb+1];
  pRtree->eCoordType = RTREE_COORD_REAL32;
  pRtree->nDim = 2;
  pRtree->nDim2 = 4;
  memcpy(pRtree->zDb, argv[1], nDb);
  memcpy(pRtree->zName, argv[2], nName);


  /* Create/Connect to the underlying relational database schema. If
  ** that is successful, call sqlite3_declare_vtab() to configure
  ** the r-tree table schema.
  */
  pSql = sqlite3_str_new(db);
  sqlite3_str_appendf(pSql, "CREATE TABLE x(_shape");
  pRtree->nAux = 1;         /* Add one for _shape */
  pRtree->nAuxNotNull = 1;  /* The _shape column is always not-null */
  for(ii=3; ii<argc; ii++){
    pRtree->nAux++;
    sqlite3_str_appendf(pSql, ",%s", argv[ii]);
  }
  sqlite3_str_appendf(pSql, ");");
  zSql = sqlite3_str_finish(pSql);
  if( !zSql ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else if( SQLITE_OK!=(rc = sqlite3_declare_vtab(db, zSql)) ){
    *pzErr = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
  }
  sqlite3_free(zSql);
  if( rc ) goto geopolyInit_fail;
  pRtree->nBytesPerCell = 8 + pRtree->nDim2*4;

  /* Figure out the node size to use. */
  rc = getNodeSize(db, pRtree, isCreate, pzErr);
  if( rc ) goto geopolyInit_fail;
  rc = rtreeSqlInit(pRtree, db, argv[1], argv[2], isCreate);
  if( rc ){
    *pzErr = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
    goto geopolyInit_fail;
  }

  *ppVtab = (sqlite3_vtab *)pRtree;
  return SQLITE_OK;

geopolyInit_fail:
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ) rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  assert( *ppVtab==0 );
  assert( pRtree->nBusy==1 );
  rtreeRelease(pRtree);
  return rc;
}


/* 
** GEOPOLY virtual table module xCreate method.
*/
static int geopolyCreate(
  sqlite3 *db,
  void *pAux,
  int argc, const char *const*argv,
  sqlite3_vtab **ppVtab,
  char **pzErr
){
  return geopolyInit(db, pAux, argc, argv, ppVtab, pzErr, 1);
}

/* 
** GEOPOLY virtual table module xConnect method.
*/
static int geopolyConnect(
  sqlite3 *db,
  void *pAux,
  int argc, const char *const*argv,
  sqlite3_vtab **ppVtab,
  char **pzErr
){
  return geopolyInit(db, pAux, argc, argv, ppVtab, pzErr, 0);
}


/* 
** GEOPOLY virtual table module xFilter method.
**
** Query plans:
**
**      1         rowid lookup
**      2         search for objects overlapping the same bounding box
**                that contains polygon argv[0]
**      3         search for objects overlapping the same bounding box
**                that contains polygon argv[0]
**      4         full table scan
*/
static int geopolyFilter(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pVtabCursor,     /* The cursor to initialize */
  int idxNum,                           /* Query plan */
  const char *idxStr,                   /* Not Used */
  int argc, sqlite3_value **argv        /* Parameters to the query plan */
){
  Rtree *pRtree = (Rtree *)pVtabCursor->pVtab;
  RtreeCursor *pCsr = (RtreeCursor *)pVtabCursor;
  RtreeNode *pRoot = 0;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int iCell = 0;
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;

  rtreeReference(pRtree);

