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Overview
Comment:Update the built-in SQLite to the latest 3.8.12 beta.
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: 1059aae93c2304153fc5391470b5985d93775693
User & Date: drh 2015-10-02 20:38:39
Context
2015-10-05
13:15
Enhancements to the /timewarps page. check-in: c9b0b7ca user: drh tags: trunk
2015-10-03
21:35
New enhancements to the /timewarps page. Closed-Leaf check-in: a766e750 user: drh tags: timewarp-enhancements
2015-10-02
20:38
Update the built-in SQLite to the latest 3.8.12 beta. check-in: 1059aae9 user: drh tags: trunk
10:37
Improve error handling in "fossil sqlite" command ".tables". Cherry-pick from SQLite trunk. check-in: 5c9aecae user: jan.nijtmans tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/sqlite3.c.

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**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.12"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008012
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2015-09-28 14:40:20 9d057f52217e7ef9c3f3eb84117abe3365503f44"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** strategy. A cost of N indicates that the cost of the strategy is similar
** to a linear scan of an SQLite table with N rows. A cost of log(N) 
** indicates that the expense of the operation is similar to that of a
** binary search on a unique indexed field of an SQLite table with N rows.
**
** ^The estimatedRows value is an estimate of the number of rows that
** will be returned by the strategy.















**
** IMPORTANT: The estimatedRows field was added to the sqlite3_index_info
** structure for SQLite version 3.8.2. If a virtual table extension is
** used with an SQLite version earlier than 3.8.2, the results of attempting 
** to read or write the estimatedRows field are undefined (but are likely 
** to included crashing the application). The estimatedRows field should
** therefore only be used if [sqlite3_libversion_number()] returns a
** value greater than or equal to 3008002.



*/
struct sqlite3_index_info {
  /* Inputs */
  int nConstraint;           /* Number of entries in aConstraint */
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint {
     int iColumn;              /* Column on left-hand side of constraint */
     unsigned char op;         /* Constraint operator */
................................................................................
  int idxNum;                /* Number used to identify the index */
  char *idxStr;              /* String, possibly obtained from sqlite3_malloc */
  int needToFreeIdxStr;      /* Free idxStr using sqlite3_free() if true */
  int orderByConsumed;       /* True if output is already ordered */
  double estimatedCost;           /* Estimated cost of using this index */
  /* Fields below are only available in SQLite 3.8.2 and later */
  sqlite3_int64 estimatedRows;    /* Estimated number of rows returned */


};






/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Constraint Operator Codes
**
** These macros defined the allowed values for the
** [sqlite3_index_info].aConstraint[].op field.  Each value represents
** an operator that is part of a constraint term in the wHERE clause of
** a query that uses a [virtual table].
................................................................................

/* Return true if index X is a PRIMARY KEY index */
#define IsPrimaryKeyIndex(X)  ((X)->idxType==SQLITE_IDXTYPE_PRIMARYKEY)

/* Return true if index X is a UNIQUE index */
#define IsUniqueIndex(X)      ((X)->onError!=OE_None)







/*
** Each sample stored in the sqlite_stat3 table is represented in memory 
** using a structure of this type.  See documentation at the top of the
** analyze.c source file for additional information.
*/
struct IndexSample {
  void *p;          /* Pointer to sampled record */
................................................................................
                                        Select*,u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerUpdateStep(sqlite3*,Token*,ExprList*, Expr*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerDeleteStep(sqlite3*,Token*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3DeleteTrigger(sqlite3*, Trigger*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteTrigger(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   u32 sqlite3TriggerColmask(Parse*,Trigger*,ExprList*,int,int,Table*,int);
# define sqlite3ParseToplevel(p) ((p)->pToplevel ? (p)->pToplevel : (p))

#else
# define sqlite3TriggersExist(B,C,D,E,F) 0
# define sqlite3DeleteTrigger(A,B)
# define sqlite3DropTriggerPtr(A,B)
# define sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteTrigger(A,B,C)
# define sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(A,B,C,D,E,F,G,H,I)
# define sqlite3CodeRowTriggerDirect(A,B,C,D,E,F)
# define sqlite3TriggerList(X, Y) 0
# define sqlite3ParseToplevel(p) p

# define sqlite3TriggerColmask(A,B,C,D,E,F,G) 0
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3JoinType(Parse*, Token*, Token*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CreateForeignKey(Parse*, ExprList*, Token*, ExprList*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeferForeignKey(Parse*, int);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
................................................................................

  rc = saveCursorKey(pCur);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    btreeReleaseAllCursorPages(pCur);
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK;
  }

  invalidateOverflowCache(pCur);
  return rc;
}

/* Forward reference */
static int SQLITE_NOINLINE saveCursorsOnList(BtCursor*,Pgno,BtCursor*);

/*
................................................................................
    ** for which the pointer is stored within the content being copied.
    **
    ** It is critical that the child page be defragmented before being
    ** copied into the parent, because if the parent is page 1 then it will
    ** by smaller than the child due to the database header, and so all the
    ** free space needs to be up front.
    */
    assert( nNew==1 );
    rc = defragmentPage(apNew[0]);
    testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
    assert( apNew[0]->nFree == 
        (get2byte(&apNew[0]->aData[5])-apNew[0]->cellOffset-apNew[0]->nCell*2)
      || rc!=SQLITE_OK
    );
    copyNodeContent(apNew[0], pParent, &rc);
................................................................................
        }
      }
#endif
      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        int j;
        for(j=0; j<pIdx->nKeyCol; j++){
          /* FIXME: Be smarter about indexes that use expressions */
          if( pIdx->aiColumn[j]==iCol || pIdx->aiColumn[j]==(-2) ){
            zFault = "indexed";
          }
        }
      }
      if( zFault ){
        sqlite3DbFree(db, zErr);
        zErr = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "cannot open %s column for writing", zFault);
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,  /* The parsing context */
  Index *pIdx,    /* The index whose column is to be loaded */
  int iTabCur,    /* Cursor pointing to a table row */
  int iIdxCol,    /* The column of the index to be loaded */
  int regOut      /* Store the index column value in this register */
){
  i16 iTabCol = pIdx->aiColumn[iIdxCol];
  if( iTabCol>=(-1) ){
    sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(pParse->pVdbe, pIdx->pTable, iTabCur,
                                    iTabCol, regOut);
    return;
  }
  assert( pIdx->aColExpr );
  assert( pIdx->aColExpr->nExpr>iIdxCol );
  pParse->iSelfTab = iTabCur;
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pIdx->aColExpr->a[iIdxCol].pExpr, regOut);




}

/*
** Generate code to extract the value of the iCol-th column of a table.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(
  Vdbe *v,        /* The VDBE under construction */
................................................................................
          OP_Transaction,                    /* Opcode */
          iDb,                               /* P1 */
          DbMaskTest(pParse->writeMask,iDb), /* P2 */
          pParse->cookieValue[iDb],          /* P3 */
          db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->iGeneration  /* P4 */
        );
        if( db->init.busy==0 ) sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 1);


      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
      for(i=0; i<pParse->nVtabLock; i++){
        char *vtab = (char *)sqlite3GetVTable(db, pParse->apVtabLock[i]);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VBegin, 0, 0, 0, vtab, P4_VTAB);
      }
      pParse->nVtabLock = 0;
................................................................................
  }else{
    sortOrderMask = 0;    /* Ignore DESC */
  }

  /* Analyze the list of expressions that form the terms of the index and
  ** report any errors.  In the common case where the expression is exactly
  ** a table column, store that column in aiColumn[].  For general expressions,
  ** populate pIndex->aColExpr and store -2 in aiColumn[].
  **
  ** TODO: Issue a warning if two or more columns of the index are identical.
  ** TODO: Issue a warning if the table primary key is used as part of the
  ** index key.
  */
  for(i=0, pListItem=pList->a; i<pList->nExpr; i++, pListItem++){
    Expr *pCExpr;                  /* The i-th index expression */
................................................................................
        ExprList *pCopy = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pList, 0);
        pIndex->aColExpr = pCopy;
        if( !db->mallocFailed ){
          assert( pCopy!=0 );
          pListItem = &pCopy->a[i];
        }
      }
      j = -2;
      pIndex->aiColumn[i] = -2;
      pIndex->uniqNotNull = 0;
    }else{
      j = pCExpr->iColumn;
      assert( j<=0x7fff );
      if( j<0 ){
        j = pTab->iPKey;
      }else if( pTab->aCol[j].notNull==0 ){
................................................................................
        pIndex->azColl[i] = pPk->azColl[j];
        pIndex->aSortOrder[i] = pPk->aSortOrder[j];
        i++;
      }
    }
    assert( i==pIndex->nColumn );
  }else{
    pIndex->aiColumn[i] = -1;
    pIndex->azColl[i] = "BINARY";
  }
  sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIndex);
  if( pParse->pNewTable==0 ) estimateIndexWidth(pIndex);

  if( pTab==pParse->pNewTable ){
    /* This routine has been called to create an automatic index as a
................................................................................
    **  ONEPASS_OFF:    Two-pass approach - use a FIFO for rowids/PK values.
    **  ONEPASS_SINGLE: One-pass approach - at most one row deleted.
    **  ONEPASS_MULTI:  One-pass approach - any number of rows may be deleted.
    */
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, wcf, iTabCur+1);
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto delete_from_cleanup;
    eOnePass = sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(pWInfo, aiCurOnePass);
    assert( IsVirtual(pTab)==0 || eOnePass==ONEPASS_OFF );
    assert( IsVirtual(pTab) || bComplex || eOnePass!=ONEPASS_OFF );
  
    /* Keep track of the number of rows to be deleted */
    if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, memCnt, 1);
    }
  
    /* Extract the rowid or primary key for the current row */
    if( pPk ){
      for(i=0; i<nPk; i++){
        assert( pPk->aiColumn[i]>=(-1) );
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur,
                                        pPk->aiColumn[i], iPk+i);
      }
      iKey = iPk;
    }else{
      iKey = pParse->nMem + 1;
      iKey = sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(pParse, pTab, -1, iTabCur, iKey, 0);
................................................................................
    }
  
    /* Set up a loop over the rowids/primary-keys that were found in the
    ** where-clause loop above.
    */
    if( eOnePass!=ONEPASS_OFF ){
      assert( nKey==nPk );  /* OP_Found will use an unpacked key */
      if( aToOpen[iDataCur-iTabCur] ){
        assert( pPk!=0 || pTab->pSelect!=0 );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, addrBypass, iKey, nKey);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
    }else if( pPk ){
      addrLoop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, iEphCur); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, iEphCur, iKey);
................................................................................
    /* Delete the row */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      const char *pVTab = (const char *)sqlite3GetVTable(db, pTab);
      sqlite3VtabMakeWritable(pParse, pTab);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VUpdate, 0, 1, iKey, pVTab, P4_VTAB);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OE_Abort);

      sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);



    }else
#endif
    {
      int count = (pParse->nested==0);    /* True to count changes */
      int iIdxNoSeek = -1;
      if( bComplex==0 && aiCurOnePass[1]!=iDataCur ){
        iIdxNoSeek = aiCurOnePass[1];
................................................................................
  }
  nCol = (prefixOnly && pIdx->uniqNotNull) ? pIdx->nKeyCol : pIdx->nColumn;
  regBase = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nCol);
  if( pPrior && (regBase!=regPrior || pPrior->pPartIdxWhere) ) pPrior = 0;
  for(j=0; j<nCol; j++){
    if( pPrior
     && pPrior->aiColumn[j]==pIdx->aiColumn[j]
     && pPrior->aiColumn[j]>=(-1)
    ){
      /* This column was already computed by the previous index */
      continue;
    }
    sqlite3ExprCodeLoadIndexColumn(pParse, pIdx, iDataCur, j, regBase+j);
    /* If the column affinity is REAL but the number is an integer, then it
    ** might be stored in the table as an integer (using a compact
................................................................................
        ** the default collation sequences for each column. */
        int i, j;
        for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
          i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];     /* Index of column in parent tbl */
          char *zDfltColl;                  /* Def. collation for column */
          char *zIdxCol;                    /* Name of indexed column */



          /* If the index uses a collation sequence that is different from
          ** the default collation sequence for the column, this index is
          ** unusable. Bail out early in this case.  */
          zDfltColl = pParent->aCol[iCol].zColl;
          if( !zDfltColl ){
            zDfltColl = "BINARY";
          }
................................................................................
      ** none of the child key values are).
      */
      if( pTab==pFKey->pFrom && nIncr==1 ){
        int iJump = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + nCol + 1;
        for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
          int iChild = aiCol[i]+1+regData;
          int iParent = pIdx->aiColumn[i]+1+regData;

          assert( aiCol[i]!=pTab->iPKey );
          if( pIdx->aiColumn[i]==pTab->iPKey ){
            /* The parent key is a composite key that includes the IPK column */
            iParent = regData;
          }
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Ne, iChild, iJump, iParent); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
................................................................................
      pNe = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NE, pLeft, pRight, 0);
    }else{
      Expr *pEq, *pAll = 0;
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
      assert( pIdx!=0 );
      for(i=0; i<pPk->nKeyCol; i++){
        i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];

        pLeft = exprTableRegister(pParse, pTab, regData, iCol);
        pRight = exprTableColumn(db, pTab, pSrc->a[0].iCursor, iCol);
        pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pLeft, pRight, 0);
        pAll = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pAll, pEq);
      }
      pNe = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, pAll, 0, 0);
    }
................................................................................
      iCol = pFKey->aCol[0].iFrom;
      aiCol = &iCol;
    }
    for(i=0; i<pFKey->nCol; i++){
      if( aiCol[i]==pTab->iPKey ){
        aiCol[i] = -1;
      }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
      /* Request permission to read the parent key columns. If the 
      ** authorization callback returns SQLITE_IGNORE, behave as if any
      ** values read from the parent table are NULL. */
      if( db->xAuth ){
        int rcauth;
        char *zCol = pTo->aCol[pIdx ? pIdx->aiColumn[i] : pTo->iPKey].zName;
................................................................................
    for(p=pTab->pFKey; p; p=p->pNextFrom){
      for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++) mask |= COLUMN_MASK(p->aCol[i].iFrom);
    }
    for(p=sqlite3FkReferences(pTab); p; p=p->pNextTo){
      Index *pIdx = 0;
      sqlite3FkLocateIndex(pParse, pTab, p, &pIdx, 0);
      if( pIdx ){


        for(i=0; i<pIdx->nKeyCol; i++) mask |= COLUMN_MASK(pIdx->aiColumn[i]);

