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Overview
Comment:Update the built-in SQLite to the latest SQLite (3.8.12 alpha).
Downloads: Tarball | ZIP archive | SQL archive
Timelines: family | ancestors | descendants | both | trunk
Files: files | file ages | folders
SHA1: cc0c939202be2a6b6e5946d5353e51b95450e18b
User & Date: drh 2015-09-11 11:43:43
Context
2015-09-11
13:14
Fix some commenting and variable naming convensions in the diff code. No logical changes. check-in: 4140eb35 user: drh tags: trunk
11:43
Update the built-in SQLite to the latest SQLite (3.8.12 alpha). check-in: cc0c9392 user: drh tags: trunk
2015-09-07
00:34
Added documentation to commit for user and date override options. check-in: 65ff0ab2 user: sdr tags: trunk
Changes
Hide Diffs Unified Diffs Ignore Whitespace Patch

Changes to src/shell.c.

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    }
  }
  if( nSql ){
    if( !_all_whitespace(zSql) ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: incomplete SQL: %s\n", zSql);
      errCnt++;
    }
    free(zSql);
  }

  free(zLine);
  return errCnt>0;
}

/*
** Return a pathname which is the user's home directory.  A
** 0 return indicates an error of some kind.
................................................................................
    warnInmemoryDb = argc==1;
#else
    fprintf(stderr,"%s: Error: no database filename specified\n", Argv0);
    return 1;
#endif
  }
  data.out = stdout;








  /* Go ahead and open the database file if it already exists.  If the
  ** file does not exist, delay opening it.  This prevents empty database
  ** files from being created if a user mistypes the database name argument
  ** to the sqlite command-line tool.
  */
  if( access(data.zDbFilename, 0)==0 ){







<

>







 







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    }
  }
  if( nSql ){
    if( !_all_whitespace(zSql) ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: incomplete SQL: %s\n", zSql);
      errCnt++;
    }

  }
  free(zSql);
  free(zLine);
  return errCnt>0;
}

/*
** Return a pathname which is the user's home directory.  A
** 0 return indicates an error of some kind.
................................................................................
    warnInmemoryDb = argc==1;
#else
    fprintf(stderr,"%s: Error: no database filename specified\n", Argv0);
    return 1;
#endif
  }
  data.out = stdout;

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_JSON1
  {
    extern int sqlite3_json_init(sqlite3*);
    sqlite3_auto_extension((void(*)(void))sqlite3_json_init);
  }
#endif

  /* Go ahead and open the database file if it already exists.  If the
  ** file does not exist, delay opening it.  This prevents empty database
  ** files from being created if a user mistypes the database name argument
  ** to the sqlite command-line tool.
  */
  if( access(data.zDbFilename, 0)==0 ){

Changes to src/sqlite3.c.

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51989
51990
51991
51992
51993
.....
52020
52021
52022
52023
52024
52025
52026

52027
52028
52029
52030
52031
52032
52033
52034
.....
52035
52036
52037
52038
52039
52040
52041
52042
52043
52044
52045
52046
52047
52048
52049
.....
52052
52053
52054
52055
52056
52057
52058

52059
52060
52061
52062
52063
52064
52065
52066
.....
53492
53493
53494
53495
53496
53497
53498

53499
53500

53501
53502
53503
53504
53505
53506
53507
53508
.....
62490
62491
62492
62493
62494
62495
62496
62497
62498
62499
62500
62501
62502
62503
62504
62505
62506
62507
62508
62509
62510
62511
62512
62513
62514
.....
65325
65326
65327
65328
65329
65330
65331
65332
65333
65334
65335
65336
65337
65338
65339
.....
65366
65367
65368
65369
65370
65371
65372
65373
65374
65375
65376
65377
65378
65379
65380
.....
65960
65961
65962
65963
65964
65965
65966
65967
65968
65969
65970
65971
65972
65973
65974
.....
66107
66108
66109
66110
66111
66112
66113






































66114
66115
66116
66117
66118
66119
66120
.....
66126
66127
66128
66129
66130
66131
66132
66133

66134
66135
66136
66137
66138
66139
66140
.....
66211
66212
66213
66214
66215
66216
66217

66218
66219
66220
66221
66222
66223
66224
66225
.....
66355
66356
66357
66358
66359
66360
66361
66362
66363
66364
66365

66366
66367
66368
66369
66370


66371
66372



66373
66374
66375
66376
66377
66378
66379
.....
66478
66479
66480
66481
66482
66483
66484
66485


66486
66487
66488
66489
66490
66491
66492
66493
66494
66495
66496
66497
66498
66499
66500
66501
66502
66503
66504
66505
66506
66507
66508
66509
66510
66511
66512
66513
66514
66515
66516
66517
66518
66519
66520
66521
66522
66523
66524
66525
66526
66527
66528
66529
66530
66531
.....
66550
66551
66552
66553
66554
66555
66556

66557
66558
66559
66560
66561
66562
66563
66564
66565

66566


66567
66568
66569
66570
66571
66572
66573
66574
66575
66576

66577
66578
66579
66580
66581
66582
66583
66584
66585
66586

66587
66588
66589
66590
66591
66592
66593
66594
66595
66596
66597
66598
66599

66600
66601
66602
66603
66604
66605
66606
66607
66608

66609
66610
66611
66612
66613
66614
66615
.....
66986
66987
66988
66989
66990
66991
66992
66993
66994

66995
66996
66997
66998
66999
67000
67001
.....
70327
70328
70329
70330
70331
70332
70333



70334
70335
70336
70337
70338
70339
70340
.....
70505
70506
70507
70508
70509
70510
70511




70512
70513
70514
70515
70516
70517
70518
.....
70752
70753
70754
70755
70756
70757
70758
70759
70760
70761
70762
70763
70764
70765
70766
.....
70837
70838
70839
70840
70841
70842
70843
70844
70845
70846
70847
70848
70849
70850
70851
.....
72655
72656
72657
72658
72659
72660
72661
72662
72663
72664
72665
72666
72667
72668
72669
.....
75092
75093
75094
75095
75096
75097
75098

75099
75100
75101
75102
75103
75104
75105
75106
75107
75108
75109
75110
75111
.....
75169
75170
75171
75172
75173
75174
75175


75176
75177
75178
75179
75180
75181
75182
75183
75184
75185
.....
79007
79008
79009
79010
79011
79012
79013

79014
79015
79016
79017
79018
79019
79020
79021
.....
82588
82589
82590
82591
82592
82593
82594





82595
82596
82597
82598
82599
82600
82601
.....
82685
82686
82687
82688
82689
82690
82691
82692
82693
82694
82695
82696
82697
82698
82699
82700
82701
82702
82703
82704
82705
82706
82707
82708
82709
82710
82711
82712
82713
82714
82715
82716
82717
82718
82719
82720
82721
82722
.....
82742
82743
82744
82745
82746
82747
82748
82749
82750
82751
82752
82753
82754
82755
82756
82757
82758
82759
82760
82761

82762
82763
82764
82765
82766
82767
82768
.....
82946
82947
82948
82949
82950
82951
82952
82953
82954
82955
82956
82957
82958
82959
82960
.....
82961
82962
82963
82964
82965
82966
82967
82968
82969
82970
82971
82972
82973
82974
82975
82976
.....
83047
83048
83049
83050
83051
83052
83053
83054
83055
83056
83057
83058
83059
83060
83061
83062
83063
.....
83146
83147
83148
83149
83150
83151
83152
83153
83154
83155
83156
83157
83158
83159
83160
.....
83187
83188
83189
83190
83191
83192
83193
83194
83195
83196
83197
83198
83199
83200

83201

83202
83203
83204
83205
83206
83207

83208
83209
83210
83211
83212
83213
83214
83215
83216
83217

83218
83219
83220
83221
83222
83223
83224
83225
83226
83227
83228
83229
83230
.....
83301
83302
83303
83304
83305
83306
83307


83308
83309
83310
83311
83312
83313
83314
.....
83330
83331
83332
83333
83334
83335
83336
83337
83338
83339
83340
83341
83342
83343
83344
.....
83378
83379
83380
83381
83382
83383
83384
83385



83386
83387






83388
83389
83390
83391
83392
83393
83394
.....
83426
83427
83428
83429
83430
83431
83432
83433
83434
83435
83436
83437
83438
83439
83440
83441
83442
83443
83444
83445
83446
83447
83448
83449
83450
83451
83452
.....
83782
83783
83784
83785
83786
83787
83788
83789
83790
83791
83792
83793
83794
83795
83796
.....
83855
83856
83857
83858
83859
83860
83861
83862
83863
83864
83865
83866
83867
83868
83869
83870
83871
83872
83873
83874
83875
83876
83877
83878
83879
83880
83881
83882
83883
83884
83885
83886
83887
83888
83889
83890
83891
83892
83893
83894
83895
83896
83897
83898
.....
83916
83917
83918
83919
83920
83921
83922










83923
83924
83925
83926
83927
83928
83929
.....
84080
84081
84082
84083
84084
84085
84086
















84087
84088
84089
84090
84091
84092
84093
.....
84123
84124
84125
84126
84127
84128
84129
84130
84131
84132
84133
84134
84135
84136
84137
84138
84139
84140
84141
84142
84143
84144
84145
84146
84147
84148
84149
84150
84151
84152
84153
84154
84155
84156
84157
84158
84159
84160
84161
84162
.....
84246
84247
84248
84249
84250
84251
84252
84253
84254
84255
84256
84257
84258
84259
84260
84261
84262
84263
84264
84265
84266
84267
84268
84269
84270
84271
.....
84588
84589
84590
84591
84592
84593
84594
84595
84596
84597
84598
84599
84600
84601
84602
.....
85189
85190
85191
85192
85193
85194
85195
85196
85197
85198
85199
85200
85201
85202
85203


85204
85205


85206
85207
85208
85209
85210
85211
85212
.....
85312
85313
85314
85315
85316
85317
85318














85319
85320
85321
85322
85323
85324
85325
.....
86284
86285
86286
86287
86288
86289
86290
86291
86292
86293
86294
86295
86296
86297
86298
.....
86302
86303
86304
86305
86306
86307
86308
86309
86310
86311
86312
86313
86314
86315
86316
.....
86352
86353
86354
86355
86356
86357
86358
86359
86360
86361
86362
86363
86364
86365
86366
.....
86570
86571
86572
86573
86574
86575
86576






















86577
86578
86579
86580
86581
86582
86583
.....
86756
86757
86758
86759
86760
86761
86762
86763

86764
86765
86766
86767
86768
86769
86770
86771
.....
86778
86779
86780
86781
86782
86783
86784
86785
86786
86787
86788
86789
86790
86791
86792
.....
86817
86818
86819
86820
86821
86822
86823
86824
86825
86826
86827
86828
86829
86830
86831
86832
86833
86834
.....
87051
87052
87053
87054
87055
87056
87057
87058
87059
87060
87061
87062
87063
87064
87065
.....
87275
87276
87277
87278
87279
87280
87281
87282
87283
87284
87285
87286
87287
87288
87289
.....
87467
87468
87469
87470
87471
87472
87473

87474
87475
87476
87477
87478

87479
87480
87481
87482
87483
87484
87485


87486
87487
87488
87489
87490
87491
87492
87493
87494
87495
87496
87497
87498
87499
.....
87662
87663
87664
87665
87666
87667
87668
87669
87670
87671
87672
87673
87674
87675
87676
87677
87678
87679
87680
87681
87682
87683
.....
87825
87826
87827
87828
87829
87830
87831
87832
87833
87834
87835
87836
87837
87838
87839
.....
87901
87902
87903
87904
87905
87906
87907


87908
87909
87910
87911
87912
87913
87914
87915
.....
88809
88810
88811
88812
88813
88814
88815
88816
88817
88818
88819
88820
88821
88822
88823
.....
90167
90168
90169
90170
90171
90172
90173
90174
90175
90176
90177
90178
90179
90180
90181
.....
90189
90190
90191
90192
90193
90194
90195
90196
90197
90198
90199
90200
90201
90202
90203
.....
90303
90304
90305
90306
90307
90308
90309
90310
90311
90312
90313
90314
90315
90316
90317
.....
90339
90340
90341
90342
90343
90344
90345

90346
90347
90348
90349
90350
90351
90352
.....
90388
90389
90390
90391
90392
90393
90394
90395
90396
90397
90398
90399
90400

90401
90402
90403
90404
90405
90406
90407
.....
92119
92120
92121
92122
92123
92124
92125
92126
92127
92128
92129
92130
92131
92132
92133
.....
92254
92255
92256
92257
92258
92259
92260











92261
92262
92263
92264
92265
92266
92267
.....
92332
92333
92334
92335
92336
92337
92338

92339
92340
92341
92342
92343
92344
92345
.....
92458
92459
92460
92461
92462
92463
92464
92465
92466
92467
92468
92469
92470
92471
92472
.....
92525
92526
92527
92528
92529
92530
92531
92532
92533
92534
92535
92536
92537
92538
92539
92540
92541
92542
92543
92544
92545
.....
92874
92875
92876
92877
92878
92879
92880


92881
92882
92883
92884
92885
92886
92887
.....
92918
92919
92920
92921
92922
92923
92924
92925
92926
92927
92928
92929
92930
92931
92932
.....
93199
93200
93201
93202
93203
93204
93205




93206
93207
93208
93209
93210

93211
93212
93213
93214
93215
93216
93217
93218
93219
93220
93221
93222
93223
93224
.....
93577
93578
93579
93580
93581
93582
93583
93584
93585
93586
93587
93588
93589
93590
93591



93592

93593
93594
93595
93596
93597
93598
93599
93600
93601
93602
.....
93604
93605
93606
93607
93608
93609
93610
93611
93612
93613
93614
93615
93616
93617
93618
.....
93714
93715
93716
93717
93718
93719
93720
93721
93722
93723

93724
93725
93726
93727
93728
93729
93730
.....
93847
93848
93849
93850
93851
93852
93853
93854
93855
93856
93857
93858
93859
93860
93861
.....
93944
93945
93946
93947
93948
93949
93950

93951
93952
93953
93954
93955
93956
93957
.....
93964
93965
93966
93967
93968
93969
93970
93971
93972
93973
93974
93975
93976
93977
93978
93979
93980
93981
93982
93983
93984
93985
93986
93987
93988
93989
93990
93991
93992
93993
93994
93995
93996
93997
93998
93999
94000

94001
94002
94003
94004
94005

94006
94007
94008
94009
94010
94011
94012




94013
94014
94015
94016
94017
94018
94019
.....
94023
94024
94025
94026
94027
94028
94029

94030
94031
94032
94033
94034
94035
94036
.....
94068
94069
94070
94071
94072
94073
94074






94075
94076
94077
94078
94079
94080
94081
94082
94083
94084
94085
94086
94087
94088
94089
94090
94091
94092
94093
94094
94095
94096
94097
94098
94099
94100
94101
94102
94103
94104
94105
94106
94107
94108



94109
94110
94111
94112
94113
94114
94115
.....
94118
94119
94120
94121
94122
94123
94124
94125
94126
94127
94128
94129
94130
94131
94132
.....
94673
94674
94675
94676
94677
94678
94679
94680
94681
94682
94683
94684
94685
94686
94687
.....
94728
94729
94730
94731
94732
94733
94734
























94735
94736
94737
94738
94739
94740
94741
.....
94770
94771
94772
94773
94774
94775
94776
94777
94778
94779
94780
94781
94782
94783
94784
.....
94925
94926
94927
94928
94929
94930
94931



94932

94933
94934
94935
94936




94937
94938
94939
94940
94941
94942
94943
94944
94945
94946
94947
94948
94949
94950
94951
94952
.....
94979
94980
94981
94982
94983
94984
94985
94986
94987
94988

94989
94990
94991
94992
94993
94994
94995
94996
94997

94998
94999
95000

95001
95002
95003

95004

95005
95006
95007
95008
95009













95010





95011


95012
95013
95014
95015
95016
95017
95018
95019
95020
95021
95022
95023
95024
95025

95026
95027
95028
95029
95030
95031
95032
95033





95034
95035
95036

95037
95038
95039
95040
95041
95042
95043
.....
95080
95081
95082
95083
95084
95085
95086

95087
95088
95089
95090
95091
95092
95093
.....
95111
95112
95113
95114
95115
95116
95117

95118
95119
95120
95121
95122
95123
95124
.....
95140
95141
95142
95143
95144
95145
95146
95147
95148
95149
95150
95151
95152
95153
95154
.....
95600
95601
95602
95603
95604
95605
95606
95607

95608
95609
95610
95611
95612
95613
95614
.....
95673
95674
95675
95676
95677
95678
95679
95680


95681
95682
95683
95684
95685
95686

95687
95688
95689

















95690
95691
95692
95693
95694
95695
95696
.....
95703
95704
95705
95706
95707
95708
95709
95710
95711
95712
95713
95714
95715
95716
95717
95718
95719
.....
95949
95950
95951
95952
95953
95954
95955



95956


95957
95958
95959
95960
95961


95962
95963
95964
95965
95966
95967
95968
.....
96199
96200
96201
96202
96203
96204
96205
96206
96207
96208
96209
96210
96211
96212
96213
.....
97118
97119
97120
97121
97122
97123
97124

97125
97126
97127
97128
97129
97130
97131
.....
97150
97151
97152
97153
97154
97155
97156
97157
97158
97159
97160
97161
97162
97163
97164
97165
97166
97167
97168
97169
97170
97171
97172
97173
97174
97175
97176
97177
.....
97225
97226
97227
97228
97229
97230
97231
97232
97233
97234
97235
97236
97237
97238
97239
.....
97496
97497
97498
97499
97500
97501
97502
97503
97504
97505
97506
97507
97508
97509
97510
97511
97512
97513
97514
97515
97516
97517
97518
97519
97520
97521

97522
97523
97524





97525
97526
97527
97528
97529
97530
97531
.....
99286
99287
99288
99289
99290
99291
99292
99293
99294
99295
99296
99297
99298
99299
99300
99301
99302
99303
99304
99305
99306
99307
99308
99309
99310
99311
99312
99313
99314
99315
99316
99317
99318
99319
99320
99321
.....
99722
99723
99724
99725
99726
99727
99728
99729
99730
99731
99732
99733
99734
99735
99736
.....
99760
99761
99762
99763
99764
99765
99766
99767
99768
99769
99770
99771
99772
99773
99774
99775
99776
99777
99778
......
100821
100822
100823
100824
100825
100826
100827
100828
100829
100830
100831
100832
100833
100834
100835
100836
100837
100838
100839
100840
100841
100842
100843
100844
100845
100846
100847










100848

100849
100850
100851
100852
100853
100854
100855
......
101012
101013
101014
101015
101016
101017
101018
101019
101020
101021
101022
101023
101024
101025
101026
101027
101028
101029
101030
101031
101032
101033
......
101443
101444
101445
101446
101447
101448
101449
101450
101451
101452
101453
101454
101455
101456
101457
101458
101459
101460
101461
101462
101463
101464
101465
101466
101467
101468


101469
101470
101471
101472
101473
101474
101475
......
101742
101743
101744
101745
101746
101747
101748
101749
101750
101751
101752
101753
101754
101755
101756
......
101989
101990
101991
101992
101993
101994
101995
101996
101997
101998
101999
102000
102001
102002
102003
......
102097
102098
102099
102100
102101
102102
102103
102104
102105
102106
102107
102108
102109
102110
102111
......
102145
102146
102147
102148
102149
102150
102151






102152
102153
102154
102155
102156
102157
102158
102159
102160

102161
102162
102163
102164
102165
102166
102167
......
102250
102251
102252
102253
102254
102255
102256
102257
102258
102259
102260
102261
102262
102263
102264
......
102271
102272
102273
102274
102275
102276
102277
102278
102279
102280
102281
102282
102283
102284
102285
......
102473
102474
102475
102476
102477
102478
102479







102480
102481
102482
102483
102484
102485
102486
......
102717
102718
102719
102720
102721
102722
102723
102724
102725
102726
102727
102728
102729
102730
102731
......
103254
103255
103256
103257
103258
103259
103260



103261
103262
103263
103264
103265
103266
103267
103268
103269
103270
103271
103272
103273
103274
103275
103276
103277
103278
103279
103280
103281
......
103394
103395
103396
103397
103398
103399
103400

103401
103402
103403
103404
103405
103406
103407
......
103489
103490
103491
103492
103493
103494
103495
103496



103497
103498

103499
103500
103501
103502
103503
103504
103505
......
103900
103901
103902
103903
103904
103905
103906
103907



103908
103909
103910
103911
103912
103913
103914
......
104896
104897
104898
104899
104900
104901
104902
104903
104904


















104905
104906
104907
104908
104909
104910
104911
104912



104913
104914
104915
104916












104917

104918
104919
104920
104921
104922
104923
104924
......
105074
105075
105076
105077
105078
105079
105080
105081
105082
105083
105084
105085
105086
105087
105088
105089
105090
105091
105092
105093
105094
105095
......
105151
105152
105153
105154
105155
105156
105157
105158
105159
105160
105161
105162
105163
105164
105165
105166
......
105186
105187
105188
105189
105190
105191
105192
105193
105194
105195
105196
105197
105198
105199
105200
......
105221
105222
105223
105224
105225
105226
105227
105228
105229
105230
105231
105232
105233
105234
105235
......
105300
105301
105302
105303
105304
105305
105306
105307
105308
105309
105310
105311
105312
105313
105314
105315
105316
105317
105318
105319
105320
105321
105322
105323
105324
105325
105326
105327
105328
105329
105330
105331
105332
......
105364
105365
105366
105367
105368
105369
105370
105371
105372
105373
105374
105375
105376
105377
105378
......
105382
105383
105384
105385
105386
105387
105388
105389
105390
105391
105392
105393
105394
105395
105396
......
105460
105461
105462
105463
105464
105465
105466
105467
105468
105469
105470
105471
105472
105473
105474
......
105506
105507
105508
105509
105510
105511
105512
105513
105514
105515
105516
105517
105518
105519
105520
......
105527
105528
105529
105530
105531
105532
105533
105534
105535
105536
105537
105538
105539
105540
105541
......
105546
105547
105548
105549
105550
105551
105552
105553
105554
105555
105556
105557
105558
105559
105560
105561
105562
105563
105564
105565
105566
......
105596
105597
105598
105599
105600
105601
105602
105603
105604
105605
105606
105607
105608
105609
105610
105611
105612
105613
105614
105615
105616
......
105641
105642
105643
105644
105645
105646
105647
105648
105649
105650
105651
105652
105653
105654
105655
105656
105657
105658
105659
105660
105661
105662
......
105680
105681
105682
105683
105684
105685
105686
105687
105688
105689
105690
105691
105692
105693
105694
......
105699
105700
105701
105702
105703
105704
105705
105706
105707
105708
105709
105710
105711
105712
105713
......
105749
105750
105751
105752
105753
105754
105755



105756
105757
105758
105759
105760
105761
105762
105763
105764
105765
105766
105767
105768

105769
105770
105771
105772
105773
105774
105775
105776
105777
105778
105779
105780
105781
105782
105783
105784
105785
105786
105787
105788
105789
105790
105791
105792






105793
105794
105795
105796
105797
105798
105799

105800
105801
105802
105803
105804
105805
105806
105807
105808
105809

105810
105811
105812
105813
105814



105815
105816
105817
105818
105819
105820
105821


105822
105823
105824
105825
105826
105827
105828
105829
105830
105831
105832
105833
105834
105835



105836
105837
105838
105839
105840
105841
105842
105843
105844
105845
105846
105847
105848
105849

105850
105851
105852
105853
105854
105855
105856
105857
105858
105859
105860
105861
105862
105863
105864

105865
105866
105867

105868
105869
105870
105871
105872
105873
105874
105875
105876
105877
105878
105879
105880
105881
105882
105883
105884
105885
105886
105887
105888
105889
105890
105891
105892
105893
105894
105895
105896
105897
105898
105899
105900
105901
105902
105903
105904
105905
105906

105907
105908
105909
105910
105911
105912
105913
105914
105915
105916

105917
105918
105919
105920
105921
105922
105923
105924
105925

105926
105927
105928
105929
105930
105931
105932
105933
105934
105935

105936
105937
105938
105939
105940
105941
105942
......
105944
105945
105946
105947
105948
105949
105950
105951
105952
105953
105954
105955
105956
105957
105958
105959
105960
105961
105962
105963
105964
105965
105966
105967
105968
105969
105970
105971
105972
105973
105974
105975
105976
105977
105978
105979
105980
105981
105982
105983
105984
......
105999
106000
106001
106002
106003
106004
106005

106006
106007
106008
106009
106010
106011
106012
106013
106014
106015
106016
106017
106018
106019
106020
106021
106022
106023
......
106024
106025
106026
106027
106028
106029
106030
106031
106032
106033
106034
106035
106036
106037
106038
106039
......
106070
106071
106072
106073
106074
106075
106076
106077
106078
106079
106080
106081
106082
106083
106084
106085
106086
106087
106088
106089
106090
106091
106092
106093
106094
106095
106096
106097
106098
106099
106100
106101
106102
......
106164
106165
106166
106167
106168
106169
106170
106171
106172
106173
106174
106175
106176
106177
106178
106179
......
106287
106288
106289
106290
106291
106292
106293
106294
106295
106296
106297
106298
106299
106300
106301
106302
106303
106304
106305
106306
106307
......
106314
106315
106316
106317
106318
106319
106320
106321
106322
106323
106324
106325
106326
106327
106328
106329
106330
106331
106332
106333
106334
106335
106336
106337
106338
106339
106340
106341
106342
106343
106344
106345
106346
106347
106348
106349
106350
106351
106352
106353
106354
106355
......
106397
106398
106399
106400
106401
106402
106403
106404
106405
106406
106407
106408
106409
106410
106411
106412
106413
106414
106415
106416
106417
106418
......
106505
106506
106507
106508
106509
106510
106511
106512
106513
106514

106515
106516

106517
106518
106519
106520
106521
106522
106523
106524
106525
106526
106527
106528
106529

106530
106531
106532
106533
106534
106535
106536
106537
106538
106539
106540
106541
106542
106543
106544
106545
106546
106547
106548
106549
106550
106551
106552
106553
......
106557
106558
106559
106560
106561
106562
106563
106564
106565
106566
106567
106568
106569
106570
106571
......
106590
106591
106592
106593
106594
106595
106596
106597
106598
106599
106600
106601
106602
106603
106604
......
106610
106611
106612
106613
106614
106615
106616
106617
106618
106619
106620
106621
106622
106623
106624
......
106629
106630
106631
106632
106633
106634
106635
106636
106637
106638
106639
106640
106641
106642
106643
106644
106645
106646
106647
106648

106649
106650

106651
106652
106653
106654
106655
106656
106657
106658
106659
106660
106661
106662
106663
106664
106665
106666
106667
106668
106669
106670
106671
106672
106673
106674
......
108025
108026
108027
108028
108029
108030
108031
108032
108033
108034
108035
108036
108037
108038
108039
108040
108041
108042
108043
108044
......
108115
108116
108117
108118
108119
108120
108121

108122
108123
108124
108125
108126
108127
108128
108129
108130
108131
108132
108133
108134

108135
108136
108137
108138
108139
108140
108141
108142

108143
108144
108145
108146
108147
108148
108149
......
108213
108214
108215
108216
108217
108218
108219
108220
108221
108222
108223
108224
108225
108226
108227
......
108345
108346
108347
108348
108349
108350
108351
108352
108353
108354
108355
108356
108357
108358
108359
......
108461
108462
108463
108464
108465
108466
108467
108468
108469
108470
108471
108472
108473
108474
108475
......
108487
108488
108489
108490
108491
108492
108493
108494
108495
108496
108497
108498
108499
108500
108501
......
108513
108514
108515
108516
108517
108518
108519
108520
108521
108522
108523
108524
108525
108526
108527
108528
108529
108530
108531
108532
108533
108534

108535
108536
108537
108538
108539
108540
108541
......
108821
108822
108823
108824
108825
108826
108827
108828
108829
108830
108831
108832
108833
108834
108835
......
109206
109207
109208
109209
109210
109211
109212
109213
109214
109215
109216
109217
109218
109219
109220
......
109373
109374
109375
109376
109377
109378
109379
109380
109381
109382
109383
109384
109385
109386
109387
......
109449
109450
109451
109452
109453
109454
109455
109456
109457
109458
109459
109460
109461
109462
109463
......
109552
109553
109554
109555
109556
109557
109558
109559
109560
109561
109562
109563
109564
109565
109566
......
109617
109618
109619
109620
109621
109622
109623
109624
109625
109626
109627
109628
109629
109630
109631
......
109697
109698
109699
109700
109701
109702
109703
109704
109705
109706
109707
109708
109709
109710
109711
......
110606
110607
110608
110609
110610
110611
110612
110613
110614
110615
110616
110617
110618
110619
110620
110621
110622
110623
110624
110625
110626
110627
110628
110629
110630
110631
110632
110633
110634
110635
110636
110637
110638
110639
110640
110641
110642
110643
110644
110645
110646
110647
110648
110649
110650
110651
110652
110653
110654
110655
110656
110657
110658
110659
110660
110661
110662
110663
110664
110665
110666
......
111032
111033
111034
111035
111036
111037
111038
111039
111040
111041
111042
111043
111044
111045
111046
......
111203
111204
111205
111206
111207
111208
111209
111210
111211
111212
111213
111214
111215
111216
111217
......
111243
111244
111245
111246
111247
111248
111249
111250
111251
111252
111253
111254
111255
111256
111257
......
111375
111376
111377
111378
111379
111380
111381



111382
111383
111384
111385
111386
111387
111388
......
111398
111399
111400
111401
111402
111403
111404

111405
111406
111407
111408
111409
111410
111411
......
111494
111495
111496
111497
111498
111499
111500
111501
111502
111503
111504
111505
111506
111507
111508
111509
111510
111511
111512
111513
111514
111515
111516
111517
111518
111519
111520
111521
......
111668
111669
111670
111671
111672
111673
111674
111675
111676
111677
111678
111679
111680
111681
111682
111683
111684
111685
111686
111687
......
111702
111703
111704
111705
111706
111707
111708
111709
111710
111711
111712
111713
111714
111715
111716
......
111718
111719
111720
111721
111722
111723
111724
111725
111726
111727
111728
111729
111730
111731
111732
......
111736
111737
111738
111739
111740
111741
111742
111743
111744
111745
111746
111747
111748
111749
111750
111751
111752
111753
111754
111755
111756
111757
111758
111759
......
111832
111833
111834
111835
111836
111837
111838
111839
111840
111841
111842
111843
111844
111845
111846
111847
......
111859
111860
111861
111862
111863
111864
111865
111866
111867
111868
111869
111870
111871
111872
111873
......
111996
111997
111998
111999
112000
112001
112002
112003
112004
112005
112006
112007
112008
112009
112010
......
112282
112283
112284
112285
112286
112287
112288
112289
112290
112291
112292
112293
112294
112295
112296
......
112523
112524
112525
112526
112527
112528
112529
112530
112531
112532
112533
112534
112535
112536
112537
......
112541
112542
112543
112544
112545
112546
112547
112548
112549
112550
112551
112552
112553
112554
112555
......
112570
112571
112572
112573
112574
112575
112576
112577
112578
112579
112580
112581
112582
112583
112584
......
112588
112589
112590
112591
112592
112593
112594
112595
112596
112597
112598
112599
112600
112601
112602
......
112686
112687
112688
112689
112690
112691
112692
112693
112694
112695
112696
112697
112698
112699
112700
......
112902
112903
112904
112905
112906
112907
112908
112909
112910
112911
112912
112913
112914
112915
112916
......
113014
113015
113016
113017
113018
113019
113020
113021
113022
113023
113024
113025
113026
113027
113028
......
113168
113169
113170
113171
113172
113173
113174
113175
113176
113177
113178
113179
113180
113181
113182
......
114829
114830
114831
114832
114833
114834
114835
114836


114837
114838
114839
114840
114841
114842
114843
114844
114845

114846
114847
114848
114849
114850
114851
114852
......
114938
114939
114940
114941
114942
114943
114944

114945
114946
114947
114948
114949
114950
114951
114952
114953
114954
114955
114956
114957
114958
114959
114960
114961
......
115184
115185
115186
115187
115188
115189
115190
115191
115192
115193
115194
115195
115196
115197
115198
......
115766
115767
115768
115769
115770
115771
115772

115773
115774
115775
115776
115777
115778
115779
......
115993
115994
115995
115996
115997
115998
115999
116000
116001
116002
116003
116004
116005
116006
116007
116008
116009
116010
116011
116012

116013
116014
116015
116016

116017
116018
116019
116020
116021
116022
116023
......
116136
116137
116138
116139
116140
116141
116142
116143
116144
116145
116146
116147
116148
116149
116150
......
116412
116413
116414
116415
116416
116417
116418
116419
116420
116421
116422
116423
116424
116425
116426
......
116514
116515
116516
116517
116518
116519
116520

116521
116522
116523
116524
116525
116526
116527
116528


116529
116530
116531
116532
116533
116534
116535
......
116799
116800
116801
116802
116803
116804
116805





























































116806
116807
116808
116809
116810
116811
116812
......
117170
117171
117172
117173
117174
117175
117176

117177
117178
117179
117180
117181
117182

117183
117184
117185
117186
117187
117188
117189
......
117359
117360
117361
117362
117363
117364
117365

117366
117367
117368
117369
117370
117371
117372
......
117435
117436
117437
117438
117439
117440
117441










117442
117443
117444
117445
117446
117447
117448
......
117455
117456
117457
117458
117459
117460
117461
117462
117463
117464
117465
117466
117467
117468
117469
117470
117471
117472
117473
117474
117475
117476
117477
117478
117479
117480
117481
117482
117483
117484
117485
117486
117487
117488
117489
117490
......
117560
117561
117562
117563
117564
117565
117566
117567
117568
117569
117570
117571
117572
117573
117574
117575
117576
117577
117578
117579
117580
117581
117582
117583
117584
117585
117586
......
117887
117888
117889
117890
117891
117892
117893
117894
117895
117896
117897
117898
117899
117900
117901
......
118041
118042
118043
118044
118045
118046
118047
118048
118049
118050
118051
118052
118053
118054
118055
118056
118057
118058
118059
118060
118061
118062
......
118775
118776
118777
118778
118779
118780
118781
118782
118783
118784
118785
118786
118787
118788
118789
......
118790
118791
118792
118793
118794
118795
118796
118797
118798
118799
118800
118801
118802
118803
118804
......
119697
119698
119699
119700
119701
119702
119703













































119704
119705
119706
119707
119708
119709
119710
......
119768
119769
119770
119771
119772
119773
119774

119775
119776
119777
119778
119779
119780
119781
119782
119783
119784


119785
119786
119787
119788
119789
119790
119791
......
119806
119807
119808
119809
119810
119811
119812
119813
119814
119815
119816
119817
119818
119819
119820
119821
......
120150
120151
120152
120153
120154
120155
120156








































120157
120158
120159
120160
120161
120162
120163
......
120326
120327
120328
120329
120330
120331
120332
120333
120334
120335
120336
120337
120338
120339
120340
120341

120342
120343
120344
120345


120346
120347
120348
120349
120350
120351
120352
120353
120354
120355
120356
120357
120358
120359
120360
120361
120362
120363
120364
120365
120366
120367
120368
120369
120370
......
120378
120379
120380
120381
120382
120383
120384
120385
120386
120387
120388
120389
120390
120391
120392
120393
......
120394
120395
120396
120397
120398
120399
120400
120401
120402
120403
120404
120405
120406
120407
120408
......
120423
120424
120425
120426
120427
120428
120429
120430
120431
120432
120433
120434

120435
120436

120437
120438

120439


120440
120441
120442
120443
120444
120445
120446
120447
120448
120449
120450
120451
120452
120453
120454
120455
120456
120457
120458



120459
120460
120461
120462
120463
120464
120465
120466
120467
120468
120469
120470
120471
120472
120473
120474
120475
......
120529
120530
120531
120532
120533
120534
120535



















120536
120537
120538
120539
120540
120541
120542
......
120580
120581
120582
120583
120584
120585
120586
120587
120588
120589
120590
120591
120592

120593
120594
120595
120596
120597
120598
120599
......
120864
120865
120866
120867
120868
120869
120870
120871
120872
120873
120874
120875
120876
120877
120878
......
120883
120884
120885
120886
120887
120888
120889
120890
120891
120892
120893
120894
120895
120896
120897
120898
120899
120900
......
120937
120938
120939
120940
120941
120942
120943

120944
120945
120946
120947
120948
120949
120950
......
120992
120993
120994
120995
120996
120997
120998

120999
121000
121001
121002
121003
121004
121005
......
121281
121282
121283
121284
121285
121286
121287














121288
121289
121290
121291
121292
121293
121294
......
121332
121333
121334
121335
121336
121337
121338
121339
121340
121341
121342
121343
121344
121345
121346
......
121480
121481
121482
121483
121484
121485
121486
121487
121488
121489
121490
121491
121492
121493
121494
121495
121496
121497
121498
......
121642
121643
121644
121645
121646
121647
121648
121649
121650
121651
121652
121653
121654
121655
121656
......
122069
122070
122071
122072
122073
122074
122075

122076
122077
122078
122079
122080
122081
122082
122083
122084
122085
122086
122087

122088
122089
122090
122091
122092
122093
122094
......
122270
122271
122272
122273
122274
122275
122276
122277
122278
122279
122280
122281
122282
122283
122284
122285
122286
122287
122288
122289
122290
122291
122292
122293
122294
122295
122296
122297
122298
122299
122300
122301
122302
122303
122304
122305
122306
122307


122308
122309
122310
122311
122312
122313
122314
122315
122316
122317
122318
122319
122320
122321
122322
122323
122324
122325
122326
122327
......
122350
122351
122352
122353
122354
122355
122356

122357
122358


122359
122360
122361
122362
122363
122364
122365
......
122402
122403
122404
122405
122406
122407
122408
122409
122410
122411
122412
122413
122414
122415
122416
......
122578
122579
122580
122581
122582
122583
122584




122585
122586
122587
122588
122589
122590
122591
......
122653
122654
122655
122656
122657
122658
122659
122660
122661
122662
122663
122664
122665
122666
122667
122668
122669
......
122675
122676
122677
122678
122679
122680
122681
122682
122683
122684
122685
122686
122687
122688
122689
122690
122691
122692
122693
122694
122695
122696
122697
122698
122699
122700
122701
122702
122703
122704
122705
122706
122707
122708
......
122815
122816
122817
122818
122819
122820
122821
122822
122823
122824
122825
122826
122827
122828
122829
......
123161
123162
123163
123164
123165
123166
123167
123168
123169
123170
123171
123172
123173
123174
123175
123176
123177
123178
123179
123180
123181
123182
123183
123184
......
123900
123901
123902
123903
123904
123905
123906
123907
123908
123909
123910
123911
123912
123913
123914
......
123925
123926
123927
123928
123929
123930
123931
123932
123933
123934
123935
123936
123937
123938
123939
......
124165
124166
124167
124168
124169
124170
124171
124172
124173
124174
124175
124176
124177
124178
124179
124180
124181
124182
124183
124184
124185
124186
124187

124188
124189
124190
124191

124192
124193
124194
124195
124196

124197
124198
124199
124200
124201
124202
124203
......
124287
124288
124289
124290
124291
124292
124293
124294
124295
124296
124297
124298
124299
124300
124301
......
124525
124526
124527
124528
124529
124530
124531
124532
124533
124534
124535
124536
124537
124538
124539
......
124553
124554
124555
124556
124557
124558
124559
124560
124561
124562
124563
124564
124565
124566
124567
......
124580
124581
124582
124583
124584
124585
124586
124587
124588
124589
124590
124591
124592
124593
124594
......
124814
124815
124816
124817
124818
124819
124820























124821
124822
124823
124824
124825
124826
124827
......
124858
124859
124860
124861
124862
124863
124864
124865
124866
124867
124868









124869
124870
124871
124872
124873
124874
124875
......
124894
124895
124896
124897
124898
124899
124900

124901
124902
124903
124904
124905



124906


124907
124908
124909
124910
124911
124912
124913
......
124926
124927
124928
124929
124930
124931
124932
124933
124934
124935
124936

124937



124938
124939
124940
124941
124942
124943
124944
124945
124946
124947
124948
124949
......
124965
124966
124967
124968
124969
124970
124971
124972
124973
124974
124975
124976
124977
124978
124979
124980
124981
124982
124983
124984
124985
124986
124987
124988
124989
124990
124991
124992
124993
124994
124995
124996
124997
124998
124999
125000
125001
125002
125003
125004
125005
125006
125007
125008
125009
125010
125011
125012
125013
125014
125015
125016
125017
125018
125019
125020
125021
125022
125023
125024
125025
125026
125027
125028
125029
125030
125031
125032
125033
125034
125035
125036
125037
125038
125039
125040
125041
125042
125043
125044
125045
125046
125047
125048
125049
125050
125051
125052
125053
125054
125055
125056
125057
125058
125059
125060
125061
125062
125063
125064
125065
125066
125067
125068
125069
125070
125071
125072
125073
125074
125075
125076
125077
125078
125079
125080
125081
125082
125083
125084
125085
125086
125087
125088
125089
125090
125091
125092
125093
125094
125095
125096
125097
125098
125099
125100
125101
125102
125103
125104
125105
125106
125107
125108
125109
125110
125111
125112
125113
125114
125115
125116
125117
125118
125119
125120
125121
125122
125123
125124
125125
125126
125127
125128
125129
125130
125131
125132
125133
125134
125135
125136
125137
125138
125139
125140
125141
125142
125143
125144
125145
125146
125147
125148
125149
125150
125151
125152
125153
125154
125155
125156
125157
125158
125159
125160
125161
125162
125163
125164
125165
125166
125167
125168
125169
125170
125171
125172
125173
125174
125175
125176
125177
125178
125179
125180
125181
125182
125183
125184
125185
125186
125187
125188
125189
125190
125191
125192
125193
125194
125195
125196
125197
125198
125199
125200
125201
125202
125203
125204
125205
125206
125207
125208
125209
125210
125211
125212
125213
125214
125215
125216
125217
125218
125219
125220
125221
125222
125223
125224
125225
125226
125227
125228
125229
125230
125231
125232
125233
125234
125235
125236
125237
125238
125239
125240
125241
125242
125243
125244
125245
125246
125247
125248
125249
125250
125251
125252
125253
125254
125255
125256
125257
125258
125259
125260
125261
125262
125263
125264
125265
125266
125267
125268
125269
125270
125271
125272
125273
125274
125275
125276
125277
125278
125279
125280
125281
125282
125283
125284
125285
125286
125287
125288
125289
125290
125291
125292
125293
125294
125295
125296
125297
125298
125299
125300
125301
125302
125303
125304
125305
125306
125307
125308
125309
125310
125311
125312
125313
125314
125315
125316
125317
125318
125319
125320
125321
125322
125323
125324
125325
125326
125327
125328
125329
125330
125331
125332
125333
125334
125335
125336
125337
125338
125339
125340
125341
125342
125343
125344
125345
125346
125347
125348
125349
125350
125351
125352
125353
125354
125355
125356
125357
125358
125359
125360
125361
125362
125363
125364
125365
125366
125367
125368
125369
125370
125371
125372
125373
125374
125375
125376
125377
125378
125379
125380
125381
125382
125383
125384
125385
125386
125387
125388
125389
125390
125391
125392
125393
125394
125395
125396
125397
125398
125399
125400
125401
125402
125403
125404
125405
125406
125407
125408
125409
125410
125411
125412
125413
125414
125415
125416
125417
125418
125419
125420
125421
125422
125423
125424
125425
125426
125427
125428
125429
125430
125431
125432
125433
125434
125435
......
125520
125521
125522
125523
125524
125525
125526




125527
125528
125529
125530
125531
125532
125533
125534
125535
125536
......
125628
125629
125630
125631
125632
125633
125634
125635
125636
125637
125638
125639
125640
125641
125642
125643
125644
125645
125646
125647
125648
125649
125650
125651
125652
125653
......
125720
125721
125722
125723
125724
125725
125726
125727
125728
125729
125730
125731
125732
125733
125734
......
125748
125749
125750
125751
125752
125753
125754
125755
125756
125757
125758
125759
125760
125761
125762
125763
125764
125765
125766
125767
125768
125769
125770
125771
125772
125773
125774
125775
125776
125777
125778
......
125793
125794
125795
125796
125797
125798
125799

125800
125801
125802
125803
125804
125805
125806
125807
125808
125809
125810
125811
125812
125813
125814
125815
125816
125817
125818
125819
125820
125821
125822
125823
125824
125825
125826
125827
125828
125829
125830
125831
125832
125833
125834
125835
125836
125837
125838
125839
125840
125841
125842
125843
125844
125845
125846
125847
125848
125849
125850
125851
125852
125853
125854
125855
125856
125857
125858
125859
125860
125861
125862
125863
125864
125865
125866
125867
125868
125869
125870
125871
125872
125873
125874
125875
125876
125877
125878
125879
125880
125881
125882
125883
125884
125885
125886
125887
125888
125889
125890
125891
125892
125893
125894
125895
125896
125897
125898
125899
125900
125901
125902
125903
125904
125905
125906
125907
125908
125909
125910
125911
125912
125913
125914
125915
125916
125917
125918
125919
125920
125921
125922
125923
125924
125925
125926
125927
125928
125929
125930
125931
125932
125933
125934
125935
125936
125937
125938
125939
125940
125941
125942
125943
125944
125945
125946
125947
125948
125949
125950
125951
125952
125953
125954
125955
125956
125957
125958
125959
125960
125961
125962
125963
125964
125965
125966
125967
125968
125969
125970
125971
125972
125973
125974
125975
125976
125977
125978
125979
125980
125981
125982
125983
125984
125985
125986
125987
125988
125989
125990
125991
125992
125993
125994
125995
......
126061
126062
126063
126064
126065
126066
126067
126068
126069
126070
126071
126072
126073
126074
126075
126076
126077
126078
126079
126080
126081
126082

126083
126084
126085
126086
126087
126088
126089
126090
126091
126092
126093
126094
126095
126096
126097
126098
126099
126100
126101
126102
126103
126104
126105
126106
126107
126108
126109
126110
126111
126112
126113
126114
126115
126116
126117
126118
126119
126120
126121
126122
126123
126124
126125
126126
126127
126128
126129
126130
......
126216
126217
126218
126219
126220
126221
126222

126223
126224
126225
126226
126227
126228
126229
126230
126231
126232
126233
......
126322
126323
126324
126325
126326
126327
126328






















126329
126330
126331
126332
126333
126334
126335
126336
......
126355
126356
126357
126358
126359
126360
126361
126362
126363
126364
126365
126366
126367
126368
126369
126370
126371
126372
126373
126374
126375
126376
126377
126378
......
126471
126472
126473
126474
126475
126476
126477
126478
126479
126480
126481
126482
126483
126484
126485
126486
126487
126488
126489
126490
126491
126492
126493
126494
126495
126496
126497
126498
126499
126500
126501
126502
126503
126504
126505
126506
126507
126508
126509
126510
126511
126512
126513
126514
126515
126516
126517
126518

126519
126520
126521
126522
126523
126524
126525
126526
126527
126528
126529
126530
126531
126532
126533
126534
126535
126536
126537
126538
126539
126540
126541
126542
126543
126544
126545
126546
126547
126548
126549
126550
126551
126552
126553
126554
126555
126556
126557
126558
126559
126560
126561
126562
126563
126564
126565
126566
126567
126568
126569
126570
......
126609
126610
126611
126612
126613
126614
126615
126616
126617
126618
126619
126620
126621
126622
126623
126624
126625
126626
126627
126628
126629
126630
126631
126632
126633
......
126664
126665
126666
126667
126668
126669
126670
126671
126672
126673
126674
126675
126676
126677
126678
126679
126680
......
126696
126697
126698
126699
126700
126701
126702
126703
126704
126705
126706
126707
126708
126709
126710
126711
126712
......
126723
126724
126725
126726
126727
126728
126729

126730
126731
126732
126733
126734
126735
126736
126737
126738
......
126821
126822
126823
126824
126825
126826
126827
126828
126829

126830
126831
126832
126833
126834
126835
126836
126837
126838

126839
126840
126841
126842
126843
126844
126845
......
126878
126879
126880
126881
126882
126883
126884
126885
126886
126887
126888
126889
126890
126891
126892
126893
126894
126895
126896
126897
126898
126899
126900
126901
126902
126903
......
126949
126950
126951
126952
126953
126954
126955
126956
126957
126958
126959
126960
126961
126962
126963
......
127004
127005
127006
127007
127008
127009
127010
127011
127012
127013
127014
127015
127016
127017
127018
127019
127020
127021
127022
127023
127024
127025
127026
127027
......
127039
127040
127041
127042
127043
127044
127045
127046
127047
127048
127049
127050
127051
127052
127053
127054
127055
......
127158
127159
127160
127161
127162
127163
127164
127165
127166
127167
127168
127169
127170
127171
127172
127173
127174
127175
127176
127177
127178
127179
......
127204
127205
127206
127207
127208
127209
127210
127211
127212
127213
127214
127215
127216
127217
127218
127219
127220
127221
127222






127223
127224
127225
127226
127227
127228
127229
127230
127231
127232
127233
127234
127235
......
127245
127246
127247
127248
127249
127250
127251
127252
127253
127254
127255
127256
127257
127258
127259
127260
127261
127262
127263
127264
127265
127266
127267
127268
127269
127270
127271
127272
127273
127274
127275
127276
127277
127278
127279
127280
127281
127282
127283
127284
127285
127286
127287
127288
127289
127290
127291
127292
127293
127294
127295
127296
127297
127298
127299
127300
127301
127302
127303
127304
127305
127306
127307
127308
127309
127310
127311
127312
127313


127314
127315
127316
127317
127318
127319
127320
127321
127322
127323
127324
127325
127326
127327
127328
127329
127330
127331
127332
127333
127334
127335
127336
127337
127338
127339
127340
127341
127342
127343
127344
127345
127346
127347
127348
127349
127350
127351
127352
127353
127354
127355
127356
127357
127358
127359
127360
127361
127362
127363
127364
127365
127366
127367
127368
127369
127370
127371
127372
127373
127374
127375
127376
127377
127378
127379
127380
127381
127382
127383
127384
127385
127386
127387
127388
127389
127390
127391
127392
127393
127394
127395
127396
127397
127398
127399
127400
127401
127402
127403
127404
127405
127406
127407
127408
127409
127410
127411
127412
127413
127414
127415
127416
127417
127418
127419
127420
127421
127422
127423
......
127429
127430
127431
127432
127433
127434
127435
127436
127437
127438
127439
127440
127441
127442
127443
127444
127445
127446
127447
127448
127449
127450
127451
127452
127453
127454
127455
127456
127457
127458
127459
127460
127461
127462
127463
127464
127465
127466
127467
127468
127469
127470
127471
127472
127473
127474
127475
127476
127477
127478
127479
127480
127481
127482
127483
127484
127485
127486
127487
127488
127489
127490
127491
127492
127493
127494
127495
127496
127497
127498
127499
127500
127501
127502
127503
127504
127505
127506
127507
127508
127509
127510
127511
127512
127513
127514
127515
127516
127517
127518
127519
127520
127521
127522
127523
127524
127525
127526
127527
127528
127529
127530
127531
127532
127533
127534
127535
127536
127537
127538
127539
127540
127541
127542
127543
127544
127545
127546
127547
127548
127549
......
127550
127551
127552
127553
127554
127555
127556
127557
127558
127559
127560
127561
127562
127563
127564
......
127604
127605
127606
127607
127608
127609
127610
127611
127612
127613
127614
127615
127616
127617
127618
127619
127620
127621
127622
127623
127624
127625
127626
127627
127628
127629
127630
127631
127632
......
127633
127634
127635
127636
127637
127638
127639
127640
127641
127642
127643
127644
127645
127646
127647
......
127649
127650
127651
127652
127653
127654
127655
127656
127657
127658
127659
127660
127661
127662
127663
127664
127665
127666
127667
127668
127669
127670
127671
127672
127673
127674
127675
127676
127677
127678
127679
127680
127681
127682
127683
127684
127685
127686
127687
127688
127689
127690
127691
127692
127693
127694
127695
127696
127697
127698
127699
127700
127701
127702
127703
127704
127705
127706
127707
127708
127709
127710
127711
127712
127713
127714
127715
127716
127717
127718
127719
127720
127721
127722
127723
127724
127725
127726
127727
127728
127729
127730
127731

127732
127733
127734
127735
127736
127737
127738
127739
127740
127741
127742
127743
127744
127745
127746
127747
127748
127749
127750
127751
127752
127753
127754
127755
127756
127757
127758
127759
127760
127761
127762
127763
127764
127765
127766
127767
127768
127769
127770
127771
127772
127773
127774
127775
127776
127777
127778
127779
127780
127781
127782
127783
127784
127785
127786
127787
127788
127789
127790
127791
127792
127793
127794
127795
127796
127797
127798
127799
127800
127801
127802
127803
127804
127805
127806
127807
127808
127809
127810
127811
127812
127813
127814
127815
127816
127817
127818
127819
127820
127821
127822
127823
127824
127825
127826
127827
127828
127829
127830
127831
127832
127833
127834
127835
127836
127837
127838
127839
127840
127841
127842
127843
127844
127845
127846
127847
127848
127849
127850
127851
127852
127853
127854
127855
127856
127857
127858
127859
127860
127861
127862
127863
127864
127865
127866
127867
127868
127869
127870
127871
127872
127873
127874
127875
127876
127877
127878
127879
127880
127881
127882
127883
127884
127885
127886
127887
127888
127889
127890
127891
127892
127893
127894
127895
127896
127897
127898
127899
127900
127901
127902
127903
127904
127905
127906
127907
127908
127909
127910
127911
127912
127913
127914
127915
127916
127917
127918
127919
127920
127921
127922
127923
127924
127925
127926
127927
127928
127929
127930
127931
127932
127933
127934
127935
127936
127937
127938
127939
127940
127941
127942
127943
127944
127945
127946
127947
127948
127949
127950
127951
127952
127953
127954
......
127968
127969
127970
127971
127972
127973
127974
127975
127976
127977
127978
127979
127980
127981
127982
127983
127984
127985
127986
127987
127988
127989
127990
127991
127992
127993
127994
127995
127996
127997
127998
127999
128000
128001
128002
128003
128004
128005
128006

128007
128008
128009
128010
128011
128012
128013
128014
128015
128016
128017
128018
128019
128020
......
128131
128132
128133
128134
128135
128136
128137
128138

128139
128140
128141
128142
128143
128144
128145
128146
128147
128148
128149
128150
......
128186
128187
128188
128189
128190
128191
128192
128193
128194
128195
128196
128197
128198
128199
128200
......
128236
128237
128238
128239
128240
128241
128242





128243
128244
128245
128246
128247
128248
128249
......
128924
128925
128926
128927
128928
128929
128930

128931
128932
128933
128934
128935
128936
128937
......
130368
130369
130370
130371
130372
130373
130374

130375
130376
130377
130378
130379
130380
130381
130382
130383
130384






130385
130386
130387
130388
130389
130390
130391
......
130556
130557
130558
130559
130560
130561
130562

130563
130564
130565
130566
130567
130568
130569
......
156960
156961
156962
156963
156964
156965
156966
156967
156968
156969
156970
156971
156972
156973
156974
156975
156976
156977
......
157068
157069
157070
157071
157072
157073
157074












157075
157076
157077
157078
157079
157080
157081
......
157147
157148
157149
157150
157151
157152
157153








157154
157155
157156
157157
157158
157159
157160
......
157305
157306
157307
157308
157309
157310
157311












157312
157313
157314
157315
157316
157317
157318
......
157537
157538
157539
157540
157541
157542
157543

157544
157545
157546
157547
157548
157549
157550
157551
157552
157553
157554
157555
157556
157557
157558
157559
157560
157561
......
157657
157658
157659
157660
157661
157662
157663






















































































































































































































































157664
157665
157666
157667
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/******************************************************************************
** This file is an amalgamation of many separate C source files from SQLite
** version 3.8.11.1.  By combining all the individual C code files into this 
** single large file, the entire code can be compiled as a single translation
** unit.  This allows many compilers to do optimizations that would not be
** possible if the files were compiled separately.  Performance improvements
** of 5% or more are commonly seen when SQLite is compiled as a single
** translation unit.
**
** This file is all you need to compile SQLite.  To use SQLite in other
................................................................................
** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.11.1"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008011
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2015-07-29 20:00:57 cf538e2783e468bbc25e7cb2a9ee64d3e0e80b2f"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMLOCK           (SQLITE_IOERR | (20<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMMAP            (SQLITE_IOERR | (21<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK              (SQLITE_IOERR | (22<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE_NOENT      (SQLITE_IOERR | (23<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP              (SQLITE_IOERR | (24<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH       (SQLITE_IOERR | (25<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_CONVPATH          (SQLITE_IOERR | (26<<8))

#define SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE      (SQLITE_LOCKED |  (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_BUSY_RECOVERY           (SQLITE_BUSY   |  (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_BUSY_SNAPSHOT           (SQLITE_BUSY   |  (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_NOTEMPDIR      (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR          (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_CONVPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (4<<8))
................................................................................

/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine If A Prepared Statement Has Been Reset
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^The sqlite3_stmt_busy(S) interface returns true (non-zero) if the
** [prepared statement] S has been stepped at least once using 
** [sqlite3_step(S)] but has not run to completion and/or has not 

** been reset using [sqlite3_reset(S)].  ^The sqlite3_stmt_busy(S)
** interface returns false if S is a NULL pointer.  If S is not a 
** NULL pointer and is not a pointer to a valid [prepared statement]
** object, then the behavior is undefined and probably undesirable.
**
** This interface can be used in combination [sqlite3_next_stmt()]
** to locate all prepared statements associated with a database 
................................................................................
SQLITE_API const unsigned char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_text(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_text16(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_text16le(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_text16be(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_type(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_numeric_type(sqlite3_value*);

















/*
** CAPI3REF: Copy And Free SQL Values
** METHOD: sqlite3_value
**
** ^The sqlite3_value_dup(V) interface makes a copy of the [sqlite3_value]
** object D and returns a pointer to that copy.  ^The [sqlite3_value] returned
** is a [protected sqlite3_value] object even if the input is not.
................................................................................
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_text16(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_text16le(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int,void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_text16be(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int,void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_value(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_zeroblob(sqlite3_context*, int n);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_zeroblob64(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_uint64 n);
















/*
** CAPI3REF: Define New Collating Sequences
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^These functions add, remove, or modify a [collation] associated
** with the [database connection] specified as the first argument.
**
................................................................................
#  define SQLITE_NOINLINE  __declspec(noinline)
#else
#  define SQLITE_NOINLINE
#endif

/*
** Make sure that the compiler intrinsics we desire are enabled when
** compiling with an appropriate version of MSVC.

*/

#if defined(_MSC_VER) && _MSC_VER>=1300
#  if !defined(_WIN32_WCE)
#    include <intrin.h>
#    pragma intrinsic(_byteswap_ushort)
#    pragma intrinsic(_byteswap_ulong)
#  else
#    include <cmnintrin.h>

#  endif
#endif

/*
** The SQLITE_THREADSAFE macro must be defined as 0, 1, or 2.
** 0 means mutexes are permanently disable and the library is never
** threadsafe.  1 means the library is serialized which is the highest
................................................................................
** Prototypes for the VDBE interface.  See comments on the implementation
** for a description of what each of these routines does.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Vdbe *sqlite3VdbeCreate(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(Vdbe*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(Vdbe*,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(Vdbe*,int,int,int);



SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int,const char *zP4,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Dup8(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int,const u8*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(Vdbe*, int nOp, VdbeOpList const *aOp, int iLineno);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeAddParseSchemaOp(Vdbe*,int,char*);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P1);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P2);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P3);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(Vdbe*, u8 P5);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(Vdbe*, int addr);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(Vdbe*, int addr);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeDeletePriorOpcode(Vdbe*, u8 op);
................................................................................
};

/*
** Possible values for FuncDef.flags.  Note that the _LENGTH and _TYPEOF
** values must correspond to OPFLAG_LENGTHARG and OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG.  There
** are assert() statements in the code to verify this.
*/
#define SQLITE_FUNC_ENCMASK  0x003 /* SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_UTF16BE or UTF16LE */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_LIKE     0x004 /* Candidate for the LIKE optimization */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_CASE     0x008 /* Case-sensitive LIKE-type function */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_EPHEM    0x010 /* Ephemeral.  Delete with VDBE */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL 0x020 /* sqlite3GetFuncCollSeq() might be called */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_LENGTH   0x040 /* Built-in length() function */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_TYPEOF   0x080 /* Built-in typeof() function */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_COUNT    0x100 /* Built-in count(*) aggregate */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_COALESCE 0x200 /* Built-in coalesce() or ifnull() */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY 0x400 /* Built-in unlikely() function */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT 0x800 /* Constant inputs give a constant output */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_MINMAX  0x1000 /* True for min() and max() aggregates */



/*
** The following three macros, FUNCTION(), LIKEFUNC() and AGGREGATE() are
** used to create the initializers for the FuncDef structures.
**
**   FUNCTION(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc)
**     Used to create a scalar function definition of a function zName 
................................................................................
**     implemented by C function xFunc that accepts nArg arguments. The
**     value passed as iArg is cast to a (void*) and made available
**     as the user-data (sqlite3_user_data()) for the function. If 
**     argument bNC is true, then the SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL flag is set.
**
**   VFUNCTION(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc)
**     Like FUNCTION except it omits the SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT flag.






**
**   AGGREGATE(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xStep, xFinal)
**     Used to create an aggregate function definition implemented by
**     the C functions xStep and xFinal. The first four parameters
**     are interpreted in the same way as the first 4 parameters to
**     FUNCTION().
**
................................................................................
*/
#define FUNCTION(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT|SQLITE_UTF8|(bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL), \
   SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(iArg), 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define VFUNCTION(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_UTF8|(bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL), \
   SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(iArg), 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}



#define FUNCTION2(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc, extraFlags) \
  {nArg,SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT|SQLITE_UTF8|(bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL)|extraFlags,\
   SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(iArg), 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define STR_FUNCTION(zName, nArg, pArg, bNC, xFunc) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT|SQLITE_UTF8|(bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL), \
   pArg, 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define LIKEFUNC(zName, nArg, arg, flags) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT|SQLITE_UTF8|flags, \
   (void *)arg, 0, likeFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define AGGREGATE(zName, nArg, arg, nc, xStep, xFinal) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_UTF8|(nc*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL), \
   SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(arg), 0, 0, xStep,xFinal,#zName,0,0}
................................................................................
** hash table.
*/
struct Module {
  const sqlite3_module *pModule;       /* Callback pointers */
  const char *zName;                   /* Name passed to create_module() */
  void *pAux;                          /* pAux passed to create_module() */
  void (*xDestroy)(void *);            /* Module destructor function */

};

/*
** information about each column of an SQL table is held in an instance
** of this structure.
*/
struct Column {
................................................................................
};

/*
** A sort order can be either ASC or DESC.
*/
#define SQLITE_SO_ASC       0  /* Sort in ascending order */
#define SQLITE_SO_DESC      1  /* Sort in ascending order */


/*
** Column affinity types.
**
** These used to have mnemonic name like 'i' for SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER and
** 't' for SQLITE_AFF_TEXT.  But we can save a little space and improve
** the speed a little by numbering the values consecutively.  
................................................................................
struct Table {
  char *zName;         /* Name of the table or view */
  Column *aCol;        /* Information about each column */
  Index *pIndex;       /* List of SQL indexes on this table. */
  Select *pSelect;     /* NULL for tables.  Points to definition if a view. */
  FKey *pFKey;         /* Linked list of all foreign keys in this table */
  char *zColAff;       /* String defining the affinity of each column */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  ExprList *pCheck;    /* All CHECK constraints */
#endif

  int tnum;            /* Root BTree page for this table */
  i16 iPKey;           /* If not negative, use aCol[iPKey] as the rowid */
  i16 nCol;            /* Number of columns in this table */
  u16 nRef;            /* Number of pointers to this Table */
  LogEst nRowLogEst;   /* Estimated rows in table - from sqlite_stat1 table */
  LogEst szTabRow;     /* Estimated size of each table row in bytes */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COSTMULT
................................................................................
  u8 tabFlags;         /* Mask of TF_* values */
  u8 keyConf;          /* What to do in case of uniqueness conflict on iPKey */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ALTERTABLE
  int addColOffset;    /* Offset in CREATE TABLE stmt to add a new column */
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  int nModuleArg;      /* Number of arguments to the module */
  char **azModuleArg;  /* Text of all module args. [0] is module name */
  VTable *pVTable;     /* List of VTable objects. */
#endif
  Trigger *pTrigger;   /* List of triggers stored in pSchema */
  Schema *pSchema;     /* Schema that contains this table */
  Table *pNextZombie;  /* Next on the Parse.pZombieTab list */
};

................................................................................
  Table *pTable;           /* The SQL table being indexed */
  char *zColAff;           /* String defining the affinity of each column */
  Index *pNext;            /* The next index associated with the same table */
  Schema *pSchema;         /* Schema containing this index */
  u8 *aSortOrder;          /* for each column: True==DESC, False==ASC */
  char **azColl;           /* Array of collation sequence names for index */
  Expr *pPartIdxWhere;     /* WHERE clause for partial indices */

  int tnum;                /* DB Page containing root of this index */
  LogEst szIdxRow;         /* Estimated average row size in bytes */
  u16 nKeyCol;             /* Number of columns forming the key */
  u16 nColumn;             /* Number of columns stored in the index */
  u8 onError;              /* OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, OE_Replace, or OE_None */
  unsigned idxType:2;      /* 1==UNIQUE, 2==PRIMARY KEY, 0==CREATE INDEX */
  unsigned bUnordered:1;   /* Use this index for == or IN queries only */
................................................................................
#define EP_Skip      0x001000 /* COLLATE, AS, or UNLIKELY */
#define EP_Reduced   0x002000 /* Expr struct EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_TokenOnly 0x004000 /* Expr struct EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_Static    0x008000 /* Held in memory not obtained from malloc() */
#define EP_MemToken  0x010000 /* Need to sqlite3DbFree() Expr.zToken */
#define EP_NoReduce  0x020000 /* Cannot EXPRDUP_REDUCE this Expr */
#define EP_Unlikely  0x040000 /* unlikely() or likelihood() function */
#define EP_ConstFunc 0x080000 /* Node is a SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT function */
#define EP_CanBeNull 0x100000 /* Can be null despite NOT NULL constraint */
#define EP_Subquery  0x200000 /* Tree contains a TK_SELECT operator */


/*
** Combinations of two or more EP_* flags
*/
#define EP_Propagate (EP_Collate|EP_Subquery) /* Propagate these bits up tree */

/*
................................................................................
    char *zName;      /* Name of the table */
    char *zAlias;     /* The "B" part of a "A AS B" phrase.  zName is the "A" */
    Table *pTab;      /* An SQL table corresponding to zName */
    Select *pSelect;  /* A SELECT statement used in place of a table name */
    int addrFillSub;  /* Address of subroutine to manifest a subquery */
    int regReturn;    /* Register holding return address of addrFillSub */
    int regResult;    /* Registers holding results of a co-routine */

    u8 jointype;      /* Type of join between this able and the previous */
    unsigned notIndexed :1;    /* True if there is a NOT INDEXED clause */


    unsigned isCorrelated :1;  /* True if sub-query is correlated */
    unsigned viaCoroutine :1;  /* Implemented as a co-routine */
    unsigned isRecursive :1;   /* True for recursive reference in WITH */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
    u8 iSelectId;     /* If pSelect!=0, the id of the sub-select in EQP */
#endif
    int iCursor;      /* The VDBE cursor number used to access this table */
    Expr *pOn;        /* The ON clause of a join */
    IdList *pUsing;   /* The USING clause of a join */
    Bitmask colUsed;  /* Bit N (1<<N) set if column N of pTab is used */

    char *zIndexedBy; /* Identifier from "INDEXED BY <zIndex>" clause */


    Index *pIndex;    /* Index structure corresponding to zIndex, if any */
  } a[1];             /* One entry for each identifier on the list */
};

/*
** Permitted values of the SrcList.a.jointype field
*/
#define JT_INNER     0x0001    /* Any kind of inner or cross join */
................................................................................
** 
*/
#define NC_AllowAgg  0x0001  /* Aggregate functions are allowed here */
#define NC_HasAgg    0x0002  /* One or more aggregate functions seen */
#define NC_IsCheck   0x0004  /* True if resolving names in a CHECK constraint */
#define NC_InAggFunc 0x0008  /* True if analyzing arguments to an agg func */
#define NC_PartIdx   0x0010  /* True if resolving a partial index WHERE */

#define NC_MinMaxAgg 0x1000  /* min/max aggregates seen.  See note above */

/*
** An instance of the following structure contains all information
** needed to generate code for a single SELECT statement.
**
** nLimit is set to -1 if there is no LIMIT clause.  nOffset is set to 0.
................................................................................
  int nTab;            /* Number of previously allocated VDBE cursors */
  int nMem;            /* Number of memory cells used so far */
  int nSet;            /* Number of sets used so far */
  int nOnce;           /* Number of OP_Once instructions so far */
  int nOpAlloc;        /* Number of slots allocated for Vdbe.aOp[] */
  int iFixedOp;        /* Never back out opcodes iFixedOp-1 or earlier */
  int ckBase;          /* Base register of data during check constraints */
  int iPartIdxTab;     /* Table corresponding to a partial index */
  int iCacheLevel;     /* ColCache valid when aColCache[].iLevel<=iCacheLevel */
  int iCacheCnt;       /* Counter used to generate aColCache[].lru values */
  int nLabel;          /* Number of labels used */
  int *aLabel;         /* Space to hold the labels */
  struct yColCache {
    int iTable;           /* Table cursor number */
    i16 iColumn;          /* Table column number */
................................................................................
struct With {
  int nCte;                       /* Number of CTEs in the WITH clause */
  With *pOuter;                   /* Containing WITH clause, or NULL */
  struct Cte {                    /* For each CTE in the WITH clause.... */
    char *zName;                    /* Name of this CTE */
    ExprList *pCols;                /* List of explicit column names, or NULL */
    Select *pSelect;                /* The definition of this CTE */
    const char *zErr;               /* Error message for circular references */
  } a[1];
};

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** An instance of the TreeView object is used for printing the content of
** data structures on sqlite3DebugPrintf() using a tree-like view.
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_MUTEX_OMIT
SQLITE_PRIVATE   sqlite3_mutex_methods const *sqlite3DefaultMutex(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   sqlite3_mutex_methods const *sqlite3NoopMutex(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   sqlite3_mutex *sqlite3MutexAlloc(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3MutexInit(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3MutexEnd(void);
#endif






SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_int64 sqlite3StatusValue(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StatusUp(int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StatusDown(int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StatusSet(int, int);

/* Access to mutexes used by sqlite3_status() */
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAttachSubtrees(sqlite3*,Expr*,Expr*,Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3PExpr(Parse*, int, Expr*, Expr*, const Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprAnd(sqlite3*,Expr*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprFunction(Parse*,ExprList*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAssignVarNumber(Parse*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprDelete(sqlite3*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE ExprList *sqlite3ExprListAppend(Parse*,ExprList*,Expr*);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprListSetName(Parse*,ExprList*,Token*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprListSetSpan(Parse*,ExprList*,ExprSpan*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprListDelete(sqlite3*, ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3ExprListFlags(const ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Init(sqlite3*, char**);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3InitCallback(void*, int, char**, char**);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Pragma(Parse*,Token*,Token*,Token*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResetAllSchemasOfConnection(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResetOneSchema(sqlite3*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CollapseDatabaseArray(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BeginParse(Parse*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CommitInternalChanges(sqlite3*);


SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect(Parse*,Select*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3OpenMasterTable(Parse *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Index *sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(Table*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE i16 sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(Index*, i16);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StartTable(Parse*,Token*,Token*,int,int,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AddColumn(Parse*,Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AddNotNull(Parse*, int);
................................................................................

SQLITE_PRIVATE RowSet *sqlite3RowSetInit(sqlite3*, void*, unsigned int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RowSetClear(RowSet*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RowSetInsert(RowSet*, i64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3RowSetTest(RowSet*, int iBatch, i64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3RowSetNext(RowSet*, i64*);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CreateView(Parse*,Token*,Token*,Token*,Select*,int,int);

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(Parse*,Table*);
#else
# define sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(A,B) 0
#endif

................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE IdList *sqlite3IdListAppend(sqlite3*, IdList*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IdListIndex(IdList*,const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE SrcList *sqlite3SrcListEnlarge(sqlite3*, SrcList*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE SrcList *sqlite3SrcListAppend(sqlite3*, SrcList*, Token*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE SrcList *sqlite3SrcListAppendFromTerm(Parse*, SrcList*, Token*, Token*,
                                      Token*, Select*, Expr*, IdList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListIndexedBy(Parse *, SrcList *, Token *);

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IndexedByLookup(Parse *, struct SrcList_item *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListShiftJoinType(SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListAssignCursors(Parse*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3IdListDelete(sqlite3*, IdList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListDelete(sqlite3*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Index *sqlite3AllocateIndexObject(sqlite3*,i16,int,char**);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Index *sqlite3CreateIndex(Parse*,Token*,Token*,SrcList*,ExprList*,int,Token*,
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE u64 sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(WhereInfo*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereIsDistinct(WhereInfo*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(WhereInfo*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereIsSorted(WhereInfo*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereContinueLabel(WhereInfo*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereBreakLabel(WhereInfo*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(WhereInfo*, int*);

SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(Vdbe*, Table*, int, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeMove(Parse*, int, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCacheStore(Parse*, int, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCachePush(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCachePop(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCacheRemove(Parse*, int, int);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(Parse*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCode(Parse*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeFactorable(Parse*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeAtInit(Parse*, Expr*, int, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(Parse*, Expr*, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(Parse*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeAndCache(Parse*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(Parse*, ExprList*, int, u8);
#define SQLITE_ECEL_DUP      0x01  /* Deep, not shallow copies */
#define SQLITE_ECEL_FACTOR   0x02  /* Factor out constant terms */

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprIfTrue(Parse*, Expr*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprIfFalse(Parse*, Expr*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprIfFalseDup(Parse*, Expr*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3FindTable(sqlite3*,const char*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3LocateTable(Parse*,int isView,const char*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3LocateTableItem(Parse*,int isView,struct SrcList_item *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Index *sqlite3FindIndex(sqlite3*,const char*, const char*);
................................................................................
#define putVarint32(A,B)  \
  (u8)(((u32)(B)<(u32)0x80)?(*(A)=(unsigned char)(B)),1:\
  sqlite3PutVarint((A),(B)))
#define getVarint    sqlite3GetVarint
#define putVarint    sqlite3PutVarint


SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(Vdbe *, Index *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TableAffinity(Vdbe*, Table*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char sqlite3CompareAffinity(Expr *pExpr, char aff2);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(Expr *pExpr, char idx_affinity);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char sqlite3ExprAffinity(Expr *pExpr);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Atoi64(const char*, i64*, int, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3DecOrHexToI64(const char*, i64*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ErrorWithMsg(sqlite3*, int, const char*,...);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3NestedParse(Parse*, const char*, ...);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3CodeSubselect(Parse *, Expr *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectPrep(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectWrongNumTermsError(Parse *pParse, Select *p);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MatchSpanName(const char*, const char*, const char*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveExprNames(NameContext*, Expr*);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(Parse*,Table*,int,Expr*,ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(Parse*, Select*, ExprList*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ColumnDefault(Vdbe *, Table *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterFinishAddColumn(Parse *, Token *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterBeginAddColumn(Parse *, SrcList *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3GetCollSeq(Parse*, u8, CollSeq *, const char*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE    void sqlite3VtabUnlock(VTable *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE    void sqlite3VtabUnlockList(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE    int sqlite3VtabSavepoint(sqlite3 *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE    void sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(Vdbe*, sqlite3_vtab*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE    VTable *sqlite3GetVTable(sqlite3*, Table*);
#  define sqlite3VtabInSync(db) ((db)->nVTrans>0 && (db)->aVTrans==0)
#endif


SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabMakeWritable(Parse*,Table*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabBeginParse(Parse*, Token*, Token*, Token*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabFinishParse(Parse*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabArgInit(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabArgExtend(Parse*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabCallCreate(sqlite3*, int, const char *, char **);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabCallConnect(Parse*, Table*);
................................................................................
    int nZero;          /* Used when bit MEM_Zero is set in flags */
    FuncDef *pDef;      /* Used only when flags==MEM_Agg */
    RowSet *pRowSet;    /* Used only when flags==MEM_RowSet */
    VdbeFrame *pFrame;  /* Used when flags==MEM_Frame */
  } u;
  u16 flags;          /* Some combination of MEM_Null, MEM_Str, MEM_Dyn, etc. */
  u8  enc;            /* SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_UTF16BE, SQLITE_UTF16LE */

  int n;              /* Number of characters in string value, excluding '\0' */
  char *z;            /* String or BLOB value */
  /* ShallowCopy only needs to copy the information above */
  char *zMalloc;      /* Space to hold MEM_Str or MEM_Blob if szMalloc>0 */
  int szMalloc;       /* Size of the zMalloc allocation */
  u32 uTemp;          /* Transient storage for serial_type in OP_MakeRecord */
  sqlite3 *db;        /* The associated database connection */
................................................................................
** This function registered all of the above C functions as SQL
** functions.  This should be the only routine in this file with
** external linkage.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RegisterDateTimeFunctions(void){
  static SQLITE_WSD FuncDef aDateTimeFuncs[] = {
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DATETIME_FUNCS
    FUNCTION(julianday,        -1, 0, 0, juliandayFunc ),
    FUNCTION(date,             -1, 0, 0, dateFunc      ),
    FUNCTION(time,             -1, 0, 0, timeFunc      ),
    FUNCTION(datetime,         -1, 0, 0, datetimeFunc  ),
    FUNCTION(strftime,         -1, 0, 0, strftimeFunc  ),
    FUNCTION(current_time,      0, 0, 0, ctimeFunc     ),
    FUNCTION(current_timestamp, 0, 0, 0, ctimestampFunc),
    FUNCTION(current_date,      0, 0, 0, cdateFunc     ),
#else
    STR_FUNCTION(current_time,      0, "%H:%M:%S",          0, currentTimeFunc),
    STR_FUNCTION(current_date,      0, "%Y-%m-%d",          0, currentTimeFunc),
    STR_FUNCTION(current_timestamp, 0, "%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S", 0, currentTimeFunc),
#endif
  };
  int i;
................................................................................
    pTo->xMutexEnd = pFrom->xMutexEnd;
    pTo->xMutexFree = pFrom->xMutexFree;
    pTo->xMutexEnter = pFrom->xMutexEnter;
    pTo->xMutexTry = pFrom->xMutexTry;
    pTo->xMutexLeave = pFrom->xMutexLeave;
    pTo->xMutexHeld = pFrom->xMutexHeld;
    pTo->xMutexNotheld = pFrom->xMutexNotheld;

    pTo->xMutexAlloc = pFrom->xMutexAlloc;
  }
  rc = sqlite3GlobalConfig.mutex.xMutexInit();

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  GLOBAL(int, mutexIsInit) = 1;
#endif
................................................................................
static int pthreadMutexHeld(sqlite3_mutex *p){
  return (p->nRef!=0 && pthread_equal(p->owner, pthread_self()));
}
static int pthreadMutexNotheld(sqlite3_mutex *p){
  return p->nRef==0 || pthread_equal(p->owner, pthread_self())==0;
}
#endif












/*
** Initialize and deinitialize the mutex subsystem.
*/
static int pthreadMutexInit(void){ return SQLITE_OK; }
static int pthreadMutexEnd(void){ return SQLITE_OK; }

................................................................................
}

static int winMutexNotheld(sqlite3_mutex *p){
  DWORD tid = GetCurrentThreadId();
  return winMutexNotheld2(p, tid);
}
#endif














/*
** Initialize and deinitialize the mutex subsystem.
*/
static sqlite3_mutex winMutex_staticMutexes[] = {
  SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
  SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
................................................................................
} ScratchFreeslot;

/*
** State information local to the memory allocation subsystem.
*/
static SQLITE_WSD struct Mem0Global {
  sqlite3_mutex *mutex;         /* Mutex to serialize access */

  /*
  ** The alarm callback and its arguments.  The mem0.mutex lock will
  ** be held while the callback is running.  Recursive calls into
  ** the memory subsystem are allowed, but no new callbacks will be
  ** issued.
  */
  sqlite3_int64 alarmThreshold;
  void (*alarmCallback)(void*, sqlite3_int64,int);
  void *alarmArg;

  /*
  ** Pointers to the end of sqlite3GlobalConfig.pScratch memory
  ** (so that a range test can be used to determine if an allocation
  ** being freed came from pScratch) and a pointer to the list of
  ** unused scratch allocations.
  */
................................................................................
  u32 nScratchFree;

  /*
  ** True if heap is nearly "full" where "full" is defined by the
  ** sqlite3_soft_heap_limit() setting.
  */
  int nearlyFull;
} mem0 = { 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 };

#define mem0 GLOBAL(struct Mem0Global, mem0)

/*
** Return the memory allocator mutex. sqlite3_status() needs it.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_mutex *sqlite3MallocMutex(void){
  return mem0.mutex;
}

/*
** This routine runs when the memory allocator sees that the
** total memory allocation is about to exceed the soft heap
** limit.
*/
static void softHeapLimitEnforcer(
  void *NotUsed, 
  sqlite3_int64 NotUsed2,
  int allocSize
){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER2(NotUsed, NotUsed2);
  sqlite3_release_memory(allocSize);
}

/*
** Change the alarm callback
*/
static int sqlite3MemoryAlarm(
  void(*xCallback)(void *pArg, sqlite3_int64 used,int N),
  void *pArg,
  sqlite3_int64 iThreshold
){
  sqlite3_int64 nUsed;
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mem0.mutex);
  mem0.alarmCallback = xCallback;
  mem0.alarmArg = pArg;
  mem0.alarmThreshold = iThreshold;
  nUsed = sqlite3StatusValue(SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED);
  mem0.nearlyFull = (iThreshold>0 && iThreshold<=nUsed);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem0.mutex);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED
/*
** Deprecated external interface.  Internal/core SQLite code
** should call sqlite3MemoryAlarm.


*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_memory_alarm(
  void(*xCallback)(void *pArg, sqlite3_int64 used,int N),
  void *pArg,
  sqlite3_int64 iThreshold
){
  return sqlite3MemoryAlarm(xCallback, pArg, iThreshold);



}
#endif

/*
** Set the soft heap-size limit for the library. Passing a zero or 
** negative value indicates no limit.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64(sqlite3_int64 n){
  sqlite3_int64 priorLimit;
  sqlite3_int64 excess;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  int rc = sqlite3_initialize();
  if( rc ) return -1;
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mem0.mutex);
  priorLimit = mem0.alarmThreshold;

  sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem0.mutex);
  if( n<0 ) return priorLimit;
  if( n>0 ){
    sqlite3MemoryAlarm(softHeapLimitEnforcer, 0, n);
  }else{
    sqlite3MemoryAlarm(0, 0, 0);
  }




  excess = sqlite3_memory_used() - n;
  if( excess>0 ) sqlite3_release_memory((int)(excess & 0x7fffffff));
  return priorLimit;
}
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_soft_heap_limit(int n){
  if( n<0 ) n = 0;
  sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64(n);
................................................................................
  return mx;
}

/*
** Trigger the alarm 
*/
static void sqlite3MallocAlarm(int nByte){
  void (*xCallback)(void*,sqlite3_int64,int);
  sqlite3_int64 nowUsed;
  void *pArg;
  if( mem0.alarmCallback==0 ) return;
  xCallback = mem0.alarmCallback;
  nowUsed = sqlite3StatusValue(SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED);
  pArg = mem0.alarmArg;
  mem0.alarmCallback = 0;
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem0.mutex);
  xCallback(pArg, nowUsed, nByte);

  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mem0.mutex);
  mem0.alarmCallback = xCallback;
  mem0.alarmArg = pArg;
}

/*
** Do a memory allocation with statistics and alarms.  Assume the
** lock is already held.
*/
static int mallocWithAlarm(int n, void **pp){
  int nFull;
  void *p;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(mem0.mutex) );
  nFull = sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xRoundup(n);
  sqlite3StatusSet(SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE, n);
  if( mem0.alarmCallback!=0 ){
    sqlite3_int64 nUsed = sqlite3StatusValue(SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED);
    if( nUsed >= mem0.alarmThreshold - nFull ){
      mem0.nearlyFull = 1;
      sqlite3MallocAlarm(nFull);
    }else{
      mem0.nearlyFull = 0;
    }
  }
  p = sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xMalloc(nFull);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT
  if( p==0 && mem0.alarmCallback ){
    sqlite3MallocAlarm(nFull);
    p = sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xMalloc(nFull);
  }
#endif
  if( p ){
    nFull = sqlite3MallocSize(p);
    sqlite3StatusUp(SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED, nFull);
................................................................................
** sqlite3Malloc() or sqlite3_malloc().
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MallocSize(void *p){
  assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, MEMTYPE_HEAP) );
  return sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xSize(p);
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3DbMallocSize(sqlite3 *db, void *p){


  if( db==0 ){
    assert( sqlite3MemdebugNoType(p, (u8)~MEMTYPE_HEAP) );
    assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, MEMTYPE_HEAP) );
    return sqlite3MallocSize(p);
  }else{
    assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
    if( isLookaside(db, p) ){
      return db->lookaside.sz;
    }else{
      assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, (MEMTYPE_LOOKASIDE|MEMTYPE_HEAP)) );
      assert( sqlite3MemdebugNoType(p, (u8)~(MEMTYPE_LOOKASIDE|MEMTYPE_HEAP)) );
      return sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xSize(p);
    }





  }
}
SQLITE_API sqlite3_uint64 SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_msize(void *p){
  assert( sqlite3MemdebugNoType(p, (u8)~MEMTYPE_HEAP) );
  assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, MEMTYPE_HEAP) );
  return (sqlite3_uint64)sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xSize(p);
}
................................................................................
    sqlite3StatusSet(SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE, (int)nBytes);
    nDiff = nNew - nOld;
    if( sqlite3StatusValue(SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED) >= 
          mem0.alarmThreshold-nDiff ){
      sqlite3MallocAlarm(nDiff);
    }
    pNew = sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xRealloc(pOld, nNew);
    if( pNew==0 && mem0.alarmCallback ){
      sqlite3MallocAlarm((int)nBytes);
      pNew = sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xRealloc(pOld, nNew);
    }
    if( pNew ){
      nNew = sqlite3MallocSize(pNew);
      sqlite3StatusUp(SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED, nNew-nOld);
    }
................................................................................
          bufpt = "NaN";
          length = 3;
          break;
        }
        if( realvalue>0.0 ){
          LONGDOUBLE_TYPE scale = 1.0;
          while( realvalue>=1e100*scale && exp<=350 ){ scale *= 1e100;exp+=100;}
          while( realvalue>=1e64*scale && exp<=350 ){ scale *= 1e64; exp+=64; }
          while( realvalue>=1e8*scale && exp<=350 ){ scale *= 1e8; exp+=8; }
          while( realvalue>=10.0*scale && exp<=350 ){ scale *= 10.0; exp++; }
          realvalue /= scale;
          while( realvalue<1e-8 ){ realvalue *= 1e8; exp-=8; }
          while( realvalue<1.0 ){ realvalue *= 10.0; exp--; }
          if( exp>350 ){
            if( prefix=='-' ){
              bufpt = "-Inf";

            }else if( prefix=='+' ){
              bufpt = "+Inf";
            }else{
              bufpt = "Inf";
            }
            length = sqlite3Strlen30(bufpt);
            break;
          }
        }
        bufpt = buf;
        /*
        ** If the field type is etGENERIC, then convert to either etEXP
        ** or etFLOAT, as appropriate.
................................................................................
        buf[0] = c;
        bufpt = buf;
        break;
      case etSTRING:
      case etDYNSTRING:
        if( bArgList ){
          bufpt = getTextArg(pArgList);

        }else{
          bufpt = va_arg(ap,char*);
        }
        if( bufpt==0 ){
          bufpt = "";
        }else if( xtype==etDYNSTRING && !bArgList ){
          zExtra = bufpt;
        }
        if( precision>=0 ){
          for(length=0; length<precision && bufpt[length]; length++){}
        }else{
          length = sqlite3Strlen30(bufpt);
        }
        break;
      case etSQLESCAPE:
      case etSQLESCAPE2:
      case etSQLESCAPE3: {
        int i, j, k, n, isnull;
        int needQuote;
        char ch;
        char q = ((xtype==etSQLESCAPE3)?'"':'\'');   /* Quote character */
        char *escarg;

        if( bArgList ){
................................................................................
        isnull = escarg==0;
        if( isnull ) escarg = (xtype==etSQLESCAPE2 ? "NULL" : "(NULL)");
        k = precision;
        for(i=n=0; k!=0 && (ch=escarg[i])!=0; i++, k--){
          if( ch==q )  n++;
        }
        needQuote = !isnull && xtype==etSQLESCAPE2;
        n += i + 1 + needQuote*2;
        if( n>etBUFSIZE ){
          bufpt = zExtra = sqlite3Malloc( n );
          if( bufpt==0 ){
            setStrAccumError(pAccum, STRACCUM_NOMEM);
            return;
          }
        }else{
................................................................................
  fprintf(stdout,"%s", zBuf);
  fflush(stdout);
}
#endif


/*
** variable-argument wrapper around sqlite3VXPrintf().

*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3XPrintf(StrAccum *p, u32 bFlags, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  va_start(ap,zFormat);
  sqlite3VXPrintf(p, bFlags, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
}
................................................................................


/*
** Generate a human-readable description of a the Select object.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TreeViewSelect(TreeView *pView, const Select *p, u8 moreToFollow){
  int n = 0;

  pView = sqlite3TreeViewPush(pView, moreToFollow);

  sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "SELECT%s%s (0x%p) selFlags=0x%x",
    ((p->selFlags & SF_Distinct) ? " DISTINCT" : ""),
    ((p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate) ? " agg_flag" : ""), p, p->selFlags
  );





  if( p->pSrc && p->pSrc->nSrc ) n++;
  if( p->pWhere ) n++;
  if( p->pGroupBy ) n++;
  if( p->pHaving ) n++;
  if( p->pOrderBy ) n++;
  if( p->pLimit ) n++;
  if( p->pOffset ) n++;
  if( p->pPrior ) n++;

  sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, p->pEList, (n--)>0, "result-set");
  if( p->pSrc && p->pSrc->nSrc ){
    int i;
    pView = sqlite3TreeViewPush(pView, (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "FROM");
    for(i=0; i<p->pSrc->nSrc; i++){
      struct SrcList_item *pItem = &p->pSrc->a[i];
      StrAccum x;
      char zLine[100];
      sqlite3StrAccumInit(&x, 0, zLine, sizeof(zLine), 0);
      sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, "{%d,*}", pItem->iCursor);
      if( pItem->zDatabase ){
        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " %s.%s", pItem->zDatabase, pItem->zName);
      }else if( pItem->zName ){
        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " %s", pItem->zName);
      }
      if( pItem->pTab ){
        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " tabname=%Q", pItem->pTab->zName);
      }
      if( pItem->zAlias ){
        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " (AS %s)", pItem->zAlias);
      }
      if( pItem->jointype & JT_LEFT ){
        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " LEFT-JOIN");
      }
      sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&x);
      sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, zLine, i<p->pSrc->nSrc-1); 
      if( pItem->pSelect ){
        sqlite3TreeViewSelect(pView, pItem->pSelect, 0);
      }



      sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
    }
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  if( p->pWhere ){
    sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, "WHERE", (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, p->pWhere, 0);
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  if( p->pGroupBy ){
    sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, p->pGroupBy, (n--)>0, "GROUPBY");
  }
  if( p->pHaving ){
    sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, "HAVING", (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, p->pHaving, 0);
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  if( p->pOrderBy ){
    sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, p->pOrderBy, (n--)>0, "ORDERBY");
  }
  if( p->pLimit ){
    sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, "LIMIT", (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, p->pLimit, 0);
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  if( p->pOffset ){
    sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, "OFFSET", (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, p->pOffset, 0);
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }
  if( p->pPrior ){
    const char *zOp = "UNION";
    switch( p->op ){
      case TK_ALL:         zOp = "UNION ALL";  break;
      case TK_INTERSECT:   zOp = "INTERSECT";  break;
      case TK_EXCEPT:      zOp = "EXCEPT";     break;
    }
    sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, zOp, (n--)>0);
    sqlite3TreeViewSelect(pView, p->pPrior, 0);
    sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
  }


  sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
}

/*
** Generate a human-readable explanation of an expression tree.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TreeViewExpr(TreeView *pView, const Expr *pExpr, u8 moreToFollow){
................................................................................
                          pExpr->u.zToken, pExpr->iColumn);
      break;
    }
    case TK_REGISTER: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"REGISTER(%d)", pExpr->iTable);
      break;
    }
    case TK_AS: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"AS %Q", pExpr->u.zToken);
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pExpr->pLeft, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_ID: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"ID \"%w\"", pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
................................................................................
  pView = sqlite3TreeViewPush(pView, moreToFollow);
  if( zLabel==0 || zLabel[0]==0 ) zLabel = "LIST";
  if( pList==0 ){
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s (empty)", zLabel);
  }else{
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s", zLabel);
    for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){





      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pList->a[i].pExpr, i<pList->nExpr-1);

    }
  }
  sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
}

#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */

................................................................................
}

/*
** Return the number of bytes that will be needed to store the given
** 64-bit integer.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VarintLen(u64 v){
  int i = 0;
  do{
    i++;
    v >>= 7;
  }while( v!=0 && ALWAYS(i<9) );
  return i;
}


/*
** Read or write a four-byte big-endian integer value.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3Get4byte(const u8 *p){
#if SQLITE_BYTEORDER==4321
  u32 x;
  memcpy(&x,p,4);
  return x;

#elif SQLITE_BYTEORDER==1234 && defined(__GNUC__) && GCC_VERSION>=4003000
  u32 x;
  memcpy(&x,p,4);
  return __builtin_bswap32(x);

#elif SQLITE_BYTEORDER==1234 && defined(_MSC_VER) && _MSC_VER>=1300
  u32 x;
  memcpy(&x,p,4);
  return _byteswap_ulong(x);
#else
  testcase( p[0]&0x80 );
  return ((unsigned)p[0]<<24) | (p[1]<<16) | (p[2]<<8) | p[3];
#endif
................................................................................
  int prior = 0;
#if (!defined(USE_PREAD) && !defined(USE_PREAD64))
  i64 newOffset;
#endif
  TIMER_START;
  assert( cnt==(cnt&0x1ffff) );
  assert( id->h>2 );
  cnt &= 0x1ffff;
  do{
#if defined(USE_PREAD)
    got = osPread(id->h, pBuf, cnt, offset);
    SimulateIOError( got = -1 );
#elif defined(USE_PREAD64)
    got = osPread64(id->h, pBuf, cnt, offset);
    SimulateIOError( got = -1 );
................................................................................
      memcpy(&((u8 *)(pFile->pMapRegion))[offset], pBuf, nCopy);
      pBuf = &((u8 *)pBuf)[nCopy];
      amt -= nCopy;
      offset += nCopy;
    }
  }
#endif

  while( amt>0 && (wrote = seekAndWrite(pFile, offset, pBuf, amt))>0 ){
    amt -= wrote;
    offset += wrote;
    pBuf = &((char*)pBuf)[wrote];
  }
  SimulateIOError(( wrote=(-1), amt=1 ));
  SimulateDiskfullError(( wrote=0, amt=1 ));

  if( amt>0 ){
    if( wrote<0 && pFile->lastErrno!=ENOSPC ){
      /* lastErrno set by seekAndWrite */
      return SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE;
    }else{
      storeLastErrno(pFile, 0); /* not a system error */
      return SQLITE_FULL;
    }
................................................................................

/*
** A complete page cache is an instance of this structure.
*/
struct PCache {
  PgHdr *pDirty, *pDirtyTail;         /* List of dirty pages in LRU order */
  PgHdr *pSynced;                     /* Last synced page in dirty page list */
  int nRef;                           /* Number of referenced pages */
  int szCache;                        /* Configured cache size */
  int szPage;                         /* Size of every page in this cache */
  int szExtra;                        /* Size of extra space for each page */
  u8 bPurgeable;                      /* True if pages are on backing store */
  u8 eCreate;                         /* eCreate value for for xFetch() */
  int (*xStress)(void*,PgHdr*);       /* Call to try make a page clean */
  void *pStress;                      /* Argument to xStress */
................................................................................
}

/*
** Change the page size for PCache object. The caller must ensure that there
** are no outstanding page references when this function is called.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcacheSetPageSize(PCache *pCache, int szPage){
  assert( pCache->nRef==0 && pCache->pDirty==0 );
  if( pCache->szPage ){
    sqlite3_pcache *pNew;
    pNew = sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xCreate(
                szPage, pCache->szExtra + ROUND8(sizeof(PgHdr)),
                pCache->bPurgeable
    );
    if( pNew==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
................................................................................

  assert( pPage!=0 );
  pPgHdr = (PgHdr *)pPage->pExtra;

  if( !pPgHdr->pPage ){
    return pcacheFetchFinishWithInit(pCache, pgno, pPage);
  }
  if( 0==pPgHdr->nRef ){
    pCache->nRef++;
  }
  pPgHdr->nRef++;
  return pPgHdr;
}

/*
** Decrement the reference count on a page. If the page is clean and the
** reference count drops to 0, then it is made eligible for recycling.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void SQLITE_NOINLINE sqlite3PcacheRelease(PgHdr *p){
  assert( p->nRef>0 );
  p->nRef--;
  if( p->nRef==0 ){
    p->pCache->nRef--;
    if( p->flags&PGHDR_CLEAN ){
      pcacheUnpin(p);
    }else if( p->pDirtyPrev!=0 ){
      /* Move the page to the head of the dirty list. */
      pcacheManageDirtyList(p, PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_FRONT);
    }
  }
................................................................................