  /* Reset the cursor to the same state as rtreeOpen() leaves it in. */
  freeCursorConstraints(pCsr);
  sqlite3_free(pCsr->aPoint);
  pStmt = pCsr->pReadAux;
  memset(pCsr, 0, sizeof(RtreeCursor));
  pCsr->base.pVtab = (sqlite3_vtab*)pRtree;
  pCsr->pReadAux = pStmt;

  pCsr->iStrategy = idxNum;
  if( idxNum==1 ){
    /* Special case - lookup by rowid. */
    RtreeNode *pLeaf;        /* Leaf on which the required cell resides */
    RtreeSearchPoint *p;     /* Search point for the leaf */
    i64 iRowid = sqlite3_value_int64(argv[0]);
    i64 iNode = 0;
    rc = findLeafNode(pRtree, iRowid, &pLeaf, &iNode);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && pLeaf!=0 ){
      p = rtreeSearchPointNew(pCsr, RTREE_ZERO, 0);
      assert( p!=0 );  /* Always returns pCsr->sPoint */
      pCsr->aNode[0] = pLeaf;
      p->id = iNode;
      p->eWithin = PARTLY_WITHIN;
      rc = nodeRowidIndex(pRtree, pLeaf, iRowid, &iCell);
      p->iCell = (u8)iCell;
      RTREE_QUEUE_TRACE(pCsr, "PUSH-F1:");
    }else{
      pCsr->atEOF = 1;
    }
  }else{
    /* Normal case - r-tree scan. Set up the RtreeCursor.aConstraint array 
    ** with the configured constraints. 
    */
    rc = nodeAcquire(pRtree, 1, 0, &pRoot);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && idxNum<=3 ){
      RtreeCoord bbox[4];
      RtreeConstraint *p;
      assert( argc==1 );
      geopolyBBox(0, argv[0], bbox, &rc);
      if( rc ){
        goto geopoly_filter_end;
      }
      pCsr->aConstraint = p = sqlite3_malloc(sizeof(RtreeConstraint)*4);
      pCsr->nConstraint = 4;
      if( p==0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
      }else{
        memset(pCsr->aConstraint, 0, sizeof(RtreeConstraint)*4);
        memset(pCsr->anQueue, 0, sizeof(u32)*(pRtree->iDepth + 1));
        if( idxNum==2 ){
          /* Overlap query */
          p->op = 'B';
          p->iCoord = 0;
          p->u.rValue = bbox[1].f;
          p++;
          p->op = 'D';
          p->iCoord = 1;
          p->u.rValue = bbox[0].f;
          p++;
          p->op = 'B';
          p->iCoord = 2;
          p->u.rValue = bbox[3].f;
          p++;
          p->op = 'D';
          p->iCoord = 3;
          p->u.rValue = bbox[2].f;
        }else{
          /* Within query */
          p->op = 'D';
          p->iCoord = 0;
          p->u.rValue = bbox[0].f;
          p++;
          p->op = 'B';
          p->iCoord = 1;
          p->u.rValue = bbox[1].f;
          p++;
          p->op = 'D';
          p->iCoord = 2;
          p->u.rValue = bbox[2].f;
          p++;
          p->op = 'B';
          p->iCoord = 3;
          p->u.rValue = bbox[3].f;
        }
      }
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      RtreeSearchPoint *pNew;
      pNew = rtreeSearchPointNew(pCsr, RTREE_ZERO, (u8)(pRtree->iDepth+1));
      if( pNew==0 ){
        rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
        goto geopoly_filter_end;
      }
      pNew->id = 1;
      pNew->iCell = 0;
      pNew->eWithin = PARTLY_WITHIN;
      assert( pCsr->bPoint==1 );
      pCsr->aNode[0] = pRoot;
      pRoot = 0;
      RTREE_QUEUE_TRACE(pCsr, "PUSH-Fm:");
      rc = rtreeStepToLeaf(pCsr);
    }
  }

geopoly_filter_end:
  nodeRelease(pRtree, pRoot);
  rtreeRelease(pRtree);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Rtree virtual table module xBestIndex method. There are three
** table scan strategies to choose from (in order from most to 
** least desirable):
**
**   idxNum     idxStr        Strategy
**   ------------------------------------------------
**     1        "rowid"       Direct lookup by rowid.
**     2        "rtree"       R-tree overlap query using geopoly_overlap()
**     3        "rtree"       R-tree within query using geopoly_within()
**     4        "fullscan"    full-table scan.
**   ------------------------------------------------
*/
static int geopolyBestIndex(sqlite3_vtab *tab, sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo){
  int ii;
  int iRowidTerm = -1;
  int iFuncTerm = -1;
  int idxNum = 0;