      }
    }
  }
  return mask;
}


................................................................................
      Token tToCol;               /* Name of column in parent table */
      int iFromCol;               /* Idx of column in child table */
      Expr *pEq;                  /* tFromCol = OLD.tToCol */

      iFromCol = aiCol ? aiCol[i] : pFKey->aCol[0].iFrom;
      assert( iFromCol>=0 );
      assert( pIdx!=0 || (pTab->iPKey>=0 && pTab->iPKey<pTab->nCol) );

      tToCol.z = pTab->aCol[pIdx ? pIdx->aiColumn[i] : pTab->iPKey].zName;
      tFromCol.z = pFKey->pFrom->aCol[iFromCol].zName;

      tToCol.n = sqlite3Strlen30(tToCol.z);
      tFromCol.n = sqlite3Strlen30(tFromCol.z);

      /* Create the expression "OLD.zToCol = zFromCol". It is important
................................................................................
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      return 0;
    }
    for(n=0; n<pIdx->nColumn; n++){
      i16 x = pIdx->aiColumn[n];
      if( x>=0 ){
        pIdx->zColAff[n] = pTab->aCol[x].affinity;
      }else if( x==(-1) ){
        pIdx->zColAff[n] = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
      }else{
        char aff;
        assert( x==(-2) );
        assert( pIdx->aColExpr!=0 );
        aff = sqlite3ExprAffinity(pIdx->aColExpr->a[n].pExpr);
        if( aff==0 ) aff = SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
        pIdx->zColAff[n] = aff;
      }
    }
    pIdx->zColAff[n] = 0;
................................................................................
  int memId;                 /* Register holding max rowid */
  int addr;                  /* A VDBE address */
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;   /* VDBE under construction */

  /* This routine is never called during trigger-generation.  It is
  ** only called from the top-level */
  assert( pParse->pTriggerTab==0 );
  assert( pParse==sqlite3ParseToplevel(pParse) );

  assert( v );   /* We failed long ago if this is not so */
  for(p = pParse->pAinc; p; p = p->pNext){
    pDb = &db->aDb[p->iDb];
    memId = p->regCtr;
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, 0, pDb->pSchema) );
    sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, 0, p->iDb, pDb->pSchema->pSeqTab, OP_OpenRead);
................................................................................
    /* Create a record for this index entry as it should appear after
    ** the insert or update.  Store that record in the aRegIdx[ix] register
    */
    regIdx = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, pIdx->nColumn);
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
      int iField = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
      int x;
      if( iField==(-2) ){
        pParse->ckBase = regNewData+1;
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pIdx->aColExpr->a[i].pExpr, regIdx+i);
        pParse->ckBase = 0;
        VdbeComment((v, "%s column %d", pIdx->zName, i));
      }else{
        if( iField==(-1) || iField==pTab->iPKey ){
          if( regRowid==regIdx+i ) continue; /* ROWID already in regIdx+i */
          x = regNewData;
          regRowid =  pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ? -1 : regIdx+i;
        }else{
          x = iField + regNewData + 1;
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, x, regIdx+i);
................................................................................
        }
      }else{
        int x;
        /* Extract the PRIMARY KEY from the end of the index entry and
        ** store it in registers regR..regR+nPk-1 */
        if( pIdx!=pPk ){
          for(i=0; i<pPk->nKeyCol; i++){

            x = sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(pIdx, pPk->aiColumn[i]);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iThisCur, x, regR+i);
            VdbeComment((v, "%s.%s", pTab->zName,
                         pTab->aCol[pPk->aiColumn[i]].zName));
          }
        }
        if( isUpdate ){
................................................................................
          int addrJump = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+pPk->nKeyCol;
          int op = OP_Ne;
          int regCmp = (IsPrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx) ? regIdx : regR);
  
          for(i=0; i<pPk->nKeyCol; i++){
            char *p4 = (char*)sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, pPk->azColl[i]);
            x = pPk->aiColumn[i];

            if( i==(pPk->nKeyCol-1) ){
              addrJump = addrUniqueOk;
              op = OP_Eq;
            }
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, op, 
                regOldData+1+x, addrJump, regCmp+i, p4, P4_COLLSEQ
            );
................................................................................
  if( pDest->onError!=pSrc->onError ){
    return 0;   /* Different conflict resolution strategies */
  }
  for(i=0; i<pSrc->nKeyCol; i++){
    if( pSrc->aiColumn[i]!=pDest->aiColumn[i] ){
      return 0;   /* Different columns indexed */
    }
    if( pSrc->aiColumn[i]==(-2) ){
      assert( pSrc->aColExpr!=0 && pDest->aColExpr!=0 );
      if( sqlite3ExprCompare(pSrc->aColExpr->a[i].pExpr,
                             pDest->aColExpr->a[i].pExpr, -1)!=0 ){
        return 0;   /* Different expressions in the index */
      }
    }
    if( pSrc->aSortOrder[i]!=pDest->aSortOrder[i] ){
................................................................................
          ** or (2) the next entry has a different key */
          if( IsUniqueIndex(pIdx) ){
            int uniqOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
            int jmp6;
            int kk;
            for(kk=0; kk<pIdx->nKeyCol; kk++){
              int iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[kk];
              assert( iCol!=(-1) && iCol<pTab->nCol );
              if( iCol>=0 && pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull ) continue;
              sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, r1+kk, uniqOk);
              VdbeCoverage(v);
            }
            jmp6 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Next, iIdxCur+j); VdbeCoverage(v);
            sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, uniqOk);
            sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp6);
................................................................................

  /* Look up every table named in the FROM clause of the select.  If
  ** an entry of the FROM clause is a subquery instead of a table or view,
  ** then create a transient table structure to describe the subquery.
  */
  for(i=0, pFrom=pTabList->a; i<pTabList->nSrc; i++, pFrom++){
    Table *pTab;
    assert( pFrom->fg.isRecursive==0 || pFrom->pTab );
    if( pFrom->fg.isRecursive ) continue;
    if( pFrom->pTab!=0 ){
      /* This statement has already been prepared.  There is no need
      ** to go further. */
      assert( i==0 );
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CTE
      selectPopWith(pWalker, p);
#endif
      return WRC_Prune;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CTE
    if( withExpand(pWalker, pFrom) ) return WRC_Abort;
    if( pFrom->pTab ) {} else
#endif
    if( pFrom->zName==0 ){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
      Select *pSel = pFrom->pSelect;
................................................................................
static void selectAddSubqueryTypeInfo(Walker *pWalker, Select *p){
  Parse *pParse;
  int i;
  SrcList *pTabList;
  struct SrcList_item *pFrom;

  assert( p->selFlags & SF_Resolved );
  if( (p->selFlags & SF_HasTypeInfo)==0 ){
    p->selFlags |= SF_HasTypeInfo;
    pParse = pWalker->pParse;
    pTabList = p->pSrc;
    for(i=0, pFrom=pTabList->a; i<pTabList->nSrc; i++, pFrom++){
      Table *pTab = pFrom->pTab;

      if( ALWAYS(pTab!=0) && (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Ephemeral)!=0 ){
        /* A sub-query in the FROM clause of a SELECT */
        Select *pSel = pFrom->pSelect;
        if( pSel ){
          while( pSel->pPrior ) pSel = pSel->pPrior;
          selectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(pParse, pTab, pSel);
        }
      }
    }
  }
}
#endif


................................................................................
  int newmask;           /* Mask of NEW.* columns accessed by BEFORE triggers */
  int iEph = 0;          /* Ephemeral table holding all primary key values */
  int nKey = 0;          /* Number of elements in regKey for WITHOUT ROWID */
  int aiCurOnePass[2];   /* The write cursors opened by WHERE_ONEPASS */

  /* Register Allocations */
  int regRowCount = 0;   /* A count of rows changed */
  int regOldRowid;       /* The old rowid */
  int regNewRowid;       /* The new rowid */
  int regNew;            /* Content of the NEW.* table in triggers */
  int regOld = 0;        /* Content of OLD.* table in triggers */
  int regRowSet = 0;     /* Rowset of rows to be updated */
  int regKey = 0;        /* composite PRIMARY KEY value */

  memset(&sContext, 0, sizeof(sContext));
  db = pParse->db;
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ){
................................................................................

  /* Begin generating code. */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
  if( pParse->nested==0 ) sqlite3VdbeCountChanges(v);
  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, iDb);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  /* Virtual tables must be handled separately */
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    updateVirtualTable(pParse, pTabList, pTab, pChanges, pRowidExpr, aXRef,
                       pWhere, onError);
    pWhere = 0;
    pTabList = 0;
    goto update_cleanup;
  }
#endif

  /* Allocate required registers. */

  regRowSet = ++pParse->nMem;
  regOldRowid = regNewRowid = ++pParse->nMem;
  if( chngPk || pTrigger || hasFK ){
    regOld = pParse->nMem + 1;
    pParse->nMem += pTab->nCol;
  }
  if( chngKey || pTrigger || hasFK ){
    regNewRowid = ++pParse->nMem;
  }
  regNew = pParse->nMem + 1;
  pParse->nMem += pTab->nCol;


  /* Start the view context. */
  if( isView ){
    sqlite3AuthContextPush(pParse, &sContext, pTab->zName);
  }

  /* If we are trying to update a view, realize that view into
................................................................................

  /* Resolve the column names in all the expressions in the
  ** WHERE clause.
  */
  if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, pWhere) ){
    goto update_cleanup;
  }










  /* Begin the database scan
  */
  if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Null, 0, regRowSet, regOldRowid);
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(
        pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED, iIdxCur
................................................................................
    addrOpen = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, iEph, nPk);
    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pPk);
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, 
                               WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED, iIdxCur);
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
    okOnePass = sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(pWInfo, aiCurOnePass);
    for(i=0; i<nPk; i++){
      assert( pPk->aiColumn[i]>=(-1) );
      sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur, pPk->aiColumn[i],
                                      iPk+i);
    }
    if( okOnePass ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, addrOpen);
      nKey = nPk;
      regKey = iPk;
................................................................................
  ** the database after the BEFORE triggers are fired anyway (as the trigger 
  ** may have modified them). So not loading those that are not going to
  ** be used eliminates some redundant opcodes.
  */
  newmask = sqlite3TriggerColmask(
      pParse, pTrigger, pChanges, 1, TRIGGER_BEFORE, pTab, onError
  );
  /*sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Null, 0, regNew, regNew+pTab->nCol-1);*/
  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
    if( i==pTab->iPKey ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regNew+i);
    }else{
      j = aXRef[i];
      if( j>=0 ){
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pChanges->a[j].pExpr, regNew+i);
................................................................................
 #undef pTrigger
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/*
** Generate code for an UPDATE of a virtual table.
**




** The strategy is that we create an ephemeral table that contains
** for each row to be changed:
**
**   (A)  The original rowid of that row.
**   (B)  The revised rowid for the row. (note1)
**   (C)  The content of every column in the row.
**
** Then we loop over this ephemeral table and for each row in
** the ephemeral table call VUpdate.
**
** When finished, drop the ephemeral table.
**


** (note1) Actually, if we know in advance that (A) is always the same
** as (B) we only store (A), then duplicate (A) when pulling
** it out of the ephemeral table before calling VUpdate.
*/
static void updateVirtualTable(
  Parse *pParse,       /* The parsing context */
  SrcList *pSrc,       /* The virtual table to be modified */
  Table *pTab,         /* The virtual table */
  ExprList *pChanges,  /* The columns to change in the UPDATE statement */
  Expr *pRowid,        /* Expression used to recompute the rowid */
  int *aXRef,          /* Mapping from columns of pTab to entries in pChanges */
  Expr *pWhere,        /* WHERE clause of the UPDATE statement */
  int onError          /* ON CONFLICT strategy */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;  /* Virtual machine under construction */
  ExprList *pEList = 0;     /* The result set of the SELECT statement */
  Select *pSelect = 0;      /* The SELECT statement */
  Expr *pExpr;              /* Temporary expression */
  int ephemTab;             /* Table holding the result of the SELECT */
  int i;                    /* Loop counter */
  int addr;                 /* Address of top of loop */
  int iReg;                 /* First register in set passed to OP_VUpdate */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db; /* Database connection */
  const char *pVTab = (const char*)sqlite3GetVTable(db, pTab);





  SelectDest dest;




  /* Construct the SELECT statement that will find the new values for
  ** all updated rows. 
  */
  pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, "_rowid_"));
















  if( pRowid ){
    pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pEList,
                                   sqlite3ExprDup(db, pRowid, 0));



  }
  assert( pTab->iPKey<0 );
  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
    if( aXRef[i]>=0 ){
      pExpr = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pChanges->a[aXRef[i]].pExpr, 0);
    }else{
      pExpr = sqlite3Expr(db, TK_ID, pTab->aCol[i].zName);

    }
    pEList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pEList, pExpr);
  }
  pSelect = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse, pEList, pSrc, pWhere, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  
  /* Create the ephemeral table into which the update results will
  ** be stored.
  */
  assert( v );
  ephemTab = pParse->nTab++;


  /* fill the ephemeral table 
  */
  sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_EphemTab, ephemTab);
  sqlite3Select(pParse, pSelect, &dest);










  /* Generate code to scan the ephemeral table and call VUpdate. */
  iReg = ++pParse->nMem;
  pParse->nMem += pTab->nCol+1;

  addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, ephemTab, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column,  ephemTab, 0, iReg);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, ephemTab, (pRowid?1:0), iReg+1);












  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, ephemTab, i+1+(pRowid!=0), iReg+2+i);
  }

  sqlite3VtabMakeWritable(pParse, pTab);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VUpdate, 0, pTab->nCol+2, iReg, pVTab, P4_VTAB);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, onError==OE_Default ? OE_Abort : onError);
  sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);




  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, ephemTab, addr+1); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, ephemTab, 0);



  /* Cleanup */
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);  
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

/************** End of update.c **********************************************/
/************** Begin file vacuum.c ******************************************/
/*
** 2003 April 6
................................................................................