/*
** Increase the reference count of a supplied page by 1.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheRef(PgHdr *p){
  assert(p->nRef>0);
  p->nRef++;

}

/*
** Drop a page from the cache. There must be exactly one reference to the
** page. This function deletes that reference, so after it returns the
** page pointed to by p is invalid.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheDrop(PgHdr *p){
  assert( p->nRef==1 );
  if( p->flags&PGHDR_DIRTY ){
    pcacheManageDirtyList(p, PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_REMOVE);
  }
  p->pCache->nRef--;
  sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xUnpin(p->pCache->pCache, p->pPage, 1);
}

/*
** Make sure the page is marked as dirty. If it isn't dirty already,
** make it so.
*/
................................................................................
      */
      assert( p->pgno>0 );
      if( ALWAYS(p->pgno>pgno) ){
        assert( p->flags&PGHDR_DIRTY );
        sqlite3PcacheMakeClean(p);
      }
    }
    if( pgno==0 && pCache->nRef ){
      sqlite3_pcache_page *pPage1;
      pPage1 = sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xFetch(pCache->pCache,1,0);
      if( ALWAYS(pPage1) ){  /* Page 1 is always available in cache, because
                             ** pCache->nRef>0 */
        memset(pPage1->pBuf, 0, pCache->szPage);
        pgno = 1;
      }
    }
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xTruncate(pCache->pCache, pgno+1);
  }
}
................................................................................
  for(p=pCache->pDirty; p; p=p->pDirtyNext){
    p->pDirty = p->pDirtyNext;
  }
  return pcacheSortDirtyList(pCache->pDirty);
}

/* 
** Return the total number of referenced pages held by the cache.



*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcacheRefCount(PCache *pCache){
  return pCache->nRef;
}

/*
** Return the number of references to the page supplied as an argument.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcachePageRefcount(PgHdr *p){
  return p->nRef;
................................................................................
**         SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE.
**    (3)  PCache-local bulk allocation.
**
** The third case is a chunk of heap memory (defaulting to 100 pages worth)
** that is allocated when the page cache is created.  The size of the local
** bulk allocation can be adjusted using 
**
**     sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE, 0, 0, N).
**
** If N is positive, then N pages worth of memory are allocated using a single
** sqlite3Malloc() call and that memory is used for the first N pages allocated.
** Or if N is negative, then -1024*N bytes of memory are allocated and used
** for as many pages as can be accomodated.
**
** Only one of (2) or (3) can be used.  Once the memory available to (2) or
................................................................................
*/
/* #include "sqliteInt.h" */

typedef struct PCache1 PCache1;
typedef struct PgHdr1 PgHdr1;
typedef struct PgFreeslot PgFreeslot;
typedef struct PGroup PGroup;



















/* Each page cache (or PCache) belongs to a PGroup.  A PGroup is a set 
** of one or more PCaches that are able to recycle each other's unpinned
** pages when they are under memory pressure.  A PGroup is an instance of
** the following object.
**
** This page cache implementation works in one of two modes:
................................................................................
*/
struct PGroup {
  sqlite3_mutex *mutex;          /* MUTEX_STATIC_LRU or NULL */
  unsigned int nMaxPage;         /* Sum of nMax for purgeable caches */
  unsigned int nMinPage;         /* Sum of nMin for purgeable caches */
  unsigned int mxPinned;         /* nMaxpage + 10 - nMinPage */
  unsigned int nCurrentPage;     /* Number of purgeable pages allocated */
  PgHdr1 *pLruHead, *pLruTail;   /* LRU list of unpinned pages */
};

/* Each page cache is an instance of the following object.  Every
** open database file (including each in-memory database and each
** temporary or transient database) has a single page cache which
** is an instance of this object.
**
................................................................................
  unsigned int nPage;                 /* Total number of pages in apHash */
  unsigned int nHash;                 /* Number of slots in apHash[] */
  PgHdr1 **apHash;                    /* Hash table for fast lookup by key */
  PgHdr1 *pFree;                      /* List of unused pcache-local pages */
  void *pBulk;                        /* Bulk memory used by pcache-local */
};

/*
** Each cache entry is represented by an instance of the following 
** structure. Unless SQLITE_PCACHE_SEPARATE_HEADER is defined, a buffer of
** PgHdr1.pCache->szPage bytes is allocated directly before this structure 
** in memory.
*/
struct PgHdr1 {
  sqlite3_pcache_page page;
  unsigned int iKey;             /* Key value (page number) */
  u8 isPinned;                   /* Page in use, not on the LRU list */
  u8 isBulkLocal;                /* This page from bulk local storage */
  PgHdr1 *pNext;                 /* Next in hash table chain */
  PCache1 *pCache;               /* Cache that currently owns this page */
  PgHdr1 *pLruNext;              /* Next in LRU list of unpinned pages */
  PgHdr1 *pLruPrev;              /* Previous in LRU list of unpinned pages */
};

/*
** Free slots in the allocator used to divide up the global page cache
** buffer provided using the SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE mechanism.
*/
struct PgFreeslot {
  PgFreeslot *pNext;  /* Next free slot */
};
................................................................................
# define pcache1EnterMutex(X) sqlite3_mutex_enter((X)->mutex)
# define pcache1LeaveMutex(X) sqlite3_mutex_leave((X)->mutex)
# define PCACHE1_MIGHT_USE_GROUP_MUTEX 1
#endif

/******************************************************************************/
/******** Page Allocation/SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE Related Functions **************/


/*
** This function is called during initialization if a static buffer is 
** supplied to use for the page-cache by passing the SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE
** verb to sqlite3_config(). Parameter pBuf points to an allocation large
** enough to contain 'n' buffers of 'sz' bytes each.
**
................................................................................
    int nBulk = sqlite3MallocSize(zBulk)/pCache->szAlloc;
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<nBulk; i++){
      PgHdr1 *pX = (PgHdr1*)&zBulk[pCache->szPage];
      pX->page.pBuf = zBulk;
      pX->page.pExtra = &pX[1];
      pX->isBulkLocal = 1;

      pX->pNext = pCache->pFree;
      pCache->pFree = pX;
      zBulk += pCache->szAlloc;
    }
  }
  return pCache->pFree!=0;
}
................................................................................
  }
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT */

/*
** Allocate a new page object initially associated with cache pCache.
*/
static PgHdr1 *pcache1AllocPage(PCache1 *pCache){
  PgHdr1 *p = 0;
  void *pPg;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCache->pGroup->mutex) );
  if( pCache->pFree || (pCache->nPage==0 && pcache1InitBulk(pCache)) ){
    p = pCache->pFree;
    pCache->pFree = p->pNext;
................................................................................
    /* The group mutex must be released before pcache1Alloc() is called. This
    ** is because it might call sqlite3_release_memory(), which assumes that 
    ** this mutex is not held. */
    assert( pcache1.separateCache==0 );
    assert( pCache->pGroup==&pcache1.grp );
    pcache1LeaveMutex(pCache->pGroup);
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_PCACHE_SEPARATE_HEADER
    pPg = pcache1Alloc(pCache->szPage);
    p = sqlite3Malloc(sizeof(PgHdr1) + pCache->szExtra);
    if( !pPg || !p ){
      pcache1Free(pPg);
      sqlite3_free(p);
      pPg = 0;
    }
#else
    pPg = pcache1Alloc(pCache->szAlloc);
    p = (PgHdr1 *)&((u8 *)pPg)[pCache->szPage];
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT
    pcache1EnterMutex(pCache->pGroup);
#endif
    if( pPg==0 ) return 0;
    p->page.pBuf = pPg;
    p->page.pExtra = &p[1];
    p->isBulkLocal = 0;

  }
  if( pCache->bPurgeable ){
    pCache->pGroup->nCurrentPage++;
  }
  return p;
}

................................................................................
*/
static PgHdr1 *pcache1PinPage(PgHdr1 *pPage){
  PCache1 *pCache;

  assert( pPage!=0 );
  assert( pPage->isPinned==0 );
  pCache = pPage->pCache;
  assert( pPage->pLruNext || pPage==pCache->pGroup->pLruTail );
  assert( pPage->pLruPrev || pPage==pCache->pGroup->pLruHead );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCache->pGroup->mutex) );
  if( pPage->pLruPrev ){
    pPage->pLruPrev->pLruNext = pPage->pLruNext;
  }else{
    pCache->pGroup->pLruHead = pPage->pLruNext;
  }
  if( pPage->pLruNext ){
    pPage->pLruNext->pLruPrev = pPage->pLruPrev;
  }else{
    pCache->pGroup->pLruTail = pPage->pLruPrev;
  }
  pPage->pLruNext = 0;
  pPage->pLruPrev = 0;
  pPage->isPinned = 1;


  pCache->nRecyclable--;
  return pPage;
}


/*
** Remove the page supplied as an argument from the hash table 
................................................................................

/*
** If there are currently more than nMaxPage pages allocated, try
** to recycle pages to reduce the number allocated to nMaxPage.
*/
static void pcache1EnforceMaxPage(PCache1 *pCache){
  PGroup *pGroup = pCache->pGroup;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pGroup->mutex) );
  while( pGroup->nCurrentPage>pGroup->nMaxPage && pGroup->pLruTail ){
    PgHdr1 *p = pGroup->pLruTail;


    assert( p->pCache->pGroup==pGroup );
    assert( p->isPinned==0 );
    pcache1PinPage(p);
    pcache1RemoveFromHash(p, 1);
  }
  if( pCache->nPage==0 && pCache->pBulk ){
    sqlite3_free(pCache->pBulk);
................................................................................
  if( pCache ){
    if( pcache1.separateCache ){
      pGroup = (PGroup*)&pCache[1];
      pGroup->mxPinned = 10;
    }else{
      pGroup = &pcache1.grp;
    }




    pCache->pGroup = pGroup;
    pCache->szPage = szPage;
    pCache->szExtra = szExtra;
    pCache->szAlloc = szPage + szExtra + ROUND8(sizeof(PgHdr1));
    pCache->bPurgeable = (bPurgeable ? 1 : 0);
    pcache1EnterMutex(pGroup);
    pcache1ResizeHash(pCache);
................................................................................
  }

  if( pCache->nPage>=pCache->nHash ) pcache1ResizeHash(pCache);
  assert( pCache->nHash>0 && pCache->apHash );

  /* Step 4. Try to recycle a page. */
  if( pCache->bPurgeable
   && pGroup->pLruTail
   && ((pCache->nPage+1>=pCache->nMax) || pcache1UnderMemoryPressure(pCache))
  ){
    PCache1 *pOther;
    pPage = pGroup->pLruTail;
    assert( pPage->isPinned==0 );
    pcache1RemoveFromHash(pPage, 0);
    pcache1PinPage(pPage);
    pOther = pPage->pCache;
    if( pOther->szAlloc != pCache->szAlloc ){
      pcache1FreePage(pPage);
      pPage = 0;
................................................................................
    }
  }

  /* Step 5. If a usable page buffer has still not been found, 
  ** attempt to allocate a new one. 
  */
  if( !pPage ){
    if( createFlag==1 ){ sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc(); }
    pPage = pcache1AllocPage(pCache);
    if( createFlag==1 ){ sqlite3EndBenignMalloc(); }
  }

  if( pPage ){
    unsigned int h = iKey % pCache->nHash;
    pCache->nPage++;
    pPage->iKey = iKey;
    pPage->pNext = pCache->apHash[h];
................................................................................
  PCache1 *pCache = (PCache1 *)p;
  PgHdr1 *pPage = 0;

  /* Step 1: Search the hash table for an existing entry. */
  pPage = pCache->apHash[iKey % pCache->nHash];
  while( pPage && pPage->iKey!=iKey ){ pPage = pPage->pNext; }

  /* Step 2: Abort if no existing page is found and createFlag is 0 */



  if( pPage ){
    if( !pPage->isPinned ){
      return pcache1PinPage(pPage);
    }else{
      return pPage;
    }
  }else if( createFlag ){
................................................................................
  assert( pPage->pCache==pCache );
  pcache1EnterMutex(pGroup);

  /* It is an error to call this function if the page is already 
  ** part of the PGroup LRU list.
  */
  assert( pPage->pLruPrev==0 && pPage->pLruNext==0 );
  assert( pGroup->pLruHead!=pPage && pGroup->pLruTail!=pPage );
  assert( pPage->isPinned==1 );

  if( reuseUnlikely || pGroup->nCurrentPage>pGroup->nMaxPage ){
    pcache1RemoveFromHash(pPage, 1);
  }else{
    /* Add the page to the PGroup LRU list. */
    if( pGroup->pLruHead ){
      pGroup->pLruHead->pLruPrev = pPage;
      pPage->pLruNext = pGroup->pLruHead;
      pGroup->pLruHead = pPage;
    }else{
      pGroup->pLruTail = pPage;
      pGroup->pLruHead = pPage;
    }
    pCache->nRecyclable++;
    pPage->isPinned = 0;
  }

  pcache1LeaveMutex(pCache->pGroup);
}

................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcacheReleaseMemory(int nReq){
  int nFree = 0;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_notheld(pcache1.grp.mutex) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_notheld(pcache1.mutex) );
  if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.nPage==0 ){
    PgHdr1 *p;
    pcache1EnterMutex(&pcache1.grp);
    while( (nReq<0 || nFree<nReq) && ((p=pcache1.grp.pLruTail)!=0) ){



      nFree += pcache1MemSize(p->page.pBuf);
#ifdef SQLITE_PCACHE_SEPARATE_HEADER
      nFree += sqlite3MemSize(p);
#endif
      assert( p->isPinned==0 );
      pcache1PinPage(p);
      pcache1RemoveFromHash(p, 1);
................................................................................
  int *pnCurrent,      /* OUT: Total number of pages cached */
  int *pnMax,          /* OUT: Global maximum cache size */
  int *pnMin,          /* OUT: Sum of PCache1.nMin for purgeable caches */
  int *pnRecyclable    /* OUT: Total number of pages available for recycling */
){
  PgHdr1 *p;
  int nRecyclable = 0;
  for(p=pcache1.grp.pLruHead; p; p=p->pLruNext){
    assert( p->isPinned==0 );
    nRecyclable++;
  }
  *pnCurrent = pcache1.grp.nCurrentPage;
  *pnMax = (int)pcache1.grp.nMaxPage;
  *pnMin = (int)pcache1.grp.nMinPage;
  *pnRecyclable = nRecyclable;
................................................................................
  u8 eState;                  /* Pager state (OPEN, READER, WRITER_LOCKED..) */
  u8 eLock;                   /* Current lock held on database file */
  u8 changeCountDone;         /* Set after incrementing the change-counter */
  u8 setMaster;               /* True if a m-j name has been written to jrnl */
  u8 doNotSpill;              /* Do not spill the cache when non-zero */
  u8 subjInMemory;            /* True to use in-memory sub-journals */
  u8 bUseFetch;               /* True to use xFetch() */
  u8 hasBeenUsed;             /* True if any content previously read */
  Pgno dbSize;                /* Number of pages in the database */
  Pgno dbOrigSize;            /* dbSize before the current transaction */
  Pgno dbFileSize;            /* Number of pages in the database file */
  Pgno dbHintSize;            /* Value passed to FCNTL_SIZE_HINT call */
  int errCode;                /* One of several kinds of errors */
  int nRec;                   /* Pages journalled since last j-header written */
  u32 cksumInit;              /* Quasi-random value added to every checksum */
................................................................................

      assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN );
      assert( (pPager->eLock==SHARED_LOCK)
           || (pPager->exclusiveMode && pPager->eLock>SHARED_LOCK)
      );
    }

    if( !pPager->tempFile && pPager->hasBeenUsed ){
      /* The shared-lock has just been acquired then check to
      ** see if the database has been modified.  If the database has changed,
      ** flush the cache.  The pPager->hasBeenUsed flag prevents this from
      ** occurring on the very first access to a file, in order to save a
      ** single unnecessary sqlite3OsRead() call at the start-up.
      **
      ** Database changes are detected by looking at 15 bytes beginning
      ** at offset 24 into the file.  The first 4 of these 16 bytes are
      ** a 32-bit counter that is incremented with each change.  The
      ** other bytes change randomly with each file change when
................................................................................
 failed:
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    assert( !MEMDB );
    pager_unlock(pPager);
    assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN );
  }else{
    pPager->eState = PAGER_READER;

  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** If the reference count has reached zero, rollback any active
** transaction and unlock the pager.
................................................................................
  u32 iFrame = 0;                 /* Frame to read from WAL file */
  const int noContent = (flags & PAGER_GET_NOCONTENT);

  /* It is acceptable to use a read-only (mmap) page for any page except
  ** page 1 if there is no write-transaction open or the ACQUIRE_READONLY
  ** flag was specified by the caller. And so long as the db is not a 
  ** temporary or in-memory database.  */
  const int bMmapOk = (pgno!=1 && USEFETCH(pPager)
   && (pPager->eState==PAGER_READER || (flags & PAGER_GET_READONLY))
#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
   && pPager->xCodec==0
#endif
  );








  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_READER );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  assert( noContent==0 || bMmapOk==0 );

  if( pgno==0 ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  pPager->hasBeenUsed = 1;

  /* If the pager is in the error state, return an error immediately. 
  ** Otherwise, request the page from the PCache layer. */
  if( pPager->errCode!=SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = pPager->errCode;
  }else{
    if( bMmapOk && pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE DbPage *sqlite3PagerLookup(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno){
  sqlite3_pcache_page *pPage;
  assert( pPager!=0 );
  assert( pgno!=0 );
  assert( pPager->pPCache!=0 );
  pPage = sqlite3PcacheFetch(pPager->pPCache, pgno, 0);
  assert( pPage==0 || pPager->hasBeenUsed );
  if( pPage==0 ) return 0;
  return sqlite3PcacheFetchFinish(pPager->pPCache, pgno, pPage);
}

/*
** Release a page reference.
**
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE u8 sqlite3PagerIsreadonly(Pager *pPager){
  return pPager->readOnly;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Return the number of references to the pager.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerRefcount(Pager *pPager){
  return sqlite3PcacheRefCount(pPager->pPCache);
}
#endif

/*
................................................................................
  u8 writeLock;              /* True if in a write transaction */
  u8 ckptLock;               /* True if holding a checkpoint lock */
  u8 readOnly;               /* WAL_RDWR, WAL_RDONLY, or WAL_SHM_RDONLY */
  u8 truncateOnCommit;       /* True to truncate WAL file on commit */
  u8 syncHeader;             /* Fsync the WAL header if true */
  u8 padToSectorBoundary;    /* Pad transactions out to the next sector */
  WalIndexHdr hdr;           /* Wal-index header for current transaction */

  const char *zWalName;      /* Name of WAL file */
  u32 nCkpt;                 /* Checkpoint sequence counter in the wal-header */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  u8 lockError;              /* True if a locking error has occurred */
#endif
};

................................................................................
    ** that the log file may have been wrapped by a writer, or that frames
    ** that occur later in the log than pWal->hdr.mxFrame may have been
    ** copied into the database by a checkpointer. If either of these things
    ** happened, then reading the database with the current value of
    ** pWal->hdr.mxFrame risks reading a corrupted snapshot. So, retry
    ** instead.
    **
    ** This does not guarantee that the copy of the wal-index header is up to
    ** date before proceeding. That would not be possible without somehow
    ** blocking writers. It only guarantees that a dangerous checkpoint or 
    ** log-wrap (either of which would require an exclusive lock on
    ** WAL_READ_LOCK(mxI)) has not occurred since the snapshot was valid.














    */

    walShmBarrier(pWal);
    if( pInfo->aReadMark[mxI]!=mxReadMark
     || memcmp((void *)walIndexHdr(pWal), &pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr))
    ){
      walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(mxI));
      return WAL_RETRY;
    }else{
................................................................................
  Wal *pWal,                      /* WAL handle */
  Pgno pgno,                      /* Database page number to read data for */
  u32 *piRead                     /* OUT: Frame number (or zero) */
){
  u32 iRead = 0;                  /* If !=0, WAL frame to return data from */
  u32 iLast = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;  /* Last page in WAL for this reader */
  int iHash;                      /* Used to loop through N hash tables */


  /* This routine is only be called from within a read transaction. */
  assert( pWal->readLock>=0 || pWal->lockError );

  /* If the "last page" field of the wal-index header snapshot is 0, then
  ** no data will be read from the wal under any circumstances. Return early
  ** in this case as an optimization.  Likewise, if pWal->readLock==0, 
................................................................................
  **   (aPgno[iFrame]==pgno): 
  **     This condition filters out normal hash-table collisions.
  **
  **   (iFrame<=iLast): 
  **     This condition filters out entries that were added to the hash
  **     table after the current read-transaction had started.
  */

  for(iHash=walFramePage(iLast); iHash>=0 && iRead==0; iHash--){
    volatile ht_slot *aHash;      /* Pointer to hash table */
    volatile u32 *aPgno;          /* Pointer to array of page numbers */
    u32 iZero;                    /* Frame number corresponding to aPgno[0] */
    int iKey;                     /* Hash slot index */
    int nCollide;                 /* Number of hash collisions remaining */
    int rc;                       /* Error code */

................................................................................
    rc = walHashGet(pWal, iHash, &aHash, &aPgno, &iZero);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
    nCollide = HASHTABLE_NSLOT;
    for(iKey=walHash(pgno); aHash[iKey]; iKey=walNextHash(iKey)){
      u32 iFrame = aHash[iKey] + iZero;
      if( iFrame<=iLast && aPgno[aHash[iKey]]==pgno ){
        assert( iFrame>iRead || CORRUPT_DB );
        iRead = iFrame;
      }
      if( (nCollide--)==0 ){
        return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      }
    }
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPENSIVE_ASSERT
  /* If expensive assert() statements are available, do a linear search
  ** of the wal-index file content. Make sure the results agree with the
  ** result obtained using the hash indexes above.  */
  {
    u32 iRead2 = 0;
    u32 iTest;

    for(iTest=iLast; iTest>0; iTest--){
      if( walFramePgno(pWal, iTest)==pgno ){
        iRead2 = iTest;
        break;
      }
    }
    assert( iRead==iRead2 );
  }
................................................................................
/*
** get2byteAligned(), unlike get2byte(), requires that its argument point to a
** two-byte aligned address.  get2bytea() is only used for accessing the
** cell addresses in a btree header.
*/
#if SQLITE_BYTEORDER==4321
# define get2byteAligned(x)  (*(u16*)(x))

#elif SQLITE_BYTEORDER==1234 && GCC_VERSION>=4008000
# define get2byteAligned(x)  __builtin_bswap16(*(u16*)(x))

#elif SQLITE_BYTEORDER==1234 && defined(_MSC_VER) && _MSC_VER>=1300
# define get2byteAligned(x)  _byteswap_ushort(*(u16*)(x))
#else
# define get2byteAligned(x)  ((x)[0]<<8 | (x)[1])
#endif

/************** End of btreeInt.h ********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in btmutex.c ********************/
................................................................................
*/
static void checkAppendMsg(
  IntegrityCk *pCheck,
  const char *zFormat,
  ...
){
  va_list ap;
  char zBuf[200];
  if( !pCheck->mxErr ) return;
  pCheck->mxErr--;
  pCheck->nErr++;
  va_start(ap, zFormat);
  if( pCheck->errMsg.nChar ){
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&pCheck->errMsg, "\n", 1);
  }
  if( pCheck->zPfx ){
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zBuf), zBuf, pCheck->zPfx, pCheck->v1, pCheck->v2);
    sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(&pCheck->errMsg, zBuf);
  }
  sqlite3VXPrintf(&pCheck->errMsg, 1, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
  if( pCheck->errMsg.accError==STRACCUM_NOMEM ){
    pCheck->mallocFailed = 1;
  }
}
................................................................................
}

/*
** The expression object indicated by the second argument is guaranteed
** to be a scalar SQL function. If
**
**   * all function arguments are SQL literals,
**   * the SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT function flag is set, and
**   * the SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL function flag is not set,
**
** then this routine attempts to invoke the SQL function. Assuming no
** error occurs, output parameter (*ppVal) is set to point to a value 
** object containing the result before returning SQLITE_OK.
**
** Affinity aff is applied to the result of the function before returning.
................................................................................
  assert( pCtx!=0 );
  assert( (p->flags & EP_TokenOnly)==0 );
  pList = p->x.pList;
  if( pList ) nVal = pList->nExpr;
  nName = sqlite3Strlen30(p->u.zToken);
  pFunc = sqlite3FindFunction(db, p->u.zToken, nName, nVal, enc, 0);
  assert( pFunc );
  if( (pFunc->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT)==0 
   || (pFunc->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL)
  ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  if( pList ){
    apVal = (sqlite3_value**)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(apVal[0]) * nVal);
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return the SQL associated with a prepared statement
*/
SQLITE_API const char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_sql(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt){
  Vdbe *p = (Vdbe *)pStmt;
  return (p && p->isPrepareV2) ? p->zSql : 0;
}

/*
** Swap all content between two VDBE structures.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSwap(Vdbe *pA, Vdbe *pB){
  Vdbe tmp, *pTmp;
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(Vdbe *p, int op, int p1){
  return sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(p, op, p1, 0, 0);
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(Vdbe *p, int op, int p1, int p2){
  return sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(p, op, p1, p2, 0);
}








































/*
** Add an opcode that includes the p4 value as a pointer.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(
  Vdbe *p,            /* Add the opcode to this VM */
  int op,             /* The new opcode */
................................................................................
){
  int addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(p, op, p1, p2, p3);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(p, addr, zP4, p4type);
  return addr;
}

/*
** Add an opcode that includes the p4 value with a P4_INT64 type.

*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Dup8(
  Vdbe *p,            /* Add the opcode to this VM */
  int op,             /* The new opcode */
  int p1,             /* The P1 operand */
  int p2,             /* The P2 operand */
  int p3,             /* The P3 operand */
................................................................................
** a prior call to sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel().
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(Vdbe *v, int x){
  Parse *p = v->pParse;
  int j = -1-x;
  assert( v->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_INIT );
  assert( j<p->nLabel );

  if( ALWAYS(j>=0) && p->aLabel ){
    p->aLabel[j] = v->nOp;
  }
  p->iFixedOp = v->nOp - 1;
}

/*
** Mark the VDBE as one that can only be run one time.
................................................................................
  ** from failing.  */
  return ( v->db->mallocFailed || hasAbort==mayAbort || hasFkCounter
              || (hasCreateTable && hasInitCoroutine) );
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG - the sqlite3AssertMayAbort() function */

/*
** Loop through the program looking for P2 values that are negative
** on jump instructions.  Each such value is a label.  Resolve the
** label by setting the P2 value to its correct non-zero value.
**

** This routine is called once after all opcodes have been inserted.
**
** Variable *pMaxFuncArgs is set to the maximum value of any P2 argument 
** to an OP_Function, OP_AggStep or OP_VFilter opcode. This is used by 
** sqlite3VdbeMakeReady() to size the Vdbe.apArg[] array.


**
** The Op.opflags field is set on all opcodes.



*/
static void resolveP2Values(Vdbe *p, int *pMaxFuncArgs){
  int i;
  int nMaxArgs = *pMaxFuncArgs;
  Op *pOp;
  Parse *pParse = p->pParse;
  int *aLabel = pParse->aLabel;
................................................................................
}

/*
** Add a whole list of operations to the operation stack.  Return the
** address of the first operation added.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(Vdbe *p, int nOp, VdbeOpList const *aOp, int iLineno){
  int addr;


  assert( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_INIT );
  if( p->nOp + nOp > p->pParse->nOpAlloc && growOpArray(p, nOp) ){
    return 0;
  }
  addr = p->nOp;
  if( ALWAYS(nOp>0) ){
    int i;
    VdbeOpList const *pIn = aOp;
    for(i=0; i<nOp; i++, pIn++){
      int p2 = pIn->p2;
      VdbeOp *pOut = &p->aOp[i+addr];
      pOut->opcode = pIn->opcode;
      pOut->p1 = pIn->p1;
      if( p2<0 ){
        assert( sqlite3OpcodeProperty[pOut->opcode] & OPFLG_JUMP );
        pOut->p2 = addr + ADDR(p2);
      }else{
        pOut->p2 = p2;
      }
      pOut->p3 = pIn->p3;
      pOut->p4type = P4_NOTUSED;
      pOut->p4.p = 0;
      pOut->p5 = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
      pOut->zComment = 0;
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_VDBE_COVERAGE
      pOut->iSrcLine = iLineno+i;
#else
      (void)iLineno;
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
      if( p->db->flags & SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace ){
        sqlite3VdbePrintOp(0, i+addr, &p->aOp[i+addr]);
      }
#endif
    }
    p->nOp += nOp;
  }
  return addr;
}

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS)
/*
** Add an entry to the array of counters managed by sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus().
*/
................................................................................
    p->aScan = aNew;
  }
}
#endif


/*

** Change the value of the P1 operand for a specific instruction.
** This routine is useful when a large program is loaded from a
** static array using sqlite3VdbeAddOpList but we want to make a
** few minor changes to the program.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(Vdbe *p, u32 addr, int val){
  assert( p!=0 );
  if( ((u32)p->nOp)>addr ){
    p->aOp[addr].p1 = val;

  }


}

/*
** Change the value of the P2 operand for a specific instruction.
** This routine is useful for setting a jump destination.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(Vdbe *p, u32 addr, int val){
  assert( p!=0 );
  if( ((u32)p->nOp)>addr ){
    p->aOp[addr].p2 = val;

  }
}

/*
** Change the value of the P3 operand for a specific instruction.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(Vdbe *p, u32 addr, int val){
  assert( p!=0 );
  if( ((u32)p->nOp)>addr ){
    p->aOp[addr].p3 = val;

  }
}

/*
** Change the value of the P5 operand for the most recently
** added operation.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(Vdbe *p, u8 val){
  assert( p!=0 );
  if( p->aOp ){
    assert( p->nOp>0 );
    p->aOp[p->nOp-1].p5 = val;
  }

}

/*
** Change the P2 operand of instruction addr so that it points to
** the address of the next instruction to be coded.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(Vdbe *p, int addr){
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(p, addr, p->nOp);
  p->pParse->iFixedOp = p->nOp - 1;

}


/*
** If the input FuncDef structure is ephemeral, then free it.  If
** the FuncDef is not ephermal, then do nothing.
*/
................................................................................
        CollSeq *pColl = pKeyInfo->aColl[j];
        const char *zColl = pColl ? pColl->zName : "nil";
        int n = sqlite3Strlen30(zColl);
        if( n==6 && memcmp(zColl,"BINARY",6)==0 ){
          zColl = "B";
          n = 1;
        }
        if( i+n>nTemp-6 ){
          memcpy(&zTemp[i],",...",4);

          break;
        }
        zTemp[i++] = ',';
        if( pKeyInfo->aSortOrder[j] ){
          zTemp[i++] = '-';
        }
        memcpy(&zTemp[i], zColl, n+1);
................................................................................
  return sqlite3VdbeRealValue((Mem*)pVal);
}
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_int(sqlite3_value *pVal){
  return (int)sqlite3VdbeIntValue((Mem*)pVal);
}
SQLITE_API sqlite_int64 SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_int64(sqlite3_value *pVal){
  return sqlite3VdbeIntValue((Mem*)pVal);



}
SQLITE_API const unsigned char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_text(sqlite3_value *pVal){
  return (const unsigned char *)sqlite3ValueText(pVal, SQLITE_UTF8);
}
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_text16(sqlite3_value* pVal){
  return sqlite3ValueText(pVal, SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE);
................................................................................
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_int64(sqlite3_context *pCtx, i64 iVal){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->pOut->db->mutex) );
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(pCtx->pOut, iVal);
}
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_null(sqlite3_context *pCtx){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->pOut->db->mutex) );
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pCtx->pOut);




}
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_text(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx, 
  const char *z, 
  int n,
  void (*xDel)(void *)
){
................................................................................
  ** returned if this statement was compiled using the legacy 
  ** sqlite3_prepare() interface. According to the docs, this can only
  ** be one of the values in the first assert() below. Variable p->rc 
  ** contains the value that would be returned if sqlite3_finalize() 
  ** were called on statement p.
  */
  assert( rc==SQLITE_ROW  || rc==SQLITE_DONE   || rc==SQLITE_ERROR 
       || rc==SQLITE_BUSY || rc==SQLITE_MISUSE
  );
  assert( (p->rc!=SQLITE_ROW && p->rc!=SQLITE_DONE) || p->rc==p->rcApp );
  if( p->isPrepareV2 && rc!=SQLITE_ROW && rc!=SQLITE_DONE ){
    /* If this statement was prepared using sqlite3_prepare_v2(), and an
    ** error has occurred, then return the error code in p->rc to the
    ** caller. Set the error code in the database handle to the same value.
    */ 
................................................................................
** IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-46798-50301 The sqlite3_context_db_handle() interface
** returns a copy of the pointer to the database connection (the 1st
** parameter) of the sqlite3_create_function() and
** sqlite3_create_function16() routines that originally registered the
** application defined function.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3 *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_context_db_handle(sqlite3_context *p){
  assert( p && p->pFunc );
  return p->pOut->db;
}

/*
** Return the current time for a statement.  If the current time
** is requested more than once within the same run of a single prepared
** statement, the exact same time is returned for each invocation regardless
................................................................................
  assert( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_RUN );  /* sqlite3_step() verifies this */
  sqlite3VdbeEnter(p);
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    /* This happens if a malloc() inside a call to sqlite3_column_text() or
    ** sqlite3_column_text16() failed.  */
    goto no_mem;
  }
  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || p->rc==SQLITE_BUSY );
  assert( p->bIsReader || p->readOnly!=0 );
  p->rc = SQLITE_OK;
  p->iCurrentTime = 0;
  assert( p->explain==0 );
  p->pResultSet = 0;
  db->busyHandler.nBusy = 0;
  if( db->u1.isInterrupted ) goto abort_due_to_interrupt;
................................................................................
      assert( desiredAutoCommit==1 );
      sqlite3RollbackAll(db, SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK);
      db->autoCommit = 1;
    }else if( (rc = sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(p, 1))!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto vdbe_return;
    }else{
      db->autoCommit = (u8)desiredAutoCommit;

      if( sqlite3VdbeHalt(p)==SQLITE_BUSY ){
        p->pc = (int)(pOp - aOp);
        db->autoCommit = (u8)(1-desiredAutoCommit);
        p->rc = rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
        goto vdbe_return;
      }
    }
    assert( db->nStatement==0 );
    sqlite3CloseSavepoints(db);
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = SQLITE_DONE;
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
................................................................................
    rc = SQLITE_READONLY;
    goto abort_due_to_error;
  }
  pBt = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pBt;

  if( pBt ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pBt, pOp->p2);


    if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
      p->pc = (int)(pOp - aOp);
      p->rc = rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
      goto vdbe_return;
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto abort_due_to_error;
    }

    if( pOp->p2 && p->usesStmtJournal 
................................................................................
          }
        }
      }
#endif
      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        int j;
        for(j=0; j<pIdx->nKeyCol; j++){

          if( pIdx->aiColumn[j]==iCol ){
            zFault = "indexed";
          }
        }
      }
      if( zFault ){
        sqlite3DbFree(db, zErr);
        zErr = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "cannot open %s column for writing", zFault);
................................................................................

  pSrc = p->pSrc;
  if( ALWAYS(pSrc) ){
    for(i=pSrc->nSrc, pItem=pSrc->a; i>0; i--, pItem++){
      if( sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pItem->pSelect) ){
        return WRC_Abort;
      }





    }
  }
  return WRC_Continue;
} 

/*
** Call sqlite3WalkExpr() for every expression in Select statement p.
................................................................................
  }
}

/*
** Turn the pExpr expression into an alias for the iCol-th column of the
** result set in pEList.
**
** If the result set column is a simple column reference, then this routine
** makes an exact copy.  But for any other kind of expression, this
** routine make a copy of the result set column as the argument to the
** TK_AS operator.  The TK_AS operator causes the expression to be
** evaluated just once and then reused for each alias.
**
** The reason for suppressing the TK_AS term when the expression is a simple
** column reference is so that the column reference will be recognized as
** usable by indices within the WHERE clause processing logic. 
**
** The TK_AS operator is inhibited if zType[0]=='G'.  This means
** that in a GROUP BY clause, the expression is evaluated twice.  Hence:
**
**     SELECT random()%5 AS x, count(*) FROM tab GROUP BY x
**
** Is equivalent to:
**
**     SELECT random()%5 AS x, count(*) FROM tab GROUP BY random()%5
**
** The result of random()%5 in the GROUP BY clause is probably different
** from the result in the result-set.  On the other hand Standard SQL does
** not allow the GROUP BY clause to contain references to result-set columns.
** So this should never come up in well-formed queries.
**
** If the reference is followed by a COLLATE operator, then make sure
** the COLLATE operator is preserved.  For example:
**
**     SELECT a+b, c+d FROM t1 ORDER BY 1 COLLATE nocase;
**
** Should be transformed into:
**
................................................................................

  assert( iCol>=0 && iCol<pEList->nExpr );
  pOrig = pEList->a[iCol].pExpr;
  assert( pOrig!=0 );
  db = pParse->db;
  pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOrig, 0);
  if( pDup==0 ) return;
  if( pOrig->op!=TK_COLUMN && zType[0]!='G' ){
    incrAggFunctionDepth(pDup, nSubquery);
    pDup = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_AS, pDup, 0, 0);
    if( pDup==0 ) return;
    ExprSetProperty(pDup, EP_Skip);
    if( pEList->a[iCol].u.x.iAlias==0 ){
      pEList->a[iCol].u.x.iAlias = (u16)(++pParse->nAlias);
    }
    pDup->iTable = pEList->a[iCol].u.x.iAlias;
  }
  if( pExpr->op==TK_COLLATE ){
    pDup = sqlite3ExprAddCollateString(pParse, pDup, pExpr->u.zToken);
  }


  /* Before calling sqlite3ExprDelete(), set the EP_Static flag. This 
  ** prevents ExprDelete() from deleting the Expr structure itself,
  ** allowing it to be repopulated by the memcpy() on the following line.
  ** The pExpr->u.zToken might point into memory that will be freed by the
  ** sqlite3DbFree(db, pDup) on the last line of this block, so be sure to
  ** make a copy of the token before doing the sqlite3DbFree().
................................................................................
        for(j=0, pCol=pTab->aCol; j<pTab->nCol; j++, pCol++){
          if( sqlite3StrICmp(pCol->zName, zCol)==0 ){
            /* If there has been exactly one prior match and this match
            ** is for the right-hand table of a NATURAL JOIN or is in a 
            ** USING clause, then skip this match.
            */
            if( cnt==1 ){
              if( pItem->jointype & JT_NATURAL ) continue;
              if( nameInUsingClause(pItem->pUsing, zCol) ) continue;
            }
            cnt++;
            pMatch = pItem;
            /* Substitute the rowid (column -1) for the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY */
            pExpr->iColumn = j==pTab->iPKey ? -1 : (i16)j;
            break;
................................................................................
          }
        }
      }
      if( pMatch ){
        pExpr->iTable = pMatch->iCursor;
        pExpr->pTab = pMatch->pTab;
        /* RIGHT JOIN not (yet) supported */
        assert( (pMatch->jointype & JT_RIGHT)==0 );
        if( (pMatch->jointype & JT_LEFT)!=0 ){
          ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_CanBeNull);
        }
        pSchema = pExpr->pTab->pSchema;
      }
    } /* if( pSrcList ) */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
................................................................................
    **
    ** In cases like this, replace pExpr with a copy of the expression that
    ** forms the result set entry ("a+b" in the example) and return immediately.
    ** Note that the expression in the result set should have already been
    ** resolved by the time the WHERE clause is resolved.
    **
    ** The ability to use an output result-set column in the WHERE, GROUP BY,
    ** or HAVING clauses, or as part of a larger expression in the ORDRE BY
    ** clause is not standard SQL.  This is a (goofy) SQLite extension, that
    ** is supported for backwards compatibility only.  TO DO: Issue a warning
    ** on sqlite3_log() whenever the capability is used.
    */
    if( (pEList = pNC->pEList)!=0
     && zTab==0
     && cnt==0
    ){
      for(j=0; j<pEList->nExpr; j++){
................................................................................
  pExpr->pLeft = 0;
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr->pRight);
  pExpr->pRight = 0;
  pExpr->op = (isTrigger ? TK_TRIGGER : TK_COLUMN);
lookupname_end:
  if( cnt==1 ){
    assert( pNC!=0 );
    if( pExpr->op!=TK_AS ){
      sqlite3AuthRead(pParse, pExpr, pSchema, pNC->pSrcList);
    }
    /* Increment the nRef value on all name contexts from TopNC up to
    ** the point where the name matched. */
    for(;;){
      assert( pTopNC!=0 );
      pTopNC->nRef++;
................................................................................
    }
    ExprSetProperty(p, EP_Resolved);
  }
  return p;
}

/*
** Report an error that an expression is not valid for a partial index WHERE
** clause.
*/
static void notValidPartIdxWhere(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Leave error message here */
  NameContext *pNC,    /* The name context */
  const char *zMsg     /* Type of error */

){

  if( (pNC->ncFlags & NC_PartIdx)!=0 ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "%s prohibited in partial index WHERE clauses",
                    zMsg);
  }
}


#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
/*
** Report an error that an expression is not valid for a CHECK constraint.
*/
static void notValidCheckConstraint(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Leave error message here */
  NameContext *pNC,    /* The name context */
  const char *zMsg     /* Type of error */
){
  if( (pNC->ncFlags & NC_IsCheck)!=0 ){

    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,"%s prohibited in CHECK constraints", zMsg);
  }
}
#else
# define notValidCheckConstraint(P,N,M)
#endif

/*
** Expression p should encode a floating point value between 1.0 and 0.0.
** Return 1024 times this value.  Or return -1 if p is not a floating point
** value between 1.0 and 0.0.
*/
static int exprProbability(Expr *p){
................................................................................
    case TK_DOT: {
      const char *zColumn;
      const char *zTable;
      const char *zDb;
      Expr *pRight;

      /* if( pSrcList==0 ) break; */


      pRight = pExpr->pRight;
      if( pRight->op==TK_ID ){
        zDb = 0;
        zTable = pExpr->pLeft->u.zToken;
        zColumn = pRight->u.zToken;
      }else{
        assert( pRight->op==TK_DOT );
................................................................................
      int auth;                   /* Authorization to use the function */
      int nId;                    /* Number of characters in function name */
      const char *zId;            /* The function name. */
      FuncDef *pDef;              /* Information about the function */
      u8 enc = ENC(pParse->db);   /* The database encoding */

      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      notValidPartIdxWhere(pParse, pNC, "functions");
      zId = pExpr->u.zToken;
      nId = sqlite3Strlen30(zId);
      pDef = sqlite3FindFunction(pParse->db, zId, nId, n, enc, 0);
      if( pDef==0 ){
        pDef = sqlite3FindFunction(pParse->db, zId, nId, -2, enc, 0);
        if( pDef==0 ){
          no_such_func = 1;
................................................................................
                                    pDef->zName);
            pNC->nErr++;
          }
          pExpr->op = TK_NULL;
          return WRC_Prune;
        }
#endif
        if( pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT ){



          ExprSetProperty(pExpr,EP_ConstFunc);
        }






      }
      if( is_agg && (pNC->ncFlags & NC_AllowAgg)==0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "misuse of aggregate function %.*s()", nId,zId);
        pNC->nErr++;
        is_agg = 0;
      }else if( no_such_func && pParse->db->init.busy==0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no such function: %.*s", nId, zId);
................................................................................
    case TK_SELECT:
    case TK_EXISTS:  testcase( pExpr->op==TK_EXISTS );
#endif
    case TK_IN: {
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_IN );
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        int nRef = pNC->nRef;
        notValidCheckConstraint(pParse, pNC, "subqueries");
        notValidPartIdxWhere(pParse, pNC, "subqueries");
        sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pExpr->x.pSelect);
        assert( pNC->nRef>=nRef );
        if( nRef!=pNC->nRef ){
          ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_VarSelect);
        }
      }
      break;
    }
    case TK_VARIABLE: {
      notValidCheckConstraint(pParse, pNC, "parameters");
      notValidPartIdxWhere(pParse, pNC, "parameters");
      break;
    }
  }
  return (pParse->nErr || pParse->db->mallocFailed) ? WRC_Abort : WRC_Continue;
}

/*
................................................................................
*/
static int resolveSelectStep(Walker *pWalker, Select *p){
  NameContext *pOuterNC;  /* Context that contains this SELECT */
  NameContext sNC;        /* Name context of this SELECT */
  int isCompound;         /* True if p is a compound select */
  int nCompound;          /* Number of compound terms processed so far */
  Parse *pParse;          /* Parsing context */
  ExprList *pEList;       /* Result set expression list */
  int i;                  /* Loop counter */
  ExprList *pGroupBy;     /* The GROUP BY clause */
  Select *pLeftmost;      /* Left-most of SELECT of a compound */
  sqlite3 *db;            /* Database connection */
  

  assert( p!=0 );
................................................................................
        int nRef = 0;             /* Refcount for pOuterNC and outer contexts */
        const char *zSavedContext = pParse->zAuthContext;

        /* Count the total number of references to pOuterNC and all of its
        ** parent contexts. After resolving references to expressions in
        ** pItem->pSelect, check if this value has changed. If so, then
        ** SELECT statement pItem->pSelect must be correlated. Set the
        ** pItem->isCorrelated flag if this is the case. */
        for(pNC=pOuterNC; pNC; pNC=pNC->pNext) nRef += pNC->nRef;

        if( pItem->zName ) pParse->zAuthContext = pItem->zName;
        sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(pParse, pItem->pSelect, pOuterNC);
        pParse->zAuthContext = zSavedContext;
        if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ) return WRC_Abort;

        for(pNC=pOuterNC; pNC; pNC=pNC->pNext) nRef -= pNC->nRef;
        assert( pItem->isCorrelated==0 && nRef<=0 );
        pItem->isCorrelated = (nRef!=0);
      }
    }
  
    /* Set up the local name-context to pass to sqlite3ResolveExprNames() to
    ** resolve the result-set expression list.
    */
    sNC.ncFlags = NC_AllowAgg;
    sNC.pSrcList = p->pSrc;
    sNC.pNext = pOuterNC;
  
    /* Resolve names in the result set. */
    pEList = p->pEList;
    assert( pEList!=0 );
    for(i=0; i<pEList->nExpr; i++){
      Expr *pX = pEList->a[i].pExpr;
      if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, pX) ){
        return WRC_Abort;
      }
    }
  
    /* If there are no aggregate functions in the result-set, and no GROUP BY 
    ** expression, do not allow aggregates in any of the other expressions.
    */
    assert( (p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)==0 );
    pGroupBy = p->pGroupBy;
    if( pGroupBy || (sNC.ncFlags & NC_HasAgg)!=0 ){
................................................................................
    **
    ** Minor point: If this is the case, then the expression will be
    ** re-evaluated for each reference to it.
    */
    sNC.pEList = p->pEList;
    if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, p->pHaving) ) return WRC_Abort;
    if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, p->pWhere) ) return WRC_Abort;











    /* The ORDER BY and GROUP BY clauses may not refer to terms in
    ** outer queries 
    */
    sNC.pNext = 0;
    sNC.ncFlags |= NC_AllowAgg;

................................................................................
  if( pNC->ncFlags & NC_HasAgg ){
    ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_Agg);
  }
  pNC->ncFlags |= savedHasAgg;
  return ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_Error);
}


















/*
** Resolve all names in all expressions of a SELECT and in all
** decendents of the SELECT, including compounds off of p->pPrior,
** subqueries in expressions, and subqueries used as FROM clause
** terms.
**
................................................................................
** is set to -1 and the Expr.iColumn value is set to the column number.
**
** Any errors cause an error message to be set in pParse.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(
  Parse *pParse,      /* Parsing context */
  Table *pTab,        /* The table being referenced */
  int type,           /* NC_IsCheck or NC_PartIdx */
  Expr *pExpr,        /* Expression to resolve.  May be NULL. */
  ExprList *pList     /* Expression list to resolve.  May be NUL. */
){
  SrcList sSrc;                   /* Fake SrcList for pParse->pNewTable */
  NameContext sNC;                /* Name context for pParse->pNewTable */
  int i;                          /* Loop counter */

  assert( type==NC_IsCheck || type==NC_PartIdx );
  memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
  memset(&sSrc, 0, sizeof(sSrc));
  sSrc.nSrc = 1;
  sSrc.a[0].zName = pTab->zName;
  sSrc.a[0].pTab = pTab;
  sSrc.a[0].iCursor = -1;
  sNC.pParse = pParse;
  sNC.pSrcList = &sSrc;
  sNC.ncFlags = type;
  if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, pExpr) ) return;
  if( pList ){
    for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
      if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, pList->a[i].pExpr) ){
        return;
      }
    }
  }
}

/************** End of resolve.c *********************************************/
/************** Begin file expr.c ********************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
................................................................................
  assert( zC!=0 );
  s.z = zC;
  s.n = sqlite3Strlen30(s.z);
  return sqlite3ExprAddCollateToken(pParse, pExpr, &s, 0);
}

/*
** Skip over any TK_COLLATE or TK_AS operators and any unlikely()
** or likelihood() function at the root of an expression.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(Expr *pExpr){
  while( pExpr && ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_Skip) ){
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_Unlikely) ){
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      assert( pExpr->x.pList->nExpr>0 );
      assert( pExpr->op==TK_FUNCTION );
      pExpr = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
    }else{
      assert( pExpr->op==TK_COLLATE || pExpr->op==TK_AS );
      pExpr = pExpr->pLeft;
    }
  }   
  return pExpr;
}

/*
................................................................................
**
** Construct a new expression node and return a pointer to it.  Memory
** for this node and for the pToken argument is a single allocation
** obtained from sqlite3DbMalloc().  The calling function
** is responsible for making sure the node eventually gets freed.
**
** If dequote is true, then the token (if it exists) is dequoted.
** If dequote is false, no dequoting is performance.  The deQuote
** parameter is ignored if pToken is NULL or if the token does not
** appear to be quoted.  If the quotes were of the form "..." (double-quotes)
** then the EP_DblQuoted flag is set on the expression node.
**
** Special case:  If op==TK_INTEGER and pToken points to a string that
** can be translated into a 32-bit integer, then the token is not
** stored in u.zToken.  Instead, the integer values is written
................................................................................
    struct SrcList_item *pNewItem = &pNew->a[i];
    struct SrcList_item *pOldItem = &p->a[i];
    Table *pTab;
    pNewItem->pSchema = pOldItem->pSchema;
    pNewItem->zDatabase = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pOldItem->zDatabase);
    pNewItem->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pOldItem->zName);
    pNewItem->zAlias = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pOldItem->zAlias);
    pNewItem->jointype = pOldItem->jointype;
    pNewItem->iCursor = pOldItem->iCursor;
    pNewItem->addrFillSub = pOldItem->addrFillSub;
    pNewItem->regReturn = pOldItem->regReturn;
    pNewItem->isCorrelated = pOldItem->isCorrelated;
    pNewItem->viaCoroutine = pOldItem->viaCoroutine;
    pNewItem->isRecursive = pOldItem->isRecursive;
    pNewItem->zIndexedBy = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pOldItem->zIndexedBy);


    pNewItem->notIndexed = pOldItem->notIndexed;
    pNewItem->pIndex = pOldItem->pIndex;


    pTab = pNewItem->pTab = pOldItem->pTab;
    if( pTab ){
      pTab->nRef++;
    }
    pNewItem->pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pOldItem->pSelect, flags);
    pNewItem->pOn = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOldItem->pOn, flags);
    pNewItem->pUsing = sqlite3IdListDup(db, pOldItem->pUsing);
................................................................................

no_mem:     
  /* Avoid leaking memory if malloc has failed. */
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr);
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pList);
  return 0;
}















/*
** Set the ExprList.a[].zName element of the most recently added item
** on the expression list.
**
** pList might be NULL following an OOM error.  But pName should never be
** NULL.  If a memory allocation fails, the pParse->db->mallocFailed flag
................................................................................
                          (void*)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, affinity | SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      }
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regToFree);
    }
    if( regCkNull ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regCkNull, destIfNull); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, destIfFalse);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, labelOk);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regCkNull);
  }else{
  
    /* If the LHS is NULL, then the result is either false or NULL depending
    ** on whether the RHS is empty or not, respectively.
................................................................................
        /* Shortcut for the common case where the false and NULL outcomes are
        ** the same. */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, r1, destIfNull); VdbeCoverage(v);
      }else{
        int addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NotNull, r1); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, pExpr->iTable, destIfFalse);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, destIfNull);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
      }
    }
  
    if( eType==IN_INDEX_ROWID ){
      /* In this case, the RHS is the ROWID of table b-tree
      */
................................................................................
        ** answer is NULL if the RHS contains NULLs and the answer is
        ** FALSE if the RHS is NULL-free.
        */
        j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, pExpr->iTable, 0, r1, 1);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, rRhsHasNull, destIfNull);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, destIfFalse);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
      }
    }
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
  sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
  VdbeComment((v, "end IN expr"));
................................................................................
  struct yColCache *p;
  for(i=0, p=pParse->aColCache; i<SQLITE_N_COLCACHE; i++, p++){
    if( p->iReg==iReg ){
      p->tempReg = 0;
    }
  }
}























/*
** Generate code to extract the value of the iCol-th column of a table.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(
  Vdbe *v,        /* The VDBE under construction */
  Table *pTab,    /* The table containing the value */
................................................................................
      int iTab = pExpr->iTable;
      if( iTab<0 ){
        if( pParse->ckBase>0 ){
          /* Generating CHECK constraints or inserting into partial index */
          inReg = pExpr->iColumn + pParse->ckBase;
          break;
        }else{
          /* Deleting from a partial index */

          iTab = pParse->iPartIdxTab;
        }
      }
      inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(pParse, pExpr->pTab,
                               pExpr->iColumn, iTab, target,
                               pExpr->op2);
      break;
    }
................................................................................
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      codeReal(v, pExpr->u.zToken, 0, target);
      break;
    }
#endif
    case TK_STRING: {
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, target, 0, pExpr->u.zToken, 0);
      break;
    }
    case TK_NULL: {
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, target);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL
................................................................................
      }
      break;
    }
    case TK_REGISTER: {
      inReg = pExpr->iTable;
      break;
    }
    case TK_AS: {
      inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, target);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
      inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, target);
      if( inReg!=target ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, inReg, target);
        inReg = target;
................................................................................
            testcase( pDef->funcFlags & OPFLAG_LENGTHARG );
            pFarg->a[0].pExpr->op2 = 
                  pDef->funcFlags & (OPFLAG_LENGTHARG|OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG);
          }
        }

        sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);     /* Ticket 2ea2425d34be */
        sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse, pFarg, r1,
                                SQLITE_ECEL_DUP|SQLITE_ECEL_FACTOR);
        sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);      /* Ticket 2ea2425d34be */
      }else{
        r1 = 0;
      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
      /* Possibly overload the function if the first argument is
................................................................................
          pTest = aListelem[i].pExpr;
        }
        nextCase = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
        testcase( pTest->op==TK_COLUMN );
        sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pTest, nextCase, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
        testcase( aListelem[i+1].pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN );
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, aListelem[i+1].pExpr, target);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, endLabel);
        sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, nextCase);
      }
      if( (nExpr&1)!=0 ){
        sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pEList->a[nExpr-1].pExpr, target);
        sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
................................................................................
** The SQLITE_ECEL_FACTOR argument allows constant arguments to be
** factored out into initialization code.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(
  Parse *pParse,     /* Parsing context */
  ExprList *pList,   /* The expression list to be coded */
  int target,        /* Where to write results */

  u8 flags           /* SQLITE_ECEL_* flags */
){
  struct ExprList_item *pItem;
  int i, n;
  u8 copyOp = (flags & SQLITE_ECEL_DUP) ? OP_Copy : OP_SCopy;

  assert( pList!=0 );
  assert( target>0 );
  assert( pParse->pVdbe!=0 );  /* Never gets this far otherwise */
  n = pList->nExpr;
  if( !ConstFactorOk(pParse) ) flags &= ~SQLITE_ECEL_FACTOR;
  for(pItem=pList->a, i=0; i<n; i++, pItem++){
    Expr *pExpr = pItem->pExpr;


    if( (flags & SQLITE_ECEL_FACTOR)!=0 && sqlite3ExprIsConstant(pExpr) ){
      sqlite3ExprCodeAtInit(pParse, pExpr, target+i, 0);
    }else{
      int inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr, target+i);
      if( inReg!=target+i ){
        VdbeOp *pOp;
        Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
        if( copyOp==OP_Copy
         && (pOp=sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, -1))->opcode==OP_Copy
         && pOp->p1+pOp->p3+1==inReg
         && pOp->p2+pOp->p3+1==target+i
        ){
          pOp->p3++;
        }else{
................................................................................
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
    case TK_IN: {
      int destIfFalse = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      int destIfNull = jumpIfNull ? dest : destIfFalse;
      sqlite3ExprCodeIN(pParse, pExpr, destIfFalse, destIfNull);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, dest);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, destIfFalse);
      break;
    }
#endif
    default: {
      if( exprAlwaysTrue(pExpr) ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, dest);
      }else if( exprAlwaysFalse(pExpr) ){
        /* No-op */
      }else{
        r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr, &regFree1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_If, r1, dest, jumpIfNull!=0);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
        testcase( regFree1==0 );
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, destIfNull);
      }
      break;
    }
#endif
    default: {
      if( exprAlwaysFalse(pExpr) ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, dest);
      }else if( exprAlwaysTrue(pExpr) ){
        /* no-op */
      }else{
        r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr, &regFree1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IfNot, r1, dest, jumpIfNull!=0);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
        testcase( regFree1==0 );
................................................................................
    }
    if( pB->op==TK_COLLATE && sqlite3ExprCompare(pA, pB->pLeft, iTab)<2 ){
      return 1;
    }
    return 2;
  }
  if( pA->op!=TK_COLUMN && ALWAYS(pA->op!=TK_AGG_COLUMN) && pA->u.zToken ){


    if( strcmp(pA->u.zToken,pB->u.zToken)!=0 ){
      return pA->op==TK_COLLATE ? 1 : 2;
    }
  }
  if( (pA->flags & EP_Distinct)!=(pB->flags & EP_Distinct) ) return 2;
  if( ALWAYS((combinedFlags & EP_TokenOnly)==0) ){
    if( combinedFlags & EP_xIsSelect ) return 2;
    if( sqlite3ExprCompare(pA->pLeft, pB->pLeft, iTab) ) return 2;
................................................................................
  ** one is defined. The xRename() callback will modify the names
  ** of any resources used by the v-table implementation (including other
  ** SQLite tables) that are identified by the name of the virtual table.
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if( pVTab ){
    int i = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, i, 0, zName, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VRename, i, 0, 0,(const char*)pVTab, P4_VTAB);
    sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
  }
#endif

  /* figure out how many UTF-8 characters are in zName */
  zTabName = pTab->zName;
................................................................................
  ** to use for scanning indexes (iIdxCur). No index cursor is opened at
  ** this time though.  */
  sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);
  iTabCur = iTab++;
  iIdxCur = iTab++;
  pParse->nTab = MAX(pParse->nTab, iTab);
  sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iTabCur, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regTabname, 0, pTab->zName, 0);

  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    int nCol;                     /* Number of columns in pIdx. "N" */
    int addrRewind;               /* Address of "OP_Rewind iIdxCur" */
    int addrNextRow;              /* Address of "next_row:" */
    const char *zIdxName;         /* Name of the index */
    int nColTest;                 /* Number of columns to test for changes */
................................................................................
    }else{
      nCol = pIdx->nColumn;
      zIdxName = pIdx->zName;
      nColTest = pIdx->uniqNotNull ? pIdx->nKeyCol-1 : nCol-1;
    }

    /* Populate the register containing the index name. */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regIdxname, 0, zIdxName, 0);
    VdbeComment((v, "Analysis for %s.%s", pTab->zName, zIdxName));

    /*
    ** Pseudo-code for loop that calls stat_push():
    **
    **   Rewind csr
    **   if eof(csr) goto end_of_scan;
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, regTemp);
        aGotoChng[i] = 
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Ne, regTemp, 0, regPrev+i, pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NULLEQ);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, nColTest, regChng);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, endDistinctTest);
  
  
      /*
      **  chng_addr_0:
      **   regPrev(0) = idx(0)
      **  chng_addr_1:
      **   regPrev(1) = idx(1)
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxRowid, iIdxCur, regRowid);
    }else{
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx->pTable);
      int j, k, regKey;
      regKey = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, pPk->nKeyCol);
      for(j=0; j<pPk->nKeyCol; j++){
        k = sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(pIdx, pPk->aiColumn[j]);

        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, k, regKey+j);
        VdbeComment((v, "%s", pTab->aCol[pPk->aiColumn[j]].zName));
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regKey, pPk->nKeyCol, regRowid);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regKey, pPk->nKeyCol);
    }
#endif
................................................................................
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NDLT, regDLt);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, seekOp, iTabCur, addrNext, regSampleRowid, 0);
      /* We know that the regSampleRowid row exists because it was read by
      ** the previous loop.  Thus the not-found jump of seekOp will never
      ** be taken */
      VdbeCoverageNeverTaken(v);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
      sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur, 
                                      pIdx->aiColumn[0], regSample);
#else
      for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
        i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur, iCol, regCol+i);

      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regCol, nCol, regSample);
#endif
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 6, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur+1, regNewRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur+1, regTemp, regNewRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 1, addrNext); /* P1==1 for end-of-loop */
................................................................................
        pParse->okConstFactor = 0;
        for(i=0; i<pEL->nExpr; i++){
          sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pEL->a[i].pExpr, pEL->a[i].u.iConstExprReg);
        }
      }

      /* Finally, jump back to the beginning of the executable code. */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, 1);
    }
  }


  /* Get the VDBE program ready for execution
  */
  if( v && pParse->nErr==0 && !db->mallocFailed ){
................................................................................
  if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ){
    return 0;
  }

  p = sqlite3FindTable(pParse->db, zName, zDbase);
  if( p==0 ){
    const char *zMsg = isView ? "no such view" : "no such table";











    if( zDbase ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "%s: %s.%s", zMsg, zDbase, zName);
    }else{
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "%s: %s", zMsg, zName);
    }
    pParse->checkSchema = 1;
  }
................................................................................
** Reclaim the memory used by an index
*/
static void freeIndex(sqlite3 *db, Index *p){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE
  sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(db, p);
#endif
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pPartIdxWhere);

  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zColAff);
  if( p->isResized ) sqlite3DbFree(db, p->azColl);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  sqlite3_free(p->aiRowEst);
#endif
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
}
................................................................................
  db->flags &= ~SQLITE_InternChanges;
}

/*
** Delete memory allocated for the column names of a table or view (the
** Table.aCol[] array).
*/
static void sqliteDeleteColumnNames(sqlite3 *db, Table *pTable){
  int i;
  Column *pCol;
  assert( pTable!=0 );
  if( (pCol = pTable->aCol)!=0 ){
    for(i=0; i<pTable->nCol; i++, pCol++){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pCol->zName);
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pCol->pDflt);
................................................................................
  }

  /* Delete any foreign keys attached to this table. */
  sqlite3FkDelete(db, pTable);

  /* Delete the Table structure itself.
  */
  sqliteDeleteColumnNames(db, pTable);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pTable->zName);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pTable->zColAff);
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pTable->pSelect);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pTable->pCheck);
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  sqlite3VtabClear(db, pTable);
#endif
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pTable);

  /* Verify that no lookaside memory was used by schema tables */
  assert( nLookaside==0 || nLookaside==db->lookaside.nOut );
................................................................................
  ** indices.  Hence, the record number for the table must be allocated
  ** now.
  */
  if( !db->init.busy && (v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse))!=0 ){
    int j1;
    int fileFormat;
    int reg1, reg2, reg3;


    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, iDb);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    if( isVirtual ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_VBegin);
    }
#endif
................................................................................
    }else
#endif
    {
      pParse->addrCrTab = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_CreateTable, iDb, reg2);
    }
    sqlite3OpenMasterTable(pParse, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, 0, reg1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, reg3);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, 0, reg3, reg1);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Close);
  }

  /* Normal (non-error) return. */
  return;
................................................................................
    iCol = pTab->nCol - 1;
    pTab->aCol[iCol].colFlags |= COLFLAG_PRIMKEY;
    zType = pTab->aCol[iCol].zType;
    nTerm = 1;
  }else{
    nTerm = pList->nExpr;
    for(i=0; i<nTerm; i++){




      for(iCol=0; iCol<pTab->nCol; iCol++){
        if( sqlite3StrICmp(pList->a[i].zName, pTab->aCol[iCol].zName)==0 ){
          pTab->aCol[iCol].colFlags |= COLFLAG_PRIMKEY;
          zType = pTab->aCol[iCol].zType;
          break;

        }
      }
    }
  }
  if( nTerm==1
   && zType && sqlite3StrICmp(zType, "INTEGER")==0
   && sortOrder==SQLITE_SO_ASC
  ){
    pTab->iPKey = iCol;
    pTab->keyConf = (u8)onError;
    assert( autoInc==0 || autoInc==1 );
    pTab->tabFlags |= autoInc*TF_Autoincrement;
    if( pList ) pParse->iPkSortOrder = pList->a[0].sortOrder;
  }else if( autoInc ){
................................................................................

  /* Convert the OP_CreateTable opcode that would normally create the
  ** root-page for the table into an OP_CreateIndex opcode.  The index
  ** created will become the PRIMARY KEY index.
  */
  if( pParse->addrCrTab ){
    assert( v );
    sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, pParse->addrCrTab)->opcode = OP_CreateIndex;
  }

  /* Locate the PRIMARY KEY index.  Or, if this table was originally
  ** an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY table, create a new PRIMARY KEY index. 
  */
  if( pTab->iPKey>=0 ){
    ExprList *pList;



    pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, 0);

    if( pList==0 ) return;
    pList->a[0].zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(pParse->db,
                                        pTab->aCol[pTab->iPKey].zName);
    pList->a[0].sortOrder = pParse->iPkSortOrder;
    assert( pParse->pNewTable==pTab );
    pPk = sqlite3CreateIndex(pParse, 0, 0, 0, pList, pTab->keyConf, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    if( pPk==0 ) return;
    pPk->idxType = SQLITE_IDXTYPE_PRIMARYKEY;
    pTab->iPKey = -1;
  }else{
................................................................................

    /* Bypass the creation of the PRIMARY KEY btree and the sqlite_master
    ** table entry. This is only required if currently generating VDBE
    ** code for a CREATE TABLE (not when parsing one as part of reading
    ** a database schema).  */
    if( v ){
      assert( db->init.busy==0 );
      sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, pPk->tnum)->opcode = OP_Goto;
    }

    /*
    ** Remove all redundant columns from the PRIMARY KEY.  For example, change
    ** "PRIMARY KEY(a,b,a,b,c,b,c,d)" into just "PRIMARY KEY(a,b,c,d)".  Later
    ** code assumes the PRIMARY KEY contains no repeated columns.
    */
................................................................................
  Select *pSelect         /* Select from a "CREATE ... AS SELECT" */
){
  Table *p;                 /* The new table */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db; /* The database connection */
  int iDb;                  /* Database in which the table lives */
  Index *pIdx;              /* An implied index of the table */

  if( (pEnd==0 && pSelect==0) || db->mallocFailed ){
    return;
  }

  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p==0 ) return;

  assert( !db->init.busy || !pSelect );

  /* If the db->init.busy is 1 it means we are reading the SQL off the
  ** "sqlite_master" or "sqlite_temp_master" table on the disk.
................................................................................
      sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pSelTab);
      addrInsLoop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, dest.iSDParm);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, dest.iSdst, dest.nSdst, regRec);
      sqlite3TableAffinity(v, p, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, 1, regRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, 1, regRec, regRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrInsLoop);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrInsLoop);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, 1);
    }

    /* Compute the complete text of the CREATE statement */
    if( pSelect ){
      zStmt = createTableStmt(db, p);
................................................................................
** The parser calls this routine in order to create a new VIEW
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CreateView(
  Parse *pParse,     /* The parsing context */
  Token *pBegin,     /* The CREATE token that begins the statement */
  Token *pName1,     /* The token that holds the name of the view */
  Token *pName2,     /* The token that holds the name of the view */

  Select *pSelect,   /* A SELECT statement that will become the new view */
  int isTemp,        /* TRUE for a TEMPORARY view */
  int noErr          /* Suppress error messages if VIEW already exists */
){
  Table *p;
  int n;
  const char *z;
................................................................................
  if( pParse->nVar>0 ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "parameters are not allowed in views");
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);
    return;
  }
  sqlite3StartTable(pParse, pName1, pName2, isTemp, 1, 0, noErr);
  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p==0 || pParse->nErr ){
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);
    return;
  }
  sqlite3TwoPartName(pParse, pName1, pName2, &pName);
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, p->pSchema);
  sqlite3FixInit(&sFix, pParse, iDb, "view", pName);
  if( sqlite3FixSelect(&sFix, pSelect) ){
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);
    return;
  }

  /* Make a copy of the entire SELECT statement that defines the view.
  ** This will force all the Expr.token.z values to be dynamically
  ** allocated rather than point to the input string - which means that
  ** they will persist after the current sqlite3_exec() call returns.
  */
  p->pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pSelect, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    return;
  }
  if( !db->init.busy ){
    sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(pParse, p);
  }

  /* Locate the end of the CREATE VIEW statement.  Make sEnd point to
  ** the end.
  */
  sEnd = pParse->sLastToken;

  if( ALWAYS(sEnd.z[0]!=0) && sEnd.z[0]!=';' ){
    sEnd.z += sEnd.n;
  }
  sEnd.n = 0;
  n = (int)(sEnd.z - pBegin->z);

  z = pBegin->z;
  while( ALWAYS(n>0) && sqlite3Isspace(z[n-1]) ){ n--; }
  sEnd.z = &z[n-1];
  sEnd.n = 1;

  /* Use sqlite3EndTable() to add the view to the SQLITE_MASTER table */
  sqlite3EndTable(pParse, 0, &sEnd, 0, 0);




  return;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW */

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)
/*
** The Table structure pTable is really a VIEW.  Fill in the names of
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(Parse *pParse, Table *pTable){
  Table *pSelTab;   /* A fake table from which we get the result set */
  Select *pSel;     /* Copy of the SELECT that implements the view */
  int nErr = 0;     /* Number of errors encountered */
  int n;            /* Temporarily holds the number of cursors assigned */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;  /* Database connection for malloc errors */
  sqlite3_xauth xAuth;       /* Saved xAuth pointer */


  assert( pTable );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if( sqlite3VtabCallConnect(pParse, pTable) ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
................................................................................
  ** Note that the call to sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect() will expand any
  ** "*" elements in the results set of the view and will assign cursors
  ** to the elements of the FROM clause.  But we do not want these changes
  ** to be permanent.  So the computation is done on a copy of the SELECT
  ** statement that defines the view.
  */
  assert( pTable->pSelect );






  pSel = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pTable->pSelect, 0);
  if( pSel ){
    u8 enableLookaside = db->lookaside.bEnabled;
    n = pParse->nTab;
    sqlite3SrcListAssignCursors(pParse, pSel->pSrc);
    pTable->nCol = -1;
    db->lookaside.bEnabled = 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
    xAuth = db->xAuth;
    db->xAuth = 0;
    pSelTab = sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect(pParse, pSel);
    db->xAuth = xAuth;
#else
    pSelTab = sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect(pParse, pSel);
#endif
    db->lookaside.bEnabled = enableLookaside;
    pParse->nTab = n;
    if( pSelTab ){
      assert( pTable->aCol==0 );
      pTable->nCol = pSelTab->nCol;
      pTable->aCol = pSelTab->aCol;
      pSelTab->nCol = 0;
      pSelTab->aCol = 0;
      sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pSelTab);
      assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, 0, pTable->pSchema) );
      pTable->pSchema->schemaFlags |= DB_UnresetViews;
    }else{
      pTable->nCol = 0;
      nErr++;
    }
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSel);
  } else {
    nErr++;
  }



#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW */
  return nErr;  
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE) */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW
/*
................................................................................
static void sqliteViewResetAll(sqlite3 *db, int idx){
  HashElem *i;
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, idx, 0) );
  if( !DbHasProperty(db, idx, DB_UnresetViews) ) return;
  for(i=sqliteHashFirst(&db->aDb[idx].pSchema->tblHash); i;i=sqliteHashNext(i)){
    Table *pTab = sqliteHashData(i);
    if( pTab->pSelect ){
      sqliteDeleteColumnNames(db, pTab);
      pTab->aCol = 0;
      pTab->nCol = 0;
    }
  }
  DbClearProperty(db, idx, DB_UnresetViews);
}
#else
................................................................................
                    (char *)pKey, P4_KEYINFO);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_BULKCSR|((memRootPage>=0)?OPFLAG_P2ISREG:0));

  addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterSort, iSorter, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
  assert( pKey!=0 || db->mallocFailed || pParse->nErr );
  if( IsUniqueIndex(pIndex) && pKey!=0 ){
    int j2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 3;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, j2);
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_SorterCompare, iSorter, j2, regRecord,
                         pIndex->nKeyCol); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3UniqueConstraint(pParse, OE_Abort, pIndex);
  }else{
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  }
................................................................................
    p->aSortOrder = (u8*)pExtra;
    p->nColumn = nCol;
    p->nKeyCol = nCol - 1;
    *ppExtra = ((char*)p) + nByte;
  }
  return p;
}

























/*
** Create a new index for an SQL table.  pName1.pName2 is the name of the index 
** and pTblList is the name of the table that is to be indexed.  Both will 
** be NULL for a primary key or an index that is created to satisfy a
** UNIQUE constraint.  If pTable and pIndex are NULL, use pParse->pNewTable
** as the table to be indexed.  pParse->pNewTable is a table that is
................................................................................
  DbFixer sFix;        /* For assigning database names to pTable */
  int sortOrderMask;   /* 1 to honor DESC in index.  0 to ignore. */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Db *pDb;             /* The specific table containing the indexed database */
  int iDb;             /* Index of the database that is being written */
  Token *pName = 0;    /* Unqualified name of the index to create */
  struct ExprList_item *pListItem; /* For looping over pList */
  const Column *pTabCol;           /* A column in the table */
  int nExtra = 0;                  /* Space allocated for zExtra[] */
  int nExtraCol;                   /* Number of extra columns needed */
  char *zExtra = 0;                /* Extra space after the Index object */
  Index *pPk = 0;      /* PRIMARY KEY index for WITHOUT ROWID tables */

  if( db->mallocFailed || IN_DECLARE_VTAB || pParse->nErr>0 ){
    goto exit_create_index;
................................................................................
#endif

  /* If pList==0, it means this routine was called to make a primary
  ** key out of the last column added to the table under construction.
  ** So create a fake list to simulate this.
  */
  if( pList==0 ){



    pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, 0);

    if( pList==0 ) goto exit_create_index;
    pList->a[0].zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(pParse->db,
                                        pTab->aCol[pTab->nCol-1].zName);
    pList->a[0].sortOrder = (u8)sortOrder;




  }

  /* Figure out how many bytes of space are required to store explicitly
  ** specified collation sequence names.
  */
  for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *pExpr = pList->a[i].pExpr;
    if( pExpr ){
      assert( pExpr->op==TK_COLLATE );
      nExtra += (1 + sqlite3Strlen30(pExpr->u.zToken));
    }
  }

  /* 
  ** Allocate the index structure. 
  */
................................................................................
  */
  if( pDb->pSchema->file_format>=4 ){
    sortOrderMask = -1;   /* Honor DESC */
  }else{
    sortOrderMask = 0;    /* Ignore DESC */
  }

  /* Scan the names of the columns of the table to be indexed and
  ** load the column indices into the Index structure.  Report an error
  ** if any column is not found.

  **
  ** TODO:  Add a test to make sure that the same column is not named
  ** more than once within the same index.  Only the first instance of
  ** the column will ever be used by the optimizer.  Note that using the
  ** same column more than once cannot be an error because that would 
  ** break backwards compatibility - it needs to be a warning.
  */
  for(i=0, pListItem=pList->a; i<pList->nExpr; i++, pListItem++){
    const char *zColName = pListItem->zName;

    int requestedSortOrder;
    char *zColl;                   /* Collation sequence name */


    for(j=0, pTabCol=pTab->aCol; j<pTab->nCol; j++, pTabCol++){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(zColName, pTabCol->zName)==0 ) break;
    }

    if( j>=pTab->nCol ){

      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "table %s has no column named %s",
        pTab->zName, zColName);
      pParse->checkSchema = 1;
      goto exit_create_index;
    }













    assert( j<=0x7fff );





    pIndex->aiColumn[i] = (i16)j;


    if( pListItem->pExpr ){
      int nColl;
      assert( pListItem->pExpr->op==TK_COLLATE );
      zColl = pListItem->pExpr->u.zToken;
      nColl = sqlite3Strlen30(zColl) + 1;
      assert( nExtra>=nColl );
      memcpy(zExtra, zColl, nColl);
      zColl = zExtra;
      zExtra += nColl;
      nExtra -= nColl;
    }else{
      zColl = pTab->aCol[j].zColl;
      if( !zColl ) zColl = "BINARY";
    }

    if( !db->init.busy && !sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, zColl) ){
      goto exit_create_index;
    }
    pIndex->azColl[i] = zColl;
    requestedSortOrder = pListItem->sortOrder & sortOrderMask;
    pIndex->aSortOrder[i] = (u8)requestedSortOrder;
    if( pTab->aCol[j].notNull==0 ) pIndex->uniqNotNull = 0;
  }





  if( pPk ){
    for(j=0; j<pPk->nKeyCol; j++){
      int x = pPk->aiColumn[j];

      if( hasColumn(pIndex->aiColumn, pIndex->nKeyCol, x) ){
        pIndex->nColumn--; 
      }else{
        pIndex->aiColumn[i] = x;
        pIndex->azColl[i] = pPk->azColl[j];
        pIndex->aSortOrder[i] = pPk->aSortOrder[j];
        i++;
................................................................................
      assert( pIdx->idxType!=SQLITE_IDXTYPE_APPDEF );
      assert( IsUniqueIndex(pIndex) );

      if( pIdx->nKeyCol!=pIndex->nKeyCol ) continue;
      for(k=0; k<pIdx->nKeyCol; k++){
        const char *z1;
        const char *z2;

        if( pIdx->aiColumn[k]!=pIndex->aiColumn[k] ) break;
        z1 = pIdx->azColl[k];
        z2 = pIndex->azColl[k];
        if( z1!=z2 && sqlite3StrICmp(z1, z2) ) break;
      }
      if( k==pIdx->nKeyCol ){
        if( pIdx->onError!=pIndex->onError ){
................................................................................
      }
    }
  }

  /* Link the new Index structure to its table and to the other
  ** in-memory database structures. 
  */

  if( db->init.busy ){
    Index *p;
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, 0, pIndex->pSchema) );
    p = sqlite3HashInsert(&pIndex->pSchema->idxHash, 
                          pIndex->zName, pIndex);
    if( p ){
      assert( p==pIndex );  /* Malloc must have failed */
................................................................................
  ** of a WITHOUT ROWID table.
  **
  ** If pTblName==0 it means this index is generated as an implied PRIMARY KEY
  ** or UNIQUE index in a CREATE TABLE statement.  Since the table
  ** has just been created, it contains no data and the index initialization
  ** step can be skipped.
  */
  else if( pParse->nErr==0 && (HasRowid(pTab) || pTblName!=0) ){
    Vdbe *v;
    char *zStmt;
    int iMem = ++pParse->nMem;

    v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
    if( v==0 ) goto exit_create_index;

................................................................................
  int i;
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;
  if( pList==0 ) return;
  for(pItem=pList->a, i=0; i<pList->nSrc; i++, pItem++){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zDatabase);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zName);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zAlias);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zIndexedBy);

    sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pItem->pTab);
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pItem->pSelect);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pItem->pOn);
    sqlite3IdListDelete(db, pItem->pUsing);
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pList);
}
................................................................................
** Add an INDEXED BY or NOT INDEXED clause to the most recently added 
** element of the source-list passed as the second argument.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListIndexedBy(Parse *pParse, SrcList *p, Token *pIndexedBy){
  assert( pIndexedBy!=0 );
  if( p && ALWAYS(p->nSrc>0) ){
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &p->a[p->nSrc-1];
    assert( pItem->notIndexed==0 && pItem->zIndexedBy==0 );


    if( pIndexedBy->n==1 && !pIndexedBy->z ){
      /* A "NOT INDEXED" clause was supplied. See parse.y 
      ** construct "indexed_opt" for details. */
      pItem->notIndexed = 1;
    }else{
      pItem->zIndexedBy = sqlite3NameFromToken(pParse->db, pIndexedBy);

    }
  }
}


















/*
** When building up a FROM clause in the parser, the join operator
** is initially attached to the left operand.  But the code generator
** expects the join operator to be on the right operand.  This routine
** Shifts all join operators from left to right for an entire FROM
** clause.
................................................................................
** in p->a[0] and p->a[1], respectively.  The parser initially stores the
** operator with A.  This routine shifts that operator over to B.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListShiftJoinType(SrcList *p){
  if( p ){
    int i;
    for(i=p->nSrc-1; i>0; i--){
      p->a[i].jointype = p->a[i-1].jointype;
    }
    p->a[0].jointype = 0;
  }
}

/*
** Begin a transaction
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BeginTransaction(Parse *pParse, int type){
................................................................................
){
  char *zErr;
  int j;
  StrAccum errMsg;
  Table *pTab = pIdx->pTable;

  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&errMsg, pParse->db, 0, 0, 200);



  for(j=0; j<pIdx->nKeyCol; j++){


    char *zCol = pTab->aCol[pIdx->aiColumn[j]].zName;
    if( j ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&errMsg, ", ", 2);
    sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(&errMsg, pTab->zName);
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&errMsg, ".", 1);
    sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(&errMsg, zCol);


  }
  zErr = sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&errMsg);
  sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, 
    IsPrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx) ? SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_PRIMARYKEY 
                            : SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_UNIQUE,
    onError, zErr, P4_DYNAMIC, P5_ConstraintUnique);
}
................................................................................
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pQuery);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zName);
    pNew = pWith;
  }else{
    pNew->a[pNew->nCte].pSelect = pQuery;
    pNew->a[pNew->nCte].pCols = pArglist;
    pNew->a[pNew->nCte].zName = zName;
    pNew->a[pNew->nCte].zErr = 0;
    pNew->nCte++;
  }

  return pNew;
}

/*
................................................................................
    if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, memCnt, 1);
    }
  
    /* Extract the rowid or primary key for the current row */
    if( pPk ){
      for(i=0; i<nPk; i++){

        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur,
                                        pPk->aiColumn[i], iPk+i);
      }
      iKey = iPk;
    }else{
      iKey = pParse->nMem + 1;
      iKey = sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(pParse, pTab, -1, iTabCur, iKey, 0);
................................................................................
      if( addrEphOpen ) sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, addrEphOpen);
      addrDelete = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto); /* Jump to DELETE logic */
    }else if( pPk ){
      /* Construct a composite key for the row to be deleted and remember it */
      iKey = ++pParse->nMem;
      nKey = 0;   /* Zero tells OP_Found to use a composite key */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, iPk, nPk, iKey,
                        sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v, pPk), nPk);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iEphCur, iKey);
    }else{
      /* Get the rowid of the row to be deleted and remember it in the RowSet */
      nKey = 1;  /* OP_Seek always uses a single rowid */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowSetAdd, iRowSet, iKey);
    }
  
    /* End of the WHERE loop */
    sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
    if( okOnePass ){
      /* Bypass the delete logic below if the WHERE loop found zero rows */
      addrBypass = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrBypass);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrDelete);
    }
  
    /* Unless this is a view, open cursors for the table we are 
    ** deleting from and all its indices. If this is a view, then the
    ** only effect this statement has is to fire the INSTEAD OF 
    ** triggers.
................................................................................
    /* End of the loop over all rowids/primary-keys. */
    if( okOnePass ){
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrBypass);
    }else if( pPk ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iEphCur, addrLoop+1); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrLoop);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrLoop);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrLoop);
    }     
  
    /* Close the cursors open on the table and its indexes. */
    if( !isView && !IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      if( !pPk ) sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iDataCur);
      for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; i++, pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
................................................................................
  int prefixOnly,      /* Compute only a unique prefix of the key */
  int *piPartIdxLabel, /* OUT: Jump to this label to skip partial index */
  Index *pPrior,       /* Previously generated index key */
  int regPrior         /* Register holding previous generated key */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int j;
  Table *pTab = pIdx->pTable;
  int regBase;
  int nCol;

  if( piPartIdxLabel ){
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ){
      *piPartIdxLabel = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      pParse->iPartIdxTab = iDataCur;
      sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
      sqlite3ExprIfFalseDup(pParse, pIdx->pPartIdxWhere, *piPartIdxLabel, 
                            SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
    }else{
      *piPartIdxLabel = 0;
    }
  }
  nCol = (prefixOnly && pIdx->uniqNotNull) ? pIdx->nKeyCol : pIdx->nColumn;
  regBase = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nCol);
  if( pPrior && (regBase!=regPrior || pPrior->pPartIdxWhere) ) pPrior = 0;
  for(j=0; j<nCol; j++){

    if( pPrior && pPrior->aiColumn[j]==pIdx->aiColumn[j] ) continue;
    sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur, pIdx->aiColumn[j],
                                    regBase+j);





    /* If the column affinity is REAL but the number is an integer, then it
    ** might be stored in the table as an integer (using a compact
    ** representation) then converted to REAL by an OP_RealAffinity opcode.
    ** But we are getting ready to store this value back into an index, where
    ** it should be converted by to INTEGER again.  So omit the OP_RealAffinity
    ** opcode if it is present */
    sqlite3VdbeDeletePriorOpcode(v, OP_RealAffinity);
................................................................................
    FUNCTION2(ifnull,            2, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_COALESCE),
    FUNCTION2(unlikely,          1, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY),
    FUNCTION2(likelihood,        2, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY),
    FUNCTION2(likely,            1, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY),
    VFUNCTION(random,            0, 0, 0, randomFunc       ),
    VFUNCTION(randomblob,        1, 0, 0, randomBlob       ),
    FUNCTION(nullif,             2, 0, 1, nullifFunc       ),
    FUNCTION(sqlite_version,     0, 0, 0, versionFunc      ),
    FUNCTION(sqlite_source_id,   0, 0, 0, sourceidFunc     ),
    FUNCTION(sqlite_log,         2, 0, 0, errlogFunc       ),
#if SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
    FUNCTION(sqlite_crypt,       2, 0, 0, sqlite3CryptFunc ),
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS
    FUNCTION(sqlite_compileoption_used,1, 0, 0, compileoptionusedFunc  ),
    FUNCTION(sqlite_compileoption_get, 1, 0, 0, compileoptiongetFunc  ),
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS */
    FUNCTION(quote,              1, 0, 0, quoteFunc        ),
    VFUNCTION(last_insert_rowid, 0, 0, 0, last_insert_rowid),
    VFUNCTION(changes,           0, 0, 0, changes          ),
    VFUNCTION(total_changes,     0, 0, 0, total_changes    ),
    FUNCTION(replace,            3, 0, 0, replaceFunc      ),
    FUNCTION(zeroblob,           1, 0, 0, zeroblobFunc     ),
  #ifdef SQLITE_SOUNDEX
    FUNCTION(soundex,            1, 0, 0, soundexFunc      ),
  #endif
  #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
    FUNCTION(load_extension,     1, 0, 0, loadExt          ),
    FUNCTION(load_extension,     2, 0, 0, loadExt          ),
  #endif
    AGGREGATE(sum,               1, 0, 0, sumStep,         sumFinalize    ),
    AGGREGATE(total,             1, 0, 0, sumStep,         totalFinalize    ),
    AGGREGATE(avg,               1, 0, 0, sumStep,         avgFinalize    ),
    AGGREGATE2(count,            0, 0, 0, countStep,       countFinalize,
               SQLITE_FUNC_COUNT  ),
    AGGREGATE(count,             1, 0, 0, countStep,       countFinalize  ),
................................................................................
      if( pTab==pFKey->pFrom && nIncr==1 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, regData, iOk, regTemp); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NOTNULL);
      }
  
      sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iCur, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, 0, regTemp); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, iOk);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)-2);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, iMustBeInt);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regTemp);
    }else{
      int nCol = pFKey->nCol;
      int regTemp = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nCol);
      int regRec = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
................................................................................
          if( pIdx->aiColumn[i]==pTab->iPKey ){
            /* The parent key is a composite key that includes the IPK column */
            iParent = regData;
          }
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Ne, iChild, iJump, iParent); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, iOk);
      }
  
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTemp, nCol, regRec,
                        sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v,pIdx), nCol);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iCur, iOk, regRec, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
  
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRec);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regTemp, nCol);
    }
  }

................................................................................
** An extra 'D' is appended to the end of the string to cover the
** rowid that appears as the last column in every index.
**
** Memory for the buffer containing the column index affinity string
** is managed along with the rest of the Index structure. It will be
** released when sqlite3DeleteIndex() is called.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(Vdbe *v, Index *pIdx){
  if( !pIdx->zColAff ){
    /* The first time a column affinity string for a particular index is
    ** required, it is allocated and populated here. It is then stored as
    ** a member of the Index structure for subsequent use.
    **
    ** The column affinity string will eventually be deleted by
    ** sqliteDeleteIndex() when the Index structure itself is cleaned
    ** up.
    */
    int n;
    Table *pTab = pIdx->pTable;
    sqlite3 *db = sqlite3VdbeDb(v);
    pIdx->zColAff = (char *)sqlite3DbMallocRaw(0, pIdx->nColumn+1);
    if( !pIdx->zColAff ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      return 0;
    }
    for(n=0; n<pIdx->nColumn; n++){
      i16 x = pIdx->aiColumn[n];










      pIdx->zColAff[n] = x<0 ? SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER : pTab->aCol[x].affinity;

    }
    pIdx->zColAff[n] = 0;
  }
 
  return pIdx->zColAff;
}

................................................................................
  for(p = pParse->pAinc; p; p = p->pNext){
    pDb = &db->aDb[p->iDb];
    memId = p->regCtr;
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, 0, pDb->pSchema) );
    sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, 0, p->iDb, pDb->pSchema->pSeqTab, OP_OpenRead);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Null, 0, memId, memId+1);
    addr = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, memId-1, 0, p->pTab->zName, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, 0, addr+9); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, 0, 0, memId);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Ne, memId-1, addr+7, memId); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, 0, memId+1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, 0, 1, memId);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addr+9);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, 0, addr+2); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, memId);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Close);
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
      regRec = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      regTempRowid = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, srcTab, nColumn);
      addrL = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, dest.iSDParm); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regFromSelect, nColumn, regRec);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, srcTab, regTempRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, srcTab, regRec, regTempRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrL);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrL);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRec);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regTempRowid);
    }
  }else{
    /* This is the case if the data for the INSERT is coming from a 
    ** single-row VALUES clause
    */
    NameContext sNC;
    memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
    sNC.pParse = pParse;
    srcTab = -1;
    assert( useTempTable==0 );
    nColumn = pList ? pList->nExpr : 0;
    for(i=0; i<nColumn; i++){
      if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, pList->a[i].pExpr) ){
        goto insert_cleanup;
      }


    }
  }

  /* If there is no IDLIST term but the table has an integer primary
  ** key, the set the ipkColumn variable to the integer primary key 
  ** column index in the original table definition.
  */
................................................................................
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endOfLoop);
  if( useTempTable ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, srcTab, addrCont); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrInsTop);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, srcTab);
  }else if( pSelect ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrCont);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrInsTop);
  }

  if( !IsVirtual(pTab) && !isView ){
    /* Close all tables opened */
    if( iDataCur<iIdxCur ) sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iDataCur);
    for(idx=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, idx++){
................................................................................
    ExprList *pCheck = pTab->pCheck;
    pParse->ckBase = regNewData+1;
    onError = overrideError!=OE_Default ? overrideError : OE_Abort;
    for(i=0; i<pCheck->nExpr; i++){
      int allOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      sqlite3ExprIfTrue(pParse, pCheck->a[i].pExpr, allOk, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      if( onError==OE_Ignore ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, ignoreDest);
      }else{
        char *zName = pCheck->a[i].zName;
        if( zName==0 ) zName = pTab->zName;
        if( onError==OE_Replace ) onError = OE_Abort; /* IMP: R-15569-63625 */
        sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_CHECK,
                              onError, zName, P4_TRANSIENT,
                              P5_ConstraintCheck);
................................................................................
          sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(pParse, pTab, iDataCur, iIdxCur, 0);
        }
        seenReplace = 1;
        break;
      }
      case OE_Ignore: {
        /*assert( seenReplace==0 );*/
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, ignoreDest);
        break;
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrRowidOk);
    if( ipkTop ){
      ipkBottom = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, ipkTop);
................................................................................
    /* Create a record for this index entry as it should appear after
    ** the insert or update.  Store that record in the aRegIdx[ix] register
    */
    regIdx = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, pIdx->nColumn);
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
      int iField = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
      int x;






      if( iField<0 || iField==pTab->iPKey ){
        if( regRowid==regIdx+i ) continue; /* ROWID already in regIdx+i */
        x = regNewData;
        regRowid =  pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ? -1 : regIdx+i;
      }else{
        x = iField + regNewData + 1;
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, x, regIdx+i);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", iField<0 ? "rowid" : pTab->aCol[iField].zName));

    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regIdx, pIdx->nColumn, aRegIdx[ix]);
    VdbeComment((v, "for %s", pIdx->zName));
    sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, regIdx, pIdx->nColumn);

    /* In an UPDATE operation, if this index is the PRIMARY KEY index 
    ** of a WITHOUT ROWID table and there has been no change the
................................................................................
      case OE_Rollback:
      case OE_Abort:
      case OE_Fail: {
        sqlite3UniqueConstraint(pParse, onError, pIdx);
        break;
      }
      case OE_Ignore: {
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, ignoreDest);
        break;
      }
      default: {
        Trigger *pTrigger = 0;
        assert( onError==OE_Replace );
        sqlite3MultiWrite(pParse);
        if( db->flags&SQLITE_RecTriggers ){
................................................................................
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrUniqueOk);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regIdx, pIdx->nColumn);
    if( regR!=regIdx ) sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regR, nPkField);
  }
  if( ipkTop ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, ipkTop+1);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, ipkBottom);
  }
  
  *pbMayReplace = seenReplace;
  VdbeModuleComment((v, "END: GenCnstCks(%d)", seenReplace));
}

................................................................................
  }
  if( pDest->onError!=pSrc->onError ){
    return 0;   /* Different conflict resolution strategies */
  }
  for(i=0; i<pSrc->nKeyCol; i++){
    if( pSrc->aiColumn[i]!=pDest->aiColumn[i] ){
      return 0;   /* Different columns indexed */







    }
    if( pSrc->aSortOrder[i]!=pDest->aSortOrder[i] ){
      return 0;   /* Different sort orders */
    }
    if( !xferCompatibleCollation(pSrc->azColl[i],pDest->azColl[i]) ){
      return 0;   /* Different collating sequences */
    }
................................................................................
    **
    ** (2) The destination has a unique index.  (The xfer optimization 
    **     is unable to test uniqueness.)
    **
    ** (3) onError is something other than OE_Abort and OE_Rollback.
    */
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iDest, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
    emptyDestTest = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
  }
  if( HasRowid(pSrc) ){
    sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iSrc, iDbSrc, pSrc, OP_OpenRead);
    emptySrcTest = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iSrc, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
    if( pDest->iPKey>=0 ){
      addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iSrc, regRowid);
................................................................................
                         void(*)(void*), unsigned char);
  int (*strglob)(const char*,const char*);
  /* Version 3.8.11 and later */
  sqlite3_value *(*value_dup)(const sqlite3_value*);
  void (*value_free)(sqlite3_value*);
  int (*result_zeroblob64)(sqlite3_context*,sqlite3_uint64);
  int (*bind_zeroblob64)(sqlite3_stmt*, int, sqlite3_uint64);



};