  for(ii=0; ii<pIdxInfo->nConstraint; ii++){
    struct sqlite3_index_constraint *p = &pIdxInfo->aConstraint[ii];
    if( !p->usable ) continue;
    if( p->iColumn<0 && p->op==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ  ){
      iRowidTerm = ii;
      break;
    }
    if( p->iColumn==0 && p->op>=SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_FUNCTION ){
      /* p->op==SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_FUNCTION for geopoly_overlap()
      ** p->op==(SQLITE_INDEX_CONTRAINT_FUNCTION+1) for geopoly_within().
      ** See geopolyFindFunction() */
      iFuncTerm = ii;
      idxNum = p->op - SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_FUNCTION + 2;
    }
  }

  if( iRowidTerm>=0 ){
    pIdxInfo->idxNum = 1;
    pIdxInfo->idxStr = "rowid";
    pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[iRowidTerm].argvIndex = 1;
    pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[iRowidTerm].omit = 1;
    pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = 30.0;
    pIdxInfo->estimatedRows = 1;
    pIdxInfo->idxFlags = SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  if( iFuncTerm>=0 ){
    pIdxInfo->idxNum = idxNum;
    pIdxInfo->idxStr = "rtree";
    pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[iFuncTerm].argvIndex = 1;
    pIdxInfo->aConstraintUsage[iFuncTerm].omit = 0;
    pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = 300.0;
    pIdxInfo->estimatedRows = 10;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }
  pIdxInfo->idxNum = 4;
  pIdxInfo->idxStr = "fullscan";
  pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = 3000000.0;
  pIdxInfo->estimatedRows = 100000;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/* 
** GEOPOLY virtual table module xColumn method.
*/
static int geopolyColumn(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *cur, sqlite3_context *ctx, int i){
  Rtree *pRtree = (Rtree *)cur->pVtab;
  RtreeCursor *pCsr = (RtreeCursor *)cur;
  RtreeSearchPoint *p = rtreeSearchPointFirst(pCsr);
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  RtreeNode *pNode = rtreeNodeOfFirstSearchPoint(pCsr, &rc);

  if( rc ) return rc;
  if( p==0 ) return SQLITE_OK;
  if( i==0 && sqlite3_vtab_nochange(ctx) ) return SQLITE_OK;
  if( i<=pRtree->nAux ){
    if( !pCsr->bAuxValid ){
      if( pCsr->pReadAux==0 ){
        rc = sqlite3_prepare_v3(pRtree->db, pRtree->zReadAuxSql, -1, 0,
                                &pCsr->pReadAux, 0);
        if( rc ) return rc;
      }
      sqlite3_bind_int64(pCsr->pReadAux, 1, 
          nodeGetRowid(pRtree, pNode, p->iCell));
      rc = sqlite3_step(pCsr->pReadAux);
      if( rc==SQLITE_ROW ){
        pCsr->bAuxValid = 1;
      }else{
        sqlite3_reset(pCsr->pReadAux);
        if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ) rc = SQLITE_OK;
        return rc;
      }
    }
    sqlite3_result_value(ctx, sqlite3_column_value(pCsr->pReadAux, i+2));
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}