    /* Invoke the xBegin method. If successful, add the vtab to the 
    ** sqlite3.aVTrans[] array. */
    rc = growVTrans(db);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = pModule->xBegin(pVTab->pVtab);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){

        addToVTrans(db, pVTab);

      }
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return the name of the i-th column of the pIdx index.
*/
static const char *explainIndexColumnName(Index *pIdx, int i){
  i = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
  if( i==(-2) ) return "<expr>";
  if( i==(-1) ) return "rowid";
  return pIdx->pTable->aCol[i].zName;
}

/*
** Argument pLevel describes a strategy for scanning table pTab. This 
** function appends text to pStr that describes the subset of table
** rows scanned by the strategy in the form of an SQL expression.
................................................................................
    pLevel->addrSkip = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, (bRev?OP_SeekLT:OP_SeekGT),
                            iIdxCur, 0, regBase, nSkip);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev==0);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev!=0);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j);
    for(j=0; j<nSkip; j++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, j, regBase+j);
      testcase( pIdx->aiColumn[j]==(-2) );
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", explainIndexColumnName(pIdx, j)));
    }
  }    

  /* Evaluate the equality constraints
  */
  assert( zAff==0 || (int)strlen(zAff)>=nEq );
................................................................................
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    pLoop->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
    for(j=0; j<nConstraint && j<16; j++){
      if( (pLoop->u.vtab.omitMask>>j)&1 ){
        disableTerm(pLevel, pLoop->aLTerm[j]);
      }
    }
    pLevel->op = OP_VNext;
    pLevel->p1 = iCur;

    pLevel->p2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, iReg, nConstraint+2);
    sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
  }else
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

  if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IPK)!=0
................................................................................
** Any cursors returned will have been opened for writing.
**
** aiCur[0] and aiCur[1] both get -1 if the where-clause logic is
** unable to use the ONEPASS optimization.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(WhereInfo *pWInfo, int *aiCur){
  memcpy(aiCur, pWInfo->aiCurOnePass, sizeof(int)*2);







  return pWInfo->eOnePass;
}

/*
** Move the content of pSrc into pDest
*/
static void whereOrMove(WhereOrSet *pDest, WhereOrSet *pSrc){
................................................................................
  WhereClause *pWC;    /* Shorthand for pScan->pWC */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;    /* The term being tested */
  int k = pScan->k;    /* Where to start scanning */

  while( pScan->iEquiv<=pScan->nEquiv ){
    iCur = pScan->aiCur[pScan->iEquiv-1];
    iColumn = pScan->aiColumn[pScan->iEquiv-1];
    if( iColumn==(-2) && pScan->pIdxExpr==0 ) return 0;
    while( (pWC = pScan->pWC)!=0 ){
      for(pTerm=pWC->a+k; k<pWC->nTerm; k++, pTerm++){
        if( pTerm->leftCursor==iCur
         && pTerm->u.leftColumn==iColumn
         && (iColumn!=(-2)
             || sqlite3ExprCompare(pTerm->pExpr->pLeft,pScan->pIdxExpr,iCur)==0)
         && (pScan->iEquiv<=1 || !ExprHasProperty(pTerm->pExpr, EP_FromJoin))
        ){
          if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_EQUIV)!=0
           && pScan->nEquiv<ArraySize(pScan->aiCur)
           && (pX = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pTerm->pExpr->pRight))->op==TK_COLUMN
          ){
................................................................................
  /* memset(pScan, 0, sizeof(*pScan)); */
  pScan->pOrigWC = pWC;
  pScan->pWC = pWC;
  pScan->pIdxExpr = 0;
  if( pIdx ){
    j = iColumn;
    iColumn = pIdx->aiColumn[j];
    if( iColumn==(-2) ) pScan->pIdxExpr = pIdx->aColExpr->a[j].pExpr;
  }
  if( pIdx && iColumn>=0 ){
    pScan->idxaff = pIdx->pTable->aCol[iColumn].affinity;
    pScan->zCollName = pIdx->azColl[j];
  }else{
    pScan->idxaff = 0;
    pScan->zCollName = 0;
................................................................................
    for(i=BMS-1; i<pTable->nCol; i++){
      pIdx->aiColumn[n] = i;
      pIdx->azColl[n] = "BINARY";
      n++;
    }
  }
  assert( n==nKeyCol );
  pIdx->aiColumn[n] = -1;
  pIdx->azColl[n] = "BINARY";

  /* Create the automatic index */
  assert( pLevel->iIdxCur>=0 );
  pLevel->iIdxCur = pParse->nTab++;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenAutoindex, pLevel->iIdxCur, nKeyCol+1);
  sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
................................................................................
      assert( nIn>0 );  /* RHS always has 2 or more terms...  The parser
                        ** changes "x IN (?)" into "x=?". */

    }else if( eOp & (WO_EQ|WO_IS) ){
      int iCol = pProbe->aiColumn[saved_nEq];
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_EQ;
      assert( saved_nEq==pNew->u.btree.nEq );

      if( iCol==(-1) || (iCol>0 && nInMul==0 && saved_nEq==pProbe->nKeyCol-1) ){

        if( iCol>=0 && pProbe->uniqNotNull==0 ){
          pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_UNQ_WANTED;
        }else{
          pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_ONEROW;
        }
      }
    }else if( eOp & WO_ISNULL ){
................................................................................
    if( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN && pExpr->iTable==iCursor ){
      if( pExpr->iColumn<0 ) return 1;
      for(jj=0; jj<pIndex->nKeyCol; jj++){
        if( pExpr->iColumn==pIndex->aiColumn[jj] ) return 1;
      }
    }else if( (aColExpr = pIndex->aColExpr)!=0 ){
      for(jj=0; jj<pIndex->nKeyCol; jj++){
        if( pIndex->aiColumn[jj]!=(-2) ) continue;
        if( sqlite3ExprCompare(pExpr,aColExpr->a[jj].pExpr,iCursor)==0 ){
          return 1;
        }
      }
    }
  }
  return 0;
................................................................................
    if( pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr ) sqlite3_free(pIdxInfo->idxStr);
    pIdxInfo->idxStr = 0;
    pIdxInfo->idxNum = 0;
    pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr = 0;
    pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed = 0;
    pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = SQLITE_BIG_DBL / (double)2;
    pIdxInfo->estimatedRows = 25;

    rc = vtabBestIndex(pParse, pTab, pIdxInfo);
    if( rc ) goto whereLoopAddVtab_exit;
    pIdxCons = *(struct sqlite3_index_constraint**)&pIdxInfo->aConstraint;
    pNew->prereq = mExtra;
    mxTerm = -1;
    assert( pNew->nLSlot>=nConstraint );
    for(i=0; i<nConstraint; i++) pNew->aLTerm[i] = 0;
................................................................................
          }
          /* A virtual table that is constrained by an IN clause may not
          ** consume the ORDER BY clause because (1) the order of IN terms
          ** is not necessarily related to the order of output terms and
          ** (2) Multiple outputs from a single IN value will not merge
          ** together.  */
          pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed = 0;

        }
      }
    }
    if( i>=nConstraint ){
      pNew->nLTerm = mxTerm+1;
      assert( pNew->nLTerm<=pNew->nLSlot );
      pNew->u.vtab.idxNum = pIdxInfo->idxNum;
................................................................................
      pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr = 0;
      pNew->u.vtab.idxStr = pIdxInfo->idxStr;
      pNew->u.vtab.isOrdered = (i8)(pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed ?
                                      pIdxInfo->nOrderBy : 0);
      pNew->rSetup = 0;
      pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstFromDouble(pIdxInfo->estimatedCost);
      pNew->nOut = sqlite3LogEst(pIdxInfo->estimatedRows);








      whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
      if( pNew->u.vtab.needFree ){
        sqlite3_free(pNew->u.vtab.idxStr);
        pNew->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
      }
    }
  }  
................................................................................
        nColumn = 1;
      }else if( (pIndex = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex)==0 || pIndex->bUnordered ){
        return 0;
      }else{
        nKeyCol = pIndex->nKeyCol;
        nColumn = pIndex->nColumn;
        assert( nColumn==nKeyCol+1 || !HasRowid(pIndex->pTable) );
        assert( pIndex->aiColumn[nColumn-1]==(-1) || !HasRowid(pIndex->pTable));

        isOrderDistinct = IsUniqueIndex(pIndex);
      }

      /* Loop through all columns of the index and deal with the ones
      ** that are not constrained by == or IN.
      */
      rev = revSet = 0;
................................................................................
        ** (revIdx) for the j-th column of the index.
        */
        if( pIndex ){
          iColumn = pIndex->aiColumn[j];
          revIdx = pIndex->aSortOrder[j];
          if( iColumn==pIndex->pTable->iPKey ) iColumn = -1;
        }else{
          iColumn = -1;
          revIdx = 0;
        }

        /* An unconstrained column that might be NULL means that this
        ** WhereLoop is not well-ordered
        */
        if( isOrderDistinct
................................................................................
      /* Try to ORDER BY the result set to make distinct processing easier */
      pWInfo->wctrlFlags |= WHERE_DISTINCTBY;
      pWInfo->pOrderBy = pResultSet;
    }
  }

  /* Construct the WhereLoop objects */
  WHERETRACE(0xffff,("*** Optimizer Start ***\n"));

#if defined(WHERETRACE_ENABLED)
  if( sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x100 ){ /* Display all terms of the WHERE clause */
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<sWLB.pWC->nTerm; i++){
      whereTermPrint(&sWLB.pWC->a[i], i);
    }
  }
................................................................................
        if( pOp->p1!=pLevel->iTabCur ) continue;
        if( pOp->opcode==OP_Column ){
          int x = pOp->p2;
          assert( pIdx->pTable==pTab );
          if( !HasRowid(pTab) ){
            Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
            x = pPk->aiColumn[x];

          }
          x = sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(pIdx, x);
          if( x>=0 ){
            pOp->p2 = x;
            pOp->p1 = pLevel->iIdxCur;
          }
          assert( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)==0 || x>=0 );
................................................................................
    int nPrefix;                  /* Prefix length (0 for main terms index) */
    Fts3Hash hPending;            /* Pending terms table for this index */
  } *aIndex;
  int nMaxPendingData;            /* Max pending data before flush to disk */
  int nPendingData;               /* Current bytes of pending data */
  sqlite_int64 iPrevDocid;        /* Docid of most recently inserted document */
  int iPrevLangid;                /* Langid of recently inserted document */


#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST)
  /* State variables used for validating that the transaction control
  ** methods of the virtual table are called at appropriate times.  These
  ** values do not contribute to FTS functionality; they are used for
  ** verifying the operation of the SQLite core.
  */
................................................................................
static void fts3SetEstimatedRows(sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo, i64 nRow){
#if SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER>=3008002
  if( sqlite3_libversion_number()>=3008002 ){
    pIdxInfo->estimatedRows = nRow;
  }
#endif
}














/* 
** Implementation of the xBestIndex method for FTS3 tables. There
** are three possible strategies, in order of preference:
**
**   1. Direct lookup by rowid or docid. 
**   2. Full-text search using a MATCH operator on a non-docid column.
................................................................................
        case SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LE:
        case SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LT:
          iDocidLe = i;
          break;
      }
    }
  }




  iIdx = 1;
  if( iCons>=0 ){
    pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iCons].argvIndex = iIdx++;
    pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iCons].omit = 1;
  } 
  if( iLangidCons>=0 ){
................................................................................
/* 
** Calling this function indicates that subsequent calls to 
** fts3PendingTermsAdd() are to add term/position-list pairs for the
** contents of the document with docid iDocid.
*/
static int fts3PendingTermsDocid(
  Fts3Table *p,                   /* Full-text table handle */

  int iLangid,                    /* Language id of row being written */
  sqlite_int64 iDocid             /* Docid of row being written */
){
  assert( iLangid>=0 );


  /* TODO(shess) Explore whether partially flushing the buffer on
  ** forced-flush would provide better performance.  I suspect that if
  ** we ordered the doclists by size and flushed the largest until the
  ** buffer was half empty, that would let the less frequent terms
  ** generate longer doclists.
  */
  if( iDocid<=p->iPrevDocid 

   || p->iPrevLangid!=iLangid
   || p->nPendingData>p->nMaxPendingData 
  ){
    int rc = sqlite3Fts3PendingTermsFlush(p);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  }
  p->iPrevDocid = iDocid;
  p->iPrevLangid = iLangid;