/*
** The following macros redefine the API routines so that they are
** redirected through the global sqlite3_api structure.
**
** This header file is also used by the loadext.c source file
** (part of the main SQLite library - not an extension) so that
** it can get access to the sqlite3_api_routines structure
** definition.  But the main library does not want to redefine
** the API.  So the redefinition macros are only valid if the
** SQLITE_CORE macros is undefined.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_CORE
#define sqlite3_aggregate_context      sqlite3_api->aggregate_context
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED
#define sqlite3_aggregate_count        sqlite3_api->aggregate_count
#endif
#define sqlite3_bind_blob              sqlite3_api->bind_blob
#define sqlite3_bind_double            sqlite3_api->bind_double
#define sqlite3_bind_int               sqlite3_api->bind_int
................................................................................
#define sqlite3_value_numeric_type     sqlite3_api->value_numeric_type
#define sqlite3_value_text             sqlite3_api->value_text
#define sqlite3_value_text16           sqlite3_api->value_text16
#define sqlite3_value_text16be         sqlite3_api->value_text16be
#define sqlite3_value_text16le         sqlite3_api->value_text16le
#define sqlite3_value_type             sqlite3_api->value_type
#define sqlite3_vmprintf               sqlite3_api->vmprintf

#define sqlite3_overload_function      sqlite3_api->overload_function
#define sqlite3_prepare_v2             sqlite3_api->prepare_v2
#define sqlite3_prepare16_v2           sqlite3_api->prepare16_v2
#define sqlite3_clear_bindings         sqlite3_api->clear_bindings
#define sqlite3_bind_zeroblob          sqlite3_api->bind_zeroblob
#define sqlite3_blob_bytes             sqlite3_api->blob_bytes
#define sqlite3_blob_close             sqlite3_api->blob_close
................................................................................
#define sqlite3_result_text64          sqlite3_api->result_text64
#define sqlite3_strglob                sqlite3_api->strglob
/* Version 3.8.11 and later */
#define sqlite3_value_dup              sqlite3_api->value_dup
#define sqlite3_value_free             sqlite3_api->value_free
#define sqlite3_result_zeroblob64      sqlite3_api->result_zeroblob64
#define sqlite3_bind_zeroblob64        sqlite3_api->bind_zeroblob64
#endif /* SQLITE_CORE */




#ifndef SQLITE_CORE

  /* This case when the file really is being compiled as a loadable 
  ** extension */
# define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1     const sqlite3_api_routines *sqlite3_api=0;
# define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(v)  sqlite3_api=v;
# define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT3     \
    extern const sqlite3_api_routines *sqlite3_api;
#else
................................................................................
  sqlite3_result_blob64,
  sqlite3_result_text64,
  sqlite3_strglob,
  /* Version 3.8.11 and later */
  (sqlite3_value*(*)(const sqlite3_value*))sqlite3_value_dup,
  sqlite3_value_free,
  sqlite3_result_zeroblob64,
  sqlite3_bind_zeroblob64



};

/*
** Attempt to load an SQLite extension library contained in the file
** zFile.  The entry point is zProc.  zProc may be 0 in which case a
** default entry point name (sqlite3_extension_init) is used.  Use
** of the default name is recommended.
................................................................................
  if( invalidateTempStorage( pParse ) != SQLITE_OK ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  db->temp_store = (u8)ts;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_PAGER_PRAGMAS */

/*


















** Generate code to return a single integer value.
*/
static void returnSingleInt(Parse *pParse, const char *zLabel, i64 value){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  int nMem = ++pParse->nMem;
  i64 *pI64 = sqlite3DbMallocRaw(pParse->db, sizeof(value));
  if( pI64 ){
    memcpy(pI64, &value, sizeof(value));



  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Int64, 0, nMem, 0, (char*)pI64, P4_INT64);
  sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
  sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, zLabel, SQLITE_STATIC);












  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, nMem, 1);

}


/*
** Set the safety_level and pager flags for pager iDb.  Or if iDb<0
** set these values for all pagers.
*/
................................................................................
  aFcntl[0] = 0;
  aFcntl[1] = zLeft;
  aFcntl[2] = zRight;
  aFcntl[3] = 0;
  db->busyHandler.nBusy = 0;
  rc = sqlite3_file_control(db, zDb, SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA, (void*)aFcntl);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    if( aFcntl[0] ){
      int nMem = ++pParse->nMem;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, nMem, 0, aFcntl[0], 0);
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "result", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, nMem, 1);
      sqlite3_free(aFcntl[0]);
    }
    goto pragma_out;
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_NOTFOUND ){
    if( aFcntl[0] ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "%s", aFcntl[0]);
      sqlite3_free(aFcntl[0]);
    }
................................................................................
      { OP_Integer,     0, 1,        0},                         /* 6 */
      { OP_Noop,        0, 0,        0},
      { OP_ResultRow,   1, 1,        0},
    };
    int addr;
    sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
    if( !zRight ){
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "cache_size", SQLITE_STATIC);
      pParse->nMem += 2;
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(getCacheSize), getCacheSize,iLn);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr+1, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr+6, SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE);
    }else{
      int size = sqlite3AbsInt32(sqlite3Atoi(zRight));
................................................................................
  ** the database has not yet been created.
  */
  case PragTyp_PAGE_SIZE: {
    Btree *pBt = pDb->pBt;
    assert( pBt!=0 );
    if( !zRight ){
      int size = ALWAYS(pBt) ? sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(pBt) : 0;
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "page_size", size);
    }else{
      /* Malloc may fail when setting the page-size, as there is an internal
      ** buffer that the pager module resizes using sqlite3_realloc().
      */
      db->nextPagesize = sqlite3Atoi(zRight);
      if( SQLITE_NOMEM==sqlite3BtreeSetPageSize(pBt, db->nextPagesize,-1,0) ){
        db->mallocFailed = 1;
................................................................................
    if( pId2->n==0 && b>=0 ){
      int ii;
      for(ii=0; ii<db->nDb; ii++){
        sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(db->aDb[ii].pBt, b);
      }
    }
    b = sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(pBt, b);
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "secure_delete", b);
    break;
  }

  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]max_page_count
  **  PRAGMA [database.]max_page_count=N
  **
................................................................................
    }

    assert( eMode==PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_NORMAL
            || eMode==PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_EXCLUSIVE );
    if( eMode==PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_EXCLUSIVE ){
      zRet = "exclusive";
    }
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "locking_mode", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 1, 0, zRet, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
    break;
  }

  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]journal_mode
  **  PRAGMA [database.]journal_mode =
  **                      (delete|persist|off|truncate|memory|wal|off)
  */
  case PragTyp_JOURNAL_MODE: {
    int eMode;        /* One of the PAGER_JOURNALMODE_XXX symbols */
    int ii;           /* Loop counter */

    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "journal_mode", SQLITE_STATIC);

    if( zRight==0 ){
      /* If there is no "=MODE" part of the pragma, do a query for the
      ** current mode */
      eMode = PAGER_JOURNALMODE_QUERY;
    }else{
      const char *zMode;
      int n = sqlite3Strlen30(zRight);
................................................................................
    Pager *pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pDb->pBt);
    i64 iLimit = -2;
    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3DecOrHexToI64(zRight, &iLimit);
      if( iLimit<-1 ) iLimit = -1;
    }
    iLimit = sqlite3PagerJournalSizeLimit(pPager, iLimit);
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "journal_size_limit", iLimit);
    break;
  }

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS */

  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]auto_vacuum
................................................................................
  ** The value is one of:  0 NONE 1 FULL 2 INCREMENTAL
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  case PragTyp_AUTO_VACUUM: {
    Btree *pBt = pDb->pBt;
    assert( pBt!=0 );
    if( !zRight ){
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "auto_vacuum", sqlite3BtreeGetAutoVacuum(pBt));
    }else{
      int eAuto = getAutoVacuum(zRight);
      assert( eAuto>=0 && eAuto<=2 );
      db->nextAutovac = (u8)eAuto;
      /* Call SetAutoVacuum() to set initialize the internal auto and
      ** incr-vacuum flags. This is required in case this connection
      ** creates the database file. It is important that it is created
................................................................................
  ** number of pages is adjusted so that the cache uses -N kibibytes
  ** of memory.
  */
  case PragTyp_CACHE_SIZE: {
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
    if( !zRight ){
      if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "cache_size", pDb->pSchema->cache_size);
    }else{
      int size = sqlite3Atoi(zRight);
      pDb->pSchema->cache_size = size;
      sqlite3BtreeSetCacheSize(pDb->pBt, pDb->pSchema->cache_size);
      if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    }
    break;
................................................................................
    sz = -1;
    rc = sqlite3_file_control(db, zDb, SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE, &sz);
#else
    sz = 0;
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
#endif
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "mmap_size", sz);
    }else if( rc!=SQLITE_NOTFOUND ){
      pParse->nErr++;
      pParse->rc = rc;
    }
    break;
  }

................................................................................
  ** value will be restored the next time the database is opened.
  **
  ** Note that it is possible for the library compile-time options to
  ** override this setting
  */
  case PragTyp_TEMP_STORE: {
    if( !zRight ){
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "temp_store", db->temp_store);
    }else{
      changeTempStorage(pParse, zRight);
    }
    break;
  }

  /*
................................................................................
  ** the value sets a specific directory to be used for temporary files.
  ** Setting to a null string reverts to the default temporary directory search.
  ** If temporary directory is changed, then invalidateTempStorage.
  **
  */
  case PragTyp_TEMP_STORE_DIRECTORY: {
    if( !zRight ){
      if( sqlite3_temp_directory ){
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, 
            "temp_store_directory", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 1, 0, sqlite3_temp_directory, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
      }
    }else{
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WSD
      if( zRight[0] ){
        int res;
        rc = sqlite3OsAccess(db->pVfs, zRight, SQLITE_ACCESS_READWRITE, &res);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || res==0 ){
          sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "not a writable directory");
................................................................................
  ** a relative path will probably be based on the current directory for the
  ** process.  Database file specified with an absolute path are not impacted
  ** by this setting, regardless of its value.
  **
  */
  case PragTyp_DATA_STORE_DIRECTORY: {
    if( !zRight ){
      if( sqlite3_data_directory ){
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, 
            "data_store_directory", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 1, 0, sqlite3_data_directory, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
      }
    }else{
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WSD
      if( zRight[0] ){
        int res;
        rc = sqlite3OsAccess(db->pVfs, zRight, SQLITE_ACCESS_READWRITE, &res);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || res==0 ){
          sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "not a writable directory");
................................................................................
  case PragTyp_LOCK_PROXY_FILE: {
    if( !zRight ){
      Pager *pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pDb->pBt);
      char *proxy_file_path = NULL;
      sqlite3_file *pFile = sqlite3PagerFile(pPager);
      sqlite3OsFileControlHint(pFile, SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE, 
                           &proxy_file_path);
      
      if( proxy_file_path ){
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, 
                              "lock_proxy_file", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 1, 0, proxy_file_path, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
      }
    }else{
      Pager *pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pDb->pBt);
      sqlite3_file *pFile = sqlite3PagerFile(pPager);
      int res;
      if( zRight[0] ){
        res=sqlite3OsFileControl(pFile, SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE, 
                                     zRight);
................................................................................
  ** Return or set the local value of the synchronous flag.  Changing
  ** the local value does not make changes to the disk file and the
  ** default value will be restored the next time the database is
  ** opened.
  */
  case PragTyp_SYNCHRONOUS: {
    if( !zRight ){
      returnSingleInt(pParse, "synchronous", pDb->safety_level-1);
    }else{
      if( !db->autoCommit ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, 
            "Safety level may not be changed inside a transaction");
      }else{
        int iLevel = (getSafetyLevel(zRight,0,1)+1) & PAGER_SYNCHRONOUS_MASK;
        if( iLevel==0 ) iLevel = 1;
................................................................................
    break;
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS
  case PragTyp_FLAG: {
    if( zRight==0 ){
      returnSingleInt(pParse, pPragma->zName, (db->flags & pPragma->iArg)!=0 );
    }else{
      int mask = pPragma->iArg;    /* Mask of bits to set or clear. */
      if( db->autoCommit==0 ){
        /* Foreign key support may not be enabled or disabled while not
        ** in auto-commit mode.  */
        mask &= ~(SQLITE_ForeignKeys);
      }
................................................................................
  ** notnull:    True if 'NOT NULL' is part of column declaration
  ** dflt_value: The default value for the column, if any.
  */
  case PragTyp_TABLE_INFO: if( zRight ){
    Table *pTab;
    pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pTab ){



      int i, k;
      int nHidden = 0;
      Column *pCol;
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 6);
      pParse->nMem = 6;
      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "cid", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "type", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 3, COLNAME_NAME, "notnull", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 4, COLNAME_NAME, "dflt_value", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 5, COLNAME_NAME, "pk", SQLITE_STATIC);

      sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(pParse, pTab);
      for(i=0, pCol=pTab->aCol; i<pTab->nCol; i++, pCol++){
        if( IsHiddenColumn(pCol) ){
          nHidden++;
          continue;
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i-nHidden, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, pCol->zName, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0,
           pCol->zType ? pCol->zType : "", 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, (pCol->notNull ? 1 : 0), 4);
        if( pCol->zDflt ){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 5, 0, (char*)pCol->zDflt, 0);
        }else{
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, 5);
        }
        if( (pCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_PRIMKEY)==0 ){
          k = 0;
        }else if( pPk==0 ){
          k = 1;
        }else{
          for(k=1; k<=pTab->nCol && pPk->aiColumn[k-1]!=i; k++){}
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, k, 6);






        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 6);
      }
    }
  }
  break;

  case PragTyp_STATS: {

    Index *pIdx;
    HashElem *i;
    v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 4);
    pParse->nMem = 4;
    sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "table", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "index", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "width", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 3, COLNAME_NAME, "height", SQLITE_STATIC);

    for(i=sqliteHashFirst(&pDb->pSchema->tblHash); i; i=sqliteHashNext(i)){
      Table *pTab = sqliteHashData(i);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 1, 0, pTab->zName, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, 2);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer,



                           (int)sqlite3LogEstToInt(pTab->szTabRow), 3);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 
          (int)sqlite3LogEstToInt(pTab->nRowLogEst), 4);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 4);
      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer,


                             (int)sqlite3LogEstToInt(pIdx->szIdxRow), 3);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 
            (int)sqlite3LogEstToInt(pIdx->aiRowLogEst[0]), 4);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 4);
      }
    }
  }
  break;

  case PragTyp_INDEX_INFO: if( zRight ){
    Index *pIdx;
    Table *pTab;
    pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pIdx ){



      int i;
      int mx;
      if( pPragma->iArg ){
        /* PRAGMA index_xinfo (newer version with more rows and columns) */
        mx = pIdx->nColumn;
        pParse->nMem = 6;
      }else{
        /* PRAGMA index_info (legacy version) */
        mx = pIdx->nKeyCol;
        pParse->nMem = 3;
      }
      pTab = pIdx->pTable;
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, pParse->nMem);
      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);

      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seqno", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "cid", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
      if( pPragma->iArg ){
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 3, COLNAME_NAME, "desc", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 4, COLNAME_NAME, "coll", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 5, COLNAME_NAME, "key", SQLITE_STATIC);
      }
      for(i=0; i<mx; i++){
        i16 cnum = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, cnum, 2);
        if( cnum<0 ){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, 3);
        }else{

          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0, pTab->aCol[cnum].zName, 0);
        }
        if( pPragma->iArg ){

          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pIdx->aSortOrder[i], 4);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 5, 0, pIdx->azColl[i], 0);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i<pIdx->nKeyCol, 6);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, pParse->nMem);
      }
    }
  }
  break;

  case PragTyp_INDEX_LIST: if( zRight ){
    Index *pIdx;
    Table *pTab;
    int i;
    pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pTab ){
      v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 5);
      pParse->nMem = 5;
      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "unique", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 3, COLNAME_NAME, "origin", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 4, COLNAME_NAME, "partial", SQLITE_STATIC);
      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex, i=0; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
        const char *azOrigin[] = { "c", "u", "pk" };
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, pIdx->zName, 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, IsUniqueIndex(pIdx), 3);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 4, 0, azOrigin[pIdx->idxType], 0);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, pIdx->pPartIdxWhere!=0, 5);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 5);
      }
    }
  }
  break;

  case PragTyp_DATABASE_LIST: {

    int i;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
    pParse->nMem = 3;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "file", SQLITE_STATIC);
    for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
      if( db->aDb[i].pBt==0 ) continue;
      assert( db->aDb[i].zName!=0 );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, db->aDb[i].zName, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0,
           sqlite3BtreeGetFilename(db->aDb[i].pBt), 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 3);
    }
  }
  break;

  case PragTyp_COLLATION_LIST: {

    int i = 0;
    HashElem *p;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 2);
    pParse->nMem = 2;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "name", SQLITE_STATIC);
    for(p=sqliteHashFirst(&db->aCollSeq); p; p=sqliteHashNext(p)){
      CollSeq *pColl = (CollSeq *)sqliteHashData(p);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i++, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, pColl->zName, 0);

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 2);
    }
  }
  break;
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_PRAGMAS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
................................................................................
    FKey *pFK;
    Table *pTab;
    pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pTab ){
      v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
      pFK = pTab->pFKey;
      if( pFK ){
        int i = 0; 
        sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 8);
        pParse->nMem = 8;
        sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "id", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "seq", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "table", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 3, COLNAME_NAME, "from", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 4, COLNAME_NAME, "to", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 5, COLNAME_NAME, "on_update", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 6, COLNAME_NAME, "on_delete", SQLITE_STATIC);
        sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 7, COLNAME_NAME, "match", SQLITE_STATIC);
        while(pFK){
          int j;
          for(j=0; j<pFK->nCol; j++){
            char *zCol = pFK->aCol[j].zCol;
            char *zOnDelete = (char *)actionName(pFK->aAction[0]);
            char *zOnUpdate = (char *)actionName(pFK->aAction[1]);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i, 1);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, j, 2);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0, pFK->zTo, 0);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 4, 0,
                              pTab->aCol[pFK->aCol[j].iFrom].zName, 0);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, zCol ? OP_String8 : OP_Null, 0, 5, 0, zCol, 0);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 6, 0, zOnUpdate, 0);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 7, 0, zOnDelete, 0);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 8, 0, "NONE", 0);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 8);
          }
          ++i;
          pFK = pFK->pNextFrom;
        }
      }
    }
................................................................................
    int x;                 /* result variable */
    int regResult;         /* 3 registers to hold a result row */
    int regKey;            /* Register to hold key for checking the FK */
    int regRow;            /* Registers to hold a row from pTab */
    int addrTop;           /* Top of a loop checking foreign keys */
    int addrOk;            /* Jump here if the key is OK */
    int *aiCols;           /* child to parent column mapping */


    regResult = pParse->nMem+1;
    pParse->nMem += 4;
    regKey = ++pParse->nMem;
    regRow = ++pParse->nMem;
    v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 4);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "table", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "rowid", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "parent", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 3, COLNAME_NAME, "fkid", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
    k = sqliteHashFirst(&db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->tblHash);
    while( k ){
      if( zRight ){
        pTab = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, 0, zRight, zDb);
        k = 0;
      }else{
................................................................................
        pTab = (Table*)sqliteHashData(k);
        k = sqliteHashNext(k);
      }
      if( pTab==0 || pTab->pFKey==0 ) continue;
      sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);
      if( pTab->nCol+regRow>pParse->nMem ) pParse->nMem = pTab->nCol + regRow;
      sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, 0, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regResult, 0, pTab->zName,
                        P4_TRANSIENT);
      for(i=1, pFK=pTab->pFKey; pFK; i++, pFK=pFK->pNextFrom){
        pParent = sqlite3FindTable(db, pFK->zTo, zDb);
        if( pParent==0 ) continue;
        pIdx = 0;
        sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pParent->tnum, 0, pParent->zName);
        x = sqlite3FkLocateIndex(pParse, pParent, pFK, &pIdx, 0);
        if( x==0 ){
................................................................................
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regRow, addrOk); VdbeCoverage(v);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_MustBeInt, regRow, 
               sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+3); VdbeCoverage(v);
          }else{
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, 0, regRow);
          }
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, i, 0, regRow); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrOk);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)-2);
        }else{
          for(j=0; j<pFK->nCol; j++){
            sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, 0,
                            aiCols ? aiCols[j] : pFK->aCol[j].iFrom, regRow+j);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regRow+j, addrOk); VdbeCoverage(v);
          }
          if( pParent ){
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regRow, pFK->nCol, regKey,
                              sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v,pIdx), pFK->nCol);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, i, addrOk, regKey, 0);
            VdbeCoverage(v);
          }
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, 0, regResult+1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, regResult+2, 0, 
                          pFK->zTo, P4_TRANSIENT);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, i-1, regResult+3);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, regResult, 4);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrOk);
        sqlite3DbFree(db, aiCols);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, 0, addrTop+1); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop);
    }
................................................................................
    ** of all attached databases.  */
    assert( iDb>=0 );
    assert( iDb==0 || pId2->z );
    if( pId2->z==0 ) iDb = -1;

    /* Initialize the VDBE program */
    pParse->nMem = 6;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "integrity_check", SQLITE_STATIC);

    /* Set the maximum error count */
    mxErr = SQLITE_INTEGRITY_CHECK_ERROR_MAX;
    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3GetInt32(zRight, &mxErr);
      if( mxErr<=0 ){
        mxErr = SQLITE_INTEGRITY_CHECK_ERROR_MAX;
................................................................................
                                       pPrior, r1);
          pPrior = pIdx;
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 8+j, 1);  /* increment entry count */
          /* Verify that an index entry exists for the current table row */
          jmp2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iIdxCur+j, ckUniq, r1,
                                      pIdx->nColumn); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 1, -1); /* Decrement error limit */
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0, "row ", P4_STATIC);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 7, 3, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 4, 0, 
                            " missing from index ", P4_STATIC);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 4, 3, 3);
          jmp5 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 4, 0,
                                   pIdx->zName, P4_TRANSIENT);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 4, 3, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 3, 1);
          jmp4 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, 1); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Halt);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp2);
          /* For UNIQUE indexes, verify that only one entry exists with the
          ** current key.  The entry is unique if (1) any column is NULL
................................................................................
              int iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[kk];
              assert( iCol>=0 && iCol<pTab->nCol );
              if( pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull ) continue;
              sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, r1+kk, uniqOk);
              VdbeCoverage(v);
            }
            jmp6 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Next, iIdxCur+j); VdbeCoverage(v);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, uniqOk);
            sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp6);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_IdxGT, iIdxCur+j, uniqOk, r1,
                                 pIdx->nKeyCol); VdbeCoverage(v);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 1, -1); /* Decrement error limit */
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0,
                              "non-unique entry in index ", P4_STATIC);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, jmp5);
            sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, uniqOk);
          }
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp4);
          sqlite3ResolvePartIdxLabel(pParse, jmp3);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iDataCur, loopTop); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, loopTop-1);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, 
                     "wrong # of entries in index ", P4_STATIC);
        for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
          if( pPk==pIdx ) continue;
          addr = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfPos, 1, addr+2); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Halt, 0, 0);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur+j, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, 8+j, addr+8, 3); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NOTNULL);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 1, -1);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 3, 0, pIdx->zName, P4_TRANSIENT);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 3, 2, 7);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 7, 1);
        }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT */
      } 
    }
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(endCode), endCode, iLn);
................................................................................
      { "UTF-16",   0                  }, /* SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE */
      { "UTF16",    0                  }, /* SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE */
      { 0, 0 }
    };
    const struct EncName *pEnc;
    if( !zRight ){    /* "PRAGMA encoding" */
      if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
      sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
      sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "encoding", SQLITE_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_String8, 0, 1);
      assert( encnames[SQLITE_UTF8].enc==SQLITE_UTF8 );
      assert( encnames[SQLITE_UTF16LE].enc==SQLITE_UTF16LE );
      assert( encnames[SQLITE_UTF16BE].enc==SQLITE_UTF16BE );
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(v, -1, encnames[ENC(pParse->db)].zName, P4_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
    }else{                        /* "PRAGMA encoding = XXX" */
      /* Only change the value of sqlite.enc if the database handle is not
      ** initialized. If the main database exists, the new sqlite.enc value
      ** will be overwritten when the schema is next loaded. If it does not
      ** already exists, it will be created to use the new encoding value.
      */
      if( 
................................................................................
  **
  ** Return the names of all compile-time options used in this build,
  ** one option per row.
  */
  case PragTyp_COMPILE_OPTIONS: {
    int i = 0;
    const char *zOpt;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    pParse->nMem = 1;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "compile_option", SQLITE_STATIC);

    while( (zOpt = sqlite3_compileoption_get(i++))!=0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 1, 0, zOpt, 0);

      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
    }
  }
  break;
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  /*
  **   PRAGMA [database.]wal_checkpoint = passive|full|restart|truncate
  **
  ** Checkpoint the database.
  */
  case PragTyp_WAL_CHECKPOINT: {

    int iBt = (pId2->z?iDb:SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED);
    int eMode = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE;
    if( zRight ){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(zRight, "full")==0 ){
        eMode = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL;
      }else if( sqlite3StrICmp(zRight, "restart")==0 ){
        eMode = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART;
      }else if( sqlite3StrICmp(zRight, "truncate")==0 ){
        eMode = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_TRUNCATE;
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 3);
    pParse->nMem = 3;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "busy", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "log", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 2, COLNAME_NAME, "checkpointed", SQLITE_STATIC);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Checkpoint, iBt, eMode, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 3);
  }
  break;

  /*
  **   PRAGMA wal_autocheckpoint
................................................................................
  ** after accumulating N frames in the log. Or query for the current value
  ** of N.
  */
  case PragTyp_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT: {
    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint(db, sqlite3Atoi(zRight));
    }
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "wal_autocheckpoint", 
       db->xWalCallback==sqlite3WalDefaultHook ? 
           SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(db->pWalArg) : 0);
  }
  break;
#endif

  /*
................................................................................
  ** disables the timeout.
  */
  /*case PragTyp_BUSY_TIMEOUT*/ default: {
    assert( pPragma->ePragTyp==PragTyp_BUSY_TIMEOUT );
    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3_busy_timeout(db, sqlite3Atoi(zRight));
    }
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "timeout",  db->busyTimeout);
    break;
  }

  /*
  **   PRAGMA soft_heap_limit
  **   PRAGMA soft_heap_limit = N
  **
................................................................................
  ** sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64(-1) C-language function.
  */
  case PragTyp_SOFT_HEAP_LIMIT: {
    sqlite3_int64 N;
    if( zRight && sqlite3DecOrHexToI64(zRight, &N)==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64(N);
    }
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "soft_heap_limit",  sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64(-1));
    break;
  }

  /*
  **   PRAGMA threads
  **   PRAGMA threads = N
  **
................................................................................
    sqlite3_int64 N;
    if( zRight
     && sqlite3DecOrHexToI64(zRight, &N)==SQLITE_OK
     && N>=0
    ){
      sqlite3_limit(db, SQLITE_LIMIT_WORKER_THREADS, (int)(N&0x7fffffff));
    }
    returnSingleInt(pParse, "threads",
                    sqlite3_limit(db, SQLITE_LIMIT_WORKER_THREADS, -1));
    break;
  }

#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)
  /*
  ** Report the current state of file logs for all databases
  */
  case PragTyp_LOCK_STATUS: {
    static const char *const azLockName[] = {
      "unlocked", "shared", "reserved", "pending", "exclusive"
    };

    int i;
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 2);

    pParse->nMem = 2;
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "database", SQLITE_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 1, COLNAME_NAME, "status", SQLITE_STATIC);
    for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
      Btree *pBt;
      const char *zState = "unknown";
      int j;
      if( db->aDb[i].zName==0 ) continue;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 1, 0, db->aDb[i].zName, P4_STATIC);
      pBt = db->aDb[i].pBt;
      if( pBt==0 || sqlite3BtreePager(pBt)==0 ){
        zState = "closed";
      }else if( sqlite3_file_control(db, i ? db->aDb[i].zName : 0, 
                                     SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE, &j)==SQLITE_OK ){
         zState = azLockName[j];
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, 2, 0, zState, P4_STATIC);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 2);
    }
    break;
  }
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
................................................................................
  pRight = &pLeft[1];
  for(i=0; i<pSrc->nSrc-1; i++, pRight++, pLeft++){
    Table *pLeftTab = pLeft->pTab;
    Table *pRightTab = pRight->pTab;
    int isOuter;

    if( NEVER(pLeftTab==0 || pRightTab==0) ) continue;
    isOuter = (pRight->jointype & JT_OUTER)!=0;

    /* When the NATURAL keyword is present, add WHERE clause terms for
    ** every column that the two tables have in common.
    */
    if( pRight->jointype & JT_NATURAL ){
      if( pRight->pOn || pRight->pUsing ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "a NATURAL join may not have "
           "an ON or USING clause", 0);
        return 1;
      }
      for(j=0; j<pRightTab->nCol; j++){
        char *zName;   /* Name of column in the right table */
................................................................................
** through regData+nData-1 onto the sorter.
*/
static void pushOntoSorter(
  Parse *pParse,         /* Parser context */
  SortCtx *pSort,        /* Information about the ORDER BY clause */
  Select *pSelect,       /* The whole SELECT statement */
  int regData,           /* First register holding data to be sorted */

  int nData,             /* Number of elements in the data array */
  int nPrefixReg         /* No. of reg prior to regData available for use */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;                         /* Stmt under construction */
  int bSeq = ((pSort->sortFlags & SORTFLAG_UseSorter)==0);
  int nExpr = pSort->pOrderBy->nExpr;              /* No. of ORDER BY terms */
  int nBase = nExpr + bSeq + nData;                /* Fields in sorter record */
  int regBase;                                     /* Regs for sorter record */
  int regRecord = ++pParse->nMem;                  /* Assembled sorter record */
  int nOBSat = pSort->nOBSat;                      /* ORDER BY terms to skip */
  int op;                            /* Opcode to add sorter record to sorter */

  assert( bSeq==0 || bSeq==1 );

  if( nPrefixReg ){
    assert( nPrefixReg==nExpr+bSeq );
    regBase = regData - nExpr - bSeq;
  }else{
    regBase = pParse->nMem + 1;
    pParse->nMem += nBase;
  }
  sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse, pSort->pOrderBy, regBase, SQLITE_ECEL_DUP);

  if( bSeq ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Sequence, pSort->iECursor, regBase+nExpr);
  }
  if( nPrefixReg==0 ){
    sqlite3ExprCodeMove(pParse, regData, regBase+nExpr+bSeq, nData);
  }

................................................................................
  Vdbe *v,          /* Generate code into this VM */
  int iOffset,      /* Register holding the offset counter */
  int iContinue     /* Jump here to skip the current record */
){
  if( iOffset>0 ){
    int addr;
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IfNeg, iOffset, 0, -1); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, iContinue);
    VdbeComment((v, "skip OFFSET records"));
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
  }
}

/*
** Add code that will check to make sure the N registers starting at iMem
................................................................................
    */
    u8 ecelFlags;
    if( eDest==SRT_Mem || eDest==SRT_Output || eDest==SRT_Coroutine ){
      ecelFlags = SQLITE_ECEL_DUP;
    }else{
      ecelFlags = 0;
    }
    sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse, pEList, regResult, ecelFlags);
  }

  /* If the DISTINCT keyword was present on the SELECT statement
  ** and this row has been seen before, then do not make this row
  ** part of the result.
  */
  if( hasDistinct ){
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iParm+1, addr, r1, 0);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iParm+1, r1);
        assert( pSort==0 );
      }
#endif
      if( pSort ){
        pushOntoSorter(pParse, pSort, p, r1+nPrefixReg, 1, nPrefixReg);
      }else{
        int r2 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iParm, r2);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iParm, r1, r2);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r2);
      }
................................................................................
      pDest->affSdst =
                  sqlite3CompareAffinity(pEList->a[0].pExpr, pDest->affSdst);
      if( pSort ){
        /* At first glance you would think we could optimize out the
        ** ORDER BY in this case since the order of entries in the set
        ** does not matter.  But there might be a LIMIT clause, in which
        ** case the order does matter */
        pushOntoSorter(pParse, pSort, p, regResult, 1, nPrefixReg);
      }else{
        int r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regResult,1,r1, &pDest->affSdst, 1);
        sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, regResult, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iParm, r1);
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
      }
................................................................................
    /* If this is a scalar select that is part of an expression, then
    ** store the results in the appropriate memory cell and break out
    ** of the scan loop.
    */
    case SRT_Mem: {
      assert( nResultCol==1 );
      if( pSort ){
        pushOntoSorter(pParse, pSort, p, regResult, 1, nPrefixReg);
      }else{
        assert( regResult==iParm );
        /* The LIMIT clause will jump out of the loop for us */
      }
      break;
    }
#endif /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */

    case SRT_Coroutine:       /* Send data to a co-routine */
    case SRT_Output: {        /* Return the results */
      testcase( eDest==SRT_Coroutine );
      testcase( eDest==SRT_Output );
      if( pSort ){
        pushOntoSorter(pParse, pSort, p, regResult, nResultCol, nPrefixReg);

      }else if( eDest==SRT_Coroutine ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, pDest->iSDParm);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, regResult, nResultCol);
        sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, regResult, nResultCol);
      }
      break;
................................................................................
  int bSeq;                       /* True if sorter record includes seq. no. */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
  struct ExprList_item *aOutEx = p->pEList->a;
#endif

  if( pSort->labelBkOut ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, pSort->regReturn, pSort->labelBkOut);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrBreak);
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pSort->labelBkOut);
  }
  iTab = pSort->iECursor;
  if( eDest==SRT_Output || eDest==SRT_Coroutine ){
    regRowid = 0;
    regRow = pDest->iSdst;
    nSortData = nColumn;
................................................................................
**
** Only the column names are computed.  Column.zType, Column.zColl,
** and other fields of Column are zeroed.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success.  If a memory allocation error occurs,
** store NULL in *paCol and 0 in *pnCol and return SQLITE_NOMEM.
*/
static int selectColumnsFromExprList(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  ExprList *pEList,       /* Expr list from which to derive column names */
  i16 *pnCol,             /* Write the number of columns here */
  Column **paCol          /* Write the new column list here */
){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;   /* Database connection */
  int i, j;                   /* Loop counters */
................................................................................
  }
  /* The sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect() is only used n contexts where lookaside
  ** is disabled */
  assert( db->lookaside.bEnabled==0 );
  pTab->nRef = 1;
  pTab->zName = 0;
  pTab->nRowLogEst = 200; assert( 200==sqlite3LogEst(1048576) );
  selectColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pSelect->pEList, &pTab->nCol, &pTab->aCol);
  selectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(pParse, pTab, pSelect);
  pTab->iPKey = -1;
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pTab);
    return 0;
  }
  return pTab;
................................................................................
    p->iLimit = iLimit = ++pParse->nMem;
    v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
    assert( v!=0 );
    if( sqlite3ExprIsInteger(p->pLimit, &n) ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, n, iLimit);
      VdbeComment((v, "LIMIT counter"));
      if( n==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, iBreak);
      }else if( n>=0 && p->nSelectRow>(u64)n ){
        p->nSelectRow = n;
      }
    }else{
      sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, p->pLimit, iLimit);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_MustBeInt, iLimit); VdbeCoverage(v);
      VdbeComment((v, "LIMIT counter"));
................................................................................
**
**   <recursive-table> AS (<setup-query> UNION [ALL] <recursive-query>)
**                         \___________/             \_______________/
**                           p->pPrior                      p
**
**
** There is exactly one reference to the recursive-table in the FROM clause
** of recursive-query, marked with the SrcList->a[].isRecursive flag.
**
** The setup-query runs once to generate an initial set of rows that go
** into a Queue table.  Rows are extracted from the Queue table one by
** one.  Each row extracted from Queue is output to pDest.  Then the single
** extracted row (now in the iCurrent table) becomes the content of the
** recursive-table for a recursive-query run.  The output of the recursive-query
** is added back into the Queue table.  Then another row is extracted from Queue
................................................................................
  regOffset = p->iOffset;
  p->pLimit = p->pOffset = 0;
  p->iLimit = p->iOffset = 0;
  pOrderBy = p->pOrderBy;

  /* Locate the cursor number of the Current table */
  for(i=0; ALWAYS(i<pSrc->nSrc); i++){
    if( pSrc->a[i].isRecursive ){
      iCurrent = pSrc->a[i].iCursor;
      break;
    }
  }

  /* Allocate cursors numbers for Queue and Distinct.  The cursor number for
  ** the Distinct table must be exactly one greater than Queue in order
................................................................................
    p->pPrior = 0;
    sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &destQueue);
    assert( p->pPrior==0 );
    p->pPrior = pSetup;
  }

  /* Keep running the loop until the Queue is empty */
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrTop);
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrBreak);

end_of_recursive_query:
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, p->pOrderBy);
  p->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
  p->pLimit = pLimit;
  p->pOffset = pOffset;
................................................................................
  if( op==TK_EXCEPT || op==TK_INTERSECT ){
    addrEofA_noB = addrEofA = labelEnd;
  }else{  
    VdbeNoopComment((v, "eof-A subroutine"));
    addrEofA = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regOutB, addrOutB);
    addrEofA_noB = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Yield, regAddrB, labelEnd);
                                     VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrEofA);
    p->nSelectRow += pPrior->nSelectRow;
  }

  /* Generate a subroutine to run when the results from select B
  ** are exhausted and only data in select A remains.
  */
  if( op==TK_INTERSECT ){
    addrEofB = addrEofA;
    if( p->nSelectRow > pPrior->nSelectRow ) p->nSelectRow = pPrior->nSelectRow;
  }else{  
    VdbeNoopComment((v, "eof-B subroutine"));
    addrEofB = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regOutA, addrOutA);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Yield, regAddrA, labelEnd); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrEofB);
  }

  /* Generate code to handle the case of A<B
  */
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "A-lt-B subroutine"));
  addrAltB = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regOutA, addrOutA);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Yield, regAddrA, addrEofA); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, labelCmpr);

  /* Generate code to handle the case of A==B
  */
  if( op==TK_ALL ){
    addrAeqB = addrAltB;
  }else if( op==TK_INTERSECT ){
    addrAeqB = addrAltB;
    addrAltB++;
  }else{
    VdbeNoopComment((v, "A-eq-B subroutine"));
    addrAeqB =
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Yield, regAddrA, addrEofA); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, labelCmpr);
  }

  /* Generate code to handle the case of A>B
  */
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "A-gt-B subroutine"));
  addrAgtB = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  if( op==TK_ALL || op==TK_UNION ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regOutB, addrOutB);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Yield, regAddrB, addrEofB); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, labelCmpr);

  /* This code runs once to initialize everything.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Yield, regAddrA, addrEofA_noB); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Yield, regAddrB, addrEofB); VdbeCoverage(v);

................................................................................
  ** effectively converts the OUTER JOIN into an INNER JOIN.
  **
  ** THIS OVERRIDES OBSOLETE COMMENTS 1 AND 2 ABOVE:
  ** Ticket #3300 shows that flattening the right term of a LEFT JOIN
  ** is fraught with danger.  Best to avoid the whole thing.  If the
  ** subquery is the right term of a LEFT JOIN, then do not flatten.
  */
  if( (pSubitem->jointype & JT_OUTER)!=0 ){
    return 0;
  }

  /* Restriction 17: If the sub-query is a compound SELECT, then it must
  ** use only the UNION ALL operator. And none of the simple select queries
  ** that make up the compound SELECT are allowed to be aggregate or distinct
  ** queries.
................................................................................
    u8 jointype = 0;
    pSubSrc = pSub->pSrc;     /* FROM clause of subquery */
    nSubSrc = pSubSrc->nSrc;  /* Number of terms in subquery FROM clause */
    pSrc = pParent->pSrc;     /* FROM clause of the outer query */

    if( pSrc ){
      assert( pParent==p );  /* First time through the loop */
      jointype = pSubitem->jointype;
    }else{
      assert( pParent!=p );  /* 2nd and subsequent times through the loop */
      pSrc = pParent->pSrc = sqlite3SrcListAppend(db, 0, 0, 0);
      if( pSrc==0 ){
        assert( db->mallocFailed );
        break;
      }
................................................................................
    ** outer query.
    */
    for(i=0; i<nSubSrc; i++){
      sqlite3IdListDelete(db, pSrc->a[i+iFrom].pUsing);
      pSrc->a[i+iFrom] = pSubSrc->a[i];
      memset(&pSubSrc->a[i], 0, sizeof(pSubSrc->a[i]));
    }
    pSrc->a[iFrom].jointype = jointype;
  
    /* Now begin substituting subquery result set expressions for 
    ** references to the iParent in the outer query.
    ** 
    ** Example:
    **
    **   SELECT a+5, b*10 FROM (SELECT x*3 AS a, y+10 AS b FROM t1) WHERE a>b;
................................................................................
**
**   (3) The inner query has a LIMIT clause (since the changes to the WHERE
**       close would change the meaning of the LIMIT).
**
**   (4) The inner query is the right operand of a LEFT JOIN.  (The caller
**       enforces this restriction since this routine does not have enough
**       information to know.)



**
** Return 0 if no changes are made and non-zero if one or more WHERE clause
** terms are duplicated into the subquery.
*/
static int pushDownWhereTerms(
  sqlite3 *db,          /* The database connection (for malloc()) */
  Select *pSubq,        /* The subquery whose WHERE clause is to be augmented */
................................................................................
  if( pSubq->pLimit!=0 ){
     return 0; /* restriction (3) */
  }
  while( pWhere->op==TK_AND ){
    nChng += pushDownWhereTerms(db, pSubq, pWhere->pRight, iCursor);
    pWhere = pWhere->pLeft;
  }

  if( sqlite3ExprIsTableConstant(pWhere, iCursor) ){
    nChng++;
    while( pSubq ){
      pNew = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pWhere, 0);
      pNew = substExpr(db, pNew, iCursor, pSubq->pEList);
      pSubq->pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pSubq->pWhere, pNew);
      pSubq = pSubq->pPrior;
................................................................................
** If the source-list item passed as an argument was augmented with an
** INDEXED BY clause, then try to locate the specified index. If there
** was such a clause and the named index cannot be found, return 
** SQLITE_ERROR and leave an error in pParse. Otherwise, populate 
** pFrom->pIndex and return SQLITE_OK.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IndexedByLookup(Parse *pParse, struct SrcList_item *pFrom){
  if( pFrom->pTab && pFrom->zIndexedBy ){
    Table *pTab = pFrom->pTab;
    char *zIndexedBy = pFrom->zIndexedBy;
    Index *pIdx;
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; 
        pIdx && sqlite3StrICmp(pIdx->zName, zIndexedBy); 
        pIdx=pIdx->pNext
    );
    if( !pIdx ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no such index: %s", zIndexedBy, 0);
      pParse->checkSchema = 1;
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    pFrom->pIndex = pIdx;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
/*
** Detect compound SELECT statements that use an ORDER BY clause with 
** an alternative collating sequence.
**
................................................................................
    Table *pTab;
    ExprList *pEList;
    Select *pSel;
    Select *pLeft;                /* Left-most SELECT statement */
    int bMayRecursive;            /* True if compound joined by UNION [ALL] */
    With *pSavedWith;             /* Initial value of pParse->pWith */

    /* If pCte->zErr is non-NULL at this point, then this is an illegal
    ** recursive reference to CTE pCte. Leave an error in pParse and return
    ** early. If pCte->zErr is NULL, then this is not a recursive reference.
    ** In this case, proceed.  */
    if( pCte->zErr ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, pCte->zErr, pCte->zName);
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }

    assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
    pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table));
    if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;
    pTab->nRef = 1;
................................................................................
      for(i=0; i<pSrc->nSrc; i++){
        struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pSrc->a[i];
        if( pItem->zDatabase==0 
         && pItem->zName!=0 
         && 0==sqlite3StrICmp(pItem->zName, pCte->zName)
          ){
          pItem->pTab = pTab;
          pItem->isRecursive = 1;
          pTab->nRef++;
          pSel->selFlags |= SF_Recursive;
        }
      }
    }

    /* Only one recursive reference is permitted. */ 
................................................................................
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(
          pParse, "multiple references to recursive table: %s", pCte->zName
      );
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    assert( pTab->nRef==1 || ((pSel->selFlags&SF_Recursive) && pTab->nRef==2 ));

    pCte->zErr = "circular reference: %s";
    pSavedWith = pParse->pWith;
    pParse->pWith = pWith;
    sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, bMayRecursive ? pSel->pPrior : pSel);

    for(pLeft=pSel; pLeft->pPrior; pLeft=pLeft->pPrior);
    pEList = pLeft->pEList;
    if( pCte->pCols ){
................................................................................
        );
        pParse->pWith = pSavedWith;
        return SQLITE_ERROR;
      }
      pEList = pCte->pCols;
    }

    selectColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pEList, &pTab->nCol, &pTab->aCol);
    if( bMayRecursive ){
      if( pSel->selFlags & SF_Recursive ){
        pCte->zErr = "multiple recursive references: %s";
      }else{
        pCte->zErr = "recursive reference in a subquery: %s";
      }
      sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pSel);
    }
    pCte->zErr = 0;
    pParse->pWith = pSavedWith;
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif

................................................................................

  /* Look up every table named in the FROM clause of the select.  If
  ** an entry of the FROM clause is a subquery instead of a table or view,
  ** then create a transient table structure to describe the subquery.
  */
  for(i=0, pFrom=pTabList->a; i<pTabList->nSrc; i++, pFrom++){
    Table *pTab;
    assert( pFrom->isRecursive==0 || pFrom->pTab );
    if( pFrom->isRecursive ) continue;
    if( pFrom->pTab!=0 ){
      /* This statement has already been prepared.  There is no need
      ** to go further. */
      assert( i==0 );
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CTE
      selectPopWith(pWalker, p);
#endif
................................................................................
      assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
      if( sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pSel) ) return WRC_Abort;
      pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table));
      if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;
      pTab->nRef = 1;
      pTab->zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "sqlite_sq_%p", (void*)pTab);
      while( pSel->pPrior ){ pSel = pSel->pPrior; }
      selectColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pSel->pEList, &pTab->nCol, &pTab->aCol);
      pTab->iPKey = -1;
      pTab->nRowLogEst = 200; assert( 200==sqlite3LogEst(1048576) );
      pTab->tabFlags |= TF_Ephemeral;
#endif
    }else{
      /* An ordinary table or view name in the FROM clause */
      assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
................................................................................
            if( IsHiddenColumn(&pTab->aCol[j]) ){
              assert(IsVirtual(pTab));
              continue;
            }
            tableSeen = 1;

            if( i>0 && zTName==0 ){
              if( (pFrom->jointype & JT_NATURAL)!=0
                && tableAndColumnIndex(pTabList, i, zName, 0, 0)
              ){
                /* In a NATURAL join, omit the join columns from the 
                ** table to the right of the join */
                continue;
              }
              if( sqlite3IdListIndex(pFrom->pUsing, zName)>=0 ){
................................................................................
    int addrNext = 0;
    int regAgg;
    ExprList *pList = pF->pExpr->x.pList;
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pF->pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
    if( pList ){
      nArg = pList->nExpr;
      regAgg = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nArg);
      sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse, pList, regAgg, SQLITE_ECEL_DUP);
    }else{
      nArg = 0;
      regAgg = 0;
    }
    if( pF->iDistinct>=0 ){
      addrNext = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      testcase( nArg==0 );  /* Error condition */
................................................................................
    /* Sometimes the code for a subquery will be generated more than
    ** once, if the subquery is part of the WHERE clause in a LEFT JOIN,
    ** for example.  In that case, do not regenerate the code to manifest
    ** a view or the co-routine to implement a view.  The first instance
    ** is sufficient, though the subroutine to manifest the view does need
    ** to be invoked again. */
    if( pItem->addrFillSub ){
      if( pItem->viaCoroutine==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, pItem->regReturn, pItem->addrFillSub);
      }
      continue;
    }

    /* Increment Parse.nHeight by the height of the largest expression
    ** tree referred to by this, the parent select. The child select
................................................................................
    ** an exact limit.
    */
    pParse->nHeight += sqlite3SelectExprHeight(p);

    /* Make copies of constant WHERE-clause terms in the outer query down
    ** inside the subquery.  This can help the subquery to run more efficiently.
    */
    if( (pItem->jointype & JT_OUTER)==0
     && pushDownWhereTerms(db, pSub, p->pWhere, pItem->iCursor)
    ){
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
      if( sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x100 ){
        SELECTTRACE(0x100,pParse,p,("After WHERE-clause push-down:\n"));
        sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
      }
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, pItem->regReturn, 0, addrTop);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      pItem->addrFillSub = addrTop;
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Coroutine, pItem->regReturn);
      explainSetInteger(pItem->iSelectId, (u8)pParse->iNextSelectId);
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSub, &dest);
      pItem->pTab->nRowLogEst = sqlite3LogEst(pSub->nSelectRow);
      pItem->viaCoroutine = 1;
      pItem->regResult = dest.iSdst;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_EndCoroutine, pItem->regReturn);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop-1);
      sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(pParse);
    }else{
      /* Generate a subroutine that will fill an ephemeral table with
      ** the content of this subquery.  pItem->addrFillSub will point
................................................................................
      int topAddr;
      int onceAddr = 0;
      int retAddr;
      assert( pItem->addrFillSub==0 );
      pItem->regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;
      topAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, pItem->regReturn);
      pItem->addrFillSub = topAddr+1;
      if( pItem->isCorrelated==0 ){
        /* If the subquery is not correlated and if we are not inside of
        ** a trigger, then we only need to compute the value of the subquery
        ** once. */
        onceAddr = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse); VdbeCoverage(v);
        VdbeComment((v, "materialize \"%s\"", pItem->pTab->zName));
      }else{
        VdbeNoopComment((v, "materialize \"%s\"", pItem->pTab->zName));
................................................................................

  /* Set the limiter.
  */
  iEnd = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  p->nSelectRow = LARGEST_INT64;
  computeLimitRegisters(pParse, p, iEnd);
  if( p->iLimit==0 && sSort.addrSortIndex>=0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, sSort.addrSortIndex)->opcode = OP_SorterOpen;
    sSort.sortFlags |= SORTFLAG_UseSorter;
  }

  /* Open an ephemeral index to use for the distinct set.
  */
  if( p->selFlags & SF_Distinct ){
    sDistinct.tabTnct = pParse->nTab++;
................................................................................
          if( sAggInfo.aCol[i].iSorterColumn>=j ){
            nCol++;
            j++;
          }
        }
        regBase = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nCol);
        sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
        sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse, pGroupBy, regBase, 0);
        j = nGroupBy;
        for(i=0; i<sAggInfo.nColumn; i++){
          struct AggInfo_col *pCol = &sAggInfo.aCol[i];
          if( pCol->iSorterColumn>=j ){
            int r1 = j + regBase;
            int r2;

................................................................................
      /* Output the final row of result
      */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regOutputRow, addrOutputRow);
      VdbeComment((v, "output final row"));

      /* Jump over the subroutines
      */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrEnd);

      /* Generate a subroutine that outputs a single row of the result
      ** set.  This subroutine first looks at the iUseFlag.  If iUseFlag
      ** is less than or equal to zero, the subroutine is a no-op.  If
      ** the processing calls for the query to abort, this subroutine
      ** increments the iAbortFlag memory location before returning in
      ** order to signal the caller to abort.
................................................................................
        if( pWInfo==0 ){
          sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pDel);
          goto select_end;
        }
        updateAccumulator(pParse, &sAggInfo);
        assert( pMinMax==0 || pMinMax->nExpr==1 );
        if( sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(pWInfo)>0 ){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, sqlite3WhereBreakLabel(pWInfo));
          VdbeComment((v, "%s() by index",
                (flag==WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN?"min":"max")));
        }
        sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
        finalizeAggFunctions(pParse, &sAggInfo);
      }

................................................................................
  */
  pTabList->a[0].colUsed = 0;

  hasFK = sqlite3FkRequired(pParse, pTab, aXRef, chngKey);

  /* There is one entry in the aRegIdx[] array for each index on the table
  ** being updated.  Fill in aRegIdx[] with a register number that will hold
  ** the key for accessing each index.  


  */
  for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
    int reg;
    if( chngKey || hasFK || pIdx->pPartIdxWhere || pIdx==pPk ){
      reg = ++pParse->nMem;
    }else{
      reg = 0;
      for(i=0; i<pIdx->nKeyCol; i++){
        if( aXRef[pIdx->aiColumn[i]]>=0 ){

          reg = ++pParse->nMem;
          break;
        }
      }
    }
    if( reg==0 ) aToOpen[j+1] = 0;
    aRegIdx[j] = reg;
................................................................................
    addrOpen = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, iEph, nPk);
    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pPk);
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, 
                               WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED, iIdxCur);
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
    okOnePass = sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(pWInfo, aiCurOnePass);
    for(i=0; i<nPk; i++){

      sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur, pPk->aiColumn[i],
                                      iPk+i);
    }
    if( okOnePass ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, addrOpen);
      nKey = nPk;
      regKey = iPk;
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, iPk, nPk, regKey,
                        sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v, pPk), nPk);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iEph, regKey);
    }
    sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
  }

  /* Initialize the count of updated rows
  */
................................................................................
  */
  if( okOnePass ){
    /* Nothing to do at end-of-loop for a single-pass */
  }else if( pPk ){
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, labelContinue);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iEph, addrTop); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, labelContinue);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, labelBreak);

  /* Close all tables */
  for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
    assert( aRegIdx );
    if( aToOpen[i+1] ){
................................................................................
      Module *pDel;
      char *zCopy = (char *)(&pMod[1]);
      memcpy(zCopy, zName, nName+1);
      pMod->zName = zCopy;
      pMod->pModule = pModule;
      pMod->pAux = pAux;
      pMod->xDestroy = xDestroy;

      pDel = (Module *)sqlite3HashInsert(&db->aModule,zCopy,(void*)pMod);
      assert( pDel==0 || pDel==pMod );
      if( pDel ){
        db->mallocFailed = 1;
        sqlite3DbFree(db, pDel);
      }
    }
................................................................................
/*
** Add a new module argument to pTable->azModuleArg[].
** The string is not copied - the pointer is stored.  The
** string will be freed automatically when the table is
** deleted.
*/
static void addModuleArgument(sqlite3 *db, Table *pTable, char *zArg){
  int i = pTable->nModuleArg++;
  int nBytes = sizeof(char *)*(1+pTable->nModuleArg);
  char **azModuleArg;
  azModuleArg = sqlite3DbRealloc(db, pTable->azModuleArg, nBytes);
  if( azModuleArg==0 ){
    int j;
    for(j=0; j<i; j++){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pTable->azModuleArg[j]);
    }
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zArg);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pTable->azModuleArg);
    pTable->nModuleArg = 0;
  }else{

    azModuleArg[i] = zArg;
    azModuleArg[i+1] = 0;
  }
  pTable->azModuleArg = azModuleArg;

}

/*
** The parser calls this routine when it first sees a CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE
** statement.  The module name has been parsed, but the optional list
** of parameters that follow the module name are still pending.
*/
................................................................................
    sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Expire, 0, 0);
    zWhere = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "name='%q' AND type='table'", pTab->zName);
    sqlite3VdbeAddParseSchemaOp(v, iDb, zWhere);

    iReg = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_String8, 0, iReg, 0, pTab->zName, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_VCreate, iDb, iReg);
  }

  /* If we are rereading the sqlite_master table create the in-memory
  ** record of the table. The xConnect() method is not called until
  ** the first time the virtual table is used in an SQL statement. This
  ** allows a schema that contains virtual tables to be loaded before
................................................................................
  zMod = pTab->azModuleArg[0];
  pMod = (Module*)sqlite3HashFind(&db->aModule, zMod);

  /* If the module has been registered and includes a Create method, 
  ** invoke it now. If the module has not been registered, return an 
  ** error. Otherwise, do nothing.
  */
  if( !pMod ){
    *pzErr = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "no such module: %s", zMod);
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }else{
    rc = vtabCallConstructor(db, pTab, pMod, pMod->pModule->xCreate, pzErr);
  }

  /* Justification of ALWAYS():  The xConstructor method is required to
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabCallDestroy(sqlite3 *db, int iDb, const char *zTab){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  Table *pTab;

  pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zTab, db->aDb[iDb].zName);
  if( ALWAYS(pTab!=0 && pTab->pVTable!=0) ){
    VTable *p;

    for(p=pTab->pVTable; p; p=p->pNext){
      assert( p->pVtab );
      if( p->pVtab->nRef>0 ){
        return SQLITE_LOCKED;
      }
    }
    p = vtabDisconnectAll(db, pTab);
    rc = p->pMod->pModule->xDestroy(p->pVtab);


    /* Remove the sqlite3_vtab* from the aVTrans[] array, if applicable */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      assert( pTab->pVTable==p && p->pNext==0 );
      p->pVtab = 0;
      pTab->pVTable = 0;
      sqlite3VtabUnlock(p);
    }
................................................................................
  if( apVtabLock ){
    pToplevel->apVtabLock = apVtabLock;
    pToplevel->apVtabLock[pToplevel->nVtabLock++] = pTab;
  }else{
    pToplevel->db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }
}






























































/*
** Return the ON CONFLICT resolution mode in effect for the virtual
** table update operation currently in progress.
**
** The results of this routine are undefined unless it is called from
** within an xUpdate method.
................................................................................
** An instance of the WhereScan object is used as an iterator for locating
** terms in the WHERE clause that are useful to the query planner.
*/
struct WhereScan {
  WhereClause *pOrigWC;      /* Original, innermost WhereClause */
  WhereClause *pWC;          /* WhereClause currently being scanned */
  char *zCollName;           /* Required collating sequence, if not NULL */

  char idxaff;               /* Must match this affinity, if zCollName!=NULL */
  unsigned char nEquiv;      /* Number of entries in aEquiv[] */
  unsigned char iEquiv;      /* Next unused slot in aEquiv[] */
  u32 opMask;                /* Acceptable operators */
  int k;                     /* Resume scanning at this->pWC->a[this->k] */
  int aEquiv[22];            /* Cursor,Column pairs for equivalence classes */

};

/*
** An instance of the following structure holds all information about a
** WHERE clause.  Mostly this is a container for one or more WhereTerms.
**
** Explanation of pOuter:  For a WHERE clause of the form
................................................................................
/* whereexpr.c: */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3WhereClauseInit(WhereClause*,WhereInfo*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3WhereClauseClear(WhereClause*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3WhereSplit(WhereClause*,Expr*,u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Bitmask sqlite3WhereExprUsage(WhereMaskSet*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Bitmask sqlite3WhereExprListUsage(WhereMaskSet*, ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3WhereExprAnalyze(SrcList*, WhereClause*);






/*
** Bitmasks for the operators on WhereTerm objects.  These are all
................................................................................
  const char *zOp             /* Name of the operator */
){
  if( iTerm ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, " AND ", 5);
  sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(pStr, zColumn);
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, zOp, 1);
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, "?", 1);
}











/*
** Argument pLevel describes a strategy for scanning table pTab. This 
** function appends text to pStr that describes the subset of table
** rows scanned by the strategy in the form of an SQL expression.
**
** For example, if the query:
................................................................................
**   "a=? AND b>?"
*/
static void explainIndexRange(StrAccum *pStr, WhereLoop *pLoop, Table *pTab){
  Index *pIndex = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  u16 nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;
  u16 nSkip = pLoop->nSkip;
  int i, j;
  Column *aCol = pTab->aCol;
  i16 *aiColumn = pIndex->aiColumn;

  if( nEq==0 && (pLoop->wsFlags&(WHERE_BTM_LIMIT|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT))==0 ) return;
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, " (", 2);
  for(i=0; i<nEq; i++){
    char *z = aiColumn[i] < 0 ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[i]].zName;
    if( i>=nSkip ){
      explainAppendTerm(pStr, i, z, "=");
    }else{
      if( i ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, " AND ", 5);
      sqlite3XPrintf(pStr, 0, "ANY(%s)", z);
    }
  }

  j = i;
  if( pLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
    char *z = aiColumn[j] < 0 ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[j]].zName;
    explainAppendTerm(pStr, i++, z, ">");
  }
  if( pLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_TOP_LIMIT ){
    char *z = aiColumn[j] < 0 ? "rowid" : aCol[aiColumn[j]].zName;
    explainAppendTerm(pStr, i, z, "<");
  }
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, ")", 1);
}

/*
** This function is a no-op unless currently processing an EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
................................................................................
      }
      if( zFmt ){
        sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&str, " USING ", 7);
        sqlite3XPrintf(&str, 0, zFmt, pIdx->zName);
        explainIndexRange(&str, pLoop, pItem->pTab);
      }
    }else if( (flags & WHERE_IPK)!=0 && (flags & WHERE_CONSTRAINT)!=0 ){
      const char *zRange;
      if( flags&(WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_COLUMN_IN) ){
        zRange = "(rowid=?)";
      }else if( (flags&WHERE_BOTH_LIMIT)==WHERE_BOTH_LIMIT ){
        zRange = "(rowid>? AND rowid<?)";
      }else if( flags&WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
        zRange = "(rowid>?)";
      }else{
        assert( flags&WHERE_TOP_LIMIT);
        zRange = "(rowid<?)";
      }
      sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(&str, " USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY ");
      sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(&str, zRange);
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    else if( (flags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)!=0 ){
      sqlite3XPrintf(&str, 0, " VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX %d:%s",
                  pLoop->u.vtab.idxNum, pLoop->u.vtab.idxStr);
    }
#endif
................................................................................

  /* Figure out how many memory cells we will need then allocate them.
  */
  regBase = pParse->nMem + 1;
  nReg = pLoop->u.btree.nEq + nExtraReg;
  pParse->nMem += nReg;

  zAff = sqlite3DbStrDup(pParse->db, sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v, pIdx));
  if( !zAff ){
    pParse->db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }

  if( nSkip ){
    int iIdxCur = pLevel->iIdxCur;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, (bRev?OP_Last:OP_Rewind), iIdxCur);
................................................................................
  addrBrk = pLevel->addrBrk = pLevel->addrNxt = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  addrCont = pLevel->addrCont = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);

  /* If this is the right table of a LEFT OUTER JOIN, allocate and
  ** initialize a memory cell that records if this table matches any
  ** row of the left table of the join.
  */
  if( pLevel->iFrom>0 && (pTabItem[0].jointype & JT_LEFT)!=0 ){
    pLevel->iLeftJoin = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, pLevel->iLeftJoin);
    VdbeComment((v, "init LEFT JOIN no-match flag"));
  }

  /* Special case of a FROM clause subquery implemented as a co-routine */
  if( pTabItem->viaCoroutine ){
    int regYield = pTabItem->regReturn;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, regYield, 0, pTabItem->addrFillSub);
    pLevel->p2 =  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Yield, regYield, addrBrk);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    VdbeComment((v, "next row of \"%s\"", pTabItem->pTab->zName));
    pLevel->op = OP_Goto;
  }else
................................................................................
    pLevel->u.pCovidx = pCov;
    if( pCov ) pLevel->iIdxCur = iCovCur;
    if( pAndExpr ){
      pAndExpr->pLeft = 0;
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pAndExpr);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iRetInit, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v));
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, pLevel->addrBrk);
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iLoopBody);

    if( pWInfo->nLevel>1 ) sqlite3StackFree(db, pOrTab);
    if( !untestedTerms ) disableTerm(pLevel, pTerm);
  }else
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION */

................................................................................
  {
    /* Case 6:  There is no usable index.  We must do a complete
    **          scan of the entire table.
    */
    static const u8 aStep[] = { OP_Next, OP_Prev };
    static const u8 aStart[] = { OP_Rewind, OP_Last };
    assert( bRev==0 || bRev==1 );
    if( pTabItem->isRecursive ){
      /* Tables marked isRecursive have only a single row that is stored in
      ** a pseudo-cursor.  No need to Rewind or Next such cursors. */
      pLevel->op = OP_Noop;
    }else{
      pLevel->op = aStep[bRev];
      pLevel->p1 = iCur;
      pLevel->p2 = 1 + sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, aStart[bRev], iCur, addrBrk);
................................................................................
        mask |= sqlite3WhereExprUsage(pMaskSet, pSrc->a[i].pOn);
      }
    }
    pS = pS->pPrior;
  }
  return mask;
}














































/*
** The input to this routine is an WhereTerm structure with only the
** "pExpr" field filled in.  The job of this routine is to analyze the
** subexpression and populate all the other fields of the WhereTerm
** structure.
**
................................................................................
                       ** on left table of a LEFT JOIN.  Ticket #3015 */
  }
  pTerm->prereqAll = prereqAll;
  pTerm->leftCursor = -1;
  pTerm->iParent = -1;
  pTerm->eOperator = 0;
  if( allowedOp(op) ){

    Expr *pLeft = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pExpr->pLeft);
    Expr *pRight = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pExpr->pRight);
    u16 opMask = (pTerm->prereqRight & prereqLeft)==0 ? WO_ALL : WO_EQUIV;
    if( pLeft->op==TK_COLUMN ){
      pTerm->leftCursor = pLeft->iTable;
      pTerm->u.leftColumn = pLeft->iColumn;
      pTerm->eOperator = operatorMask(op) & opMask;
    }
    if( op==TK_IS ) pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_IS;
    if( pRight && pRight->op==TK_COLUMN ){


      WhereTerm *pNew;
      Expr *pDup;
      u16 eExtraOp = 0;        /* Extra bits for pNew->eOperator */
      if( pTerm->leftCursor>=0 ){
        int idxNew;
        pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr, 0);
        if( db->mallocFailed ){
................................................................................
        }
      }else{
        pDup = pExpr;
        pNew = pTerm;
      }
      exprCommute(pParse, pDup);
      pLeft = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pDup->pLeft);
      pNew->leftCursor = pLeft->iTable;
      pNew->u.leftColumn = pLeft->iColumn;
      testcase( (prereqLeft | extraRight) != prereqLeft );
      pNew->prereqRight = prereqLeft | extraRight;
      pNew->prereqAll = prereqAll;
      pNew->eOperator = (operatorMask(pDup->op) + eExtraOp) & opMask;
    }
  }

................................................................................
  WhereClause *pWC         /* the WHERE clause to be analyzed */
){
  int i;
  for(i=pWC->nTerm-1; i>=0; i--){
    exprAnalyze(pTabList, pWC, i);
  }
}









































/************** End of whereexpr.c *******************************************/
/************** Begin file where.c *******************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
................................................................................
/*
** Advance to the next WhereTerm that matches according to the criteria
** established when the pScan object was initialized by whereScanInit().
** Return NULL if there are no more matching WhereTerms.
*/
static WhereTerm *whereScanNext(WhereScan *pScan){
  int iCur;            /* The cursor on the LHS of the term */
  int iColumn;         /* The column on the LHS of the term.  -1 for IPK */
  Expr *pX;            /* An expression being tested */
  WhereClause *pWC;    /* Shorthand for pScan->pWC */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;    /* The term being tested */
  int k = pScan->k;    /* Where to start scanning */

  while( pScan->iEquiv<=pScan->nEquiv ){
    iCur = pScan->aEquiv[pScan->iEquiv-2];
    iColumn = pScan->aEquiv[pScan->iEquiv-1];

    while( (pWC = pScan->pWC)!=0 ){
      for(pTerm=pWC->a+k; k<pWC->nTerm; k++, pTerm++){
        if( pTerm->leftCursor==iCur
         && pTerm->u.leftColumn==iColumn


         && (pScan->iEquiv<=2 || !ExprHasProperty(pTerm->pExpr, EP_FromJoin))
        ){
          if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_EQUIV)!=0
           && pScan->nEquiv<ArraySize(pScan->aEquiv)
          ){
            int j;
            pX = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pTerm->pExpr->pRight);
            assert( pX->op==TK_COLUMN );
            for(j=0; j<pScan->nEquiv; j+=2){
              if( pScan->aEquiv[j]==pX->iTable
               && pScan->aEquiv[j+1]==pX->iColumn ){
                  break;
              }
            }
            if( j==pScan->nEquiv ){
              pScan->aEquiv[j] = pX->iTable;
              pScan->aEquiv[j+1] = pX->iColumn;
              pScan->nEquiv += 2;
            }
          }
          if( (pTerm->eOperator & pScan->opMask)!=0 ){
            /* Verify the affinity and collating sequence match */
            if( pScan->zCollName && (pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL)==0 ){
              CollSeq *pColl;
              Parse *pParse = pWC->pWInfo->pParse;
................................................................................
              if( pColl==0 ) pColl = pParse->db->pDfltColl;
              if( sqlite3StrICmp(pColl->zName, pScan->zCollName) ){
                continue;
              }
            }
            if( (pTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_IS))!=0
             && (pX = pTerm->pExpr->pRight)->op==TK_COLUMN
             && pX->iTable==pScan->aEquiv[0]
             && pX->iColumn==pScan->aEquiv[1]
            ){
              testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IS );
              continue;
            }
            pScan->k = k+1;
            return pTerm;
          }
................................................................................
        }
      }
      pScan->pWC = pScan->pWC->pOuter;
      k = 0;
    }
    pScan->pWC = pScan->pOrigWC;
    k = 0;
    pScan->iEquiv += 2;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Initialize a WHERE clause scanner object.  Return a pointer to the
** first match.  Return NULL if there are no matches.
................................................................................
  WhereScan *pScan,       /* The WhereScan object being initialized */
  WhereClause *pWC,       /* The WHERE clause to be scanned */
  int iCur,               /* Cursor to scan for */
  int iColumn,            /* Column to scan for */
  u32 opMask,             /* Operator(s) to scan for */
  Index *pIdx             /* Must be compatible with this index */
){
  int j;

  /* memset(pScan, 0, sizeof(*pScan)); */
  pScan->pOrigWC = pWC;
  pScan->pWC = pWC;

  if( pIdx && iColumn>=0 ){
    pScan->idxaff = pIdx->pTable->aCol[iColumn].affinity;

    for(j=0; pIdx->aiColumn[j]!=iColumn; j++){
      if( NEVER(j>pIdx->nColumn) ) return 0;

    }


    pScan->zCollName = pIdx->azColl[j];
  }else{
    pScan->idxaff = 0;
    pScan->zCollName = 0;
  }
  pScan->opMask = opMask;
  pScan->k = 0;
  pScan->aEquiv[0] = iCur;
  pScan->aEquiv[1] = iColumn;
  pScan->nEquiv = 2;
  pScan->iEquiv = 2;
  return whereScanNext(pScan);
}

/*
** Search for a term in the WHERE clause that is of the form "X <op> <expr>"
** where X is a reference to the iColumn of table iCur and <op> is one of
** the WO_xx operator codes specified by the op parameter.
** Return a pointer to the term.  Return 0 if not found.



**
** The term returned might by Y=<expr> if there is another constraint in
** the WHERE clause that specifies that X=Y.  Any such constraints will be
** identified by the WO_EQUIV bit in the pTerm->eOperator field.  The
** aEquiv[] array holds X and all its equivalents, with each SQL variable
** taking up two slots in aEquiv[].  The first slot is for the cursor number
** and the second is for the column number.  There are 22 slots in aEquiv[]
** so that means we can look for X plus up to 10 other equivalent values.
** Hence a search for X will return <expr> if X=A1 and A1=A2 and A2=A3
** and ... and A9=A10 and A10=<expr>.
**
** If there are multiple terms in the WHERE clause of the form "X <op> <expr>"
** then try for the one with no dependencies on <expr> - in other words where
** <expr> is a constant expression of some kind.  Only return entries of
** the form "X <op> Y" where Y is a column in another table if no terms of
** the form "X <op> <const-expr>" exist.   If no terms with a constant RHS
** exist, try to return a term that does not use WO_EQUIV.
................................................................................
        return i;
      }
    }
  }

  return -1;
}




















/*
** Return true if the DISTINCT expression-list passed as the third argument
** is redundant.
**
** A DISTINCT list is redundant if any subset of the columns in the
** DISTINCT list are collectively unique and individually non-null.
................................................................................
  **
  **   3. All of those index columns for which the WHERE clause does not
  **      contain a "col=X" term are subject to a NOT NULL constraint.
  */
  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    if( !IsUniqueIndex(pIdx) ) continue;
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nKeyCol; i++){
      i16 iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
      if( 0==sqlite3WhereFindTerm(pWC, iBase, iCol, ~(Bitmask)0, WO_EQ, pIdx) ){
        int iIdxCol = findIndexCol(pParse, pDistinct, iBase, pIdx, i);
        if( iIdxCol<0 || pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull==0 ){
          break;
        }

      }
    }
    if( i==pIdx->nKeyCol ){
      /* This index implies that the DISTINCT qualifier is redundant. */
      return 1;
    }
  }
................................................................................
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenAutoindex, pLevel->iIdxCur, nKeyCol+1);
  sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
  VdbeComment((v, "for %s", pTable->zName));

  /* Fill the automatic index with content */
  sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
  pTabItem = &pWC->pWInfo->pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
  if( pTabItem->viaCoroutine ){
    int regYield = pTabItem->regReturn;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, regYield, 0, pTabItem->addrFillSub);
    addrTop =  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, regYield);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    VdbeComment((v, "next row of \"%s\"", pTabItem->pTab->zName));
  }else{
    addrTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, pLevel->iTabCur); VdbeCoverage(v);
................................................................................
    pLoop->wsFlags |= WHERE_PARTIALIDX;
  }
  regRecord = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIdx, pLevel->iTabCur, regRecord, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, pLevel->iIdxCur, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
  if( pPartial ) sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iContinue);
  if( pTabItem->viaCoroutine ){
    translateColumnToCopy(v, addrTop, pLevel->iTabCur, pTabItem->regResult);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, addrTop);
    pTabItem->viaCoroutine = 0;
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, pLevel->iTabCur, addrTop+1); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRecord);
  sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
................................................................................
    assert( IsPowerOfTwo(pTerm->eOperator & ~WO_EQUIV) );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IS );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ALL );
    if( (pTerm->eOperator & ~(WO_ISNULL|WO_EQUIV|WO_IS))==0 ) continue;
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL ) continue;

    nTerm++;
  }

  /* If the ORDER BY clause contains only columns in the current 
  ** virtual table then allocate space for the aOrderBy part of
  ** the sqlite3_index_info structure.
  */
................................................................................
    assert( IsPowerOfTwo(pTerm->eOperator & ~WO_EQUIV) );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IS );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ALL );
    if( (pTerm->eOperator & ~(WO_ISNULL|WO_EQUIV|WO_IS))==0 ) continue;
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL ) continue;

    pIdxCons[j].iColumn = pTerm->u.leftColumn;
    pIdxCons[j].iTermOffset = i;
    op = (u8)pTerm->eOperator & WO_ALL;
    if( op==WO_IN ) op = WO_EQ;
    pIdxCons[j].op = op;
    /* The direct assignment in the previous line is possible only because
    ** the WO_ and SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_ codes are identical.  The
................................................................................
      nRet += pTerm->truthProb;
    }else if( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 ){
      nRet -= 20;        assert( 20==sqlite3LogEst(4) );
    }
  }
  return nRet;
}















#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
/* 
** This function is called to estimate the number of rows visited by a
** range-scan on a skip-scan index. For example:
**
**   CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a, b, c);
................................................................................
  Index *p = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  int nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  int nLower = -1;
  int nUpper = p->nSample+1;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int iCol = p->aiColumn[nEq];
  u8 aff = iCol>=0 ? p->pTable->aCol[iCol].affinity : SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
  CollSeq *pColl;
  
  sqlite3_value *p1 = 0;          /* Value extracted from pLower */
  sqlite3_value *p2 = 0;          /* Value extracted from pUpper */
  sqlite3_value *pVal = 0;        /* Value extracted from record */

  pColl = sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, p->azColl[nEq]);
................................................................................
      int iLwrIdx = -2;   /* aSample[] for the lower bound */
      int iUprIdx = -1;   /* aSample[] for the upper bound */

      if( pRec ){
        testcase( pRec->nField!=pBuilder->nRecValid );
        pRec->nField = pBuilder->nRecValid;
      }
      if( nEq==p->nKeyCol ){
        aff = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
      }else{
        aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[nEq]].affinity;
      }
      /* Determine iLower and iUpper using ($P) only. */
      if( nEq==0 ){
        iLower = 0;
        iUpper = p->nRowEst0;
      }else{
        /* Note: this call could be optimized away - since the same values must 
        ** have been requested when testing key $P in whereEqualScanEst().  */
................................................................................
  /* This is an optimization only. The call to sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue()
  ** below would return the same value.  */
  if( nEq>=p->nColumn ){
    *pnRow = 1;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  aff = p->pTable->aCol[p->aiColumn[nEq-1]].affinity;
  rc = sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(pParse, p, &pRec, pExpr, aff, nEq-1, &bOk);
  pBuilder->pRec = pRec;
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  if( bOk==0 ) return SQLITE_NOTFOUND;
  pBuilder->nRecValid = nEq;

  whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRec, 0, a);
................................................................................
  WhereInfo *pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  sqlite3 *db = pWInfo->pParse->db;

  /* If pBuilder->pOrSet is defined, then only keep track of the costs
  ** and prereqs.
  */
  if( pBuilder->pOrSet!=0 ){

#if WHERETRACE_ENABLED
    u16 n = pBuilder->pOrSet->n;
    int x =
#endif
    whereOrInsert(pBuilder->pOrSet, pTemplate->prereq, pTemplate->rRun,
                                    pTemplate->nOut);
#if WHERETRACE_ENABLED /* 0x8 */
    if( sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x8 ){
      sqlite3DebugPrintf(x?"   or-%d:  ":"   or-X:  ", n);
      whereLoopPrint(pTemplate, pBuilder->pWC);
    }
#endif

    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* Look for an existing WhereLoop to replace with pTemplate
  */
  whereLoopAdjustCost(pWInfo->pLoops, pTemplate);
  ppPrev = whereLoopFindLesser(&pWInfo->pLoops, pTemplate);
................................................................................
  WhereScan scan;                 /* Iterator for WHERE terms */
  Bitmask saved_prereq;           /* Original value of pNew->prereq */
  u16 saved_nLTerm;               /* Original value of pNew->nLTerm */
  u16 saved_nEq;                  /* Original value of pNew->u.btree.nEq */
  u16 saved_nSkip;                /* Original value of pNew->nSkip */
  u32 saved_wsFlags;              /* Original value of pNew->wsFlags */
  LogEst saved_nOut;              /* Original value of pNew->nOut */
  int iCol;                       /* Index of the column in the table */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */
  LogEst rSize;                   /* Number of rows in the table */
  LogEst rLogSize;                /* Logarithm of table size */
  WhereTerm *pTop = 0, *pBtm = 0; /* Top and bottom range constraints */

  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;

  assert( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0 );
  assert( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT)==0 );
  if( pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
    opMask = WO_LT|WO_LE;
  }else if( /*pProbe->tnum<=0 ||*/ (pSrc->jointype & JT_LEFT)!=0 ){
    opMask = WO_EQ|WO_IN|WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_LT|WO_LE;
  }else{
    opMask = WO_EQ|WO_IN|WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_LT|WO_LE|WO_ISNULL|WO_IS;
  }
  if( pProbe->bUnordered ) opMask &= ~(WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_LT|WO_LE);

  assert( pNew->u.btree.nEq<pProbe->nColumn );
  iCol = pProbe->aiColumn[pNew->u.btree.nEq];

  pTerm = whereScanInit(&scan, pBuilder->pWC, pSrc->iCursor, iCol,
                        opMask, pProbe);
  saved_nEq = pNew->u.btree.nEq;
  saved_nSkip = pNew->nSkip;
  saved_nLTerm = pNew->nLTerm;
  saved_wsFlags = pNew->wsFlags;
  saved_prereq = pNew->prereq;
  saved_nOut = pNew->nOut;


  pNew->rSetup = 0;
  rSize = pProbe->aiRowLogEst[0];
  rLogSize = estLog(rSize);
  for(; rc==SQLITE_OK && pTerm!=0; pTerm = whereScanNext(&scan)){
    u16 eOp = pTerm->eOperator;   /* Shorthand for pTerm->eOperator */
    LogEst rCostIdx;
    LogEst nOutUnadjusted;        /* nOut before IN() and WHERE adjustments */
    int nIn = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    int nRecValid = pBuilder->nRecValid;
#endif
    if( (eOp==WO_ISNULL || (pTerm->wtFlags&TERM_VNULL)!=0)
     && (iCol<0 || pSrc->pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull)
    ){
      continue; /* ignore IS [NOT] NULL constraints on NOT NULL columns */
    }
    if( pTerm->prereqRight & pNew->maskSelf ) continue;

    /* Do not allow the upper bound of a LIKE optimization range constraint
    ** to mix with a lower range bound from some other source */
................................................................................
        /* "x IN (value, value, ...)" */
        nIn = sqlite3LogEst(pExpr->x.pList->nExpr);
      }
      assert( nIn>0 );  /* RHS always has 2 or more terms...  The parser
                        ** changes "x IN (?)" into "x=?". */

    }else if( eOp & (WO_EQ|WO_IS) ){

      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_EQ;
      if( iCol<0 || (nInMul==0 && pNew->u.btree.nEq==pProbe->nKeyCol-1) ){


        if( iCol>=0 && pProbe->uniqNotNull==0 ){
          pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_UNQ_WANTED;
        }else{
          pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_ONEROW;
        }
      }
    }else if( eOp & WO_ISNULL ){
................................................................................
      ** data, using some other estimate.  */
      whereRangeScanEst(pParse, pBuilder, pBtm, pTop, pNew);
    }else{
      int nEq = ++pNew->u.btree.nEq;
      assert( eOp & (WO_ISNULL|WO_EQ|WO_IN|WO_IS) );

      assert( pNew->nOut==saved_nOut );
      if( pTerm->truthProb<=0 && iCol>=0 ){
        assert( (eOp & WO_IN) || nIn==0 );
        testcase( eOp & WO_IN );
        pNew->nOut += pTerm->truthProb;
        pNew->nOut -= nIn;
      }else{
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
        tRowcnt nOut = 0;
................................................................................

/* Check to see if a partial index with pPartIndexWhere can be used
** in the current query.  Return true if it can be and false if not.
*/
static int whereUsablePartialIndex(int iTab, WhereClause *pWC, Expr *pWhere){
  int i;
  WhereTerm *pTerm;




  for(i=0, pTerm=pWC->a; i<pWC->nTerm; i++, pTerm++){
    Expr *pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
    if( sqlite3ExprImpliesExpr(pExpr, pWhere, iTab) 
     && (!ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin) || pExpr->iRightJoinTable==iTab)
    ){
      return 1;
    }
................................................................................
  pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  pTabList = pWInfo->pTabList;
  pSrc = pTabList->a + pNew->iTab;
  pTab = pSrc->pTab;
  pWC = pBuilder->pWC;
  assert( !IsVirtual(pSrc->pTab) );

  if( pSrc->pIndex ){
    /* An INDEXED BY clause specifies a particular index to use */
    pProbe = pSrc->pIndex;
  }else if( !HasRowid(pTab) ){
    pProbe = pTab->pIndex;
  }else{
    /* There is no INDEXED BY clause.  Create a fake Index object in local
    ** variable sPk to represent the rowid primary key index.  Make this
    ** fake index the first in a chain of Index objects with all of the real
    ** indices to follow */
................................................................................
    sPk.aiRowLogEst = aiRowEstPk;
    sPk.onError = OE_Replace;
    sPk.pTable = pTab;
    sPk.szIdxRow = pTab->szTabRow;
    aiRowEstPk[0] = pTab->nRowLogEst;
    aiRowEstPk[1] = 0;
    pFirst = pSrc->pTab->pIndex;
    if( pSrc->notIndexed==0 ){
      /* The real indices of the table are only considered if the
      ** NOT INDEXED qualifier is omitted from the FROM clause */
      sPk.pNext = pFirst;
    }
    pProbe = &sPk;
  }
  rSize = pTab->nRowLogEst;
  rLogSize = estLog(rSize);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
  /* Automatic indexes */
  if( !pBuilder->pOrSet   /* Not part of an OR optimization */
   && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_NO_AUTOINDEX)==0
   && (pWInfo->pParse->db->flags & SQLITE_AutoIndex)!=0
   && pSrc->pIndex==0     /* Has no INDEXED BY clause */
   && !pSrc->notIndexed   /* Has no NOT INDEXED clause */
   && HasRowid(pTab)      /* Is not a WITHOUT ROWID table. (FIXME: Why not?) */
   && !pSrc->isCorrelated /* Not a correlated subquery */
   && !pSrc->isRecursive  /* Not a recursive common table expression. */
  ){
    /* Generate auto-index WhereLoops */
    WhereTerm *pTerm;
    WhereTerm *pWCEnd = pWC->a + pWC->nTerm;
    for(pTerm=pWC->a; rc==SQLITE_OK && pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
      if( pTerm->prereqRight & pNew->maskSelf ) continue;
      if( termCanDriveIndex(pTerm, pSrc, 0) ){
................................................................................
    sqlite3Stat4ProbeFree(pBuilder->pRec);
    pBuilder->nRecValid = 0;
    pBuilder->pRec = 0;
#endif

    /* If there was an INDEXED BY clause, then only that one index is
    ** considered. */
    if( pSrc->pIndex ) break;
  }
  return rc;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/*
** Add all WhereLoop objects for a table of the join identified by
................................................................................
  /* Loop over the tables in the join, from left to right */
  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  whereLoopInit(pNew);
  for(iTab=0, pItem=pTabList->a; pItem<pEnd; iTab++, pItem++){
    Bitmask mUnusable = 0;
    pNew->iTab = iTab;
    pNew->maskSelf = sqlite3WhereGetMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, pItem->iCursor);
    if( ((pItem->jointype|priorJointype) & (JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS))!=0 ){
      /* This condition is true when pItem is the FROM clause term on the
      ** right-hand-side of a LEFT or CROSS JOIN.  */
      mExtra = mPrior;
    }
    priorJointype = pItem->jointype;
    if( IsVirtual(pItem->pTab) ){
      struct SrcList_item *p;
      for(p=&pItem[1]; p<pEnd; p++){
        if( mUnusable || (p->jointype & (JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS)) ){
          mUnusable |= sqlite3WhereGetMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, p->iCursor);
        }
      }
      rc = whereLoopAddVirtual(pBuilder, mExtra, mUnusable);
    }else{
      rc = whereLoopAddBtree(pBuilder, mExtra);
    }
................................................................................
  
  pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  if( pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_FORCE_TABLE ) return 0;
  assert( pWInfo->pTabList->nSrc>=1 );
  pItem = pWInfo->pTabList->a;
  pTab = pItem->pTab;
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ) return 0;
  if( pItem->zIndexedBy ) return 0;
  iCur = pItem->iCursor;
  pWC = &pWInfo->sWC;
  pLoop = pBuilder->pNew;
  pLoop->wsFlags = 0;
  pLoop->nSkip = 0;
  pTerm = sqlite3WhereFindTerm(pWC, iCur, -1, 0, WO_EQ|WO_IS, 0);
  if( pTerm ){
................................................................................
      assert( pLoop->aLTermSpace==pLoop->aLTerm );
      if( !IsUniqueIndex(pIdx)
       || pIdx->pPartIdxWhere!=0 
       || pIdx->nKeyCol>ArraySize(pLoop->aLTermSpace) 
      ) continue;
      opMask = pIdx->uniqNotNull ? (WO_EQ|WO_IS) : WO_EQ;
      for(j=0; j<pIdx->nKeyCol; j++){
        pTerm = sqlite3WhereFindTerm(pWC, iCur, pIdx->aiColumn[j], 0, opMask, pIdx);
        if( pTerm==0 ) break;
        testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IS );
        pLoop->aLTerm[j] = pTerm;
      }
      if( j!=pIdx->nKeyCol ) continue;
      pLoop->wsFlags = WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_ONEROW|WHERE_INDEXED;
      if( pIdx->isCovering || (pItem->colUsed & ~columnsInIndex(pIdx))==0 ){
................................................................................
    if( wctrlFlags & WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT ){
      pWInfo->eDistinct = WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE;
    }
  }

  /* Assign a bit from the bitmask to every term in the FROM clause.
  **
  ** When assigning bitmask values to FROM clause cursors, it must be
  ** the case that if X is the bitmask for the N-th FROM clause term then
  ** the bitmask for all FROM clause terms to the left of the N-th term
  ** is (X-1).   An expression from the ON clause of a LEFT JOIN can use
  ** its Expr.iRightJoinTable value to find the bitmask of the right table
  ** of the join.  Subtracting one from the right table bitmask gives a
  ** bitmask for all tables to the left of the join.  Knowing the bitmask
  ** for all tables to the left of a left join is important.  Ticket #3015.
  **
  ** Note that bitmasks are created for all pTabList->nSrc tables in
  ** pTabList, not just the first nTabList tables.  nTabList is normally
  ** equal to pTabList->nSrc but might be shortened to 1 if the
  ** WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY flag is set.
  */
  for(ii=0; ii<pTabList->nSrc; ii++){
    createMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[ii].iCursor);

  }
#ifndef NDEBUG
  {
    Bitmask toTheLeft = 0;

    for(ii=0; ii<pTabList->nSrc; ii++){
      Bitmask m = sqlite3WhereGetMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[ii].iCursor);
      assert( (m-1)==toTheLeft );
      toTheLeft |= m;
    }

  }
#endif

  /* Analyze all of the subexpressions. */
  sqlite3WhereExprAnalyze(pTabList, &pWInfo->sWC);
  if( db->mallocFailed ) goto whereBeginError;

................................................................................
    Bitmask tabUsed = sqlite3WhereExprListUsage(pMaskSet, pResultSet);
    if( sWLB.pOrderBy ){
      tabUsed |= sqlite3WhereExprListUsage(pMaskSet, sWLB.pOrderBy);
    }
    while( pWInfo->nLevel>=2 ){
      WhereTerm *pTerm, *pEnd;
      pLoop = pWInfo->a[pWInfo->nLevel-1].pWLoop;
      if( (pWInfo->pTabList->a[pLoop->iTab].jointype & JT_LEFT)==0 ) break;
      if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT)==0
       && (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_ONEROW)==0
      ){
        break;
      }
      if( (tabUsed & pLoop->maskSelf)!=0 ) break;
      pEnd = sWLB.pWC->a + sWLB.pWC->nTerm;
................................................................................
        VdbeCoverageIf(v, pIn->eEndLoopOp==OP_PrevIfOpen);
        VdbeCoverageIf(v, pIn->eEndLoopOp==OP_NextIfOpen);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, pIn->addrInTop-1);
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pLevel->addrBrk);
    if( pLevel->addrSkip ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, pLevel->addrSkip);
      VdbeComment((v, "next skip-scan on %s", pLoop->u.btree.pIndex->zName));
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, pLevel->addrSkip);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, pLevel->addrSkip-2);
    }
    if( pLevel->addrLikeRep ){
      int op;
      if( sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, pLevel->addrLikeRep-1)->p1 ){
................................................................................
      }
      if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NullRow, pLevel->iIdxCur);
      }
      if( pLevel->op==OP_Return ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, pLevel->p1, pLevel->addrFirst);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 0, pLevel->addrFirst);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
    }
    VdbeModuleComment((v, "End WHERE-loop%d: %s", i,
                     pWInfo->pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom].pTab->zName));
  }

................................................................................
    assert( pTab!=0 );
    pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;

    /* For a co-routine, change all OP_Column references to the table of
    ** the co-routine into OP_Copy of result contained in a register.
    ** OP_Rowid becomes OP_Null.
    */
    if( pTabItem->viaCoroutine && !db->mallocFailed ){
      translateColumnToCopy(v, pLevel->addrBody, pLevel->iTabCur,
                            pTabItem->regResult);
      continue;
    }

    /* Close all of the cursors that were opened by sqlite3WhereBegin.
    ** Except, do not close cursors that will be reused by the OR optimization
................................................................................
    ExprSpan *pOperand,    /* The operand */
    Token *pPreOp         /* The operand token for setting the span */
  ){
    pOut->pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, op, pOperand->pExpr, 0, 0);
    pOut->zStart = pPreOp->z;
    pOut->zEnd = pOperand->zEnd;
  }























/* Next is all token values, in a form suitable for use by makeheaders.
** This section will be null unless lemon is run with the -m switch.
*/
/* 
** These constants (all generated automatically by the parser generator)
** specify the various kinds of tokens (terminals) that the parser
** understands. 
................................................................................
**                       for base tokens is called "yy0".
**    YYSTACKDEPTH       is the maximum depth of the parser's stack.  If
**                       zero the stack is dynamically sized using realloc()
**    sqlite3ParserARG_SDECL     A static variable declaration for the %extra_argument
**    sqlite3ParserARG_PDECL     A parameter declaration for the %extra_argument
**    sqlite3ParserARG_STORE     Code to store %extra_argument into yypParser
**    sqlite3ParserARG_FETCH     Code to extract %extra_argument from yypParser
**    YYNSTATE           the combined number of states.
**    YYNRULE            the number of rules in the grammar
**    YYERRORSYMBOL      is the code number of the error symbol.  If not
**                       defined, then do no error processing.









*/
#define YYCODETYPE unsigned char
#define YYNOCODE 254
#define YYACTIONTYPE unsigned short int
#define YYWILDCARD 70
#define sqlite3ParserTOKENTYPE Token
typedef union {
................................................................................
#ifndef YYSTACKDEPTH
#define YYSTACKDEPTH 100
#endif
#define sqlite3ParserARG_SDECL Parse *pParse;
#define sqlite3ParserARG_PDECL ,Parse *pParse
#define sqlite3ParserARG_FETCH Parse *pParse = yypParser->pParse
#define sqlite3ParserARG_STORE yypParser->pParse = pParse

#define YYNSTATE 642
#define YYNRULE 327
#define YYFALLBACK 1
#define YY_NO_ACTION      (YYNSTATE+YYNRULE+2)
#define YY_ACCEPT_ACTION  (YYNSTATE+YYNRULE+1)



#define YY_ERROR_ACTION   (YYNSTATE+YYNRULE)



/* The yyzerominor constant is used to initialize instances of
** YYMINORTYPE objects to zero. */
static const YYMINORTYPE yyzerominor = { 0 };

/* Define the yytestcase() macro to be a no-op if is not already defined
** otherwise.
................................................................................
** current state and lookahead token.  These tables are used to implement
** functions that take a state number and lookahead value and return an
** action integer.  
**
** Suppose the action integer is N.  Then the action is determined as
** follows
**
**   0 <= N < YYNSTATE                  Shift N.  That is, push the lookahead
**                                      token onto the stack and goto state N.
**
**   YYNSTATE <= N < YYNSTATE+YYNRULE   Reduce by rule N-YYNSTATE.