/*
** The xUpdate method for GEOPOLY module virtual tables.
**
** For DELETE:
**
**     argv[0] = the rowid to be deleted
**
** For INSERT:
**
**     argv[0] = SQL NULL
**     argv[1] = rowid to insert, or an SQL NULL to select automatically
**     argv[2] = _shape column
**     argv[3] = first application-defined column....
**
** For UPDATE:
**
**     argv[0] = rowid to modify.  Never NULL
**     argv[1] = rowid after the change.  Never NULL
**     argv[2] = new value for _shape
**     argv[3] = new value for first application-defined column....
*/
static int geopolyUpdate(
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab, 
  int nData, 
  sqlite3_value **aData, 
  sqlite_int64 *pRowid
){
  Rtree *pRtree = (Rtree *)pVtab;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  RtreeCell cell;                 /* New cell to insert if nData>1 */
  i64 oldRowid;                   /* The old rowid */
  int oldRowidValid;              /* True if oldRowid is valid */
  i64 newRowid;                   /* The new rowid */
  int newRowidValid;              /* True if newRowid is valid */
  int coordChange = 0;            /* Change in coordinates */

  if( pRtree->nNodeRef ){
    /* Unable to write to the btree while another cursor is reading from it,
    ** since the write might do a rebalance which would disrupt the read
    ** cursor. */
    return SQLITE_LOCKED_VTAB;
  }
  rtreeReference(pRtree);
  assert(nData>=1);

  oldRowidValid = sqlite3_value_type(aData[0])!=SQLITE_NULL;;
  oldRowid = oldRowidValid ? sqlite3_value_int64(aData[0]) : 0;
  newRowidValid = nData>1 && sqlite3_value_type(aData[1])!=SQLITE_NULL;
  newRowid = newRowidValid ? sqlite3_value_int64(aData[1]) : 0;
  cell.iRowid = newRowid;

  if( nData>1                                 /* not a DELETE */
   && (!oldRowidValid                         /* INSERT */
        || !sqlite3_value_nochange(aData[2])  /* UPDATE _shape */
        || oldRowid!=newRowid)                /* Rowid change */
  ){
    geopolyBBox(0, aData[2], cell.aCoord, &rc);
    if( rc ){
      if( rc==SQLITE_ERROR ){
        pVtab->zErrMsg =
          sqlite3_mprintf("_shape does not contain a valid polygon");
      }
      goto geopoly_update_end;
    }
    coordChange = 1;

    /* If a rowid value was supplied, check if it is already present in 
    ** the table. If so, the constraint has failed. */
    if( newRowidValid && (!oldRowidValid || oldRowid!=newRowid) ){
      int steprc;
      sqlite3_bind_int64(pRtree->pReadRowid, 1, cell.iRowid);
      steprc = sqlite3_step(pRtree->pReadRowid);
      rc = sqlite3_reset(pRtree->pReadRowid);
      if( SQLITE_ROW==steprc ){
        if( sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict(pRtree->db)==SQLITE_REPLACE ){
          rc = rtreeDeleteRowid(pRtree, cell.iRowid);
        }else{
          rc = rtreeConstraintError(pRtree, 0);
        }
      }
    }
  }

  /* If aData[0] is not an SQL NULL value, it is the rowid of a
  ** record to delete from the r-tree table. The following block does
  ** just that.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && (nData==1 || (coordChange && oldRowidValid)) ){
    rc = rtreeDeleteRowid(pRtree, oldRowid);
  }

  /* If the aData[] array contains more than one element, elements
  ** (aData[2]..aData[argc-1]) contain a new record to insert into
  ** the r-tree structure.
  */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK && nData>1 && coordChange ){
    /* Insert the new record into the r-tree */
    RtreeNode *pLeaf = 0;
    if( !newRowidValid ){
      rc = rtreeNewRowid(pRtree, &cell.iRowid);
    }
    *pRowid = cell.iRowid;
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = ChooseLeaf(pRtree, &cell, 0, &pLeaf);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      int rc2;
      pRtree->iReinsertHeight = -1;
      rc = rtreeInsertCell(pRtree, pLeaf, &cell, 0);
      rc2 = nodeRelease(pRtree, pLeaf);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        rc = rc2;
      }
    }
  }