  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Discard the contents of the pending-terms hash tables. 
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3PendingTermsClear(Fts3Table *p){
................................................................................
  assert( *pbFound==0 );
  if( *pRC ) return;
  rc = fts3SqlStmt(p, SQL_SELECT_CONTENT_BY_ROWID, &pSelect, &pRowid);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pSelect) ){
      int i;
      int iLangid = langidFromSelect(p, pSelect);
      rc = fts3PendingTermsDocid(p, iLangid, sqlite3_column_int64(pSelect, 0));

      for(i=1; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<=p->nColumn; i++){
        int iCol = i-1;
        if( p->abNotindexed[iCol]==0 ){
          const char *zText = (const char *)sqlite3_column_text(pSelect, i);
          rc = fts3PendingTermsAdd(p, iLangid, zText, -1, &aSz[iCol]);
          aSz[p->nColumn] += sqlite3_column_bytes(pSelect, i);
        }
................................................................................
    pNext = &pReader->aDoclist[pReader->nDoclist];
  }

  if( !pNext || pNext>=&pReader->aNode[pReader->nNode] ){

    if( fts3SegReaderIsPending(pReader) ){
      Fts3HashElem *pElem = *(pReader->ppNextElem);
      if( pElem==0 ){
        pReader->aNode = 0;
      }else{

        PendingList *pList = (PendingList *)fts3HashData(pElem);

        pReader->zTerm = (char *)fts3HashKey(pElem);
        pReader->nTerm = fts3HashKeysize(pElem);



        pReader->nNode = pReader->nDoclist = pList->nData + 1;
        pReader->aNode = pReader->aDoclist = pList->aData;
        pReader->ppNextElem++;
        assert( pReader->aNode );
      }
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }

    fts3SegReaderSetEof(pReader);
................................................................................
}

/*
** Free all allocations associated with the iterator passed as the 
** second argument.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3SegReaderFree(Fts3SegReader *pReader){

  if( pReader && !fts3SegReaderIsPending(pReader) ){
    sqlite3_free(pReader->zTerm);

    if( !fts3SegReaderIsRootOnly(pReader) ){
      sqlite3_free(pReader->aNode);
      sqlite3_blob_close(pReader->pBlob);
    }

  }
  sqlite3_free(pReader);
}

/*
** Allocate a new SegReader object.
*/
................................................................................
        aSzDel = &aSzIns[p->nColumn+1];
      }
    }

    while( rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
      int iCol;
      int iLangid = langidFromSelect(p, pStmt);
      rc = fts3PendingTermsDocid(p, iLangid, sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 0));
      memset(aSz, 0, sizeof(aSz[0]) * (p->nColumn+1));
      for(iCol=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && iCol<p->nColumn; iCol++){
        if( p->abNotindexed[iCol]==0 ){
          const char *z = (const char *) sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, iCol+1);
          rc = fts3PendingTermsAdd(p, iLangid, z, iCol, &aSz[iCol]);
          aSz[p->nColumn] += sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, iCol+1);
        }
................................................................................
    if( bInsertDone==0 ){
      rc = fts3InsertData(p, apVal, pRowid);
      if( rc==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT && p->zContentTbl==0 ){
        rc = FTS_CORRUPT_VTAB;
      }
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && (!isRemove || *pRowid!=p->iPrevDocid ) ){
      rc = fts3PendingTermsDocid(p, iLangid, *pRowid);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      assert( p->iPrevDocid==*pRowid );
      rc = fts3InsertTerms(p, iLangid, apVal, aSzIns);
    }
    if( p->bHasDocsize ){
      fts3InsertDocsize(&rc, p, aSzIns);







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323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
....
5843
5844
5845
5846
5847
5848
5849
5850
5851
5852
5853
5854
5855
5856
5857
5858
5859
5860
5861
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5863
5864
5865
5866
5867
5868
5869
5870
5871
5872
5873
5874
5875
5876
5877
5878
5879
5880
5881
5882
....
5896
5897
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5899
5900
5901
5902
5903
5904
5905
5906
5907
5908
5909
5910
5911
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5913
5914
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5916
5917
5918
.....
11937
11938
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11944
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11950
11951
11952
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.....
13530
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13540
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13542
13543
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13545
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13550
13551
13552
13553
13554
.....
54630
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54634
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54637
54638
54639
54640
54641
54642
54643
54644
.....
61593
61594
61595
61596
61597
61598
61599
61600
61601
61602
61603
61604
61605
61606
61607
.....
79301
79302
79303
79304
79305
79306
79307
79308
79309
79310
79311
79312
79313
79314
79315
.....
86879
86880
86881
86882
86883
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86885
86886




86887
86888
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86890
86891
86892
86893
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86896
86897
86898
86899
86900
86901
.....
92410
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92425
.....
95354
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95366
95367
95368
.....
95383
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95396
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95398
.....
95437
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95441
95442
95443
95444
95445
95446
95447
95448
95449
95450
95451
.....
97541
97542
97543
97544
97545
97546
97547
97548
97549
97550
97551
97552
97553
97554
97555
97556
97557
97558
97559
97560
97561
97562
97563
97564
97565
97566
.....
97624
97625
97626
97627
97628
97629
97630
97631
97632
97633
97634
97635
97636
97637
97638
.....
97646
97647
97648
97649
97650
97651
97652
97653
97654
97655
97656
97657
97658
97659
97660
97661
97662
97663
97664
.....
97988
97989
97990
97991
97992
97993
97994
97995
97996
97997
97998
97999
98000
98001
98002
......
100076
100077
100078
100079
100080
100081
100082
100083
100084
100085
100086
100087
100088
100089
100090
100091
......
100230
100231
100232
100233
100234
100235
100236
100237
100238
100239
100240
100241
100242
100243
100244
......
100439
100440
100441
100442
100443
100444
100445
100446
100447
100448
100449
100450
100451
100452
100453
......
100759
100760
100761
100762
100763
100764
100765
100766
100767
100768
100769
100770
100771
100772
100773
......
100891
100892
100893
100894
100895
100896
100897
100898
100899
100900
100901
100902
100903
100904
100905
100906
100907
100908
......
101017
101018
101019
101020
101021
101022
101023
101024
101025
101026
101027
101028
101029
101030
101031
......
101327
101328
101329
101330
101331
101332
101333
101334
101335
101336
101337
101338
101339
101340
101341
101342
101343
101344
101345
......
101497
101498
101499
101500
101501
101502
101503
101504
101505
101506
101507
101508
101509
101510
101511
......
102645
102646
102647
102648
102649
102650
102651
102652
102653
102654
102655
102656
102657
102658
102659
102660
102661
102662
102663
102664
102665
......
102710
102711
102712
102713
102714
102715
102716
102717
102718
102719
102720
102721
102722
102723
102724
......
102732
102733
102734
102735
102736
102737
102738
102739
102740
102741
102742
102743
102744
102745
102746
......
102984
102985
102986
102987
102988
102989
102990
102991
102992
102993
102994
102995
102996
102997
102998
......
106789
106790
106791
106792
106793
106794
106795
106796
106797
106798
106799
106800
106801
106802
106803
......
112309
112310
112311
112312
112313
112314
112315
112316
112317
112318








112319
112320
112321
112322
112323
112324
112325
......
112603
112604
112605
112606
112607
112608
112609
112610
112611
112612
112613
112614
112615
112616
112617
112618
112619
112620
112621
112622

112623
112624
112625
112626
112627
112628
112629
......
115173
115174
115175
115176
115177
115178
115179
115180
115181
115182
115183
115184
115185
115186
115187
115188
115189
......
115339
115340
115341
115342
115343
115344
115345











115346
115347
115348
115349
115350
115351
115352
115353
115354
115355
115356
115357
115358
115359
115360
115361
115362
115363
115364
115365
115366
......
115374
115375
115376
115377
115378
115379
115380
115381
115382
115383
115384
115385
115386
115387
115388
115389
115390
115391
115392
115393
115394
115395
115396
......
115423
115424
115425
115426
115427
115428
115429
115430
115431
115432
115433
115434
115435
115436
115437
......
115546
115547
115548
115549
115550
115551
115552

115553
115554
115555
115556
115557
115558
115559
......
115723
115724
115725
115726
115727
115728
115729
115730
115731
115732
115733
115734
115735
115736
115737
115738
115739
115740
115741


115742
115743
115744
115745
115746


115747
115748
115749
115750
115751
115752
115753
115754
115755
115756
115757
115758



115759
115760


115761
115762
115763
115764
115765
115766
115767
115768
115769
115770
115771
115772



115773
115774
115775
115776
115777
115778
115779
115780
115781
115782
115783
115784
115785
115786
115787
115788
115789
115790


115791
115792
115793
115794

115795
115796
115797
115798

115799
115800

115801

115802





115803
115804




115805
115806
115807
115808
115809
115810
115811
115812
115813
115814
115815


115816
115817
115818

115819
115820
115821
115822
115823
115824
115825
115826
115827
115828
115829
115830
115831
115832
115833
115834
115835
115836
115837
115838
115839
115840
115841
115842
115843
115844
115845
115846
115847
115848


115849
115850
115851
115852
115853
115854
115855
......
117162
117163
117164
117165
117166
117167
117168
117169
117170
117171
117172
117173
117174
117175
117176
117177
117178
......
118022
118023
118024
118025
118026
118027
118028
118029
118030
118031
118032
118033
118034
118035
118036
118037
......
118490
118491
118492
118493
118494
118495
118496
118497
118498
118499
118500
118501
118502
118503
118504
......
118676
118677
118678
118679
118680
118681
118682

118683
118684
118685
118686
118687
118688
118689
118690
118691
......
120919
120920
120921
120922
120923
120924
120925
120926
120927
120928
120929
120930
120931
120932
120933
120934
120935
120936
120937
120938
120939
......
121021
121022
121023
121024
121025
121026
121027
121028
121029
121030
121031
121032
121033
121034
121035
121036
121037
121038
121039
121040
......
121120
121121
121122
121123
121124
121125
121126
121127
121128
121129
121130
121131
121132
121133
121134
......
121559
121560
121561
121562
121563
121564
121565
121566
121567
121568
121569
121570
121571
121572
121573
......
123074
123075
123076
123077
123078
123079
123080
123081
123082
123083
123084
123085
123086
123087
123088
123089
123090
......
123276
123277
123278
123279
123280
123281
123282
123283
123284
123285
123286
123287
123288
123289
123290
......
123673
123674
123675
123676
123677
123678
123679
123680
123681
123682
123683
123684
123685
123686
123687
......
123719
123720
123721
123722
123723
123724
123725
123726
123727
123728
123729
123730
123731
123732
123733
......
123735
123736
123737
123738
123739
123740
123741
123742
123743
123744
123745
123746
123747
123748
123749
123750
123751
123752
123753
123754
123755
123756
......
124064
124065
124066
124067
124068
124069
124070
124071
124072
124073
124074
124075
124076
124077
124078
124079
......
124097
124098
124099
124100
124101
124102
124103
124104
124105
124106
124107
124108
124109
124110
124111
......
124962
124963
124964
124965
124966
124967
124968
124969
124970
124971
124972
124973
124974
124975
124976
124977
......
125397
125398
125399
125400
125401
125402
125403
125404
125405
125406
125407
125408
125409
125410
125411
......
135222
135223
135224
135225
135226
135227
135228
135229
135230
135231
135232
135233
135234
135235
135236
......
136797
136798
136799
136800
136801
136802
136803
136804
136805
136806
136807
136808
136809
136810
136811
136812
136813
136814
136815
136816
136817
136818
136819
136820
136821
136822
136823
......
136900
136901
136902
136903
136904
136905
136906
136907
136908
136909
136910
136911
136912
136913
136914
136915
136916
......
146149
146150
146151
146152
146153
146154
146155
146156
146157
146158
146159
146160
146161
146162
146163
146164
146165
146166
146167
146168
146169
146170
146171
146172
146173
146174
146175
146176
146177
146178
146179
146180
146181
146182
146183
146184
146185
146186
......
146362
146363
146364
146365
146366
146367
146368
146369
146370
146371
146372
146373
146374
146375
146376
146377
......
146611
146612
146613
146614
146615
146616
146617
146618
146619
146620
146621
146622
146623
146624
146625
146626
146627
146628
146629
146630
146631
146632
146633
146634
146635
146636
146637
......
146863
146864
146865
146866
146867
146868
146869
146870
146871
146872
146873
146874
146875