**



**   N == YYNSTATE+YYNRULE              A syntax error has occurred.
**
**   N == YYNSTATE+YYNRULE+1            The parser accepts its input.
**
**   N == YYNSTATE+YYNRULE+2            No such action.  Denotes unused
**                                      slots in the yy_action[] table.
**
** The action table is constructed as a single large table named yy_action[].
** Given state S and lookahead X, the action is computed as
**
**      yy_action[ yy_shift_ofst[S] + X ]
**
................................................................................
**                     yy_action.  Used to detect hash collisions.
**  yy_shift_ofst[]    For each state, the offset into yy_action for
**                     shifting terminals.
**  yy_reduce_ofst[]   For each state, the offset into yy_action for
**                     shifting non-terminals after a reduce.
**  yy_default[]       Default action for each state.
*/
#define YY_ACTTAB_COUNT (1497)
static const YYACTIONTYPE yy_action[] = {
 /*     0 */   306,  212,  432,  955,  639,  191,  955,  295,  559,   88,
 /*    10 */    88,   88,   88,   81,   86,   86,   86,   86,   85,   85,
 /*    20 */    84,   84,   84,   83,  330,  185,  184,  183,  635,  635,
 /*    30 */   292,  606,  606,   88,   88,   88,   88,  683,   86,   86,
 /*    40 */    86,   86,   85,   85,   84,   84,   84,   83,  330,   16,
 /*    50 */   436,  597,   89,   90,   80,  600,  599,  601,  601,   87,
 /*    60 */    87,   88,   88,   88,   88,  684,   86,   86,   86,   86,
 /*    70 */    85,   85,   84,   84,   84,   83,  330,  306,  559,   84,
 /*    80 */    84,   84,   83,  330,   65,   86,   86,   86,   86,   85,
 /*    90 */    85,   84,   84,   84,   83,  330,  635,  635,  634,  633,
 /*   100 */   182,  682,  550,  379,  376,  375,   17,  322,  606,  606,
 /*   110 */   371,  198,  479,   91,  374,   82,   79,  165,   85,   85,
 /*   120 */    84,   84,   84,   83,  330,  598,  635,  635,  107,   89,
 /*   130 */    90,   80,  600,  599,  601,  601,   87,   87,   88,   88,
 /*   140 */    88,   88,  186,   86,   86,   86,   86,   85,   85,   84,
 /*   150 */    84,   84,   83,  330,  306,  594,  594,  142,  328,  327,
 /*   160 */   484,  249,  344,  238,  635,  635,  634,  633,  585,  448,
 /*   170 */   526,  525,  229,  388,    1,  394,  450,  584,  449,  635,
 /*   180 */   635,  635,  635,  319,  395,  606,  606,  199,  157,  273,
 /*   190 */   382,  268,  381,  187,  635,  635,  634,  633,  311,  555,
 /*   200 */   266,  593,  593,  266,  347,  588,   89,   90,   80,  600,
 /*   210 */   599,  601,  601,   87,   87,   88,   88,   88,   88,  478,
 /*   220 */    86,   86,   86,   86,   85,   85,   84,   84,   84,   83,
 /*   230 */   330,  306,  272,  536,  634,  633,  146,  610,  197,  310,
 /*   240 */   575,  182,  482,  271,  379,  376,  375,  506,   21,  634,
 /*   250 */   633,  634,  633,  635,  635,  374,  611,  574,  548,  440,
 /*   260 */   111,  563,  606,  606,  634,  633,  324,  479,  608,  608,
 /*   270 */   608,  300,  435,  573,  119,  407,  210,  162,  562,  883,
 /*   280 */   592,  592,  306,   89,   90,   80,  600,  599,  601,  601,
 /*   290 */    87,   87,   88,   88,   88,   88,  506,   86,   86,   86,
 /*   300 */    86,   85,   85,   84,   84,   84,   83,  330,  620,  111,
 /*   310 */   635,  635,  361,  606,  606,  358,  249,  349,  248,  433,
 /*   320 */   243,  479,  586,  634,  633,  195,  611,   93,  119,  221,
 /*   330 */   575,  497,  534,  534,   89,   90,   80,  600,  599,  601,
 /*   340 */   601,   87,   87,   88,   88,   88,   88,  574,   86,   86,
 /*   350 */    86,   86,   85,   85,   84,   84,   84,   83,  330,  306,
 /*   360 */    77,  429,  638,  573,  589,  530,  240,  230,  242,  105,
 /*   370 */   249,  349,  248,  515,  588,  208,  460,  529,  564,  173,
 /*   380 */   634,  633,  970,  144,  430,    2,  424,  228,  380,  557,
 /*   390 */   606,  606,  190,  153,  159,  158,  514,   51,  632,  631,
 /*   400 */   630,   71,  536,  432,  954,  196,  610,  954,  614,   45,
 /*   410 */    18,   89,   90,   80,  600,  599,  601,  601,   87,   87,
 /*   420 */    88,   88,   88,   88,  261,   86,   86,   86,   86,   85,
 /*   430 */    85,   84,   84,   84,   83,  330,  306,  608,  608,  608,
 /*   440 */   542,  424,  402,  385,  241,  506,  451,  320,  211,  543,
 /*   450 */   164,  436,  386,  293,  451,  587,  108,  496,  111,  334,
 /*   460 */   391,  591,  424,  614,   27,  452,  453,  606,  606,   72,
 /*   470 */   257,   70,  259,  452,  339,  342,  564,  582,   68,  415,
 /*   480 */   469,  328,  327,   62,  614,   45,  110,  393,   89,   90,
 /*   490 */    80,  600,  599,  601,  601,   87,   87,   88,   88,   88,
 /*   500 */    88,  152,   86,   86,   86,   86,   85,   85,   84,   84,
 /*   510 */    84,   83,  330,  306,  110,  499,  520,  538,  402,  389,
 /*   520 */   424,  110,  566,  500,  593,  593,  454,   82,   79,  165,
 /*   530 */   424,  591,  384,  564,  340,  615,  188,  162,  424,  350,
 /*   540 */   616,  424,  614,   44,  606,  606,  445,  582,  300,  434,
 /*   550 */   151,   19,  614,    9,  568,  580,  348,  615,  469,  567,
 /*   560 */   614,   26,  616,  614,   45,   89,   90,   80,  600,  599,
 /*   570 */   601,  601,   87,   87,   88,   88,   88,   88,  411,   86,
 /*   580 */    86,   86,   86,   85,   85,   84,   84,   84,   83,  330,
 /*   590 */   306,  579,  110,  578,  521,  282,  433,  398,  400,  255,
 /*   600 */   486,   82,   79,  165,  487,  164,   82,   79,  165,  488,
 /*   610 */   488,  364,  387,  424,  544,  544,  509,  350,  362,  155,
 /*   620 */   191,  606,  606,  559,  642,  640,  333,   82,   79,  165,
 /*   630 */   305,  564,  507,  312,  357,  614,   45,  329,  596,  595,
 /*   640 */   194,  337,   89,   90,   80,  600,  599,  601,  601,   87,
 /*   650 */    87,   88,   88,   88,   88,  424,   86,   86,   86,   86,
 /*   660 */    85,   85,   84,   84,   84,   83,  330,  306,   20,  323,
 /*   670 */   150,  263,  211,  543,  421,  596,  595,  614,   22,  424,
 /*   680 */   193,  424,  284,  424,  391,  424,  509,  424,  577,  424,
 /*   690 */   186,  335,  424,  559,  424,  313,  120,  546,  606,  606,
 /*   700 */    67,  614,   47,  614,   50,  614,   48,  614,  100,  614,
 /*   710 */    99,  614,  101,  576,  614,  102,  614,  109,  326,   89,
 /*   720 */    90,   80,  600,  599,  601,  601,   87,   87,   88,   88,
 /*   730 */    88,   88,  424,   86,   86,   86,   86,   85,   85,   84,
 /*   740 */    84,   84,   83,  330,  306,  424,  311,  424,  585,   54,
 /*   750 */   424,  516,  517,  590,  614,  112,  424,  584,  424,  572,
 /*   760 */   424,  195,  424,  571,  424,   67,  424,  614,   94,  614,
 /*   770 */    98,  424,  614,   97,  264,  606,  606,  195,  614,   46,
 /*   780 */   614,   96,  614,   30,  614,   49,  614,  115,  614,  114,
 /*   790 */   418,  229,  388,  614,  113,  306,   89,   90,   80,  600,
 /*   800 */   599,  601,  601,   87,   87,   88,   88,   88,   88,  424,
 /*   810 */    86,   86,   86,   86,   85,   85,   84,   84,   84,   83,
 /*   820 */   330,  119,  424,  590,  110,  372,  606,  606,  195,   53,
 /*   830 */   250,  614,   29,  195,  472,  438,  729,  190,  302,  498,
 /*   840 */    14,  523,  641,    2,  614,   43,  306,   89,   90,   80,
 /*   850 */   600,  599,  601,  601,   87,   87,   88,   88,   88,   88,
 /*   860 */   424,   86,   86,   86,   86,   85,   85,   84,   84,   84,
 /*   870 */    83,  330,  424,  613,  964,  964,  354,  606,  606,  420,
 /*   880 */   312,   64,  614,   42,  391,  355,  283,  437,  301,  255,
 /*   890 */   414,  410,  495,  492,  614,   28,  471,  306,   89,   90,
 /*   900 */    80,  600,  599,  601,  601,   87,   87,   88,   88,   88,
 /*   910 */    88,  424,   86,   86,   86,   86,   85,   85,   84,   84,
 /*   920 */    84,   83,  330,  424,  110,  110,  110,  110,  606,  606,
 /*   930 */   110,  254,   13,  614,   41,  532,  531,  283,  481,  531,
 /*   940 */   457,  284,  119,  561,  356,  614,   40,  284,  306,   89,
 /*   950 */    78,   80,  600,  599,  601,  601,   87,   87,   88,   88,
 /*   960 */    88,   88,  424,   86,   86,   86,   86,   85,   85,   84,
 /*   970 */    84,   84,   83,  330,  110,  424,  341,  220,  555,  606,
 /*   980 */   606,  351,  555,  318,  614,   95,  413,  255,   83,  330,
 /*   990 */   284,  284,  255,  640,  333,  356,  255,  614,   39,  306,
 /*  1000 */   356,   90,   80,  600,  599,  601,  601,   87,   87,   88,
 /*  1010 */    88,   88,   88,  424,   86,   86,   86,   86,   85,   85,
 /*  1020 */    84,   84,   84,   83,  330,  424,  317,  316,  141,  465,
 /*  1030 */   606,  606,  219,  619,  463,  614,   10,  417,  462,  255,
 /*  1040 */   189,  510,  553,  351,  207,  363,  161,  614,   38,  315,
 /*  1050 */   218,  255,  255,   80,  600,  599,  601,  601,   87,   87,
 /*  1060 */    88,   88,   88,   88,  424,   86,   86,   86,   86,   85,
 /*  1070 */    85,   84,   84,   84,   83,  330,   76,  419,  255,    3,
 /*  1080 */   878,  461,  424,  247,  331,  331,  614,   37,  217,   76,
 /*  1090 */   419,  390,    3,  216,  215,  422,    4,  331,  331,  424,
 /*  1100 */   547,   12,  424,  545,  614,   36,  424,  541,  422,  424,
 /*  1110 */   540,  424,  214,  424,  408,  424,  539,  403,  605,  605,
 /*  1120 */   237,  614,   25,  119,  614,   24,  588,  408,  614,   45,
 /*  1130 */   118,  614,   35,  614,   34,  614,   33,  614,   23,  588,
 /*  1140 */    60,  223,  603,  602,  513,  378,   73,   74,  140,  139,
 /*  1150 */   424,  110,  265,   75,  426,  425,   59,  424,  610,   73,
 /*  1160 */    74,  549,  402,  404,  424,  373,   75,  426,  425,  604,
 /*  1170 */   138,  610,  614,   11,  392,   76,  419,  181,    3,  614,
 /*  1180 */    32,  271,  369,  331,  331,  493,  614,   31,  149,  608,
 /*  1190 */   608,  608,  607,   15,  422,  365,  614,    8,  137,  489,
 /*  1200 */   136,  190,  608,  608,  608,  607,   15,  485,  176,  135,
 /*  1210 */     7,  252,  477,  408,  174,  133,  175,  474,   57,   56,
 /*  1220 */   132,  130,  119,   76,  419,  588,    3,  468,  245,  464,
 /*  1230 */   171,  331,  331,  125,  123,  456,  447,  122,  446,  104,
 /*  1240 */   336,  231,  422,  166,  154,   73,   74,  332,  116,  431,
 /*  1250 */   121,  309,   75,  426,  425,  222,  106,  610,  308,  637,
 /*  1260 */   204,  408,  629,  627,  628,    6,  200,  428,  427,  290,
 /*  1270 */   203,  622,  201,  588,   62,   63,  289,   66,  419,  399,
 /*  1280 */     3,  401,  288,   92,  143,  331,  331,  287,  608,  608,
 /*  1290 */   608,  607,   15,   73,   74,  227,  422,  325,   69,  416,
 /*  1300 */    75,  426,  425,  612,  412,  610,  192,   61,  569,  209,
 /*  1310 */   396,  226,  278,  225,  383,  408,  527,  558,  276,  533,
 /*  1320 */   552,  528,  321,  523,  370,  508,  180,  588,  494,  179,
 /*  1330 */   366,  117,  253,  269,  522,  503,  608,  608,  608,  607,
 /*  1340 */    15,  551,  502,   58,  274,  524,  178,   73,   74,  304,
 /*  1350 */   501,  368,  303,  206,   75,  426,  425,  491,  360,  610,
 /*  1360 */   213,  177,  483,  131,  345,  298,  297,  296,  202,  294,
 /*  1370 */   480,  490,  466,  134,  172,  129,  444,  346,  470,  128,
 /*  1380 */   314,  459,  103,  127,  126,  148,  124,  167,  443,  235,
 /*  1390 */   608,  608,  608,  607,   15,  442,  439,  623,  234,  299,
 /*  1400 */   145,  583,  291,  377,  581,  160,  119,  156,  270,  636,
 /*  1410 */   971,  169,  279,  626,  520,  625,  473,  624,  170,  621,
 /*  1420 */   618,  119,  168,   55,  409,  423,  537,  609,  286,  285,
 /*  1430 */   405,  570,  560,  556,    5,   52,  458,  554,  147,  267,
 /*  1440 */   519,  504,  518,  406,  262,  239,  260,  512,  343,  511,
 /*  1450 */   258,  353,  565,  256,  224,  251,  359,  277,  275,  476,
 /*  1460 */   475,  246,  352,  244,  467,  455,  236,  233,  232,  307,
 /*  1470 */   441,  281,  205,  163,  397,  280,  535,  505,  330,  617,
 /*  1480 */   971,  971,  971,  971,  367,  971,  971,  971,  971,  971,
 /*  1490 */   971,  971,  971,  971,  971,  971,  338,
};
static const YYCODETYPE yy_lookahead[] = {
 /*     0 */    19,   22,   22,   23,    1,   24,   26,   15,   27,   80,
 /*    10 */    81,   82,   83,   84,   85,   86,   87,   88,   89,   90,
 /*    20 */    91,   92,   93,   94,   95,  108,  109,  110,   27,   28,
 /*    30 */    23,   50,   51,   80,   81,   82,   83,  122,   85,   86,
 /*    40 */    87,   88,   89,   90,   91,   92,   93,   94,   95,   22,
 /*    50 */    70,   23,   71,   72,   73,   74,   75,   76,   77,   78,
 /*    60 */    79,   80,   81,   82,   83,  122,   85,   86,   87,   88,
 /*    70 */    89,   90,   91,   92,   93,   94,   95,   19,   97,   91,
 /*    80 */    92,   93,   94,   95,   26,   85,   86,   87,   88,   89,
 /*    90 */    90,   91,   92,   93,   94,   95,   27,   28,   97,   98,
 /*   100 */    99,  122,  211,  102,  103,  104,   79,   19,   50,   51,
 /*   110 */    19,  122,   59,   55,  113,  224,  225,  226,   89,   90,
 /*   120 */    91,   92,   93,   94,   95,   23,   27,   28,   26,   71,
 /*   130 */    72,   73,   74,   75,   76,   77,   78,   79,   80,   81,
 /*   140 */    82,   83,   51,   85,   86,   87,   88,   89,   90,   91,
 /*   150 */    92,   93,   94,   95,   19,  132,  133,   58,   89,   90,
 /*   160 */    21,  108,  109,  110,   27,   28,   97,   98,   33,  100,
 /*   170 */     7,    8,  119,  120,   22,   19,  107,   42,  109,   27,
 /*   180 */    28,   27,   28,   95,   28,   50,   51,   99,  100,  101,
 /*   190 */   102,  103,  104,  105,   27,   28,   97,   98,  107,  152,
 /*   200 */   112,  132,  133,  112,   65,   69,   71,   72,   73,   74,
 /*   210 */    75,   76,   77,   78,   79,   80,   81,   82,   83,   11,
 /*   220 */    85,   86,   87,   88,   89,   90,   91,   92,   93,   94,
 /*   230 */    95,   19,  101,   97,   97,   98,   24,  101,  122,  157,
 /*   240 */    12,   99,  103,  112,  102,  103,  104,  152,   22,   97,
 /*   250 */    98,   97,   98,   27,   28,  113,   27,   29,   91,  164,
 /*   260 */   165,  124,   50,   51,   97,   98,  219,   59,  132,  133,
 /*   270 */   134,   22,   23,   45,   66,   47,  212,  213,  124,  140,
 /*   280 */   132,  133,   19,   71,   72,   73,   74,   75,   76,   77,
 /*   290 */    78,   79,   80,   81,   82,   83,  152,   85,   86,   87,
 /*   300 */    88,   89,   90,   91,   92,   93,   94,   95,  164,  165,
 /*   310 */    27,   28,  230,   50,   51,  233,  108,  109,  110,   70,
 /*   320 */    16,   59,   23,   97,   98,   26,   97,   22,   66,  185,
 /*   330 */    12,  187,   27,   28,   71,   72,   73,   74,   75,   76,
 /*   340 */    77,   78,   79,   80,   81,   82,   83,   29,   85,   86,
 /*   350 */    87,   88,   89,   90,   91,   92,   93,   94,   95,   19,
 /*   360 */    22,  148,  149,   45,   23,   47,   62,  154,   64,  156,
 /*   370 */   108,  109,  110,   37,   69,   23,  163,   59,   26,   26,
 /*   380 */    97,   98,  144,  145,  146,  147,  152,  200,   52,   23,
 /*   390 */    50,   51,   26,   22,   89,   90,   60,  210,    7,    8,
 /*   400 */     9,  138,   97,   22,   23,   26,  101,   26,  174,  175,
 /*   410 */   197,   71,   72,   73,   74,   75,   76,   77,   78,   79,
 /*   420 */    80,   81,   82,   83,   16,   85,   86,   87,   88,   89,
 /*   430 */    90,   91,   92,   93,   94,   95,   19,  132,  133,  134,
 /*   440 */    23,  152,  208,  209,  140,  152,  152,  111,  195,  196,
 /*   450 */    98,   70,  163,  160,  152,   23,   22,  164,  165,  246,
 /*   460 */   207,   27,  152,  174,  175,  171,  172,   50,   51,  137,
 /*   470 */    62,  139,   64,  171,  172,  222,  124,   27,  138,   24,
 /*   480 */   163,   89,   90,  130,  174,  175,  197,  163,   71,   72,
 /*   490 */    73,   74,   75,   76,   77,   78,   79,   80,   81,   82,
 /*   500 */    83,   22,   85,   86,   87,   88,   89,   90,   91,   92,
 /*   510 */    93,   94,   95,   19,  197,  181,  182,   23,  208,  209,
 /*   520 */   152,  197,   26,  189,  132,  133,  232,  224,  225,  226,
 /*   530 */   152,   97,   91,   26,  232,  116,  212,  213,  152,  222,
 /*   540 */   121,  152,  174,  175,   50,   51,  243,   97,   22,   23,
 /*   550 */    22,  234,  174,  175,  177,   23,  239,  116,  163,  177,
 /*   560 */   174,  175,  121,  174,  175,   71,   72,   73,   74,   75,
 /*   570 */    76,   77,   78,   79,   80,   81,   82,   83,   24,   85,
 /*   580 */    86,   87,   88,   89,   90,   91,   92,   93,   94,   95,
 /*   590 */    19,   23,  197,   11,   23,  227,   70,  208,  220,  152,
 /*   600 */    31,  224,  225,  226,   35,   98,  224,  225,  226,  108,
 /*   610 */   109,  110,  115,  152,  117,  118,   27,  222,   49,  123,
 /*   620 */    24,   50,   51,   27,    0,    1,    2,  224,  225,  226,
 /*   630 */   166,  124,  168,  169,  239,  174,  175,  170,  171,  172,
 /*   640 */    22,  194,   71,   72,   73,   74,   75,   76,   77,   78,
 /*   650 */    79,   80,   81,   82,   83,  152,   85,   86,   87,   88,
 /*   660 */    89,   90,   91,   92,   93,   94,   95,   19,   22,  208,
 /*   670 */    24,   23,  195,  196,  170,  171,  172,  174,  175,  152,
 /*   680 */    26,  152,  152,  152,  207,  152,   97,  152,   23,  152,
 /*   690 */    51,  244,  152,   97,  152,  247,  248,   23,   50,   51,
 /*   700 */    26,  174,  175,  174,  175,  174,  175,  174,  175,  174,
 /*   710 */   175,  174,  175,   23,  174,  175,  174,  175,  188,   71,
 /*   720 */    72,   73,   74,   75,   76,   77,   78,   79,   80,   81,
 /*   730 */    82,   83,  152,   85,   86,   87,   88,   89,   90,   91,
 /*   740 */    92,   93,   94,   95,   19,  152,  107,  152,   33,   24,
 /*   750 */   152,  100,  101,   27,  174,  175,  152,   42,  152,   23,
 /*   760 */   152,   26,  152,   23,  152,   26,  152,  174,  175,  174,
 /*   770 */   175,  152,  174,  175,   23,   50,   51,   26,  174,  175,
 /*   780 */   174,  175,  174,  175,  174,  175,  174,  175,  174,  175,
 /*   790 */   163,  119,  120,  174,  175,   19,   71,   72,   73,   74,
 /*   800 */    75,   76,   77,   78,   79,   80,   81,   82,   83,  152,
 /*   810 */    85,   86,   87,   88,   89,   90,   91,   92,   93,   94,
 /*   820 */    95,   66,  152,   97,  197,   23,   50,   51,   26,   53,
 /*   830 */    23,  174,  175,   26,   23,   23,   23,   26,   26,   26,
 /*   840 */    36,  106,  146,  147,  174,  175,   19,   71,   72,   73,
 /*   850 */    74,   75,   76,   77,   78,   79,   80,   81,   82,   83,
 /*   860 */   152,   85,   86,   87,   88,   89,   90,   91,   92,   93,
 /*   870 */    94,   95,  152,  196,  119,  120,   19,   50,   51,  168,
 /*   880 */   169,   26,  174,  175,  207,   28,  152,  249,  250,  152,
 /*   890 */   163,  163,  163,  163,  174,  175,  163,   19,   71,   72,
 /*   900 */    73,   74,   75,   76,   77,   78,   79,   80,   81,   82,
 /*   910 */    83,  152,   85,   86,   87,   88,   89,   90,   91,   92,
 /*   920 */    93,   94,   95,  152,  197,  197,  197,  197,   50,   51,
 /*   930 */   197,  194,   36,  174,  175,  191,  192,  152,  191,  192,
 /*   940 */   163,  152,   66,  124,  152,  174,  175,  152,   19,   71,
 /*   950 */    72,   73,   74,   75,   76,   77,   78,   79,   80,   81,
 /*   960 */    82,   83,  152,   85,   86,   87,   88,   89,   90,   91,
 /*   970 */    92,   93,   94,   95,  197,  152,  100,  188,  152,   50,
 /*   980 */    51,  152,  152,  188,  174,  175,  252,  152,   94,   95,
 /*   990 */   152,  152,  152,    1,    2,  152,  152,  174,  175,   19,
 /*  1000 */   152,   72,   73,   74,   75,   76,   77,   78,   79,   80,
 /*  1010 */    81,   82,   83,  152,   85,   86,   87,   88,   89,   90,
 /*  1020 */    91,   92,   93,   94,   95,  152,  188,  188,   22,  194,
 /*  1030 */    50,   51,  240,  173,  194,  174,  175,  252,  194,  152,
 /*  1040 */    36,  181,   28,  152,   23,  219,  122,  174,  175,  219,
 /*  1050 */   221,  152,  152,   73,   74,   75,   76,   77,   78,   79,
 /*  1060 */    80,   81,   82,   83,  152,   85,   86,   87,   88,   89,
 /*  1070 */    90,   91,   92,   93,   94,   95,   19,   20,  152,   22,
 /*  1080 */    23,  194,  152,  240,   27,   28,  174,  175,  240,   19,
 /*  1090 */    20,   26,   22,  194,  194,   38,   22,   27,   28,  152,
 /*  1100 */    23,   22,  152,  116,  174,  175,  152,   23,   38,  152,
 /*  1110 */    23,  152,  221,  152,   57,  152,   23,  163,   50,   51,
 /*  1120 */   194,  174,  175,   66,  174,  175,   69,   57,  174,  175,
 /*  1130 */    40,  174,  175,  174,  175,  174,  175,  174,  175,   69,
 /*  1140 */    22,   53,   74,   75,   30,   53,   89,   90,   22,   22,
 /*  1150 */   152,  197,   23,   96,   97,   98,   22,  152,  101,   89,
 /*  1160 */    90,   91,  208,  209,  152,   53,   96,   97,   98,  101,
 /*  1170 */    22,  101,  174,  175,  152,   19,   20,  105,   22,  174,
 /*  1180 */   175,  112,   19,   27,   28,   20,  174,  175,   24,  132,
 /*  1190 */   133,  134,  135,  136,   38,   44,  174,  175,  107,   61,
 /*  1200 */    54,   26,  132,  133,  134,  135,  136,   54,  107,   22,
 /*  1210 */     5,  140,    1,   57,   36,  111,  122,   28,   79,   79,
 /*  1220 */   131,  123,   66,   19,   20,   69,   22,    1,   16,   20,
 /*  1230 */   125,   27,   28,  123,  111,  120,   23,  131,   23,   16,
 /*  1240 */    68,  142,   38,   15,   22,   89,   90,    3,  167,    4,
 /*  1250 */   248,  251,   96,   97,   98,  180,  180,  101,  251,  151,
 /*  1260 */     6,   57,  151,   13,  151,   26,   25,  151,  161,  202,
 /*  1270 */   153,  162,  153,   69,  130,  128,  203,   19,   20,  127,
 /*  1280 */    22,  126,  204,  129,   22,   27,   28,  205,  132,  133,
 /*  1290 */   134,  135,  136,   89,   90,  231,   38,   95,  137,  179,
 /*  1300 */    96,   97,   98,  206,  179,  101,  122,  107,  159,  159,
 /*  1310 */   125,  231,  216,  228,  107,   57,  184,  217,  216,  176,
 /*  1320 */   217,  176,   48,  106,   18,  184,  158,   69,  159,  158,
 /*  1330 */    46,   71,  237,  176,  176,  176,  132,  133,  134,  135,
 /*  1340 */   136,  217,  176,  137,  216,  178,  158,   89,   90,  179,
 /*  1350 */   176,  159,  179,  159,   96,   97,   98,  159,  159,  101,
 /*  1360 */     5,  158,  202,   22,   18,   10,   11,   12,   13,   14,
 /*  1370 */   190,  238,   17,  190,  158,  193,   41,  159,  202,  193,
 /*  1380 */   159,  202,  245,  193,  193,  223,  190,   32,  159,   34,
 /*  1390 */   132,  133,  134,  135,  136,  159,   39,  155,   43,  150,
 /*  1400 */   223,  177,  201,  178,  177,  186,   66,  199,  177,  152,
 /*  1410 */   253,   56,  215,  152,  182,  152,  202,  152,   63,  152,
 /*  1420 */   152,   66,   67,  242,  229,  152,  174,  152,  152,  152,
 /*  1430 */   152,  152,  152,  152,  199,  242,  202,  152,  198,  152,
 /*  1440 */   152,  152,  183,  192,  152,  215,  152,  183,  215,  183,
 /*  1450 */   152,  241,  214,  152,  211,  152,  152,  211,  211,  152,
 /*  1460 */   152,  241,  152,  152,  152,  152,  152,  152,  152,  114,
 /*  1470 */   152,  152,  235,  152,  152,  152,  174,  187,   95,  174,
 /*  1480 */   253,  253,  253,  253,  236,  253,  253,  253,  253,  253,
 /*  1490 */   253,  253,  253,  253,  253,  253,  141,
};
#define YY_SHIFT_USE_DFLT (-86)
#define YY_SHIFT_COUNT (429)
#define YY_SHIFT_MIN   (-85)
#define YY_SHIFT_MAX   (1383)
static const short yy_shift_ofst[] = {
 /*     0 */   992, 1057, 1355, 1156, 1204, 1204,    1,  262,  -19,  135,
 /*    10 */   135,  776, 1204, 1204, 1204, 1204,   69,   69,   53,  208,
 /*    20 */   283,  755,   58,  725,  648,  571,  494,  417,  340,  263,
 /*    30 */   212,  827,  827,  827,  827,  827,  827,  827,  827,  827,
 /*    40 */   827,  827,  827,  827,  827,  827,  878,  827,  929,  980,
 /*    50 */   980, 1070, 1204, 1204, 1204, 1204, 1204, 1204, 1204, 1204,
 /*    60 */  1204, 1204, 1204, 1204, 1204, 1204, 1204, 1204, 1204, 1204,
 /*    70 */  1204, 1204, 1204, 1204, 1204, 1204, 1204, 1204, 1204, 1204,
 /*    80 */  1258, 1204, 1204, 1204, 1204, 1204, 1204, 1204, 1204, 1204,
 /*    90 */  1204, 1204, 1204, 1204,  -71,  -47,  -47,  -47,  -47,  -47,
 /*   100 */     0,   29,  -12,  283,  283,  139,   91,  392,  392,  894,
 /*   110 */   672,  726, 1383,  -86,  -86,  -86,   88,  318,  318,   99,
 /*   120 */   381,  -20,  283,  283,  283,  283,  283,  283,  283,  283,
 /*   130 */   283,  283,  283,  283,  283,  283,  283,  283,  283,  283,
 /*   140 */   283,  283,  283,  283,  624,  876,  726,  672, 1340, 1340,
 /*   150 */  1340, 1340, 1340, 1340,  -86,  -86,  -86,  305,  136,  136,
 /*   160 */   142,  167,  226,  154,  137,  152,  283,  283,  283,  283,
 /*   170 */   283,  283,  283,  283,  283,  283,  283,  283,  283,  283,
 /*   180 */   283,  283,  283,  336,  336,  336,  283,  283,  352,  283,
 /*   190 */   283,  283,  283,  283,  228,  283,  283,  283,  283,  283,
 /*   200 */   283,  283,  283,  283,  283,  501,  569,  596,  596,  596,
 /*   210 */   507,  497,  441,  391,  353,  156,  156,  857,  353,  857,
 /*   220 */   735,  813,  639,  715,  156,  332,  715,  715,  496,  419,
 /*   230 */   646, 1357, 1184, 1184, 1335, 1335, 1184, 1341, 1260, 1144,
 /*   240 */  1346, 1346, 1346, 1346, 1184, 1306, 1144, 1341, 1260, 1260,
 /*   250 */  1144, 1184, 1306, 1206, 1284, 1184, 1184, 1306, 1184, 1306,
 /*   260 */  1184, 1306, 1262, 1207, 1207, 1207, 1274, 1262, 1207, 1217,
 /*   270 */  1207, 1274, 1207, 1207, 1185, 1200, 1185, 1200, 1185, 1200,
 /*   280 */  1184, 1184, 1161, 1262, 1202, 1202, 1262, 1154, 1155, 1147,
 /*   290 */  1152, 1144, 1241, 1239, 1250, 1250, 1254, 1254, 1254, 1254,
 /*   300 */   -86,  -86,  -86,  -86,  -86,  -86, 1068,  304,  526,  249,
 /*   310 */   408,  -83,  434,  812,   27,  811,  807,  802,  751,  589,
 /*   320 */   651,  163,  131,  674,  366,  450,  299,  148,   23,  102,
 /*   330 */   229,  -21, 1245, 1244, 1222, 1099, 1228, 1172, 1223, 1215,
 /*   340 */  1213, 1115, 1106, 1123, 1110, 1209, 1105, 1212, 1226, 1098,
 /*   350 */  1089, 1140, 1139, 1104, 1189, 1178, 1094, 1211, 1205, 1187,
 /*   360 */  1101, 1071, 1153, 1175, 1146, 1138, 1151, 1091, 1164, 1165,
 /*   370 */  1163, 1069, 1072, 1148, 1112, 1134, 1127, 1129, 1126, 1092,
 /*   380 */  1114, 1118, 1088, 1090, 1093, 1087, 1084,  987, 1079, 1077,
 /*   390 */  1074, 1065,  924, 1021, 1014, 1004, 1006,  819,  739,  896,
 /*   400 */   855,  804,  739,  740,  736,  690,  654,  665,  618,  582,
 /*   410 */   568,  528,  554,  379,  532,  479,  455,  379,  432,  371,
 /*   420 */   341,   28,  338,  116,  -11,  -57,  -85,    7,   -8,    3,
};
#define YY_REDUCE_USE_DFLT (-110)
#define YY_REDUCE_COUNT (305)
#define YY_REDUCE_MIN   (-109)
#define YY_REDUCE_MAX   (1323)
static const short yy_reduce_ofst[] = {
 /*     0 */   238,  954,  213,  289,  310,  234,  144,  317, -109,  382,
 /*    10 */   377,  303,  461,  389,  378,  368,  302,  294,  253,  395,
 /*    20 */   293,  324,  403,  403,  403,  403,  403,  403,  403,  403,
 /*    30 */   403,  403,  403,  403,  403,  403,  403,  403,  403,  403,
 /*    40 */   403,  403,  403,  403,  403,  403,  403,  403,  403,  403,
 /*    50 */   403, 1022, 1012, 1005,  998,  963,  961,  959,  957,  950,
 /*    60 */   947,  930,  912,  873,  861,  823,  810,  771,  759,  720,
 /*    70 */   708,  670,  657,  619,  614,  612,  610,  608,  606,  604,
 /*    80 */   598,  595,  593,  580,  542,  540,  537,  535,  533,  531,
 /*    90 */   529,  527,  503,  386,  403,  403,  403,  403,  403,  403,
 /*   100 */   403,  403,  403,   95,  447,   82,  334,  504,  467,  403,
 /*   110 */   477,  464,  403,  403,  403,  403,  860,  747,  744,  785,
 /*   120 */   638,  638,  926,  891,  900,  899,  887,  844,  840,  835,
 /*   130 */   848,  830,  843,  829,  792,  839,  826,  737,  838,  795,
 /*   140 */   789,   47,  734,  530,  696,  777,  711,  677,  733,  730,
 /*   150 */   729,  728,  727,  627,  448,   64,  187, 1305, 1302, 1252,
 /*   160 */  1290, 1273, 1323, 1322, 1321, 1319, 1318, 1316, 1315, 1314,
 /*   170 */  1313, 1312, 1311, 1310, 1308, 1307, 1304, 1303, 1301, 1298,
 /*   180 */  1294, 1292, 1289, 1266, 1264, 1259, 1288, 1287, 1238, 1285,
 /*   190 */  1281, 1280, 1279, 1278, 1251, 1277, 1276, 1275, 1273, 1268,
 /*   200 */  1267, 1265, 1263, 1261, 1257, 1248, 1237, 1247, 1246, 1243,
 /*   210 */  1238, 1240, 1235, 1249, 1234, 1233, 1230, 1220, 1214, 1210,
 /*   220 */  1225, 1219, 1232, 1231, 1197, 1195, 1227, 1224, 1201, 1208,
 /*   230 */  1242, 1137, 1236, 1229, 1193, 1181, 1221, 1177, 1196, 1179,
 /*   240 */  1191, 1190, 1186, 1182, 1218, 1216, 1176, 1162, 1183, 1180,
 /*   250 */  1160, 1199, 1203, 1133, 1095, 1198, 1194, 1188, 1192, 1171,
 /*   260 */  1169, 1168, 1173, 1174, 1166, 1159, 1141, 1170, 1158, 1167,
 /*   270 */  1157, 1132, 1145, 1143, 1124, 1128, 1103, 1102, 1100, 1096,
 /*   280 */  1150, 1149, 1085, 1125, 1080, 1064, 1120, 1097, 1082, 1078,
 /*   290 */  1073, 1067, 1109, 1107, 1119, 1117, 1116, 1113, 1111, 1108,
 /*   300 */  1007, 1000, 1002, 1076, 1075, 1081,
};
static const YYACTIONTYPE yy_default[] = {
 /*     0 */   647,  964,  964,  964,  878,  878,  969,  964,  774,  802,
 /*    10 */   802,  938,  969,  969,  969,  876,  969,  969,  969,  964,
 /*    20 */   969,  778,  808,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,
 /*    30 */   969,  937,  939,  816,  815,  918,  789,  813,  806,  810,
 /*    40 */   879,  872,  873,  871,  875,  880,  969,  809,  841,  856,
 /*    50 */   840,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,
 /*    60 */   969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,
 /*    70 */   969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,
 /*    80 */   969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,
 /*    90 */   969,  969,  969,  969,  850,  855,  862,  854,  851,  843,
 /*   100 */   842,  844,  845,  969,  969,  673,  739,  969,  969,  846,
 /*   110 */   969,  685,  847,  859,  858,  857,  680,  969,  969,  969,
 /*   120 */   969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,
 /*   130 */   969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,
 /*   140 */   969,  969,  969,  969,  647,  964,  969,  969,  964,  964,
 /*   150 */   964,  964,  964,  964,  956,  778,  768,  969,  969,  969,
 /*   160 */   969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  944,  942,  969,
 /*   170 */   891,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,
 /*   180 */   969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,
 /*   190 */   969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,
 /*   200 */   969,  969,  969,  969,  653,  969,  911,  774,  774,  774,
 /*   210 */   776,  754,  766,  655,  812,  791,  791,  923,  812,  923,
 /*   220 */   710,  733,  707,  802,  791,  874,  802,  802,  775,  766,
 /*   230 */   969,  949,  782,  782,  941,  941,  782,  821,  743,  812,
 /*   240 */   750,  750,  750,  750,  782,  670,  812,  821,  743,  743,
 /*   250 */   812,  782,  670,  917,  915,  782,  782,  670,  782,  670,
 /*   260 */   782,  670,  884,  741,  741,  741,  725,  884,  741,  710,
 /*   270 */   741,  725,  741,  741,  795,  790,  795,  790,  795,  790,
 /*   280 */   782,  782,  969,  884,  888,  888,  884,  807,  796,  805,
 /*   290 */   803,  812,  676,  728,  663,  663,  652,  652,  652,  652,
 /*   300 */   961,  961,  956,  712,  712,  695,  969,  969,  969,  969,
 /*   310 */   969,  969,  687,  969,  893,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,
 /*   320 */   969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,
 /*   330 */   969,  828,  969,  648,  951,  969,  969,  948,  969,  969,
 /*   340 */   969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,
 /*   350 */   969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  921,  969,  969,  969,
 /*   360 */   969,  969,  969,  914,  913,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,
 /*   370 */   969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,
 /*   380 */   969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  757,  969,  969,
 /*   390 */   969,  761,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  804,  969,
 /*   400 */   797,  969,  877,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,  969,
 /*   410 */   969,  969,  969,  966,  969,  969,  969,  965,  969,  969,
 /*   420 */   969,  969,  969,  830,  969,  829,  833,  969,  661,  969,
 /*   430 */   644,  649,  960,  963,  962,  959,  958,  957,  952,  950,
 /*   440 */   947,  946,  945,  943,  940,  936,  897,  895,  902,  901,
 /*   450 */   900,  899,  898,  896,  894,  892,  818,  817,  814,  811,
 /*   460 */   753,  935,  890,  752,  749,  748,  669,  953,  920,  929,
 /*   470 */   928,  927,  822,  926,  925,  924,  922,  919,  906,  820,
 /*   480 */   819,  744,  882,  881,  672,  910,  909,  908,  912,  916,
 /*   490 */   907,  784,  751,  671,  668,  675,  679,  731,  732,  740,
 /*   500 */   738,  737,  736,  735,  734,  730,  681,  686,  724,  709,
 /*   510 */   708,  717,  716,  722,  721,  720,  719,  718,  715,  714,
 /*   520 */   713,  706,  705,  711,  704,  727,  726,  723,  703,  747,
 /*   530 */   746,  745,  742,  702,  701,  700,  833,  699,  698,  838,
 /*   540 */   837,  866,  826,  755,  759,  758,  762,  763,  771,  770,
 /*   550 */   769,  780,  781,  793,  792,  824,  823,  794,  779,  773,
 /*   560 */   772,  788,  787,  786,  785,  777,  767,  799,  798,  868,
 /*   570 */   783,  867,  865,  934,  933,  932,  931,  930,  870,  967,
 /*   580 */   968,  887,  889,  886,  801,  800,  885,  869,  839,  836,
 /*   590 */   690,  691,  905,  904,  903,  693,  692,  689,  688,  863,
 /*   600 */   860,  852,  864,  861,  853,  849,  848,  834,  832,  831,
 /*   610 */   827,  835,  760,  756,  825,  765,  764,  697,  696,  694,
 /*   620 */   678,  677,  674,  667,  665,  664,  666,  662,  660,  659,
 /*   630 */   658,  657,  656,  684,  683,  682,  654,  651,  650,  646,
 /*   640 */   645,  643,
};

/* The next table maps tokens into fallback tokens.  If a construct
** like the following:
** 
**      %fallback ID X Y Z.
**
................................................................................
**
**   +  The value of the token stored at this level of the stack.
**      (In other words, the "major" token.)
**
**   +  The semantic value stored at this level of the stack.  This is
**      the information used by the action routines in the grammar.
**      It is sometimes called the "minor" token.




*/
struct yyStackEntry {
  YYACTIONTYPE stateno;  /* The state-number */
  YYCODETYPE major;      /* The major token value.  This is the code
                         ** number for the token at this stack level */
  YYMINORTYPE minor;     /* The user-supplied minor token value.  This
                         ** is the value of the token  */
};
typedef struct yyStackEntry yyStackEntry;

................................................................................
  "cmdx",          "cmd",           "transtype",     "trans_opt",   
  "nm",            "savepoint_opt",  "create_table",  "create_table_args",
  "createkw",      "temp",          "ifnotexists",   "dbnm",        
  "columnlist",    "conslist_opt",  "table_options",  "select",      
  "column",        "columnid",      "type",          "carglist",    
  "typetoken",     "typename",      "signed",        "plus_num",    
  "minus_num",     "ccons",         "term",          "expr",        
  "onconf",        "sortorder",     "autoinc",       "idxlist_opt", 
  "refargs",       "defer_subclause",  "refarg",        "refact",      
  "init_deferred_pred_opt",  "conslist",      "tconscomma",    "tcons",       
  "idxlist",       "defer_subclause_opt",  "orconf",        "resolvetype", 
  "raisetype",     "ifexists",      "fullname",      "selectnowith",
  "oneselect",     "with",          "multiselect_op",  "distinct",    
  "selcollist",    "from",          "where_opt",     "groupby_opt", 
  "having_opt",    "orderby_opt",   "limit_opt",     "values",      
  "nexprlist",     "exprlist",      "sclp",          "as",          
  "seltablist",    "stl_prefix",    "joinop",        "indexed_opt", 
  "on_opt",        "using_opt",     "joinop2",       "idlist",      
  "sortlist",      "setlist",       "insert_cmd",    "inscollist_opt",
  "likeop",        "between_op",    "in_op",         "case_operand",
  "case_exprlist",  "case_else",     "uniqueflag",    "collate",     
  "nmnum",         "trigger_decl",  "trigger_cmd_list",  "trigger_time",
  "trigger_event",  "foreach_clause",  "when_clause",   "trigger_cmd", 
  "trnm",          "tridxby",       "database_kw_opt",  "key_opt",     
  "add_column_fullname",  "kwcolumn_opt",  "create_vtab",   "vtabarglist", 
  "vtabarg",       "vtabargtoken",  "lp",            "anylist",     
................................................................................
 /*  58 */ "ccons ::= DEFAULT MINUS term",
 /*  59 */ "ccons ::= DEFAULT ID|INDEXED",
 /*  60 */ "ccons ::= NULL onconf",
 /*  61 */ "ccons ::= NOT NULL onconf",
 /*  62 */ "ccons ::= PRIMARY KEY sortorder onconf autoinc",
 /*  63 */ "ccons ::= UNIQUE onconf",
 /*  64 */ "ccons ::= CHECK LP expr RP",
 /*  65 */ "ccons ::= REFERENCES nm idxlist_opt refargs",
 /*  66 */ "ccons ::= defer_subclause",
 /*  67 */ "ccons ::= COLLATE ID|STRING",
 /*  68 */ "autoinc ::=",
 /*  69 */ "autoinc ::= AUTOINCR",
 /*  70 */ "refargs ::=",
 /*  71 */ "refargs ::= refargs refarg",
 /*  72 */ "refarg ::= MATCH nm",
................................................................................
 /*  86 */ "conslist_opt ::=",
 /*  87 */ "conslist_opt ::= COMMA conslist",
 /*  88 */ "conslist ::= conslist tconscomma tcons",
 /*  89 */ "conslist ::= tcons",
 /*  90 */ "tconscomma ::= COMMA",
 /*  91 */ "tconscomma ::=",
 /*  92 */ "tcons ::= CONSTRAINT nm",
 /*  93 */ "tcons ::= PRIMARY KEY LP idxlist autoinc RP onconf",
 /*  94 */ "tcons ::= UNIQUE LP idxlist RP onconf",
 /*  95 */ "tcons ::= CHECK LP expr RP onconf",
 /*  96 */ "tcons ::= FOREIGN KEY LP idxlist RP REFERENCES nm idxlist_opt refargs defer_subclause_opt",
 /*  97 */ "defer_subclause_opt ::=",
 /*  98 */ "defer_subclause_opt ::= defer_subclause",
 /*  99 */ "onconf ::=",
 /* 100 */ "onconf ::= ON CONFLICT resolvetype",
 /* 101 */ "orconf ::=",
 /* 102 */ "orconf ::= OR resolvetype",
 /* 103 */ "resolvetype ::= raisetype",
 /* 104 */ "resolvetype ::= IGNORE",
 /* 105 */ "resolvetype ::= REPLACE",
 /* 106 */ "cmd ::= DROP TABLE ifexists fullname",
 /* 107 */ "ifexists ::= IF EXISTS",
 /* 108 */ "ifexists ::=",
 /* 109 */ "cmd ::= createkw temp VIEW ifnotexists nm dbnm AS select",
 /* 110 */ "cmd ::= DROP VIEW ifexists fullname",
 /* 111 */ "cmd ::= select",
 /* 112 */ "select ::= with selectnowith",
 /* 113 */ "selectnowith ::= oneselect",
 /* 114 */ "selectnowith ::= selectnowith multiselect_op oneselect",
 /* 115 */ "multiselect_op ::= UNION",
 /* 116 */ "multiselect_op ::= UNION ALL",
................................................................................
 /* 131 */ "as ::= ID|STRING",
 /* 132 */ "as ::=",
 /* 133 */ "from ::=",
 /* 134 */ "from ::= FROM seltablist",
 /* 135 */ "stl_prefix ::= seltablist joinop",
 /* 136 */ "stl_prefix ::=",
 /* 137 */ "seltablist ::= stl_prefix nm dbnm as indexed_opt on_opt using_opt",

 /* 138 */ "seltablist ::= stl_prefix LP select RP as on_opt using_opt",
 /* 139 */ "seltablist ::= stl_prefix LP seltablist RP as on_opt using_opt",
 /* 140 */ "dbnm ::=",
 /* 141 */ "dbnm ::= DOT nm",
 /* 142 */ "fullname ::= nm dbnm",
 /* 143 */ "joinop ::= COMMA|JOIN",
 /* 144 */ "joinop ::= JOIN_KW JOIN",
 /* 145 */ "joinop ::= JOIN_KW nm JOIN",
 /* 146 */ "joinop ::= JOIN_KW nm nm JOIN",
 /* 147 */ "on_opt ::= ON expr",
 /* 148 */ "on_opt ::=",
 /* 149 */ "indexed_opt ::=",
 /* 150 */ "indexed_opt ::= INDEXED BY nm",
 /* 151 */ "indexed_opt ::= NOT INDEXED",
 /* 152 */ "using_opt ::= USING LP idlist RP",
 /* 153 */ "using_opt ::=",
 /* 154 */ "orderby_opt ::=",
 /* 155 */ "orderby_opt ::= ORDER BY sortlist",
 /* 156 */ "sortlist ::= sortlist COMMA expr sortorder",
 /* 157 */ "sortlist ::= expr sortorder",
 /* 158 */ "sortorder ::= ASC",
 /* 159 */ "sortorder ::= DESC",
 /* 160 */ "sortorder ::=",
 /* 161 */ "groupby_opt ::=",
 /* 162 */ "groupby_opt ::= GROUP BY nexprlist",
 /* 163 */ "having_opt ::=",
 /* 164 */ "having_opt ::= HAVING expr",
 /* 165 */ "limit_opt ::=",
 /* 166 */ "limit_opt ::= LIMIT expr",
 /* 167 */ "limit_opt ::= LIMIT expr OFFSET expr",
 /* 168 */ "limit_opt ::= LIMIT expr COMMA expr",
 /* 169 */ "cmd ::= with DELETE FROM fullname indexed_opt where_opt",
 /* 170 */ "where_opt ::=",
 /* 171 */ "where_opt ::= WHERE expr",
 /* 172 */ "cmd ::= with UPDATE orconf fullname indexed_opt SET setlist where_opt",
 /* 173 */ "setlist ::= setlist COMMA nm EQ expr",
 /* 174 */ "setlist ::= nm EQ expr",
 /* 175 */ "cmd ::= with insert_cmd INTO fullname inscollist_opt select",
 /* 176 */ "cmd ::= with insert_cmd INTO fullname inscollist_opt DEFAULT VALUES",
 /* 177 */ "insert_cmd ::= INSERT orconf",
 /* 178 */ "insert_cmd ::= REPLACE",
 /* 179 */ "inscollist_opt ::=",
 /* 180 */ "inscollist_opt ::= LP idlist RP",
 /* 181 */ "idlist ::= idlist COMMA nm",
 /* 182 */ "idlist ::= nm",
 /* 183 */ "expr ::= term",
 /* 184 */ "expr ::= LP expr RP",
 /* 185 */ "term ::= NULL",
 /* 186 */ "expr ::= ID|INDEXED",
 /* 187 */ "expr ::= JOIN_KW",
 /* 188 */ "expr ::= nm DOT nm",
 /* 189 */ "expr ::= nm DOT nm DOT nm",
 /* 190 */ "term ::= INTEGER|FLOAT|BLOB",
 /* 191 */ "term ::= STRING",
 /* 192 */ "expr ::= VARIABLE",
 /* 193 */ "expr ::= expr COLLATE ID|STRING",
 /* 194 */ "expr ::= CAST LP expr AS typetoken RP",
 /* 195 */ "expr ::= ID|INDEXED LP distinct exprlist RP",
 /* 196 */ "expr ::= ID|INDEXED LP STAR RP",
 /* 197 */ "term ::= CTIME_KW",
 /* 198 */ "expr ::= expr AND expr",
 /* 199 */ "expr ::= expr OR expr",
 /* 200 */ "expr ::= expr LT|GT|GE|LE expr",
 /* 201 */ "expr ::= expr EQ|NE expr",
 /* 202 */ "expr ::= expr BITAND|BITOR|LSHIFT|RSHIFT expr",
 /* 203 */ "expr ::= expr PLUS|MINUS expr",
 /* 204 */ "expr ::= expr STAR|SLASH|REM expr",
 /* 205 */ "expr ::= expr CONCAT expr",
 /* 206 */ "likeop ::= LIKE_KW|MATCH",
 /* 207 */ "likeop ::= NOT LIKE_KW|MATCH",
 /* 208 */ "expr ::= expr likeop expr",
 /* 209 */ "expr ::= expr likeop expr ESCAPE expr",
 /* 210 */ "expr ::= expr ISNULL|NOTNULL",
 /* 211 */ "expr ::= expr NOT NULL",
 /* 212 */ "expr ::= expr IS expr",
 /* 213 */ "expr ::= expr IS NOT expr",
 /* 214 */ "expr ::= NOT expr",
 /* 215 */ "expr ::= BITNOT expr",
 /* 216 */ "expr ::= MINUS expr",
 /* 217 */ "expr ::= PLUS expr",
 /* 218 */ "between_op ::= BETWEEN",
 /* 219 */ "between_op ::= NOT BETWEEN",
 /* 220 */ "expr ::= expr between_op expr AND expr",
 /* 221 */ "in_op ::= IN",
 /* 222 */ "in_op ::= NOT IN",
 /* 223 */ "expr ::= expr in_op LP exprlist RP",
 /* 224 */ "expr ::= LP select RP",
 /* 225 */ "expr ::= expr in_op LP select RP",
 /* 226 */ "expr ::= expr in_op nm dbnm",
 /* 227 */ "expr ::= EXISTS LP select RP",
 /* 228 */ "expr ::= CASE case_operand case_exprlist case_else END",
 /* 229 */ "case_exprlist ::= case_exprlist WHEN expr THEN expr",
 /* 230 */ "case_exprlist ::= WHEN expr THEN expr",
 /* 231 */ "case_else ::= ELSE expr",
 /* 232 */ "case_else ::=",
 /* 233 */ "case_operand ::= expr",
 /* 234 */ "case_operand ::=",
 /* 235 */ "exprlist ::= nexprlist",
 /* 236 */ "exprlist ::=",
 /* 237 */ "nexprlist ::= nexprlist COMMA expr",
 /* 238 */ "nexprlist ::= expr",
 /* 239 */ "cmd ::= createkw uniqueflag INDEX ifnotexists nm dbnm ON nm LP idxlist RP where_opt",
 /* 240 */ "uniqueflag ::= UNIQUE",
 /* 241 */ "uniqueflag ::=",
 /* 242 */ "idxlist_opt ::=",
 /* 243 */ "idxlist_opt ::= LP idxlist RP",
 /* 244 */ "idxlist ::= idxlist COMMA nm collate sortorder",
 /* 245 */ "idxlist ::= nm collate sortorder",
 /* 246 */ "collate ::=",
 /* 247 */ "collate ::= COLLATE ID|STRING",
 /* 248 */ "cmd ::= DROP INDEX ifexists fullname",
 /* 249 */ "cmd ::= VACUUM",
 /* 250 */ "cmd ::= VACUUM nm",
 /* 251 */ "cmd ::= PRAGMA nm dbnm",
 /* 252 */ "cmd ::= PRAGMA nm dbnm EQ nmnum",
 /* 253 */ "cmd ::= PRAGMA nm dbnm LP nmnum RP",
 /* 254 */ "cmd ::= PRAGMA nm dbnm EQ minus_num",
 /* 255 */ "cmd ::= PRAGMA nm dbnm LP minus_num RP",
 /* 256 */ "nmnum ::= plus_num",
 /* 257 */ "nmnum ::= nm",
 /* 258 */ "nmnum ::= ON",
 /* 259 */ "nmnum ::= DELETE",
 /* 260 */ "nmnum ::= DEFAULT",
 /* 261 */ "plus_num ::= PLUS INTEGER|FLOAT",
 /* 262 */ "plus_num ::= INTEGER|FLOAT",
 /* 263 */ "minus_num ::= MINUS INTEGER|FLOAT",
 /* 264 */ "cmd ::= createkw trigger_decl BEGIN trigger_cmd_list END",
 /* 265 */ "trigger_decl ::= temp TRIGGER ifnotexists nm dbnm trigger_time trigger_event ON fullname foreach_clause when_clause",
 /* 266 */ "trigger_time ::= BEFORE",
 /* 267 */ "trigger_time ::= AFTER",
 /* 268 */ "trigger_time ::= INSTEAD OF",
 /* 269 */ "trigger_time ::=",
 /* 270 */ "trigger_event ::= DELETE|INSERT",
 /* 271 */ "trigger_event ::= UPDATE",
 /* 272 */ "trigger_event ::= UPDATE OF idlist",
 /* 273 */ "foreach_clause ::=",
 /* 274 */ "foreach_clause ::= FOR EACH ROW",
 /* 275 */ "when_clause ::=",
 /* 276 */ "when_clause ::= WHEN expr",
 /* 277 */ "trigger_cmd_list ::= trigger_cmd_list trigger_cmd SEMI",
 /* 278 */ "trigger_cmd_list ::= trigger_cmd SEMI",
 /* 279 */ "trnm ::= nm",
 /* 280 */ "trnm ::= nm DOT nm",
 /* 281 */ "tridxby ::=",
 /* 282 */ "tridxby ::= INDEXED BY nm",
 /* 283 */ "tridxby ::= NOT INDEXED",
 /* 284 */ "trigger_cmd ::= UPDATE orconf trnm tridxby SET setlist where_opt",
 /* 285 */ "trigger_cmd ::= insert_cmd INTO trnm inscollist_opt select",
 /* 286 */ "trigger_cmd ::= DELETE FROM trnm tridxby where_opt",
 /* 287 */ "trigger_cmd ::= select",
 /* 288 */ "expr ::= RAISE LP IGNORE RP",
 /* 289 */ "expr ::= RAISE LP raisetype COMMA nm RP",
 /* 290 */ "raisetype ::= ROLLBACK",
 /* 291 */ "raisetype ::= ABORT",
 /* 292 */ "raisetype ::= FAIL",
 /* 293 */ "cmd ::= DROP TRIGGER ifexists fullname",
 /* 294 */ "cmd ::= ATTACH database_kw_opt expr AS expr key_opt",
 /* 295 */ "cmd ::= DETACH database_kw_opt expr",
 /* 296 */ "key_opt ::=",
 /* 297 */ "key_opt ::= KEY expr",
 /* 298 */ "database_kw_opt ::= DATABASE",
 /* 299 */ "database_kw_opt ::=",
 /* 300 */ "cmd ::= REINDEX",
 /* 301 */ "cmd ::= REINDEX nm dbnm",
 /* 302 */ "cmd ::= ANALYZE",
 /* 303 */ "cmd ::= ANALYZE nm dbnm",
 /* 304 */ "cmd ::= ALTER TABLE fullname RENAME TO nm",
 /* 305 */ "cmd ::= ALTER TABLE add_column_fullname ADD kwcolumn_opt column",
 /* 306 */ "add_column_fullname ::= fullname",
 /* 307 */ "kwcolumn_opt ::=",
 /* 308 */ "kwcolumn_opt ::= COLUMNKW",
 /* 309 */ "cmd ::= create_vtab",
 /* 310 */ "cmd ::= create_vtab LP vtabarglist RP",
 /* 311 */ "create_vtab ::= createkw VIRTUAL TABLE ifnotexists nm dbnm USING nm",
 /* 312 */ "vtabarglist ::= vtabarg",
 /* 313 */ "vtabarglist ::= vtabarglist COMMA vtabarg",
 /* 314 */ "vtabarg ::=",
 /* 315 */ "vtabarg ::= vtabarg vtabargtoken",
 /* 316 */ "vtabargtoken ::= ANY",
 /* 317 */ "vtabargtoken ::= lp anylist RP",
 /* 318 */ "lp ::= LP",
 /* 319 */ "anylist ::=",
 /* 320 */ "anylist ::= anylist LP anylist RP",
 /* 321 */ "anylist ::= anylist ANY",
 /* 322 */ "with ::=",
 /* 323 */ "with ::= WITH wqlist",
 /* 324 */ "with ::= WITH RECURSIVE wqlist",
 /* 325 */ "wqlist ::= nm idxlist_opt AS LP select RP",
 /* 326 */ "wqlist ::= wqlist COMMA nm idxlist_opt AS LP select RP",
};
#endif /* NDEBUG */


#if YYSTACKDEPTH<=0
/*
** Try to increase the size of the parser stack.
................................................................................
    ** being destroyed before it is finished parsing.
    **
    ** Note: during a reduce, the only symbols destroyed are those
    ** which appear on the RHS of the rule, but which are not used
    ** inside the C code.
    */
    case 163: /* select */
    case 195: /* selectnowith */
    case 196: /* oneselect */
    case 207: /* values */
{
sqlite3SelectDelete(pParse->db, (yypminor->yy3));
}
      break;
    case 174: /* term */
    case 175: /* expr */
{
sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, (yypminor->yy346).pExpr);
}
      break;
    case 179: /* idxlist_opt */
    case 188: /* idxlist */

    case 200: /* selcollist */
    case 203: /* groupby_opt */
    case 205: /* orderby_opt */
    case 208: /* nexprlist */
    case 209: /* exprlist */
    case 210: /* sclp */
    case 220: /* sortlist */
    case 221: /* setlist */
    case 228: /* case_exprlist */
{
sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, (yypminor->yy14));
}
      break;
    case 194: /* fullname */
    case 201: /* from */
    case 212: /* seltablist */
    case 213: /* stl_prefix */
{
sqlite3SrcListDelete(pParse->db, (yypminor->yy65));
}
      break;
    case 197: /* with */
    case 252: /* wqlist */
{
sqlite3WithDelete(pParse->db, (yypminor->yy59));
}
      break;
    case 202: /* where_opt */
    case 204: /* having_opt */
    case 216: /* on_opt */
    case 227: /* case_operand */
    case 229: /* case_else */
    case 238: /* when_clause */
    case 243: /* key_opt */
{
sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, (yypminor->yy132));
}
      break;
    case 217: /* using_opt */
    case 219: /* idlist */
    case 223: /* inscollist_opt */
{
sqlite3IdListDelete(pParse->db, (yypminor->yy408));
}
      break;
    case 234: /* trigger_cmd_list */
    case 239: /* trigger_cmd */
{
................................................................................
static int yy_find_shift_action(
  yyParser *pParser,        /* The parser */
  YYCODETYPE iLookAhead     /* The look-ahead token */
){
  int i;
  int stateno = pParser->yystack[pParser->yyidx].stateno;
 

  if( stateno>YY_SHIFT_COUNT
   || (i = yy_shift_ofst[stateno])==YY_SHIFT_USE_DFLT ){
    return yy_default[stateno];
  }
  assert( iLookAhead!=YYNOCODE );
  i += iLookAhead;
  if( i<0 || i>=YY_ACTTAB_COUNT || yy_lookahead[i]!=iLookAhead ){
    if( iLookAhead>0 ){
#ifdef YYFALLBACK
      YYCODETYPE iFallback;            /* Fallback token */
      if( iLookAhead<sizeof(yyFallback)/sizeof(yyFallback[0])
................................................................................

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(yypMinor); /* Silence some compiler warnings */
  sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "parser stack overflow");
   sqlite3ParserARG_STORE; /* Suppress warning about unused %extra_argument var */
}

/*






















** Perform a shift action.
*/
static void yy_shift(
  yyParser *yypParser,          /* The parser to be shifted */
  int yyNewState,               /* The new state to shift in */
  int yyMajor,                  /* The major token to shift in */
  YYMINORTYPE *yypMinor         /* Pointer to the minor token to shift in */
){
................................................................................
    }
  }
#endif
  yytos = &yypParser->yystack[yypParser->yyidx];
  yytos->stateno = (YYACTIONTYPE)yyNewState;
  yytos->major = (YYCODETYPE)yyMajor;
  yytos->minor = *yypMinor;
#ifndef NDEBUG
  if( yyTraceFILE && yypParser->yyidx>0 ){
    int i;
    fprintf(yyTraceFILE,"%sShift %d\n",yyTracePrompt,yyNewState);
    fprintf(yyTraceFILE,"%sStack:",yyTracePrompt);
    for(i=1; i<=yypParser->yyidx; i++)
      fprintf(yyTraceFILE," %s",yyTokenName[yypParser->yystack[i].major]);
    fprintf(yyTraceFILE,"\n");
  }
#endif
}

/* The following table contains information about every rule that
** is used during the reduce.
*/
static const struct {
  YYCODETYPE lhs;         /* Symbol on the left-hand side of the rule */
................................................................................
  { 186, 1 },
  { 186, 0 },
  { 187, 2 },
  { 187, 7 },
  { 187, 5 },
  { 187, 5 },
  { 187, 10 },
  { 189, 0 },
  { 189, 1 },
  { 176, 0 },
  { 176, 3 },
  { 190, 0 },
  { 190, 2 },
  { 191, 1 },
  { 191, 1 },
  { 191, 1 },
  { 149, 4 },
  { 193, 2 },
  { 193, 0 },
  { 149, 8 },
  { 149, 4 },
  { 149, 1 },
  { 163, 2 },
  { 195, 1 },
  { 195, 3 },
  { 198, 1 },
  { 198, 2 },
  { 198, 1 },
  { 196, 9 },
  { 196, 1 },
  { 207, 4 },
  { 207, 5 },
  { 199, 1 },
  { 199, 1 },
  { 199, 0 },
  { 210, 2 },
  { 210, 0 },
  { 200, 3 },
  { 200, 2 },
  { 200, 4 },
  { 211, 2 },
  { 211, 1 },
  { 211, 0 },
  { 201, 0 },
  { 201, 2 },
  { 213, 2 },
  { 213, 0 },
  { 212, 7 },

  { 212, 7 },
  { 212, 7 },
  { 159, 0 },
  { 159, 2 },
  { 194, 2 },
  { 214, 1 },
  { 214, 2 },
  { 214, 3 },
  { 214, 4 },
  { 216, 2 },
  { 216, 0 },
  { 215, 0 },
  { 215, 3 },
  { 215, 2 },
  { 217, 4 },
  { 217, 0 },
  { 205, 0 },
  { 205, 3 },
  { 220, 4 },
  { 220, 2 },
  { 177, 1 },
  { 177, 1 },
  { 177, 0 },
  { 203, 0 },
  { 203, 3 },
  { 204, 0 },
  { 204, 2 },
  { 206, 0 },
  { 206, 2 },
  { 206, 4 },
  { 206, 4 },
  { 149, 6 },
  { 202, 0 },
  { 202, 2 },
  { 149, 8 },
  { 221, 5 },
  { 221, 3 },
  { 149, 6 },
  { 149, 7 },
  { 222, 2 },
  { 222, 1 },
  { 223, 0 },
  { 223, 3 },
  { 219, 3 },
  { 219, 1 },
  { 175, 1 },
  { 175, 3 },
  { 174, 1 },
  { 175, 1 },
  { 175, 1 },
  { 175, 3 },
  { 175, 5 },
................................................................................
  { 175, 5 },
  { 228, 5 },
  { 228, 4 },
  { 229, 2 },
  { 229, 0 },
  { 227, 1 },
  { 227, 0 },
  { 209, 1 },
  { 209, 0 },
  { 208, 3 },
  { 208, 1 },
  { 149, 12 },
  { 230, 1 },
  { 230, 0 },
  { 179, 0 },
  { 179, 3 },
  { 188, 5 },
  { 188, 3 },
  { 231, 0 },
  { 231, 2 },
  { 149, 4 },
  { 149, 1 },
  { 149, 2 },
  { 149, 3 },
  { 149, 5 },
................................................................................
  { 241, 2 },
  { 239, 7 },
  { 239, 5 },
  { 239, 5 },
  { 239, 1 },
  { 175, 4 },
  { 175, 6 },
  { 192, 1 },
  { 192, 1 },
  { 192, 1 },
  { 149, 4 },
  { 149, 6 },
  { 149, 3 },
  { 243, 0 },
  { 243, 2 },
  { 242, 1 },
  { 242, 0 },
................................................................................
  { 248, 2 },
  { 249, 1 },
  { 249, 3 },
  { 250, 1 },
  { 251, 0 },
  { 251, 4 },
  { 251, 2 },
  { 197, 0 },
  { 197, 2 },
  { 197, 3 },
  { 252, 6 },
  { 252, 8 },
};

static void yy_accept(yyParser*);  /* Forward Declaration */

/*
................................................................................
  yyStackEntry *yymsp;            /* The top of the parser's stack */
  int yysize;                     /* Amount to pop the stack */
  sqlite3ParserARG_FETCH;
  yymsp = &yypParser->yystack[yypParser->yyidx];
#ifndef NDEBUG
  if( yyTraceFILE && yyruleno>=0 
        && yyruleno<(int)(sizeof(yyRuleName)/sizeof(yyRuleName[0])) ){

    fprintf(yyTraceFILE, "%sReduce [%s].\n", yyTracePrompt,
      yyRuleName[yyruleno]);
  }
#endif /* NDEBUG */

  /* Silence complaints from purify about yygotominor being uninitialized
  ** in some cases when it is copied into the stack after the following
  ** switch.  yygotominor is uninitialized when a rule reduces that does
  ** not set the value of its left-hand side nonterminal.  Leaving the
................................................................................
      case 31: /* temp ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==31);
      case 68: /* autoinc ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==68);
      case 81: /* defer_subclause ::= NOT DEFERRABLE init_deferred_pred_opt */ yytestcase(yyruleno==81);
      case 83: /* init_deferred_pred_opt ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==83);
      case 85: /* init_deferred_pred_opt ::= INITIALLY IMMEDIATE */ yytestcase(yyruleno==85);
      case 97: /* defer_subclause_opt ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==97);
      case 108: /* ifexists ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==108);
      case 218: /* between_op ::= BETWEEN */ yytestcase(yyruleno==218);
      case 221: /* in_op ::= IN */ yytestcase(yyruleno==221);

{yygotominor.yy328 = 0;}
        break;
      case 29: /* ifnotexists ::= IF NOT EXISTS */
      case 30: /* temp ::= TEMP */ yytestcase(yyruleno==30);
      case 69: /* autoinc ::= AUTOINCR */ yytestcase(yyruleno==69);
      case 84: /* init_deferred_pred_opt ::= INITIALLY DEFERRED */ yytestcase(yyruleno==84);
      case 107: /* ifexists ::= IF EXISTS */ yytestcase(yyruleno==107);
      case 219: /* between_op ::= NOT BETWEEN */ yytestcase(yyruleno==219);
      case 222: /* in_op ::= NOT IN */ yytestcase(yyruleno==222);

{yygotominor.yy328 = 1;}
        break;
      case 32: /* create_table_args ::= LP columnlist conslist_opt RP table_options */
{
  sqlite3EndTable(pParse,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy0,&yymsp[-1].minor.yy0,yymsp[0].minor.yy186,0);
}
        break;
................................................................................
      case 40: /* nm ::= ID|INDEXED */
      case 41: /* nm ::= STRING */ yytestcase(yyruleno==41);
      case 42: /* nm ::= JOIN_KW */ yytestcase(yyruleno==42);
      case 45: /* typetoken ::= typename */ yytestcase(yyruleno==45);
      case 48: /* typename ::= ID|STRING */ yytestcase(yyruleno==48);
      case 130: /* as ::= AS nm */ yytestcase(yyruleno==130);
      case 131: /* as ::= ID|STRING */ yytestcase(yyruleno==131);
      case 141: /* dbnm ::= DOT nm */ yytestcase(yyruleno==141);
      case 150: /* indexed_opt ::= INDEXED BY nm */ yytestcase(yyruleno==150);
      case 247: /* collate ::= COLLATE ID|STRING */ yytestcase(yyruleno==247);
      case 256: /* nmnum ::= plus_num */ yytestcase(yyruleno==256);
      case 257: /* nmnum ::= nm */ yytestcase(yyruleno==257);
      case 258: /* nmnum ::= ON */ yytestcase(yyruleno==258);
      case 259: /* nmnum ::= DELETE */ yytestcase(yyruleno==259);
      case 260: /* nmnum ::= DEFAULT */ yytestcase(yyruleno==260);
      case 261: /* plus_num ::= PLUS INTEGER|FLOAT */ yytestcase(yyruleno==261);
      case 262: /* plus_num ::= INTEGER|FLOAT */ yytestcase(yyruleno==262);
      case 263: /* minus_num ::= MINUS INTEGER|FLOAT */ yytestcase(yyruleno==263);
      case 279: /* trnm ::= nm */ yytestcase(yyruleno==279);
{yygotominor.yy0 = yymsp[0].minor.yy0;}
        break;
      case 44: /* type ::= typetoken */
{sqlite3AddColumnType(pParse,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0);}
        break;
      case 46: /* typetoken ::= typename LP signed RP */
{
................................................................................
        break;
      case 63: /* ccons ::= UNIQUE onconf */
{sqlite3CreateIndex(pParse,0,0,0,0,yymsp[0].minor.yy328,0,0,0,0);}
        break;
      case 64: /* ccons ::= CHECK LP expr RP */
{sqlite3AddCheckConstraint(pParse,yymsp[-1].minor.yy346.pExpr);}
        break;
      case 65: /* ccons ::= REFERENCES nm idxlist_opt refargs */
{sqlite3CreateForeignKey(pParse,0,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy0,yymsp[-1].minor.yy14,yymsp[0].minor.yy328);}
        break;
      case 66: /* ccons ::= defer_subclause */
{sqlite3DeferForeignKey(pParse,yymsp[0].minor.yy328);}
        break;
      case 67: /* ccons ::= COLLATE ID|STRING */
{sqlite3AddCollateType(pParse, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0);}
................................................................................
        break;
      case 87: /* conslist_opt ::= COMMA conslist */
{yygotominor.yy0 = yymsp[-1].minor.yy0;}
        break;
      case 90: /* tconscomma ::= COMMA */
{pParse->constraintName.n = 0;}
        break;
      case 93: /* tcons ::= PRIMARY KEY LP idxlist autoinc RP onconf */
{sqlite3AddPrimaryKey(pParse,yymsp[-3].minor.yy14,yymsp[0].minor.yy328,yymsp[-2].minor.yy328,0);}
        break;
      case 94: /* tcons ::= UNIQUE LP idxlist RP onconf */
{sqlite3CreateIndex(pParse,0,0,0,yymsp[-2].minor.yy14,yymsp[0].minor.yy328,0,0,0,0);}
        break;
      case 95: /* tcons ::= CHECK LP expr RP onconf */
{sqlite3AddCheckConstraint(pParse,yymsp[-2].minor.yy346.pExpr);}
        break;
      case 96: /* tcons ::= FOREIGN KEY LP idxlist RP REFERENCES nm idxlist_opt refargs defer_subclause_opt */
{
    sqlite3CreateForeignKey(pParse, yymsp[-6].minor.yy14, &yymsp[-3].minor.yy0, yymsp[-2].minor.yy14, yymsp[-1].minor.yy328);
    sqlite3DeferForeignKey(pParse, yymsp[0].minor.yy328);
}
        break;
      case 99: /* onconf ::= */
{yygotominor.yy328 = OE_Default;}
................................................................................
{yygotominor.yy328 = OE_Replace;}
        break;
      case 106: /* cmd ::= DROP TABLE ifexists fullname */
{
  sqlite3DropTable(pParse, yymsp[0].minor.yy65, 0, yymsp[-1].minor.yy328);
}
        break;
      case 109: /* cmd ::= createkw temp VIEW ifnotexists nm dbnm AS select */
{
  sqlite3CreateView(pParse, &yymsp[-7].minor.yy0, &yymsp[-3].minor.yy0, &yymsp[-2].minor.yy0, yymsp[0].minor.yy3, yymsp[-6].minor.yy328, yymsp[-4].minor.yy328);
}
        break;
      case 110: /* cmd ::= DROP VIEW ifexists fullname */
{
  sqlite3DropTable(pParse, yymsp[0].minor.yy65, 1, yymsp[-1].minor.yy328);
}
        break;
................................................................................
      case 123: /* distinct ::= ALL */
{yygotominor.yy381 = SF_All;}
        break;
      case 124: /* distinct ::= */
{yygotominor.yy381 = 0;}
        break;
      case 125: /* sclp ::= selcollist COMMA */
      case 243: /* idxlist_opt ::= LP idxlist RP */ yytestcase(yyruleno==243);
{yygotominor.yy14 = yymsp[-1].minor.yy14;}
        break;
      case 126: /* sclp ::= */
      case 154: /* orderby_opt ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==154);
      case 161: /* groupby_opt ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==161);
      case 236: /* exprlist ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==236);
      case 242: /* idxlist_opt ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==242);
{yygotominor.yy14 = 0;}
        break;
      case 127: /* selcollist ::= sclp expr as */
{
   yygotominor.yy14 = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, yymsp[-2].minor.yy14, yymsp[-1].minor.yy346.pExpr);
   if( yymsp[0].minor.yy0.n>0 ) sqlite3ExprListSetName(pParse, yygotominor.yy14, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0, 1);
   sqlite3ExprListSetSpan(pParse,yygotominor.yy14,&yymsp[-1].minor.yy346);
................................................................................
  yygotominor.yy65 = yymsp[0].minor.yy65;
  sqlite3SrcListShiftJoinType(yygotominor.yy65);
}
        break;
      case 135: /* stl_prefix ::= seltablist joinop */
{
   yygotominor.yy65 = yymsp[-1].minor.yy65;
   if( ALWAYS(yygotominor.yy65 && yygotominor.yy65->nSrc>0) ) yygotominor.yy65->a[yygotominor.yy65->nSrc-1].jointype = (u8)yymsp[0].minor.yy328;
}
        break;
      case 136: /* stl_prefix ::= */
{yygotominor.yy65 = 0;}
        break;
      case 137: /* seltablist ::= stl_prefix nm dbnm as indexed_opt on_opt using_opt */
{
  yygotominor.yy65 = sqlite3SrcListAppendFromTerm(pParse,yymsp[-6].minor.yy65,&yymsp[-5].minor.yy0,&yymsp[-4].minor.yy0,&yymsp[-3].minor.yy0,0,yymsp[-1].minor.yy132,yymsp[0].minor.yy408);
  sqlite3SrcListIndexedBy(pParse, yygotominor.yy65, &yymsp[-2].minor.yy0);
}
        break;






      case 138: /* seltablist ::= stl_prefix LP select RP as on_opt using_opt */
{
    yygotominor.yy65 = sqlite3SrcListAppendFromTerm(pParse,yymsp[-6].minor.yy65,0,0,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy0,yymsp[-4].minor.yy3,yymsp[-1].minor.yy132,yymsp[0].minor.yy408);
  }
        break;
      case 139: /* seltablist ::= stl_prefix LP seltablist RP as on_opt using_opt */
{
    if( yymsp[-6].minor.yy65==0 && yymsp[-2].minor.yy0.n==0 && yymsp[-1].minor.yy132==0 && yymsp[0].minor.yy408==0 ){
      yygotominor.yy65 = yymsp[-4].minor.yy65;
    }else if( yymsp[-4].minor.yy65->nSrc==1 ){
      yygotominor.yy65 = sqlite3SrcListAppendFromTerm(pParse,yymsp[-6].minor.yy65,0,0,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy0,0,yymsp[-1].minor.yy132,yymsp[0].minor.yy408);
      if( yygotominor.yy65 ){
        struct SrcList_item *pNew = &yygotominor.yy65->a[yygotominor.yy65->nSrc-1];
................................................................................
      Select *pSubquery;
      sqlite3SrcListShiftJoinType(yymsp[-4].minor.yy65);
      pSubquery = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse,0,yymsp[-4].minor.yy65,0,0,0,0,SF_NestedFrom,0,0);
      yygotominor.yy65 = sqlite3SrcListAppendFromTerm(pParse,yymsp[-6].minor.yy65,0,0,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy0,pSubquery,yymsp[-1].minor.yy132,yymsp[0].minor.yy408);
    }
  }
        break;
      case 140: /* dbnm ::= */
      case 149: /* indexed_opt ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==149);
{yygotominor.yy0.z=0; yygotominor.yy0.n=0;}
        break;
      case 142: /* fullname ::= nm dbnm */
{yygotominor.yy65 = sqlite3SrcListAppend(pParse->db,0,&yymsp[-1].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0);}
        break;
      case 143: /* joinop ::= COMMA|JOIN */
{ yygotominor.yy328 = JT_INNER; }
        break;
      case 144: /* joinop ::= JOIN_KW JOIN */
{ yygotominor.yy328 = sqlite3JoinType(pParse,&yymsp[-1].minor.yy0,0,0); }
        break;
      case 145: /* joinop ::= JOIN_KW nm JOIN */
{ yygotominor.yy328 = sqlite3JoinType(pParse,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy0,&yymsp[-1].minor.yy0,0); }
        break;
      case 146: /* joinop ::= JOIN_KW nm nm JOIN */
{ yygotominor.yy328 = sqlite3JoinType(pParse,&yymsp[-3].minor.yy0,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy0,&yymsp[-1].minor.yy0); }
        break;
      case 147: /* on_opt ::= ON expr */
      case 164: /* having_opt ::= HAVING expr */ yytestcase(yyruleno==164);
      case 171: /* where_opt ::= WHERE expr */ yytestcase(yyruleno==171);
      case 231: /* case_else ::= ELSE expr */ yytestcase(yyruleno==231);
      case 233: /* case_operand ::= expr */ yytestcase(yyruleno==233);
{yygotominor.yy132 = yymsp[0].minor.yy346.pExpr;}
        break;
      case 148: /* on_opt ::= */
      case 163: /* having_opt ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==163);
      case 170: /* where_opt ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==170);
      case 232: /* case_else ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==232);
      case 234: /* case_operand ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==234);
{yygotominor.yy132 = 0;}
        break;
      case 151: /* indexed_opt ::= NOT INDEXED */
{yygotominor.yy0.z=0; yygotominor.yy0.n=1;}
        break;
      case 152: /* using_opt ::= USING LP idlist RP */
      case 180: /* inscollist_opt ::= LP idlist RP */ yytestcase(yyruleno==180);
{yygotominor.yy408 = yymsp[-1].minor.yy408;}
        break;
      case 153: /* using_opt ::= */
      case 179: /* inscollist_opt ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==179);
{yygotominor.yy408 = 0;}
        break;
      case 155: /* orderby_opt ::= ORDER BY sortlist */
      case 162: /* groupby_opt ::= GROUP BY nexprlist */ yytestcase(yyruleno==162);
      case 235: /* exprlist ::= nexprlist */ yytestcase(yyruleno==235);
{yygotominor.yy14 = yymsp[0].minor.yy14;}
        break;
      case 156: /* sortlist ::= sortlist COMMA expr sortorder */
{
  yygotominor.yy14 = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,yymsp[-3].minor.yy14,yymsp[-1].minor.yy346.pExpr);
  if( yygotominor.yy14 ) yygotominor.yy14->a[yygotominor.yy14->nExpr-1].sortOrder = (u8)yymsp[0].minor.yy328;
}
        break;
      case 157: /* sortlist ::= expr sortorder */
{
  yygotominor.yy14 = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,0,yymsp[-1].minor.yy346.pExpr);
  if( yygotominor.yy14 && ALWAYS(yygotominor.yy14->a) ) yygotominor.yy14->a[0].sortOrder = (u8)yymsp[0].minor.yy328;
}
        break;
      case 158: /* sortorder ::= ASC */


      case 160: /* sortorder ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==160);
{yygotominor.yy328 = SQLITE_SO_ASC;}
        break;
      case 159: /* sortorder ::= DESC */
{yygotominor.yy328 = SQLITE_SO_DESC;}
        break;
      case 165: /* limit_opt ::= */
{yygotominor.yy476.pLimit = 0; yygotominor.yy476.pOffset = 0;}
        break;
      case 166: /* limit_opt ::= LIMIT expr */
{yygotominor.yy476.pLimit = yymsp[0].minor.yy346.pExpr; yygotominor.yy476.pOffset = 0;}
        break;
      case 167: /* limit_opt ::= LIMIT expr OFFSET expr */
{yygotominor.yy476.pLimit = yymsp[-2].minor.yy346.pExpr; yygotominor.yy476.pOffset = yymsp[0].minor.yy346.pExpr;}
        break;
      case 168: /* limit_opt ::= LIMIT expr COMMA expr */
{yygotominor.yy476.pOffset = yymsp[-2].minor.yy346.pExpr; yygotominor.yy476.pLimit = yymsp[0].minor.yy346.pExpr;}
        break;
      case 169: /* cmd ::= with DELETE FROM fullname indexed_opt where_opt */
{
  sqlite3WithPush(pParse, yymsp[-5].minor.yy59, 1);
  sqlite3SrcListIndexedBy(pParse, yymsp[-2].minor.yy65, &yymsp[-1].minor.yy0);
  sqlite3DeleteFrom(pParse,yymsp[-2].minor.yy65,yymsp[0].minor.yy132);
}
        break;
      case 172: /* cmd ::= with UPDATE orconf fullname indexed_opt SET setlist where_opt */
{
  sqlite3WithPush(pParse, yymsp[-7].minor.yy59, 1);
  sqlite3SrcListIndexedBy(pParse, yymsp[-4].minor.yy65, &yymsp[-3].minor.yy0);
  sqlite3ExprListCheckLength(pParse,yymsp[-1].minor.yy14,"set list"); 
  sqlite3Update(pParse,yymsp[-4].minor.yy65,yymsp[-1].minor.yy14,yymsp[0].minor.yy132,yymsp[-5].minor.yy186);
}
        break;
      case 173: /* setlist ::= setlist COMMA nm EQ expr */
{
  yygotominor.yy14 = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, yymsp[-4].minor.yy14, yymsp[0].minor.yy346.pExpr);
  sqlite3ExprListSetName(pParse, yygotominor.yy14, &yymsp[-2].minor.yy0, 1);
}
        break;
      case 174: /* setlist ::= nm EQ expr */
{
  yygotominor.yy14 = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, yymsp[0].minor.yy346.pExpr);
  sqlite3ExprListSetName(pParse, yygotominor.yy14, &yymsp[-2].minor.yy0, 1);
}
        break;
      case 175: /* cmd ::= with insert_cmd INTO fullname inscollist_opt select */
{
  sqlite3WithPush(pParse, yymsp[-5].minor.yy59, 1);
  sqlite3Insert(pParse, yymsp[-2].minor.yy65, yymsp[0].minor.yy3, yymsp[-1].minor.yy408, yymsp[-4].minor.yy186);
}
        break;
      case 176: /* cmd ::= with insert_cmd INTO fullname inscollist_opt DEFAULT VALUES */
{
  sqlite3WithPush(pParse, yymsp[-6].minor.yy59, 1);
  sqlite3Insert(pParse, yymsp[-3].minor.yy65, 0, yymsp[-2].minor.yy408, yymsp[-5].minor.yy186);
}
        break;
      case 177: /* insert_cmd ::= INSERT orconf */
{yygotominor.yy186 = yymsp[0].minor.yy186;}
        break;
      case 178: /* insert_cmd ::= REPLACE */
{yygotominor.yy186 = OE_Replace;}
        break;
      case 181: /* idlist ::= idlist COMMA nm */
{yygotominor.yy408 = sqlite3IdListAppend(pParse->db,yymsp[-2].minor.yy408,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0);}
        break;
      case 182: /* idlist ::= nm */
{yygotominor.yy408 = sqlite3IdListAppend(pParse->db,0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0);}
        break;
      case 183: /* expr ::= term */
{yygotominor.yy346 = yymsp[0].minor.yy346;}
        break;
      case 184: /* expr ::= LP expr RP */
{yygotominor.yy346.pExpr = yymsp[-1].minor.yy346.pExpr; spanSet(&yygotominor.yy346,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0);}
        break;
      case 185: /* term ::= NULL */
      case 190: /* term ::= INTEGER|FLOAT|BLOB */ yytestcase(yyruleno==190);
      case 191: /* term ::= STRING */ yytestcase(yyruleno==191);
{spanExpr(&yygotominor.yy346, pParse, yymsp[0].major, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0);}
        break;
      case 186: /* expr ::= ID|INDEXED */
      case 187: /* expr ::= JOIN_KW */ yytestcase(yyruleno==187);
{spanExpr(&yygotominor.yy346, pParse, TK_ID, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0);}
        break;
      case 188: /* expr ::= nm DOT nm */
{
  Expr *temp1 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ID, 0, 0, &yymsp[-2].minor.yy0);
  Expr *temp2 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ID, 0, 0, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0);
  yygotominor.yy346.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, temp1, temp2, 0);
  spanSet(&yygotominor.yy346,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0);
}
        break;
      case 189: /* expr ::= nm DOT nm DOT nm */
{
  Expr *temp1 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ID, 0, 0, &yymsp[-4].minor.yy0);
  Expr *temp2 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ID, 0, 0, &yymsp[-2].minor.yy0);
  Expr *temp3 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_ID, 0, 0, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0);
  Expr *temp4 = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, temp2, temp3, 0);
  yygotominor.yy346.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_DOT, temp1, temp4, 0);
  spanSet(&yygotominor.yy346,&yymsp[-4].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0);
}
        break;
      case 192: /* expr ::= VARIABLE */
{
  if( yymsp[0].minor.yy0.n>=2 && yymsp[0].minor.yy0.z[0]=='#' && sqlite3Isdigit(yymsp[0].minor.yy0.z[1]) ){
    /* When doing a nested parse, one can include terms in an expression
    ** that look like this:   #1 #2 ...  These terms refer to registers
    ** in the virtual machine.  #N is the N-th register. */
    if( pParse->nested==0 ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "near \"%T\": syntax error", &yymsp[0].minor.yy0);
................................................................................
  }else{
    spanExpr(&yygotominor.yy346, pParse, TK_VARIABLE, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0);
    sqlite3ExprAssignVarNumber(pParse, yygotominor.yy346.pExpr);
  }
  spanSet(&yygotominor.yy346, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0);
}
        break;
      case 193: /* expr ::= expr COLLATE ID|STRING */
{
  yygotominor.yy346.pExpr = sqlite3ExprAddCollateToken(pParse, yymsp[-2].minor.yy346.pExpr, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0, 1);
  yygotominor.yy346.zStart = yymsp[-2].minor.yy346.zStart;
  yygotominor.yy346.zEnd = &yymsp[0].minor.yy0.z[yymsp[0].minor.yy0.n];
}
        break;
      case 194: /* expr ::= CAST LP expr AS typetoken RP */
{
  yygotominor.yy346.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_CAST, yymsp[-3].minor.yy346.pExpr, 0, &yymsp[-1].minor.yy0);
  spanSet(&yygotominor.yy346,&yymsp[-5].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0);
}
        break;
      case 195: /* expr ::= ID|INDEXED LP distinct exprlist RP */
{
  if( yymsp[-1].minor.yy14 && yymsp[-1].minor.yy14->nExpr>pParse->db->aLimit[SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG] ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many arguments on function %T", &yymsp[-4].minor.yy0);
  }
  yygotominor.yy346.pExpr = sqlite3ExprFunction(pParse, yymsp[-1].minor.yy14, &yymsp[-4].minor.yy0);
  spanSet(&yygotominor.yy346,&yymsp[-4].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0);
  if( yymsp[-2].minor.yy381==SF_Distinct && yygotominor.yy346.pExpr ){
    yygotominor.yy346.pExpr->flags |= EP_Distinct;
  }
}
        break;
      case 196: /* expr ::= ID|INDEXED LP STAR RP */
{
  yygotominor.yy346.pExpr = sqlite3ExprFunction(pParse, 0, &yymsp[-3].minor.yy0);
  spanSet(&yygotominor.yy346,&yymsp[-3].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0);
}
        break;
      case 197: /* term ::= CTIME_KW */
{
  yygotominor.yy346.pExpr = sqlite3ExprFunction(pParse, 0, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0);
  spanSet(&yygotominor.yy346, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0);
}
        break;
      case 198: /* expr ::= expr AND expr */
      case 199: /* expr ::= expr OR expr */ yytestcase(yyruleno==199);
      case 200: /* expr ::= expr LT|GT|GE|LE expr */ yytestcase(yyruleno==200);
      case 201: /* expr ::= expr EQ|NE expr */ yytestcase(yyruleno==201);
      case 202: /* expr ::= expr BITAND|BITOR|LSHIFT|RSHIFT expr */ yytestcase(yyruleno==202);
      case 203: /* expr ::= expr PLUS|MINUS expr */ yytestcase(yyruleno==203);
      case 204: /* expr ::= expr STAR|SLASH|REM expr */ yytestcase(yyruleno==204);
      case 205: /* expr ::= expr CONCAT expr */ yytestcase(yyruleno==205);
{spanBinaryExpr(&yygotominor.yy346,pParse,yymsp[-1].major,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy346,&yymsp[0].minor.yy346);}
        break;
      case 206: /* likeop ::= LIKE_KW|MATCH */
{yygotominor.yy96.eOperator = yymsp[0].minor.yy0; yygotominor.yy96.bNot = 0;}
        break;
      case 207: /* likeop ::= NOT LIKE_KW|MATCH */
{yygotominor.yy96.eOperator = yymsp[0].minor.yy0; yygotominor.yy96.bNot = 1;}
        break;
      case 208: /* expr ::= expr likeop expr */
{
  ExprList *pList;
  pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,0, yymsp[0].minor.yy346.pExpr);
  pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,pList, yymsp[-2].minor.yy346.pExpr);
  yygotominor.yy346.pExpr = sqlite3ExprFunction(pParse, pList, &yymsp[-1].minor.yy96.eOperator);
  if( yymsp[-1].minor.yy96.bNot ) yygotominor.yy346.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, yygotominor.yy346.pExpr, 0, 0);
  yygotominor.yy346.zStart = yymsp[-2].minor.yy346.zStart;
  yygotominor.yy346.zEnd = yymsp[0].minor.yy346.zEnd;
  if( yygotominor.yy346.pExpr ) yygotominor.yy346.pExpr->flags |= EP_InfixFunc;
}
        break;
      case 209: /* expr ::= expr likeop expr ESCAPE expr */
{
  ExprList *pList;
  pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,0, yymsp[-2].minor.yy346.pExpr);
  pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,pList, yymsp[-4].minor.yy346.pExpr);
  pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,pList, yymsp[0].minor.yy346.pExpr);
  yygotominor.yy346.pExpr = sqlite3ExprFunction(pParse, pList, &yymsp[-3].minor.yy96.eOperator);
  if( yymsp[-3].minor.yy96.bNot ) yygotominor.yy346.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, yygotominor.yy346.pExpr, 0, 0);
  yygotominor.yy346.zStart = yymsp[-4].minor.yy346.zStart;
  yygotominor.yy346.zEnd = yymsp[0].minor.yy346.zEnd;
  if( yygotominor.yy346.pExpr ) yygotominor.yy346.pExpr->flags |= EP_InfixFunc;
}
        break;
      case 210: /* expr ::= expr ISNULL|NOTNULL */
{spanUnaryPostfix(&yygotominor.yy346,pParse,yymsp[0].major,&yymsp[-1].minor.yy346,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0);}
        break;
      case 211: /* expr ::= expr NOT NULL */
{spanUnaryPostfix(&yygotominor.yy346,pParse,TK_NOTNULL,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy346,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0);}
        break;
      case 212: /* expr ::= expr IS expr */
{
  spanBinaryExpr(&yygotominor.yy346,pParse,TK_IS,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy346,&yymsp[0].minor.yy346);
  binaryToUnaryIfNull(pParse, yymsp[0].minor.yy346.pExpr, yygotominor.yy346.pExpr, TK_ISNULL);
}
        break;
      case 213: /* expr ::= expr IS NOT expr */
{
  spanBinaryExpr(&yygotominor.yy346,pParse,TK_ISNOT,&yymsp[-3].minor.yy346,&yymsp[0].minor.yy346);
  binaryToUnaryIfNull(pParse, yymsp[0].minor.yy346.pExpr, yygotominor.yy346.pExpr, TK_NOTNULL);
}
        break;
      case 214: /* expr ::= NOT expr */
      case 215: /* expr ::= BITNOT expr */ yytestcase(yyruleno==215);
{spanUnaryPrefix(&yygotominor.yy346,pParse,yymsp[-1].major,&yymsp[0].minor.yy346,&yymsp[-1].minor.yy0);}
        break;
      case 216: /* expr ::= MINUS expr */
{spanUnaryPrefix(&yygotominor.yy346,pParse,TK_UMINUS,&yymsp[0].minor.yy346,&yymsp[-1].minor.yy0);}
        break;
      case 217: /* expr ::= PLUS expr */
{spanUnaryPrefix(&yygotominor.yy346,pParse,TK_UPLUS,&yymsp[0].minor.yy346,&yymsp[-1].minor.yy0);}
        break;
      case 220: /* expr ::= expr between_op expr AND expr */
{
  ExprList *pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,0, yymsp[-2].minor.yy346.pExpr);
  pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,pList, yymsp[0].minor.yy346.pExpr);
  yygotominor.yy346.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_BETWEEN, yymsp[-4].minor.yy346.pExpr, 0, 0);
  if( yygotominor.yy346.pExpr ){
    yygotominor.yy346.pExpr->x.pList = pList;
  }else{
................................................................................
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, pList);
  } 
  if( yymsp[-3].minor.yy328 ) yygotominor.yy346.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, yygotominor.yy346.pExpr, 0, 0);
  yygotominor.yy346.zStart = yymsp[-4].minor.yy346.zStart;
  yygotominor.yy346.zEnd = yymsp[0].minor.yy346.zEnd;
}
        break;
      case 223: /* expr ::= expr in_op LP exprlist RP */
{
    if( yymsp[-1].minor.yy14==0 ){
      /* Expressions of the form
      **
      **      expr1 IN ()
      **      expr1 NOT IN ()
      **
................................................................................
      }
      if( yymsp[-3].minor.yy328 ) yygotominor.yy346.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, yygotominor.yy346.pExpr, 0, 0);
    }
    yygotominor.yy346.zStart = yymsp[-4].minor.yy346.zStart;
    yygotominor.yy346.zEnd = &yymsp[0].minor.yy0.z[yymsp[0].minor.yy0.n];
  }
        break;
      case 224: /* expr ::= LP select RP */
{
    yygotominor.yy346.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_SELECT, 0, 0, 0);
    if( yygotominor.yy346.pExpr ){
      yygotominor.yy346.pExpr->x.pSelect = yymsp[-1].minor.yy3;
      ExprSetProperty(yygotominor.yy346.pExpr, EP_xIsSelect|EP_Subquery);
      sqlite3ExprSetHeightAndFlags(pParse, yygotominor.yy346.pExpr);
    }else{
      sqlite3SelectDelete(pParse->db, yymsp[-1].minor.yy3);
    }
    yygotominor.yy346.zStart = yymsp[-2].minor.yy0.z;
    yygotominor.yy346.zEnd = &yymsp[0].minor.yy0.z[yymsp[0].minor.yy0.n];
  }
        break;
      case 225: /* expr ::= expr in_op LP select RP */
{
    yygotominor.yy346.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, yymsp[-4].minor.yy346.pExpr, 0, 0);
    if( yygotominor.yy346.pExpr ){
      yygotominor.yy346.pExpr->x.pSelect = yymsp[-1].minor.yy3;
      ExprSetProperty(yygotominor.yy346.pExpr, EP_xIsSelect|EP_Subquery);
      sqlite3ExprSetHeightAndFlags(pParse, yygotominor.yy346.pExpr);
    }else{
................................................................................
      sqlite3SelectDelete(pParse->db, yymsp[-1].minor.yy3);
    }
    if( yymsp[-3].minor.yy328 ) yygotominor.yy346.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, yygotominor.yy346.pExpr, 0, 0);
    yygotominor.yy346.zStart = yymsp[-4].minor.yy346.zStart;
    yygotominor.yy346.zEnd = &yymsp[0].minor.yy0.z[yymsp[0].minor.yy0.n];
  }
        break;
      case 226: /* expr ::= expr in_op nm dbnm */
{
    SrcList *pSrc = sqlite3SrcListAppend(pParse->db, 0,&yymsp[-1].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0);
    yygotominor.yy346.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_IN, yymsp[-3].minor.yy346.pExpr, 0, 0);
    if( yygotominor.yy346.pExpr ){
      yygotominor.yy346.pExpr->x.pSelect = sqlite3SelectNew(pParse, 0,pSrc,0,0,0,0,0,0,0);
      ExprSetProperty(yygotominor.yy346.pExpr, EP_xIsSelect|EP_Subquery);
      sqlite3ExprSetHeightAndFlags(pParse, yygotominor.yy346.pExpr);
................................................................................
      sqlite3SrcListDelete(pParse->db, pSrc);
    }
    if( yymsp[-2].minor.yy328 ) yygotominor.yy346.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_NOT, yygotominor.yy346.pExpr, 0, 0);
    yygotominor.yy346.zStart = yymsp[-3].minor.yy346.zStart;
    yygotominor.yy346.zEnd = yymsp[0].minor.yy0.z ? &yymsp[0].minor.yy0.z[yymsp[0].minor.yy0.n] : &yymsp[-1].minor.yy0.z[yymsp[-1].minor.yy0.n];
  }
        break;
      case 227: /* expr ::= EXISTS LP select RP */
{
    Expr *p = yygotominor.yy346.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EXISTS, 0, 0, 0);
    if( p ){
      p->x.pSelect = yymsp[-1].minor.yy3;
      ExprSetProperty(p, EP_xIsSelect|EP_Subquery);
      sqlite3ExprSetHeightAndFlags(pParse, p);
    }else{
      sqlite3SelectDelete(pParse->db, yymsp[-1].minor.yy3);
    }
    yygotominor.yy346.zStart = yymsp[-3].minor.yy0.z;
    yygotominor.yy346.zEnd = &yymsp[0].minor.yy0.z[yymsp[0].minor.yy0.n];
  }
        break;
      case 228: /* expr ::= CASE case_operand case_exprlist case_else END */
{
  yygotominor.yy346.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_CASE, yymsp[-3].minor.yy132, 0, 0);
  if( yygotominor.yy346.pExpr ){
    yygotominor.yy346.pExpr->x.pList = yymsp[-1].minor.yy132 ? sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,yymsp[-2].minor.yy14,yymsp[-1].minor.yy132) : yymsp[-2].minor.yy14;
    sqlite3ExprSetHeightAndFlags(pParse, yygotominor.yy346.pExpr);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, yymsp[-2].minor.yy14);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(pParse->db, yymsp[-1].minor.yy132);
  }
  yygotominor.yy346.zStart = yymsp[-4].minor.yy0.z;
  yygotominor.yy346.zEnd = &yymsp[0].minor.yy0.z[yymsp[0].minor.yy0.n];
}
        break;
      case 229: /* case_exprlist ::= case_exprlist WHEN expr THEN expr */
{
  yygotominor.yy14 = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,yymsp[-4].minor.yy14, yymsp[-2].minor.yy346.pExpr);
  yygotominor.yy14 = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,yygotominor.yy14, yymsp[0].minor.yy346.pExpr);
}
        break;
      case 230: /* case_exprlist ::= WHEN expr THEN expr */
{
  yygotominor.yy14 = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,0, yymsp[-2].minor.yy346.pExpr);
  yygotominor.yy14 = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,yygotominor.yy14, yymsp[0].minor.yy346.pExpr);
}
        break;
      case 237: /* nexprlist ::= nexprlist COMMA expr */
{yygotominor.yy14 = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,yymsp[-2].minor.yy14,yymsp[0].minor.yy346.pExpr);}
        break;
      case 238: /* nexprlist ::= expr */
{yygotominor.yy14 = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,0,yymsp[0].minor.yy346.pExpr);}
        break;
      case 239: /* cmd ::= createkw uniqueflag INDEX ifnotexists nm dbnm ON nm LP idxlist RP where_opt */
{
  sqlite3CreateIndex(pParse, &yymsp[-7].minor.yy0, &yymsp[-6].minor.yy0, 
                     sqlite3SrcListAppend(pParse->db,0,&yymsp[-4].minor.yy0,0), yymsp[-2].minor.yy14, yymsp[-10].minor.yy328,
                      &yymsp[-11].minor.yy0, yymsp[0].minor.yy132, SQLITE_SO_ASC, yymsp[-8].minor.yy328);
}
        break;
      case 240: /* uniqueflag ::= UNIQUE */
      case 291: /* raisetype ::= ABORT */ yytestcase(yyruleno==291);
{yygotominor.yy328 = OE_Abort;}
        break;
      case 241: /* uniqueflag ::= */
{yygotominor.yy328 = OE_None;}
        break;
      case 244: /* idxlist ::= idxlist COMMA nm collate sortorder */
{
  Expr *p = sqlite3ExprAddCollateToken(pParse, 0, &yymsp[-1].minor.yy0, 1);
  yygotominor.yy14 = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,yymsp[-4].minor.yy14, p);
  sqlite3ExprListSetName(pParse,yygotominor.yy14,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy0,1);
  sqlite3ExprListCheckLength(pParse, yygotominor.yy14, "index");
  if( yygotominor.yy14 ) yygotominor.yy14->a[yygotominor.yy14->nExpr-1].sortOrder = (u8)yymsp[0].minor.yy328;
}
        break;
      case 245: /* idxlist ::= nm collate sortorder */
{
  Expr *p = sqlite3ExprAddCollateToken(pParse, 0, &yymsp[-1].minor.yy0, 1);
  yygotominor.yy14 = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse,0, p);
  sqlite3ExprListSetName(pParse, yygotominor.yy14, &yymsp[-2].minor.yy0, 1);
  sqlite3ExprListCheckLength(pParse, yygotominor.yy14, "index");
  if( yygotominor.yy14 ) yygotominor.yy14->a[yygotominor.yy14->nExpr-1].sortOrder = (u8)yymsp[0].minor.yy328;