  /* Change the data */
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    sqlite3_stmt *pUp = pRtree->pWriteAux;
    int jj;
    int nChange = 0;
    sqlite3_bind_int64(pUp, 1, cell.iRowid);
    assert( pRtree->nAux>=1 );
    if( sqlite3_value_nochange(aData[2]) ){
      sqlite3_bind_null(pUp, 2);
    }else{
      sqlite3_bind_value(pUp, 2, aData[2]);
      nChange = 1;
    }
    for(jj=1; jj<pRtree->nAux; jj++){
      nChange++;
      sqlite3_bind_value(pUp, jj+2, aData[jj+2]);
    }
    if( nChange ){
      sqlite3_step(pUp);
      rc = sqlite3_reset(pUp);
    }
  }

geopoly_update_end:
  rtreeRelease(pRtree);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Report that geopoly_overlap() is an overloaded function suitable
** for use in xBestIndex.
*/
static int geopolyFindFunction(
  sqlite3_vtab *pVtab,
  int nArg,
  const char *zName,
  void (**pxFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
  void **ppArg
){
  if( sqlite3_stricmp(zName, "geopoly_overlap")==0 ){
    *pxFunc = geopolyOverlapFunc;
    *ppArg = 0;
    return SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_FUNCTION;
  }
  if( sqlite3_stricmp(zName, "geopoly_within")==0 ){
    *pxFunc = geopolyWithinFunc;
    *ppArg = 0;
    return SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_FUNCTION+1;
  }
  return 0;
}


static sqlite3_module geopolyModule = {
  2,                          /* iVersion */
  geopolyCreate,              /* xCreate - create a table */
  geopolyConnect,             /* xConnect - connect to an existing table */
  geopolyBestIndex,           /* xBestIndex - Determine search strategy */
  rtreeDisconnect,            /* xDisconnect - Disconnect from a table */
  rtreeDestroy,               /* xDestroy - Drop a table */
  rtreeOpen,                  /* xOpen - open a cursor */
  rtreeClose,                 /* xClose - close a cursor */
  geopolyFilter,              /* xFilter - configure scan constraints */
  rtreeNext,                  /* xNext - advance a cursor */
  rtreeEof,                   /* xEof */
  geopolyColumn,              /* xColumn - read data */
  rtreeRowid,                 /* xRowid - read data */
  geopolyUpdate,              /* xUpdate - write data */
  rtreeBeginTransaction,      /* xBegin - begin transaction */
  rtreeEndTransaction,        /* xSync - sync transaction */
  rtreeEndTransaction,        /* xCommit - commit transaction */
  rtreeEndTransaction,        /* xRollback - rollback transaction */
  geopolyFindFunction,        /* xFindFunction - function overloading */
  rtreeRename,                /* xRename - rename the table */
  rtreeSavepoint,             /* xSavepoint */
  0,                          /* xRelease */
  0,                          /* xRollbackTo */
};

static int sqlite3_geopoly_init(sqlite3 *db){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  static const struct {
    void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**);
    int nArg;
    const char *zName;
  } aFunc[] = {
     { geopolyAreaFunc,          1,    "geopoly_area"             },
     { geopolyBlobFunc,          1,    "geopoly_blob"             },
     { geopolyJsonFunc,          1,    "geopoly_json"             },
     { geopolySvgFunc,          -1,    "geopoly_svg"              },
     { geopolyWithinFunc,        2,    "geopoly_within"           },
     { geopolyContainsPointFunc, 3,    "geopoly_contains_point"   },
     { geopolyOverlapFunc,       2,    "geopoly_overlap"          },
     { geopolyDebugFunc,         1,    "geopoly_debug"            },
     { geopolyBBoxFunc,          1,    "geopoly_bbox"             },
     { geopolyXformFunc,         7,    "geopoly_xform"            },
  };
  static const struct {
    void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**);
    void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*);
    const char *zName;
  } aAgg[] = {
     { geopolyBBoxStep, geopolyBBoxFinal, "geopoly_group_bbox"    },
  };
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<sizeof(aFunc)/sizeof(aFunc[0]) && rc==SQLITE_OK; i++){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, aFunc[i].zName, aFunc[i].nArg,
                                 SQLITE_UTF8, 0,
                                 aFunc[i].xFunc, 0, 0);
  }
  for(i=0; i<sizeof(aAgg)/sizeof(aAgg[0]) && rc==SQLITE_OK; i++){
    rc = sqlite3_create_function(db, aAgg[i].zName, 1, SQLITE_UTF8, 0,
                                 0, aAgg[i].xStep, aAgg[i].xFinal);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_create_module_v2(db, "geopoly", &geopolyModule, 0, 0);
  }
  return rc;
}