146876
146877
146878
146879
146880
146881
146882
146883
146884
......
148813
148814
148815
148816
148817
148818
148819
148820
148821
148822
148823
148824
148825
148826
148827
......
150918
150919
150920
150921
150922
150923
150924
150925
150926
150927
150928
150929
150930
150931
150932
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.12"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008012
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2015-10-01 18:31:29 6f90839e91024e2006042f5eb7f21ca5b47a9b4a"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** strategy. A cost of N indicates that the cost of the strategy is similar
** to a linear scan of an SQLite table with N rows. A cost of log(N) 
** indicates that the expense of the operation is similar to that of a
** binary search on a unique indexed field of an SQLite table with N rows.
**
** ^The estimatedRows value is an estimate of the number of rows that
** will be returned by the strategy.
**
** The xBestIndex method may optionally populate the idxFlags field with a 
** mask of SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_* flags. Currently there is only one such flag -
** SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE. If the xBestIndex method sets this flag, SQLite
** assumes that the strategy may visit at most one row. 
**
** Additionally, if xBestIndex sets the SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE flag, then
** SQLite also assumes that if a call to the xUpdate() method is made as
** part of the same statement to delete or update a virtual table row and the
** implementation returns SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, then there is no need to rollback
** any database changes. In other words, if the xUpdate() returns
** SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, the database contents must be exactly as they were
** before xUpdate was called. By contrast, if SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE is not
** set and xUpdate returns SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, any database changes made by
** the xUpdate method are automatically rolled back by SQLite.
**
** IMPORTANT: The estimatedRows field was added to the sqlite3_index_info
** structure for SQLite version 3.8.2. If a virtual table extension is
** used with an SQLite version earlier than 3.8.2, the results of attempting 
** to read or write the estimatedRows field are undefined (but are likely 
** to included crashing the application). The estimatedRows field should
** therefore only be used if [sqlite3_libversion_number()] returns a
** value greater than or equal to 3008002. Similarly, the idxFlags field
** was added for version 3.8.12. It may therefore only be used if
** sqlite3_libversion_number() returns a value greater than or equal to
** 3008012.
*/
struct sqlite3_index_info {
  /* Inputs */
  int nConstraint;           /* Number of entries in aConstraint */
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint {
     int iColumn;              /* Column on left-hand side of constraint */
     unsigned char op;         /* Constraint operator */
................................................................................
  int idxNum;                /* Number used to identify the index */
  char *idxStr;              /* String, possibly obtained from sqlite3_malloc */
  int needToFreeIdxStr;      /* Free idxStr using sqlite3_free() if true */
  int orderByConsumed;       /* True if output is already ordered */
  double estimatedCost;           /* Estimated cost of using this index */
  /* Fields below are only available in SQLite 3.8.2 and later */
  sqlite3_int64 estimatedRows;    /* Estimated number of rows returned */
  /* Fields below are only available in SQLite 3.8.12 and later */
  int idxFlags;              /* Mask of SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_* flags */
};

/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Scan Flags
*/
#define SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE      1     /* Scan visits at most 1 row */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Constraint Operator Codes
**
** These macros defined the allowed values for the
** [sqlite3_index_info].aConstraint[].op field.  Each value represents
** an operator that is part of a constraint term in the wHERE clause of
** a query that uses a [virtual table].
................................................................................

/* Return true if index X is a PRIMARY KEY index */
#define IsPrimaryKeyIndex(X)  ((X)->idxType==SQLITE_IDXTYPE_PRIMARYKEY)

/* Return true if index X is a UNIQUE index */
#define IsUniqueIndex(X)      ((X)->onError!=OE_None)

/* The Index.aiColumn[] values are normally positive integer.  But
** there are some negative values that have special meaning:
*/
#define XN_ROWID     (-1)     /* Indexed column is the rowid */
#define XN_EXPR      (-2)     /* Indexed column is an expression */

/*
** Each sample stored in the sqlite_stat3 table is represented in memory 
** using a structure of this type.  See documentation at the top of the
** analyze.c source file for additional information.
*/
struct IndexSample {
  void *p;          /* Pointer to sampled record */
................................................................................
                                        Select*,u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerUpdateStep(sqlite3*,Token*,ExprList*, Expr*, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   TriggerStep *sqlite3TriggerDeleteStep(sqlite3*,Token*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3DeleteTrigger(sqlite3*, Trigger*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteTrigger(sqlite3*,int,const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   u32 sqlite3TriggerColmask(Parse*,Trigger*,ExprList*,int,int,Table*,int);
# define sqlite3ParseToplevel(p) ((p)->pToplevel ? (p)->pToplevel : (p))
# define sqlite3IsToplevel(p) ((p)->pToplevel==0)
#else
# define sqlite3TriggersExist(B,C,D,E,F) 0
# define sqlite3DeleteTrigger(A,B)
# define sqlite3DropTriggerPtr(A,B)
# define sqlite3UnlinkAndDeleteTrigger(A,B,C)
# define sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(A,B,C,D,E,F,G,H,I)
# define sqlite3CodeRowTriggerDirect(A,B,C,D,E,F)
# define sqlite3TriggerList(X, Y) 0
# define sqlite3ParseToplevel(p) p
# define sqlite3IsToplevel(p) 1
# define sqlite3TriggerColmask(A,B,C,D,E,F,G) 0
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3JoinType(Parse*, Token*, Token*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CreateForeignKey(Parse*, ExprList*, Token*, ExprList*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeferForeignKey(Parse*, int);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
................................................................................

  rc = saveCursorKey(pCur);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    btreeReleaseAllCursorPages(pCur);
    pCur->eState = CURSOR_REQUIRESEEK;
  }

  pCur->curFlags &= ~(BTCF_ValidNKey|BTCF_ValidOvfl|BTCF_AtLast);
  return rc;
}

/* Forward reference */
static int SQLITE_NOINLINE saveCursorsOnList(BtCursor*,Pgno,BtCursor*);

/*
................................................................................
    ** for which the pointer is stored within the content being copied.
    **
    ** It is critical that the child page be defragmented before being
    ** copied into the parent, because if the parent is page 1 then it will
    ** by smaller than the child due to the database header, and so all the
    ** free space needs to be up front.
    */
    assert( nNew==1 || CORRUPT_DB );
    rc = defragmentPage(apNew[0]);
    testcase( rc!=SQLITE_OK );
    assert( apNew[0]->nFree == 
        (get2byte(&apNew[0]->aData[5])-apNew[0]->cellOffset-apNew[0]->nCell*2)
      || rc!=SQLITE_OK
    );
    copyNodeContent(apNew[0], pParent, &rc);
................................................................................
        }
      }
#endif
      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        int j;
        for(j=0; j<pIdx->nKeyCol; j++){
          /* FIXME: Be smarter about indexes that use expressions */
          if( pIdx->aiColumn[j]==iCol || pIdx->aiColumn[j]==XN_EXPR ){
            zFault = "indexed";
          }
        }
      }
      if( zFault ){
        sqlite3DbFree(db, zErr);
        zErr = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "cannot open %s column for writing", zFault);
................................................................................
  Parse *pParse,  /* The parsing context */
  Index *pIdx,    /* The index whose column is to be loaded */
  int iTabCur,    /* Cursor pointing to a table row */
  int iIdxCol,    /* The column of the index to be loaded */
  int regOut      /* Store the index column value in this register */
){
  i16 iTabCol = pIdx->aiColumn[iIdxCol];
  if( iTabCol==XN_EXPR ){




    assert( pIdx->aColExpr );
    assert( pIdx->aColExpr->nExpr>iIdxCol );
    pParse->iSelfTab = iTabCur;
    sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pIdx->aColExpr->a[iIdxCol].pExpr, regOut);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(pParse->pVdbe, pIdx->pTable, iTabCur,
                                    iTabCol, regOut);
  }
}

/*
** Generate code to extract the value of the iCol-th column of a table.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(
  Vdbe *v,        /* The VDBE under construction */
................................................................................
          OP_Transaction,                    /* Opcode */
          iDb,                               /* P1 */
          DbMaskTest(pParse->writeMask,iDb), /* P2 */
          pParse->cookieValue[iDb],          /* P3 */
          db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->iGeneration  /* P4 */
        );
        if( db->init.busy==0 ) sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, 1);
        VdbeComment((v,
              "usesStmtJournal=%d", pParse->mayAbort && pParse->isMultiWrite));
      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
      for(i=0; i<pParse->nVtabLock; i++){
        char *vtab = (char *)sqlite3GetVTable(db, pParse->apVtabLock[i]);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VBegin, 0, 0, 0, vtab, P4_VTAB);
      }
      pParse->nVtabLock = 0;
................................................................................
  }else{
    sortOrderMask = 0;    /* Ignore DESC */
  }

  /* Analyze the list of expressions that form the terms of the index and
  ** report any errors.  In the common case where the expression is exactly
  ** a table column, store that column in aiColumn[].  For general expressions,
  ** populate pIndex->aColExpr and store XN_EXPR (-2) in aiColumn[].
  **
  ** TODO: Issue a warning if two or more columns of the index are identical.
  ** TODO: Issue a warning if the table primary key is used as part of the
  ** index key.
  */
  for(i=0, pListItem=pList->a; i<pList->nExpr; i++, pListItem++){
    Expr *pCExpr;                  /* The i-th index expression */
................................................................................
        ExprList *pCopy = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pList, 0);
        pIndex->aColExpr = pCopy;
        if( !db->mallocFailed ){
          assert( pCopy!=0 );
          pListItem = &pCopy->a[i];
        }
      }
      j = XN_EXPR;
      pIndex->aiColumn[i] = XN_EXPR;
      pIndex->uniqNotNull = 0;
    }else{
      j = pCExpr->iColumn;
      assert( j<=0x7fff );
      if( j<0 ){
        j = pTab->iPKey;
      }else if( pTab->aCol[j].notNull==0 ){
................................................................................
        pIndex->azColl[i] = pPk->azColl[j];
        pIndex->aSortOrder[i] = pPk->aSortOrder[j];
        i++;
      }
    }
    assert( i==pIndex->nColumn );
  }else{
    pIndex->aiColumn[i] = XN_ROWID;
    pIndex->azColl[i] = "BINARY";
  }
  sqlite3DefaultRowEst(pIndex);
  if( pParse->pNewTable==0 ) estimateIndexWidth(pIndex);

  if( pTab==pParse->pNewTable ){
    /* This routine has been called to create an automatic index as a
................................................................................
    **  ONEPASS_OFF:    Two-pass approach - use a FIFO for rowids/PK values.
    **  ONEPASS_SINGLE: One-pass approach - at most one row deleted.
    **  ONEPASS_MULTI:  One-pass approach - any number of rows may be deleted.
    */
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, wcf, iTabCur+1);
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto delete_from_cleanup;
    eOnePass = sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(pWInfo, aiCurOnePass);
    assert( IsVirtual(pTab)==0 || eOnePass!=ONEPASS_MULTI );
    assert( IsVirtual(pTab) || bComplex || eOnePass!=ONEPASS_OFF );
  
    /* Keep track of the number of rows to be deleted */
    if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, memCnt, 1);
    }
  
    /* Extract the rowid or primary key for the current row */
    if( pPk ){
      for(i=0; i<nPk; i++){
        assert( pPk->aiColumn[i]>=0 );
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur,
                                        pPk->aiColumn[i], iPk+i);
      }
      iKey = iPk;
    }else{
      iKey = pParse->nMem + 1;
      iKey = sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(pParse, pTab, -1, iTabCur, iKey, 0);
................................................................................
    }
  
    /* Set up a loop over the rowids/primary-keys that were found in the
    ** where-clause loop above.
    */
    if( eOnePass!=ONEPASS_OFF ){
      assert( nKey==nPk );  /* OP_Found will use an unpacked key */
      if( !IsVirtual(pTab) && aToOpen[iDataCur-iTabCur] ){
        assert( pPk!=0 || pTab->pSelect!=0 );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_NotFound, iDataCur, addrBypass, iKey, nKey);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
    }else if( pPk ){
      addrLoop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, iEphCur); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowKey, iEphCur, iKey);
................................................................................
    /* Delete the row */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      const char *pVTab = (const char *)sqlite3GetVTable(db, pTab);
      sqlite3VtabMakeWritable(pParse, pTab);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VUpdate, 0, 1, iKey, pVTab, P4_VTAB);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OE_Abort);
      assert( eOnePass==ONEPASS_OFF || eOnePass==ONEPASS_SINGLE );
      sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
      if( eOnePass==ONEPASS_SINGLE && sqlite3IsToplevel(pParse) ){
        pParse->isMultiWrite = 0;
      }
    }else
#endif
    {
      int count = (pParse->nested==0);    /* True to count changes */
      int iIdxNoSeek = -1;
      if( bComplex==0 && aiCurOnePass[1]!=iDataCur ){
        iIdxNoSeek = aiCurOnePass[1];
................................................................................
  }
  nCol = (prefixOnly && pIdx->uniqNotNull) ? pIdx->nKeyCol : pIdx->nColumn;
  regBase = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nCol);
  if( pPrior && (regBase!=regPrior || pPrior->pPartIdxWhere) ) pPrior = 0;
  for(j=0; j<nCol; j++){
    if( pPrior
     && pPrior->aiColumn[j]==pIdx->aiColumn[j]
     && pPrior->aiColumn[j]!=XN_EXPR
    ){
      /* This column was already computed by the previous index */
      continue;
    }
    sqlite3ExprCodeLoadIndexColumn(pParse, pIdx, iDataCur, j, regBase+j);
    /* If the column affinity is REAL but the number is an integer, then it
    ** might be stored in the table as an integer (using a compact
................................................................................
        ** the default collation sequences for each column. */
        int i, j;
        for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
          i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];     /* Index of column in parent tbl */
          char *zDfltColl;                  /* Def. collation for column */
          char *zIdxCol;                    /* Name of indexed column */

          if( iCol<0 ) break; /* No foreign keys against expression indexes */

          /* If the index uses a collation sequence that is different from
          ** the default collation sequence for the column, this index is
          ** unusable. Bail out early in this case.  */
          zDfltColl = pParent->aCol[iCol].zColl;
          if( !zDfltColl ){
            zDfltColl = "BINARY";
          }
................................................................................
      ** none of the child key values are).
      */
      if( pTab==pFKey->pFrom && nIncr==1 ){
        int iJump = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + nCol + 1;
        for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
          int iChild = aiCol[i]+1+regData;
          int iParent = pIdx->aiColumn[i]+1+regData;
          assert( pIdx->aiColumn[i]>=0 );
          assert( aiCol[i]!=pTab->iPKey );
          if( pIdx->aiColumn[i]==pTab->iPKey ){
            /* The parent key is a composite key that includes the IPK column */
            iParent = regData;
          }
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Ne, iChild, iJump, iParent); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
................................................................................
      pNe = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NE, pLeft, pRight, 0);
    }else{
      Expr *pEq, *pAll = 0;
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
      assert( pIdx!=0 );
      for(i=0; i<pPk->nKeyCol; i++){
        i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        assert( iCol>=0 );
        pLeft = exprTableRegister(pParse, pTab, regData, iCol);
        pRight = exprTableColumn(db, pTab, pSrc->a[0].iCursor, iCol);
        pEq = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pLeft, pRight, 0);
        pAll = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pAll, pEq);
      }
      pNe = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, pAll, 0, 0);
    }
................................................................................
      iCol = pFKey->aCol[0].iFrom;
      aiCol = &iCol;
    }
    for(i=0; i<pFKey->nCol; i++){
      if( aiCol[i]==pTab->iPKey ){
        aiCol[i] = -1;
      }
      assert( pIdx==0 || pIdx->aiColumn[i]>=0 );
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
      /* Request permission to read the parent key columns. If the 
      ** authorization callback returns SQLITE_IGNORE, behave as if any
      ** values read from the parent table are NULL. */
      if( db->xAuth ){
        int rcauth;
        char *zCol = pTo->aCol[pIdx ? pIdx->aiColumn[i] : pTo->iPKey].zName;
................................................................................
    for(p=pTab->pFKey; p; p=p->pNextFrom){
      for(i=0; i<p->nCol; i++) mask |= COLUMN_MASK(p->aCol[i].iFrom);
    }
    for(p=sqlite3FkReferences(pTab); p; p=p->pNextTo){
      Index *pIdx = 0;
      sqlite3FkLocateIndex(pParse, pTab, p, &pIdx, 0);
      if( pIdx ){
        for(i=0; i<pIdx->nKeyCol; i++){
          assert( pIdx->aiColumn[i]>=0 );
          mask |= COLUMN_MASK(pIdx->aiColumn[i]);
        }
      }
    }
  }
  return mask;
}