}
        break;
      case 246: /* collate ::= */
{yygotominor.yy0.z = 0; yygotominor.yy0.n = 0;}
        break;
      case 248: /* cmd ::= DROP INDEX ifexists fullname */
{sqlite3DropIndex(pParse, yymsp[0].minor.yy65, yymsp[-1].minor.yy328);}
        break;
      case 249: /* cmd ::= VACUUM */
      case 250: /* cmd ::= VACUUM nm */ yytestcase(yyruleno==250);
{sqlite3Vacuum(pParse);}
        break;
      case 251: /* cmd ::= PRAGMA nm dbnm */
{sqlite3Pragma(pParse,&yymsp[-1].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0,0,0);}
        break;
      case 252: /* cmd ::= PRAGMA nm dbnm EQ nmnum */
{sqlite3Pragma(pParse,&yymsp[-3].minor.yy0,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0,0);}
        break;
      case 253: /* cmd ::= PRAGMA nm dbnm LP nmnum RP */
{sqlite3Pragma(pParse,&yymsp[-4].minor.yy0,&yymsp[-3].minor.yy0,&yymsp[-1].minor.yy0,0);}
        break;
      case 254: /* cmd ::= PRAGMA nm dbnm EQ minus_num */
{sqlite3Pragma(pParse,&yymsp[-3].minor.yy0,&yymsp[-2].minor.yy0,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0,1);}
        break;
      case 255: /* cmd ::= PRAGMA nm dbnm LP minus_num RP */
{sqlite3Pragma(pParse,&yymsp[-4].minor.yy0,&yymsp[-3].minor.yy0,&yymsp[-1].minor.yy0,1);}
        break;
      case 264: /* cmd ::= createkw trigger_decl BEGIN trigger_cmd_list END */
{
  Token all;
  all.z = yymsp[-3].minor.yy0.z;
  all.n = (int)(yymsp[0].minor.yy0.z - yymsp[-3].minor.yy0.z) + yymsp[0].minor.yy0.n;
  sqlite3FinishTrigger(pParse, yymsp[-1].minor.yy473, &all);
}
        break;
      case 265: /* trigger_decl ::= temp TRIGGER ifnotexists nm dbnm trigger_time trigger_event ON fullname foreach_clause when_clause */
{
  sqlite3BeginTrigger(pParse, &yymsp[-7].minor.yy0, &yymsp[-6].minor.yy0, yymsp[-5].minor.yy328, yymsp[-4].minor.yy378.a, yymsp[-4].minor.yy378.b, yymsp[-2].minor.yy65, yymsp[0].minor.yy132, yymsp[-10].minor.yy328, yymsp[-8].minor.yy328);
  yygotominor.yy0 = (yymsp[-6].minor.yy0.n==0?yymsp[-7].minor.yy0:yymsp[-6].minor.yy0);
}
        break;
      case 266: /* trigger_time ::= BEFORE */
      case 269: /* trigger_time ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==269);
{ yygotominor.yy328 = TK_BEFORE; }
        break;
      case 267: /* trigger_time ::= AFTER */
{ yygotominor.yy328 = TK_AFTER;  }
        break;
      case 268: /* trigger_time ::= INSTEAD OF */
{ yygotominor.yy328 = TK_INSTEAD;}
        break;
      case 270: /* trigger_event ::= DELETE|INSERT */
      case 271: /* trigger_event ::= UPDATE */ yytestcase(yyruleno==271);
{yygotominor.yy378.a = yymsp[0].major; yygotominor.yy378.b = 0;}
        break;
      case 272: /* trigger_event ::= UPDATE OF idlist */
{yygotominor.yy378.a = TK_UPDATE; yygotominor.yy378.b = yymsp[0].minor.yy408;}
        break;
      case 275: /* when_clause ::= */
      case 296: /* key_opt ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==296);
{ yygotominor.yy132 = 0; }
        break;
      case 276: /* when_clause ::= WHEN expr */
      case 297: /* key_opt ::= KEY expr */ yytestcase(yyruleno==297);
{ yygotominor.yy132 = yymsp[0].minor.yy346.pExpr; }
        break;
      case 277: /* trigger_cmd_list ::= trigger_cmd_list trigger_cmd SEMI */
{
  assert( yymsp[-2].minor.yy473!=0 );
  yymsp[-2].minor.yy473->pLast->pNext = yymsp[-1].minor.yy473;
  yymsp[-2].minor.yy473->pLast = yymsp[-1].minor.yy473;
  yygotominor.yy473 = yymsp[-2].minor.yy473;
}
        break;
      case 278: /* trigger_cmd_list ::= trigger_cmd SEMI */
{ 
  assert( yymsp[-1].minor.yy473!=0 );
  yymsp[-1].minor.yy473->pLast = yymsp[-1].minor.yy473;
  yygotominor.yy473 = yymsp[-1].minor.yy473;
}
        break;
      case 280: /* trnm ::= nm DOT nm */
{
  yygotominor.yy0 = yymsp[0].minor.yy0;
  sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, 
        "qualified table names are not allowed on INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE "
        "statements within triggers");
}
        break;
      case 282: /* tridxby ::= INDEXED BY nm */
{
  sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,
        "the INDEXED BY clause is not allowed on UPDATE or DELETE statements "
        "within triggers");
}
        break;
      case 283: /* tridxby ::= NOT INDEXED */
{
  sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,
        "the NOT INDEXED clause is not allowed on UPDATE or DELETE statements "
        "within triggers");
}
        break;
      case 284: /* trigger_cmd ::= UPDATE orconf trnm tridxby SET setlist where_opt */
{ yygotominor.yy473 = sqlite3TriggerUpdateStep(pParse->db, &yymsp[-4].minor.yy0, yymsp[-1].minor.yy14, yymsp[0].minor.yy132, yymsp[-5].minor.yy186); }
        break;
      case 285: /* trigger_cmd ::= insert_cmd INTO trnm inscollist_opt select */
{yygotominor.yy473 = sqlite3TriggerInsertStep(pParse->db, &yymsp[-2].minor.yy0, yymsp[-1].minor.yy408, yymsp[0].minor.yy3, yymsp[-4].minor.yy186);}
        break;
      case 286: /* trigger_cmd ::= DELETE FROM trnm tridxby where_opt */
{yygotominor.yy473 = sqlite3TriggerDeleteStep(pParse->db, &yymsp[-2].minor.yy0, yymsp[0].minor.yy132);}
        break;
      case 287: /* trigger_cmd ::= select */
{yygotominor.yy473 = sqlite3TriggerSelectStep(pParse->db, yymsp[0].minor.yy3); }
        break;
      case 288: /* expr ::= RAISE LP IGNORE RP */
{
  yygotominor.yy346.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_RAISE, 0, 0, 0); 
  if( yygotominor.yy346.pExpr ){
    yygotominor.yy346.pExpr->affinity = OE_Ignore;
  }
  yygotominor.yy346.zStart = yymsp[-3].minor.yy0.z;
  yygotominor.yy346.zEnd = &yymsp[0].minor.yy0.z[yymsp[0].minor.yy0.n];
}
        break;
      case 289: /* expr ::= RAISE LP raisetype COMMA nm RP */
{
  yygotominor.yy346.pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_RAISE, 0, 0, &yymsp[-1].minor.yy0); 
  if( yygotominor.yy346.pExpr ) {
    yygotominor.yy346.pExpr->affinity = (char)yymsp[-3].minor.yy328;
  }
  yygotominor.yy346.zStart = yymsp[-5].minor.yy0.z;
  yygotominor.yy346.zEnd = &yymsp[0].minor.yy0.z[yymsp[0].minor.yy0.n];
}
        break;
      case 290: /* raisetype ::= ROLLBACK */
{yygotominor.yy328 = OE_Rollback;}
        break;
      case 292: /* raisetype ::= FAIL */
{yygotominor.yy328 = OE_Fail;}
        break;
      case 293: /* cmd ::= DROP TRIGGER ifexists fullname */
{
  sqlite3DropTrigger(pParse,yymsp[0].minor.yy65,yymsp[-1].minor.yy328);
}
        break;
      case 294: /* cmd ::= ATTACH database_kw_opt expr AS expr key_opt */
{
  sqlite3Attach(pParse, yymsp[-3].minor.yy346.pExpr, yymsp[-1].minor.yy346.pExpr, yymsp[0].minor.yy132);
}
        break;
      case 295: /* cmd ::= DETACH database_kw_opt expr */
{
  sqlite3Detach(pParse, yymsp[0].minor.yy346.pExpr);
}
        break;
      case 300: /* cmd ::= REINDEX */
{sqlite3Reindex(pParse, 0, 0);}
        break;
      case 301: /* cmd ::= REINDEX nm dbnm */
{sqlite3Reindex(pParse, &yymsp[-1].minor.yy0, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0);}
        break;
      case 302: /* cmd ::= ANALYZE */
{sqlite3Analyze(pParse, 0, 0);}
        break;
      case 303: /* cmd ::= ANALYZE nm dbnm */
{sqlite3Analyze(pParse, &yymsp[-1].minor.yy0, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0);}
        break;
      case 304: /* cmd ::= ALTER TABLE fullname RENAME TO nm */
{
  sqlite3AlterRenameTable(pParse,yymsp[-3].minor.yy65,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0);
}
        break;
      case 305: /* cmd ::= ALTER TABLE add_column_fullname ADD kwcolumn_opt column */
{
  sqlite3AlterFinishAddColumn(pParse, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0);
}
        break;
      case 306: /* add_column_fullname ::= fullname */
{
  pParse->db->lookaside.bEnabled = 0;
  sqlite3AlterBeginAddColumn(pParse, yymsp[0].minor.yy65);
}
        break;
      case 309: /* cmd ::= create_vtab */
{sqlite3VtabFinishParse(pParse,0);}
        break;
      case 310: /* cmd ::= create_vtab LP vtabarglist RP */
{sqlite3VtabFinishParse(pParse,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0);}
        break;
      case 311: /* create_vtab ::= createkw VIRTUAL TABLE ifnotexists nm dbnm USING nm */
{
    sqlite3VtabBeginParse(pParse, &yymsp[-3].minor.yy0, &yymsp[-2].minor.yy0, &yymsp[0].minor.yy0, yymsp[-4].minor.yy328);
}
        break;
      case 314: /* vtabarg ::= */
{sqlite3VtabArgInit(pParse);}
        break;
      case 316: /* vtabargtoken ::= ANY */
      case 317: /* vtabargtoken ::= lp anylist RP */ yytestcase(yyruleno==317);
      case 318: /* lp ::= LP */ yytestcase(yyruleno==318);
{sqlite3VtabArgExtend(pParse,&yymsp[0].minor.yy0);}
        break;
      case 322: /* with ::= */
{yygotominor.yy59 = 0;}
        break;
      case 323: /* with ::= WITH wqlist */
      case 324: /* with ::= WITH RECURSIVE wqlist */ yytestcase(yyruleno==324);
{ yygotominor.yy59 = yymsp[0].minor.yy59; }
        break;
      case 325: /* wqlist ::= nm idxlist_opt AS LP select RP */
{
  yygotominor.yy59 = sqlite3WithAdd(pParse, 0, &yymsp[-5].minor.yy0, yymsp[-4].minor.yy14, yymsp[-1].minor.yy3);
}
        break;
      case 326: /* wqlist ::= wqlist COMMA nm idxlist_opt AS LP select RP */
{
  yygotominor.yy59 = sqlite3WithAdd(pParse, yymsp[-7].minor.yy59, &yymsp[-5].minor.yy0, yymsp[-4].minor.yy14, yymsp[-1].minor.yy3);
}
        break;
      default:
      /* (0) input ::= cmdlist */ yytestcase(yyruleno==0);
      /* (1) cmdlist ::= cmdlist ecmd */ yytestcase(yyruleno==1);
................................................................................
      /* (51) signed ::= minus_num */ yytestcase(yyruleno==51);
      /* (52) carglist ::= carglist ccons */ yytestcase(yyruleno==52);
      /* (53) carglist ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==53);
      /* (60) ccons ::= NULL onconf */ yytestcase(yyruleno==60);
      /* (88) conslist ::= conslist tconscomma tcons */ yytestcase(yyruleno==88);
      /* (89) conslist ::= tcons */ yytestcase(yyruleno==89);
      /* (91) tconscomma ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==91);
      /* (273) foreach_clause ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==273);
      /* (274) foreach_clause ::= FOR EACH ROW */ yytestcase(yyruleno==274);
      /* (281) tridxby ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==281);
      /* (298) database_kw_opt ::= DATABASE */ yytestcase(yyruleno==298);
      /* (299) database_kw_opt ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==299);
      /* (307) kwcolumn_opt ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==307);
      /* (308) kwcolumn_opt ::= COLUMNKW */ yytestcase(yyruleno==308);
      /* (312) vtabarglist ::= vtabarg */ yytestcase(yyruleno==312);
      /* (313) vtabarglist ::= vtabarglist COMMA vtabarg */ yytestcase(yyruleno==313);
      /* (315) vtabarg ::= vtabarg vtabargtoken */ yytestcase(yyruleno==315);
      /* (319) anylist ::= */ yytestcase(yyruleno==319);
      /* (320) anylist ::= anylist LP anylist RP */ yytestcase(yyruleno==320);
      /* (321) anylist ::= anylist ANY */ yytestcase(yyruleno==321);
        break;
  };
  assert( yyruleno>=0 && yyruleno<sizeof(yyRuleInfo)/sizeof(yyRuleInfo[0]) );
  yygoto = yyRuleInfo[yyruleno].lhs;
  yysize = yyRuleInfo[yyruleno].nrhs;
  yypParser->yyidx -= yysize;
  yyact = yy_find_reduce_action(yymsp[-yysize].stateno,(YYCODETYPE)yygoto);
  if( yyact < YYNSTATE ){
#ifdef NDEBUG
    /* If we are not debugging and the reduce action popped at least
    ** one element off the stack, then we can push the new element back
    ** onto the stack here, and skip the stack overflow test in yy_shift().
    ** That gives a significant speed improvement. */
    if( yysize ){
      yypParser->yyidx++;
      yymsp -= yysize-1;
      yymsp->stateno = (YYACTIONTYPE)yyact;
      yymsp->major = (YYCODETYPE)yygoto;
      yymsp->minor = yygotominor;

    }else
#endif
    {
      yy_shift(yypParser,yyact,yygoto,&yygotominor);
    }
  }else{
    assert( yyact == YYNSTATE + YYNRULE + 1 );
    yy_accept(yypParser);
  }
}

/*
** The following code executes when the parse fails
*/
................................................................................
  if( yyTraceFILE ){
    fprintf(yyTraceFILE,"%sInput %s\n",yyTracePrompt,yyTokenName[yymajor]);
  }
#endif

  do{
    yyact = yy_find_shift_action(yypParser,(YYCODETYPE)yymajor);
    if( yyact<YYNSTATE ){

      yy_shift(yypParser,yyact,yymajor,&yyminorunion);
      yypParser->yyerrcnt--;
      yymajor = YYNOCODE;
    }else if( yyact < YYNSTATE + YYNRULE ){
      yy_reduce(yypParser,yyact-YYNSTATE);
    }else{
      assert( yyact == YY_ERROR_ACTION );
#ifdef YYERRORSYMBOL
      int yymx;
#endif
#ifndef NDEBUG
      if( yyTraceFILE ){
................................................................................
        yymajor = YYNOCODE;
      }else{
         while(
          yypParser->yyidx >= 0 &&
          yymx != YYERRORSYMBOL &&
          (yyact = yy_find_reduce_action(
                        yypParser->yystack[yypParser->yyidx].stateno,
                        YYERRORSYMBOL)) >= YYNSTATE
        ){
          yy_pop_parser_stack(yypParser);
        }
        if( yypParser->yyidx < 0 || yymajor==0 ){
          yy_destructor(yypParser,(YYCODETYPE)yymajor,&yyminorunion);
          yy_parse_failed(yypParser);
          yymajor = YYNOCODE;
................................................................................
      if( yyendofinput ){
        yy_parse_failed(yypParser);
      }
      yymajor = YYNOCODE;
#endif
    }
  }while( yymajor!=YYNOCODE && yypParser->yyidx>=0 );





  return;
}

/************** End of parse.c ***********************************************/
/************** Begin file tokenize.c ****************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
................................................................................
  if( db->nVdbeActive==0 ){
    db->u1.isInterrupted = 0;
  }
  pParse->rc = SQLITE_OK;
  pParse->zTail = zSql;
  i = 0;
  assert( pzErrMsg!=0 );

  pEngine = sqlite3ParserAlloc(sqlite3Malloc);
  if( pEngine==0 ){
    db->mallocFailed = 1;
    return SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }
  assert( pParse->pNewTable==0 );
  assert( pParse->pNewTrigger==0 );
................................................................................
/*
** Disconnect all sqlite3_vtab objects that belong to database connection
** db. This is called when db is being closed.
*/
static void disconnectAllVtab(sqlite3 *db){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  int i;

  sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(db);
  for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
    Schema *pSchema = db->aDb[i].pSchema;
    if( db->aDb[i].pSchema ){
      HashElem *p;
      for(p=sqliteHashFirst(&pSchema->tblHash); p; p=sqliteHashNext(p)){
        Table *pTab = (Table *)sqliteHashData(p);
        if( IsVirtual(pTab) ) sqlite3VtabDisconnect(db, pTab);
      }
    }






  }
  sqlite3VtabUnlockList(db);
  sqlite3BtreeLeaveAll(db);
#else
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(db);
#endif
}
................................................................................
  sqlite3HashClear(&db->aCollSeq);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  for(i=sqliteHashFirst(&db->aModule); i; i=sqliteHashNext(i)){
    Module *pMod = (Module *)sqliteHashData(i);
    if( pMod->xDestroy ){
      pMod->xDestroy(pMod->pAux);
    }

    sqlite3DbFree(db, pMod);
  }
  sqlite3HashClear(&db->aModule);
#endif

  sqlite3Error(db, SQLITE_OK); /* Deallocates any cached error strings. */
  sqlite3ValueFree(db->pErr);
................................................................................
** 
*/

/* #include <assert.h> */
/* #include <string.h> */
/* #include <stdio.h> */

#if !defined(_WIN32)
/* #  include <unistd.h> */
#endif

/* #include "sqlite3.h" */

#if !defined(SQLITE_CORE) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_RBU)
/************** Include sqlite3rbu.h in the middle of sqlite3rbu.c ***********/
/************** Begin file sqlite3rbu.h **************************************/
/*
** 2014 August 30
................................................................................
**
** Then the RBU database should contain:
**
**   CREATE TABLE data_t1(a INTEGER, b TEXT, c, rbu_control);
**
** The order of the columns in the data_% table does not matter.
**












** If the target database table is a virtual table or a table that has no
** PRIMARY KEY declaration, the data_% table must also contain a column 
** named "rbu_rowid". This column is mapped to the tables implicit primary 
** key column - "rowid". Virtual tables for which the "rowid" column does 
** not function like a primary key value cannot be updated using RBU. For 
** example, if the target db contains either of the following:
**
................................................................................
** For example, this row:
**
**   INSERT INTO data_t1(a, b, c, rbu_control) VALUES(4, NULL, 'usa', '..d');
**
** is similar to an UPDATE statement such as: 
**
**   UPDATE t1 SET c = rbu_delta(c, 'usa') WHERE a = 4;








**
** If the target database table is a virtual table or a table with no PRIMARY
** KEY, the rbu_control value should not include a character corresponding 
** to the rbu_rowid value. For example, this:
**
**   INSERT INTO data_ft1(a, b, rbu_rowid, rbu_control) 
**       VALUES(NULL, 'usa', 12, '.x');
................................................................................
**
** Once a call to sqlite3rbu_step() has returned a value other than
** SQLITE_OK, all subsequent calls on the same RBU handle are no-ops
** that immediately return the same value.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3rbu_step(sqlite3rbu *pRbu);













/*
** Close an RBU handle. 
**
** If the RBU update has been completely applied, mark the RBU database
** as fully applied. Otherwise, assuming no error has occurred, save the
** current state of the RBU update appliation to the RBU database.
**
................................................................................
  u8 *abNotNull;                  /* Array of flags, set on NOT NULL columns */
  u8 *abIndexed;                  /* Array of flags, set on indexed & PK cols */
  int eType;                      /* Table type - an RBU_PK_XXX value */

  /* Output variables. zTbl==0 implies EOF. */
  int bCleanup;                   /* True in "cleanup" state */
  const char *zTbl;               /* Name of target db table */

  const char *zIdx;               /* Name of target db index (or null) */
  int iTnum;                      /* Root page of current object */
  int iPkTnum;                    /* If eType==EXTERNAL, root of PK index */
  int bUnique;                    /* Current index is unique */

  /* Statements created by rbuObjIterPrepareAll() */
  int nCol;                       /* Number of columns in current object */
  sqlite3_stmt *pSelect;          /* Source data */
  sqlite3_stmt *pInsert;          /* Statement for INSERT operations */
  sqlite3_stmt *pDelete;          /* Statement for DELETE ops */
  sqlite3_stmt *pTmpInsert;       /* Insert into rbu_tmp_$zTbl */

  /* Last UPDATE used (for PK b-tree updates only), or NULL. */
  RbuUpdateStmt *pRbuUpdate;
};

/*
** Values for RbuObjIter.eType
................................................................................
  char *zDel;                     /* Delete this when closing file */

  const char *zWal;               /* Wal filename for this main db file */
  rbu_file *pWalFd;               /* Wal file descriptor for this main db */
  rbu_file *pMainNext;            /* Next MAIN_DB file */
};
























































































































































































































































/*
** Prepare the SQL statement in buffer zSql against database handle db.
** If successful, set *ppStmt to point to the new statement and return
** SQLITE_OK. 
**
** Otherwise, if an error does occur, set *ppStmt to NULL and return
................................................................................
        pIter->bCleanup = 0;
        rc = sqlite3_step(pIter->pTblIter);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_ROW ){
          rc = resetAndCollectError(pIter->pTblIter, &p->zErrmsg);
          pIter->zTbl = 0;
        }else{
          pIter->zTbl = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pIter->pTblIter, 0);

          rc = pIter->zTbl ? SQLITE_OK : SQLITE_NOMEM;
        }
      }else{
        if( pIter->zIdx==0 ){
          sqlite3_stmt *pIdx = pIter->pIdxIter;
          rc = sqlite3_bind_text(pIdx, 1, pIter->zTbl, -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
        }
        if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    rbuObjIterFinalize(pIter);
    p->rc = rc;
  }
  return rc;
}



































/*
** Initialize the iterator structure passed as the second argument.
**
** If no error occurs, SQLITE_OK is returned and the iterator is left 
** pointing to the first entry. Otherwise, an error code and message is 
** left in the RBU handle passed as the first argument. A copy of the 
** error code is returned.
*/
static int rbuObjIterFirst(sqlite3rbu *p, RbuObjIter *pIter){
  int rc;
  memset(pIter, 0, sizeof(RbuObjIter));

  rc = prepareAndCollectError(p->dbRbu, &pIter->pTblIter, &p->zErrmsg, 
      "SELECT substr(name, 6) FROM sqlite_master "
      "WHERE type IN ('table', 'view') AND name LIKE 'data_%'"

  );

  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = prepareAndCollectError(p->dbMain, &pIter->pIdxIter, &p->zErrmsg,
        "SELECT name, rootpage, sql IS NULL OR substr(8, 6)=='UNIQUE' "
        "  FROM main.sqlite_master "
        "  WHERE type='index' AND tbl_name = ?"
................................................................................
        goto rbuTableType_end;
      }
    }
    *peType = RBU_PK_NONE;
  }

rbuTableType_end: {
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<sizeof(aStmt)/sizeof(aStmt[0]); i++){
      rbuFinalize(p, aStmt[i]);
    }
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
         || pIter->eType==RBU_PK_VTAB
    );

    /* Populate the azTblCol[] and nTblCol variables based on the columns
    ** of the input table. Ignore any input table columns that begin with
    ** "rbu_".  */
    p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbRbu, &pStmt, &p->zErrmsg, 
        sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT * FROM 'data_%q'", pIter->zTbl)
    );
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      nCol = sqlite3_column_count(pStmt);
      rbuAllocateIterArrays(p, pIter, nCol);
    }
    for(i=0; p->rc==SQLITE_OK && i<nCol; i++){
      const char *zName = (const char*)sqlite3_column_name(pStmt, i);
................................................................................
    pStmt = 0;

    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK
     && bRbuRowid!=(pIter->eType==RBU_PK_VTAB || pIter->eType==RBU_PK_NONE)
    ){
      p->rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
      p->zErrmsg = sqlite3_mprintf(
          "table data_%q %s rbu_rowid column", pIter->zTbl,
          (bRbuRowid ? "may not have" : "requires")
      );
    }

    /* Check that all non-HIDDEN columns in the destination table are also
    ** present in the input table. Populate the abTblPk[], azTblType[] and
    ** aiTblOrder[] arrays at the same time.  */
................................................................................
      const char *zName = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 1);
      if( zName==0 ) break;  /* An OOM - finalize() below returns S_NOMEM */
      for(i=iOrder; i<pIter->nTblCol; i++){
        if( 0==strcmp(zName, pIter->azTblCol[i]) ) break;
      }
      if( i==pIter->nTblCol ){
        p->rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
        p->zErrmsg = sqlite3_mprintf("column missing from data_%q: %s",
            pIter->zTbl, zName
        );
      }else{
        int iPk = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 5);
        int bNotNull = sqlite3_column_int(pStmt, 3);
        const char *zType = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 2);

        if( i!=iOrder ){
................................................................................
  RbuObjIter *pIter,
  const char *zMask
){
  char *zList = 0;
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    int i;

    if( strlen(zMask)!=pIter->nTblCol ){
      rbuBadControlError(p);
    }else{
      const char *zSep = "";
      for(i=0; i<pIter->nTblCol; i++){
        char c = zMask[pIter->aiSrcOrder[i]];
        if( c=='x' ){
          zList = rbuMPrintf(p, "%z%s\"%w\"=?%d", 
              zList, zSep, pIter->azTblCol[i], i+1
          );
          zSep = ", ";
        }
        if( c=='d' ){
          zList = rbuMPrintf(p, "%z%s\"%w\"=rbu_delta(\"%w\", ?%d)", 
              zList, zSep, pIter->azTblCol[i], pIter->azTblCol[i], i+1
          );
          zSep = ", ";






        }
      }
    }
  }
  return zList;
}

................................................................................
  int bRbuRowid = (pIter->eType==RBU_PK_EXTERNAL || pIter->eType==RBU_PK_NONE);
  char *zBind = rbuObjIterGetBindlist(p, pIter->nTblCol + 1 + bRbuRowid);
  if( zBind ){
    assert( pIter->pTmpInsert==0 );
    p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(
        p->dbRbu, &pIter->pTmpInsert, &p->zErrmsg, sqlite3_mprintf(
          "INSERT INTO %s.'rbu_tmp_%q'(rbu_control,%s%s) VALUES(%z)", 
          p->zStateDb, pIter->zTbl, zCollist, zRbuRowid, zBind
    ));
  }
}

static void rbuTmpInsertFunc(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx, 
  int nVal,
................................................................................

      /* Create the SELECT statement to read keys in sorted order */
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        char *zSql;
        if( pIter->eType==RBU_PK_EXTERNAL || pIter->eType==RBU_PK_NONE ){
          zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
              "SELECT %s, rbu_control FROM %s.'rbu_tmp_%q' ORDER BY %s%s",
              zCollist, p->zStateDb, pIter->zTbl,
              zCollist, zLimit
          );
        }else{
          zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
              "SELECT %s, rbu_control FROM 'data_%q' "
              "WHERE typeof(rbu_control)='integer' AND rbu_control!=1 "
              "UNION ALL "
              "SELECT %s, rbu_control FROM %s.'rbu_tmp_%q' "
              "ORDER BY %s%s",
              zCollist, pIter->zTbl, 
              zCollist, p->zStateDb, pIter->zTbl, 
              zCollist, zLimit
          );
        }
        p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbRbu, &pIter->pSelect, pz, zSql);
      }

      sqlite3_free(zImposterCols);
................................................................................
      char *zWhere = rbuObjIterGetWhere(p, pIter);
      char *zOldlist = rbuObjIterGetOldlist(p, pIter, "old");
      char *zNewlist = rbuObjIterGetOldlist(p, pIter, "new");

      zCollist = rbuObjIterGetCollist(p, pIter);
      pIter->nCol = pIter->nTblCol;

      /* Create the SELECT statement to read keys from data_xxx */
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        p->rc = prepareFreeAndCollectError(p->dbRbu, &pIter->pSelect, pz,
            sqlite3_mprintf(
              "SELECT %s, rbu_control%s FROM 'data_%q'%s", 
              zCollist, (bRbuRowid ? ", rbu_rowid" : ""), zTbl, zLimit
            )
        );
      }

      /* Create the imposter table or tables (if required). */
      rbuCreateImposterTable(p, pIter);
      rbuCreateImposterTable2(p, pIter);
      zWrite = (pIter->eType==RBU_PK_VTAB ? "" : "rbu_imp_");

      /* Create the INSERT statement to write to the target PK b-tree */
      if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................
        if( pIter->eType==RBU_PK_EXTERNAL || pIter->eType==RBU_PK_NONE ){
          zRbuRowid = ", rbu_rowid";
        }

        /* Create the rbu_tmp_xxx table and the triggers to populate it. */
        rbuMPrintfExec(p, p->dbRbu,
            "CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS %s.'rbu_tmp_%q' AS "
            "SELECT *%s FROM 'data_%q' WHERE 0;"
            , p->zStateDb
            , zTbl, (pIter->eType==RBU_PK_EXTERNAL ? ", 0 AS rbu_rowid" : "")
            , zTbl
        );

        rbuMPrintfExec(p, p->dbMain,
            "CREATE TEMP TRIGGER rbu_delete_tr BEFORE DELETE ON \"%s%w\" "
            "BEGIN "
            "  SELECT rbu_tmp_insert(2, %s);"
            "END;"
................................................................................
              "END;",
              zWrite, zTbl, zNewlist
          );
        }

        rbuObjIterPrepareTmpInsert(p, pIter, zCollist, zRbuRowid);
      }












      sqlite3_free(zWhere);
      sqlite3_free(zOldlist);
      sqlite3_free(zNewlist);
      sqlite3_free(zBindings);
    }
    sqlite3_free(zCollist);
................................................................................
  }

  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    p->rc = sqlite3_create_function(p->dbMain, 
        "rbu_tmp_insert", -1, SQLITE_UTF8, (void*)p, rbuTmpInsertFunc, 0, 0
    );
  }













  if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    p->rc = sqlite3_file_control(p->dbMain, "main", SQLITE_FCNTL_RBU, (void*)p);
  }
  rbuMPrintfExec(p, p->dbMain, "SELECT * FROM sqlite_master");

  /* Mark the database file just opened as an RBU target database. If 
................................................................................
      sqlite3_stmt *pUpdate = 0;
      assert( eType==RBU_UPDATE );
      rbuGetUpdateStmt(p, pIter, zMask, &pUpdate);
      if( pUpdate ){
        for(i=0; p->rc==SQLITE_OK && i<pIter->nCol; i++){
          char c = zMask[pIter->aiSrcOrder[i]];
          pVal = sqlite3_column_value(pIter->pSelect, i);
          if( pIter->abTblPk[i] || c=='x' || c=='d' ){
            p->rc = sqlite3_bind_value(pUpdate, i+1, pVal);
          }
        }
        if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK 
         && (pIter->eType==RBU_PK_VTAB || pIter->eType==RBU_PK_NONE) 
        ){
          /* Bind the rbu_rowid value to column _rowid_ */
................................................................................

          if( pIter->bCleanup ){
            /* Clean up the rbu_tmp_xxx table for the previous table. It 
            ** cannot be dropped as there are currently active SQL statements.
            ** But the contents can be deleted.  */
            if( pIter->abIndexed ){
              rbuMPrintfExec(p, p->dbRbu, 
                  "DELETE FROM %s.'rbu_tmp_%q'", p->zStateDb, pIter->zTbl
              );
            }
          }else{
            rbuObjIterPrepareAll(p, pIter, 0);

            /* Advance to the next row to process. */
            if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
................................................................................

/*
** If there is a "*-oal" file in the file-system corresponding to the
** target database in the file-system, delete it. If an error occurs,
** leave an error code and error message in the rbu handle.
*/
static void rbuDeleteOalFile(sqlite3rbu *p){
  char *zOal = sqlite3_mprintf("%s-oal", p->zTarget);


  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK && p->zErrmsg==0 );
  unlink(zOal);

  sqlite3_free(zOal);

}

/*
** Allocate a private rbu VFS for the rbu handle passed as the only
** argument. This VFS will be used unless the call to sqlite3rbu_open()
** specified a URI with a vfs=? option in place of a target database
** file name.
................................................................................
      ** page 1 of the database file. */
      p->rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
      p->zErrmsg = sqlite3_mprintf("database modified during rbu update");
    }

    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      if( p->eStage==RBU_STAGE_OAL ){


        /* Open transactions both databases. The *-oal file is opened or
        ** created at this point. */
        p->rc = sqlite3_exec(p->dbMain, "BEGIN IMMEDIATE", 0, 0, &p->zErrmsg);
        if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          p->rc = sqlite3_exec(p->dbRbu, "BEGIN IMMEDIATE", 0, 0, &p->zErrmsg);
        }
  










        /* Point the object iterator at the first object */
        if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
          p->rc = rbuObjIterFirst(p, &p->objiter);
        }

        /* If the RBU database contains no data_xxx tables, declare the RBU
        ** update finished.  */
................................................................................
** Return the total number of key-value operations (inserts, deletes or 
** updates) that have been performed on the target database since the
** current RBU update was started.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3rbu_progress(sqlite3rbu *pRbu){
  return pRbu->nProgress;
}



























/**************************************************************************
** Beginning of RBU VFS shim methods. The VFS shim modifies the behaviour
** of a standard VFS in the following ways:
**
** 1. Whenever the first page of a main database file is read or 
**    written, the value of the change-counter cookie is stored in
................................................................................
    rbuVfsCheckReservedLock,      /* xCheckReservedLock */
    rbuVfsFileControl,            /* xFileControl */
    rbuVfsSectorSize,             /* xSectorSize */
    rbuVfsDeviceCharacteristics,  /* xDeviceCharacteristics */
    rbuVfsShmMap,                 /* xShmMap */
    rbuVfsShmLock,                /* xShmLock */
    rbuVfsShmBarrier,             /* xShmBarrier */
    rbuVfsShmUnmap                /* xShmUnmap */

  };
  rbu_vfs *pRbuVfs = (rbu_vfs*)pVfs;
  sqlite3_vfs *pRealVfs = pRbuVfs->pRealVfs;
  rbu_file *pFd = (rbu_file *)pFile;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  const char *zOpen = zName;

................................................................................
**
** This file contains an implementation of the "dbstat" virtual table.
**
** The dbstat virtual table is used to extract low-level formatting
** information from an SQLite database in order to implement the
** "sqlite3_analyzer" utility.  See the ../tool/spaceanal.tcl script
** for an example implementation.



*/

/* #include "sqliteInt.h"   ** Requires access to internal data structures ** */
#if (defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_DBSTAT_VTAB) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)) \
    && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)

/*
................................................................................
  "  pageno     INTEGER,          /* Page number */"                        \
  "  pagetype   STRING,           /* 'internal', 'leaf' or 'overflow' */"   \
  "  ncell      INTEGER,          /* Cells on page (0 for overflow) */"     \
  "  payload    INTEGER,          /* Bytes of payload on this page */"      \
  "  unused     INTEGER,          /* Bytes of unused space on this page */" \
  "  mx_payload INTEGER,          /* Largest payload size of all cells */"  \
  "  pgoffset   INTEGER,          /* Offset of page in file */"             \
  "  pgsize     INTEGER           /* Size of the page */"                   \

  ");"


typedef struct StatTable StatTable;
typedef struct StatCursor StatCursor;
typedef struct StatPage StatPage;
typedef struct StatCell StatCell;
................................................................................
  int nMxPayload;                 /* Largest payload of any cell on this page */
};

struct StatCursor {
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor base;
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;            /* Iterates through set of root pages */
  int isEof;                      /* After pStmt has returned SQLITE_DONE */


  StatPage aPage[32];
  int iPage;                      /* Current entry in aPage[] */

  /* Values to return. */
  char *zName;                    /* Value of 'name' column */
  char *zPath;                    /* Value of 'path' column */
................................................................................
static int statDisconnect(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab){
  sqlite3_free(pVtab);
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** There is no "best-index". This virtual table always does a linear
** scan of the binary VFS log file.



*/
static int statBestIndex(sqlite3_vtab *tab, sqlite3_index_info *pIdxInfo){





















  /* Records are always returned in ascending order of (name, path). 
  ** If this will satisfy the client, set the orderByConsumed flag so that 
  ** SQLite does not do an external sort.
  */
  if( ( pIdxInfo->nOrderBy==1
     && pIdxInfo->aOrderBy[0].iColumn==0
................................................................................
     && pIdxInfo->aOrderBy[1].iColumn==1
     && pIdxInfo->aOrderBy[1].desc==0
     )
  ){
    pIdxInfo->orderByConsumed = 1;
  }

  pIdxInfo->estimatedCost = 10.0;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

/*
** Open a new statvfs cursor.
*/
static int statOpen(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab, sqlite3_vtab_cursor **ppCursor){
  StatTable *pTab = (StatTable *)pVTab;
  StatCursor *pCsr;
  int rc;

  pCsr = (StatCursor *)sqlite3_malloc64(sizeof(StatCursor));
  if( pCsr==0 ){
    rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
  }else{
    char *zSql;
    memset(pCsr, 0, sizeof(StatCursor));
    pCsr->base.pVtab = pVTab;

    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
        "SELECT 'sqlite_master' AS name, 1 AS rootpage, 'table' AS type"
        "  UNION ALL  "
        "SELECT name, rootpage, type"
        "  FROM \"%w\".sqlite_master WHERE rootpage!=0"
        "  ORDER BY name", pTab->db->aDb[pTab->iDb].zName);
    if( zSql==0 ){
      rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(pTab->db, zSql, -1, &pCsr->pStmt, 0);
      sqlite3_free(zSql);
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3_free(pCsr);
      pCsr = 0;
    }

  }

  *ppCursor = (sqlite3_vtab_cursor *)pCsr;
  return rc;
}

static void statClearPage(StatPage *p){
  int i;
  if( p->aCell ){
    for(i=0; i<p->nCell; i++){
      sqlite3_free(p->aCell[i].aOvfl);
................................................................................
  sqlite3_reset(pCsr->pStmt);
  for(i=0; i<ArraySize(pCsr->aPage); i++){
    statClearPage(&pCsr->aPage[i]);
  }
  pCsr->iPage = 0;
  sqlite3_free(pCsr->zPath);
  pCsr->zPath = 0;

}

/*
** Close a statvfs cursor.
*/
static int statClose(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor){
  StatCursor *pCsr = (StatCursor *)pCursor;
................................................................................
*/
static int statNext(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor){
  int rc;
  int nPayload;
  char *z;
  StatCursor *pCsr = (StatCursor *)pCursor;
  StatTable *pTab = (StatTable *)pCursor->pVtab;
  Btree *pBt = pTab->db->aDb[pTab->iDb].pBt;
  Pager *pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pBt);

  sqlite3_free(pCsr->zPath);
  pCsr->zPath = 0;

statNextRestart:
  if( pCsr->aPage[0].pPg==0 ){
................................................................................

static int statFilter(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor, 
  int idxNum, const char *idxStr,
  int argc, sqlite3_value **argv
){
  StatCursor *pCsr = (StatCursor *)pCursor;
















  statResetCsr(pCsr);

















  return statNext(pCursor);


}

static int statColumn(
  sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor, 
  sqlite3_context *ctx, 
  int i
){
................................................................................
      break;
    case 7:            /* mx_payload */
      sqlite3_result_int(ctx, pCsr->nMxPayload);
      break;
    case 8:            /* pgoffset */
      sqlite3_result_int64(ctx, pCsr->iOffset);
      break;
    default:           /* pgsize */
      assert( i==9 );
      sqlite3_result_int(ctx, pCsr->szPage);
      break;






  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}

static int statRowid(sqlite3_vtab_cursor *pCursor, sqlite_int64 *pRowid){
  StatCursor *pCsr = (StatCursor *)pCursor;
  *pRowid = pCsr->iPageno;


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1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
...
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
...
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
....
3584
3585
3586
3587
3588
3589
3590
3591
3592
3593
3594
3595
3596
3597
3598
3599
....
4567
4568
4569
4570
4571
4572
4573
4574
4575
4576
4577
4578
4579
4580
4581
4582
4583
4584
4585
4586
4587
4588
4589
4590
4591
4592
4593
4594
4595
4596
....
4882
4883
4884
4885
4886
4887
4888
4889
4890
4891
4892
4893
4894
4895
4896
4897
4898
4899
4900
4901
4902
4903
4904
4905
4906
4907
4908
4909
4910
....
8392
8393
8394
8395
8396
8397
8398
8399
8400
8401
8402
8403
8404
8405
8406
8407
8408
8409
8410
8411
8412
8413
8414
8415
8416
8417
.....
10084
10085
10086
10087
10088
10089
10090
10091
10092
10093
10094
10095
10096
10097
10098
10099
10100
10101
10102
10103
10104
10105
10106
10107
.....
11371
11372
11373
11374
11375
11376
11377
11378
11379
11380
11381
11382
11383
11384
11385
11386
11387
11388
11389
11390
11391
11392
11393
11394
11395
11396
11397
11398
.....
11399
11400
11401
11402
11403
11404
11405
11406
11407
11408
11409
11410
11411
11412
11413
11414
11415
11416
11417
11418
.....
11426
11427
11428
11429
11430
11431
11432
11433
11434
11435
11436
11437
11438
11439
11440
11441
11442
11443
11444
11445
11446
11447
.....
11477
11478
11479
11480
11481
11482
11483
11484
11485
11486
11487
11488
11489
11490
11491
.....
11523
11524
11525
11526
11527
11528
11529
11530
11531
11532
11533
11534
11535
11536
11537
.....
11630
11631
11632
11633
11634
11635
11636

11637

11638
11639
11640
11641
11642
11643
11644
11645
.....
11648
11649
11650
11651
11652
11653
11654
11655
11656
11657
11658
11659
11660
11661
11662
.....
11869
11870
11871
11872
11873
11874
11875
11876
11877
11878
11879
11880
11881
11882
11883
.....
12119
12120
12121
12122
12123
12124
12125
12126
12127
12128
12129
12130
12131
12132
12133
12134
12135
12136
.....
12285
12286
12287
12288
12289
12290
12291
12292
12293
12294
12295
12296
12297
12298
12299
12300
12301
12302
12303
12304
12305
12306
12307
12308
12309
12310
12311
12312
12313
12314
12315
12316
12317
12318
12319
.....
12391
12392
12393
12394
12395
12396
12397
12398
12399
12400
12401
12402
12403
12404
12405
.....
12661
12662
12663
12664
12665
12666
12667
12668
12669
12670
12671
12672
12673
12674
12675
.....
13031
13032
13033
13034
13035
13036
13037
13038
13039
13040
13041
13042
13043
13044
13045
.....
13179
13180
13181
13182
13183
13184
13185
13186
13187
13188
13189
13190
13191
13192
13193
13194
13195
13196
13197
.....
13250
13251
13252
13253
13254
13255
13256
13257
13258
13259
13260
13261
13262
13263
13264
13265
13266
13267
13268
13269
13270
13271
13272
13273
13274
13275
13276
13277
13278
.....
13306
13307
13308
13309
13310
13311
13312
13313
13314
13315
13316
13317
13318
13319
13320
.....
13336
13337
13338
13339
13340
13341
13342
13343
13344
13345
13346
13347
13348
13349
13350
.....
13367
13368
13369
13370
13371
13372
13373
13374
13375
13376
13377
13378
13379
13380
13381
.....
13383
13384
13385
13386
13387
13388
13389
13390
13391
13392
13393
13394
13395
13396
13397
13398
13399
13400
.....
13558
13559
13560
13561
13562
13563
13564
13565
13566
13567
13568
13569
13570
13571
13572
.....
13630
13631
13632
13633
13634
13635
13636
13637
13638
13639
13640
13641
13642
13643
13644
.....
13739
13740
13741
13742
13743
13744
13745
13746
13747
13748
13749
13750
13751
13752
13753
13754
.....
14844
14845
14846
14847
14848
14849
14850
14851
14852
14853
14854
14855
14856
14857
14858
.....
16621
16622
16623
16624
16625
16626
16627
16628
16629
16630
16631
16632
16633
16634
16635
16636
16637
16638
16639
16640
16641
16642
.....
19348
19349
19350
19351
19352
19353
19354
19355
19356
19357
19358
19359
19360
19361
19362
.....
19755
19756
19757
19758
19759
19760
19761
19762
19763
19764
19765
19766
19767
19768
19769
19770
19771
19772
19773
19774
19775
19776
19777
19778
19779
.....
20428
20429
20430
20431
20432
20433
20434
20435
20436
20437
20438
20439
20440
20441
20442
20443
20444
20445
20446
20447
20448
20449
20450
20451
20452
20453
20454
.....
20795
20796
20797
20798
20799
20800
20801







20802


20803
20804
20805
20806
20807
20808
20809
.....
20812
20813
20814
20815
20816
20817
20818
20819
20820
20821
20822
20823
20824
20825
20826
20827
20828
20829

































20830
20831
20832

20833
20834
20835
20836
20837
20838
20839
20840
20841
20842
20843
20844
20845
20846
20847
20848
20849
20850
20851
20852
20853
20854
20855
20856
20857
20858
20859
20860
20861
20862
20863
20864




20865
20866
20867
20868
20869
20870
20871
20872
20873
20874
20875
20876
.....
20959
20960
20961
20962
20963
20964
20965



20966




20967

20968
20969


20970
20971
20972
20973
20974
20975
20976
20977
20978
20979
20980
20981
20982
20983
20984
20985
20986
20987
20988
20989
20990
20991
20992
20993
20994
20995
20996
20997
20998
20999
21000
.....
21161
21162
21163
21164
21165
21166
21167
21168
21169
21170
21171
21172





21173
21174
21175

21176
21177
21178
21179
21180
21181
21182
21183
21184
21185
21186
21187
21188
.....
21275
21276
21277
21278
21279
21280
21281
21282
21283
21284
21285
21286
21287
21288
21289
.....
21989
21990
21991
21992
21993
21994
21995

21996
21997
21998
21999
22000
22001

22002
22003
22004
22005




22006
22007
22008
22009
22010
22011
22012
.....
22147
22148
22149
22150
22151
22152
22153
22154
22155
22156
22157
22158
22159
22160
22161
22162
22163
22164
22165
22166
22167
22168
22169
22170
22171
22172
22173
22174
22175
22176
22177
22178
.....
22183
22184
22185
22186
22187
22188
22189
22190
22191
22192
22193
22194
22195
22196
22197
.....
22579
22580
22581
22582
22583
22584
22585
22586
22587
22588
22589
22590
22591
22592
22593
22594
.....
22678
22679
22680
22681
22682
22683
22684
22685
22686
22687
22688
22689
22690
22691
22692
22693
22694
22695
22696
22697
22698
22699
22700
22701
22702
22703

22704
22705
22706
22707
22708
22709
22710
22711
22712
22713
22714
22715
22716
22717
22718
22719
22720
22721
22722
22723
22724
22725
22726
22727
22728
22729
22730
22731
22732
22733
22734
22735
22736
22737
22738
22739
22740
22741
22742
22743
22744
22745
22746
22747
22748
22749
22750
22751
22752
22753
22754
22755
22756
22757
22758
22759
22760
22761
22762
22763
22764
22765
22766
22767
22768
22769
22770
22771
22772
22773
22774
22775


22776
22777
22778
22779
22780
22781
22782
22783
22784
22785
.....
22846
22847
22848
22849
22850
22851
22852





22853
22854
22855
22856
22857
22858
22859
.....
23020
23021
23022
23023
23024
23025
23026
23027
23028
23029
23030
23031
23032
23033
23034
23035
23036
23037
23038
23039
23040
.....
25041
25042
25043
25044
25045
25046
25047
25048
25049



25050
25051
25052
25053
25054
25055
25056
25057
25058
25059
25060
25061
25062
25063
25064
25065
25066
25067
25068
25069
25070
25071
25072
25073
25074
25075
.....
29166
29167
29168
29169
29170
29171
29172

29173
29174
29175
29176
29177
29178
29179
.....
29382
29383
29384
29385
29386
29387
29388
29389
29390
29391
29392
29393
29394
29395
29396
29397
29398
29399
29400
29401
29402
29403
29404
29405
.....
39860
39861
39862
39863
39864
39865
39866
39867
39868
39869
39870
39871
39872
39873
39874
.....
40025
40026
40027
40028
40029
40030
40031
40032
40033
40034
40035
40036
40037
40038
40039
.....
40192
40193
40194
40195
40196
40197
40198

40199

40200
40201
40202
40203
40204
40205
40206
40207
40208
40209
40210
40211

40212
40213
40214
40215
40216
40217
40218
.....
40220
40221
40222
40223
40224
40225
40226
40227
40228
40229
40230
40231
40232
40233
40234
40235
40236
40237
40238
40239
40240
40241
40242
40243
40244
40245
40246
40247
.....
40329
40330
40331
40332
40333
40334
40335
40336
40337
40338
40339
40340
40341
40342
40343
40344
40345
40346
40347
.....
40439
40440
40441
40442
40443
40444
40445
40446
40447
40448
40449
40450
40451
40452
40453
40454
40455
40456
40457
40458
40459
.....
40580
40581
40582
40583
40584
40585
40586
40587
40588
40589
40590
40591
40592
40593
40594
.....
40601
40602
40603
40604
40605
40606
40607
40608
40609
40610
40611
40612
40613
40614
40615
40616
40617
40618
40619
40620
40621
40622
40623
40624
40625
40626
40627
40628
40629
40630
40631
40632
.....
40648
40649
40650
40651
40652
40653
40654
40655
40656
40657
40658
40659
40660
40661
40662
.....
40686
40687
40688
40689
40690
40691
40692

















40693
40694
40695
40696
40697
40698
40699
.....
40745
40746
40747
40748
40749
40750
40751
40752
40753
40754
40755
40756
40757
40758
40759
.....
40806
40807
40808
40809
40810
40811
40812
40813
40814
40815
40816
40817
40818
40819
40820
.....
40910
40911
40912
40913
40914
40915
40916
40917
40918
40919
40920
40921
40922
40923
40924
.....
40928
40929
40930
40931
40932
40933
40934
40935
40936
40937
40938
40939
40940
40941
40942
40943
40944
40945
40946
40947
40948
40949
40950
40951
40952
40953
40954
40955
40956
40957
40958
40959
40960
40961
40962
40963
.....
41076
41077
41078
41079
41080
41081
41082
41083
41084
41085

41086




41087



41088
41089
41090
41091
41092
41093
41094
41095
41096
41097
41098
41099
.....
41118
41119
41120
41121
41122
41123
41124
41125
41126
41127

41128
41129
41130
41131
41132
41133
41134
41135
41136
.....
41256
41257
41258
41259
41260
41261
41262
41263
41264
41265
41266
41267
41268
41269
41270
41271
41272
41273
.....
41367
41368
41369
41370
41371
41372
41373
41374
41375
41376
41377
41378
41379
41380
41381
41382
41383
41384
41385
.....
41388
41389
41390
41391
41392
41393
41394

41395

41396
41397
41398
41399
41400
41401
41402
.....
41480
41481
41482
41483
41484
41485
41486
41487
41488
41489
41490
41491
41492
41493
41494
41495
41496
41497
.....
41560
41561
41562
41563
41564
41565
41566

41567
41568
41569
41570
41571
41572
41573
41574
41575
41576




41577
41578
41579
41580
41581
41582
41583
.....
41707
41708
41709
41710
41711
41712
41713
41714
41715
41716
41717
41718
41719
41720
41721
41722
41723
41724
.....
41738
41739
41740
41741
41742
41743
41744
41745
41746
41747
41748
41749
41750
41751
41752
.....
43052
43053
43054
43055
43056
43057
43058
43059
43060
43061
43062
43063
43064
43065
43066
.....
47502
47503
47504
47505
47506
47507
47508
47509
47510
47511
47512
47513
47514
47515
47516
47517
47518
47519
.....
47575
47576
47577
47578
47579
47580
47581
47582
47583
47584
47585
47586
47587
47588
47589
.....
47659
47660
47661
47662
47663
47664
47665
47666
47667
47668
47669
47670
47671
47672
47673
47674
47675
47676
47677
47678
47679
47680
47681
47682
47683
47684



47685
47686
47687
47688
47689
47690
47691
.....
47832
47833
47834
47835
47836
47837
47838
47839
47840
47841
47842
47843
47844
47845
47846
.....
48799
48800
48801
48802
48803
48804
48805
48806
48807
48808
48809
48810
48811
48812
48813
.....
50111
50112
50113
50114
50115
50116
50117
50118
50119
50120
50121
50122
50123
50124
50125
.....
51980
51981
51982
51983
51984
51985
51986
51987
51988
51989
51990
51991
51992
51993
51994
51995
51996
51997
51998
51999
52000
52001
52002
52003
52004
52005
52006
52007
52008
52009
52010
52011
52012
52013
52014
.....
52071
52072
52073
52074
52075
52076
52077
52078
52079
52080
52081
52082
52083
52084
52085
.....
52112
52113
52114
52115
52116
52117
52118
52119
52120
52121
52122
52123
52124
52125
52126
52127
.....
52128
52129
52130
52131
52132
52133
52134
52135
52136
52137
52138
52139
52140
52141
52142
.....
52145
52146
52147
52148
52149
52150
52151
52152
52153
52154
52155
52156
52157
52158
52159
52160
.....
53586
53587
53588
53589
53590
53591
53592
53593
53594
53595
53596
53597
53598
53599
53600
53601
53602
53603
53604
.....
62586
62587
62588
62589
62590
62591
62592

62593
62594
62595
62596
62597
62598
62599
62600
62601

62602
62603
62604
62605
62606
62607
62608
.....
65419
65420
65421
65422
65423
65424
65425
65426
65427
65428
65429
65430
65431
65432
65433
.....
65460
65461
65462
65463
65464
65465
65466
65467
65468
65469
65470
65471
65472
65473
65474
.....
66054
66055
66056
66057
66058
66059
66060
66061
66062
66063
66064
66065
66066
66067
66068
.....
66201
66202
66203
66204
66205
66206
66207
66208
66209
66210
66211
66212
66213
66214
66215
66216
66217
66218
66219
66220
66221
66222
66223
66224
66225
66226
66227
66228
66229
66230
66231
66232
66233
66234
66235
66236
66237
66238
66239
66240
66241
66242
66243
66244
66245
66246
66247
66248
66249
66250
66251
66252
.....
66258
66259
66260
66261
66262
66263
66264
66265
66266
66267
66268
66269
66270
66271
66272
66273
.....
66344
66345
66346
66347
66348
66349
66350
66351
66352
66353
66354
66355
66356
66357
66358
66359
.....
66489
66490
66491
66492
66493
66494
66495
66496
66497

66498
66499
66500
66501
66502
66503
66504
66505
66506
66507

66508
66509
66510
66511
66512
66513
66514
66515
66516
66517
.....
66616
66617
66618
66619
66620
66621
66622
66623
66624
66625
66626
66627
66628
66629
66630
66631


66632
66633

66634
66635
66636
66637
66638
66639
66640
66641
66642
66643
66644
66645
66646
66647
66648
66649
66650
66651
66652
66653
66654
66655
66656
66657
66658
66659
66660

66661
66662
66663
66664
66665
66666
66667
.....
66686
66687
66688
66689
66690
66691
66692
66693
66694



66695
66696



66697
66698
66699
66700
66701





66702



66703
66704





66705



66706
66707






66708





66709
66710
66711
66712
66713
66714
66715
66716

66717
66718
66719
66720
66721
66722
66723
66724
66725
.....
67096
67097
67098
67099
67100
67101
67102
67103
67104
67105
67106
67107
67108
67109
67110
67111
67112
.....
70438
70439
70440
70441
70442
70443
70444
70445
70446
70447
70448
70449
70450
70451
70452
70453
70454
.....
70619
70620
70621
70622
70623
70624
70625
70626
70627
70628
70629
70630
70631
70632
70633
70634
70635
70636
.....
70870
70871
70872
70873
70874
70875
70876
70877
70878
70879
70880
70881
70882
70883
70884
.....
70955
70956
70957
70958
70959
70960
70961
70962
70963
70964
70965
70966
70967
70968
70969
.....
72773
72774
72775
72776
72777
72778
72779
72780
72781
72782
72783
72784
72785
72786
72787
.....
75210
75211
75212
75213
75214
75215
75216
75217
75218
75219
75220
75221
75222

75223
75224
75225
75226
75227
75228
75229
.....
75287
75288
75289
75290
75291
75292
75293
75294
75295
75296
75297
75298
75299
75300
75301
75302
75303
75304
75305
.....
79127
79128
79129
79130
79131
79132
79133
79134
79135
79136
79137
79138
79139
79140
79141
79142
.....
82709
82710
82711
82712
82713
82714
82715
82716
82717
82718
82719
82720
82721
82722
82723
82724
82725
82726
82727
.....
82811
82812
82813
82814
82815
82816
82817
























82818
82819
82820
82821
82822
82823
82824
.....
82844
82845
82846
82847
82848
82849
82850

82851








82852
82853
82854
82855
82856
82857
82858
82859
82860
82861
82862
.....
83040
83041
83042
83043
83044
83045
83046
83047
83048
83049
83050
83051
83052
83053
83054
.....
83055
83056
83057
83058
83059
83060
83061
83062
83063
83064
83065
83066
83067
83068
83069
83070
.....
83141
83142
83143
83144
83145
83146
83147
83148
83149
83150
83151
83152
83153
83154
83155
83156
83157
.....
83240
83241
83242
83243
83244
83245
83246
83247
83248
83249
83250
83251
83252
83253
83254
.....
83281
83282
83283
83284
83285
83286
83287
83288
83289
83290
83291
83292
83293
83294
83295
83296
83297
83298
83299




83300
83301








83302
83303
83304
83305
83306



83307
83308
83309
83310
83311
83312
83313
.....
83384
83385
83386
83387
83388
83389
83390
83391
83392
83393
83394
83395
83396
83397
83398
83399
.....
83415
83416
83417
83418
83419
83420
83421
83422
83423
83424
83425
83426
83427
83428
83429
.....
83463
83464
83465
83466
83467
83468
83469
83470
83471
83472
83473
83474
83475
83476
83477
83478
83479
83480
83481
83482
83483
83484
83485
83486
83487
83488
.....
83520
83521
83522
83523
83524
83525
83526

83527
83528
83529
83530
83531
83532
83533
83534
83535
83536

83537
83538
83539
83540
83541
83542
83543
83544
.....
83874
83875
83876
83877
83878
83879
83880

83881
83882
83883
83884
83885
83886
83887
.....
83946
83947
83948
83949
83950
83951
83952
83953
83954
83955
83956
83957
83958
83959
83960
83961
83962
83963
83964
83965
83966
83967
83968
83969
83970
83971
83972
83973
83974




83975



83976
83977
83978
83979
83980
83981
83982
.....
84000
84001
84002
84003
84004
84005
84006
84007
84008
84009
84010
84011
84012
84013
84014
84015
84016
84017
84018
84019
84020
84021
84022
84023
.....
84174
84175
84176
84177
84178
84179
84180
84181
84182
84183
84184
84185
84186
84187
84188
84189
84190
84191
84192
84193
84194
84195
84196
84197
84198
84199
84200
84201
84202
84203
.....
84233
84234
84235
84236
84237
84238
84239
84240
84241
84242
84243
84244
84245

84246
84247
84248
84249
84250
84251
84252
84253
84254
84255
84256
84257
84258






84259
84260
84261
84262
84263
84264
84265
.....
84349
84350
84351
84352
84353
84354
84355
84356
84357
84358
84359
84360
84361
84362
84363
84364
84365
84366
84367
84368
84369
84370
84371
84372
84373
84374
.....
84691
84692
84693
84694
84695
84696
84697
84698
84699
84700
84701
84702
84703
84704
84705
.....
85292
85293
85294
85295
85296
85297
85298
85299
85300
85301
85302
85303


85304
85305
85306
85307
85308
85309
85310
85311
85312
85313
85314
85315
85316
85317
.....
85417
85418
85419
85420
85421
85422
85423
85424
85425
85426
85427
85428
85429
85430
85431
85432
85433
85434
85435
85436
85437
85438
85439
85440
85441
85442
85443
85444
.....
86403
86404
86405
86406
86407
86408
86409
86410
86411
86412
86413
86414
86415
86416
86417
.....
86421
86422
86423
86424
86425
86426
86427
86428
86429
86430
86431
86432
86433
86434
86435
.....
86471
86472
86473
86474
86475
86476
86477
86478
86479
86480
86481
86482
86483
86484
86485
.....
86689
86690
86691
86692
86693
86694
86695
86696
86697
86698
86699
86700
86701
86702
86703
86704
86705
86706
86707
86708
86709
86710
86711
86712
86713
86714
86715
86716
86717
86718
86719
86720
86721
86722
86723
86724
.....
86897
86898
86899
86900
86901
86902
86903
86904
86905
86906
86907
86908
86909
86910
86911
86912
86913
.....
86920
86921
86922
86923
86924
86925
86926
86927
86928
86929
86930
86931
86932
86933
86934
.....
86959
86960
86961
86962
86963
86964
86965




86966
86967
86968
86969
86970
86971
86972
.....
87189
87190
87191
87192
87193
87194
87195
87196
87197
87198
87199
87200
87201
87202
87203
.....
87413
87414
87415
87416
87417
87418
87419
87420
87421
87422
87423
87424
87425
87426
87427
.....
87605
87606
87607
87608
87609
87610
87611
87612
87613
87614
87615
87616
87617
87618
87619
87620
87621
87622
87623
87624
87625
87626
87627
87628
87629
87630
87631
87632
87633

87634
87635
87636
87637
87638
87639
87640
.....
87803
87804
87805
87806
87807
87808
87809
87810
87811
87812
87813
87814
87815
87816
87817
87818
87819
87820
87821
87822
87823
87824
.....
87966
87967
87968
87969
87970
87971
87972
87973
87974
87975
87976
87977
87978
87979
87980
.....
88042
88043
88044
88045
88046
88047
88048
88049
88050
88051
88052
88053
88054
88055
88056
88057
88058
.....
88952
88953
88954
88955
88956
88957
88958
88959
88960
88961
88962
88963
88964
88965
88966
.....
90310
90311
90312
90313
90314
90315
90316
90317
90318
90319
90320
90321
90322
90323
90324
.....
90332
90333
90334
90335
90336
90337
90338
90339
90340
90341
90342
90343
90344
90345
90346
.....
90446
90447
90448
90449
90450
90451
90452
90453
90454
90455
90456
90457
90458
90459
90460
.....
90482
90483
90484
90485
90486
90487
90488
90489
90490
90491
90492
90493
90494
90495
90496
.....
90532
90533
90534
90535
90536
90537
90538
90539

90540
90541


90542
90543
90544
90545
90546
90547
90548
90549
.....
92261
92262
92263
92264
92265
92266
92267
92268
92269
92270
92271
92272
92273
92274
92275
.....
92396
92397
92398
92399
92400
92401
92402
92403
92404
92405
92406
92407
92408
92409
92410
92411
92412
92413
92414
92415
92416
92417
92418
92419
92420
.....
92485
92486
92487
92488
92489
92490
92491
92492
92493
92494
92495
92496
92497
92498
92499
.....
92612
92613
92614
92615
92616
92617
92618
92619
92620
92621
92622
92623
92624
92625
92626
.....
92679
92680
92681
92682
92683
92684
92685
92686
92687
92688
92689

92690

92691
92692
92693
92694
92695
92696
92697
.....
93026
93027
93028
93029
93030
93031
93032
93033
93034
93035
93036
93037
93038
93039
93040
93041
.....
93072
93073
93074
93075
93076
93077
93078
93079
93080
93081
93082
93083
93084
93085
93086
.....
93353
93354
93355
93356
93357
93358
93359
93360
93361
93362
93363
93364
93365
93366
93367
93368
93369
93370
93371
93372
93373
93374
93375
93376
93377
93378
93379
93380
93381
93382
93383
.....
93736
93737
93738
93739
93740
93741
93742
93743
93744
93745
93746
93747
93748
93749
93750
93751
93752
93753
93754
93755
93756


93757
93758
93759
93760
93761
93762
93763
.....
93765
93766
93767
93768
93769
93770
93771
93772
93773
93774
93775
93776
93777
93778
93779
.....
93875
93876
93877
93878
93879
93880
93881
93882
93883
93884
93885
93886
93887
93888
93889
93890
93891
93892
.....
94009
94010
94011
94012
94013
94014
94015
94016
94017
94018
94019
94020
94021
94022
94023
.....
94106
94107
94108
94109
94110
94111
94112
94113
94114
94115
94116
94117
94118
94119
94120
.....
94127
94128
94129
94130
94131
94132
94133
94134



94135
94136
94137
94138



94139
94140
94141
94142
94143
94144
94145
94146
94147





94148
94149
94150
94151
94152
94153
94154
94155
94156
94157
94158
94159
94160
94161
94162
94163
94164
94165
94166
94167
94168
94169
94170
94171
94172
94173
94174
94175
94176
94177
.....
94181
94182
94183
94184
94185
94186
94187
94188
94189
94190
94191
94192
94193
94194
94195
.....
94227
94228
94229
94230
94231
94232
94233
94234
94235
94236
94237
94238
94239
94240
94241

94242
94243
94244
94245
94246
94247
94248
94249
94250
94251
94252
94253

94254
94255
94256
94257
94258
94259
94260
94261
94262

94263
94264
94265
94266
94267
94268
94269
94270
94271
94272
94273
94274
94275
94276
94277
94278
94279
94280
.....
94283
94284
94285
94286
94287
94288
94289
94290
94291
94292
94293
94294
94295
94296
94297
.....
94838
94839
94840
94841
94842
94843
94844
94845
94846
94847
94848
94849
94850
94851
94852
.....
94893
94894
94895
94896
94897
94898
94899
94900
94901
94902
94903
94904
94905
94906
94907
94908
94909
94910
94911
94912
94913
94914
94915
94916
94917
94918
94919
94920
94921
94922
94923
94924
94925
94926
94927
94928
94929
94930
.....
94959
94960
94961
94962
94963
94964
94965

94966
94967
94968
94969
94970
94971
94972
.....
95113
95114
95115
95116
95117
95118
95119
95120
95121
95122
95123
95124
95125



95126
95127
95128
95129
95130
95131
95132
95133
95134
95135
95136
95137
95138
95139
95140
95141
95142
95143
95144
95145
.....
95172
95173
95174
95175
95176
95177
95178
95179
95180
95181
95182
95183

95184
95185
95186

95187
95188

95189
95190
95191
95192
95193
95194
95195

95196
95197
95198
95199

95200
95201
95202
95203
95204
95205
95206
95207
95208
95209
95210
95211
95212
95213
95214
95215
95216
95217
95218
95219
95220
95221
95222
95223
95224
95225
95226

95227
95228
95229
95230
95231
95232
95233
95234
95235

95236
95237
95238
95239
95240
95241
95242
95243

95244
95245
95246
95247
95248
95249
95250
95251
95252
95253
95254
95255
95256
95257
95258
95259
95260
.....
95297
95298
95299
95300
95301
95302
95303
95304
95305
95306
95307
95308
95309
95310
95311
.....
95329
95330
95331
95332
95333
95334
95335
95336
95337
95338
95339
95340
95341
95342
95343
.....
95359
95360
95361
95362
95363
95364
95365
95366
95367
95368
95369
95370
95371
95372
95373
.....
95819
95820
95821
95822
95823
95824
95825
95826
95827
95828
95829
95830
95831
95832
95833
95834
.....
95893
95894
95895
95896
95897
95898
95899
95900
95901
95902
95903
95904
95905
95906
95907
95908
95909
95910
95911
95912
95913
95914
95915
95916
95917
95918
95919
95920
95921
95922
95923
95924
95925
95926
95927
95928
95929
95930
95931
95932
95933
95934
95935
95936
.....
95943
95944
95945
95946
95947
95948
95949
95950
95951
95952
95953
95954
95955
95956
95957
95958
95959
.....
96189
96190
96191
96192
96193
96194
96195
96196
96197
96198
96199
96200
96201
96202
96203



96204
96205
96206
96207
96208
96209
96210
96211
96212
.....
96443
96444
96445
96446
96447
96448
96449
96450
96451
96452
96453
96454
96455
96456
96457
.....
97362
97363
97364
97365
97366
97367
97368
97369
97370
97371
97372
97373
97374
97375
97376
.....
97395
97396
97397
97398
97399
97400
97401
97402
97403
97404
97405
97406
97407
97408
97409
97410
97411
97412
97413
97414
97415
97416
97417
97418
97419
97420
97421
97422
.....
97470
97471
97472
97473
97474
97475
97476
97477
97478
97479
97480
97481
97482
97483
97484
.....
97741
97742
97743
97744
97745
97746
97747

97748
97749
97750
97751
97752
97753
97754
97755
97756
97757
97758
97759
97760
97761
97762
97763
97764
97765
97766
97767

97768
97769
97770
97771
97772
97773
97774
97775
97776
97777
97778
97779
97780
.....
99535
99536
99537
99538
99539
99540
99541
99542
99543
99544
99545
99546
99547
99548
99549
99550
99551
99552
99553
99554
99555
99556
99557
99558
99559
99560
99561
99562
99563
99564
99565
99566
99567
99568
99569
99570
.....
99971
99972
99973
99974
99975
99976
99977
99978
99979
99980
99981
99982
99983
99984
99985
......
100009
100010
100011
100012
100013
100014
100015
100016
100017
100018
100019
100020
100021
100022
100023
100024
100025
100026
100027
......
101070
101071
101072
101073
101074
101075
101076
101077
101078
101079
101080
101081
101082
101083
101084
101085
101086
101087
101088

101089
101090
101091
101092
101093
101094
101095
101096
101097
101098
101099
101100
101101
101102
101103
101104
101105
101106
101107
101108
101109
101110
101111
101112
101113
101114
......
101271
101272
101273
101274
101275
101276
101277
101278
101279
101280
101281
101282
101283
101284
101285
101286
101287
101288
101289
101290
101291
101292
......
101702
101703
101704
101705
101706
101707
101708
101709
101710
101711
101712
101713
101714
101715
101716
101717
101718
101719
101720
101721
101722
101723
101724
101725
101726
101727
101728
101729
101730
101731
101732
101733
101734
101735
101736
......
102003
102004
102005
102006
102007
102008
102009
102010
102011
102012
102013
102014
102015
102016
102017
......
102250
102251
102252
102253
102254
102255
102256
102257
102258
102259
102260
102261
102262
102263
102264
......
102358
102359
102360
102361
102362
102363
102364
102365
102366
102367
102368
102369
102370
102371
102372
......
102406
102407
102408
102409
102410
102411
102412
102413
102414
102415
102416
102417
102418
102419
102420
102421
102422
102423
102424
102425
102426
102427
102428
102429
102430
102431
102432
102433
102434
102435
......
102518
102519
102520
102521
102522
102523
102524
102525
102526
102527
102528
102529
102530
102531
102532
......
102539
102540
102541
102542
102543
102544
102545
102546
102547
102548
102549
102550
102551
102552
102553
......
102741
102742
102743
102744
102745
102746
102747
102748
102749
102750
102751
102752
102753
102754
102755
102756
102757
102758
102759
102760
102761
......
102992
102993
102994
102995
102996
102997
102998
102999
103000
103001
103002
103003
103004
103005
103006
......
103529
103530
103531
103532
103533
103534
103535
103536
103537
103538
103539
103540
103541
103542
103543
103544
103545
103546
103547
103548
103549
103550
103551
103552
103553
103554
103555
103556
103557
103558
103559
......
103672
103673
103674
103675
103676
103677
103678
103679
103680
103681
103682
103683
103684
103685
103686
......
103768
103769
103770
103771
103772
103773
103774
103775
103776
103777
103778
103779

103780
103781
103782
103783
103784
103785
103786
103787
......
104182
104183
104184
104185
104186
104187
104188
104189
104190
104191
104192
104193
104194
104195
104196
104197
104198
104199
......
105181
105182
105183
105184
105185
105186
105187
105188
105189
105190
105191
105192
105193
105194
105195
105196
105197
105198
105199
105200
105201
105202
105203
105204
105205
105206
105207
105208
105209
105210





105211
105212
105213
105214



105215
105216
105217
105218
105219
105220
105221
105222
105223
105224
105225
105226
105227
105228
105229
105230
105231
105232
105233
105234
105235
......
105385
105386
105387
105388
105389
105390
105391
105392





105393

105394
105395
105396
105397
105398
105399
105400
......
105456
105457
105458
105459
105460
105461
105462
105463

105464
105465
105466
105467
105468
105469
105470
......
105490
105491
105492
105493
105494
105495
105496
105497
105498
105499
105500
105501
105502
105503
105504
......
105525
105526
105527
105528
105529
105530
105531
105532
105533
105534
105535
105536
105537
105538
105539
......
105604
105605
105606
105607
105608
105609
105610
105611



105612
105613
105614
105615
105616
105617
105618
105619
105620
105621
105622
105623
105624


105625
105626
105627
105628
105629
105630
105631
......
105663
105664
105665
105666
105667
105668
105669
105670
105671
105672
105673
105674
105675
105676
105677
......
105681
105682
105683
105684
105685
105686
105687
105688
105689
105690
105691
105692
105693
105694
105695
......
105759
105760
105761
105762
105763
105764
105765
105766
105767
105768
105769
105770
105771
105772
105773
......
105805
105806
105807
105808
105809
105810
105811
105812
105813
105814
105815
105816
105817
105818
105819
......
105826
105827
105828
105829
105830
105831
105832
105833
105834
105835
105836
105837
105838
105839
105840
......
105845
105846
105847
105848
105849
105850
105851
105852






105853
105854
105855
105856
105857
105858
105859
......
105889
105890
105891
105892
105893
105894
105895
105896






105897
105898
105899
105900
105901
105902
105903
......
105928
105929
105930
105931
105932
105933
105934




105935



105936
105937
105938
105939
105940
105941
105942
......
105960
105961
105962
105963
105964
105965
105966
105967
105968
105969
105970
105971
105972
105973
105974
......
105979
105980
105981
105982
105983
105984
105985
105986
105987
105988
105989
105990
105991
105992
105993
......
106029
106030
106031
106032
106033
106034
106035
106036
106037
106038
106039
106040
106041
106042

106043
106044






106045
106046
106047
106048
106049
106050
106051










106052
106053
106054
106055
106056
106057
106058
106059
106060
106061
106062
106063
106064
106065
106066
106067
106068
106069
106070
106071
106072
106073
106074
106075
106076

106077
106078




106079
106080
106081



106082
106083
106084
106085

106086
106087
106088


106089
106090
106091

106092
106093
106094
106095
106096
106097
106098
106099
106100
106101
106102
106103
106104
106105
106106
106107
106108
106109
106110
106111
106112
106113
106114
106115
106116
106117
106118

106119
106120
106121







106122
106123





106124
106125

106126
106127
106128
106129
106130
106131
106132
106133
106134
106135
106136
106137
106138
106139
106140
106141
106142
106143
106144
106145
106146
106147
106148
106149
106150
106151
106152
106153
106154
106155
106156
106157
106158

106159
106160
106161
106162
106163
106164
106165
106166
106167

106168
106169


106170
106171
106172
106173
106174
106175

106176
106177
106178
106179
106180
106181
106182
106183
106184
106185

106186
106187

106188
106189


106190
106191
106192
106193
106194
106195
106196
106197
......
106199
106200
106201
106202
106203
106204
106205
106206
106207
106208
106209
106210
106211
106212
106213
106214
106215
106216
106217
106218
106219
106220
106221
106222
106223
106224
106225







106226
106227
106228
106229
106230
106231
106232
......
106247
106248
106249
106250
106251
106252
106253
106254
106255
106256
106257
106258
106259
106260
106261




106262
106263
106264
106265
106266
106267
106268
......
106269
106270
106271
106272
106273
106274
106275
106276

106277
106278
106279
106280
106281
106282
106283
......
106314
106315
106316
106317
106318
106319
106320
106321
106322
106323
106324
106325
106326
106327
106328
106329
106330
106331
106332
106333
106334
106335
106336
106337


106338
106339
106340
106341
106342
106343
106344
......
106406
106407
106408
106409
106410
106411
106412
106413

106414
106415
106416
106417
106418
106419
106420
......
106528
106529
106530
106531
106532
106533
106534
106535
106536

106537
106538
106539

106540
106541
106542
106543
106544
106545
106546
......
106553
106554
106555
106556
106557
106558
106559
106560
106561
106562
106563
106564
106565
106566

106567
106568
106569
106570
106571
106572
106573
106574

106575
106576
106577
106578
106579
106580
106581
106582
106583
106584
106585
106586
106587
106588
106589
106590
106591
106592
......
106634
106635
106636
106637
106638
106639
106640



106641
106642
106643
106644

106645
106646
106647
106648
106649
106650
106651
......
106738
106739
106740
106741
106742
106743
106744

106745

106746
106747

106748
106749
106750
106751
106752
106753
106754
106755
106756
106757
106758
106759
106760
106761
106762
106763
106764
106765
106766
106767
106768
106769
106770
106771
106772
106773
106774
106775




106776
106777
106778
106779
106780
106781
106782
......
106786
106787
106788
106789
106790
106791
106792
106793
106794
106795
106796
106797
106798
106799
106800
......
106819
106820
106821
106822
106823
106824
106825
106826
106827
106828
106829
106830
106831
106832
106833
......
106839
106840
106841
106842
106843
106844
106845
106846
106847
106848
106849
106850
106851
106852
106853
......
106858
106859
106860
106861
106862
106863
106864
106865
106866
106867
106868
106869
106870
106871
106872
106873
106874
106875
106876
106877
106878
106879

106880
106881


106882
106883
106884
106885
106886

106887
106888
106889
106890
106891
106892
106893
106894
106895
106896
106897
106898
106899
106900
106901
......
108252
108253
108254
108255
108256
108257
108258
108259
108260
108261
108262
108263
108264
108265
108266
108267
108268
108269
108270
108271
......
108342
108343
108344
108345
108346
108347
108348
108349
108350
108351
108352
108353
108354
108355
108356
108357
108358
108359
108360
108361
108362
108363
108364
108365
108366
108367
108368
108369
108370
108371
108372
108373
108374
108375
108376
108377
108378
108379
......
108443
108444
108445
108446
108447
108448
108449
108450
108451
108452
108453
108454
108455
108456
108457
......
108575
108576
108577
108578
108579
108580
108581
108582
108583
108584
108585
108586
108587
108588
108589
......
108691
108692
108693
108694
108695
108696
108697
108698
108699
108700
108701
108702
108703
108704
108705
......
108717
108718
108719
108720
108721
108722
108723
108724
108725
108726
108727
108728
108729
108730
108731
......
108743
108744
108745
108746
108747
108748
108749
108750
108751
108752
108753
108754
108755
108756
108757
108758
108759
108760
108761
108762
108763
108764
108765
108766
108767
108768
108769
108770
108771
108772
......
109052
109053
109054
109055
109056
109057
109058
109059
109060
109061
109062
109063
109064
109065
109066
......
109437
109438
109439
109440
109441
109442
109443
109444
109445
109446
109447
109448
109449
109450
109451
......
109604
109605
109606
109607
109608
109609
109610
109611
109612
109613
109614
109615
109616
109617
109618
......
109680
109681
109682
109683
109684
109685
109686
109687
109688
109689
109690
109691
109692
109693
109694
......
109783
109784
109785
109786
109787
109788
109789
109790
109791
109792
109793
109794
109795
109796
109797
......
109848
109849
109850
109851
109852
109853
109854
109855
109856
109857
109858
109859
109860
109861
109862
......
109928
109929
109930
109931
109932
109933
109934
109935
109936
109937
109938
109939
109940
109941
109942
......
110837
110838
110839
110840
110841
110842
110843
110844
110845
110846
110847
110848
110849
110850
110851
110852
110853
110854
110855
110856
110857
110858
110859
110860
110861
110862
110863
110864
110865
110866
110867
110868
110869
110870
110871
110872
110873
110874
110875
110876
110877
110878
110879
110880
110881
110882
110883
110884
110885
110886
110887
110888
110889
110890
110891
110892
110893
110894
110895
110896
110897
......
111263
111264
111265
111266
111267
111268
111269
111270
111271
111272
111273
111274
111275
111276
111277
......
111434
111435
111436
111437
111438
111439
111440
111441
111442
111443
111444
111445
111446
111447
111448
......
111474
111475
111476
111477
111478
111479
111480
111481
111482
111483
111484
111485
111486
111487
111488
......
111606
111607
111608
111609
111610
111611
111612
111613
111614
111615
111616
111617
111618
111619
111620
111621
111622
......
111632
111633
111634
111635
111636
111637
111638
111639
111640
111641
111642
111643
111644
111645
111646
......
111729
111730
111731
111732
111733
111734
111735
111736
111737
111738
111739
111740
111741
111742
111743
111744
111745
111746
111747
111748
111749
111750
111751
111752
111753
111754
111755
111756
......
111903
111904
111905
111906
111907
111908
111909
111910
111911
111912
111913
111914
111915
111916
111917
111918
111919
111920
111921
111922
......
111937
111938
111939
111940
111941
111942
111943
111944
111945
111946
111947
111948
111949
111950
111951
......
111953
111954
111955
111956
111957
111958
111959
111960
111961
111962
111963
111964
111965
111966
111967
......
111971
111972
111973
111974
111975
111976
111977
111978
111979
111980
111981
111982
111983
111984
111985
111986
111987
111988
111989
111990
111991
111992
111993
111994
......
112067
112068
112069
112070
112071
112072
112073
112074
112075
112076
112077
112078
112079
112080
112081
112082
......
112094
112095
112096
112097
112098
112099
112100
112101
112102
112103
112104
112105
112106
112107
112108
......
112231
112232
112233
112234
112235
112236
112237
112238
112239
112240
112241
112242
112243
112244
112245
......
112517
112518
112519
112520
112521
112522
112523
112524
112525
112526
112527
112528
112529
112530
112531
......
112758
112759
112760
112761
112762
112763
112764
112765
112766
112767
112768
112769
112770
112771
112772
......
112776
112777
112778
112779
112780
112781
112782
112783
112784
112785
112786
112787
112788
112789
112790
......
112805
112806
112807
112808
112809
112810
112811
112812
112813
112814
112815
112816
112817
112818
112819
......
112823
112824
112825
112826
112827
112828
112829
112830
112831
112832
112833
112834
112835
112836
112837
......
112921
112922
112923
112924
112925
112926
112927
112928
112929
112930
112931
112932
112933
112934
112935
......
113137
113138
113139
113140
113141
113142
113143
113144
113145
113146
113147
113148
113149
113150
113151
......
113249
113250
113251
113252
113253
113254
113255
113256
113257
113258
113259
113260
113261
113262
113263
......
113403
113404
113405
113406
113407
113408
113409
113410
113411
113412
113413
113414
113415
113416
113417
......
115064
115065
115066
115067
115068
115069
115070
115071
115072
115073
115074
115075
115076
115077
115078
115079
115080
115081
115082
115083
115084
115085
115086
115087
115088
115089
115090
......
115176
115177
115178
115179
115180
115181
115182
115183
115184
115185
115186
115187
115188
115189
115190
115191
115192
115193
115194
115195
115196
115197
115198
115199
115200
......
115423
115424
115425
115426
115427
115428
115429
115430
115431
115432
115433
115434
115435
115436
115437
......
116005
116006
116007
116008
116009
116010
116011
116012
116013
116014
116015
116016
116017
116018
116019
......
116233
116234
116235
116236
116237
116238
116239

116240
116241
116242
116243




116244


116245
116246
116247
116248

116249
116250
116251
116252
116253
116254
116255
116256
116257
......
116370
116371
116372
116373
116374
116375
116376
116377
116378
116379
116380
116381
116382
116383
116384
......
116646
116647
116648
116649
116650
116651
116652
116653
116654
116655
116656
116657
116658
116659
116660
......
116748
116749
116750
116751
116752
116753
116754
116755
116756
116757
116758
116759
116760
116761
116762
116763
116764
116765
116766
116767
116768
116769
116770
116771
116772
......
117036
117037
117038
117039
117040
117041
117042
117043
117044
117045
117046
117047
117048
117049
117050
117051
117052
117053
117054
117055
117056
117057
117058
117059
117060
117061
117062
117063
117064
117065
117066
117067
117068
117069
117070
117071
117072
117073
117074
117075
117076
117077
117078
117079
117080
117081
117082
117083
117084
117085
117086
117087
117088
117089
117090
117091
117092
117093
117094
117095
117096
117097
117098
117099
117100
117101
117102
117103
117104
117105
117106
117107
117108
117109
117110
......
117468
117469
117470
117471
117472
117473
117474
117475
117476
117477
117478
117479
117480
117481
117482
117483
117484
117485
117486
117487
117488
117489
......
117659
117660
117661
117662
117663
117664
117665
117666
117667
117668
117669
117670
117671
117672
117673
......
117736
117737
117738
117739
117740
117741
117742
117743
117744
117745
117746
117747
117748
117749
117750
117751
117752
117753
117754
117755
117756
117757
117758
117759
......
117766
117767
117768
117769
117770
117771
117772


117773
117774
117775
117776
117777



117778
117779

117780
117781
117782
117783
117784
117785
117786
117787
117788
117789
117790
117791
117792
117793
117794
117795
......
117865
117866
117867
117868
117869
117870
117871
117872
117873
117874
117875
117876
117877
117878
117879
117880
117881
117882
117883

117884
117885
117886
117887
117888
117889
117890
......
118191
118192
118193
118194
118195
118196
118197
118198
118199
118200
118201
118202
118203
118204
118205
......
118345
118346
118347
118348
118349
118350
118351
118352
118353
118354
118355
118356
118357
118358
118359
118360
118361
118362
118363
118364
118365
118366
......
119079
119080
119081
119082
119083
119084
119085
119086
119087
119088
119089
119090
119091
119092
119093
......
119094
119095
119096
119097
119098
119099
119100
119101
119102
119103
119104
119105
119106
119107
119108
......
120001
120002
120003
120004
120005
120006
120007
120008
120009
120010
120011
120012
120013
120014
120015
120016
120017
120018
120019
120020
120021
120022
120023
120024
120025
120026
120027
120028
120029
120030
120031
120032
120033
120034
120035
120036
120037
120038
120039
120040
120041
120042
120043
120044
120045
120046
120047
120048
120049
120050
120051
120052
120053
120054
120055
120056
120057
120058
120059
......
120117
120118
120119
120120
120121
120122
120123
120124
120125
120126
120127
120128
120129
120130
120131
120132
120133
120134
120135
120136
120137
120138
120139
120140
120141
120142
120143
......
120158
120159
120160
120161
120162
120163
120164
120165
120166
120167
120168
120169
120170
120171
120172
120173
......
120502
120503
120504
120505
120506
120507
120508
120509
120510
120511
120512
120513
120514
120515
120516
120517
120518
120519
120520
120521
120522
120523
120524
120525
120526
120527
120528
120529
120530
120531
120532
120533
120534
120535
120536
120537
120538
120539
120540
120541
120542
120543
120544
120545
120546
120547
120548
120549
120550
120551
120552
120553
120554
120555
......
120718
120719
120720
120721
120722
120723
120724
120725
120726
120727
120728
120729
120730
120731
120732
120733
120734
120735
120736
120737
120738
120739
120740
120741
120742
120743
120744
120745
120746
120747
120748
120749
120750
120751
120752
120753
120754
120755
120756
120757
120758
120759
120760
120761
120762
120763
120764
120765
......
120773
120774
120775
120776
120777
120778
120779
120780
120781
120782
120783
120784
120785
120786
120787
120788
......
120789
120790
120791
120792
120793
120794
120795
120796
120797
120798
120799
120800
120801
120802
120803
......
120818
120819
120820
120821
120822
120823
120824
120825
120826
120827
120828
120829
120830
120831

120832
120833

120834
120835
120836
120837
120838
120839
120840
120841
120842
120843
120844
120845
120846
120847
120848
120849
120850
120851
120852
120853
120854
120855
120856
120857
120858
120859
120860
120861
120862
120863
120864


120865
120866
120867
120868
120869
120870
120871
120872
120873
120874
......
120928
120929
120930
120931
120932
120933
120934
120935
120936
120937
120938
120939
120940
120941
120942
120943
120944
120945
120946
120947
120948
120949
120950
120951
120952
120953
120954
120955
120956
120957
120958
120959
120960
......
120998
120999
121000
121001
121002
121003
121004

121005
121006



121007
121008
121009
121010
121011
121012
121013
121014
......
121279
121280
121281
121282
121283
121284
121285
121286
121287
121288
121289
121290
121291
121292
121293
......
121298
121299
121300
121301
121302
121303
121304
121305
121306
121307
121308
121309
121310
121311
121312
121313
121314
121315
......
121352
121353
121354
121355
121356
121357
121358
121359
121360
121361
121362
121363
121364
121365
121366
......
121408
121409
121410
121411
121412
121413
121414
121415
121416
121417
121418
121419
121420
121421
121422
......
121698
121699
121700
121701
121702
121703
121704
121705
121706
121707
121708
121709
121710
121711
121712
121713
121714
121715
121716
121717
121718
121719
121720
121721
121722
121723
121724
121725
......
121763
121764
121765
121766
121767
121768
121769
121770
121771
121772
121773
121774
121775
121776
121777
......
121911
121912
121913
121914
121915
121916
121917
121918
121919



121920
121921
121922
121923
121924
121925
121926
......
122070
122071
122072
122073
122074
122075
122076
122077
122078
122079
122080
122081
122082
122083
122084
......
122497
122498
122499
122500
122501
122502
122503
122504
122505
122506
122507
122508
122509
122510
122511
122512
122513
122514
122515
122516
122517
122518
122519
122520
122521
122522
122523
122524
......
122700
122701
122702
122703
122704
122705
122706

122707
122708
122709
122710
122711
122712
122713
122714
122715
122716
122717
122718
122719
122720
122721
122722
122723
122724
122725
122726

122727


122728
122729
122730
122731
122732
122733
122734
122735
122736
122737
122738
122739
122740
122741
122742
122743
122744
122745
122746
122747
122748
122749
122750
122751
122752
122753
122754
122755
......
122778
122779
122780
122781
122782
122783
122784
122785
122786