/************** End of geopoly.c *********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in rtree.c **********************/
#endif

/*
** Register the r-tree module with database handle db. This creates the
** virtual table module "rtree" and the debugging/analysis scalar 
** function "rtreenode".
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3RtreeInit(sqlite3 *db){
................................................................................
#endif
    rc = sqlite3_create_module_v2(db, "rtree", &rtreeModule, c, 0);
  }
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    void *c = (void *)RTREE_COORD_INT32;
    rc = sqlite3_create_module_v2(db, "rtree_i32", &rtreeModule, c, 0);
  }
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_GEOPOLY
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = sqlite3_geopoly_init(db);
  }
#endif

  return rc;
}

/*
** This routine deletes the RtreeGeomCallback object that was attached
** one of the SQL functions create by sqlite3_rtree_geometry_callback()
................................................................................
    sqlite3_free(p);
  }
}

#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_SESSION && SQLITE_ENABLE_PREUPDATE_HOOK */

/************** End of sqlite3session.c **************************************/
































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































/************** Begin file fts5.c ********************************************/


#if !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS5) 

#if !defined(NDEBUG) && !defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) 
# define NDEBUG 1
................................................................................
static void fts5SourceIdFunc(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx,          /* Function call context */
  int nArg,                       /* Number of args */
  sqlite3_value **apUnused        /* Function arguments */
){
  assert( nArg==0 );
  UNUSED_PARAM2(nArg, apUnused);
  sqlite3_result_text(pCtx, "fts5: 2018-08-30 01:52:10 58078c0d2647a194279fa80e032670441b296ffc3acee692901faa5beca460b7", -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
}

static int fts5Init(sqlite3 *db){
  static const sqlite3_module fts5Mod = {
    /* iVersion      */ 2,
    /* xCreate       */ fts5CreateMethod,
    /* xConnect      */ fts5ConnectMethod,
................................................................................
#endif
  return rc;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_CORE */
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STMTVTAB) */

/************** End of stmt.c ************************************************/
#if __LINE__!=218050
#undef SQLITE_SOURCE_ID
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2018-08-30 01:52:10 58078c0d2647a194279fa80e032670441b296ffc3acee692901faa5beca4alt2"
#endif
/* Return the source-id for this library */
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_sourceid(void){ return SQLITE_SOURCE_ID; }
/************************** End of sqlite3.c ******************************/

Changes to src/sqlite3.h.

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**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.25.0"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3025000
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2018-08-16 16:24:24 456842924bb33c0af8af29402f06e5f25b6791f698a0d12a080258b20b0cfb61"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GLOB      66
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_REGEXP    67
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_NE        68
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_ISNOT     69
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_ISNOTNULL 70
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_ISNULL    71
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_IS        72


/*
** CAPI3REF: Register A Virtual Table Implementation
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^These routines are used to register a new [virtual table module] name.
** ^Module names must be registered before







|







 







>







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**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.25.0"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3025000
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2018-08-30 01:52:10 58078c0d2647a194279fa80e032670441b296ffc3acee692901faa5beca460b7"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GLOB      66
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_REGEXP    67
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_NE        68
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_ISNOT     69
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_ISNOTNULL 70
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_ISNULL    71
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_IS        72
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_FUNCTION 150

/*
** CAPI3REF: Register A Virtual Table Implementation
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^These routines are used to register a new [virtual table module] name.
** ^Module names must be registered before