................................................................................
      Token tToCol;               /* Name of column in parent table */
      int iFromCol;               /* Idx of column in child table */
      Expr *pEq;                  /* tFromCol = OLD.tToCol */

      iFromCol = aiCol ? aiCol[i] : pFKey->aCol[0].iFrom;
      assert( iFromCol>=0 );
      assert( pIdx!=0 || (pTab->iPKey>=0 && pTab->iPKey<pTab->nCol) );
      assert( pIdx==0 || pIdx->aiColumn[i]>=0 );
      tToCol.z = pTab->aCol[pIdx ? pIdx->aiColumn[i] : pTab->iPKey].zName;
      tFromCol.z = pFKey->pFrom->aCol[iFromCol].zName;

      tToCol.n = sqlite3Strlen30(tToCol.z);
      tFromCol.n = sqlite3Strlen30(tFromCol.z);

      /* Create the expression "OLD.zToCol = zFromCol". It is important
................................................................................
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      return 0;
    }
    for(n=0; n<pIdx->nColumn; n++){
      i16 x = pIdx->aiColumn[n];
      if( x>=0 ){
        pIdx->zColAff[n] = pTab->aCol[x].affinity;
      }else if( x==XN_ROWID ){
        pIdx->zColAff[n] = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
      }else{
        char aff;
        assert( x==XN_EXPR );
        assert( pIdx->aColExpr!=0 );
        aff = sqlite3ExprAffinity(pIdx->aColExpr->a[n].pExpr);
        if( aff==0 ) aff = SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
        pIdx->zColAff[n] = aff;
      }
    }
    pIdx->zColAff[n] = 0;
................................................................................
  int memId;                 /* Register holding max rowid */
  int addr;                  /* A VDBE address */
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;   /* VDBE under construction */

  /* This routine is never called during trigger-generation.  It is
  ** only called from the top-level */
  assert( pParse->pTriggerTab==0 );
  assert( sqlite3IsToplevel(pParse) );

  assert( v );   /* We failed long ago if this is not so */
  for(p = pParse->pAinc; p; p = p->pNext){
    pDb = &db->aDb[p->iDb];
    memId = p->regCtr;
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, 0, pDb->pSchema) );
    sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, 0, p->iDb, pDb->pSchema->pSeqTab, OP_OpenRead);
................................................................................
    /* Create a record for this index entry as it should appear after
    ** the insert or update.  Store that record in the aRegIdx[ix] register
    */
    regIdx = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, pIdx->nColumn);
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
      int iField = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
      int x;
      if( iField==XN_EXPR ){
        pParse->ckBase = regNewData+1;
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pIdx->aColExpr->a[i].pExpr, regIdx+i);
        pParse->ckBase = 0;
        VdbeComment((v, "%s column %d", pIdx->zName, i));
      }else{
        if( iField==XN_ROWID || iField==pTab->iPKey ){
          if( regRowid==regIdx+i ) continue; /* ROWID already in regIdx+i */
          x = regNewData;
          regRowid =  pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ? -1 : regIdx+i;
        }else{
          x = iField + regNewData + 1;
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, x, regIdx+i);
................................................................................
        }
      }else{
        int x;
        /* Extract the PRIMARY KEY from the end of the index entry and
        ** store it in registers regR..regR+nPk-1 */
        if( pIdx!=pPk ){
          for(i=0; i<pPk->nKeyCol; i++){
            assert( pPk->aiColumn[i]>=0 );
            x = sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(pIdx, pPk->aiColumn[i]);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iThisCur, x, regR+i);
            VdbeComment((v, "%s.%s", pTab->zName,
                         pTab->aCol[pPk->aiColumn[i]].zName));
          }
        }
        if( isUpdate ){
................................................................................
          int addrJump = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+pPk->nKeyCol;
          int op = OP_Ne;
          int regCmp = (IsPrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx) ? regIdx : regR);
  
          for(i=0; i<pPk->nKeyCol; i++){
            char *p4 = (char*)sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, pPk->azColl[i]);
            x = pPk->aiColumn[i];
            assert( x>=0 );
            if( i==(pPk->nKeyCol-1) ){
              addrJump = addrUniqueOk;
              op = OP_Eq;
            }
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, op, 
                regOldData+1+x, addrJump, regCmp+i, p4, P4_COLLSEQ
            );
................................................................................
  if( pDest->onError!=pSrc->onError ){
    return 0;   /* Different conflict resolution strategies */
  }
  for(i=0; i<pSrc->nKeyCol; i++){
    if( pSrc->aiColumn[i]!=pDest->aiColumn[i] ){
      return 0;   /* Different columns indexed */
    }
    if( pSrc->aiColumn[i]==XN_EXPR ){
      assert( pSrc->aColExpr!=0 && pDest->aColExpr!=0 );
      if( sqlite3ExprCompare(pSrc->aColExpr->a[i].pExpr,
                             pDest->aColExpr->a[i].pExpr, -1)!=0 ){
        return 0;   /* Different expressions in the index */
      }
    }
    if( pSrc->aSortOrder[i]!=pDest->aSortOrder[i] ){
................................................................................
          ** or (2) the next entry has a different key */
          if( IsUniqueIndex(pIdx) ){
            int uniqOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
            int jmp6;
            int kk;
            for(kk=0; kk<pIdx->nKeyCol; kk++){
              int iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[kk];
              assert( iCol!=XN_ROWID && iCol<pTab->nCol );
              if( iCol>=0 && pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull ) continue;
              sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, r1+kk, uniqOk);
              VdbeCoverage(v);
            }
            jmp6 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Next, iIdxCur+j); VdbeCoverage(v);
            sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, uniqOk);
            sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp6);
................................................................................

  /* Look up every table named in the FROM clause of the select.  If
  ** an entry of the FROM clause is a subquery instead of a table or view,
  ** then create a transient table structure to describe the subquery.
  */
  for(i=0, pFrom=pTabList->a; i<pTabList->nSrc; i++, pFrom++){
    Table *pTab;
    assert( pFrom->fg.isRecursive==0 || pFrom->pTab!=0 );
    if( pFrom->fg.isRecursive ) continue;
    assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );








#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CTE
    if( withExpand(pWalker, pFrom) ) return WRC_Abort;
    if( pFrom->pTab ) {} else
#endif
    if( pFrom->zName==0 ){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
      Select *pSel = pFrom->pSelect;
................................................................................
static void selectAddSubqueryTypeInfo(Walker *pWalker, Select *p){
  Parse *pParse;
  int i;
  SrcList *pTabList;
  struct SrcList_item *pFrom;

  assert( p->selFlags & SF_Resolved );
  assert( (p->selFlags & SF_HasTypeInfo)==0 );
  p->selFlags |= SF_HasTypeInfo;
  pParse = pWalker->pParse;
  pTabList = p->pSrc;
  for(i=0, pFrom=pTabList->a; i<pTabList->nSrc; i++, pFrom++){
    Table *pTab = pFrom->pTab;
    assert( pTab!=0 );
    if( (pTab->tabFlags & TF_Ephemeral)!=0 ){
      /* A sub-query in the FROM clause of a SELECT */
      Select *pSel = pFrom->pSelect;
      if( pSel ){
        while( pSel->pPrior ) pSel = pSel->pPrior;
        selectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(pParse, pTab, pSel);

      }
    }
  }
}
#endif


................................................................................
  int newmask;           /* Mask of NEW.* columns accessed by BEFORE triggers */
  int iEph = 0;          /* Ephemeral table holding all primary key values */
  int nKey = 0;          /* Number of elements in regKey for WITHOUT ROWID */
  int aiCurOnePass[2];   /* The write cursors opened by WHERE_ONEPASS */

  /* Register Allocations */
  int regRowCount = 0;   /* A count of rows changed */
  int regOldRowid = 0;   /* The old rowid */
  int regNewRowid = 0;   /* The new rowid */
  int regNew = 0;        /* Content of the NEW.* table in triggers */
  int regOld = 0;        /* Content of OLD.* table in triggers */
  int regRowSet = 0;     /* Rowset of rows to be updated */
  int regKey = 0;        /* composite PRIMARY KEY value */

  memset(&sContext, 0, sizeof(sContext));
  db = pParse->db;
  if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ){
................................................................................

  /* Begin generating code. */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
  if( pParse->nested==0 ) sqlite3VdbeCountChanges(v);
  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, iDb);












  /* Allocate required registers. */
  if( !IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    regRowSet = ++pParse->nMem;
    regOldRowid = regNewRowid = ++pParse->nMem;
    if( chngPk || pTrigger || hasFK ){
      regOld = pParse->nMem + 1;
      pParse->nMem += pTab->nCol;
    }
    if( chngKey || pTrigger || hasFK ){
      regNewRowid = ++pParse->nMem;
    }
    regNew = pParse->nMem + 1;
    pParse->nMem += pTab->nCol;
  }

  /* Start the view context. */
  if( isView ){
    sqlite3AuthContextPush(pParse, &sContext, pTab->zName);
  }

  /* If we are trying to update a view, realize that view into
................................................................................

  /* Resolve the column names in all the expressions in the
  ** WHERE clause.
  */
  if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, pWhere) ){
    goto update_cleanup;
  }

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  /* Virtual tables must be handled separately */
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ){
    updateVirtualTable(pParse, pTabList, pTab, pChanges, pRowidExpr, aXRef,
                       pWhere, onError);
    goto update_cleanup;
  }
#endif

  /* Begin the database scan
  */
  if( HasRowid(pTab) ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Null, 0, regRowSet, regOldRowid);
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(
        pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED, iIdxCur
................................................................................
    addrOpen = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, iEph, nPk);
    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pPk);
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, 
                               WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED, iIdxCur);
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
    okOnePass = sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(pWInfo, aiCurOnePass);
    for(i=0; i<nPk; i++){
      assert( pPk->aiColumn[i]>=0 );
      sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur, pPk->aiColumn[i],
                                      iPk+i);
    }
    if( okOnePass ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, addrOpen);
      nKey = nPk;
      regKey = iPk;
................................................................................
  ** the database after the BEFORE triggers are fired anyway (as the trigger 
  ** may have modified them). So not loading those that are not going to
  ** be used eliminates some redundant opcodes.
  */
  newmask = sqlite3TriggerColmask(
      pParse, pTrigger, pChanges, 1, TRIGGER_BEFORE, pTab, onError
  );

  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
    if( i==pTab->iPKey ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, regNew+i);
    }else{
      j = aXRef[i];
      if( j>=0 ){
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pChanges->a[j].pExpr, regNew+i);
................................................................................
 #undef pTrigger
#endif

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/*
** Generate code for an UPDATE of a virtual table.
**
** There are two possible strategies - the default and the special 
** "onepass" strategy. Onepass is only used if the virtual table 
** implementation indicates that pWhere may match at most one row.
**
** The default strategy is to create an ephemeral table that contains
** for each row to be changed:
**
**   (A)  The original rowid of that row.
**   (B)  The revised rowid for the row.
**   (C)  The content of every column in the row.
**
** Then loop through the contents of this ephemeral table executing a


** VUpdate for each row. When finished, drop the ephemeral table.
**
** The "onepass" strategy does not use an ephemeral table. Instead, it
** stores the same values (A, B and C above) in a register array and
** makes a single invocation of VUpdate.