122787
122788
122789
122790
122791
122792
122793
122794
122795
......
122832
122833
122834
122835
122836
122837
122838
122839
122840
122841
122842
122843
122844
122845
122846
......
123008
123009
123010
123011
123012
123013
123014
123015
123016
123017
123018
123019
123020
123021
123022
123023
123024
123025
......
123087
123088
123089
123090
123091
123092
123093
123094
123095
123096
123097
123098
123099
123100
123101
123102
123103
......
123109
123110
123111
123112
123113
123114
123115
123116
123117
123118
123119
123120
123121
123122
123123
123124
123125
123126
123127
123128
123129
123130
123131
123132
123133
123134
123135
123136
123137
123138
123139
123140
123141
123142
......
123249
123250
123251
123252
123253
123254
123255
123256
123257
123258
123259
123260
123261
123262
123263
......
123595
123596
123597
123598
123599
123600
123601
123602
123603
123604
123605
123606
123607
123608
123609
123610
123611
123612
123613
123614
123615
123616
123617
123618
......
124334
124335
124336
124337
124338
124339
124340
124341
124342
124343
124344
124345
124346
124347
124348
......
124359
124360
124361
124362
124363
124364
124365
124366
124367
124368
124369
124370
124371
124372
124373
......
124599
124600
124601
124602
124603
124604
124605
124606
124607
124608
124609


124610
124611
124612
124613
124614
124615
124616
124617
124618
124619
124620
124621



124622
124623
124624



124625
124626
124627
124628
124629
124630
124631
124632
......
124716
124717
124718
124719
124720
124721
124722
124723
124724
124725
124726
124727
124728
124729
124730
......
124954
124955
124956
124957
124958
124959
124960
124961
124962
124963
124964
124965
124966
124967
124968
......
124982
124983
124984
124985
124986
124987
124988
124989
124990
124991
124992
124993
124994
124995
124996
......
125009
125010
125011
125012
125013
125014
125015
125016
125017
125018
125019
125020
125021
125022
125023
......
125243
125244
125245
125246
125247
125248
125249
125250
125251
125252
125253
125254
125255
125256
125257
125258
125259
125260
125261
125262
125263
125264
125265
125266
125267
125268
125269
125270
125271
125272
125273
125274
125275
125276
125277
125278
125279
......
125310
125311
125312
125313
125314
125315
125316


125317
125318
125319
125320
125321
125322
125323
125324
125325
125326
125327
125328
125329
125330
125331
125332
125333
125334
......
125353
125354
125355
125356
125357
125358
125359
125360
125361
125362
125363

125364
125365
125366
125367
125368
125369
125370
125371
125372
125373
125374
125375
125376
125377
......
125390
125391
125392
125393
125394
125395
125396
125397
125398
125399
125400
125401
125402
125403
125404
125405
125406
125407
125408
125409
125410
125411
125412
125413
125414
125415
125416
125417
......
125433
125434
125435
125436
125437
125438
125439
125440
125441
125442
125443
125444
125445
125446
125447
125448
125449
125450
125451
125452
125453
125454
125455
125456
125457
125458
125459
125460
125461
125462
125463
125464
125465
125466
125467
125468
125469
125470
125471
125472
125473
125474
125475
125476
125477
125478
125479
125480
125481
125482
125483
125484
125485
125486
125487
125488
125489
125490
125491
125492
125493
125494
125495
125496
125497
125498
125499
125500
125501
125502
125503
125504
125505
125506
125507
125508
125509
125510
125511
125512
125513
125514
125515
125516
125517
125518
125519
125520
125521
125522
125523
125524
125525
125526
125527
125528
125529
125530
125531
125532
125533
125534
125535
125536
125537
125538
125539
125540
125541
125542
125543
125544
125545
125546
125547
125548
125549
125550
125551
125552
125553
125554
125555
125556
125557
125558
125559
125560
125561
125562
125563
125564
125565
125566
125567
125568
125569
125570
125571
125572
125573
125574
125575
125576
125577
125578
125579
125580
125581
125582
125583
125584
125585
125586
125587
125588
125589
125590
125591
125592
125593
125594
125595
125596
125597
125598
125599
125600
125601
125602
125603
125604
125605
125606
125607
125608
125609
125610
125611
125612
125613
125614
125615
125616
125617
125618
125619
125620
125621
125622
125623
125624
125625
125626
125627
125628
125629
125630
125631
125632
125633
125634
125635
125636
125637
125638
125639
125640
125641
125642
125643
125644
125645
125646
125647
125648
125649
125650
125651
125652
125653
125654
125655
125656
125657
125658
125659
125660
125661
125662
125663
125664
125665
125666
125667
125668
125669
125670
125671
125672
125673
125674
125675
125676
125677
125678
125679
125680
125681
125682
125683
125684
125685
125686
125687
125688
125689
125690
125691
125692
125693
125694
125695
125696
125697
125698
125699
125700
125701
125702
125703
125704
125705
125706
125707
125708
125709
125710
125711
125712
125713
125714
125715
125716
125717
125718
125719
125720
125721
125722
125723
125724
125725
125726
125727
125728
125729
125730
125731
125732
125733
125734
125735
125736
125737
125738
125739
125740
125741
125742
125743
125744
125745
125746
125747
125748
125749
125750
125751
125752
125753
125754
125755
125756
125757
125758
125759
125760
125761
125762
125763
125764
125765
125766
125767
125768
125769
125770
125771
125772
125773
125774
125775
125776
125777
125778
125779
125780
125781
125782
125783
125784
125785
125786
125787
125788
125789
125790
125791
125792
125793
125794
125795
125796
125797
125798
125799
125800
125801
125802
125803
125804
125805
125806
125807
125808
125809
125810
125811
125812
125813
125814
125815
125816
125817
125818
125819
125820
125821
125822
125823
125824
125825
125826
125827
125828
125829
125830
125831
125832
125833
125834
125835
125836
125837
125838
125839
125840
125841
125842
125843
125844
125845
125846
125847
125848
125849
125850
125851
125852
125853
125854
125855
125856
125857
125858
125859
125860
125861
125862
125863
125864
125865
125866
125867
125868
125869
125870
125871
125872
125873
125874
125875
125876
125877
125878
125879

















125880
125881
125882
125883
125884
125885
125886
......
125971
125972
125973
125974
125975
125976
125977
125978
125979
125980
125981
125982
125983
125984
125985
125986
125987
125988
125989
125990
125991
......
126083
126084
126085
126086
126087
126088
126089
126090
126091
126092
126093
126094
126095
126096
126097
126098
126099
126100
126101
126102
126103
126104
126105
126106
126107
126108
......
126175
126176
126177
126178
126179
126180
126181
126182
126183
126184
126185
126186
126187
126188
126189
......
126203
126204
126205
126206
126207
126208
126209
126210
126211
126212
126213
126214
126215
126216
126217
126218
126219
126220
126221
126222
126223
126224
126225
126226
126227
126228
126229
126230
126231
126232
126233
......
126248
126249
126250
126251
126252
126253
126254
126255
126256
126257
126258
126259
126260
126261
126262
126263
126264
126265
126266
126267
126268
126269
126270
126271
126272
126273
126274
126275
126276
126277
126278
126279
126280
126281
126282
126283
126284
126285
126286
126287
126288
126289
126290
126291
126292
126293
126294
126295
126296
126297
126298
126299
126300
126301
126302
126303
126304
126305
126306
126307
126308
126309
126310
126311
126312
126313
126314
126315
126316
126317
126318
126319
126320
126321
126322
126323
126324
126325
126326
126327
126328
126329
126330
126331
126332
126333
126334
126335
126336
126337
126338
126339
126340
126341
126342
126343
126344
126345
126346
126347
126348
126349
126350
126351
126352
126353
126354
126355
126356
126357
126358
126359
126360
126361
126362
126363
126364
126365
126366
126367
126368
126369
126370
126371
126372
126373
126374
126375
126376
126377
126378
126379
126380
126381
126382
126383
126384
126385
126386
126387
126388
126389
126390
126391
126392
126393
126394
126395
126396
126397
126398
126399
126400
126401
126402
126403
126404
126405
126406
126407
126408
126409
126410
126411
126412
126413
126414
126415
126416
126417
126418
126419
126420
126421
126422
126423
126424
126425
126426
126427
126428
126429
126430
126431
126432
126433
126434
126435
126436
126437
126438
126439
126440
126441
126442
126443
126444
126445
126446
126447
126448
126449
126450
126451
......
126517
126518
126519
126520
126521
126522
126523
126524
126525
126526
126527
126528
126529
126530
126531
126532
126533
126534
126535
126536
126537
126538
126539
126540
126541
126542
126543
126544
126545

126546
126547
126548
126549
126550
126551
126552
126553
126554
126555
126556
126557
126558
126559
126560
126561
126562
126563
126564
126565
126566
126567
126568
126569
126570
126571
126572
126573
126574
126575
126576
126577
126578
126579
126580
126581
126582
126583
126584
126585
126586
......
126672
126673
126674
126675
126676
126677
126678
126679
126680
126681
126682

126683
126684
126685
126686
126687
126688
126689
......
126778
126779
126780
126781
126782
126783
126784
126785
126786
126787
126788
126789
126790
126791
126792
126793
126794
126795
126796
126797
126798
126799
126800
126801
126802
126803
126804
126805
126806
126807
126808
126809
126810
126811
126812
126813
126814
......
126833
126834
126835
126836
126837
126838
126839
126840









126841
126842
126843
126844
126845
126846
126847
......
126940
126941
126942
126943
126944
126945
126946
126947
126948
126949
126950
126951
126952
126953
126954
126955
126956
126957
126958
126959
126960
126961
126962
126963
126964
126965
126966
126967
126968
126969
126970
126971
126972
126973
126974
126975
126976
126977
126978
126979
126980
126981
126982
126983
126984
126985
126986
126987
126988
126989
126990
126991
126992
126993
126994
126995
126996
126997
126998
126999
127000
127001
127002
127003
127004
127005
127006
127007
127008
127009
127010
127011
127012
127013
127014
127015
127016
127017
127018
127019
127020
127021
127022
127023
127024
127025
127026
127027
127028
127029
127030
127031
127032
127033
127034
127035
127036
127037
127038
127039
127040
......
127079
127080
127081
127082
127083
127084
127085
127086
127087
127088
127089
127090
127091
127092
127093
127094
127095
127096
127097
127098
127099
127100
127101
127102
127103
......
127134
127135
127136
127137
127138
127139
127140
127141
127142
127143
127144
127145
127146
127147
127148
127149
127150
......
127166
127167
127168
127169
127170
127171
127172
127173
127174
127175
127176
127177
127178
127179
127180
127181
127182
......
127193
127194
127195
127196
127197
127198
127199
127200
127201
127202
127203
127204
127205
127206
127207
127208
127209
......
127292
127293
127294
127295
127296
127297
127298
127299
127300
127301
127302
127303
127304
127305
127306
127307
127308
127309
127310
127311
127312
127313
127314
127315
127316
127317
127318
......
127351
127352
127353
127354
127355
127356
127357
127358
127359

127360
127361
127362
127363
127364
127365
127366
127367
127368
127369
127370
127371
127372
127373
127374
127375
......
127421
127422
127423
127424
127425
127426
127427
127428
127429
127430
127431
127432
127433
127434
127435
......
127476
127477
127478
127479
127480
127481
127482
127483
127484
127485
127486
127487
127488
127489
127490
127491
127492
127493
127494
127495
127496
127497
127498
127499
......
127511
127512
127513
127514
127515
127516
127517
127518
127519
127520
127521
127522
127523
127524
127525
127526
127527
......
127630
127631
127632
127633
127634
127635
127636
127637
127638
127639
127640
127641
127642
127643
127644
127645
127646
127647
127648
127649
127650
127651
......
127676
127677
127678
127679
127680
127681
127682
127683
127684
127685
127686
127687
127688
127689
127690
127691
127692
127693
127694
127695
127696
127697
127698
127699
127700
127701
127702
127703
127704
127705
127706
127707
127708
127709
127710
127711
127712
127713
......
127723
127724
127725
127726
127727
127728
127729
127730
127731
127732
127733
127734
127735
127736
127737
127738
127739
127740
127741
127742
127743
127744
127745
127746
127747
127748
127749
127750
127751
127752
127753
127754
127755
127756
127757
127758
127759
127760
127761
127762
127763
127764
127765
127766
127767
127768
127769
127770
127771
127772
127773
127774
127775
127776
127777
127778
127779
127780
127781
127782
127783
127784
127785
127786
127787
127788
127789
127790
127791
127792
127793
127794
127795
127796
127797
127798
127799
127800
127801
127802
127803
127804
127805
127806
127807
127808
127809
127810
127811
127812
127813
127814
127815
127816
127817
127818
127819
127820
127821
127822
127823
127824
127825
127826
127827
127828
127829
127830
127831
127832
127833
127834
127835
127836
127837
127838
127839
127840
127841
127842
127843
127844
127845
127846
127847
127848
127849
127850
127851
127852
127853
127854
127855
127856
127857
127858
127859
127860
127861
127862
127863
127864
127865
127866
127867
127868
127869
127870
127871
127872
127873
127874
127875
127876
127877
127878
127879
127880
127881
127882
127883
127884
127885
127886
127887
127888
127889
127890
127891
127892
127893
127894
127895
127896
127897
127898
127899
127900
127901
127902
127903
......
127909
127910
127911
127912
127913
127914
127915
127916
127917
127918
127919
127920
127921
127922
127923
127924
127925
127926
127927
127928
127929
127930
127931
127932
127933
127934
127935
127936
127937
127938
127939
127940
127941
127942
127943
127944
127945
127946
127947
127948
127949
127950
127951
127952
127953
127954
127955
127956
127957
127958
127959
127960
127961
127962
127963
127964
127965
127966
127967
127968
127969
127970
127971
127972
127973
127974
127975
127976
127977
127978
127979
127980
127981
127982
127983
127984
127985
127986
127987
127988
127989
127990
127991
127992
127993
127994
127995
127996
127997
127998
127999
128000
128001
128002
128003
128004
128005
128006
128007
128008
128009
128010
128011
128012
128013
128014
128015
128016
128017
128018
128019
128020
128021
128022
128023
128024
128025
128026
128027
128028
128029
......
128030
128031
128032
128033
128034
128035
128036
128037
128038
128039
128040
128041
128042
128043
128044
......
128084
128085
128086
128087
128088
128089
128090
128091
128092
128093
128094
128095
128096
128097
128098
128099
128100
128101
128102
128103
128104
128105
128106
128107
128108
128109
128110
128111
128112
......
128113
128114
128115
128116
128117
128118
128119
128120
128121
128122
128123
128124
128125
128126
128127
......
128129
128130
128131
128132
128133
128134
128135
128136
128137
128138
128139
128140
128141
128142
128143
128144
128145
128146
128147
128148
128149
128150
128151
128152
128153
128154
128155
128156
128157
128158
128159
128160
128161
128162
128163
128164
128165
128166
128167
128168
128169
128170
128171
128172
128173
128174
128175
128176
128177
128178
128179
128180
128181
128182
128183
128184
128185
128186
128187
128188
128189
128190
128191
128192
128193
128194
128195
128196
128197
128198




128199
128200
128201
128202





128203
128204
128205



128206
128207
128208
128209
128210
128211
128212
128213
128214
128215
128216
128217
128218
128219
128220
128221
128222
128223
128224
128225
128226
128227
128228
128229
128230
128231
128232
128233
128234
128235
128236
128237
128238
128239
128240
128241
128242
128243
128244
128245
128246
128247
128248
128249
128250
128251
128252
128253
128254
128255
128256
128257
128258
128259
128260
128261
128262
128263
128264
128265
128266
128267
128268
128269
128270
128271
128272
128273
128274
128275
128276
128277
128278
128279
128280
128281
128282
128283
128284
128285
128286
128287
128288
128289
128290
128291
128292
128293
128294
128295
128296
128297
128298
128299
128300
128301
128302
128303
128304
128305
128306
128307
128308
128309
128310
128311
128312
128313
128314
128315
128316
128317
128318
128319
128320
128321
128322
128323
128324
128325
128326
128327
128328
128329
128330
128331
128332
128333
128334
128335
128336
128337
128338
128339
128340
128341
128342
128343
128344
128345
128346
128347
128348
128349
128350
128351
128352
128353
128354
128355
128356
128357
128358
128359
128360
128361
128362
128363
128364
128365
128366
128367
128368
128369
128370
128371
128372
128373
128374
128375
128376
128377
128378
128379
128380
128381
128382
128383
128384
128385
128386
128387
128388
128389
128390
128391
128392
128393
128394
128395
128396
128397
128398
128399
128400
128401
128402
128403
128404
128405
128406
128407
128408
128409
128410
128411
128412
128413
128414
128415
128416
128417
128418
128419
128420
128421
128422
128423
......
128437
128438
128439
128440
128441
128442
128443
128444
128445
128446
128447
128448
128449
128450
128451
128452
128453
128454
128455
128456
128457
128458
128459
128460
128461
128462
128463
128464
128465
128466
128467
128468
128469
128470
128471
128472
128473
128474
128475
128476
128477


128478
128479
128480
128481
128482
128483
128484
128485
128486
128487
128488
......
128599
128600
128601
128602
128603
128604
128605
128606
128607
128608
128609
128610
128611
128612
128613
128614
128615
128616
128617
128618
128619
......
128655
128656
128657
128658
128659
128660
128661
128662
128663
128664
128665
128666
128667
128668
128669
......
128705
128706
128707
128708
128709
128710
128711
128712
128713
128714
128715
128716
128717
128718
128719
128720
128721
128722
128723
......
129398
129399
129400
129401
129402
129403
129404
129405
129406
129407
129408
129409
129410
129411
129412
......
130843
130844
130845
130846
130847
130848
130849
130850
130851
130852
130853
130854

130855
130856
130857
130858
130859
130860
130861
130862
130863
130864
130865
130866
130867
130868
130869
130870
130871
130872
......
131037
131038
131039
131040
131041
131042
131043
131044
131045
131046
131047
131048
131049
131050
131051
......
157442
157443
157444
157445
157446
157447
157448




157449
157450
157451
157452
157453
157454
157455
......
157546
157547
157548
157549
157550
157551
157552
157553
157554
157555
157556
157557
157558
157559
157560
157561
157562
157563
157564
157565
157566
157567
157568
157569
157570
157571
......
157637
157638
157639
157640
157641
157642
157643
157644
157645
157646
157647
157648
157649
157650
157651
157652
157653
157654
157655
157656
157657
157658
......
157803
157804
157805
157806
157807
157808
157809
157810
157811
157812
157813
157814
157815
157816
157817
157818
157819
157820
157821
157822
157823
157824
157825
157826
157827
157828
......
158047
158048
158049
158050
158051
158052
158053
158054
158055
158056
158057
158058
158059
158060
158061
158062
158063
158064
158065
158066
158067
158068
158069
158070
158071
158072
......
158168
158169
158170
158171
158172
158173
158174
158175
158176
158177
158178
158179
158180
158181
158182
158183
158184
158185
158186
158187
158188
158189
158190
158191
158192
158193
158194
158195
158196
158197
158198
158199
158200
158201
158202
158203
158204
158205
158206
158207
158208
158209
158210
158211
158212
158213
158214
158215
158216
158217
158218
158219
158220
158221
158222
158223
158224
158225
158226
158227
158228
158229
158230
158231
158232
158233
158234
158235
158236
158237
158238
158239
158240
158241
158242
158243
158244
158245
158246
158247
158248
158249
158250
158251
158252
158253
158254
158255
158256
158257
158258
158259
158260
158261
158262
158263
158264
158265
158266
158267
158268
158269
158270
158271
158272
158273
158274
158275
158276
158277
158278
158279
158280
158281
158282
158283
158284
158285
158286
158287
158288
158289
158290
158291
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......
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/******************************************************************************
** This file is an amalgamation of many separate C source files from SQLite
** version 3.8.12.  By combining all the individual C code files into this 
** single large file, the entire code can be compiled as a single translation
** unit.  This allows many compilers to do optimizations that would not be
** possible if the files were compiled separately.  Performance improvements
** of 5% or more are commonly seen when SQLite is compiled as a single
** translation unit.
**
** This file is all you need to compile SQLite.  To use SQLite in other
................................................................................
** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION        "3.8.12"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008012
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID      "2015-09-11 01:22:41 d6cadbe9fefce9a7af6b2d0cb83362f967d7d89a"

/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
................................................................................
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMLOCK           (SQLITE_IOERR | (20<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMMAP            (SQLITE_IOERR | (21<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK              (SQLITE_IOERR | (22<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE_NOENT      (SQLITE_IOERR | (23<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP              (SQLITE_IOERR | (24<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH       (SQLITE_IOERR | (25<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_CONVPATH          (SQLITE_IOERR | (26<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_VNODE             (SQLITE_IOERR | (27<<8))
#define SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE      (SQLITE_LOCKED |  (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_BUSY_RECOVERY           (SQLITE_BUSY   |  (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_BUSY_SNAPSHOT           (SQLITE_BUSY   |  (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_NOTEMPDIR      (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR          (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_CONVPATH       (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (4<<8))
................................................................................

/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine If A Prepared Statement Has Been Reset
** METHOD: sqlite3_stmt
**
** ^The sqlite3_stmt_busy(S) interface returns true (non-zero) if the
** [prepared statement] S has been stepped at least once using 
** [sqlite3_step(S)] but has neither run to completion (returned
** [SQLITE_DONE] from [sqlite3_step(S)]) nor
** been reset using [sqlite3_reset(S)].  ^The sqlite3_stmt_busy(S)
** interface returns false if S is a NULL pointer.  If S is not a 
** NULL pointer and is not a pointer to a valid [prepared statement]
** object, then the behavior is undefined and probably undesirable.
**
** This interface can be used in combination [sqlite3_next_stmt()]
** to locate all prepared statements associated with a database 
................................................................................
SQLITE_API const unsigned char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_text(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_text16(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_text16le(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_text16be(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_type(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_numeric_type(sqlite3_value*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtaining SQL Values
** METHOD: sqlite3_value
**
** The sqlite3_value_subtype(V) function returns the subtype for
** an [application-defined SQL function] argument V.  The subtype
** information can be used to pass a limited amount of context from
** one SQL function to another.  Use the [sqlite3_result_subtype()]
** routine to set the subtype for the return value of an SQL function.
**
** SQLite makes no use of subtype itself.  It merely passes the subtype
** from the result of one [application-defined SQL function] into the
** input of another.
*/
SQLITE_API unsigned int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_subtype(sqlite3_value*);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Copy And Free SQL Values
** METHOD: sqlite3_value
**
** ^The sqlite3_value_dup(V) interface makes a copy of the [sqlite3_value]
** object D and returns a pointer to that copy.  ^The [sqlite3_value] returned
** is a [protected sqlite3_value] object even if the input is not.
................................................................................
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_text16(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_text16le(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int,void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_text16be(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int,void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_value(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_zeroblob(sqlite3_context*, int n);
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_zeroblob64(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_uint64 n);


/*
** CAPI3REF: Setting The Subtype Of An SQL Function
** METHOD: sqlite3_context
**
** The sqlite3_result_subtype(C,T) function causes the subtype of
** the result from the [application-defined SQL function] with 
** [sqlite3_context] C to be the value T.  Only the lower 8 bits 
** of the subtype T are preserved in current versions of SQLite;
** higher order bits are discarded.
** The number of subtype bytes preserved by SQLite might increase
** in future releases of SQLite.
*/
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_subtype(sqlite3_context*,unsigned int);

/*
** CAPI3REF: Define New Collating Sequences
** METHOD: sqlite3
**
** ^These functions add, remove, or modify a [collation] associated
** with the [database connection] specified as the first argument.
**
................................................................................
#  define SQLITE_NOINLINE  __declspec(noinline)
#else
#  define SQLITE_NOINLINE
#endif

/*
** Make sure that the compiler intrinsics we desire are enabled when
** compiling with an appropriate version of MSVC unless prevented by
** the SQLITE_DISABLE_INTRINSIC define.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_DISABLE_INTRINSIC)
#  if defined(_MSC_VER) && _MSC_VER>=1300
#    if !defined(_WIN32_WCE)
#      include <intrin.h>
#      pragma intrinsic(_byteswap_ushort)
#      pragma intrinsic(_byteswap_ulong)
#    else
#      include <cmnintrin.h>
#    endif
#  endif
#endif

/*
** The SQLITE_THREADSAFE macro must be defined as 0, 1, or 2.
** 0 means mutexes are permanently disable and the library is never
** threadsafe.  1 means the library is serialized which is the highest
................................................................................
** Prototypes for the VDBE interface.  See comments on the implementation
** for a description of what each of these routines does.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Vdbe *sqlite3VdbeCreate(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(Vdbe*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(Vdbe*,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(Vdbe*,int,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeGoto(Vdbe*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeLoadString(Vdbe*,int,const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMultiLoad(Vdbe*,int,const char*,...);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int,const char *zP4,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Dup8(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int,const u8*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(Vdbe*, int nOp, VdbeOpList const *aOp, int iLineno);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeAddParseSchemaOp(Vdbe*,int,char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeOpcode(Vdbe*, u32 addr, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P1);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P2);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P3);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(Vdbe*, u8 P5);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(Vdbe*, int addr);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(Vdbe*, int addr);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeDeletePriorOpcode(Vdbe*, u8 op);
................................................................................
};

/*
** Possible values for FuncDef.flags.  Note that the _LENGTH and _TYPEOF
** values must correspond to OPFLAG_LENGTHARG and OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG.  There
** are assert() statements in the code to verify this.
*/
#define SQLITE_FUNC_ENCMASK  0x0003 /* SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_UTF16BE or UTF16LE */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_LIKE     0x0004 /* Candidate for the LIKE optimization */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_CASE     0x0008 /* Case-sensitive LIKE-type function */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_EPHEM    0x0010 /* Ephemeral.  Delete with VDBE */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL 0x0020 /* sqlite3GetFuncCollSeq() might be called*/
#define SQLITE_FUNC_LENGTH   0x0040 /* Built-in length() function */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_TYPEOF   0x0080 /* Built-in typeof() function */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_COUNT    0x0100 /* Built-in count(*) aggregate */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_COALESCE 0x0200 /* Built-in coalesce() or ifnull() */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY 0x0400 /* Built-in unlikely() function */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT 0x0800 /* Constant inputs give a constant output */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_MINMAX   0x1000 /* True for min() and max() aggregates */
#define SQLITE_FUNC_SLOCHNG  0x2000 /* "Slow Change". Value constant during a
                                    ** single query - might change over time */

/*
** The following three macros, FUNCTION(), LIKEFUNC() and AGGREGATE() are
** used to create the initializers for the FuncDef structures.
**
**   FUNCTION(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc)
**     Used to create a scalar function definition of a function zName 
................................................................................
**     implemented by C function xFunc that accepts nArg arguments. The
**     value passed as iArg is cast to a (void*) and made available
**     as the user-data (sqlite3_user_data()) for the function. If 
**     argument bNC is true, then the SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL flag is set.
**
**   VFUNCTION(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc)
**     Like FUNCTION except it omits the SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT flag.
**
**   DFUNCTION(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc)
**     Like FUNCTION except it omits the SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT flag and
**     adds the SQLITE_FUNC_SLOCHNG flag.  Used for date & time functions
**     and functions like sqlite_version() that can change, but not during
**     a single query.
**
**   AGGREGATE(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xStep, xFinal)
**     Used to create an aggregate function definition implemented by
**     the C functions xStep and xFinal. The first four parameters
**     are interpreted in the same way as the first 4 parameters to
**     FUNCTION().
**
................................................................................
*/
#define FUNCTION(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT|SQLITE_UTF8|(bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL), \
   SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(iArg), 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define VFUNCTION(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_UTF8|(bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL), \
   SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(iArg), 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define DFUNCTION(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_FUNC_SLOCHNG|SQLITE_UTF8|(bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL), \
   SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(iArg), 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define FUNCTION2(zName, nArg, iArg, bNC, xFunc, extraFlags) \
  {nArg,SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT|SQLITE_UTF8|(bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL)|extraFlags,\
   SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(iArg), 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define STR_FUNCTION(zName, nArg, pArg, bNC, xFunc) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_FUNC_SLOCHNG|SQLITE_UTF8|(bNC*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL), \
   pArg, 0, xFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define LIKEFUNC(zName, nArg, arg, flags) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT|SQLITE_UTF8|flags, \
   (void *)arg, 0, likeFunc, 0, 0, #zName, 0, 0}
#define AGGREGATE(zName, nArg, arg, nc, xStep, xFinal) \
  {nArg, SQLITE_UTF8|(nc*SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL), \
   SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(arg), 0, 0, xStep,xFinal,#zName,0,0}
................................................................................
** hash table.
*/
struct Module {
  const sqlite3_module *pModule;       /* Callback pointers */
  const char *zName;                   /* Name passed to create_module() */
  void *pAux;                          /* pAux passed to create_module() */
  void (*xDestroy)(void *);            /* Module destructor function */
  Table *pEpoTab;                      /* Eponymous table for this module */
};

/*
** information about each column of an SQL table is held in an instance
** of this structure.
*/
struct Column {
................................................................................
};

/*
** A sort order can be either ASC or DESC.
*/
#define SQLITE_SO_ASC       0  /* Sort in ascending order */
#define SQLITE_SO_DESC      1  /* Sort in ascending order */
#define SQLITE_SO_UNDEFINED -1 /* No sort order specified */

/*
** Column affinity types.
**
** These used to have mnemonic name like 'i' for SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER and
** 't' for SQLITE_AFF_TEXT.  But we can save a little space and improve
** the speed a little by numbering the values consecutively.  
................................................................................
struct Table {
  char *zName;         /* Name of the table or view */
  Column *aCol;        /* Information about each column */
  Index *pIndex;       /* List of SQL indexes on this table. */
  Select *pSelect;     /* NULL for tables.  Points to definition if a view. */
  FKey *pFKey;         /* Linked list of all foreign keys in this table */
  char *zColAff;       /* String defining the affinity of each column */

  ExprList *pCheck;    /* All CHECK constraints */

                       /*   ... also used as column name list in a VIEW */
  int tnum;            /* Root BTree page for this table */
  i16 iPKey;           /* If not negative, use aCol[iPKey] as the rowid */
  i16 nCol;            /* Number of columns in this table */
  u16 nRef;            /* Number of pointers to this Table */
  LogEst nRowLogEst;   /* Estimated rows in table - from sqlite_stat1 table */
  LogEst szTabRow;     /* Estimated size of each table row in bytes */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COSTMULT
................................................................................
  u8 tabFlags;         /* Mask of TF_* values */
  u8 keyConf;          /* What to do in case of uniqueness conflict on iPKey */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ALTERTABLE
  int addColOffset;    /* Offset in CREATE TABLE stmt to add a new column */
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  int nModuleArg;      /* Number of arguments to the module */
  char **azModuleArg;  /* 0: module 1: schema 2: vtab name 3...: args */
  VTable *pVTable;     /* List of VTable objects. */
#endif
  Trigger *pTrigger;   /* List of triggers stored in pSchema */
  Schema *pSchema;     /* Schema that contains this table */
  Table *pNextZombie;  /* Next on the Parse.pZombieTab list */
};

................................................................................
  Table *pTable;           /* The SQL table being indexed */
  char *zColAff;           /* String defining the affinity of each column */
  Index *pNext;            /* The next index associated with the same table */
  Schema *pSchema;         /* Schema containing this index */
  u8 *aSortOrder;          /* for each column: True==DESC, False==ASC */
  char **azColl;           /* Array of collation sequence names for index */
  Expr *pPartIdxWhere;     /* WHERE clause for partial indices */
  ExprList *aColExpr;      /* Column expressions */
  int tnum;                /* DB Page containing root of this index */
  LogEst szIdxRow;         /* Estimated average row size in bytes */
  u16 nKeyCol;             /* Number of columns forming the key */
  u16 nColumn;             /* Number of columns stored in the index */
  u8 onError;              /* OE_Abort, OE_Ignore, OE_Replace, or OE_None */
  unsigned idxType:2;      /* 1==UNIQUE, 2==PRIMARY KEY, 0==CREATE INDEX */
  unsigned bUnordered:1;   /* Use this index for == or IN queries only */
................................................................................
#define EP_Skip      0x001000 /* COLLATE, AS, or UNLIKELY */
#define EP_Reduced   0x002000 /* Expr struct EXPR_REDUCEDSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_TokenOnly 0x004000 /* Expr struct EXPR_TOKENONLYSIZE bytes only */
#define EP_Static    0x008000 /* Held in memory not obtained from malloc() */
#define EP_MemToken  0x010000 /* Need to sqlite3DbFree() Expr.zToken */
#define EP_NoReduce  0x020000 /* Cannot EXPRDUP_REDUCE this Expr */
#define EP_Unlikely  0x040000 /* unlikely() or likelihood() function */
#define EP_ConstFunc 0x080000 /* A SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT or _SLOCHNG function */
#define EP_CanBeNull 0x100000 /* Can be null despite NOT NULL constraint */
#define EP_Subquery  0x200000 /* Tree contains a TK_SELECT operator */
#define EP_Alias     0x400000 /* Is an alias for a result set column */

/*
** Combinations of two or more EP_* flags
*/
#define EP_Propagate (EP_Collate|EP_Subquery) /* Propagate these bits up tree */

/*
................................................................................
    char *zName;      /* Name of the table */
    char *zAlias;     /* The "B" part of a "A AS B" phrase.  zName is the "A" */
    Table *pTab;      /* An SQL table corresponding to zName */
    Select *pSelect;  /* A SELECT statement used in place of a table name */
    int addrFillSub;  /* Address of subroutine to manifest a subquery */
    int regReturn;    /* Register holding return address of addrFillSub */
    int regResult;    /* Registers holding results of a co-routine */
    struct {
      u8 jointype;      /* Type of join between this able and the previous */
      unsigned notIndexed :1;    /* True if there is a NOT INDEXED clause */
      unsigned isIndexedBy :1;   /* True if there is an INDEXED BY clause */
      unsigned isTabFunc :1;     /* True if table-valued-function syntax */
      unsigned isCorrelated :1;  /* True if sub-query is correlated */
      unsigned viaCoroutine :1;  /* Implemented as a co-routine */
      unsigned isRecursive :1;   /* True for recursive reference in WITH */
    } fg;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_EXPLAIN
    u8 iSelectId;     /* If pSelect!=0, the id of the sub-select in EQP */
#endif
    int iCursor;      /* The VDBE cursor number used to access this table */
    Expr *pOn;        /* The ON clause of a join */
    IdList *pUsing;   /* The USING clause of a join */
    Bitmask colUsed;  /* Bit N (1<<N) set if column N of pTab is used */
    union {
      char *zIndexedBy;    /* Identifier from "INDEXED BY <zIndex>" clause */
      ExprList *pFuncArg;  /* Arguments to table-valued-function */
    } u1;
    Index *pIBIndex;  /* Index structure corresponding to u1.zIndexedBy */
  } a[1];             /* One entry for each identifier on the list */
};

/*
** Permitted values of the SrcList.a.jointype field
*/
#define JT_INNER     0x0001    /* Any kind of inner or cross join */
................................................................................
** 
*/
#define NC_AllowAgg  0x0001  /* Aggregate functions are allowed here */
#define NC_HasAgg    0x0002  /* One or more aggregate functions seen */
#define NC_IsCheck   0x0004  /* True if resolving names in a CHECK constraint */
#define NC_InAggFunc 0x0008  /* True if analyzing arguments to an agg func */
#define NC_PartIdx   0x0010  /* True if resolving a partial index WHERE */
#define NC_IdxExpr   0x0020  /* True if resolving columns of CREATE INDEX */
#define NC_MinMaxAgg 0x1000  /* min/max aggregates seen.  See note above */

/*
** An instance of the following structure contains all information
** needed to generate code for a single SELECT statement.
**
** nLimit is set to -1 if there is no LIMIT clause.  nOffset is set to 0.
................................................................................
  int nTab;            /* Number of previously allocated VDBE cursors */
  int nMem;            /* Number of memory cells used so far */
  int nSet;            /* Number of sets used so far */
  int nOnce;           /* Number of OP_Once instructions so far */
  int nOpAlloc;        /* Number of slots allocated for Vdbe.aOp[] */
  int iFixedOp;        /* Never back out opcodes iFixedOp-1 or earlier */
  int ckBase;          /* Base register of data during check constraints */
  int iSelfTab;        /* Table of an index whose exprs are being coded */
  int iCacheLevel;     /* ColCache valid when aColCache[].iLevel<=iCacheLevel */
  int iCacheCnt;       /* Counter used to generate aColCache[].lru values */
  int nLabel;          /* Number of labels used */
  int *aLabel;         /* Space to hold the labels */
  struct yColCache {
    int iTable;           /* Table cursor number */
    i16 iColumn;          /* Table column number */
................................................................................
struct With {
  int nCte;                       /* Number of CTEs in the WITH clause */
  With *pOuter;                   /* Containing WITH clause, or NULL */
  struct Cte {                    /* For each CTE in the WITH clause.... */
    char *zName;                    /* Name of this CTE */
    ExprList *pCols;                /* List of explicit column names, or NULL */
    Select *pSelect;                /* The definition of this CTE */
    const char *zCteErr;            /* Error message for circular references */
  } a[1];
};

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** An instance of the TreeView object is used for printing the content of
** data structures on sqlite3DebugPrintf() using a tree-like view.
................................................................................
#ifndef SQLITE_MUTEX_OMIT
SQLITE_PRIVATE   sqlite3_mutex_methods const *sqlite3DefaultMutex(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   sqlite3_mutex_methods const *sqlite3NoopMutex(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   sqlite3_mutex *sqlite3MutexAlloc(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3MutexInit(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3MutexEnd(void);
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_MUTEX_OMIT) && !defined(SQLITE_MUTEX_NOOP)
SQLITE_PRIVATE   void sqlite3MemoryBarrier(void);
#else
# define sqlite3MemoryBarrier();
#endif

SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_int64 sqlite3StatusValue(int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StatusUp(int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StatusDown(int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StatusSet(int, int);

/* Access to mutexes used by sqlite3_status() */
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAttachSubtrees(sqlite3*,Expr*,Expr*,Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3PExpr(Parse*, int, Expr*, Expr*, const Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprAnd(sqlite3*,Expr*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprFunction(Parse*,ExprList*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprAssignVarNumber(Parse*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprDelete(sqlite3*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE ExprList *sqlite3ExprListAppend(Parse*,ExprList*,Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprListSetSortOrder(ExprList*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprListSetName(Parse*,ExprList*,Token*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprListSetSpan(Parse*,ExprList*,ExprSpan*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprListDelete(sqlite3*, ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3ExprListFlags(const ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Init(sqlite3*, char**);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3InitCallback(void*, int, char**, char**);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Pragma(Parse*,Token*,Token*,Token*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResetAllSchemasOfConnection(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResetOneSchema(sqlite3*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CollapseDatabaseArray(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BeginParse(Parse*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CommitInternalChanges(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteColumnNames(sqlite3*,Table*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ColumnsFromExprList(Parse*,ExprList*,i16*,Column**);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect(Parse*,Select*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3OpenMasterTable(Parse *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Index *sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(Table*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE i16 sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(Index*, i16);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3StartTable(Parse*,Token*,Token*,int,int,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AddColumn(Parse*,Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AddNotNull(Parse*, int);
................................................................................

SQLITE_PRIVATE RowSet *sqlite3RowSetInit(sqlite3*, void*, unsigned int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RowSetClear(RowSet*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RowSetInsert(RowSet*, i64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3RowSetTest(RowSet*, int iBatch, i64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3RowSetNext(RowSet*, i64*);

SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CreateView(Parse*,Token*,Token*,Token*,ExprList*,Select*,int,int);

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)
SQLITE_PRIVATE   int sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(Parse*,Table*);
#else
# define sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(A,B) 0
#endif

................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE IdList *sqlite3IdListAppend(sqlite3*, IdList*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IdListIndex(IdList*,const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE SrcList *sqlite3SrcListEnlarge(sqlite3*, SrcList*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE SrcList *sqlite3SrcListAppend(sqlite3*, SrcList*, Token*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE SrcList *sqlite3SrcListAppendFromTerm(Parse*, SrcList*, Token*, Token*,
                                      Token*, Select*, Expr*, IdList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListIndexedBy(Parse *, SrcList *, Token *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListFuncArgs(Parse*, SrcList*, ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IndexedByLookup(Parse *, struct SrcList_item *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListShiftJoinType(SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListAssignCursors(Parse*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3IdListDelete(sqlite3*, IdList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListDelete(sqlite3*, SrcList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Index *sqlite3AllocateIndexObject(sqlite3*,i16,int,char**);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Index *sqlite3CreateIndex(Parse*,Token*,Token*,SrcList*,ExprList*,int,Token*,
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE u64 sqlite3WhereOutputRowCount(WhereInfo*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereIsDistinct(WhereInfo*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(WhereInfo*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereIsSorted(WhereInfo*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereContinueLabel(WhereInfo*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereBreakLabel(WhereInfo*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(WhereInfo*, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeLoadIndexColumn(Parse*, Index*, int, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(Parse*, Table*, int, int, int, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(Vdbe*, Table*, int, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeMove(Parse*, int, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCacheStore(Parse*, int, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCachePush(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCachePop(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCacheRemove(Parse*, int, int);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(Parse*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCode(Parse*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeFactorable(Parse*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeAtInit(Parse*, Expr*, int, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(Parse*, Expr*, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(Parse*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeAndCache(Parse*, Expr*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(Parse*, ExprList*, int, int, u8);
#define SQLITE_ECEL_DUP      0x01  /* Deep, not shallow copies */
#define SQLITE_ECEL_FACTOR   0x02  /* Factor out constant terms */
#define SQLITE_ECEL_REF      0x04  /* Use ExprList.u.x.iOrderByCol */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprIfTrue(Parse*, Expr*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprIfFalse(Parse*, Expr*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprIfFalseDup(Parse*, Expr*, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3FindTable(sqlite3*,const char*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3LocateTable(Parse*,int isView,const char*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Table *sqlite3LocateTableItem(Parse*,int isView,struct SrcList_item *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Index *sqlite3FindIndex(sqlite3*,const char*, const char*);
................................................................................
#define putVarint32(A,B)  \
  (u8)(((u32)(B)<(u32)0x80)?(*(A)=(unsigned char)(B)),1:\
  sqlite3PutVarint((A),(B)))
#define getVarint    sqlite3GetVarint
#define putVarint    sqlite3PutVarint


SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(sqlite3*, Index*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TableAffinity(Vdbe*, Table*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char sqlite3CompareAffinity(Expr *pExpr, char aff2);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IndexAffinityOk(Expr *pExpr, char idx_affinity);
SQLITE_PRIVATE char sqlite3ExprAffinity(Expr *pExpr);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3Atoi64(const char*, i64*, int, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3DecOrHexToI64(const char*, i64*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ErrorWithMsg(sqlite3*, int, const char*,...);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3NestedParse(Parse*, const char*, ...);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExpirePreparedStatements(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3CodeSubselect(Parse *, Expr *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectPrep(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SelectWrongNumTermsError(Parse *pParse, Select *p);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MatchSpanName(const char*, const char*, const char*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveExprNames(NameContext*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveExprListNames(NameContext*, ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(Parse*, Select*, NameContext*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(Parse*,Table*,int,Expr*,ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveOrderGroupBy(Parse*, Select*, ExprList*, const char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ColumnDefault(Vdbe *, Table *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterFinishAddColumn(Parse *, Token *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3AlterBeginAddColumn(Parse *, SrcList *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE CollSeq *sqlite3GetCollSeq(Parse*, u8, CollSeq *, const char*);
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE    void sqlite3VtabUnlock(VTable *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE    void sqlite3VtabUnlockList(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE    int sqlite3VtabSavepoint(sqlite3 *, int, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE    void sqlite3VtabImportErrmsg(Vdbe*, sqlite3_vtab*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE    VTable *sqlite3GetVTable(sqlite3*, Table*);
#  define sqlite3VtabInSync(db) ((db)->nVTrans>0 && (db)->aVTrans==0)
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabEponymousTableInit(Parse*,Module*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabEponymousTableClear(sqlite3*,Module*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabMakeWritable(Parse*,Table*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabBeginParse(Parse*, Token*, Token*, Token*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabFinishParse(Parse*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabArgInit(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabArgExtend(Parse*, Token*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabCallCreate(sqlite3*, int, const char *, char **);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabCallConnect(Parse*, Table*);
................................................................................
    int nZero;          /* Used when bit MEM_Zero is set in flags */
    FuncDef *pDef;      /* Used only when flags==MEM_Agg */
    RowSet *pRowSet;    /* Used only when flags==MEM_RowSet */
    VdbeFrame *pFrame;  /* Used when flags==MEM_Frame */
  } u;
  u16 flags;          /* Some combination of MEM_Null, MEM_Str, MEM_Dyn, etc. */
  u8  enc;            /* SQLITE_UTF8, SQLITE_UTF16BE, SQLITE_UTF16LE */
  u8  eSubtype;       /* Subtype for this value */
  int n;              /* Number of characters in string value, excluding '\0' */
  char *z;            /* String or BLOB value */
  /* ShallowCopy only needs to copy the information above */
  char *zMalloc;      /* Space to hold MEM_Str or MEM_Blob if szMalloc>0 */
  int szMalloc;       /* Size of the zMalloc allocation */
  u32 uTemp;          /* Transient storage for serial_type in OP_MakeRecord */
  sqlite3 *db;        /* The associated database connection */
................................................................................
** This function registered all of the above C functions as SQL
** functions.  This should be the only routine in this file with
** external linkage.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3RegisterDateTimeFunctions(void){
  static SQLITE_WSD FuncDef aDateTimeFuncs[] = {
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DATETIME_FUNCS
    DFUNCTION(julianday,        -1, 0, 0, juliandayFunc ),
    DFUNCTION(date,             -1, 0, 0, dateFunc      ),
    DFUNCTION(time,             -1, 0, 0, timeFunc      ),
    DFUNCTION(datetime,         -1, 0, 0, datetimeFunc  ),
    DFUNCTION(strftime,         -1, 0, 0, strftimeFunc  ),
    DFUNCTION(current_time,      0, 0, 0, ctimeFunc     ),
    DFUNCTION(current_timestamp, 0, 0, 0, ctimestampFunc),
    DFUNCTION(current_date,      0, 0, 0, cdateFunc     ),
#else
    STR_FUNCTION(current_time,      0, "%H:%M:%S",          0, currentTimeFunc),
    STR_FUNCTION(current_date,      0, "%Y-%m-%d",          0, currentTimeFunc),
    STR_FUNCTION(current_timestamp, 0, "%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S", 0, currentTimeFunc),
#endif
  };
  int i;
................................................................................
    pTo->xMutexEnd = pFrom->xMutexEnd;
    pTo->xMutexFree = pFrom->xMutexFree;
    pTo->xMutexEnter = pFrom->xMutexEnter;
    pTo->xMutexTry = pFrom->xMutexTry;
    pTo->xMutexLeave = pFrom->xMutexLeave;
    pTo->xMutexHeld = pFrom->xMutexHeld;
    pTo->xMutexNotheld = pFrom->xMutexNotheld;
    sqlite3MemoryBarrier();
    pTo->xMutexAlloc = pFrom->xMutexAlloc;
  }
  rc = sqlite3GlobalConfig.mutex.xMutexInit();

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  GLOBAL(int, mutexIsInit) = 1;
#endif
................................................................................
static int pthreadMutexHeld(sqlite3_mutex *p){
  return (p->nRef!=0 && pthread_equal(p->owner, pthread_self()));
}
static int pthreadMutexNotheld(sqlite3_mutex *p){
  return p->nRef==0 || pthread_equal(p->owner, pthread_self())==0;
}
#endif

/*
** Try to provide a memory barrier operation, needed for initialization only.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MemoryBarrier(void){
#if defined(SQLITE_MEMORY_BARRIER)
  SQLITE_MEMORY_BARRIER;
#elif defined(__GNUC__)
  __sync_synchronize();
#endif
}

/*
** Initialize and deinitialize the mutex subsystem.
*/
static int pthreadMutexInit(void){ return SQLITE_OK; }
static int pthreadMutexEnd(void){ return SQLITE_OK; }

................................................................................
}

static int winMutexNotheld(sqlite3_mutex *p){
  DWORD tid = GetCurrentThreadId();
  return winMutexNotheld2(p, tid);
}
#endif

/*
** Try to provide a memory barrier operation, needed for initialization only.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3MemoryBarrier(void){
#if defined(SQLITE_MEMORY_BARRIER)
  SQLITE_MEMORY_BARRIER;
#elif defined(__GNUC__)
  __sync_synchronize();
#else
  MemoryBarrier();
#endif
}

/*
** Initialize and deinitialize the mutex subsystem.
*/
static sqlite3_mutex winMutex_staticMutexes[] = {
  SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
  SQLITE3_MUTEX_INITIALIZER,
................................................................................
} ScratchFreeslot;

/*
** State information local to the memory allocation subsystem.
*/
static SQLITE_WSD struct Mem0Global {
  sqlite3_mutex *mutex;         /* Mutex to serialize access */







  sqlite3_int64 alarmThreshold; /* The soft heap limit */



  /*
  ** Pointers to the end of sqlite3GlobalConfig.pScratch memory
  ** (so that a range test can be used to determine if an allocation
  ** being freed came from pScratch) and a pointer to the list of
  ** unused scratch allocations.
  */
................................................................................
  u32 nScratchFree;

  /*
  ** True if heap is nearly "full" where "full" is defined by the
  ** sqlite3_soft_heap_limit() setting.
  */
  int nearlyFull;
} mem0 = { 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 };

#define mem0 GLOBAL(struct Mem0Global, mem0)

/*
** Return the memory allocator mutex. sqlite3_status() needs it.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_mutex *sqlite3MallocMutex(void){
  return mem0.mutex;
}


































#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED
/*
** Deprecated external interface.  It used to set an alarm callback

** that was invoked when memory usage grew too large.  Now it is a
** no-op.
*/
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_memory_alarm(
  void(*xCallback)(void *pArg, sqlite3_int64 used,int N),
  void *pArg,
  sqlite3_int64 iThreshold
){
  (void)xCallback;
  (void)pArg;
  (void)iThreshold;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif

/*
** Set the soft heap-size limit for the library. Passing a zero or 
** negative value indicates no limit.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64(sqlite3_int64 n){
  sqlite3_int64 priorLimit;
  sqlite3_int64 excess;
  sqlite3_int64 nUsed;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT
  int rc = sqlite3_initialize();
  if( rc ) return -1;
#endif
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mem0.mutex);
  priorLimit = mem0.alarmThreshold;
  if( n<0 ){
    sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem0.mutex);
    return priorLimit;




  }
  mem0.alarmThreshold = n;
  nUsed = sqlite3StatusValue(SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED);
  mem0.nearlyFull = (n>0 && n<=nUsed);
  sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem0.mutex);
  excess = sqlite3_memory_used() - n;
  if( excess>0 ) sqlite3_release_memory((int)(excess & 0x7fffffff));
  return priorLimit;
}
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_soft_heap_limit(int n){
  if( n<0 ) n = 0;
  sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64(n);
................................................................................
  return mx;
}

/*
** Trigger the alarm 
*/
static void sqlite3MallocAlarm(int nByte){



  if( mem0.alarmThreshold<=0 ) return;




  sqlite3_mutex_leave(mem0.mutex);

  sqlite3_release_memory(nByte);
  sqlite3_mutex_enter(mem0.mutex);


}

/*
** Do a memory allocation with statistics and alarms.  Assume the
** lock is already held.
*/
static int mallocWithAlarm(int n, void **pp){
  int nFull;
  void *p;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(mem0.mutex) );
  nFull = sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xRoundup(n);
  sqlite3StatusSet(SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE, n);
  if( mem0.alarmThreshold>0 ){
    sqlite3_int64 nUsed = sqlite3StatusValue(SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED);
    if( nUsed >= mem0.alarmThreshold - nFull ){
      mem0.nearlyFull = 1;
      sqlite3MallocAlarm(nFull);
    }else{
      mem0.nearlyFull = 0;
    }
  }
  p = sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xMalloc(nFull);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT
  if( p==0 && mem0.alarmThreshold>0 ){
    sqlite3MallocAlarm(nFull);
    p = sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xMalloc(nFull);
  }
#endif
  if( p ){
    nFull = sqlite3MallocSize(p);
    sqlite3StatusUp(SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED, nFull);
................................................................................
** sqlite3Malloc() or sqlite3_malloc().
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MallocSize(void *p){
  assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, MEMTYPE_HEAP) );
  return sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xSize(p);
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3DbMallocSize(sqlite3 *db, void *p){
  if( db==0 || !isLookaside(db,p) ){
#if SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( db==0 ){
      assert( sqlite3MemdebugNoType(p, (u8)~MEMTYPE_HEAP) );
      assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, MEMTYPE_HEAP) );





    }else{
      assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, (MEMTYPE_LOOKASIDE|MEMTYPE_HEAP)) );
      assert( sqlite3MemdebugNoType(p, (u8)~(MEMTYPE_LOOKASIDE|MEMTYPE_HEAP)) );

    }
#endif
    return sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xSize(p);
  }else{
    assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(db->mutex) );
    return db->lookaside.sz;
  }
}
SQLITE_API sqlite3_uint64 SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_msize(void *p){
  assert( sqlite3MemdebugNoType(p, (u8)~MEMTYPE_HEAP) );
  assert( sqlite3MemdebugHasType(p, MEMTYPE_HEAP) );
  return (sqlite3_uint64)sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xSize(p);
}
................................................................................
    sqlite3StatusSet(SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE, (int)nBytes);
    nDiff = nNew - nOld;
    if( sqlite3StatusValue(SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED) >= 
          mem0.alarmThreshold-nDiff ){
      sqlite3MallocAlarm(nDiff);
    }
    pNew = sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xRealloc(pOld, nNew);
    if( pNew==0 && mem0.alarmThreshold>0 ){
      sqlite3MallocAlarm((int)nBytes);
      pNew = sqlite3GlobalConfig.m.xRealloc(pOld, nNew);
    }
    if( pNew ){
      nNew = sqlite3MallocSize(pNew);
      sqlite3StatusUp(SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED, nNew-nOld);
    }
................................................................................
          bufpt = "NaN";
          length = 3;
          break;
        }
        if( realvalue>0.0 ){
          LONGDOUBLE_TYPE scale = 1.0;
          while( realvalue>=1e100*scale && exp<=350 ){ scale *= 1e100;exp+=100;}

          while( realvalue>=1e10*scale && exp<=350 ){ scale *= 1e10; exp+=10; }
          while( realvalue>=10.0*scale && exp<=350 ){ scale *= 10.0; exp++; }
          realvalue /= scale;
          while( realvalue<1e-8 ){ realvalue *= 1e8; exp-=8; }
          while( realvalue<1.0 ){ realvalue *= 10.0; exp--; }
          if( exp>350 ){

            bufpt = buf;
            buf[0] = prefix;
            memcpy(buf+(prefix!=0),"Inf",4);
            length = 3+(prefix!=0);




            break;
          }
        }
        bufpt = buf;
        /*
        ** If the field type is etGENERIC, then convert to either etEXP
        ** or etFLOAT, as appropriate.
................................................................................
        buf[0] = c;
        bufpt = buf;
        break;
      case etSTRING:
      case etDYNSTRING:
        if( bArgList ){
          bufpt = getTextArg(pArgList);
          xtype = etSTRING;
        }else{
          bufpt = va_arg(ap,char*);
        }
        if( bufpt==0 ){
          bufpt = "";
        }else if( xtype==etDYNSTRING ){
          zExtra = bufpt;
        }
        if( precision>=0 ){
          for(length=0; length<precision && bufpt[length]; length++){}
        }else{
          length = sqlite3Strlen30(bufpt);
        }
        break;
      case etSQLESCAPE:           /* Escape ' characters */
      case etSQLESCAPE2:          /* Escape ' and enclose in '...' */
      case etSQLESCAPE3: {        /* Escape " characters */
        int i, j, k, n, isnull;
        int needQuote;
        char ch;
        char q = ((xtype==etSQLESCAPE3)?'"':'\'');   /* Quote character */
        char *escarg;

        if( bArgList ){
................................................................................
        isnull = escarg==0;
        if( isnull ) escarg = (xtype==etSQLESCAPE2 ? "NULL" : "(NULL)");
        k = precision;
        for(i=n=0; k!=0 && (ch=escarg[i])!=0; i++, k--){
          if( ch==q )  n++;
        }
        needQuote = !isnull && xtype==etSQLESCAPE2;
        n += i + 3;
        if( n>etBUFSIZE ){
          bufpt = zExtra = sqlite3Malloc( n );
          if( bufpt==0 ){
            setStrAccumError(pAccum, STRACCUM_NOMEM);
            return;
          }
        }else{
................................................................................
  fprintf(stdout,"%s", zBuf);
  fflush(stdout);
}
#endif


/*
** variable-argument wrapper around sqlite3VXPrintf().  The bFlags argument
** can contain the bit SQLITE_PRINTF_INTERNAL enable internal formats.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3XPrintf(StrAccum *p, u32 bFlags, const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  va_start(ap,zFormat);
  sqlite3VXPrintf(p, bFlags, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
}
................................................................................


/*
** Generate a human-readable description of a the Select object.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TreeViewSelect(TreeView *pView, const Select *p, u8 moreToFollow){
  int n = 0;
  int cnt = 0;
  pView = sqlite3TreeViewPush(pView, moreToFollow);
  do{
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "SELECT%s%s (0x%p) selFlags=0x%x",
      ((p->selFlags & SF_Distinct) ? " DISTINCT" : ""),
      ((p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate) ? " agg_flag" : ""), p, p->selFlags
    );
    if( cnt++ ) sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
    if( p->pPrior ){
      n = 1000;
    }else{
      n = 0;
      if( p->pSrc && p->pSrc->nSrc ) n++;
      if( p->pWhere ) n++;
      if( p->pGroupBy ) n++;
      if( p->pHaving ) n++;
      if( p->pOrderBy ) n++;
      if( p->pLimit ) n++;
      if( p->pOffset ) n++;

    }
    sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, p->pEList, (n--)>0, "result-set");
    if( p->pSrc && p->pSrc->nSrc ){
      int i;
      pView = sqlite3TreeViewPush(pView, (n--)>0);
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "FROM");
      for(i=0; i<p->pSrc->nSrc; i++){
        struct SrcList_item *pItem = &p->pSrc->a[i];
        StrAccum x;
        char zLine[100];
        sqlite3StrAccumInit(&x, 0, zLine, sizeof(zLine), 0);
        sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, "{%d,*}", pItem->iCursor);
        if( pItem->zDatabase ){
          sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " %s.%s", pItem->zDatabase, pItem->zName);
        }else if( pItem->zName ){
          sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " %s", pItem->zName);
        }
        if( pItem->pTab ){
          sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " tabname=%Q", pItem->pTab->zName);
        }
        if( pItem->zAlias ){
          sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " (AS %s)", pItem->zAlias);
        }
        if( pItem->fg.jointype & JT_LEFT ){
          sqlite3XPrintf(&x, 0, " LEFT-JOIN");
        }
        sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&x);
        sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, zLine, i<p->pSrc->nSrc-1); 
        if( pItem->pSelect ){
          sqlite3TreeViewSelect(pView, pItem->pSelect, 0);
        }
        if( pItem->fg.isTabFunc ){
          sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, pItem->u1.pFuncArg, 0, "func-args:");
        }
        sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
      }
      sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
    }
    if( p->pWhere ){
      sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, "WHERE", (n--)>0);
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, p->pWhere, 0);
      sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
    }
    if( p->pGroupBy ){
      sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, p->pGroupBy, (n--)>0, "GROUPBY");
    }
    if( p->pHaving ){
      sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, "HAVING", (n--)>0);
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, p->pHaving, 0);
      sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
    }
    if( p->pOrderBy ){
      sqlite3TreeViewExprList(pView, p->pOrderBy, (n--)>0, "ORDERBY");
    }
    if( p->pLimit ){
      sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, "LIMIT", (n--)>0);
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, p->pLimit, 0);
      sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
    }
    if( p->pOffset ){
      sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, "OFFSET", (n--)>0);
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, p->pOffset, 0);
      sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
    }
    if( p->pPrior ){
      const char *zOp = "UNION";
      switch( p->op ){
        case TK_ALL:         zOp = "UNION ALL";  break;
        case TK_INTERSECT:   zOp = "INTERSECT";  break;
        case TK_EXCEPT:      zOp = "EXCEPT";     break;
      }
      sqlite3TreeViewItem(pView, zOp, 1);


    }
    p = p->pPrior;
  }while( p!=0 );
  sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
}

/*
** Generate a human-readable explanation of an expression tree.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3TreeViewExpr(TreeView *pView, const Expr *pExpr, u8 moreToFollow){
................................................................................
                          pExpr->u.zToken, pExpr->iColumn);
      break;
    }
    case TK_REGISTER: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"REGISTER(%d)", pExpr->iTable);
      break;
    }





    case TK_ID: {
      sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView,"ID \"%w\"", pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
................................................................................
  pView = sqlite3TreeViewPush(pView, moreToFollow);
  if( zLabel==0 || zLabel[0]==0 ) zLabel = "LIST";
  if( pList==0 ){
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s (empty)", zLabel);
  }else{
    sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "%s", zLabel);
    for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
      int j = pList->a[i].u.x.iOrderByCol;
      if( j ){
        sqlite3TreeViewPush(pView, 0);
        sqlite3TreeViewLine(pView, "iOrderByCol=%d", j);
      }
      sqlite3TreeViewExpr(pView, pList->a[i].pExpr, i<pList->nExpr-1);
      if( j ) sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
    }
  }
  sqlite3TreeViewPop(pView);
}

#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG */

................................................................................
}

/*
** Return the number of bytes that will be needed to store the given
** 64-bit integer.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VarintLen(u64 v){
  int i;
  for(i=1; (v >>= 7)!=0; i++){ assert( i<9 ); }



  return i;
}


/*
** Read or write a four-byte big-endian integer value.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3Get4byte(const u8 *p){
#if SQLITE_BYTEORDER==4321
  u32 x;
  memcpy(&x,p,4);
  return x;
#elif SQLITE_BYTEORDER==1234 && !defined(SQLITE_DISABLE_INTRINSIC) \
    && defined(__GNUC__) && GCC_VERSION>=4003000
  u32 x;
  memcpy(&x,p,4);
  return __builtin_bswap32(x);
#elif SQLITE_BYTEORDER==1234 && !defined(SQLITE_DISABLE_INTRINSIC) \
    && defined(_MSC_VER) && _MSC_VER>=1300
  u32 x;
  memcpy(&x,p,4);
  return _byteswap_ulong(x);
#else
  testcase( p[0]&0x80 );
  return ((unsigned)p[0]<<24) | (p[1]<<16) | (p[2]<<8) | p[3];
#endif
................................................................................
  int prior = 0;
#if (!defined(USE_PREAD) && !defined(USE_PREAD64))
  i64 newOffset;
#endif
  TIMER_START;
  assert( cnt==(cnt&0x1ffff) );
  assert( id->h>2 );

  do{
#if defined(USE_PREAD)
    got = osPread(id->h, pBuf, cnt, offset);
    SimulateIOError( got = -1 );
#elif defined(USE_PREAD64)
    got = osPread64(id->h, pBuf, cnt, offset);
    SimulateIOError( got = -1 );
................................................................................
      memcpy(&((u8 *)(pFile->pMapRegion))[offset], pBuf, nCopy);
      pBuf = &((u8 *)pBuf)[nCopy];
      amt -= nCopy;
      offset += nCopy;
    }
  }
#endif
 
  while( (wrote = seekAndWrite(pFile, offset, pBuf, amt))<amt && wrote>0 ){
    amt -= wrote;
    offset += wrote;
    pBuf = &((char*)pBuf)[wrote];
  }
  SimulateIOError(( wrote=(-1), amt=1 ));
  SimulateDiskfullError(( wrote=0, amt=1 ));

  if( amt>wrote ){
    if( wrote<0 && pFile->lastErrno!=ENOSPC ){
      /* lastErrno set by seekAndWrite */
      return SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE;
    }else{
      storeLastErrno(pFile, 0); /* not a system error */
      return SQLITE_FULL;
    }
................................................................................

/*
** A complete page cache is an instance of this structure.
*/
struct PCache {
  PgHdr *pDirty, *pDirtyTail;         /* List of dirty pages in LRU order */
  PgHdr *pSynced;                     /* Last synced page in dirty page list */
  int nRefSum;                        /* Sum of ref counts over all pages */
  int szCache;                        /* Configured cache size */
  int szPage;                         /* Size of every page in this cache */
  int szExtra;                        /* Size of extra space for each page */
  u8 bPurgeable;                      /* True if pages are on backing store */
  u8 eCreate;                         /* eCreate value for for xFetch() */
  int (*xStress)(void*,PgHdr*);       /* Call to try make a page clean */
  void *pStress;                      /* Argument to xStress */
................................................................................
}

/*
** Change the page size for PCache object. The caller must ensure that there
** are no outstanding page references when this function is called.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcacheSetPageSize(PCache *pCache, int szPage){
  assert( pCache->nRefSum==0 && pCache->pDirty==0 );
  if( pCache->szPage ){
    sqlite3_pcache *pNew;
    pNew = sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xCreate(
                szPage, pCache->szExtra + ROUND8(sizeof(PgHdr)),
                pCache->bPurgeable
    );
    if( pNew==0 ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;
................................................................................

  assert( pPage!=0 );
  pPgHdr = (PgHdr *)pPage->pExtra;

  if( !pPgHdr->pPage ){
    return pcacheFetchFinishWithInit(pCache, pgno, pPage);
  }

  pCache->nRefSum++;

  pPgHdr->nRef++;
  return pPgHdr;
}

/*
** Decrement the reference count on a page. If the page is clean and the
** reference count drops to 0, then it is made eligible for recycling.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void SQLITE_NOINLINE sqlite3PcacheRelease(PgHdr *p){
  assert( p->nRef>0 );
  p->pCache->nRefSum--;
  if( (--p->nRef)==0 ){

    if( p->flags&PGHDR_CLEAN ){
      pcacheUnpin(p);
    }else if( p->pDirtyPrev!=0 ){
      /* Move the page to the head of the dirty list. */
      pcacheManageDirtyList(p, PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_FRONT);
    }
  }
................................................................................

/*
** Increase the reference count of a supplied page by 1.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheRef(PgHdr *p){
  assert(p->nRef>0);
  p->nRef++;
  p->pCache->nRefSum++;
}

/*
** Drop a page from the cache. There must be exactly one reference to the
** page. This function deletes that reference, so after it returns the
** page pointed to by p is invalid.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheDrop(PgHdr *p){
  assert( p->nRef==1 );
  if( p->flags&PGHDR_DIRTY ){
    pcacheManageDirtyList(p, PCACHE_DIRTYLIST_REMOVE);
  }
  p->pCache->nRefSum--;
  sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xUnpin(p->pCache->pCache, p->pPage, 1);
}

/*
** Make sure the page is marked as dirty. If it isn't dirty already,
** make it so.
*/
................................................................................
      */
      assert( p->pgno>0 );
      if( ALWAYS(p->pgno>pgno) ){
        assert( p->flags&PGHDR_DIRTY );
        sqlite3PcacheMakeClean(p);
      }
    }
    if( pgno==0 && pCache->nRefSum ){
      sqlite3_pcache_page *pPage1;
      pPage1 = sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xFetch(pCache->pCache,1,0);
      if( ALWAYS(pPage1) ){  /* Page 1 is always available in cache, because
                             ** pCache->nRefSum>0 */
        memset(pPage1->pBuf, 0, pCache->szPage);
        pgno = 1;
      }
    }
    sqlite3GlobalConfig.pcache2.xTruncate(pCache->pCache, pgno+1);
  }
}
................................................................................
  for(p=pCache->pDirty; p; p=p->pDirtyNext){
    p->pDirty = p->pDirtyNext;
  }
  return pcacheSortDirtyList(pCache->pDirty);
}

/* 
** Return the total number of references to all pages held by the cache.
**
** This is not the total number of pages referenced, but the sum of the
** reference count for all pages.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcacheRefCount(PCache *pCache){
  return pCache->nRefSum;
}

/*
** Return the number of references to the page supplied as an argument.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcachePageRefcount(PgHdr *p){
  return p->nRef;
................................................................................
**         SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE.
**    (3)  PCache-local bulk allocation.
**
** The third case is a chunk of heap memory (defaulting to 100 pages worth)
** that is allocated when the page cache is created.  The size of the local
** bulk allocation can be adjusted using 
**
**     sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE, 0, 0, N).
**
** If N is positive, then N pages worth of memory are allocated using a single
** sqlite3Malloc() call and that memory is used for the first N pages allocated.
** Or if N is negative, then -1024*N bytes of memory are allocated and used
** for as many pages as can be accomodated.
**
** Only one of (2) or (3) can be used.  Once the memory available to (2) or
................................................................................
*/
/* #include "sqliteInt.h" */

typedef struct PCache1 PCache1;
typedef struct PgHdr1 PgHdr1;
typedef struct PgFreeslot PgFreeslot;
typedef struct PGroup PGroup;

/*
** Each cache entry is represented by an instance of the following 
** structure. Unless SQLITE_PCACHE_SEPARATE_HEADER is defined, a buffer of
** PgHdr1.pCache->szPage bytes is allocated directly before this structure 
** in memory.
*/
struct PgHdr1 {
  sqlite3_pcache_page page;      /* Base class. Must be first. pBuf & pExtra */
  unsigned int iKey;             /* Key value (page number) */
  u8 isPinned;                   /* Page in use, not on the LRU list */
  u8 isBulkLocal;                /* This page from bulk local storage */
  u8 isAnchor;                   /* This is the PGroup.lru element */
  PgHdr1 *pNext;                 /* Next in hash table chain */
  PCache1 *pCache;               /* Cache that currently owns this page */
  PgHdr1 *pLruNext;              /* Next in LRU list of unpinned pages */
  PgHdr1 *pLruPrev;              /* Previous in LRU list of unpinned pages */
};

/* Each page cache (or PCache) belongs to a PGroup.  A PGroup is a set 
** of one or more PCaches that are able to recycle each other's unpinned
** pages when they are under memory pressure.  A PGroup is an instance of
** the following object.
**
** This page cache implementation works in one of two modes:
................................................................................
*/
struct PGroup {
  sqlite3_mutex *mutex;          /* MUTEX_STATIC_LRU or NULL */
  unsigned int nMaxPage;         /* Sum of nMax for purgeable caches */
  unsigned int nMinPage;         /* Sum of nMin for purgeable caches */
  unsigned int mxPinned;         /* nMaxpage + 10 - nMinPage */
  unsigned int nCurrentPage;     /* Number of purgeable pages allocated */
  PgHdr1 lru;                    /* The beginning and end of the LRU list */
};

/* Each page cache is an instance of the following object.  Every
** open database file (including each in-memory database and each
** temporary or transient database) has a single page cache which
** is an instance of this object.
**
................................................................................
  unsigned int nPage;                 /* Total number of pages in apHash */
  unsigned int nHash;                 /* Number of slots in apHash[] */
  PgHdr1 **apHash;                    /* Hash table for fast lookup by key */
  PgHdr1 *pFree;                      /* List of unused pcache-local pages */
  void *pBulk;                        /* Bulk memory used by pcache-local */
};


















/*
** Free slots in the allocator used to divide up the global page cache
** buffer provided using the SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE mechanism.
*/
struct PgFreeslot {
  PgFreeslot *pNext;  /* Next free slot */
};
................................................................................
# define pcache1EnterMutex(X) sqlite3_mutex_enter((X)->mutex)
# define pcache1LeaveMutex(X) sqlite3_mutex_leave((X)->mutex)
# define PCACHE1_MIGHT_USE_GROUP_MUTEX 1
#endif

/******************************************************************************/
/******** Page Allocation/SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE Related Functions **************/


/*
** This function is called during initialization if a static buffer is 
** supplied to use for the page-cache by passing the SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE
** verb to sqlite3_config(). Parameter pBuf points to an allocation large
** enough to contain 'n' buffers of 'sz' bytes each.
**
................................................................................
    int nBulk = sqlite3MallocSize(zBulk)/pCache->szAlloc;
    int i;
    for(i=0; i<nBulk; i++){
      PgHdr1 *pX = (PgHdr1*)&zBulk[pCache->szPage];
      pX->page.pBuf = zBulk;
      pX->page.pExtra = &pX[1];
      pX->isBulkLocal = 1;
      pX->isAnchor = 0;
      pX->pNext = pCache->pFree;
      pCache->pFree = pX;
      zBulk += pCache->szAlloc;
    }
  }
  return pCache->pFree!=0;
}
................................................................................
  }
}
#endif /* SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT */

/*
** Allocate a new page object initially associated with cache pCache.
*/
static PgHdr1 *pcache1AllocPage(PCache1 *pCache, int benignMalloc){
  PgHdr1 *p = 0;
  void *pPg;

  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCache->pGroup->mutex) );
  if( pCache->pFree || (pCache->nPage==0 && pcache1InitBulk(pCache)) ){
    p = pCache->pFree;
    pCache->pFree = p->pNext;
................................................................................
    /* The group mutex must be released before pcache1Alloc() is called. This
    ** is because it might call sqlite3_release_memory(), which assumes that 
    ** this mutex is not held. */
    assert( pcache1.separateCache==0 );
    assert( pCache->pGroup==&pcache1.grp );
    pcache1LeaveMutex(pCache->pGroup);
#endif
    if( benignMalloc ) sqlite3BeginBenignMalloc();
#ifdef SQLITE_PCACHE_SEPARATE_HEADER
    pPg = pcache1Alloc(pCache->szPage);
    p = sqlite3Malloc(sizeof(PgHdr1) + pCache->szExtra);
    if( !pPg || !p ){
      pcache1Free(pPg);
      sqlite3_free(p);
      pPg = 0;
    }
#else
    pPg = pcache1Alloc(pCache->szAlloc);
    p = (PgHdr1 *)&((u8 *)pPg)[pCache->szPage];
#endif
    if( benignMalloc ) sqlite3EndBenignMalloc();
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT
    pcache1EnterMutex(pCache->pGroup);
#endif
    if( pPg==0 ) return 0;
    p->page.pBuf = pPg;
    p->page.pExtra = &p[1];
    p->isBulkLocal = 0;
    p->isAnchor = 0;
  }
  if( pCache->bPurgeable ){
    pCache->pGroup->nCurrentPage++;
  }
  return p;
}

................................................................................
*/
static PgHdr1 *pcache1PinPage(PgHdr1 *pPage){
  PCache1 *pCache;

  assert( pPage!=0 );
  assert( pPage->isPinned==0 );
  pCache = pPage->pCache;
  assert( pPage->pLruNext );
  assert( pPage->pLruPrev );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCache->pGroup->mutex) );

  pPage->pLruPrev->pLruNext = pPage->pLruNext;




  pPage->pLruNext->pLruPrev = pPage->pLruPrev;



  pPage->pLruNext = 0;
  pPage->pLruPrev = 0;
  pPage->isPinned = 1;
  assert( pPage->isAnchor==0 );
  assert( pCache->pGroup->lru.isAnchor==1 );
  pCache->nRecyclable--;
  return pPage;
}


/*
** Remove the page supplied as an argument from the hash table 
................................................................................

/*
** If there are currently more than nMaxPage pages allocated, try
** to recycle pages to reduce the number allocated to nMaxPage.
*/
static void pcache1EnforceMaxPage(PCache1 *pCache){
  PGroup *pGroup = pCache->pGroup;
  PgHdr1 *p;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pGroup->mutex) );
  while( pGroup->nCurrentPage>pGroup->nMaxPage

      && (p=pGroup->lru.pLruPrev)->isAnchor==0
  ){
    assert( p->pCache->pGroup==pGroup );
    assert( p->isPinned==0 );
    pcache1PinPage(p);
    pcache1RemoveFromHash(p, 1);
  }
  if( pCache->nPage==0 && pCache->pBulk ){
    sqlite3_free(pCache->pBulk);
................................................................................
  if( pCache ){
    if( pcache1.separateCache ){
      pGroup = (PGroup*)&pCache[1];
      pGroup->mxPinned = 10;
    }else{
      pGroup = &pcache1.grp;
    }
    if( pGroup->lru.isAnchor==0 ){
      pGroup->lru.isAnchor = 1;
      pGroup->lru.pLruPrev = pGroup->lru.pLruNext = &pGroup->lru;
    }
    pCache->pGroup = pGroup;
    pCache->szPage = szPage;
    pCache->szExtra = szExtra;
    pCache->szAlloc = szPage + szExtra + ROUND8(sizeof(PgHdr1));
    pCache->bPurgeable = (bPurgeable ? 1 : 0);
    pcache1EnterMutex(pGroup);
    pcache1ResizeHash(pCache);
................................................................................
  }

  if( pCache->nPage>=pCache->nHash ) pcache1ResizeHash(pCache);
  assert( pCache->nHash>0 && pCache->apHash );

  /* Step 4. Try to recycle a page. */
  if( pCache->bPurgeable
   && !pGroup->lru.pLruPrev->isAnchor
   && ((pCache->nPage+1>=pCache->nMax) || pcache1UnderMemoryPressure(pCache))
  ){
    PCache1 *pOther;
    pPage = pGroup->lru.pLruPrev;
    assert( pPage->isPinned==0 );
    pcache1RemoveFromHash(pPage, 0);
    pcache1PinPage(pPage);
    pOther = pPage->pCache;
    if( pOther->szAlloc != pCache->szAlloc ){
      pcache1FreePage(pPage);
      pPage = 0;
................................................................................
    }
  }

  /* Step 5. If a usable page buffer has still not been found, 
  ** attempt to allocate a new one. 
  */
  if( !pPage ){

    pPage = pcache1AllocPage(pCache, createFlag==1);

  }

  if( pPage ){
    unsigned int h = iKey % pCache->nHash;
    pCache->nPage++;
    pPage->iKey = iKey;
    pPage->pNext = pCache->apHash[h];
................................................................................
  PCache1 *pCache = (PCache1 *)p;
  PgHdr1 *pPage = 0;

  /* Step 1: Search the hash table for an existing entry. */
  pPage = pCache->apHash[iKey % pCache->nHash];
  while( pPage && pPage->iKey!=iKey ){ pPage = pPage->pNext; }

  /* Step 2: If the page was found in the hash table, then return it.
  ** If the page was not in the hash table and createFlag is 0, abort.
  ** Otherwise (page not in hash and createFlag!=0) continue with
  ** subsequent steps to try to create the page. */
  if( pPage ){
    if( !pPage->isPinned ){
      return pcache1PinPage(pPage);
    }else{
      return pPage;
    }
  }else if( createFlag ){
................................................................................
  assert( pPage->pCache==pCache );
  pcache1EnterMutex(pGroup);

  /* It is an error to call this function if the page is already 
  ** part of the PGroup LRU list.
  */
  assert( pPage->pLruPrev==0 && pPage->pLruNext==0 );

  assert( pPage->isPinned==1 );

  if( reuseUnlikely || pGroup->nCurrentPage>pGroup->nMaxPage ){
    pcache1RemoveFromHash(pPage, 1);
  }else{
    /* Add the page to the PGroup LRU list. */
    PgHdr1 **ppFirst = &pGroup->lru.pLruNext;
    pPage->pLruPrev = &pGroup->lru;
    (pPage->pLruNext = *ppFirst)->pLruPrev = pPage;
    *ppFirst = pPage;




    pCache->nRecyclable++;
    pPage->isPinned = 0;
  }

  pcache1LeaveMutex(pCache->pGroup);
}

................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcacheReleaseMemory(int nReq){
  int nFree = 0;
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_notheld(pcache1.grp.mutex) );
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_notheld(pcache1.mutex) );
  if( sqlite3GlobalConfig.nPage==0 ){
    PgHdr1 *p;
    pcache1EnterMutex(&pcache1.grp);
    while( (nReq<0 || nFree<nReq)
       &&  (p=pcache1.grp.lru.pLruPrev)!=0
       &&  p->isAnchor==0
    ){
      nFree += pcache1MemSize(p->page.pBuf);
#ifdef SQLITE_PCACHE_SEPARATE_HEADER
      nFree += sqlite3MemSize(p);
#endif
      assert( p->isPinned==0 );
      pcache1PinPage(p);
      pcache1RemoveFromHash(p, 1);
................................................................................
  int *pnCurrent,      /* OUT: Total number of pages cached */
  int *pnMax,          /* OUT: Global maximum cache size */
  int *pnMin,          /* OUT: Sum of PCache1.nMin for purgeable caches */
  int *pnRecyclable    /* OUT: Total number of pages available for recycling */
){
  PgHdr1 *p;
  int nRecyclable = 0;
  for(p=pcache1.grp.lru.pLruNext; p && !p->isAnchor; p=p->pLruNext){
    assert( p->isPinned==0 );
    nRecyclable++;
  }
  *pnCurrent = pcache1.grp.nCurrentPage;
  *pnMax = (int)pcache1.grp.nMaxPage;
  *pnMin = (int)pcache1.grp.nMinPage;
  *pnRecyclable = nRecyclable;
................................................................................
  u8 eState;                  /* Pager state (OPEN, READER, WRITER_LOCKED..) */
  u8 eLock;                   /* Current lock held on database file */
  u8 changeCountDone;         /* Set after incrementing the change-counter */
  u8 setMaster;               /* True if a m-j name has been written to jrnl */
  u8 doNotSpill;              /* Do not spill the cache when non-zero */
  u8 subjInMemory;            /* True to use in-memory sub-journals */
  u8 bUseFetch;               /* True to use xFetch() */
  u8 hasHeldSharedLock;       /* True if a shared lock has ever been held */
  Pgno dbSize;                /* Number of pages in the database */
  Pgno dbOrigSize;            /* dbSize before the current transaction */
  Pgno dbFileSize;            /* Number of pages in the database file */
  Pgno dbHintSize;            /* Value passed to FCNTL_SIZE_HINT call */
  int errCode;                /* One of several kinds of errors */
  int nRec;                   /* Pages journalled since last j-header written */
  u32 cksumInit;              /* Quasi-random value added to every checksum */
................................................................................

      assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN );
      assert( (pPager->eLock==SHARED_LOCK)
           || (pPager->exclusiveMode && pPager->eLock>SHARED_LOCK)
      );
    }

    if( !pPager->tempFile && pPager->hasHeldSharedLock ){
      /* The shared-lock has just been acquired then check to
      ** see if the database has been modified.  If the database has changed,
      ** flush the cache.  The hasHeldSharedLock flag prevents this from
      ** occurring on the very first access to a file, in order to save a
      ** single unnecessary sqlite3OsRead() call at the start-up.
      **
      ** Database changes are detected by looking at 15 bytes beginning
      ** at offset 24 into the file.  The first 4 of these 16 bytes are
      ** a 32-bit counter that is incremented with each change.  The
      ** other bytes change randomly with each file change when
................................................................................
 failed:
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    assert( !MEMDB );
    pager_unlock(pPager);
    assert( pPager->eState==PAGER_OPEN );
  }else{
    pPager->eState = PAGER_READER;
    pPager->hasHeldSharedLock = 1;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** If the reference count has reached zero, rollback any active
** transaction and unlock the pager.
................................................................................
  u32 iFrame = 0;                 /* Frame to read from WAL file */
  const int noContent = (flags & PAGER_GET_NOCONTENT);

  /* It is acceptable to use a read-only (mmap) page for any page except
  ** page 1 if there is no write-transaction open or the ACQUIRE_READONLY
  ** flag was specified by the caller. And so long as the db is not a 
  ** temporary or in-memory database.  */
  const int bMmapOk = (pgno>1 && USEFETCH(pPager)
   && (pPager->eState==PAGER_READER || (flags & PAGER_GET_READONLY))
#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
   && pPager->xCodec==0
#endif
  );

  /* Optimization note:  Adding the "pgno<=1" term before "pgno==0" here
  ** allows the compiler optimizer to reuse the results of the "pgno>1"
  ** test in the previous statement, and avoid testing pgno==0 in the
  ** common case where pgno is large. */
  if( pgno<=1 && pgno==0 ){
    return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
  }
  assert( pPager->eState>=PAGER_READER );
  assert( assert_pager_state(pPager) );
  assert( noContent==0 || bMmapOk==0 );

  assert( pPager->hasHeldSharedLock==1 );




  /* If the pager is in the error state, return an error immediately. 
  ** Otherwise, request the page from the PCache layer. */
  if( pPager->errCode!=SQLITE_OK ){
    rc = pPager->errCode;
  }else{
    if( bMmapOk && pagerUseWal(pPager) ){
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE DbPage *sqlite3PagerLookup(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno){
  sqlite3_pcache_page *pPage;
  assert( pPager!=0 );
  assert( pgno!=0 );
  assert( pPager->pPCache!=0 );
  pPage = sqlite3PcacheFetch(pPager->pPCache, pgno, 0);
  assert( pPage==0 || pPager->hasHeldSharedLock );
  if( pPage==0 ) return 0;
  return sqlite3PcacheFetchFinish(pPager->pPCache, pgno, pPage);
}

/*
** Release a page reference.
**
................................................................................
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE u8 sqlite3PagerIsreadonly(Pager *pPager){
  return pPager->readOnly;
}

#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
/*
** Return the sum of the reference counts for all pages held by pPager.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerRefcount(Pager *pPager){
  return sqlite3PcacheRefCount(pPager->pPCache);
}
#endif

/*
................................................................................
  u8 writeLock;              /* True if in a write transaction */
  u8 ckptLock;               /* True if holding a checkpoint lock */
  u8 readOnly;               /* WAL_RDWR, WAL_RDONLY, or WAL_SHM_RDONLY */
  u8 truncateOnCommit;       /* True to truncate WAL file on commit */
  u8 syncHeader;             /* Fsync the WAL header if true */
  u8 padToSectorBoundary;    /* Pad transactions out to the next sector */
  WalIndexHdr hdr;           /* Wal-index header for current transaction */
  u32 minFrame;              /* Ignore wal frames before this one */
  const char *zWalName;      /* Name of WAL file */
  u32 nCkpt;                 /* Checkpoint sequence counter in the wal-header */
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  u8 lockError;              /* True if a locking error has occurred */
#endif
};

................................................................................
    ** that the log file may have been wrapped by a writer, or that frames
    ** that occur later in the log than pWal->hdr.mxFrame may have been
    ** copied into the database by a checkpointer. If either of these things
    ** happened, then reading the database with the current value of
    ** pWal->hdr.mxFrame risks reading a corrupted snapshot. So, retry
    ** instead.
    **
    ** Before checking that the live wal-index header has not changed
    ** since it was read, set Wal.minFrame to the first frame in the wal
    ** file that has not yet been checkpointed. This client will not need
    ** to read any frames earlier than minFrame from the wal file - they
    ** can be safely read directly from the database file.
    **
    ** Because a ShmBarrier() call is made between taking the copy of 
    ** nBackfill and checking that the wal-header in shared-memory still
    ** matches the one cached in pWal->hdr, it is guaranteed that the 
    ** checkpointer that set nBackfill was not working with a wal-index
    ** header newer than that cached in pWal->hdr. If it were, that could
    ** cause a problem. The checkpointer could omit to checkpoint
    ** a version of page X that lies before pWal->minFrame (call that version
    ** A) on the basis that there is a newer version (version B) of the same
    ** page later in the wal file. But if version B happens to like past
    ** frame pWal->hdr.mxFrame - then the client would incorrectly assume
    ** that it can read version A from the database file. However, since
    ** we can guarantee that the checkpointer that set nBackfill could not
    ** see any pages past pWal->hdr.mxFrame, this problem does not come up.
    */
    pWal->minFrame = pInfo->nBackfill+1;
    walShmBarrier(pWal);
    if( pInfo->aReadMark[mxI]!=mxReadMark
     || memcmp((void *)walIndexHdr(pWal), &pWal->hdr, sizeof(WalIndexHdr))
    ){
      walUnlockShared(pWal, WAL_READ_LOCK(mxI));
      return WAL_RETRY;
    }else{
................................................................................
  Wal *pWal,                      /* WAL handle */
  Pgno pgno,                      /* Database page number to read data for */
  u32 *piRead                     /* OUT: Frame number (or zero) */
){
  u32 iRead = 0;                  /* If !=0, WAL frame to return data from */
  u32 iLast = pWal->hdr.mxFrame;  /* Last page in WAL for this reader */
  int iHash;                      /* Used to loop through N hash tables */
  int iMinHash;

  /* This routine is only be called from within a read transaction. */
  assert( pWal->readLock>=0 || pWal->lockError );

  /* If the "last page" field of the wal-index header snapshot is 0, then
  ** no data will be read from the wal under any circumstances. Return early
  ** in this case as an optimization.  Likewise, if pWal->readLock==0, 
................................................................................
  **   (aPgno[iFrame]==pgno): 
  **     This condition filters out normal hash-table collisions.
  **
  **   (iFrame<=iLast): 
  **     This condition filters out entries that were added to the hash
  **     table after the current read-transaction had started.
  */
  iMinHash = walFramePage(pWal->minFrame);
  for(iHash=walFramePage(iLast); iHash>=iMinHash && iRead==0; iHash--){
    volatile ht_slot *aHash;      /* Pointer to hash table */
    volatile u32 *aPgno;          /* Pointer to array of page numbers */
    u32 iZero;                    /* Frame number corresponding to aPgno[0] */
    int iKey;                     /* Hash slot index */
    int nCollide;                 /* Number of hash collisions remaining */
    int rc;                       /* Error code */

................................................................................
    rc = walHashGet(pWal, iHash, &aHash, &aPgno, &iZero);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      return rc;
    }
    nCollide = HASHTABLE_NSLOT;
    for(iKey=walHash(pgno); aHash[iKey]; iKey=walNextHash(iKey)){
      u32 iFrame = aHash[iKey] + iZero;
      if( iFrame<=iLast && iFrame>=pWal->minFrame && aPgno[aHash[iKey]]==pgno ){
        assert( iFrame>iRead || CORRUPT_DB );
        iRead = iFrame;
      }
      if( (nCollide--)==0 ){
        return SQLITE_CORRUPT_BKPT;
      }
    }
................................................................................
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPENSIVE_ASSERT
  /* If expensive assert() statements are available, do a linear search
  ** of the wal-index file content. Make sure the results agree with the
  ** result obtained using the hash indexes above.  */
  {
    u32 iRead2 = 0;
    u32 iTest;
    assert( pWal->minFrame>0 );
    for(iTest=iLast; iTest>=pWal->minFrame; iTest--){
      if( walFramePgno(pWal, iTest)==pgno ){
        iRead2 = iTest;
        break;
      }
    }
    assert( iRead==iRead2 );
  }
................................................................................
/*
** get2byteAligned(), unlike get2byte(), requires that its argument point to a
** two-byte aligned address.  get2bytea() is only used for accessing the
** cell addresses in a btree header.
*/
#if SQLITE_BYTEORDER==4321
# define get2byteAligned(x)  (*(u16*)(x))
#elif SQLITE_BYTEORDER==1234 && !defined(SQLITE_DISABLE_INTRINSIC) \
    && GCC_VERSION>=4008000
# define get2byteAligned(x)  __builtin_bswap16(*(u16*)(x))
#elif SQLITE_BYTEORDER==1234 && !defined(SQLITE_DISABLE_INTRINSIC) \
    && defined(_MSC_VER) && _MSC_VER>=1300
# define get2byteAligned(x)  _byteswap_ushort(*(u16*)(x))
#else
# define get2byteAligned(x)  ((x)[0]<<8 | (x)[1])
#endif

/************** End of btreeInt.h ********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in btmutex.c ********************/
................................................................................
*/
static void checkAppendMsg(
  IntegrityCk *pCheck,
  const char *zFormat,
  ...
){
  va_list ap;

  if( !pCheck->mxErr ) return;
  pCheck->mxErr--;
  pCheck->nErr++;
  va_start(ap, zFormat);
  if( pCheck->errMsg.nChar ){
    sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&pCheck->errMsg, "\n", 1);
  }
  if( pCheck->zPfx ){
    sqlite3XPrintf(&pCheck->errMsg, 0, pCheck->zPfx, pCheck->v1, pCheck->v2);

  }
  sqlite3VXPrintf(&pCheck->errMsg, 1, zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
  if( pCheck->errMsg.accError==STRACCUM_NOMEM ){
    pCheck->mallocFailed = 1;
  }
}
................................................................................
}

/*
** The expression object indicated by the second argument is guaranteed
** to be a scalar SQL function. If
**
**   * all function arguments are SQL literals,
**   * one of the SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT or _SLOCHNG function flags is set, and
**   * the SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL function flag is not set,
**
** then this routine attempts to invoke the SQL function. Assuming no
** error occurs, output parameter (*ppVal) is set to point to a value 
** object containing the result before returning SQLITE_OK.
**
** Affinity aff is applied to the result of the function before returning.
................................................................................
  assert( pCtx!=0 );
  assert( (p->flags & EP_TokenOnly)==0 );
  pList = p->x.pList;
  if( pList ) nVal = pList->nExpr;
  nName = sqlite3Strlen30(p->u.zToken);
  pFunc = sqlite3FindFunction(db, p->u.zToken, nName, nVal, enc, 0);
  assert( pFunc );
  if( (pFunc->funcFlags & (SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT|SQLITE_FUNC_SLOCHNG))==0 
   || (pFunc->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_NEEDCOLL)
  ){
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  if( pList ){
    apVal = (sqlite3_value**)sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(apVal[0]) * nVal);
................................................................................
}

/*
** Return the SQL associated with a prepared statement
*/
SQLITE_API const char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_sql(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt){
  Vdbe *p = (Vdbe *)pStmt;
  return p ? p->zSql : 0;
}

/*
** Swap all content between two VDBE structures.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSwap(Vdbe *pA, Vdbe *pB){
  Vdbe tmp, *pTmp;
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(Vdbe *p, int op, int p1){
  return sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(p, op, p1, 0, 0);
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(Vdbe *p, int op, int p1, int p2){
  return sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(p, op, p1, p2, 0);
}

/* Generate code for an unconditional jump to instruction iDest
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeGoto(Vdbe *p, int iDest){
  return sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(p, OP_Goto, 0, iDest, 0);
}

/* Generate code to cause the string zStr to be loaded into
** register iDest
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeLoadString(Vdbe *p, int iDest, const char *zStr){
  return sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(p, OP_String8, 0, iDest, 0, zStr, 0);
}

/*
** Generate code that initializes multiple registers to string or integer
** constants.  The registers begin with iDest and increase consecutively.
** One register is initialized for each characgter in zTypes[].  For each
** "s" character in zTypes[], the register is a string if the argument is
** not NULL, or OP_Null if the value is a null pointer.  For each "i" character
** in zTypes[], the register is initialized to an integer.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMultiLoad(Vdbe *p, int iDest, const char *zTypes, ...){
  va_list ap;
  int i;
  char c;
  va_start(ap, zTypes);
  for(i=0; (c = zTypes[i])!=0; i++){
    if( c=='s' ){
      const char *z = va_arg(ap, const char*);
      int addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(p, z==0 ? OP_Null : OP_String8, 0, iDest++);
      if( z ) sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(p, addr, z, 0);
    }else{
      assert( c=='i' );
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(p, OP_Integer, va_arg(ap, int), iDest++);
    }
  }
  va_end(ap);
}

/*
** Add an opcode that includes the p4 value as a pointer.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(
  Vdbe *p,            /* Add the opcode to this VM */
  int op,             /* The new opcode */
................................................................................
){
  int addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(p, op, p1, p2, p3);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(p, addr, zP4, p4type);
  return addr;
}

/*
** Add an opcode that includes the p4 value with a P4_INT64 or
** P4_REAL type.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Dup8(
  Vdbe *p,            /* Add the opcode to this VM */
  int op,             /* The new opcode */
  int p1,             /* The P1 operand */
  int p2,             /* The P2 operand */
  int p3,             /* The P3 operand */
................................................................................
** a prior call to sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel().
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(Vdbe *v, int x){
  Parse *p = v->pParse;
  int j = -1-x;
  assert( v->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_INIT );
  assert( j<p->nLabel );
  assert( j>=0 );
  if( p->aLabel ){
    p->aLabel[j] = v->nOp;
  }
  p->iFixedOp = v->nOp - 1;
}

/*
** Mark the VDBE as one that can only be run one time.
................................................................................
  ** from failing.  */
  return ( v->db->mallocFailed || hasAbort==mayAbort || hasFkCounter
              || (hasCreateTable && hasInitCoroutine) );
}
#endif /* SQLITE_DEBUG - the sqlite3AssertMayAbort() function */

/*
** This routine is called after all opcodes have been inserted.  It loops
** through all the opcodes and fixes up some details.

**
** (1) For each jump instruction with a negative P2 value (a label)
**     resolve the P2 value to an actual address.
**
** (2) Compute the maximum number of arguments used by any SQL function
**     and store that value in *pMaxFuncArgs.
**
** (3) Update the Vdbe.readOnly and Vdbe.bIsReader flags to accurately
**     indicate what the prepared statement actually does.
**

** (4) Initialize the p4.xAdvance pointer on opcodes that use it.
**
** (5) Reclaim the memory allocated for storing labels.
*/
static void resolveP2Values(Vdbe *p, int *pMaxFuncArgs){
  int i;
  int nMaxArgs = *pMaxFuncArgs;
  Op *pOp;
  Parse *pParse = p->pParse;
  int *aLabel = pParse->aLabel;
................................................................................
}

/*
** Add a whole list of operations to the operation stack.  Return the
** address of the first operation added.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(Vdbe *p, int nOp, VdbeOpList const *aOp, int iLineno){
  int addr, i;
  VdbeOp *pOut;
  assert( nOp>0 );
  assert( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_INIT );
  if( p->nOp + nOp > p->pParse->nOpAlloc && growOpArray(p, nOp) ){
    return 0;
  }
  addr = p->nOp;
  pOut = &p->aOp[addr];


  for(i=0; i<nOp; i++, aOp++, pOut++){
    int p2 = aOp->p2;

    pOut->opcode = aOp->opcode;
    pOut->p1 = aOp->p1;
    if( p2<0 ){
      assert( sqlite3OpcodeProperty[pOut->opcode] & OPFLG_JUMP );
      pOut->p2 = addr + ADDR(p2);
    }else{
      pOut->p2 = p2;
    }
    pOut->p3 = aOp->p3;
    pOut->p4type = P4_NOTUSED;
    pOut->p4.p = 0;
    pOut->p5 = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
    pOut->zComment = 0;
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_VDBE_COVERAGE
    pOut->iSrcLine = iLineno+i;
#else
    (void)iLineno;
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
    if( p->db->flags & SQLITE_VdbeAddopTrace ){
      sqlite3VdbePrintOp(0, i+addr, &p->aOp[i+addr]);
    }
#endif
  }
  p->nOp += nOp;

  return addr;
}

#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_STMT_SCANSTATUS)
/*
** Add an entry to the array of counters managed by sqlite3_stmt_scanstatus().
*/
................................................................................
    p->aScan = aNew;
  }
}
#endif


/*
** Change the value of the opcode, or P1, P2, P3, or P5 operands
** for a specific instruction.



*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeOpcode(Vdbe *p, u32 addr, u8 iNewOpcode){



  sqlite3VdbeGetOp(p,addr)->opcode = iNewOpcode;
}
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(Vdbe *p, u32 addr, int val){
  sqlite3VdbeGetOp(p,addr)->p1 = val;
}





SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(Vdbe *p, u32 addr, int val){



  sqlite3VdbeGetOp(p,addr)->p2 = val;
}





SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(Vdbe *p, u32 addr, int val){



  sqlite3VdbeGetOp(p,addr)->p3 = val;
}






SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(Vdbe *p, u8 p5){





  sqlite3VdbeGetOp(p,-1)->p5 = p5;
}

/*
** Change the P2 operand of instruction addr so that it points to
** the address of the next instruction to be coded.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(Vdbe *p, int addr){

  p->pParse->iFixedOp = p->nOp - 1;
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(p, addr, p->nOp);
}


/*
** If the input FuncDef structure is ephemeral, then free it.  If
** the FuncDef is not ephermal, then do nothing.
*/
................................................................................
        CollSeq *pColl = pKeyInfo->aColl[j];
        const char *zColl = pColl ? pColl->zName : "nil";
        int n = sqlite3Strlen30(zColl);
        if( n==6 && memcmp(zColl,"BINARY",6)==0 ){
          zColl = "B";
          n = 1;
        }
        if( i+n>nTemp-7 ){
          memcpy(&zTemp[i],",...",4);
          i += 4;
          break;
        }
        zTemp[i++] = ',';
        if( pKeyInfo->aSortOrder[j] ){
          zTemp[i++] = '-';
        }
        memcpy(&zTemp[i], zColl, n+1);
................................................................................
  return sqlite3VdbeRealValue((Mem*)pVal);
}
SQLITE_API int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_int(sqlite3_value *pVal){
  return (int)sqlite3VdbeIntValue((Mem*)pVal);
}
SQLITE_API sqlite_int64 SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_int64(sqlite3_value *pVal){
  return sqlite3VdbeIntValue((Mem*)pVal);
}
SQLITE_API unsigned int SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_subtype(sqlite3_value *pVal){
  return ((Mem*)pVal)->eSubtype;
}
SQLITE_API const unsigned char *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_text(sqlite3_value *pVal){
  return (const unsigned char *)sqlite3ValueText(pVal, SQLITE_UTF8);
}
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_UTF16
SQLITE_API const void *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_value_text16(sqlite3_value* pVal){
  return sqlite3ValueText(pVal, SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE);
................................................................................
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_int64(sqlite3_context *pCtx, i64 iVal){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->pOut->db->mutex) );
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetInt64(pCtx->pOut, iVal);
}
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_null(sqlite3_context *pCtx){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->pOut->db->mutex) );
  sqlite3VdbeMemSetNull(pCtx->pOut);
}
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_subtype(sqlite3_context *pCtx, unsigned int eSubtype){
  assert( sqlite3_mutex_held(pCtx->pOut->db->mutex) );
  pCtx->pOut->eSubtype = eSubtype & 0xff;
}
SQLITE_API void SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_result_text(
  sqlite3_context *pCtx, 
  const char *z, 
  int n,
  void (*xDel)(void *)
){
................................................................................
  ** returned if this statement was compiled using the legacy 
  ** sqlite3_prepare() interface. According to the docs, this can only
  ** be one of the values in the first assert() below. Variable p->rc 
  ** contains the value that would be returned if sqlite3_finalize() 
  ** were called on statement p.
  */
  assert( rc==SQLITE_ROW  || rc==SQLITE_DONE   || rc==SQLITE_ERROR 
       || (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_BUSY || rc==SQLITE_MISUSE
  );
  assert( (p->rc!=SQLITE_ROW && p->rc!=SQLITE_DONE) || p->rc==p->rcApp );
  if( p->isPrepareV2 && rc!=SQLITE_ROW && rc!=SQLITE_DONE ){
    /* If this statement was prepared using sqlite3_prepare_v2(), and an
    ** error has occurred, then return the error code in p->rc to the
    ** caller. Set the error code in the database handle to the same value.
    */ 
................................................................................
** IMPLEMENTATION-OF: R-46798-50301 The sqlite3_context_db_handle() interface
** returns a copy of the pointer to the database connection (the 1st
** parameter) of the sqlite3_create_function() and
** sqlite3_create_function16() routines that originally registered the
** application defined function.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3 *SQLITE_STDCALL sqlite3_context_db_handle(sqlite3_context *p){
  assert( p && p->pOut );
  return p->pOut->db;
}

/*
** Return the current time for a statement.  If the current time
** is requested more than once within the same run of a single prepared
** statement, the exact same time is returned for each invocation regardless
................................................................................
  assert( p->magic==VDBE_MAGIC_RUN );  /* sqlite3_step() verifies this */
  sqlite3VdbeEnter(p);
  if( p->rc==SQLITE_NOMEM ){
    /* This happens if a malloc() inside a call to sqlite3_column_text() or
    ** sqlite3_column_text16() failed.  */
    goto no_mem;
  }
  assert( p->rc==SQLITE_OK || (p->rc&0xff)==SQLITE_BUSY );
  assert( p->bIsReader || p->readOnly!=0 );
  p->rc = SQLITE_OK;
  p->iCurrentTime = 0;
  assert( p->explain==0 );
  p->pResultSet = 0;
  db->busyHandler.nBusy = 0;
  if( db->u1.isInterrupted ) goto abort_due_to_interrupt;
................................................................................
      assert( desiredAutoCommit==1 );
      sqlite3RollbackAll(db, SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK);
      db->autoCommit = 1;
    }else if( (rc = sqlite3VdbeCheckFk(p, 1))!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto vdbe_return;
    }else{
      db->autoCommit = (u8)desiredAutoCommit;
    }
    if( sqlite3VdbeHalt(p)==SQLITE_BUSY ){
      p->pc = (int)(pOp - aOp);
      db->autoCommit = (u8)(1-desiredAutoCommit);
      p->rc = rc = SQLITE_BUSY;
      goto vdbe_return;

    }
    assert( db->nStatement==0 );
    sqlite3CloseSavepoints(db);
    if( p->rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      rc = SQLITE_DONE;
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
................................................................................
    rc = SQLITE_READONLY;
    goto abort_due_to_error;
  }
  pBt = db->aDb[pOp->p1].pBt;

  if( pBt ){
    rc = sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(pBt, pOp->p2);
    testcase( rc==SQLITE_BUSY_SNAPSHOT );
    testcase( rc==SQLITE_BUSY_RECOVERY );
    if( (rc&0xff)==SQLITE_BUSY ){
      p->pc = (int)(pOp - aOp);
      p->rc = rc;
      goto vdbe_return;
    }
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      goto abort_due_to_error;
    }

    if( pOp->p2 && p->usesStmtJournal 
................................................................................
          }
        }
      }
#endif
      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        int j;
        for(j=0; j<pIdx->nKeyCol; j++){
          /* FIXME: Be smarter about indexes that use expressions */
          if( pIdx->aiColumn[j]==iCol || pIdx->aiColumn[j]==(-2) ){
            zFault = "indexed";
          }
        }
      }
      if( zFault ){
        sqlite3DbFree(db, zErr);
        zErr = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "cannot open %s column for writing", zFault);
................................................................................

  pSrc = p->pSrc;
  if( ALWAYS(pSrc) ){
    for(i=pSrc->nSrc, pItem=pSrc->a; i>0; i--, pItem++){
      if( sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pItem->pSelect) ){
        return WRC_Abort;
      }
      if( pItem->fg.isTabFunc
       && sqlite3WalkExprList(pWalker, pItem->u1.pFuncArg)
      ){
        return WRC_Abort;
      }
    }
  }
  return WRC_Continue;
} 

/*
** Call sqlite3WalkExpr() for every expression in Select statement p.
................................................................................
  }
}

/*
** Turn the pExpr expression into an alias for the iCol-th column of the
** result set in pEList.
**
























** If the reference is followed by a COLLATE operator, then make sure
** the COLLATE operator is preserved.  For example:
**
**     SELECT a+b, c+d FROM t1 ORDER BY 1 COLLATE nocase;
**
** Should be transformed into:
**
................................................................................

  assert( iCol>=0 && iCol<pEList->nExpr );
  pOrig = pEList->a[iCol].pExpr;
  assert( pOrig!=0 );
  db = pParse->db;
  pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOrig, 0);
  if( pDup==0 ) return;

  if( zType[0]!='G' ) incrAggFunctionDepth(pDup, nSubquery);








  if( pExpr->op==TK_COLLATE ){
    pDup = sqlite3ExprAddCollateString(pParse, pDup, pExpr->u.zToken);
  }
  ExprSetProperty(pDup, EP_Alias);

  /* Before calling sqlite3ExprDelete(), set the EP_Static flag. This 
  ** prevents ExprDelete() from deleting the Expr structure itself,
  ** allowing it to be repopulated by the memcpy() on the following line.
  ** The pExpr->u.zToken might point into memory that will be freed by the
  ** sqlite3DbFree(db, pDup) on the last line of this block, so be sure to
  ** make a copy of the token before doing the sqlite3DbFree().
................................................................................
        for(j=0, pCol=pTab->aCol; j<pTab->nCol; j++, pCol++){
          if( sqlite3StrICmp(pCol->zName, zCol)==0 ){
            /* If there has been exactly one prior match and this match
            ** is for the right-hand table of a NATURAL JOIN or is in a 
            ** USING clause, then skip this match.
            */
            if( cnt==1 ){
              if( pItem->fg.jointype & JT_NATURAL ) continue;
              if( nameInUsingClause(pItem->pUsing, zCol) ) continue;
            }
            cnt++;
            pMatch = pItem;
            /* Substitute the rowid (column -1) for the INTEGER PRIMARY KEY */
            pExpr->iColumn = j==pTab->iPKey ? -1 : (i16)j;
            break;
................................................................................
          }
        }
      }
      if( pMatch ){
        pExpr->iTable = pMatch->iCursor;
        pExpr->pTab = pMatch->pTab;
        /* RIGHT JOIN not (yet) supported */
        assert( (pMatch->fg.jointype & JT_RIGHT)==0 );
        if( (pMatch->fg.jointype & JT_LEFT)!=0 ){
          ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_CanBeNull);
        }
        pSchema = pExpr->pTab->pSchema;
      }
    } /* if( pSrcList ) */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
................................................................................
    **
    ** In cases like this, replace pExpr with a copy of the expression that
    ** forms the result set entry ("a+b" in the example) and return immediately.
    ** Note that the expression in the result set should have already been
    ** resolved by the time the WHERE clause is resolved.
    **
    ** The ability to use an output result-set column in the WHERE, GROUP BY,
    ** or HAVING clauses, or as part of a larger expression in the ORDER BY
    ** clause is not standard SQL.  This is a (goofy) SQLite extension, that
    ** is supported for backwards compatibility only. Hence, we issue a warning
    ** on sqlite3_log() whenever the capability is used.
    */
    if( (pEList = pNC->pEList)!=0
     && zTab==0
     && cnt==0
    ){
      for(j=0; j<pEList->nExpr; j++){
................................................................................
  pExpr->pLeft = 0;
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr->pRight);
  pExpr->pRight = 0;
  pExpr->op = (isTrigger ? TK_TRIGGER : TK_COLUMN);
lookupname_end:
  if( cnt==1 ){
    assert( pNC!=0 );
    if( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_Alias) ){
      sqlite3AuthRead(pParse, pExpr, pSchema, pNC->pSrcList);
    }
    /* Increment the nRef value on all name contexts from TopNC up to
    ** the point where the name matched. */
    for(;;){
      assert( pTopNC!=0 );
      pTopNC->nRef++;
................................................................................
    }
    ExprSetProperty(p, EP_Resolved);
  }
  return p;
}

/*
** Report an error that an expression is not valid for some set of
** pNC->ncFlags values determined by validMask.
*/
static void notValid(
  Parse *pParse,       /* Leave error message here */
  NameContext *pNC,    /* The name context */
  const char *zMsg,    /* Type of error */
  int validMask        /* Set of contexts for which prohibited */
){
  assert( (validMask&~(NC_IsCheck|NC_PartIdx|NC_IdxExpr))==0 );
  if( (pNC->ncFlags & validMask)!=0 ){
    const char *zIn = "partial index WHERE clauses";




    if( pNC->ncFlags & NC_IdxExpr )      zIn = "index expressions";
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CHECK








    else if( pNC->ncFlags & NC_IsCheck ) zIn = "CHECK constraints";
#endif
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "%s prohibited in %s", zMsg, zIn);
  }
}




/*
** Expression p should encode a floating point value between 1.0 and 0.0.
** Return 1024 times this value.  Or return -1 if p is not a floating point
** value between 1.0 and 0.0.
*/
static int exprProbability(Expr *p){
................................................................................
    case TK_DOT: {
      const char *zColumn;
      const char *zTable;
      const char *zDb;
      Expr *pRight;

      /* if( pSrcList==0 ) break; */
      notValid(pParse, pNC, "the \".\" operator", NC_IdxExpr);
      /*notValid(pParse, pNC, "the \".\" operator", NC_PartIdx|NC_IsCheck, 1);*/
      pRight = pExpr->pRight;
      if( pRight->op==TK_ID ){
        zDb = 0;
        zTable = pExpr->pLeft->u.zToken;
        zColumn = pRight->u.zToken;
      }else{
        assert( pRight->op==TK_DOT );
................................................................................
      int auth;                   /* Authorization to use the function */
      int nId;                    /* Number of characters in function name */
      const char *zId;            /* The function name. */
      FuncDef *pDef;              /* Information about the function */
      u8 enc = ENC(pParse->db);   /* The database encoding */

      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      notValid(pParse, pNC, "functions", NC_PartIdx);
      zId = pExpr->u.zToken;
      nId = sqlite3Strlen30(zId);
      pDef = sqlite3FindFunction(pParse->db, zId, nId, n, enc, 0);
      if( pDef==0 ){
        pDef = sqlite3FindFunction(pParse->db, zId, nId, -2, enc, 0);
        if( pDef==0 ){
          no_such_func = 1;
................................................................................
                                    pDef->zName);
            pNC->nErr++;
          }
          pExpr->op = TK_NULL;
          return WRC_Prune;
        }
#endif
        if( pDef->funcFlags & (SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT|SQLITE_FUNC_SLOCHNG) ){
          /* For the purposes of the EP_ConstFunc flag, date and time
          ** functions and other functions that change slowly are considered
          ** constant because they are constant for the duration of one query */
          ExprSetProperty(pExpr,EP_ConstFunc);
        }
        if( (pDef->funcFlags & SQLITE_FUNC_CONSTANT)==0 ){
          /* Date/time functions that use 'now', and other functions like
          ** sqlite_version() that might change over time cannot be used
          ** in an index. */
          notValid(pParse, pNC, "non-deterministic functions", NC_IdxExpr);
        }
      }
      if( is_agg && (pNC->ncFlags & NC_AllowAgg)==0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "misuse of aggregate function %.*s()", nId,zId);
        pNC->nErr++;
        is_agg = 0;
      }else if( no_such_func && pParse->db->init.busy==0 ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no such function: %.*s", nId, zId);
................................................................................
    case TK_SELECT:
    case TK_EXISTS:  testcase( pExpr->op==TK_EXISTS );
#endif
    case TK_IN: {
      testcase( pExpr->op==TK_IN );
      if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) ){
        int nRef = pNC->nRef;

        notValid(pParse, pNC, "subqueries", NC_IsCheck|NC_PartIdx|NC_IdxExpr);
        sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pExpr->x.pSelect);
        assert( pNC->nRef>=nRef );
        if( nRef!=pNC->nRef ){
          ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_VarSelect);
        }
      }
      break;
    }
    case TK_VARIABLE: {

      notValid(pParse, pNC, "parameters", NC_IsCheck|NC_PartIdx|NC_IdxExpr);
      break;
    }
  }
  return (pParse->nErr || pParse->db->mallocFailed) ? WRC_Abort : WRC_Continue;
}

/*
................................................................................
*/
static int resolveSelectStep(Walker *pWalker, Select *p){
  NameContext *pOuterNC;  /* Context that contains this SELECT */
  NameContext sNC;        /* Name context of this SELECT */
  int isCompound;         /* True if p is a compound select */
  int nCompound;          /* Number of compound terms processed so far */
  Parse *pParse;          /* Parsing context */

  int i;                  /* Loop counter */
  ExprList *pGroupBy;     /* The GROUP BY clause */
  Select *pLeftmost;      /* Left-most of SELECT of a compound */
  sqlite3 *db;            /* Database connection */
  

  assert( p!=0 );
................................................................................
        int nRef = 0;             /* Refcount for pOuterNC and outer contexts */
        const char *zSavedContext = pParse->zAuthContext;

        /* Count the total number of references to pOuterNC and all of its
        ** parent contexts. After resolving references to expressions in
        ** pItem->pSelect, check if this value has changed. If so, then
        ** SELECT statement pItem->pSelect must be correlated. Set the
        ** pItem->fg.isCorrelated flag if this is the case. */
        for(pNC=pOuterNC; pNC; pNC=pNC->pNext) nRef += pNC->nRef;

        if( pItem->zName ) pParse->zAuthContext = pItem->zName;
        sqlite3ResolveSelectNames(pParse, pItem->pSelect, pOuterNC);
        pParse->zAuthContext = zSavedContext;
        if( pParse->nErr || db->mallocFailed ) return WRC_Abort;

        for(pNC=pOuterNC; pNC; pNC=pNC->pNext) nRef -= pNC->nRef;
        assert( pItem->fg.isCorrelated==0 && nRef<=0 );
        pItem->fg.isCorrelated = (nRef!=0);
      }
    }
  
    /* Set up the local name-context to pass to sqlite3ResolveExprNames() to
    ** resolve the result-set expression list.
    */
    sNC.ncFlags = NC_AllowAgg;
    sNC.pSrcList = p->pSrc;
    sNC.pNext = pOuterNC;
  
    /* Resolve names in the result set. */




    if( sqlite3ResolveExprListNames(&sNC, p->pEList) ) return WRC_Abort;



  
    /* If there are no aggregate functions in the result-set, and no GROUP BY 
    ** expression, do not allow aggregates in any of the other expressions.
    */
    assert( (p->selFlags & SF_Aggregate)==0 );
    pGroupBy = p->pGroupBy;
    if( pGroupBy || (sNC.ncFlags & NC_HasAgg)!=0 ){
................................................................................
    **
    ** Minor point: If this is the case, then the expression will be
    ** re-evaluated for each reference to it.
    */
    sNC.pEList = p->pEList;
    if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, p->pHaving) ) return WRC_Abort;
    if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, p->pWhere) ) return WRC_Abort;

    /* Resolve names in table-valued-function arguments */
    for(i=0; i<p->pSrc->nSrc; i++){
      struct SrcList_item *pItem = &p->pSrc->a[i];
      if( pItem->fg.isTabFunc
       && sqlite3ResolveExprListNames(&sNC, pItem->u1.pFuncArg) 
      ){
        return WRC_Abort;
      }
    }

    /* The ORDER BY and GROUP BY clauses may not refer to terms in
    ** outer queries 
    */
    sNC.pNext = 0;
    sNC.ncFlags |= NC_AllowAgg;

................................................................................
  if( pNC->ncFlags & NC_HasAgg ){
    ExprSetProperty(pExpr, EP_Agg);
  }
  pNC->ncFlags |= savedHasAgg;
  return ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_Error);
}

/*
** Resolve all names for all expression in an expression list.  This is
** just like sqlite3ResolveExprNames() except that it works for an expression
** list rather than a single expression.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ResolveExprListNames( 
  NameContext *pNC,       /* Namespace to resolve expressions in. */
  ExprList *pList         /* The expression list to be analyzed. */
){
  int i;
  assert( pList!=0 );
  for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
    if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(pNC, pList->a[i].pExpr) ) return WRC_Abort;
  }
  return WRC_Continue;
}

/*
** Resolve all names in all expressions of a SELECT and in all
** decendents of the SELECT, including compounds off of p->pPrior,
** subqueries in expressions, and subqueries used as FROM clause
** terms.
**
................................................................................
** is set to -1 and the Expr.iColumn value is set to the column number.
**
** Any errors cause an error message to be set in pParse.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(
  Parse *pParse,      /* Parsing context */
  Table *pTab,        /* The table being referenced */
  int type,           /* NC_IsCheck or NC_PartIdx or NC_IdxExpr */
  Expr *pExpr,        /* Expression to resolve.  May be NULL. */
  ExprList *pList     /* Expression list to resolve.  May be NUL. */
){
  SrcList sSrc;                   /* Fake SrcList for pParse->pNewTable */
  NameContext sNC;                /* Name context for pParse->pNewTable */


  assert( type==NC_IsCheck || type==NC_PartIdx || type==NC_IdxExpr );
  memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
  memset(&sSrc, 0, sizeof(sSrc));
  sSrc.nSrc = 1;
  sSrc.a[0].zName = pTab->zName;
  sSrc.a[0].pTab = pTab;
  sSrc.a[0].iCursor = -1;
  sNC.pParse = pParse;
  sNC.pSrcList = &sSrc;
  sNC.ncFlags = type;
  if( sqlite3ResolveExprNames(&sNC, pExpr) ) return;
  if( pList ) sqlite3ResolveExprListNames(&sNC, pList);






}

/************** End of resolve.c *********************************************/
/************** Begin file expr.c ********************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
................................................................................
  assert( zC!=0 );
  s.z = zC;
  s.n = sqlite3Strlen30(s.z);
  return sqlite3ExprAddCollateToken(pParse, pExpr, &s, 0);
}

/*
** Skip over any TK_COLLATE operators and any unlikely()
** or likelihood() function at the root of an expression.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Expr *sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(Expr *pExpr){
  while( pExpr && ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_Skip) ){
    if( ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_Unlikely) ){
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
      assert( pExpr->x.pList->nExpr>0 );
      assert( pExpr->op==TK_FUNCTION );
      pExpr = pExpr->x.pList->a[0].pExpr;
    }else{
      assert( pExpr->op==TK_COLLATE );
      pExpr = pExpr->pLeft;
    }
  }   
  return pExpr;
}

/*
................................................................................
**
** Construct a new expression node and return a pointer to it.  Memory
** for this node and for the pToken argument is a single allocation
** obtained from sqlite3DbMalloc().  The calling function
** is responsible for making sure the node eventually gets freed.
**
** If dequote is true, then the token (if it exists) is dequoted.
** If dequote is false, no dequoting is performed.  The deQuote
** parameter is ignored if pToken is NULL or if the token does not
** appear to be quoted.  If the quotes were of the form "..." (double-quotes)
** then the EP_DblQuoted flag is set on the expression node.
**
** Special case:  If op==TK_INTEGER and pToken points to a string that
** can be translated into a 32-bit integer, then the token is not
** stored in u.zToken.  Instead, the integer values is written
................................................................................
    struct SrcList_item *pNewItem = &pNew->a[i];
    struct SrcList_item *pOldItem = &p->a[i];
    Table *pTab;
    pNewItem->pSchema = pOldItem->pSchema;
    pNewItem->zDatabase = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pOldItem->zDatabase);
    pNewItem->zName = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pOldItem->zName);
    pNewItem->zAlias = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pOldItem->zAlias);
    pNewItem->fg = pOldItem->fg;
    pNewItem->iCursor = pOldItem->iCursor;
    pNewItem->addrFillSub = pOldItem->addrFillSub;
    pNewItem->regReturn = pOldItem->regReturn;
    if( pNewItem->fg.isIndexedBy ){


      pNewItem->u1.zIndexedBy = sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pOldItem->u1.zIndexedBy);
    }
    pNewItem->pIBIndex = pOldItem->pIBIndex;
    if( pNewItem->fg.isTabFunc ){
      pNewItem->u1.pFuncArg = 
          sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pOldItem->u1.pFuncArg, flags);
    }
    pTab = pNewItem->pTab = pOldItem->pTab;
    if( pTab ){
      pTab->nRef++;
    }
    pNewItem->pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pOldItem->pSelect, flags);
    pNewItem->pOn = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pOldItem->pOn, flags);
    pNewItem->pUsing = sqlite3IdListDup(db, pOldItem->pUsing);
................................................................................

no_mem:     
  /* Avoid leaking memory if malloc has failed. */
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pExpr);
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pList);
  return 0;
}

/*
** Set the sort order for the last element on the given ExprList.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprListSetSortOrder(ExprList *p, int iSortOrder){
  if( p==0 ) return;
  assert( SQLITE_SO_UNDEFINED<0 && SQLITE_SO_ASC>=0 && SQLITE_SO_DESC>0 );
  assert( p->nExpr>0 );
  if( iSortOrder<0 ){
    assert( p->a[p->nExpr-1].sortOrder==SQLITE_SO_ASC );
    return;
  }
  p->a[p->nExpr-1].sortOrder = (u8)iSortOrder;
}

/*
** Set the ExprList.a[].zName element of the most recently added item
** on the expression list.
**
** pList might be NULL following an OOM error.  But pName should never be
** NULL.  If a memory allocation fails, the pParse->db->mallocFailed flag
................................................................................
                          (void*)pColl, P4_COLLSEQ); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, affinity | SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      }
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regToFree);
    }
    if( regCkNull ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regCkNull, destIfNull); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, destIfFalse);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, labelOk);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regCkNull);
  }else{
  
    /* If the LHS is NULL, then the result is either false or NULL depending
    ** on whether the RHS is empty or not, respectively.
................................................................................
        /* Shortcut for the common case where the false and NULL outcomes are
        ** the same. */
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, r1, destIfNull); VdbeCoverage(v);
      }else{
        int addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NotNull, r1); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, pExpr->iTable, destIfFalse);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, destIfNull);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
      }
    }
  
    if( eType==IN_INDEX_ROWID ){
      /* In this case, the RHS is the ROWID of table b-tree
      */
................................................................................
        ** answer is NULL if the RHS contains NULLs and the answer is
        ** FALSE if the RHS is NULL-free.
        */
        j1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, pExpr->iTable, 0, r1, 1);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, rRhsHasNull, destIfNull);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, destIfFalse);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
      }
    }
  }
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
  sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
  VdbeComment((v, "end IN expr"));
................................................................................
  struct yColCache *p;
  for(i=0, p=pParse->aColCache; i<SQLITE_N_COLCACHE; i++, p++){
    if( p->iReg==iReg ){
      p->tempReg = 0;
    }
  }
}

/* Generate code that will load into register regOut a value that is
** appropriate for the iIdxCol-th column of index pIdx.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeLoadIndexColumn(
  Parse *pParse,  /* The parsing context */
  Index *pIdx,    /* The index whose column is to be loaded */
  int iTabCur,    /* Cursor pointing to a table row */
  int iIdxCol,    /* The column of the index to be loaded */
  int regOut      /* Store the index column value in this register */
){
  i16 iTabCol = pIdx->aiColumn[iIdxCol];
  if( iTabCol>=(-1) ){
    sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(pParse->pVdbe, pIdx->pTable, iTabCur,
                                    iTabCol, regOut);
    return;
  }
  assert( pIdx->aColExpr );
  assert( pIdx->aColExpr->nExpr>iIdxCol );
  pParse->iSelfTab = iTabCur;
  sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pIdx->aColExpr->a[iIdxCol].pExpr, regOut);
}

/*
** Generate code to extract the value of the iCol-th column of a table.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(
  Vdbe *v,        /* The VDBE under construction */
  Table *pTab,    /* The table containing the value */
................................................................................
      int iTab = pExpr->iTable;
      if( iTab<0 ){
        if( pParse->ckBase>0 ){
          /* Generating CHECK constraints or inserting into partial index */
          inReg = pExpr->iColumn + pParse->ckBase;
          break;
        }else{
          /* Coding an expression that is part of an index where column names
          ** in the index refer to the table to which the index belongs */
          iTab = pParse->iSelfTab;
        }
      }
      inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(pParse, pExpr->pTab,
                               pExpr->iColumn, iTab, target,
                               pExpr->op2);
      break;
    }
................................................................................
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      codeReal(v, pExpr->u.zToken, 0, target);
      break;
    }
#endif
    case TK_STRING: {
      assert( !ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_IntValue) );
      sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, target, pExpr->u.zToken);
      break;
    }
    case TK_NULL: {
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Null, 0, target);
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BLOB_LITERAL
................................................................................
      }
      break;
    }
    case TK_REGISTER: {
      inReg = pExpr->iTable;
      break;
    }




#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CAST
    case TK_CAST: {
      /* Expressions of the form:   CAST(pLeft AS token) */
      inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr->pLeft, target);
      if( inReg!=target ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, inReg, target);
        inReg = target;
................................................................................
            testcase( pDef->funcFlags & OPFLAG_LENGTHARG );
            pFarg->a[0].pExpr->op2 = 
                  pDef->funcFlags & (OPFLAG_LENGTHARG|OPFLAG_TYPEOFARG);
          }
        }

        sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);     /* Ticket 2ea2425d34be */
        sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse, pFarg, r1, 0,
                                SQLITE_ECEL_DUP|SQLITE_ECEL_FACTOR);
        sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);      /* Ticket 2ea2425d34be */
      }else{
        r1 = 0;
      }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
      /* Possibly overload the function if the first argument is
................................................................................
          pTest = aListelem[i].pExpr;
        }
        nextCase = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
        testcase( pTest->op==TK_COLUMN );
        sqlite3ExprIfFalse(pParse, pTest, nextCase, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
        testcase( aListelem[i+1].pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN );
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, aListelem[i+1].pExpr, target);
        sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, endLabel);
        sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, nextCase);
      }
      if( (nExpr&1)!=0 ){
        sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pEList->a[nExpr-1].pExpr, target);
        sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
................................................................................
** The SQLITE_ECEL_FACTOR argument allows constant arguments to be
** factored out into initialization code.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(
  Parse *pParse,     /* Parsing context */
  ExprList *pList,   /* The expression list to be coded */
  int target,        /* Where to write results */
  int srcReg,        /* Source registers if SQLITE_ECEL_REF */
  u8 flags           /* SQLITE_ECEL_* flags */
){
  struct ExprList_item *pItem;
  int i, j, n;
  u8 copyOp = (flags & SQLITE_ECEL_DUP) ? OP_Copy : OP_SCopy;
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  assert( pList!=0 );
  assert( target>0 );
  assert( pParse->pVdbe!=0 );  /* Never gets this far otherwise */
  n = pList->nExpr;
  if( !ConstFactorOk(pParse) ) flags &= ~SQLITE_ECEL_FACTOR;
  for(pItem=pList->a, i=0; i<n; i++, pItem++){
    Expr *pExpr = pItem->pExpr;
    if( (flags & SQLITE_ECEL_REF)!=0 && (j = pList->a[i].u.x.iOrderByCol)>0 ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, copyOp, j+srcReg-1, target+i);
    }else if( (flags & SQLITE_ECEL_FACTOR)!=0 && sqlite3ExprIsConstant(pExpr) ){
      sqlite3ExprCodeAtInit(pParse, pExpr, target+i, 0);
    }else{
      int inReg = sqlite3ExprCodeTarget(pParse, pExpr, target+i);
      if( inReg!=target+i ){
        VdbeOp *pOp;

        if( copyOp==OP_Copy
         && (pOp=sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, -1))->opcode==OP_Copy
         && pOp->p1+pOp->p3+1==inReg
         && pOp->p2+pOp->p3+1==target+i
        ){
          pOp->p3++;
        }else{
................................................................................
      break;
    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY
    case TK_IN: {
      int destIfFalse = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      int destIfNull = jumpIfNull ? dest : destIfFalse;
      sqlite3ExprCodeIN(pParse, pExpr, destIfFalse, destIfNull);
      sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, dest);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, destIfFalse);
      break;
    }
#endif
    default: {
      if( exprAlwaysTrue(pExpr) ){
        sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, dest);
      }else if( exprAlwaysFalse(pExpr) ){
        /* No-op */
      }else{
        r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr, &regFree1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_If, r1, dest, jumpIfNull!=0);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
        testcase( regFree1==0 );
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, destIfNull);
      }
      break;
    }
#endif
    default: {
      if( exprAlwaysFalse(pExpr) ){
        sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, dest);
      }else if( exprAlwaysTrue(pExpr) ){
        /* no-op */
      }else{
        r1 = sqlite3ExprCodeTemp(pParse, pExpr, &regFree1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IfNot, r1, dest, jumpIfNull!=0);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
        testcase( regFree1==0 );
................................................................................
    }
    if( pB->op==TK_COLLATE && sqlite3ExprCompare(pA, pB->pLeft, iTab)<2 ){
      return 1;
    }
    return 2;
  }
  if( pA->op!=TK_COLUMN && ALWAYS(pA->op!=TK_AGG_COLUMN) && pA->u.zToken ){
    if( pA->op==TK_FUNCTION ){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(pA->u.zToken,pB->u.zToken)!=0 ) return 2;
    }else if( strcmp(pA->u.zToken,pB->u.zToken)!=0 ){
      return pA->op==TK_COLLATE ? 1 : 2;
    }
  }
  if( (pA->flags & EP_Distinct)!=(pB->flags & EP_Distinct) ) return 2;
  if( ALWAYS((combinedFlags & EP_TokenOnly)==0) ){
    if( combinedFlags & EP_xIsSelect ) return 2;
    if( sqlite3ExprCompare(pA->pLeft, pB->pLeft, iTab) ) return 2;
................................................................................
  ** one is defined. The xRename() callback will modify the names
  ** of any resources used by the v-table implementation (including other
  ** SQLite tables) that are identified by the name of the virtual table.
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if( pVTab ){
    int i = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, i, zName);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_VRename, i, 0, 0,(const char*)pVTab, P4_VTAB);
    sqlite3MayAbort(pParse);
  }
#endif

  /* figure out how many UTF-8 characters are in zName */
  zTabName = pTab->zName;
................................................................................
  ** to use for scanning indexes (iIdxCur). No index cursor is opened at
  ** this time though.  */
  sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);
  iTabCur = iTab++;
  iIdxCur = iTab++;
  pParse->nTab = MAX(pParse->nTab, iTab);
  sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iTabCur, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
  sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, regTabname, pTab->zName);

  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    int nCol;                     /* Number of columns in pIdx. "N" */
    int addrRewind;               /* Address of "OP_Rewind iIdxCur" */
    int addrNextRow;              /* Address of "next_row:" */
    const char *zIdxName;         /* Name of the index */
    int nColTest;                 /* Number of columns to test for changes */
................................................................................
    }else{
      nCol = pIdx->nColumn;
      zIdxName = pIdx->zName;
      nColTest = pIdx->uniqNotNull ? pIdx->nKeyCol-1 : nCol-1;
    }

    /* Populate the register containing the index name. */
    sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, regIdxname, zIdxName);
    VdbeComment((v, "Analysis for %s.%s", pTab->zName, zIdxName));

    /*
    ** Pseudo-code for loop that calls stat_push():
    **
    **   Rewind csr
    **   if eof(csr) goto end_of_scan;
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, i, regTemp);
        aGotoChng[i] = 
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Ne, regTemp, 0, regPrev+i, pColl, P4_COLLSEQ);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NULLEQ);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, nColTest, regChng);
      sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, endDistinctTest);
  
  
      /*
      **  chng_addr_0:
      **   regPrev(0) = idx(0)
      **  chng_addr_1:
      **   regPrev(1) = idx(1)
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxRowid, iIdxCur, regRowid);
    }else{
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx->pTable);
      int j, k, regKey;
      regKey = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, pPk->nKeyCol);
      for(j=0; j<pPk->nKeyCol; j++){
        k = sqlite3ColumnOfIndex(pIdx, pPk->aiColumn[j]);
        assert( k>=0 && k<pTab->nCol );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, iIdxCur, k, regKey+j);
        VdbeComment((v, "%s", pTab->aCol[pPk->aiColumn[j]].zName));
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regKey, pPk->nKeyCol, regRowid);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regKey, pPk->nKeyCol);
    }
#endif
................................................................................
      callStatGet(v, regStat4, STAT_GET_NDLT, regDLt);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, seekOp, iTabCur, addrNext, regSampleRowid, 0);
      /* We know that the regSampleRowid row exists because it was read by
      ** the previous loop.  Thus the not-found jump of seekOp will never
      ** be taken */
      VdbeCoverageNeverTaken(v);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
      sqlite3ExprCodeLoadIndexColumn(pParse, pIdx, iTabCur, 0, regSample);

#else
      for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){


        sqlite3ExprCodeLoadIndexColumn(pParse, pIdx, iTabCur, i, regCol+i);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regCol, nCol, regSample);
#endif
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTabname, 6, regTemp);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iStatCur+1, regNewRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iStatCur+1, regTemp, regNewRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Goto, 1, addrNext); /* P1==1 for end-of-loop */
................................................................................
        pParse->okConstFactor = 0;
        for(i=0; i<pEL->nExpr; i++){
          sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pEL->a[i].pExpr, pEL->a[i].u.iConstExprReg);
        }
      }

      /* Finally, jump back to the beginning of the executable code. */
      sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, 1);
    }
  }


  /* Get the VDBE program ready for execution
  */
  if( v && pParse->nErr==0 && !db->mallocFailed ){
................................................................................
  if( SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ){
    return 0;
  }

  p = sqlite3FindTable(pParse->db, zName, zDbase);
  if( p==0 ){
    const char *zMsg = isView ? "no such view" : "no such table";
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    if( sqlite3FindDbName(pParse->db, zDbase)<1 ){
      /* If zName is the not the name of a table in the schema created using
      ** CREATE, then check to see if it is the name of an virtual table that
      ** can be an eponymous virtual table. */
      Module *pMod = (Module*)sqlite3HashFind(&pParse->db->aModule, zName);
      if( pMod && sqlite3VtabEponymousTableInit(pParse, pMod) ){
        return pMod->pEpoTab;
      }
    }
#endif
    if( zDbase ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "%s: %s.%s", zMsg, zDbase, zName);
    }else{
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "%s: %s", zMsg, zName);
    }
    pParse->checkSchema = 1;
  }
................................................................................
** Reclaim the memory used by an index
*/
static void freeIndex(sqlite3 *db, Index *p){
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_ANALYZE
  sqlite3DeleteIndexSamples(db, p);
#endif
  sqlite3ExprDelete(db, p->pPartIdxWhere);
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, p->aColExpr);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p->zColAff);
  if( p->isResized ) sqlite3DbFree(db, p->azColl);
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
  sqlite3_free(p->aiRowEst);
#endif
  sqlite3DbFree(db, p);
}
................................................................................
  db->flags &= ~SQLITE_InternChanges;
}

/*
** Delete memory allocated for the column names of a table or view (the
** Table.aCol[] array).
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3DeleteColumnNames(sqlite3 *db, Table *pTable){
  int i;
  Column *pCol;
  assert( pTable!=0 );
  if( (pCol = pTable->aCol)!=0 ){
    for(i=0; i<pTable->nCol; i++, pCol++){
      sqlite3DbFree(db, pCol->zName);
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pCol->pDflt);
................................................................................
  }

  /* Delete any foreign keys attached to this table. */
  sqlite3FkDelete(db, pTable);

  /* Delete the Table structure itself.
  */
  sqlite3DeleteColumnNames(db, pTable);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pTable->zName);
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pTable->zColAff);
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pTable->pSelect);

  sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pTable->pCheck);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  sqlite3VtabClear(db, pTable);
#endif
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pTable);

  /* Verify that no lookaside memory was used by schema tables */
  assert( nLookaside==0 || nLookaside==db->lookaside.nOut );
................................................................................
  ** indices.  Hence, the record number for the table must be allocated
  ** now.
  */
  if( !db->init.busy && (v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse))!=0 ){
    int j1;
    int fileFormat;
    int reg1, reg2, reg3;
    /* nullRow[] is an OP_Record encoding of a row containing 5 NULLs */
    static const char nullRow[] = { 6, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 };
    sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, 1, iDb);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    if( isVirtual ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_VBegin);
    }
#endif
................................................................................
    }else
#endif
    {
      pParse->addrCrTab = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_CreateTable, iDb, reg2);
    }
    sqlite3OpenMasterTable(pParse, iDb);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, 0, reg1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_Blob, 6, reg3, 0, nullRow, P4_STATIC);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, 0, reg3, reg1);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Close);
  }

  /* Normal (non-error) return. */
  return;
................................................................................
    iCol = pTab->nCol - 1;
    pTab->aCol[iCol].colFlags |= COLFLAG_PRIMKEY;
    zType = pTab->aCol[iCol].zType;
    nTerm = 1;
  }else{
    nTerm = pList->nExpr;
    for(i=0; i<nTerm; i++){
      Expr *pCExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pList->a[i].pExpr);
      assert( pCExpr!=0 );
      if( pCExpr->op==TK_ID ){
        const char *zCName = pCExpr->u.zToken;
        for(iCol=0; iCol<pTab->nCol; iCol++){
          if( sqlite3StrICmp(zCName, pTab->aCol[iCol].zName)==0 ){
            pTab->aCol[iCol].colFlags |= COLFLAG_PRIMKEY;
            zType = pTab->aCol[iCol].zType;
            break;
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
  if( nTerm==1
   && zType && sqlite3StrICmp(zType, "INTEGER")==0
   && sortOrder!=SQLITE_SO_DESC
  ){
    pTab->iPKey = iCol;
    pTab->keyConf = (u8)onError;
    assert( autoInc==0 || autoInc==1 );
    pTab->tabFlags |= autoInc*TF_Autoincrement;
    if( pList ) pParse->iPkSortOrder = pList->a[0].sortOrder;
  }else if( autoInc ){
................................................................................

  /* Convert the OP_CreateTable opcode that would normally create the
  ** root-page for the table into an OP_CreateIndex opcode.  The index
  ** created will become the PRIMARY KEY index.
  */
  if( pParse->addrCrTab ){
    assert( v );
    sqlite3VdbeChangeOpcode(v, pParse->addrCrTab, OP_CreateIndex);
  }

  /* Locate the PRIMARY KEY index.  Or, if this table was originally
  ** an INTEGER PRIMARY KEY table, create a new PRIMARY KEY index. 
  */
  if( pTab->iPKey>=0 ){
    ExprList *pList;
    Token ipkToken;
    ipkToken.z = pTab->aCol[pTab->iPKey].zName;
    ipkToken.n = sqlite3Strlen30(ipkToken.z);
    pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0, 
                  sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &ipkToken, 0));
    if( pList==0 ) return;


    pList->a[0].sortOrder = pParse->iPkSortOrder;
    assert( pParse->pNewTable==pTab );
    pPk = sqlite3CreateIndex(pParse, 0, 0, 0, pList, pTab->keyConf, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    if( pPk==0 ) return;
    pPk->idxType = SQLITE_IDXTYPE_PRIMARYKEY;
    pTab->iPKey = -1;
  }else{
................................................................................

    /* Bypass the creation of the PRIMARY KEY btree and the sqlite_master
    ** table entry. This is only required if currently generating VDBE
    ** code for a CREATE TABLE (not when parsing one as part of reading
    ** a database schema).  */
    if( v ){
      assert( db->init.busy==0 );
      sqlite3VdbeChangeOpcode(v, pPk->tnum, OP_Goto);
    }

    /*
    ** Remove all redundant columns from the PRIMARY KEY.  For example, change
    ** "PRIMARY KEY(a,b,a,b,c,b,c,d)" into just "PRIMARY KEY(a,b,c,d)".  Later
    ** code assumes the PRIMARY KEY contains no repeated columns.
    */
................................................................................
  Select *pSelect         /* Select from a "CREATE ... AS SELECT" */
){
  Table *p;                 /* The new table */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db; /* The database connection */
  int iDb;                  /* Database in which the table lives */
  Index *pIdx;              /* An implied index of the table */

  if( pEnd==0 && pSelect==0 ){
    return;
  }
  assert( !db->mallocFailed );
  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p==0 ) return;

  assert( !db->init.busy || !pSelect );

  /* If the db->init.busy is 1 it means we are reading the SQL off the
  ** "sqlite_master" or "sqlite_temp_master" table on the disk.
................................................................................
      sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pSelTab);
      addrInsLoop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, dest.iSDParm);
      VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, dest.iSdst, dest.nSdst, regRec);
      sqlite3TableAffinity(v, p, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, 1, regRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, 1, regRec, regRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, addrInsLoop);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrInsLoop);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, 1);
    }

    /* Compute the complete text of the CREATE statement */
    if( pSelect ){
      zStmt = createTableStmt(db, p);
................................................................................
** The parser calls this routine in order to create a new VIEW
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3CreateView(
  Parse *pParse,     /* The parsing context */
  Token *pBegin,     /* The CREATE token that begins the statement */
  Token *pName1,     /* The token that holds the name of the view */
  Token *pName2,     /* The token that holds the name of the view */
  ExprList *pCNames, /* Optional list of view column names */
  Select *pSelect,   /* A SELECT statement that will become the new view */
  int isTemp,        /* TRUE for a TEMPORARY view */
  int noErr          /* Suppress error messages if VIEW already exists */
){
  Table *p;
  int n;
  const char *z;
................................................................................
  if( pParse->nVar>0 ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "parameters are not allowed in views");
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);
    return;
  }
  sqlite3StartTable(pParse, pName1, pName2, isTemp, 1, 0, noErr);
  p = pParse->pNewTable;
  if( p==0 || pParse->nErr ) goto create_view_fail;



  sqlite3TwoPartName(pParse, pName1, pName2, &pName);
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, p->pSchema);
  sqlite3FixInit(&sFix, pParse, iDb, "view", pName);
  if( sqlite3FixSelect(&sFix, pSelect) ) goto create_view_fail;




  /* Make a copy of the entire SELECT statement that defines the view.
  ** This will force all the Expr.token.z values to be dynamically
  ** allocated rather than point to the input string - which means that
  ** they will persist after the current sqlite3_exec() call returns.
  */
  p->pSelect = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pSelect, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
  p->pCheck = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pCNames, EXPRDUP_REDUCE);
  if( db->mallocFailed ) goto create_view_fail;






  /* Locate the end of the CREATE VIEW statement.  Make sEnd point to
  ** the end.
  */
  sEnd = pParse->sLastToken;
  assert( sEnd.z[0]!=0 );
  if( sEnd.z[0]!=';' ){
    sEnd.z += sEnd.n;
  }
  sEnd.n = 0;
  n = (int)(sEnd.z - pBegin->z);
  assert( n>0 );
  z = pBegin->z;
  while( sqlite3Isspace(z[n-1]) ){ n--; }
  sEnd.z = &z[n-1];
  sEnd.n = 1;

  /* Use sqlite3EndTable() to add the view to the SQLITE_MASTER table */
  sqlite3EndTable(pParse, 0, &sEnd, 0, 0);

create_view_fail:
  sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSelect);
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pCNames);
  return;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW */

#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE)
/*
** The Table structure pTable is really a VIEW.  Fill in the names of
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(Parse *pParse, Table *pTable){
  Table *pSelTab;   /* A fake table from which we get the result set */
  Select *pSel;     /* Copy of the SELECT that implements the view */
  int nErr = 0;     /* Number of errors encountered */
  int n;            /* Temporarily holds the number of cursors assigned */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;  /* Database connection for malloc errors */
  sqlite3_xauth xAuth;       /* Saved xAuth pointer */
  u8 bEnabledLA;             /* Saved db->lookaside.bEnabled state */

  assert( pTable );

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
  if( sqlite3VtabCallConnect(pParse, pTable) ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
................................................................................
  ** Note that the call to sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect() will expand any
  ** "*" elements in the results set of the view and will assign cursors
  ** to the elements of the FROM clause.  But we do not want these changes
  ** to be permanent.  So the computation is done on a copy of the SELECT
  ** statement that defines the view.
  */
  assert( pTable->pSelect );
  bEnabledLA = db->lookaside.bEnabled;
  if( pTable->pCheck ){
    db->lookaside.bEnabled = 0;
    sqlite3ColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pTable->pCheck, 
                               &pTable->nCol, &pTable->aCol);
  }else{
    pSel = sqlite3SelectDup(db, pTable->pSelect, 0);
    if( pSel ){

      n = pParse->nTab;
      sqlite3SrcListAssignCursors(pParse, pSel->pSrc);
      pTable->nCol = -1;
      db->lookaside.bEnabled = 0;
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTHORIZATION
      xAuth = db->xAuth;
      db->xAuth = 0;
      pSelTab = sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect(pParse, pSel);
      db->xAuth = xAuth;
#else
      pSelTab = sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect(pParse, pSel);
#endif

      pParse->nTab = n;
      if( pSelTab ){
        assert( pTable->aCol==0 );
        pTable->nCol = pSelTab->nCol;
        pTable->aCol = pSelTab->aCol;
        pSelTab->nCol = 0;
        pSelTab->aCol = 0;
        sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pSelTab);
        assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, 0, pTable->pSchema) );

      }else{
        pTable->nCol = 0;
        nErr++;
      }
      sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pSel);
    } else {
      nErr++;
    }
  }
  db->lookaside.bEnabled = bEnabledLA;
  pTable->pSchema->schemaFlags |= DB_UnresetViews;
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW */
  return nErr;  
}
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW) || !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE) */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW
/*
................................................................................
static void sqliteViewResetAll(sqlite3 *db, int idx){
  HashElem *i;
  assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, idx, 0) );
  if( !DbHasProperty(db, idx, DB_UnresetViews) ) return;
  for(i=sqliteHashFirst(&db->aDb[idx].pSchema->tblHash); i;i=sqliteHashNext(i)){
    Table *pTab = sqliteHashData(i);
    if( pTab->pSelect ){
      sqlite3DeleteColumnNames(db, pTab);
      pTab->aCol = 0;
      pTab->nCol = 0;
    }
  }
  DbClearProperty(db, idx, DB_UnresetViews);
}
#else
................................................................................
                    (char *)pKey, P4_KEYINFO);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_BULKCSR|((memRootPage>=0)?OPFLAG_P2ISREG:0));

  addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SorterSort, iSorter, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
  assert( pKey!=0 || db->mallocFailed || pParse->nErr );
  if( IsUniqueIndex(pIndex) && pKey!=0 ){
    int j2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v) + 3;
    sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, j2);
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_SorterCompare, iSorter, j2, regRecord,
                         pIndex->nKeyCol); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3UniqueConstraint(pParse, OE_Abort, pIndex);
  }else{
    addr2 = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  }
................................................................................
    p->aSortOrder = (u8*)pExtra;
    p->nColumn = nCol;
    p->nKeyCol = nCol - 1;
    *ppExtra = ((char*)p) + nByte;
  }
  return p;
}

/*
** Backwards Compatibility Hack:
** 
** Historical versions of SQLite accepted strings as column names in
** indexes and PRIMARY KEY constraints and in UNIQUE constraints.  Example:
**
**     CREATE TABLE xyz(a,b,c,d,e,PRIMARY KEY('a'),UNIQUE('b','c' COLLATE trim)
**     CREATE INDEX abc ON xyz('c','d' DESC,'e' COLLATE nocase DESC);
**
** This is goofy.  But to preserve backwards compatibility we continue to
** accept it.  This routine does the necessary conversion.  It converts
** the expression given in its argument from a TK_STRING into a TK_ID
** if the expression is just a TK_STRING with an optional COLLATE clause.
** If the epxression is anything other than TK_STRING, the expression is
** unchanged.
*/
static void sqlite3StringToId(Expr *p){
  if( p->op==TK_STRING ){
    p->op = TK_ID;
  }else if( p->op==TK_COLLATE && p->pLeft->op==TK_STRING ){
    p->pLeft->op = TK_ID;
  }
}

/*
** Create a new index for an SQL table.  pName1.pName2 is the name of the index 
** and pTblList is the name of the table that is to be indexed.  Both will 
** be NULL for a primary key or an index that is created to satisfy a
** UNIQUE constraint.  If pTable and pIndex are NULL, use pParse->pNewTable
** as the table to be indexed.  pParse->pNewTable is a table that is
................................................................................
  DbFixer sFix;        /* For assigning database names to pTable */
  int sortOrderMask;   /* 1 to honor DESC in index.  0 to ignore. */
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  Db *pDb;             /* The specific table containing the indexed database */
  int iDb;             /* Index of the database that is being written */
  Token *pName = 0;    /* Unqualified name of the index to create */
  struct ExprList_item *pListItem; /* For looping over pList */

  int nExtra = 0;                  /* Space allocated for zExtra[] */
  int nExtraCol;                   /* Number of extra columns needed */
  char *zExtra = 0;                /* Extra space after the Index object */
  Index *pPk = 0;      /* PRIMARY KEY index for WITHOUT ROWID tables */

  if( db->mallocFailed || IN_DECLARE_VTAB || pParse->nErr>0 ){
    goto exit_create_index;
................................................................................
#endif

  /* If pList==0, it means this routine was called to make a primary
  ** key out of the last column added to the table under construction.
  ** So create a fake list to simulate this.
  */
  if( pList==0 ){
    Token prevCol;
    prevCol.z = pTab->aCol[pTab->nCol-1].zName;
    prevCol.n = sqlite3Strlen30(prevCol.z);
    pList = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, 0,
              sqlite3ExprAlloc(db, TK_ID, &prevCol, 0));
    if( pList==0 ) goto exit_create_index;



    assert( pList->nExpr==1 );
    sqlite3ExprListSetSortOrder(pList, sortOrder);
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprListCheckLength(pParse, pList, "index");
  }

  /* Figure out how many bytes of space are required to store explicitly
  ** specified collation sequence names.
  */
  for(i=0; i<pList->nExpr; i++){
    Expr *pExpr = pList->a[i].pExpr;
    assert( pExpr!=0 );
    if( pExpr->op==TK_COLLATE ){
      nExtra += (1 + sqlite3Strlen30(pExpr->u.zToken));
    }
  }

  /* 
  ** Allocate the index structure. 
  */
................................................................................
  */
  if( pDb->pSchema->file_format>=4 ){
    sortOrderMask = -1;   /* Honor DESC */
  }else{
    sortOrderMask = 0;    /* Ignore DESC */
  }

  /* Analyze the list of expressions that form the terms of the index and
  ** report any errors.  In the common case where the expression is exactly
  ** a table column, store that column in aiColumn[].  For general expressions,
  ** populate pIndex->aColExpr and store -2 in aiColumn[].
  **

  ** TODO: Issue a warning if two or more columns of the index are identical.
  ** TODO: Issue a warning if the table primary key is used as part of the
  ** index key.

  */
  for(i=0, pListItem=pList->a; i<pList->nExpr; i++, pListItem++){

    Expr *pCExpr;                  /* The i-th index expression */
    int requestedSortOrder;        /* ASC or DESC on the i-th expression */
    char *zColl;                   /* Collation sequence name */

    sqlite3StringToId(pListItem->pExpr);
    sqlite3ResolveSelfReference(pParse, pTab, NC_IdxExpr, pListItem->pExpr, 0);
    if( pParse->nErr ) goto exit_create_index;

    pCExpr = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pListItem->pExpr);
    if( pCExpr->op!=TK_COLUMN ){
      if( pTab==pParse->pNewTable ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "expressions prohibited in PRIMARY KEY and "

                                "UNIQUE constraints");
        goto exit_create_index;
      }
      if( pIndex->aColExpr==0 ){
        ExprList *pCopy = sqlite3ExprListDup(db, pList, 0);
        pIndex->aColExpr = pCopy;
        if( !db->mallocFailed ){
          assert( pCopy!=0 );
          pListItem = &pCopy->a[i];
        }
      }
      j = -2;
      pIndex->aiColumn[i] = -2;
      pIndex->uniqNotNull = 0;
    }else{
      j = pCExpr->iColumn;
      assert( j<=0x7fff );
      if( j<0 ){
        j = pTab->iPKey;
      }else if( pTab->aCol[j].notNull==0 ){
        pIndex->uniqNotNull = 0;
      }
      pIndex->aiColumn[i] = (i16)j;
    }
    zColl = 0;
    if( pListItem->pExpr->op==TK_COLLATE ){
      int nColl;

      zColl = pListItem->pExpr->u.zToken;
      nColl = sqlite3Strlen30(zColl) + 1;
      assert( nExtra>=nColl );
      memcpy(zExtra, zColl, nColl);
      zColl = zExtra;
      zExtra += nColl;
      nExtra -= nColl;
    }else if( j>=0 ){
      zColl = pTab->aCol[j].zColl;

    }
    if( !zColl ) zColl = "BINARY";
    if( !db->init.busy && !sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, zColl) ){
      goto exit_create_index;
    }
    pIndex->azColl[i] = zColl;
    requestedSortOrder = pListItem->sortOrder & sortOrderMask;
    pIndex->aSortOrder[i] = (u8)requestedSortOrder;

  }

  /* Append the table key to the end of the index.  For WITHOUT ROWID
  ** tables (when pPk!=0) this will be the declared PRIMARY KEY.  For
  ** normal tables (when pPk==0) this will be the rowid.
  */
  if( pPk ){
    for(j=0; j<pPk->nKeyCol; j++){
      int x = pPk->aiColumn[j];
      assert( x>=0 );
      if( hasColumn(pIndex->aiColumn, pIndex->nKeyCol, x) ){
        pIndex->nColumn--; 
      }else{
        pIndex->aiColumn[i] = x;
        pIndex->azColl[i] = pPk->azColl[j];
        pIndex->aSortOrder[i] = pPk->aSortOrder[j];
        i++;
................................................................................
      assert( pIdx->idxType!=SQLITE_IDXTYPE_APPDEF );
      assert( IsUniqueIndex(pIndex) );

      if( pIdx->nKeyCol!=pIndex->nKeyCol ) continue;
      for(k=0; k<pIdx->nKeyCol; k++){
        const char *z1;
        const char *z2;
        assert( pIdx->aiColumn[k]>=0 );
        if( pIdx->aiColumn[k]!=pIndex->aiColumn[k] ) break;
        z1 = pIdx->azColl[k];
        z2 = pIndex->azColl[k];
        if( z1!=z2 && sqlite3StrICmp(z1, z2) ) break;
      }
      if( k==pIdx->nKeyCol ){
        if( pIdx->onError!=pIndex->onError ){
................................................................................
      }
    }
  }

  /* Link the new Index structure to its table and to the other
  ** in-memory database structures. 
  */
  assert( pParse->nErr==0 );
  if( db->init.busy ){
    Index *p;
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, 0, pIndex->pSchema) );
    p = sqlite3HashInsert(&pIndex->pSchema->idxHash, 
                          pIndex->zName, pIndex);
    if( p ){
      assert( p==pIndex );  /* Malloc must have failed */
................................................................................
  ** of a WITHOUT ROWID table.
  **
  ** If pTblName==0 it means this index is generated as an implied PRIMARY KEY
  ** or UNIQUE index in a CREATE TABLE statement.  Since the table
  ** has just been created, it contains no data and the index initialization
  ** step can be skipped.
  */
  else if( HasRowid(pTab) || pTblName!=0 ){
    Vdbe *v;
    char *zStmt;
    int iMem = ++pParse->nMem;

    v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
    if( v==0 ) goto exit_create_index;

................................................................................
  int i;
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;
  if( pList==0 ) return;
  for(pItem=pList->a, i=0; i<pList->nSrc; i++, pItem++){
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zDatabase);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zName);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->zAlias);
    if( pItem->fg.isIndexedBy ) sqlite3DbFree(db, pItem->u1.zIndexedBy);
    if( pItem->fg.isTabFunc ) sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pItem->u1.pFuncArg);
    sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pItem->pTab);
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pItem->pSelect);
    sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pItem->pOn);
    sqlite3IdListDelete(db, pItem->pUsing);
  }
  sqlite3DbFree(db, pList);
}
................................................................................
** Add an INDEXED BY or NOT INDEXED clause to the most recently added 
** element of the source-list passed as the second argument.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListIndexedBy(Parse *pParse, SrcList *p, Token *pIndexedBy){
  assert( pIndexedBy!=0 );
  if( p && ALWAYS(p->nSrc>0) ){
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &p->a[p->nSrc-1];
    assert( pItem->fg.notIndexed==0 );
    assert( pItem->fg.isIndexedBy==0 );
    assert( pItem->fg.isTabFunc==0 );
    if( pIndexedBy->n==1 && !pIndexedBy->z ){
      /* A "NOT INDEXED" clause was supplied. See parse.y 
      ** construct "indexed_opt" for details. */
      pItem->fg.notIndexed = 1;
    }else{
      pItem->u1.zIndexedBy = sqlite3NameFromToken(pParse->db, pIndexedBy);
      pItem->fg.isIndexedBy = (pItem->u1.zIndexedBy!=0);
    }
  }
}

/*
** Add the list of function arguments to the SrcList entry for a
** table-valued-function.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListFuncArgs(Parse *pParse, SrcList *p, ExprList *pList){
  if( p && pList ){
    struct SrcList_item *pItem = &p->a[p->nSrc-1];
    assert( pItem->fg.notIndexed==0 );
    assert( pItem->fg.isIndexedBy==0 );
    assert( pItem->fg.isTabFunc==0 );
    pItem->u1.pFuncArg = pList;
    pItem->fg.isTabFunc = 1;
  }else{
    sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, pList);
  }
}

/*
** When building up a FROM clause in the parser, the join operator
** is initially attached to the left operand.  But the code generator
** expects the join operator to be on the right operand.  This routine
** Shifts all join operators from left to right for an entire FROM
** clause.
................................................................................
** in p->a[0] and p->a[1], respectively.  The parser initially stores the
** operator with A.  This routine shifts that operator over to B.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3SrcListShiftJoinType(SrcList *p){
  if( p ){
    int i;
    for(i=p->nSrc-1; i>0; i--){
      p->a[i].fg.jointype = p->a[i-1].fg.jointype;
    }
    p->a[0].fg.jointype = 0;
  }
}

/*
** Begin a transaction
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BeginTransaction(Parse *pParse, int type){
................................................................................
){
  char *zErr;
  int j;
  StrAccum errMsg;
  Table *pTab = pIdx->pTable;

  sqlite3StrAccumInit(&errMsg, pParse->db, 0, 0, 200);
  if( pIdx->aColExpr ){
    sqlite3XPrintf(&errMsg, 0, "index '%q'", pIdx->zName);
  }else{
    for(j=0; j<pIdx->nKeyCol; j++){
      char *zCol;
      assert( pIdx->aiColumn[j]>=0 );
      zCol = pTab->aCol[pIdx->aiColumn[j]].zName;
      if( j ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&errMsg, ", ", 2);



      sqlite3XPrintf(&errMsg, 0, "%s.%s", pTab->zName, zCol);
    }
  }
  zErr = sqlite3StrAccumFinish(&errMsg);
  sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, 
    IsPrimaryKeyIndex(pIdx) ? SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_PRIMARYKEY 
                            : SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_UNIQUE,
    onError, zErr, P4_DYNAMIC, P5_ConstraintUnique);
}
................................................................................
    sqlite3SelectDelete(db, pQuery);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zName);
    pNew = pWith;
  }else{
    pNew->a[pNew->nCte].pSelect = pQuery;
    pNew->a[pNew->nCte].pCols = pArglist;
    pNew->a[pNew->nCte].zName = zName;
    pNew->a[pNew->nCte].zCteErr = 0;
    pNew->nCte++;
  }

  return pNew;
}

/*
................................................................................
    if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, memCnt, 1);
    }
  
    /* Extract the rowid or primary key for the current row */
    if( pPk ){
      for(i=0; i<nPk; i++){
        assert( pPk->aiColumn[i]>=(-1) );
        sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iTabCur,
                                        pPk->aiColumn[i], iPk+i);
      }
      iKey = iPk;
    }else{
      iKey = pParse->nMem + 1;
      iKey = sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumn(pParse, pTab, -1, iTabCur, iKey, 0);
................................................................................
      if( addrEphOpen ) sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, addrEphOpen);
      addrDelete = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto); /* Jump to DELETE logic */
    }else if( pPk ){
      /* Construct a composite key for the row to be deleted and remember it */
      iKey = ++pParse->nMem;
      nKey = 0;   /* Zero tells OP_Found to use a composite key */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, iPk, nPk, iKey,
                        sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(pParse->db, pPk), nPk);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iEphCur, iKey);
    }else{
      /* Get the rowid of the row to be deleted and remember it in the RowSet */
      nKey = 1;  /* OP_Seek always uses a single rowid */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_RowSetAdd, iRowSet, iKey);
    }
  
    /* End of the WHERE loop */
    sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
    if( okOnePass ){
      /* Bypass the delete logic below if the WHERE loop found zero rows */
      addrBypass = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, addrBypass);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrDelete);
    }
  
    /* Unless this is a view, open cursors for the table we are 
    ** deleting from and all its indices. If this is a view, then the
    ** only effect this statement has is to fire the INSTEAD OF 
    ** triggers.
................................................................................
    /* End of the loop over all rowids/primary-keys. */
    if( okOnePass ){
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrBypass);
    }else if( pPk ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iEphCur, addrLoop+1); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrLoop);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, addrLoop);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrLoop);
    }     
  
    /* Close the cursors open on the table and its indexes. */
    if( !isView && !IsVirtual(pTab) ){
      if( !pPk ) sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iDataCur);
      for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; i++, pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
................................................................................
  int prefixOnly,      /* Compute only a unique prefix of the key */
  int *piPartIdxLabel, /* OUT: Jump to this label to skip partial index */
  Index *pPrior,       /* Previously generated index key */
  int regPrior         /* Register holding previous generated key */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;
  int j;

  int regBase;
  int nCol;

  if( piPartIdxLabel ){
    if( pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ){
      *piPartIdxLabel = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      pParse->iSelfTab = iDataCur;
      sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
      sqlite3ExprIfFalseDup(pParse, pIdx->pPartIdxWhere, *piPartIdxLabel, 
                            SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
    }else{
      *piPartIdxLabel = 0;
    }
  }
  nCol = (prefixOnly && pIdx->uniqNotNull) ? pIdx->nKeyCol : pIdx->nColumn;
  regBase = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nCol);
  if( pPrior && (regBase!=regPrior || pPrior->pPartIdxWhere) ) pPrior = 0;
  for(j=0; j<nCol; j++){
    if( pPrior
     && pPrior->aiColumn[j]==pIdx->aiColumn[j]

     && pPrior->aiColumn[j]>=(-1)
    ){
      /* This column was already computed by the previous index */
      continue;
    }
    sqlite3ExprCodeLoadIndexColumn(pParse, pIdx, iDataCur, j, regBase+j);
    /* If the column affinity is REAL but the number is an integer, then it
    ** might be stored in the table as an integer (using a compact
    ** representation) then converted to REAL by an OP_RealAffinity opcode.
    ** But we are getting ready to store this value back into an index, where
    ** it should be converted by to INTEGER again.  So omit the OP_RealAffinity
    ** opcode if it is present */
    sqlite3VdbeDeletePriorOpcode(v, OP_RealAffinity);
................................................................................
    FUNCTION2(ifnull,            2, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_COALESCE),
    FUNCTION2(unlikely,          1, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY),
    FUNCTION2(likelihood,        2, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY),
    FUNCTION2(likely,            1, 0, 0, noopFunc,  SQLITE_FUNC_UNLIKELY),
    VFUNCTION(random,            0, 0, 0, randomFunc       ),
    VFUNCTION(randomblob,        1, 0, 0, randomBlob       ),
    FUNCTION(nullif,             2, 0, 1, nullifFunc       ),
    DFUNCTION(sqlite_version,    0, 0, 0, versionFunc      ),
    DFUNCTION(sqlite_source_id,  0, 0, 0, sourceidFunc     ),
    FUNCTION(sqlite_log,         2, 0, 0, errlogFunc       ),
#if SQLITE_USER_AUTHENTICATION
    FUNCTION(sqlite_crypt,       2, 0, 0, sqlite3CryptFunc ),
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS
    DFUNCTION(sqlite_compileoption_used,1, 0, 0, compileoptionusedFunc  ),
    DFUNCTION(sqlite_compileoption_get, 1, 0, 0, compileoptiongetFunc  ),
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS */
    FUNCTION(quote,              1, 0, 0, quoteFunc        ),
    VFUNCTION(last_insert_rowid, 0, 0, 0, last_insert_rowid),
    VFUNCTION(changes,           0, 0, 0, changes          ),
    VFUNCTION(total_changes,     0, 0, 0, total_changes    ),
    FUNCTION(replace,            3, 0, 0, replaceFunc      ),
    FUNCTION(zeroblob,           1, 0, 0, zeroblobFunc     ),
  #ifdef SQLITE_SOUNDEX
    FUNCTION(soundex,            1, 0, 0, soundexFunc      ),
  #endif
  #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
    VFUNCTION(load_extension,    1, 0, 0, loadExt          ),
    VFUNCTION(load_extension,    2, 0, 0, loadExt          ),
  #endif
    AGGREGATE(sum,               1, 0, 0, sumStep,         sumFinalize    ),
    AGGREGATE(total,             1, 0, 0, sumStep,         totalFinalize    ),
    AGGREGATE(avg,               1, 0, 0, sumStep,         avgFinalize    ),
    AGGREGATE2(count,            0, 0, 0, countStep,       countFinalize,
               SQLITE_FUNC_COUNT  ),
    AGGREGATE(count,             1, 0, 0, countStep,       countFinalize  ),
................................................................................
      if( pTab==pFKey->pFrom && nIncr==1 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, regData, iOk, regTemp); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NOTNULL);
      }
  
      sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iCur, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, 0, regTemp); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, iOk);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)-2);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, iMustBeInt);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regTemp);
    }else{
      int nCol = pFKey->nCol;
      int regTemp = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nCol);
      int regRec = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
................................................................................
          if( pIdx->aiColumn[i]==pTab->iPKey ){
            /* The parent key is a composite key that includes the IPK column */
            iParent = regData;
          }
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Ne, iChild, iJump, iParent); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, iOk);
      }
  
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regTemp, nCol, regRec,
                        sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(pParse->db,pIdx), nCol);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iCur, iOk, regRec, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
  
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRec);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regTemp, nCol);
    }
  }

................................................................................
** An extra 'D' is appended to the end of the string to cover the
** rowid that appears as the last column in every index.
**
** Memory for the buffer containing the column index affinity string
** is managed along with the rest of the Index structure. It will be
** released when sqlite3DeleteIndex() is called.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(sqlite3 *db, Index *pIdx){
  if( !pIdx->zColAff ){
    /* The first time a column affinity string for a particular index is
    ** required, it is allocated and populated here. It is then stored as
    ** a member of the Index structure for subsequent use.
    **
    ** The column affinity string will eventually be deleted by
    ** sqliteDeleteIndex() when the Index structure itself is cleaned
    ** up.
    */
    int n;
    Table *pTab = pIdx->pTable;

    pIdx->zColAff = (char *)sqlite3DbMallocRaw(0, pIdx->nColumn+1);
    if( !pIdx->zColAff ){
      db->mallocFailed = 1;
      return 0;
    }
    for(n=0; n<pIdx->nColumn; n++){
      i16 x = pIdx->aiColumn[n];
      if( x>=0 ){
        pIdx->zColAff[n] = pTab->aCol[x].affinity;
      }else if( x==(-1) ){
        pIdx->zColAff[n] = SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER;
      }else{
        char aff;
        assert( x==(-2) );
        assert( pIdx->aColExpr!=0 );
        aff = sqlite3ExprAffinity(pIdx->aColExpr->a[n].pExpr);
        if( aff==0 ) aff = SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
        pIdx->zColAff[n] = aff;
      }
    }
    pIdx->zColAff[n] = 0;
  }
 
  return pIdx->zColAff;
}

................................................................................
  for(p = pParse->pAinc; p; p = p->pNext){
    pDb = &db->aDb[p->iDb];
    memId = p->regCtr;
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, 0, pDb->pSchema) );
    sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, 0, p->iDb, pDb->pSchema->pSeqTab, OP_OpenRead);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Null, 0, memId, memId+1);
    addr = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
    sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, memId-1, p->pTab->zName);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, 0, addr+9); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, 0, 0, memId);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Ne, memId-1, addr+7, memId); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, 0, memId+1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Column, 0, 1, memId);
    sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, addr+9);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, 0, addr+2); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, memId);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Close);
  }
}

/*
................................................................................
      regRec = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      regTempRowid = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, srcTab, nColumn);
      addrL = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, dest.iSDParm); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regFromSelect, nColumn, regRec);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, srcTab, regTempRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, srcTab, regRec, regTempRowid);
      sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, addrL);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrL);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRec);
      sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regTempRowid);
    }
  }else{
    /* This is the case if the data for the INSERT is coming from a 
    ** single-row VALUES clause
    */
    NameContext sNC;
    memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
    sNC.pParse = pParse;
    srcTab = -1;
    assert( useTempTable==0 );
    if( pList ){
      nColumn = pList->nExpr;
      if( sqlite3ResolveExprListNames(&sNC, pList) ){
        goto insert_cleanup;
      }
    }else{
      nColumn = 0;
    }
  }

  /* If there is no IDLIST term but the table has an integer primary
  ** key, the set the ipkColumn variable to the integer primary key 
  ** column index in the original table definition.
  */
................................................................................
  */
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endOfLoop);
  if( useTempTable ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, srcTab, addrCont); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrInsTop);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, srcTab);
  }else if( pSelect ){
    sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, addrCont);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrInsTop);
  }

  if( !IsVirtual(pTab) && !isView ){
    /* Close all tables opened */
    if( iDataCur<iIdxCur ) sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Close, iDataCur);
    for(idx=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, idx++){
................................................................................
    ExprList *pCheck = pTab->pCheck;
    pParse->ckBase = regNewData+1;
    onError = overrideError!=OE_Default ? overrideError : OE_Abort;
    for(i=0; i<pCheck->nExpr; i++){
      int allOk = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      sqlite3ExprIfTrue(pParse, pCheck->a[i].pExpr, allOk, SQLITE_JUMPIFNULL);
      if( onError==OE_Ignore ){
        sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, ignoreDest);
      }else{
        char *zName = pCheck->a[i].zName;
        if( zName==0 ) zName = pTab->zName;
        if( onError==OE_Replace ) onError = OE_Abort; /* IMP: R-15569-63625 */
        sqlite3HaltConstraint(pParse, SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_CHECK,
                              onError, zName, P4_TRANSIENT,
                              P5_ConstraintCheck);
................................................................................
          sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(pParse, pTab, iDataCur, iIdxCur, 0);
        }
        seenReplace = 1;
        break;
      }
      case OE_Ignore: {
        /*assert( seenReplace==0 );*/
        sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, ignoreDest);
        break;
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrRowidOk);
    if( ipkTop ){
      ipkBottom = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, ipkTop);
................................................................................
    /* Create a record for this index entry as it should appear after
    ** the insert or update.  Store that record in the aRegIdx[ix] register
    */
    regIdx = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, pIdx->nColumn);
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nColumn; i++){
      int iField = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
      int x;
      if( iField==(-2) ){
        pParse->ckBase = regNewData+1;
        sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, pIdx->aColExpr->a[i].pExpr, regIdx+i);
        pParse->ckBase = 0;
        VdbeComment((v, "%s column %d", pIdx->zName, i));
      }else{
        if( iField==(-1) || iField==pTab->iPKey ){
          if( regRowid==regIdx+i ) continue; /* ROWID already in regIdx+i */
          x = regNewData;
          regRowid =  pIdx->pPartIdxWhere ? -1 : regIdx+i;
        }else{
          x = iField + regNewData + 1;
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_SCopy, x, regIdx+i);
        VdbeComment((v, "%s", iField<0 ? "rowid" : pTab->aCol[iField].zName));
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_MakeRecord, regIdx, pIdx->nColumn, aRegIdx[ix]);
    VdbeComment((v, "for %s", pIdx->zName));
    sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, regIdx, pIdx->nColumn);

    /* In an UPDATE operation, if this index is the PRIMARY KEY index 
    ** of a WITHOUT ROWID table and there has been no change the
................................................................................
      case OE_Rollback:
      case OE_Abort:
      case OE_Fail: {
        sqlite3UniqueConstraint(pParse, onError, pIdx);
        break;
      }
      case OE_Ignore: {
        sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, ignoreDest);
        break;
      }
      default: {
        Trigger *pTrigger = 0;
        assert( onError==OE_Replace );
        sqlite3MultiWrite(pParse);
        if( db->flags&SQLITE_RecTriggers ){
................................................................................
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrUniqueOk);
    sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regIdx, pIdx->nColumn);
    if( regR!=regIdx ) sqlite3ReleaseTempRange(pParse, regR, nPkField);
  }
  if( ipkTop ){
    sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, ipkTop+1);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, ipkBottom);
  }
  
  *pbMayReplace = seenReplace;
  VdbeModuleComment((v, "END: GenCnstCks(%d)", seenReplace));
}

................................................................................
  }
  if( pDest->onError!=pSrc->onError ){
    return 0;   /* Different conflict resolution strategies */
  }
  for(i=0; i<pSrc->nKeyCol; i++){
    if( pSrc->aiColumn[i]!=pDest->aiColumn[i] ){
      return 0;   /* Different columns indexed */
    }
    if( pSrc->aiColumn[i]==(-2) ){
      assert( pSrc->aColExpr!=0 && pDest->aColExpr!=0 );
      if( sqlite3ExprCompare(pSrc->aColExpr->a[i].pExpr,
                             pDest->aColExpr->a[i].pExpr, -1)!=0 ){
        return 0;   /* Different expressions in the index */
      }
    }
    if( pSrc->aSortOrder[i]!=pDest->aSortOrder[i] ){
      return 0;   /* Different sort orders */
    }
    if( !xferCompatibleCollation(pSrc->azColl[i],pDest->azColl[i]) ){
      return 0;   /* Different collating sequences */
    }
................................................................................
    **
    ** (2) The destination has a unique index.  (The xfer optimization 
    **     is unable to test uniqueness.)
    **
    ** (3) onError is something other than OE_Abort and OE_Rollback.
    */
    addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iDest, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
    emptyDestTest = sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Goto);
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr1);
  }
  if( HasRowid(pSrc) ){
    sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iSrc, iDbSrc, pSrc, OP_OpenRead);
    emptySrcTest = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rewind, iSrc, 0); VdbeCoverage(v);
    if( pDest->iPKey>=0 ){
      addr1 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, iSrc, regRowid);
................................................................................
                         void(*)(void*), unsigned char);
  int (*strglob)(const char*,const char*);
  /* Version 3.8.11 and later */
  sqlite3_value *(*value_dup)(const sqlite3_value*);
  void (*value_free)(sqlite3_value*);
  int (*result_zeroblob64)(sqlite3_context*,sqlite3_uint64);
  int (*bind_zeroblob64)(sqlite3_stmt*, int, sqlite3_uint64);
  /* Version 3.8.12 and later */
  unsigned int (*value_subtype)(sqlite3_value*);
  void (*result_subtype)(sqlite3_context*,unsigned int);
};

/*
** The following macros redefine the API routines so that they are
** redirected through the global sqlite3_api structure.
**
** This header file is also used by the loadext.c source file
** (part of the main SQLite library - not an extension) so that
** it can get access to the sqlite3_api_routines structure
** definition.  But the main library does not want to redefine
** the API.  So the redefinition macros are only valid if the
** SQLITE_CORE macros is undefined.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_CORE) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION)
#define sqlite3_aggregate_context      sqlite3_api->aggregate_context
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED
#define sqlite3_aggregate_count        sqlite3_api->aggregate_count
#endif
#define sqlite3_bind_blob              sqlite3_api->bind_blob
#define sqlite3_bind_double            sqlite3_api->bind_double
#define sqlite3_bind_int               sqlite3_api->bind_int
................................................................................
#define sqlite3_value_numeric_type     sqlite3_api->value_numeric_type
#define sqlite3_value_text             sqlite3_api->value_text
#define sqlite3_value_text16           sqlite3_api->value_text16
#define sqlite3_value_text16be         sqlite3_api->value_text16be
#define sqlite3_value_text16le         sqlite3_api->value_text16le
#define sqlite3_value_type             sqlite3_api->value_type
#define sqlite3_vmprintf               sqlite3_api->vmprintf
#define sqlite3_vsnprintf              sqlite3_api->vsnprintf
#define sqlite3_overload_function      sqlite3_api->overload_function
#define sqlite3_prepare_v2             sqlite3_api->prepare_v2
#define sqlite3_prepare16_v2           sqlite3_api->prepare16_v2
#define sqlite3_clear_bindings         sqlite3_api->clear_bindings
#define sqlite3_bind_zeroblob          sqlite3_api->bind_zeroblob
#define sqlite3_blob_bytes             sqlite3_api->blob_bytes
#define sqlite3_blob_close             sqlite3_api->blob_close
................................................................................
#define sqlite3_result_text64          sqlite3_api->result_text64
#define sqlite3_strglob                sqlite3_api->strglob
/* Version 3.8.11 and later */
#define sqlite3_value_dup              sqlite3_api->value_dup
#define sqlite3_value_free             sqlite3_api->value_free
#define sqlite3_result_zeroblob64      sqlite3_api->result_zeroblob64
#define sqlite3_bind_zeroblob64        sqlite3_api->bind_zeroblob64
/* Version 3.8.12 and later */
#define sqlite3_value_subtype          sqlite3_api->value_subtype
#define sqlite3_result_subtype         sqlite3_api->result_subtype
#endif /* !defined(SQLITE_CORE) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION) */


#if !defined(SQLITE_CORE) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION)
  /* This case when the file really is being compiled as a loadable 
  ** extension */
# define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1     const sqlite3_api_routines *sqlite3_api=0;
# define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(v)  sqlite3_api=v;
# define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT3     \
    extern const sqlite3_api_routines *sqlite3_api;
#else
................................................................................
  sqlite3_result_blob64,
  sqlite3_result_text64,
  sqlite3_strglob,
  /* Version 3.8.11 and later */
  (sqlite3_value*(*)(const sqlite3_value*))sqlite3_value_dup,
  sqlite3_value_free,
  sqlite3_result_zeroblob64,
  sqlite3_bind_zeroblob64,
  /* Version 3.8.12 and later */
  sqlite3_value_subtype,
  sqlite3_result_subtype
};

/*
** Attempt to load an SQLite extension library contained in the file
** zFile.  The entry point is zProc.  zProc may be 0 in which case a
** default entry point name (sqlite3_extension_init) is used.  Use
** of the default name is recommended.
................................................................................
  if( invalidateTempStorage( pParse ) != SQLITE_OK ){
    return SQLITE_ERROR;
  }
  db->temp_store = (u8)ts;
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif /* SQLITE_PAGER_PRAGMAS */

/*
** Set the names of the first N columns to the values in azCol[]
*/
static void setAllColumnNames(
  Vdbe *v,               /* The query under construction */
  int N,                 /* Number of columns */
  const char **azCol     /* Names of columns */
){
  int i;
  sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, N);
  for(i=0; i<N; i++){
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, i, COLNAME_NAME, azCol[i], SQLITE_STATIC);
  }
}
static void setOneColumnName(Vdbe *v, const char *z){
  setAllColumnNames(v, 1, &z);
}

/*
** Generate code to return a single integer value.
*/
static void returnSingleInt(Vdbe *v, const char *zLabel, i64 value){





  sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Dup8(v, OP_Int64, 0, 1, 0, (const u8*)&value, P4_INT64);
  setOneColumnName(v, zLabel);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
}




/*
** Generate code to return a single text value.
*/
static void returnSingleText(
  Vdbe *v,                /* Prepared statement under construction */
  const char *zLabel,     /* Name of the result column */
  const char *zValue      /* Value to be returned */
){
  if( zValue ){
    sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, 1, (const char*)zValue);
    setOneColumnName(v, zLabel);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
  }
}


/*
** Set the safety_level and pager flags for pager iDb.  Or if iDb<0
** set these values for all pagers.
*/
................................................................................
  aFcntl[0] = 0;
  aFcntl[1] = zLeft;
  aFcntl[2] = zRight;
  aFcntl[3] = 0;
  db->busyHandler.nBusy = 0;
  rc = sqlite3_file_control(db, zDb, SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA, (void*)aFcntl);
  if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
    returnSingleText(v, "result", aFcntl[0]);





    sqlite3_free(aFcntl[0]);

    goto pragma_out;
  }
  if( rc!=SQLITE_NOTFOUND ){
    if( aFcntl[0] ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "%s", aFcntl[0]);
      sqlite3_free(aFcntl[0]);
    }
................................................................................
      { OP_Integer,     0, 1,        0},                         /* 6 */
      { OP_Noop,        0, 0,        0},
      { OP_ResultRow,   1, 1,        0},
    };
    int addr;
    sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(v, iDb);
    if( !zRight ){
      setOneColumnName(v, "cache_size");

      pParse->nMem += 2;
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(getCacheSize), getCacheSize,iLn);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr+1, iDb);
      sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, addr+6, SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE);
    }else{
      int size = sqlite3AbsInt32(sqlite3Atoi(zRight));
................................................................................
  ** the database has not yet been created.
  */
  case PragTyp_PAGE_SIZE: {
    Btree *pBt = pDb->pBt;
    assert( pBt!=0 );
    if( !zRight ){
      int size = ALWAYS(pBt) ? sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(pBt) : 0;
      returnSingleInt(v, "page_size", size);
    }else{
      /* Malloc may fail when setting the page-size, as there is an internal
      ** buffer that the pager module resizes using sqlite3_realloc().
      */
      db->nextPagesize = sqlite3Atoi(zRight);
      if( SQLITE_NOMEM==sqlite3BtreeSetPageSize(pBt, db->nextPagesize,-1,0) ){
        db->mallocFailed = 1;
................................................................................
    if( pId2->n==0 && b>=0 ){
      int ii;
      for(ii=0; ii<db->nDb; ii++){
        sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(db->aDb[ii].pBt, b);
      }
    }
    b = sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(pBt, b);
    returnSingleInt(v, "secure_delete", b);
    break;
  }

  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]max_page_count
  **  PRAGMA [database.]max_page_count=N
  **
................................................................................
    }

    assert( eMode==PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_NORMAL
            || eMode==PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_EXCLUSIVE );
    if( eMode==PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_EXCLUSIVE ){
      zRet = "exclusive";
    }
    returnSingleText(v, "locking_mode", zRet);



    break;
  }

  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]journal_mode
  **  PRAGMA [database.]journal_mode =
  **                      (delete|persist|off|truncate|memory|wal|off)
  */
  case PragTyp_JOURNAL_MODE: {
    int eMode;        /* One of the PAGER_JOURNALMODE_XXX symbols */
    int ii;           /* Loop counter */

    setOneColumnName(v, "journal_mode");


    if( zRight==0 ){
      /* If there is no "=MODE" part of the pragma, do a query for the
      ** current mode */
      eMode = PAGER_JOURNALMODE_QUERY;
    }else{
      const char *zMode;
      int n = sqlite3Strlen30(zRight);
................................................................................
    Pager *pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pDb->pBt);
    i64 iLimit = -2;
    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3DecOrHexToI64(zRight, &iLimit);
      if( iLimit<-1 ) iLimit = -1;
    }
    iLimit = sqlite3PagerJournalSizeLimit(pPager, iLimit);
    returnSingleInt(v, "journal_size_limit", iLimit);
    break;
  }

#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS */

  /*
  **  PRAGMA [database.]auto_vacuum
................................................................................
  ** The value is one of:  0 NONE 1 FULL 2 INCREMENTAL
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOVACUUM
  case PragTyp_AUTO_VACUUM: {
    Btree *pBt = pDb->pBt;
    assert( pBt!=0 );
    if( !zRight ){
      returnSingleInt(v, "auto_vacuum", sqlite3BtreeGetAutoVacuum(pBt));
    }else{
      int eAuto = getAutoVacuum(zRight);
      assert( eAuto>=0 && eAuto<=2 );
      db->nextAutovac = (u8)eAuto;
      /* Call SetAutoVacuum() to set initialize the internal auto and
      ** incr-vacuum flags. This is required in case this connection
      ** creates the database file. It is important that it is created
................................................................................
  ** number of pages is adjusted so that the cache uses -N kibibytes
  ** of memory.
  */
  case PragTyp_CACHE_SIZE: {
    assert( sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(db, iDb, 0) );
    if( !zRight ){
      if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
      returnSingleInt(v, "cache_size", pDb->pSchema->cache_size);
    }else{
      int size = sqlite3Atoi(zRight);
      pDb->pSchema->cache_size = size;
      sqlite3BtreeSetCacheSize(pDb->pBt, pDb->pSchema->cache_size);
      if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;
    }
    break;
................................................................................
    sz = -1;
    rc = sqlite3_file_control(db, zDb, SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE, &sz);
#else
    sz = 0;
    rc = SQLITE_OK;
#endif
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      returnSingleInt(v, "mmap_size", sz);
    }else if( rc!=SQLITE_NOTFOUND ){
      pParse->nErr++;
      pParse->rc = rc;
    }
    break;
  }

................................................................................
  ** value will be restored the next time the database is opened.
  **
  ** Note that it is possible for the library compile-time options to
  ** override this setting
  */
  case PragTyp_TEMP_STORE: {
    if( !zRight ){
      returnSingleInt(v, "temp_store", db->temp_store);
    }else{
      changeTempStorage(pParse, zRight);
    }
    break;
  }

  /*
................................................................................
  ** the value sets a specific directory to be used for temporary files.
  ** Setting to a null string reverts to the default temporary directory search.
  ** If temporary directory is changed, then invalidateTempStorage.
  **
  */
  case PragTyp_TEMP_STORE_DIRECTORY: {
    if( !zRight ){
      returnSingleText(v, "temp_store_directory", sqlite3_temp_directory);






    }else{
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WSD
      if( zRight[0] ){
        int res;
        rc = sqlite3OsAccess(db->pVfs, zRight, SQLITE_ACCESS_READWRITE, &res);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || res==0 ){
          sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "not a writable directory");
................................................................................
  ** a relative path will probably be based on the current directory for the
  ** process.  Database file specified with an absolute path are not impacted
  ** by this setting, regardless of its value.
  **
  */
  case PragTyp_DATA_STORE_DIRECTORY: {
    if( !zRight ){
      returnSingleText(v, "data_store_directory", sqlite3_data_directory);






    }else{
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WSD
      if( zRight[0] ){
        int res;
        rc = sqlite3OsAccess(db->pVfs, zRight, SQLITE_ACCESS_READWRITE, &res);
        if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || res==0 ){
          sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "not a writable directory");
................................................................................
  case PragTyp_LOCK_PROXY_FILE: {
    if( !zRight ){
      Pager *pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pDb->pBt);
      char *proxy_file_path = NULL;
      sqlite3_file *pFile = sqlite3PagerFile(pPager);
      sqlite3OsFileControlHint(pFile, SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE, 
                           &proxy_file_path);




      returnSingleText(v, "lock_proxy_file", proxy_file_path);



    }else{
      Pager *pPager = sqlite3BtreePager(pDb->pBt);
      sqlite3_file *pFile = sqlite3PagerFile(pPager);
      int res;
      if( zRight[0] ){
        res=sqlite3OsFileControl(pFile, SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE, 
                                     zRight);
................................................................................
  ** Return or set the local value of the synchronous flag.  Changing
  ** the local value does not make changes to the disk file and the
  ** default value will be restored the next time the database is
  ** opened.
  */
  case PragTyp_SYNCHRONOUS: {
    if( !zRight ){
      returnSingleInt(v, "synchronous", pDb->safety_level-1);
    }else{
      if( !db->autoCommit ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, 
            "Safety level may not be changed inside a transaction");
      }else{
        int iLevel = (getSafetyLevel(zRight,0,1)+1) & PAGER_SYNCHRONOUS_MASK;
        if( iLevel==0 ) iLevel = 1;
................................................................................
    break;
  }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_PAGER_PRAGMAS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FLAG_PRAGMAS
  case PragTyp_FLAG: {
    if( zRight==0 ){
      returnSingleInt(v, pPragma->zName, (db->flags & pPragma->iArg)!=0 );
    }else{
      int mask = pPragma->iArg;    /* Mask of bits to set or clear. */
      if( db->autoCommit==0 ){
        /* Foreign key support may not be enabled or disabled while not
        ** in auto-commit mode.  */
        mask &= ~(SQLITE_ForeignKeys);
      }
................................................................................
  ** notnull:    True if 'NOT NULL' is part of column declaration
  ** dflt_value: The default value for the column, if any.
  */
  case PragTyp_TABLE_INFO: if( zRight ){
    Table *pTab;
    pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pTab ){
      static const char *azCol[] = {
         "cid", "name", "type", "notnull", "dflt_value", "pk"
      };
      int i, k;
      int nHidden = 0;
      Column *pCol;
      Index *pPk = sqlite3PrimaryKeyIndex(pTab);

      pParse->nMem = 6;
      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);






      setAllColumnNames(v, 6, azCol); assert( 6==ArraySize(azCol) );
      sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(pParse, pTab);
      for(i=0, pCol=pTab->aCol; i<pTab->nCol; i++, pCol++){
        if( IsHiddenColumn(pCol) ){
          nHidden++;
          continue;
        }










        if( (pCol->colFlags & COLFLAG_PRIMKEY)==0 ){
          k = 0;
        }else if( pPk==0 ){
          k = 1;
        }else{
          for(k=1; k<=pTab->nCol && pPk->aiColumn[k-1]!=i; k++){}
        }
        sqlite3VdbeMultiLoad(v, 1, "issisi",
               i-nHidden,
               pCol->zName,
               pCol->zType ? pCol->zType : "",
               pCol->notNull ? 1 : 0,
               pCol->zDflt,
               k);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 6);
      }
    }
  }
  break;

  case PragTyp_STATS: {
    static const char *azCol[] = { "table", "index", "width", "height" };
    Index *pIdx;
    HashElem *i;
    v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);

    pParse->nMem = 4;
    sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);




    setAllColumnNames(v, 4, azCol);  assert( 4==ArraySize(azCol) );
    for(i=sqliteHashFirst(&pDb->pSchema->tblHash); i; i=sqliteHashNext(i)){
      Table *pTab = sqliteHashData(i);



      sqlite3VdbeMultiLoad(v, 1, "ssii",
           pTab->zName,
           0,
           (int)sqlite3LogEstToInt(pTab->szTabRow),

           (int)sqlite3LogEstToInt(pTab->nRowLogEst));
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 4);
      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){


        sqlite3VdbeMultiLoad(v, 2, "sii",
           pIdx->zName,
           (int)sqlite3LogEstToInt(pIdx->szIdxRow),

           (int)sqlite3LogEstToInt(pIdx->aiRowLogEst[0]));
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 4);
      }
    }
  }
  break;

  case PragTyp_INDEX_INFO: if( zRight ){
    Index *pIdx;
    Table *pTab;
    pIdx = sqlite3FindIndex(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pIdx ){
      static const char *azCol[] = {
         "seqno", "cid", "name", "desc", "coll", "key"
      };
      int i;
      int mx;
      if( pPragma->iArg ){
        /* PRAGMA index_xinfo (newer version with more rows and columns) */
        mx = pIdx->nColumn;
        pParse->nMem = 6;
      }else{
        /* PRAGMA index_info (legacy version) */
        mx = pIdx->nKeyCol;
        pParse->nMem = 3;
      }
      pTab = pIdx->pTable;

      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
      assert( pParse->nMem<=ArraySize(azCol) );
      setAllColumnNames(v, pParse->nMem, azCol);







      for(i=0; i<mx; i++){
        i16 cnum = pIdx->aiColumn[i];





        sqlite3VdbeMultiLoad(v, 1, "iis", i, cnum,
                             cnum<0 ? 0 : pTab->aCol[cnum].zName);

        if( pPragma->iArg ){
          sqlite3VdbeMultiLoad(v, 4, "isi",
            pIdx->aSortOrder[i],
            pIdx->azColl[i],
            i<pIdx->nKeyCol);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, pParse->nMem);
      }
    }
  }
  break;

  case PragTyp_INDEX_LIST: if( zRight ){
    Index *pIdx;
    Table *pTab;
    int i;
    pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pTab ){
      static const char *azCol[] = {
        "seq", "name", "unique", "origin", "partial"
      };
      v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
      pParse->nMem = 5;
      sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
      setAllColumnNames(v, 5, azCol);  assert( 5==ArraySize(azCol) );
      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex, i=0; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
        const char *azOrigin[] = { "c", "u", "pk" };
        sqlite3VdbeMultiLoad(v, 1, "isisi",
           i,
           pIdx->zName,
           IsUniqueIndex(pIdx),
           azOrigin[pIdx->idxType],
           pIdx->pPartIdxWhere!=0);