*/
static void updateVirtualTable(
  Parse *pParse,       /* The parsing context */
  SrcList *pSrc,       /* The virtual table to be modified */
  Table *pTab,         /* The virtual table */
  ExprList *pChanges,  /* The columns to change in the UPDATE statement */
  Expr *pRowid,        /* Expression used to recompute the rowid */
  int *aXRef,          /* Mapping from columns of pTab to entries in pChanges */
  Expr *pWhere,        /* WHERE clause of the UPDATE statement */
  int onError          /* ON CONFLICT strategy */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;  /* Virtual machine under construction */



  int ephemTab;             /* Table holding the result of the SELECT */
  int i;                    /* Loop counter */


  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db; /* Database connection */
  const char *pVTab = (const char*)sqlite3GetVTable(db, pTab);
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;
  int nArg = 2 + pTab->nCol;      /* Number of arguments to VUpdate */
  int regArg;                     /* First register in VUpdate arg array */
  int regRec;                     /* Register in which to assemble record */
  int regRowid;                   /* Register for ephem table rowid */
  int iCsr = pSrc->a[0].iCursor;  /* Cursor used for virtual table scan */
  int aDummy[2];                  /* Unused arg for sqlite3WhereOkOnePass() */
  int bOnePass;                   /* True to use onepass strategy */
  int addr;                       /* Address of OP_OpenEphemeral */




  /* Allocate nArg registers to martial the arguments to VUpdate. Then
  ** create and open the ephemeral table in which the records created from
  ** these arguments will be temporarily stored. */
  assert( v );
  ephemTab = pParse->nTab++;
  addr= sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, ephemTab, nArg);
  regArg = pParse->nMem + 1;
  pParse->nMem += nArg;
  regRec = ++pParse->nMem;
  regRowid = ++pParse->nMem;

  /* Start scanning the virtual table */
  pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pSrc, pWhere, 0,0,WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED,0);
  if( pWInfo==0 ) return;

  /* Populate the argument registers. */
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iCsr, regArg);
  if( pRowid ){


    sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pRowid, regArg+1);
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iCsr, regArg+1);
  }

  for(i=0; i<pTab->nCol; i++){
    if( aXRef[i]>=0 ){
      sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pChanges->a[aXRef[i]].pExpr, regArg+2+i);
    }else{

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_VColumn, iCsr, i, regArg+2+i);
    }

  }







  bOnePass = sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(pWInfo, aDummy);





  if( bOnePass ){
    /* If using the onepass strategy, no-op out the OP_OpenEphemeral coded
    ** above. Also, if this is a top-level parse (not a trigger), clear the
    ** multi-write flag so that the VM does not open a statement journal */
    sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, addr);
    if( sqlite3IsToplevel(pParse) ){
      pParse->isMultiWrite = 0;
    }
  }else{
    /* Create a record from the argument register contents and insert it into
    ** the ephemeral table. */


    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regArg, nArg, regRec);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, ephemTab, regRowid);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, ephemTab, regRec, regRowid);

  }


  if( bOnePass==0 ){
    /* End the virtual table scan */
    sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);

    /* Begin scannning through the ephemeral table. */
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, ephemTab); VdbeCoverage(v);

    /* Extract arguments from the current row of the ephemeral table and 
    ** invoke the VUpdate method.  */
    for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, ephemTab, i, regArg+i);
    }
  }
  sqlite3VtabMakeWritable(pParse, pTab);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VUpdate, 0, nArg, regArg, pVTab, P4_VTAB);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, onError==OE_Default ? OE_Abort : onError);
  sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);

  /* End of the ephemeral table scan. Or, if using the onepass strategy,
  ** jump to here if the scan visited zero rows. */
  if( bOnePass==0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, ephemTab, addr+1); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Close, ephemTab, 0);
  }else{
    sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
  }


}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

/************** End of update.c **********************************************/
/************** Begin file vacuum.c ******************************************/
/*
** 2003 April 6
................................................................................

    /* Invoke the xBegin method. If successful, add the vtab to the 
    ** sqlite3.aVTrans[] array. */
    rc = growVTrans(db);
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = pModule->xBegin(pVTab->pVtab);
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        int iSvpt = db->nStatement + db->nSavepoint;
        addToVTrans(db, pVTab);
        if( iSvpt ) rc = sqlite3VtabSavepoint(db, SAVEPOINT_BEGIN, iSvpt-1);
      }
    }
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return the name of the i-th column of the pIdx index.
*/
static const char *explainIndexColumnName(Index *pIdx, int i){
  i = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
  if( i==XN_EXPR ) return "<expr>";
  if( i==XN_ROWID ) return "rowid";
  return pIdx->pTable->aCol[i].zName;
}

/*
** Argument pLevel describes a strategy for scanning table pTab. This 
** function appends text to pStr that describes the subset of table
** rows scanned by the strategy in the form of an SQL expression.
................................................................................
    pLevel->addrSkip = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, (bRev?OP_SeekLT:OP_SeekGT),
                            iIdxCur, 0, regBase, nSkip);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev==0);
    VdbeCoverageIf(v, bRev!=0);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j);
    for(j=0; j<nSkip; j++){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, j, regBase+j);
      testcase( pIdx->aiColumn[j]==XN_EXPR );
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", explainIndexColumnName(pIdx, j)));
    }
  }    

  /* Evaluate the equality constraints
  */
  assert( zAff==0 || (int)strlen(zAff)>=nEq );
................................................................................
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    pLoop->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
    for(j=0; j<nConstraint && j<16; j++){
      if( (pLoop->u.vtab.omitMask>>j)&1 ){
        disableTerm(pLevel, pLoop->aLTerm[j]);
      }
    }

    pLevel->p1 = iCur;
    pLevel->op = pWInfo->eOnePass ? OP_Noop : OP_VNext;
    pLevel->p2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, iReg, nConstraint+2);
    sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
  }else
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE */

  if( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IPK)!=0
................................................................................
** Any cursors returned will have been opened for writing.
**
** aiCur[0] and aiCur[1] both get -1 if the where-clause logic is
** unable to use the ONEPASS optimization.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(WhereInfo *pWInfo, int *aiCur){
  memcpy(aiCur, pWInfo->aiCurOnePass, sizeof(int)*2);
#ifdef WHERETRACE_ENABLED
  if( sqlite3WhereTrace && pWInfo->eOnePass!=ONEPASS_OFF ){
    sqlite3DebugPrintf("%s cursors: %d %d\n",
         pWInfo->eOnePass==ONEPASS_SINGLE ? "ONEPASS_SINGLE" : "ONEPASS_MULTI",
         aiCur[0], aiCur[1]);
  }
#endif
  return pWInfo->eOnePass;
}

/*
** Move the content of pSrc into pDest
*/
static void whereOrMove(WhereOrSet *pDest, WhereOrSet *pSrc){
................................................................................
  WhereClause *pWC;    /* Shorthand for pScan->pWC */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;    /* The term being tested */
  int k = pScan->k;    /* Where to start scanning */

  while( pScan->iEquiv<=pScan->nEquiv ){
    iCur = pScan->aiCur[pScan->iEquiv-1];
    iColumn = pScan->aiColumn[pScan->iEquiv-1];
    if( iColumn==XN_EXPR && pScan->pIdxExpr==0 ) return 0;
    while( (pWC = pScan->pWC)!=0 ){
      for(pTerm=pWC->a+k; k<pWC->nTerm; k++, pTerm++){
        if( pTerm->leftCursor==iCur
         && pTerm->u.leftColumn==iColumn
         && (iColumn!=XN_EXPR
             || sqlite3ExprCompare(pTerm->pExpr->pLeft,pScan->pIdxExpr,iCur)==0)
         && (pScan->iEquiv<=1 || !ExprHasProperty(pTerm->pExpr, EP_FromJoin))
        ){
          if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_EQUIV)!=0
           && pScan->nEquiv<ArraySize(pScan->aiCur)
           && (pX = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pTerm->pExpr->pRight))->op==TK_COLUMN
          ){
................................................................................
  /* memset(pScan, 0, sizeof(*pScan)); */
  pScan->pOrigWC = pWC;
  pScan->pWC = pWC;
  pScan->pIdxExpr = 0;
  if( pIdx ){
    j = iColumn;
    iColumn = pIdx->aiColumn[j];
    if( iColumn==XN_EXPR ) pScan->pIdxExpr = pIdx->aColExpr->a[j].pExpr;
  }
  if( pIdx && iColumn>=0 ){
    pScan->idxaff = pIdx->pTable->aCol[iColumn].affinity;
    pScan->zCollName = pIdx->azColl[j];
  }else{
    pScan->idxaff = 0;
    pScan->zCollName = 0;
................................................................................
    for(i=BMS-1; i<pTable->nCol; i++){
      pIdx->aiColumn[n] = i;
      pIdx->azColl[n] = "BINARY";
      n++;
    }
  }
  assert( n==nKeyCol );
  pIdx->aiColumn[n] = XN_ROWID;
  pIdx->azColl[n] = "BINARY";

  /* Create the automatic index */
  assert( pLevel->iIdxCur>=0 );
  pLevel->iIdxCur = pParse->nTab++;
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenAutoindex, pLevel->iIdxCur, nKeyCol+1);
  sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
................................................................................
      assert( nIn>0 );  /* RHS always has 2 or more terms...  The parser
                        ** changes "x IN (?)" into "x=?". */

    }else if( eOp & (WO_EQ|WO_IS) ){
      int iCol = pProbe->aiColumn[saved_nEq];
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_EQ;
      assert( saved_nEq==pNew->u.btree.nEq );
      if( iCol==XN_ROWID 
       || (iCol>0 && nInMul==0 && saved_nEq==pProbe->nKeyCol-1)
      ){
        if( iCol>=0 && pProbe->uniqNotNull==0 ){
          pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_UNQ_WANTED;
        }else{
          pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_ONEROW;
        }
      }
    }else if( eOp & WO_ISNULL ){
................................................................................
    if( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN && pExpr->iTable==iCursor ){
      if( pExpr->iColumn<0 ) return 1;
      for(jj=0; jj<pIndex->nKeyCol; jj++){
        if( pExpr->iColumn==pIndex->aiColumn[jj] ) return 1;
      }
    }else if( (aColExpr = pIndex->aColExpr)!=0 ){
      for(jj=0; jj<pIndex->nKeyCol; jj++){
        if( pIndex->aiColumn[jj]!=XN_EXPR ) continue;
        if( sqlite3ExprCompare(pExpr,aColExpr->a[jj].pExpr,iCursor)==0 ){
          return 1;
        }
      }
    }
  }
  return 0;
................................................................................
    if( pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr ) sqlite3_free(pIdxInfo->idxStr);
    pIdxInfo->idxStr = 0;
    pIdxInfo->idxNum = 0;
    pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr = 0;
    pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed = 0;
    pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = SQLITE_BIG_DBL / (double)2;
    pIdxInfo->estimatedRows = 25;
    pIdxInfo->idxFlags = 0;
    rc = vtabBestIndex(pParse, pTab, pIdxInfo);
    if( rc ) goto whereLoopAddVtab_exit;
    pIdxCons = *(struct sqlite3_index_constraint**)&pIdxInfo->aConstraint;
    pNew->prereq = mExtra;
    mxTerm = -1;
    assert( pNew->nLSlot>=nConstraint );
    for(i=0; i<nConstraint; i++) pNew->aLTerm[i] = 0;
................................................................................
          }
          /* A virtual table that is constrained by an IN clause may not
          ** consume the ORDER BY clause because (1) the order of IN terms
          ** is not necessarily related to the order of output terms and
          ** (2) Multiple outputs from a single IN value will not merge
          ** together.  */
          pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed = 0;
          pIdxInfo->idxFlags &= ~SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE;
        }
      }
    }
    if( i>=nConstraint ){
      pNew->nLTerm = mxTerm+1;
      assert( pNew->nLTerm<=pNew->nLSlot );
      pNew->u.vtab.idxNum = pIdxInfo->idxNum;
................................................................................
      pIdxInfo->needToFreeIdxStr = 0;
      pNew->u.vtab.idxStr = pIdxInfo->idxStr;
      pNew->u.vtab.isOrdered = (i8)(pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed ?
                                      pIdxInfo->nOrderBy : 0);
      pNew->rSetup = 0;
      pNew->rRun = sqlite3LogEstFromDouble(pIdxInfo->estimatedCost);
      pNew->nOut = sqlite3LogEst(pIdxInfo->estimatedRows);

      /* Set the WHERE_ONEROW flag if the xBestIndex() method indicated
      ** that the scan will visit at most one row. Clear it otherwise. */
      if( pIdxInfo->idxFlags & SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE ){
        pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_ONEROW;
      }else{
        pNew->wsFlags &= ~WHERE_ONEROW;
      }
      whereLoopInsert(pBuilder, pNew);
      if( pNew->u.vtab.needFree ){
        sqlite3_free(pNew->u.vtab.idxStr);
        pNew->u.vtab.needFree = 0;
      }
    }
  }  
................................................................................
        nColumn = 1;
      }else if( (pIndex = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex)==0 || pIndex->bUnordered ){
        return 0;
      }else{
        nKeyCol = pIndex->nKeyCol;
        nColumn = pIndex->nColumn;
        assert( nColumn==nKeyCol+1 || !HasRowid(pIndex->pTable) );
        assert( pIndex->aiColumn[nColumn-1]==XN_ROWID
                          || !HasRowid(pIndex->pTable));
        isOrderDistinct = IsUniqueIndex(pIndex);
      }

      /* Loop through all columns of the index and deal with the ones
      ** that are not constrained by == or IN.
      */
      rev = revSet = 0;
................................................................................
        ** (revIdx) for the j-th column of the index.
        */
        if( pIndex ){
          iColumn = pIndex->aiColumn[j];
          revIdx = pIndex->aSortOrder[j];
          if( iColumn==pIndex->pTable->iPKey ) iColumn = -1;
        }else{
          iColumn = XN_ROWID;
          revIdx = 0;
        }