        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 5);
      }
    }
  }
  break;

  case PragTyp_DATABASE_LIST: {
    static const char *azCol[] = { "seq", "name", "file" };
    int i;

    pParse->nMem = 3;
    setAllColumnNames(v, 3, azCol); assert( 3==ArraySize(azCol) );


    for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
      if( db->aDb[i].pBt==0 ) continue;
      assert( db->aDb[i].zName!=0 );
      sqlite3VdbeMultiLoad(v, 1, "iss",
         i,
         db->aDb[i].zName,

         sqlite3BtreeGetFilename(db->aDb[i].pBt));
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 3);
    }
  }
  break;

  case PragTyp_COLLATION_LIST: {
    static const char *azCol[] = { "seq", "name" };
    int i = 0;
    HashElem *p;

    pParse->nMem = 2;
    setAllColumnNames(v, 2, azCol); assert( 2==ArraySize(azCol) );

    for(p=sqliteHashFirst(&db->aCollSeq); p; p=sqliteHashNext(p)){
      CollSeq *pColl = (CollSeq *)sqliteHashData(p);


      sqlite3VdbeMultiLoad(v, 1, "is", i++, pColl->zName);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 2);
    }
  }
  break;
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_SCHEMA_PRAGMAS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_FOREIGN_KEY
................................................................................
    FKey *pFK;
    Table *pTab;
    pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zRight, zDb);
    if( pTab ){
      v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
      pFK = pTab->pFKey;
      if( pFK ){
        static const char *azCol[] = {
           "id", "seq", "table", "from", "to", "on_update", "on_delete",
           "match"
        };
        int i = 0; 
        pParse->nMem = 8;
        sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
        setAllColumnNames(v, 8, azCol); assert( 8==ArraySize(azCol) );
        while(pFK){
          int j;
          for(j=0; j<pFK->nCol; j++){
            sqlite3VdbeMultiLoad(v, 1, "iissssss",
                   i,
                   j,
                   pFK->zTo,
                   pTab->aCol[pFK->aCol[j].iFrom].zName,
                   pFK->aCol[j].zCol,
                   actionName(pFK->aAction[1]),  /* ON UPDATE */
                   actionName(pFK->aAction[0]),  /* ON DELETE */
                   "NONE");







            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 8);
          }
          ++i;
          pFK = pFK->pNextFrom;
        }
      }
    }
................................................................................
    int x;                 /* result variable */
    int regResult;         /* 3 registers to hold a result row */
    int regKey;            /* Register to hold key for checking the FK */
    int regRow;            /* Registers to hold a row from pTab */
    int addrTop;           /* Top of a loop checking foreign keys */
    int addrOk;            /* Jump here if the key is OK */
    int *aiCols;           /* child to parent column mapping */
    static const char *azCol[] = { "table", "rowid", "parent", "fkid" };

    regResult = pParse->nMem+1;
    pParse->nMem += 4;
    regKey = ++pParse->nMem;
    regRow = ++pParse->nMem;
    v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
    setAllColumnNames(v, 4, azCol); assert( 4==ArraySize(azCol) );




    sqlite3CodeVerifySchema(pParse, iDb);
    k = sqliteHashFirst(&db->aDb[iDb].pSchema->tblHash);
    while( k ){
      if( zRight ){
        pTab = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, 0, zRight, zDb);
        k = 0;
      }else{
................................................................................
        pTab = (Table*)sqliteHashData(k);
        k = sqliteHashNext(k);
      }
      if( pTab==0 || pTab->pFKey==0 ) continue;
      sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pTab->tnum, 0, pTab->zName);
      if( pTab->nCol+regRow>pParse->nMem ) pParse->nMem = pTab->nCol + regRow;
      sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, 0, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
      sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, regResult, pTab->zName);

      for(i=1, pFK=pTab->pFKey; pFK; i++, pFK=pFK->pNextFrom){
        pParent = sqlite3FindTable(db, pFK->zTo, zDb);
        if( pParent==0 ) continue;
        pIdx = 0;
        sqlite3TableLock(pParse, iDb, pParent->tnum, 0, pParent->zName);
        x = sqlite3FkLocateIndex(pParse, pParent, pFK, &pIdx, 0);
        if( x==0 ){
................................................................................
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regRow, addrOk); VdbeCoverage(v);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_MustBeInt, regRow, 
               sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+3); VdbeCoverage(v);
          }else{
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, 0, regRow);
          }
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_NotExists, i, 0, regRow); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, addrOk);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)-2);
        }else{
          for(j=0; j<pFK->nCol; j++){
            sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, 0,
                            aiCols ? aiCols[j] : pFK->aCol[j].iFrom, regRow+j);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, regRow+j, addrOk); VdbeCoverage(v);
          }
          if( pParent ){
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regRow, pFK->nCol, regKey,
                              sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(db,pIdx), pFK->nCol);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, i, addrOk, regKey, 0);
            VdbeCoverage(v);
          }
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Rowid, 0, regResult+1);
        sqlite3VdbeMultiLoad(v, regResult+2, "si", pFK->zTo, i-1);


        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, regResult, 4);
        sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrOk);
        sqlite3DbFree(db, aiCols);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, 0, addrTop+1); VdbeCoverage(v);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop);
    }
................................................................................
    ** of all attached databases.  */
    assert( iDb>=0 );
    assert( iDb==0 || pId2->z );
    if( pId2->z==0 ) iDb = -1;

    /* Initialize the VDBE program */
    pParse->nMem = 6;
    setOneColumnName(v, "integrity_check");


    /* Set the maximum error count */
    mxErr = SQLITE_INTEGRITY_CHECK_ERROR_MAX;
    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3GetInt32(zRight, &mxErr);
      if( mxErr<=0 ){
        mxErr = SQLITE_INTEGRITY_CHECK_ERROR_MAX;
................................................................................
                                       pPrior, r1);
          pPrior = pIdx;
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 8+j, 1);  /* increment entry count */
          /* Verify that an index entry exists for the current table row */
          jmp2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iIdxCur+j, ckUniq, r1,
                                      pIdx->nColumn); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 1, -1); /* Decrement error limit */
          sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, 3, "row ");
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 7, 3, 3);

          sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, 4, " missing from index ");
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 4, 3, 3);
          jmp5 = sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, 4, pIdx->zName);

          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 4, 3, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 3, 1);
          jmp4 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_IfPos, 1); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(v, OP_Halt);
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp2);
          /* For UNIQUE indexes, verify that only one entry exists with the
          ** current key.  The entry is unique if (1) any column is NULL
................................................................................
              int iCol = pIdx->aiColumn[kk];
              assert( iCol>=0 && iCol<pTab->nCol );
              if( pTab->aCol[iCol].notNull ) continue;
              sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IsNull, r1+kk, uniqOk);
              VdbeCoverage(v);
            }
            jmp6 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Next, iIdxCur+j); VdbeCoverage(v);
            sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, uniqOk);
            sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp6);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_IdxGT, iIdxCur+j, uniqOk, r1,
                                 pIdx->nKeyCol); VdbeCoverage(v);
            sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 1, -1); /* Decrement error limit */
            sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, 3, "non-unique entry in index ");
            sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, jmp5);

            sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, uniqOk);
          }
          sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, jmp4);
          sqlite3ResolvePartIdxLabel(pParse, jmp3);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iDataCur, loopTop); VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, loopTop-1);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT

        sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, 2, "wrong # of entries in index ");
        for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
          if( pPk==pIdx ) continue;
          addr = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IfPos, 1, addr+2); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Halt, 0, 0);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Count, iIdxCur+j, 3);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Eq, 8+j, addr+8, 3); VdbeCoverage(v);
          sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_NOTNULL);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_AddImm, 1, -1);
          sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, 3, pIdx->zName);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Concat, 3, 2, 7);
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 7, 1);
        }
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT */
      } 
    }
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(v, ArraySize(endCode), endCode, iLn);
................................................................................
      { "UTF-16",   0                  }, /* SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE */
      { "UTF16",    0                  }, /* SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE */
      { 0, 0 }
    };
    const struct EncName *pEnc;
    if( !zRight ){    /* "PRAGMA encoding" */
      if( sqlite3ReadSchema(pParse) ) goto pragma_out;



      assert( encnames[SQLITE_UTF8].enc==SQLITE_UTF8 );
      assert( encnames[SQLITE_UTF16LE].enc==SQLITE_UTF16LE );
      assert( encnames[SQLITE_UTF16BE].enc==SQLITE_UTF16BE );
      returnSingleText(v, "encoding", encnames[ENC(pParse->db)].zName);

    }else{                        /* "PRAGMA encoding = XXX" */
      /* Only change the value of sqlite.enc if the database handle is not
      ** initialized. If the main database exists, the new sqlite.enc value
      ** will be overwritten when the schema is next loaded. If it does not
      ** already exists, it will be created to use the new encoding value.
      */
      if( 
................................................................................
  **
  ** Return the names of all compile-time options used in this build,
  ** one option per row.
  */
  case PragTyp_COMPILE_OPTIONS: {
    int i = 0;
    const char *zOpt;

    pParse->nMem = 1;

    setOneColumnName(v, "compile_option");
    while( (zOpt = sqlite3_compileoption_get(i++))!=0 ){

      sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, 1, zOpt);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 1);
    }
  }
  break;
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS */

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
  /*
  **   PRAGMA [database.]wal_checkpoint = passive|full|restart|truncate
  **
  ** Checkpoint the database.
  */
  case PragTyp_WAL_CHECKPOINT: {
    static const char *azCol[] = { "busy", "log", "checkpointed" };
    int iBt = (pId2->z?iDb:SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED);
    int eMode = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE;
    if( zRight ){
      if( sqlite3StrICmp(zRight, "full")==0 ){
        eMode = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL;
      }else if( sqlite3StrICmp(zRight, "restart")==0 ){
        eMode = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART;
      }else if( sqlite3StrICmp(zRight, "truncate")==0 ){
        eMode = SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_TRUNCATE;
      }
    }
    setAllColumnNames(v, 3, azCol);  assert( 3==ArraySize(azCol) );
    pParse->nMem = 3;




    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Checkpoint, iBt, eMode, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 3);
  }
  break;

  /*
  **   PRAGMA wal_autocheckpoint
................................................................................
  ** after accumulating N frames in the log. Or query for the current value
  ** of N.
  */
  case PragTyp_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT: {
    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint(db, sqlite3Atoi(zRight));
    }
    returnSingleInt(v, "wal_autocheckpoint", 
       db->xWalCallback==sqlite3WalDefaultHook ? 
           SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(db->pWalArg) : 0);
  }
  break;
#endif

  /*
................................................................................
  ** disables the timeout.
  */
  /*case PragTyp_BUSY_TIMEOUT*/ default: {
    assert( pPragma->ePragTyp==PragTyp_BUSY_TIMEOUT );
    if( zRight ){
      sqlite3_busy_timeout(db, sqlite3Atoi(zRight));
    }
    returnSingleInt(v, "timeout",  db->busyTimeout);
    break;
  }

  /*
  **   PRAGMA soft_heap_limit
  **   PRAGMA soft_heap_limit = N
  **
................................................................................
  ** sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64(-1) C-language function.
  */
  case PragTyp_SOFT_HEAP_LIMIT: {
    sqlite3_int64 N;
    if( zRight && sqlite3DecOrHexToI64(zRight, &N)==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64(N);
    }
    returnSingleInt(v, "soft_heap_limit",  sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64(-1));
    break;
  }

  /*
  **   PRAGMA threads
  **   PRAGMA threads = N
  **
................................................................................
    sqlite3_int64 N;
    if( zRight
     && sqlite3DecOrHexToI64(zRight, &N)==SQLITE_OK
     && N>=0
    ){
      sqlite3_limit(db, SQLITE_LIMIT_WORKER_THREADS, (int)(N&0x7fffffff));
    }
    returnSingleInt(v, "threads",
                    sqlite3_limit(db, SQLITE_LIMIT_WORKER_THREADS, -1));
    break;
  }

#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)
  /*
  ** Report the current state of file logs for all databases
  */
  case PragTyp_LOCK_STATUS: {
    static const char *const azLockName[] = {
      "unlocked", "shared", "reserved", "pending", "exclusive"
    };
    static const char *azCol[] = { "database", "status" };
    int i;

    setAllColumnNames(v, 2, azCol); assert( 2==ArraySize(azCol) );
    pParse->nMem = 2;


    for(i=0; i<db->nDb; i++){
      Btree *pBt;
      const char *zState = "unknown";
      int j;
      if( db->aDb[i].zName==0 ) continue;

      pBt = db->aDb[i].pBt;
      if( pBt==0 || sqlite3BtreePager(pBt)==0 ){
        zState = "closed";
      }else if( sqlite3_file_control(db, i ? db->aDb[i].zName : 0, 
                                     SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE, &j)==SQLITE_OK ){
         zState = azLockName[j];
      }
      sqlite3VdbeMultiLoad(v, 1, "ss", db->aDb[i].zName, zState);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, 1, 2);
    }
    break;
  }
#endif

#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
................................................................................
  pRight = &pLeft[1];
  for(i=0; i<pSrc->nSrc-1; i++, pRight++, pLeft++){
    Table *pLeftTab = pLeft->pTab;
    Table *pRightTab = pRight->pTab;
    int isOuter;

    if( NEVER(pLeftTab==0 || pRightTab==0) ) continue;
    isOuter = (pRight->fg.jointype & JT_OUTER)!=0;

    /* When the NATURAL keyword is present, add WHERE clause terms for
    ** every column that the two tables have in common.
    */
    if( pRight->fg.jointype & JT_NATURAL ){
      if( pRight->pOn || pRight->pUsing ){
        sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "a NATURAL join may not have "
           "an ON or USING clause", 0);
        return 1;
      }
      for(j=0; j<pRightTab->nCol; j++){
        char *zName;   /* Name of column in the right table */
................................................................................
** through regData+nData-1 onto the sorter.
*/
static void pushOntoSorter(
  Parse *pParse,         /* Parser context */
  SortCtx *pSort,        /* Information about the ORDER BY clause */
  Select *pSelect,       /* The whole SELECT statement */
  int regData,           /* First register holding data to be sorted */
  int regOrigData,       /* First register holding data before packing */
  int nData,             /* Number of elements in the data array */
  int nPrefixReg         /* No. of reg prior to regData available for use */
){
  Vdbe *v = pParse->pVdbe;                         /* Stmt under construction */
  int bSeq = ((pSort->sortFlags & SORTFLAG_UseSorter)==0);
  int nExpr = pSort->pOrderBy->nExpr;              /* No. of ORDER BY terms */
  int nBase = nExpr + bSeq + nData;                /* Fields in sorter record */
  int regBase;                                     /* Regs for sorter record */
  int regRecord = ++pParse->nMem;                  /* Assembled sorter record */
  int nOBSat = pSort->nOBSat;                      /* ORDER BY terms to skip */
  int op;                            /* Opcode to add sorter record to sorter */

  assert( bSeq==0 || bSeq==1 );
  assert( nData==1 || regData==regOrigData );
  if( nPrefixReg ){
    assert( nPrefixReg==nExpr+bSeq );
    regBase = regData - nExpr - bSeq;
  }else{
    regBase = pParse->nMem + 1;
    pParse->nMem += nBase;
  }
  sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse, pSort->pOrderBy, regBase, regOrigData,
                          SQLITE_ECEL_DUP|SQLITE_ECEL_REF);
  if( bSeq ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Sequence, pSort->iECursor, regBase+nExpr);
  }
  if( nPrefixReg==0 ){
    sqlite3ExprCodeMove(pParse, regData, regBase+nExpr+bSeq, nData);
  }

................................................................................
  Vdbe *v,          /* Generate code into this VM */
  int iOffset,      /* Register holding the offset counter */
  int iContinue     /* Jump here to skip the current record */
){
  if( iOffset>0 ){
    int addr;
    addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_IfNeg, iOffset, 0, -1); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, iContinue);
    VdbeComment((v, "skip OFFSET records"));
    sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
  }
}

/*
** Add code that will check to make sure the N registers starting at iMem
................................................................................
    */
    u8 ecelFlags;
    if( eDest==SRT_Mem || eDest==SRT_Output || eDest==SRT_Coroutine ){
      ecelFlags = SQLITE_ECEL_DUP;
    }else{
      ecelFlags = 0;
    }
    sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse, pEList, regResult, 0, ecelFlags);
  }

  /* If the DISTINCT keyword was present on the SELECT statement
  ** and this row has been seen before, then do not make this row
  ** part of the result.
  */
  if( hasDistinct ){
................................................................................
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(v, OP_Found, iParm+1, addr, r1, 0);
        VdbeCoverage(v);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iParm+1, r1);
        assert( pSort==0 );
      }
#endif
      if( pSort ){
        pushOntoSorter(pParse, pSort, p, r1+nPrefixReg,regResult,1,nPrefixReg);
      }else{
        int r2 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_NewRowid, iParm, r2);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_Insert, iParm, r1, r2);
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_APPEND);
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r2);
      }
................................................................................
      pDest->affSdst =
                  sqlite3CompareAffinity(pEList->a[0].pExpr, pDest->affSdst);
      if( pSort ){
        /* At first glance you would think we could optimize out the
        ** ORDER BY in this case since the order of entries in the set
        ** does not matter.  But there might be a LIMIT clause, in which
        ** case the order does matter */
        pushOntoSorter(pParse, pSort, p, regResult, regResult, 1, nPrefixReg);
      }else{
        int r1 = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, regResult,1,r1, &pDest->affSdst, 1);
        sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, regResult, 1);
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iParm, r1);
        sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, r1);
      }
................................................................................
    /* If this is a scalar select that is part of an expression, then
    ** store the results in the appropriate memory cell and break out
    ** of the scan loop.
    */
    case SRT_Mem: {
      assert( nResultCol==1 );
      if( pSort ){
        pushOntoSorter(pParse, pSort, p, regResult, regResult, 1, nPrefixReg);
      }else{
        assert( regResult==iParm );
        /* The LIMIT clause will jump out of the loop for us */
      }
      break;
    }
#endif /* #ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SUBQUERY */

    case SRT_Coroutine:       /* Send data to a co-routine */
    case SRT_Output: {        /* Return the results */
      testcase( eDest==SRT_Coroutine );
      testcase( eDest==SRT_Output );
      if( pSort ){
        pushOntoSorter(pParse, pSort, p, regResult, regResult, nResultCol,
                       nPrefixReg);
      }else if( eDest==SRT_Coroutine ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, pDest->iSDParm);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_ResultRow, regResult, nResultCol);
        sqlite3ExprCacheAffinityChange(pParse, regResult, nResultCol);
      }
      break;
................................................................................
  int bSeq;                       /* True if sorter record includes seq. no. */
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
  struct ExprList_item *aOutEx = p->pEList->a;
#endif

  if( pSort->labelBkOut ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, pSort->regReturn, pSort->labelBkOut);
    sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, addrBreak);
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pSort->labelBkOut);
  }
  iTab = pSort->iECursor;
  if( eDest==SRT_Output || eDest==SRT_Coroutine ){
    regRowid = 0;
    regRow = pDest->iSdst;
    nSortData = nColumn;
................................................................................
**
** Only the column names are computed.  Column.zType, Column.zColl,
** and other fields of Column are zeroed.
**
** Return SQLITE_OK on success.  If a memory allocation error occurs,
** store NULL in *paCol and 0 in *pnCol and return SQLITE_NOMEM.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3ColumnsFromExprList(
  Parse *pParse,          /* Parsing context */
  ExprList *pEList,       /* Expr list from which to derive column names */
  i16 *pnCol,             /* Write the number of columns here */
  Column **paCol          /* Write the new column list here */
){
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;   /* Database connection */
  int i, j;                   /* Loop counters */
................................................................................
  }
  /* The sqlite3ResultSetOfSelect() is only used n contexts where lookaside
  ** is disabled */
  assert( db->lookaside.bEnabled==0 );
  pTab->nRef = 1;
  pTab->zName = 0;
  pTab->nRowLogEst = 200; assert( 200==sqlite3LogEst(1048576) );
  sqlite3ColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pSelect->pEList, &pTab->nCol, &pTab->aCol);
  selectAddColumnTypeAndCollation(pParse, pTab, pSelect);
  pTab->iPKey = -1;
  if( db->mallocFailed ){
    sqlite3DeleteTable(db, pTab);
    return 0;
  }
  return pTab;
................................................................................
    p->iLimit = iLimit = ++pParse->nMem;
    v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
    assert( v!=0 );
    if( sqlite3ExprIsInteger(p->pLimit, &n) ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, n, iLimit);
      VdbeComment((v, "LIMIT counter"));
      if( n==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, iBreak);
      }else if( n>=0 && p->nSelectRow>(u64)n ){
        p->nSelectRow = n;
      }
    }else{
      sqlite3ExprCode(pParse, p->pLimit, iLimit);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_MustBeInt, iLimit); VdbeCoverage(v);
      VdbeComment((v, "LIMIT counter"));
................................................................................
**
**   <recursive-table> AS (<setup-query> UNION [ALL] <recursive-query>)
**                         \___________/             \_______________/
**                           p->pPrior                      p
**
**
** There is exactly one reference to the recursive-table in the FROM clause
** of recursive-query, marked with the SrcList->a[].fg.isRecursive flag.
**
** The setup-query runs once to generate an initial set of rows that go
** into a Queue table.  Rows are extracted from the Queue table one by
** one.  Each row extracted from Queue is output to pDest.  Then the single
** extracted row (now in the iCurrent table) becomes the content of the
** recursive-table for a recursive-query run.  The output of the recursive-query
** is added back into the Queue table.  Then another row is extracted from Queue
................................................................................
  regOffset = p->iOffset;
  p->pLimit = p->pOffset = 0;
  p->iLimit = p->iOffset = 0;
  pOrderBy = p->pOrderBy;

  /* Locate the cursor number of the Current table */
  for(i=0; ALWAYS(i<pSrc->nSrc); i++){
    if( pSrc->a[i].fg.isRecursive ){
      iCurrent = pSrc->a[i].iCursor;
      break;
    }
  }

  /* Allocate cursors numbers for Queue and Distinct.  The cursor number for
  ** the Distinct table must be exactly one greater than Queue in order
................................................................................
    p->pPrior = 0;
    sqlite3Select(pParse, p, &destQueue);
    assert( p->pPrior==0 );
    p->pPrior = pSetup;
  }

  /* Keep running the loop until the Queue is empty */
  sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, addrTop);
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, addrBreak);

end_of_recursive_query:
  sqlite3ExprListDelete(pParse->db, p->pOrderBy);
  p->pOrderBy = pOrderBy;
  p->pLimit = pLimit;
  p->pOffset = pOffset;
................................................................................
  if( op==TK_EXCEPT || op==TK_INTERSECT ){
    addrEofA_noB = addrEofA = labelEnd;
  }else{  
    VdbeNoopComment((v, "eof-A subroutine"));
    addrEofA = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regOutB, addrOutB);
    addrEofA_noB = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Yield, regAddrB, labelEnd);
                                     VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, addrEofA);
    p->nSelectRow += pPrior->nSelectRow;
  }

  /* Generate a subroutine to run when the results from select B
  ** are exhausted and only data in select A remains.
  */
  if( op==TK_INTERSECT ){
    addrEofB = addrEofA;
    if( p->nSelectRow > pPrior->nSelectRow ) p->nSelectRow = pPrior->nSelectRow;
  }else{  
    VdbeNoopComment((v, "eof-B subroutine"));
    addrEofB = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regOutA, addrOutA);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Yield, regAddrA, labelEnd); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, addrEofB);
  }

  /* Generate code to handle the case of A<B
  */
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "A-lt-B subroutine"));
  addrAltB = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regOutA, addrOutA);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Yield, regAddrA, addrEofA); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, labelCmpr);

  /* Generate code to handle the case of A==B
  */
  if( op==TK_ALL ){
    addrAeqB = addrAltB;
  }else if( op==TK_INTERSECT ){
    addrAeqB = addrAltB;
    addrAltB++;
  }else{
    VdbeNoopComment((v, "A-eq-B subroutine"));
    addrAeqB =
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Yield, regAddrA, addrEofA); VdbeCoverage(v);
    sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, labelCmpr);
  }

  /* Generate code to handle the case of A>B
  */
  VdbeNoopComment((v, "A-gt-B subroutine"));
  addrAgtB = sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v);
  if( op==TK_ALL || op==TK_UNION ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regOutB, addrOutB);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Yield, regAddrB, addrEofB); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, labelCmpr);

  /* This code runs once to initialize everything.
  */
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, j1);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Yield, regAddrA, addrEofA_noB); VdbeCoverage(v);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Yield, regAddrB, addrEofB); VdbeCoverage(v);

................................................................................
  ** effectively converts the OUTER JOIN into an INNER JOIN.
  **
  ** THIS OVERRIDES OBSOLETE COMMENTS 1 AND 2 ABOVE:
  ** Ticket #3300 shows that flattening the right term of a LEFT JOIN
  ** is fraught with danger.  Best to avoid the whole thing.  If the
  ** subquery is the right term of a LEFT JOIN, then do not flatten.
  */
  if( (pSubitem->fg.jointype & JT_OUTER)!=0 ){
    return 0;
  }

  /* Restriction 17: If the sub-query is a compound SELECT, then it must
  ** use only the UNION ALL operator. And none of the simple select queries
  ** that make up the compound SELECT are allowed to be aggregate or distinct
  ** queries.
................................................................................
    u8 jointype = 0;
    pSubSrc = pSub->pSrc;     /* FROM clause of subquery */
    nSubSrc = pSubSrc->nSrc;  /* Number of terms in subquery FROM clause */
    pSrc = pParent->pSrc;     /* FROM clause of the outer query */

    if( pSrc ){
      assert( pParent==p );  /* First time through the loop */
      jointype = pSubitem->fg.jointype;
    }else{
      assert( pParent!=p );  /* 2nd and subsequent times through the loop */
      pSrc = pParent->pSrc = sqlite3SrcListAppend(db, 0, 0, 0);
      if( pSrc==0 ){
        assert( db->mallocFailed );
        break;
      }
................................................................................
    ** outer query.
    */
    for(i=0; i<nSubSrc; i++){
      sqlite3IdListDelete(db, pSrc->a[i+iFrom].pUsing);
      pSrc->a[i+iFrom] = pSubSrc->a[i];
      memset(&pSubSrc->a[i], 0, sizeof(pSubSrc->a[i]));
    }
    pSrc->a[iFrom].fg.jointype = jointype;
  
    /* Now begin substituting subquery result set expressions for 
    ** references to the iParent in the outer query.
    ** 
    ** Example:
    **
    **   SELECT a+5, b*10 FROM (SELECT x*3 AS a, y+10 AS b FROM t1) WHERE a>b;
................................................................................
**
**   (3) The inner query has a LIMIT clause (since the changes to the WHERE
**       close would change the meaning of the LIMIT).
**
**   (4) The inner query is the right operand of a LEFT JOIN.  (The caller
**       enforces this restriction since this routine does not have enough
**       information to know.)
**
**   (5) The WHERE clause expression originates in the ON or USING clause
**       of a LEFT JOIN.
**
** Return 0 if no changes are made and non-zero if one or more WHERE clause
** terms are duplicated into the subquery.
*/
static int pushDownWhereTerms(
  sqlite3 *db,          /* The database connection (for malloc()) */
  Select *pSubq,        /* The subquery whose WHERE clause is to be augmented */
................................................................................
  if( pSubq->pLimit!=0 ){
     return 0; /* restriction (3) */
  }
  while( pWhere->op==TK_AND ){
    nChng += pushDownWhereTerms(db, pSubq, pWhere->pRight, iCursor);
    pWhere = pWhere->pLeft;
  }
  if( ExprHasProperty(pWhere,EP_FromJoin) ) return 0; /* restriction 5 */
  if( sqlite3ExprIsTableConstant(pWhere, iCursor) ){
    nChng++;
    while( pSubq ){
      pNew = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pWhere, 0);
      pNew = substExpr(db, pNew, iCursor, pSubq->pEList);
      pSubq->pWhere = sqlite3ExprAnd(db, pSubq->pWhere, pNew);
      pSubq = pSubq->pPrior;
................................................................................
** If the source-list item passed as an argument was augmented with an
** INDEXED BY clause, then try to locate the specified index. If there
** was such a clause and the named index cannot be found, return 
** SQLITE_ERROR and leave an error in pParse. Otherwise, populate 
** pFrom->pIndex and return SQLITE_OK.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3IndexedByLookup(Parse *pParse, struct SrcList_item *pFrom){
  if( pFrom->pTab && pFrom->fg.isIndexedBy ){
    Table *pTab = pFrom->pTab;
    char *zIndexedBy = pFrom->u1.zIndexedBy;
    Index *pIdx;
    for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; 
        pIdx && sqlite3StrICmp(pIdx->zName, zIndexedBy); 
        pIdx=pIdx->pNext
    );
    if( !pIdx ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "no such index: %s", zIndexedBy, 0);
      pParse->checkSchema = 1;
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    pFrom->pIBIndex = pIdx;
  }
  return SQLITE_OK;
}
/*
** Detect compound SELECT statements that use an ORDER BY clause with 
** an alternative collating sequence.
**
................................................................................
    Table *pTab;
    ExprList *pEList;
    Select *pSel;
    Select *pLeft;                /* Left-most SELECT statement */
    int bMayRecursive;            /* True if compound joined by UNION [ALL] */
    With *pSavedWith;             /* Initial value of pParse->pWith */

    /* If pCte->zCteErr is non-NULL at this point, then this is an illegal
    ** recursive reference to CTE pCte. Leave an error in pParse and return
    ** early. If pCte->zCteErr is NULL, then this is not a recursive reference.
    ** In this case, proceed.  */
    if( pCte->zCteErr ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, pCte->zCteErr, pCte->zName);
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }

    assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
    pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table));
    if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;
    pTab->nRef = 1;
................................................................................
      for(i=0; i<pSrc->nSrc; i++){
        struct SrcList_item *pItem = &pSrc->a[i];
        if( pItem->zDatabase==0 
         && pItem->zName!=0 
         && 0==sqlite3StrICmp(pItem->zName, pCte->zName)
          ){
          pItem->pTab = pTab;
          pItem->fg.isRecursive = 1;
          pTab->nRef++;
          pSel->selFlags |= SF_Recursive;
        }
      }
    }

    /* Only one recursive reference is permitted. */ 
................................................................................
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(
          pParse, "multiple references to recursive table: %s", pCte->zName
      );
      return SQLITE_ERROR;
    }
    assert( pTab->nRef==1 || ((pSel->selFlags&SF_Recursive) && pTab->nRef==2 ));

    pCte->zCteErr = "circular reference: %s";
    pSavedWith = pParse->pWith;
    pParse->pWith = pWith;
    sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, bMayRecursive ? pSel->pPrior : pSel);

    for(pLeft=pSel; pLeft->pPrior; pLeft=pLeft->pPrior);
    pEList = pLeft->pEList;
    if( pCte->pCols ){
................................................................................
        );
        pParse->pWith = pSavedWith;
        return SQLITE_ERROR;
      }
      pEList = pCte->pCols;
    }

    sqlite3ColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pEList, &pTab->nCol, &pTab->aCol);
    if( bMayRecursive ){
      if( pSel->selFlags & SF_Recursive ){
        pCte->zCteErr = "multiple recursive references: %s";
      }else{
        pCte->zCteErr = "recursive reference in a subquery: %s";
      }
      sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pSel);
    }
    pCte->zCteErr = 0;
    pParse->pWith = pSavedWith;
  }

  return SQLITE_OK;
}
#endif

................................................................................

  /* Look up every table named in the FROM clause of the select.  If
  ** an entry of the FROM clause is a subquery instead of a table or view,
  ** then create a transient table structure to describe the subquery.
  */
  for(i=0, pFrom=pTabList->a; i<pTabList->nSrc; i++, pFrom++){
    Table *pTab;
    assert( pFrom->fg.isRecursive==0 || pFrom->pTab );
    if( pFrom->fg.isRecursive ) continue;
    if( pFrom->pTab!=0 ){
      /* This statement has already been prepared.  There is no need
      ** to go further. */
      assert( i==0 );
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_CTE
      selectPopWith(pWalker, p);
#endif
................................................................................
      assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
      if( sqlite3WalkSelect(pWalker, pSel) ) return WRC_Abort;
      pFrom->pTab = pTab = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table));
      if( pTab==0 ) return WRC_Abort;
      pTab->nRef = 1;
      pTab->zName = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "sqlite_sq_%p", (void*)pTab);
      while( pSel->pPrior ){ pSel = pSel->pPrior; }
      sqlite3ColumnsFromExprList(pParse, pSel->pEList,&pTab->nCol,&pTab->aCol);
      pTab->iPKey = -1;
      pTab->nRowLogEst = 200; assert( 200==sqlite3LogEst(1048576) );
      pTab->tabFlags |= TF_Ephemeral;
#endif
    }else{
      /* An ordinary table or view name in the FROM clause */
      assert( pFrom->pTab==0 );
................................................................................
            if( IsHiddenColumn(&pTab->aCol[j]) ){
              assert(IsVirtual(pTab));
              continue;
            }
            tableSeen = 1;

            if( i>0 && zTName==0 ){
              if( (pFrom->fg.jointype & JT_NATURAL)!=0
                && tableAndColumnIndex(pTabList, i, zName, 0, 0)
              ){
                /* In a NATURAL join, omit the join columns from the 
                ** table to the right of the join */
                continue;
              }
              if( sqlite3IdListIndex(pFrom->pUsing, zName)>=0 ){
................................................................................
    int addrNext = 0;
    int regAgg;
    ExprList *pList = pF->pExpr->x.pList;
    assert( !ExprHasProperty(pF->pExpr, EP_xIsSelect) );
    if( pList ){
      nArg = pList->nExpr;
      regAgg = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nArg);
      sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse, pList, regAgg, 0, SQLITE_ECEL_DUP);
    }else{
      nArg = 0;
      regAgg = 0;
    }
    if( pF->iDistinct>=0 ){
      addrNext = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      testcase( nArg==0 );  /* Error condition */
................................................................................
    /* Sometimes the code for a subquery will be generated more than
    ** once, if the subquery is part of the WHERE clause in a LEFT JOIN,
    ** for example.  In that case, do not regenerate the code to manifest
    ** a view or the co-routine to implement a view.  The first instance
    ** is sufficient, though the subroutine to manifest the view does need
    ** to be invoked again. */
    if( pItem->addrFillSub ){
      if( pItem->fg.viaCoroutine==0 ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, pItem->regReturn, pItem->addrFillSub);
      }
      continue;
    }

    /* Increment Parse.nHeight by the height of the largest expression
    ** tree referred to by this, the parent select. The child select
................................................................................
    ** an exact limit.
    */
    pParse->nHeight += sqlite3SelectExprHeight(p);

    /* Make copies of constant WHERE-clause terms in the outer query down
    ** inside the subquery.  This can help the subquery to run more efficiently.
    */
    if( (pItem->fg.jointype & JT_OUTER)==0
     && pushDownWhereTerms(db, pSub, p->pWhere, pItem->iCursor)
    ){
#if SELECTTRACE_ENABLED
      if( sqlite3SelectTrace & 0x100 ){
        SELECTTRACE(0x100,pParse,p,("After WHERE-clause push-down:\n"));
        sqlite3TreeViewSelect(0, p, 0);
      }
................................................................................
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, pItem->regReturn, 0, addrTop);
      VdbeComment((v, "%s", pItem->pTab->zName));
      pItem->addrFillSub = addrTop;
      sqlite3SelectDestInit(&dest, SRT_Coroutine, pItem->regReturn);
      explainSetInteger(pItem->iSelectId, (u8)pParse->iNextSelectId);
      sqlite3Select(pParse, pSub, &dest);
      pItem->pTab->nRowLogEst = sqlite3LogEst(pSub->nSelectRow);
      pItem->fg.viaCoroutine = 1;
      pItem->regResult = dest.iSdst;
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_EndCoroutine, pItem->regReturn);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop-1);
      sqlite3ClearTempRegCache(pParse);
    }else{
      /* Generate a subroutine that will fill an ephemeral table with
      ** the content of this subquery.  pItem->addrFillSub will point
................................................................................
      int topAddr;
      int onceAddr = 0;
      int retAddr;
      assert( pItem->addrFillSub==0 );
      pItem->regReturn = ++pParse->nMem;
      topAddr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, pItem->regReturn);
      pItem->addrFillSub = topAddr+1;
      if( pItem->fg.isCorrelated==0 ){
        /* If the subquery is not correlated and if we are not inside of
        ** a trigger, then we only need to compute the value of the subquery
        ** once. */
        onceAddr = sqlite3CodeOnce(pParse); VdbeCoverage(v);
        VdbeComment((v, "materialize \"%s\"", pItem->pTab->zName));
      }else{
        VdbeNoopComment((v, "materialize \"%s\"", pItem->pTab->zName));
................................................................................

  /* Set the limiter.
  */
  iEnd = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  p->nSelectRow = LARGEST_INT64;
  computeLimitRegisters(pParse, p, iEnd);
  if( p->iLimit==0 && sSort.addrSortIndex>=0 ){
    sqlite3VdbeChangeOpcode(v, sSort.addrSortIndex, OP_SorterOpen);
    sSort.sortFlags |= SORTFLAG_UseSorter;
  }

  /* Open an ephemeral index to use for the distinct set.
  */
  if( p->selFlags & SF_Distinct ){
    sDistinct.tabTnct = pParse->nTab++;
................................................................................
          if( sAggInfo.aCol[i].iSorterColumn>=j ){
            nCol++;
            j++;
          }
        }
        regBase = sqlite3GetTempRange(pParse, nCol);
        sqlite3ExprCacheClear(pParse);
        sqlite3ExprCodeExprList(pParse, pGroupBy, regBase, 0, 0);
        j = nGroupBy;
        for(i=0; i<sAggInfo.nColumn; i++){
          struct AggInfo_col *pCol = &sAggInfo.aCol[i];
          if( pCol->iSorterColumn>=j ){
            int r1 = j + regBase;
            int r2;

................................................................................
      /* Output the final row of result
      */
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, regOutputRow, addrOutputRow);
      VdbeComment((v, "output final row"));

      /* Jump over the subroutines
      */
      sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, addrEnd);

      /* Generate a subroutine that outputs a single row of the result
      ** set.  This subroutine first looks at the iUseFlag.  If iUseFlag
      ** is less than or equal to zero, the subroutine is a no-op.  If
      ** the processing calls for the query to abort, this subroutine
      ** increments the iAbortFlag memory location before returning in
      ** order to signal the caller to abort.
................................................................................
        if( pWInfo==0 ){
          sqlite3ExprListDelete(db, pDel);
          goto select_end;
        }
        updateAccumulator(pParse, &sAggInfo);
        assert( pMinMax==0 || pMinMax->nExpr==1 );
        if( sqlite3WhereIsOrdered(pWInfo)>0 ){
          sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, sqlite3WhereBreakLabel(pWInfo));
          VdbeComment((v, "%s() by index",
                (flag==WHERE_ORDERBY_MIN?"min":"max")));
        }
        sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
        finalizeAggFunctions(pParse, &sAggInfo);
      }

................................................................................
  */
  pTabList->a[0].colUsed = 0;

  hasFK = sqlite3FkRequired(pParse, pTab, aXRef, chngKey);

  /* There is one entry in the aRegIdx[] array for each index on the table
  ** being updated.  Fill in aRegIdx[] with a register number that will hold
  ** the key for accessing each index.
  **
  ** FIXME:  Be smarter about omitting indexes that use expressions.
  */
  for(j=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, j++){
    int reg;
    if( chngKey || hasFK || pIdx->pPartIdxWhere || pIdx==pPk ){
      reg = ++pParse->nMem;
    }else{
      reg = 0;
      for(i=0; i<pIdx->nKeyCol; i++){
        i16 iIdxCol = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
        if( iIdxCol<0 || aXRef[iIdxCol]>=0 ){
          reg = ++pParse->nMem;
          break;
        }
      }
    }
    if( reg==0 ) aToOpen[j+1] = 0;
    aRegIdx[j] = reg;
................................................................................
    addrOpen = sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenEphemeral, iEph, nPk);
    sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pPk);
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0, 0, 
                               WHERE_ONEPASS_DESIRED, iIdxCur);
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto update_cleanup;
    okOnePass = sqlite3WhereOkOnePass(pWInfo, aiCurOnePass);
    for(i=0; i<nPk; i++){
      assert( pPk->aiColumn[i]>=(-1) );
      sqlite3ExprCodeGetColumnOfTable(v, pTab, iDataCur, pPk->aiColumn[i],
                                      iPk+i);
    }
    if( okOnePass ){
      sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(v, addrOpen);
      nKey = nPk;
      regKey = iPk;
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(v, OP_MakeRecord, iPk, nPk, regKey,
                        sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(db, pPk), nPk);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, iEph, regKey);
    }
    sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);
  }

  /* Initialize the count of updated rows
  */
................................................................................
  */
  if( okOnePass ){
    /* Nothing to do at end-of-loop for a single-pass */
  }else if( pPk ){
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, labelContinue);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, iEph, addrTop); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, labelContinue);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, labelBreak);

  /* Close all tables */
  for(i=0, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext, i++){
    assert( aRegIdx );
    if( aToOpen[i+1] ){
................................................................................
      Module *pDel;
      char *zCopy = (char *)(&pMod[1]);
      memcpy(zCopy, zName, nName+1);
      pMod->zName = zCopy;
      pMod->pModule = pModule;
      pMod->pAux = pAux;
      pMod->xDestroy = xDestroy;
      pMod->pEpoTab = 0;
      pDel = (Module *)sqlite3HashInsert(&db->aModule,zCopy,(void*)pMod);
      assert( pDel==0 || pDel==pMod );
      if( pDel ){
        db->mallocFailed = 1;
        sqlite3DbFree(db, pDel);
      }
    }
................................................................................
/*
** Add a new module argument to pTable->azModuleArg[].
** The string is not copied - the pointer is stored.  The
** string will be freed automatically when the table is
** deleted.
*/
static void addModuleArgument(sqlite3 *db, Table *pTable, char *zArg){

  int nBytes = sizeof(char *)*(2+pTable->nModuleArg);
  char **azModuleArg;
  azModuleArg = sqlite3DbRealloc(db, pTable->azModuleArg, nBytes);
  if( azModuleArg==0 ){




    sqlite3DbFree(db, zArg);


  }else{
    int i = pTable->nModuleArg++;
    azModuleArg[i] = zArg;
    azModuleArg[i+1] = 0;

    pTable->azModuleArg = azModuleArg;
  }
}

/*
** The parser calls this routine when it first sees a CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE
** statement.  The module name has been parsed, but the optional list
** of parameters that follow the module name are still pending.
*/
................................................................................
    sqlite3ChangeCookie(pParse, iDb);

    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Expire, 0, 0);
    zWhere = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "name='%q' AND type='table'", pTab->zName);
    sqlite3VdbeAddParseSchemaOp(v, iDb, zWhere);

    iReg = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeLoadString(v, iReg, pTab->zName);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_VCreate, iDb, iReg);
  }

  /* If we are rereading the sqlite_master table create the in-memory
  ** record of the table. The xConnect() method is not called until
  ** the first time the virtual table is used in an SQL statement. This
  ** allows a schema that contains virtual tables to be loaded before
................................................................................
  zMod = pTab->azModuleArg[0];
  pMod = (Module*)sqlite3HashFind(&db->aModule, zMod);

  /* If the module has been registered and includes a Create method, 
  ** invoke it now. If the module has not been registered, return an 
  ** error. Otherwise, do nothing.
  */
  if( pMod==0 || pMod->pModule->xCreate==0 || pMod->pModule->xDestroy==0 ){
    *pzErr = sqlite3MPrintf(db, "no such module: %s", zMod);
    rc = SQLITE_ERROR;
  }else{
    rc = vtabCallConstructor(db, pTab, pMod, pMod->pModule->xCreate, pzErr);
  }

  /* Justification of ALWAYS():  The xConstructor method is required to
................................................................................
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabCallDestroy(sqlite3 *db, int iDb, const char *zTab){
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  Table *pTab;

  pTab = sqlite3FindTable(db, zTab, db->aDb[iDb].zName);
  if( ALWAYS(pTab!=0 && pTab->pVTable!=0) ){
    VTable *p;
    int (*xDestroy)(sqlite3_vtab *);
    for(p=pTab->pVTable; p; p=p->pNext){
      assert( p->pVtab );
      if( p->pVtab->nRef>0 ){
        return SQLITE_LOCKED;
      }
    }
    p = vtabDisconnectAll(db, pTab);
    xDestroy = p->pMod->pModule->xDestroy;
    assert( xDestroy!=0 );  /* Checked before the virtual table is created */
    rc = xDestroy(p->pVtab);
    /* Remove the sqlite3_vtab* from the aVTrans[] array, if applicable */
    if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
      assert( pTab->pVTable==p && p->pNext==0 );
      p->pVtab = 0;
      pTab->pVTable = 0;
      sqlite3VtabUnlock(p);
    }
................................................................................
  if( apVtabLock ){
    pToplevel->apVtabLock = apVtabLock;
    pToplevel->apVtabLock[pToplevel->nVtabLock++] = pTab;
  }else{
    pToplevel->db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }
}

/*
** Check to see if virtual tale module pMod can be have an eponymous
** virtual table instance.  If it can, create one if one does not already
** exist. Return non-zero if the eponymous virtual table instance exists
** when this routine returns, and return zero if it does not exist.
**
** An eponymous virtual table instance is one that is named after its
** module, and more importantly, does not require a CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE
** statement in order to come into existance.  Eponymous virtual table
** instances always exist.  They cannot be DROP-ed.
**
** Any virtual table module for which xConnect and xCreate are the same
** method can have an eponymous virtual table instance.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VtabEponymousTableInit(Parse *pParse, Module *pMod){
  const sqlite3_module *pModule = pMod->pModule;
  Table *pTab;
  char *zErr = 0;
  int nName;
  int rc;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  if( pMod->pEpoTab ) return 1;
  if( pModule->xCreate!=0 && pModule->xCreate!=pModule->xConnect ) return 0;
  nName = sqlite3Strlen30(pMod->zName) + 1;
  pTab = sqlite3DbMallocZero(db, sizeof(Table) + nName);
  if( pTab==0 ) return 0;
  pMod->pEpoTab = pTab;
  pTab->zName = (char*)&pTab[1];
  memcpy(pTab->zName, pMod->zName, nName);
  pTab->nRef = 1;
  pTab->pSchema = db->aDb[0].pSchema;
  pTab->tabFlags |= TF_Virtual;
  pTab->nModuleArg = 0;
  pTab->iPKey = -1;
  addModuleArgument(db, pTab, sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pTab->zName));
  addModuleArgument(db, pTab, 0);
  addModuleArgument(db, pTab, sqlite3DbStrDup(db, pTab->zName));
  rc = vtabCallConstructor(db, pTab, pMod, pModule->xConnect, &zErr);
  if( rc ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "%s", zErr);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, zErr);
    sqlite3VtabEponymousTableClear(db, pMod);
    return 0;
  }
  return 1;
}

/*
** Erase the eponymous virtual table instance associated with
** virtual table module pMod, if it exists.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VtabEponymousTableClear(sqlite3 *db, Module *pMod){
  Table *pTab = pMod->pEpoTab;
  if( (pTab = pMod->pEpoTab)!=0 ){
    sqlite3DeleteColumnNames(db, pTab);
    sqlite3VtabClear(db, pTab);
    sqlite3DbFree(db, pTab);
    pMod->pEpoTab = 0;
  }
}

/*
** Return the ON CONFLICT resolution mode in effect for the virtual
** table update operation currently in progress.
**
** The results of this routine are undefined unless it is called from
** within an xUpdate method.
................................................................................
** An instance of the WhereScan object is used as an iterator for locating
** terms in the WHERE clause that are useful to the query planner.
*/
struct WhereScan {
  WhereClause *pOrigWC;      /* Original, innermost WhereClause */
  WhereClause *pWC;          /* WhereClause currently being scanned */
  char *zCollName;           /* Required collating sequence, if not NULL */
  Expr *pIdxExpr;            /* Search for this index expression */
  char idxaff;               /* Must match this affinity, if zCollName!=NULL */
  unsigned char nEquiv;      /* Number of entries in aEquiv[] */
  unsigned char iEquiv;      /* Next unused slot in aEquiv[] */
  u32 opMask;                /* Acceptable operators */
  int k;                     /* Resume scanning at this->pWC->a[this->k] */
  int aiCur[11];             /* Cursors in the equivalence class */
  i16 aiColumn[11];          /* Corresponding column number in the eq-class */
};

/*
** An instance of the following structure holds all information about a
** WHERE clause.  Mostly this is a container for one or more WhereTerms.
**
** Explanation of pOuter:  For a WHERE clause of the form
................................................................................
/* whereexpr.c: */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3WhereClauseInit(WhereClause*,WhereInfo*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3WhereClauseClear(WhereClause*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3WhereSplit(WhereClause*,Expr*,u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Bitmask sqlite3WhereExprUsage(WhereMaskSet*, Expr*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE Bitmask sqlite3WhereExprListUsage(WhereMaskSet*, ExprList*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3WhereExprAnalyze(SrcList*, WhereClause*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3WhereTabFuncArgs(Parse*, struct SrcList_item*, WhereClause*);





/*
** Bitmasks for the operators on WhereTerm objects.  These are all
................................................................................
  const char *zOp             /* Name of the operator */
){
  if( iTerm ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, " AND ", 5);
  sqlite3StrAccumAppendAll(pStr, zColumn);
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, zOp, 1);
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, "?", 1);
}

/*
** Return the name of the i-th column of the pIdx index.
*/
static const char *explainIndexColumnName(Index *pIdx, int i){
  i = pIdx->aiColumn[i];
  if( i==(-2) ) return "<expr>";
  if( i==(-1) ) return "rowid";
  return pIdx->pTable->aCol[i].zName;
}

/*
** Argument pLevel describes a strategy for scanning table pTab. This 
** function appends text to pStr that describes the subset of table
** rows scanned by the strategy in the form of an SQL expression.
**
** For example, if the query:
................................................................................
**   "a=? AND b>?"
*/
static void explainIndexRange(StrAccum *pStr, WhereLoop *pLoop, Table *pTab){
  Index *pIndex = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  u16 nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;
  u16 nSkip = pLoop->nSkip;
  int i, j;



  if( nEq==0 && (pLoop->wsFlags&(WHERE_BTM_LIMIT|WHERE_TOP_LIMIT))==0 ) return;
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, " (", 2);
  for(i=0; i<nEq; i++){
    const char *z = explainIndexColumnName(pIndex, i);



    if( i ) sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, " AND ", 5);
    sqlite3XPrintf(pStr, 0, i>=nSkip ? "%s=?" : "ANY(%s)", z);

  }

  j = i;
  if( pLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
    const char *z = explainIndexColumnName(pIndex, i);
    explainAppendTerm(pStr, i++, z, ">");
  }
  if( pLoop->wsFlags&WHERE_TOP_LIMIT ){
    const char *z = explainIndexColumnName(pIndex, j);
    explainAppendTerm(pStr, i, z, "<");
  }
  sqlite3StrAccumAppend(pStr, ")", 1);
}

/*
** This function is a no-op unless currently processing an EXPLAIN QUERY PLAN
................................................................................
      }
      if( zFmt ){
        sqlite3StrAccumAppend(&str, " USING ", 7);
        sqlite3XPrintf(&str, 0, zFmt, pIdx->zName);
        explainIndexRange(&str, pLoop, pItem->pTab);
      }
    }else if( (flags & WHERE_IPK)!=0 && (flags & WHERE_CONSTRAINT)!=0 ){
      const char *zRangeOp;
      if( flags&(WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_COLUMN_IN) ){
        zRangeOp = "=";
      }else if( (flags&WHERE_BOTH_LIMIT)==WHERE_BOTH_LIMIT ){
        zRangeOp = ">? AND rowid<";
      }else if( flags&WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
        zRangeOp = ">";
      }else{
        assert( flags&WHERE_TOP_LIMIT);
        zRangeOp = "<";
      }
      sqlite3XPrintf(&str, 0, " USING INTEGER PRIMARY KEY (rowid%s?)",zRangeOp);

    }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
    else if( (flags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)!=0 ){
      sqlite3XPrintf(&str, 0, " VIRTUAL TABLE INDEX %d:%s",
                  pLoop->u.vtab.idxNum, pLoop->u.vtab.idxStr);
    }
#endif
................................................................................

  /* Figure out how many memory cells we will need then allocate them.
  */
  regBase = pParse->nMem + 1;
  nReg = pLoop->u.btree.nEq + nExtraReg;
  pParse->nMem += nReg;

  zAff = sqlite3DbStrDup(pParse->db,sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(pParse->db,pIdx));
  if( !zAff ){
    pParse->db->mallocFailed = 1;
  }

  if( nSkip ){
    int iIdxCur = pLevel->iIdxCur;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, (bRev?OP_Last:OP_Rewind), iIdxCur);
................................................................................
  addrBrk = pLevel->addrBrk = pLevel->addrNxt = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
  addrCont = pLevel->addrCont = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);

  /* If this is the right table of a LEFT OUTER JOIN, allocate and
  ** initialize a memory cell that records if this table matches any
  ** row of the left table of the join.
  */
  if( pLevel->iFrom>0 && (pTabItem[0].fg.jointype & JT_LEFT)!=0 ){
    pLevel->iLeftJoin = ++pParse->nMem;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Integer, 0, pLevel->iLeftJoin);
    VdbeComment((v, "init LEFT JOIN no-match flag"));
  }

  /* Special case of a FROM clause subquery implemented as a co-routine */
  if( pTabItem->fg.viaCoroutine ){
    int regYield = pTabItem->regReturn;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, regYield, 0, pTabItem->addrFillSub);
    pLevel->p2 =  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Yield, regYield, addrBrk);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    VdbeComment((v, "next row of \"%s\"", pTabItem->pTab->zName));
    pLevel->op = OP_Goto;
  }else
................................................................................
    pLevel->u.pCovidx = pCov;
    if( pCov ) pLevel->iIdxCur = iCovCur;
    if( pAndExpr ){
      pAndExpr->pLeft = 0;
      sqlite3ExprDelete(db, pAndExpr);
    }
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(v, iRetInit, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v));
    sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, pLevel->addrBrk);
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iLoopBody);

    if( pWInfo->nLevel>1 ) sqlite3StackFree(db, pOrTab);
    if( !untestedTerms ) disableTerm(pLevel, pTerm);
  }else
#endif /* SQLITE_OMIT_OR_OPTIMIZATION */

................................................................................
  {
    /* Case 6:  There is no usable index.  We must do a complete
    **          scan of the entire table.
    */
    static const u8 aStep[] = { OP_Next, OP_Prev };
    static const u8 aStart[] = { OP_Rewind, OP_Last };
    assert( bRev==0 || bRev==1 );
    if( pTabItem->fg.isRecursive ){
      /* Tables marked isRecursive have only a single row that is stored in
      ** a pseudo-cursor.  No need to Rewind or Next such cursors. */
      pLevel->op = OP_Noop;
    }else{
      pLevel->op = aStep[bRev];
      pLevel->p1 = iCur;
      pLevel->p2 = 1 + sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, aStart[bRev], iCur, addrBrk);
................................................................................
        mask |= sqlite3WhereExprUsage(pMaskSet, pSrc->a[i].pOn);
      }
    }
    pS = pS->pPrior;
  }
  return mask;
}

/*
** Expression pExpr is one operand of a comparison operator that might
** be useful for indexing.  This routine checks to see if pExpr appears
** in any index.  Return TRUE (1) if pExpr is an indexed term and return
** FALSE (0) if not.  If TRUE is returned, also set *piCur to the cursor
** number of the table that is indexed and *piColumn to the column number
** of the column that is indexed, or -2 if an expression is being indexed.
**
** If pExpr is a TK_COLUMN column reference, then this routine always returns
** true even if that particular column is not indexed, because the column
** might be added to an automatic index later.
*/
static int exprMightBeIndexed(
  SrcList *pFrom,        /* The FROM clause */
  Bitmask mPrereq,       /* Bitmask of FROM clause terms referenced by pExpr */
  Expr *pExpr,           /* An operand of a comparison operator */
  int *piCur,            /* Write the referenced table cursor number here */
  int *piColumn          /* Write the referenced table column number here */
){
  Index *pIdx;
  int i;
  int iCur;
  if( pExpr->op==TK_COLUMN ){
    *piCur = pExpr->iTable;
    *piColumn = pExpr->iColumn;
    return 1;
  }
  if( mPrereq==0 ) return 0;                 /* No table references */
  if( (mPrereq&(mPrereq-1))!=0 ) return 0;   /* Refs more than one table */
  for(i=0; mPrereq>1; i++, mPrereq>>=1){}
  iCur = pFrom->a[i].iCursor;
  for(pIdx=pFrom->a[i].pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    if( pIdx->aColExpr==0 ) continue;
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nKeyCol; i++){
      if( pIdx->aiColumn[i]!=(-2) ) continue;
      if( sqlite3ExprCompare(pExpr, pIdx->aColExpr->a[i].pExpr, iCur)==0 ){
        *piCur = iCur;
        *piColumn = -2;
        return 1;
      }
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** The input to this routine is an WhereTerm structure with only the
** "pExpr" field filled in.  The job of this routine is to analyze the
** subexpression and populate all the other fields of the WhereTerm
** structure.
**
................................................................................
                       ** on left table of a LEFT JOIN.  Ticket #3015 */
  }
  pTerm->prereqAll = prereqAll;
  pTerm->leftCursor = -1;
  pTerm->iParent = -1;
  pTerm->eOperator = 0;
  if( allowedOp(op) ){
    int iCur, iColumn;
    Expr *pLeft = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pExpr->pLeft);
    Expr *pRight = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pExpr->pRight);
    u16 opMask = (pTerm->prereqRight & prereqLeft)==0 ? WO_ALL : WO_EQUIV;
    if( exprMightBeIndexed(pSrc, prereqLeft, pLeft, &iCur, &iColumn) ){
      pTerm->leftCursor = iCur;
      pTerm->u.leftColumn = iColumn;
      pTerm->eOperator = operatorMask(op) & opMask;
    }
    if( op==TK_IS ) pTerm->wtFlags |= TERM_IS;
    if( pRight 
     && exprMightBeIndexed(pSrc, pTerm->prereqRight, pRight, &iCur, &iColumn)
    ){
      WhereTerm *pNew;
      Expr *pDup;
      u16 eExtraOp = 0;        /* Extra bits for pNew->eOperator */
      if( pTerm->leftCursor>=0 ){
        int idxNew;
        pDup = sqlite3ExprDup(db, pExpr, 0);
        if( db->mallocFailed ){
................................................................................
        }
      }else{
        pDup = pExpr;
        pNew = pTerm;
      }
      exprCommute(pParse, pDup);
      pLeft = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pDup->pLeft);
      pNew->leftCursor = iCur;
      pNew->u.leftColumn = iColumn;
      testcase( (prereqLeft | extraRight) != prereqLeft );
      pNew->prereqRight = prereqLeft | extraRight;
      pNew->prereqAll = prereqAll;
      pNew->eOperator = (operatorMask(pDup->op) + eExtraOp) & opMask;
    }
  }

................................................................................
  WhereClause *pWC         /* the WHERE clause to be analyzed */
){
  int i;
  for(i=pWC->nTerm-1; i>=0; i--){
    exprAnalyze(pTabList, pWC, i);
  }
}

/*
** For table-valued-functions, transform the function arguments into
** new WHERE clause terms.  
**
** Each function argument translates into an equality constraint against
** a HIDDEN column in the table.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3WhereTabFuncArgs(
  Parse *pParse,                    /* Parsing context */
  struct SrcList_item *pItem,       /* The FROM clause term to process */
  WhereClause *pWC                  /* Xfer function arguments to here */
){
  Table *pTab;
  int j, k;
  ExprList *pArgs;
  Expr *pColRef;
  Expr *pTerm;
  if( pItem->fg.isTabFunc==0 ) return;
  pTab = pItem->pTab;
  assert( pTab!=0 );
  pArgs = pItem->u1.pFuncArg;
  assert( pArgs!=0 );
  for(j=k=0; j<pArgs->nExpr; j++){
    while( k<pTab->nCol && (pTab->aCol[k].colFlags & COLFLAG_HIDDEN)==0 ){ k++; }
    if( k>=pTab->nCol ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "too many arguments on %s() - max %d",
                      pTab->zName, j);
      return;
    }
    pColRef = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_COLUMN, 0, 0, 0);
    if( pColRef==0 ) return;
    pColRef->iTable = pItem->iCursor;
    pColRef->iColumn = k++;
    pColRef->pTab = pTab;
    pTerm = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, TK_EQ, pColRef,
                         sqlite3ExprDup(pParse->db, pArgs->a[j].pExpr, 0), 0);
    whereClauseInsert(pWC, pTerm, TERM_DYNAMIC);
  }
}

/************** End of whereexpr.c *******************************************/
/************** Begin file where.c *******************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
................................................................................
/*
** Advance to the next WhereTerm that matches according to the criteria
** established when the pScan object was initialized by whereScanInit().
** Return NULL if there are no more matching WhereTerms.
*/
static WhereTerm *whereScanNext(WhereScan *pScan){
  int iCur;            /* The cursor on the LHS of the term */
  i16 iColumn;         /* The column on the LHS of the term.  -1 for IPK */
  Expr *pX;            /* An expression being tested */
  WhereClause *pWC;    /* Shorthand for pScan->pWC */
  WhereTerm *pTerm;    /* The term being tested */
  int k = pScan->k;    /* Where to start scanning */

  while( pScan->iEquiv<=pScan->nEquiv ){
    iCur = pScan->aiCur[pScan->iEquiv-1];
    iColumn = pScan->aiColumn[pScan->iEquiv-1];
    assert( iColumn!=(-2) || pScan->pIdxExpr!=0 );
    while( (pWC = pScan->pWC)!=0 ){
      for(pTerm=pWC->a+k; k<pWC->nTerm; k++, pTerm++){
        if( pTerm->leftCursor==iCur
         && pTerm->u.leftColumn==iColumn
         && (iColumn!=(-2)
               || sqlite3ExprCompare(pTerm->pExpr->pLeft,pScan->pIdxExpr,iCur)==0)
         && (pScan->iEquiv<=1 || !ExprHasProperty(pTerm->pExpr, EP_FromJoin))
        ){
          if( (pTerm->eOperator & WO_EQUIV)!=0
           && pScan->nEquiv<ArraySize(pScan->aiCur)
          ){
            int j;
            pX = sqlite3ExprSkipCollate(pTerm->pExpr->pRight);
            assert( pX->op==TK_COLUMN );
            for(j=0; j<pScan->nEquiv; j++){
              if( pScan->aiCur[j]==pX->iTable
               && pScan->aiColumn[j]==pX->iColumn ){
                  break;
              }
            }
            if( j==pScan->nEquiv ){
              pScan->aiCur[j] = pX->iTable;
              pScan->aiColumn[j] = pX->iColumn;
              pScan->nEquiv++;
            }
          }
          if( (pTerm->eOperator & pScan->opMask)!=0 ){
            /* Verify the affinity and collating sequence match */
            if( pScan->zCollName && (pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL)==0 ){
              CollSeq *pColl;
              Parse *pParse = pWC->pWInfo->pParse;
................................................................................
              if( pColl==0 ) pColl = pParse->db->pDfltColl;
              if( sqlite3StrICmp(pColl->zName, pScan->zCollName) ){
                continue;
              }
            }
            if( (pTerm->eOperator & (WO_EQ|WO_IS))!=0
             && (pX = pTerm->pExpr->pRight)->op==TK_COLUMN
             && pX->iTable==pScan->aiCur[0]
             && pX->iColumn==pScan->aiColumn[0]
            ){
              testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IS );
              continue;
            }
            pScan->k = k+1;
            return pTerm;
          }
................................................................................
        }
      }
      pScan->pWC = pScan->pWC->pOuter;
      k = 0;
    }
    pScan->pWC = pScan->pOrigWC;
    k = 0;
    pScan->iEquiv++;
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Initialize a WHERE clause scanner object.  Return a pointer to the
** first match.  Return NULL if there are no matches.
................................................................................
  WhereScan *pScan,       /* The WhereScan object being initialized */
  WhereClause *pWC,       /* The WHERE clause to be scanned */
  int iCur,               /* Cursor to scan for */
  int iColumn,            /* Column to scan for */
  u32 opMask,             /* Operator(s) to scan for */
  Index *pIdx             /* Must be compatible with this index */
){
  int j = 0;

  /* memset(pScan, 0, sizeof(*pScan)); */
  pScan->pOrigWC = pWC;
  pScan->pWC = pWC;
  pScan->pIdxExpr = 0;
  if( pIdx ){

    j = iColumn;
    iColumn = pIdx->aiColumn[j];

    if( iColumn==(-2) ) pScan->pIdxExpr = pIdx->aColExpr->a[j].pExpr;
  }
  if( pIdx && iColumn>=0 ){
    pScan->idxaff = pIdx->pTable->aCol[iColumn].affinity;
    pScan->zCollName = pIdx->azColl[j];
  }else{
    pScan->idxaff = 0;
    pScan->zCollName = 0;
  }
  pScan->opMask = opMask;
  pScan->k = 0;
  pScan->aiCur[0] = iCur;
  pScan->aiColumn[0] = iColumn;
  pScan->nEquiv = 1;
  pScan->iEquiv = 1;
  return whereScanNext(pScan);
}

/*
** Search for a term in the WHERE clause that is of the form "X <op> <expr>"
** where X is a reference to the iColumn of table iCur and <op> is one of
** the WO_xx operator codes specified by the op parameter.
** Return a pointer to the term.  Return 0 if not found.
**
** If pIdx!=0 then search for terms matching the iColumn-th column of pIdx
** rather than the iColumn-th column of table iCur.
**
** The term returned might by Y=<expr> if there is another constraint in
** the WHERE clause that specifies that X=Y.  Any such constraints will be
** identified by the WO_EQUIV bit in the pTerm->eOperator field.  The
** aiCur[]/iaColumn[] arrays hold X and all its equivalents. There are 11


** slots in aiCur[]/aiColumn[] so that means we can look for X plus up to 10
** other equivalent values.  Hence a search for X will return <expr> if X=A1
** and A1=A2 and A2=A3 and ... and A9=A10 and A10=<expr>.
**
** If there are multiple terms in the WHERE clause of the form "X <op> <expr>"
** then try for the one with no dependencies on <expr> - in other words where
** <expr> is a constant expression of some kind.  Only return entries of
** the form "X <op> Y" where Y is a column in another table if no terms of
** the form "X <op> <const-expr>" exist.   If no terms with a constant RHS
** exist, try to return a term that does not use WO_EQUIV.
................................................................................
        return i;
      }
    }
  }

  return -1;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the iCol-th column of index pIdx is NOT NULL
*/
static int indexColumnNotNull(Index *pIdx, int iCol){
  int j;
  assert( pIdx!=0 );
  assert( iCol>=0 && iCol<pIdx->nColumn );
  j = pIdx->aiColumn[iCol];
  if( j>=0 ){
    return pIdx->pTable->aCol[j].notNull;
  }else if( j==(-1) ){
    return 1;
  }else{
    assert( j==(-2) );
    return 0;  /* Assume an indexed expression can always yield a NULL */

  }
}

/*
** Return true if the DISTINCT expression-list passed as the third argument
** is redundant.
**
** A DISTINCT list is redundant if any subset of the columns in the
** DISTINCT list are collectively unique and individually non-null.
................................................................................
  **
  **   3. All of those index columns for which the WHERE clause does not
  **      contain a "col=X" term are subject to a NOT NULL constraint.
  */
  for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    if( !IsUniqueIndex(pIdx) ) continue;
    for(i=0; i<pIdx->nKeyCol; i++){

      if( 0==sqlite3WhereFindTerm(pWC, iBase, i, ~(Bitmask)0, WO_EQ, pIdx) ){
        if( findIndexCol(pParse, pDistinct, iBase, pIdx, i)<0 ) break;



        if( indexColumnNotNull(pIdx, i)==0 ) break;
      }
    }
    if( i==pIdx->nKeyCol ){
      /* This index implies that the DISTINCT qualifier is redundant. */
      return 1;
    }
  }
................................................................................
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_OpenAutoindex, pLevel->iIdxCur, nKeyCol+1);
  sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(pParse, pIdx);
  VdbeComment((v, "for %s", pTable->zName));

  /* Fill the automatic index with content */
  sqlite3ExprCachePush(pParse);
  pTabItem = &pWC->pWInfo->pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom];
  if( pTabItem->fg.viaCoroutine ){
    int regYield = pTabItem->regReturn;
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(v, OP_InitCoroutine, regYield, 0, pTabItem->addrFillSub);
    addrTop =  sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Yield, regYield);
    VdbeCoverage(v);
    VdbeComment((v, "next row of \"%s\"", pTabItem->pTab->zName));
  }else{
    addrTop = sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_Rewind, pLevel->iTabCur); VdbeCoverage(v);
................................................................................
    pLoop->wsFlags |= WHERE_PARTIALIDX;
  }
  regRecord = sqlite3GetTempReg(pParse);
  sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(pParse, pIdx, pLevel->iTabCur, regRecord, 0, 0, 0, 0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_IdxInsert, pLevel->iIdxCur, regRecord);
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, OPFLAG_USESEEKRESULT);
  if( pPartial ) sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, iContinue);
  if( pTabItem->fg.viaCoroutine ){
    translateColumnToCopy(v, addrTop, pLevel->iTabCur, pTabItem->regResult);
    sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, addrTop);
    pTabItem->fg.viaCoroutine = 0;
  }else{
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Next, pLevel->iTabCur, addrTop+1); VdbeCoverage(v);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(v, SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX);
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addrTop);
  sqlite3ReleaseTempReg(pParse, regRecord);
  sqlite3ExprCachePop(pParse);
................................................................................
    assert( IsPowerOfTwo(pTerm->eOperator & ~WO_EQUIV) );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IS );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ALL );
    if( (pTerm->eOperator & ~(WO_ISNULL|WO_EQUIV|WO_IS))==0 ) continue;
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL ) continue;
    assert( pTerm->u.leftColumn>=(-1) );
    nTerm++;
  }

  /* If the ORDER BY clause contains only columns in the current 
  ** virtual table then allocate space for the aOrderBy part of
  ** the sqlite3_index_info structure.
  */
................................................................................
    assert( IsPowerOfTwo(pTerm->eOperator & ~WO_EQUIV) );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IN );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IS );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ISNULL );
    testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_ALL );
    if( (pTerm->eOperator & ~(WO_ISNULL|WO_EQUIV|WO_IS))==0 ) continue;
    if( pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL ) continue;
    assert( pTerm->u.leftColumn>=(-1) );
    pIdxCons[j].iColumn = pTerm->u.leftColumn;
    pIdxCons[j].iTermOffset = i;
    op = (u8)pTerm->eOperator & WO_ALL;
    if( op==WO_IN ) op = WO_EQ;
    pIdxCons[j].op = op;
    /* The direct assignment in the previous line is possible only because
    ** the WO_ and SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_ codes are identical.  The
................................................................................
      nRet += pTerm->truthProb;
    }else if( (pTerm->wtFlags & TERM_VNULL)==0 ){
      nRet -= 20;        assert( 20==sqlite3LogEst(4) );
    }
  }
  return nRet;
}


#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
/*
** Return the affinity for a single column of an index.
*/
static char sqlite3IndexColumnAffinity(sqlite3 *db, Index *pIdx, int iCol){
  if( !pIdx->zColAff ){
    if( sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(db, pIdx)==0 ) return SQLITE_AFF_BLOB;
  }
  return pIdx->zColAff[iCol];
}
#endif


#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
/* 
** This function is called to estimate the number of rows visited by a
** range-scan on a skip-scan index. For example:
**
**   CREATE INDEX i1 ON t1(a, b, c);
................................................................................
  Index *p = pLoop->u.btree.pIndex;
  int nEq = pLoop->u.btree.nEq;
  sqlite3 *db = pParse->db;
  int nLower = -1;
  int nUpper = p->nSample+1;
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;
  int iCol = p->aiColumn[nEq];
  u8 aff = sqlite3IndexColumnAffinity(db, p, iCol);
  CollSeq *pColl;
  
  sqlite3_value *p1 = 0;          /* Value extracted from pLower */
  sqlite3_value *p2 = 0;          /* Value extracted from pUpper */
  sqlite3_value *pVal = 0;        /* Value extracted from record */

  pColl = sqlite3LocateCollSeq(pParse, p->azColl[nEq]);
................................................................................
      int iLwrIdx = -2;   /* aSample[] for the lower bound */
      int iUprIdx = -1;   /* aSample[] for the upper bound */

      if( pRec ){
        testcase( pRec->nField!=pBuilder->nRecValid );
        pRec->nField = pBuilder->nRecValid;
      }
      aff = sqlite3IndexColumnAffinity(pParse->db, p, nEq);
      assert( nEq!=p->nKeyCol || aff==SQLITE_AFF_INTEGER );



      /* Determine iLower and iUpper using ($P) only. */
      if( nEq==0 ){
        iLower = 0;
        iUpper = p->nRowEst0;
      }else{
        /* Note: this call could be optimized away - since the same values must 
        ** have been requested when testing key $P in whereEqualScanEst().  */
................................................................................
  /* This is an optimization only. The call to sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue()
  ** below would return the same value.  */
  if( nEq>=p->nColumn ){
    *pnRow = 1;
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  aff = sqlite3IndexColumnAffinity(pParse->db, p, nEq-1);
  rc = sqlite3Stat4ProbeSetValue(pParse, p, &pRec, pExpr, aff, nEq-1, &bOk);
  pBuilder->pRec = pRec;
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ) return rc;
  if( bOk==0 ) return SQLITE_NOTFOUND;
  pBuilder->nRecValid = nEq;

  whereKeyStats(pParse, p, pRec, 0, a);
................................................................................
  WhereInfo *pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  sqlite3 *db = pWInfo->pParse->db;

  /* If pBuilder->pOrSet is defined, then only keep track of the costs
  ** and prereqs.
  */
  if( pBuilder->pOrSet!=0 ){
    if( pTemplate->nLTerm ){
#if WHERETRACE_ENABLED
      u16 n = pBuilder->pOrSet->n;
      int x =
#endif
      whereOrInsert(pBuilder->pOrSet, pTemplate->prereq, pTemplate->rRun,
                                    pTemplate->nOut);
#if WHERETRACE_ENABLED /* 0x8 */
      if( sqlite3WhereTrace & 0x8 ){
        sqlite3DebugPrintf(x?"   or-%d:  ":"   or-X:  ", n);
        whereLoopPrint(pTemplate, pBuilder->pWC);
      }
#endif
    }
    return SQLITE_OK;
  }

  /* Look for an existing WhereLoop to replace with pTemplate
  */
  whereLoopAdjustCost(pWInfo->pLoops, pTemplate);
  ppPrev = whereLoopFindLesser(&pWInfo->pLoops, pTemplate);
................................................................................
  WhereScan scan;                 /* Iterator for WHERE terms */
  Bitmask saved_prereq;           /* Original value of pNew->prereq */
  u16 saved_nLTerm;               /* Original value of pNew->nLTerm */
  u16 saved_nEq;                  /* Original value of pNew->u.btree.nEq */
  u16 saved_nSkip;                /* Original value of pNew->nSkip */
  u32 saved_wsFlags;              /* Original value of pNew->wsFlags */
  LogEst saved_nOut;              /* Original value of pNew->nOut */

  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return code */
  LogEst rSize;                   /* Number of rows in the table */
  LogEst rLogSize;                /* Logarithm of table size */
  WhereTerm *pTop = 0, *pBtm = 0; /* Top and bottom range constraints */

  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  if( db->mallocFailed ) return SQLITE_NOMEM;

  assert( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_VIRTUALTABLE)==0 );
  assert( (pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_TOP_LIMIT)==0 );
  if( pNew->wsFlags & WHERE_BTM_LIMIT ){
    opMask = WO_LT|WO_LE;
  }else if( /*pProbe->tnum<=0 ||*/ (pSrc->fg.jointype & JT_LEFT)!=0 ){
    opMask = WO_EQ|WO_IN|WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_LT|WO_LE;
  }else{
    opMask = WO_EQ|WO_IN|WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_LT|WO_LE|WO_ISNULL|WO_IS;
  }
  if( pProbe->bUnordered ) opMask &= ~(WO_GT|WO_GE|WO_LT|WO_LE);

  assert( pNew->u.btree.nEq<pProbe->nColumn );




  saved_nEq = pNew->u.btree.nEq;
  saved_nSkip = pNew->nSkip;
  saved_nLTerm = pNew->nLTerm;
  saved_wsFlags = pNew->wsFlags;
  saved_prereq = pNew->prereq;
  saved_nOut = pNew->nOut;
  pTerm = whereScanInit(&scan, pBuilder->pWC, pSrc->iCursor, saved_nEq,
                        opMask, pProbe);
  pNew->rSetup = 0;
  rSize = pProbe->aiRowLogEst[0];
  rLogSize = estLog(rSize);
  for(; rc==SQLITE_OK && pTerm!=0; pTerm = whereScanNext(&scan)){
    u16 eOp = pTerm->eOperator;   /* Shorthand for pTerm->eOperator */
    LogEst rCostIdx;
    LogEst nOutUnadjusted;        /* nOut before IN() and WHERE adjustments */
    int nIn = 0;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
    int nRecValid = pBuilder->nRecValid;
#endif
    if( (eOp==WO_ISNULL || (pTerm->wtFlags&TERM_VNULL)!=0)
     && indexColumnNotNull(pProbe, saved_nEq)
    ){
      continue; /* ignore IS [NOT] NULL constraints on NOT NULL columns */
    }
    if( pTerm->prereqRight & pNew->maskSelf ) continue;

    /* Do not allow the upper bound of a LIKE optimization range constraint
    ** to mix with a lower range bound from some other source */
................................................................................
        /* "x IN (value, value, ...)" */
        nIn = sqlite3LogEst(pExpr->x.pList->nExpr);
      }
      assert( nIn>0 );  /* RHS always has 2 or more terms...  The parser
                        ** changes "x IN (?)" into "x=?". */

    }else if( eOp & (WO_EQ|WO_IS) ){
      int iCol = pProbe->aiColumn[saved_nEq];
      pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_COLUMN_EQ;

      assert( saved_nEq==pNew->u.btree.nEq );
      if( iCol==(-1) || (iCol>0 && nInMul==0 && saved_nEq==pProbe->nKeyCol-1) ){
        if( iCol>=0 && pProbe->uniqNotNull==0 ){
          pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_UNQ_WANTED;
        }else{
          pNew->wsFlags |= WHERE_ONEROW;
        }
      }
    }else if( eOp & WO_ISNULL ){
................................................................................
      ** data, using some other estimate.  */
      whereRangeScanEst(pParse, pBuilder, pBtm, pTop, pNew);
    }else{
      int nEq = ++pNew->u.btree.nEq;
      assert( eOp & (WO_ISNULL|WO_EQ|WO_IN|WO_IS) );

      assert( pNew->nOut==saved_nOut );
      if( pTerm->truthProb<=0 && pProbe->aiColumn[saved_nEq]>=0 ){
        assert( (eOp & WO_IN) || nIn==0 );
        testcase( eOp & WO_IN );
        pNew->nOut += pTerm->truthProb;
        pNew->nOut -= nIn;
      }else{
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
        tRowcnt nOut = 0;
................................................................................

/* Check to see if a partial index with pPartIndexWhere can be used
** in the current query.  Return true if it can be and false if not.
*/
static int whereUsablePartialIndex(int iTab, WhereClause *pWC, Expr *pWhere){
  int i;
  WhereTerm *pTerm;
  while( pWhere->op==TK_AND ){
    if( !whereUsablePartialIndex(iTab,pWC,pWhere->pLeft) ) return 0;
    pWhere = pWhere->pRight;
  }
  for(i=0, pTerm=pWC->a; i<pWC->nTerm; i++, pTerm++){
    Expr *pExpr = pTerm->pExpr;
    if( sqlite3ExprImpliesExpr(pExpr, pWhere, iTab) 
     && (!ExprHasProperty(pExpr, EP_FromJoin) || pExpr->iRightJoinTable==iTab)
    ){
      return 1;
    }
................................................................................
  pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  pTabList = pWInfo->pTabList;
  pSrc = pTabList->a + pNew->iTab;
  pTab = pSrc->pTab;
  pWC = pBuilder->pWC;
  assert( !IsVirtual(pSrc->pTab) );

  if( pSrc->pIBIndex ){
    /* An INDEXED BY clause specifies a particular index to use */
    pProbe = pSrc->pIBIndex;
  }else if( !HasRowid(pTab) ){
    pProbe = pTab->pIndex;
  }else{
    /* There is no INDEXED BY clause.  Create a fake Index object in local
    ** variable sPk to represent the rowid primary key index.  Make this
    ** fake index the first in a chain of Index objects with all of the real
    ** indices to follow */
................................................................................
    sPk.aiRowLogEst = aiRowEstPk;
    sPk.onError = OE_Replace;
    sPk.pTable = pTab;
    sPk.szIdxRow = pTab->szTabRow;
    aiRowEstPk[0] = pTab->nRowLogEst;
    aiRowEstPk[1] = 0;
    pFirst = pSrc->pTab->pIndex;
    if( pSrc->fg.notIndexed==0 ){
      /* The real indices of the table are only considered if the
      ** NOT INDEXED qualifier is omitted from the FROM clause */
      sPk.pNext = pFirst;
    }
    pProbe = &sPk;
  }
  rSize = pTab->nRowLogEst;
  rLogSize = estLog(rSize);

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOMATIC_INDEX
  /* Automatic indexes */
  if( !pBuilder->pOrSet      /* Not part of an OR optimization */
   && (pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_NO_AUTOINDEX)==0
   && (pWInfo->pParse->db->flags & SQLITE_AutoIndex)!=0
   && pSrc->pIBIndex==0      /* Has no INDEXED BY clause */
   && !pSrc->fg.notIndexed   /* Has no NOT INDEXED clause */
   && HasRowid(pTab)         /* Is not a WITHOUT ROWID table. (FIXME: Why not?) */
   && !pSrc->fg.isCorrelated /* Not a correlated subquery */
   && !pSrc->fg.isRecursive  /* Not a recursive common table expression. */
  ){
    /* Generate auto-index WhereLoops */
    WhereTerm *pTerm;
    WhereTerm *pWCEnd = pWC->a + pWC->nTerm;
    for(pTerm=pWC->a; rc==SQLITE_OK && pTerm<pWCEnd; pTerm++){
      if( pTerm->prereqRight & pNew->maskSelf ) continue;
      if( termCanDriveIndex(pTerm, pSrc, 0) ){
................................................................................
    sqlite3Stat4ProbeFree(pBuilder->pRec);
    pBuilder->nRecValid = 0;
    pBuilder->pRec = 0;
#endif

    /* If there was an INDEXED BY clause, then only that one index is
    ** considered. */
    if( pSrc->pIBIndex ) break;
  }
  return rc;
}

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIRTUALTABLE
/*
** Add all WhereLoop objects for a table of the join identified by
................................................................................
  /* Loop over the tables in the join, from left to right */
  pNew = pBuilder->pNew;
  whereLoopInit(pNew);
  for(iTab=0, pItem=pTabList->a; pItem<pEnd; iTab++, pItem++){
    Bitmask mUnusable = 0;
    pNew->iTab = iTab;
    pNew->maskSelf = sqlite3WhereGetMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, pItem->iCursor);
    if( ((pItem->fg.jointype|priorJointype) & (JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS))!=0 ){
      /* This condition is true when pItem is the FROM clause term on the
      ** right-hand-side of a LEFT or CROSS JOIN.  */
      mExtra = mPrior;
    }
    priorJointype = pItem->fg.jointype;
    if( IsVirtual(pItem->pTab) ){
      struct SrcList_item *p;
      for(p=&pItem[1]; p<pEnd; p++){
        if( mUnusable || (p->fg.jointype & (JT_LEFT|JT_CROSS)) ){
          mUnusable |= sqlite3WhereGetMask(&pWInfo->sMaskSet, p->iCursor);
        }
      }
      rc = whereLoopAddVirtual(pBuilder, mExtra, mUnusable);
    }else{
      rc = whereLoopAddBtree(pBuilder, mExtra);
    }
................................................................................
  
  pWInfo = pBuilder->pWInfo;
  if( pWInfo->wctrlFlags & WHERE_FORCE_TABLE ) return 0;
  assert( pWInfo->pTabList->nSrc>=1 );
  pItem = pWInfo->pTabList->a;
  pTab = pItem->pTab;
  if( IsVirtual(pTab) ) return 0;
  if( pItem->fg.isIndexedBy ) return 0;
  iCur = pItem->iCursor;
  pWC = &pWInfo->sWC;
  pLoop = pBuilder->pNew;
  pLoop->wsFlags = 0;
  pLoop->nSkip = 0;
  pTerm = sqlite3WhereFindTerm(pWC, iCur, -1, 0, WO_EQ|WO_IS, 0);
  if( pTerm ){
................................................................................
      assert( pLoop->aLTermSpace==pLoop->aLTerm );
      if( !IsUniqueIndex(pIdx)
       || pIdx->pPartIdxWhere!=0 
       || pIdx->nKeyCol>ArraySize(pLoop->aLTermSpace) 
      ) continue;
      opMask = pIdx->uniqNotNull ? (WO_EQ|WO_IS) : WO_EQ;
      for(j=0; j<pIdx->nKeyCol; j++){
        pTerm = sqlite3WhereFindTerm(pWC, iCur, j, 0, opMask, pIdx);
        if( pTerm==0 ) break;
        testcase( pTerm->eOperator & WO_IS );
        pLoop->aLTerm[j] = pTerm;
      }
      if( j!=pIdx->nKeyCol ) continue;
      pLoop->wsFlags = WHERE_COLUMN_EQ|WHERE_ONEROW|WHERE_INDEXED;
      if( pIdx->isCovering || (pItem->colUsed & ~columnsInIndex(pIdx))==0 ){
................................................................................
    if( wctrlFlags & WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT ){
      pWInfo->eDistinct = WHERE_DISTINCT_UNIQUE;
    }
  }

  /* Assign a bit from the bitmask to every term in the FROM clause.
  **
  ** The N-th term of the FROM clause is assigned a bitmask of 1<<N.
  **
  ** The rule of the previous sentence ensures thta if X is the bitmask for
  ** a table T, then X-1 is the bitmask for all other tables to the left of T.


  ** Knowing the bitmask for all tables to the left of a left join is
  ** important.  Ticket #3015.
  **
  ** Note that bitmasks are created for all pTabList->nSrc tables in
  ** pTabList, not just the first nTabList tables.  nTabList is normally
  ** equal to pTabList->nSrc but might be shortened to 1 if the
  ** WHERE_ONETABLE_ONLY flag is set.
  */
  for(ii=0; ii<pTabList->nSrc; ii++){
    createMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[ii].iCursor);
    sqlite3WhereTabFuncArgs(pParse, &pTabList->a[ii], &pWInfo->sWC);
  }



#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
  for(ii=0; ii<pTabList->nSrc; ii++){
    Bitmask m = sqlite3WhereGetMask(pMaskSet, pTabList->a[ii].iCursor);



    assert( m==MASKBIT(ii) );
  }
#endif

  /* Analyze all of the subexpressions. */
  sqlite3WhereExprAnalyze(pTabList, &pWInfo->sWC);
  if( db->mallocFailed ) goto whereBeginError;

................................................................................
    Bitmask tabUsed = sqlite3WhereExprListUsage(pMaskSet, pResultSet);
    if( sWLB.pOrderBy ){
      tabUsed |= sqlite3WhereExprListUsage(pMaskSet, sWLB.pOrderBy);
    }
    while( pWInfo->nLevel>=2 ){
      WhereTerm *pTerm, *pEnd;
      pLoop = pWInfo->a[pWInfo->nLevel-1].pWLoop;
      if( (pWInfo->pTabList->a[pLoop->iTab].fg.jointype & JT_LEFT)==0 ) break;
      if( (wctrlFlags & WHERE_WANT_DISTINCT)==0
       && (pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_ONEROW)==0
      ){
        break;
      }
      if( (tabUsed & pLoop->maskSelf)!=0 ) break;
      pEnd = sWLB.pWC->a + sWLB.pWC->nTerm;
................................................................................
        VdbeCoverageIf(v, pIn->eEndLoopOp==OP_PrevIfOpen);
        VdbeCoverageIf(v, pIn->eEndLoopOp==OP_NextIfOpen);
        sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, pIn->addrInTop-1);
      }
    }
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, pLevel->addrBrk);
    if( pLevel->addrSkip ){
      sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, pLevel->addrSkip);
      VdbeComment((v, "next skip-scan on %s", pLoop->u.btree.pIndex->zName));
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, pLevel->addrSkip);
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, pLevel->addrSkip-2);
    }
    if( pLevel->addrLikeRep ){
      int op;
      if( sqlite3VdbeGetOp(v, pLevel->addrLikeRep-1)->p1 ){
................................................................................
      }
      if( pLoop->wsFlags & WHERE_INDEXED ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(v, OP_NullRow, pLevel->iIdxCur);
      }
      if( pLevel->op==OP_Return ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(v, OP_Gosub, pLevel->p1, pLevel->addrFirst);
      }else{
        sqlite3VdbeGoto(v, pLevel->addrFirst);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
    }
    VdbeModuleComment((v, "End WHERE-loop%d: %s", i,
                     pWInfo->pTabList->a[pLevel->iFrom].pTab->zName));
  }

................................................................................
    assert( pTab!=0 );
    pLoop = pLevel->pWLoop;

    /* For a co-routine, change all OP_Column references to the table of
    ** the co-routine into OP_Copy of result contained in a register.
    ** OP_Rowid becomes OP_Null.
    */
    if( pTabItem->fg.viaCoroutine && !db->mallocFailed ){
      translateColumnToCopy(v, pLevel->addrBody, pLevel->iTabCur,
                            pTabItem->regResult);
      continue;
    }

    /* Close all of the cursors that were opened by sqlite3WhereBegin.
    ** Except, do not close cursors that will be reused by the OR optimization
................................................................................
    ExprSpan *pOperand,    /* The operand */
    Token *pPreOp         /* The operand token for setting the span */
  ){
    pOut->pExpr = sqlite3PExpr(pParse, op, pOperand->pExpr, 0, 0);
    pOut->zStart = pPreOp->z;
    pOut->zEnd = pOperand->zEnd;
  }

  /* Add a single new term to an ExprList that is used to store a
  ** list of identifiers.  Report an error if the ID list contains
  ** a COLLATE clause or an ASC or DESC keyword, except ignore the
  ** error while parsing a legacy schema.
  */
  static ExprList *parserAddExprIdListTerm(
    Parse *pParse,
    ExprList *pPrior,
    Token *pIdToken,
    int hasCollate,
    int sortOrder
  ){
    ExprList *p = sqlite3ExprListAppend(pParse, pPrior, 0);
    if( (hasCollate || sortOrder!=SQLITE_SO_UNDEFINED)
        && pParse->db->init.busy==0
    ){
      sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "syntax error after column name \"%.*s\"",
                         pIdToken->n, pIdToken->z);
    }
    sqlite3ExprListSetName(pParse, p, pIdToken, 1);
    return p;
  }
/* Next is all token values, in a form suitable for use by makeheaders.
** This section will be null unless lemon is run with the -m switch.
*/
/* 
** These constants (all generated automatically by the parser generator)
** specify the various kinds of tokens (terminals) that the parser
** understands. 
................................................................................
**                       for base tokens is called "yy0".
**    YYSTACKDEPTH       is the maximum depth of the parser's stack.  If
**                       zero the stack is dynamically sized using realloc()
**    sqlite3ParserARG_SDECL     A static variable declaration for the %extra_argument
**    sqlite3ParserARG_PDECL     A parameter declaration for the %extra_argument
**    sqlite3ParserARG_STORE     Code to store %extra_argument into yypParser
**    sqlite3ParserARG_FETCH     Code to extract %extra_argument from yypParser


**    YYERRORSYMBOL      is the code number of the error symbol.  If not
**                       defined, then do no error processing.
**    YYNSTATE           the combined number of states.
**    YYNRULE            the number of rules in the grammar
**    YY_MAX_SHIFT       Maximum value for shift actions
**    YY_MIN_SHIFTREDUCE Minimum value for shift-reduce actions
**    YY_MAX_SHIFTREDUCE Maximum value for shift-reduce actions
**    YY_MIN_REDUCE      Maximum value for reduce actions
**    YY_ERROR_ACTION    The yy_action[] code for syntax error
**    YY_ACCEPT_ACTION   The yy_action[] code for accept
**    YY_NO_ACTION       The yy_action[] code for no-op
*/
#define YYCODETYPE unsigned char
#define YYNOCODE 254
#define YYACTIONTYPE unsigned short int
#define YYWILDCARD 70
#define sqlite3ParserTOKENTYPE Token
typedef union {
................................................................................
#ifndef YYSTACKDEPTH
#define YYSTACKDEPTH 100
#endif
#define sqlite3ParserARG_SDECL Parse *pParse;
#define sqlite3ParserARG_PDECL ,Parse *pParse
#define sqlite3ParserARG_FETCH Parse *pParse = yypParser->pParse
#define sqlite3ParserARG_STORE yypParser->pParse = pParse
#define YYFALLBACK 1
#define YYNSTATE             436
#define YYNRULE              328
#define YY_MAX_SHIFT         435

#define YY_MIN_SHIFTREDUCE   649
#define YY_MAX_SHIFTREDUCE   976
#define YY_MIN_REDUCE        977
#define YY_MAX_REDUCE        1304
#define YY_ERROR_ACTION      1305
#define YY_ACCEPT_ACTION     1306
#define YY_NO_ACTION         1307

/* The yyzerominor constant is used to initialize instances of
** YYMINORTYPE objects to zero. */
static const YYMINORTYPE yyzerominor = { 0 };

/* Define the yytestcase() macro to be a no-op if is not already defined
** otherwise.
................................................................................
** current state and lookahead token.  These tables are used to implement
** functions that take a state number and lookahead value and return an
** action integer.  
**
** Suppose the action integer is N.  Then the action is determined as
** follows
**
**   0 <= N <= YY_MAX_SHIFT             Shift N.  That is, push the lookahead
**                                      token onto the stack and goto state N.
**
**   N between YY_MIN_SHIFTREDUCE       Shift to an arbitrary state then
**     and YY_MAX_SHIFTREDUCE           reduce by rule N-YY_MIN_SHIFTREDUCE.
**
**   N between YY_MIN_REDUCE            Reduce by rule N-YY_MIN_REDUCE
**     and YY_MAX_REDUCE

**   N == YY_ERROR_ACTION               A syntax error has occurred.
**
**   N == YY_ACCEPT_ACTION              The parser accepts its input.
**
**   N == YY_NO_ACTION                  No such action.  Denotes unused
**                                      slots in the yy_action[] table.
**
** The action table is constructed as a single large table named yy_action[].
** Given state S and lookahead X, the action is computed as
**
**      yy_action[ yy_shift_ofst[S] + X ]
**
................................................................................
**                     yy_action.  Used to detect hash collisions.
**  yy_shift_ofst[]    For each state, the offset into yy_action for
**                     shifting terminals.
**  yy_reduce_ofst[]   For each state, the offset into yy_action for
**                     shifting non-terminals after a reduce.
**  yy_default[]       Default action for each state.
*/
#define YY_ACTTAB_COUNT (1501)
static const YYACTIONTYPE yy_action[] = {
 /*     0 */   311, 1306,  145,  651,    2,  192,  652,  338,  780,   92,
 /*    10 */    92,   92,   92,   85,   90,   90,   90,   90,   89,   89,
 /*    20 */    88,   88,   88,   87,  335,   88,   88,   88,   87,  335,
 /*    30 */   327,  856,  856,   92,   92,   92,   92,  776,   90,   90,
 /*    40 */    90,   90,   89,   89,   88,   88,   88,   87,  335,   86,
 /*    50 */    83,  166,   93,   94,   84,  868,  871,  860,  860,   91,
 /*    60 */    91,   92,   92,   92,   92,  335,   90,   90,   90,   90,
 /*    70 */    89,   89,   88,   88,   88,   87,  335,  311,  780,   90,
 /*    80 */    90,   90,   90,   89,   89,   88,   88,   88,   87,  335,
 /*    90 */   123,  808,  689,  689,  689,  689,  112,  230,  430,  257,
 /*   100 */   809,  698,  430,   86,