        /* An unconstrained column that might be NULL means that this
        ** WhereLoop is not well-ordered
        */
        if( isOrderDistinct
................................................................................
      /* Try to ORDER BY the result set to make distinct processing easier */
      pWInfo->wctrlFlags |= WHERE_DISTINCTBY;
      pWInfo->pOrderBy = pResultSet;
    }
  }

  /* Construct the WhereLoop objects */
  WHERETRACE(0xffff,("*** Optimizer Start *** (wctrlFlags: 0x%x)\n",
             wctrlFlags));
#if defined(WHERETRACE_ENABLED)
  if( sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x100 ){ /* Display all terms of the WHERE clause */
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<sWLB.pWC->nTerm; i++){
      whereTermPrint(&sWLB.pWC->a[i], i);
    }
  }
................................................................................
        if( pOp->p1!=pLevel->iTabCur ) continue;
        if( pOp->opcode==OP_Column ){
          int x = pOp->p2;
          assert( pIdx->pTable==pTab );
          if( !HasRowid(pTab) ){
            Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
            x = pPk->aiColumn[x];
            assert( x>=0 );
          }
          x = sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(pIdx, x);
          if( x>=0 ){
            pOp->p2 = x;
            pOp->p1 = pLevel->iIdxCur;
          }
          assert( (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_IDX_ONLY)==0 || x>=0 );
................................................................................
    int nPrefix;                  /* Prefix length (0 for main terms index) */
    Fts3Hash hPending;            /* Pending terms table for this index */
  } *aIndex;
  int nMaxPendingData;            /* Max pending data before flush to disk */
  int nPendingData;               /* Current bytes of pending data */
  sqlite_int64 iPrevDocid;        /* Docid of most recently inserted document */
  int iPrevLangid;                /* Langid of recently inserted document */
  int bPrevDelete;                /* True if last operation was a delete */

#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST)
  /* State variables used for validating that the transaction control
  ** methods of the virtual table are called at appropriate times.  These
  ** values do not contribute to FTS functionality; they are used for
  ** verifying the operation of the SQLite core.
  */
................................................................................
static void fts3SetEstimatedRows(sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo, i64 nRow){
#if SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER>=3008002
  if( sqlite3_libversion_number()>=3008002 ){
    pIdxInfo->estimatedRows = nRow;
  }
#endif
}

/*
** Set the SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE flag in pIdxInfo->flags. Unless this
** extension is currently being used by a version of SQLite too old to
** support index-info flags. In that case this function is a no-op.
*/
static void fts3SetUniqueFlag(sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo){
#if SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER>=3008012
  if( sqlite3_libversion_number()>=3008012 ){
    pIdxInfo->idxFlags |= SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE;
  }
#endif
}

/* 
** Implementation of the xBestIndex method for FTS3 tables. There
** are three possible strategies, in order of preference:
**
**   1. Direct lookup by rowid or docid. 
**   2. Full-text search using a MATCH operator on a non-docid column.
................................................................................
        case SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LE:
        case SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LT:
          iDocidLe = i;
          break;
      }
    }
  }

  /* If using a docid=? or rowid=? strategy, set the UNIQUE flag. */
  if( pInfo->idxNum==FTS3_DOCID_SEARCH ) fts3SetUniqueFlag(pInfo);

  iIdx = 1;
  if( iCons>=0 ){
    pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iCons].argvIndex = iIdx++;
    pInfo->aConstraintUsage[iCons].omit = 1;
  } 
  if( iLangidCons>=0 ){
................................................................................
/* 
** Calling this function indicates that subsequent calls to 
** fts3PendingTermsAdd() are to add term/position-list pairs for the
** contents of the document with docid iDocid.
*/
static int fts3PendingTermsDocid(
  Fts3Table *p,                   /* Full-text table handle */
  int bDelete,                    /* True if this op is a delete */
  int iLangid,                    /* Language id of row being written */
  sqlite_int64 iDocid             /* Docid of row being written */
){
  assert( iLangid>=0 );
  assert( bDelete==1 || bDelete==0 );

  /* TODO(shess) Explore whether partially flushing the buffer on
  ** forced-flush would provide better performance.  I suspect that if
  ** we ordered the doclists by size and flushed the largest until the
  ** buffer was half empty, that would let the less frequent terms
  ** generate longer doclists.
  */
  if( iDocid<p->iPrevDocid 
   || (iDocid==p->iPrevDocid && p->bPrevDelete==0)
   || p->iPrevLangid!=iLangid
   || p->nPendingData>p->nMaxPendingData 
  ){
    int rc = sqlite3Fts3PendingTermsFlush(p);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  }
  p->iPrevDocid = iDocid;
  p->iPrevLangid = iLangid;
  p->bPrevDelete = bDelete;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Discard the contents of the pending-terms hash tables. 
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3PendingTermsClear(Fts3Table *p){
................................................................................
  assert( *pbFound==0 );
  if( *pRC ) return;
  rc = fts3SqlStmt(p, SQL_SELECT_CONTENT_BY_ROWID, &pSelect, &pRowid);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pSelect) ){
      int i;
      int iLangid = langidFromSelect(p, pSelect);
      i64 iDocid = sqlite3_column_int64(pSelect, 0);
      rc = fts3PendingTermsDocid(p, 1, iLangid, iDocid);
      for(i=1; rc==SQLITE_OK && i<=p->nColumn; i++){
        int iCol = i-1;
        if( p->abNotindexed[iCol]==0 ){
          const char *zText = (const char *)sqlite3_column_text(pSelect, i);
          rc = fts3PendingTermsAdd(p, iLangid, zText, -1, &aSz[iCol]);
          aSz[p->nColumn] += sqlite3_column_bytes(pSelect, i);
        }
................................................................................
    pNext = &pReader->aDoclist[pReader->nDoclist];
  }

  if( !pNext || pNext>=&pReader->aNode[pReader->nNode] ){

    if( fts3SegReaderIsPending(pReader) ){
      Fts3HashElem *pElem = *(pReader->ppNextElem);
      sqlite3_free(pReader->aNode);
      pReader->aNode = 0;
      if( pElem ){
        char *aCopy;
        PendingList *pList = (PendingList *)fts3HashData(pElem);
        int nCopy = pList->nData+1;
        pReader->zTerm = (char *)fts3HashKey(pElem);
        pReader->nTerm = fts3HashKeysize(pElem);
        aCopy = (char*)sqlite3_malloc(nCopy);
        if( !aCopy ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
        memcpy(aCopy, pList->aData, nCopy);
        pReader->nNode = pReader->nDoclist = nCopy;
        pReader->aNode = pReader->aDoclist = aCopy;
        pReader->ppNextElem++;
        assert( pReader->aNode );
      }
      return SQLITE_OK;
    }

    fts3SegReaderSetEof(pReader);
................................................................................
}

/*
** Free all allocations associated with the iterator passed as the 
** second argument.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Fts3SegReaderFree(Fts3SegReader *pReader){
  if( pReader ){
    if( !fts3SegReaderIsPending(pReader) ){
      sqlite3_free(pReader->zTerm);
    }
    if( !fts3SegReaderIsRootOnly(pReader) ){
      sqlite3_free(pReader->aNode);

    }
    sqlite3_blob_close(pReader->pBlob);
  }
  sqlite3_free(pReader);
}

/*
** Allocate a new SegReader object.
*/
................................................................................
        aSzDel = &aSzIns[p->nColumn+1];
      }
    }

    while( rc==SQLITE_OK && SQLITE_ROW==sqlite3_step(pStmt) ){
      int iCol;
      int iLangid = langidFromSelect(p, pStmt);
      rc = fts3PendingTermsDocid(p, 0, iLangid, sqlite3_column_int64(pStmt, 0));
      memset(aSz, 0, sizeof(aSz[0]) * (p->nColumn+1));
      for(iCol=0; rc==SQLITE_OK && iCol<p->nColumn; iCol++){
        if( p->abNotindexed[iCol]==0 ){
          const char *z = (const char *) sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, iCol+1);
          rc = fts3PendingTermsAdd(p, iLangid, z, iCol, &aSz[iCol]);
          aSz[p->nColumn] += sqlite3_column_bytes(pStmt, iCol+1);
        }
................................................................................
    if( bInsertDone==0 ){
      rc = fts3InsertData(p, apVal, pRowid);
      if( rc==SQLITE_CONSTRAINT && p->zContentTbl==0 ){
        rc = FTS_CORRUPT_VTAB;
      }
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK && (!isRemove || *pRowid!=p->iPrevDocid ) ){
      rc = fts3PendingTermsDocid(p, 0, iLangid, *pRowid);
    }
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      assert( p->iPrevDocid==*pRowid );
      rc = fts3InsertTerms(p, iLangid, apVal, aSzIns);
    }
    if( p->bHasDocsize ){
      fts3InsertDocsize(&rc, p, aSzIns);

Changes to src/sqlite3.h.

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**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.12"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008012
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2015-09-28 14:40:20 9d057f52217e7ef9c3f3eb84117abe3365503f44"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** strategy. A cost of N indicates that the cost of the strategy is similar
** to a linear scan of an SQLite table with N rows. A cost of log(N) 
** indicates that the expense of the operation is similar to that of a
** binary search on a unique indexed field of an SQLite table with N rows.
**
** ^The estimatedRows value is an estimate of the number of rows that
** will be returned by the strategy.















**
** IMPORTANT: The estimatedRows field was added to the sqlite3_index_info
** structure for SQLite version 3.8.2. If a virtual table extension is
** used with an SQLite version earlier than 3.8.2, the results of attempting 
** to read or write the estimatedRows field are undefined (but are likely 
** to included crashing the application). The estimatedRows field should
** therefore only be used if [sqlite3_libversion_number()] returns a
** value greater than or equal to 3008002.



*/
struct sqlite3_index_info {
  /* Inputs */
  int nConstraint;           /* Number of entries in aConstraint */
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint {
     int iColumn;              /* Column on left-hand side of constraint */
     unsigned char op;         /* Constraint operator */
................................................................................
  int idxNum;                /* Number used to identify the index */
  char *idxStr;              /* String, possibly obtained from sqlite3_malloc */
  int needToFreeIdxStr;      /* Free idxStr using sqlite3_free() if true */
  int orderByConsumed;       /* True if output is already ordered */
  double estimatedCost;           /* Estimated cost of using this index */
  /* Fields below are only available in SQLite 3.8.2 and later */
  sqlite3_int64 estimatedRows;    /* Estimated number of rows returned */


};






/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Constraint Operator Codes
**
** These macros defined the allowed values for the
** [sqlite3_index_info].aConstraint[].op field.  Each value represents
** an operator that is part of a constraint term in the wHERE clause of
** a query that uses a [virtual table].







|







 







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>
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**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.12"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008012
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2015-10-01 18:31:29 6f90839e91024e2006042f5eb7f21ca5b47a9b4a"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
** strategy. A cost of N indicates that the cost of the strategy is similar
** to a linear scan of an SQLite table with N rows. A cost of log(N) 
** indicates that the expense of the operation is similar to that of a
** binary search on a unique indexed field of an SQLite table with N rows.
**
** ^The estimatedRows value is an estimate of the number of rows that
** will be returned by the strategy.
**
** The xBestIndex method may optionally populate the idxFlags field with a 
** mask of SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_* flags. Currently there is only one such flag -
** SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE. If the xBestIndex method sets this flag, SQLite
** assumes that the strategy may visit at most one row. 
**
** Additionally, if xBestIndex sets the SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE flag, then
** SQLite also assumes that if a call to the xUpdate() method is made as
** part of the same statement to delete or update a virtual table row and the
** implementation returns SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, then there is no need to rollback
** any database changes. In other words, if the xUpdate() returns
** SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, the database contents must be exactly as they were
** before xUpdate was called. By contrast, if SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE is not
** set and xUpdate returns SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, any database changes made by
** the xUpdate method are automatically rolled back by SQLite.
**
** IMPORTANT: The estimatedRows field was added to the sqlite3_index_info
** structure for SQLite version 3.8.2. If a virtual table extension is
** used with an SQLite version earlier than 3.8.2, the results of attempting 
** to read or write the estimatedRows field are undefined (but are likely 
** to included crashing the application). The estimatedRows field should
** therefore only be used if [sqlite3_libversion_number()] returns a
** value greater than or equal to 3008002. Similarly, the idxFlags field
** was added for version 3.8.12. It may therefore only be used if
** sqlite3_libversion_number() returns a value greater than or equal to
** 3008012.
*/
struct sqlite3_index_info {
  /* Inputs */
  int nConstraint;           /* Number of entries in aConstraint */
  struct sqlite3_index_constraint {
     int iColumn;              /* Column on left-hand side of constraint */
     unsigned char op;         /* Constraint operator */
................................................................................
  int idxNum;                /* Number used to identify the index */
  char *idxStr;              /* String, possibly obtained from sqlite3_malloc */
  int needToFreeIdxStr;      /* Free idxStr using sqlite3_free() if true */
  int orderByConsumed;       /* True if output is already ordered */
  double estimatedCost;           /* Estimated cost of using this index */
  /* Fields below are only available in SQLite 3.8.2 and later */
  sqlite3_int64 estimatedRows;    /* Estimated number of rows returned */
  /* Fields below are only available in SQLite 3.8.12 and later */
  int idxFlags;              /* Mask of SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_* flags */
};

/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Scan Flags
*/
#define SQLITE_INDEX_SCAN_UNIQUE      1     /* Scan visits at most 1 row */

/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Constraint Operator Codes
**
** These macros defined the allowed values for the
** [sqlite3_index_info].aConstraint[].op field.  Each value represents
** an operator that is part of a constraint term in the wHERE clause of
** a query that uses a [virtual table].